MARIANA ISLANDS

Protecting the marine environment of the Mariana Islands is an important goal for the U.S. Navy. The Navy follows procedures and implements protective measures to care for the marine environment.
Modern dieselelectric submarines operate on batteries and air independent propulsion, making them quiet and hard to detect in a noisy ocean environment. Although active sonar currently is the only effective way to detect, track and target submarines under all ocean conditions, Navy vessels use active sonar sparingly because sonar can reveal the sending vessel’s location.

Training and Testing EIS/OEIS
WhAT iS SonAr?

Importance of Training and Testing with Active Sonar
Active SOund NAvigation Passive Sonar and Ranging is a technology that ¾ “Listens” for sound waves uses sound energy waves to: using underwater microphone ¾ Detect and locate submerged ¾ Indicates the presence, character and movement objects of an object ¾ Identify, track and target ¾ Is ineffective at determining submarines distance ¾ Determine water depth ¾ Does not put any sound Then – 1970s energy in the water
Submarines of the previous generation were noisy and could be detected with passive sonar before they came close enough to threaten a vessel.

Active Sonar ¾ Can locate objects underwater ¾ Sends out a pulse of energy, often called a “ping,” that travels through the water, reflects off objects and returns to a receiver on a ship ¾ Determines range, distance and movement of an object ¾ Able to locate objects too quiet to be detected using passive sonar
Present Day The longer detection range of active sonar is needed for Sailors to detect quiet submarines before they are close enough to attack.

Passive Detection Range

Noisy submarines detected farther away

Passive Detection Range

Wea pon s Ra nge
Short Weapons Range Longer weapons range makes ships vulnerable before detection

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