CLASS: IX Physics: Assignment 4 Chapter: GRAVITATION Saturday, September 03, 2011 Very Short Answer Questions 1.

What is Newton’s Law of Gravitation/ Universal law of gravitation? 2. Write the formula to find the magnitude of the gravitational force between the earth and an object on the surface of the earth. 3. If distance between two bodies is doubled, by what factor force of gravitation changes? 4. What are the units of acceleration due to gravity? Short Answer Questions 5. What do you understand by the term acceleration due to gravity? Give its unit. 6. Write few applications of universal law of gravitation. 7. Compare ‘g’ and ‘G’. Long Answer Questions 8. If acceleration due to gravity disappears, what would be the consequences? Fill in the Blanks 9. According to Newton’s law of gravitation, force of gravitation is ………..proportional to the product of masses and …………..proportional to the square of the distance of two particles. 10. Acceleration due to gravity at the surface of the moon is ………….which is approximately………. the value of gravity at the surface of the earth. 11. Irregularities in the motion star is called…….. 12. The value of ‘G’ is …… different places. Numerical Problems 13. Find acceleration due to gravity on the surface of a planet, whose mass is four times that of the earth and radius is three times the radius of the earth. Acceleration due to gravity for the earth is 9.8 m/s2. 14. Find the height above the surface of the earth where acceleration due to gravity becomes (i) 1/4th (ii) 1/12th of its value on the surface of the earth. 15. Find force of gravitation between the bodies of mass 1kg each and separated by a distance of 1 m. 16. What happens to the force of gravitation, if the distance between the two bodies is increased to double? 17. The mass of a man is 60 kg. How much will he weigh on the (i) Earth and (ii) Moon? g Earth = 9.8 m/s2 and g Moon = 1.63 m/s2] 18. A stone dropped from the top of a tower, takes 5 seconds to reach the ground level. Calculate (i) the velocity of the stone on reaching the ground and (ii) the height of the lower. [Take g = 9.8 m/s2] 19. A stone dropped from a cliff on the surface of the Moon, reaches the surface of the Moon in 30 s. If the acceleration due to gravity of the Moon is 1.63 mls2, calculate (i) the height of the cliff, (ii) the velocity of the stone on touching the surface of the Moon. [(i) 733.50 m, (ii) 48.9 m/s].

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