You are on page 1of 16

3

Materials Science

3++++.indd 1

10.12.14 11:37:39 AM

h-kataura@aist.go.jp

SWCNT
SWCNT n,m
n-m 3 K SWCNT
SWCNT
2,3

Scanning Tunneling Microscope, STM

1 ............................................... 2
1-1 ..................................................................... 2
1-2SWCNT ........................................................ 2
1-3SWCNT ..................................................... 3
2SWCNT ............................................................... 3
2-1 .......................................................... 4
2-2.................................................................. 4
2-3 ....................................................... 4
2-4.................................................................. 5
3SWCNT PERIPUTOS ............. 6
3-1 ............................................................................ 6
3-2 ............................................................................ 7
3-2-1 ....................................................... 7
3-2-2.................................................... 8
3-3 ............................................................................ 8
4 .......................................................................... 10
5 .......................................................................... 10

4,5
sp2 SWCNT

SWCNT
SWCNT
ITO

1SWCNT (8,3)-SWCNT

1
1-1

1-2SWCNT
SWCNT 15

Single-Wall Carbon Nanotube,

1993 Iijima

SWCNT1993

SWCNT

Iijima SWCNT

Ni Y

SWCNT

SWCNT

SWCNT

SWCNT
1

6
SWCNT

SWCNT

1200

SWCNT 7

SWCNT

1 8,3 SWCNT SWCNT

SWCNT

KK

SWCNT

3++++.indd 2

Tel:03-5796-7330Fax:03-5796-7335 E-mail:sialjpts@sial.com

10.12.14 11:37:43 AM

SWCNT Chemical Vapor

Deposition, CVD 2

CVD

SWCNT Scanning

SWCNT HiPco

Electron Microscope, SEM 2

CoMoCAT 9SWCNT

SWCNT

CVD

SWCNT

Maruyama
SWCNT

Hata

10

SWCNT

SWCNT 2
1 SWCNT

11

1
SWCNT

1-3SWCNT

SWCNT

CVD SWCNT

SWCNT

SWCNT

1 /g

FeNiCoMoY

30 /g

SWCNT SWCNT

SWCNT

sp2

SWCNT
SWCNT

SWCNT

SWCNT

SWCNT

SWCNT

SWCNT

SWCNT

SWCNT
SWCNT
Multi-Wall Carbon Nanotube, MWCNT
MWCNT
MWCNT
SWCNT
SWCNT MWCNT

2SWCNT
SWCNT

2 SWCNT SEM

Tel:03-5796-7340Fax:03-5796-7345 E-mail:safcjp@sial.com

3++++.indd 3

10.12.14 11:37:45 AM

2-1

SWCNT

SWCNT

TGA

SWCNT
SEM Transmission Electron
Microscope, TEMSEM m

SWCNT
SEM
SWCNT SWCNT

TEM SEM
1 SWCNT SWCNT
TEM

3SWCNT

TEM
12

SEMTEM

2-3

SWCNT 1
van Hove
1
SWCNT

2-2

SWCNT 13 4

Thermogravimetric Analysis, TGA

SWCNT CO2
3 SWCNT
TGA SWCNT
300 500

SWCNT

SWCNT
SWCNT
4 SWCNT

3++++.indd 4

Tel:03-5796-7330Fax:03-5796-7335 E-mail:sialjpts@sial.com

10.12.14 11:37:46 AM

1.0 nm SWCNT
1100 nm
SWCNT 1 Es11700 nm
Es SWCNT 500 nm 1
22

EM11 Es33Es44EM22
SWCNT
SWCNT

SWCNT

2-4
SWCNT

6
CVD SWCNT
633 nm He-Ne

SWCNT ES22

ES11

SWCNT

SWCNT
14ES11

ES11
SWCNT
SWCNT
ES22

2
5 SWCNT

SWCNT

15

SWCNT

3
1 150 300 cm-1
Radial Breathing ModeRBMRBM

RBM

RBM SWCNT
SWCNT
RBM SWCNT
SWCNT

10% Dnm=248 /

Rcm-1 D SWCNT
R RBM

5SWCNT SWCNT

6CVD SWCNT 633nm

Tel:03-5796-7340Fax:03-5796-7345 E-mail:safcjp@sial.com

3++++.indd 5

10.12.14 11:37:48 AM

1593 cm-1
G G Graphite
sp2
SWCNT
SWCNT
G
SWCNT
3 1350 cm-1
sp2 DefectD

SWCNT SWCNT
D SWCNT

7CVD SWCNT 488nm

D
G D SWCNT

SWCNT

3SWCNT
PERIPUTOS
3-1

SWCNT

TGA

1000

SWCNT

633 nm He-Ne
RBM 1.0 nm

SWCNT 2

1.0 nm SWCNT 633 nm

1 SWCNT

ES 6

1 100

SWCNT

SWCNT 2

SWCNT

7 SWCNT

22

488 nm Ar
+

488 nm EM11
SWCNT SWCNT

SWCNT LO G
Breit-Wigner-Fano BWF

SWCNT G
SWCNT

SWCNT

8PERIPUTOS

SWCNT
PERIPUTOS

16
PERIPUTOS "Purity Evaluated by Raman Intensity of Pristine and

3++++.indd 6

Tel:03-5796-7330Fax:03-5796-7335 E-mail:sialjpts@sial.com

10.12.14 11:37:49 AM

Ultracentrifuged Topping Of Single-wall carbon nanotubes"

PERIPUTOS

SWCNT G

1650 G10min

SWCNT

SWCNT

SWCNT

SWCNTPristine-SWCNT

SWCNT

Pristine-SWCNT 219000

G15min 40 %

SWCNT

SWCNT 100

40 %

SWCNT

SWCNT

SWCNT

SWCNT

SWCNT

2 wt.% SC 1

SWCNT

SWCNT

SWCNT

17

SWCNT 100%

100%

100% SWCNT
SWCNT

100 % 100%-SWCNT
100%-SWCNT
SEM SEM
SWCNT

7
HiPco 2 SWCNT
SWCNT SEM
SWCNT SWCNT

3-2

SWCNT

3-2-1

SWCNT

SWCNT 50 mg 2 wt.%

Sodium CholateSC

SWCNT

50 ml 30

RBM

1/2 20 W/cm

8 Pristine-SWCNT 100%-SWCNT

SWCNT 3

SWCNT

15

Tel:03-5796-7340Fax:03-5796-7345 E-mail:safcjp@sial.com

3++++.indd 7

10.12.14 11:37:50 AM

CCD

PristineSWCNT100%-SWCNT SC SWCNT

3-3
SWCNT

9 2

HiPco
SWCNT

SWCNT SC
0%-SWCNT

100%-SWCNT
SWCNT
11 SWCNT

10 SWCNT

3-2-2
SWCNT
G
SWCNT 10 mW

CCD

3++++.indd 8

11SWCNT 0% 100%
633nm

Tel:03-5796-7330Fax:03-5796-7335 E-mail:sialjpts@sial.com

10.12.14 11:37:52 AM

0 % 13
G 0 %
100 %

G
0 % 0 SWCNT

1213
Pristine-SWCNT 13
Pristine-SWCNT G
PERIPUTOS 58 %

12 633 nm
12 SWCNT
633nm

SWCNT
SWCNT
488
nm SWCNT
Pristine-SWCNT
G
14 SWCNT
SWCNT S/N
G SWCNT
Pristine-SWCNT PERIPUTOS 58 %
SWCNT

PERIPUTOS
SWCNT
TGA
SWCNT

13 12 G

TGA
Pristine-SWCNT 100%-SWCNT G

SWCNT

ICNTI100 Pristine-SWCNT PERIPUTOS

SWCNT

PCNT PCNT = ICNT / I100 TGA

SWCNT

W M SWCNT

0 %

W CNT WCNT = PCNT1-WM

SWCNT

SWCNT 40 % 29 %

12

31 %

G
SWCNT

Tel:03-5796-7340Fax:03-5796-7345 E-mail:safcjp@sial.com

3++++.indd 9

10.12.14 11:37:53 AM

4
SWCNT
SWCNT
SWCNT
TGA
SWCNT
SWCNT

SWCNT

SWCNT

5
S. Iijima; T. Ichihashi, Nature, 1993, 363, 603.
R. Saito; M. Fujita; G. Dresselhaus; M. S Dresselhaus, App. Phys. Lett., 1992, 60, 2201.
N. Hamada; S. Sawada; A. Oshiyama, Phys. Rev. Lett., 1992, 68, 1579.
J. W. G. Wildoer; L. C. Venema; A. G. Rinzler; R. E. Smalley; C. Dekker, Nature, 1998,
391, 59.
5 T. W. Odom; J.-L. Huang; P. Kim; C. M. Lieber, Nature, 1998, 391, 62.
6 C. Journet; W. K. Maser; P. Bernier; A. Loiseau; M. L. Chapelle; S. Lefrant; P. Deniard; R.
Leek & J. E. Fischer, Nature, 1997, 388, 756.
7 A. Thess; R. Lee; P. Nikolaev; H. Dai; P. Petit; J. Robert; C. Xu; Y. H. Lee; S. G. Kim; A. G.
Rinzler; D. T. Colbert; G. E. Scuseria; D. Tomanek; J. E. Fischer; R. E. Smalley, Science,
1996, 273, 483.
8 P. Nikolaev; M. J. Bronikowski; R. K. Bradley; F. Rohmund; D. T. Colbert; K. A. Smith; R. E.
Smalley, Chem. Phys. Lett., 1999, 313, 91.
9 S. M. Bachilo; L. Balzano; J. E. Herrera; F. Pompeo; D. E. Resasco; R. B. Weisman, J. Am.
Chem. Soc., 2003, 125, 11186.
10 S. Maruyama; R. Kojima; Y. Miyauchi; S. Chiashi; M. Kohno, Chem. Phys. Lett., 2002,
360, 229.
11 K. Hata; D. N. Futaba; K. Mizuno; T. Namai; M. Yumura; S. Iijima, Science, 2004, 306,
1362.
12 Y. Sato; K. Yanagi; Y. Miyata; K. Suenaga; H. Kataura; S. Iijima, Nano Lett., 2008, 8,
3151.
13 H. Kataura; Y. Kumazawa; Y. Maniwa; I. Umezu; S. Suzuki; Y. Ohtsuka; Y. Achiba, Synth.
Met., 1999, 103, 2555.
14 M. J. O Connell; S. M. Bachilo; C. B. Huffman; V. C. Moore; M. S. Strano; E. H. Haroz; K.
L. Rialon; P. J. Boul; W. H. Noon; C. Kittrell; J. Ma; R. H. Hauge; R. B. Weisman; R. E.
Smalley, Science, 2002, 297, 593.
15 S. M. Bachilo; M. S. Strano; C. Kittrell; R. H. Hauge; R. E. Smalley; R. B. Weisman,
Science, 2002, 298, 2361.
16 D. Nishide; Y. Miyata; K. Yanagi; T. Tanaka; H. Kataura, Phys. Status Solidi B, 2009, 246,
2728.
17 D. Nishide; Y. Miyata; K. Yanagi; T. Tanaka; H. Kataura, Jpn. J. App. Phys., 2009, 48,
015004.
1
2
3
4

14488nm
488nm
G

10

3++++.indd 10

Tel:03-5796-7330Fax:03-5796-7335 E-mail:sialjpts@sial.com

10.12.14 11:37:54 AM

CoMoCAT SouthWest NanoTechnologies SWeNT

SouthWest NanoTechnologies P2BQ


T1%TGA Web www.sigma-aldrich.com/nano-jp
Material Matters Vol.4 No.1
Carbon nanotube, single-walledSWeNT CG-100
>90%carbon65%carbon as SWCNT, T1%
450 - 2300 nmmode: 800nm; AFM
0.7 - 1.3 nm AFM

704113-250MG, 1G

Carbon nanotube, single-walledSWeNT CG-200


>90%carbon77%carbon as SWCNT, T1%
0.7 - 1.4 nm
MWCNT DWCNT

724777-250MG, 1G

Carbon nanotube, single-walled,6,5chiralitySWeNT SG-65


>90%carbon77%carbon as SWCNT, T1%
>50%6,5
450 - 2000 nmmode: 900nm; AFM
0.7 - 0.9 nm AFM

704148-250MG, 1G

Carbon nanotube, single-walled,7,6chiralitySWeNT SG-76


>90%carbon77%carbon as SWCNT, T1%
>50%7,6
300 - 2300 nmmode: 800nm; AFM
0.7 - 1.1 nm AFM

704121-250MG, 1G

SWeNT 1 PERIPUTOS SWCNT CG-10062%CG-20059%SG-6561%SG-7681%


T1% PERIPUTOS

Carbon nanotube, single-walled, octadecylamine functionalized1

652482-100MG

80 90 %carbon basis30 40 wt.%ODA4 %metals


2 10 nm 0.5 2 mbundles
THF, 1,2-Dichlorobenzene, CS2 1 mg/ml

Carbon nanotube, single-walled, polyaminobenzene sulfonic acid functionalized 2, 3

639230-100MG

75 85 %carbon basis65 %PABS, typical4 %metals


4 5 nm 0.5 1 mbundles
Mw 400 600 g/molPABS
H2O = 5.0 mg/ml, DMF = 0.1 mg/ml, Ethanol = 0.05 mg/ml

Carbon nanotube, single-walled, poly


ethylene glycolfunctionalized2

652474-100MG

> 80 %carbon basisPEG:SWNT: 20:804 - 5 %metals


4 5 nm 0.5 0.6 mbundles
Mw 600 g/molPEG
H2O = 5.0 mg/ml

Carbon nanotube, single-walled, amide functionalized

685380-100MG

> 90 %carbon basis4 atom%amide groups5 - 8 %metals


4 6 nm 0.7 1.0 mbundles
DMF: 0.5 - 1.0 mg/mLwith sonication
acetone, alcohols: 0.5 - 1.0 mg/mLwith sonication

Carbon nanotube, single-walled, carboxylic acid functionalized1

652490-250MG1G

SWNT > 90 %carbon basis1.0 - 3.0 atom%carboxylic acid5 - 8 %metals


4 5 nm 0.5 1.5 mbundles
DMF = 1.0 mg/ml, H2O = 0.1 mg/ml

1, 71.
Reference 1Niyogi, S. et al. Accts. Chem. Res. 2002, 35, 1105. 2Zhao, B. et al. J. Am. Chem. Soc. 2005, 127, 8197. 3Zhao, B. et al. Adv. Funct. Mater. 2004, 14

Tel:03-5796-7340Fax:03-5796-7345 E-mail:safcjp@sial.com

3++++.indd 11

11

10.12.14 11:37:57 AM

1 2

1
2

uchida-kunio@aist.go.jp
s-endoh@aist.go.jp

MWCNT

10
nm 5000

1 .......................................................................... 12
2 .......................................................................... 12
2-1................................................................ 13
2-2 .......................................................................... 13
2-3 .......................................................................... 13
2-4 .......................................................................... 13
2-5 .......................................................................... 14
2-6 ................................................................... 14
3 ................................................................................. 14
3-1 ....................................................................... 14
3-2TEM ......................................... 14
4 .......................................................................... 15
5 .......................................................................... 15

100 nm
MWCNT
MWCNT 450 nm

MWCNT 2

3 MWCNT

1
1990 C60
1991

MWCNT 1
MWCNT MWCNT
1a 1b
0.1 %

2
MWCNT SEM

CNT

CNT
2006 5 NEDO

2000
CVD
MWCNT CVD
NEDO CVD MWCNT
CVD MWCNT

2000

MWCNT 3a MWCNT

1a
SEM

12

3++++.indd 12

1b MWCNT
SEM

20 m

Tel:03-5796-7330Fax:03-5796-7335 E-mail:sialjpts@sial.com

10.12.14 11:38:03 AM

2-2
300 ml 30 g
120100 ml
5
120 5
3aCVD WCNT 3bCVD MWCNT
TEM
TEM

MWCNT 30 nm MWCNT
3b MWCNT
MWCNT MWCNT

5
MWCNT

MWCNT

MWCNT MWCNT

2-3

MWCNT 2 mm

0.2 ml
20 mm 540 g 250 ml

450 rpm 2 15

2-1

2 30

0.2 ml

MWCNT 2.0 g 50 ml 20
mm 540 g 90 cm3 250
ml MONO

2-4

P-6FRITSCH 450 rpm / = 9/11

5 mm

10 4

6 300 ml

5 mm

80 24 0.45

MWCNT 500 ml

m 300 ml

300 ml 120

80 2

0.5

0.1%
7

6MWCNT

400 ml
5 ml 100 ml
80 12 1 m
4

Tel:03-5796-7340Fax:03-5796-7345 E-mail:safcjp@sial.com

3++++.indd 13

13

10.12.14 11:38:17 AM

2-5

2-6

Triton X-1000.5

MWCNT CNT

mg/ml 900 ml Bronson

0.5 mg/ml Triton-X100 2.5 mg/ml

450W 30 MWCNT

MWCNT 10 ml

H-9R

120 5
350 30

3000G

MWCNT MWCNT 0.5 mg/

3000G 3 TEM 8

ml Triton-X100 CNT

MWCNT

1 mg/ml

3000G 20000G
20000G 3000 20000G
MWCNT TEM 9a
5 m MWCNT
TEM 9b MWCNT

10 11 TEM
20000G MWCNT

3
3-1
CNT 1 mg/ml 4
12 UPA
4

83000G TEM
12MWCNT

3-2TEM
9aMWCNT TEM

9bMWCNT TEM

1 CNT 100 TEM


13 1000
14

10
MWCNT

14

3++++.indd 14

1120000G TEM

13
MWCNT
TEM

Tel:03-5796-7330Fax:03-5796-7335 E-mail:sialjpts@sial.com

10.12.14 11:38:25 AM

MWCNT
MWCNT
6
MWCNT
NEDO

14MWCNT

4
NEDO
5

5
S. Iijima Nature, 1991, 354, 56.
U.S. Pat. No.5, 1996, 560, 898.
33 , 1995, 167.
3650819 , 2005.
Y. Morimoto et al. "Deposition and biopersistence of inhaled MWCNT in rat lung".
Nanotoxicology 2010, Edinburgh, UK.
6 T. Seto et al. Aerosol Sci. and Technol., 2010, 44, 734.

1
2
3
4
5

www.sigma-aldrich.com/nano-jp

Carbon nanotube, multi-walled, bundledSWeNT SMW 100

>95% carbon content


6 - 9 nm 5 m 3 6

CoMoCAT

724769-25G, 100G

Carbon nanotube, multi-walledGraphistrength C100

>90% carbon contenttrace metal basis

10 - 15 nm 2 - 6 nm 0.1 - 10 m 5 15

ICP TEM

CVD

677248-5G, 25G

Carbon nanotube, multi-walled

BET

>99% carbon content (trace metal basis)


6 - 13 nm 2.5 - 20 m ( 7 13 )
220 m2/g (SSA)
CVD ( )

698849-1G

Carbon nanotube, multi-walled

>90% carbon content0.1 % (Fe)


110 170 nm 5 9 m

CVD

659258-2G, 10G

Carbon nanotube array, multi-walled vertically aligned on silicon wafer substrate

687804-1EA

Carbon nanotube array, multi-walled vertically aligned on copper wafer substrate

687812-1EA

Carbon content, >99.9%structuredsp2carbon. <0.1% amorphoussp3carbon.


CNT100 nm 10 nm 30 m 3 m
2 x 109 MWCNT/cm2 20 tubes / m2
CVD PECVD
1cm 1cm, {100}, 650-1000 m thick, low n-dopedphosphorus
, resistivity 1-30 cm.
1cm 1cm 0.05cm high conductivity low-oxygen

Vacuum Release
CNT MWCNT SEM

SEM 10 m

Tel:03-5796-7340Fax:03-5796-7345 E-mail:safcjp@sial.com

3++++.indd 15

15

10.12.14 11:38:37 AM

Aldrich

2-1
3 3-1
3-2
3-3
4-1
4-2
4-3
24-4
5-1
5-2
5-3

URL

http://www.sigma-aldrich.com/mscatalog-jp

Material Matters
sialjp@sial.com
CoMoCAT and SWeNT are registered trademarks of SouthWest NanoTechnologies, Inc. Graphistrength is a registered trademark of Arkema Inc. Sigma, Aldrich and SigmaAldrich are registered trademarks of Sigma-Aldrich Biotechnology LP and Sigma-Aldrich Co.. Vacuum Release is a trademark of Gel-Pak. Material Matters is a trademark of
Sigma-Aldrich Biotechnology LP and Sigma-Aldrich Co..

3++++.indd 16

10.12.14 11:38:50 AM