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EMC Legato NetWorker Foundations
© 2005 EMC Corporation. All rights reserved.
Welcome to EMC Legato NetWorker Foundations training. The AUDIO portion of this course is supplemental to the material and is not a replacement for the student notes accompanying this course. EMC recommends downloading the Student Resource Guide from the Supporting Materials tab, and reading the notes in their entirety.
Copyright © 2005 EMC Corporation. All rights reserved. These materials may not be copied without EMC's written consent. Use, copying, and distribution of any EMC software described in this publication requires an applicable software license. THE INFORMATION IN THIS PUBLICATION IS PROVIDED “AS IS”. EMC CORPORATION MAKES NO REPRESENTATIONS OR WARRANTIES OF ANY KIND WITH RESPECT TO THE INFORMATION IN THIS PUBLICATION, AND SPECIFICALLY DISCLAIMS IMPLIED WARRANTIES OF MERCHANTABILITY OR FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE. Celerra, CLARalert, CLARiiON, Connectrix, Dantz, Documentum, EMC, EMC2, HighRoad, Legato, Navisphere, PowerPath, ResourcePak, SnapView/IP, SRDF, Symmetrix, TimeFinder, VisualSAN, “where information lives” are registered trademarks. Access Logix, AutoAdvice, Automated Resource Manager, AutoSwap, AVALONidm, C-Clip, Celerra Replicator, Centera, CentraStar, CLARevent, CopyCross, CopyPoint, DatabaseXtender, Direct Matrix, Direct Matrix Architecture, EDM, ELab, EMC Automated Networked Storage, EMC ControlCenter, EMC Developers Program, EMC OnCourse, EMC Proven, EMC Snap, Enginuity, FarPoint, FLARE, GeoSpan, InfoMover, MirrorView, NetWin, OnAlert, OpenScale, Powerlink, PowerVolume, RepliCare, SafeLine, SAN Architect, SAN Copy, SAN Manager, SDMS, SnapSure, SnapView, StorageScope, SupportMate, SymmAPI, SymmEnabler, Symmetrix DMX, Universal Data Tone, VisualSRM are trademarks of EMC Corporation. All other trademarks used herein are the property of their respective owners.
Legato NetWorker Foundations 1
Copyright © 2005 EMC Corporation. Do not Copy - All Rights Reserved.
EMC Legato NetWorker
Upon completion of this course, you will be able to: Understand the EMC Legato NetWorker solution Explain NetWorker advantages Explain NetWorker hosts and their roles Explain NetWorker control data and its use Explain NetWorker resources and their purpose Explain the NetWorker data-tracking process List NetWorker-supported device types and devices Understand the NetWorker backup process, types, and levels Understand the NetWorker recovery process and types
© 2005 EMC Corporation. All rights reserved. Legato NetWorker Foundations - 2
The objectives of this course are listed here. Please take a moment to review them.
Legato NetWorker Foundations 2
Copyright © 2005 EMC Corporation. Do not Copy - All Rights Reserved.
EMC Legato NetWorker
© 2005 EMC Corporation. All rights reserved.
Legato NetWorker Foundations - 3
Let’s begin with a brief overview of NetWorker.
Legato NetWorker Foundations 3
Copyright © 2005 EMC Corporation. Do not Copy - All Rights Reserved.
The NetWorker Solution
App App SQL SQL
Oracle App Legato NetWorker
App App TCP/IP O.S. TCP/IP O.S. Hardware Hardware
© 2005 EMC Corporation. All rights reserved.
Legato NetWorker Foundations - 4
There are many pieces in an overall solution for your business computing needs. EMC Legato NetWorker works within the existing framework of hardware, operating system software, and network communication protocols to provide protection for the critical application data that the framework supports.
Legato NetWorker Foundations 4
Copyright © 2005 EMC Corporation. Do not Copy - All Rights Reserved.
The NetWorker Server supports the backup and stores tracking and configuration information Storage Node Client The NetWorker Storage Node reads and writes data to the device
Server Storage Node Client
The NetWorker Client generates the backup data
NetWorker Data Zone
© 2005 EMC Corporation. All rights reserved. Legato NetWorker Foundations - 5
The three types of NetWorker hosts are: NetWorker Clients NetWorker Storage Nodes NetWorker Server The NetWorker Server supports the backup and stores tracking and configuration information. The NetWorker Storage Node reads and writes data to the device. And the NetWorker Client generates the backup data. Together, a single NetWorker Server, with its Storage Nodes and Clients, forms a NetWorker data zone within which data is protected.
Legato NetWorker Foundations 5
NetWorker Client software is installed on all participating hosts in the data zone. The client’s most important functions are to generate backups called save sets. Every host in a NetWorker data zone is a NetWorker Client. While performing a backup. the client provides the user backup. NetWorker Clients are usually the data servers in an IT solution. including the file and directory names in the backup and the time of the backup. Legato NetWorker Foundations 6 . The types of data that can be backed up as save sets are filesystem data or applications. push them to the storage node.6 The NetWorker Client is the largest NetWorker software component and the fundamental host. and sends it to the server to facilitate pointin-time recoveries. and administrative interfaces that allow you to configure and monitor NetWorker for your specific environment. including hosts that also play the roles of server and storage node. Do not Copy . All rights reserved.Copyright © 2005 EMC Corporation. the client also generates tracking information. recover. and retrieve them during a recovery. Save Set Client Legato NetWorker Foundations .All Rights Reserved. NetWorker Client Server Storage Node Client Storage Node Client Generates backups Generates tracking information Performs recoveries Provides user and administrative interfaces © 2005 EMC Corporation. In addition.
All Rights Reserved. Storage nodes also send tracking information about the volume and any data written to it to the NetWorker Server to store it as online tracking information about the volume and its contents. Storage node hosts in the data zone have both the NetWorker Client and storage node software installed.7 NetWorker Storage Nodes are data zone hosts with directly-attached or SAN-accessible devices that provide the NetWorker interface for the devices and volumes. and the host through which the devices are accessed is a remote storage node. Do not Copy . NetWorker Storage Node Server Storage Node Client Storage Node Client Organizes the data Writes data to the device Generates tracking information Reads data from the device Client © 2005 EMC Corporation. The NetWorker Server is always a storage node in any data zone and is the default storage node for backups. they are considered remote devices. Then the storage node writes the client’s data to one of its devices. All rights reserved. The storage node organizes the client’s data. Legato NetWorker Foundations . NetWorker Clients send backup data to a particular storage node based on that client’s configuration. the client reads from the storage node. Legato NetWorker Foundations 7 .Copyright © 2005 EMC Corporation. In a backup. although they distribute the backup workload and reduce network traffic. If devices are not accessed through the NetWorker Server. The storage node provides the device that contains the necessary volume. In a recovery. Using remote storage nodes is optional.
and it must be available for any NetWorker activity to be supported in that data zone. There is a single NetWorker Server per data zone. Do not Copy . such as supported clients. The NetWorker Server. devices. Legato NetWorker Foundations 8 . Client Legato NetWorker Foundations . and so on. when to run the backups.Copyright © 2005 EMC Corporation. automatically backs up the configuration and tracking databases to protect NetWorker data. as a client of itself.8 The NetWorker Server is the data zone host that stores the configuration information. The NetWorker Server has NetWorker Client. The NetWorker Server also stores the online NetWorker databases that track the backups and volumes. NetWorker Server Server Storage Node Client Resource Directory CFI CFI CFI Media Database Storage Node Client Supports client backups/recoveries Stores tracking and configuration information Backs up tracking and configuration information © 2005 EMC Corporation. All rights reserved. and Server software installed. Storage Node.All Rights Reserved.
Client Remote Storage Node Legato NetWorker Foundations . All rights reserved. The supported platforms seamlessly co-exist.Copyright © 2005 EMC Corporation. efficient backups. which allows you to tailor backups to meet specific needs. which distributes the workload and improves performance. It is supported on several platforms. Do not Copy . etc. NDMP) Cross-platform (UNIX. network-based backup protection. including TCP/IP and Network Data Management Protocol.) Client UNIX NAS/NDMP Host NetWorker Server UNIX W2K3 UNIX SAN NetWorker Data Zone © 2005 EMC Corporation. NetWorker provides both X/Motif and Microsoft® GUIs and a rich command line interface.All Rights Reserved. NetWorker Advantages Ease of administration GUI (X/Motif and Microsoft Windows) Command Line Interface (CLI) Highly Configurable Network-based backup protection WAN and SAN Open-system Protocols (TCP/IP. NetWorker uses the client/server model. within the data zone. you can administer a Microsoft® Windows® NetWorker Server from a UNIX machine. extremely efficient. cross platform. Legato NetWorker Foundations 9 . or CLI. distributed storage management solution that offers ease of administration. highly configurable. or NDMP. NetWorker provides network-based backup protection that functions in WAN and SAN environments on open system protocols. a Microsoft NetWorker Client can backup to a UNIX NetWorker Storage Node. For example. For example.9 EMC Legato NetWorker is an award-winning. and a full range of data protection functions You can easily administer NetWorker software on any NetWorker host on any supported platform within the network. NetWorker is also highly configurable. W2K.
NetWorker is not bound by these restrictions and is capable of backing up multiple save sets from different platforms to any NetWorker-configured device.10 EMC Legato NetWorker allows you to perform more efficient backups than most native operating system backup software programs. All rights reserved. Legato NetWorker Foundations 10 . and local devices only. Do not Copy .All Rights Reserved.Copyright © 2005 EMC Corporation. Many native solutions limit you to one backup at a time. Efficient Backups NetWorker supports: Multiple concurrent backups Data created on different operating systems Backups to multiple devices Save Set 1 Save Set 2 W2K3 UNIX Save Set 3 Save Set 4 Save Set 5 Save Set 6 NetWare © 2005 EMC Corporation. one operating system. Legato NetWorker Foundations .
All Rights Reserved. All rights reserved. Legato NetWorker Foundations 11 .11 Multiplexing enables the device to simultaneously write more than one save set to a storage volume. This allows the device to write to the volume at the collective data rate of the savestreams. NetWorker Uses Multiplexing Collective Data Rate 1 MB/sMB/s MB/sSet 1 MB/sMB/s 1 1 Save 1 1 MB/sMB/s MB/s Set 1 MB/sMB/s MB/s 1 1 11 Save 1 MB/sMB/s MB/sMB/s 1 MB/sMB/sSave Set 1 1 1 1 MB/sMB/s 1 1 3 MB/s 1 2 Device Volume 3 Multiple Data Streams © 2005 EMC Corporation.Copyright © 2005 EMC Corporation. Do not Copy . Legato NetWorker Foundations . up to the maximum data rate of the device.
Do not Copy . the tape drive’s throughput is not optimized. This situation is not ideal because as more clients perform simultaneous backups. Legato NetWorker Foundations 12 . Without Multiplexing 1 MB/s 1 MB/s Save Set 1 Save Set 2 Save Set 3 Device Volume Single Data Stream © 2005 EMC Corporation.Copyright © 2005 EMC Corporation. only one stream of data is written to the device or volume at a time.All Rights Reserved.12 In an environment without multiplexing. All rights reserved. Legato NetWorker Foundations .
which are called save set chunks. or media records and files. This feature supports NetWorker migration to other platforms. These pallets are then stored in the warehouse. Windows. All rights reserved. or tape volume. etc.All Rights Reserved. is the structure that allows multiplexed. or OTF. like boxes. Open Tape Format The NetWorker client packs the data into boxes (save set chunks) UNIX SS1 NT SS2 SS OTF 1 SS2 The pallets are stored in the warehouse (tape volume) The Storage Node organizes the boxes on a pallet (media records) © 2005 EMC Corporation.13 Open Tape Format. before sending it to the storage node. heterogeneous (UNIX. As shown in the diagram: Clients wrap their backup data into platform-independent data format. The storage node receives the information and arranges it on a pallet. Legato NetWorker Foundations . Do not Copy .) data to reside on the same tape. NetWare. Legato NetWorker Foundations 13 . The way the storage node organizes the pallets is also platform independent because of Open Tape Format which allows any other NetWorker Storage Node to read the data.Copyright © 2005 EMC Corporation.
Legato NetWorker Foundations 14 . NetWorker in a SAN Symmetrix FC Switch Fibre Channel W2K3 UNIX NetWare NetWorker Server Storage Node Client Client Client © 2005 EMC Corporation. Do not Copy . All rights reserved.All Rights Reserved. Legato NetWorker Foundations .Copyright © 2005 EMC Corporation. The configuration shown in the diagram is called LAN-free backup because no backup data travels over the LAN.14 EMC Legato NetWorker can be used in a SAN to back up data to disk or library devices on the SAN.
the NDMP-enabled NAS device sends data to the NDMP-enabled tape device where NetWorker keeps track of the backed up files. Legato NetWorker Foundations 15 . and storage is done via NDMP. is a TCP/IP-based protocol that specifies how network components talk to each other for the purpose of moving data contained on each component across the network for backup and recovery. recoveries. NDMP hosts have the option to send their data to a storage node.2 and later.All Rights Reserved. regardless of the operating system or platform. regardless of software type.Copyright © 2005 EMC Corporation. cloning. NDMP enables disparate vendors to use a common protocol for the backup architecture. The NDMP-controlled tape device attaches directly to the NAS device or another location on the network. NDMP works with NetWorker for backups. Any communication to and from the NetWorker Server to any NDMP device including servers. Network Data Management Protocol. Do not Copy . All rights reserved. NetWorker and NDMP NetWorker Server NDMP Command bongo Tracking Data Backup Data NAS Device © 2005 EMC Corporation. With NetWorker 7.15 NDMP. By using NDMP with NetWorker. Data is copied from disk to tape using NDMP. and updates or queries to resource files. Tracking information is also passed to and from backup software using the same protocol. Legato NetWorker Foundations . disk. NDMP is able to communicate with several different interface types for data transfer during backup and recovery.
NetWorker Software Editions NetWorker Edition Max Clients Max Jukeboxes /Slots Remote Storage Node Add-on Modules Max Parallel -ism Max Devices Immediate Save Recover Workgroup /Business 8 1/32 1-26 No Limited 12 4 No Network 10 unlimited Unlimited/ unlimited Yes Yes 32-512 16-512 Yes Power 10 unlimited Unlimited/ unlimited Yes Yes 64-512 32-512 Yes © 2005 EMC Corporation. add-on modules. Legato NetWorker Foundations .Copyright © 2005 EMC Corporation. All rights reserved. Legato NetWorker Foundations 16 .16 Four NetWorker software editions are offered to meet your data protection needs as shown in the table: Workgroup Edition Business Edition Network Edition Power Edition The table shows the different combinations of client connections. Do not Copy .All Rights Reserved. and architectural and performance improvements that are available with each edition.
17 As shown in the table. NetWorker Module licenses allow online applications and databases to be backed up. ClientPak licenses are required for any NetWorker client that has a different operating system from the NetWorker Server. Some add-on modules require a license and additional software. Legato NetWorker Foundations 17 . NetWorker Add-on Modules Add-on Module Client Connections Description License Required? A connected client is a computer Yes that is configured on the NetWorker Server and has contact with the server to attempt a backup Required for any NetWorker client Yes that has a different operating system from the NetWorker Server Allow the NetWorker Server to use Yes remote devices Yes ClientPaks Storage Node NetWorker Modules Allows online application and database backups © 2005 EMC Corporation. several add-on modules that provide additional features and benefits are available. Client Connections licenses are required for any computer that is configured on the NetWorker Server and has contact with the server to attempt a backup.Copyright © 2005 EMC Corporation. Add-on modules work in conjunction with your base edition of EMC Legato NetWorker. Legato NetWorker Foundations . All rights reserved. Do not Copy .All Rights Reserved. Storage Node licenses allow the NetWorker Server to use remote devices.
Legato NetWorker Foundations . we will review the NetWorker architecture. EMC Legato NetWorker ARCHITECTURE © 2005 EMC Corporation. Legato NetWorker Foundations 18 . All rights reserved.18 Next.Copyright © 2005 EMC Corporation. Do not Copy .All Rights Reserved.
Legato NetWorker Foundations . and enables you to automate and configure this process for speed and efficiency. Data Protection Functions Backup Recovery Tracking Aging Cloning (optional) Staging (optional) © 2005 EMC Corporation. Cloning is the optional process of making a copy of the backup save set or volume. These data protection functions are presented in more detail throughout the course. NetWorker provides a scalable solution to manage backups for a small network or an entire enterprise.All Rights Reserved. Do not Copy . Tracking is the process of storing and accessing information about the backup.Copyright © 2005 EMC Corporation. to another.19 EMC Legato NetWorker performs the data protection functions listed in the diagram. Staging is the optional process of moving the backup data from one storage volume. Recovery is the process of restoring data to a given point in time. NetWorker saves and tracks information such as the location and volumes of the backup. NetWorker allows you to specify how long to keep the tracking information viewable and how long to protect each volume from recycling. and the backup type. This feature enables users to retrieve single files or restore an entire filesystem. Following is a description of each function. All rights reserved. Aging determines the length of time that the backup data is available for recovery. the backup creation date and time. the physical medium where the data is stored. Legato NetWorker Foundations 19 . A backup is a copy of data you want to protect by storing it in another location. the client that generated the backup. NetWorker makes this process possible from anywhere within the NetWorker data zone.
or CFIs. NetWorker Control Data <nsr>/index/ Server Storage Node Client Resource Directory CFI CFI CFI Media Database <nsr>/mm/ <nsr>/res/ © 2005 EMC Corporation. The Resource Directory is the directory that contains the configuration resource files. The NetWorker Server creates and maintains one client file index per client. are the NetWorker databases that track each file or pathname in a client’s backup. The Media Database is the NetWorker database used to track the backups and the volumes that store the backups. Legato NetWorker Foundations .All Rights Reserved. allowing clients to browse their backups for files from a particular point in time.20 NetWorker control data collectively represents the NetWorker configuration information and the backup tracking information stored on the NetWorker Server. Legato NetWorker Foundations 20 . Do not Copy . The resource directory is also called the resource database. Client File Indexes. All rights reserved.Copyright © 2005 EMC Corporation.
backup start times and so on. Examples of resources include clients.1 devices: rmt0. NetWorker uses resources to manage its configuration.Copyright © 2005 EMC Corporation. Nearly all of the resources are stored on and managed by the NetWorker Server. NetWorker supports a resource type for each configurable component and there can be multiple configurations for each type.21 NetWorker manages its configuration via resources which are stored as configurable objects to the NetWorker administrator. All rights reserved. Do not Copy . devices.1 Inventory Inventory Slot0: AFR123 Slot0: AFR123 … … Policy: Policy: Legal Acct Policy: Eng 7years 3 years 6 months NetWorker Server © 2005 EMC Corporation.All Rights Reserved. Legato NetWorker Foundations 21 . Legato NetWorker Foundations . A few resources are managed on NetWorker Clients. in the resource database. NetWorker Resources Client:bongo Save: /oracle Group:XXX Client:HostB … Save: C:\ Client:HostA E:\ Save: /usr Group:xgrp /opt … Group:Default … Group:xgrp Start: 11pm Group:XXX … Start: 4am … Group:Default Start: 3:33am … Device:rmt3 Type: DLT Device: rmt0 Disabled Type: LTO Device: rmt1 … enabled Type: LTO enabled … Jukebox: ajuke Jukebox: ajuke devices: rmt0. tape libraries. Resources are managed as configurable objects to the administrator.
The information answers the question “what files were backed up and when?” for each client. “on which volumes are the save sets located?” All volumes and save sets are listed in the Media Database and the records are critical to support recoveries. There is one CFI per client host.22 The NetWorker Server maintains tracking information for save sets and volumes in a client file index for each client and in the media database. Legato NetWorker Foundations 22 . The information answers the question.All Rights Reserved. Legato NetWorker Foundations . Do not Copy . The Media Database tracks the NetWorker labeled volumes and the save sets on the volumes. The CFI stores the records for each backed up file for each NetWorker Client. All rights reserved. NetWorker Tracking Databases NetWorker Server /nsr /index /hostname /db6 /hostname /db6 Media Database /mm /mmvolume6 CFI CFI /nsr/index/hostname/db6 /nsr/mm/mmvolume6 © 2005 EMC Corporation.Copyright © 2005 EMC Corporation. As the save sets age. the CFI records are deleted automatically to save space. The amount of time the records are kept is configurable through the browse policy. This information is used to support browsable recoveries which allow clients to more easily recover to a point in time.
All rights reserved. or save sets and volumes. The browse policy determines how long file entries remain in the CFI.001 © 2005 EMC Corporation. Legato NetWorker Foundations 23 . Status changes are made to the CFI when a save set changes from browsable to recoverable to recyclable to appendable. is protected from automatic recycling.23 Save sets and volume records in the media database are checked for aging based on its browse and retention policies. The media database is checked. The retention policy determine how long data. and the browse and retention policies are enforced.Copyright © 2005 EMC Corporation. Do not Copy . Save Set and Volume Aging CFI DATA NetWorker Server Media Database recoverable browsable recyclable Tape is recycled (relabeled) appendable Recyclable bongo.All Rights Reserved. Legato NetWorker Foundations .
Each interface can run from the NetWorker Client to administer and monitor the NetWorker Server. configure. and monitor the NetWorker Server. NetWorker Administrative Interfaces UNIX Administer NetWorker Server Microsoft Windows nwadmin (NetWorker NetWorker Administrator Administrator) nsradmin (characterbased) nsradmin (characterbased) Backup Recover NetWorker User NetWorker User nwbackup nwrecover All NetWorker tasks can also be performed from the command line © 2005 EMC Corporation. Do not Copy . These interfaces are discussed in more detail later in this course. The interfaces for administering the NetWorker Server are nwadmin on UNIX and NetWorker Administrator on Windows.Copyright © 2005 EMC Corporation.24 NetWorker provides administrative interfaces. including GUI and command line interfaces to manage. All rights reserved. Legato NetWorker Foundations .All Rights Reserved. nsradmin is a character-based interface and command line interface for configuring NetWorker. Legato NetWorker Foundations 24 . Each interface is provided with the NetWorker Client software.
or nwadmin. nwadmin Administrative GUI Interface: UNIX Configure/ Administer Menus Configuration Speedbar Monitoring © 2005 EMC Corporation. Legato NetWorker Foundations 25 .25 On UNIX. the NetWorker Administrator program. The three components in the main nwadmin window are Menus. All rights reserved. Do not Copy . you can manage. configure. is a graphical user interface for XWindows environments. a Speedbar. From this interface.Copyright © 2005 EMC Corporation. and Monitoring panels.All Rights Reserved. and monitor the NetWorker Server. Legato NetWorker Foundations .
All Rights Reserved. nwadmin and NetWorker Administrator provide the same functionality although they have somewhat different appearances and workflows. Legato NetWorker Foundations .26 As with nwadmin on UNIX. Legato NetWorker Foundations 26 . the NetWorker Administrator GUI on Windows provides administrative and monitoring interfaces. Do not Copy .Copyright © 2005 EMC Corporation. NetWorker Administrator GUI: Windows Menu Bar Toolbar Network Server Monitoring © 2005 EMC Corporation. All rights reserved.
bongo. NetWorker Pools Match save sets to volumes Logically group data onto specific media Make it easier to locate data by grouping savestreams onto specific media save set 1 save set 3 Pool 1 save set 11 save set 7 bongo. and bongo.Copyright © 2005 EMC Corporation. Do not Copy . In the diagram.002 bongo.27 A pool is a NetWorker resource that represents a collection of NetWorker-labeled volumes. and 7 are matched to Pool 1 based on their save set attributes.003.002. Each volume is associated with a pool when the volume is labeled. Pools enable the NetWorker Server to match save sets to volumes based on the save set attributes. All rights reserved. Legato NetWorker Foundations 27 . Legato NetWorker Foundations . save sets 1. The volumes in Pool 1 are labeled bongo. 3. 11.001 Volumes Pool © 2005 EMC Corporation.All Rights Reserved.001.003 bongo.
Several systems in the network can share autochangers if the autochanger has more than one drive. NetWorker does not have to load the media as part of the backup procedure. and LTO. All rights reserved. In the NetWorker environment. sometimes called a library. refer to the Legato Hardware Compatibility Guide at www. Legato NetWorker Foundations . Legato NetWorker Foundations 28 . NetWorker Devices and Supported Device Types Tape Optical File Standalone Device Autochanger © 2005 EMC Corporation. DLT.Copyright © 2005 EMC Corporation.All Rights Reserved.28 There are two types of NetWorker devices. Once configured. three types of devices can be used to back up data – tape. or file. or jukebox. Tape devices have several associated media types such as 8mm. NetWorker uses the directory as a backup volume to read or write save set data. Media are manually loaded or preloaded before a backup runs.com. A stand-alone device is any type of device that does not have a robotic arm for loading tapes. silo. Magneto-optical device are also supported. For a current list of NetWorker devices. is a multiplevolume device that uses a robotic arm. AIT. Storing data to a file device often reduces the time it takes to both save and recover data. Do not Copy . TLU. A file-type device is an existing filesystem directory configured in NetWorker as a device as type file or advanced file. An autochanger. medium changer. optical.legato.
© 2005 EMC Corporation. Local and Remote Devices 3 The NetWorker Server stores tracking information CFI Media DB 2 The Storage Node writes the data to the remote device 1 The client generates the backup. the server needs to know whether the device is attached to the NetWorker Server or to a Remote Storage Node. A remote device is any device that is attached to a NetWorker Storage Node. All rights reserved. 2. To accomplish this. A local device is one that is physically attached to the NetWorker Server. Legato NetWorker Foundations 29 . Legato NetWorker Foundations . Another advantage of NetWorker that promotes efficient backups is the ability to support remote devices. The storage node writes data to the remote device.29 The NetWorker Server manages the flow of save sets sent to a device. This feature allows you to distribute the backup workload within the data zone. The NetWorker Client generates the backup. Do not Copy . 3. 1. The NetWorker Server stores tracking information.Copyright © 2005 EMC Corporation.All Rights Reserved.
Legato NetWorker Foundations .All Rights Reserved. Autochanger sharing allows one host to control the robotic arm.Copyright © 2005 EMC Corporation. can each control and use the drives within the autochanger. A non-shared autochanger is attached to a single host. and the host controlling the robotic arm. Backup data from hosts other than the NetWorker Server must be sent to the storage node using the TCP/IP network. Shared Autochanger NetWorker Server Storage Node Cable to Robotic Arm Cable to Drive #1 Cable to Drive #2 Cable to Drive #3 Cable to Drive #4 A NetWorker Server can have many Storage Nodes. while other hosts. a specific drive is dedicated to a single NetWorker host. Legato NetWorker Foundations 30 . All rights reserved. but a Storage Node can have only one NetWorker Server in a data zone Storage Node © 2005 EMC Corporation. Autochangers cannot be shared across data zones.30 A shared autochanger is one in which multiple NetWorker Storage Nodes have access to individual drives and the robot in an autochanger. In a shared Autochanger definition. Do not Copy .
Copyright © 2005 EMC Corporation. enables the configuration. Dynamic Drive Sharing is useful in reducing hardware needs and costs by allowing multiple storage nodes to use the same device. Once configured. the administration for shared drives is the same as non-shared drives. Legato NetWorker Foundations 31 .31 Dynamic Drive Sharing. The devices can be stand-alone or in an autochanger.All Rights Reserved. Legato NetWorker Foundations . Do not Copy . management and access control for devices accessible to two or more storage nodes in the same data zone. All rights reserved. NetWorker Dynamic Drive Sharing (DDS) SAN NetWorker Server Storage Node Storage Node Soprano Use NetWorker Dynamic Drive Sharing to configure and manage tape drives accessible to two or more hosts © 2005 EMC Corporation. or DDS.
Legato NetWorker Foundations 32 .All Rights Reserved. Advanced file-type devices respond differently than file type devices to the disk full condition. Advanced file-type devices are designed so a save never spans onto another volume. All rights reserved. Filetype devices behave much like tape devices.Copyright © 2005 EMC Corporation. Legato NetWorker Foundations . This may be another disk volume or a tape volume. Because of these benefits. When the disk becomes full NetWorker suspends any saves destined for that device until more space is made available on that device. Do not Copy . Advanced file-type devices support multiple backups and one read operation simultaneously. This allows you to recover. An advanced file type device can reside on an NFS or CIFS filesystem. NetWorker marks the volume full and spans the backup onto another volume. Disk Backup Option NetWorker provides an advanced file-type device Media type is adv_file Provides benefits over file-type devices Simultaneous backup and recover Supports Network Storage on Windows (CIFS) or NFS Designed for use with NetWorker’s staging feature Advanced File-type Device File-type Device Additional space Volume Marked Full Another Volume Save suspended Save continues © 2005 EMC Corporation. When there is no more room on the device.32 NetWorker’s Disk Backup Option provides benefits over file-type devices. advanced file type devices are well-suited for use with NetWorker’s staging feature. clone. or stage data from the device while backups are in progress.
Legato NetWorker Foundations . Legato NetWorker Foundations 33 .33 NetWorker provides the ability to further manage and protect save sets and volumes through cloning and staging. Cloning and Staging Save Sets Task Cloning Staging Description Copies save sets. All rights reserved. Cloning copies save sets or a volume of save sets to another volume.Copyright © 2005 EMC Corporation. Do not Copy . Staging moves save sets to another volume. or a volume of save sets. to another volume Moves save sets to another volume Commands nsrclone nwadmin nsrstage © 2005 EMC Corporation.All Rights Reserved.
Copyright © 2005 EMC Corporation.All Rights Reserved. Do not Copy . Legato NetWorker Foundations 34 . EMC Legato NetWorker BACKUPS © 2005 EMC Corporation. Legato NetWorker Foundations .34 Now we turn our attention to backups. All rights reserved.
In a NetWorker backup.All Rights Reserved. All rights reserved.Copyright © 2005 EMC Corporation. The NetWorker Server stores the tracking information. Do not Copy . or some type of storage media. Legato NetWorker Foundations 35 . and directs it to the proper destination. Legato NetWorker Foundations . The destination can be another directory on the same system. which includes client and tracking data. the NetWorker Client pushes the data to the storage node. another server.35 A backup is the process of copying data and storing it in another location. Backup Overview NetWorker Server NetWorker Client Tracking Data Data Tracking & Management Storage Node Data Source Backup Data Physical Storage Device Backup Data Data Destination © 2005 EMC Corporation. NetWorker also enables you to automate and schedule the backup process. where it formats the data and an attached device writes it to a backup volume. NetWorker manages this backup data.
Legato NetWorker Foundations . A client-initiated backup is a manual process that the user must attend.All Rights Reserved.Copyright © 2005 EMC Corporation.36 EMC Legato NetWorker allows you to perform two types of backups. Do not Copy . meaning that the NetWorker Server initiates the backup by requesting it from the client. A server-initiated backup can also be performed manually via the GUI or command line and is attended by the administrator. Legato NetWorker Foundations 36 . NetWorker Backup Types Client-initiated Backup Manual Attended The user initiates the backup Server-initiated Backup Automatic (scheduled) or manual Attended or unattended The server software requests the backup from the client © 2005 EMC Corporation. All rights reserved. The NetWorker user initiates a client-initiated backup. This is an unattended backup. A server-initiated backup is automatic.
The user specifies which files. Client-initiated Backup Server Tracking Data save Tracking Data Save Set Client Save Set Volume Storage Node © 2005 EMC Corporation. Legato NetWorker Foundations 37 .All Rights Reserved. directories. The storage node also generates tracking information and sends it to the server. This can be as simple as specifying the client TCP/IP host name to the NetWorker Server and using all Default settings. When the client performs a save. Do not Copy . All rights reserved.37 A client-initiated backup is a manual process that you perform on the NetWorker Client from the GUI or the command line. it creates a save set. or filesystems to save.Copyright © 2005 EMC Corporation. This type of backup is not automatic and is useful any time you want to perform a backup outside of the regular backup schedule. Legato NetWorker Foundations . sends it to the assigned storage node. or as complex as customizing all settings. it must first be configured as a Client resource on the NetWorker Server. and sends tracking information to the server. The NetWorker Server does not request a client-initiated backup and does not know that it is coming. For a NetWorker Client to execute any type of backup. but it manages the backup when the client makes a request.
You can search for files to backup. The nwbackup GUI allows you to perform additional tasks: You can connect to other NetWorker Servers of which the host is a configured NetWorker Client.All Rights Reserved. Legato NetWorker Foundations . Legato NetWorker Foundations 38 . Server Client Search the client’s file system and select the files to back up. nwbackup GUI Connect to other NetWorker Servers Start the backup. © 2005 EMC Corporation. the nwbackup command is the NetWorker Client utility that starts the X/Motif GUI interface and is the GUI front end to the save command.38 NetWorker provides UNIX and Windows GUIs for performing client-initiated backups. All rights reserved.Copyright © 2005 EMC Corporation. On UNIX. The nwbackup interface provides a File Manager look and feel from which you select the files and directories to back up. Do not Copy .
Legato NetWorker Foundations 39 . Search the client’s file system and select the files to back up © 2005 EMC Corporation. The NetWorker User interface provides a Windows Explorer look and feel from which you select the files and directories to back up.Copyright © 2005 EMC Corporation.All Rights Reserved. NetWorker User GUI (winworkr) Start the backup. Legato NetWorker Foundations .39 On Windows. All rights reserved. Do not Copy . This is the GUI front end to the save command. the winworkr command starts the NetWorker User GUI.
Do not Copy .All Rights Reserved. NetWorker generates a savegroup completion report and either mails it to root on the NetWorker Server on UNIX or sends it to the savegroup log on the NetWorker Server on Windows. If the print fails.Copyright © 2005 EMC Corporation. Tracking information is sent to the NetWorker Server and is also stored on the backup volumes. Server-initiated Backup Overview Server Backup Request from the Server Tracking Data Tracking Data Backup Volume save Tracking Data Bootstrap Notification Client Save Set & Tracking Data Report Logs Save Set & Tracking Data Storage Node © 2005 EMC Corporation. Legato NetWorker Foundations 40 . the bootstrap report is included in the savegroup completion report. when. Volume Legato NetWorker Foundations . and how to back up.40 A server-initiated backup is a backup request from the NetWorker Server to a configured group of clients. and backup creation date and time. The remote execution request causes the clients to run their backup commands for their configured save sets. backup contents. the NetWorker Server generates and prints information about the bootstrap save set such as the volume used and the bootstrap’s save set id or SSID. All rights reserved. The client and other configured resources determine what. The report contains information about the backup status. This information is needed to recover the bootstrap in the event of a NetWorker Server disaster. data size. Server-initiated backups also cause the NetWorker Server to back up the client file indexes and the bootstrap save set to protect the NetWorker configuration and tracking data. If possible. The NetWorker Server also does a consistency check on the client file indexes and media database and enforces the aging status of save sets.
Do not Copy . The storage node receives the savestream and sends it to the backup device. The server writes tracking info to the client file index save 1. Server. The client sends the savestream. Client-initiated: Similarities 3. The client sends the savestream © 2005 EMC Corporation. The backup device passes the data from the storage node to a volume. All rights reserved.All Rights Reserved. 2. The server receives volume location information from the Storage Node Server Storage Node 4. Legato NetWorker Foundations . Legato NetWorker Foundations 41 . 4.Copyright © 2005 EMC Corporation. The Storage Node receives the savestream and sends it to the backup device Media DB 5. The backup device passes data from the Storage Node to a volume CFI Volume 2. The NetWorker Server receives the volume location information from the storage node.41 Client The diagram shows the similarities between a server-initiated backup and a client-initiated backup. 3. 5. The server writes tracking information to the client file index.vs. 1.
The server enforces data life-cycling policies through database management Resource Directory 2.Copyright © 2005 EMC Corporation.All Rights Reserved. All rights reserved. Client-initiated: Differences Volume Server Bootstrap Media DB 4.vs.42 The diagram shows the differences between a server-initiated backup and a client-initiated backup. 4. Do not Copy . The NetWorker Server requests the backup from the NetWorker Client. The server triggers preconfigured notifications Client © 2005 EMC Corporation. NetWorker backs up metadata: The NetWorker Server backs up CFI databases for all clients in the group. The NetWorker Server triggers preconfigured notifications. 2. NetWorker backs up metadata : • The NetWorker Server backs up CFI databases for all clients in the group • The NetWorker Server backs up the Media Database and Resource files as the bootstrap save set CFI CFI Email root@nwserver 1. Legato NetWorker Foundations . Server. the NetWorker Server backs up the Media Database and Resource files as the bootstrap save set. These steps are done by the NetWorker Server: 1. Legato NetWorker Foundations 42 . The server requests the backup from the client 3. The NetWorker Server enforces data life-cycling policies through database management. 3.
Incremental backups back up a save set’s files and directories that changed since the last backup of any level. Using level [1–9] and incremental backups can help control the amount of data backed up but can also slow file recovery if several save sets are required to recover to a particular point in time.Copyright © 2005 EMC Corporation. they increase backup performance. Full backups back up all files and directories in a save set and are the lowest level backup. regardless of whether they have changed Backs up files that have changed since the last lower level backup Backs up files that have changed since the last backup.All Rights Reserved.43 NetWorker supports several backup level settings. Level 1-9 backups only back up files that changed since a previous lower level backup. As a result. level 5 backs up any files and directories that changed since a previous level 4 or lower level backup. Consolidated backups merge the most recent level 1 backup with a save set’s last full backup. The savegrp program generates a savegroup completion report that shows that the backup for the clients using this schedule were skipped and that no data was backed up. Skip backups do not back up the client’s save sets on a specific day. regardless of level Backs up all data that has changed since the last full backup and subsequently merges these changes with the last full backup Skips the scheduled backup Skip © 2005 EMC Corporation. similar to the UNIX dump command. Legato NetWorker Foundations . For example. NetWorker Backup Level Settings Type Full Level [1–9] (Differential) Incremental Consolidated Action Backs up all files. Do not Copy . All rights reserved. Legato NetWorker Foundations 43 . This type of backup requires the most storage space. creating a new full backup. The difference between a full and a consolidated backup is that consolidated backups are typically less taxing on the network and client.
Legato NetWorker Foundations 44 .44 Having discussed backups. Legato NetWorker Foundations . All rights reserved.All Rights Reserved.Copyright © 2005 EMC Corporation. EMC Legato NetWorker RECOVERIES © 2005 EMC Corporation. Do not Copy . let’s move on to recoveries.
Recovery Overview NetWorker Server Storage Node Volume Client © 2005 EMC Corporation.45 A recovery restores data to its original state at a specific point in time. During the next few pages you learn about recovery types and client roles in a recovery.Copyright © 2005 EMC Corporation. directories. or application data. All rights reserved.All Rights Reserved. Recoverable data can include files. Do not Copy . Legato NetWorker Foundations . Legato NetWorker Foundations 45 . filesystems.
The administering client is the client who initiates the recovery by running the NetWorker recover program. The source client is the NetWorker Client whose data is being recovered. It is the client where the data will be recovered.46 The three client roles that exist for each recovery type are illustrated in the diagram. Legato NetWorker Foundations . Legato NetWorker Foundations 46 .All Rights Reserved. The destination client is the NetWorker Client that receives the recovered data. Client Roles in a Recovery Administering Client Client running recover Destination Client Client where the data will be recovered Source Client Client that created the save set © 2005 EMC Corporation. Do not Copy .Copyright © 2005 EMC Corporation. It is the client that created the save set. All rights reserved.
Please take a moment to review the table. and save sets © 2005 EMC Corporation. Do not Copy . directories. All three types are manual processes. All rights reserved.Copyright © 2005 EMC Corporation.All Rights Reserved.browsable recovery.47 NetWorker provides the three recovery types explained in the table . Legato NetWorker Foundations . NetWorker does not schedule recoveries or perform them automatically. and directed recovery. Recovery Types Browsable Recovery Performed by users and administrators Started from any NetWorker Client Allows you to recover files and directories from browsable save sets Save Set Recovery Performed by the root (UNIX) userid or Administrator (Windows) on the client Started from any NetWorker Client Allows you to recover files and save sets Directed Recovery Performed by NetWorker administrators Started from any NetWorker Client Allows you to centrally administer the recovery of files. Legato NetWorker Foundations 47 . save set recovery.
Start the recovery.Copyright © 2005 EMC Corporation. Legato NetWorker Foundations . To perform a browsable recovery: 1.All Rights Reserved. Browsable Recoveries NetWorker Server Storage Node CFI Volume 1.48 Browsable recoveries are recoveries of browsable save sets using interfaces that require information from the client file index. 2. 2. Browse the client file index Perform the recovery Client © 2005 EMC Corporation. Use the nwrecover GUI or recover command to browse the index and mark the files and directories you want to recover. which restores the files from the media to the client. All rights reserved. Legato NetWorker Foundations 48 . Do not Copy .
the nwrecover GUI allows you to perform browsable recoveries through a graphical user interface that is installed with the client software.Copyright © 2005 EMC Corporation.49 NetWorker provides UNIX and Windows GUI’s for performing browsable recoveries. The nwrecover program only shows files from browsable save sets. Legato NetWorker Foundations . The GUI enables a user to: Browse the filesystem for a file Mark one or more files for recovery Execute the recover command When the user makes a recover request. Recovered files retain the modification time and permissions they had when backed up.All Rights Reserved. All rights reserved. © 2005 EMC Corporation. The modification time does not change when the file is recovered. Legato NetWorker Foundations 49 . nwrecover GUI Browse directories. When using this program. Click to select. Do not Copy . On UNIX. NetWorker automatically handles file or directory renaming and deleting. you browse a representation of a client’s filesystem as it existed at a specific point in time.
Do not Copy . The winworkr program only shows files from browsable save sets.Copyright © 2005 EMC Corporation. Click to select. When using this program. Legato NetWorker Foundations . As with nwrecover. All rights reserved.50 On Windows. you browse a representation of a client’s filesystem as it existed at a specific point in time. © 2005 EMC Corporation. NetWorker User GUI (winworkr) Click to start the recover.All Rights Reserved. the NetWorker User GUI allows you to perform browsable recoveries through a graphical user interface that is installed with the client software. NetWorker User enables a user to: Browse the filesystem for a file Mark one or more files for recovery Execute the recover command Legato NetWorker Foundations 50 . Look for directories and files.
Legato NetWorker Foundations . Legato NetWorker Foundations 51 . Do not Copy .51 A save set recovery allows you to recover data from a save set rather than browsing and marking data for recovery. You can restore them on a per-file basis with a save set recovery if you know the pathname. or the recover command to perform save set recoveries. or the NetWorker Administrator on Windows. You can perform a save set recovery to recover entire save sets or files in save sets that have exceeded or not exceeded their browse policy. and the entire save set itself. You can use the nwrecover program on UNIX. Data that you can recover in a save set includes individual files. Files that have exceeded their browse policy no longer qualify for a browsable recovery. Save Set Recoveries Does not require the user to browse the client file index to select data for recovery Is useful when – Recovering an entire save set – The save set being recovered is no longer in the CFI (the browse policy has expired) Can be used to recover individual files – Specific files or directories that have passed their browse period can be recovered provided the exact pathname is known These interfaces can be used to recover save sets: – nwrecover on UNIX – NetWorker Administrator on Windows – recover command © 2005 EMC Corporation.All Rights Reserved. directories. All rights reserved.Copyright © 2005 EMC Corporation.
52 A directed recovery is a recover request executed from the administering client that causes the destination client to execute the recover program to recover the specified data. 2. In the example in the diagram. the source and destination clients must be the same platform type. Directed Recoveries 1. The data recovered is provided from a source client’s save set. Data is backed up from the Source Client 2. However any NetWorker administrator can initiate a directed recovery. All rights reserved. Data is recovered to the Destination Client NetWorker Server bongo Administering Client (W2K) tuba #recover Source Client (UNIX) soprano © 2005 EMC Corporation. In a directed recovery. This remote administration capability gives you a high degree of flexibility and convenience in recovering and redirecting data. If the administering client and the destination client are not the same machine. Do not Copy . The Administering Client issues a recover command 3. Data is recovered to the destination client. then the directed recovery interface is the recover command line only. data is backed up from the source client. Often the administering client is the NetWorker Server.All Rights Reserved.Copyright © 2005 EMC Corporation. The NetWorker administrator starts the directed recovery from the administering client. The administering client issues a recover command. even though the administering client can be a different platform type. 1. First. Destination Client (UNIX) flute Legato NetWorker Foundations . 3. a NetWorker administrator on tuba initiates a directed recovery causing flute to recover data from soprano’s save sets. Legato NetWorker Foundations 52 . Directed recovery is useful when you cannot log on to the destination client to perform the recovery.
All rights reserved. Course Summary Key points covered in this course: EMC Legato NetWorker solution NetWorker advantages NetWorker host roles NetWorker data protection functions NetWorker administrative interfaces NetWorker-supported device topologies NetWorker backup process NetWorker recovery process © 2005 EMC Corporation.53 These are the key points covered in this training. Please take a moment to review them.All Rights Reserved. In order to receive credit for this course. please proceed to the Course Completion slide to update your transcript and access the Assessment. Legato NetWorker Foundations 53 . Legato NetWorker Foundations . Do not Copy .Copyright © 2005 EMC Corporation. This concludes the training.
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