Field Applications HCP-4c

Refinery Filtration Applications

9 HYDROGEN PRODUCTION
Gas

H2

SULFUR RECOVERY 7
Acid Gas

Sulfur Refinery Fuel Gas
TAIL GAS TREATING 2 Stack 8

8 Fuel Gas
LPG Naphtha

HYDROTREATING 1
Sour Gas

12 8

ISOMERIZATION 9 CATALYTIC REFORMING H2

1 3

AMINE

13

LPG Gasoline

5

11 5 11

4

12 1
Fuel Gas 8

AROMATICS EXTRACTION

Atmosphere Distillation

AMINE

Benzene, Toluene, Xylene Gasoline Solvents Jet Fuel Kerosene
5 11

7

10

Fuel Gas

8
Benzene

Kerosene & Middle Distillates

4 12 ISOMERIZATION 8
Fuel Gas

Sour Gas

4
Sour Gas

12

HYDROTREATING
Fuel Gas

5

11 11 11

HYDROTREATING
Fuel Gas

Crude Oil

12 4

8 CAUSTIC TREATING 13 4 12 MTBE

8

4 12 9

Fuel Gas
8

H2 10
Off Gas Flue Gas

Petrochemical 5 Feedstock Gasoline Higher Olefins 5 Gasoline 5 11

4

12 4 ALKYLATION

DEHYDROGENATION
Sour Gas

10 8
Gas Oil Fuel Gas

MeOH

Gasoline Gasoline

5 5

11 11

4

12

HYDROTREATING

FLUID CATALYTIC CRACKING 9 4 12 8 H2

Vacuum Distillation

Slurry Oil 6 Jet Fuel, Diesel
5 11

Fuel Gas
8

8

Fuel Gas

To FCC Coker Gas Oil

HYDROCRACKING
Fuel Gas

COKER

Coke

1 Amine Sweetening
Problem: Liquid hydrocarbon and particulates cause foaming and fouling problems within an amine plant. Products: Pall Seprasol® LG Coalescer to remove liquid hydrocarbons from feed. Pall NEXIS T® (10–40 µm) filters to remove particulates from recirculating amine. Benefit: Reduced amine losses, foaming and flaring; improved energy consumption; reduced maintenance, labor and disposal costs.

Products: Pall Rigimesh® backwash filters to remove solid particulates. Pall Epocel® or Ultipor filters to remove low concentrations of solid particulates. Pall AquaSep Plus liquid/liquid coalescer to remove water. Benefit: Improved conversion efficiency and profitability; fewer catalyst changeouts; improved conversion/ yield; lower maintenance, labor, and catalyst costs.
4 denotes Pall particulate or backwash filter 12 denotes Pall AquaSep® Plus or PhaseSep® liquid/liquid coalescer.

* NOTE:

2 Tail Gas Treating Unit
Note: Many tail gas units contain an amine unit. Products/ Benefit: Same as amine sweetening, see 1 . LOCATION OF CATALYTIC PROCESSES: • Catalytic Reformer • Dehydrogenation Processes • Hydrocracker (recycle) • Isomerization • All Hydrotreaters

3 Aromatics
Problem: Liquid hydrocarbon and particulates cause foaming and fouling problems. Products: MCC1401 elements (usually E100) and Nylon Profile (10–40 µm) used to remove particulates from recirculation sulfolane. Benefit: Process similar to amine; reduced solvent losses and foaming; improved energy consumption; reduced maintenance, labor and disposal costs.

5 11 Final Product Filtration*
Problem: Refinery final products contain particulates and water. Products: Ultipleat High Flow filter used to remove particulates. AquaSep Plus liquid/liquid coalescer** used to remove entrained water from gasoline/diesel. Benefit: Improved product quality; less reprocessing and contamination costs; lower maintenance and disposal costs.
*NOTE: 5 denotes Pall particulate filter 11 denotes Pall AquaSep® liquid/liquid coalescer **NOTE: AquaSep is especially effective in removing water from fuels with high concentration of additives and surfactants.

4

12 Catalyst Protection*

Problem: Solid particulates plug and deactivate catalyst bed (5–10 µm); water can deactivate some catalysts.

Distributors are located in all major industrial areas of the world. Sweden. Benefit: Less catalyst changeouts. maintenance problems with downstream equipment. ® Indicates a Pall is a service mark of Pall Corporation. Japan. Russia. must know composition of liquids being recovered by coalescer. Benefit: Less catalyst losses. United Kingdom. lower maintenance costs. Benefit: Improved reliability. trademark registered in the USA. Products: Pall Backwash filters. boilers. China. Spain. Liquids and solids will foul and plug burners and combustors. are trademarks of Pall Corporation. Mexico. Particularly a problem in processes where catalyst is continuously regenerated.com email Visit us on the Web at www. Carried over caustic can form a precipitate downstream resulting in equipment fouling.5400 phone +01 516 484 0364 fax fuelsandchemicals@pall. Carried over hydrocarbon and treating chemicals initiates foaming in amine contactor. Liquids and solids will foul internals of compressors. opacity problems. Germany.USA 888.pall. France. Korea.484. Problem: Hydrogen composition changes rapidly and contains condensable hydrocarbons. the Netherlands.6 Fluid Catalytic Cracking Unit Slurry Oil Problem: Catalyst fines reduce value of slurry oil. improved burning efficiency. Austria. Products: Pall Seprasol LG Coalescer [CC3LGB7 to remove carried over amine] CC3LGA7 to remove carried over hydrocarbons. Thailand. 13 Treating Processes Problem: Caustic or amine carries over into product stream causing off–specification product. Pall. Brazil. less downstream equipment maintenance. Norway. . Switzerland. Puerto Rico.Europe 023 9230 3303 phone 023 9230 2509 fax name@pall. Australia. Problem: Fuel gas composition changes rapidly and contains condensable hydrocarbons. Malaysia. lower maintenance costs. 7 Amine and Sulfur Recovery Unit Problem: Carried over amine contaminates catalyst at the sulfur recovery unit. Singapore. Benefit: Improved reliability. Products: Pall Blowback filters. Products: Pall PhaseSep liquid/liquid coalescer to remove carried over caustic Pall Nylon Profile to remove solid contaminants. in some instances) Dehydrogenation Processes May be a large hydrogen distribution compressor within the refinery 8 Refinery Fuel Gas Contains light hydrocarbons used to fuel refinery equipment such as furnaces. reduced amine losses. lower reprocessing costs. Poland.com email Portsmouth .India. improved sulfer conversion. compliance with LOCATION OF LARGE FURNACES: • • • • Catalytic Reformers Atmospheric Distillation Unit Vacuum Distillation Unit Hydrogen Generation Unit • • • • Hydrocrackers Hydrotreaters Isomerization Unit Dehydrogenation Processes environmental standards. Pall Corporation. less maintenance on downstream equipment. Benefit: Improved product quality and revenue. OTHER EQUIPMENT: • Boilers (check with utilities engineer) • Fuel Gas distribution compressor (check with utilities engineer) New York . Benefit: Improved profitability. and turbines. Products: Seprasol LG Coalescers (CC3LGA7 and CC3LGO2–H13) used to remove heavier (liquid) hydrocarbons and particulates from hydrogen to protect compressor. reduced maintenance and labor costs. Ireland.com Pall Corporation has offices and plants throughout the world in locations including: Argentina. © Copyright 2005. New Zealand. foaming and flaring. Low NOx burners are very sensitive to plugging. 9 Hydrogen Compressor Protection Contains light hydrocarbons similar to refinery fuel gas. 10 Catalyst Recovery from Gas Streams Problem: Catalyst fines discharged into flue or elutriation gas causing catalyst losses. Italy. Indonesia. Canada. Taiwan. United States. and Venezuela. Products: Pall Seprasol LG Coalescers (CC3LGA7 and CC1LGA7) used to remove heavier (liquid) hydrocarbons and particulates from fuel gas. LOCATION OF HYDROGEN COMPRESSORS: • • • • • • • Catalytic Reformer (recycle and production) Hydrogen Generation Unit (recycle and production) Isomerization Unit (recycle) Hydrocracker (recycle) Hydrotreaters (feed hydrogen. phone . South Africa. less equipment fouling. improved efficiency.873. Belgium.7255 toll free in the USA 516.

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