What are the effects of malnutrition?

WFP Malnutrition covers a range of problems, such as being dangerously thin, being too short for one's age, being deficient in vitamins and minerals (such as lacking iron which makes you anaemic), or even being too fat (obese). It is measured using the following indicators: Wasting is an indicator of acute malnutrition that reflects a recent and severe process that has led to substantial weight loss. This is usually the result of starvation and/or disease. Related Questions

What is Malnutrition?
A condition caused by inadequate intake or inadequate digestion of nutrients. It may result from eating an inadequate or unbalanced diet, digestive problems, absorption problems, or other medical conditions. Protein malnutrition is usually caused by inadequate nutrient intake in conjunction with the stress response. Common causes include chronic diarrhea, renal dysfunction, infection, hemorrhage, trauma, burns, and critical illness.

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Biological effects
An extended period of malnutrition can result in starvation or deficiency diseases such as scurvy. Malnutrition increases the risk of infection and infectious disease; for example, it is a major risk factor in the onset of active tuberculosis.[10] Malnutrition appears to increase activity and movement in many animals - for example an experiment on spiders showed increased activity and predation in starved spiders, resulting in larger weight gain.[11] This pattern is seen in many animals, including humans while sleeping.[12] It even occurs in rats with their cerebral cortex or stomachs completely removed.[13] Increased activity on hamster wheels occurred when rats were deprived not only of food, but also water or B vitamins such as thiamine[14] This response may increase the animal's chance of finding food, though it has also been speculated the emigration response relieves pressure on the home population.[12]

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Malnutrition#Effects

The signs and symptoms of malnutrition depend on which nutritional deficiencies a person has, although they can include:
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fatigue and low energy dizziness poor immune function (which can cause the body to have trouble fighting off infections) dry, scaly skin swollen and bleeding gums decaying teeth slowed reaction times and trouble paying attention underweight poor growth muscle weakness bloated stomach bones that break easily problems with organ function

http://kidshealth.org/teen/food_fitness/nutrition/hunger.html

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