Biodegradable Packing using NANOTECH

Shateesh Kumar . S

• Categories • NANO SCALE TECHNOLOGY • MOLECULAR MANUFACTURING .What is Nanotech…??? • Study of controlling of matter on atomic and molecular scale. • Deals with structures sized between 1 to 100 nanometer • Potential to create many new materials and devices with wide ranging operations and molecular manufacturing.

NANO MATERIALS • Fullerene • Family of carbon allotropes • Hollow sphere. tube or plane • Graphene a planar fullerene sheet • Carbon nanotubes (CNT) • Allotropes of carbon. connected by Vanderwaal’s forces .00. cylindrical fullerenes • L : D ratio over 1. ellipsoid.000 • Align themselves in rows naturally.

Green Nano-composites • Sugars and proteins. can be combined with nano-clays and bio‐based nano-materials • Results in formation of non-toxic and bio compatible materials • Present technologies of nano processing can create bioplastics strong as their fossil fuel counter counterparts • Few are even edible .

Areas of development • Bio nano-composites • Bioplastics are mixed with nano-clay particles • Exhibit improved barrier properties compared with the pure bioplastic • After their useful life can be composted • Bio-based nano-fibers • Chitosan. cellulose. • Edible nano films • Edible films are layers of digestible material used to coat food • Bio-nanocomposites created from vegetable and fruit puree and cellulose nano-whiskers . collagen and zein synthesized as nano-fibres from various biopolymers using the electro spinning technique.

Challenges • • • • • Source management Compositing Capacity Regulations Consumer perception Cost effectiveness .

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Summary • Bionanocomposites represent an exciting field with a number of application areas. • At supply chain level companies are emerging. crops developed purely for creation of materials. rather than food. . if biodegradable plastics are to replace the current non‐biodegradable ones in an advantageous way • Balancing biomass production. may cause societal challenges including food shortages. but face a number of challenges which will inhibit their growth • Consumer and retailer perceptions on nanomaterials and their safety mean dialogue and engagement is necessary • Regulatory uncertainty around nanotechnology and labelling • Composting capacity.

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