P. 1
Advanced Engineering Mathematics - Michael d. Greenberg 2nd Ed

Advanced Engineering Mathematics - Michael d. Greenberg 2nd Ed

|Views: 37|Likes:
Published by Yi Hu
A Good Textbook of Math
A Good Textbook of Math

More info:

Published by: Yi Hu on Sep 19, 2011
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial


Read on Scribd mobile: iPhone, iPad and Android.
download as PDF, TXT or read online from Scribd
See more
See less





- = CZ


dz dt

d211 -=C dx"



( 2 1 2

Figure 1, Electrical circuit,


equation (2).

Equation (1) is the differential equatio11governing the linear displacement z ( t ) of a body of mass m, subjected to an applied force F ( t ) and a restraining spring of stiffness k , as mentio~led the preceding section. in Equation (2) governs the current i ( t ) in an electrical circuit containing an inductor with inductance L, a capacitor with capacitance C , and an applied voltage source of strength E ( t ) (Fig. I), where t is the time. Equation (3) governs the angular motion B(t)of a pe~ldulum length 1, u~lder of the action of gravity, where g is the acceleration of gravity and t is the time (Fig. 2). Equation (4) governs the population .c(t) of a single species, where t is the time and c is a net birthldeath rate constant. Equation (5) governs the shape of a flexible cable or string, hanging under the action of gravity, where y ( z ) is the deflection and C is a constant that depends upon Figure 2. Pendulum, equation (3). the mass density of the cable and the tension at the inidpoint z = 0 (Fig. 3). Finally, equation (6) governs the deflection y(z) of a beam subjected to a loading zu(x) (Fig. 4), where E and I are physical constants of the beam material and cross section, respectively.

Ordinary and partial differential equations. We classify a differential equation as an ordinary differential equation if it contains ordinary derivatives with respect to a single independent variable, and as a partial differential equation if it contains partial derivatives with respect to two or more independent variables. Thus, equations ( I ) - (6) are ordinary differential equations (often abbreviated as ODE'S). The independent variable is t in (1)-(4) and x in (5) and (6). Some representative and i~nportantpartial differential equations (PDE's) are as follows: a2u 81 2 C U 2= (7) dz-t '


Figure 3. Hanging cable,
equatlon (5).

Figure 4. Loaded beam,


equation (6).

You're Reading a Free Preview

/*********** DO NOT ALTER ANYTHING BELOW THIS LINE ! ************/ var s_code=s.t();if(s_code)document.write(s_code)//-->