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A PROJECT REPORT
Submitted by SAAJAN DEHURY [Reg No: 11707067] SAURABH GUPTA [Reg No: 11707073] SIDDHARTH PANICKER [Reg No: 11707077] Under the guidance of Mrs. B.HEMALATHA (Assistant Professor, Department of Instrumentation and Control Engineering) in partial fulfilment for the award of the degree of BACHELOR OF TECHNOLOGY in ELECTRONICS AND INSTRUMENTATION ENGINEERING of FACULTY OF ENGINEERING & TECHNOLOGY
S.R.M. Nagar, Kattankulathur, Kancheepuram District
(Under Section 3 of UGC Act, 1956)
Certified that this project report titled “DESIGN OF DATA LOGGER USING LabVIEW” is the bonafide work of SAAJAN DEHURY Reg. No. 11707067, SAURABH GUPTA Reg. No. 11707073 and SIDDHARTH PANICKER Reg. No. 11707077, who carried out the project work under my supervision. Certified further, that to the best of my knowledge the work reported herein does not form any other project report or dissertation on the basis of which a degree or award was conferred on an earlier occasion on this or any other candidate.
SIGNATURE Dr.A.VIMALA JULIET HEAD OF THE DEPARTMENT
Signature of the Internal Examiner
Signature of the External Examiner
Recent advances in electronics miniaturization have allowed the commercial development of sensor/data logger combinations that are sufficiently inexpensive and appear to be sufficiently accurate to deploy in measurement arrays to resolve local atmospheric structure over periods of weeks to months. A data logger is an electronic device that records data over time or in relation to location either with a built in instrument or sensor or via external instruments and sensors. Increasingly, but not entirely, they are based on a digital processor (or computer). They generally are small, battery powered, portable, and equipped with a microprocessor, internal memory for data storage, and sensors. Some data loggers interface with a personal computer and utilize software to activate the data logger to view and analyze the collected data, while others have a local interface device (keypad, LCD) and can be used as a standalone device. We are recording various parameters- Temperature, Pressure and Humidityand analyzing this data using LabVIEW. For various purposes like agriculture, meteorological forecast, weather forecast, terrain inspection, pollution values etc, we need regular information regarding meteorological parameters and their values. After recording this information, we are transferring this data using communication protocols like SMTP. All this is being done using LabVIEW, which is faster and more efficient software.
Apart from the efforts of me, the success of this project depends largely on the encouragement and guidelines of many others. I take this opportunity to express my gratitude to the people who have been instrumental in the successful completion of this project.
I would like to show my greatest appreciation to Assistant Professor Mrs.B.Hemalatha. I can’t say thank you enough for her tremendous support and help. I feel motivated and encouraged every time I attend her meeting. Without her encouragement and guidance this project would not have materialized.
The guidance and support received from all the team members including Saurabh Gupta and Siddharth Panicker who contributed and are contributing to this project, was vital for the success of the project. I am grateful for their constant support and help.
TABLE OF CONTENTS CHAPTER NO.
ABSTRACT LIST OF TABLE LIST OF FIGURES INTRODUCTION
1. SURVEY 2. SENSORS AND COMPONENTS
2 6 7 8 12 18 19 22 26 31 33 39 40 41 43 57 59 60
3.1 HUMI DITY SENSORS 3.2 TEMPERATURE SENSORS 3.3 PRESSURE SENSORS 3.4 AMPLIFIER CIRCUIT 3.5 VOLTAGE REGULATOR/IC7805 3.6 VOLTAGE REGULATOR/IC7812 3.7 VOLTAGE REGULATOR/IC 7815 4. 5. BLOCK DIAGRAMS LabVIEW
6. COMMUNICATION 7. FUTURE ENHANCEMENTS 8. CONCLUSION 9. REFERENCES
LIST OF TABLES
Absolute Maximum ratings of Pressure Sensor 5. Standard characteristics of humidity sensor 4. Specifications of humidity sensor 3.1. Temperature Survey 2. Maximum ratings of amplification IC 7805 12 19 20 29 36 LIST OF FIGURES Chapter 1 1. Hourly average of temperature 6 Page 13 .
Connection of Pressure Sensor 6.2. Daily variation of temperature 3. Connection of LM35DZ with the amplification IC LM324 3. Internal Block diagram of IC7805 9. Top view of TO-220 packaging 18 21 23 24 27 31 33 35 38 Chapter 3 1. Humidity sensor SY-HS-220 2. Connection of Temperature Sensor 5. NI USB-6008 2. Pin layout of IC7805 8. Storing data in the file 5. Creation of sender’s e-mail id 3. Front panel depicting controls & indicators 7. Activation of SMTP 4. Selecting the measurement type 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 CHAPTER 1 7 . Amplification circuit 40 41 2. Characteristic curve of Humidity Sensor 3. Acquiring the signals & filtering 6. Pin configuration of Temperature Sensor 4. Internal circuit diagram of LM324 7. Connection of pressure sensor ICS 1220 with amplification IC LM324 42 Chapter 4 1. Daily variation of temperature 14 15 16 Chapter 2 1. Daily variation of temperature 4. Selecting the measurement type 8.
convenience of reconstructed system. In a word. At the same time. displaying. Designing this system used this method can improve the detection of wind speed. accurate picture of the environmental conditions being monitored. virtual instrument becomes mainstream direction of current instrument development because of its characteristics of high efficiency. and so on. many remain as static machines with only a limited number or no changeable parameters. such as air temperature and relative humidity. data loggers are typically deployed and left unattended to measure and record information for the duration of the monitoring period. modern measurement technology. and electronic instrument technology. self-defining function. LabVIEW contains a comprehensive set of tools for acquiring. man-machine interactive interface good. With the development of computer technology. analyzing. however. One of the primary benefits of using data loggers is the ability to automatically collect data on a 24-hour basis. temperature. Electronic data loggers have replaced chart recorders in many applications. a user can operate this system only by using keyboard or mouse. and storing data.INTRODUCTION Data loggers vary between general purpose types for a range of measurement applications to very specific devices for measuring in one environment or application type only. Upon activation. humidity. This allows for a comprehensive. 8 . as well as tools to help us troubleshoot code we write. It is common for general purpose types to be programmable. this system constructed by this way becomes convenient.
LEDs. The block diagram contains this code. the properly calibrated values can be obtained. By using pressure sensor ICS1220. Indicators are graphs. We can also use LabVIEW to communicate data to other devices. dials. data acquisition is easy in LabVIEW. By constructing an amplification circuit. we can get the temperature and relative humidity in the ambient atmosphere. Advantage of Data Logger over other collection instruments 9 . Also. Controls are knobs. push buttons. and other output displays.In LabVIEW. we can get the pressure in the ambient atmosphere. After we build the user interface. with controls and indicators. we add code using VIs and structures to control the front panel objects. or front panel. we can build a user interface. Sensors are used for measuring temperature and humidity. By using temperature sensor LM35DZ and humidity sensor HS-SY220. and other input mechanisms.
The Maximum Sample Rate for a Data Logger The sample rate depends on the specific model. This makes them ideally suited for applications requiring portability. it normally adds significant expense to the recorder price. They offer more flexibility and are available with a greater variety of input types. Data is normally collected in nonvolatile memory for later download to a computer. Power Source for Data Loggers 10 . They are: • • • Real-Time Data Acquisition Systems Chart Recorders Data Loggers Data loggers are normally more economical than chart recorders. since they require connection or installation into a computer. The computer does not need to be present during the data collection process. Data loggers can collect data independently of a computer. Although most data loggers have a maximum data rate of 1 or 2 samples per second. the computer must also be present and active when collecting the data. however. some data loggers can sample in excess of 100 samples per second.Three types of instruments are commonly used for collecting and storing data. Although this option is available with some recorders. Data acquisition systems offer a great deal of flexibility and are certainly attractive when high sample rates are required. Most data loggers collect data which may be directly transferred to a computer.
Most data loggers are battery powered some also offer an option for external power. To determine the duration divide the memory capacity (number of samples the device can record) by the sample rate. Parameters involved in the battery life of a Data Logger The battery life of a data logger depends on a number of parameters including the specific model and sample rate. If it is desired to record 2 samples every minute. As an example assume that a given data logger can store 10. CHAPTER 2 SURVEY Presented in the following few pages is the results of a survey that has been done. the recording period would double to 7 days.000 minutes (about 3.5 days). Recording Duration The recording duration is dependent on the memory capacity of the data logger and the desired sample rate. the data logger can run for 10.000 samples. In general the faster the sample rate the shorter the battery life.000/2 or 5. This survey includes values and trends of various metrological parameters. If the sample rate was cut in half (1 sample per minute). 11 .
The temperature sets given are the monthly maximum and minimum temperature values obtained. 12 . many experiments of high importance can be carried out with a high efficacy. and was taken in the year 2009-2010.Table 1: Temperature survey The above given data is obtained from the campus of SRM University. Based on this empirical data.
13 . The following results can be obtained from the aforementioned data: • Temperatures vary between 24 and 35 deg with lower averages in the beginning of 2010.Fig. which is depicted above. A trend is obtained. 1: Hourly average for Temperature The data is then taken and plotted on a graph.
2: Daily variation of temerature Daily variation of temperature from July-2009 to August-2009 14 .Fig.
3: Daily variation of temperature Daily variation of temperature from September-2009 to December-2009 15 .Fig.
Fig.4: Daily variation of temperature Daily variation of temperature from January 2010 to February 2010 16 .
The pressure sensor used here is an eightterminal device.CHAPTER 3 SENSORS AND COMPONENTS In this chapter. From calculations based on physical principles. the electronics. The power source should give a regulated voltage as source. A pressure sensor is a device that takes the atmospheric pressure as an input. The sensors and components form the most important part of our project. A temperature sensor is a device that measures temperature or temperature gradient using a variety of different principles. Humidity is difficult to measure accurately. and gives a corresponding electrical signal as an output. The temperature sensor device is a three-terminal device. all the sensors and other components used in the project are discussed. pressure. 17 . Most measurement devices usually rely on measurements of some other quantity such as temperature. The output signals of all the sensors have to be amplified. mass or a mechanical or electrical change in a substance as moisture is absorbed. or humidity. The humidity sensor is a four-terminal device. A humidity sensor is an instrument used for measuring the moisture content in the environmental air. a voltage regulator is being used. and gives an electrical voltage as output when the temperature is given as an input. For that purpose. or especially by calibration with a reference standard. we design an amplifier circuit. these measured quantities can lead to a measurement of humidity. The temperature sensor accurately measures the temperature. For that purpose.
and it takes the humidity from the atmosphere as the input.1. 1: Humidity sensor SY-HS-220 The humidity sensor SY-HS-220 is a four-terminal device. HUMIDITY SENSOR SY-HS-220 Fig. 18 . and gives electrical signal as the output.
Table 2:Specifications of Humidity Sensor 19 .
Table 3:Standard characteristics of Humidity Sensor 20 .
linear output. it has very low self-heating. 2: Characteristics Curve for Humidity Sensor 2. The LM35 does not require any external calibration or trimming to provide typical accuracies of ±1⁄4°C at room temperature and ±3⁄4°C over a full −55 to +150°C temperature range. Low cost is assured by trimming and calibration at the wafer level. The LM35 thus has an advantage over linear temperature sensors calibrated in ° Kelvin. or with plus and minus supplies. It can be used with single power supplies. The LM35’s low output impedance. TEMPERATURE SENSOR LM35DZ The LM35 series are precision integrated-circuit temperature sensors. less than 0.Fig. 21 . and precise inherent calibration make interfacing to readout or control circuitry especially easy. As it draws only 60 μA from its supply. whose output voltage is linearly proportional to the Celsius (Centigrade) temperature.1°C in still air. as the user is not required to subtract a large constant voltage from its output to obtain convenient Centigrade scaling.
0 mV/°C scale factor 3. LM35CA. Low impedance output. 22 . 0. while the LM35C is rated for a −40° to +110°C range (−10° with improved accuracy). 0. Linear + 10. Rated for full −55° to +150°C range 5. which comprises all our possible outputs.The LM35 is rated to operate over a −55° to +150°C temperature range. It also has a very wide range of -55° to +150°C. and LM35D are also available in the plastic TO-92 transistor package. Calibrated directly in ° Celsius (Centigrade) 2. Low self-heating. and its high accuracy make it a very viable choice for our project. The linearity of the LM35DZ. Less than 60 μA current drain 9. while the LM35C. FEATURES 1. 0. Operates from 4 to 30 volts 8. LM35DZ.08°C in still air 10. Suitable for remote applications 6. Low cost due to wafer-level trimming 7. The LM35D is also available in an 8-lead surface mount small outline package and a plastic TO220 package. The LM35 series is available packaged in hermetic TO-46 transistor packages.5°C accuracy guaranteeable (at +25°C) 4. It is a low cost high efficiency model. Nonlinearity only ±1⁄4°C typical 11.1 W for 1 mA load The above given features are of the temperature sensor.
The third terminal is the ground terminal. The first terminal is the supply voltage terminal. 3:Pin configuration of Temperature Sensor The above shown sensor is a three-terminal device. The second terminal is the output voltage terminal. APPLICATION 23 . where the supply is provided. To check the output voltage. a voltmeter should be connected in between the second and the third terminal. The output voltage is taken out from the second terminal.CONNECTION DIAGRAMS Fig. which is always grounded. this terminal has to be checked. To see the output.
The value of R1 is computed based on the above given formula. the temperature sensor.Fig. It is a three-terminal device. 4:Connection of Temperature Sensor LM35DZ The above shown diagram is of LM35DZ. i. the output terminal.0V 10 mA 24 .e. with the second terminal. Output Current +35V to −0. Supply Voltage 2. Output Voltage 3. Absolute Maximum Ratings 1. connected to a resistance R1.2V +6V to −1.
Gage. resulting in an interchangeability of ±1% prior to amplification. Integral temperature compensation is provided over a range of 0-50°C using lasertrimmed resistors. Multiple lead and tube configurations are also available for customizing the package for specific applications. These features are very conducive to our project. Additionally. the ICS1220 series is intended for printed circuit board mounting. Pressure Sensor / ICS1220 The ICS1220 series of solid state pressure sensors are designed to provide a cost effective solution for applications that require calibrated performance over a wide temperature range. and differential pressure ranges from 0-2 PSI to 0-100 PSI are available. the ICS1220 series is available in pressure ranges from 0 to 5 through 0 to 100 psi. Packaged in a dual-in-line configuration. A few important features of pressure sensor ICS1220 are given below. The ICS1220 offers the added advantage of superior temperature performance over the temperature compensated range of 0°C to +60°C. The ICS1220 series is based on NovaSensor’s advanced SenStable piezoresistive sensing technology. An additional laser-trimmed resistor is included to normalize pressure sensitivity variations by setting the current drive to the sensor bridge. Silicon micromachining techniques are used to ion implant piezoresistive strain gages into a Wheatstone bridge configuration. Optional pressure port and lead configurations give superior flexibility in low profile applications where pressure connection orientation is critical. A current set resistor is included to normalize the full scale output for field interchangeability. absolute.3. Features 25 . and these features are the reasons why we have selected ICS1220 for our project.
Pressure Ranges 26 . and the interchangeability makes it a very good option for our project.1% accuracy • Interchangeable • Temperature Compensated 0°C to 60°C • PCB mountable package • DIP package • Solid state reliability • Individual device traceability The high accuracy of ICS1220.• 50 mV Full-scale Output • ±0.
• Gauge and differential 5. 50 and 100psi (5psi: call Nova Sensor) Fig.5:Connection diagram of Pressure Sensor The above given circuit is the pressure sensor circuit. 50 and 100psi • Absolute: 15. 30. 15. 30. and the output is taken from the first and the third terminals of the pressure sensor. and as shown it has eight terminals. The dotted boundary is the pressure sensor. 27 . A1 is an operational amplifier.
8.1.25%. RTV. Best Fit Straight Line. 9. 5. Tube length: L=470 ± 5 mil.232V and zero temperature error is ±1. silicon. gold. See Dimensions drawing for lead configurations. For a zero-to-full scale pressure step change. ceramic. whichever is less. Compensation resistors are an integral part of the sensor package. Lead pins can either be in the same or the opposite direction as the pressure tube.0 mV ± 1%. 11. N=no tube. S=300 ± 3 mil. Temperature range: 0-50°C in reference to 25°C. 20 psi for 2 psi and 5 psi versions. 12. nickel. 6. Pins 7 and 8 must be kept open. no additional external resistors are required. For 2 psi output on a 5 psi sensor span is 20. 3. amplified span is 1. Prevents increase of TC-Span due to output loading. 7. Wetted materials are glass. Applications • • • • • • Industrial automation Air flow monitors Agriculture Process control Medical equipment Underground cable leak detection Absolute Maximum Ratings 28 . 3X or 200 psi maximum. and aluminum. 10 Hz to 1 kHz. 4. 2. 10. Soldering of lead pins: 250°C for 5 seconds maximum.
Table 4:Absolute Maximum Ratings of Pressure Sensor 4. AMPLIFICATION CIRCUIT/ LM324 29 .
The unity gain cross frequency is temperature compensated. even though operated from only a single power supply voltage. Operation from split power supplies is also possible and the low power supply current drain is independent of the magnitude of the power supply voltage. The input bias current is also temperature compensated Advantages 1. internally frequency compensated operational amplifiers which were designed specifically to operate from a single power supply over a wide range of voltages. Power drain suitable for battery operation Features 30 . Allows directly sensing near GND & VOUT also goes to GND 4. high gain. Unique Characteristics In the linear mode the input common-mode voltage range includes ground and the output voltage can also swing to ground. the LM124 series can be directly operated off of the standard a5V power supply voltage which is used in digital systems and will easily provide the required interface electronics without requiring the additional g15V power supplies. Application areas include transducer amplifiers.General Description The LM124 series consists of four independent. DC gain blocks and all the conventional op amp circuits which now can be more easily implemented in single power supply systems. Eliminates need for dual supplies 2. Four internally compensated op amps in a single package 3. For example. Compatible with all forms of logic 5.
1. Internally frequency compensated for unity gain 2. Input common-mode voltage range includes ground 10. Large DC voltage gain 100 dB 3. Large output voltage swing 0V to Vab 1. Single supply 3V to 32V or dual supplies g1. Wide power supply range: 5.5V to g16V 6. Low input biasing current 45 nA (temperature compensated) 8. 6:Internal circuit diagram of LM324 5.5V Fig. Differential input voltage range equal to the power supply voltage 11. Wide bandwidth (unity gain) 1 MHz (temperature compensated) 4. VOLTAGE REGULATOR/7805 31 . Low input offset voltage 2 Mv and offset current 5 nA 9. Very low supply current drain (700 mA) essentially independent of supply voltage 7.
The 78xx ICs have three terminals and are commonly found in the TO220 form factor. ADVANTAGES 1. up to a maximum of 35 or 40 volts. PIN CONFIGURATION 32 . The 78xx lines are positive voltage regulators: they produce a voltage that is positive relative to a common ground. although smaller surface-mount and larger TO3 packages are available. 2. In some cases. These devices support an input voltage anywhere from a couple of volts over the intended output voltage. making them quite robust in most applications. Other voltage regulators may require additional components to set the output voltage level. or to assist in the regulation process. while the 7812 produces 12 volts). 78xx series ICs do not require additional components to provide a constant. For ICs within the family. the 7805 has a 5 volt output. as well as economical and efficient uses of space. 78xx and 79xx ICs can be used in combination to provide positive and negative supply voltages in the same circuit. There is a related line of 79xx devices which are complementary negative voltage regulators. regulated source of power.5 amps of current (though smaller or larger packages may have a lower or higher current rating). making them easy to use. indicating the output voltage (for example. the xx is replaced with two digits. Some other designs (such as a switching power supply) may need substantial engineering expertise to implement. 78xx series ICs have built-in protection against a circuit drawing too much power. The 78xx family is commonly used in electronic circuits requiring a regulated power supply due to their ease-of-use and low cost. They have protection against overheating and short-circuits.The 78xx (sometimes LM78xx) is a family of self-contained fixed linear voltage regulator integrated circuits. but also for other parts of the circuit. the current-limiting features of the 78xx devices can provide protection not only for the 78xx itself. and typically provide 1 or 1.
four. used in mounting the case to a heat sink. and is widely used in the industy. A notable characteristic is a metal tab with a hole. five or seven leads are also manufactured.Fig. The TO-220 is a style of electronic component package. and thus can be used for 33 . The "TO" designation stands for "transistor outline". TO-220 packages have three leads. and integrated circuits. Similar packages with two. silicon-controlled rectifiers. TO-220 packages are heat sinkable. The TO-220 package is an example of a through-hole design rather than a surface-mount technology type of package. Components made in TO-220 packages can dissipate more heat than those constructed in TO-92 cases. commonly used for transistors. 7:Pin layout of IC7805 The above given TO-220 package is being used in our project.
• 34 . • Grounding area makes handling easier by reducing the possibility of damage from electrostatic discharge. Thermal compound is often applied to further improve heat transfer from the package to the heat sink. some of which have the added benefit of high thermal conductivity. In applications that require a heat sink. The top of the package has a metal tab with a hole used in mounting the component to a heat sink.applications where large amounts of power are dissipated as heat. Advantages: • Can be used in high-power and high-current applications where equivalent components of other cases may be susceptible to damage. This does not normally pose a problem when using isolated heat sinks. damage or destruction of the TO-220 device due to overheating may occur if the heat sink is dislodged during operation. but an electrically-insulating pad or sheet may be required to electrically isolate the component from the heat sink if the heat sink is electrically conductive. The metal tab is often connected electrically to the internal circuitry. Mounting with the tab ensures the component to be held firmly in place. Many materials may be used to electrically isolate the TO-220 package. grounded or otherwise non-isolated.
8: Internal block diagram of IC7805 ABSOLUTE MAXIMUM RATINGS 35 .INTERNAL BLOCK DIAGRAM Fig.
If a power supply provides a voltage higher than 7 or 8 volts. By securing the regulator tightly to the circuit board.excess voltage is converted to heat and dissipated through the body of the regulator. insufficient voltage will be present at the regulators output. If a DC supply of greater than 12V is used. In this case. the regulator must dissipate significant heat. If a DC supply of less than 5V is used. The "fin" on the regulator body (the side that protrudes upward beyond the main body of the part) helps to dissipate excess heat more efficiently. then the regulator may need to dissipate more heat. and the board may be damaged. A 5V voltage regulator (7805) is used to ensure that no more than 5V is delivered to the board regardless of the voltage present at the J12 connector (provided that voltage is less than 12VDC). excessive heat will be generated. excess heat can be passed to the board and then radiated away. The regulator functions by using a diode to clamp the output voltage at 5VDC regardless of the input voltage . the regulator can be secured to the circuit board by fastening it with a screw and nut (see below). 36 . If the board requires higher currents (due to the use of peripheral devices or larger breadboard circuits).Table 5:Absolute maximum ratings of IC7805 The above given table shows the various parametric maximum ratings of the voltage regulator 7805.
This rise and drop of voltage in unregulated power supplies can sometimes burn sensitive electronics equipments.6. an unregulated 12V power supply can output 14V when not under load and can drop the voltage to 11V when under 1A load and 10V when under 2A load. On the other hand. FEATURES 1. Output current in excess of 1A 2. an un-regulated 12V power supply output voltage with drop under while the load will increase and will rise when not under load. Output transistor safe area protection 5. For example. No external components required 4. A 12 volt regulator circuit will provide exactly 12V under load as well as without load. VOLTAGE RANGE LM7805C LM7812C LM7815C 5V 12V 15V 37 . Internal short circuit current limit 6. Internal thermal overload protection 3. Available in the aluminium TO-3 package. VOLTAGE REGULATOR/7812 Voltage regulation means to prevent the voltage from dropping down or rising above a specific value.
12V and 15V) 35V Internal Power Dissipation (Note 1) Internally Limited Operating Temperature Range (TA) 0°C to +70°C 38 . 9: Top view of TO-220 packaging Absolute Maximum Ratings Input Voltage (VO = 5V.PIN CONFIGURATION Fig.
Case Style:TO-220 14. Min Temperature Operating:-20°C 39 . No. Dropout voltage:2V No. Output transistor safe area protection 5. Internal short circuit current limit 6. TO-220-3 8. Available in the 39luminium TO-3 package 7. Operating Temperature Range:-20°C to +85°C 13. Internal thermal overload protection 3. of Pins:3 11. No external components required 4. Voltage Regulator/IC7815 Features 1. of Outputs:1 10. 9. 7815. V REG +15V. Voltage Regulator IC Case Style:TO-220 12. Max Operating Temperature:85°C 15. Output current in excess of 1A 2.7.
1: Amplification Circuit 40 . hence amplification is needed. this IA has the potential to remove common mode noise. We will connect this circuit on the breadboard by using the quad Op-Amp IC (LM324) to save wiring complexity. One of the most used amplifiers is the “instrumentation amplifier [IA]” (or high impedance differential amplifier). It is formed by three operational amplifiers a shown in Figure 2 below. Aside from amplification.CHAPTER 4 BLOCK DIAGRAMS Amplification Circuit The voltage signal of the thermocouple is usually in the milli-volts range. Fig.
2: Connection of LM35DZ with the amplification IC LM324 The above diagram shows the circuit connection of the temperature sensor LM35DZ with the amplification circuit comprising LM324. The resistor components used here are specifically designed to obtain a voltage gain to drive the DAQ. the output of which is fed to DAQ.The output of the amplifier is given as: Connection of LM35DZ with the amplification IC LM324 Fig. Connection of pressure sensor ICS 1220 with amplification IC LM324 41 .
3: Connection of pressure sensor ICS 1220 with amplification IC LM324 The above diagram shows the connection of pressure sensor ICS 1220 with amplification IC LM324.Fig. The output of the sensor is fed to the amplification circuit comprising resistors and LM324. CHAPTER 5 42 . The operational amplifier used here is IC741 the output of which is fed to the sensor. The circuit components like resistors are arranged in a manner so as to obtain a proper voltage gain to drive the DAQ.
Data Display and User Interfaces 5. Multiple Programming Approaches 7. and Support 10. since its introduction in 1986. It offers unrivalled integration with thousands of hardware devices and provides hundreds of built-in libraries for advanced analysis and data visualization – all for creating virtual instrumentation. it has become an industry leader. and. Multiple Targets and Oss 6. Advanced Built-In Analysis and Signal Processing 4. Faster Programming 2. Hardware Integration with LabVIEW 3. Multi core Programming 8. Training. Key Features 1.LabVIEW LabVIEW is a graphical programming environment used by millions of engineers and scientists to develop sophisticated measurement. File Sharing and Collaboration with LabVIEW Users Worldwide Data Acquisition 43 . Software Services. Data Storage and Reporting 9. The LabVIEW platform is scalable across multiple targets and OSs. and control systems using intuitive graphical icons and wires that resemble a flowchart. test.
including USB. and Visual Basic . National Instruments offers PC-based measurement and control solutions that deliver increased productivity through user-defined logging. NI-DAQmx multithreaded driver software provides ease of use.NET. and performance in multiple programming environments. and software flexibility your application requires. PXI. NI data acquisition (DAQ) devices provide the I/O capabilities. 8 analog inputs (14-bit. With patented hardware and software technologies. NI LabWindows™/CVI. 48 kS/s Low-Cost Multifunction DAQ 1. analysis.Designed for performance. C/C++. measurement accuracy. Visual C#. and visualization. and Ethernet. NI USB-6008 14-Bit. Choose from a variety of common PC-buses and form factors. PCI Express. flexibility. PCI. wireless. 48 kS/s) 44 . including NI LabVIEW. PXI Express.
12. Bus-powered for high mobility. LabWindows/CVI. Bus-powered for high mobility.2. built-in signal connectivity 4. 32-bit counter 3. 10. 8 analog inputs (14-bit. and Measurement Studio for Visual Studio . Compatible with LabVIEW. 12 digital I/O. 7.NET data-logging software NI USB-6008 Internal Diagram: 45 . 32-bit counter. OEM version available 5. built-in signal connectivity.NET 6. 8. 9. 150 S/s). 12 digital I/O. LabWindows/CVI. 48 kS/s). NI-DAQmx driver software and NI LabVIEW Signal Express LE interactive datalogging software. 2 analog outputs (12-bit. 11. OEM version available Compatible with LabVIEW. 2 analog outputs (12-bit. and Measurement Studio for NI-DAQmx driver software and NI LabVIEW SignalExpress LE interactive Visual Studio . 150 S/s).
The width excluding the ports is 63.09mm.996 inches and 3.860 inches.350 inches.65mm.5mm.Fig. the width excluding the ports is 2. and the width of the USB 6008 including the ports is 2. 1: NI USB-6008 Shown above are the front view and the side view of the USB 6008. The lengths are 76. LabVIEW Codes Block Diagrams: 46 . In inches.500 inches. The lengths are 2.0mm and 85. and the width of the USB 6008 including the ports is 72.
the case structure including if or not a cc is to be sent. Fig. Part 2 47 . It also includes the merger of the subject and the body.2:Creationo of sender’s email id Figure2 shows the first part of the block diagram.Part 1. the receiver’s email address. This includes the creation of the sender’s email address.
3:Activation of SMTP Figure 3 shows the second part of the block diagram. It includes activating the Simple Mail Transfer Protocol (SMTP). 48 .Fig. It also includes the coding used for attaching a file along with the message. The meteorological data can be sent in that file.
the meteorological data is stored in the file.• Part 3 Fig. Depending on the Boolean switch.4: Storing data in the file In figure 4. the file is either written or sent. Part 4 49 .
we are using Port number 587 which is specifically defined for Gmail. A dialog box is given for Sender’s Email address.Front Panel of Data Logger • Fig. The graph and chart for temperature and humidity are drawn with respect to time. DAQ ASSISTANT 50 . to which the data is being sent. Here. A dialog box depicting the port number is meant for a particular website on which the email account is created. The port number varies according to the website. the front panel comprises indicators like temperature indicator. pressure indicator.6. humidity indicator. 6:Front Panel depicting Controls and Indicators As shown in fig.
We can use GSM technology to communicate the data to a cellular mobile phone via Short Messaging Service. we have successfully acquired meteorological data from the atmosphere and recorded. If applied. a mobile phone whose number is stored in the program will receive a text message intimating all the details comprising data. The interfacing can be improved by using Compact RIO. this means that as soon as the data is recorded.CHAPTER 7 FUTURE ENHANCEMENTS In our project. 51 . The program can be stored in RIO and it can act as a standalone device. analysed and communicated them. This will ensure a higher speed.
i. temperature. our project acquires. where research experiments are conducted. There are many ways in which such data is acquired. analyses. environmental and meteorological data is necessary.e.CHAPTER 8 CONCLUSION For many important experiments that are conducted at national and international levels in various scientific and technical establishments for research. to log this data and analyse it in different ways. humidity and pressure. Thus. We have used the software LabVIEW by National Instruments to collect data. The data acquired on site has to be transmitted to the workplace. and transmits important data that can then be used for making important breakthroughs. We have programmed our project to transmit the data using SMTP. 52 .
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