# Electronic Circuit Analysis and Design.

2nd edition

Solutions Manual

Chapter 4
Exercise Solutions
E4.1
g ... r~
r ..
TO

=

\-oj-a (0.0026){90) lco "" 0.801

=-

v,

~

r ..

=

'1 2 k ~.9 n

leo

"" -

120 ;. ra "" 150 kll 0.80]
V"

IcO = 1';" =

0.25 0.026 ~ g ... (0.026)(120) 0 ._ '15 150 0.25

= 9.62
~

mA/V

b. A~

1-'0 = gml-' .. (rDI1,~cl.
= ~ '"
v~
-g ...(
T ..

= -(

=

VT8 -1cq -[ -

=

• r ... - 12.;) kn kO

r;

+ RB

Til

)lIe -

rQ""

VA
CQ

=-

~

rg

= 600

+

r", R

B

) (ro liRe)

"" -(30.8)

2.92 \ II ( 2 2 '0 1(150 2.5)
.9

+~ )

E4.2
VA ro = -~
[CQ ICQ ""

= -=-re 200
VA 75

-(30.8)(0.055)(l.46)
-4.17

=:> A~ -

HI

~ [CO"" 0.375 mA

E4.5
RTH

= 2501175 = 5i.7 k!l

V'TH ""

(R Rl R~ )(5}
1-

= ( __ i\ \)(5)::: .50
I~"'"

1.154

E4.3 I ~ Vss - Vsc:(on) _ 0.92 - 0.7 so Re 100
:=

I 8Q =
ICQ

1.154 - 0.7

5 r. 1 + (121)(0.6.!
rn A

"" :U.8

/1.;'

"" 0.41B

~ Iso

0.0022 rnA

1co = (150)(0.0022)

= 0.33

mA

a.
!1m

r~

=

(120)( 0.02{;) 0.418

= 1.4.6 k!1

I.

9m

=

lco YT

=

0.33 0.026 ~ g",

= 12.7 mA
:=

tv

= 0.<118 -0.026 =

= 16.08 rnAjV

Vo

-g," V"Re

r ... := If. T8 co I VA ro lco

= (0.0026)(150}
0.33 200 "" -0.33 =>
ro

~ r" krl

11.8 Id1

Rib

= r~ +(1 + .B)RE:::7.46 + (121)(0.6) = 80.1 ill
kn
3354+05
3354 )V

=-

= 606

Rl11Rl = 25~r5

= 57.7 ill. RIIIR2~Rib 57.71180.1 3354 = =
s-

VI _ (

b.
A"

~~~IIRib R~ +

R11IR211Rib

)

V _( .
j -

.s

= !!!.. = -9",( us

V; = (0.985)V;
r ..

+

rll"

R ) (rollRc)
B

= -(12.7)(
~

V;=V.[l+('~.BJRE
Then

]
=

11.;~8100)

(6061115)

= -(12.7)(0.l055){14.64)
A .. "" -19.6

A" "" (0.985)( -8.39) '" -8.27
b. R,,,

=

TiO

E4.4
gm

~ R.p

= 80.1

+ (1 + J)(RE)
kfl

7.46

+

(121)(0.6)

=
[

leo
\oTT \-0"98 V'EBton)

E4.6
RB

a.

BO""

=

1.145 50

Q.70

As a first approximation.

=> 190 "" 0.00B9 rnA
ICQ

A..=-RE
Resulting gain is always smaller than this value.

Rc

= (90)(0.0089)

~ Ico "" 0.B01 mA
"" 30.8 mA \>

g ...

O.BOI = D.ii26 => 9m

f.

The effect of Rs is very smaiL
Set

Rc = 10
Re

Electronic Circuit Analysis and Design. 2nd edition

Solutions Manual

5= lc(Rc

+R£)+Vc£o Rc = 454 leD.

Rrn
VTII Vee
IBQ

5 =05(Rc + R£)+2.5 So that RF.:= 0.454 ill and
05 l/ta = 100 =0.OO5mA

= (0.1)(1 + P)R£ = (0.1)(1 OlXO.625) = 6.31 kil 1 I = -. R Vee = -(6.31)(75} R, R.
TH·

= (I + P)lsoR£
0.6 =tOO'

+VE8(on) + I BQRTH +VTII
rnA

Rm = (0.1)(
TH
Rl

1+ p)R£ = (0.1)( 10 1)(0.454) = 459
CC

kQ .

= 0.006

V =(-R 1+ R2 ).V
or
Vm Vrn

=1....
R!

RT/I'V

75 == (101)(0.006)(0.625)

+ 0.7 + (0.006)( 6.31)

cC

=1...(459)(5)
R1 Then

=R, +VsE(on)+(1+
P)lBOR&

23

R, = 7.40 ill and

Rl

=

R, 42.8 ill

+1...(6.3 1)(7j)

= =

[BaRTH

E4.9
de analysis
IBQ ICQ r _

23 (0.005)(4.59) + 0.7 + (10 1)(0.005)(0.454) R. which yields, R. = 24.1 kQ and R,_ 5.67 fen

=

=

100

10 - 0." + (101)(20) m A,
l

= 0.00439 mA
OAB mA k!l - 592

= 0.439
Ic q Jl:q

so =

E4.7

vTiJ _ (0.026)(100)
0.439

.. -

de analysis
RTH

= RdJR1

"" 151185 = 12.;5

9

..,

==

\-TH == (Rl;
Vrn

RJ)

Vcc =

ro (B5 ~ 15) (12)

v, =-

v;'

=

I cq

= --

0.439 = 16.88 mA/V 0.026 100 == 226 k!l 0.439

"" 10."2 V 1'2 - 0.; - \!TH ISQ = RTH + (1 + .a)RE

=
ICQ

= 1.74 rnA

12 - 0.7 - 10.2 12.i5 + (101)(0.5)

=...!.2....

63.25

= 0.Oli4

v" =v ,=(
r

RBllr", = loq15.92 = ( 559+05 5.59 =

Rsllr.. Rsllr,.+Rs
) .V
t

J.v•
= O.918V
= -148
s

= 559 kn

ac analysis

Then V "

Vo ::
Ib _

= ..,..---:-~""":""""":::-h/~(RcIlR.d
h,c+{1+n.,.
L

hJelb{RcllRr.) -V\$ h.e + (l + h,.)RE

Then

A. = -(161.7)(0.918)
R, ..
tn

.4.~ -

)R E b. hj.(min) h,.(min) __ __ ~R

Foe ICQ

=

RBIlt',.

=

(100)]1(5.92)

1.7 rnA

h,.(ma.x) h,~(mu:.)

= 110
= 2 kn

= iO

=

5.j9 kn
1011228 =>

=

Ro
E4.10

=

R,= Ilro ==

Ro

1.1 kG

= 9.SS

kn

_ -110(4112) A... (ma..x) - '2 + (lIt)(O.S) . _ -70(41121 A .. (min) - 1.1 + (11)(Q.S)

" •. 54 2.54

E4.8
First approximation,

= -{o.95)(Rc) = -(0.951 r" + 1+ RE R£ or A. = -4.75 Assume r" 1.2 ill from Example 4.5. Then

A"

(PRp)
=

'lO.4

..!.)

A.. = _.& R£
Now

which predicts a

-P(2} 1.2+(1+ ,6)(0.4)
which yields

= -475
.

low value. Set

& = 9.

fJ = 76

Vee == IC(J(Rc +R£)+V£cQ
75 So

=={0.6)(9Rc +R£)+3.75 R£ = 0.625 kQ. and Rc

= 5.62 ill

Chapter 4: Exercise Solutions

E4.11 de analysis:
l ea

Vm

= 0,

RTH

= RIIRI = LOill
1\

-:..!...

1.6::1'''''

==

5 - 0.; 10 + (1261(51 = (L0067';!

Lea :;;:: .84 rnA 0 r" \l"TJ (0.026)(125) l.8i leo 0.84 _ leg _ ~ _ ') !1m VT - 0.026 - 3-.3 mA/V
:;::0 :;::0

,

=

k!1

:

\
\

TO::

_'-

Vi

ICQ

200 = --:: 0.84

238 krl
ISQ

=

12 - 0.7 - 10.1 12.75 + (121)(0.5)

1.1
:;;::-73-.2-5

l ea= 0.0150
A. ..

== -g",{roIIRcllRL.)::
1.56) ~ A.~

-(32
:;::0

..11(238112.3115)

lco

=

1.80.

hQ ==
=

1.82

A .. "" -[32.3)(

-50.4

=> VSCQ = J. 89
0, Flor
t:.I.ISC .6.1C

1.8 ~

DoIIEc" 2l.VCE

b.

~

"" TolIRc

~

Ro - 2.J8 k!1

For

=
X

-3.29

=>

= (1.8){1.S3) = 3.89 - 3.29

== ==

1.2~ 0.6

=> Max. symmetrical swing

E4.12 E4.14

== '2

(3.29) :: Ui.1:.lleak·tO-peak

YCL ::: (IU
~'CE

+ 10)

- Jc(Rc

+ RE)

=
:;::0

20 - Ic(lO

+ Rs)

v..

-ieRe line:

=

-ic(lO)

VCEQ

= ~=S-

(0.4181(5.61

-

C~~)
= 3.82

[OAIBHO.6]

\
\
\

2.34 - 0.253 ('2.'U - 0,512 \'

VeEQ

=

2.41

l:.vc£

variacion

peale ·to-peale E4.13
a. VISe

= Vee == -ic(R!:

hRs - lc Rc

V,ce ;, l! -ic(RE

+ Re) =

12 - 1c(4.5)

6.vo•

= veEQ -

0.7""

2l.lc(lO)

=

[CQ(lO)

Voc

So ~·csQ - 0,-;'

=

JCQ(lD)

..... :: -idQ,S ~

+ !leUR£) + 4112)= -ic(U3)

We have

VCEO
Ico(1D)

=

20 - ICQ(IO

+ RE)
- ICQ(IO

+ 0.1 = 20

+ REI

(1)

Electronic Circuit Analysis and Design. 2nd edition

Solutions Manual

_

I SQ

-

100

10 - 0.7 + (101 lRE

~I

_
cQ -

POO)(93) 100 + (101 )RE

(2)

E4.16
a.
VTH:::

(R~~Rl)(121.

""Til

"" ~l

(RTHl(12)

From (1) Icol!.O

RTH -

{O.l)(l 12.1RE

+ J)Rg;o

10.1l!121IR~

+ 10 + RE]

= 20 +R
E

0.7
[5Q""

=

= 12.1 kO

Substitute (2) (11)0)(9.3) [ 100 + (lOl)Re 930(20 18.500 16.670
So

12 _ 0,7 _ \"TH

] [20

} _ 19.3

R,H

+ 1.1 + JIRE:

=
=:

11.3 -

R;"02.1)(121

1

12.1 -r- (121)(1)

+ R&) =+ 910Rg

19.3[100 ... 1930
~

= 1019.3RE

+ (101)REj + 194.9.3RE
16.35 kn _ 0.<:131mA
;;;;;; 60 V

J CQ

-

1.6 l.~ ~ I 90 = 1'20

O.Ol:lJ3 mA

RE -

0.01313 ..
~l

IU - i-114~.21 133.1

{l45.2]

= 11.3 -U.l=

(0.0 1313)( 133.1)

IcQ'"'
VCSQ OIlCE'"'

(100)(9.3) 100 + (1!t1)(16.JS)

=

20 - (~.531](10
VCEQ -

=- Ica = + liUS) =- \/cC:Q
= 5.3

..:>

R· :: 15.24 Id1

RJ

RlR2

+ Rl

0.7;;: 6 - 0.7

(12.1)(15.24)

Malt symmetrical swing 2 x (5.3)

=~

=- R2

=

lS.14R2 15.24 + R, (l.U1-12.1)Rl (161)(11

- ·58.7 ki1:
12 - (16)1-\1-

peak-to-peak

F~CQ;;;

=-

VE~Q

= i.99

V

E4.lS
a.
lCQ TO

IsO

=

10

+ (126)(5) =

5 - 0.7

0.00672

mA, I£Q =- 0.B4.7 rnA V... 200 = -- = '"'238 k!'l
lCQ

= 0.84

0.84

VCEQ =- 10 - (0.84)(2.3)

- (O.S4.i'){5)
\

=- 10 - l.932 - 4.235

"'cEQ

...

3.83 V

1 ..,.,

I~

I.S7

Wam 6.ic

=

1.6 - 0.1

=

1.5

~"" = 3.99 - 0.5 = 3.49 ~ = 3.49 = 2.327 kO "'" RclIRL 6.ic 1.5 RCRL = 4RL ;;;; 2.327
Rc

+ Rz.

4

+ R..

(4 - 2.327)RL

= (4.)(2.Jn);::.

RL ;;;; 5.56 Hl

E4.17
RTR

= Rll1R~
=-

"ce
b.

= -ic(ReIlR{.1 = -ic(2·JII5)
1'0

::: -ic(l.SS)

\"l'R V'TH

(R, ~RJVcc
V'5S R,H

".. :251150

=

16. i ki1:

= (50 ~25)(5)
=
1£.7

(neglectinl

I

=

1.33 V

=-

~iC'
~IICE

=- 0.84

[8Q

= (0.84)(1.581 =
= 3.83 + 1.33 =-

=
IflQ

+ (1.,..

-

VBElonl J)RE:

3.33 - 0.70 + (121 )(1)

l.]l

V
_ [CQ

"cE{min)

- 1.33 = '2.,i V 5.16 V

= i31.'f

2.63

VC'.£:(m&Jt) ... 3.83

= 0.0191

So cwr: 1ymmeuica1 swine

=- 2.29 mA

= :! x

(Ull ""Uli peak.-to-pcak

Chapter 4: Exercise Solutions

9 ... -

r,.

- !E.!t = 0.026 = 88.1 mA/V 1..:..!!.. \--T = FTJ :::::lD.026H 1201 :::::1.36
ICQ

65

= RTHII20J
(95.6)( 101

=

RTH

RTH

+ 203 + 0.7 + 2.5(2)

·203

kO

"'> RrH
~l

= 9S.5 kn

ro == I.

V.c.

2.:29

/CQ

=-

100 2.29

::::: _ k.. ~J.
J

n

= (O.0248)(!tS_6) = S.O?
llaR.. 118 + R~

R,

V'=(
s

R, ~R211Rib + Rs

RIII~IIR'b

).v

R2 '
~

= II! kft = 504 kn
R'R

= !t5.6

R. ",,65 kQ co

R,I>

= r" +(I + PXREllr.) = (1.36)+(121Xl~43.7)
RI~R!~Rib = l6.711120= 14.7 ill. ). V ::::(O.967)V

VI:::::(
r

Rib = 120 ill and Rl~Rl = [6.7 ill
Then Then

RiA + Rs

).v • =(~).v,
65+05

=Q.992V,

Then

V' ,

=(

_ (0_992)(1 + j3)Rr; _ (O.992}(101)(2) A,,- r,,+(I+,B)R[ - 1.05+(101)(2) ~

14.7+05'

14.7

,

A.. :::::0.987
Neglecting

Now
VB

=(~: s.. )RE~r.)::::v~C:~P)REllr.
+
V~

R
or

"

=R

E

V. ~

I+C:.P)R'~. - 1+( 1:.P)R,II<,
1

~:

(O.967)V,

I

Rs.

A,.

= 0.995
~1.05+95.~105 ::::: ,---"-2 101

r"+ R,~Rl1IRs

1+/J

R.

= 15.2 n
Rs. Ro

SO

Neglecting

= ,,111.05==> 1102

_.

R

= 10.30._

v__ (O.967{
V, -

+C ~fJ)RI:Ilr..

~)R£~r.
ill

(0.967 l+

X

fJ)R6"Iir.

E4_19
"'TH

- r...+(t + ,8)REllr.

= ( Rl+ R 2 ) R2

(10) - 5 VsE(on)

R£~r.
Then
.d "v -

= 1143.7", 0.978

B = 100. FA
feCi

(0.967)(121)(0.978) 136+(121)(0.978)
R.b:::

=> _.;_ __

A,. :::::0.956

= 0.75 rnA 125 Then = -=- = 16- Ln
TO
0.1;;)

= 125 V.

= 0.7 V

I ..

fl"l

b.

=> R;b

= 120 kn

T"

+

(1

+

J)Rc:lIro

=

1.35

+ (111](0.9781

aFT -= ICi;

ISQ""

[100}(D.026) _ J ,- kn :::.r.", - ."1: O.i5VTH - ""BEron) - (-5) RTH + (1 + JIRe

=

j

ICQ=/JISQ

which yields R. =- IS.1 n E4.18 VCEQ

=5V~
2.5 101
:=

iSQ

""

5 2' = 2.S mA

J SQ
VTn

-

=
=

0.0248 rnA

IBg.RTH

.R.•• = RTHII[,. ..
r.

= 1.05 kO

+ VSE{OD) + (1 + {J)JSQRE + (1 + p)R£r

Electronic Circuit Analysis and Design. 2nd edition

Solutions Manual

Z, "" r" 10"" Ib==
Al

(R&ft:}':ORJll +.a)l~
R.!IR~ ) ( R1IIR1+Z, Is
Rellra )
(1

+ (1 + ~)(REIIRl.llrDl

Then "TH

RdIR~= =

lO.IRE "" 20.2 kG R~ )(10) R,R1 - s,

(RI!2

"" ~( ill

iii

10 == Is == (
RElh

+ Rl

)(10)-5

=
+ RI. + J) (
R1IIR2

R;"{20.2}(l(t) - 5

RdIR~

+ Z,.1

'\

feCI

= 0.75
_ { ;[-[20.2](10) - 5 - 0.7 - (100) 20:2 + (101 )(2)

Asswne that Rzllro =:: BE

RdlR2

= (O.llll
=

+ 5}

+ fJ)RF;

(O.l)(lOl)RE

=

lO.~RE

Assume Then Al

Rio = I .r.:n

==

15 =(R:~J(lIl1)X ( l(UR& 10.lR.e + 3.47 + (101)(RE111

E4.20

1c.n]

)

a.

J=

lOG. '_'s.clon)

= O.i.

1cQ

=

1.15 mA

where R.cIIRl.llro

=:: REIlRl.

= RElli

k!l

!sQ =
V:rH =

1.26 m.A, I SQ

(Rl ~
~l

RJ

:::

0.0125 mA

(10) -

5

15

==

(10 1) (l0 1) R~ R x £+1

\-'1-H

=

(RdIRl)(lO)

- s,

I ~ HllRe -R
1+

_ \oTH - 0.; - (-51
SQ -

IO.IRE 15

+ 3.41 +

\I'CEQ

I;;

= 10' -!
=

RTH

+ (1 + J)RE
EQ RE

=4
R6 ~ RE

=

(101 )(10 .1)Rl,

R £:

hQRE

6 ~ lsa
kO

=

+- 1

~ HE
RrH

= [0.1)(1
IEQ

= 4.76

e

=

~6 l.~

==

4.76 kn

+ J)RE

=

10.lRF;

Then

[SQ:=

101 =

*"(101

)R&;(lO) - 5 - 0.;-

+5

10.lRl:

+ (I01)RE
~ RI - &5.&kn

0.0125 (101)( IC.l)R~

=

...!...(lOl}(4.i6)

- 0.7

R(

111.1 4.

)( 76)

= IS[10.1R1;
+
-1

+

114.S7RiO

+ 3.-41:

lQ'.!O.IR~ = 151.5R~
868.6R~

1718.55RE

+ 52.05

R. R.l R 1 + R2
(65.8JR2

= (10.1) R E
ee

= (10,1)(4.16) = 48.1 k"....

(U.l)(1i5.8)

- 171S.5SRE - 52.05

=0

(65.S - 48.1)&
.:> b.

+ (48.1).~~ = (48.1)(65.8)

16.7R~ - nOR!: 33 RE

=0 = 2.0

R; = 178.S kO

± .)(33)2 + 4{16.7}
2(16.7) kO

=

Must usc + sip => RE

Chapter 4: Exercise Solutions

ro

us = -\-'~= -1.25 = 100 \CO rO' = 8VT "" (100)(O~026) = 2.08 leO
ICQ

S4.21
For!1 1
lCQ

=
_

130 10-0.7 "gil 100+ (131)(10) ~ 6.~ IJ-A mA

gm ll~=

, ...i.rO') = Jh { Z, "" r .. + (1 + PHRI>IIRJ.llro] = =
2.{l8 2.08

ICQ

1.23

Bq -

= 0.B5'
3

+ (101 ){4. 76111111001 + (lOl)[U2611100]
+ (101 )(0.8191
leO

From Figure 4.21

<
<

h,.

<

5 kn

Let h •• =0

"" 2.08 Z,

= 84.8

8 h••

110. < 16 1-'5

Assume RL"" I ill

= (1"1
1 = 12 #S ..:> -h o. ::::: 83.3 kO

11.,.=134

ho.
I.

Rs

=
t•

RJ.

=

10 kn

R,Io;o
""

h
-I.

+ (1-1'

h,.I(R.:: II Rr. II h:J

+ (IJ5)(IDI1101IBU)

~ Rit "" 641 kn

A

., =

(

RsUR.t ) Rs + R8I1R.~

x

=> Ro

= zO.... 0 =
=>
A ..

Ca ~:6.5)[::;]
= D.8Sl

Rs

'-J 1;_
I.

Ai

=(
_ (

II r- -», 1
"0.

II

&. )

(1

+ ,.
100 100

h)(

Rs Rs +
)

R.o

)

101183.;l ) llS) 101183.3 + 10 (

(

+ 641

'f vo =
.

ICJ

~"

= (l + l1)ib(RzIIRLI1TO)
(RsIIRl.ll TO)

=> .4••

= 8.~9
_1 U 1&0.

Ro = HE II

II

h,.

16=

II~.

= ic

(1; .8) = . (Htl)( liiO
1C

7
1C

1 + h/e

+ RsllRg

* Rg b.

= 10 ~ 83.311 4 + ~~!Iloa == 8.93110.0970
96.0

n
R.b - 641 kO .. 4, - 8.59
(~) 6H ~ n.4::.....=-~O::..:..~9B:..=.·l _"

4.7(;\1111100)

R\$

=

1 kn,

If .u.ic is

= ic(U28) = 1.25 mAo V

~" •• = 1.035 V swint in
outpUt

A
p

= ( 1 + 86..5) 86.S

Ma-.imllm symmcaical

= 2.o.I'ea .::: 2.07

voltage

Ro=10~8.3311

[4+1~~100]

pcak_to-peak

= 8.93110.03696 ~

&-

36.8

n

Electronic Circuit Analysis and Design. 2nd edition

Solutions Manual

84.22 Vrn = 2.5 V,
RTH

flo :::: 1.96113.68 =2SW
r,,(min):::
227

101

,",1.96110.0364:::

35.1

n

2.93 kO

.5 - 0.1- 2.5 IBQ = 25 + (101)(2)
ICQ g .... -

= 0.193
YT VT!1
Leo

=

1.8

=

0

~ .00,93

rnA

rnA 0.026

_ leg, :::~

= 30.5 mA/V
= 3.28
krl

~ ::: 1.9611 ~.;~ = 1.96110.U290 ==- 28.6 < Ro < 35." !1
E4.23

;;;;; 28.6 n

r" ro

=

= ::: -

(0.0026)(100f
0.793

== -

VA

)25

lCQ

0.793

= 158 k!l
0.4

a.
A

REIIR.c.llro:::: 2110.511158= 0.411158::
_ (1 + ~)(REIIRl.lh) ~ - rO' + (1 + 8)(REII Rl. liTO)

=

(101)(0.4.) 3.28 + (101)(0.4)

==- A" :::: 0.925

For V£CQ = 2.5 V,
I so ::: 5 - 2.5 5R;- ::: 2.5 o.s::: 5 A m

b.

R ••
::a:

=

1'.,.

+ (1 + Q)(R£JlR£.!Ira)

R.o

3.28

+

(to 1)(0.4) i kO

lCQ

= (~~) (5) = 4.93

rnA => I BQ

= 0.0658

rnA

==- R.b ::: 43.

'v'" "" -Iv ..
rQ

~

==

1~ J

11 Rg 11
n

= ~.;~ 1121198.3

r .. :::: tH·'T

=- RI! ==
e.

32.0

TQ

ICQ VA =IcO

=

(75)( 0.026)

4.93

= 0.396
kn

kfl

lB(max)-

9mV"

= g ... (-I~T") =

• = - 1S = b.t 4.93

-pI~

R£(miD) R1(min)

==

1.9 kO

= 41.5 kO RI (max) = 52.5 kO
(~~.~)
(5)

RTH ::::

24.9 k11

YTH'" (RI ~ RJ Vee'"
I
[cQ BQ -

_,; - 0 .• - 2.315 24.9 + (101)(1.9)

_!.:!!!
- 216.0

= 2.375
a, R.~

=

Rl.

= 0,5

k!l

==

0.888 rnA
Rg(mA.X)

= r. + (1 + ~)(REII Rl.llra)
:=

= 2.1 krl
"" 52.5 idl

0.396

+ (76)[0.5110 ..51115.21 + (i6)(
0.:246.1

= 0.396

Rl{ma-xl

Rl(min)
RTH

= 24.9
=(100)[

= 47.5

=AI

R.I> ;;;; 19.1 kn

kO

RE.l1fa

=

0.51115.2

= 0.484

Hl

ttTH I
CQ

(52.3) (-) -.~_. 6'~)5 1110 ~ 5-0.7-2.625] 24.g + (101HZ.l)
rnA

kO

=

10 "" ( (

0.484 ) (76)( 0.484 + 0.5 Rdl R~ ) RIUR~ + 19.]

RdlR2 + 19.])

RdlR2

I

10 = (100)(1.615) 231

= 37.J8

ICQ

= 0.707

a.267S( RlIIR2
RIIJR1 ;;;; 6.973

+ 19.1) =
kO

RdlR2

r .. (ma.x) ::::

(1110)( 0.(26) II _11_ ,

..

= 3.68

kfl

\'"TH

= =

(Rl ~ RJ) Vce
~I

=

~I

(RdIR2

Wee

(6.975){5)

Chapter 4: Exercise Solutions

IsO :: 5 - V£s(on) - \'TH RTJI + (1 + .J)R£ 0.0658

b.

r,. =BVT

=

leo

=

(100)(0.026)

0.921

= 2.82 kO
.

6.915

5, -

o. ~ ~

+ (76)(0.51
Vrfi = 1.34 '"
~l

\."TlI

g", "'" VT (6.975115)
10

!.£.2. = il.'026 0.921
V~

= 35.42 rnA/'-i
liS

.!.!l6 = 4.3 => RJ

FTH

= 26.CJ Idl
+ R2)
"'"

= 9m "' .. lnd =~ =
ti

=

RI R2 26R1 = 6.975 '" ~___:.R I + R2 26 + R2
6.975(26
26R2

ii
)iI

= R;~r~ + g ... V.. "'"115

(REln

r ..

+ g.., )
g",(REllr,,)

=> Rl - 9.53 kO b. Por RE "'" 4RL

vs(~

9"'vs

+

REliT"

9"') - 1 +
_

9",(REilr,,)

=

4(0.5) => RE '" 2 kO

1

+ (35.4.2)( 10 k01l2.82

(35.42)(10 kOll282 kfl) ItO)

JEQ

=

5 - 2.5 -2-

=

1,25 mA -

ICQ

= 1.23

=> Al
rnA

= 0.987
Va

I so 0.0164 rnA (75)(0,026) r" ::: 1.23 1.59 kn

-

=

=

A" ::: - and 110 = g... V"Re "s A~ == g",Rc :: (3.5.421(5) =>

= 9 ... "5 Re
At

=

177.1

TO

75 = _ :::60.9 k!!
1.23

Z,It ::: r .. + {I
=> Z,b REIiTo

= 1.59 + (75}[21Io.51160.9] = 31.8 k!!
= 21160.9
"'" 1.94 kr2

+ I1)[REI1R:.llrol

lo-"c
IIC

= VE =
Ve
"EC

":ECQ

= O.i

- 6_1

=

-5,4.

V

+ loRc

For .

= O.S :::;.
-5.4

+ Q.2 =
10 ,..

IIC = + io Rc

+O.~

0.2

+ 5.4
5

=

1.12 mAo

Ar 10

= (1.9:·:4.0.5)C16)(.RIU"i}1:13U)

=

10

;:::.Current l.imited
io(mu)

Rllllh + 31.8 tU66(R111R1 + 31.8) = R11IR2
RllIRl ::: 6.l3
ThUl Is kG 4.3 - VTH 5.33 + (76){2)

= 60.4(

RlllRl

)

=- "'O(pcak) ,.. (0.92.1)(5) =- i.ll..Ypeak-lO-peak
J
SQ

= 0.921

= 4.61

= 0.0164. = o
= Rl
I'

E4.2S
a.

VTH ,.. 1.7Q

(RlIIR2)\-'C:c

=

.!...(6.33)(5)

= =

VEE - Vs,&(on)

Rs

+ (1 + (j)Rs =
ICQ'"

100

10 - 0.7 + (101)(10)

R.\

=> R,

=

18.6 kO

=- Iso
Tr'"

= 8.38

/lA,

O.S38 iliA => r"

R.1R1 = 6.33,.. lI8.6)R2 RI + R1 18.6 + Rl 6.33{18.6 + Rl) ,.. (18.6)R2 :::;. '" 9.6 kO R, E4.24
&.

pV-r
ICQ

(lOO)[C.Q26) 0.838

=

3.10 "It

n
.

gm
TO""

=

ICQ

VT ,..

_'"

v...

0.838 o.ou -- g", = n.23
--:::;.

mAl\-

ox;

ICQ

0.838

---

ro;?e

1

EO

=

io - 0.7 10

= 0.93
~

mA (0.93)

b.

ICQ ~

"" ICQ

C !3)
= O.!:.21

]EQ

C~~)

mA - 19QRE. - (0.93)(10)

\--".ECQ V£CQ

= 10 + 10 -IcQRe = 20 - (Q.921)(5)

Electronic Circuit Analysis and Design. 2nd edition

Solutions Manual

9m

v

v" ,,+;; =. (-V,,) RE
r" RE

+
Rs

(-v" Rs

Vs)

A .. =20=

(100)(1)

V" [(

1 + s3) + _1 + _1 ] = _ Vs
Rs

Rs =
1_
C-

2.6

+ Rs

vo "" -gm V,,(RclIRLl
Av = ~.: =
gm

V" = - ~: [ C ~ 5)

(100)( 1) _ 2.6 => 20

Rs =
=:>

2.4 kO

II

Its

II RS}
II RE 11 RS]

_

1-

(IOOl( 4.3) 2.4 + (101)RE

(100)(-\.3)

_ 2.4 RE = 4.23 k!1

(RcJI:~If ( 1~ J)
Ill}
=:>

Re :::;; E4.27
I. RTH

(101)

;; (32.2~{~101Itl{~.:~ 10 II
"" (32.:l3)(0909){O.0297}

== 10116

=

5.526 kn -5

.4 ... == O.BiO
VTH:;

(_6_)(10) 6 + 70

= -4.21
0.090 ;; 30_726

V

R' I.

,

= ~+ 3 = 1 = (ReR:
=
(
1+ J

~ =0.0307 kn 101

lSI

= 5.526
19,
VCl _

5 - 4.21 - O.iO

+ (126)(0.2)
IJA,

R,) Is:; J, I.,

=:>

= 2.93
I -

I COl;; 0.366 rn A
{-5i 4.3

lr;

3)

(Rc) 10 -;;;;;lRe + RI,.

S-

(VCI - 0_7) -

5

eL+

(l+p}L5

Ie

Rc )( -- 3 ) I~ I-( •Re + RL 1 + .3 AI

6 - ¥Cl 5

Vel "" 0_366 + (1261(1.5) 4.3 Vel

+

(U6)(l.S)
,,":-1

To = -;; I\$'

(10 10+1

--

)(100) ]01

=:> Al

=

1 - OJ6~ - {li6)(l.5) 0.900
0.5112;; Vct(O.2053j ~

"" -5- + (l2.6Hl 51
Vel"'" 2.977 V

J E:l
c. =:>

R, = RE II R~ ;; 10110.030;

~·-E;!

= 0.369 rnA = [0 ..l59){0.2j
=
Vel -

-5
VEl

=:> VEl

;;

-4.S~5 V

Ro
E4.26
5

= Rc = 10 kO
laRs

R. == 30.;

n

=> VeEI

""a,917

- (-4_926'1

=:> VeE! :::;; . 90 V •

1 gQ~

=
;;

(Vel - 0,1) - (-5) 1,~

=

5 + HB - 0.1 1.~ •

=

+ Ve e;(OIl I + I s R«
5 - O. i 4.3 ;: Rs + (IOl)RE leo]
VEl

"" 4,85 mA

Is == Ra + (lOllRg I _ (lOO){4,JI C - Rs + (lOl}RE"
5

(l! tI) l ecn ~
VCI - 0.7

JeQ~
- 0,;

= 4.81 mA
VCe:Q2 "'"

==

= 2,9B

:: 2_2B

= JeRe +

VCE

VCE

= 10 -

Ic

(Rc + G~~) RE)
-vw

+ Is B:« -

5

""CEQ2

==

5-

VEl "" 5 -

2.28 ~

1,12 V

ac analysis

vo = -g ...V..(RC\IRr.) Y-" Rs:=; Vs = -F,.,. - _. rft

(Rs) +1

r~

r .. l

=
""

leOI

PVT

;;

(125)(0.026) 0.366 (125)(0,026) 4.81

'" 8,88 kO

Par Ie
Y ..

= 1 rnA,
Ie
==
2,6 kO
1

r.. 2

!.Y!_ =
Ic cn Vr
VT

= 0.6761d1

= PVr == (100)(0.026)

g... 1 -

_IC91_~_ IC91
...

- 0.026 - 1(.1 mA/V 4.81 o.ou = 185 mA/V

9 ... 1"

Chapter 4: Exercise Solutions

R.b] R,u

= r,,1

+ (1 + .8)RSI =
kO

8.88

+ (126 )(0.2)

= r"J + (1 + ~HR.E21IRL) = 0.6i6 +-(126)(1.51110) = 165 kn

'= 34.08

b.

r ..

=

8VT lco and

gm

=

ICQ

liT

Por Q. : (100}(0.026) r"L 0.0098 0.{)098

=

=:> Tftl

=;

265 kn

9... 1=

0:026

For Ql .
1' ..

2

=

!1mZ

=

(lOO}(0.026) :::) T"1 0.990 0.99 0.026

=.

2.63 Hl

A~

\-"0 = -:Vs

c. (_1_) 34.0B

= -(126)(125)(151l10)(~) ;)+ 15.1
Au
C.

= -(125}(125)(1.30) = -17.~
R,

(.+-)
1,0

I

v.

(_1_) 34.08

=

RdlR1lIR'bl

=

(5.53)11[34.1)

~ R, = Ro

= (r~ll:~Cl)II = 0.04.50111.5 => Ro = "~.1n
= (100) -101

4.76 k!1

R£l

=

C·6;~6+5) 111.5

\-iI = 1/,
V~2

(g"'l V~I

+ 9",2 Vft~)Rc
(1 + J) , ---V~l
r'ft'j.

= \';"1 + F•• = -F,.; + 9 V.., .I\I ...
I ( -r'ltl 1
[

T~2

""

T~l

Then
. ~o = f'

E4.28 a.
J SQI I Bel
..,.
"'BI I

9...1

,-

~ftl

+9 ...2

(

! 1 ... J)r
T~l

-"2 )

V"I'

]

Rc

ICQ2

(1 rnA, => lcQ~
1£'11

=

O.~90 rnA rnA

Ie'll = -- = - 1 ~ 1+8101

= 0.0099

= i+7i "" loi""""
=
0.000098 mAo
JCQI

ISQt

0.0099

IBQL
::

= U.0098
10)

mA

-19Ql

Rs

=

-(0.000098-)(

= -0.00098
VEl

V .:;::0
V!;1

=

-0.7 V,

=

-1.4

V

II = ICQ2
\-CEQl

II ~ 1 mA ~

=- VCEQl
""

Yo = 5 - (1)( 'I.) "" 1 V = 1 - (-1.4) = 2.4 = 24. V. = 0.990 rnA
ICQ2

+ [cep

= 0.990

+ 0.0098

,,"CEQI

1 - (-0.7)

==

1.7

=> VC-Eql

=

1. j V.

Ie'll

= 0.009S

mA

Electronic Circuit Analysis and Design. 2nd edition

Solutions Manual

A.

=-

[~.37j +

P808J(101)(~)

1+( 101)

(

~I 265.3)

') \

)(4)

For QI :
r,., "" (100)(0.026]
g",1

A...

153.S = -- 1.999. ~
11

..t. ::: -76.9
T"l

=> r.l .5.60 k!1 0.464 0.464 => 9ml 1'.6 m A/\' 0.026 - (100)(0.026) _ J 09 k!1 0.842 => r~1 - .

=

= --

=

d.

R,=r I+ll't'(J)rr.2

9... 2

0.842,/\. = -- => 0.026

gm~

= 32.4

mi'\

.

R.

=

265.3

+ (101

)(2.626) c.

=> R. 64.29
I..

=

531 kl!

r----------r----,---~ I
£1

_ V£I-(-IO) 20

+(1"',I-{),7)-(-lO)
(I
VEl

+ PHIO)

-181 R8 - VBE(on)

=

So
(1 +8)/sl "" 10 -lSI Rs - 0.7 20

+
(101)IBI

10 -0.7 -lslRa (101)(10)

- 0.7

+ IBI
9.3

G~)+

fBI'

(10:~10) R.2
;:;:

::: "20 +
(102)IBI
lSI

8.6 (1011(10)

r,.2

+ (l + 3)R£'2 =

3.09

+ (101)(10)

= 0.465

+ 0.008S1
VBI

= 1013.1 kO

= 0.0046.:rnA
= 0.464 rnA.
- 0.793

=> \/El :::: -0.793
ICI

=- = -0.09281 V == -1.493
VEl IE!

R.I V
d,

=

r ... 1

+ (1 + P)[R,Ea 1IR.2] + (101)[20111013.1]

"" 5.60 Rq

II __]0
:> lin

= 1£;1 =

20

= 0.46035
II
IC2

= O.45~ rnA
mA

= 1.986 MO

-

fs: ::: 0.00855 rnA 10 - 1.493 or IE: 10

=- = 0.865 mA _ = (t.8a] =- Ic» = 0.842

mA

Sa

Ic

= ICI

+ Ic: =

0.46<1 + 0.842

\-0

=

-[I~l fb2)8Rc +

\Ie
"">

= 1.30& rnA = 10 - (1.306)(2)

VCSQl

= 7.39 -

=

= -{fbl
1.39 V

+

(R£~~lR,J(l +

S)I~1 }I3RC
(1;-- J)
.,]

(-1.493) Ie'en (-0.793)
/CQI

VC£Q2

\.CSQI

= ;.39 -

= 8.S8 V.

= 0.S42

Va A~= ;-;- :::- ( 1 + (' R REI R ) vs £1 + ,2
m.\

aRc -R

""> l/CSQl

= 8.18 V.

= 0.-16-1rnA

= + A. = -C.~98
E4.30
a.

-[1 Co

.1

+21001J.l) (101)] (1~~~~2)

b.

dc analysi:o 100, I/Bs(on) =
ICQ2

a ==
Want

c.r v,

V~
""

= :lO
Vcn

RI + Rl

+ s, =

=

0.5 mAo VCEI 100 kn

="V

Neilectinc base currents:

Chapter 4: Exercise Solutions

12 II := 100 \-:El := Ic(nRE
I/a\

= 0.12

rnA (0.5)(0.5):=
:=

64.31
0.25 V
4..25

=

a.

de analysis
v'sdon)

'" \/CEQI

+ "'£1

4

+ Q.25 =

a == 80.
I _
BQ -

=

O.T.

v~=
1.62 64.r

X-

SO
\o'C2

==

VCI

+ VC£Q~ ==
VCl

Rc
FB,

=
== == ==

\/c-c ICQ VEl

==

4.25 +" == 6.25 V 12 - 8.25 . a .5- => ,;:.;R""c,-=;;;;....;7..;.,;5:;...:.:,;k 0:.:.

2.32 - O.T 24.2 + (81)(0."51

I SQ

==

0,0250 rnA,

ICQ

= :2.00 mA

+ 0.7 ==

0.25

+ 0.7 ==

O.SS v

Power dissipated in Rc = I~QRc
::;>

==
:=

!1.0)212)

Vel

Ra) ( R +R + R
I 1

J

(12) => 0.9:l

.=

Pc ==

8.0 mW

-(12)

RJ

Power dissipated in RI, VeE"'" Vee -Ie 12 - 2[2

= O.

lOll

=> RJ
"'81

==

7.92 kO

[Re +

Val

VS1
::;>

=

(RI ~ ;1~ Ra )
R.~ + 7.92
100

+ 0.7

= 4.25 + 0.7 "'" 4.95
(12)
VCE

C; 3)
(0.5)1

p~

0 RE]

==

+ (:~)

4.95 =

(121

R2::: RI

(4.95)(100) _ 12 - 1.92 -> R2 100 - R1 - Ra

= 33.J

krl

= 6.99 V PT = 18Vu + Ia\fCE: -> PI = 14.0 mW
T,.

= (0.0259)(0.7) + (2)(6.99)

=

=

100 - J3.3 - 7.92

=> RI
b.

=
/3VT
-

b.

58.8 kll
and Q2

For II,"'"

{NT = -ICQ

2.0 18 cos ""I m V

==

(80)(0.026)

=> r"

=

1.04 kfl

For b-oth QI

From the text, power dissipation in the transistor

rTf

= -ICQ
Tnl

=
I".. l

(lOO)(0.{)26)
O.S

-> gm

= 5.2 kO
0.5 0.026

Pr

=

VC£QlcQ

-

(:J~ (:;.r
)l
(0.018)1

(RcllRL)

= \--;. =

ICQ

= (6.99){2
mAl"
_(

x 1O-~)

=> 9",1

=

g"'l

==

19.23

80 1.04. x 10l

,fi

(2 x 10 \12)( 10l)

.

3

PT = (14 - 0.96) mw => PI == 13.0 mW

e.

From notes

Il/c.1 = L(RcIlRx.)Vp
T ..

CO\$wt

Power dissipated in R"

h

= =

I"ccl
RL

l

Irm. =

[!..{ReIIR"l]~ )( -R x
r~
L

1

V!

-80 [ 1.04(1.0)

12

x~

I

x

(0.018)1 -2-

=> PL - 0.479 mW

Re = 2 krl also so Pc = 8.0 => Pc =
\-" V( ..2:= g",l ·1 8.48 m VI'

+ 0.4i9

T+"'J
I"~2

)

and

V"l

"'" 11\$

So
A ..

=

\00 Vs "'" -g",~(RC'IIRL)·

g""

( I ,.~ 13 )

= -9"'2(ReIlRt.i(-;]-) 1+3
A~

== -

100\ ( iOT)C19.23)(7.5112)

=> A ..

=

-30.1

Electronic Circuit Analysis and Design, 2ndedition

Solutions Manual

E4.32
8:::100, a, \o·B.don)=O.iV. R11IR2
ee

VA:::oc

RTH:::

101153.8

VTH ::: (RI VTH

~ RJ

(5)

=

Co :°

==

8.43 kS1

53.8) (5)

== ==

0.7837 0.7837-0.7 8.43 0.993 rnA ""O.0099JmA

ISQ=
ICQ

VCEQ

==

Vce - ICQRc

2.5 b.

==

5 - (0.993)Rc ~ He ::: 2.52 kS1 Power in Re "" Pit

==

IhRe

= (0.993)2(2.52)
(0.993)(2.5)

~PB:::2.48mW

Power in Q;' PQ :::: ICQl/cEQ
~ PQ:::

""

2.48 mW

c.

ie

=

0.993

COS;.it

I.e power"" in Re 2.48
1.24

i

x (0.993)2 x Rc "" 1.24 mW

+ 2.48

= Q.25

Electronic Circuit Analysis and Design. 2ndedition

Solutions Manual

Chapter 4
Problem Solutions
4.1
a.
Til'

4.5
A.

r" :: S.4

=

p'v'r
ICQ "'"

(120)(0.026) lco

~ lcq
gm

= 0.5;8
!.Vcc

rnA

== -::

fCQ

VT

2 0026

~

9m :: 76.~ m.A/V ~ r" _ 2.34 kf1

V-CEO
VCEQ

==

== IJVT ==
leo Ic a

(18{l)~.026)

=

= ~(5) ::; 2.5 V 2 '2 l.'cc - ICQRc ~ 2.5

= 5.0 -

{O.5781Rc

V~ ISO ro :: :: 2

=~

::> Rc "" 4.33 kfl
TO -

75

kO
IDO "'" -

ICQ
{1

:::;:--

b.
r.... _
r<l :::

gm -

~

0.026

g... :: 19.2 mAJV ~
T" -.

VgB

_ (180)(0.026)
0.5
-~

_ 9 36 k'"
.,

= [soRg = (0.00482
==
:: T"

0.578 120

= O.OD462
+0 70

rnA

+

j..'gJ:;fon)

)(25)

ISO

O.a

~

fO

==

3110kO

~

Vac

0.821 8\.-"r = (1211){O.026)
[CQ

4.2
g ... :: r

b. -

.

0.578
_ ~2 ~

= 5.40

k!1

Let; ~ 200 VT

=

-_;;:;> lCQ

leo 0.026

= 5.2

mA.

,.

::: PVT

ICQ

=

(12S)(O.025\ 5.2 200 ::> 5.2
rD

::> r"

= 0.625 kO

gm TO

re

=-

VA IeQ

:: -

= 38.;)

~ kO

""1- - 0.026 - ~ ,~rn V~ _ -100 _ kr. =- ....
I ~~ ;J

_

ICQ

_

~

A/V

leo

0.578

H.

Vo--g",(rQI!Rc)'1r. A,,::-9m(
A

tI..:.::(

4.3
(a)

r"

+Ra
r"

r" )Vs
+ Rs

1."

Ie::
g,.

= 0.0052 rnA (t20XO.OOS2) = 0.624 mA
25~
0.624 0.026 ~ 0.624
g.. :: 24 mA1V

=

2-07

r~ + Re

Tw

')(roIlRcl=_B(roIIRc)

=

" 5.40 + 25 ~ A" _ -16 .•

= _ (120][173!14.33)

= _ (120)("'.22)
30.4

r= "
r=<i1O

(120XO.026)

4.6
a,

~

r.=SkO.

V

BCO

1 = 2' V.c c

•V -~ ~5

..

VECO

= 10 =

IcQRc

==

10 - (0.5)Rc

(b)

A,.::-g

..Rc(~)=-(24X41_5_)~ r,,+R. '\.5+250

=>
IBQ

Rc

A,.:: -l.88
(c)

= T=

10 k11 ICQ 0.5 100

= 0.005
Vu

s v s = -0.426 sin lOOt

\I

=:.Jl..

v = _o_ ~ A.. -1.88 v V

VEB(on)

+ IsoRa =

= (O.7D} + (0.005)(50) =
19.2 mA/V

~ Vas - 0.95 V
b.
T"

4.4
1m

g ... "" Iy.CQ :: ~ ~ g ... T 0.026

= 1~;,

1.08

S leq :5 1.32 rnA

=

~VT ICQ

=

(100)(0.026)
0.5
QO

::::;.r" "" 5.2 kn
00

1.08 < ..... < --1.32 => ..::.:41;.;..5;;......:=:..:g:;;m.:....:<'-5_0_.a_m_~ < A/v' -0.0'26 - ~ - 0-026 PVr. ( ) _ (120)(1).026) _ '2°9 kO r.. = leo' r" max .) T .. ( !lUll1.08 . ., (BO)«().02fi) _ 58 kO = -L 1.32

"'0

V..... =ICQ

=- ~ 0.5
rO' ~Rc

rg ""

c.

A" = _

+ R«

= _ (1Q()(10)
5.:2

+ SO

~

A~ = -18.1

Lsa

< r., < 2.89 kn

Electronic Circuit Analysis and Design. 2nd edition

So1utions Manual

4.7
I.

IE

= 0.35

mA,

III =

TIiT

0.35

= 0.00347

mA

Vs
~ Vs

= -IsRs
VB -

"" -(0.00347)(10)

-O.OJ47 V - VB£(on}

= VB
Vc

=>

VE ; -0.735 V

b.

=

V'CEQ

+ VE = 3.5 -

0.735

=

2.77 V

4.9
a.
ICQ::::: IUJ

Ic

=
-=

C ! = C:D p)h
V+-Vc

(0.35) = 0.347 mA

VCEQ "" 5 :: 10 - Icq(Rc

+ RE)

Re

Ie

=

5-2.77 0.34 7

=- Re "" 6.43 leO

= 10 - /cO(1.2 leo

+ 0.2)

= 3.57 =

mA

(c)

A.. =

-c"'( RB~~:Rs}Rc~r.)
0.347 7.491d1

lSQ:::;:

3.57 150 "" 0.0238 mA RTH

R11IR2

= (0.1)(1 +P)RE
= 3.02 kO
(10) - 5 VBE(on)

g

= 0.347 = 133 rnA IV r = 100 = 288 k!l • 0.026 ' • 0.347

:::;:(0.1}{151)(0.2)

r:
II"

= (IOOXO.026)

~TH

=

J__ . RTH Rl
IBQRTH'"

.

R,Ir...= IdJ7.49 =4.28kn

VTH;
~l

+ (I + j3)IBQRs

-5

A,.

= -( 133( A,. = -81.7
A .. =

428 6.43J1288) => 4.28+0.1l

It

(3.02)(10) - 5 =(0.0238)(3.02)

+ 0.7
-5

+ (151)(O.021S}(a.2)
1 -(30.2)

d.

=s-« Rellr". + Rs
( kO

RBllr".

)

(RcllTo)

s;

= 1.49=> R, = 20.3 .rcn

RBllr"

= 10117.49 = 4.28
( 4._8
?4.28

2:0.3R~
.3 +

A .. "" -(13.3)

+ 0.5

) (6.4311288)

~

:::;: ... Rl - 3.55 kO 3.02

=> iiI' - -74.9

b.
g ...

r,..

= (150)(-0.026)
3.5T
mA

=
IV

1.09 kO

4.8
I.

l.ST = -= 137 0.026

Vrs""(Rl~~)V+
I _ so VTB
BTB -

= (I.;'! 6)<5) = 1.0 V
_ 1.0 - 0.7 - l.2 + (181)(0.1)

+ (1 + jJ}R.£

VeJ:(oll)

= 0.0155

mA

lcg = 2.80 mA, 1£0 "" 2.81
VCJ:q = V+ - IcqRc - lBORs "" 5 - (2.8)(1) - {2.81)(O.1} ... VCE; "" 1.92 V
A ..

=
f"

+ {I + P)RE
-S.7S

-tJR.c

= __

.::.;(l:..:5..:.0)~(:;,,;.I.~2)_ 1.09 + (151](0.21

:::> A .. -

b.

r .. - (180)(0.026) _ 2.80 2.80 G.ii2i ==-

~I'

.. -

_ 1 •67 kO ro

I ... =

2m "" 108 mA

IV ,

= 00

Chapter 4: Problem Solutions

4.10
I.
RTH

VTH

= (Rl ~ RJVCC = (50 = RlIIR1 = SOll10 = 8.33 kn
1'2.- 0.7 - 10 + (101)(1)

por Rc(min) ~ 10)(12)

=

1.9 kn and RE(mu) -(1001(1.9) 2.18 + (101 )(1.05)

=

1.05 kn

=

10 V

A .. =

= -l.i6

Iso lco

= 8.33
=

= 0.0119
= 1.20
rnA

So
4.11

1.76

:51A .. S 2.14
1

rnA

VECQ VECO

= 12 = 8.42

1.19 mAo IEQ

(1.20)(1) - (1.19)(2) V

so that Ie(! = 1.99 rnA Isa

= 1.99 = 0.0199 rnA 100 RTIi = (O.1Xl + P)R = (O.lX 10 1)(1) ::::10.1 ill
E

V71{ =(Rl

;~

)VC~

= ~I

.

RrH·Vcc

=-

~I

(IO.lX12)

Vee = (1 + {JJI BQR£ + Va (on) + I BQRTH +Vrll

1.2.

't...frc:

12 = (lOl}(O.O 199){!)+ 0.7 + (0.0199)(10.1) + 121.2 which yields
(b)

R,

= 13.3 ill

RI

and

R2:::: 42 ill
=:0

b.

r------..-~

ror +(1 + ,B}Rc A,.. = -1.95

A.::::

-jJRc

=- -(lOOX2)
1.3 t +(101)(1)

4.12
ICQ ISQ

= 0.25 mA,
...

hQ

= 0.2525

mA

0.0025 mA

r".

= Va :::
V.s

(I 00

1.19

Hi). 0151

= 2.18
+ f,"V,,)

+ VsE(on) + IE;Q(Rs + Rz) - 5 = a (0.0025)(50) + 0.7 + (0.2525)(0.1 + Rs) ::: 5
ISQRs

kO

RE - 16.4 ItO

g", V..Rc

=

-\>:,. -

C:

RE:

"'E ::: -(0.0025)(50)
\I"c :::
Re
VCEQ

- 0.7

=

-G.S2S V

+ VB:::

3 - 0.825::: 2.175 V

= -V" (rrr + (lT~
A.. ""
r"

O}RE]

=

5 - 2.175 0.25 ~

Rc :::11.3.

kn

~ .4.. c.

= -1.94

+ (1 + e,RE:

-3Rc

=

-(100)(2) 2.18 + (101)(1)

A .. ::: ----'-~~r" + (1

-8Rc

+ 3)R:(100)( O.0261 r" ... 0.25 = 10.4 ldl
A .. = lOA R,
-( 100)( 11.3)

Approximation: Assume r" does nor

\lU)'

sigtillkandy.

+ (101)(0.1)

=> A~ "'"-~.).1

.~

Rc Kg

= 1 ItO ± 5% -=
A ..

= 2ld1 ± ~% = 2.1 kn

or 1.9 ltD RE:(mu.) __ " _.14

LOS kO or 0.95 kr1

= RslI[r" + (1 +8)RsJ = 501HlD.4 + (J01)(U)]
501120.5 =>

For Rc(lI1u)

=

= 2.1 kCl and

R, ==

R, -

14.5 kO

-(100)(1.q 2.18 + (101)(0.95)

Electronic Circuit Analysis and Design. 2ndedition

Solutions Manual

4.13

R.. = -48.1(24.2lJ25X8q[221l1) :: -48.1(2.27)(0.682)
or

1 £Q
Ic q

= O.i1'l m A, = 0.141 rnA
(0.75)R£

I BQ

::

0.i5

81::0.00926

mA

R • 4.15
a.

::....L::

V

I,

-14.5 k!l = -745 V

'rnA.
rnA

9

=

+ 0.7 + (0.009'.26)(2)
(0.75)(11)

=> RE
b. Vc

=

11.0 kfJ:

Isa=

0.80 rnA.
mA

JBQ

O.SO = ""'66 = 0.0121

VE

=9-

= 0.75

V V

ICQ

= 0.788
IBQRB

=

VB - VECO IcqO.741

= 0.75 - 7 = -6.25
=
9 -6.25

'Va = Rc =
b.
To:

=> Rs:: :: --

0.~·1321:;;. Rs

= 24.8 kn
_

Rc = Vc - (-9)

:;;. Rc _ 3.71 kfJ:

"'c-(-5) leQ

5-3

0.788

:;;.Rc = 2 . .;l4 kfJ:

gm

=

0.788 0.026

= 30.3 mAjV
=

=
::c

rO' TO

-

= --

A"
A .. d.

= 2.81 + 2 (3.71111011108) -60
= -43.9
R.

(80)(0.026) _ 'Z 8 leO 0.741 -. 1 80 = 108 len 0.741

TQ

(65)(0.026) 2.14 Hl 0.788 75 0.188 95.2 leO

=

10 G

= (RC~T~I!:QRJg",V",
io

/ = ;; = -gm Rcliro + Rr. = -(30.3)
( 2.541195.2 ) 2.541195.2 + 4

(Rcllro)

V.. =

-115

=

Rs

+ T ..

= 2 + 2.Bl

=> R. - 4.Bl

len
4.16
laq

4.14 Ca) Vee == Ica(Rc +RE)+VcEa 9

G, = -11.6 mA/V
4 - O.i = 5 + (101 )(5)

= lca(2.2 + 2)+ 3.75
= 1.25mA
1.25

So that

::: 0.00647

lea

Icq a.

= 0.647

mA 10:5 ho.

(b) g .. :: 0.026:: 48.1 rnA IV r
tr

80::; hIe :5 12D,

:5

20 I!S

= (120XO.026)
1.25

= 2.50 k!l

._".._.

2.45 k1l low pin

< - h•• < -..- 3.1 kG·
high
pin

r 100 =80kO ~ 1.25 Assume circuit is to be designed to be bias stable. RrH RIIR.z (O.lXl + fi)RE (O.lX121)(2) = 24.2

=

=

=

=

n

v. = -g ..VJO"(r.IRc~RL) V. = Js(R,~~!r..,)
Then

Vo = -hJ.I.(h~
Re

~ Re ~ Rr.)
. VS'

RIO = ~ ..=-g ..(RII~lrJO"X~I~~RL)
s

I~ = Rs
RTH

+ Rs

RTH

= RsIIRs

+ h.e

= S~l = 0.833 ItO

Chapter 4: Problem Solutions

Hi&b.pin
1&=

(_5 )VS
5+1 0.833 + 3.7 (_S

Vm

= I'QRTH + V•..(OIl) +(1 + P)I 'aRe
RI

= O.lSJ!Vs

1~1 =: (0.G1)(10.1)+Q.7 +(101)(0.01)(1)
I

La ...• pin
I~

which yields

= 55.8 ill
= 2.6 ill
rnA

and R. = 123 k.Q

= 11.833 + 2.45 5+I
= 10
=
~

)Vs

Now

= O.ZS38Vs

r

= (100)(0.026)
1

For
he..

" Re

h:. II
=:

II Hi.

=:

0.~10

114114

g
m

= -- 1 = 3&.46 0.026

IV

1()01i2

1.96 kr!

V~=-g",V,,~
where

POt

h ee

= 20

~ _1_11411
0.020

'l ::

50112 :::

1.9"2

kf!

V _(

.or

R, ~R.~r.. ) .V :::( 10.1112.6 ). V R,~R11Ir,,+Rs ' 10.1112.6+1

<

IA..lmu::: (120)(0.1838)(1.96):::
IA ..I"';II
39.0

43.2

=

(80)(0.2538)( 1.92)

= 39.0

V.. =0.674V,

< IA ..I < 43.2
R.

Then

b.

=

A.::
::: 5113.7 ::: 2.13 kO
kO

V. == -{0.674)g.,Rc
V,

= -(O.674)(38.46)Rc

= -50

Rsllh,.

or R, :::5112.45 ::: 1.64 kO 1.64

which yields Rc::: 1.93 ill With this Rc' the de bias is OK.

< R. < 2.13

&, =
or

_1_11 h~.
=

Re

Ro

_1_11" =
0.020

= -t-114 0.010

=

100114

= 3.85

kf!

4.18 a. lco Iso - Hl
_

SOli4 "" 3.70 kf!

+ (101)(3)
[EQ

6 - O.i

=

0.0169 mA

3.70

<&<

3.85 kCl

=

1.69
(16

rn.A,

=

1.11 rnA

ve£Q =
Ve£Q b.
r "-

+ 6)
V

- (1.59}(6.8) - (1.71)(3)

4.17

= 5.38 =

!I....

1.69 Q.026 ~

g-.n'"

6- m A/V a
r~;; -ec

(100)(0.026) ~ r" "" l.54 kn,
1.69

(c) A,.

R.IRa. = 1(~1304.5= 9.68 ill Then

-P{Rc~RL) . R,II~ r.. +(1 + P)RI; R!jjR., + Rs Rib = r,..+(1 + P}R£ ; 154 +(101)(3) = 3045 kn

=

Assume an npn transistor with j) = 100 and

= -_ Let Vee; IA.I = 0.01 =50 05 Bias at lC(l = 1 rnA
V_4

10V .

A.. = A.. =: -L06
io

-(lOOX6.BI16.8) 1.54+(101)(3)'

(

9.68
9.68+0.5

)
=:-

=

(ReR:
RB

RJ {-8id R8
8)RE;
s

and let Rf = I kQ Fora bias stable circuit RTH (0.1 1+ /1)R£ (O.I}(101){1) = 10.1 k!l 1 1 101 Vm :: R. . RTH• Vee =R;"(10.1)(10) = ~

i _(

~-

+ r" + (1 +

') I.-

=

X

=

A. = -(P) (&;R: RIo) (R
=> A, - -1.59

+ r ..

Iq

= 100 ""O.OlmA

1

= -(100) (6./~86.8) Co + 1.5,,1: (IOl){J))

:~l BJRJ
+

Electronic Circuit Analysis and Design. 2nd edition

Solutions Manual

I IlQ (e)

= 100= 0.4JLA
= (0.1)(1 + J3)R£ = (0.1)(IOtX2) = 20.2
1
1.

40

A,. = -.B(Re~Rl.). r...+(1 + P)R£ RslR. + Rs

R.IIR.

Let RE = 2 kn. For a bias stable circuit
RTH

ill

-(IOOX6.sj6.8) ( 9.68 ) A. = 154 + (to 1)(3)' 9.68 + 1 ~
A,. =-1.01
A,

VrH = R' RTH . Vee = I B(jRTIf + VBC(on) + (1 + P)I BQRg

...!...( 20.2 X 2.5) = (0.0004)(20.2) + 0.7
R]

=

same as (c) ~ A.

= -1.59

4.19

which yields R;
r.

= 64 kil
65 ill

+( 101)(0.0004)( 2)
and

is. = 295

kf!

,.

= (lOO)(0.026) 0.04

Neglect R. ~

A.. ;;;;;v. =
-+

-fiRe V, - '" +(1+ P)R£

-W= 65+ (~)= 101 2
4.21

-100R

~=~~ill

With this Rc' dc biasing is OK.

Need a voltage gain of 100

5 Assume a sign inversion from a common-emitter is not important. Use the configuration for Figure 4.28. Need an input resistance of

= 20.

r=--=g ... lIe.

lie.

1
g ...

R; R/

5xl0-3 . - 0.2xW-6

25xlQ3 = 25 kQ Let

= Rm IIR

ib•

Rill 4.20 Let

=r,,+(l+J3)RE

Rm = 50 ic; a(l+p)RE
1+ p
R 50

Rib

= 50 kQ

For .8=100

p=

100,

VA =

00

Let RI;
Then

= 05 ta,

R =_ib-=-=0.49Skn
E

Vee

= 10V,

101

ICQ 0.2 mA

=

I BQ

0.2 = 100 = 0.002 rnA

V17l
RI

= I saRm
·Vee

+ V.E(on)

+(I+.B)I

BQRE

.L, Rm

= ....!..(50)(10) = (0.002)(50)+

n,

0.7

+(1OlXO.OO2)(05) which yields R; = 555 kQ and ~ =: 55 kQ

Now
A,. so

- r,.+(I+fJ)R£'

-fJRe

Let Vee'

= 25 V

s;

P=(IA +/dVcc =*0.12 =(fR +lcX25) =* 1._+lc-=48pA. Let 1~=gpA. Ie=40,u4 V. 25 +~ =_£f,. =-=* 3125 kO. 1/1 g

-(I 00)Rc -20 = 13+(101)(0.5)
[Note: I CQRc
is OK.]
=:

=

Re = 12.7 ill

(O.2XI2.7)

= 254

V. So de biasing

Chapter 4: Problem Solutions

/J =

80,

A"

=

T ..

+ (1 + IJ)Rs

-es;

{1

= 120

Let lco
IBQ

First approJdmati.on: Re .... 10 ~ Rc "" lORE Re Set Re = 12R.,
(A .. ) :::; -

Let
Ic(13RE)

= 2 H!. Par VCEQ = 4 HI = 4 + (0.3S)Rc + (0.353)(2)
RE

= 0.00292

= 0.35

mA, rnA

[EQ

= 0.353
V

rnA

=>

VEe::::: Vee - le(Rc Por VEe 5 -Vce 2 10 - le(13RE)

+ RE)

= 10 -

Rc
A" A ..

= =

15.1 kO, -~(ReIlRL)
T..

f" <=

(120}(0.026)

=

1

=

=5

0.35
8.91

= 8.91 kO

= _.:...(1_2° .................. ...... )(:-:15:-:' 10 ) 111

For Ie

IE ~

= 0.7 mA = 0.109, 19 = 0.01l875 rnA Rs = 0.55 kO - R.c = 6.6 kO
+J)RE

= -81.0

For bias stable cin:uit:

RdlR2

Bias :lIable ~

RdlR2 = RTH = {U)(l
10 :::(0.709)(0.55)

= (0.1)(81)(0.55) = 4..46 kn
+ 0.7 + (0 .OOSiS)(4.46)

VTH=(
VTH

= R'1'H = (0.1)(1 + f;)RE = (0.1)(121)(2) = 2~.2 kO
Rl Rl

= IBQRTH

+ Rl

)(IOJ-S=..!.....RTH.(10)-S Rl -5

+ VBE(on) + (I + fJl1BQRS

+
a.87

~l

(4.46)(10) (4.46) => RJ

..!...(U.2)(10) Rl

-5

= (O.00292l{'2ol.2)
R\

+ 0.7
-5

=
10

~l

= j.Ol
=

ItO
_1 (242)

+ (121){0.00292)(2}
---=R=-

SJl3R2 5.03 + R~
-=----::RI + R2

= 4.46

~ R2 10

39.4 kO

= =

5.0J

0.;

+ 0.225';

+ 39.4

= 0 .•')25 = 2.97
kO

mA

= 24.2 ~ ~~:"':"'""":' 0.052, =
1641l., 164 + 1 10 184 + 28.4

RJ

= 1,0177,

= 164 kO
= 28.4
kO
0.35

Rl

+ 0.052

= 0492

rnA

0.925 mA from Vee source.

Now r"

IA... ... 2.!J7 + (81)(0.55) I

(80)(OJl26) 0.7 (80)(6.6)

4.24
From Prob. 4·l0:

... 11.1

RTH

""

RdIR. ::

101150

= 8.33

kn

\-TH'" (R
ISQ

IeQ

= 1.1!t mA,
""

=

R'R ){l2) "" (~) (12) "" 10 V 1+ :2 .:.0 + 10 12 - 0.7 - I~ S.33 + (101)(1) "" O.OllS mA 1£0

= 1.20 mA
- (l20)(1)

VECQ

12 - (l.l9)(2)

"" 8.42 V

Chapter 4: Problem Solutions

4.22

4.23

-cJ

~

.

:-F:~ ~f r
,CE

{J

= 80,

A~ Re RI:

= r...+(1
= 10 ~

-{JRe

+j3)Re

fJ

=

120
ICQ

Let

Pirst Ipproxlmation:

= 0.35 mA,
O.(t0292 rnA

l ea

= U.153 mA = '" V ~
:;;;: .91 kn 8

(A ..) ~ -

Rc

=

[SO""

10lie

Let HE

= 2 ldl.
_ kfl,

Por

VCEQ

SCI Re "" 12R!:

10"" 4

V.sc :::: ee - Ic(Rc V
Por

+ RE)

= 10 -

+ (O.lS)Rc + (0.353)('2)
r" = (120)(0.026) 0.35

le(lJR.c:)

Be
A ..

VEe

5

= 10 -

= -Vee = 5 2
1

= b.l

= -.8{ReIIRLJ = _ (120)(15.11110)
r..

Ic(llREJ Is "" 0.00875 rnA He

8.91

For Ie = 0.7 rnA IE

A .. = -81.0

= 0.709,

~ RE "" 0.55 kO Bias ~table ~ RlllR2

= 5.6 kO

For biu stable circuit

RlnR2

=

= RTH = (0.1)(1 + {J)Rr;; = (0.] )(121 ){2] = 24.2 kO
~l •

RTH ""

(0.1)(1 -i1)Rs

=
+
8.B7' ""
~I
~l

VTH

(D.l)(81}(O.5S) :;;;: .46 krt 4

10 ",,(0.709)(0.55)

+ 0.1 + (0.00875)(4.46)

= (Rt ~RJ(lO) - 5 = (10) - 5 VTH = IsoRTH + VSE(OI1) + (1 + P)IsQRE - 5
RTf{' ~I

(4.46)(10) (4.46) => RI Hz

(24.2)(10} - 5"" (11.!t0292)('l4.2)

+ 0.7
-S

= 3.03 = 39'.'( ;

kfl

+ (121)(0.00292)(2)
~1

5.03R2 -5.-03-+--=R~l = 4.4.5 ~ 10 -::-----::- = RI + R~
0.7

kO

(242)

= i.err.

RI

=

164 kO

10 5.0J

+ o.:ns ;,

+ 39.4

") 0._25 rnA

~;"';"'~R:-

0.925 mA from

vee

source.

1ti4R~ "" 24.'2 ~ R1 "" 28.4 k!1 164+ J 10 _;...;...-"" B.OS2, 0.3& + 0.052 164 + 2B.4

=

(}.402 mA

Now r,.. "" (81l)(O.()26) "" 2.97 kn 0.7 (80)(6.6) IA ..1 2.97 + (81)(0.55) "" 11.1

4.24
From Prab. 4-10:
RTH "" V'TH""

=

RdlR2 (R
1

=
l

101150". !.J3 k!1 ~O

R2R )(12)=

+

(~)(l2)= +
10 rnA

lOV

12 - 0.; - 10 laq ". 8.33 + (Hll)(lt
ICQ

=

1.19 mA, lEO

VtCQ

= 12 -

= 1.20 mA

= 0.0119

(1.19)(2) - (120)( I)

= 8.42

V

Electronic Circuit Analysis and Design. 2nd edition

Solutions Manual

4.27

lEQ ::
180

VB

= 0.7 + (0.005)(10)

= o.ons mA

0.80 mA,

lCQ

= 0.792
= 0.75

rnA

V

Ve = lcoRe -,) = (0.792)(") - 5 = -1.83 V
VECQ = 0.7S - (-1.83) :;;;; .61 V 2 Load line: Assume Vs remains consunt at::: 0.78 V

Par 1
ililEe

s IIsc s 11
=
11 - 8.42 "" 2.58

=> OUlpur voltage swing

= S.16

V

(peak .!O-peak:.)

y---.c

I~
s

1:.. c.

\ 'S-....... ~E

~IIK...

4.25
I
lCQ

_
9Q -

_1
;J.\<..

SO +

5 - 0.1 _ (101)(0.1 + 12.9) - 0.00315 mA b~Q "" 0.319 mA (0.315)(6) - (0.319)(13) . L:o.lc

= a.31S mA, VCSq = (5 + 5) VCSq = 3.96 V

=

-1 2 kO .

1100

Collector current swing::

0.792 - O.OB mA

I~IIoci

= (O.712)(2) = 1.42
=

= 0.712
V

Output swing detennincd

by current.

Max. output swing "" 2.84 V pea.k:-to-peak . .. 2.84 Swmg In to c=nt -4-

= 0.71
4.28
6.1 Por tl.ic ... 0.315 - 0.05 " Ie . 1 .... = --.o.II.C

mA peak-to-peak:

I

BO -

-

10

+ (101)(3)
lEO

6 - 0.7

- 0 0" mA - . 1,,9

= 0.265
CUlTel1t:

leg = 1.69 mA,
VCEQ .... ::

=

1.71 mA

=>

l.o.IIEc

I ;:

1.62

(16

+ 6)

- (1.69)(6.8) - (1.71)(3)

IIsc{min) = 3.96 - 1.62 "" 2.34 Output signal swinlll determined by Max. output swing "" 3.24 V pca.k:.to-peak

VCEQ

5.38 V
1 __ li.....

\..-~<
\

4.26 For Rc=6kfl, VE; -l.'JR•
Then VCE

I.",
Vc=5-C~)Oj5X6)=2.92V
- V,ion) = - 100 (10) - 0.7 = --0.735 V
035

:)I.. ..

"'.c .. ~-I
_I =~II:

=

= Vc - VE = 2.92-(-0.735) = 3.66V

AVa = dic'Re (45-3.66)= so that t:..ic = 0.14 rnA
(a) Total .6.vcE (b) Total !lic

=-

dic(6)

= 2(0.14) = 028

= 2(45 - 3.66) = 1.68V peak.to-peak
mA peak-to-peak

Chapter 4: Problem Solutions

alc

=

1 --A ... ~.

Par 1I~.(min)= 1 V, A"'ce 5.18 - 1 . I 4.38 ~ Ifuel'" -6 0.684 mA
A

6.'"

For muimum symmetrical swine

=

= .... 8 V 3
. and lAIC

~jc

;;;;;lco

- 0.25
0.5

=

AliCE::

VCEQ -

Outp\U swing Iimiled by voltage:
.:l..... :: Max. swing in output vo1u.ge

I

=

1 0.545 kO

·1'::::'ve£1
O.S

AID

= 8 i6 1. = '2AIC

V peak'IO-peak . => .:lID;;;: 0.34.2 mA (peak-to-peak)

1C Q

-

O. ~~ ::

') __

VCEQ -

0".;)4;:)

VC1>Q

5 -lco(1.1) - 0.25):: [5 - IC'Q(l.1)]5 - 0.5
0.5

0.545(1co (0.545
1cq

4.29

\0...::..

= 2.82

+ U)lcq =
mA,

Iso

= 0.0157

+ 0.136
rnA

(=c...d ,; '" ~

-<;; I <!>("'e

=

3-_-:J...!(

=-.:__
I

RTH:::::

RIIIR2

"" (0.1)(1

+ (1)RE + VsE(on)

"'" (0.1)(181}(0.1)
VTH

::::: .81 k!1 1

=

~!

.

RrH'

V+ = IBQRTH

+ (1 + ;1)IsQRE;
~] (1.81)(5)

=

(O.0157){1.81J

+ 0.7

+
~I

(181 )(0.0 157)(0.1 )

(9.05)

= =

1.01 ~ R, 1.81 => R2

= 8.96 kfl
= -.~
., ,,_
J

dVCE(max:) VCEQ -1, illc(max) dVc£ = 6.ic(O.687S). So VCEQ-1 = Ico(O.6S7S} and VCEQ
Then
;;;:

=

= lea
4.31

S.96Rl 8.96 + R2

kfl

Vee -ICQ{Rc + R£)

=- V

CEQ --

9 -/ co(4.2)

I CQ

;;;;

0.647 mA,

VCi!:Q
rnA.

= iO -

(0.647)(9) :: 4.1 BV

me = 1CQ = 0.647

9-ICQ(4.2)-1::
SO I ca

= 1.64 rnA

I CQ(0.6875)
and Va'Q = 2.11 V
and Rm

1 Vm=_·Rn,·Vcc Rm

= (0.JXlSl)(2);;;:
= =

R.

;;;:(0.1X1+P}R£
4.32

So dYc£ ;;;;t..ic(4114) = (0.647)(2) = 1.294 V Voltage swing is well within the voltage specification. Then dYc£ "" 2(1.294) = 259 V peak-to-peak

30.2 len

Vm =/scRm +Vs£(on)+(l+P)IsaRi!: 1.64 Iso 150 0.0109 mA ...!...(30.2)(9) (0.0 109X30.2) + 0.7 + (151)(0.0109)(2) RI which yields R,:: 62.9 ill and Rl = 58.1 kn 4.30

a.
VTH

RTH

=
1

RIIIR2 = 101110 = 5 kO
R2

=

=

(R

+

R ) (18) - 9 = (_1_°_)(18) 10 + 10
l

-9

=

0

IBQ

leo

= 5 + (181)(O.5) = 0.0869 mA = 15.6 mAo l sc; = 15.7 m.A

0-0.7-(-9)

VCEQ b.

= 18 -

(15.7)(0.5)

~ VcEa

=

10.1 V

I£:'-

--

- _-

Electronic Circuit Analysis and Design. 2ncl edition

Solutions Manual

c.

r.

=

(180)(0,026) 15,5

:: 0.30 kO

A.
)
d.

= O.4S4
H.a

A. -

(l+,8XREIR~)

- ". +(1+

Rib = r.. +(1 + P)(R£IIRL) .
or R;~ = 34.2 ill

.BXR,IIRL)

.(

~ R,iRib
RI ~IRj& +

= r .. + (1 + P){REIlRl.)
+ (121)(2l!2) => Rio =
122 kO

e,

= O.30+(lgl)(o~lo.3)

R,~ = 1.49

R,;R2~R ..

= 1J34.2=4.36 kD..
A. '" 0.806
4.34
11,
I

(l8 1)(o.5l103) (4.36) A. = O.3+(181)(0~O.3)' 436+ 1 ~
d. R,b

R,~

= r". + (1 + PHREIIRz.)
+ (181)(0.188)
=> R'b:: 34.3 kO

~r~

I

= 0.30
£

R =R
q

r.r+R, 1+.8

~IIRr

=0

~O.3+~ll
181

~

R~
4.33

= 6.18 n

= V1'H = (R/;
V1'H

RJ(-lO)

=

-5 V
- 10

[0

= (1+ .B)IIr( RER:

RJ

=

Iso

=

-s - 0.7 -

IsoRrs

+ Vss(op) + (1 + (J)IBQRE

(-10) S + (121)(2) :: 0.0114 mA Iso

t, =
Rio V'ce

IS(

IC9 :: 2.09 mAt

= 2.11 mA

=

RlIIR1 ) Rl11R1 + R.." r .. + (1 + iJ)(REIIRl.)
Vcso

VCBO ... 10 - (2.09){1~ - (2.1l}(2)

:=- VCE9 = 3.69 V
D.

S=lO-C;6)lco
fJ leo

= 10 V, For

=5V

RE

= 80. Por Rs = (I.S len = 9.8~ rnA, IBQ = 10 rnA,
=

ISQ

= 0.123

rnA

r .. = (80)(0.026) 0.211 kO 9.88 R.a = 0.211 + (alHO,5110,S) => Rib A, 8

= 20.46
R11IR1

lI:fl

=!!_=
I:;

(I

+.:1)(

=

(81)0)

RE

+ RL

)(

RdlR2

+ R.~

)

(Rdl~~I~;0.46)

c. A,. -

r

..

=

(120)(O.025)
2.09-

=
(

1 9 kO
.4

0, 1915{RLII Rl RdlRl VTH
~l

+ '20.46]

:::.Rll1 Rl

=> 5.04 kn

(1+P)(RIl'IRJ.)
r...

+(1+

PXRi'IIRL)'

~~~~Rib ) Rl~~~RiIP +Rs

= ISQRrH + Vss(on) + (1 + P}IsQRE (S.04)(lO) = (U23)(S.04) + 0,7 + (10](0.5)
R
2-

R_

='" +(1 + PXRdRL)

Rib = 122.5 k!l.

= t49+(121)(2j12) RI~~IR,;!o = SJ,1225= 4.80 kn
(4.80) 4.80+5 =>

7.97K2 -·0' 7.97+R2-~'''~

-13-kl"l
.1

..

_ (I 21X2I2) A. -149+(121X2J2)'

Chapter 4: Problem Solutions

(b) ~

= 0.211 +{81X051lZ):o 32.6 k!l
'\05+2

A. ='(811
A;
4.35

~X

= 2.17

5.04 5.04+32.6

)= (B1)(O.2XO.l 34)

8 = (i5}
().I40

(242:8) (Rr: 460)
T :

=

RrH
RTII

~ RTn :;::;; 74.9 de analysis: "VTH

+ 460 n

(Minimum value)

R; = RrnIIR... where R;b
VC£Q =35,
r

= r.

+(1 + fJ)RE

5-3.5 fea :;::;-2-==0.75mA

= 1... RTH Rl

. Vee

= IsoRTH

+

\/BE(on)

+ I so R«

.. 0.75 Rib :;::;; .16 +(121)(2) 4 Theil Isa
VTIi

=(120)(O.026)=4.16k1l

R; = 120

= RrHI1245=*
m.A

= 246.ill

~(74.9)(24) Rl

= (O.00658){74..9) + 0.70
+ (0.5)(24)
:;::;; 12.7S

RTH

= 235 k!l
R, - 136 b.

= 0.15 = 0.00625

=

120 18QRrn +Va£(on)+(I+.8)lBQR,f;
Vee:;::;

n.

13(jR~ 136 + R2

= 74.9 "'" R2

;;;;; 57 1

n

.L. R
R,

TJI •

.2...{23S)(5) == (0.00625)(235)
R,

+<1.7+ (121)(0.00625)(2)
which yields

R, == 319 kil and Rl = 892 kD.

4.36
&.

I..e.t

RE

= 24 n and
A. Iso

VCEO

=

tVcc

=

12 V

=:> IBQ
ICQ
T".

12 = M = 0.5 A

= 0.493

= (75}(0.026)
0.493

= 3.96
I

== 6.58
n

w.A

. Ale =

1" -i',-"lIc•

For Aic

\Z.r~

=>=>-

= 0.493 IlI.lIe.1 = (0.493){6)

Max. swing in output vollage for dtis design

I

= 5.92 V peak-toj>elk
1+ ~

""
4.37

c. =>-

Ro ;;;;;~

II HE = !:2.! 16

1124. == 0.05211124.

Ro -

52 m[l

=

a.

RTH

=

RdlRl

= 601140 = 24 krt
= (_4._0+ 60 -)(5} = 2 V 40
lIlA

[0

= (1 + P)I~(R.ER:
TH

1.=I~(.R
R ••

RJ
R.b

V

TB

=

(R

1+

R2

R )v(;'c
2

IBO le9

= 24

5-0.1-2

+ (51)(3)

= 0.0130

R'THR

+

'0

)

= 0.650 mA,

If)Q

= 0.663 rnA

= ~,.+ (l +P)(R£'IIRd

VscQ

= 5 -I£QRE

= 3.96 + (76}(24118) =-

= 460 n

=> VC£9

= 3.01 V

= 5 - (O.663H3)

Electronic Circuit Analysis and Design, 2nd edition

Solutions Manual

b.
.~ -.: I....... :; ...
.,.;-;;,;1_-

Por Rc:(mu}. \ S"--I'E'" A.

Rdmin},

RTH(ma.x)

=

3.01 )( 25.2 ) (51) ( 3.07 + 3.8 25.2 + 88.6

(ID::'-:./"I)

* A. = 5.05
4.38
The output of the emitter follower is

c

.

r - (50)(0.026)
.. 0.6S0

Define R~
A~
=;.

= REIIRtlJro = l114!1123 = 1.69 kO
+ (J + !1)RL
+B)R!,

- 1 leO .

'0

=~

0.65

=

123 leO

=
r ..

(1

=

At

= 0.97i

2

+ (51)(1.69)

(51)(1.69)

A.• III

=

Rc:llrc ) (1 + !1)I~ ( Rc:llro + Rl.
TH

= 13 (R

RT

+ ••

H

R)
= 2 + (51)(1.69)
"" 2.93

R.b::
REIlro

r .. + (1

= 311ro "" 3U123

+ .3)R'l.

:: 88.2

A.
-"\$-

= (51)(2.:~9!
A, == 4.61 R.b = r"

4) ~~8.2)
(24

For

Vo

to be within 5% for a range of (0.95)

RL•

we have

Rj.(min)

RL(min)+ R;

RL(max) Rl.(max)+R.
which yields

d.

+ (1 + e)R;;IIRl.l!rc
kO

= 2 + (51)(1.69)
= 0.0392113

=-

R.b

= 88.2
II

_4_=(0.95)_10_

4+R.

10+

R.

& :: 1 ~ J

Rg =

(5

2

1)

113

R. =0.364 kO
We have

~ = 38.1 n
e. A:;swne variations in r" and to have negligible effccts

R" = (

r,,+Rlll~IRs)
1+ fJ

Re r"

I

The first tenn dominates

R.

= 60±5%= 3:5%

Rl == 63 kn. R2 "'" 42 kn. Rg = 3.15 kn.
Rl.

R. = 57 kn R2 "" 38 len
Re: "" 2.85 len Rl. "" 3.8 leO
)

Let RI ~R2~Rs ; Rs, then R r.. +Rs ~ 0.364= r.. +4 "l+fJ l+fJ
or 0364

R2 =40±5%

=

Rg

RL "" 4: 5%
A, :: (1 R.~

= 4.2 kn.
)( RTH
RTH

= _!L_+_4_=
1+/3
ICQ

+

= r .. + (I RTH(ma..x) = 25.2
R..(mu::) Rc:{ma.x). Rg(min), Rg(ma.x)llro Rs(min)lIro For RE{min), A.

.8)( Rgllro
R .. (min).

I+P

Icri1+/f)

PVr

+_4_ 1+/3

+ RJ.. + ,8}(R£ II Rl; lira)
kn,

REliro

+ s.,

0.364

= _Yr._ + _4_

l+jJ

RTH{min) R.o(mil1) R,o
Rib

"" 22.8 kO

=

92.S kn,

= 84.0
kn

kn

The factor _4_ is in the range of ~ = 0.044 to 1+ fJ 91 4 V.
-

=

88.15 kO

131

;:;;0.0305.

We can set
rnA.

R.;;;;: 032

=

_T

R .. (ma.x),

= ~j.4

Or leo

= 0.08125
;:;;

ICQ

To take into account other

==

3.07

kn

factors, set I CQ

0.15 rnA ,

= 2.i9 kn
Rdma.x), RTH(m.in)

1

BQ

5 "" OJ ;:;;0.00 136 rnA IlO
;

= (51)(

For VCEQ

5V.

:> Ai

= 4.21

2.79 )( 22.8 ) 2.79 + 4.2 22.8 + 87.4

set RE ;:;;-;:;; 0.15

5

333 k!l

Chapter 4: Problem Solutions

Design a bias stable circuit.
Vrn'

P=

ISO
""

= (____&_)(lO)-S = ...!..(Rm)(lO) - 5 RI+~ RI RTH = (0.1)(1 + P)Re - (O.I)(11 1)(33.3) = 370 kQ
~

J lIQ

6 - 0.1 H5l 24+(151 rnA

= 0.006S0

mA

ICQ ;; 1.02

Vm = [saRTI( + V,,, (on) +(1 + fi)l BQR£ - 5 So __!_(370)(IO) -5

fJ !3

= 15
r~

= (75)(0.026) = Ulll!.
0.984

= (0.00136)(370)+

0.7

=

150

which yields Now

+(111)(0.00136)(33.3) - 5 RI;:::: 594 ill and Rz 981 kQ

=

r" ;; 3.62 kO 8::: 15

(1 + 13)( Rc~RL)
A,.- r«+(l+PXRe~RL)' Rib ;:::: +(1 r..

(

RTffIRIll

)

RTHIIR",+Rs
and rlt
_

a = 150
A. -

R.& ""

r"

+ (1 + ,3)(RE!IRL)

= 65.3

kO

R.& =

130 kO

+.8)( REIIRL)
RI.·;::::

PVT
lea

.Em:.. p ;:::: 90.

= 15.6 ill, Ri~ (91)(33.*)

4 k!l. 340.6 kn 37q1340.6 ~

(I + P)( REIIRJ - r«+(I+p)(RdlRj.)

. ----.--";;--=---

RlIR211RiJp RIIIR21IRib+RS

For 13;:::: 75.

RlIIRzIRi& = 4dJ6Q165.3 = 175 kQ

A.. - 15.6+(91X33.~j4)· 37qI340.6+4 A. =0.9332
For
Rib

A.. For

(76)(0.833) 175 1.98 + (76)(0.&33) . 175 + 4 ~

A.. =0.789

p:;::,

150.

R, ~R2~R.. - 4~16~1130"'"20.3 kn
203

= 715.4 k!l

f3 = 90,

RL

= 10 ill
.=)

(151)(0.833) A,.;:::: 3.82+(151)(0.833}·

20.3+4 ::::)

A. -

(9IX31~11O) 37qj715.4 15.6+(91)(33.~11O)· 37qj71S.4+4

A... -0.811
..-t, '"'
(1

A,. =0.9625 For P = 130, R~
r.. "" 225 .

+ p)

kn. R..

= 490 ill
37~90

= 4 ill

(HER.: RJ (RT :T;R.J
l24
I

s '"' 15
A. 5 = (76) ( 5 + 1 )

A,. = 225+(131X33.*) . 37*90+4 ::::)
A,. =0.9360 fsJI....fJ = 130, R[. -10 kn

(131X33.~J4)

+ 65.3

24)

. _ ~. A, = 1, .()

8"" 150 A "" (151}(~) , 6 ( 24 ) ~ Ai 24 + 130

=

19.6

n.o < Ai <
. 37~1030
37~l030+4

19.6

~ = 1030kQ _

A. Now

(13IX33.3II1O)
225 +((31)(33.3I[1O)

=>

b.

CWICDtlain is che same as part (a)

A,. =0.9645

vo(min) = 1A.(minl Vs "" 3.73 sin ca vo(max) =!A,,(maxl Vs "" 3.86 sin ax
Avo =35%

(b)For s, 5 kQ /3-7S~ A. = 0.754 /3 = 150 ~ A. = 0.779 4.40 (a) 16(l

=

05 = 81;:::: 0.00617 rnA

4.39

V. -IBQR. VE
VTH

=

=(O.OO6I7XlO)~

VB

+0.7

=-

VB -0.0617V

VI:;: 0.7617 V

= (~)(10}=6 60 + 40
6 - 0.7 24: + (16)(5) mA

V

~ =75

Iso =
ICQ

= 0.0131

tn.A

= 0.984

Electronic Circuit Analysis and Design. 2nd edition

Solutions Manual

(b)

lea:: (O.s(:~)::: 0.494 rnA
lea v;- = 0.494 => 0.026 0.494
g.. :: 19 mA.! V

(d)

g,. ;::

V;: (RBi;~~Rs
ThCll

lv. = (1~~~':2 lv.
0.728

::(O.803)¥.

r" ::: flVr lea
• lCQ

= (80XO.o26) =>
0.494

r..

= 4.21 kO
4.41

A... (0.803)(0.906) => A...;:: A; == 14.8_·(Unchanged)

=

r ::~""~=>

r. =304kQ

ee)

Vo = (I + fJ)IbRt I ;;;;
II

r~+(l+.8)RL
1""

V.

so
For
I" ::

A.

(1 + P)Rr. =___..:,_~~+ (1 + fJ)RL {J = 100, RL == 05 ill
(lOOXO.026)
05 5.2 + (101 0.5

= 5.2 ill

Then A,.(min)= For

(IOl)(0)5()} =0.9066

fJ = 180,
05

RL::: 500 kQ

For Rs =0
Vo

r.

=-(::

= (180)(0.026)
A,(max.) -

;:::9.36 kQ (181)(500)
936+ lSI 500

" +gmV•

)RJr.)
4.42

Then

()()

= 0.9999
- ISQRs

so that V ""
8

C;..P}Rt1r.)
-V. -V. =V. +

I.

lsQ

=

1 mA,

VCEQ

= Vee

Now
or

5:: ID- (l)(R£) => RE "" 5 kn l»q
10

v, -V.

C;'P)lt",.1
(81X0.st304)
4.21+(8IXO~304)

v

= ISQRa + VBE[on) + /sqRE
+ 0.7 + (1)(5)

1 = ill = 0.0099

10:: (O.0099)Rs => Rs = 434 kn b.

We find

A,.:: V.
VI

= (l+PXRLft~) =
r. +(l+PXRt.I".)
(SIX05) '" => 4.21 +(81)(05)

A..;:: 0.906
TO'

Rib

I~=(
A;

=

1".. .

+ (1 + ,8)( RL~r..) =421 +(81)(05)= 44.7 k.Q

RII R.+Rib

).1. I.::(~ lt1+P)/. 1".+RLt
and

Then

_ (lOO)(O.(l26~ -_ 2. 63 kn 0.99 ~ "" (1 +P)RE "" (101)(5) II~ rr+(l+/J)R£ 2.6J+(lOl)(5)
_ II.

:: 0.995

==~,,"(l+P)(
I,

R.+Rj6

R.

X-...!2_) r;.+RL
A;::: 14.8

~ ..

=

lib ""

0.995 0.995 4.02 V pw-tO-peaJc

110

=

4

at base

A; ;;:(81)(

LO+44.7}

10

lr1)=>

Chapter 4: Problem Solutions

_-.A,,,- 1'0....-...,- t.\,

\l..,J)

~C\.

24 Let I. =.--s 1018 =9BmA RI +Rl So that R, + ~ ;::245 n R Vrn "" __ 2 -(24) -12;;;;; / BORTJ/ + VBE(on) R, +R~ +1E:OR<: -12 R2 \24);;;;; (O.OOgS)RIR2 + 0.7 +(0.5)(32) 245~ 245 Now R, =245-R~ So we obtain 4xlO-5 R; +O.0882R~ -16.7 == 0 which yields Rl = 175nand RI = 70 n ( 4.44
(a) k!1
RTIi

R.b
Va -

=
-

r ..

RBIlR ••

= 43411508 = 234- kn
+ R!i
~"'5
.115

+ (1 + iJ)Rr: =

508 k.o 1341's 234 + O.i

II~

=

RB II R,. O.997 ...s

RBlIR,o

=

=

~1I5

234.7

.....vs= c.
R;b R.b

4.02 0.991

= 4.03

V peak-to-peak

= =

r....+ (1 + .8)(REIIRz.)

= 2.63 + (10] )(5111) = 86.8
4341186.8 = 12.3 kC!

==

RlllRl = 25.~IIO.4= 7.40 k.Q
=( 10.4 \18) = 5.2 V 10.4+25.6), rnA

V. = (
Vb :: 110 ::

RaIlR ••

72.J 0.9911" 72.3 + 0.7 3.99 V peak,·to-peak (1 + .B)(R!;IIRl.] r." + (1 + .B)(R&IIRz.) . v~ (3.99)

)"'\$ =

= (0.99)(4.03)

VTH = (____!l_)(Vee) Rl +~ S.2-0.7 7.40+(126)(3) I cQ
::::

Vrn:::: {BQRTH +V.£(on)+(I+,B)IsQRE:
I812 ::

=.

00117

Then

1.46 rnA and I f.Q -J

== 1.47rnA
VCEQ =7.75V

lie

_ (101)(0.833) - 2.63+(101)(0.833) - 3.81 V pealr.-to-peak

VC£Q = Vee -ICQRc
VCo!.'Q

£QRf.

= 1S-(1.46)(4)-(1.47)(3)~
(125){ 0.026) 1.46

(b)

4.43 PAVG;;;;; i~(rms)RL

= 1= j~(rmJ)(12)

r~ =

= 2.23 kD.

so il.(rms) = 0.289 A it. (pt:ak) 0.409 A

vL(peak)= il.(peak)·Rr.. ;;;;;(0.409)(12)=4.91 V
Need a gain of 4.91 = 0.982 5 With Rs 10kn. we will not be able to meet this voltage gain requirement. Need to insert a buffer or an op-amp voltage follower (see Chapter 9) between Rs and eCI • 1 Sel/E,,=O.5A. VCE"=3(12-(-12))=8V

=

= iL(peak) = ../2(0.289)

s;

= 0.026 = 562 rnA/V 1.46

=

R •

= r...+ Rm
l+P

2.23 + 7.40
126

= 0.0764 kf:l

24 = 1 ElJRE + VeEQ = (Q5)RE

+8::::;)

RE.,

32 Q

Let P=50,
r:.. .

lea;;;;;-(0.5)
SI

SO

=0.49 A

I, =

(RlIIRE)+R~

-(RsIRE)

-I _

-(loqj3) .1 ,- (loqj3) +0.0764 ' p
RL)

= PVT
ICf/

(SOXO.026) = 2.65 Q
0.49

or I. =-(0.974)1,

Ra.

= r~ +(1 + P)(R£IIRL) = 2.65 +(51)(321112)
50

V. == -J.(RclRL)'"

-L~}.(Rd

R" =448il I ~ = 0.49

= 0.0098

A = 9.8 rnA

Electronic Circuit Analysis and Design, 2nd edition

Solutions Manual

Then Vo ==
I,

_(L \-O.974XRcIRJ=(~)(O.974X4l14)
I"i'p! 126

Then

RsIIRt == 0.909 RsIIR£ + R,

Then

R..= ~:: I,
(c)

1.93 ill

= 1.93 V I rnA
== 1,(I~I~I(10764)

Rs~R£ := 5C112::;: 1.92/dl, Assume VeN(;';:;:: V 6 Vee == 1cQ(Re + RE)+ VCEQ

so that R,;:;:: 0.192

kQ

12 = ICQ(4'+2)+6~

ICQ'" 1rnA

V, ==

1,(RsIIR&;IR.)
I :::;--'s

= 1,(0.0744)

.

or

V

r" '" (l20)(O.026) == 3.12 kf! 1 R
:=

0.0744 V"

r... +

RrH

=> 0.192 3.12+ RTH
Rm

which yields
V

I,

= V. (0.0744) = 1.93
V,

1+,8

which yields

= 20.1 kfl

121

Now
[SQ

or A,. = ~ ;:;; 5.9 2

VTH == [BoRTH +Vs£(on)+IEeRE

VI

= - 1 ==0.00833 rnA. I EO = (121) 1) 120 120
1
RTH .

= 1.008 rnA

4.45
(a)

VTH == _.

R,

Vee'" -(20.1X5) '" (O.OO833X20.1)
R,

I

A,.=,8(Re~RJ, rlt + R,~Rl

RL=12kQ,
I ca == 05 rnA

/3=100
which yields 4.47 a. Emitter currem

+0.7 + (1.008X2) RI:;; 34.9 ill and R2::;: 47.4 ill

Let R,~~

= 50 ill,

VI7I = 18(lRTH +Vu(on)+(l+ I II" - 05 - 0 005 rnA -.

P}ll/OR&;
r-

..

100

'It

_ (100)(0.026) - 5.2 ill 05

_.

I

R,

RTf{

1 . Vee = -(50XI2)
R,

lEQ

= Icc

::=:

0.5 mA

= (O.OO5)(50) 0.7 +

I BQ = VB Vc
~

WI = 0.004.95 mA
(0.5)(1) ~ VB - 0.5 V
::=:

0.5

which yields A,. (b)

RI

= 500 ill
"" 10.7,

+( 10 1)(0.005X05)
and ~

VE;;;;;; hQRE;;;;;;

= 55.6

ill
is mel

= VE + VB£{on}
=
VB

0.5

(IOO)(1*2)
5.2+50

+ IBQRB
1.7 V

'" 1.20

+ 0.7 ~ VB = 1.20 + (0.00495)(1(10)

V

Design criterion

tlc;;;;;;

I CQ = OS mA,

I £(l == 0505 rnA

r

_

b.

"::=:

(100)(0.026) (100)(0.00495)
::=:

_ • ., - .).~S k!l 19 0 .
In

VaQ == 12-(05)(12)-(0505)(0.5) VCBQ=S.75 V

=>
91ft

(lOO)(O.OOO{9S} 0.026

A/V

A. =s ..(RcIRd,
4.46

s; = 0~~6 == 19.23 mA IV
A.,.==1l5 12:.

A.,.=(19.23X12112)=>

~

I
I

i.(peak)

== 25 jJA,
R ..

So we need From Problem

= i.

vR(peak) == 5 mV \I 5.dO-J
25xlO ....

.....!!. -

== 2x I OJ = 2 kQ

4.44

r:Let

V. _ (

[+ p

P

It R "R..{ RsIR£ ) J ell L\_ Rs~RE + R.
RsIRt; )_

Rc

Now

P == 120, so we

==4 kG. RL == 51dJ., RE = 2 kO. have

2=(120\¢/

121}

\RsIR£+R.

-

22,{

\RsIR£+R.

Rs~R£

)

Chapter 4: Problem Solutions

Neglect effect of hoc Prom Problem 4-16. a~ume 2.45 ~ h •• ~ J.7
80 ::;

h,. ~
t: )

kn

120

Va ;; (h/.lb)(Rc;IIR

R

h.. .• = 1+ hJ•• 1.;; (RE) + R••. Is RE t, = -1. Is = s, + Vs 1 + h,.) REIIR'

(_1_.

4

v) 19.0 + _1_ + _1_] = l 5.25 0.05111
V..(40.19) Vo

= (19)(0.4976)Vs(100111)

= -20Vs

~ V..

=

+ 10.05) Vs 0.05111 -(0.4976)Vs
(1

Av - 9.36
c. High gain device: hie 3.1 kO, h,e R 3.7 .e 0.0306 k!l

=

m ;;
=
121'

=

=

120

R£IIRi~
.. -

10110.0306

= 0.0305

A - (120) (6 5115)( => A~

= 2.111

10 )( 1 ) 10 + 0.0306 1 + 0.0305

lx

=

-R

v'x
S

+-

Vx
r"

-

gm V...

V" = -Vx

Low gain device: h••
R i.

Ix 1 1 1 -=-=-+-+g", Vx R. Rs r" or Ro
R;
:=

= 2.45 kn,

hl.

= 80

=

81 =

2.45

0.03025 1:0

RJ: ~ r" ~ _1

g...

= 1 UD

5.2511

~ 19

1..

REIIR.c
A ..

= 10110.03025 = 0.0302
(6.5115) (10

= 0.84110.0.526

=> R, 4.48
L

= 49.5 n

= (:~)

+ ~~03025)

(1

+ 0\302)

=> A~ = 2.10
2.70

So A .. ;:: constant

< A .. < 2.71
R.

Isq =

20 - 0.; 10

= 1.93

mA

c.

=

RsllR..

We found 0.0302
ICQ
<=

< R, <

0.0305 kO

1.91 InA

Nepecting leRc

ho •• Ro

=

Rc

= 6.5

ltn

Vi;cQ

= Vcc + Vss(on) = 2S + 0.;

4.49
a. A"
=0

=> VSCQ
b.

=

- (l.91){6.5) 13.3 V

Small-signal g",(RcllRt)

voltage gain

=>

25

For VECq ~ Vc

= 3V

= gm(Rcllll
::: -3

=> Vc ::: -VEC9

+ VEs(on)

+ 0.;

= -3.3

Vee - leQRc + Vc "" 0 5-2.32.7 1 Rc ::;. 11;9 ".

--x:;;- =
ImA.

=

ca

For

ICQ

=

Re - 2.7 kn

gm "" D.~26

A..

= (3&.5)(2.1111) = ru

=

3l1.5 frlA/V

Desipl criterion wis1ied and VEC'Q satisfied.

Electronic Circuit Analysis and Design. 2nd edition

Solutions Manual

h ==
VEE

= Il:RZ
=
r ..

C:~){I) =
5 - 0.7 -c1. 1

1.01 mA
(011)

+ VEB

~ RE b.

==- RE

= 4.26 kO
1
'-0

~

VTHI

=

{JV-r --;:;;: l ca

(lI}O)(O.026) 9... ;:;;: &.5 rnA/V. 3

RrH!

= RJ IIRl

= 1.905 V
;; 12.71167.3
=; =;

10.68 kft

J HI

~ r, = 2.6 k!l, 4.50
... VTHI

= oc

=

lev

= 0.572
gml rwl

1.905 - 0.70 10.68 + (1'21)(2)
;:;;:--

0.00477 rn.A

o.sri
().026

rnA

~

gmt

= 22 mAjV
=:> r".!

=
==

(Rl;R~)VCC'==

CO:SO)(lOI

= (12~~~~26)
.o r

= 5.45

kn

~ VTHI RTHI
181
lCI

= Rl11R2 = 201180 = 1& kn
2 - 0.7 1& + (101)(1)

2.0V

=

= 1.11 iliA 1.11 => 9m1 = :0.025 => 9ml = 4 2 . ~ mA Iv'
J

= 0.0111

mA

VrH~=
~ VTJ{2

(R3~R...)VCC"=
= 9.D V

(45~15)!1:l) kfl mA

RTH2

= RlIIR~ = 15il45 = 11.25

1' ...

=

{lOOHO.0261
1.11
00

=:,. 1' .. 1

= 2.34 kn

[B2 ...

rOI

= -1.11

=>

r01

= 00

9.0 - 0.70 11'.25 + (121)( 1.6) lc2 4.86 rnA 4..S6 9,"~ '"' 0.026 ~ 9m2

= O.04D5

=

= 18~ ,m
~ -,....... ---T_'

A/V 0.642 kn

"-2 = "
+ (101)(O.5)
=
1.26 0.026

(l20)(0.026) 4.86

==

Is2 =
1-:::2

12.75

'"' O.D12fi m.A

= 1.26 m.A
=>
9",2

=-

g ... 3

= 48.5
~
"02

III

AI"
V

VCEQ1
1.n

= 12 ==
'"

(O.512){10) - (0.517)(2)

;;;;;.VCE"I

5.13 V
VC.E'q~

r ..2 -

(lM)(0.026)
1.26

r,,2 -

_ 2 0'"

. .,~ ..

1£2 '"' 4.90 VCEQ2 12 - (4.90)(1.61 ~

= 00

= 4.16

V

b.

A."l

=

-11"'lRcl

=

-(4.2.7}(2)

A ..2 ~ A,,2

= -8.5.4

= -gm2(RclIIRL)

=

= -(48.5)('114)
::

-97

O.S"'?

v;;:i

_t

c.

Input resisrance of 2nd

SIa&e

R.3 = RJIIR...llrd

= 1511\$5112.1)6
R'2

= 12.15111•.06;;;;;.
A:1

= 1.77

kO

A~l = -9 ...1 (RcdJR'J)

= -40.1

=

-(42.7~{21lL7'T)

"f"" ....... 1-.1 ,;..eo \ SL..o,.S:..
\

-:"--.'-;:----=
1.1.

nG.~

Overall pin; A ..

= (-<l0.1)(-91)

~ A ..

If we had A"l . A ..:

= (-8S.4)(

= 3890

-97) = lle.i

Chapter 4: Problem Solutions

R.l

= &IIR..IIR."
....

(b)

R.b
R'b R'2

r ..~

+ (1 + PJ(RnIlRr.J

R.2

= 26.8 = 1511451126.8 = i.92 kfl

= 0.642

+ (121)(1.6110.25)

~

A ..2

=

-91.2 ) _ =0.9/6

A ..~

=
r.l

(1

+ tl')(RE~IIRd + (1 + P)(RE2I1Rr.

(121 )(0.216) = O.642+(121)(Oa216) Overall gain

= (-97.2}(O.976) = ~

Y,,,,,V ..I+V.2+V.
(1) V. ""(VlI"l + V"2 :> R,s "'4=
.0_

= 3.61 kn
1",,2

0.5

r,,2

+ g ",2 V..2)(

0.05)

+ Rs • R h 1+3 • Elwe:e
R~
111.6

r.
.. 2

;;

(100)(0.026) =0.0372 kQ 69.9

R\$

Ro

= RlU14URcl = 1511451110 ~ = 0.642 + 5.29
121

= 5.29
~

g",2

= 69.9 = 26&8 rnA I V 0.026 0.05 }

kn

0.049111.6

:>&=47.30

e.

Aic:=

-1 0.216 kn . ::lll ••.

. Ll.IC

=

0.037'2 V so that (1) Vr2 = _._ 136.7 V V V (2) __s+ g.,IV.1 ="'&+.....!l.
4.86 r"
l

v~= V...(_I- + _1_ + 2688 \0.05) 2

f"l

05

'""2

-= (100)(0.026) = 1.25 kQ
2.08

1t.... .1= (4.86)(0.216) ~
4.52
(a)

= 1.05

V

Max. output voltage swine

::: 2.U V peak.ro-peak

g"'l V
.. I

= 2.08 =SOmAIV

(_1_ + 80)= V (_1 +_1_) 1.25
.l

0.026

OS

0.0372

r

Itl

= 5-2(0.7) 0.050

=72mA

V",(80.8) ~ V..: (28.88) =

I .n In

=

0.7 0.5 "" 1.4 rnA
fo = 69.9 rnA

or (2) V.I =
Then

v: (O.OO26t)

(l J
136.7

\28.88)

=(_f!__ \72-1.4)= l+/lf'

V, "'V..(O.o0261)+l+v. 136.7

=V~(1.00993)

1.1 "" 69.9 = 0.699 rnA 1CI =

(L
l+{Jf

100

or A,.
! CI

=.....!.

V

V,

= 0.990

\1.4+0.699):)

= 2.08 rnA

(c)
Rih

= r.1 + (1 + ,8)[ R.]

Electronic Circuit Analysis and Design. 2nd edition

Solutions Manual

Now 1. So that

=l_V"l(g_Z ++1r... ) 0,05 0.0"')
1

I, =~+(O.633)V.[2688+

0.05

0.0 0.0372

11

]

which ylelds V R• = __!_ = 0583.0. 1

.

4.53
a,
RTH

= RdIR~ =
2

335,11125

=

91.0

kO

VTH = (RI:
VTH
""

RJv,"c
V

= ( 1251"25 ) (10) = 2.717 + 335
l s: V

= (1 + fJ)IEI = (1 + p)2 Ial
=
2.ili - 1.40 91.0 + (lUI) 12,8 #A
1':>
lSI

lSI RTH

+ VSEI + V'BE2 + IEZ REl

We find..;..!.::: R.
I,

= 2,89 kil
==Rib

Then

R;j,

= 1.25+{lOl)(2.89}

= 293 kn

lSI

lei Ic»
Ip

= = )IEI
::=

(l)

= 0,126

#A

= 1.29 mAo

;:: ~(l +:J)IBI

;:: (100)(101)(0.128 "" Lll mA

#A)

18.c

I e2 + Lev

= 1.29 + 0.01'28

1&2

= l.llmA

toe = 10 VE

= lE2RSJ

heRe""

10 - (1.31)(2.2) "" 1-31 V

= 7.12 V

V'CE2
VCE] VCEl

= 7.12

::: (1.31)(1)

= It'cs:!

- 1.31 ::: 5.81 V - VaE2 ;:: 5,81 - 0,7

= 5.11 V
12.8 ~A

Summary:
leI"" len VCE2
VCEI :=

= L29 rnA
= 5.81 V
'2
m

5.11 V

To find Ro:
(1)

b. g~l V-~
,,1

g... 1
9m2

=

D.ODS 0.026 1.29 jj]2s

=

0.49

A/V

f ;::~• 0.05

O.05ir.l

=

= 49.6

rnA

IV

(2)

V

If'l

=

(V".

r.. +

g••

V•• 'vO'05llr"1)

!

;:: .. ( 1~5 +80 }0.0\$).Q372) v.
or V..2 = (1.72}V••
(3) and V••

+ V..1 + V.,

so that V...

= -(0.368)V.

= 0:::) V•• +(1.12)V •• + V. = 0

V..l = (1.nX-(o.368)V.

1=-(O.633)V,

Chapter 4: Problem Solutions

Vo

= -(9"'1 V"J
=
(V"I
r"l

Vs =V"I
V"2

+ 9",~ V..2 )Rc + V..~. V..1:::: Vs + 51.. 1 V"I) .
r.. 1

V_'2

r,,2

V"l :::: V... (1 I

+ .8)1'''2
::::203 k5l _ 2 02 kl1 -.

1'..1

=
-

(100)(0.026) 0.0128 (100)(0.026) 1.29

r.-2 -

Vo Vo

= -[g",. Vs"+ (9..,2
=

= -[0",. (Vs

-

v.. .)+ 9 ... 2 V..~lRc :
gml ) V..2

JRc

V1f2

(Vs-V"2)(1+.8)(~)

V..2

[1 + (1 + P)(~::)]
= -{'.'V'
~
Vs

= Vs(1 +P)(~::)
1

r ..l

Solving for V.1 from Equation (2) and substituting into Equation (l). we find R = V, =
" I. I -+g

v;'

+ (g., -g.».

V'(l+PJ ;')) }RC + +.8)
(1

Y

_!_(_!_+g
r~2
r~1 .. I

rOI

...!!.

+_1 )+...!_(_I r"lllr
..

1

+--

1

rKlllr~l
r:.1

r"Jr"l
::;:

+g)
",2

1',,1

For j3;;;. I00. V~ ;;;.100 V, 1CI r =r
.1 "2

/s ....

= I rnA

t2

=100=lOOkQ
,

A,,::::-

r"'
(49.6 - O.492)(lOl)(¥o!r) } 2.2 g

l

=r

A2

(100)(0.026)::

= - { (0.492)
All = -55.2

+

1 + (101)

(2.02)

20'3

,. I

;;;.

I g .::;: --;;;.

1

2.6 kD.

"'.

0.026

38.46mA./V

Then

R••
Ru

=
=

1' ... 1

+ (l + p)r"2

R.

-+ 38.46 2. 2.6 +TI 100
-+38.46+-+--+38.46 100 100 2.~2.6 100 2.6112.6

1

1

== 203 + (lOl){2.02) =
9111401 = 74.4 k5l kO

=

4011dl Ru

1(1

')

1(1

)

& ,..Rc ::. 2.2
4.54

or

R. ::;:50.0kn Now ia=lmA.iBhu=O
Replace

. IC2 I a.... by -/3
IOOkQ,rol

fJ - iC2 '-/3 _ -/3 . 1+ 1+
=-=

I

CI::'

00

I rnA

r2 ;;;.-::;:
~ g
r.

100 I

om

100

[0,000 ill

..,

=-;;;.

I

0.026

=38.46 rnA/V.

g"'l ::;:0.3846A.IV m kQ

d

(100)(0.026) ;;;. .6 kil. r.rl = 260 2
I

Then R.::;: 66.4 kQ

Electronic Circuit Analysis and Design. 2nd edition

Solutions Manual

4.55
I. RTH

= R1UR] ==
~2

4.57
93.7116.3,.. 5.90 kn
I.

Vr H

=
:

(Rl
(

_ 10 - 0.1 _ a I Bq - 50 + (151)( 10) - D. 0596 rnA

R2 ) Vee

6.3 ) (12) 6.3 +93.7

= 0.756

V

leo
::>

= 0.894

Iso 5.90 -. leo = 0.g49 mA VCEq : 12 - (0.9'109)(6) ~

_ 0.756 - 0.10 _ 0 00949 m.A

VECO

= 20 -

rnA,

h;Q

= 0.90 mA
- (0.90)(10)

(0.694)(5)

"·Ecq = 6.53 V

VCEO

= 6.31 V
Pq ,; lcqVscq
PRE';

Transistor:

Po:::
:;. Pq

IcQVCEQ

= (0.949)(6.31)

= (O.894}(6.53)
=

~ Pq __ 5.84 mW

PRe ~ I~QRc -- (0.894)2(5) => Pee

= 5.99
Pi!.

= 4.0
:=

mW

Rc;

= lbqRc = (O.949)2{6)

mW

Ii;QRc

(O.90}2(10) => Pu

8.1 mW

;;. P,., =
b.

5.40 mW b.

'(' _..'-.lj;-. ... <\$'......
~......

"..

.=..L..'-({ ,ot'"
_I

0."..,'
100

~.,-;<".SK.

TO

== --9 = 105 ld1 0.94
current

Peat signal

= 0.949

mA

il..ic V

=

-1 1.43 kn . ~Ve<

IYo(ma.x)1 "" (5.68)(0.949)
PRe

=

i.

= 5.39'

il..ie ;: 0.89( .o.io ;: (.
PRL

= lil..l.lccj
=

=

(Q.894)(1.4J)

=

1.28 V

Volt&X)

:: H(5.~9)2]

=- PRe = 2.42 m.W
4.56
(a) 10 I BQ I CQ
:

:I+~

5 .,) 6ic

.

0.639 rnA rnW mW

==

= I6(lRS

PRe;

+ V,Aon) + (l +P)IsQRE

= i. (0.894

!.(0.639)~(2) 2

=- "PjU = 0.408
0.639)2(5)

=- PjiC = 0.163
pc;:
5.2i mW

lO-0.7 lOO+(l21X20)
I EQ

'PBi=0

= 0.00369 rnA
= 0.447 rnA
PRc=1.96mW
=:)

Po = 5.84 -

0.408 - 0.163 =>

= 0.443 mAo

For Rc:

Pm;=(Q.443)1(1O)=
PilE

For R,,:
(b)

= (0.447)2(20) !J.vCE

Pu = 4.0 mW

!J.ic = 0.443 mA,
Then

= (0.443)(10) = 4.43 V

~c

:.!.(ruC)l Rc ::::1.(0.443)1(10)
2 2

~e=O.981mW

Chapter 4: Problem Solutions

4.58
JBQ

4.59

lcq :::>

= 100 + (101)(10) = 0.00838 inA = 0.838 rnA, IEq = 0.845 rnA
==
20 - (0.838)( 10) - (0.846 )(10)

10 - 0.70

&.

ISQ - 100 10-0.7 + (101)(10)

"0838 A 0... m

Va 81;1

VC&'Q

==

ICQ

3.16 V

= 0.S38

VeEQ

= 20 -

rnA, V

[J;Q

= 0.846

mA

(0.838)(lOt

- (0.846)(10)

:::>

VC&Q

= 3.16

r0.818 --I

cl_J

PQ;;

ICQVcEQ

\ "S'''.Q'''~''

= (0.838)(3.16)

~

PQ

= 2.65. roW

PR.C ;,

IbQRc = (O.838)2{lO) => Pac = 7.0l mW

1\
I

, ,

\
b.

Tq

N eglectinr base

= --100 0.838

= 119 kO
cutte!lCS:

a.
slope
~lC

=

1 kn

=

-1 101l1111l9 -1

=

-1 1).902 kfl

".

== 0.902 kO . ~" •• ~ic = 0.838 => l~iI ••1

PIU

= 0.156 V = 1. (0.756)3 '2 I
R!. == 10 kO

= (0.902)(0.838)
-

61C

== ==

0.909 kO . C!."" 0.838

-1

Por 6.ic ~ PaL - 0.285 rnW

.:lia
~
J"Rl. PRC'

= (Rc R_; R!.) 6ic == (10 : 1) ilic 1 = '2(0.762) (1) => Pal == 0.290 mW
1
2 -

==- 1611Gel

= (0.909)(0.838)

==

O.7n V

= 0.162 mA

b. slope

--1
-1
:=

=

-I

1011 Hllll19

4.80

Pc;

= '2' (0.838. - 0.762) ': ~ - (10) Pal' = 2.65 - 0.290 - 0.0289 ~ Pc; == 2.33

. 0.0289 mW mW

For

.o.~c = IU38
PAL.

~ 1.0.11 1 ••

=

(0.838)(4.80)

= 4.0"2

Max. swine determined by volta.ge 1 = 2' (3..16)~ 10

=> PjU - 0.499 mW