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American Airlines and Orient Air Services and Hotel Representatives entered into a General Sales Agency Agreement whereby American authorized the latter to act as its exclusive general sales agent within the Philippines for the sale of air passenger transportation (services: solicit and promote passenger traffic, servicing and supervising agents etc.) o It was stipulated that neither Orient nor its sub-agents perform services for any other air carrier similar to those to be performed hereunder for American without the prior written consent of American o Remittances- ticket stock or exchange orders LESS commissions o American will pay Orient sales agency commission and an overriding commission – 3% of the tariff fares and charges for all sales of transportation over American’s service by Orient or its sub-agents o In case of default (remittance) American may terminate the agreement; otherwise either party may terminate without cause by giving 30 days’ notice American alleged that Orient failed to promptly remit the net proceeds of sales – terminated the Agreement – filed suit for accounting with preliminary attachment or garnishment, mandatory injunction and restraining order Orient denied allegations contending that after the application to the commission due it , plaintiff in fact still owed Orient a balance in unpaid overriding commissions TC: in favor of Orient – termination was illegal and improper- ORDERED PLAINTIFF TO REINSTATE DEFENDANT AS ITS GENERAL SALES AGENT CA: affirmed TC with some modifications with respect to the monetary awards AMERICAN claims overriding commission should be based only on ticketed sales-to be entitled to the 3% overriding commission, the sale must be made by Orient Air and the sale must be done with the use of American’s ticket stocks ORIENT: contractual stipulation of 3% overriding commission covers the total revenue of American not merely from the ticketed sales, invoking its designation as the EXCLUSIVE General sales agent of american
• • •
ISSUE: extent of Orient Air’s right to the 3% overriding commission HELD: basis should be TOTAL REVENUE (in favor of Orient) • 2 commissions; a) sales agency commission; b) overriding commission of 3% of tariff fares and charges for all sales of passenger transpo over American air services. The latter type of commissions would accrue for sales of American made not on its ticket stock but on the ticket stock of other air carriers sold by such carriers or other authorized ticketing facilities or travel agents. To rule otherwise would erase any distinction between the 2 types of commissions • American air was the party responsible for the preparation of the agreement (contract of adhesion) • Since the American was still obligated to Orient for the said commission, Orient was justified in refusing to remit the sums demanded. The termination was therefore WITHOUT cause and basis • (AGENCY PART) – Appellate court erred in ordering American air to reinstate the defendant as its general sales agent o Compelling American to extend its personality to Orient would be violative of the principles and essence of AGENCY o AGENCY- contract whereby "a person binds himself to render some service or to do something in representation or on behalf of another, WITH THE CONSENT OR AUTHORITY OF THE LATTER o In an agent-principal relationship, the personality of the principal is extended through the facility of the agent o The agent, by legal fiction, becomes the principal, authorized to perform all acts which the latter would have him do. Such a relationship can only be effected with the consent of the principal, which must not, in any way, be compelled by law or by any court RALLOS vs FELIX GO CHAN FACTS: • Concepcion and Gerundia both surnamed Rallos were sisters and registered co-owners of a parcel of land • The sisters executed a SPECIAL POWER OF ATTORNEY in favor of their brother, Simeon Rallos, authorizing him to sell for and in their behalf the said lot • March 3, 1955 – Concepcion Rallos died – September 12, 1955, Simeon sold the lot to Felix Go Chan- deed registered in the Registry of Deeds and TCT was issued in the name of Felix Go Chan
Ramon Rallos, administrator of the Intestate estate of Concepcion filed a complaint praying that the sale be declared UNENFORCEABLE and the share of Concepcion in the lot be reconveyed to her estate and that TCT in the name of Felix Go Chan be cancelled and a new one be issued in the name of the corporation and the Intestate estate of Concepcion TC: in favor of Ramon – deed of sale –declared null and void insofar as the share of Concepcion, and ordered Register of Deeds to issue new TCT in the name of corporation and estate CA: in favor of Felix Go Chan – sales is VALID
ISSUE: what is the legal effect of an act performed by an agent AFTER the death of his principal? Is the sale valid? HELD: NO • No one may contract in the name of another without being authorized by the latter, or unless he has by law a right to represent him. A contract entered into in the name of another by one who has no authority or the legal representation or who has acted beyond his powers, shall be unenforceable, unless it is ratified, expressly or impliedly, by the person on whose behalf it has been executed, before it is revoked by the other contracting party
for the Osaka/Tokyo flight. 1971. called the principal (mandante). his act is the act of the principal if done within the scope of the authority. civil interdiction. Art 1931 is not applicable Revocation by an act of the principal should be distinguished from revocation by operation of law such as the death of the principal. Teresita enlisted the help of Lee Ella. authorizes another. Jose Gana sought assistance of Teresita Manucdoc for the the extension of the validity of the tickets. "He who acts through another acts himself" ART 1919 CC.o o Out of the above given principles. • Sometime in January 1971. sprung the creation and acceptance of the RELATIONSHIP OF AGENCY whereby one party. The essential elements of agency are: (1) there is consent. The authority of the agent to act emanates from the powers granted to him by his principal.reversed TC . to act for and in his behalf in transactions with third persons. and (4) the agent acts within the scope of his authority o AGENCY-basically personal representative and derivative in nature. JAL refused to honor the tickets because of their expiration. Art 1931 – anything done by agent without the knowledge of the death of the principal is valid and fully effective with respect to third persons who may have contracted with him in GF Under 1931 there must be concurrence of the BOTH conditions below: 1. that the agent acted without knowledge of the death of the principal. Same difficulty wrt their return trip to Manila as Air France also refused to honor the tickets • So upon their return. So Ella on his own.agency is extinguished by the death. that the third person who contracted with the agent himself acted in good faith (GF-3rd person no knowledge of death of the principal) Since Ramon knew of the death of his sister Concepcion. heirs of agent must notify principal of the death of the agent) Whatever conflict of legal opinion was generated by Cassiday v. the tickets would no longer be valid for the rest of their trip because the tickets would then have expired on 8 May 1971. Ella sent the tickets to Cesar Rillo. day before the expiry. Teresita replied that it will be up to the GANAS to make the arrangements. death extinguishes it LAURENT: juridical tie between the principal and the agent is servered ipso jure COMMON LAW: death of the principal effects instantaneous and absolute revocation of the authority of the agent unless the power be coupled with an interest GR: DEATH extinguishes agency Exceptions: 1.dismissed the complaint • CA. • The Ganas had scheduled their departure on May 7.in favor of Air France. triggered by an increase of the exchange rate of the US dollar to the Philippine peso and the increased travel tax were first paid. • • the agents acts as a representative and not for himself. or in the interest of a 3rd person who has accepted the stipulation in his favor 2. 1971. called the agent (mandatario). (2) the object is the execution of a juridical act in relation to a third person. The tickets were valid until May 8. no such conflict exists in our own for the simple reason that our statute. Art 1930 – if it has been constituted in the common interest of the principal and of the agent. Office Manager of Air France. Ella then returned the tickets to Teresita and informed her of the impossibility of extension. Ella warned Teresita that although the tickets could be used by the GANAS if they left on 7 May 1971. • The tickets were returned to Ella who was informed that extension was not possible unless the fare differentials resulting from the increase in fares. attached to the tickets validating stickers for the Osaka/Tokyo flight • Notwithstanding the warnings. In the latter. the extinguishment is instantaneously effective CC does not impose a duty on the heirs to notify the agent of the death of the principal (it is the reverse which is required. express or implied of the parties to establish the relationship. However. Ganas departed from Manila. the Ganas commenced an action for damages arising from Breach of Contract of carriage • AIR FRANCE o Ganas brought upon themselves the predicament they found themselves in o Ella’s affixing of validating stickers on the tickets without the knowledge and consent of Air France violated airline tariff rules and regulation and was beyond the scope of his authority as a travel agent o It was not guilty of any fraudulent conduct or bad faith • TC. insanity or insolvency of the principal or the agent MANRESA: the juridical basis of agency is representation-it is not possible for the representation to continue to exist once the death of either is established POTHIER: agrees with Manresa.from A1709 of the Spanish CC. by the nature of agency. expressly provides for two exceptions to the general rule that death of the principal revokes ipso jure the agency (3) • • • • • • • • • • AIR FRANCE vs CA FACTS: • The Ganas purchased from AIR FRANCE through Imperial Travels 9) "open-dated" air passage tickets for the Manila/Osaka/Tokyo/Manila route. the Civil Code. and 2. • Teresita requested Ella to arrange the revalidation of the tickets. McKenzie in American jurisprudence. Qui facit per alium facit se.
ISSUE: WON Air France should be held liable HELD: NO • Tickets are valid only for 1 yr. adjudicate to himself in fee simple a determinate portion of said Lot ALBALADEJO Y CIA vs The PHILIPPINE REFINING CO. all the copra purchased by it. NO NEGLIGENCE • • TC judge carefully examined the movements of the fleet of boats maintained by Visayan and found that Visayan had used reasonable promptitude in its efforts to get the copra from the places where it had been deposited for shipment. It is alleged that the extension of the business was due to the repeated assurances of Visayan that it would soon resume its business TC: not negligent wrt 1st CoA but ordered Visayan to pay 30% of the costs wrt 2nd CoA ALBALADEJO: contract between the plaintiff and the Visayan Refining Co. in fact he opposed the petition of Santos • Assuming SPA-valid. claim and/or participation of Atty Ziga were transferred and conveyed to petitioner (Santos) in his capacity as attorney-in-fact of the children of Anatolio • It would appear that petitioner Santos had redeemed the aforementioned share of Anatolio . upon the authority of a special power of attorney (SPA) executed in his favor by the children of Anatolio • Santos now claims to have acquired the share of Anatolio in the said lot – caused a subdivision plan. Santos could have acquired no more than the share pro-indiviso of Anatolio so that he cannot. or a judicial decree of partition.contract: 1yr Due to the agreement. the Ganas would make other arrangements SANTOS vs BUENCONSEJO FACTS: • Lot. It appeared that per the last account rendered. he did so upon Teresita’s assurance that for the onward flight.Visayan closed down its factory at Opon Cebu and withdrew from the copra market Because of the large requirements of Visayan.originally owned in common by Anatolio Buenconsejo (1/2) and Lorenzo and Santiago Bon (1/2) • Anatolio’s rights. Tecla San Andres Ziga – awardee in an auction sale (decision in juvenile delinquency and domestic relations court) • By virtue of Certificate of redemption. was duly informed by travel agent Ella of the advice of Reno. both parties continued the existing agreement by tacit consent 1920. as successor to The Visayan Refining Co. and the reliance is placed upon article 1729 of the Civil Code which requires the principal to indemnify the agent for damages incurred in carrying out the agency • • HELD: according to CoA 1.no dissatisfaction was expressed by Albaladejo until 6 wks after when it filed a case 2 CoA: 1. At the end of 1 yr. it suffered the diminishment of weight 2. it could not have possibly vested in him any property right in his own name • Children of Anatolio had no authotity to execute said power of attorney.Albaladejo bought copra extensively for Visayan.. a balance of P288 in favor of Visayan was shown – Albaladejo expressed its approval of the said account. Albaladejo extended its business that during the course of the next 2-3 years. created the relation of principal and agent between the parties. hence.passenger must undertake the final portion of his journey by departing from the last point at which he has made a voluntary stop. Recovery of the amount expended by plaintiff in maintaining and extending its organization. interests and participation over the portion of the said lot was transferred and conveyed to Atty. who handled travel arrangements for the GANAS. the Office Manager of Air France. her principals • The validating sticker for the Osaka/Tokyo flight. because Anatolio is still alive. Air France cannot be faulted for breach of contract • The Ganas cannot defend by contending lack of knowledge of those rules since the evidence bears out that Teresita.rights. Shrinkage was extremely moderate and this fact goes to show that there was no undue delay on the part of the Visayan .. their accounts were liquidated. interests. Negligent failure of Visayan to provide opportune transportation for the copra collected by the plaintiff –allegedly. it established some 20 agencies or sub-agencies After the Visayan had ceased to buy copra.Albaladejo y Cia (ltd part-engaged in buying and selling) and Visayan Refining (corp-engaged in manufacturing of oil) entered into a contract whereby Albaladejoy binds itself to sell to Visayan. FACTS: • • • • • • 1918. that the tickets in question could not be extended beyond the period of their validity without paying the fare differentials and additional travel taxes brought about by the increased fare rate and travel taxes • Teresita was the AGENT of the GANAS and notice to her of the rejection of the request for extension of the validity of the tickets was notice to the GANAS.since tickets were already expired. without clearing the same with Air France was certainly in contravention of IATA rules although as he had explained.he wants said to segregate his alleged share in the lot and a TCT issued in his name ISSUE: WON Santos can claim ownership over the said portion of the lot HELD: NO • Said SPA athorized him to act on behalf of the children of Anatolio. without the conformity of the other co-owners.
leaving the plaintiff holding the bag. convincing enough to support the ruling that supposed liability does not exist • The correspondence sufficiently shows on its face that there was no intention on the part of the company to lay a basis for contractual liability of any sort. But the use of this term in one clause of the contract cannot dominate the real nature of the agreement as revealed in other clauses.lease was in the name of Thomas. the term agents were used but But this designation was evidently used for convenience. the defendant could strip the business naked of all its stocks.Pineda threatened Thomas with a gun if they persisted in their purpose.Thomas is the owner of the trade name o In the fictitious bill of sale Pineda acknowledged Thomas’ ownership of the business o o o Business cards: Thomas is the proprietor No abandonment because when Thomas set up a new saloon it used the same name The most that can be said is that the the plaintiff instructed Pineda to renew the registration of the trade-name and the defendant understood the instruction as permission to make the registration in his favor .• 2. So Thomas filed a case and set up another bar with the same name on Echague St 1st CoA. no man in his right senses would have given his manager an outright license such as the defendant claims to have gotten from his employer o The conclusion thus seems clear that the defendant owes the plaintiff an accounting of his management of the plaintiff's business during the occupation. of the Visayan Refining Co. on the basis of defendant's incomplete and indefinite evidence. and it is very clear that in its activities as a buyer the plaintiff was acting upon its own account and not as agents. NO PRINCIPAL-AGENT RELATIONSHIP • It is true that the Visayan Refining Co. that he had been entrusted with the possession and management of the plaintiff's business and property for the owner's benefit and had not made an accounting. when the defendant's management was terminated. in the legal sense.valid o Little or no weight can be attached to Pineda’s assertion. no less than in the caption of the agreement itself • In some letters. calling cards saying Thomas is the proprietor == defendant was only a manager 2nd CoA. but it is clear that in making its purchases from the producers the plaintiff was buying upon its own account and that when it turned over the copra to the Visayan Refining Co. o It was error for the court below to declare at this stage of the proceeding.As sole manager with full power to do as his fancies dictated. the import of which was that he was to operate the business with no liability other than to turn over to the plaintiff as the plaintiff would find it after the war 2nd CoA: ownership of Silver Dollar Café trade name – it appears that Pineda registered the business as his own • 1st CoA . made the plaintiff one of its instruments for the collection of copra. would not appoint any other agent for the purchase of copra in Legaspi. and the plaintiff must have understood the letters in that light. The title to all of the copra purchased by the plaintiff undoubtedly remained in it until it was delivered by way of subsequent sale to said company. and this gives rise indirectly to the inference that the plaintiff was considered its buying agent. and it had been shown. He employed Pineda as a bartender-promoted to cashier and manager During Japanese occupation. It was enough to show. as it were. As per agreement.. Unless Thomas was willing to give away his property and its profits. Thomas bought the bar and restaurant known as Silver Dollar Café at Plaza Sta Cruz. to prevent the business and its property from falling into enemy hands. THOMAS vs PINEDA FACTS: • • • • • • • HELD: It appears that in 1931. series of letters of Visayan to Albaladejo. that there were no surplus profits o Monies and foodstuffs which the defendant said he had supplied the plaintiff and his daughters during the war are appropriate items to be considered on taking account o Upon plaintiff’s release from the internment camp. 2nd agreement (secret) stating that the sale was fictitious Original building was destroyed by fire-Pineda was able to remove some furniture and a considerable qty of stocks to a place of safety-bar was opened on Calle Bambang-after 4 months it was transferred to the original location Thomas brought a CPA for the purpose of examining the books. he lost no time in looking for a site where he could open a saloon o o • The use of the old name suggested that the business was in fact an extension and continuation of the Silver Dollar Café Upon the reopening of the bar in the original place. • In paragraph three of the contract it is declared that during the continuance of this contract the Visayan Refining Co. copra should be paid for according to its weight upon arrival at Opon regardless of its weight when first purchased NOT ENTITLED TO RECOVER • Careful examination of the evidence. a second sale was effected.Thomas sought to compel an ACCOUNTING of Pineda’s operations during the time he was in control of the bar o Pineda claims that there was a 3rd verbal agreement. pursuant to that agreement. 3. Thomas made a fictitious sale to Pineda – fictitious sale was admitted by both parties. The exact legal character of the defendant's relation to the plaintiff matters not a bit.
Court said that "whatever unforseen events might have taken place unfavorable to the defendant (petitioner). Civil Code). The rule stands on the moral obligation to refrain from placing one's self in position which ordinarily excite conflicts between self-interest at the expense of one's integrity and duty to another. because in agency. such as change in prices. City of Manila • The liquidation of accounts revealed that the Valera owed the defendant P1.o o o As legal proposition and in good conscience. be allowed to create in himself an interest in opposition to that of his principal or cestui que trust. sold it at public auction and adjudicated it to Velasco in payment of all his claim . The respondent could not have secured this discount from the Starr Piano Company and neither was the petitioner willing to waive that discount in favor of the respondent. mistake in their quotation. he is estopped from acquiring or asserting a title adverse to that of principal.100. and the respondent is estopped from questioning that additional price • • • • • • VALERA vs VELASCO FACTS: • By virtue of the powers of attorney executed by the Valera. plus all expenses. is incompatible with the admitted fact that the petitioner is the exclusive agent of the same company in the Philippines. the plaintiff (respondent) might still legally hold the defendant (petitioner) to the prices fixed of $1. Gonzalo was not duty bound to reveal the private arrangement it had with the Starr Piano Company relative to such discount It is well known that local dealers acting as agents of foreign manufacturers. and failing in this they brought the present action. even if it was purchase and sale. trustee. the Velasco was appointed attorney-in-fact of the said Valera with authority to manage his property in the Philippines. insurance. the Velasco brought suit against the Valera • TC: in favor of agent Velasco. Indiana. and as misunderstanding arose between them. attorney.600 (bought the next yr) About 3 yrs later." This is incompatible with the pretended relation of agency between the petitioner and the respondent. aside from obtaining a discount from the home office. loss of the goods not covered by insurance or failure of the Starr Piano Company to properly fill the orders as per specifications. order sound reproducing equipment from the Starr Piano Company and that the plaintiff would pay the defendant.700 and $1. with the principles of good faith. consisting of the usufruct of a real property located of Echague Street. and which stipulation is not incompatible with the contract of purchase and sale To hold the petitioner an agent of the respondent in the purchase of equipment and machinery from the Starr Piano Company of Richmond. such as. sometimes add to the list price when they resell to local purchasers. "The relations of an agent to his principal are fiduciary and it is an elementary and very old rule that in regard to property forming the subject matter of the agency. the defendants registration of the trade name Silver Dollar Cafe must be deemed to have been affected for the benefit of its owner of whom he was a mere trustee or employee. The provision on 10% commission is only an additional price which the respondent bound itself to pay. the officials of Arco discovered that the price quoted to them by the defendant with regard to their two orders mentioned was not the net price but rather the list price. cables. on behalf of the plaintiff. etc Teatro was able to buy 2 equipment for $1. in connection with a civil case filed against Gonzalo. It was agreed between the parties that the latter would. TC: contract between the parties was one of outright PURCHASE AND SALE CA: relation between the parties was that of AGENT AND PRINCIPAL. It is out of the ordinary for one to be the agent of both the vendor and the purchaser The petitioner as vendor is not bound to reimburse the respondent as vendee for any difference between the cost price and the sales price which represents the profit realized by the vendor out of the transaction. banking charges. Gonzalo was guilty of fraud in concealing the true price ISSUE: what is the nature of the contract between the parties HELD: PURCHASE AND SALE • Citing TC judge. This is the very essence of commerce The twenty-five per cent (25%) discount granted by the Starr piano Company to the petitioner is available only to the latter as the former's exclusive agent in the Philippines.700 and $1. the agent is exempted from all liability in the discharge of his commission provided he acts in accordance with the instructions received from his principal (section 254. freight. and that the defendants had obtained a discount from the Starr Piano Company They sought to obtain a reduction from the defendant or rather a reimbursement. Code of Commerce). a 10 per cent commission. by making it possible to profit by yielding to temptation PALMA vs CRISTOBAL FACTS: • • • • • • Teatro Arco approached Gonzalo Puyat & Sons. A receiver. and the principal must indemnify the agent for all damages which the latter may incur in carrying out the agency without fault or imprudence on his part (article 1729. agent or any other person occupying fiduciary relations respecting property or persons utterly disabled from acquiring for his own benefit the property committed to his custody for management. It was apparently to guard against an exhorbitant additional price that the respondent sought to limit it to 10 per cent. in addition to the price of the equipment. sheriff levied upon Valera’s right of usufruct.600. His position is analogous to that of a trustee and he cannot consistently.
and as purchaser. Miguel Velasco.grandson of another nephew of the spouses-also claims a right to the same office Jesus holds the degree of Bachelor of laws-UST but failed the bar Antonio.s assumption of the position Another person. If principal suffer any damage. levied upon said right of redemption. Later. This term has a fixed and general signification. Federico Valera could not have understood otherwise than that Miguel Velasco renounced the agency. for. is valid and legal Moreover. An agent may withdraw by giving notice to principal. . because his act was more expressive than words and could not have caused any doubt. the fact that an agent institutes an action against his principal for the recovery of the balance in his favor resulting from the liquidation of the accounts between them arising from the agency. and has reference to that class of persons who are by license officers of the courts. 1923. and upon whom peculiar duties. he was entitled to receive the rents from the date of the sale until the date of the repurchase. empowered to appear. por escrito o de palabra. and renders and final account of his operations. Pedro and Benigna – Benigna – Mauricio Cui and Dionisio Jakosalem – Teodoro Cui (son of Mauricio) • Plantiff Jesus and Defendant Antonio are brothers (sons of one of the nephews of the spouses) • • • Teodoro-resigned in favor of Antonio pursuant to a “convenio” – Jesus had no prior notice of the convenio or of his brother.was a member of the bar.disbarred for immorality and unprofessional conduct -reinstated 2 wks prior to his assumption of the position • ISSUE: what is the meaning of the term “titulo de abogado” HELD: (Antonio won) • The term "titulo de abogado" means not mere possession of the academic degree of Bachelor of Laws but membership in the Bar after due admission thereto. as principal. and terminates the juridical relation between them. yet neither dignity nor decorum permits the latter to continue representing a person who has adopted such an antagonistic attitude towards him When the agent filed a complaint against his principal for recovery of a sum of money arising from the liquidation of the accounts between them in connection with the agency. ergo the agent got the title to the right of usufruct to the aforementioned property) ISSUE: WON the agency was terminated HELD: YES: • • • Art 1732. qualifying one for the practice of law • In Spanish the word "titulo" is defined as "testimonies o instrumento dado para ejercer un empleo.• Valera sold his right of redemption to Eduardo Hernandez. responsibilities and liabilities are devolved by law as a consequence. prosecute and defend. conferred by a law school upon completion of certain academic requirements. although the agent has not expressly told his principal that he renounced the agency.Hernandez conveyed the same right of redemption to Valera himself-but then another person Salvador Vallejo. The English equivalent of "abogado" is lawyer or attorney-at-law. having acquired Federico Valera's right of redemption from Salvador Vallejo. the defendant-appellee. or insolvency of the principal or of the agent A1736. Agency is terminated by: a) revocation. does not entitle its holder to exercise the legal profession. • A Bachelor's degree alone. but not having exercised the right repurchase during the legal period. the latter did not have to account for said rents. 1923 to the plaintiff. who had an execution upon a judgment against the plaintiff rendered in another case. the latter lost all right to said usufruct. y tambien a dar dictmen sobre las cuestiones o puntos legales que se le consultan. then.right of redemption sold to Vallejo and was definitely adjudicated to him." as follows: "Perito en el derecho positivo que se dedica a defender en juicio. inasmuch as he had acquired the rights of the plaintiff by purchase at the execution sale. he transferred the said right of redemption to Velasco (so ung right of redemption nauwi kay Velasco so in effect the title was consolidated in his name. and the title of the repurchaser having become absolute. as agent. bankruptcy. the said agent's purchase of the aforesaid principal's right of usufruct at public auction held by virtue of an execution issued upon the judgment rendered in favor of the former and against the latter. • • • • • • • CUI vs CUI FACTS: • Quo warranto (action for the usurpation of a public office.000 due the latter more than prove the breach of the juridical relation between them. considering them as part of the redemption price. c)death. Briefly.Romulo Cui. position or franchise). Hence. rendered his final account on March 31. b)withdrawal of agent. In order to terminate their relations by virtue of the agency the defendant. los derechos o intereses de los litigantes. is equivalent to an express renunciation of the agency. interdiction.administrator of the Hospicio de San Jose de Barili (charitable institution-indigent invalids) • Initial management Don Pedro and Donya Benigna. who had acquired it at public auction by virtue of a writ of execution issued upon the judgment obtained by the said Vallejo against the said Valera. agent must indemnify him unless the agent’s reason should be the impossibility of continuing to act as such without serious detriment to himself Cited syllabus of De la Pena vs Hidalgo (weird!) renouncing agency-agent about to depart because of health & medical reasons The misunderstanding between the plaintiff and the defendant over the payment of the balance of P1. Neither did the trial court err in not ordering Miguel Velasco to render a liquidation of accounts from March 31. dignidad o profesion" and the word "abogado.
Where neither party is an "employer" nor an "employee" of the other. Control. he did so in the concept that the employer firm may so terminate their contract pursuant to paragraph 4 of Exhibit "A" which at the time was the law controlling between them • Termination was due to the unsatisfactory service of the union laborers • There was a showing that the laborers employed by the union were inefficient in performing their jobs. pay wages. 2. requires passing the Bar examinations. dismiss. in good faith in implementing the provisions of their existent CONTRACT (Exhibit "A"). and the business of the respondent company in Iligan City suffered adversely during the year 1954. 1954.means and results) • Under the law the duty to bargain collectively arises only between the "employer" and its "employees". has also acted. alleging lack of employer-employee relationship between the parties. entered into a CONTRACT with AFWU. same is payable by the owners and consignees of cargoes. and this was due to the fact that respondents' vessels were forced to leave cargoes behind in order not to disrupt the schedule of departures. The Union laborers were slow in loading and/or unloading freight from which the respondent Compañia MARITIMA secured its income and/or profits . Needless to add. • AFWU – independent contractor of MARITIMA • AFWU is the employer of the laborers 2. and for recovery of damages against AFWUand its officers CFI: ordered the rescission of the contract Complaint for ULP-dismissed AFWU: citing jurisprudence. MARITIMA hereby engage the services of the Allied Free Workers' Union to do and perform all the work of stevedoring and arrastre services of all its vessels or boats calling in the port of Iligan City. no such duty would exist. WON there was EER WON AFWU is an agent of MARITIMA WON termination of contract was done in BF HELD: 1. where there is no duty to bargain collectively the refusal to bargain violates no right. taking the lawyer's oath and receiving a certificate from the Clerk of Court Antonio’s reinstatement is a recognition of his moral rehabilitation. enjoin AFWU members from doing arrastre and stevedoring work in connection with its. NO • Evidence is clear that Teves. in representation of the principal. MARITIMA shall not be liable for the payment of the services rendered by the Allied Free Workers' Union. vessels. 3. and when he advised the union of the rescission of the said CONTRACT effective August 31. During the first month AFWU rendered satisfactory service. the respondent Compañia MARITIMA. subsequently.• In this jurisdiction admission to the Bar and to the practice of law is under the authority of the Supreme Court. 3. And that the cases sought to be relied upon did not involve representatives of opposing interests. former complained to the latter of unsatisfactory and inefficient service by the laborers doing the arrastre and stevedoring work AFWU presented to MARITIMA a written proposal5 for a collective bargaining agreement MARITIMA answered. through Teves. AFWU is duly registered legitimate labor organization MARITIMA. NO • 4-fold test not present (POWER: hire. upon proof no less than that required for his admission to the Bar in the first place. MARITIMA informed AFWU of the termination of the CONTRACT because of the inefficient service rendered by the latter which had adversely affected its business AFWU charged MARITIMAwith ULP MARITIMA filed an action9 to rescind the CONTRACT . claims that it can be considered a mere agent of MARITIMA 1. NO • Suffice it to say on this point that an agent can not represent two conflicting interests that are diametrically opposed. When the defendant was restored to the roll of lawyers the restrictions and disabilities resulting from his previous disbarment were wiped out This action must fail on one other ground: it is already barred by lapse of time amounting the prescription or laches 9filed more than 1 yr after the right of Jesus to hold the office arose • • ALLIED FREE WORKERS' UNION (PLUM) vs COMPAÑIA MARITIMA FACTS: • • • • • • • • • • • ISSUE: MARITIMA is a local corporation engaged in the shipping business.
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