fdLlk pUnzæ'ks[kj vktkn vBkjg lkS lrko.

k dh vktknh dh igyh tax esa yk[kksa yksxksa us dqckZfu;ka nhaA mlds ckn vaxzstksa dk neu dk nkSj vkSj rst gks tkrk gSA ns'k esa iuih fgUnw&eqfLye ,drk dks rksM+us ds dqiz;kl fd;s tkrs gSaA fdlkuksa ij mRihM+u csbUrgk fd;k tkrk gSA ,sls le; esa Hkkojk xkao esa pUnz'ks[kj vktkn dk tUe gksrk gSA D;k crk;k Hkyk % jkxuh 1 rtZ % pkSdfy;k Vsd nwj njkt dk xke Hkkojk] iSnk pUnz'ks[kj vktkn gq;kAA nqiys irys ckyd rS ?kj] rsbZl tqykbZ uS vkckn gq;kAA eqxyka ds fiV~Bw ;wjksi ds] lkjs dS O;kSikjh Nk;s Qsj n[ks bZLV bfUM;k dEiuh uS pkjksa] dkUgha iSj QSyk;s Qsj n[ks vaxzstka uS Hkkjr mij 'kke] nke] n.M Hksn pyk;s Qsj n[ks ns'k ds uokcka uS fQjaxh lkgeh] xksM~Ms fVdk;s Qsj n[ks fdlkuka uS dj;k eqdkcyk mudk rS U;kjk vUnkt gq;kAA Bkjk lkS lÙkko.k eSa vktknh dh igyh tax vkbZ Qsj vktknh ds erokys ohjka uS dqckZuh eSa ugha ykbZ nsj

fQjaxh 'kkld gq;k pkSdUuk xn~nkjka dh Fkh dVkbZ esj gVdS Egkjs Hkkjr ns'k iS ?k.kh dlwrh NkbZ vU/skj Hkkjr dh turk ugha ekuh pkgs lc dqN cjckn gq;kAA Hkq[kejh vkoS Fkh rks Hkw[k rS dns yksx ejs ugha Fks vaxzstka ds jkt eSa vdky [ksr cps gjs Hkjs ugha Fks VSDl olwY;k xke mtkM+s yksx Qsj ch Mjs ugha Fks oqQN gq;s xqyke dbZ uS tehj fxjoh /kjs ugha Fks fonzksg dh jkgh idM+h dqN uS dzkfUr dk vkxkt gq;kAA ;qxkUrj vuq'khyu laxBu mHkj dS vk;s caxky eSa dkaxzsl eSa xkU/kh dk Lons'kh lgt lgt vk;k mQku eSa pksjk pksjh eSa xksyh pkyh pkSdh tykbZ bls ?kelku eSa xkU/kh uS okfil fy;k fujk'kk NkbZ Fkh ukStoku eSa j.kchj pUnz'ks[kj bls c[r dzkfUr dh cqfu;kn gq;kAA xkao ds gkykr dkQh [kjkc FksA pUnz'ks[kj dk ifjokj Hkh vkfFkZd Lrj ij detksj FkkA pUnz'ks[kj xkao ls pydj 'kgj esa vk tkrk gS vkSj

NksVk&eksVk dke <wa< ysrk gSA ,d dejk jgus okys dbZA D;k crk;k Hkyk % jkxuh&2 rtZ % pkSdfy;k xke rS pky pUnz 'ks[kj 'kgj dS eSa vk;k QsjAA NksVk eksVk dke feY;k jSg.k dk tqxkM+ cuk;k QsjAA Fkk ,d dejs eSa dbZ jgoSa eqf'dy lksuk gksT;k

vk/kh ckfj;ka Hkw[ks I;kls Hkhrjyk lcdk jksT;k Fkk vktkn ns[kdS gkyr uS oks vi.kk vkIik [kksT;k Fkk chM+h ih ih dS /kqek HkjT;k dkSu uhan pSu dh lksT;k Fkk ns[k gkyr fe=k I;kj;ka dh vktkn nq[k ik;k QsjAA fny eSa lksph 'kgj eSa [kke[kk vkdS T;ku QalkbZ mYVk tkaxk xke eSa rks dlwrh gksoSxh tx galkbZ vkM+s D;wdj jgwa ?kqV dS dksU;k ckr le> eSa vkbZ fr:a Mwcwa th gksX;k mldk gqbZ eu rS [kwc yM+kbZ U;ksa rks ckr c.kSxh D;wdj mluS fny le>k;k QsjAA xjhch ds ds dke djokns bldk csjk ikV x;k

x;k

fQjaxh dh ywV dk vglkl madk dkytk pkV x;k lksp lksp bu ckrka uS oks fny vi.ks uS MkV

th gtwjh mudh djus rS vktkn tek ukV x;k dzkfUr dk >UMk vktkn uS iwjs eu rS Bk;k QsjAA Hkxrflag jktxq# rS mluS rkj fHkM+k;s Qsj lq[knso f'ko oekZ gj ch mudh xsY;ka vk;s Qsj dbZ efgyk lkFk vkbZ bUdykc ds ukjs yk;s Qsj tuwu Nk;k lceSa ?k.kk eqM+dS ugha y[kk;s Qsj j.kchj ejus rd mluS Fkk opu fuHkk;k QsjAA ogka 'kgj esa pUnz'ks[kj lgt lgt dzkfUrdkfj;ksa ds lEidZ esa vk tkrk gSA lq[knso] jktxq#] f'ko oekZ] Hkxrflag ds lkFk mldk rkyesy curk gSA og vktknh dh yM+kbZ dk ,d cgknqj flikgh dk liuk ns[kus yxrk gSA og viuh ftUnxh nkao ij yxkus dh Bku ysrk gSA D;k crk;k fQj& jkxuh&3 rtZ % pkSdfy;k pUnz'ks[kj vktkn uS vi.kh ftUnxh nk iS yknh jSAA fQjaxh xsY;k yM+h yM+kbZ mudh tek H;ka cqyknh jSAA Fks fQjaxh jkt djSa ns'k iS ?k.kk tqye dekoSa

Egkjs ns'k dk eky dPpk vi.ks ns'k ys T;koSa Fks iDdk eky cuk dS mM+S mYVk bl ns'k eSa Y;koSa Fks dPpk lLrk iDdk Egaxk geuS ywV ywV dS [kkoSa Fks Hkkjr dh fQjaxh ywV uS vktkn dh uhan mM+knh jSAA fdlkuka iS fQjaxh uS cgksr ?k.ks tqye <k;s Fks [ksrh mtkM+ nbZ lw[ks uS Qsj ch yxku c<+k;s Fks tks yxku uk ns ik;s muds ?kj dqM+d djk;s Fks fdlkuh tek ekj nbZ u;s u;s dkuwu cuk;s Fks dzkfUrdkfj;ka uS feydS ukStoku lHkk cuk nh jSAA tkr ikr dk tgj ns'k eSa bldk Qk;nk Bk;k Fkk vkil eSa yksx yM+k;s jkT;ka dk lkFk fuHkk;k Fkk OgkbV dkyj vkyh f'k{kk eSdkys ysdS vk;k Fkk lkbeu deh'ku xks cSd ukjk pkjksa dkUgha Nk;k Fkk Egkjh iqfyl fQjaxh uS Egkjh turk iS p<+k nh jSAA tfy;ka vkyk ckx dkUM ikih Mk;j uS djok;k Fkk xksyh pyok eklweka mij vkrad [kwc QSyk;k Fkk

euekuh djh fQjaxh uS viuk jkt tek;k Fkk tqYe ds f[kykQ vktkn uS viuk thou yk;k Fkk j.kchj uS rgs fny rS vi.kh dye pyknh jSAA 1921 esas vlg;ksx vkUnksyu dh ygj mBrh gS iwjs ns'k esaA txg&txg ij izn'kZu] /kjus fd;s tkrs gSaA egkRek xkU/kh bl vkUnksyu ds vxz.kh usrk FksA m/kj T;ksfrck Qqys vius <ax ls lekt lq/kkj vkUnksyu esa lfdz; FksA iquZqRFkku ds lkFk lkFk uotkxj.k dk ,d ekgkSy iwjs ns'k esa cu jgk FkkA D;k crk;k Hkyk % jkxuh 4 mUuhl lkS bDdhl eSa vlg;ksx vkUnksyu dh tax fNM+hAA lkjs fgUnqLrku dh turk fQjaxh xsY;k vk.k fHkM+hAA tywl dk<+rs txkaa txk iS xka/kh dh lc t; cksySa Hkkjr ds uj ukjh tsy x;s tsy ds Hk; rS uk MksySa dgSa tathj xqykeh dh [kksySa vkbZ la?k"kZ dh vkt ?kM+hAA ukStoku ;qod ;qorh pkgoSa ns'k vktkn djk;k jS dYiuk nÙk uS dydÙkk eSa pyk xksyh lcdks cryk;k jS vktknh dh meax mueSa Hkjh ukStoku lHkk cuh dM+hAA T;ksfrck Qqys dk fparu nfyrka uS ckj ckj iqdkjS Fkk

euq uS tks ckr fy[k nh mu ckrka uS tM+ rS udkjS Fkk uotkxj.k dh fpaxkjh ns'k eSa lqyxh dbZ txka cM+hAA ,d ekgkSy vktknh dk pkjksa dkUgha tu tu eSa Nk;k jS xka/kh vkSj Hkxrflag dk fopkj vkil eSa Vdjk;k jS j.kchj flag uS lksp le> dS u;s <ax dh dyh ? kM+hAA pUnz'ks[kj vktkn viuk jgus dk LFkku cnyrk jgrk FkkA iqfyl dzkfUrdkfj;ksa ds ihNs yxh jgrhA lkrkj unh ds fdukjs vktkn ,d dqfV;k esa lk/kq ds Hks"k esa jgus yxrk gSA ikl ds xkao esa dRy gks tkrk gSA iqfyl dh vkoktkgh c<+ tkrh gSA pUnz'ks[kj dSls cpkrk gS vius vkidks % jkxuh 5 lkrkj unh ds dkBS vktkn ,d dqfV;k eSa vk;kAA lk/kq Hks"k /kkj fy;k ugha irk fdls rkfga crk;kAA ftc ch dks, lkFkh iqfyl dh idM+ eSa vkT;k Fkk vktkn fBdkuk FkksM+h okj eSa fdrS vkSj c.kkT;k Fkk bls lw>cw> ds dkj.k iqfyl rS vks cp ik;kAA ikl ds xke eSa ,d cS fdls ek.kl dk dRy gq;k pjpk gksxh lkjs dS Qsj iqfyl dk iwjk n[ky gq;k

jg;k

iqfyl njksxk rQrhl djh dqVh eSa Qsjk yk;kAA njksxk uS ns[k dS vktkn fcYdqy gh 'kkUr

/;ku rS lq.;k lc dqN tks njksxk uS marS dg;k cksY;k /kU;okn njksxk th vkxS Qsj ftdj pyk;kAA lk/qkvka dk Bksj fBdkuk ;w lkjk lalkj njksxk th NksM+ fn;k cjlka igye ;w ?kj ifjokj njksxk th j.kchj vktkn uS U;ksa njksxk rS ihNk NVok;kAA ckck th dh e<+h esa iqfyl viuk Msjk Mky nsrh gSA dzkfUrdkjh e<+h dk fujh{k.k djus igqaprs gSa fd iqfyl okyksa dks D;k fBdkus yxk;k tk ldrk gSA D;k crk;k Hkyk % jkxuh 6 dzkfUrdkjh Vksyh vkbZ jS ckck th dh e<+h eSaAA nksuwvka uS 'kh'k uokbZ js ckck th dh e<+h eSaAA Hkxrka dh Vksyh eSa muuS iwjh lsa/k yxkbZ Qsj phye dh mudh ch FkksM+h okj eSa ckjh vkbZ Qsj vktkn rS phye idM+kbZ jS ckck th dh e<+h eSaAA dns chM+h ch ih dksU;k phye gkFk eSa vkbZ ?kwaV ekjdS phye Qsj jktxq# rS idM+kbZ

jktxq# uS ne yxkbZ jS ckck th dh e<+h eSaAA e<+h dk iwjk iwjk mluS fglkc yxk;k Qsj ek.kl ?k.ks ekjs tkaxs mudh le> vk;k Qsj vka[k rS vka[k feykbZ jS ckck th dh e<+h eSaAA iz.kke djdS ckck th uS nksuwa mYVs vk;s Fks ckdh Vksyh vkY;ka rS e<+h ds gkykr crk;s Fks j.kchj djS dforkbZ jS ckck th dh e<+h eSaAA nks iqfyl okyksa ls vktkn o jktxq# dk vkeuk lkeuk e<+h esa gks tkrk gSA lk/kq dks viuh fpUrk gksrh gSA iqfyl okys vius vius <ax ls buke ikus dh lksprs gSaA ogka dSls D;k gksrk gSA D;k crk;k Hkyk % jkxuh 7 vkgeh lkgeh gksxs pkjksa ,d iy rd vka[k feyhAA U;kjs U;kjs fnekxka eSa U;kjs <ky dh ckr pyhAA lk/kq lkspS Qals [kke[kk ;ks vktkn euS ejokoSxk vktkn lkspS nksuwa iqfyfl;k D;wdj burS VdjkoSxk ,d flikgh lkspS vktkn iS buke rS F;koSxk nwtk lkspS uke gks esjk buke lkjk esjs ckaVS vkoSxk

ds rwa vktkn lS lq.k dS ch psgjs iS mlds galh f[kyhAA ugha pkSaD;k vktkn tek lknk Hkksyk psgjk cuk;k lk/qk rks ges'kk vktkn gks lS dks, Hkko ugha fn[kk;k iqfyfl;k dS 'kd gksX;k iqfyl Fkkus dk jkg crk;k guqeku dh iwtk djuh geuS okj gks cgkuk cuk;k njksxk rS guqeku cMMk dSgdS mldh Fkh nky xyhAA vkxjk 'kgj dzkfUrdkfj;ksa ds 'kgj dh rjg tkuk tkus yxk FkkA vktkn dHkh vkxjk dHkh dkuiqj vius Msjs cnyrk jgrk FkkA nwljksa dks Hkh pkSdUuk jgus dks dgrk FkkA ,d ckj ,d txg vktkn Qal tkrk gS rks dSls fudyrk gSA D;k crk;k Hkyk % jkxuh 8 rtZ % pkSdfy;k vkxjk 'kgj ,d c[r dzkfUrdkfj;ka dk 'kgj crk;kAA Qjkjh thou fcrk jgs pkgrs vi.kk vki fNik;kAA dns >kalh vkSj dns vkxjk eSa vkdS jgoS vktkn ftrus fnu jgS vkxjk jgks pkSdUus dgoS vktkn ckjh ckjh lc igjk nsrs <hy ugha lgoS vktkn lkFkh jkr igjs iS lksX;s mBdS lc ygoS vktkn

igjk nsus vkyk lkFkh Qsj cgksr djM+k /kedk;kAA lkFkh lq.kdS pqi jSgX;k mldh vka[;k ikuh vkX;k jS ns[k dS jksoUrk ml lkFkh uS vktkn ?k.kk nq[k ikX;k jS M~;wVh igye [kRe djknh [kqn iS csjk uk ds NkX;k jS dksyh Hkjyh I;kj trk;k mluS viuh Nkrh ykX;k jS vuq'kklu vkSj I;kj dk vktkn uS tTck fn[kk;kAA dkuiqj eSa nksLr /kskjS vktkn uS dqN fnu fcrk;s dkaxzslh ek.kl O;kikjh ysu nsu djrs cryk;s lywuks dk fnu iRuh uS cwanh ds yM~Mw cuok;s ijkar eSa HkjdS pky iM+h iqfyl njksxk ?kj eSa vk;s iqfyl vkys dS cka/k jk[kh mluS HkkbZ rRdky cuk;kAA cksyh ekM+k >qdT;k uS P;kj ykM~Mw mlrS Fkek fn;s ijkar flj iS vktkn dS njksxk th csodwQ cuk fn;s blk crkZo ns[k njksxk uS lc Hksn crk fn;s fQjaxh utj jk[krk ftuiS uke lcds fxuk fn;s j.kchj cjksus vkys uS ;ks vktkn ?k.kk dlwrk Hkk;kAA

>kalh ds ikl jktk dk fiNyXxw ,d ljnkj FkkA mlds ;gka jgdj vktkn us dqN oDr fcrk;kA ;gka dbZ yksxksa dks fu'kkusckt cuk;kA jktk ds cSjh dzkfUrdkfj;ksa dks mdlkrs Fks fd jktk dks ekjdj /ku ywV yksA exj vktkn bls Bhd ugha ekurk & D;k crk;k Hkyk % jkxuh 9 rtZ % pkSdfy;k >kalh /kkSjs ,d jktk dk pepk ljnkj crk;k jSAA vktkn uS FkksM+s fnu mM+S vi.kk c[r fcrk;k jSAA >kalh ds dzkfUrdkjh fu'kkuk yk.kk fl[kk fn;s vpwd fu'kkuk lk/ku eSa ikjaxr lHkh cuk fn;s jktk ekj dS /ku tqVkvks jkLrs dqN uS crk fn;s cSjh jktk ds lykg nsoSa vUnkts vktkn yxk

fy;s

Vky eVkSy dj vktkn uS ekSdk VkY;k pkg;k jSAA jktk ds cSjh cksys ds iki tqYeh uS ekj.k dk dal ekj.k [kkrj ds iki d`".k :i /kkj.k dk ds gjtk [kksy crk ekSr ds ?kkV rkj.k dk vktkn cksY;k elyk lS xgjkbZ rS fopkj.k dk fgalk Egkjh etcwjh lS vktkn uS le>k;k jSAA ;k etcwjh Egkjs iS 'kkld vkt ds Fkksai jgs >wB HkdkoSa vkSj ywVSa pkdw dlwrs ? kksai jgs lPpkbZ dk ykX;k csjk ek.kl lkjs pksad jgs ge pVuh xsY;ka [kkrs ;s yxk ?khds Nksad jgs

gR;kjs dksU;k ge nksLrks pkgrs ns'k vktkn djk;k jSAA usd bjknk usd dke dk /;s; lS Egkjk ;ks usd rkSj rjhds vi.kkoka lkj ckr dk lkjk ;ks vktknh Egkjh eafty lS Qjt Egkjk Fkkjk ;ks j.kchj flag dh dforkbZ lgh fy[kS utkjk ;ks ujgR;k dk vktkn fojks/kh mluS blk tTck fn[kk;k jSAA lk/kq ckck ds ikl vewY; jru FkkA mls ckck ls gfFk;k dj dzkfUrdkjh gfFk;kj [kjhnuk pkgrs FksA lykg dhA ckck dh dqVh ns[kus x;sA exj dbZ vkneh ekjs tkus ds Hk; ls mUgksaus ;g ;kstuk ugha cukbZA vktkn vkSj dzkfUrdkjh fdlh ds thou ls f[kyokM+ ugha djrs FksA D;k crk;k Hkyk % jkxuh 10 rtZ % pkSdfy;k vewY; jru mlds /kkSjs lk/qk dk csjk ikM+ fy;kAA xaxk th ds ?kkV dqfV;k jkg xksUMk rkM+ fy;kAA cSB dS cryk;s lkjs ckck th iS jru Y;koka csp dS mluS gfFk;kjka dk ge Hk.Mkj [kwc c<+koka ;kstuk cuk ?k.kh iq[rk jkr vU/sjks eSa tkoka Mjk /kedk ckck th uS ;kstuk fljS p<+koka lksp gfFk;kjka dk Qsj FkksM+k ?k.kk tqxkM+ fy;kAA xqykch B.M dk ekSle jkr tek vU/ksjh Fkh

Fkh

vU/skjs chp plS nhok NVk U;kjh c[ksjh Fkh jkr ukS cts Hkxrka dh la[;k mM+S Hkrsjh

pjl dh phye pkySa nqfu;k rS vka[k Qsjh Fkh xkatk ihoSa tksj yxkdS dj ?kj dlwrk fcxkM+ fy;kAA jktxq# vktkn uS rqjr Ldhe ,d cukbZ Fkh 'kkfey gksxs lk/kqvka eSa phye dh ckjh vkbZ Fkh ekjh ?kwaV vi.kh ckjh iS nsj dfr uk ykbZ Fkh phye ihxs ftuuS dns chM+h uk lqyxkbZ Fkh lkjh ckr fuxkg ybZ ns[k dqVh dk dckM+ fy;kAA okfil vkdS U;ksa cksys dke ugha lS gkso.k dk ek.kl ?k.ks ekjs tkoSaxs ekgkSy c.kSxk jkso.k dk jru cnys brus ek.kl rqd ugha lS [kkso.k dk pkyks mYVs pkykaxs leksa ugha tax >kso.k dk j.kchj ugha vktkn uS thou ls f[kyokM+ fd;kAA lkbeu deh'ku Hkkjr esa vkrk gSA mldk fojks/k iwjs Hkkjr esa gksrk gSA iatkc esa Hkh fojks/k fd;k tkrk gSA vaxzstksa dh iqfyl vR;kpkj djrh gSA ykyk yktirjk; ij ykfB;ka cjlkbZ tkrh gSaA os 'kghn gks x;sA cnyk ysus dks dzkfUrdkfj;ksa us lkbeu dks ekjus dk iz.k fd;kA lk.Mjl ekjk tkrk gSA pkuu flikgh dzkfUrdkfj;ksa ds ihNs Hkkxrk gS Hkxrflag vkSj jktxq# ds

ihNsA vktkn xksyh pykrk gS pkuu flag dks xksyh Bhd fu'kkus ij yxrh gSA vktkn dks cgqr nq[k gksrk gS pkuu flag dh ekSr dkA D;k crk;k Hkyk % jkxuh 11 rtZ % pkSdfy;k lkbeu deh'ku xks cSd ukjk xwaT;k vkdk'k eSaAA lk.MlZ dS xksyh ekjdS igksapk fn;k bfrgkl eSaAA Fkh Fkh Fkh jktxq# dh igyh xksyh lk.MlZ eSa lek xbZ Hkxrflag dh fiLrkSy fu'kkuk muS cuk xbZ pkuu flag flikgh dS ykx budh gok xbZ Fkh ikNS Hkkt fy;k pkuu cUnwd mluS ruk nbZ nksuwvka ds chp dS yk;k vpwd fu'kkuk [kkl eSaAA FkksM+h lh pwd fu'kkus dh ?k.kk iokM+k /kj tkrh Hkxrflag dS jktxq# dk lhuk Nyuh dj tkrh vktkn thoUrk ejrk dzkfUrdkjh Hkkouk ej tkrh vktknh ds ijokU;ka ds nq?kZVuk ia[k drj tkrh vktkn xjd gks T;krk vkReXykfu ds vglkl eSaAA pkuu flag ds ekjs tkus dk vQlksl gq;k Hkkjh Fkk

vktkn uS thou I;kjk Fkk oks vly dzkfUrdkjh Fkk [kwu ds I;kls vkradoknh izpkj ;ks ljdkjh Fkk lwV ,V lkbV dk mM+S Qjeku gq;k tkjh Fkk fopfyr dns gq;k dksU;k Hkj;k gqvk fo'okl eSaAA dfBu dke rS ?kcjk;k uk pUnz'ks[kj dh rklhj Fkh vktkn Hkkjr dh mldS lkgeh jgoS rlchj Fkh bldh [kkrj fnekx eSa dbZ <ky dh rnchj Fkh vktkn uS pkSchl ?kUVs nh[kSa xqykeh dh tathj Fkh j.kchj vktkn dSgj;k Qk;nk Egkjs bdykl eSaAA ,d fnu jktxq# ,d efgyk dh rlohj okyk ,d dSysaMj ykdj dejs esa Vkax nsrk gSA vktkn dSysaMj ns[kdj ukjkt gksrk gS vkSj mrkj dj QSad nsrk gSA nksuksa esa dgklquh gksrh gSA D;k crk;k Hkyk % jkxuh 12 vkxjk eSa Fks dzkfUrdkjh ml c[r dh ckr lq.kkma eSaAA vktkn vkSj jktxq# chp fNM+;k ;ks tax fn[kykma eSaAA jktxq# uS QksVks vkyk dyS.Mj Y;kdS Vkax fn;k vktkn uS VaX;k ns[;k v[kkM+ ck<+S oks Nkax fn;k cksY;k my> rlchjka eSa fQlySaxs U;ksa le>kma eSaAA

jktxq# vk;k rks cw>;k dySaMj D;ksa ikM+ cxk;k vktkn cksY;k dzkfUr dk D;ksa ruS cq[kkj p<+k;k D;ksa lqUnj rlchj ikM+h ;ks loky cw>.kk pkgwa eSaAA lqUnj efgyk dh Fkh T;karS ikM+h lS rlchj euS nksuwa dke lkFk uk pkySa ikbZ vyx rklhj euS jktxq# HkkbZ xqLlk Fkwd ns dksU;k >wB Hkdkma eSaAA ,d xkMMh ds nks ifg;s chj ejn cryk;s lSa lqUnjrk fcuk lalkj fdlk loky lgh Bk;s lSa vktkn eqyk;e gks cksY;k vk cSB ruS le>kma eSaAA lu~ 1921 esa vlg;ksx vkUnksyu cM+s iSekus ij 'kq: gks tkrk gSA uotkxj.k dh ykS 'kgj xke gj txg igksapus yxrh gSA xka/kh vkSj Hkxrflag ds fopkj yksxksa ds lkeus vkrs gSaA muds chp Vdjko Hkh lkeus vkrk gSA D;k crk;k Hkyk % jkxuh 13 mUuhl lkS bDdhl eSa vlg;ksx vkUnksyu dh tax fNM+hAA iwjs Hkkjr dh turk fQjafx;ka xsY;ka Qsj vk.k fHkM+hAA tywl dk<+rs txka txka iS xka/kh dh lc t; cksySa

Hkkjr ds uj ukjh tsy x;s tsy ds Hk; rSa uk MksySa dgSa tathj xqykeh dh [kksySa vkbZ la?k"kZ dh vkt ?kM+hAA ukStoku ;qod ;qorh pkgoSa ns'k vktkn djk;k dYiuk nÙk uS dydÙkk eSa pyk xksyh lcdks crk;k vktknh dh meax lceSa Hkjh ukStoku lHkk cuh dM+hAA T;ksfrck Qqys dk fparu nfyrka uS ckj ckj iqdkSj Fkk euq uS tks ckr fy[k nh mu ckrka uS tM+rS udkjS Fkk uotkxj.k dh fpaxkjh ns'k eSa lqyxS txka txka iM+hAA ,d ekgkSy vktknh dk pkjksa dkUgh tu tu eSa Nk;k Qsj xka/kh Hkxrflag dk fopkj vkil eSa Vdjk;k Qsj dgS j.kchj cjksus vkyk <hyh gksbZ fQjaxh dh rM+hAA ,d fgLlk dzkfUrdkfj;ksa dks vkradoknh ds :i esa ns[krk gSA fQjaxh Hkh dzkafrdkfj;ksa ds ckjs esa vkradokbh dj bLrseky djds rjg rjg dh HkzkfUr;ka QSykus dk iqjtksj iz;kl djrs gSaA [kwuh la?k"kZ vkSj vfgalk ds chp cgl rst gksrh gSA D;k crk;k Hkyk % jkxuh 14 dzkfUdkjh gR;kjs dksU;k lUns'k nqfu;k eSa igksapk;k jSAA

thou rS I;kj ?k.kk lS ijps eSa fy[k dS cryk;k jSAA thou rS I;kj uk gksrS cf<+;k thou rkfga D;ksa yM+Sa vR;kpkj vkSj tqye ds lkgeh ge dzkfUrdkjh D;ksa vM+Sa fQjaxh lkFk t:j fHkM+Sa vktknh dk liuk Hkk;k jSAA 'kks"k.kdkjh pkykd ?k.kk iqfyl QkSt ds csM+s ysj;k Egkjs lkFkh dj dj Hkjrh Hkkjr ns'k uS xsM+s nsj;k [kwuh la?k"kZ desM+s ysj;k fQjaxh le> ik;k jSAA r[rk iyV djus uS gfFk;kj mBkus iM+ T;koSa ?k.kk ujd gq;k thou lc ?kqV ?kqV dSuS ej T;koSa uhao t:jh /kjT;koSa lekt cjkcjh dk pkg;k jSAA lerkoknh lekt gksxk ;s 'kks"k.k Hkkjh jgS ugha fcuk rkys ds ?kj gksaxs fdrS pksjh tkjh jgS ugha ywV [klksV Egkjh jgS ugha j.kchj NUn cuk;k jSAA jkxuh 15 fQjaxh ljdkj ewaxh rS vi.kh ckr lq.kk.kh pkghAA

vlSEcyh eSa ce aQSad.k dh Qsj iq[rk Ldhe cukbZAA vkB vizSy dk fnu NkaV~;k FkksM+k [kqM+dk djus dk vfgalk osQ <ax rS fQjaxh lksP;k ugha lS Mjus dk turk eSa tks'k Hkjus dk lgh jkLrk Vksg;k HkkbZAA neudkjh dkuwu ns'k iS os yxk;k pkgoSa Fks dzkfUrdkjh ckr vi.kh mM+S igksapk;k pkgrSa Fks fQjaxh uS crk;k pkgoSa Fks rwa lS tqyeh vU;kbZAA ce iSaQD;k mldh xsY;ka ckaV~;k ,d ijpk Fkk iwjh nqfu;k eSa ml fnu gq;k xtc pjpk Fkk dqckZuh dk Hkkj;k njtk Fkk Hkxrflag uS Qkalh [kkbZAA ijps eSa fy[k jk[;k Fkk fdlk Hkkjr ge c.kkokaxs lcuS f'k{kk dke lcuS fgUn dh ';ku c<+kokaxs tkr ikr uS feVkokaxs j.kchj dh ;k dforkbZAA jkxuh 16 'kphUnz ukFk dh lafxuh izfrHkk uS 'kksd trk;k FkkAA jk[k tywl Fkk cM+k Hkkjh tks ikdZ eSa vk;k FkkAA cksyh [kqnhjke cksl dh jk[k dk rkcht cuk;k Fkk

vi.ks ckydka ds xys eSa turk uS oks iguk;k Fkk izfrHkk uS le>k;k Fkk tuwu turk eSa Nk;k FkkAA ok cksyh jk[k vktkn dh ,d pqVdh yso.k vkbZ blk dzkfUrdkjh fdr ikoS vaxzstka dh H;ka cqykbZ jk[k ugha Vksgh ikbZ dqN fgLlk , cp ik;k FkkAA vktkn bl rfj;ka Qsj vktkn gq;k lalkj rS iqfyl ?kcjk;k djS Fkh vktkn dh ,d gqadkj rS ok cksyh ljdkj rS vktkn uk dns ?kcjk;k FkkAA fQjaxh dk jkt j.kchj b±dk [kkRek djka feydS tkr ikr uS Hkqyk dS vktknh [kkrj ejka feydS 'kh'k vi.ks /kjka feydS vktkn uS U;ksa Qjek;k FkkAA jkxuh 17 thoUrs th gkFk uk vkma vktkn uS fd;k ,syku FkkAA dns iqfyl gkFk uk vk;k ?k.kk ltx bulku FkkAA lrkbZl Qjojh dk fnu bldk gky lq.kkma lu muhl lkS bdrhl dk eSa lgh lky crkma vktkn f?kj;k fn[kkma vYizSQM ikdZ dk eSnku FkkAA cSB ikdZ eSa fy;k liuk vktkn Hkkjr ns'k dk fp=k fny eSa mHkj;k lc jaxk ds lekos'k dk bUrtkj Fkk lUns'k dk uk iqfyl dk vuqeku FkkAA

nksuwa dkUgha rS nuknu xksyh pkyh ikdZ eSa MVdS dSls csjk yk;k iqfyl uS ckr vktkn dS [kVdS iqfyl ikl uk QVdS Mj Nk;k cs mueku FkkAA vpwd fu'kkus dk ekfgj pUnz'ks[kj vktkn Fkk Hkkjr ns'k vktkn djk.kk iwjk mluS vkxkt Fkk j.kchj u;k vUnkt Fkk nsuk pkg;k Qjeku FkkA jkxuh 18 vi.kh fiLrkSy flj vi.kk thUrs th dkcw dksU;k vk;kAA ejs ejs iS xksyh nkxh bruk Mj Fkk iqfyl iS Nk;kAA vyiSzQM ikdS eSa vkgeh lkgeh nuknu xksyh pkyh iqfyfl;s dbZ t.ks Fks ,sdys uS deku lEHkkyh fu'kkuk x;k ugha [kkyh vaxzst vQlj ? kcjk;kAA ;wfuoflZVh ds Nk=k mM+S bdV~Bs gq;s bruh okj eSa [kcj ekSr dh ,d ne QSyh lkjs gh cktkj eSa ikdZ ds Hkhrj ckgj eSa dIrku iqfyl dk y[kk;kAA ns[k HkhM+ ikdZ ds Egka iqfyl uS xksyh pykuh pkgh dySDVj gkykr le>X;k xksyh dh djh eukgh iqfyl cnyxh vi.kh jkgh fcuk xksyh dke pyk;kAA bykgkckn iwjk cUn gksX;k gM+rky gqbZ Fkh Hkkjh

iku [kkseps vkys 'kkfey Fks vj rkaxs dh lokjh j.kchj dB~Bh turk lkjh ukjk bUdykc dk yk;kAA

Sign up to vote on this title
UsefulNot useful