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Electrical Interview Questions Part 14

Electrical Interview Questions Part 14

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Published by: Veera Ragavan on Sep 15, 2011
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Electrical Interview questions Part 14

Electrical interview question:How do you select a cable size (Cu & Al) for a particular load? Answer:At first calculate the electrical current of the load, after that derate the electrical current considering derating factor(depending on site condition and laying of cable) after choose the cable size from cable catalog considering derating electrical current.After that measure the length of cable required from supply point of load to load poin. Calculate the voltage drop which will max 3% (resistance and reactance of cable found from cable catalog of selecting cable) if voltage drop>3% then choose next higher size of cable. Electrical interview question:What are HRC fuses and where it is used? Answer:HRC stand for "high rupturing capacity" fuse and it is used in distribution system for electrical transformers. Electrical interview question:Which power plant has high load factor? Answer:All base load power plants have a high load factor. If we use high efficiency power plants to supply the base load,we can reduce the cost of generation.Hydel power plants have a higher efficiency than thermal & nuclear power plants. Electrical interview question:Mention the methods for starting an induction motor? Answer:The different methods of starting an induction motor DOL:direct online starter Star delta starter Auto transformer starter Resistance starter Series reactor starter Electrical interview question:What is the difference between earth resistance and earth electrode resistance? Answer:Only one of the terminals is evident in the earth resistance. In order to find the second terminal we should recourse to its definition: Earth Resistance is the resistance existing between the electrically accessible part of a buried electrode and another point of the earth, which is far away. The resistance of the electrode has the following components: (A) the resistance of the metal and that of the connection to it. (B) the contact resistance of the surrounding earth to the electrode. Electrical interview question:What is use of lockout relay in ht voltage? Answer:A lock-out relay is generally placed in line before or after the e-stop switch so the power can be shut off at one central location. This relay is powered by the same electrical source as the control power and is operated by a key lock switch. The relay itself may have up to 24 contact points within the unit itself. This allows the control power for multiple machines to be locked out by the turn of a single key switch.

Biofuels produced from biomass is also classified as a renewable energy source. Mercury based cuprate superconductors show the property up to 130K. What are the semiconductors used transistors? Germanium. So it should be zero lagging like inductor. wind. What s renewable energy? List some renewable energy sources. A solar cell converts energy from sunlight to electrical energy. It is to evaluate your knowledge in the design work done by you. Cuprate superconductors have found to show the property up to 92K. What is power factor? Power factor is the ratio of working power to apparent power. How many joules is 1 electronvolt? 1 eV is 1. Superconductivity is observed at very low temperatures. What is Meissner effect? It is the phenomenon of a magnetic field being expelled from a superconductor. Renewable energy is the energy generated by using naturally restorable resources.Electrical interview question:What is the power factor of an alternator at no load? Answer:At no load Synchronous Impedance of the alternator is responsible for creating angle difference. less heat wastages. Explain superconductivity with examples.602176*(10^-19) joules How is a megawatt electrical different from a thermal megawatt? Megawatt electrical (MWe) indicates the electrical power generated. The underlying principle . Do you have product design experience? This is a general question for most engineers where the interviewer tries to find some spots in your answer to question you back. decreased power consumption. It interrupts current by using a vacuum container to create an arc and breaking it as a result of increase in dielectric strength. whereas thermal megawatt (MWt) indicates the thermal power generated. silicon carbide. Explain the functioning of a solar cell. • • • • • • • • • • • • • What is electromagnetic induction? It is the phenomenon where an electromotive force is produced by introducing a changing magnetic field to a conductor or by moving a conductor in a magnetic field How does a diode work? Diodes are two-terminal semiconductors that allow energy flow in one direction only. tidal and geothermal energy. The temperature below which a material exhibits superconductivity is called the critical temperature. Its advantages are increased noise immunity. gallium arsenide What is CMOS? What are its advantages? CMOS is Complementary Metal Oxide Semiconductor. Superconductivity is a phenomenon where the conducting material shows zero resistivity and exhibits meissner effect. What is a vacuum circuit breaker? A vacuum circuit breaker is an automated switch that is used in protecting a circuit in case of overload. silicon. Some renewable energy sources include solar.

Generally Overall efficiency of the steam plant will always be less than the thermal efficiency of the steam plant. Solar cells are made using silicon crystals or silicon thin film wafers. Team leading or team playing experience is a major requirement in power generation plants. they are: • • • • Feed water and steam flow circuit Coal and ash circuit Air and gas circuit Cooling water circuit Steam power plant works on which cycle? Answer: Steam power plant works on the principle of Rankine Cycle What is the Thermal efficiency of steam power plant? Answer: Thermal efficiency of steam power plant is defined as the ratio of heat equivalent of mechanical energy transmitted to the turbine shaft to the heat of combustion. People as a part of a team in a power plant get major opportunities to learn in detail the operation and maintenance procedures. more than 50% of the total heat of combustion is lost as heat rejected to the condenser and the loss is unavoidable as the heat energy . A team experience is a positive factor for recruiters. Generally Thermal efficiency of the steam power plant will be in the range of 30-35% What is the overall efficiency of the Thermal Power Plant or Steam Power Plant? Answer: Overall efficiency of the system is defined as the ratio of heat equivalent of electrical output to the heat of combustion.• is the photovoltaic effect. Electrical job Questions:Thermal Power Plant (Set 1) What are the main circuits in the Thermal Power Plant? Answer:Thermal Power plant consists of four main circuits. Explain your team leading or team playing experience. it will be of the order of 29-33% Overall efficiency of steam plant is determined by multiplying the thermal efficiency of the plant with efficiency of the generator (electrical efficiency) Why the Thermal efficiency of the steam power plant is quite low? Answer: In Steam power station.

so pressure in the condenser is kept as low as possible. • Low voltage generation for particular power level (say 500MW) requires large size of the stator conductors as huge currents flow through the stator because of low voltage. temperature of the steam entering the turbine 3. . • Therefore an optimum value of Voltage and Current values are attained for designing the generator considering the cost and size factors of the generator. On the other hand. This is the reason that the thermal efficiency of the power plant is quite low. On what factors efficiency (thermal) of the steam plant depends? Answer: Efficiency of the thermal plant depends on three factors. pressure of steam entering the turbine 2. the generation voltage will be in the range between 11kV and 33kV.85 power factor. Generator designers wishes to generate the electricity at high voltages as possible to limit the stator current required to achieve the desired output. they are 1. ( Any current carrying conductor size is decided by the amount of current flowing through the conductors). increase of the machine voltage significantly beyond the minimum necessary value results in more insulation required on the generator stator windings. Example: 660 MW generation plant usually operate at 23.cannot be converted in to mechanical energy with out a drop in temperature.5 kV with line currents of about 19 000 A at 0. thus increasing its size and cost. Thereby increase in the cost and size of the machine takes place. But certain technical and economical problems will arise which results in designing the generator for particular voltage and current ratings. Thermal efficiency also increases by reheating the steam between turbine stages Why Generation Voltage in Power Plant is Low (11kV to 33kV) ? Answer: In Electrical Generation plants. For this reason high temperature and pressure are used. pressure in the condenser Thermal efficiency increases with increase in temperature and pressure of the steam entering the turbine. Thermal efficiency is effectively increased by decreasing the pressure in the condenser. Steam in the condenser is at lowest temperature.

What is your experience with ladder logic? 4. 14a. What to specify in Generator Transformer tender ? 6. 13. Why is the earth pin in a 3-pin plug the longest and the thickest? 14b. Thermal Power Station Questions. Specifications (415 Switchgear) 8. How often do you use a personal computer in a typical day? What do you do with it? 8. designed. and give an example of a tough VFD problem you had to solve. Tell about your current Team in Company. 3. What is the difference between a digital signal and an analog signal? 7. 6. Switchyard 220kV/ 400kV/ 765 kV. Describe some of the malfunctions associated with VFD's. Describe the difference between a sourcing input and a sinking input. Explain the purpose of grounding. Describe a tough electrical troubleshooting problem you have experienced. Why do you want this job? Electrical Engineering Interview Questions (Power System) Electrical Design Engineering. 10. Describe a process problem you have experienced and how did you solve it? 9. Preparation of DPR. What is your experience with electrical schematics? 3. What was the purpose of the panel and state each component you used. 12a. What were the problems? And how did you solve them? 10. 11. Using Ladder logic. 2. Describe the steps you take to troubleshoot a 3 phase. Hydro Power. What u did in different projects? 9.Interview questions for electrical maintenance? Describe the electrical systems you have worked on and how did you get your training? 2. 15. and briefly explain the steps you used to solve the problem. HTC Interview: (as told by RS) 1. or modified. Describe a control panel you wired. Give an example of a tough loop you had to tune. SCR and its value ? 5. (Provide a sheet of paper) 12b. 480 volt motor that continually trips the heaters. What brands of VFD's are you familiar with. Favorite BOP item. Transformer Losses Penalty ? 7. Ring / Bus topography in SCADA 4. How work is done (Special Team or Project wise) in your company ? . 16. Substation Questions 1. Add ladder logic that will turn the motor OFF after running for two minutes. Describe the malfunctions you have experienced with PLC hardware? 5. How dimension are made for generator. 17. write a program that will START and STOP a motor with momentary START and STOP push buttons.

Alstom (As told by RS. Protection . 5. Ratio of REF CT ? Why single phase transformer is used ? 3. Layout of switchyard 2. 6. Voith (Telephonic Interview as told by RS) 1. Schemes of Bas bars – CBIP : Main and Transfer BB Explanation SS Equipments LA Rating Why less than rated V ? : Fault level 40 kA. SLD – Any Hydro Electric Plant. 3. About tender floating process ? 16. Tell me about vector group Ynd11 what it’s technical mean ? Protection of GT ? Differential and REF. Auto-Transformer: Function and why used ? 3. UP) 1. 4. 2. What was your involvement during pre-bid meeting etc. you post your cv on website? 15. 4.11. Why HTC? 13. Why in short span of time. 8. Transformer specification / Datasheet Tx. 2. Clearances for different Voltages 132/220/400kV Sectional Equipment Earth 1. Expected Package ? 12. How u come to know us? 14. 7. 3. 2. Current rating Breaker : Types and ratings — CBIP Disconnector Switch / Isolator Post Insulator Civil Structures Foundations Stool 9.

- WTI OTI Buckohles Transformer Oil Functions : Cooling. step v Earthing rod : dia. Lightning (RIL. 2. length Optimise the worst condition by these various standards. SLD Full Protection from Gen. By flow chart of IEEE 80 Rg <1 ohm Conductor spacing Touch V. Relay Setting (OC.Rangit) . BB : Full SLD of HPP. 3. Earthing : Start IEE-80. Distance Protection. Line. Insulation between Windings Tea Break (Upto this 1hr) 1. IS 3043. Bus Bar Types: Rigit and Flexible ACSR AAC Al Pipe 4. What u have done…Tell. EF. Transformer. C & R Panel Relaying Scheme : Diffential Protection. UV) REF settings 5. OV. CBIP. Trip Ckt Healthy.

2 VA Burden 10. Protection Angles : CBIP Rolling square Method 6.- Mast or Shield Wires Methods : Mousa and Rizvig Method Protection Area (Cone). PT Code IVT CVT Dry . 0. Softwares Used AutoCad Etap Earthing VB++ Mobile Software 7. 0. Capacitor Panel Pf Improvement Function Reactive Power injection 8.5. Battery Calculation IEEE845 9. CT Code Core Class PS.

- Fuse 11kV 11. Cables 11kV 220kV FRLA Cable testing: HV test. Ganttary Wind Loading Ice Loading 13. Power f withstand and dynamic rating will changes 15. IR test and outer area/sheath of cable stretch A 3m piece of cable is put in fire for testing FRLS. Factor affecting at High Elevation Air dielectric strength becomes less. so the pressure and dielectric strength. so Temperature will reduces. Then HR and other discussion . Tower Height – CBIP 400 kV (17+8) 220kV 14. Technical Finish. Corona Loss Will be less in Pipe conductor 16. Synchronising DG sets System 12.

then how much ? what to do to remove that effect ? which element we connect in line and where ? Q: BOP Work Experience ? Q: Difference in Tendering and DE ? Q: Master in which field of Layout / System Engineering ? Q: Which Layour You Make ? – Upto 220kV Double Bus. Generally we take 20 % difference in two ratings. If we have 1050 MW to transmit from 1 substation to another.132kV 31. What are these two ratings ? and which is best ? Ans. Do u know about Power Evacuation? Q3. Vector Diagram. CPRI. Insulation. 4.5 kV Q: Why for 220kV system LA used is of less rating ? Q: For 220 kV which conductor is used ? . Q4. HVDC Studied? Q2. so 8/10 is best.Moose / Zebra Q: Cable Sizing Parameters ? . If we have a 400kV of 400 km ? if line a another end is not connected to grid. Cooling. If we have a 440 kV line of 400km. Vs. Any work done in Life with full enthusiasm. then what will be the voltage level there and it is less. What electrical parameters you will think. Q: How equipments are arranged in substation ? Q: List of Equipments in Switchyard ? Q: Power Transformer Parameters ? MVA.R <1. Temperature. 400kV ? . What we CAlsulate ? .0 ohm Q: Fault Current for 132kV. what will be its characteristics impedance? Q4. Vp. Switching voltage Q: 15/ 18 or 8/10 or 9/10 MVA Transformer. Bangalore (As told by RS) Q1. Q: 433V why this voltage ? Q: Winding Temperature of Transformer ? Q: Oil Temrperature of transformer ? Q: Vector diagram which you used : – DYn11 step up – Ynd11 Stepdown Q: % impedance of Transformer Value ? IS-2026 Q: Earthing. 220kV.220kV 40kA .Teaching. Q: Difference between ONAN and ONAF.

Generally we take 20 % difference in two ratings. Insulation.. so 8/10 is best. Min. Length of Cable. Switching voltage Q: 15/ 18 or 8/10 or 9/10 MVA Transformer. V drop. What are these two ratings ? and which is best ? Ans. Current. Vp. Cooling.. ABB (As told by AS) Q: BOP Work Experience ? Q: Difference in Tendering and DE ? Q: Master in which field of Layout / System Engineering ? Q: Which Layour You Make ? – Upto 220kV Double Bus.Voltage. Q: How equipments are arranged in substation ? Q: List of Equipments in Switchyard ? Q: Power Transformer Parameters ? MVA. Temperature. BOP. cross-section Q: V Drop Formula for Cable ? Motor delta-star are: DOL : 6 times Star-Delta: 3 times Q: Full Form of ACSR and AAC Q: Notice Period 5. Temp. Q: 433V why this voltage ? Q: Winding Temperature of Transformer ? Q: Oil Temrperature of transformer ? Q: Vector diagram which you used : – DYn11 step up – Ynd11 Stepdown Q: % impedance of Transformer Value ? IS-2026 . Vector Diagram. Vs. Type of arrangement. Q: Difference between ONAN and ONAF.

400kV ? .Q: Earthing.Moose / Zebra Q: Cable Sizing Parameters ? . Length of Cable. Temp.132kV 31. Min. Type of arrangement.R <1.0 ohm Q: Fault Current for 132kV.. cross-section Q: V Drop Formula for Cable ? Motor delta-star are: DOL : 6 times Star-Delta: 3 times Q: Full Form of ACSR and AAC Q: Notice Period 6.Voltage. Earthing Design steps ? Q3. CAble Sizing and Calculations ? .220kV 40kA . Current. V drop. What we CAlsulate ? .5 kV Q: Why for 220kV system LA used is of less rating ? Q: For 220 kV which conductor is used ? . What is fault current ? Q2. Touch & Step Voltages Definations ? Q4. 220kV. Switchyard SLD Q5. Fault Model – Calculations ? Q6. Electrical Design (As told by HT) Q1.

If fault occurs at bus.Q7. CB) Q13.Explain ? Q8. Firm Power Q2. Sectionsal Clearances ? Q11. Two Generators are connected to common bus then a common transforemer having all necessary details. Define Synchronizing ? Q9. what will be fault current ? 7. Faults Ph-Ph. % Z in Transformer . Ph-G. Hrdels in Hydro Power Plant ? Q4. Electrical Design Hydro (As told by RS) Q1. CB GTP ? Q12. Power Potential Study . Power Formula in Hydro ? Q3. GTP Main Parameters (Xer . How capacity is decided for Hydro Power Plant ? Q5. Ph-E ? Q10.

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