Nepali-English Dictionary

compiled by Karl-Heinz Krämer
South Asia Institute, University of Heidelberg
(updated: 14 April 2007)
aba
¹d
adv. now, from now on
abaddha
¹ld¯
n./adj. bound, tied up confined
abela
¹d¬l
n./adj. lateness, late
aber
¹d¹
adj. late
aber bhayo
¹d¹ ¬4l
comp. it is late
abhas
¹l¬l°
n. glimpse, shadow,
reflection, vision, faint
memory, inkling
abhav
¹¬l4
n. non-existence, absence,
lack, scarcity
abhaya
¹¬4
n. lack of fear
abhibhavak
¹l¬¬l44
n. guardian
abhilekh
¹l¬¬R
n. inscription
abhinaya
¹l¬°4
n. mimicry, imitation
abhiprerit
¹l¬ºl¹ñ
adj. motivated
abhipret
¹l¬ºñ
adj. planned
abhiram
¹l¬¹lº
adj. extremely beautiful,
sublime
abhiruci
¹l¬¹l¬
n. inclination, earnest desire,
liking
abhivriddhi
¹l¬4l¯
n. development
abhiyan
¹l¬4l°
n. expedition, march,
exploration
abhiyog
¹l¬4l¹
n. accusation, allegation,
charge
abhiyukta
¹l¬4¬¯
adj. accused
abhrak
¹¬4
n. mica, talco (a soft mineral)
abhyas
¹+4l°
n. practice
abrak
¹¬R
n. mica, talco (a soft mineral)
acamma
¹¬¹º
n. surprise, wonder,
amazement
acamma lagnu
¹¬¹º ¬l¹°
v.i. to be surprised, to be
amazed, to be astonished
acamma parnu
¹¬¹º º°
v.i. to be surprised, to be
amazed, to be astonished
1
acamma parnu
¹¬¹º º°
v.t. to surprise, to amaze, to
astonish
acanak
¹¬l°4
adv. suddenly, abruptly,
unexpectedly
acano
¹¬l°l
n. cutting board for meat
acanu
¹¬l°
n. cutting board for meat
acar
¹¬l¹
n. hot and sour pickle, pickles,
chutney, salsa
acar
¹l¬l¹
n. conduct, behaviour
acaran
¹¬l¹"l
n. conduct, behaviour,
practice
accer
¹¯¬¹
n. letter [of the alphabet],
[written] character, [except
numerals], alphabet,
syllable
acel
¹¬¬
adv. these days, nowadays,
recently, presently
achut
¹3ñ
adj. untouchable, of lowest
caste
achuti
¹3ñl
n. untouchable, lowest caste
achutoddhar
¹3ñl¯l¹
n. reformation of
untouchables
ad
¹l°
n. support, prop
adalat
¹°l¬ñ
n. law court
adambar
¹l°¹d¹
n. conceit, ostentation
adan-pradan
¹l°l° º°l°
n. giving and taking of things,
exchange, social
communication, give and
take
adarniya
¹l°¹"ll4
adj. respectable, deserving
honour
adarniya sadasya
¹l°¹"ll4 °°²4
n. honorary member
adarsh
¹l°°
n. ideal, value
adarvaci
¹l°¹4l¬l
adj. polite
adaunu
¹°l¯°
v.t. to support, to hold up, to
stop
adda
¹°°l
n. office; court of law
adesh
¹l°°
n. order, instruction,
command
adha
¹lul
adj. half
adhai baje
¹²lt d¬
adv. half past two
adhaini
¹²lt°l
n. the senior woman in a
2
palace harem
adham
¹uº
adj. mean, low, wretched, base,
vile
adhar
¹lul¹
n. foundation, basis, support
adharat
¹lul¹lñ
n. midnight
adharbhut
¹lul¹¬ò
adj. basic, fundamental
adharit
¹lull¹ñ
adj. based upon
adharit cha
¹lull¹ñ 3
based upon
adharma
¹uº
n. sinfulness, irreligiousness
adhi
¹lul
adj. almost a half
adhikar
¹lu4l¹
n. right, authority, procession,
proprietorship
adhikari
¹lu4l¹l
n. officer, one having
authority, magistrate,
proprietor
adhikrit
¹lu4ñ
adj. authorised, vested with
authority
adhiraj
¹lu¹l¬
n. supreme ruler, sovereign,
overlord
adhirajkumar
¹lu¹l¬4ºl¹
n. prince
adhirajya
¹lu¹l¯4
n. sovereignty, empire,
kingdom
adhiveshan
¹lud°°
n. session, meeting, sitting
adhogati
¹ul¹lñ
n. fall, downfall, degradation
adhunik
¹lul°4
adj. modern, recent, current
adhyaksha
¹·4°l
n. chief, master, director,
chairman, superintendent,
supervisor
adhyay
¹·4l4
n. chapter, section, canto
adhyayan
¹·44°
n. study, learning, tuition,
perusal
adi
¹ll°
n./adj. beginning, primary, origin,
first, basic; etcetera, etc.
adijati
¹ll°¬llñ
n. tribe, tribal, autoethon
adikal
¹ll°4l¬
n. primeval time
adikaran
¹ll°4l¹°
n. first cause, fundamental
cause
adikavi
¹ll°4l4
n. first poet, pioneer poet
adikavya
¹ll°4l¯4
n. first epic, Ramayana
adinu
¹l°°
v.i. to stop
adityavar
¹ll°ñ44l¹
n. Sunday
3
adivasi
¹ll°4ll°
n. aborigine, original
inhabitant
adkalnu
¹°4¯°
v.t. to guess
adkanu
¹°4°
v.i. to get stuck, to be stopped,
to be halted
adkaunu
¹°4l¯°
v.t. to cause to stick
adnu
¹°°
v.i. to stop, to cease moving
aduva
¹°4l
n. ginger
advittiya
¹lTl¬4
adj. unparalleled, second-to-
none
agadha
¹¹lu
adj. unfathomable, bottomless,
deep
agadi
¹¹ll°
postp. in front of, before, ahead,
toward the front, first
agadi badhaunu
¹¹ll° d²l¯°
v.t. to lead forward
agadi badhnu
¹¹ll° d²°
v.i. to advance, to move
forward
agal-bagal
¹¹¬ d¹¬
adv. from left to right, on both
sides
agami
¹l¹lºl
adj. coming, forthcoming,
ensuing
agati
¹¹lñ
n. decline, lack of progress
age
¹l¹
adj. before, future, in furute
agena
¹¹°l
n. fireplace, hearth
ageno
¹¹°l
n. fireplace
aghadi
¹¹ll°
in front of, before, toward
the front, first
aghat
¹l¹lñ
n. blow, assault
aghaun
¹l¹l
adv. next year
aghaunu
¹¹l¯°
v.i. to be satisfied with eating
aghi
¹l¹
already, before, previously,
formerly, facing, in front of,
ago,
aghi lagnu
¹l¹ ¬l¹°
v.t. to go first, to go ahead, to
lead, to guide
aghi nai
¹l¹ °
adv. already, long ago
aghi sarnu
¹l¹ °°
v.i. to advance, to volunteer, to
incite, to instigate
aghi-aghi
¹l¹ ¹l¹
a long time ago, in times
gone by
aghillo
¹l¹¯¬l
adj. first, former, front, anterior,
4
last, previous
aghiltira
¹l¹l¯ñ¹
adv. in front of, facing
aghi-pachi
¹l¹ ºl3
some other time, before, on
other occasions, generally,
usually, in single file, one
after another, sequentially,
surrounded by
aghisamma
¹l¹°¹º
adv. until recently
aglo
¹¹¬l
adj. tall, high
aglo
¹l¹¬l
n. latch, bolt
aglyaunu
¹¹¯4l¯°
v.t. to lock, to pull to [a door]
agni
¹l¹°
n. fire
agnikand
¹l¹°4l"°
n. fire, conflagration
ago
¹l¹l
n. fire
agraha
¹l¹ã
n. desire, longing, craving,
zeal, urging, insistence
agulto
¹¹¯òl
n. piece of burning wood
aguva
¹¹4l
n./adv. leader, leading
agya
¹lñl
n. order, command,
instruction, permission
agyakari
¹lñl4l¹l
adj. obedient
agyan
Rñl°
n./adj. ignorance; ignorant
agyat
¹ñlñ
adj. unknown, secret, obscure
ahan
¹ã
int. no
ahangkar
¹ãjl¹
n. arrogance, conceit
ahar
¹lãl¹
n. food, diet
ahara
¹lãl¹l
n. food, diet
ahat
¹lãñ
adj. struck, beaten
ahile
¹lã¬
adv. now, this time
aimai
¹ltºlt
n. woman
ain

n. law, legal code, rule
aina
]°l
n. mirror, looking glass, pane
of glass
aincatana
]¬lñl°l
adj. out of control, controlled by
outsideforces
ainselu
] °¬
n. yellow raspberry
aipugnu
¹ltº¹°
v.i. to arrive
aitavar
¹ltñ4l¹
n. Sunday
5
aitihasik
]lñãll°4
adj. historical
aja
¹l¬
adv. today
aja bihana
¹l¬ ldãl°l
comp. this morning
ajabholi
¹l¬¬ll¬
adv. nowadays
ajakal
¹l¬4l¬
adv. nowadays
ajan
¹¬l°
adj. ignorant
ajang
¹¬s
adj. huge, very big, enormous,
formidable
ajat
¹¬lñ
adj. outcaste, low caste, not
born
ajatshatru
¹¬lñ°¯
adj. having no enemy
ajha
¹R
adv. still, yet, moreover, now
ajhai
¹R
conj. even then, even now
ajivan
¹l¬l4°
adj. throughout life, for a whole
life-time
akad
¹4°
n. insistence, obstinacy,
stubbornness, persistence
akado
¹4°l
adj. obstinate, stubborn
akal
¹4¬
wisdom, intelligence,
cleverness, knowledge,
skilful, clever, wise
akalpaniya
¹4¯º°l4
adj. unimaginable, unthinkable,
inconceivable
akamakaunu
¹4º4l¯°
v.i. to hesitate, to pause
akamakka
¹4º44
adj. confused, baffled,
disconcerted,
dumbfounded, perplexed
akamakka parnu
¹4º44 ºl°
v.t. to be confused, to be
baffled, to be in a
quandary, to be taken
aback, to be disconcerted,
to be rattled, to hesitate, to
pause
akangksha
¹l4ls°ll
n. aspiration
akanksha
¹l4l°ll
n. wish, desire, intention
akantak
¹4"ò4
adj. free from trouble,
unobstructed, thornless
akapat
¹4ºò
adj. guiltless, frank, open
akar
¹l4l¹
n. size, shape, form, outline
akaraniya
¹4¹"ll4
adj. improper, unfit to be
performed
akarma
¹4º
n. unnecessary act, wicked
6
act
akarmak
¹4º4
adj. intransitive
akarmanya
¹4º"4
adj. idle, useless, good for
nothing
akarmi
¹4ºl
n. a do nothing, sinner, evil-
doer, rogue, villain
akarna
¹4"l
deaf, having no ear
akarna
¹4°
n. official record, document,
list of official records
akarsan
¹l4¯l"l
n. attraction
akartavya
¹4ñ¯4
adj. improper, unfit to be done
akartha
¹4l"
adj. without cause, pointlessly,
in vain
akash
¹l4l°
n. sky, space
akashe tara-marg
¹l4l° ñl¹ ºl¹
n. cable railway
akashvani
¹l4l°4l"ll
n. radio broadcast
akasmat
¹4²ºlñ
adv. suddenly, accidentally,
unexpectedly, all of a
sudden
akasmik
¹l4l²º4
adj. sudden, abrupt, accidental,
casual
akathaniya
¹4"°l4
adj. inexpressible,
indescribable,
inexpressible, obscene,
indecent
akathya
¹4·4
adj. inexpressible,
indescribable,
inexpressible, obscene,
indecent, filthy, unutterable
akavat
¹44ñ
n. duty, God
akbar
¹4d¹
n. name of the third Indian
Moghul Emperor
akbare
¹4d¹
adj. pungent chilli, extraordinary
hot
akbari
¹4d¹l
adj. related to Akbar, pure,
unadulterated
akelo
¹4¬l
adj. alone
akhabar
¹Rdl¹
n. newspaper
akhir
¹llR¹
adv. at last, eventually
akkal
¹44¬
n. knowledge, cleverness,
thought
akkali
¹44¬l
adj. clever, intelligent
akkase
¹44l°
adj. sky-blue
7
akkasinu
¹44ll°°
v.i. to fly up
akraman
¹l¯¯º"l
n. attack, invasion
akrista
¹l4¯ò
adj. attracted, drawn, charmed
akriti
¹l4lñ
n. size, shape, form, outline
aksar
¹4°¹
adv. often, frequently, usually,
many, a lot
akshansh
¹°ll°
n. latitude
akshar
¹°l¹
n. letter [of the alphabet],
[written] character, [except
numerals], alphabet,
syllable
aksijan
¹l4°¬°
n. oxygen
alag
¹¬¹
separate, different
alainci
¹¬¬l
n. cardamom
alangkar
¹¬jl¹
n. embellishment
alasya
¹l¬²4
n. laziness, idleness
alchi
¹¯3l
adj. lazy, idle
alekha
¹l¬R
n. writing, script, anything
written
algyaunu
¹¯¹4l¯°
v.t. tho lift, to raise, to release,
to set free
alhad
¹l¯ãl°
n. delight, fulfilment
ali
¹l¬
adj. a bit, a little, few
ali
¹l¬l
n. ridge at the edge of a field-
terrace
alikati
¹l¬4lñ
adj. a little, a small quantity
alilo
¹l¬¬l
adj. lacking salt, tasteless
aljhanu
¹¯R°
v.i. to get caught up in
aljhaunu
¹¯Rl¯°
v.t. to entangle
alkatra
¹¬4¯l
n. asphalt
allare
¹¯¬l¹
n. rover
almalaunu
¹¯º¬l¯°
v.t. to confuse, to lead astray
almalinu
¹¬ºl¬°
v.i. to be bewildered, to be
amazed, to be confused
almari
¹l¯ºl¹l
n. shelves, cupboard
alocana
¹l¬l¬°l
n. criticism, critique
alocanatmak
¹l¬l¬°l¯º4
adj. critical
8
alok
¹l¬l4
n. enlightenment, light,
brightness
alpamat
¹¯ººñ
n. minority
alsi
¹¯°l
adj. lazy, idle
alu
¹l¬
n. potato
alu tachnu
¹l¬ ñl3°
v.t. to peel off potatoes
alubakhada
¹l¬dR°l
n. plum-tree
am
¹lº
adj. common, general
ama
¹lºl
n. mother
amai
¹lº
n. grandmother [rural]
amaju
¹lºl¬
n. husband's elder sister
amala
¹º¬l
n. a kind of fruit [sour-sweet]
amanav
¹ºl°4
adj. inhuman
amanya
¹ºl¯4
adj. unaccepted, unobeyed
amar
¹º¹
adj. immortal, undying
amarkosh
¹º¹4l°
n. (a Sanskrit dictionary
compiled by Amar Singh)
amba
¹¹dl
n. guava
amdani
¹l¹°l°l
n. income
amdani badhaune
¹lº°l°l d²l¯°
n. income generating
amilo
¹lº¬l
adj. sour
amir
¹ºl¹
adj. wealthy, rich
amiri
¹ºl¹l
adj. wealthy, rich
amkhora
¹¹Rl¹l
n. brass pot for drinking from,
tumbler
amnirvacan
¹lºl°4l¬°
n. general elections
amol
¹ºl¬
adj. priceless, invaluable
amrit
¹ºñ
n./adj. elixir, nectar; immortal
amulya
¹º¯4
adj. priceless, invaluable
amurta
¹ºñ
adj. formless
an
¹
int. yes
anadarvaci
¹°l°¹4l¬l
adj. non-honorific [ling.]
anadi
¹°ll°
adj. having no beginning, self-
born
analamaya
¹°¬º4
adj. fiery
anand
¹l°¯°
n. happiness
anandi
¹l°¯°l
adj. happy
9
ananta
¹°¯ñ
adj. infinite, endless
anar
¹°l¹
n. pomegranate
anarsa
¹°°l
n. a kind if sweet bread made
of rice flour, sugar and
butter
anashan
¹°°°
n. fasting
anatha
¹°l"
adj. uncared for, orphaned
anautha
¹°lól
adj. queer, unusual,
extraordinary
anautho
¹°lól
adj. queer, unusual,
extraordinary, strange,
peculiar
anautikta
¹°llñ¬¯l
n. immorality
anavarat
¹°4¹ñ
adj. unceasing, constant
anbhaunu
¹¯¬l¯°
v.t. to say good-bye to the
couple in marriage, to send
away a bride
ancal
¹¯¬¬
n. zone
ancal adalat
¹¯¬¬ ¹°l¬ñ
n. zonal court
ancal nyayadhish
¹¯¬¬ ¯4l4lul¯l
n. zonal judge
ancal prashasan
¹¯¬¬ º°l°°
n. zonal administration
ancal sabha
¹¯¬¬ °¬l
n. zonal assembly
ancaladhish
¹¯¬¬lul°
n. zonal commissioner
ancetnu
¹¬ó°
v.t. to discipline, to impress, to
press, to push with force
anda
¹¯°l
n. egg
andaji
¹¯°l¬l
adv. appropriately, about
anderi
¹°¹l
n. castor-oil plant
andha
¹¯ul
adj. blind
andhabhakta
¹¯u¬¬¯
n. blind follower, superstitious
person
andhakar
¹¯u4l¹
n. darkness
andheri
¹u¹l
adj. dark, gloomy
andhi
¹llu
n. storm, strong wind
andhiyar
¹llu4l¹
n. sharer of half the land or
crop
andhopan
¹¯ulº°
n. blindness
andhyaro
¹·4l¹l
n./adj. dark, gloomy, sad,
darkness, ignorance, gloom
andolan
¹l¯°l¬°
n. agitation, riot, movement
10
andra
¹l¯° l
n. entrails
anduva
¹°4l
n. not castrated animal
aneka
¹°4
adj. several, many
ang
¹ls
n. part, body, portion, limb,
procedure
anga pugnu
¹7 º¹°
to be the procedure
complete
anga-bhanga
¹7 ¬7
n. mutilation of a limb
anga-bhanga garnu
¹7 ¬7 ¹°
v.t. to amputate, to dismember,
to mutilate
angacched
¹7¯3°
n. amputation
angalnu
¹¹¯°
v.t. to adopt, to accept, to
follow, to embrace, to hug
angalo
¹¹l¬l
n. hug, embrace, armful, the
bent arm
angan
¹l¹°
n. yard, courtyard, house,
home
angar
¹¹l¹
n. cinder, ember, the black
substance of charcoal
anga-raksha
¹7·¹°ll
n. protection of body
anga-rakshak
¹7·¹°l4
n. body guard
angethi
¹¹ól
n. iron or clay vessel to carry
fire, portable fireplace
anggur
¹¹¹
n. grape
anghi
¹l¹l
n. storm, whirlwind, hurricane
angikar
¹7l4l¹
n. acceptance
angikar garnu
¹7l4l¹ ¹°
v.t. to accept, to follow
angikrit
¹¹l4ñ
adj. adopted, agreed, promised
angikrit nagarikta
¹¹l4ñ °l¹l¹4ñl
n. adopted citizenship
angikrit nepali
nagarikta
¹¹l4ñ °ºl¬l °l¹l¹4ñl
n. adopted Nepali citizenship
anginti
¹°l¹l¯ñ
adj. countless
angka
¹j
n. numeral, digit, issue,
number [of a periodical],
mark [in an examination],
score, points [in a game],
act [in a drama]
angka ra akshar
¹j ¹ ¹°l¹
figure and letter
angka ra aksharle
bolaunu
¹j ¹ ¹°l¹¬ dl¬l¯°
to call by figure and word
angka-ganit
¹j·¹l"lñ
n. arithmetic, mathematics
11
angkamal
¹jºl¬
n. embrace
angkapatra
¹4º¯
n. label, fillet
angkit
¹l4ñ
adj. marked, written, endorsed,
encounted
angkuran
¹4¹"l
n. germination, beginning
angocha
¹¹l3l
n. towel, napkin
angrej
¹¹¬
n. Englishman, Westerner,
white man
angreji
¹¹¬l
n./adj. English, British, English
language
angsha
¹°
n. share, division, fragment,
ingredient, contribution,
element, portion, clause,
sub-clause
angshadan
¹°°l°
n. contribution, donation
angshadhar
¹°u¹
n. share-holder, heir
angshako hak
¹°4l ã4
n. heirship, right to the
paternal property
angshiyar
¹l°4l¹
n. co-heir, sharer, partner
angul
¹¹¬
n. finger, a finger's breadth
anguli mudra
¹¹¬l º°l
n. fingerprint, nameprinted
ring
anguli pratimudra
¹¹¬l ºlñº°l
n. finger impression
angur
¹¹¹
n. grape
ani
¹l°
conj. and, then, and then
anicchit
¹l°l¯3ñ
adj. undesired, unwished for
anikal
¹l°4l¬
n. famine
anil
¹l°¬
n. wind
anivarya
¹l°4l4
adj. inevitable
anjali
¹¯¬¬l
n. the open palms of the
hands held together and
slightly cupped, a double
handful, offering in worship,
tribute
anjuli
¹¯¬¬l
n. the open palms of the
hands held together and
slightly cupped, a double
handful, offering in worship,
tribute
anka
¹4
n. numeral, digit, issue,
number [of a periodical],
mark [in an examination],
score, points [in a game],
12
act [in a drama]
ankai
¹4lt
n. estimate, evaluation
ankanaunu
¹¯4°l¯°
v.i. to hesitate
ankha
¹lRl
n. eye
ankhako nani
¹lRl4l °l°l
n. pupil
ankhibhuin
¹lRll¬t
n. eyebrow
ankuro
¹4¹l
n. shoot, seedling, bud, fresh
shoot of a plant
ankush
¹4°
n. hook
anmaunu
¹¯ºl¯°
v.t. to say good-bye to the
couple in marriage, to send
away a bride
anna
¹¯°
n. grain, food
anna-bhandar
¹¯°·¬"°l¹
n. granary
anp
¹lº
n. mango
anshu
¹l°
n. tear, teardrop
ant
¹ló
n. courage, boldness
anta
¹lól
n. wheat flour
anta
¹¯ñ
n. end, conclusion
anta garnu
¹¯ñ ¹°
v.t. to end, to finisch
antai
¹¯ñ
adv. elsewhere
antar
¹¯ñ¹
n./adj. difference, interval; inner,
inter-
antaral rajya
¹¯ñ¹l¬ ¹l¯4l
n. buffer state
antardeshiya
¹ñ°°l4
adj. inland, domestic
antardeshiya jalpath
¹ñ°°l4 ¬¬º"
n. inland waterways
antardeshiya patra
¹ñ°°l4 º¯
n. inland letter
antardeshiya vanijya
¹ñ°°l4 4ll"l¯4
n. internal trade
antardhvans
¹ñ·4°
n. sabotage
antargat
¹¯ñ¹ñ
adj. included, comprised
antargrasta
¹ñ¹²ñ
adj. involved
antarik
¹l¯ñl¹4
adj. interior, inner, internal
antariksha
¹¯ñ¹l°l
n. space, universe
antarmukhi
¹¯ñºlR
adj. introvert, inward-looking
antarrastriya
¹¯ñ¹ll¯ò4
adj. international
antarrastriya kanun
¹¯ñ¹ll¯ò4 4l°°
n. international law
antarrastriya
¹¯ñ¹ll¯ò4 º°4l¯l
n. International Monetary
13
mudrakos Fund [IMF]
antarvarta
¹¯ñ4lñl
n. interview
antarvasan
¹ñ4l°°
n. internship, confinement
within prescribed limits
antarvasi
¹ñ4l°l
n. internee
antarvasit
¹ñ4ll°ñ
adj. interned
antarvasit garnu
¹ñ4ll°ñ ¹°
v.t. to intern
antarvirodh
¹¯ñ¹l4¹lu
n. self-contradiction, inner
contradiction
antastha desh
¹¯ñ²" °°
n. buffer state
anthanabbe
¹¯ól°¯d
num. ninety-eight, 98
anthaunna
¹¯ól¯¯°
num. fifty-eight, 58
anthyaunu
¹ó¯l¯°
v.t. to catch firmly, to seize, to
clutch, to grasp firmly
anti
¹lñ
n. ultimatum
antim
¹l¯ñº
adj. last, final, conclusive,
ultimate
antis
¹l¯ñ°
adj. last
antnu
¹lò°
v.i. to dare, to take the risk
antya
¹¯¯4
n./adj. end, last run
antyesti
¹¯¯4l¯ñ
n. the last rites after death,
funeral ceremony,
obsequies
anubhav
¹°¬4
n. experience, feeling,
sensation
anubhavi
¹°¬l4
adj. experienced
anubhuti
¹°¬lñ
n. real knowledge,
experience, sensation
anudan
¹°°l°
n. grant
anugaman
¹°¹º°
n. follow-up
anuhar
d°ãl¹
n. face, countenance
anukramnika
¹°¯¯ºl´l4l
n. contents, list of contents
anukul
¹°4¬
adj. favourable, agreeable,
friendly
anuman
¹°ºl°
n. inference, guess,
presumption
anumati
¹°ºlñ
n. permission, consent,
assent
anupasthit
¹°ºl²"ñ
adj. absent
anupras
¹°ºl°
n. alliteration
14
anurodh
¹°¹lu
n. request, entreaty, prayer
anurodh garnu
¹°¹lu ¹°
v.t. to request, to ask for, to
pray
anurup
¹°^º
adj. resembling, corresponding,
similar, analogous,
congruous
anusandhan
¹°°¯ul°
n. research, investigation
anusar
¹°°l¹
postp. according to, in accordance
with, equivalent to, in
conformity with
anusaran
¹°°¹"l
n. compliance, accordance
anushasan
¹°°l°°
n. discipline, instruction
anuvad
¹°4l°
n. translation, immitation
anuvakta
¹°4¬¯l
n. translator
anuvar
¹°4l¹
n. face, countenance
anveshan
¹¯4°"l
n. exploration
anya
¹¯4
adj. other
anyatra
¹¯4¯
adj. elsewhere, somewhere
else, in some other place
anyaya
¹¯4l4
n. injustice
apaci
¹º¬l
adj. undigested, undigestible
apadha
¹º²
adj. illiterate, unlettered
apaharan
¹ºã¹"l
n. abduction, kidnapping,
usurpation
apanaunu
¹º°l¯°
v.t. to adopt, to make use of, to
apply
aparadh
¹º¹lu
n. crime, offence, guilt, fault,
sin
aparadhi
¹º¹lul
n./adj. criminal, wrongdoer
aparicit
¹ºl¹l¬ñ
adj. unknown, unfamiliar
aparjhat
¹º¹Ró
adv. suddenly, surprisingly, all of
a sudden
apas
¹lº°
n. those close to oneself,
relatives
apashoc
¹º°l¬
n. regret, sorrow
apasma
¹lº°ºl
adj. among each other, among
themselves
aphai
¹lº¯
adv. self, personally
aphisar
¹lº¯°¹
n. officer
aphno
¹lº¯¯ll
adj. one's own
15
aphnu
¹lº¯¯l
adj. one's own
apil
¹ºl¬
n. appeal, contradiction,
objection
aprakashit
¹º4ll°ñ
adj. unpublished
apratyashik
¹º¯4ll°4
adj. unexpected, sudden
apravasi
¹lº4l°l
n. immigrant
apsara
¹¯°¹l
n. nymph, fairy, spirit
apurva
¹º4
adj. new, strange
arab
¹¹d
num. one billion, 1.00.00.00.000
arajakta
¹¹l¬4ñl
n. anarchy
arakshan
¹l¹°l"l
n. reservation
aram
¹l¹lº
n. comfort, rest
arambha
¹l¹¹¬
n. beginning, start
are
¹¹
(reported speech marker)
arini
¹+"ll
adj. free from debt
arje
¹l¬
n. prophecy, prediction,
forecast
arko
¹4l
adj. another, next, second
arop
¹l¹lº
n. imputation, allegation,
insinuation, accusation
arpanu
¹º°
v.t. to offer up, to dedicate
artha
¹"
n. finance, wealth, nmeaning,
significance, import,
interpretation, explanation
arthadanda
¹"°"°
n. fine
artha-mantri
¹" ·º¯¯l
n. minister of finance
arthashastra
¹"°l²¯
n. economics, political
economy
arthat
¹"lñ
adv. that is to say, in other
words, i.e.
arthik
¹ll"4
adj. economic, financial
arthik matava
¹ll"4 ºã¯4
n. economic importance
arthyaunu
¹·4l¯°
v.t. to make sense of, to
understand
arti
¹ñl
n. advice, counsel, lesson,
instruction, precept, moral
lesson, admonition
aru
¹l^
n. peach
aru
¹^
adj. another, more, either,
further
16
aru kohi
¹^ 4lãl
someone else
arubakhada
¹l^dR°l
n. plum
asabhya
¹°+4
adj. uncivilised, uncultured
asadh
¹°l²
n. Asadh or Asar, third month
of the Nepali year [June-
July]
asadharan
¹°lul¹"l
adj. unusual, uncommon
asadhya
¹°l·4
adj. very, extremely
asahamati
¹°ãºlñ
n. disagreement, dissent,
discordance
asahaya
¹°ãl4
adj. helpless
asal
¹°¬
adj. real, true, pure,
unadulterated, morally
good
asali
¹°¬l
adj. real, genuine
asam
¹l°lº
n. Assam
asaman
¹l°ºl°
n. sky
asamanta
¹°ºl¯ñl
n. inequality
asamaya
¹°º4
n. untimeliness, bad or
unfitting time
asamayik
¹°lºl44
adj. inopportune, untimely,
inconvenient
asambhava
¹°¹¬4
adj. impossible
asan
¹l°°
n. seat, stool, office, post,
posture, throne
asanggati
¹°¹lñ
n. incoherence, irrelevance,
absurdity, irrationality,
incompatibility, anomaly
asankhya
¹°¯4
adj. innumerable, countless,
beyond number
asanna
¹l°¯°
adj. imminent, impencing, near,
close
asantusta
¹°¯ñ¯ó
adj. dissatisfied, discontented,
displeased, reluctant
asantusti
¹°¯ñl¯ó
n. dissatisfaction
asapas
¹l°ºl°
adv. nearabout, nearby
asaphal
¹°º¯¬
adj. unsuccessful, failure
asar
¹°l¹
n. Asadh or Asar, third month
of the Nepali year [June-
July]
asar
¹°¹
n. effect, influence, mark,
authority
17
asat
¹°ñ
adj. evil, bad, non-existent,
illusory
ash
¹l°
n. hope
asha
¹l°l
n. hope
ashangka
¹l°4l
n. suspicion, doubt, fear,
dread
ashanti
¹°ll¯ñ
n. lack of peace, unrest
ashaya
¹l°4
n. meaning, aim, intention,
purport
ashcarya
¹l°¬4
n. wonder, surprise,
astonishment
ashcaryalagdo
¹l°¬4¬l¹°l
adj. surprising
ashiksha
¹l°°ll
n. illiteracy
ashikshit
¹l°l°lñ
adj. uneducated, unlettered,
illiterate
ashirvacan
¹l°l4¬°
n. blessing, benediction
ashirvacan
¹l°l4¬°
n. blessing
ashirvad
¹l°l4l°
n. blessing, benediction
ashirvad
¹l°l4l°
n. blessing
ashis
¹ll°¯l
n. blessing, benediction
ashis dinu
¹ll°¯l l°°
v.t. to bless
ashlil
¹°¬l¬
adj. indecent, vulgar
ashram
¹l°º
n. hermitage, residential
institute
ashraya
¹l°4
n. dependence, resort,
reliance, retreat
ashrit
¹ll°ñ
postp. depending on, relying on
ashu
¹l°
adj. quick, speedily, immediate,
swift
ashuddha
¹°¯
adj. impure
ashutos
¹l°ñl¯l
adj. contended, easily pleased
ashvin
¹ll°4°
n. Ashvin or Asoj, fifth month
of the Nepali year
[September-October]
asi
¹°l
eighty, 80
asima
¹°lº
adj. boundless, unlimited
asimit
¹°llºñ
adj. boundless, unlimited
asoj
¹°l¬
n. Ashvin or Asoj, fifth month
of the Nepali year
[September-October]
18
aspast
¹²º¯ó
adj. not clear, indistinct, vague,
dim, obscure, blurred,
ambiguous
aspastata
¹²º¯óñl
n. lack of clarity, uncertainty,
haziness
aspatal
¹²ºñl¬
n. hospital
astaunu
¹²ñl¯°
v.i. to set [sun, moon or star]
astha
¹l²"l
n. faith, reverence, veneration
asthipanjar
¹l²"º¯¬¹
n. skeleton
asti
¹l²ñ
adv. the day before yesterday,
recently, the other day
astiko bihibar
¹l²ñ4l ldãldl¹
last Thursday
astitva
¹l²ñ¯4
n. existence, being, entity
astrashastra
d²¯°²¯
n. weaponry, armament,
arms, weapons
astreliya
¹²ól¬4l
n. Australien
asuvidha
¹°l4ul
n. inconvenience
asvabhavik
¹²4¬ll44
adj. unnatural
asvasth
¹²4²"
adj. unhealthy.morbid
asvikar
¹²4l4l¹
n. non-acceptance, rejection,
refusal, denial
atah
¹ñ:
conj. hence, therefore, thus
atainu
¹òlt°
v.i. to fit into, to be contained
atal
¹ò¬
adj. firm, irrevocable, resolute,
unwavering, steadfast, still,
unmoving
atangka
¹lñj
n. fear, terror, panic, phobea,
suffering
atangkit
¹lñljñ
adj. terrified
ataunu
¹òl¯°
v.i. to fit into, to be contained
ateri
¹ò¹l
adj. headstrong, obstinate
ath
¹ló
num. eight, 8
athara
¹ól¹
adj. eighteen, 18
athasi
¹ól°l
adj. eighty-eight, 88
athaun
¹lól
adj. eighth
athava
¹"4l
conj. or
athcalis
¹ó¬l¬l°
adj. forty-eight, 48
athhattar
¹ó㬹
adj. seventy-eight, 78
athsatthi
¹ó°óól
adj. sixty-eight, 68
19
athtis
¹óñl°
adj. thirty-eight, 38
ati
¹lñ
adj. very much, exceeding,
extremely, beyond
atikraman
¹lñ¯¯º"l
n. infringement,
contravention, violation
atirikta
¹lñl¹¬¯
adv. extra, additional, excessive
atit
¹ñlñ
n./adv. past, gone
atithighar
¹lñl"¹¹
n. guest house, guest
chamber
atithishala
¹lñl"°l¬l
n. guest house, guest
chamber
atma
¹l¯ºl
n. mind, heart, intellect, soul
atmabhiman
¹l¯ºll¬ºl°
n. self-respect, self-esteem
atmabodhak
¹l¯ºldlu4
adj. reflexive [linguistics]
atmahatya
¹l¯ºã¯4l
n. suicide, self-murder, self-
killing
atmanirbhar
¹l¯ºl°¬¹
n. self-dependence, self-
support
atmasamman
¹l¯º°¹ºl°
n. self-respect, self-regard
atmavibhorta
¹l¯ºl4¬l¹ñl
n. fascination
atmavishvas
¹l¯ºl4°4l°
n. self-confidence
atripti
¹ñl¯ñ
n. insatiability, lack of
appeasement
attalika
¹¸ll¬4l
n. balcony, verandah
attar
¹¬¹
n. scent, fragrance
atthais
dóólt°
adj. twenty-eight, 28
attinu
¹ll¬°
v.i. to be frightened, to be
nerveous
atur
¹lñ¹
adj. sick, wounded, impatient,
anxious
atut
¹òò
adj. unbroken, continuous,
continual
atuva
¹ò4l
n. ginger
atyacar
¹¯4l¬l¹
n. atrocity, tyranny, excess,
outrage, oppression
atyanta
¹¯4¯ñ
adj. a lot, much, very much,
exceedingly, utterly,
extremely
atyavashyak
¹¯4l4°44
adj. very necessary, essential
atyukti
¹¯4l¬¯
n. hyperbole, exaggeration
au
¹l
conj. and
20
aucitya
¹ll¬¯4
n. propriety, appropriateness,
validity
audyogik
¹l¤ll¹4
adj. industrial
aunlo
¹l¬l
n. finger
aunlyaunu
¹l¯4l¯°
v.t. to point at
aunsi
¹l°l
n. new moon, last day of the
dark half of the month
aunu
¹l¯°
v.i. to come
aupacarik
¹lº¬ll¹4
adj. formal, ceremonial
aupacarik adarvaci
¹lº¬ll¹4 ¹l°¹4l¬l
adj. formally polite [linguistics]
ausadhipasal
¹l¯lluº°¬
n. chemist's (shop),
pharmacy, drugstore
avadhi
¹4lu
n. periode, time, limit, term,
duration
avahela
¹4ã¬l
n. neglect, disdain, contempt
avahelna
¹4㬰l
n. neglect, disdain, contempt
avaj
¹l4l¬
n. voice, sound, report, uproar
avakash
¹44l°
n. free time
avalamban
¹4¬¹d°
n. support, reliance
avalokan
¹4¬l4°
n. look, gaze
avanati
¹4°lñ
n. decline, downfall
avarodh
¹4¹lu
n. obstruction, hindrance,
impediment, restraint,
taboo
avas
¹l4l°
n. dwelling, place of residence
avasar
¹4°¹
n. opportunity, chance,
occasion, scope
avasar paunu
¹4°¹ ºl¯°
v.t. to take a chance
avashya
¹4°4
adv. certainly
avashyak
¹l4°44
adj. necessary, needful,
inevitable
avashyakta
¹l4°44ñl
n. necessity, need,
requirement
avastha
¹4²"l
n. condition, state, age,
phase, despondency
avasyakta
¹l4²4¬¯
n. need, necessity,
requirement
avat-javat
¹l4ñ ¬l4ñ
n. coming and going,
connection, transmigration
avicchinna
¹l4l¯¬¯°
adj. uninterrupted, continuous
21
avikasit
¹l44l°ñ
adj. undeveloped
avishvas
¹l4°4l°
n. distrust, disbelief, non-
confidence, suspicion,
doubt
aviskar
¹ll4¯4l¹
n. discovery, invention
avivekpurna
¹l444º"l
adj. without reason, for no
reason, unfounded
avyavastha
¹¯44²"l
n. disorder
ayaram gayaram
¹l4l¹lº ¹4l¹lº
n. frequent defectionist
ayarlaind
¹l4¹¬"°
n. Ireland
ayog
¹l4l¹
n. commission
ayojana
¹l4l¬°l
n. project
ba
dl
n. father [colloquially]
babu
dld
n. father
bacaunu
d¬l¯°
v.t. to save, to defend, to spare
bada
d°l
adj. big, large, gigantic, og
great size
bada hakim
d°l ãll4º
n. district officer
badal
dl°¬
n. cloud
badam
d°lº
n. peanut
badamash
d°ºl°
adj. wicked, immoral,
mischievous
badanam
d°°lº
adj. caluminated, infamous
badha
dlul
n. hinderance, obstacle,
obstruction
badhak
dlu4
adj. hindering, obstructing
badharnu
d²l°
v.t. sweep
badhaunu
d²l¯°
v.t. to increase, to make
bigger, to enlarge
badhi
d²l
adj. more, larger, higher
badhiya
dl²4l
adj. fine, nice, superior,
excellent, of good quality
badhnu
d²°
v.i. to increase, to grow, to
advance, to go forward, to
flourish
badi
d°l
n. the dark half of a lunar
month; evil, wickedness
bado
d°l
adj. big, large, gigantic
bagainca
d¹¬l
n. garden, orchard
bagbani
dl¹dl°l
n. gardening, horticulture
22
baggi
d¹¹l
n. horse carriage
bagh
dl¹
n. tiger
bagha
dl¹l
n. obstacle
bagnu
d¹°
v.i. to flow, to glide
bagvani
dl¹4l°l
n. horticulture
bahadur
dãl°¹
adj. brave, bold, courageous,
defiant
bahas
dã°
n. discussion, argumentation,
debate
bahattar
d㬹
num. seventy-two, 72
bahek
dlã4
postp. except, besides
bahini
dlã°l
n. younger sister
bahinijvain
dlã°l¯4lt
n. younger sister's husband
bahira
dllã¹
postp. outside, at another place
bahira samet
dllã¹ °ºñ
even outside
bahirapatti
dll㹺l¸
n. outside
bahiro
dlã¹l
adj. deaf
bahiskar
dlã¯l4l¹
n. expulsion, removal,
exclusion, ex-
communication
bahra
dlã
num. twelve, 12
bahraun
dlãl
adj. twelfth
bahudaliya
dã°l¬4
adj. multiparty
bahudaliya vyavastha
dã°l¬4 444²"l
n. multiparty system
bahumat
dãºñ
n. majority
bahumulya
d㺯4
adj. valuable, expensive, very
costly
bahun
dlã°
n. Brahmin
baijani
d¬°l
adj. purple
baink
dj
n. bank
bais
dlt°
num. twenty-two, 22
baisatthi
d°óól
num. sixty-two, 62
baishakh
d°lR
n. first month of the Nepali
calendar [April/May]
baithak
dó4
n. meeting, session, living
room, sitting room,
reception room
baj
dl¬
n. hawk
23
baje

o'clock
baje
dl¬
n. grandfather
bajet
d¬ó
n. budget
bajhnu
dR °
v.i. to quarrel, to wrangle
bajnu
d¯°
v.i. to sound, to chime
bajyai
d¯4
n. grandmother [lower class],
woman's mother-in-law
[lower class], a Brahmin
woman, an old woman
bakas
dl4°
n. box
bakas
d4°
n. present, gift, reward
bakhat
dRñ
n. time, period, moment,
opportunity
bakhri
dlRl
n. she-goat
bakhro
dlRl
n. goat
bakkulo
d44¬l
n. crane
baklo
dl4¬l
adj. thick
baksanu
d4°°
v.t. to give, to present [as a
present or reward by a high
standing personality like
the king]
bal

n. strength, power, force,
might
bal
dl¬
n. child, boy
balatkar
d¬l¯4l¹
n. rape
bali
d¬l
adj. strong, powerful
bali
dl¬l
n. standig crops, harvest
balika
dll¬4l
n. young girl
balistha
dl¬²ó
adj. strong, powerful, stout
baliyo
dl¬4l
adj. strong, powerful, stout
balkrishna sama
dl¬4¯"l °º
n. Bal Krishna Sama [a
famous Nepali poet]
balnu
d¯°
v.i. to burn, to blaze, to catch
fire
balnu
dl¯°
v.t. to kindle, to light, to burn
balti
dl¯ól
n. bucket
balun
dl¬°
n. a kind of folk song
balyakal
dl¯44l¬
n. childhood
bamojim
dºll¬º
adv. according to, in accordance
24
with, accordingly
bamojit
dºll¬ñ
adj. according to, in accordance
with, accordingly
banaunu
d°l¯°
v.t. to make, to build, to repair
bancaro
d¯¬¹l
n. axe
bancnu
dl¯°
v.i. to survive
banda bhayo
d¯° ¬4l
comp. it is closed, it is shut
banda garnu
d¯° ¹°
v.t. to close, to shut
bandakopi
d¯°l4lºl
n. cabbage
bandar
dl°¹
n. monkey
bandel
d°¬
n. wild pig
bandhan
d¯u°
n. imprisonment
bandhnu
dl·°
v.t. to bind, to tie up, to fasten
bandi
d¯°l
n. hostage, prisoner
bandighar
d¯°l¹¹
n. prison, jail
bandigriha
d¯°l¹ã
n. prison, jail
bandikhana
d¯°lRl°l
n. prison, jail
bandnu
dl°°
v.t. to part, to divide, to share,
to partition
banel
d°¬
n. wild pig
bango
dl7l
adj. crooked, bent, twisted
bangur
d¹¹
n. pig
bani
dl°l
n. habit, disposition, character
banki
dl4l
n. remainder, left over,
residue
bannu
d¯°
v.i. to be ready, to be made
bans
dl°
n. bamboo
bansko purda
dl ²4l º°l “
n. bamboo curtain
bar
dl¹
n. fence, temporary wall
bar
dl¹
n. weekday [of the Nepali
calendar]
bara
d¹l
n. great-grandfather
barbar
dd¹
n./adj. barbarian, savage,
barbarisch, wild
barbarta
dd¹ñl
n. barbarity
bare
dl¹
postp. about, realting to,
concerning
bari
dl¹l
n. dry field, garden
25
barkha
dRl
n. rains, rainy season,
monsoon
barnu
dl°
v.t. to observe, to abstain from
baru

better, rather, or
barulo
dl¹¬l
n. wasp
basai sarai
d°lt °¹lt
n. migration
basalnu
d°l¯°
v.t. to cause to sit, to make
someone sit
basanta
d°¯ñ
n. spring
basaunu
d°l¯°
v.t. to cause to sit, to make
someone sit
basinda
dll°¯°l
n. inhabitant, resident
basnu
d²°
v.i. to sit, to settle, to remain
basobas
d°ldl°
n. residence, place of
residence
basovas
d°l4l°
n. residence, place of
residence
bata
dló
postp. from, by
bata marnu
dlñ ºl°
v.i. to talk
batas
dñl°
n. wind, air
batho
dlól
adj. intelligent, clever
bato
dlòl
n. road, path, way
bato lagnu
dlòl ¬l¹°
v.t. to set off
battai
d¸lt
n. quail
batti
d¬l
n. lamp
battis
d¬l°
num. thirty-two, 32
batuko
dò4l
n. cup, bowl
baulaha
dl¬lãl
adj. mad, lunatic
baunna
dl¯¯°
num. fifty-two, 52
bayalis
d4l¬l°
num. forty-two, 42
bayan
d4l°
n. description, narration,
account
bayan
dl4l
adj. left
bayanabbe
d4l°¯d
num. ninety-two, 92
bayasi
d4l°l
num. eighty-two, 82
becnu
d¯°
v.t. to sell, to dispose off
beglo
d¹¬l
adj. separated
behornu
dãl°
v.i. to bear, to make use of, to
26
look after, to afford
bela
d¬l
n. time, occasion
beluka
d¬4l
n./adj. evening, in the evening,
after sunset
bemajja
dº¯¬l
adj. not pleasing
benci
d¯¬l
n. bench
bensi
d°l
n. valley, lowland, lower
portion of a hill
bepar
dºl¹
n. trade, commerce
bepar garnu
dºl¹ ¹°
v.t. to trade, to sell
bepari
dºl¹l
n. trader, merchant
ber

n. time, delay, late
berojgar
d¹l¬¹l¹
n. unemployment
bes

adj. good, very good
besar
d°l¹
n. turmeric
besari
d°¹l
adv. nicely, abundantly,
profusely, plentifully,
excessively
bevasta
d4l²ñl
adj. indifferent, unmindful,
unconcerned, careless
bhada
¬l°l
n. rent, hire, fare, freight
bhadai
¬°
n. woman's brother's daughter
bhadau
¬°l
n. fifth month of the Nepali
year [August-September]
bhadgaun
¬l°¹l¯
n. Bhaktapur, Bhadgaon [an
ancient town east of
Kathmandu]
bhadkinu
¬°l4°
v.i. to be frightened, to feel
shy, to go astray
bhado
¬°l
n. woman's brother's son
bhadra
¬°
n. fifth month of the Nepali
year [August-September]
bhagnu
¬l¹°
v.i. to flee, to run away
bhai
¬lt
n. younger brother
bhai-bharadar
¬lt·¬l¹l°l¹
n. king's address towards his
royal relatives
bhaibuhari
¬ltdãl¹l
n. younger brother's wife
bhain
¬t
n. ground, earth, floor
bhainsi
¬°l
n. water buffalo [female]
bhajan
¬l¬°
n. receptacle, object, dividing
27
bhaka
¬l4l
n. promise
bhakta
¬¬¯
n./adj. devotee; devoted, pious
bhaktapur
¬¬¯º¹
n. Bhaktapur, Bhadgaon [an
ancient town east of
Kathmandu]
bhakti
¬l¬¯
n. devotion, worship,
veneration
bhaktiman
¬l¬¯ºl°
n./adj. devotee; devoted, pious
bhakundo khelnu
¬4"°l R¯°
v.t. to play football
bhala
¬l¬l
n. spear, lance, pike
bhalai
¬¬lt
n. welfare, well-being,
goodness, gentleness
bhale mujur
¬l¬ º¬¹
n. peacock
bhalu
¬l¬
n. bear
bhanda
¬¯°l
postp. compared to [used for
construction of
comparative]
bhandakunda
¬l°l4 °l
n. pots and pans
bhandaphor
¬"°lº¯l¹
n. unmasking, unveiling,
disclosure, revelation,
betrayal
bhandar
¬"°l¹
n. store room
bhandnu
¬l°°
v.t. to spoil, to ruin (morally)
bhando
¬l°l
n. cooking pot, vessel, pot
bhane
¬°
conj. if, on the other hand
bhangero
¬¹¹l
n. sparrow
bhanij
¬ll°¬
n. sister's son
bhanje buhari
¬l¯¬ dãl¹l
n. sister's son's wife
bhanje jvain
¬l¯¬ ¯4lt
n. sister's daughter's husband
bhanji
¬l¯¬l
n. sister's daughter
bhanjo
¬l¯¬l
n. sister's son
bhanjyang
¬¯¯4ls
n. narrow valley, defile,
mountain pass
bhanne
¬¯°
adj. called, named
bhansa
¬l¯°l
n. kitchen
bhansar
¬¯°l¹
n. customs, customs duties,
office of the customs
department
bhanubhakta acarya
¬l°¬¬¯ ¹l¬l4
n. Bhanubhakta Acharya [a
famous Nepali poet]
28
bhar
¬¹
n. trust, faith, fullness
bhar parnu
¬¹ º°
v.t. to trust
bharadar
¬l¹l°l¹
n. a high official
bharadari sabha
¬l¹l°l¹l °¬l
n. assembly of high officials or
nobility in early Shah and
Rana times
bharat
¬l¹ñ
n. India
bharatiya
¬l¹ñl4
adj. Indian
bhare
¬¹
postp. later in the day, afterwards
bhari
¬l¹l
adj. heavy, weighty
bhari
¬l¹
adj. full to the brim, full
bharibharau
¬l¹¬¹l¯
adj. full to the brim, full
bharipurna
¬l¹º"l
adj. full to the brim, full
bharkar
¬R¹
adv. right now
bharopeli
¬l¹lº¬l
adj. indoeuropean
bharopiya
¬l¹lºl4
adj. indoeuropean
bharosa
¬¹l°l
n. hope, trust, reliance
bhartsana
¬¯°°l
n. reproach, abuse
bharya
¬l4l
n. wife, female consort
bharyang
¬¯4ls
n. stairs
bhasa
¬l¯ll
n. language
bhasan
¬l¯l"l
n. speech, lecture
bhasan dinu
¬l¯l"l l°°
v.t. to give a lecture
bhasavigyan
¬l¯lll4ñl°
n. linguistics, philosophy
bhat
¬lñ
n. boiled rice
bhatamas
¬òºl°
n. soyabean
bhatiji
¬lñ¬l
n. man's brother's daughter
bhatijo
¬lñ¬l
n. man's brother's son
bhattarak
¬¸l¹4
adj. revered, respectable
bhau
¬l¯
n. price, value, rate
bhaugolik
¬l¹ll¬4
adj. geographic, geographical
bhaugolik mahatva
¬l¹ll¬4 ºã¯4
n. geographical importance
bhauju
¬l¯¬
n. elder brother's wife
bhava
¬l4
n. thought, mental state,
feeling, sentiment, musing
bhavan
¬4°
n. house, mansion, palace
29
bhavan nirman kala
¬4l° l°ºl"l 4¬l
architecture
bhavana
¬l4°l
n. thought, mental state,
feeling, sentiment, musing
bhavavacak nam
¬l44l¬4 °lº
n. abstract [linguistics]
bhavya
¬¯4
adj. grand, pompous,
splendorous
bhedo
¬°l
n. sheep
bhek
¬4
n. neighbourhood, locality,
area
bhela
¬¬l
n. gathering (of people)
bhet
¬ó
n. meeting, visit, interview
bhet hunu
¬ó ã°
v.t. to meet, to bump into
someone
bhetnu
¬ó°
v.i./v.t. to meet, to get, to find, to
come across
bhijnu
l¬¯°
v.i. to get wet
bhiksha
l¬°ll
n. begging, alm, charity
bhinaju
l¬°l¬
n. elder sister's husband
bhinnata
l¬¯°ñl
n. difference
bhitra
l¬¯
postp. inside, within, in
bhitrinu
l¬l¯°
v.i. to enter, to penetrate
bhitriya
l¬l¯4l
adj. counted as a member of
the family or group
bhitte
l¬¬
wall
bhitto
l¬¬l
n. side of the wall
bhogate
¬l¹ò
n. grapefruit
bhogdan
¬l¹°l°
n. help, assistance
bhojan
¬l¬°
n. food
bhojnalaya
¬l¬°l¬4
n. kitchen, cafe, canteen,
dining room
bhok
¬l4
n. hunger
bhok lagnu
¬l4 ¬l¹°
to be hungry
bhokaunu
¬l4l¯°
v.i. to be hungry
bholi
¬ll¬
adv. tomorrow
bhote
¬lò
n. Tibetan, Bhote
bhraman
¼"l
n. travel, travelling, roaming
bhrasta
¬¯ò
adj. fallen, spoilt, polluted,
defiled
bhrastacar
¬¯òl¬l¹
n. corruption, corrupt practice
30
bhrastacari
¬¯òl¬l¹l
n. corrupt person
bhugarbha vigyan
¬¹¬ l4ñl°
n. geology
bhugolko anusandhan
karya
¬¹l¬4l ¹°°¯ul° 4l4
n. geological survey
bhuin
¬t
n. ground, floor, surface of the
earth
bhuin
¬t
n. ground, floor, surface of the
earth
bhuincalo
¬t¬l¬l
n. earthquake
bhuinkatahar
¬t4óã¹
n. pineapple
bhuja
¬¬l
n. boild rice [upper class]
bhuknu
¬4°
v.i. to bark
bhu-ksharan
¬ ·°l¹"l
n. soil erosion
bhulnu
¬¯°
v.i./v.t. to forget, to make a
mistake, to be attached
bhumi
¬lº
n. ground, floor, surface of the
earth
bhumigat
¬lº¹ñ
n. underground
bhumika
¬lº4l
n. preface, introduction,
foreword
bhundi
¬°l
n. stomach
bhu-parivestit desh
¬ ·ºl¹4l¯óñ °°
n. land-locked country
bhusuno
¬°°l
n. gnat
bhutang
¬òls
n. Bhutan
bhuteko makai
¬ò4l º4
n. popcorn
bhuteko masu
¬ò4l ºl°
n. fried meat
bhutla
¬¯¬
n. fur, hair
bhutnu
¬ò°
v.t. to fry
bhutpurva
¬ñº4
adj. past, former, previous
bhutuva
¬ò4l
n. fried meat
bhyaguto
+4l¹ñl
n. frog
bhyaunu
+4l¯°
v.i. to find time
bic
dl¬
n./postp. middle, centre, during,
among
bicar
ld¬l¹
n. thought, consideration, idea
bicchi
ld¯3l
n. scorpion
bigauti
ld¹lñl
n. beestings, the milk of the
animal after bearing a calf
biha
ldãl
n. marriage, wedding,
31
matrimony
bihaite
ldãltñ
adj. married, wedded
bihana
ldãl°
n./adv. morning; in the morning
bihivar
ldlã4l¹
n. Thursday
bij
dl¬
n. seed
bijaropan
dl¬l¹lº"l
n. laying of the foundation
stone, cornerstone
ceremony
bijuli
ld¬¬l
n. electricity, lightening
bikha
ldR
n. poison, venom
bilkul
ld¬4¬
adj. entirely, fully, completely
binti
ld¯ñl
n. request, prayer
bintipatra
ldl¯ñº¯
n. application, petition
biralo
ld¹l¬l
n. cat
birami
ld¹lºl
n./adj. patient, illness, ill
birta
ldñl
n. free-hold land
birtaval
ldñl4l¬
n. owner of free-hold land
bis
dl°
num. twenty, 20
bitaunu
ldñl¯°
v.t. to spend
biu
dl¯
n. seed
biunjhanu
ld¯R°
v.t. to wake up
bodi
dl°l
n. a kind of bean, blackeye
bean
boknu
dl4°
v.t. to carry, to lift, to conceive
boko
dl4l
n. he-goat
bolaunu
dl¬l¯°
v.t. to call, to invite
bolbala
dl¬dl¬l
n. all in all, all powerful
bolcal
dl¬¬l¬
n. conversation, talk
bolcalma
dl¬¬l¬ºl
in everyday language
bolinu
dll¬°
v.i. to be spoken
bolivacan
dl¬l4¬°
n. conversation, talk
bolnu
dl¯°
v.i. to speak
brihaspatibar
d㲺lñdl¹
n. Thursday
brihat
dãñ
adj. big, large, huge
buddhi
dl¯
n. knowledge, intellect, mental
power, wisdom
buddhical
dl¯¬l¬
n. chess
32
buddhijivi
dl¯¬l4l
adj. intelligent, learned
budha ba
d²l dl
n. grandfather [lower class]
budhavar
du4l¹
n. Wednesday
budhi ama
d²l ¹lºl
n. grandmother [lower class]
budhi aunlo
d²l ¹l¬l
n. thumb
budho
d²l
adj. old [person]
buhari
dãl¹l
n. son's wife, daughter-in-law
buingal
dt¹¬
n. upper storey of a house,
attic, garret
bujhaunu
dRl¯°
v.t. to explain, to make over
bunda
d °l
n. main point, main issue
burundi
d¹"°l
n. Burundi
butta
d¸l
n. design
buva
d4l
n. father, papa
bvanso
¯4l°l
n. wolf
byadmintan
¯4l°lº¯ò°
n. badminton
cabaunu
¬dl¯°
v.t. to chew
cadhaunu
¬²l¯°
v.t. to cause to ride, to offer [to
superiors]
cadhnu
¬²°
v.t. to climb, to mount, to ride
cadnu
¬°°
v.t. to mount, to go up, to
ascend, to ride, to improve
caharnu
¬ãl°
v.t. to loiter, to linger, to walk
about, to spend time idly by
moving about
cahinu
¬llã°
v.i. to be necessary, to be
required
cait
–
n. twelfth month of the Nepali
year [March-April]
caitra
¬¯
n. twelfth month of the Nepali
year [March-April]
cakhaunu
¬Rl¯°
v.t. to cause to taste
cakhnu
¬l¯°
v.t. to taste
cakku
¬44
n. knife, cutting knife
cakramarg
¬¯¯ºl¹
n. ringroad
cal
¬l¬
n. movement
calak
¬¬l4
adj. clever, sly, cunning, shrewd
calakh
¬¬lR
adj. clever, sly, cunning, shrewd
33
calan
¬¬°
n. custom, habit, style,
conduct
calan
¬¬l°
n. despatch, consignment
calan garnu
¬¬° ¹°
v.t. to use
calaunu
¬¬l¯°
v.t. to cause to move, to put to
use, to move, to despatch
calis
¬ll¬°
num. forty, 40
callo
¬¯¬l
n. young chicken
calnu
¬¯°
v.i. to move, to be current, to
be in use, to work, to flirt
caltika
¬¯ñl4l
adj. common, normal, in
circulation
camada
¬º°l
n. skin, hide
camal
¬lº¬
n. husked but uncooked rice
camca
¬¹¬l
n. spoon
camero
¬º¹l
n. bat, vampire
camkanu
¬¹4°
v.i. to glitter, to shine
camkaunu
¬¹4l¯°
v.t. to polish, to cause to shine
camkilo
¬l¹4¬l
adj. bright
camsur
¬¹°¹
n. [a kind of pungent
vegetable eaten raw as
herbal medicine]
canakya
¬l"l44
n. [name of Kautilya, the
author of the ancient
Arthashastra]
cancun
¬l°¬°
adj. about, a little,
miscellaneous
canda
¬¯°l
n. donation
candai
¬l°
adv. soon
candi
¬l°l
n. silver
cando
¬l°l
adj. quick, fast, soon,
immediately
candrama
¬¯°ºl
n. moon
cangunarayan
¬l¹°l¹l4"l
n. Changunarayan [an ancient
site in the eastern part of
the Kathmandu valley]
cap
¬lº
n. arc, segment of a circle,
semi-circle, rainbow
car
¬l¹
num. four, 4
caraitira
¬l¹lñ¹
adv. on all (four) sides
caran
¬¹"l
n. foot, leg, a quarter of a
34
stanza
caraunu
¬¹l¯°
v.t. to make graze
carca
¬¬l
n. talk, enquiry, query, praise,
remark, commendation
carit
¬l¹ñ
n. character, conduct,
manners, behaviour, work,
occupation
caritra
¬l¹¯
n. character, conduct,
manners, behaviour, work,
occupation
carkanu
¬4°
v.t. to crack, to split, to break
carkaunu
¬4l¯°
v.t. to cause to crack, to cause
to split
carkha
¬Rl
n. spinning wheel
carko
¬4l
adj. hard, bitter, heavy, difficult,
loud, piquant. lively,
excessive, high
carnu
¬°
v.i. to graze
caro
¬¹l
n. bird
cartarph
¬l¹ñº¯
adv. on all (four) sides
cartira
¬l¹lñ¹
adv. on all (four) sides
cataunu
¬òl¯°
v.t. to cause to lick
catnu
¬lò°
v.i. to lick
caubar
¬ld¹
adj. four times
caubis
¬ldl°
num. twenty-four, 24
cauda
¬l°l
n./adj. width, breadth; wide
caudai
¬l°lt
n./adj. width, breadth; wide
caudha
¬lu
num. fourteen, 14
cauhattar
¬l㬹
num. seventy-four, 74
cauka
¬l4l
n. eating place surrounding
the store
cauntis
¬lñl°
num. thirty-four, 34
caupattai
¬lº¸
adj. exceedingly, exceptionally
cauranabbe
¬l¹l°¯d
num. ninety-four, 94
caurasi
¬l¹l°l
num. eighty-four, 84
causatthi
¬l°òól
num. sicty-four, 64
cautara
¬lñl¹l
n. sincere and benevolent
member of the royal family
cautariya
¬lñl¹4l
n. member of the royal family
35
cautarph
¬lñº¯
adv. on all (four) sides
cautho
¬l"l
adj. fourth
cavalis
¬4l¬l°
num. forty-four, 44
cavanna
¬4¯°
num. fifty-four, 54
cavaunu
¬4l¯°
v.t. to chew
cehara
¬ã¹l
n. face, appearance,
countenance
celi
¬¬l
n. female disciple, female
pupil
celibeti becvikhat
¬l¬dòl d¬l4Rñ
n. girls trafficking
cepang
¼ls
n. Chepang [a Nepalese
nationality]
cetana
¬ñ°l
n. intelligence,
consciousness, animation,
rationality, spirit
cetauni
¬ñl¯°l
n. to warn
cetavani
¬ñl4°l
n. warning
cetnu
¬¯°
v.i. to be conscious, to recover
the senses, to be on the
alert
cha
3
num. six, 6
cha patra
3 º¯
adj. sixfold
chabbis
3¯dl°
num. twenty-six, 26
chadnu
3l°°
v.i./v.t. to throw up, to vomit
chadnu
3l°°
v.t. to leave, to leave out
chahari
3ãl¹l
shade, shelter, protection
chahattar
3㬹
num. seventy-six, 76
chaisatthi
3°ó°l
num. sixty-six, 66
chaitaun
3òl
adj. sixth
chakkinu
3l44°
v.i. to be deceived, to be
astonished
chakyaunu
34¯l¯°
v.t. to tell lies, to deceive
chala
3l¬l
n. skin
chalnu
3¯°
v.t. to deceive, to trick
chalphal
3¬º¯¬
n. discussion, debate
chalphal garnu
3¬º¯¬ ¹°
v.t. to discuss
chamnu
3l¹°
v.t. to touch, to feel
chana
3l°l
n. roof
36
chanavin
3l°4l°
n. selection, search, scrutiny,
choice
chand
3¯°
n. meter, prosody, intention
channe
3l¯°
n. filter, strainer
channu
3l¯°
v.t. to choose, to select, to
sieve
chantyal
3¯·4l¬
n. Chantyal [a Nepali
nationality]
chapakhana
3lºlRl°l
n. press, printing press
chapanna
3º¯°
num. fifty-six, 56
chapinu
3llº°
v.i. to be published
chapnu
3l¯°
v.t. to print, to publish
charnu

v.t. to scatter, to disperse
chata
3lñl
n. umbrella
chati
3lñl
n. chest, breast, bravery,
courage
chatra
3l¯
n. scholar, disciple, pupil
chatravas
3l¯l4l°
n. hostel, boarding house,
lodging
chattis
3¬l°
num. thirty-six, 36
chaunu
3l¯°
v.t. to cover, to roof
chauro
3l¯¹l
n. cub, puppy, kitten
chaya
3l4l
n. shade, shadow, reflection
chayalis
34l¬l°
num. forty-six, 46
chayan
3l4l
n. shade, shadow, reflection
chayanabbe
34l°¯d
num. ninety-six, 96
chayasi
34l°l
num. eighty-six, 86
cheknu
34°
v.t. to stop, to hinder
chetri
3¯l
n. Chetri, Kshatriya [the
second highest class
(varna) of the Hindu social
hierarchy]
chimeki
l3º4l
n. neighbour
chindi
l3°l
n. cellar, basement
chiraunu
l3¹l¯°
v.t. to cause to go through
chirkemirke
l34lº4
adj. spotted
chirnu
l3°
v.i. to go through, to bore
through
chito
l3òl
adj. quick, smart
37
chodnu
3l°°
v.t. to leave, to leave out, to
abandon, to relinquish, to
give up
chopnu
3l¯°
v.t. to cover, to hide
chori
3l¹l
n. daughter
choro
3l¹l
n. son
choto
3lól
adj. short, small, condensed
chunu

v.t. to touch
churavaji
3¹l4l¬l
n. exchange of dagger-blows
chuskar
3²4¹
n. tell-tale, backbiter
chutkara
3ò4l¹l
n. release, freedom, rescue
chutnu
3ò°
v.i. to be left, to separate
chuvachut
34l3 ñ
n. untouchability,
contamination
cihan
l¬ãl°
n. grave, graveyard, cemetry,
tomb, burial ground
cijbij
l¬¬ld¬
n. goods, furniture, wares
cikitsa
l¬l4¯°l
n. treatment, remedy,
medication, therapy
cikitsalaya
l¬l4¯°l¬4
n. hospital, dispensary
cil
¬l¬
n. eagle
cimotnu
l¬ºlóò°
v.t. to pinch, to nip
cin
¬l°
n. China
cinari
l¬°l¹l
n. identity, acquaintance,
intimacy, familiarity
cinaunu
l¬°l¯°
v.t. to introduce, to cause to
recognize
ciniyan
l¬°l4l
adj. Chinese
cinnu
l¬¯°
v.t. to recognize, to know, to
identify, to distinguish
cinta
l¬¯ñl
n. woory, anxiety, care,
concern, reflection
cintan
l¬¯ñ°
n. thinking, study, reflection,
contemplation, meditation
cintit
l¬l¯ññ
adj. sad
ciplo
l¬¯¬l
adj. slippery
cirnu
l¬°
v.t. to split, to rip up
ciso
l¬°l
adj. cold, wet, moistened, damp
ciso pani
l¬°l ºl°l
n. cold water
38
cithi
l¬ól
n. letter, written message
citra
l¬¯
n. picture, painting,
illustration, image
citta
l¬¬
n. mind, feeling, spirit, heart,
attention, memory, thought
cittha
l¬òól
n. lottery, game of chance
citthi
l¬òól
n. letter, written message
cituva
l–4l
n. leopard, panther
ciundo
l¬¯°l
n. chin
ciura
l¬¯¹l
n. flattened rice, beaten rice
ciya
l¬4l
n. tea
cod-patra
¬l° º¯
n. written consent of divorce,
quitclaim
cok
¬l4
n. courtyard
cokhinu
¬llR°
v.i. to be pure
cor
¬l¹
n. thief, robber, swindler
cornu
¬l°
v.t. to steal
cot
¬lò
n. wound, bruise, hurt, mental
agony
cucuro
¬¬¹l
n. peak, summit, highest point
cuda
¬°l
n. crown, crest
cudamani
¬°lºl"l
n. a kind of valuable ornament
or jewel worn on the head
cuhinu
¬lã°
v.i. to drip, to leak
cuhunu
¬ã°
v.i. to drip, to leak
culensi
¬¬°l
n. a curved instrument for
cutting and preparing
vegetables for cooking
culo
¬¬l
n. cooking place, stove
cultho
¬¯ól
n. plaited hair, interwoven hair
cumnu
¬¹°
v.t. to kiss, to caress
cuna
¬°l
n. lime
cunauti
¬°lñl
n. challenge
cunav
¬°l4
n. election, selection
cunavi
¬°l4l
adj. electoral
cup lagnu
¬º ¬l¹°
v.i. to be quiet
curot
¬¹lò
n. cigarette
cusnu
¬²°
v.t. to suck
39
cutai
¬òlt
n. beating, thrashing
cutnu
¬ò°
v.t. to thrash, to beat
cyankhla
¯4l¯¬l
n. ground corn
cyatnu
¯4l¯°
v.t. to tear
cyau
¯4l¯
n. mushroom
dabau
°dl¯
n. pressure
dabi
°ldl
n. claim, demand
dadhnu
°²°
v.i. to burn, to be burnt up
dadu
°l°
n. ladle
daguraunu
°¹¹l¯°
v.t. to cause to run
dagurnu
°¹°
v.i. to run, to hasten, to race
daha
°ã
n. pond, lake
dahi
°ãl
n. yoghurt
dahine
°llã°
adj. right
dahri
°lãl
n. beard
dai
°lt
n. elder brother
dailo
°¬l
n. door, gate, passage,
entrance
daju
°l¬
n. elder brother
dajyu
°l¯4
n. elder brother
daknu
°l4°
v.t. to call, to invite
daksha
°°l
adj. dexterous, able, astute
dakshin koriya
°l°l"l 4ll¹4l
n. Südkorea
dal
°l¬
n. different kinds of lentils
dal
°¬
n. party, group, crowd
dalal
°¬l¬
n. broker, tout, middleman
dalbal
°¬d¬
n. the whole party, army,
strenght
dalbandi
°¬d¯°l
n. party politics, group politics
dalcini
°l¬¬l°l
n. cinnamon
dalit
°l¬ñ
n. Dalit, untouchable (as seen
by the Bahuns)
dallo
°¯¬l
n. round thing, cloth, lump
dalo
°l¬l
n. basket
dalpati
°¬ºlñ
n. party leader, chief,
commander
dalvihinata
°¬l4ãl°ñl
n. independence from party,
40
non-party
daman
°º°
n. suppression, oppression
dampati
°¹ºlñ
n. husband and wife
damphu
°¹º¯
n. a kind of drum
dan
°l°
n. donation, gift, religious gift,
contribution
danda
°l°l
n. hill, hillock, pole of a roof
danda
°l°
n. fine, penalty, punishment
dandalnu
°°l¯°
n. back
dandi
°l°l
n. pole, staff (of a palanquin)
dando
°l°l
n. hill, hillock, the pole of a
roof
danphe
°lº¯
n. the nine-coloured
Himalayan pheasant [the
National Bird of Nepal]
dant
°lñ
n. tooth
dant majhnu
°lñ ºlR °
v.t. to clean teeth
dant malnu
°lñ º¯°
v.t. to clean teeth
dant maskaunu
°lñ º²4l¯°
v.t. to clean teeth
dantko burus
°lñ4l d¹°
n. tooth brush
dantmanjan
°¯ñº¯¬°
n. tooth paste
danuvar
°°4l¹
n. Dhanuwar [a Nepali
nationality]
dapha
°º¯l
n. section of a law
dar
°¹
n. fear, dread, alarm, risk,
danger
daraj
°¹l¬
n. cupboard
daraunu
°¹l¯°
v.i. to frighten, to be frightened
darbar
°¹dl¹
n. palace, royal court
dari
°l¹l
n. beard
dari
°¹l
n. cotton rug
daridra
°l¹°
adj. poor, needy, penurious
darim
°ll¹º
n. pomegranate
darja
°¬l
n. class, standard, position,
rank
darjan
°¬°
n. dozen
darjiling
¬l¬ll¬s
n. Darjeeling
darlagdo
°¹¬l¹°l
adj. dreadful, terrible,
dangerous
41
darle
°¹¬
out of fear
darshan
°°°
n. audience, appearance,
vision
das
°°
num. ten, 10
das
°l°
n. slave, servant, dependent
dasana
°°°l
n. cotton rug for lying on,
mattress
dasaun
°°l
adj. tenth
dashak sarvanam
°°4 °4°lº
n. demonstrative pronoun
dasi
°°l
n. proof, evidence
dasta
°l°ñl
n. slavery, servitude, bondage
dastavej
°²ñ4¬
n. document, deed
data
°lñl
giver, donor, benefactor
datri sanstha
°lñ °²"l
n. donor agency
daudaha
°l°lãl
n. touring, travelling,
inspection
daura
°l¯¹l
n. firewood, fuel, dried wood
dava
°l4l
n. claim, demand
daya
°4l
n. kindness, favour, mercy,
pity, sympathy
daya aunu
°4l ¹l¯°
to pity, to feel pity
dayan
°l4l
adj. right
dayaniya
°4°l4
adj. pitiable, arousing pity
debre
°d
adj. left, reverse, opposite
dedh baje
°² d¬
adv. half past one
dekhaunu
°Rl¯°
v.t. to show
dekhi
°lR
postp. from, after, owing to
dekhinu
°lR°
v.i. to be seen, to appear
dekhnu
°¯°
v.t. to see
dera
°¹l
n. residence, booth, camp
desh
°°
n. land, country, region
deshantar
°°¯ñ¹
n. terrestrial longitude; foreign
country
deshbhakta
°°¬¬¯
n. patriot
deshbhakti
°°¬l¬¯
n. patriotism
deshraksha
°°¹°ll
n. national defence
devar
°4¹
n. husband's younger brother
42
devarani
°4¹l°l
n. husband's younger
brother's wife
devata
°4òl
n. god
dhadas
²l°°
n. encouragement, hope,
assurance
dhago
ul¹l
n. thread
dhakane
²4°
n. rice fried in butter and
cooked in milk
dhakdhakyaunu
²4²4¯l¯°
v.t. to push down, to tap
dhaknu
²l4°
v.t. to hide, to cover, to conceal
dhamilo
ulº¬l
adj. dim, not clear, dirty, muddy
dhamki
u¹4l
n. threatening, threat, reproof
dhan

n. wealth, property, riches
dhan
ul°
n. unhusked Reis
dhanca
²l¬l
n. design, way, method, make
up, manner
dhandha
u¯ul
n. occupation, business,
profession
dhandhali
ulu¬l
n. chaos, chaotic state
dhani
ul°l
adj. golden
dhani
u°l
adj. rich
dhaniyan
ul°4l
n. coriander
dhaniyanko sag
ul°4l4l °l¹
n. coriander green
dhantnu
²lò°
v.i. to tell a lie, to deceive
dhapaunu
uºl¯°
v.t. to drive away, to chase
dhara
ul¹l
n. water tap, torrent, current
of water
dharahara
u¹ã¹l
n. tower
dharan
ul¹"l
n. holding, wielding
dharana
ul¹"ll
n. determination, thought,
memory
dharatal
u¹lñ¬
n. surface (of the earth)
dharke
u4
adj. striped
dharma

n. religion, duty, creed, faith
dharmadeva
uº°4
n. Dharmadeva [a Licchavi
king, father of Manadeva I]
dharmadhikari
uºllu4l¹l
n. an official responsible for
jurisdiction
dharmagranth
uº¹¯"
n. religious text
43
dharmashala
uº°l¬l
n. resthouse [for religious
puposes]
dharmavacak nam
uº4l¬4 °lº
n. abstract noun [ling.]
dharmik
ulº4
adj. religious, related to dharma
dharmik sthan
ulº4 ²"l°
n. religious centre
dharna
u°l
n. the act of waiting for
something
dharo
ul¹l
n. spring of water, current of
water, stream of people
dhatu
ulñ
n. metal
dhau
ul¯
n. ore
dherai

adj. much, many, a lot
dherai aghi
u¹ ¹l¹
adv. long time ago
dherai logne hunu
u¹ ¬l¹° ã°
comp. to practice polyandry
dherai vivaha
u¹ l44lã
n. polgamy
dherai vivaha garnu
u¹ l44lã ¹°
comp. to practice polygamy
dheraijaso
u¹¬°l
adj. many, a lot
dhiki
l²4l
n. a machine for husking rice
dhimal
luºl¬
n. Dhimal [a Nepali
nationality]
dhindo
l²°l
n. boiled flour paste
dhoka
²l4l
n. door, gate, gateway
dhukka
²44
adj. free from axiety, secure
dhukur
²4¹
n. dove
dhukuti
²4òl
n. barn, storehouse, treasury
dhunga
²¹l
n. stone
dhup

n. sun, sunshine, incence
dhusro
u°l
adj. ash-coloured, grey
dhvanse
·4l°
adj. dark-brown, soot-coloured
dhyan
·4l°
n. meditation, contemplation
didi
l°°l
n. elder sister
digo
°l¹l
adj. sustainable
din
l°°
n. day
dinahun
l°°ã
adj. daily
dinbhari
l°°¬l¹
for the whole day
dinu
l°°
v.t. to give
dirgha
°l¹
adj. large, wide, tall, huge, deep
44
dirghakalin
°l¹4l¬l°
adj. sustained, chronic, long
term
disha
l°°l
n. direction
diunso
l°¯°l
adv. at the day time
divas
l°4°
n. day
dobar
°ld¹
adj. double, twice, twofold
dohori
°lãl¹l
adj. pertaining to both sides
doklo
°l4¬l
adj. double
doko
°l4l
n. a big basket carried on the
back
doreto
°l¹ól
n. footpath, way to walk
dori
°l¹l
n. cord, rope
dosi
°l¯ll
adj. defective, faulty, guilty,
sinful
dosro
°l°l
adj. second
dravyavacak nam
°¯44l¬4 °lº
n. material noun
dristi
°l²ó
n. sight, vision, looking
dristikon
°l²ó4l"l
n. viewpoint, visual angle
dublaunu
°¯¬l¯°
v.i. to get thin, to be weak
dublo
°¯¬l
adj. weak, thin, lean, skiny
dubnu
°¯°
v.i. to drown, to sink
dubulki marnu
°d¯4l ºl°
v.t. to take the plunge
dudh
°u
n. milk
dugdha
°¹u
n. milk
dugdhasar
°¹u°l¹
n. cheese
dugurnu
°¹°
v.i. to run
duhkhi
°:Rl
adj. sad
duhunu
°ã°
v.t. to milk
dui
°t
num. two, 2
dura
°¹l
n. Dura [a Nepali nationality]
duragraha
°¹l¹ã
n. prejudice, improper attempt
durdarshita
°¹°l°ñl
n. far-sightedness, prudence,
sagacity
durgam
°¹º
adj. remote
dursancar
°¹°¬l¹
n. telecommunication
durvavahar
°44ãl¹
n. misconduct, misbehaviour
dusti
°l²ñ
adj. defective, corrupted,
45
defiled, contaminated,
polluted
dut
°ñ
n. ambassador, massenger,
courier
dvandva
Tl°
n. couple, duel, quarrel
dvara
Tl¹l
postp. from, by
dvija
lT¬
n. twice-born, Brahman,
oviparous
dvitiya purus vacak
lTñl4 º¹¯l 4l¬4
n. second person [ling.]
dvitiyardha
lTñl4lu
n. second half
dyotak
¤lñ4
adj. making clear, showing,
manifesting, enlightening,
indicating
e
]
int. hey! listen!
eghara
]¹l¹
num. eleven, 11
egharaun
]¹l¹l
adj. eleventh
ejan
]¬°
ditto, loc cit.
ek
]4
num. one, 1
ek baji
]4 dll¬
adv. once
ek chin
]4 l3°
adv. for a moment, for a short
time
ek coti
]4 ¬llò
adv. once
ek khep
]4 Rº
adv. once
ek na ek
]4 ° ]4
one or other
ek palta
]4 º¯ó
adv. once
ek saya dui
]4 °4 °t
num. one hundred and two, 102
ek saya ek
]4 °4 ]4
num. one hundred and one, 101
ekaarkalai
]4l¹4l¬lt
adv. each other
ekabihana
]4lldãl°
adv. very early in the morning
ekadeshma
]4l°°ºl
in any country
ekaki
]4l4l
adj. alone, solitary
ekanabbe
]4l°¯d
num. ninety-one, 91
ekanta
]4l¯ñ
n./adj. solitude, loneliness; alone,
lonely
ekanunna
]4l¯¯°
num. fifty-one, 51
ekasi
]4l°l
num. eighty-one, 81
ekatira
]4llñ¹
adv. to one side, on the one
hand
46
ekcalis
]4¬l¬l°
num. forty-one, 41
ekdam
]4°º
adv. very
ekedami
]4°ºl
n. academy
ekhattar
]4㬯¹
num. seventy-one, 71
ekikaran
]4l4¹"l
n. integration, amalgamation,
unification
ekikrit
]4l4ñ
integrated, united, unified
ekkai coti
]44 ¬llò
adv. at the same time, at once
ekkais
]44lt°
num. twenty-one, 21
ekkasi
]44ll°
adv. suddenly, at once, all at
once
eklai
]4¬
adv. alone, only
eklauti
]4¬lòl
adj. monopolistic
eklo
]4¬l
adj. lone, solitary, alone, single
eknas
]4°l°
adj. similar, in the same way,
monotonous, uniform, all
the same
ekohorinu
]4lãll¹°
v.i. to concentrate on one thing
only
eksaro
]4°¹l
adj. single, without cover, once
eksatthi
]4°òól
num. sixty-one, 61
ekta
]4ñl
n. oneness, unity, union,
sameness, solidarity
ektak
]4ò4
adv. incessant, continuous
ektis
]4ñl°
num. thirty-one, 31
ektrit
]4l¯ñ
adj. united, gathered
eproc
]ºl¬
n. approach
eshiyali
]l°4l¬l
adj. Asian
esiyayi
]l°4l4l
adj. Asian
euta
]¯òl
adj. one [non-human]
euta tukra jagga
]¯ól ò¯¯l ¬¹¹l
a small plot of land
evamastu
]4º²ñ
adv. so be it; Amen
evan
]4
conj. and, as also
gada
¹°l
n. club, mace, bludgeon
gadagad
¹°¹°
adj. glad, happy, pleased, joyful
gadar
¹°¹
n. mutiny, rebellion, revolt
gadda
¹¸l
n. soft and thick bed, mattress
gaddar
¹¸l¹
adj. revolutionary
47
gaddar
¹¸¹
n. mud, dirt, swamp
gaddar-posh
¹¸¹ ºl°
n. door mat for rubbing off
mud
gaddi
¹¸l
n. throne, saddle cloth,
cushion
gaddu
¹¸
n./adv. a bear's cub; useless, good
for nothing, worthless
gadgad
¹°¹°
thick mud or any thick
substance, muddy,
swampy
gadha
¹ul
n. donkey, ass
gadhapaccisi
¹ulºl¯¬°l
n. adolescence, an
unexperienced age
gadinarasing
¹°°l°¹l°s
adj. enthroned, installed as king
gadnu
¹l°°
v.t. to bury
gadryak-gudruk
¹°¯4l4 ¹°4
n. sound produced by the
trampling of feet or hoofs
gadryamma
¹°¯4l¹º
n. terrible sound produced by
the fall of heavy things
gadya
¹¤
n. prose, ordinary writing
gadya-kavita
¹¤·4l4ñl
n. prose poetry
gadya-kavya
¹¤·4l¯4
n. prose, belles lettres
gagri
¹l¹l
n. a metal water-vessel
gagro
¹l¹l
n. a large earthenware or
metal jar for water
gahak
¹lã4
n. buyer, customer, purchaser
gahaki
¹lã4l
n. buyer, customer, purchaser
gahat
¹ãñ
n. lentils
gahiro
¹lã¹l
adj. deep, profound, solemn
gahraun
¹ãl
adj. heavy, weighty
gahro
¹lãl
adj. difficult, arduous, hard
gahrungo
¹ã¹l
adj. heavy, weighty
gahun
¹ã
n. wheat
gai
¹lt
n. cow
gaibastu
¹lt4²ñ
n. cattle
gaihra
¹ã
adj. all, whole
gainda
¹°l
n. rhinoceros
gair sarkari sanstha
¹¹ °¹4l¹l °²"l
n. Non Government
48
Organization, NGO
gairaprajatantrik
¹¹º¬lñll¯¯4
adj. undemocratic, non-
democratic
gajar
¹l¬¹
n. carrot
gala
¹l¬l
n. cheeks
galainca
¹¬¬l
n. carpet
galat
¹¬ñ
adj. wrong
gali
¹l¬l
n. rebuke, abuse, reproof
gali
¹ll¬
n. rebuke, abuse, reproof
gali garnu
¹l¬l ¹°
v.t. to tell off, to insult
galli
¹¯¬l
n. lane, by-lane
gamarkyaunu
¹º4¯l¯°
v.t. to clutch, to seize
gambhir
¹¹¬l¹
adj. deep, grave, far down
ganagan
¹°¹°
n. grumbling, murmuring,
prattling
ganaganahat
¹°¹°lãò
n. grumbling, murmuring,
prattling
ganaganaunu
¹°¹°l¯°
v.i. to grumble, to mumur
ganatantra
¹"lñ¯¯
n. republic, republican system
of government
ganathan
¹°"°
n. idle talk, gossip, a long tale
ganathanaunu
¹°"°l¯°
v.t. to talk nonsense, to gossip
gandagi
¹¯°¹l
n. filth, dirt, impurity
gandha
¹¯u
n. smell, odour, stink, scent,
perfume
gandhadravya
¹¯u°¯4
a sweet scented substance
gandhak
¹¯u4
n. sulphur, brim-stone
gandhakshat
¹¯ul°lñ
n. sandal-wood, tice, etc. for
puja
gandharva
¹¯u4
n. a celestian or heavenly
musician, a class of demi-
god
gandharva-ved
¹¯u4 ·4°
n. science of Music
gandharva-vidya
¹¯u4·l4¤l
n. music, the science of music
gandharva-vivaha
¹¯u4 ·l44lã
n. a kind of marriage by
mutual agreement, love
marriage
gandhi
¹¯ul
a perfumer, one who sells
essences or scented oils,
scented, perfumed, having
a sweet smell
49
gandhik
¹l¯u4
n. the scent of perfumery
merchant
gandyaulo
¹°¯l¬l
n. earthworm
gangato
¹¹òl
n. crab
ganja
¹l¬l
n. marijuana
ganjagol
¹¯¬¹l¬
n. confusion, topsy-turvey,
chaos
ganji
¹¯¬l
n. sweater, vest, jacket,
undershirt
ganjipha
¹¯¬lº¯l
n. a kind of playing cards or
ist game
gannu
¹¯°
v.t. to count, to reckon, to
deem
gans
¹l°
n. mouthful, morsel
gansnu
¹l²°
v.t. to join together
ganti
¹¯ñl
n. number, reckoning,
attendance
gapashap
¹º°º
n. prattle, tittle-tattle
gapphad
¹¯º¯°
prattler, braggart, tattler
garaunu
¹¹l¯°
v.t. to cause to do
garbha
¹¬
n. womb, foetus, embryo
garerai chadnu
¹¹¹ 3l°°
v.t. to perform at all cost
garib
¹¹ld
n./adj. poor, penniless, humble,
needy
garibi
¹¹ldl
n. poverty, penury, humility
garjan-tarjan
¹¬°·ñ¬°
n. threat, intimidation
garjanu
¹¬°
v.i. to thunder, to roar, to
bluster
garmi
¹ºl
n. heat, warmth
garna chodnu
¹° 3l°°
v.t. to stop to do something
garna dinu
¹° l°°
v.t. ro allow to do something, to
cause to do something
garna thalnu
¹° "l¯°
v.t. to start to do something
garnu
¹°
v.t. to do
garo
¹l¹l
n. wall
gate
¹ñ
n. date [according to the
Nepali calendar]
gatha
¹l"l
n. story, tale, verse, song, lay
gathakar
¹l"l4l¹
n. author of a narrative tale
gathan
¹ó°
n. formation, construction; act
50
of building,modelling or
shaping
gathaso
¹"l°l
n. long tale of oneself,
nonsense
gati
¹lñ
n. speed, motion, movement,
condition, circumstance,
position
gatihara
¹lñãl¹l
adj. lazy, sedentary, idle,
stagnant
gatiman
¹lñºl°
n. speed, movement, full
motion
gatishil
¹lñ°l¬
n. speed, movement, full
motion
gatividhi
¹lñl4lu
n. activity, movements,
frequentation, state of
things, position of progress
gatta
¹¬
adj. hopeless, having nothing
gattam
¹¬º
adj. hopeless, having nothing
gatvar
¹¯4¹
adj. transitory, perishable,
mortal
gaun
¹l¯
n. village
gaun
¹l"l
adj. secondary, subordinate,
indirect, inferior, expressing
associate quality
gaun vikas samiti
¹l¯ l44l° °lºlñ
n. Village Development
Committee, VDC
gaunghar
¹l¯¹¹
n. neighbour, villager
gaunnivasi
¹l¯l°4l°l
n. villager
gaunthali
¹l"¬l
n. swallow
gayab
¹l4d
adj. missing, vanished,
dissappeared
geru
¹¹
adj. ochre, red-brown
ghadi
¹°l
n. clock, watch
ghailo
¹¬l
n. a large water-vessel, a
huge pitcher
ghaite
¹ltñ
adj. hurt
gham
¹lº
n. sunshine, heat of the sun
ghan
¹°
n. large hammer, cloud,
solidity
ghana
¹°l
adj. thik, dense, solid, grumous
ghanta
¹"ò
n. clock, watch
ghantaghar
¹"ò¹¹
n. clocktower
51
ghanti
¹lòl
n. throat, mountain pass, vale
ghar
¹¹
n. house
ghar hernu
¹¹ ã°
to run the household, to do
the housework
gharelu udyog
¹¹¬¸ ¯¤l¹
n. cottage industry
ghatak
¹ò4
n. factor, component,
constitutent, ingredient
ghatana
¹ò°l
n. incident, event, accident,
episode
ghataunu
¹òl¯°
v.t. to cause to decrease, to
subtract
ghati
¹lòl
n. throat, mountain pass, vale
ghati
¹òl
adj. less, few, little
ghatnu
¹ò°
v.i. to decrease, to lesson, to
decline
ghatta
¹¸
n. corn mill, water mill
ghatu
¹lò
n. a Gurung dance
ghau
¹l¯
n. wound, sore, hurt, injury,
ulcer
ghiu
l¹¯
n. melted butter
ghoda
¹l°l
n. horse, pony, hammer of a
gun
ghoral
¹l¹¬
n. Himalayan wild goat
ghosana
¹l¯l"ll
n. declaration, proclamation,
announcement
ghosanapatra
¹l¯l"llº¯
n. manifesto
ghosit
¹ll¯lñ
adj. declared, proclaimed
ghumnu
¹¹°
v.i. to move about, to roam, to
turn round, to go around
ghunda
¹ °l
n. knee
ghus
¹°
n. bribe, emolument, graft
ghyampo
¯4l¹ºl
n. a large clay jar, a store-jar
giddha
l¹¯
n. vulture
gija
l¹¬l
n. gum
gilo
¹l¬l
adj. soft, overripe, overcooked
girnu
l¹°
v.i. to fall, to drop, to come
down, to be degraded
glas
¹¬l°
n. glass
gobar
¹ld¹
n. cowdung [used as plaster
on the floor of the house]
52
godam
¹l°lº
n. godown, storehouse,
granery
godamel
¹l°º¬
n. weeding, removal of weeds
godavari
¹l°l4¹l
n. Godavari [a village in
Kathmandu valley]
godnu
¹l°°
v.t. to beat severely
godnu
¹l°°
v.t. to weed, to remove weeds
gohi
¹lãl
n. crocodile
golbhinda
¹ll¯¬°l
n. tomato
goli
¹l¬l
n. a small ball, bullet
goli gantho
¹l¬l ¹lól
n. ankle bone
golidvara mrityudanda
¹l¬lTl¹l º¯4°"°
n. death penalty by shooting
goman sarp
¹lº° °º
n. cobra
gopalprasad rimal
¹lºl¬º°l° l¹ºl¬
n. Gopal Prasad Rimal [ a
famous Nepali poet]
gopya
¹l¯4
adj. confidential, secret, private
goro
¹l¹l
adj. fair-complexioned, white
[skin]
goru
¹l¹
n. ox [castrated]
gosthi
¹l¯ól
n. symposium, small
assembly, discourse
goth
¹ló
n. cowshed, byre
graha
¹ã
n. planet, evil star, eclipse
grahan
¹ã"l
n. acceptance, reception, act
of receiving or holding
gram
¹lº
n. village
grenait
¹°ltò
n. granite
griha
¹ã
n. house, abode, residence,
dwelling
gulaphi
¹¬lº¯l
adj. pink, rose-coloured
guliyo
¹l¬4l
adj. sweet, sugary
gumaraha
¹º¹lã
adj. misled, astray
gumaunu
¹ºl¯°
v.t. to lose, to forfeit
gun
¹"l
n. quality, virtue, merit,
attainment
gunabodhak
¹"ldlu4
adj. qualitative [gram.]
gundri
¹¯°l
n. mat made of rice, wheat or
corn-straw
gundruk
¹¯°4
n. fermented and dried
vegetables
53
gupta
¹¯ñ
adj. obscure, hidden, secret,
private
guptacar
¹¯ñ¬¹
n. spy, emissary
gupti
¹¯ñl
n. spy, detective
guru
¹¹
n. spiritual teacher, master,
guide
gurung
¹¹s
n. Tamu, Gurung [a Nepali
nationality]
guruvar
¹¹4l¹
n. Thursday
guthi
¹ól
n. a religious or benevolent
society, trust, pledge
gyan
ñl°
n. knowledge, intelligence,
understanding, wisdom
gyani
ñl°l
n./adj. learned, intelligent,
informed, erudite
gyapan
ñlº°
n. memorandum
habba
ã¯dl
n. might, power, capacity,
strength
habbe
ã¯d
n. might, power, capacity,
strength
hackanu
ã¯4°
v.i. to get frightened, to
hesitate, to be scared
had
ãl°
n. bone
hade badam
ãl° d°lº
n. almond
hadpa
ã°º
n. confiscation, taking one's
property illegally,
misappropriation
hadtal
ã°ñl¬
n. strike, picket
haisiyat
ãl°4ñ
n. ability, status, merit,
capacity
hajar
ã¬l¹
num. one thousand, 1,000
hajurama
㬹¹lºl
n. grandmother
hajurba
㬹dl
n. grandfather [rural]
hajurbuva
㬹d4l
n. grandfather
hajurmuma
㬹ººl
n. grandmother [upper class]
hak
ã4
n. right, authority, claim
hal
ãl¬
n./adj. present time, present
condition, description
halkhabar
ãl¬Rd¹
n. news current affair
halla
㯬l
n. noise, turmoil, uproar,
tumult
halnu
ãl¯°
v.t. to put, to serve
54
haluka
ã¬4l
adj. light (in weight)
haluko
ã¬4l
adj. light [weight]
halungo
㬠7l
adj. light [weight]
haluva
ã¬4l
n. flour boiled in water and
mixed with butter and sugar
haluvabed
ã¬4ld°
n. a kind of sweet fruit
hamala
㺬l
n. attack, invasion, assault
hamro
ãlºl
pron. our (m.)
hango
ãl¹l
n. branch, offspring
haninu
ãll°°
v.i. to run very fast, to fly very
fast
hanknu
ãl4°
v.t. to drive, to challenge, to
exaggerate
hannu
ãl¯°
v.t. to strike, to shoot, to jump
hans
ãl°
n. duck, goose, swan
hansa
ã°
n. soul, vital air, life; duck,
swan, goose
hansaunu
ã°l¯°
v.t. to cause to laugh
hanseuli
ã°¯¬l
n. laughter, joke, jest, fun,
spott
hansilo
ãl°¬l
adj. humerous, cheerful,
frolicsome, jolly, jovial, gay,
merry
hans-kukhura palan
ãl°·4R¹l ºl¬°
n. poultry farming
hanso
ãl°l
n. laughter, laugh
hanssi
ã²°l
n. laughter, joke, fun
hara
ã¹
adj. every, everyone
haraunu
ã¹l¯°
v.i. to lose, to defeat
harayo
ã¹l4l
it has got lost
harbakhat
ã¹dRñ
adv. always, ever
hardam
ã¹°º
adv. always, ever
hariya makai
ãl¹4l º4
n. corn on the cob
hariyo
ãl¹4l
adj. green
hartakarta
ãñl4ñl
n. one who is all in all, the
Almighty
hasil
ãll°¬
adj. obtained, acquired
hastagat
ã²ñ¹ñ
adj. received, obtained
hastakala
ã²ñ4¬l
n. handicraft, hand-work
hastakshar
ã²ñl°l¹
n. signature, one's own
55
handwriting
hastakshep
ã²ñ°lº
n. interference, interruption
hat
ãlñ
n. hand
hat aunu
ãlñ ¹l¯°
comp. to fall into someone's
hands
hat halnu
ãlñ ãl¯°
to lend a hand
hatiyar
ãlñ4l¹
n. weapon
hatkelo
ã¯4¬l
n. palm
hatnu
ãò°
v.i. to retreat, to go away, to
get out of the way
hatteri
㬹l
adv. word used for expressing
surprise or sorrow
hatti
ãl¬l
n. elephant
hatya
ã¯4l
n. murder, killing, slaughter
hava
ã4l
n. air, wind, breeze
hava
ãl4l
n. air, wind, breeze
havai
ã4lt
adj. airy, relating to air
havai jahaj
ã4lt ¬ãl¬
n. airplane
havai marg
ã4lt ºl¹
n. air route
havai-dank
ã4lt ·°l4
n. air letter, aerograph
havajahaj
ãl4l¬ãl¬
n. aeroplane, airplane
havan
ã4°
n. fire sacrifice
havapani
ãl4lºl°l
n. climate, weather
havas
ã4°
o.k. [a word to indicate
obedience]
hemanta
㺯ñ
n. late autumn, beginning of
the cold season
hernu
ã°
v.t. to see, to look at, to watch
herpher
㹺¯¹
n. change, exchange,
alteration, transfer
hijo
lã¬l
adv. yesterday
hijo rati
lã¬l ¹lñl
adv. last night
hijoaja
lã¬l¹l¬
adv. nowadays
himalaya pradesh
lãºl¬4 º°°
n. Himalayan region
himarekha
l㺹Rl
n. snowline
himasrot bhaeko nadi
l㺰lñ ¬]4l °°l
n. meltwater river
him-marubhumi
l㺷º¹¬lº
n. tundra
hina
ãl°
adj. low, vile, inferior, degraded,
56
base, humble
hindi
l㯰l
n. Hindi
hindnu
lã°°
v.i. to walk, to go, to move, to
start, to set off
hira
ãl¹l
n. diamond
hit
lãñ
n. gain, benefit
hiun
lã¯
n. snow
hoco
ãl¬l
adj. short, low
hodabaji
ãl°dl¬l
n. contest, gambling, betting
hosh
ãl°
n. sense, sensibility,
intelligence
hosh garnu
ãl° ¹°
v.t. to be cautious
hoshiyar
ãll°4l¹
adj. cautious, careful
hoshiyari
ãll°4l¹l
n. cautiousness, carefulness,
prudence
hotel
ãlò¬
n. hotel
hridaya
ã°4
n. heart, mind, will
hukka
ã44l
n. water pipe, Hookka
hulak adda
ã¬l4 ¹°°
n. post office
hundi
ã l°
postp. during
huri
ã¹l
n. strong wind, storm
huri calnu
ã¹l ¬¯°
to be stormy
hyolmo
ã¯l¬ºl
n. Hyolmo [a Nepalese
nationality]
iccha
t¯3l
n. wish, desire
icchit
tl¯3ñ
adj. desired, wished for
icchuk
t¯34
adj. interested
ijjat
t¯¬ñ
n. honour, status
ikh
tR
n. jealousy, envy, vengeance
ikh phernu
tR º¯°
v.t. to take revenge
ilaka
t¬l4l
n. jurisdiction, possession,
limit, area under control
ilam
t¬lº
n. Ilam (a district in Eastern
Nepal)
ilame
t¬lº
n. inhabitant of Ilam
iman
tºl°
n. truth, belief, faith, honesty
imandar
tºl°°l¹
adj. honest, trustworthy, faithful
imandar
tºl°°l¹
adj. honest, faithful
57
imandari
tºl°°l¹l
n. honesty, faithfulness,
integrity
indonesia
t¯°l°l°4l
n. Indonesien
indriya
tl¯°4
n. sense, sense organ
inklab
t¯4¬ld
n. revolution
int

n. brick
irada
t¹l°l
n. wish, desire, will, plan,
intention
irsya
t¯4l
n. jealousy, envy
irsyalu
t¯4l¬
adj. jealous, envious
ishara
t°l¹l
n. gesture, sign, indication,
wink
ishvar
t°4¹
n. God, the Lord
iskus
t²4°
n. a kind of vegetable
ispat
t²ºlñ
n. steel
ista
t¯ò
adj. wished, desired
itar
tñ¹
adj. other
itihas
tlñãl°
n. history
itihasik
tlñãll°4
adj. historical
itihaskar
tlñãl°4l¹
n. historian
itrinu
tl¯°
v.i. to be mischievous, to talk
mischievously about sex
ityadi
t¯4l°l
conj. etcetera, etc.
iyarphon
t4¹º¯l°
n. earphone, hearing-aid
jado
¬l°l
n./adj. coolness, winter, chill, cold
jaga
¬¹
n. foundation, ground work
jagaran
¬l¹¹"l
n. awakening, wakefulness
jagat
4¹ñ
n. universe, the world
jagga
¬¹¹ll
n. landland, field, estate
jagir
¬l¹l¹
n. employment, Job, service,
monthly salary, wages
jagnu
¬l¹°
v.i. to wake up, to be alert, to
be angry
jahaj
¬ãl¬
n. ship, vessel
jahan
‹l
pron. where
jahan
¬ãl°
n. family, members of the
family
jal
¬¬
n. water
58
jalaunu
¬¬l¯°
v.t. to set fire to
jali
¬l¬l
n./adj. 1. forgerer, netting, web, film;
imitated, forged
jalnu
¬¯°
v.i. to burn, to be kindled
jal-shakti
¬¬·°l¬¯
n. water power
jalvayu
¬¬4l4
n. climate
jalvayuko prabhav
¬¬4l44l º¬l4
n. climatical influence
jal-vibhajak
¬¬·l4¬l¬4
n. watershed
jama
¬lº
n. congestion, dregs, rusts
jama
¼l
adv. tol, in sum, altogether
jamaunu
¬ºl¯°
v.t. to make solid, to freeze
jamin
¬ºl°
n. land, field
jamma
¬¹ºl
adv. tol, in sum, altogether
jamnu
¬¹°
v.i. to be frozen
jana
¬°l
n. (counting word for persons)
jana-andolan
¬°·¹l°l¬°
n. popular movement,
people's movement
janacetana
¬°¬ñ°l
n. ethnic consciousness,
national consciousness
janaganana
¬°¹"l°l
n. census
janai
¬°
n. sacred thread of a
Brahman
jana-jagaran
¬°·¬l¹¹"l
n. popular awakening,
renaissance
janajati
¬°¬llñ
n. ethnic group, nationality
janajivan
¬°¬l4°
n. public life, public living
janakari
¬l°4l¹l
n. knowledge, information
janapakshiya
¬°º°ll4
adj. related to the people
janapravad
¬°º4l°
n. hearsay, rumour, common
talk
jana-sahabhagita
¬°°ã¬ll¹ñl
n. popular participation
janasamaksha
¬°°º°l
comp. in public
janasankhya
¬°°¯4l
n. population
janashruti
¬°°lñ
n. rumour, hearsay, common
talk
janasvasthya
¬°²4l²·4
n. public health
janata
¬°ñl
n. people, public, mass,
mankind
janatantravad
¬°ñ¯¯4l°
n. democracy
59
janatantrik
¬°ñl¯¯4
adj. democratic, democratical
janavad
¬°4l°
n. a political principle in which
the supreme administrator
must be elected by
common people
janavar
¬°l4¹
n. animal, beast
janc
¬l¬
n. exam, test
jancnu
¬l¯°
v.t. to test, to examine
jand
¬l°
n. beer
jangal jamaune kam
¬¹¬ ¬ºl¯° 4lº
n. afforestation,
reafforestation
jangal tayar parne
¬¹¬ ñ4l¹ ºl°
n. afforestation,
reafforestation
jangali
¬7¬l
adj. savage, wild, beastly
janieko
¬ll°]4l
adj. known
janjal
¬¯¬l¬
n. worldly domestic affairs,
family, wife and children
janma
¬¯º
n. birth, life, nativity,
production
janmabhumi
¬¯º¬lº
n. birthplace
janmadar
¬¯º°¹
n. birth rate
janmadata
¬¯º°lñl
n. father, progenitor, producer
janmanu
¬¯º°
v.i. to be born
janmat
¬°ºñ
n. public opinion
janmathalo
¬¯º"¬l
n. birth-place, place where
born
janmaunu
¬¯ºl¯°
v.t. to give birth to
janmeko
¬¯º4l
adj. born
jannu
¬l¯°
v.t. to know, to understand
jantantra
¬°ñ¯¯
n. people's democracy
janto
¬lñl
n. handmill for grinding corn
etc.
janu
¬l°
v.i. to go
japan
¬lºl°
n. Japan
japnu
¬¯°
v.t. to mutter prayers, to repeat
mantra or prayer, to tell
beads
jarayo
¬¹l4l
n. a kind of deer
jari
¬l¹l
adj. proceeding, continued,
current, in force
60
jarimana
¬¹lºl°l
n. fine, punishment, money
penalty
jarivana
¬¹l4l°l
n. fine, punishment, money
penalty
jaruri
¬¹¹l
adj. urgent, immediate
jasta
¬²ñl
n. tin
jastai
¬²ñ
conj. as for example, i.e., like
jasto
¬²ñl
conj. as for example, i.e., like
jasto dekhincha
¬²ñl °lR¯3
comp. it looks like
jasto sunincha
¬²ñl °l°¯3
comp. it sounds like
jat
¬lñ
n. class, caste, kind, sort
jati
¬lñ
adv. that much, about
jativacak nam
¬llñ4l¬4 °lº
n. generic term
jatiya
¬lñl4
adj. national, pertaining to the
nation
jatpat
¬lñºlñ
n. caste system
jau
¬l
n. barley
javab
¬4ld
n. answer
javan
¬4l°
n. young man, youth
javaph
¬4lº¯
n. answer
javaphdehi
¬4lº¯°ãl
n. responsibility,
accountability, obligation
jaya
¬4
n. victory, conquest, triumph,
gain, profit
jayaprakash malla
¬4º4l° º¯¬
n. Jayaprakash Malla [the last
Malla king of Kathmandu]
jehandar
¬ã¯°l¹
adj. intelligent, wise
jel
¬¬
n. jail, prison
jeth
¬ó
n. second month of the Nepali
year [May-June]
jethaju
¬ól¬
n. husband's elder brother
jethan
¬ól°
n. elder brother' wife
jethani didi
¬ól°l l°°l
n. husband's elder brother's
wife
jethi sasu
¬ól °l°
n. wife's elder sister
jetho
¬ól
n. eldest [of brothers]
jhagada
R¹°l
n. quarrel, dispute, squabble
jhalkanu
R¯4°
v.i. to mshine, to glitter, to
glisten
61
jhalmal
R¬º¬
adj. bright, resplendent, brilliant
jhamtanu
R¹ò°
v.t. to spring upon, to assault
jhan

adv. more
jhan jhan
R° R°
more and more
jhanda
R"°l
n. flag, banner
jhangad
Rl¹°
n. Jhangad [a Nepalese
nationality]
jhantnu
Rlò °
v.t. to thresh (paddy), to rebuke
jharnu

v.i. to fall, to descend, to go
down
jhaskanu
R²4°
v.i. to be startled, to get
frightened all of a sudden,
to feel sudden alarm
jhiknu
lR4°
v.t. to take out, to take off
jhinge macha
lR¹ ºl3l
n. shrimp
jhingo
ºR¹l
n. fly, housefly
jhol
Rl¬
n. broth, soup
jhuknu
R4°
v.i. to bow down, to stoop
jhunda
R"°l
n. group, assembly, bond
jhutho
Ról
adj. untrue, false
jhuto
Ròl
adj. untrue, false
jhyal
R4l¬
n. window
jhyalkhana
R4l¬Rl°l
n. jail, prison
jibro
l¬dl
n. tongue
jilla
l¬¯¬l
n. district
jilla pramukh adhikari
l¬¯¬l ººR ¹lu4l¹l
n. Chief District Officer, CDO
jilla vikas samiti
l¬¯¬l l44l° °lºlñ
n. District Development
Committee, DDC
jimma
l¬¹ºl
n. responsibility, care, custody
jimmevari
l¬¹º4l¹l
n. responsibility
jindagi
l¬¯°¹l
n. life
jira
¬l¹l
n. cumin
jirel
l¬¹¬
n. Jirel [a Nepalese
nationality]
jit
¬lñ
n. victory, triumph, success
jitnu
l¬¯°
to win
jiu
¬l¯
n. body, person, frame
jiundo
l¬¯°l
adj. living, alive, lively
62
jiunu
l¬¯°
v.i. to live
jivajantu
¬l4¬¯ñ
n. living being, animal
jivan
¬l4°
n. life, existence, animation
jivani
¬l4°l
n. life-story, biography
jivanshaili
¬l4°°¬l
n. way of life, habits, lifestyle
jivjantu
¬l4¬¯ñ
n. animal, living being
joban
¬ld°
n. youth, puberty, flower of
youth
jod
¬l°
n. power, strength; join,
addition, total, the sum total
jodi
¬l°l
n. couple
jodnu
¬l°°
v.t. to add, to join
joi
¬lt
n. wife [rural]
jokhnu
¬l¯°
v.t. to weigh
jotnu
¬l¯°
v.t. to plow, to harness
juhar
¬ãl¹
n. jewel, jewellery, gem
juka
¬4l
n. leeches, tapeworms
juktanu
¬¬¯°
v.i. to be forthcoming, to be
collected, to be united, to
be entangled
julus
¬¬°
n. procession, marching
jumra
¼l
n. lice
jun
¬°
n. moon
jun
¬°
pron. which, whichever
junaph
¬°lº¯
n. presence
junar
¬°l¹
n. orange
junelo
¬°¬l
n. large millet
junga
¬ ¹l
n. moustache
junkiri
¬°4l¹l
n. firefly
junsukai
¬°°4
pron. whichever, whatsoever
juramuraunu
¬¹º¹l¯°
v.i. to be active, to be alert
jut
¬ò
adj. group, party
jutaunu
¬òl¯°
v.t. to collect, to gather
juthyaunu
¬ó¯l¯°
v.t. to get dirty, so soil
jutnu
¬ò°
v.i. to be collected, to be united
63
jutta
¬¬l
n. shoe, slipper, boot
juva
¬4l
n. game, gamble
juva khelnu
¬4l R¯°
to gamble
jvain
¯4lt
n. daughter's husband, son-
in-law
jyada
¯4l°l
adj. too much, in excess,
excessive
jyadai
¯4l°
adj. extremely
jyestha
¯4¯ó
n. second month of the Nepali
year (May-June)
jyotirvidya
¯4llñl4¤
n. astronomy, astrology
jyotis
¯4llñ¯l
n. astronomy, astrology
jyotisi
¯4llñ¯ll
n. astrologer, astronomer
kabja
4¯¬l
n. possession, occupation
kacauro
4¬l¹l
n. cup
kachuva
434l
n. turtle, tortoise
kacinggal
4l¬¹¬
n. quarrel
kada
4°l
adj. hard, harsh, cruel, unkind
kadam
4°º
n. step, footstep
kadar
4°¹
n. respect, value, appreciation
kag
4l¹
n. crow, raven
kagati
4l¹ñl
n. lime
kahalaunu
4ã¬l¯°
v.i. to be called, to be famous
kahan
4ãl
pron. where? in what place?
kahan pani
4ãl ºl°
adv. nowhere, not anywhere
kahani
4ãl°l
n. saying, proverb, story
kahile
4lã¬
pron. when? at what time?
kahile kahin
4l㬠4ãl
adv. sometimes, from time to
time
kahin
4ãl
adv. wherever
kahin kahin
4ãl 4ãl
adv. at some places, in many a
place
kahinlo
4llã¬l
n. fourth eldest [of brothers]
kaid

n. imprisonment, jail
kaid garnu
4° ¹°
v.t. to arrest
kaidi
4°l
n. prisoner, captive, convict
kaidkhana
4°Rl°l
n. prison, jail
64
kailo
4¬l
adj. light-brown [hair]
kainyo
4lt4l
n. comb
kaiphat
4º¯ñ
n. statement, remark,
description
kaiphiyat
4lº¯4ñ
n. statement, remark,
description
kaiyaun
44l
adj. innumerable, many, several
kaiyun
44
adj. innumerable, many, several
kaj
4l¬
n. work, duty, job, occupation
kaju
4l¬
n. cashew nut
kaka
4l4l
n. father's brother
kakh
4lR
n. position formed while sitting
cross-legged on the floor,
side of the body above the
hip, lap
kakhi
4lRl
n. arm-pit
kaki
4l4l
n. father's brother's wife
kakrinu
4l¯¯°
v.i. to become stiff by cold, to
be numbed
kakryaunu
4¯¯¯l¯°
v.t. to make numbed
kal
4l¬
n. time, period, era, age,
season, death
kala
4¬l
n. art, craft, technics
kalaha
4‹
n. quarrel, scramble, dispute,
fray
kalakar
4¬l4l¹
n. artist, technician
kalakaushal
4¬l4l°¬
n. state of being skilful
kale
4l¬
n. a dark skinned human
being
kaleji
4¬¬l
adj. dark-red
kalejo
4¬¬l
n. liver
kaligad
4ll¬¹°
n. artisan
kalij
4ll¬¬
n. pheasant
kalilo
4l¬¬l
adj. ender, soft, delicate, young
kalo
4l¬l
adj. black
kalo dal
4l¬l °l¬
n. black lentils
kalo mas
4l¬l ºl°
n. black lentils
kalpa
4¯º
n. era
kalpana
4¯º°l
n. imagination, fiction,
65
supposition, assumption
kalpanashakti
4¯º°l°l¬¯
n. powers of imagination
kalyan
4¯4l"l
n. welfare, good
kalyanakari
4¯4l"l4l¹l
adj. propitious, auspicious,
beneficial, good
kam
4lº
n. work, duty, job, occupation
kam

adj. little, less, small
kam garnu
4lº ¹°
v.t. to work
kamai
4ºlt
n. income, returns, mode of
earning
kamaunu
4ºl¯°
v.t. to earn, to acquire wealth,
to cultivate
kamdar
4lº°l¹
n. worker, labourer, porter,
helper
kamej
4º¬
n. shirt
kamero
4º¹l
n. white clay used in painting
walls
kamilo
4lº¬l
n. ant
kamjori
4º¬l¹l
n. weakness, debility,
deficiency
kamkaj
4lº4l¬
n. business, occupation, work
kammal
4¹º¬
n. blanket
kammar
4¹º¹
n. waist
kamnu
4lº°
v.i. to tremble, to shiver
kamta
4¹ñl
adj. less, insufficient, short
kamti
4¹ñl
adj. less, insufficient, short
kan
4l°
n. ear
kancat
4¯¬ó
n. temple
kanchi
4l¯3l
n. last born female child, nice
young girl
kancho
4l¯3l
n. youngest [of brothers]
kanco
4l¬l
adj. raw, unripe, immature
kand
4l"°
n. chapter, branch, incident
kandha
4lu
shoulder
kandhinu
4llu°
v.i. to be fatt [with eating]
kando
4l°l
n. thorn
kanggal
47l¬
adj. poor, penniless, penurious
kanka loti
4l¯4l ¬lñl
n. ear lobes
66
kankro
4l¯¯l
n. cucumber
kano
4l°l
adj. blind in one eye, one-eyed
kanparo
4¯ºl¹l
n. temple
kanso
4l°l
n. bronze
kanta
4lòl
n. fork
kantipur
4ll¯ñº¹
Kantipur [an old name for
Kathmandu]
kanun
4l°°
n. law, regulation
kanun bamojit
4l°° dºll¬ñ
according to the law, in
conformity with the law
kapada
4º°l
n. cloth, clothing, apparel,
wear
kapal
4ºl¬
n. hair of the head, head
kapal kornu
4ºl¬ 4l°
v.t. to comb the hair
kapal nuhaunu
4ºl¬ °ãl¯°
v.t. rinse hair
kaphal
4lº¯¬
n. a fruit like strawberry but
with a hard pit
kaphi
4º¯l
n. coffee
kapnu
4¯°
v.t. to carve, to chisel
kar
4l¹
n. car
kar

n. tax
kara
4l¹l
n. imprisonment, confinement
karadanda
4l¹l°"°
n. prison sentence
karagar
4l¹l¹l¹
n. prison, jail
karagriha
4l¹l¹ã
n. prison, jail
karai
4¹lt
n. cooking pot [with a wide
mouth]
karamat
4¹lºñ
n. miracle
karan
4l¹"l
n. cause, motive, purpose,
reason, occasion, origin
karaunu
4¹l¯°
v.i. to shout
karavas
4l¹l4l°
n. prison sentence
kardata
4¹°lñl
n. tributory, tax-paying, tax-
payer
karelo
4¹¬l
n. a bitter vegetable, bitter
gourd
karib
4¹ld
adv. almost, aproximately
karigar
4l¹l¹¹
n. artisan
karkhana
4l¹Rl°l
n. workshop, factory,
67
manufactory
karma

n. deed, act, work
karmacari
4ºl¬l¹l
n. employee, officer
karod
4¹l°
num. crore, 10 million,
10.000.000
kartavya
4ñ¯4
n. duty, task
kartik
4llñ4
n. seventh month of the
Nepali year (October-
November)
karuva
4¹4l
n. brass pot with a spout
karya
4l4
n. action, act, duty,
occupation, profession,
function, role
karya samiti
4l4 °lºlñ
n. working committee
karyakarini
4l44ll¹"ll
adj. executive
karyakram
4l4¯¯º
n. programme, schedule
karyalaya
4l4l¬4
n. workshop, office
karyanvayan
4l4l¯44°
n. execution, implementation
karyapalika
4l4ºll¬4l
n. executive
karyashala
4l4°l¬l
n. workshop
kasari
4°¹l
pron. how? in what way?
kasaundi
4°l°l
n. cooking pot [with a narrow
mouth]
kasle lagyo?
4²¬ ¬l¹4l
comp. who has taken it?
kasnu
4²°
v.t. to tighten, to pull firmly
kast
4¯ò
n. pain, distress, trouble,
hardship
kasturi
4²ñ¹l
n. muskdeer
katahar
4òã¹
n. jack fruit
kataunu
4òl¯°
v.t. to cause to be cut, to cause
to be beheaded
katauro
4òl¹l
n. cup
katha
4"l
n. story, tale, fable, narrative
katha halnu
4"l ãl¯°
comp. to tell a story
kathan
4"°
n. utterance, narration,
statement
kathin
4ló°
adj. difficult, hard, arduous, not
easy
kathinai
4ló°lt
n. difficulty
kathit
4l"ñ
adj. said, narrated, told
68
kathor
4ól¹
adj. hard, harsh, rigid, unkind,
cruel
kati
4lñ
pron. how much? how many?
kati baje ?
4lñ d¬
comp. at which time?
kati bajyo?
4lñ d¯4l
comp. what's the time?
kati bhayo?
4lñ ¬4l
comp. how much is it?
katima?
4lñºl
comp. for how much?
katinu
4llò°
v.i. to be cut
katipaya
4lñº4
adj. some, few
katnu
4lò°
v.t. to cut, to chop, to cancel
kattar
4¸¹
adj. diehard, orthodox
kauli
4l¯¬l
n. cauliflower
kavi
4l4
n. poet
kavita
4l4ñl
n. poem
kayam
4l4º
adj. fixed, settled, firm, steady
kayam garnu
4l4º ¹°
comp. to fix a date
ke
4
pron. what?
kehi
4ãl
adj. something
kehi kurako anurodh
garnu
4ãl 4¹l4l ¹°¹lu ¹°
comp. to ask for, to request
kehi kurako mato
milnu
4ãl 4¹l4l ºñl lº¯°
comp. to agree upon, to arrange
kehi kurama anurodh
garnu
4ãl 4¹lºl ¹°¹lu ¹°
comp. to ask for, to request
kehi kurama mato
milnu
4ãl 4¹lºl ºñl lº¯°
comp. to agree upon, to arrange
kelaunu
4¬l¯°
v.t. to sift, to remove impurities
kendrit
4l¯°ñ
adj. centered
kera
4¹l
n. banana
kerau
4¹l¯
n. pea
kesari
4°¹l
adj. saffron-coloured
kesh

n. hair of the head
ketaketima
4òl4òlºl
comp. in childhood
keti
4òl
n. girl
keto
4òl
n. boy
keval
44¬
adv. only, mere, all, whole
69
khabar
Rd¹
n. message
khabarkagat
Rd¹4l¹ñ
n. newspaper
khacar
R¯¬¹
n. mule
khada
R°l
adj. erect, upright
khadkundo
R°4 °l
n. a very large cooking vessel
with rings on two sides to
hold
khadukunlo
R°4 ¬l
n. a very large cooking vessel
with rings on two sides to
hold
khadyanna
Rl¤l¯°
n. food grains
khagat
Rl¹ñ
n. paper
khairo
R¹l
adj. brown
khaja
Rl¬l
n. snack
khajasaja
Rl¬l°l¬l
n. snack
khajur
R¬¹
n. date
khala
Rl¬l
n. the outer layer of skin
khaldo
Rl¯°l
n. valley, ditch, trench, pit,
hole
khali
Rl¬l
adj. only, mere, merely, alone
khamba
R¹dl
n. pillar, pole, post
khanaunu
R°l¯°
v.t. to cause to be dug
khanci
Rl¬l
n. Khanchi [one of the former
mini stets of western Nepal]
khanco
Rl¬l
n. requirement, need,
necessity
khand
R"°
n. part, section, chapter,
division, piece, canto
khandan
R"°°
n. refutation, rebuttal,
repudiation, denial
khandit
Rl"°ñ
adj. broken into pieces, split
khanekura
Rl° 4¹l
n. food
khani
Rll°
n. mine
khanij
Rl°¬
n. minerals
khanij padartha
Rl°¬ º°l"
n. mineral product
khaninu
Rl°°
v.i. to be poured out
khannu
R¯°
v.t. to dig
khanu
Rl°
v.t. to eat
khanyaunu
R¯4l¯°
v.t. to pour out
70
khapat
Rºñ
n. consumption, sale, demand
khappar
R¯º¹
n. skull
kharab
R¹ld
adj. bad, wicked, spoiled,
naughty
kharab
R¹d
num. 100 billion,
1.00.00.00.00.000
kharani
R¹l°l
ashes, ash-coloured
kharau
R¹l¯
n. wooden sandal, wooden
slipper
kharaunu
R¹l¯°
v.t. to fry hard, to overparch
kharayo
R¹l4l
n. hare
kharca

n. expense, expenditure,
disbursement, oulay
kharidnu
Rl¹°°
v.t. to buy, to purchase
kharij
Rll¹¬
adj. dismissed, rejected,
discharged
khas
Rl°
adj. real, true, particular, proper
khasaunu
R°l¯°
v.t. to cause to fall
khasi
R°l
n. castrated he-goat
khasnu
R²°
v.i. to fall, to die
khasro
R°l
adj. rough, coarse, frank
khat
Rlò
n. bed stead
khatam
Rñº
n. end, finish, conclusion,
death
khednu
R°°
v.t. to chase
khel

n. play, game
kheladi
R¬l°l
n. player
khelaunu
R¬l¯°
v.t. to cause to play
khelnu
R¯°
v.t. to play, to act
kher

n. time, length of time,
destruction, loss, waste
kheri
Rl¹
postp. during
kheti
Rñl
n. agriculture, cultivation
kheti garnu
Rñl ¹°
v.t. to till the ground, to carry
out agriculture
khetikamai
Rñl4ºlt
n. agricultural income
kheti-pati
Rñl·ºlñl
n. agriculture, cultivation
khicadi
lR¬°l
n. a mixture of rice and lentils
cooked together
71
khicalo
lR¬¬l
n. interference, meddling;
disturbance, quarrel,
turmoil
khicolo
lR¬l¬l
n. meddling, quarrel,
interference
khir
Rl¹
n. rice pudding
khoi
Rlt
pron. where (is it) ?
khoj
Rl¬
n. search, quest, pursuit
khoji
Rl¬l
n. inquiry
khojkhabar
Rl¬Rd¹
n. trace, quest, search,
enquiry
khojnu
Rl¯°
v.t. to search
kholnu
Rl¯°
v.i./v.t. to open, to unfasten, to
explain, to annotate
kholo
Rl¬l
n. small river
khopo
Rlºl
n. a small hole in the wall for
keeping things
khoriya
Rll¹4l
n. uncultivated land, nature
reserve
khorsani
Rl°l°l
n. chilli, hot pepper
khosuva
Rl°4l
n. thieve, one who snatches
khudkila
R°l4¬l
n. steps
khukuri
R4¹l
n. a Nepalesed curved knife
khumcinu
Rl¹¬°
v.i. to shrink
khunda
R °l
n. a kind of sword, a kind of
scimitar
khushi
R°l
pleasure, delight,
cheerfulness, glad, happy
khusi
R°l
adj. happy
khutrukka
R¯44
n. the sound produced by little
articles when dropped
khutto
R¸l
n. leg
khuvaunu
R4l¯°
v.t. to feed
ki
l4
conj. or, either; word to denote
interrogation or doubt
kilakile
l4¬l4¬
n. uvula
kimbu
l4¹d
n. mulberry
kina
l4°
pron. why?
kinabhane
l4°¬°
conj. because
kinamel garnu
l4°º¬ ¹°
v.t. to go shopping, to buy
72
kinnu
l4¯°
v.t. to buy
kintu
l4¯ñ
conj. but, only, without
kinvadanti
l44°¯ñl
n. rumour, hearsay, false
report, popular talk, vague
talk, tradition
kira
4l¹l
n. worm
kiraya
l4¹l4l
n. hire, rent
kiro
4l¹l
n. insect, worm
kirtiman
4llñºl°
adj. renowned, famous,
celebrated
kisam
l4°º
n. kind, sort, class, species
kisan
l4°l°
n. farmer, peasant
kisim
l4l°º
n. kind, sort, class, species
kismis
l4°lº°
n. raisins
kisti
l4²ñl
n. tray
kitli
l4¯¬l
n. kettle
kitnu
l4ò°
v.t. to grind teeth, to gnash, to
decide, to fix, to specify, to
resolve
kodali
4l°l¬l
n. spade (with short handle)
kodalo
4l°l¬l
n. spade (with long handle)
kodo
4l°l
n. a kind of millet
kohi
4lãl
adj. anybody, anyone, someone
koila
4lt¬l
n. coal
koili
4lt¬l
n. cuckoo
kop
4lº
n. anger, wrath
kop-bhajan
4lº·¬l¬°
n. victim of anger
kopila
4llº¬l
n. bud
koriya
4ll¹4l
n. Korea
kornu
4l°
v.t. to scratch
kos
4l°
n. a measure of length
(distance of about 2 miles)
koshish
4ll°°
n. endeavour, attempt,
exertion, effort
koshish garnu
4ll°° ¹°
v.t. to try
kot
4lò
n. coat
kotha
4lòl
n. room
kotparva
4lñº4
n. (a histsorical event: Jang
73
Bahadur's coup of 1846
that brought the Rana
family into power)
kotparva pashcat
4lñº4 º°¬lñ
after the coup of 1846
kotyaunu
4lò¯l¯°
v.t. to prick, to scratch
kram
¯¯º
n. series, chain, order,
method
kramashah
¯¯º°:
adj. step by step, by degree,
serially, successively
krambodhak
¯¯ºdlu4
n. ordinal number
kramjor
¯¯º¬l¹
adj. weak, ineffective
kranti
¯¯ll¯ñ
n. revolution, pace,
movement, declination,
invading, surpassing
krishna paksha
4¯"l º°l
comp. dark fortnight, the phase of
the waning moon
krisi
4l¯l
n. agriculture
krisi utpadan
4l¯l ¯¯ºl°°
n. agricultural production
kritagya
4ññ
adj. thankful, grateful
kriyakalap
l¯¯4l4¬lº
n. functions, rites, ceremonies
kriyapad
l¯¯4lº°
n. verb
kriyayogi
l¯¯4l4l¹l
n. adverb
kshamata
°lºñl
n. ability, capacity, might,
power
kshetra
°l¯
n. file, plot of land, area
kshetraphal
°l¯º¯¬
n. products of the land, field
crops, area
kucakra
4¬¯¯
n. intrigue, a secret plot
kuco
4¬l
n. broom
kucyaunu
4¯4l¯°
v.t. to crush
kudnu
4°°
v.i. to run
kuhino
4lã°l
n. elbow
kuhuno
4ã°l
n. elbow
kuhunu
4ã°
v.i. to rot
kukhurako bhale
4R¹l4l ¬l¬
n. cock, rooster
kukhurako pothi
4R¹l4l ºl"l
n. hen
kukhuri
4R¹l
n. hen
kukhuro
4R¹l
n. chicken
kukur
44¹
n. dog
74
kul

n. race, generation, family,
clan, dynasty, parentage
kumari
4ºl¹l
n. princess, unmarried women
kun

adj. which, what
kuncahin
4°¬llã
adj. which one?
kund
4"°
n. pond, tank
kundnu
4 °°
v.t. to hew, to carve
kunni
4l¯°
adv. I don't know, perhaps,
maybe
kuposan
4ºl¯l"l
n. malnutrition
kura
4¹l
n. word, matter, affair, talk
kurakani
4¹l4l°l
n. conversation, talk, chat
kurauni
4¹l¯°l
n. milk boiled down till nearly
solid
kurnu

v.t. to wait,to attend
kursi
4°l
n. chair
kushal
4°¬
n./adj. happiness, wellbeing;
skilful, proficient, expert
kushasan
4°l°°
n. bad government,
maladministration
kusti
4²ñl
n. wrestling
kusti khelnu
4²ñl R¯°
to wrestle
kutapita
4òlºò
n. beating, exchange of blows
kutnaitik kshetra
4ò°lñ4 °l¯
n. strategical area
kutnu
4ò°
v.t. to beat, to hit
kuva
44l
n. well
kvartj
44lò¬
n. quartz
kyare
44l¹
I suppose
labh
¬l¬
n. value, profit, gain, earning,
advantage
lacar
¬l¬l¹
adj. unable, helpless, obliged
ladain
¬°lt
n. war, battle, fighting, strife
ladnu
¬°°
v.i./v.t. to fight, to struggle, to fall
down
lagabhaga
¬¹¬¹
adv. about, nearly,
approximately, almost
lagaeko
¬¹l]4l
adj. used
lagani
¬¹l°l
n. investment
lagaunu
¬¹l¯°
v.t. to use, to put on, to wear,
75
to set up, to cause to work
lagayat
¬¹l4ñ
postp. including, together with
laghukatha
¬¹4"l
n. short story
laghu-katha
¬¹ ·4"l
n. short story
lagnu
¬l¹°
v.i. to appear, to begin, to start,
to join
lagu
¬l¹
adj. intoxicating, exciting
lahad
¬ã°
n. entertainment, diversion of
mind, amusement, joke
lahad aunu
¬ã° ¹l¯°
to wish
lahar
¬ã¹
n. ripple, small wave, surge,
undulation
lahari
¬ã¹ll
n. ripple, small wave, surge,
undulation
laihernu
¬ltã°
v.t. to try on [clothes]
laijanu
¬¬l°
v.t. to carry, to take away
laj
¬l¬
n. shame, shyness, modesty
lajja
¬¯¬l
n. shame, shyness,
dishonour, ignominy,
scandal, disgrace
lakh
¬lR
num. one hundred thousand,
1.00.000
lakkhan
¬4R°
adj. one hundred thousand,
1.00.000
laksha
¬°l
adj. one hundred thousand,
1.00.000
lakshmiprasad
devkota
¬°ºllº°l° °44lòl
n. Lakshmi Prasad Devkota [a
famous Nepali poet]
lakshya
¬°4
n. aim, target, goal
lalitpur
¬l¬ñº¹
n. Lalitpur, Patan [a
neighbouring town of
Kathmandu]
lam
¬lº
n. a long line, a queue
lamai
¼lt
n. length
lamba
¬¹dl
adj. long
lamkanu
¬¹4°
v.i. to walk with long steps, to
stride
lamkhutte
¬l¹R¸
n. mosquito
lamo
¬lºl
adj. long
lampasar
¬¹º°l¹
adj. prostrate, stretched out
lamtann
¬ºñ¯°
adj. prostrate, stretched out
76
lanchana
¬l¯3°l
n. stigma, blame, slander
lanu
¬l°
v.t. to take away, to remove
lapakka
¼44
adv. adhering, attaching,
stricking
lapsi
¬¯°l
n. a kind of sour fruit
larbarinu
¬dl¹°
v.i. to reel, to stagger, to sway
lash
¬l°
n. carcass, dead body
lasun
¬°°
n. garlic
latanpatan
¬ò°ºò°
n. deceit, fraud
lataramma
¬ò¹¹º
adj. in bunches, in clusters
lato
¬lòl
adj. dumb
latti
¬l¬l
n. kick
launu
¬l¯°
v.t. to put on (clothes), to ware
lauro
¬l¹l
n. stick
lek
¬4
n. hilly region, the higher
slope of a mountain
lekha
¬R
n. prose composition, writing,
essay, article
lekhak
¬R4
n. author, writer
lekhinu
¬lR°
v.i. to be written
lekhnath paudyal
¬R°l" ºl°¯l¬
n. Lekh Nath Paudyal [a
famous Nepali poet]
lekhpadh
¬Rº²
n. reading and writing, study
leninvad
¬l°°4l°
n. Leninism
licchavi
l¬¯3l4
n. Licchavi [an early ruling
dynasty of the Kathmandu
valley]
licchavikal
l¬¯3l44l¬
n. Licchavi era
ligalige
l¬¹l¬¹
n. uvula
likhat
l¬Rñ
adj. written
likhit
l¬lRñ
adj. written
lila
¬l¬l
n. a play, amusement,
diversion
lilam
l¬¬º
n. auction
limbu
l¬¹d
n. Limbu [a Nepali nationality]
ling
l¬7
n. gender [gram.]
linu
l¬°
v.t. to take, to acquire, to
accept
lipi
l¬lº
n. script, writing, handwriting
77
lobh
¬l¬
n. greed, covetousness,
temptation
lobhi
¬l¬l
adj. greedy, stingy, covetous
logne
¬l¹°
n. husband [common]
lognemanche
¬l¹°ºl¯3
n. man, male person
lognemanis
¬l¹°ºll°°
n. man, male person
lohota
¬lãlól
n. a small metal water-pot
lok
¬l4
n. world, the three worlds
[heaven, earth, hell],
people
loktantra
¬l4ñ¯¯
n. democracy
luga
¬¹l
n. clothes, clothing
luga dhunu
¬¹l u°
v.t. wash clothes
luga lagaunu
¬¹l ¬¹l¯°
v.t. put on clothes
luga launu
¬¹l ¬l¯°
v.t. put on clothes
luga phernu
¬¹l º¯°
v.t. change clothes
luga phukalnu
¬¹l º¯4l¯°
v.t. take off clothes
luga phukaunu
¬¹l º¯4l¯°
v.t. take off clothes
luknu
¬4°
v.i. to hide
lvang
¯4ls
n. clove
lyaunu
¯4l¯°
v.t. to bring, to fetch
ma
ºl
postp. in, at, on, among
macan
º¬l°
n. stage
maccinu
ºl¯¬°
v.i. to swing
macha
ºl3l
n. fish
macha marnu
ºl3l ºl°
v.t. to fish
madat dinu
º°ñ l°°
v.t. to help, to assist
madhes
ºu°
n. the Tarai (the southern flat
land along the Indian
border)
madhya-din
º·4 l°°
n. noon
madhyakalin
º·44l¬l°
adj. mediaeval
madhyam
ºl·4º
n. medium
madhyamik yug
ºl·4lº4 4¹
n. middle ages
madhyanha
º·4l¯ã
n. noon
madhyarat
º·4¹lñ
n. midnight
78
madhyavadhi nirvacan
º·4l4lu l°4l¬°
n. mid-term elections
madhye
º·4
postp. amongin the middle, at the
centre, in between, within,
inside
mag
ºl¹
n. demand, claim
magaj
º¹¬
n. brain
magar
º¹¹
n. Magar [a Nepali nationality]
magh
ºl¹
n. tenth month of the Nepali
year [January/February]
magne
ºl¹°
n. beggar
magnu
ºl¹°
v.t. to ask for
maha
ºã
n. honey
mahadhiveshan
ºãllu4°°
n. general assembly, general
meeting
mahajan
ºãl¬°
n. moneylender, rich man,
virtuous man
mahakavi
ºãl4l4
n. great poet [a title for
Bhanubhakta Acharya]
mahal
ºã¬
n. palace
mahango
ºã¹l
adj. expensive
mahasul
ºã°¬
n. cess, tax, rate, custom,
octroi
mahasus
ºã°°
n./adj. feeling, experience,
understanding
mahatta
ºã¬l
n. greatness, magnitude,
gravity, glory, importance
mahattva
ºã¯4
n. greatness, magnitude,
gravity, glory, importance
mahattvakanksha
ºã¯44l°ll
n. high ambition, great desire
mahattvakankshi
ºã¯44l°ll
adj. ambitious
mahattvapurna
ºã¯4º"l
adj. superb, royal, regal, palmy,
magnanimous, generous
mahila
ºlã¬l
n. woman
mahilo
ºllã¬l
n. second eldest [of brothers]
mahima
ºlãºl
n. exaltation
mahina
ºãl°l
n. month
mahina
ºlã°l
n. month
maida
º°l
n. fine flour
maidan
º°l°
n. an open field
maiju
ºlt¬
n. mother's brother's wife
79
mailo
º¬l
adj. dirty
mailo
ºlt¬l
n. second eldest [of brothers]
main batti
º° d¬l
n. candle
maina
º°l
n. a name applied to several
different sturnoid passerine
birds of India and countries
further east, belonging to
the genera Acridotheres
and Eulabes
maiyan
º4l
n. princess; a word used
affectionately for
addressing a daughter
maja
º¬l
n. happiness, enjoyment,
rejoicing
majako
º¬l4l
adj. pleased, funny
majha
ºlR
n. middle, centre
majhi
ºlRl
n. Majhi [a Nepali nationality]
majhnu
ºlR °
v.t. to clean
makai
º4
n. corn, maize
makal
º4¬
n. a small moveable
earthenware stove used for
heating
malai man parcha
º¬lt º° º3
comp. I like
malai man pardaina
º¬lt º° º°°
comp. I don't like
malai thah chaina
º¬lt "lãl 3°
comp. I don't know
malesiya
º¬l°4l
n. Malaysia
malilo
ºl¬¬l
adj. fertile, manured
maltal
ºl¬ñl¬
n. article, goods
mama
ºlºl
n. mother's brother
man
º°
n. mind, thought, mental
state, heart, feeling
man aunu
º° ¹l¯°
to long, to wish
manadeva
ºl°° 4
n. Manadeva [name of
several kings of the
Licchavi era]
manahi
º°lãl
n. prohibition, control
manai
º°lt
n. prohibition, control
mananiya
ºl°°l4
adj. honorable, respectable,
venerable
manasib
º°ll°d
adj. right, just, proper,
reasonable, fit
80
manaunu
º°l¯°
v.t. to celebrate
manav
ºl°4
n. mankind, man, human
being
manavshastra
ºl°4°l²¯
n. anthropology
manbodhak
ºl°dlu4
adj. honorific [grammar]
manc
º¯¬
n. dais, raised platform, stage
mancari
º¯¬¹l
n. cluster of buds and flowers,
flower bud
manche
ºl¯3
n. man, person
mandro
ºl¯°l
n. large bamboo or cane mat
mangal
º¹¬
n. the planet Mars
mangalvar
º¹¬4l¹
n. Tuesday
mangga
ºl¹
n. demand, requirement,
requisition
manglavar
º¹¬4l¹
n. Tuesday
mangoliya
º¹ll¬4l
Mongolei
mangsir
º¹°l¹
n. eighth month of the Nepali
year [November/December]
mani
ºl°l
adj. respectable, respectful
manis
ºll°°
n. man, person
mannu
ºl¯°
v.t. to respect, to worship, to
accept, to observe
manoranjan
º°l¹¯¬°
n. amusement, entertainment,
recreation
manovigyan
º°ll4ñl°
n. psychology
manovigyanik
º°ll4ñll°4
adj. psychological
manparaunu
º°º¹l¯°
v.t. to like, to approve, to prefer
mansthiti
º°l²"lñ
n. mental state
mantavya
º¯ñ¯4
n. view, opinion, remark, note,
comment
mantralaya
º¯¯l¬4
n. ministery
mantri
º¯¯l
n. minister
manyata
ºl¯4ñl
n. recognition, validity,
accredition
mapdanda
ºlº°"°
n. touchstone, standard
maramar
ºl¹lºl¹
n. fight
marathi
º¹lól
n. Marathi
marg
ºl¹
n. eighth month of the Nepali
year [November/December]
81
maric
ºl¹¬
n. black pepper
marka
º4l
n. loss, harm, damage
marnu
ºl°
v.t. to kill, to slaughter
masala
º°¬l
n. spices
masauda
º°l°l
n. draft, rough copy
masi
º°l
n. ink
masino
ºl°°l
adj. fine, thin, mild, gentle,
delicate
mast
º²ñ
adj. drunk, intoxicated
mastira
ºll²ñ¹
n./adv. above, up
masu
ºl°
n. meat
mat
ºñ
n. vote, opinion, voice,
dogma, belief
matabhed
ºñ¬°
n. difference of opinion
matako
ºlòl4l
adj. earthen
matganana
ºñ¹"l°l
n. counting of votes
mathi
ºll"
postp. above
mathlo tala
ºl·¬l ñ¬l
n. upper floor
matnu
ºl¯°
v.i. to get drunk
mato
ºñl
n. consultation, counsel,
opinion
mato
ºlòl
n. earth, clay, soil
matoko sarvekshan
ºlòl4l °4°l"l
n. soil survey
matribhakta
ºl¯¬¬¯
n. a devotee of one's mother
matribhasa
ºl¯¬l¯ll
n. mother tongue
matriprem
ºl¯ºº
n. mother love
maulik
ºll¬4
adj. original
mauna
ºl°
n. silence, taciturnity, mum
mauri
ºl¹l
n. bee, honeybee
mausam
ºl°º
n. weather, season, monsoon
mausimi
ºll°ºl
adj. seasonal
mausuph
ºl°º¯
pron. personal address towards
the king [royal honorific
pronoun]
maya
ºl4l
n. love
maya garnu
ºl4l ¹°
v.t. to love
mece
º¬
n. Meche [a Nepali nationality]
82
meghalaya
º¹l¬4
n. Meghalaya [a Northeast
Indian state]
mehanat
ºã°ñ
n. industry, labour, hard work
mehel
ºã¬
n. a fruit
mel
º¬
n. meeting, unity, concord,
harmony, intimacy,
friendship, union, alliance
meva
º4l
n. melon
midiya
lºl°4l
n. media
mihi
lºãl
adj. fine, fine spun, finely
pulverized; soft, tender,
smooth
mihinet
lºlã°ñ
n. labour, industry, work, toil
mihineti
lºlã°ñl
adj. industrious, hardworking,
busy, active
milaunu
lº¬l¯°
v.t. to reconcile, to resolve, to
arbitrate, to bring about an
agreement, to cause to
join, to mix, to adjust, to
solve, to balance
milnu
lº¯°
v.i. to agree, to fit in, to mingle
to mix up, to befit
mirg
lº¹
n. deer
misaunu
lº°l¯°
v.t. to mingle, to mix up
together
misri
lº°l
n. sugar candy, rockcandy
mit
ºlñ
n. friend (ritually concluded)
mit lagaunu
ºlñ ¬¹l¯°
v.t. to make friends (ritually)
mithai
lºólt
n. sweets
mitho
ºlól
adj. delicious, tasteful, tasty
miti
lºlñ
n. date, day, limit, time
mohani
ºlã°l
n. charm, enchantment
mohi
ºlãl
n. buttermilk
mohi parnu
ºlãl ºl°
v.t. to make buttermilk
moja
ºl¬l
n. socks, stocking, hose
moren
ºl¹°
n. moraine
mosam
ºl°º
n. orange
motamoti
ºlòlºl ól
adj. near about, approximately
motar
ºlò¹
n. car
motar haknu
ºlñ¹ ãl4°
v.t. to drive a car
83
motaunu
ºlòl¯°
v.i. to get fat
moto
ºlòl
adj. fat
mrig
º¹
n. deer
mrityu
º¯4
n. death
mrityuko danda
º¯44l °"°
n. death penalty
mudda
º¸l
n. law-suite, case
mudki
º°4l
n. blow of a fist
mudra
º°l
n. seal, coin, gesture
mudrak
º°4
n. printer
mudrakshar
º°l°l¹
n. printing type
mudralaya
º°l¬4
n. press, printing place
mudran
º°"l
n. act of printing
muhan
ºãl°
n. source of a river or an
irrigation canal
muhar
ºãl¹
n. facade
muhurta
ºãñ
n. a division of time (48
minutes), auspicious
moment, a moment, a
while, a very short time
mukam
º4lº
n. halting place, halt, dwelling,
place of residence,
camping place
mukh
ºR
n. mouth, face
mukh dhunu
ºR u°
v.t. wash and clean the face
mukhyat
º¯4ñ
adv. chiefly, mainly, principally,
primarily
mukta
º¬¯
adj. liberated, released
mukta garnu
º¬¯ ¹°
v.t. to free
mul
º¬
n. root, source, origin
mula
º¬l
n. radish
mulak
º¬4
postp. based on, depending on,
growing from, emanating
from, originating from
mulatah
º¬ñ:
adv. basically, fundamentally,
primarily, essentially
mulayat
º¬l4ñ
adj. soft
mulsadak
º¬°°4
n. main road
muluk
º¬4
n. country, realm, kingdom
mulvasi
º¬4l°l
n. native, original inhabitant
84
mulya
º¯4
n. cost, price, worth, value
mulyangkan
º¯4l7°
n. valuation, estimation
muma
ººl
n. mother [used by upper
class only]
munal
º°l¬
n. a kind of bird from the
mountains
mung
ºs
n. a kind of Lentils, mung
bean
muni
ºl°
postp. below, under
muntira
ºl¯ñ¹
postp. downwards, below, under
musaldhare
4°¬ul¹
adj. torrential, heavy
muskaunu
º²4l¯°
v.i. to smile
muskuraunu
º²4¹l¯°
v.t. to smile
muso
º°l
n. mouse, rat
musoko dulo
º°l4l °¬l
n. mousehole
musuro
º°¹l
n. a kind of lentils
muthi
ºól
n. fist
mutu
ºò
n. heart
mvain
¹4lt
n. kiss
mvain khanu
¹4lt Rl°
to kiss
myaun garnu
º4l¯ ¹°
v.t. to mew
na
°
conj. neither, nor
nabbe
°¯d
num. ninety, 90
nac
°l¬
n. dance
nacnu
°l¯°
v.i. to dance
nadi
°°l
n. river
nagar
°¹¹
n. town, city
nagarik
°l¹l¹4
adj. civil, urban, metropolitan
nagarik shastra
°l¹l¹4 °l²¯
n. civics, civic studies
nagarpalika
°¹¹ºll¬4l
n. municipality, municipal
committee
nai
°
part. a particle used after the
word to give emphasis
nain
°lt
interj. no, negation
naitikta
°lñ4ñl
n. morals, morality, ethics
naito
°ltòl
n. navel
najar
°¬¹
n. eye, vision, sight, look,
glance
85
najarana
°¬¹l°l
n. gift, present
najarana
°¬¹l°l
n. gift, present, presentation
najayaj
°l¬l4¬
adj. improper
najik
°¬l4
adj. near, close to, next to
najitnu
°l¬¯°
v.t. not to win
nak
°l4
n. nose
nakka pora
°l44l ºl¹l
n. nostrils
nakkal
°44¬
n. copy, fashion
naksha
°4°l
n. pattern, map, plan, chart
nalikhutto
°l¬R¸l
n. shin-bone
nam
°lº
n. name, noun
namak
°lº4
adj. named, bearing the name
of
namasthanik
°lº²"ll°4
adj. independent from a noun
namdar
°lº°l¹
adj. famous well known
namkaran
°lº4¹"l
n. naming ceremony, baptism
namkarma
°lº4º
n. naming ceremony, baptism
nam-namasi
°lº·°lºl°l
n. name and address
namnishan
°lºl°°l°
adj. name, trace, mark; name
and address
namyogi
°lº4l ¹l
n. postposition
nanda
°¯°
n. husband's younger sister
nandebhai
°¯°¬lt
n. husband's younger sister's
husband
nang
°s
n. nail
nangge
°l7
adj. naked, uncovered
nanggo
°l7l
adj. naked, uncovered
nani
°l°l
n. baby
napunsakling
°º°4l¬s
n. neuter [grammar]
nara
°l¹l
n. slogan, striking word,
phrase
naram
°¹º
adj. soft, delicate, kind, gentle
naramro
°¹lºl
adj. bad, not good
nardan
°°°
n. neck
narendra
°¹¯°
n. king
naresh
°¹°
n. king
nari
°l¹l
n. wrist, pulse
86
narival
°l¹4¬
n. coconut
naso
°°l
n. vein
naspati
°²ºlñl
n. pear
nata
°lñl
n. relationship, alliance
natadar
°lñl°l¹
n. relative
nati
°llñ
n. grandson
natija
°lñ¬l
n. result, consequence
natini
°llñ°l
n. granddaughter
natishitosna
°llñ°lñl¯"l
adj. temperate, moderate
nau
°
num. nine, 9
naun
°l¯
n. name
naun caleka
°l¯ ¬¬4l
adj. well known, famous
nauni
°l°l
n. butter
navaun
°4l
adj. ninth
nayakatva
°l44¯4
n. leadership, hegemony
nayan
°4l
adj. new
nebharo
°¬l¹l
n. fig
nepalganj
°ºl¬¹¯¬
n. Nepalganj [a town in the
western Tarai]
nera
°¹
adj. near, near by, close by, not
far
neri
°l¹
adj. near, near by, close by, not
far
neta
°ñl
n. leader, guide, chief
netritva
°ñ¯4
n. leadership, guidance, lead
nevar
°4l¹
n. Newar [a Nepali nationality]
nibandha
l°d¯u
n. article, essay, dissertation,
thesis, bond, fixation
nibhnu
l°+°
v.i. to go out, to be
extinguished
nibuva
l°d4l
n. lemon
nico
°l¬l
adj. low, inferior, mean,
worthless
nidaunu
l°°l¯°
v.i. to go to sleep, to become
numb
nidhan
l°ul°
n./adj. destruction, death, poor
nidhar
l°ul¹
n. forehead
nidho
l°ul
n. confirmation, settlement,
decision, final word,
87
resolution
nihsantan
l°:°¯ñl°
adj. childless, without offspring
nihun
l°ã
n. excuse, pretence, pretext
niji kshetra
l°¬l °l¯
n. private sector
nikai
l°4
adj. much
nikat
l°4ò
adj. near, near by, close by, not
far
nikaya
l°4l4
n. body, system
niko
l°4l
adj. cured, well
nilo
°l¬l
adj. blue
nimitta
l°lº¬
n./postp. for, for the sake of, for the
cause of, cause, motive,
account, reason
nimnalikhit
l°¹°l¬lRñ
adj. undermentioned, following,
mentioned below
nimti
l°l¹ñ
postp. for, for the sake of
ninda
l°¯°l
n. reflection, condemnation,
slander, calumny,
vilification, censure, blame
nindan
l°¯°°
n. vilification
niptara
l°ºòl¹l
n. disposal, settlement,
reconciliation, conclusion
nipun
l°º"l
adj. dexterous, skilful, clever
nir
°l¹
adj. indigo
nira
l°¹
adj. near, near by, close by, not
far
nirakaran
l°¹l4¹"l
n. abrogation, annulment,
removal
nirakshar
l°¹°l¹
adj. illiterate
nirantar
l°¹¯ñ¹
adj. continuous, constant,
incessant, ceaseless
nirantarta
l°¹¯ñ¹ñl
n. continuity, continuation
niraparadh
l°¹º¹lu
adj. innocent, faultless, guiltless
nirarthak
l°¹"4
n. meaningless, vain, useless,
fruitless, insignificant,
worthless, futile
nirdaya
l°°4
adj. cruel, brutal, merciless,
unkind
nirdayata
l°°4ñl
n. cruelty, unkindness,
severity, brutality
nirdesh
l°°°
n. instruction, order, indication
88
nirdeshak
l°°°4
n. director (of an institute or
center)
nirdeshan
l°°°°
n. instruction, order, indication
nirman
l°ºl"l
n. construction, creation,
manufacture, formation,
framing, act of building or
making
nirmata
l°ºlñl
n. maker, producer,
manufacturer, builder,
creator
nirmit
l°lºñ
adj. made, formed, built,
created
nirnaya
l°"l4
n. decision, resolution,
discernment,
ascertainment,
determination
nirogi
l°¹l¹l
adj. healthy, in good health, not
ill
nirvacan
l°4l¬°
n. election
nis
l°°
n. gneiss
nisedh bhumi
l°¯lu ¬lº
n. forbidden land
nishcal
l°°¬¬
adj. fixed, still, firm, motionless,
immovable
nishcaya
l°°¬4
n. sure knowledge, resolution,
determination, confidence
nishcit
l°l°¬ñ
adj. sure, unfailing, without
doubt
nishcit
sankhyabodhak
l°l°¬ñ °¯4ldlu4
n. definitive numeral
niskantak
l°¯4"ò4
adj. thornless, free from
troubles
niskanu
l°²4°
v.i. to come out, to appear
nisto
l°²ñl
adj. plain, bland
nitamba
l°ñ¹d
n. hip
niti
°llñ
n. policy, morality, manners
niun
l°¯
n. pretext, excuse
nivaran
l°4l¹"l
n. prevention, preclusion,
redress, deterrence,
determent
nivas
l°4l°
n. home, residence, abode,
dwelling
nivasi
l°4l°l
n. inhabitant, resident, inmate,
native
niyam
l°4º
n. rule, usage, regulation,
89
practice
niyantran
l°4¯¯"l
n. control, restraint
niyati
l°4lñ
n. fate, luck, fortune, destiny,
predestination
niyukta
l°4¬¯
adj. appointed, wmployed,
posted
niyukti
l°4l¬¯
n. appointment, employment
niyutta
l°4¬
adj. appointed, engaged,
employed, devoted,
nominated, assigned
nokar
°l4¹
n. servant
nuhaune kotha
°ãl¯° 4lól
n. bathroom
nuhaunu
°ãl¯°
v.t. take a bath
nun
°°
n. salt
nunilo
°l°¬l
adj. salty
nyauri
¯4l¯¹l
n. mongoose
nyaya
¯4l4
n. justice, equity, logic, reason
nyayadhish
¯4l4lul°
n. judge, justice
nyayadhish
¯4l4lul°
n. judge, justice
nyayalaya
¯4l4l¬4
n. court of justice
nyayapalika
¯4l4ºll¬4l
n. judiciary
nyuntam
¯4°ñº
adj. minimum, minimal
ochyan
¹l3¯l°
n. bed, bedding,sleeping-mat,
quilt
ochyaunu
¹l3¯l¯°
v.t. to spread bedding, to
spread a rug,to spread a
mat
odhan
¹lul°
n. three-legged iron stand for
putting a cooking vessel
over a fire
odhaunu
¹l²l¯°
v.t. to cover up sombody else
odhne
¹l² °
n. blanket, bedcover, bedroll
odhnu
¹l² °
v.i./v.t. to cover oneself up; to
wrap, to cover
ogatnu
¹l¹ò °
v.t. to occupy, to reserve, to
hinder
ohar dohar
¹lã¹ °lã¹
n. the act of coming and going
ohor dohor
¹lãl¹ °lãl¹
n. the act of coming and going
ohralnu
¹lãl¯°
v.t. to cause to descend
oilaunu
¹lt¬l¯°
v.i. to wither, to fade
90
oilinu
¹ltl¬°
v.t. to be withered
oiranu
¹lt¹°
v.i. to drop, to fall headlong
oiraunu
¹lt¹l¯°
v.t. to cause to drop, to cause
to fall [in large quantity]
oirini
¹ltl¹°
v.i. to drop, to fall [in large
quantity]
oirinu
¹ltl¹°
v.i. to flow continually
ojhel
¹lR¬
adj. hidden, screened off
okatnu
¹l4ò°
v.t. to occupy, to reserve, to
hinder
okhar
¹lR¹
n. walnut
okhati
¹lRñl
n. medicine
orlanu
¹l¬°
v.i. to comedown, to descend
orlinu
¹ll¬°
v.i. to comedown, to descend
osarinu
¹l°ll¹°
v.i. to be moved from one
place to another
osarnu
¹l°l°
v.t. to move something from
one place to another
oth
¹ló
n. lip, lips
pacadi
º¬ll°
postp. behind
pacas
º¬l°
num. fifty, 50
pacasi
º¬l°l
num. eighty-five, 85
pacchim
ºl¯3º
n. west
paccis
º¯¬l°
num. twenty-five, 25
pachadi
º3ll°
postp. behind, later, in the back
pachattar
º¬ã¬¹
num. seventy-five, 75
pachaute
º3lò
adj. late, hinder, backward
pachi
ºl3
postp. behind, later, in the back
pachi hatnu
ºl3 ãò°
v.i. to move back
pachi janu
ºl3 ¬l°
v.i. to follow
pachi sarnu
ºl3 °°
v.i. to step back, to step down
pachillo
ºl3¯¬l
adj. last, hindermost, back, rear
pachipachi
ºl3ºl3
adv. immediately after, next
pacpanna
º¯º¯°
num. fifty-five, 55
pad
º°
n. foot, step, foot-step, word
padadhikari
º°llu4l¹l
n. official, officer, authority
padartha
º°l"
n. meaning of a word, matter
91
padarthavacak nam
º°l"4l¬4 °lº
n. objective term
padavi
º°4l
n. title, designation; post, rank
padhai
º²lt
n. study, method of reading or
teaching
padhaunu
º²l¯°
v.t. to teach
padhelekheka
º²¬R4l
adj. educated, able to read and
write
padhnu
º²°
v.t. to lear, to read, to study
padina
ºl°°l
n. mint
pagal
ºl¹¬
n. a mad man
pagalkhana
ºl¹¬Rl°l
n. mad-house
pagalnu
º¹l¯°
v.t. to melt
paglanu
º¹¬°
v.i. to melt
pahad
ºãl°
n. mountain, hill
pahadi pradesh
ºãl°l º°°
n. hilly region
pahenlo
ºã¬l
adj. yellow
pahican
ºlã¬l°
n. recognition, acquaintance,
identity
pahilo
ºlã¬l
adj. first
pahiran
ºlã¹°
n. costume, suit, dress,
clothes, garments
pahuna
ºlã°l
n. visitor, guest
painsatthi
º°òól
num. sixty-five, 65
paintalis
ºñl¬l°
num. forty-five, 45
paintis
ºñl°
num. thirty-five, 35
paitalo
ºñl¬l
n. sole
pajani
º¬°l
n. arrangement, setting in
order, overhauling [the
annual festival during which
appointments of
government officials were
renewed for the ensuing
year]
pakaunu
º4l¯°
v.t. to cook
pakeko
ºl44l
adj. ripe, cooked, mature
paket
º4ò
n. pocket
pakhala
ºRl¬l
n. diarrhoea
pakhalnu
ºRl¯°
v.t. to rinse
pakheta
ºRòl
n. wing
92
pakhura
ºlR¹l
n. arm
pakka
º44l
adj. 1. certain, sure, true; durable,
strong; careful
pakka garnu
º44l ¹°
v.t. to confirm to make sure
pakku
º44
n. meat fried in butter
paknu
ºl4°
v.i. to be ripe, to ripen, to be
cooked
pako
ºl4l
adj. aged, experienced
pakranu
º¯¯°
v.t. to catch, to hold, to arrest,
to capture, to seize, to
catch on, to understand
pakrau
º¯¯l¯
n. capture, arrest, seizure
paksha
º°l
n. wing, part, party
palnu
ºl¯°
v.t. to take care of, to raise, to
bring up, to nourish, to
keep, to tame
palpa
ºl¯ºl
n. Palpa [former mini-state,
currently a district of Nepal]
paltan
º¯ò°
n. regiment, batallion
palunggo
ºl¬l
n. spinach
pan
ºl°
n. the leaf of the betal nut
eaten with areca nut and
lime
pana
ºl°l
n. leaf (of a book)
panati
º°lñl
n. great-grandson
panc
ºl¬
num. five, 5
panc patra
ºl¬ º¯
adj. fivefold
pancanabbe
º¯¬l°¯d
num. ninety-five, 95
pancangga
º¯¬l7
n. almanac (of Hindu
astrology)
pancaun
ºl¬l
adj. fifth
pancayat
º¯¬l4ñ
n. village assembly to decide
disputes, an assembly of
elected representatives
panchaunu
º¯3l¯°
v.t. to evade, to push aside
pandhra
º¯u
num. fifteen, 15
pani
ºl°
adv. also, too, even
pani
ºl°l
n. water, rain
pani ... pani
ºl° ºl°
adv. as well as
pani pareka vela
ºl°l º¹4l 4¬l
comp. when it rains
93
pani parnu
ºl°l º°
v.t. to rain
paniun
ºl°¯
n. a flat spoon used for ladling
out rice
panjaa
º¯¬l
n. a combination of five
fingers, gloves, covering of
the hands
panjika
ºl¯¬4l
n. register, list, calender
pankha
ºRl
n. wing, feather; fan
pantha
º¯"
n. path, sect, religious order
panthi
º¯"l
n. traveller, sectarian
pap
ºlº
n. sin
papi
ºlºl
adj. sinful, profligate, criminal
par
ºl¹
n. end, other side, limit,
accomplishment,
renunciation, release, relief,
deliverance, liberation
para
º¹
adv. aside, separate, beyond,
further
paraghaun
º¹l¹l
adv. after two years
parajaya
º¹l¬4
n. defeat
parajit
º¹ll¬ñ
adj. defeated, vanquished,
overthrown
parajit
º¹ll¬ñ
adj. defeated, overthrown
parakram
º¹l¯¯º
n. power, strength, valour,
prowess
parakrami
º¹l¯¯ºl
adj. heroic, gallant, valiant,
brave
param
º¹º
adj. best, supreme, uttermost,
extreme
paramdham
º¹ºulº
n. heaven, paradise, the next
world; death, demise
paramgati
º¹º¹lñ
n. liberation, salvation
parampad
º¹ºº°
n. liberation, salvation
parampara
º¹¹º¹l
n. sequence, succession,
order
paramparagat
º¹¹º¹l¹ñ
adj. tradional
paramparik
ºl¹¹ºll¹4
adj. traditional, hereditary
parampita
º¹ºlºñl
n. the creator of all, God
parantu
º¹¯ñ
n./adv. but, inspite, however, still,
the remaining life, end
parapacuke
ºl¹ºl¬4
n. divorce, dissolution of
marriage
94
parar
º¹l¹
adv. two years ago
pararastra
º¹¹l¯ò
n. foreign county, another
country
pararastra mantralaya
º¹¹l¯ò º¯¯l¬4
n. foreign ministry
pararastra mantri
º¹¹l¯ò º¯¯l
n. foreign minister
pararastriya
º¹¹l¯òl4
adj. foreign, alien, related to
another nation
paraspar
º¹²º¹
adj. mutually, reciprocal, one
another
parca
º¬l
n. leaflet, settlement record
parda
º°l
n. curtain, screen, veil,
partition
pardabhitrai
º°ll¬¯
comp. secretly
pardesh
º¹°°
adv. abroad
pardesh lagnu
º¹°° ¬l¹°
to go abroad
parela
º¹¬l
n. eyelash
pareva
º¹4l
n. pigeon, young dove
pari
ºll¹
n. the other side [of the shore
or boundary]
pari
ºl¹l
n. the other side [of the shore
or boundary]
paribhasa
ºl¹¬l¯ll
n. definition, terminology
paricalan
ºl¹¬l¬°
n. mobilization
paricaya
ºl¹¬4
n. acquaintance, intimacy,
familiarity
paricched
ºl¹¯3°
n. part, division, section of a
book, chapter, paragraph
pariksha
º¹l°ll
n. examination, investigation
parikshan
º¹l°l"l
n. examination, investigation
parimanbodhak
ºl¹ºl"ldlu4
adj. quantitative [grammar]
parinam
ºl¹"llº
n. result, consequence
parinamsvarup
ºl¹"llº²4^º
conj. as a result of, with the
result of, consequently
parinati
ºl¹"llñ
n. transformation, culmination,
form
paripati
ºl¹ºlòl
n. tradition, method, mode,
arrangement, order
paripurti
ºl¹ºlñ
n. perfection, completion
parisad
ºl¹¯l°
n. assembly, council, senate,
committee
parishist
ºl¹l°¯ò
n. appendix, supplement
95
parishrami
ºl¹°ºl
adj. laborious, industrious,
painstaking, hardworking,
diligent
paristhiti
ºl¹l²"lñ
n. circumstances, situation,
condition, surrounding,
environment
parit
ºll¹ñ
adj. resolved, decided,
concluded, passed (of a
motion, bill, etc.)
parityag
ºl¹¯4l¹
n. abandonment, abdication
parivar
ºl¹4l¹
n. family
parivartan
ºl¹4ñ°
n. change, exchange
pariyojana
ºl¹4l¬°l
n. project
parkhal
ºRl¬
n. wall
parkhanu
ºR°
v.t. to wait, to have patience
parkhinu
ºlR°
v.t. to wait, to have patience
parnu
º°
v.i. to happen, to occur, to fall,
to ignite
parnu
ºl°
v.t. to put in, to lay, to ignite, to
cause, to make
paro
ºl¹l
n. mercury
parsi
ºl°
adv. the day after tomorrow
parti
ºlòl
n. party
parti kendriya kamiti
ºlòl 4¯°l4 4lºlñ
n. central committee of a
party
parva
º4
n. festival, holiday, fête,
chapter, section, portion,
canto
parvat
º4ñ
n. hill, mountain, rock
paryanta
º4¯ñ
postp. till, until, unto, up to
paryatak
º4ò4
n. traveller, wanderer, tourist
paryatakharuko svarg
º4ò4^4l ²4¹
n. tourist paradise
paryatan
º4ò°
n. touring, tourism
pasal
º°¬
n. shop, warehouse, booth
pasale
º°¬
n. shopkeeper, merchant,
vendor
pashcim
ºl°¬º
n. west
pashupalan
º°ºl¬°
n. animal husbandry
pashupati
º°ºlñ
n. Pashupati
pasina
º°l°l
n. sweat
96
paskanu
º²4°
v.t. to serve [food]
pasnu
º²°
v.t. to enter, to go in, to come
in
pata
ºlò
n. jute, hessian, silk, silk
threat
patak
ºò4
n. times, occasion
patalo
ºlò¬l
adj. thin
patan
ºò°
n. packing, package
patan
ºñ°
n. fall, downfall, degradation
patan
ºlò°
n. Lalitpur, Patan [a
neighbouring town of
Kathmandu]
patani
ºò°l
n. irrigation
path
ºlò
n. lesson, reading, recital
path
º"
n. path, course
pathaunu
ºól¯°
v.t. to send, to despatch
pathi
ºlól
n. lamb [female]
patho
ºlól
n. lamb [male]
pathshala
ºló°l¬l
n. school, seminary
pathshalaya
ºló°l¬l4l
n. school, college, academy,
seminary
pati
ºlñ
n. husband
patit
ºlññ
adj. fallen, degraded, outcaste
patni
º¯°l
n. wife, better half, married
woman
patra
º¯
n. page
patrakar
º¯4l¹
n. journalist
patre cattan
º¯ ¬¸l°
n. sedimentary rock
patrika
ºl¯4l
n. magazine, journal
patta
º¬l
n. leaf, foliage, address
patthar
º¯"¹
n. stone
patti
º¸l
n. bandage
patti
ºl¸
n. side
pattyaunu
º¸4l¯°
v.t. to plait, to fold
pau
ºl¯
n. a quarter
paune
ºl°
adj. a quarter to
paunu
ºl¯°
v.t. to get, to obtain, to receive,
to bear, to beget, to
97
produce
pauranik
ºl¹ll°4
adj. legendary
pauranu
ºl¹°
v.i. swim
pauri
ºl¹l
n. swimming
pauri khelnu
ºl¹l R¯°
v.t. swim
pauroti
ºl¯¹lòl
n. bread
paus
ºl¯l
n. ninth month of the Nepali
year (December/January)
paustik
ºll¯ò4
n. nutrition
pesh
º°
postp. in front of, before
pesha
º°l
n. occupation
pesta
º²ñl
n. pestachio nut
pet
ºò
n. stomach
peti
ºòl
n. belt, casket, small box,
small chest, girdle
phagun
º¯l¹°
n. eleventh month of the
Nepali year
(February/March)
phaida
º¯lt°l
n. advantage
phailanu
º¯¬°
v.i. to spread, to be scattered
phailanu
º¯¬°
v.i. to spread, to be scattered
phailinu
º¯l¬°
v.i. to spread, to be scattered
phaisala
º¯°¬l
n. decision, judgement,
settlement, adjudication
phalam
º¯¬lº
n. iron
phalgun
º¯¯¹"l
n. eleventh month of the
Nepali year
(February/March)
phalnu
º¯l¯°
v.t. to throw away
phalnu
º¯¯°
v.i. to bear fruits; to cleanse, to
husk
phalphul
º¯¬º¯¬
n. fruits and flowers
phalphul kheti
º¯¬º¯¬ Rñl
n. horticulture
phalsvarup
º¯¬²4^º
postp. as a result of
phansi
º¯l°l
n. execution by hanging,
noose
phapar
º¯lº¹
n. buckwheat
pharak
º¯¹4
n. difference, separation,
being apart
pharakilo
º¯¹ll4¬l
adj. spacious, roomy, extensive
98
pharar
º¯¹l¹
n. absconding, fled
pharkanu
º¯4°
v.i. to return, to come back
pharsi
º¯°l
n. large yellow pumpkin
phastaunu
º¯²òl¯°
v.t. to develop, to become fat
phatyangro
º¯ò¯l7l
n. cricket, grasshopper
pherabadal
º¯¹d°¬
n. change, modification
pheri
º¯l¹
adv. again, once more, once
again
phesan
º¯°°
n. facion
phijinu
lº¯l¬°
v.i. to spread
phikri garnu
lº¯¯¯l ¹°
v.t. to be worried
phila
lº¯¬l
n. thigh
philipins
lº¯l¬lº¯°
n. Philippinen
phohor
º¯lãl¹
adj. dirty, foul, filthy, obscene
phokso
º¯l4°l
n. lungs
phranseli
º¯l¯°¬l
adj. French
phul
º¯¬
n. flower
phul
º¯¬
n. egg
phulbari
º¯¬dl¹l
n. flower garden
phuleko kesh
º¯¬4l 4°
grey hair
phulkopi
º¯¬4lºl
n. cauliflower
phupaju
º¯ºl¬
n. father's sister's husband
phupu
º¯º
n. father's sister
phurtilo
º¯lñ¬l
adj. smart
phusro
º¯°l
adj. grey, grizzled
phutbal khelnu
º¯òd¬ R¯°
v.t. to play football
phyanknu
º¯4l4°
v.t. to throw away
phyauro
º¯4l¯¹l
n. fox
pidit
ºll°ñ
adj. afflicted, tortured,
distressed, oppressed
pindalu
lº°l¬
n. a kind of root
pindulo
lº°¬l
n. calf of the leg
ping
ºls
n. swing
pir
ºl¹
n. worry, anxiety, distress,
mental trouble, punishment
99
pira
lº¹l
n. floor seat [of straw or wood]
piralnu
lº¹¯°
v.i./v.t. to torment, to afflict, to
distress, to tease
piro
lº¹l
adj. hot [in taste]
pirolnu
lº¹l¯°
v.t. to torment, to afflict, to
distress, to tease
pita
lºñl
n. father [Sanskritized]
pithiun
lºló¯
n. back
pitho
ºlól
n. flour, powder
pitho
ºlól
n. flour
pittal
lº¬¬
n. brass
pohor
ºlãl¹
adv. last year
poi
ºlt
n. husband [rural]
poila
ºlt¬
n. running away with a man
without formal marriage
poila janu
ºlt¬ ¬l°
comp. run away with a man
pokhari
ºlR¹l
n. pond, lake, reservoir
poleko masu
ºl¬4l ºl°
n. barbecued meat
pothi mujur
ºl"l º¬¹
n. peahen
potnu
ºl¯°
v.t. smear with red clay, paint
the floor wall, whitewash
poto
ºlñl
n. a smearing rag
prabandhak
ºd¯u4
n. manager, writer of an
essay
prabhat
º¬lñ
n. daybreak, dawn
prabhav
º¬l4
n. influence, effect, power,
strength, authority,
dominance
prabhavashali
º¬l4°l¬l
adj. powerful, strong, radiant
pracalan
º¬¬°
n. prevalence, custom, usage,
currency, movement
pracalit
º¬l¬ñ
adj. prevalent, current,
customary, in practice, , in
vogue, recognised
pracar
º¬l¹
n. publicity, publication,
usage, advertisement,
announcement
pracarit
º¬ll¹ñ
adj. propagated, publicised,
circulated, made current,
made prevalent, given
currency
100
pracin
ºl¬l°
adj. ancient, old, antique, aged
pracinta
ºl¬l°ñl
n. antiquity, ancientness
pradesh
º°°
n. province, region, realm,
country, territory, state
pradeshik
ºl°l°4
adj. regional
pradhanmantri
ºul°º¯¯l
n. Prime Minister
pradhannyayadhish
ºul°¯4l4lul°
n. Chief Justice
pradhyapak
ºl·4lº4
n. college teacher, lecturer,
professor
pradurbhav
ºl°¬l4
n. appearance, manifestation;
serious or terrible outbreak;
birth, prevalence
pradusan
º°¯l"l
n. pollution
pragati
º¹lñ
n. progress, advancement
pragatishil
º¹lñ°l¬
adj. progressive, modern
prahari
ºã¹l
n. police
praja
º¬l
n. subject, tenant, people,
progeny
prajatantra
º¬lñ¯¯
n. democracy
prajatantrik
º¬lñll¯¯4
adj. democratic
prakar
º4l¹
n. kind, way, sort
prakash
º4l°
n. light, manifestation,
publication
prakashak
º4l°4
n. publisher
prakashan
º4l°°
n. publication, publishing
prakashit
º4ll°ñ
adj. published
prakashkiya
º4l°4l4
adj. related to the publisher
prakhyat
º¯4lñ
adj. renowned, famous,
celebrated, noted
prakriti
ºl4lñ
n. nature, talent
prakritik
ºl4lñ4
adj. natural, physical, material
prakritik gyas
ºl4lñ4 ¹4l°
n. natural gas
prakritik vanaspati
ºl4lñ4 4°²ºlñ
n. natural vegetation
prakriya
ºl¯¯4l
n. process, procedure,
manner, method, technique
praman
ººl"l
n. proof, testimony, evidence,
attestation, ascertainment
pramanik
ººll"l4
adj. factual, true, genuine,
authoritative
pramanik
ºlºll"l4
adj. factual, true, genuine,
101
authoritative
pramanit
ººll"lñ
adj. certified
pramanpatra
ººl"lº¯
n. certificate, testimonial,
permit
pramukh
ººR
n. principal, chief, head
pranali
º"ll¬l
n. method, mode, way
pranta
ºl¯ñ
n. border, end, extremity,
province
prapta
ºl¯ñ
adj. obtained, received,
acquired
prapti
ºll¯ñ
n. receipt, procuration,
acquisition, income, profit
prarambha
ºl¹¹¬
n. beginning, commencement,
inception, initiation, starting
point
prarthana
ºl"°l
n. prayer, petition, request
prarthana garnu
ºl"°l ¹°
v.t. tp pray, to request
prasanga
º°7
n. relation, connection,
association, discussion,
narration, context
prasar
º°l¹
n. width, expansion, extent,
spreading, spread, diffusion
prashangsa
º°°l
n. praise, appreciation,
applause, laudation, eulogy
prashasan
º°l°°
n. administration
prashasta
º°²ñ
adj. abundant, sufficient,
enough
prashna
º°°
n. question
prashnarthak
sarvanam
º°°l"4 °4°lº
n. interrogative pronoun
prashnavali
º°°l4¬l
n. questionnaire
prasiddha
ºl°¯
adj. famous, renowned,
glorious, illustrious,
celebrated
prastav
º²ñl4
n. proposal, suggestion;
preface, foreword,
preamble
prastavana
º²ñl4°l
n. introduction, prologue,
preface, foreword
prastut
º²ññ
adj. presented, submitted
pratam purusvacak
ºñº º¹¯l4l¬4
n. first person [grammar]
pratha
º"l
n. usage, practice, custom,
rule, fashion, method,
102
system
pratham
º"º
adj. first, best, primitive
pratham purus
º"º º¹¯l
n. first person [ling.]
prathamikta
ºl"lº4ñl
n. priority, precedence
prati
ºlñ
postp. towards, near to, against, in
opposition to
pratibaddha
ºlñd¯
adj. restricted, banned,
conditioned, committed
pratibaddhata
ºlñd¯ñl
n. commitment
pratibandhit
ºlñdl¯uñ
adj. restricted, banned,
conditioned
pratibha
ºlñ¬l
n. genius, intellect, wit,
intelligence, brilliance
pratibimba
ºlñld¹d
n. reflection, image, shadow
pratibimbit
ºlñldl¹dñ
adj. reflected
pratigama
ºlñ¹lºl
adj. retrogressive
pratik
ºñl4
n. symbol, fetish
pratikar
ºlñ4l¹
n. retaliation, revenge
pratikatmak
ºñl4l¯º4
adj. symbolic, allegorical
pratikriya
ºlñl¯¯4l
n. reaction
pratiksha
ºñl°ll
n. expectation
pratinidhi
ºlñl°lu
n. representative, substitute
pratinidhitva
ºlñl°lu¯4
n. representation, deputation,
delegacy
pratipaksha
ºlñº°l
n. opposition, rival side,
hostile camp, contesting
party
pratipakshi
ºlñº°ll
n. opponent, rival, contestant,
contralateral
pratishat
ºlñ°lñ
n. percent percentage
pratishodh
ºlñ°lu
n. revenge, vengeance,
retaliation, vendetta, blood
feud
pratisparddha
ºlñ²º¯
n. rivalry, contest, competition
prativedan
ºlñ4°°
n. report, representation
pratiyogita
ºlñ4ll¹ñl
n. rivalry, competition, hostility
pratyek
º¯44
adj. every, everyone
pravacan
º4¬°
n. commentary, elucidation,
explanation
pravesh
º4°
n. entry, admission, access,
103
entrance
pravidhi
ºl4lu
n. technique
pravidhigya
ºl4luñ
n. technician
pravriti
º4lñ
n. trend
pravritti
º4l¬
n. inclination of mind,
tendency
prayah
ºl4:
adv. almost, nearly, often,
generally
prayas
º4l°
n. effort, attempt, endeavour
prayatna
º4¯°
n. effort, attempt, endeavour
prayog
º4l¹
n. use, application, action,
effort, usage, example,
performance
pret
ºñ
n. dead, deceased, spirit of
the dead, evil spirit, ghost;
a very greedy person
pristhabhumi
º¯ó¬lº
n. basis
prithvi
º·4l
n. earth
priya
lº4
adj. dear, lovely, beloved
pucchar
º¯3¹
n. tail
pugnu
º¹°
v.i. to arrive at, to reach, to be
fulfilled, to be sufficient
puja garnu
º¬l ¹°
v.t. to worship, to adore
puja kotha
º¬l 4lól
n. prayer room, worshipping
room
punargathan
º°¹ó°
n. reorganization, recasting
punarjivit
º°¬ll4ñ
adj. revived, risen from the
dead
punarnirman
º°l°ºl"l
reconstruction
punarvalikan
º°¹4¬l4°
n. revision, retrospect, review
punarvas
º°4l°
n. rehabilitation
puniun
ºl°¯
n. a flat spoon used for ladling
out rice
punling
ºl¬7
n. male [grammar]
pura
º¹l
adj. full, complete, entire, gross,
whole
purano
º¹l°l
adj. old, ancient
purashcaran
º¹°¬¹"l
n. repeating the name of a
deity
purashcarya
º¹°¬4l
n. repeating the name of a
deity
104
puratatva
º¹lñ¯4
n. archaeology
puri
º¹l
n. bread cooked in butter
purkha
ºRl
n. ancestor, forefather
purna
º"l
adj. perfect, full, complete,
whole, accomplished,
sufficient, detailed
purnatah
º"lñ:
adv. completely, fully, perfectly,
totally
purnataya
º"lñ4l
adj. completely, totally, fully,
entirely
purnima
ºl"lºl
n. full moon day
purohit
º¹llãñ
n. family priest
purusartha
º¹¯ll"
n. manly achievement,
energy, vigour, valour
purusvacak sarvanam
º¹¯4l¬4 °4°lº
n. personal pronoun
purvadhar
º4lul¹
n. infrastructure
purvagraha
º4l¹ã
n. prejudice
purvak
º44
suff. together, with
purvi
º4l
adj. eastern, eastern quarter
purviya
º4l4l
adj. eastern
purviya
º4l4
adj. eastern
puryaunu
º4l¯°
v.t. to exort, to lead, to fulfil a
wish
pus
º°
n. ninth month of the Nepali
year (December/January)
pusta
º²ñl
n. generation, succession
pustakalaya
º²ñ4l¬4
n. library
pusti
ºl¯ó
n. nourishment, nutrition
putali
ºñ¬l
n. butterfly
pval
¯4l¬
n. hole, opening
pyaj
¯4l¬
n. onion
pyaro
¯4l¹l
adj. loving, dear, beloved,
lovely, pleasant
pyau
¯4l¯
n. mushroom
racak
¹¬4
n. author, writer, maker
racana
¹¬°l
n. composition, production,
creation, formation
racanatmak
¹¬°l¯º4
adj. creative, constructive
racayita
¹¬l4ñl
n. composer, writer, author,
105
maker
racit
¹l¬ñ
adj. composed, made, formed,
manufactured, compiled,
constructed, built, invented,
fabricated
radhi
¹l²l
n. coarse wollen rug
ragat
¹¹ñ
n. blood
ragat aunu
¹¹ñ ¹l¯°
to bleed
rahanu
¹ã°
v.i. to remain, to dwell, to
inhabit
rahar
¹ã¹
n. a kind of lentils
rahasyamaya
¹ã²4º4
adj. mysterious, secret, hidden
rahasyamaya
dhangabata
¹ã²4º4 ²7dló
adv. in a mysterious way
rahat
¹lãñ
n. comfort, relief
rai
¹lt
n. Rai [a Nepali nationality]
raithane
¹"l°
n. local inhabitant, aboriginee
raiti
¹ñl
n. tenant, leaseholder, farmer
raja
¹l¬l
n. king, ruler, sovereign
rajaharuma
¹l¬lã^ºl
comp. among kings
rajasva
¹l¬²4
n. revenue, royalty
rajdarbar
¹l¬°¹dl¹
n. the king's palace
rajdhani
¹l¬ul°l
n. capital
rajdut
¹l¬°ñ
n. ambassador
rajdutavas
¹l¬°ñl4l°
n. embassy
rajhans
¹¬ãl°
n. swan
rajhans
¹l¬ãl°
n. swan
raji
¹l¬l
adj. willing, pleased, desirous,
content, complacent
rajikhushi
¹l¬lR°l
n. willingness, acceptance
with much pleasure
rajinama
¹l¬l°lºl
n. agreement, compromise
rajkaj
¹l¬4l¬
n. government work,
administration
rajkaji
¹l¬4l¬l
adj. relating to government,
relating to administration
rajkanya
¹l¬4¯4l
n. princess
rajkarya
¹l¬4l4
n. public affair, affairs of state,
governance
rajkumar
¹l¬4ºl¹
n. prince
106
rajkumari
¹l¬4ºl¹l
n. princess
rajnaitik
¹l¬°lñ4
adj. political
rajnaitik gatividhi
¹l¬°lñ4 ¹lñl4lu
political movement
rajniti
¹l¬°llñ
n. politics, political science
rajnitigya
¹l¬°llññ
n. politician
rajnitik
¹l¬°llñ4
adj. political
rajnitik labh
¹l¬°llñ4 ¬l¬
n. political importance
rajparisad
¹l¬ºl¹¯l°
n. council of state
rajprasad
¹l¬º°l°
n. palace
rajtantra
¹l¬ñ¯¯
n. monarchy, monarchical
system of government
rajvanshi
¹l¬4°l
n. Rajvanshi [a Nepali
nationality]
rajya
¹l¯4
n. kingdom, state, territory
rajyadhikar
¹l¯4lu4l¹
n. power of the state, jura
regia
rajyavati
¹l¯44ñl
n. Rajyavati [mother of
Licchavi king Manadeva I]
rakhnu
¹l¯°
v.t. to keep, to protect, to hold
raksha
¹°ll
n. defence, protection, guard
raksi
¹4°l
n. alcoholic drink
raktapatpurna
¹4ñºlñº"l
adj. bloody
rakumari
¹l¬4ºl¹l
n. princess
ramailo
¹ºlt¬l
adj. pleasant
ramaunu
¹ºl¯°
v.i. to be pleased, to feel
happy, to feel delighted, to
be glad
ramnu
¹¹°
v.i. to be pleased, to feel
happy, to feel delighted, to
be glad
ramro
¹lºl
adj. good, beautiful
rang
¹7
n. colour
rangamanc
¹7º¯¬
n. stage
rangaunu
¹¹l¯°
v.t. to colour, to paint, to dye,
to tint
rangicangi
¹¹l¬¹l
adj. multi-coloured
rangin
¹¹l°
adj. coloured
rango
¹l¹l
n. water buffalo [male]
107
rani
¹l°l
n. queen
ranniti
¹"l°llñ
n. strategy
rap
¹lº
n. heat of the sun, heat of the
fire
ras
¹°
n. juice, broth
rasiya
¹°l4l
n. Russia
rastra
¹l¯ò
n. nation
rastrabhasa
¹l¯ò¬l¯ll
n. national language,
language of the nation
rastranayak
¹l¯ò°l44
n. head of state
rastravad
¹l¯ò4l°
n. nationalism
rastravadi
¹l¯ò4l°l
n./adj. a nationalist, nationalistic
rastriya
¹ll¯ò4
adj. national
rastriya jagaran
¹ll¯ò4 ¬l¹¹"l
national awakening
rastriya rastra
¹ll¯ò4 ¹l¯ò
nation-state
rastriyata
¹ll¯ò4ñl
n. nationality, nationalism
rat
¹ñ
postp. engaged in, employed in,
devoted to, absorbed in,
addicted to
rat
¹lñ
n. night
rat parcha
¹lñ º3
it's getting dark
rati
¹llñ
adv. at night
rato
¹lñl
adj. red
rato mato
¹lñl ºlòl
n. red clay to paint the wall
raun
¹l
n. hair of the body
ravivar
¹l44l¹
n. Sunday
rayako sag
¹l4l4l °l¹
n. mustard greens [large]
rel
¹¬
n. rail
rica
+¬l
n. verse, hymn
rihai
l¹ãlt
n. release, acquittal,
deliverance, discharge,
setting free
rijha
l¹R
n. gladness, happiness,
contentment
rina
+"l
n. debt, loan, due, obligation
rini
+"ll
n./adj. debtor, indebted
ris
l¹°
n. anger, wrath, irritation
risaeko
l¹°l]4l
adj. angry
108
risaunu
l¹°l¯°
v.i. to be angry, to get irritated
risi
+l¯l
n. sage, saint, wise ascetic
riti-thiti
¹llñ·l"lñ
n. social customs
rittinu
l¹l¬°
v.i. to be emptied
ritto
l¹¬l
adj. empty, hollow
ritu

n. season of the year
rodh
¹lu
n. onbstruction, obstacle,
hindrance
rog
¹l¹
n. sickness, disease, illness,
ailment
rogi
¹l¹l
n. sick person
rojgar
¹l¬¹l¹
n. business, trade,
employment, profession,
occupation
rok
¹l4
n. prohibition, restriction,
interdict
rokinu
¹ll4°
v.i. to be stopped, to be
hindered
roknu
¹l4°
v.t. to prohibit, to obstruct, to
hinder, to prevent, to stop
roti
¹lòl
n. bread [made of flour and
water without yeast]
ruci
^l¬
n. interest, liking, taste
rugha
¹¹l
n. cold, catarrh, chill
rugna
¹¹"l
adj. ill, sick, unwell, indisposed,
motbid, diseased
runa man lagnu
¹° º° ¬l¹°
to feel like to wep
runu
¹°
v.i. to weep, to cry
rup

n. countenance, look, form,
shape, aspect, beauty,
guise, semblance,
appearance
rupantar
^ºl¯ñ¹
n. transformation, transition,
change of form,
metamorphosis, translation,
conversion
rupi
^ºl
postp. having the form of, having
the shape of
rupiyan
¹lº4l
n. Rupee
ruvanda
¹4l"°l
n. Ruanda
ruvaunu
¹4l¯°
v.i. to cause to weep
saba
°d
adj. all, everything
109
sabai bhanda
°d ¬¯°l
of all
sabaijaso
°d¬°l
pron. almost all
saber
°d¹
adj. early
saberai
°d¹
adv. early
sabha
°¬l
n. assembly, meeting,
gathering
sabhapati
°¬lºlñ
n. chairman [of a meeting,
organization or party]
sabhyata
°+4ñl
n. civilization, civility,
politeness, courtesy, good
manner
sabik
°lld4
adj. former, previous
sabun
°ld°
n. soap
sabunko gaj
°ld°4l ¹l¬
n. soap foam
sabunko phinja
°ld°4l lº¯¬
n. soap foam
sabut
°dñ
n. proof, evidence, testimony,
demonstration
sacetak
°¬ñ4
n. whip
saciv
°¬l4
n. secretary, advisor,
companion
sacivalaya
°l¬4l¬4
n. secretariat
sadak
°°4
n. road [metalled]
sadan
°°°
n. residence, house,
assembly hall
sadar
°°¹
n. acceptance, approval,
sanction
sadar upatyaka
°°¹ ¯º¯44l
n. central valley
sadashya
°°°4
n. member
sadashyaharuprati
daman-niti
°°°4ã^ºlñ °º°·°llñ
n. politics of oppression
towards members
sadasya
°°²4
n. member
sadasyata
°°²4ñl
n. membership
sadbhavana
°°¬l4°l
n. friendship
sadhain
°u
adv. always
sadhan
°lu°
n. material, resource,
medium, means,
equipment
sadhana
°lu°l
n. devotes labour or striving,
object of devotion;
controlling spirit or ghost by
reciting sacred verses;
110
penance, propitiation
sadharan
°lul¹"l
adj. common, simple, general
sadharan sabha
°lul¹"l °¬l
n. general assembly
sadhe
°l²
adj. half past
sadiccha
°l°¯3l
n. good wishes, good will
sadupayog
°°º4l¹
n. utilization
sadyantra
¯l°4¯¯
n. conspiracy, plot, intrigue
sagapat
°l¹ºlñ
n. (leafy) vegetables
sagar
°l¹¹
n. ocean, sea
sagar
°¹¹
n. sky, heaven
sagarkhand
°¹¹R¯°
n. sweet potato
sagarmatha
°¹¹ºl"l
n. Sagarmatha,
Chomolungma, Mount
Everest
sagaunu
°¹l¯°
v.t. to help, to assist, to aid
saghaunu
°¹l¯°
v.t. to help, to assist, to aid
saglo
°¹¬l
adj. whole, complete, undivided
sagsabji
°l¹°¯4l
n. vegetables
sahabhagi
°ã¬l¹l
n. partner, accomplice
sahabhagita
°ã¬ll¹ñl
n. participation
sahalekhak
°ã¬R4
n. co-author
sahamat
°ãºñ
n./adv. agreement, of one and the
same mind or opinion
sahamati
°ãºlñ
n. agreement, concurrence,
content
sahan
°ã°
n. endurance, enduring,
bearing
sahanu
°ã°
v.t. to forbear, to endure, to
brook, to sustain, to
withstand
sahara
°ãl¹l
n. help, assistance, support
sahasrabdi
°ã°l¯°l
n. millennium
sahaya
°ãl4
n. help, assistance, support
sahayak
°ãl44
n. assistant, helper, colleague
sahayak nadi
°ãl44 °°l
n. tributary (river)
sahayata
°ãl4ñl
n. help, assistance, support
sahayog
°ã4l¹
n. cooperation
sahayog samiti
°ã4l¹ °lºlñ
n. cooperative society
111
sahayogi
°ã4l¹l
n. colleague, supporter,
assistant, friend
sahinlo
°llã¬l
n. third eldest [of brothers]
sahitya
°llã¯4
n. literature
sahityakar
°llã¯44l¹
n. writer, author
sahityashastra
°llã¯4°l²¯
n. poetics, rhetoric, literature
sahityik
°llãl¯44
adj. literary
sahu
°lã
n. merchant, trader, money-
lender, banker
sahu
°lã
n. shopkeeper, merchant,
trader, businessman,
moneylender
sahuni
°lã°l
n. shopkeeper (female)
saiddhantik
°¯ll¯ñ4
adj. according top principle,
theoretical
sainik
°l°4
adj. military
sainik viman
°l°4 l4ºl°
n. military plane
saintis
°ñl°
num. thirty-seven, 37
saja
°¬l
n. punishment, confinement,
penalty
sajaya
°¬l4
n. punishment, confinement,
penalty
sajha
°lRl
n. cooperative, joint enterprise
sajilo
°l¬¬l
adj. easy, simple
sakali
°4¬l
adj. original, true, pure, good,
genuine
sakbhar
°4¬¹
adv. as much as possible
sakesamma cando
°4°¹º ¬l°l
comp. as fast as possible, as soon
as possible
saknu
°4°
v.t. to be able; to finish, to
complete
saksham
°°lº
adj. capable, competent
sakshar
°l°l¹
adj. literate
saksharta
°l°l¹ñl
n. literacy
sal
°l¬
n. year [of vikram samvat]
salabalaunu
°¬d¬l¯°
v.i. to move restlessly
salah
°¬ã
n. locust
salai
°¬lt
n. matches
salaiko batta
°¬lt d¸l
n. match-box
salakhala
°l¬lRl¬l
adj. on the average
112
salana
°l¬l°l
adj. annually, every year, yearly
sali
°l¬l
n. wife's younger sister
salig
°ll¬¹
n. statue, effigy, idol, image
salik
°ll¬4
n. statue, effigy, idol, image
salinda
°ll¬¯°l
adj. annually, every year
sallaha
°¯¬lã
n. consultation, advice,
counsel, conference,
deliberation
sallahakar
°¯¬lã4l¹
advisor, consultant
salo
°l¬l
n. wif's younger brother
samacar
°ºl¬l¹
n. news, information
samadhan
°ºlul°
n. solving the problem,
cracking the nuts, removel
of doubts
samagra
°º¹
adj. whole, all, entire, complete
samaj
°ºl¬
n. society
samaj shastra
°ºl¬ °l²¯
n. sociology
samajik
°lºll¬4
adj. social
samajvad
°lºl¯4l°
n. socialism
samajvadi
°lºl¯4l°l
n./adj. socialist
samajvadi rajya
°lºl¯4l°l ¹l¯4
n. socialist state
samaksha
°º°l
postp. before, in front of,
samalocana
°ºl¬l¬°l
n. review
saman
°lºl°
n. things, materials,
apparatus, tools,
belongings, appliances
saman
°ºl°
adj. similar, equal, alike,
uniform, equivalent,
identical, tantamount
samanta
°ºl°ñl
n. equality, equivalence,
parity, similarity, likeness
samanti
°lº¯ñl
adj. feudal, feudatory
samanvaya
°º¯44
n. combination, union,
uniformity, harmony,
natural succession
samanya
°lºl¯4
adj. ordinary, general, common,
usual, trivial, insignificant
samanya ling
°lºl¯4 l¬7
n. double gender
samanya nam
°lºl¯4 °lº
n. generic term
113
samapta
°ºl¯ñ
adj. finished, completed,
accomplished
samarpan
°ºº"l
n. offering, dedication,
surrender, deliverynce,
disposal, assignment
samartha
°º"
adj. mighty, powerful, strong,
able
samarthak
°º"4
n./adj. supporter, vindicator;
supporting
samarthan
°º"°
n. support, ratification,
corroboration
samarthata
°º"ñl
n. capability, competence
samasta
°º²ñ
adj. whole, entire, all
samasti
°ºl¯ò
n. collectiveness, totality,
aggregate
samastigat
°ºl¯ò¹ñ
adv. collectively
samasya
°º²4
n. problem, dilemma
samasyagrasta
°º²4l¹²ñ
adj. problematic
samata
°ºñl
n. equalness, similarity,
evenness
samatal
°ºñ¬
adj. plain, level, smooth, even,
flat; moderate
samay
°º4
n. time, period, season,
opportunity, leisure,
occasion
sambal
°¹d¬
n. support
sambandha
°¹d¯u
n. relation, relationship,
connection, association,
affinity
sambandhi
°¹d¯ul
suff. related with, pertaining to
sambandhi sarvanam
°¹d¯ul °4°lº
n. relative pronoun
sambhavana
°¹¬l4°l
n. possibility, probability
sambhavatah
°¹¬4ñ:
adv. possible, in all probability
sambhranta
°¹¬l¯ñ
adj. perplexed, confused,
bewildered
sambodhan
°¹dlu°
n. address, calling aloud;
vocative case
samcar
°¹¬l¹
n. news, information
samdhi
°¹ul
n. son's father-in-law,
daughter's father-in-law
samdhini
°l¹u°l
n. son's mother-in-law,
daughter's mother-in-law
samet
°ºñ
postp. with, together with,
114
including, included
saminya
°lºl¯4
adj. simple, common
samiti
°lºlñ
n. committee
samjhana
°¹R°l
n. remembrance,
reminiscence, memory
samma
°¹º
postp. upto, as far as
sammat
°¹ºñ
adv. unanimous, agreeing,
agreed to, approved,
sanctioned, permitted
sammati
°¹ºlñ
n. opinion, consent, approval,
permission, acceptance,
assent
sammelan
°¹º¬°
n. meating, conference
sammilit
°¹ºll¬ñ
adj. with eyes shut, with eyes
closed, covered
sammyaunu
°¹¹4l¯°
v.t. to level, to make plain
sampadak
°¹ºl°4
n. editor
sampadakiya
°¹ºl°4l4
adj. editorial
sampadakiya sahayak
°¹ºl°4l4 °ãl44
n. assistant editor
sampadakiya vibhag
°¹ºl°4l4 l4¬l¹
n. editorial department
sampanna
°¹º¯°
adj. rich, well-off, prosperous,
wealthy, well-to-do
samparka
°¹º4
n. company, association,
union
sampradaya
°¹º°l4
n. sect, religious society,
mode, tradition, usage,
custom
sampurna
°¹º"l
adj. complete, whole, entire, all,
total, perfect, finished
samrat
°ºlò
n. emperor, sovereign, king of
the kings
samriddha
°º¯
adj. important
samu
°lº
postp. before, in front of, opposite,
facing
samuccaya
°º¯¬4
n. assemblage, mass,
collection
samudaya
°º°l4
n. collection, assemblage,
group
samudayavacak nam
°ºl44l¬4 °lº
n. collective noun, generic
term
samudayik
°lº°ll44
adj. collective, pertaining to
community
samudra
°º°
n. sea, ocean
115
samudra sataha
°º° °ñã
n. sea level
samuha
°ºã
n. collection, assemblage,
group
samuhik
°ºlã4
adj. collective
samunnati
°º¯°lñ
n. progress, development,
elevation, rise
samyatantra
°l¹4ñ¯¯
n. communism
samyavad
°l¹44l°
n. communism
samyavadi
°l¹44l°l
n./adj. communist
san
°°
n. jute
sana buva
°l°l d4l
n. mother's younger sister's
husband
sancalan
°¬l¬°
n. managing, directing
sancalan
°¯¬¬°
n. movement
sancalit
°¯¬ll¬ñ
adj. managed, conducted,
directed
sancar
°¯¬l¹
n. movement, motion
sancaran
°¯¬¹"l
n. movement, motion
sanco
°l¬l
n./adj. 1. key; true, sincere, genuine,
real
sandarbha
°¯°¬
n. treatise, a collection of
anthology, formation,
construction; context,
appendage, expansion
sandarbha-suci
°¯°¬ ·°¬l
n. bibliography
sandesh
°¯°°
n. information, news,
message; command; gift
present
sandhe
°l²
n. bull
sanga
°s
postp. with, along with
sangai lanu
°s ¬l°
v.t. to take along, to take away
sangasangai
°s°s
adj. together
sanggathan
°7ó°
n. organization, union, league
sanggathanatmak
°¹ó°l¯º4
adj. organizational
sanggathanik
°7ól°4
adj. organizational
sanggharsa
°¹¯l
n. struggle, conflict, strife,
friction
sangh
°¹
n. assembly, association,
multitude, monastery
sanghu
°l¹
n. wooden bridge (of a log or
planks), small bridge
116
(usually made of bamboos
or planks of wood)
sangkalan
°j¬°
n. collection, compilation
sangkalpa
°j¯º
n. solemn promise, resolve,
solution, determination
sangkat
°4ó
n. distress, peril, caöamity,
agony
sangkat
°jò
n. hint, symbol, gesture, sign
sangketik
°ls4lñ4
adj. token, nominal, symbolic,
indicative
sanglo
°ls¬l
n. roach
sanguro
°l¹¹l
adj. narrow
sangyojik
°4ll¬4
n. conjunction
sangyukta rastra
sangh
°4¬¯ ¹l¯ò °¹
United Nations
Organization
sani ama
°l°l ¹lºl
n. mother's younger sister
sanishcavar
°l°°¬4l¹
n. Saturday
sanivar
°l°4l¹
n. Saturday
sanjha
°lR
adv. in the evening
sanjha paryo
°lR º¯4l
it became evening
sankhyabodhak
°¯4dlu4
adj. numerical [grammar]
sankhyamatrabodhak
°¯4lºl¯dlu4
n. cardinal number
sankramankal
°¯¯º"l4l¬
n. transitional period
sano
°l°l
adj. small, little, inferior
sanp
°lº
n. snake
sanracana
°¹¬°l
n. structure, composition,
anatomy
sanrakshak
°¹°l4
n. keeper, preserver, guardian
sanrakshan
°¹°l"l
n. guardianship, patronage,
protection, conservation,
tutelage
sansad
°°°
n. parliament
sansadiya
°°°l4
adj. parliamentary
sansadiya vyavastha
°°°l4 ¯44²"l
n. parliamentary affairs
sanshodhan
°°lu°
n. correction, purification,
refinement, revision,
amendment
sanshodhit
°°lluñ
adj. corrected, amended,
revised
sanskar
°²4l¹
n. reformation, initiation,
117
purification
sanskaran
°²4¹"l
n. correction, act of refining;
edition
sanskrit
°²4ñ
n. Sanskrit
sanskriti
°²4lñ
n. culture, customs, tradition
sanskritik
°²4lñ4
adj. cultural
sanskritmaya
°²4ñº4
adj. sanskritized, full of Sanskrit
sansmaran
°²º¹"l
n. recollection, memory,
remembrance
sanstha
°²"l
n. institution, establishment
sansthagat
°²"l¹ñ
adj. institutional
sansthan
°²"l°
n. institution, establishment,
corporation
sansthapan
°²"lº°
n. establishment, founding,
initiation, inauguration,
foundation
santa
°¯ñ
n. mendicant, ascetic, pious
person, devotee
santa-mahanta
°¯ñ·ºã¯ñ
n. holy men
santan
°¯ñl°
n. family, extended family,
lineage, genealogy,
offsoring, children,
breeding
santanabbe
°¯ñl°¯d
num. ninety-seven, 97
santan-nigraha
°¯ñl°·l°¹ã
n. birth control, family
planning
santan-nirodh
°¯ñl°·l°¹lu
n. birth control, family
planning
santaunna
°¯ñl¯¯°
num. fifty-seven, 57
santulan
°¯ñ¬°
n. equalization, making equal
sanu
°l°
adj. small, little, inferior
sanu
°l°
adj. small, little, inferior
sanvaidhanik
°4ull°4
adj. constitutional
sanvarddhan
°4¯°
n. rearing, breeding, fostering
sanvedanshil
°4°°°l¬
adj. sensitive, sensible, feeling
sanvidhan
°l4ul°
n. constitution
saph
°lº¯
adj. clear, fair, pure,
unadulterated, obvious,
bright
sapha
°º¯l
adj. clean, clear, pure,
transparent
118
saphal
°º¯¬
adj. successful, effective, fruitful
saphalibhut
°º¯¬l¬ñ
adj. successful
saphalta
°º¯¬ñl
n. success, achievement
sar
°l¹
n. substance, essence,
kernel, purport, chief part,
vigour, spirit
sara
°l¹l
adj. all, whole, entire, complete
saraha
°¹ã
adj. similar, like, resembling, on
equal footing
saral
°¹¬
adj. easy, simple, plain,
straightforward, upright,
sincere
saranggi
°l¹7l
n. Sarangi, a kind of violin
sarapnu
°¹l¯°
v.t. to curse
saripha
°l¹º¯l
n. custard-apple
sarkar
°¹4l¹
n. government, administration
sarkari
°¹4l¹l
adj. governmental, public,
official, administrative
sarkari bhasa
°¹4l¹l ¬l¯ll
n. official language
sarnu
°l°
v.t. to move, to remove, to
shift, to copy, to infect
sarnu
°°
v.i. to move, to spread
sarp
°º
n. snake
sarva
°4
adj. all, entire, whole, complete
sarvahara
°4ãl¹l
n. proletariat
sarvajan
°4¬°
pron. everybody
sarvajanik
°l4¬l°4
adj. public
sarvanam
°4°lº
n. pronoun
sarvanamik
°l4°llº4
adj. pronominal
sarvapracin
°4ºl¬l°
adj. oldest
sarvashrestha
°4°¯ó
adj. best of all, preeminent,
highest, supreme,
paramount
sarvasva
°4²4
n. entire property, everything
sarvatomukhi
°4ñlºlR
adj. universal, all pervading
sarvekshan
°4°l"l
n. survey
sarvesarva
°4°4l
adj. all-in-all, supreme, chied of
all
sasana
°l°°l
n. punishment, suppression
119
sashakta
°°¬¯
adj. potential, powerful, strong,
forceful
sashastra
°°²¯
adj. armed, equipped with arms
sasto
°²ñl
adj. cheap
sasu
°l°
n. mother-in-law
sasura
°°¹l
n. father-in-law
sasuro
°°¹l
n. father-in-law
sat
°ñ
n. existence, essence,
substance, goodness
sat
°lñ
num. seven
sata
°lñl
n. week, period of seven days
sataha
°ñã
n. surface, level
satahi
°òãl
n. exchange of currency
satani
°ò°l
n. change, exhange,
interchange
satasi
°ñl°l
num. eighty-seven, 87
sataun
°lñl
adj. seventh
satcalis
°¯¬l¬l°
num. forty-seven
sath
°l"
postp. with, including
sathattar
°ñ㬹
num. seventy-seven, 77
sathi
°l"l
n. friend, companion
sathi
°lól
num. sixty, 60
sati
°ñl
n. Sati, virtuous wife, chaste
woman, faithful woman
satopuglo
°lñlº¹¬l
n. spirit, presence of mind
satra
°¯
num. seventeen, 17
satsatthi
°¯°òól
num. sixty-seven, 67
satta
°¸l
n. change, exhange,
interchange
satta
°¸l
n. speculation
sattais
°¬lt°
num. twenty-seven, 27
sattari
°¬¹l
num. seventy, 70
sattarudh
°¬l¹²
adj. ruling, wielding power
satu
°lñ
n. flour of dryfried corn
satya
°¯4
adj. true, real, right, veritable,
correct, honest
saun
°l¯°
n. fourth month of the Nepali
year [July-August]
120
saundarya
°l¯°4
beauty, charm, pretiness
saunvar
°l¯4l¹
n. Monday
saurya
°l4
adj. solar
sauta
°lñl
n. co-wife
sava
°4l
adj. a quarter past
saval
°4l¬
n. question, plumb, a laden
weight on a line
saya
°4
num. hundred, 100
sekaunu
°4l¯°
v.t. to roast, to warm up
sekuva
°44l
n. roasted meat
selaunu
°¬l¯°
v.t. to cool
selroti
°¬¹lòl
n. Nepalese doughnut made
of rice flour
sepilo
°lº¬l
adj. shaded, dark
seto
°ñl
adj. white
seva
°4l
n. service, attendance,
worship
sevan
°4°
n. service, attendance,
worship
shabda
°¯°
n. word
shabdakos
°¯°4l¯l
n. dictionary
shahar
°ã¹
n. town
shaharikaran
°ã¹l4¹"l
n. urbanization
shahi
°lãl
adj. royal
shahid
°lãl°
n. martyr
shakta
°¬¯
adj. able, capable, strong,
vigorous, energetic, hard,
firm
shakti
°l¬¯
n. strength, power, prowess,
capability, calibre, vigour,
energy
shaktihina
°l¬¯ãl°
adj. powerless, impotent,
enervated
shaktiman
°l¬¯ºl°
adj. powerful, capable, mighty,
vigorous
shaktiparikshan
°l¬¯º¹l°l"l
n. trial of strength
shaktishali
°l¬¯°l¬l
adj. powerful, strong
shamel
°lº¬
adj. assembled, gathered
together, united together
shamil
°llº¬
adj. assembled, gathered
121
together, united together
shangka
°jl
n. doubt, suspicion,
apprehension
shankalu
°4l¬
adj. suspicious, questionable,
prone to suspicion, vague
shankaradeva
°4¹°4
n. Shankaradeva [a Licchavi
king, grandfather of
Manadeva I]
shanta
°l¯ñ
adj. calm, quiet, mild, serene,
pacific, grave, silent
sharad
°¹°
n. early autumn
sharan
°¹"l
n. protection, shelter
sharanarthi
°¹"ll"l
n. refugee, shelter-seeker
sharat
°¹ñ
n. early autumn
sharir
°¹l¹
n. body
shasak
°l°4
n. administrator, ruler,
governor
shasakiya
°l°4l4
adj. governmental,
administrative, public
shasan
°l°°
n. command, authority,
governance, reign
shasan parivartan
°l°° ºl¹4ñ°
n. coup, putsch
shasana
°l°°l
n. punishment, suppression
shasankal
°l°°4l¬
n. term of office, reign
shasankarta
°l°°4ñl
n. administrator, ruler,
governor
shasanpaddhati
°l°°º¯lñ
n. polity, system of
government
shasan-pranali
°l°°·º"ll¬l
n. government, constitution
shasantantra
°l°°ºñ¯¯
n. government, constituion
shasit
°ll°ñ
adj. ruled, administered,
governed; punished
shastra
°²¯
n. weapon, arms, tool,
instrument
shatabda
°ñl¯°
n. century
shatabdi
°ñl¯°l
n. century
shatak
°ñ4
adj. hundred, 100
shatru
°¯
n. enemy
shatruta
°¯ñl
n. enmity, hostility
shaucalaya
°l¬l¬4
n. rest room, toilet
shav
°4
n. corpse
122
shayad
°l4°
adv. perhaps, maybe
sherpa
°ºl
n. Sherpa [a Nepali
nationality]
shikariko svarg
l°4l¹l4l ²4¹
n. hunting paradise
shiksha
l°°ll
n. education
shikshak
l°°l4
n. teacher
shikshan
l°°l"l
n. teaching, instruction,
education
shir
l°¹
n. head, crest, noddle,
summit, top of anything
Shista
l°¯ò
adj. gentle, polite, mannerly,
civil, wellbred, refined,
trained
shisya
l°¯4
n. student, pupil, disciple
shithilta
l°l"¬ñl
n. feebleness, weakness,
looseness, laxity
shlok
°¬4
n. verse, stanza, poetry,
couplet
shobha
°l¬l
n. beauty, handsomeness,
magnificence, elegance,
lustre, replendence
shos
°l¯l
n. suction, drying up,
withering, dryness,
absorption, sucking
shosak
°l¯l4
adj. absorbent, withering
shosan
°l¯l"l
n. suction, drying up,
withering, dryness,
absorption, sucking,
exploitation
shosit
°ll¯lñ
adj. exploited
shram
°º
n. hard labour, toil, exertion
shravan
°l4"l
n. fourth month of the Nepali
year [July-August]
shri
°l
n. Mr., Mrs., Ms., Miss
shrilangka
°l¬7l
n. Sri Lanka
shriman
°lºl°
n. husband
shrimati
°lºñl
n. wife
shuddha
°¯
adj. pure, genuine, chaste,
uncontaminated, clear,
uncorrupted, unadulterated
shukavar
°44l¹
n. Friday
shukla paksha
°4¬ º°l
comp. the moonlit half of a lunar
month
123
shukravar
°¯¯4l¹
n. Friday
shunya
°¯4
n./adj. empty, nill, zero
shur
°¹
adj. hero, warrior, champion
shuru
°^
n. start, beginning
shuru garnu
°^ ¹°
to start, to begin
shyarpa
°4lºl
n. Sherpa [a Nepali
nationality]
siddhanta
l°¯l¯ñ
n. doctrine, tenet, established
truth
siddhi
l°l¯
n. perfection,
accomplishment, maturity,
fulfilment, victory
siddhyaunu
l°¯¯l¯°
v.t. to finish, to complete, to kill
sikkim
l°l44º
n. Sikkim
siknu
l°4°
v.t. to learn
silbar
l°¯d¹
n. aluminium
siling
l°l¬s
n. ceiling
sima
°lºl
n. boundary, border, limit,
landmark
simana
l°ºl°l
n. boundary, border, limit,
landmark
simi
l°ºl
n. bean
simit
°llºñ
adj. limited, restricted
sinbi
l°dl
n. bean
sincai
l°¬lt
n. watering, irrigation
sincit
l°l¯¬ñ
adj. irrigated, drenched
sindur
l°°¹
n. vermilion, lead powder
sindure
l°°¹
adj. scarlet, vermilion-coloured
singgapur
l°¹lº¹
Singapur
sinha
l°ã
n. lion
sinhasan
l°ãl°°
n. throne, lion's seat
sinki
l°¯4l
n. soured raddish, fermented
raddish
sip
°lº
n. handicraft, handiwork, art,
craft, arts and crafts, skill
sipahi
l°ºlãl
n. soldier
sipalu
l°ºl¬
adj. skilful, experienced, clever,
skilled
sipharish
l°º¯ll¹°
n. recommendation, letter of
124
support; intercession
sirak
l°¹4
n. quilt
sirani
l°¹l°l
n. pillow
sirjana
l°¬°l
n. creation, formation,
construction
sisa
°l°l
n. lead
sita
l°ñ
postp. with, along with
siune kal
l°¯° 4¬
n. sewing machine
siunu
l°¯°
v.i. to sew, to stitch
siyo
l°4l
n. needle
skulma padhnu
²4¬ºl º²°
comp. to go to school
smaran-patra
²º¹"l º¯
n. reminder, memorandum
smarika
²ºll¹4l
n. monument, memorial;
commemorative volume
smriti
²ºlñ
n. memory, remembrance,
memento
smriti-patra
²ºlñ º¯
n. reminder, memorandum
snan
²°l°
n. bath
snankotha
²°l°4l ól
n. bathroom
so
°l
adj. that, that one, he, she
sobhita
°ll¬ñl
n. cobalt
socnu
°l¯°
v.t. to think, to ponder, to
consider
sodhakhoj
°luRl¬
n. research program,
research project
sohra
°lã
num. sixteen, 16
sojho
°lRl
adj. straigt, straigtforward,
honest
somvar
°lº4l¹
n. Monday
sopan
°lºl°
n. steps, ladder, staircase
spast
²º¯ò
adj. distinct, clear, intelligible,
lucid, apparent, evident
sresta
°²ñl
n. book-keeping, account,
register book
srot
°lñ
n. current, stream, channel,
water course, source of
income
srot ra sadhan
°lñ ¹ °lu°
n. resources
stambha
²ñ¹¬
n. column
stan
²ñ°
n. breast
125
stava
²ñ4
n. praise, admiration; prayer,
hymn
steshan
²ò°°
n. station
sthagit
²"l¹ñ
adj. postpones, adjourned
sthan
²"l°
n. place, spot, site, position,
house
sthaniya
²"l°l4
adj. local, territorial, regional,
topical
sthapan
²"lº°
n. establishment, foundation,
setting up, creation,
planting, placing
sthapana
²"lº°l
n. establishment, foundation,
setting up, creation,
planting, placing
sthapit
²"llºñ
adj. propounded, founded,
established, instituted, set
up, fixed, placed, erected,
installed
sthayi
²"l4l
adj. pßermanent, stationary,
fast, durable, lasting,
stable, steady
sthayitva
²"ll4¯4
n. permanence, durability,
sustainment
sthira
l²"¹
adj. stable, firm, fixed,
permanent, constant,
steadfast, immovable,
determined, patient
sthirata
l²"¹ñl
n. immobility, steadiness,
stability, constancy,
immutability, patience
sthiratva
l²"¹¯4l
n. immobility, steadiness,
stability, constancy,
immutability, patience
sthiti
l²"lñ
n. place, position,
circumstance, condition,
phase, equilibrium
striling
²¯ll¬7
n. female [grammar]
stuti
²ñlñ
n. praise, glorification, eulogy,
admiration; hymn of praise,
invocation, solemn prayer
subista
°ld²ñl
n. easiness, comfort
subistako
°ld²ñl4l
adj. comfortable, easy
sucana
°¬°l
n. notice, notification,
information, advertisement,
indication, hint
sucanapatra
°¬°lº¯
n. advertisement, notice
126
suci
° l¬
n. needle, a pointed piece of
iron, goad, prong
suci
°¬l
n. liste, table, index,
catalogue
sudhar
°ul¹
n. improvement, reform,
reformation, correction,
amendment, renovationr
sudharak
°ul¹4
n. reformer, improver,
disciplinarian
sudharnu
°ul°
v.t. to correct, to reform, to
amend, to make better
sudridha
°°²
adv. very strong, very firm, very
rigid
suga
°¹l
n. parrot
sujhau
°Rl¯
n. suggestion, advice, counsel
sujhav
°Rl4
n. suggestion, advice, counsel
sukhi
°Rl
adj. happy, pleased, delighted
sukhiya
°lR4l
adj. pleasure loving, pleasant,
happy
sukti
°l¬¯
n. good saying, beautiful
sentence
sukul
°4¬
n. a kind of straw mat, a
person of high or
respectable family
sukumvasi
°4º4l°l
n./adj. a homeless person,
homeless
sukuti
°4òl
n. dried meat, jerk
sun
°°
n. gold
sunaulo
°°l¬l
adj. golden
sunaunu
°°l¯°
v.t. to make others hear, to tell
sundar
°¯°¹
adj. beautiful, nice, pretty,
charming
sundha
° ²
n. trunk (of an elephant) snout
sungur
° ¹¹
n. pig, hog
suntala
°¯ñ¬l
n. tangerine
suntale
°¯ñ¬
adj. orange-coloured
sunuvar
°°4l¹
n. Sunuwar [a Nepali
nationality]
supari
°ºl¹l
n. areca nut, betel nut
suraksha
°¹°ll
protection, security
surakshit
°¹l°lñ
adj. well protected, in safety
127
surti
°ñl
n. tobacco
suruva
°¹4l
n. meat broth, meat soup
surya
°4
n. sun
susajjit
°°l¯¬ñ
adj. well adorned, well prepared
susangat
°°¹ñ
well associated, well
accompanied; reasonable
susangata
°°¹ñl
n. good association, good
companionship
susangati
°°¹lñ
n. good companionship
suselnu
°°¯°
v.t. to whistle
suselo
°°¬l
n. whistling, sighing; whistling
sound made by the wind,
sound produced by water
while flowing
sushasan
°°l°°
n. good government, good
rule, good administration
sushri
°°l
n. Miss
susta
°²ñ
adj. lazy, slow, idle, tardy,
inactive
sutne kotha
°¯° 4lól
n. bed room
sutnu
°¯°
v.i. to sleep, to go to sleep, to
go to bed, to lie down
sutrapat
°¯ºlñ
n. beginning, commencement
suvidha
°l4ul
n. facility, convenience
suvista
°l4²ñl
n. easiness, comfort
svabhav
²4¬l4
n. habit, nature, temperament,
character
svabhavatah
²4¬l4ñ:
adv. naturally, by nature
svabhavik
²4¬ll44
adj. natural, by nature
svaccha
²4¯3
adj. clean, clear, pure,
transparent
svad
²4l°
n. taste
svadhin
²4lul°
adj. independent, free, self-
governing, autonomous
svadhinata
²4lul°ñl
n. independence, freedom,
autonomy
svami
²4lºl
n. master, owner, lord,
proprietor, husband
svar
²4¹
n. voice, sound, tune, tone,
vowel
svarg
²4¹
n. heaven, paradise, sky,
heavens; a beautiful place,
128
a pleasant site
svargavas
²4¹4l°
n. death, passing away
svarup
²4^º
n. shape, form, apperarance
svasni
²4l²°l
n. wife [common]
svasnimanche
²4l²°lºl¯3
n. woman
svasth
²4²"
adj. healthy
svasthya
²4l²·4
n. health
svatah
²4ñ:
adj. voluntarily, spontaneous, of
one's own accord
svatantra
²4ñ¯¯
adj. free
svatantrata
²4ñ¯¯ñl
n. freedom, independence
svatantrata divas
²4ñ¯¯ñl l°4°
n. independence day
svayam
²44º
adv. personally, self
svayambhunath
²4l4¹¬ °l"
n. Swayambhunath
svayamev
²44º4
adv. personally, self
svayamsevak
²44º°44
n. volunteer
svayang
²44
adj. personally, self
svayatta
²4l4¬
adj. autonomous, under one's
control
svayatta shasan
²4l4¬ °l°°
n. autonomy, self-government
svayattashasi
²4l4¬°l°l
adj. autonomous
svayattata
²4l4¬ñl
n. autonomy
svikar
²4l4l¹
n. acceptance, confession,
assent, agreement
svikrit
²4l4ñ
adj. accepted, agreed,
consented, conferred
svikriti
²4l4lñ
n. acceptance, sanction,
approbation,
acknowledgement, consent
syal
²4l¬
n. jackal
syau
²4l¯
n. apple
tadha
òl²l
adj. far (away)
tadkanu
ñ°4°
v.i. to walk speedily, to shout,
to cry
tadkinu
ñ°l4°
v.i. to walk speedily, to shout,
to cry
tai
ñlt
n. flat iron pan
taipani
ñºl°
conj. though, notwithstanding
taja
ñl¬l
adj. fresh, not stale; green,
129
unfaded; recent
tak
ñl4
n. time, hour, opportunity,
chance
tak
ò4
n. reflection, light; gazing,
staring; looking at the
things with closing the eyes
takaliph
ñ4¬lº¯
n. trouble, pain, affliction
takiya
ñl44l
n. pillow
takuro
òl4¹l
n. summit, top, peak, apex
tal
ñl¬
n. lake
tala
ñl¬l
n. lock
tala
ñ¬
postp. down, below
tala
ñ¬l
n. floor
talak
ñ¬4
postp. upto, as long as
talca
ñl¯¬l
n. lock
talika
ñll¬4l
n. list, key, table, schedule
talim
ñl¬lº
n. training, teaching
talkanu
ò¯4°
v.i. to shine, to glitter, to
sparkle
talkinu
òl¯4°
v.i. to shine, to glitter, to
sparkle
talmel
ñl¬º¬
n. co-ordination,
concordance, harmony,
agreement
talu
ñl¬
n. palate
tama
ñlºl
n. copper
tamakhu
ñºlR
n. tobacco
tamang
ñlºls
n. Tamang [a Nepali
nationality]
tamsanu
ñ¹°°
v.i. to be forward, to be active
tamu
ñº
n. Tamu, Gurung [a Nepali
nationality]
tanahun
ñ°ã
n. Tanahun [former mini-state;
today district in western
Nepal]
tanav
ñ°l4
n. tension, tenseness, strain,
tautness
tanba
ñldl
n. copper
tanda
ñ¯°l
n. bed-sheet
tannu
ñl¯°
v.t. to draw, to pull, to drag
130
tansnu
òl²°
v.t. to stick, to fasten, to join
tap
ñº
n. penance, practice, heat,
warmth
tap
ñlº
n. heat, warmth; mental
sorrow, anxiety, regret
tapani
ñlºl°
conj. although, nevertheless
tapari
òº¹l
n. a plate made of leaves,
leaf-plate
tapke
ñl¯4
n. frying pan
tar
ñ¹
n. cream
tara
ñl¹l
n. star
tara
ñ¹
conj. but
taranga
ñ¹7
n. wave, whim, caprice;
emotion, vibration
taraph
񹺯
n. direction, side
taraph
񹺯
conj. towards
tarbuja
ñd¬l
n. watermelon
tari khet
òl¹l Rñ
n. terraced field
tarika
ñ¹l4l
n. method, manner, way,
means
tarikh
ñl¹lR
n. date [according to the
western calendar]
tariko sag
ñl¹l4l °l¹
n. mustard greens [small]
tark
ñ4
n. debate, discussion,
argument
tarkari
ñ4l°l
n. vegetable curry
tarnu
ñl°
v.t. to deep fry
tarph
ñº¯
conj. towards
tarph
ñº¯
n. direction, side
tarphbata
ñº¯dló
postp. on the part of, from
tarul
ñ¹¬
n. yam
tarun
ñ¹"l
n. young man, youth, juvenile
taruno
ñ¹°l
n. young man, youth, juvenile
tasartha
ñ°"
int. on account of that, from
that reason, therefore
taskar
ñ²4¹
n. smuggler
taskari
ñ²4¹l
n. smuggling
tat
ñò
n. shore, bank, beach, coast
tatastha
ñò²"
adj. neutral, objective,
131
indifferent
tataunu
ññl¯°
v.t. to heat, to warm up
tatha
ñ"l
conj. and
tathya
ñ·4
n. truth, reality, substance
tato
òlòl
n. mark, spot, scar, stain
tato
ñlñl
adj. warm, hot
tato pani
ñlñl ºl°l
n. hot water, warm water
tattva
ñ¬4
n. truth; true state, essence,
substance, the real factor
of bringing things into
existence
tau
ñl¯
n. sheet of paper
tauko
òl¯4l
n. head
taulanu
ñl¬°
v.t. to weigh, to compare
tauliya
ñll¬4l
n. towel
tavar
ñ4¹
n. manner, way, mode,
method
tayar
ñ4l¹
adv. ready
tayar garnu
ñ4l¹ ¹°
v.t. to make ready
tayar hunu
ñ4l¹ ã°
v.i. to be ready, to make ready
tayarima
ñ4l¹l
n. readiness, preparation
tebbar
ñ¯d¹
adj. thrice, threefold, three
times, triplicate
tehra
ñã
num. thirteen, 13
teis
ñt°
num. twenty-three, 23
tekne lauro
ò4° ¬l¹l
n. staff, walking stick
telbij
ñ¬dl¬
n. oilseed
telhan
ñ¬ã°
n. oilseed
tenis
òl°°
n. tennis
ternu
ò°
v.t. to obey, to respect; to pay
attention
tesro
ñ°l
adj. third
tesro dhrava
ñ°l u4
n. third pole
tettis
ñ¬l°
num. thirty-three, 33
thag
ó¹
n. cheat, knave, swindler
thagaha
ó¹lãl
n. cheat, knave, swindler
thagnu
ó¹°
v.i. to cheat, to deceive
thaha
"lãl
n. knowledge, information
132
thakai
"4lt
n. fatigue, weariness,
exhaustion
thakali
"4l¬l
n. Thakali [a Nepali
nationality]
thaknu
"l4°
v.i. to get tired, to become
tired, to be exhausted
thal
"l¬
n. plate
thali
"l¬l
n. small plate
thalni
"l¯°l
n. beginning, commencement
thalnu
"l¯°
v.t. to begin, to start, to
commence
thalo
"¬l
n. place, land; levelled high
place, table land
thamaunu
óºl¯°
v.t. to recognize, to know
thami
"lºl
n. Thami [a Nepali nationality]
thamyaunu
ó¹4l¯°
v.t. to recognise, to know
thana
"l°l
n. police station. police post
thana
ól°l
n. police station. police post
thanda
ó¯°l
adj. cold, chilly
thanda marubhumi
ó"°l º¹¬lº
n. tundra
thannu
ól¯°
v.t. to think, to determine
thapnu
"l¯°
v.t. to establish, to erect, to
place
thar

n. clan, tribe, subcaste
tharkaunu
"4l¯°
v.t. to frighten, to shake
tharu
"l¹
n. Tharu [a Nepali nationality]
thati
"l°l
n. pawn, stake, postponement
thaun
ól¯
n. place, spot, opportunity
thegnu
"¹°
v.i. to last, to persist, to endure
theknu
ó4°
v.t. to fix, to sum up, to appoint,
to post
thicnu
l"¯°
v.t. to press, to crush, to
squeeze
thik
ól4
adj. right, correct
thiti
lóòl
n. lass, girl, young women
thiti
l"lñ
n. arrangement, order,
custom, regulation, usage
thiti-riti
l"lñ·l¹lñ
n. arrangement, order,
custom, regulation, usage
133
thito
lóòl
n. lad, boy, young man
thople
"l¯¬
adj. spotted
thopo
"lºl
n. drop, speck
thor
"l¹
adj. less
thorai
"l¹
adj. a little, few
thuli ama
ó¬l ¹lºl
n. father's elder brother's wife,
mother's elder sister
thulo
ó¬l
adj. big
thulo ba
ó¬l dl
n. father's elder brother,
mother's elder sister's
husband
thulo buva
ó¬l d4l
n. father's elder brother,
mother's elder sister's
husband
thunse
"¯°
n. a large close-meshed
basket
thunuva
"°4l
adj. imprisoned, arrested
thuprai aunu
"º ¹l¯°
v.i. to pour in, to swarm in
thupro
"ºl
n. heap, mound, pile, crowd
ti
ñl
pron. those
tibbat
lñ¯dñ
n. Tibet
tighra
lñ¹l
n. thigh
tihun
lñã°
n. vegetable stew
tikho
ñlRl
adj. sharp, pointed
tiknu
lò4°
v.i. to last, to remain, to endure
til
ñl¬
n. sesame
tin
lò°
n. tin
tin
ñl°
num. three, 3
tinma
lñ°ºl
under it, under them, under
there
tinma adhi bhanda
kehi badhi
lñ°ºl ¹l¹l ¬¯°l 4ãl
d²l
a little bit more than half of
them
tippani
lò¯º"ll
n. note, annotation, comment,
commentary, observation,
critical remark
tippanikar
lò¯º"ll4l¹
n. commentator
tira
lñ¹
postp. towards, in direction to
tirnu
lñ°
v.t. tp pay
tirsana
lñ°°l
n. desire for drink and food,
134
thirst; desire, wish,
ambition
tis
ñl°
num. thirty, 30
tithi
lñl"
n. date [according to the
astrological calendar]
titri
lñ¯l
n. a sour fruit [relished for
pickle], tamarind
toknu
ñl4°
v.t. to fix, to determine, to
appoint, to decide
toli
òl¬l
n. small group, btch, party,
team
topalnu
òlº¯°
v.t. to pretend, to make a
pretext
tori
ñl¹l
n. mustard
torika phul dekhnu
ñl¹l4l º¯¬ °¯°
to be astonished
tran
¯l"l
n. protection, defence, safety
tribhuj
l¯¬¬
n. triangle
tricalis
l¯¬l¬l°
num. forty-three, 43
trihattar
l¯ã¬¹
num. seventy-three, 73
tripanna
l¯º¯°
num. fifty-three, 53
trisatthi
l¯°òól
num. sixty-three, 63
tritiya purus
ññl4 º¹¯l
n. third person [ling.]
tritiyapurusvacak
ññl4 º¹¯l4l¬4
n. third person [grammar]
triyakalap
l¯4l4¬lº
n. function, task
triyanabbe
l¯4l°¯d
num. ninety-three, 93
triyasi
l¯4l°l
num. eighty-three, 83
tukra
ò¯¯l
n. a small piece,
tukrinu
òl¯¯°
v.i. to be divided to pieces
tulana
ñ¬°l
n. comparison, similarity
tunginu
òl¹°
v.i. to come to an end, to be
finished, to be completed
tupi
òºl
n. pig-tail
turunta
ñ¹¯ñ
adj. immediate
tyag
¯4l¹
n. desertion, abandonment
tyahan
¯4ãl
adv. there
tyas tak
¯4° ñl4
adv. at that time
tyasai
¯4°
adv. in that way, without any
reason; free, vain
tyasaile
¯4°¬
conj. therefore, so
135
tyaso hunale
¯4°l ã°l¬
conj. so, thus
tyasprati
¯4°ºlñ
adv. in this connection,
concerning this
tyasto
¯4²ñl
pron. such, that kind of, like that
tyatiko
¯4lñ4l
adj. that much, that big
ubhayaling
¯¬4l¬
n. double gender
ubhinu
¯l¬°
v.i. to stand up, to stand, to get
up
ubhyaunu
¯+4l¯°
v.t. to cause to stand, to raise
up
ubjani
¯¯¬°l
n. production, productivity
ubjanu
¯¯¬°
v.i. to grow, to grow up, to be
produced
ubjaunu
¯¯¬l¯°
v.t. to produce, to cause to
grow
ubranu
¯d°
v.i. to be left over
ucalnu
¯¬l¯°
v.t. to lift up
ucca
¯¯¬
adj. high, lofty, upper, superior
ucca parvatiya
¯¯¬ º4ñl4
adj. alpine
udaharan
¯°lã¹"l
n. instance, example,
illustration
udaharaniya
¯°lã¹"ll4
adj. exemplary
udan
¯°l°
n. flight, act of flying or fleeing
udar
¯°l¹
adj. high minded, munificent,
generous, open-hearted,
noble-minded
udarashaya
¯°l¹l°4
adj. generous, high-minded,
magnanimous
udarta
¯°l¹ñl
n. generosity, liberality,
magnanimity, nobleness
udarvad
¯°l¹4l°
n. liberalism
udarvadi
¯°l¹4l°l
n. liberal, liberalist
udas
¯°l°
adj. sad
udasi
¯°l°l
adj. sad
udaunu
¯°l¯°
v.t. to cause to fly; to waste, to
squander, to gobble
udaunu
¯°l¯°
v.i. to rise (sun or moon)
udaya
¯°4
n. rising, ascent, dawning
uddesh
¯¸°
n. desire, wish, intention,
purpose
uddeshya
¯¸°4
n. aim, objective
136
uddhar
¯¯l¹
n. kindness, charity
udgar
¯°¹l¹
n. exclamation, emotional
statement
udharnu
¯ul°
v.t. to rip up
udhinnu
¯lu¯°
v.t. to dig up, to pick out, to find
out, to search, to select
udnu
¯°°
v.i. to fly
udus
¯°°
n. bedbug
udyamashil
¯¤º°l¬
adj. industrial
udyat
¯¤ñ
adj. ready, prepared, raised,
brought up
udyog
¯¤l¹
n. industry, enterprise, effort,
diligence
udyogi
¯¤l¹l
adj. industrious
ugharnu
¯¹l°
v.t. to open, to unlock
ughranu
¯¹°
v.i. to be opened
ugra
¯¹
adj. wrathful, angry, fierce
uhan
¯ãl
pron. he, she [very polite]
uhile
¯lã¬
adv. then, at that time, many
years ago, long ago
ujad
¯¬l°
adj. deserted, isolated
ujyalo
¯¯4l¬l
adj. light
ukali
¯4l¬l
n. upward gradient
ukalnu
¯4l¯°
v.t. to lift
ukalo
¯4l¬l
n./adj. steepness, upward
gradient; steep
ukasnu
¯4l²°
v.t. ro raise, to rouse
ukelnu
¯4¯°
v.t. to vomit, to spew out
ukhan
¯Rl°
n. proverb, saying, aphorism
ukhelnu
¯R¯°
v.t. to uproot, to remove
ukhu
¯R
n. sugar cane
ukkaunu
¯44l¯°
v.t. to break open, to initiate
ukkinu
¯l44°
v.i. to be selected, to be picked
out
uklanu
¯4¬°
v.t. to climb up, to ascend
ukta
¯¬¯
adj. mentioned, said
ukti
¯l¬¯
n. statement, remark, a
saying
137
ukusmukusaunu
¯4°º4°l¯°
v.t. to stifle, to cause
claustrophobia
ullangghan
¯¯¬¹°
n. violation, contravention
ullas
¯¯¬l°
n. joy, delight
ullekh
¯¯¬R
n. mention, reference,
description
ullekhniya
¯¯¬R°l4
adj. remarkable, worthy of
being mentioned
ullikhit
¯¯¬lRñ
adj. written, mentioned
ulto
¯¯òl
adj. opposite, upside-down
umalnu
¯ºl¯°
v.t. to cause to boil
umarnu
¯ºl°
v.t. to cause to sprout
umedvar
¯º°4l¹
n. candidate
umer
¯º¹
n. age, length of life
umkanu
¯¹4°
v.i. to escape, to get free, to
slip out
umlanu
¯¹¬°
v.i. to boil, to bubble up, to
simmer
ummedvar
¯¹º°4l¹
n. candidate
umranu
¯º°
v.i. to sprout, to spring up, to
grow up
un
¯¯°
n. wool
unancas
¯°¯¬l°
num. forty-nine, 49
unannabbe
¯°l¯°¯d
num. eighty-nine
unansattari
¯°l¯°¬¹l
num. sixty-nine, 69
unansaya
¯°l¯°4
num. ninety-nine, 99
unasi
¯°l°l
num. seventy-nine, 79
unca
¯¯¬l
adj. high, lofty
uncai
¯¯¬lt
n. height, tallness, summit
uncalis
¯¯¬l¬l°
num. thirty-nine, 39
unco
¯¯¬l
adj. high
unco
¯¬l
adj. high
uni kammal
¯¯°l 4¹º¬
n. wollen blanket
unmulan
¯¯º¬°
n. uprooting, destruction,
eradication
unnais
¯¯°lt°
num. nineteen, 19
unnat
¯¯°ñ
adj. risen, progressed,
improved
unnati
¯¯°lñ
n. progress, rise,
138
advancement,
improvement, prosperity,
elevation
unnatishil
¯¯°lñ°l¬
adj. progressive
unnayak
¯¯°l44
n. uplifter, reformer, leader
unnayan
¯¯°4°
n. uplift, development
unnu
¯¯°
v.t. to wreath, to thread, to
string, to pass a thread
through a needle
unsathi
¯¯°lól
num. fifty-nine, 59
unta
¯¯ò
n. camel
untis
¯¯ñl°
num. twenty-nine, 29
upabhog
¯º¬l¹
n. enjoyment
upabhokta
¯º¬l¬¯
n. consumer, user
upacar
¯º¬l¹
n. remedy, medical treatment,
care
upadesh
¯º°°
n. instruction, counsel, lesson
upadhi
¯ºllu
n. title, attribute, designation,
status
upahar
¯ºãl¹
n. present, gift
upaj
¯º¬
n. crop, produce, product
upakhyan
¯ºl¯4l°
n. legend, tale, episode (of a
narration); proverb, sying
upakram
¯º¯¯º
n. plan, programme,
preparations, beginning,
preamble, preface
upalabdha
¯º¬¯u
adj. gained, felt, acquired,
attained, available
upalabdhi
¯º¬¯ul
n. achievement,
accomplishment
upalakshya
¯º¬°4
n. sign, implication, ourpose,
occasion
upama
¯ººl
n. comparison, simile,
likeness
upanisad
¯ºl°¯l°
n. Upanishads (the
theological part of the
vedas)
upanisadvadi
¯ºl°¯l°4l¬l
n. (someone who is following
the teachings of the
Upanishads)
upansanhar
¯º°ãl¹
n. conclusion, summary
upanyas
¯º¯4l°
n. novel
139
upar
¯º¹
postp. above, over, for
uparastrapati
¯º¹l¯òºlñ
n. vice-president
uparna
¯º°l
n. scarf, shawl
upasabhapati
¯º°¬lºlñ
n. vice-chairman [of a
meeting, organization or
party]
upasthiti
¯ºl²"lñ
n. presence, attendance
upatya
¯º¯4
n. valley
upa-usnakatibandhi
¯º ¯¯"l4lòd¯ul
adj. subtropical
upayog
¯º4l¹
n. use, utilization, application
upayogita
¯º4ll¹ñl
n. usefulness, utility
upayukta
¯º4¬¯
adj. proper, suitable,
appropriate
upeksha
¯º°ll
n. slight, indignity, neglect,
disregard, contempt, scorn
upekshit
¯ºl°lñ
adj. neglected, ignored,
discarded, disregarded
uphranu
¯º¯°
v.i. to jump, to leap
upiyan
¯lº4l
n. flea
uralnu
¯¹l¯°
v.t. to instigate, to incite
urlanu
¯¬°
v.i. to surge up, to rise up, to
come in waves; to become
angry
usa
¯¯ll
n. dawn, daybreak
usinnu
¯l°¯°
v.t. to boil while cooking
uso
¯°l
adj. like that, such
uta
¯ñl
adv. there, thither
utarnu
¯ñl°
v.t. to cause to get off, to cause
to descend, to help to
descend, to take off
(clothes)
uthal-puthal
¯"¬ º"¬
n. overturning, change
uthaunu
¯ól¯°
v.t. to wake up, to rouse, to
cause to rise
uthnu
¯ó°
v.i. to get up, to stand up, to
stand
uti
¯lñ
adv. that much
utnikher
¯l¯°R¹
adv. meanwhile, at that time
utpadan
¯¯ºl°°
n. production
utpatti
¯¯ºl¬
n. origin, production
140
utpidak
¯¯ºl°4
n. oppressor
utpidit
¯¯ºll°ñ
n. oppression, persecution,
harassment
utpidit varga
¯¯ºll°ñ 4¹
n. oppressed class
utranu
¯¯°
v.i. to get off, to descend, to
float, to rise out of, to rise
above
utrinu
¯l¯°
v.i. to get off, to come down, to
descend
utsaha
¯¯°lã
n. enthusiasm, excitement
utsav
¯¯°4
n. entertainment, festival,
celebration, festivity
utsukta
¯¯°4ñl
n. enthusiasm, excitement
uttam
¯¬º
adj. supreme, best
uttano
¯¬l°l
adj. flat on one's back
uttar
¯¬¹
n. answer, reply; north
uttaradhikari
¯¬¹llu4l¹l
n. heir, successor, inheritor
uttardayi
¯¬¹°l4l
adj. responsible, answerable,
accountable
uttejit
¯¬l¬ñ
adj. excited, quickened
utthan
¯¯"l°
n. upliftment; progress,
emancipation
vacan
4¬°
n. speech, utterance, talk
vad
4l°
n. theory, dispute, controversy
vaicarik
4¬ll¹4
adj. ideological
vaidhanik
4ull°4
adj. constitutional, according to
the constitution
vaishakh
4°lR
n. first month of the Nepali
year [April-May]
vajracarya
4¬l¬l4
n. Vajracharya, Bajracharya,
a tantric guru, a Buddhist
priest
vaktavya
4¬¯¯4
n. speech, statement, topic
vampanthi
4lºº¯"l
n./adj. leftist
van biralo
4° ld¹l¬l
n. wild cat
van upabhokta
samuha
4° ¯º¬l¬¯l °ºã
n. forest users group
vanbhoja
4l¬l¬
n. picknick
vanijya
4ll"l¯4
n. trade, commerce, business
vanko dhan
4°4l ul°
n. forest resources
141
vansha

n. clan, pedigree, dynasty,
lineage, birth, family, tribe,
generation
vardan
4¹°l°
n. boon
varga

n. class, kind, series, row
varga mil
4¹ ºl¬
n. square mile
vargahin
4¹ãl°
adj. classless
vargahin samaj
4¹ãl° °ºl¬
n. classless society
varipari
4l¹ºl¹
adv. all round, round about, on
all sides
varnan
4"l°
n. description, narration,
encomium
varsa
4¯l
n. year
varsa
4¯ll
n. rains, rainy season,
monsoon
varta
4lñl
n. discourse, account,
conversation, topic, talk,
dialogue
vartalap
4lñl¬lº
n. dialogue, conversation,
talk, discourse
vartaman
4ñºl°
adj. current, existing, modern,
current time, present time
vasanta
4°¯ñ
n. spring
vasi
4l°l
n. inhabitant, dweller
vastavik
4l²ñl44
adj. in reality, essential,
genuine, true, virtual
vastavikta
4l²ñl44ñl
n. reality, truth
vastu
4²ñ
n. thing, item, substance,
article, property; cattle
vastutah
4²ññ:
adv. in reality
vatavaran
4lñl4¹"l
n. condition, surrounding,
environment,
circumstances, situation
veda

n. Veda
vela
4¬l
n. time
veshya
4°4l
n. prostitute, whore, harlot
vibhag
l4¬l¹
n. section, part, department
vibhagiya
l4¬l¹l4
adj. departmental, related to the
department
vibhajan
l4¬l¬°
n. section, part, department
vibhinna
l4l¬
adj. various, diverse, different
kinds of
142
vicalan
l4¬¬°
n. departure, deviation,
moving about,
unsteadiness
vicar
l4¬l¹
n. consideration, observation,
notion, idea, judgement
videsh
l4°°
n. foreign country
videshi
l4°°l
n. foreigner
videshi sahayata
l4°°l °ãl4ñl
n. foreign aid
vidhan
l4ul°
n. legislation, act, law,
ordinance, regulation, rule
vidheyak
l4u44
n. bill [in a legislature]
vidhi
l4lu
n. method, procedure, law,
rule, prescript
vidhipurvak
l4luº44
adv. duly, methodically,
systematically
vidhivat
l4lu4ñ
adv. duly, methodically,
systematically, in
conformity with rules, as
prescribed by law
vidit
l4l°ñ
adj. known, understood,
acquainted
vidroha
l4°lã
n. revolt, rebellion, mutiny,
treason
vidvan
l4Tl°
n./adj. scholar; learned, wise
vidya
l4¤l
n. knowledge, learning,
attainment
vidyabhyas
l4¤l+4l°
n. study, habit of study,
practice of learning
vidyalaya
l4¤l¬4
n. school, college, academy,
seminary
vidyarambha
l4¤l¹¹¬
n. initiation into one's studies
with religious solemnities,
the beginning of reading an
writing
vidyarthi
l4¤l"l
n. student
vidyarthi gatividhi
l4¤l"l ¹lñl4lu
n. student movement
vidyashram
l4¤l°º
n. boarding school
vidyut
l4¤ñ
n. electricity
vigat
l4¹ñ
adj. past, gone away
vighatan
l4¹ò°
n. break up, dissolution,
destruction
vigyan
l4ñl°
n. acquired knowledge,
conscience, wisdom,
understanding, science
143
vihina
l4ãl°
postp. devoid of, deprived of,
destitute of
vihinata
l4ãl°ñl
n. missing, non-existence
vijaya
l4¬4
n. victory, triumph, conquest
vijaya
l4¬4l
n. the goddess Durga, the
Durga Puja festival
vijaya dashami
l4¬4l °°ºl
n. the Dashara festival, the
Dasain festival
vijayi
l4¬4l
n./adj. victor, conqueror,
vanquisher; victorious,
triumphant
vijeta
l4–l
n. conqueror, victor, one who
has achieved victory
vikas
l44l°
n. development, expansion,
evolution
vikasit
l44ll°ñ
adj. developed
vikasit
l44l°ñ
adj. developed
vikat
l44ò
adj. dreadful, difficult, hideous
vikendrikaran
l44¯°l4¹"l
n. decentralization
vikhandan
l4R"°°
n. fission, breaking up,
splitting up, fragmentation
vikhandit
l4Rl"°ñ
adj. divided, separated, split up,
cut off, broken
vikriti
l44lñ
n. deformation, defilement,
mutilation, defect
vilas
l4¬l°
n. luxury, enjoyment,
luxurious life, sensuous
pleasure, pleasure with the
opposite sex
vilayat
l4¬l4ñ
n. foreign land, foreign
country, Europe, England
viman
l4ºl°
n. airplane, airship
vimansthal
l4ºl°²"¬
n. airfield, airstrip
vinash
l4°l°
n. destruction, ruin, disaster,
loss
vipanna
l4º
adj. distressed, afflicted, fallen
into calamity, in a critical
state
viparit
l4º¹lñ
adj. opposit, contrary, reverse,
adverse, hostile
viphal
l4º¯¬
adj. fruitless, useless,
unsuccessful
vir
4l¹
adj. brave, courageous, heroic,
gallant
144
viraha
l4¹ã
n. separation, parting,
estrangement; loss
virodh
l4¹lu
n. dissension, discrepancy,
hostility, discord, objection,
antagonism
viruddha
l4¹¯
postp. against, opposed, opposite,
contrary, adverse, hostile
visakta
l4¯ll¬¯
adj. toxic, poisonous,
venomous, vituperative
visalu
l4¯ll¬
adj. toxic, poisonous,
venomous, vituperative
visaya
l4¯l4
n. subject, topic, article
visaya-kram
l4¯l4·¯¯º
n. contents, table of contents
visayantar
l4¯l4l¯ñ¹
n. an outside subject, another
topic
visayapravesh
l4¯l4º4°
n. introduction, preface,
foreword, preliminary
visaya-pravesh
l4¯l4 º4°
n. introduction
visayavastu
l4¯l44²ñ
n. subject matter, something
discussed
vishal
l4°l¬
adj. big, very big, gigantic,
extensive, large, palatiol,
huge, great
vishes
l4°¯l
adv. extraordinary, unusual,
special, distinguished,
famous
vishes adalat
l4°¯l ¹°l¬ñ
n. special court
vishes nam
l4°¯l °lº
n. proper name
vishesagya
l4°¯lñ
n. expert
vishesan
l4°¯l"l
n. adjective
vishesya
l4°¯4
n. substantive; a noun with an
adjective qualifying it
vishista
l4l°¯ò
adj. conspicuous, remarkable,
important, distinguished,
extraordinary
vishva
l4°4
n. universe, the whole world
vishvas
l4°4l°
n. belief, trust, faith, reliance,
confidence, assurance
vishvasniya
l4°4°°l4
adj. trustworthy, reliable,
creditable
vishvasniyata
l4°4°°l4ñl
n. trustworthiness, reliability,
creditability
vishvaspatra
l4°4l°ºl¯
n. reliable person, confidant
vishvavidyalaya
l4°4l4¤l¬4
n. university
145
vishvayuddha
l4°44¯
n. world war
viskambhak
l4¯4¹¬4
n. interlude (in a drama)
vismayadibodhak
l4²º4ll°dlu4
n. interjection
visphot
l4²º¯lò
n. outburst, explosion,
eruption; smallpox
visphotak
l4²º¯lò4
adj. explosive
vistar
l4²ñl¹
n. extension, expansion,
extent; spread
vistarit
l4²ñll¹ñ
adj. expanded, enlarged
vivad
l44l°
n. discussion, debate,
dispute, altercation,
quarrel, controvercy
vivaha
l44lã
n. marriage, wedding,
matrimony
vivaran
l44¹"l
n. description, account,
statement
vivash
l44°
adj. dependent, helpless,
subjected
vividh
l4l4u
adj. different, diverse, various,
miscellaneous
vividhta
l4l4uñl
n. diversity, variety, variation
vriddha

adj. old, aged, advanced in
years, mature; ancient
vriddhavastha
4¯l4²"l
n. old age
vriddhi
4l¯
n. progress, increase,
increment, rise, growth,
enlargement
vrihaspativar
4㲺lñ4l¹
n. Thursday
vriksha
4°l
n. tree
vriksharopan
4°ll¹lº"l
n. tree plantation
vrisadeva
4¯l°4
n. Vrishadeva [name of a
Licchavi king, great-
grandfather of Manadeva I]
vyakhya
¯4l¯4l
n. explanation
vyakhyan
¯4l¯4l°
n. speech, lecture,
explanation, exposition
vyakta
¯4¬¯
adj. clear, discernible,
expressed, stated,
mentioned
vyakti
¯4l¬¯
n. person, individual,
manifestation
vyaktigat
¯4l¬¯¹ñ
adj. personal, individual
vyaktitva
¯4l¬¯¯4
n. personality, individuality,
146
self
vyaktivacak nam
¯4l¬¯4l¬4 °lº
n. proper name, proper noun
vyangya
¯47¯
n. sarcasm, irony, innuendo
vyangya-citra
¯47¯·l¬¯
n. cartoon
vyapar
¯4lºl¹
n. business, trade, profession,
occupation, industry
vyapta
¯4l¯ñ
adj. diffused, pervaded,
occupied, overcast,
scattered, flush
vyatha
¯4"l
n. pain, suffering, misery,
distress, injury, ache
vyavahar
¯44ãl¹
n. behaviour, conduct,
manner, treatement
vyavasay
¯44°l4
n. undertaking, occupation,
employment; engagement,
business
vyavastha
¯44²"l
n. system, method, regulation,
management, settlement,
systematization, form
vyavasthapan
¯44²"lº°
n. organizing, systematizing
vyavasthapika
¯44²"llº4l
n. legislative
vyavasthapit
¯44²"llºñ
adj. established, systematized,
managed
vyavasthit
¯44l²"ñ
adj. systematic, methodical, in
order
yadyapi
4¤lº
conj. although, though, even, if,
however, notwithstanding
yagya

n. religious sacrifice, oblation
yahan
4ãl
adv. here, at this place, hither
yahi
4ãl
pron. this very
yahi nai
4ãl °
pron. this and no other
yas karan
4° 4l¹"l
so, because of this
yas kramma
4° ¯¯¹ºl
for this reason, so
yasaigari
4°¹¹l
adv. consequently, therefor, so
yashasvi
4°²4l
adj. renowned, reputed,
glorious
yashogan
4°l¹l°
n. eulogy, singing of praises
yasmadhye
4°º·4
adv. by that, in this
yaso
4°l
adj. like this, such
yasogari
4°l¹¹l
adv. consequently, therefor, so
yasto
4²ñl
pron. like this, of the same kind
147
yasto andhyaroma
4²ñl ¹·4¹lºl
comp. in such darkness
yata
4ñl
adv. here, at this place, hither
yatauta
4ñl¯ñl
adv. hither an thither, here and
there, in all directions
yatayat
4lñl4lñ
n. transportation, traffic
yathavat
4"l4ñ
adv. in situ, intact, as before
yati
4lñ
adv. this much, thus much, so
much
yatiko
4lñ4l
adv. so much
yatra
4l¯l
n. trip, voyage
yatri
4l¯l
n. traveller, pilgrim, tourist
yatro
4¯l
pron. so great, so big
yauvan
4l4°
n. youth, adolescence,
manhood, puberty
yayavar
4l4l4¹
n. nomad, wanderer
yog
4l¹
n. joining, junction,
combination, union,
coupling; relationship,
connection
yogadan
4l¹°l°
n. cooperation, help,
assistance, contribution
yogaphal
4l¹º¯¬
n. the sum total
yogyata
tl¹4ñl
n. power, strength, talent
yojana
4l¬°l
n. planning
yug

n. epoch, era, age
yugoslabhiya
4¹l²¬l¬l4l
n. Yugoslavia
yurop
4¹lº
n. Europe
yuropeli
4¹lº¬l
adj. European
yuva
44l
n. youth
yuvati
44ñl
n. young woman, youthful
woman
148

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