Environmental Assessment Report

Summary Environmental Impact Assessment Project Number: 42933 January 2009

India: Jhajjar Thermal Power Project

Prepared by Jhajjar Power Limited for the Asian Development Bank (ADB)

The summary environmental impact assessment is a document of the Borrower. The views expressed herein do not necessarily represent those of ADB’s Board of Directors, management, or staff, and may be preliminary in nature.

CURRENCY EQUIVALENTS (as of 30 December 2008) Currency Unit Re1.00 $1.00 – = = Rupee (Re/Rs) $ 0.0205503 Rs. 48.661


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atomic absorption spectrophotometer Asian Development Bank Aravali Power Company Private Limited Aravali Thermal Power Plant biochemical oxygen demand build, own, and operate calcium carbonates Central Coalfields Limited Clean Development Mechanism coal handling and processing CLP Power India Private Limited carbon monoxide carbon dioxide cycles of concentration chemical oxygen demand demineralized dissolved oxygen environmental impact assessment environmental protection electrostatic precipitators fluoride forced draft flue gas desulfurization ground level concentration hydrocarbon Haryana Power Generation Corporation Limited Haryana Power Vitaran Nigam Limited Indian Administrative Services induced draft Indian Standard (Bureau of Indian Standards) industrial source complex short term Jawahar Lal Nehru Jhajjar Power Limited Jhajjar Thermal Power Project liquid natural gas MECON Limited (formerly Metallurgical and Engineering Consultants (India) Limited) a Government of India public sector undertaking under the Ministry of Steel


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Ministry of Environment and Forests National Ambient Air Quality Standards oxides of nitrogen potential of hydrogen plant load factor particulate matter Pollution Prevention and Abatement Handbook reverse osmosis respirable particulate matter summary environmental impact assessment safety, health, and environment sulfur dioxide suspended particulate matter special purpose vehicle submerged scrapper conveyor total suspended particulates total suspended solids WEIGHTS AND MEASURES

C dB(A) GWh ha kcal/kg km m m3 m3/hr m/s m3/s mg/kg mg/l MPa mtpa MW ppm ppt t tpd tph µg/m3 µS/cm


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degrees Celsius decibel acoustic (A-weighted) gigawatt hour hectare kilocalories per kilogram kilometer meter cubic meter cubic meters per hour meters per second cubic meter per second milligrams per kilogram milligrams per liter megapascals metric tons per annum megawatt parts per million parts per thousand tons tons per day tons per hour micrograms per cubic meter micro Siemens per centimeter

g.NOTES (i) The fiscal year (FY) of the Government and its agencies ends on 31 March.. FY2008 ends on 31 March 2009. "$" refers to US dollars. e. FY before a calendar year denotes the year in which the fiscal year starts. (ii) . In this report.

Impacts of Associated Facilities ECONOMIC ASSESSMENT A. Project Schedule and Contracts F. V. Power Plant Operations D. Physical Environment B. Alternative Wastewater Treatment Systems G. Alternative Cooling Systems F. VII. INTRODUCTION PROJECT DESCRIPTION A. Cumulative Impact F. . Physical Environment B. Design and Construction C. II. With and Without Project Alternatives B. Ash Utilization Plan PUBLIC CONSULTATION AND DISCLOSURE CONCLUSIONS 1 2 2 6 7 7 8 8 9 9 13 14 14 14 15 16 17 17 18 18 19 19 26 26 28 28 29 30 30 30 30 30 31 31 31 32 32 33 33 34 III. Alternative Project Locations C. Objectives and Scope of Environmental Management B. Afforestation Program G. Mitigation Measures D. Biological Environment C. Biological Environment C. Organization for Project Environmental Management C. VIII. Occupational Health and Safety Management F. Alternative Water Resources ANTICIPATED ENVIRONMENTAL IMPACTS AND MITIGATION MEASURES A. VI. Alternative Boiler Technologies E. IV. Project Facilities B. Alternative Fuels D. Project Socioeconomic Benefits ENVIRONMENTAL MANAGEMENT PLAN A. Land and Right-of-Way Acquisition E. IX. Project Costs B. Socio-cultural Environment D. Induced Development E.CONTENTS Page MAPS I. Monitoring and Evaluation Program E. Socio-cultural Environment ALTERNATIVES A. Project Management and Operations DESCRIPTION OF THE ENVIRONMENT A.

8. 12. 11. 2. 3. 4. 7. 6. Main Design and Operational Data of the Power Plant Methodology and Data for Ambient Air Quality . 10. 9. 5.Summer Season Applicable Indian Ambient Air Quality Standards and World Bank Guidelines Summary of Noise Quality Observed and Applicable Indian Noise Standards and World Bank Guidelines Summary of Groundwater Quality Observed and Applicable Indian Standards Operating Conditions for Calculation of Emission Rates Results of Prediction of Ambient Air Quality for the Project Results of Prediction of Ambient Air Quality for the Project and the Aravali Thermal Power Project Summary of Potential Impacts and Mitigation Measures Environmental Monitoring and Evaluation Program Occupational Health and Safety Management Ash Utilization Plan Summary of Public Hearing 35 36 38 39 40 41 43 45 47 53 55 61 64 . 13.APPENDICES 1.



137. ensuring transparent policies regarding subsidies. Equipment sourcing through various packages has been finalized with suppliers and construction will commence in March 2009. and a switch yard. promoting competition therein. An application for the alteration of the MoEF environmental clearance has been submitted to MoEF to permit the use of supercritical boiler technology. The plant will consist of two 660 MW units that will run on coal supplied by rail from India’s North Karanpura coal fields. and related plant.2 ha for the township. An environmental impact assessment (EIA) for the Project was completed by MECON Limited (MECON) in January 2008 based on terms of reference approved by the Ministry of Environment and Forests (MoEF) on 7 October 2007. All other key clearances and permits from national and state authorities required for construction and operation have 1 2 An Act promulgated by the Government of India to consolidate laws relating to the generation. Supercritical plants operate at steam pressure of more than 22. the Government of the state of Haryana divided the electricity business owned by the Haryana State Electricity Board into three components: generation. Supercritical technology is becoming standard practice in the power industry in developed economies for large coal-fired power plants due to a higher efficiency than subcritical technology. Khanpur Kalan. transmission. and Japan. The steam at 22. The Project comprises the construction of a supercritical 2. The Project is located near Khanpur village in Jhajjar district in the state of Haryana.I. and ultra-supercritical. The plant is scheduled for full commercial operation in April 2012.1 hectares (ha) of low-yield agricultural land in the villages of Khanpur Khurd. a 100% subsidiary of CLP Power India Private Limited (CLP PIPL). Under a reform program. The Project was awarded to CLP PIPL on a build. coal-fired power plant with a total capacity of 1. INTRODUCTION 1. the Government of Haryana promoted the Project and subsequently awarded it to CLP PIPL through competitive bidding under the Electricity Act 2003 1 and standard bidding guidelines issued by the Government of India. and drum-type boilers are used. As part of the EIA process. and operate (BOO) basis. Jhajjar Power Limited (JPL). supercritical. Europe. protection of interest of consumers and supply of electricity to all areas. The Project received environmental clearance from MoEF on 24 April 2008 based on the EIA. a public hearing was held on 29 October 2007 and further consultations were subsequently conducted in local villages. which is 38 kilometers (km) southwest of Jhajjar town. and distribution. transmission. These plants operate at even higher steam pressures of about 30 megapascals and steam temperatures of about 600°C. Ultra-supercritical plants are about 2% to 3% more efficient than supercritical plants.3 ha for ash disposal. own. The boiler technology options available for large. distribution. promotion of efficient and environmentally benign policies. pulverized coal-fired power plants are subcritical. To meet the growing power and energy deficit. which in turn is a 100% subsidiary of CLP Holdings. Russia. The project site is located on Jhajjar–Matanhel–Kanina district road. and 33. 4.56 megapascals and 374. More than 400 supercritical plants are operating in the United States.0 ha for the greenbelt and water storage facilities. is developing the Jhajjar Thermal Power Project (JTPP). Subcritical plants operate at steam pressure of less than 19 megapascals. 109. which are operated by Central Coalfields Limited (CCL). rationalization of electricity tariff. Regulatory Commission and establishment of Appellate Tribunal and for matters connected therewith or incidental thereto. trading and use of electricity and generally for taking measures conducive to development of the electricity industry. . where the steam is a mix of liquid and gas. The project site covers 494.1 megapascals and use once-through boilers.15°C is said to be in a critical state.320 megawatts (MW).5 ha for plant and equipment. and Jharli. Wazidpur. 2. The project area includes 214. coal handling system. constitution of Central Electricity Authority. 3. The site is close to the Jharli railway station on the Dadari–Rewari section of the North Western Railway (Map 1).

3 As per ADB’s Environmental Assessment Guidelines. 7. . 3 This SEIA summarizes and consolidates the major findings and recommendations presented in the EIA. The boilers will have steam conditions of about 25. demineralization plant. A. and forced draft (FD) fans and induced draft (ID) fans. (v) economic assessment. light diesel fuel oil will be used for start-up as well as flame stabilization and during low-load operation. (iii) anticipated environmental impacts and mitigation measures (iv) alternatives. regenerative type air heaters. Each boiler unit will comprise a boiler proper. cooling water pump house. The main plant consists of three interconnected structures: (i) boiler structures. This summary environmental impact assessment (SEIA) was prepared by JPL for use by the Asian Development Bank (ADB) in accordance with ADB’s environmental and social safeguard policies and information disclosure requirements for environmental category A projects. projects in environmental category A are those that could result in significant adverse environmental impacts. and (viii) conclusion. Detailed project design has commenced. raw water reservoir.4 megapascals (MPa)/571ºC for main steam and 569ºC for reheat steam. ash handling and disposal system. coal handling plant (stockpiles and unloading system). and auxiliary facilities that include a switch yard. pulverized coal-fired boiler units and steam turbines and generators. a Government of Haryana-owned enterprise. (ii) turbine building. a power house.2 been obtained. Each path will consist of a number of fields in a series for the collection of fly ash. The JLN feeder canal will be raised along a 70 km section to increase its capacity to meet the Project’s water supply requirements. and (iii) an integrated control and electrical building. owned. Project Facilities PROJECT DESCRIPTION 6. Both units will have steambased. and (ii) a 14 km long water supply pipeline from the Jawahar Lal Nehru (JLN) feeder canal to the project site. 5. 9. while firing coal with the highest ash content (34. Each steam generating unit will be provided with an electrostatic precipitator (ESP) with parallel gas paths. Figure 1 illustrates the process flow of the Project. The transmission lines will connect the Project to substations at Sonipat (approximately 70 km to the northeast) and Mahindergarh (approximately 50 km to the southwest). water pre-treatment system. Power Plant. Other project facilities that will be constructed by JPL include: (i) a railway siding for transporting coal from the Jharli railway line of the North Western Railways to the power plant. An EIA report includes (i) description of the Project. Electrostatic Precipitators. Facilities to be Constructed by Jhajjar Power Limited 8. (ii) description of the environment. and a residential township for project staff. II. and operated by Haryana Vidyut Prasaran Nigam Limited (HVPNL). The SEIA will be posted on ADB’s website 120 days before consideration of the requested loan by ADB’s Board of Directors. Low oxides of nitrogen (NOx) burners will be used. In addition to coal. The power plant consists of two 660 MW units. (vii) public consultation and disclosure. The EIA is available for public review at JPL and ADB offices upon request. The preliminary design was completed in November 2008 and established all of the plant’s major design parameters.00%). Power transmission lines for the evacuation of power from the Project will be built. The ESPs will have a dust collection efficiency of not less than 99. The main project facilities consist of two coal-fired 660 MW units. (vi) an environmental management plan that includes institutional requirements and an environmental monitoring program. 1.91%.

Figure 1: Process Flow Diagram 3 .

and inter-connecting conveyors. and drinking purposes. All effluent collected in the central . some amount of cooling tower blowdown may be used in the bottom ash handling system. While fly ash will mainly be collected in dry form and does not normally require any water for handling. one operating conveyor. Water Treatment System. The pump house will be located close to the JLN feeder canal.800 m3/day of demineralized (DM) water. with a pump station located near the canal offtake near Akeidi Madanpur village. and one standby conveyor.800 m3/day of drinking water for the plant and township. Hardness stabilizer dosing will be performed to maintain the high cooling water COC. Two spur rail lines with a total length of approximately 2 km will be constructed from two points on the Jharli rail line. 13. Water to be consumed in power plant processes will be clarified before being used.840 m3/day.000 cubic meters per day (m3/day). 15. Water Supply Pipeline. The underground pipeline will be established within a 20 m wide right-of-way (10 m on either side of the centerline). Wastewater Management System. Each generating unit will have one limestone-based flue gas desulfurization (FGD) unit. All chutes will be lined to ensure the smooth flow and discharge of coal. auxiliary cooling.600 tph each. Each stream will have a guaranteed capacity of 1. Flue Gas Desulfurization Units. two stacker reclaimers (for crushed and stored coal reclaiming). Clarified water will mainly be used as cooling water. Wastewater with fine suspended particles from different areas and other effluents.4 10. The CHP system will have a crusher house with two crushers. one emergency slurry tank (for both units). one absorber tower. such as boiler blowdown and DM plant regeneration effluent. will be neutralized and collected in a central monitoring basin.600 m3/day of service water. The coal handling and processing (CHP) system will consist of two fuel streams. two crushed coal storage yards. four slurry recirculation pumps. 12. A suitable recovery system is proposed to recover ash water from the ash handling system or from ash pond overflow. The balance of the clarified water will be further treated in the filtration and demineralization plant for steam raising. and 1.600 tons per hour (tph). 14. Water will be drawn from the JLN feeder canal about 14 km from the project site. Chlorine or hypochlorite dosing will be undertaken to curb organic growth. Sasroli. Most of the wastewater produced will be in the form of blowdown from the closed cooling water system. The gypsum produced as a by-product of this process will be stored on site and sold to vendors for use in building materials. Coal will be unloaded at the plant using a wagon tipper system. 11. The CHP system will also have a dust suppression and extraction system. amounting to about 81. The coal bunkers for each unit will have 16 hours aggregate storage capacity. three de-aeration fans. 9. This water will be reticulated to the plant through a 2 meter (m) diameter underground pipeline. The Project will require about 4. The power plant will have a closed-circuit cooling water system using water from the JLN feeder canal. Cooling Water System. traversing agricultural land owned by landholders in Akeidi Madanpur. Coal Handling and Processing System. service. and Jharli villages. The cooling water cycle of concentration (COC) will be maintained at five to maximize water reuse. Sunreti. Water use by the plant will mainly consist of cooling tower make-up water. and three air compressors (for both units). The complete CHP equipment will be designed for simultaneous operation of both fuel streams at a capacity of 1. The Project’s total water requirement is 120. The recovered water will be recycled and reused. The lines will meet and then run parallel to the Jhajjar–Matanhel–Kanina district road. and the longer operating life of the chutes. All junction towers and the crusher house will have floor cleaning chutes. including a booster fan.

Access Roads. The power plant will feed electricity from a 400 kilovolt (kV) switchyard via two separate 400 kV transmission lines to the nearest feeder substations located at Sonipat and Mahendragarh. Fly and coarse ash will be collected in dry form and conveyed to silos for storage. the Government of Haryana-owned enterprise responsible for power transmission. Site Drainage. coarse ash.5 km in length will be constructed further south to provide access for heavy vehicles between the district road and plant. Canal Upgrading. Residential Complex. . Two rail line crossings will be constructed on the district road and a local village road where the Project’s rail line crosses these roads. Bottom ash will be collected in wet form and also be stored in silos for subsequent secondary use by external users to the greatest extent possible. A second site road about 1. and culverts into a harvesting pond. The main plant access road will be about 1 km long and built from the district road to the plant. Transmission Lines.8 ha of land to provide accommodations for most company staff and some outsourced staff. A housing complex consisting of 250 units of family accommodations and field hostels will be developed on 36. 21. or 300 cusecs. 90% of the power generated by the Project will be sold to two distribution companies owned by the Government of Haryana for distribution in the state of Haryana.5 monitoring basin will be treated in the clarification plant. HVPNL. and operate the transmission lines that will connect the Project to the electricity grid. As per the power purchase agreement. then transferred in enclosed trucks for secondary use by local industries. This will increase canal capacity by approximately 8. Wastewater generated from the RO system will be used to irrigate the project site. Ash Disposal System. providing sufficient additional capacity to supply both the Project and the adjacent Aravali Thermal Power Plant (ATPP). Associated Facilities 20. 16. This runoff will be used for spraying the coal stockyard and landscape irrigation. The balance of the power will be sold outside the state. the Project will employ about 325 people consisting of 275 JPL staff and 50 outsourced staff. Rainwater runoff from the plant area will be directed through lined drains. The proposed plant site is located on the Jhajjar–Matanhel–Kanina district road.5 cubic meters per second (m3/s). 19.5 m on either side of the centerline) and 120 km in length. During plant operation and maintenance. 2. The JLN feeder canal upgrading works will consist of raising the bund walls by 30 centimeters (cm) over a distance of around 70 km. Any excess rainwater during the monsoon season will overflow into a local drain. 17. will build. channels. own. Ash generated by the Project will be in form of fly ash. Ash dykes will be provided on-site for the temporary storage of ash. and bottom ash. Clarified water produced from the waste treatment plant and/or any cooling water blowdown not used for ash handling will be further treated in an ultra-filtration cum reverse osmosis (RO) module. The right-of-way of each transmission line will be 35 m wide (17. 18. Permeate from the RO plant will be taken to the clarified water system for reuse.

Mechanical and electrical works will include both on-site and off-site fabrication. 25. two plant access roads. 27.000 and 4. Design 22. while poorly designed or built structures or buildings suffer considerable damage. demineralization plant. power system. Equipment for units 1 and 2 will be arranged in a slide along configuration and not in a mirror image. The site requires filling and grading to establish the final landform. The station layout and the operability of equipment will require a station operation and maintenance staff team of around 275 persons. for which a basic horizontal co-efficient of 0. The power supply for construction will be provided by a single 33 kV distribution line 4 An area classed as seismic zone III can experience earthquakes of such intensity that structures and or buildings of good design and construction suffer slight damage. 2. and foundations will be designed for a life exceeding 45 years. The plant design will cope with local seismic conditions. . The rating and frame size of the equipment will be consistent with plant requirements and will provide sufficiently-redundant plant and design margins in accordance with industry best practices. de-aerator bay. The plant site ranges from relatively flat to slightly undulating and will require nominal filling and grading to achieve the proposed final level of about 226 m above mean sea level. Platforms and walkways with access ladders will be provided to facilitate access for operation and maintenance. and boiler house. excluding contracted laborers. control system. dampers. All valves. structures.000 skilled and unskilled workers. 28.04 is considered. gates. and other devices will be located and oriented in such a way that they are easily accessible from the operating floor level wherever possible. The Project is being designed in accordance with international standards for supercritical steam power plants. the water supply pipeline from the JLN feeder canal. installation.6 B. The design life of the plant will be at least 30 years. The design of support facilities and associated works is in accordance with appropriate national and international standards. Construction workers will be engaged by contractors responsible for different construction packages. Construction 26. The general arrangement and layout of the plant has been designed to ensure convenient access to the equipment for operation and maintenance. The Project is located in seismic zone III 4 as per IS: 1893 (part-I):2002. raw water reservoir. Civil works. Site soils consist of sandy to sandy loam topsoil and subsoil. assembly. and erection of power plant equipment. Design and Construction 1. which will require that excavation be undertaken with bulldozers and excavators. pollution control equipment including FGD units and the chimney structure. and various utility systems. Construction will require between 2. The intensity of an earthquake on the Modified Merecalli Intensity is VII for seismic zone III. 23. bunker bay. Civil works will involve construction of the main power plant and auxiliary facilities and buildings. Site leveling will use all excess soil produced from excavation with no additional soil brought onto the site from outside sources. 24. The main plant will include a turbine house. Fill material will be derived from excavation of the on-site. and two rail lines. Appendix 1 provides a summary of the main design and operational data of the Project.

which is a Government of India-owned enterprise. which will be adequate to supply the plant for 20 days.164 tons (5. and fly ash (70%).8 ha for the water supply pipeline and rail line right-ofways. This volume of coal usage will produce up to 291 t/h of ash based on an ash content of 34%. 34. and low-load operation will be transported to the site in road tankers from refineries in either Panipat or Mathura. Coal handling will be designed to operate throughout the year from CCL. Ash Transport and Storage.50 million m3 raw water storage tank on site. ash disposal pond. Daily coal consumption. D.800 kilocalories per kilogram (kcal/kg).9 million tons per year at 87% average plant load factor [PLF]). Land and Right-of-Way Acquisition 35. Annual light diesel fuel oil consumption is estimated to be 20. and residential complex. Coal will be transported from the coalfields to the plant in open-top coal wagons by Indian Railways. 33. The ash handling system will have 10% additional capacity in excess of the anticipated maximum ash generation rate to provide sufficient capacity to handle a higher load.1 ha of land for the main plant area. based on average gross calorific value. Coal will be supplied from the North Karanpura coalfields in Jharkhand state.000 m3. Fuel Oil Transport and Storage. Fly ash from these separate locations will be transferred to the fly ash silo by a dry pneumatic vacuum. with the remaining portion used to irrigate the greenbelt and other onsite plantings.000 m3/day of water will be drawn from the JLN feeder canal and pumped to the site via the 2 m diameter underground pipeline on a 16-day cycle. 30. The light diesel fuel oil will be pumped into storage tanks at the plant using unloading pump sets. Construction water will be sourced through authorized vendors and from groundwater sources prior to the operation of the plant water supply pipeline. a subsidiary of Coal India Limited. flame stabilization. Cooling water blowdown will be treated and partially reused in plant processes. plus an additional 27. The ash handling system will be designed for a coal consumption load of 857 tons per hour (t/h).7 of about 6 MVA rating from Bahu substation. A submerged scrapper conveyor facility will collect and transfer bottom ash from the furnace via a conveyor to the storage silo. These fields are owned and operated by CCL. The light diesel fuel oil that will be used for boiler startup. The Project requires 494. The ash handling system associated with the ESPs will collect fly ash from the economizer hopper and ESP hoppers. The ash will consist of bottom ash (20%). Coal Supply and Transport. C. The average gross calorific value of coal is expected to be 3. Water will be stored in the 1. Suitable capacity will be provided to store the fly ash in dry form. Power Plant Operations 29. About 120. Stored dry fly ash will either be loaded into the covered trucks of off-site users or watered and transferred to the ash yard for disposal. 31. Table 1 summarizes the land areas required for project implementation and the current . which is located about 3 km from the site. Water Abstraction and Irrigation. Fly Ash. As per MoEF guidelines. the coal will have a maximum ash content of 34%. Bottom ash will be dewatered then provided to off-site users or transported by covered dump truck to the ash yard for disposal. is estimated to be 16. 32. coarse ash (10%). Bottom Ash.

tenant or licensee) to a hearing before acquisition.0 51. E. Professionals within the SHE Department will establish a management system that includes regular checks to maintain safe working conditions at the site. as amended. JPL will be responsible for ensuring full implementation of the environmental management plan (EMP) during project construction and operation. Regular reports will be produced highlighting SHE statistics and activities to promote responsible workplace management. The contracts will be negotiated on a fixed-price.8 owners of this land.1 172. The design and construction of the Project will involve a number of contract packages implemented by reputable international and local companies with proven experience.1 3. F. while each contractor will be responsible for complying with the EMP. 5 The Land Acquisition Act (1894).9 Ownership/ Type of Land Private (revenue & Panchayat land) Private (revenue land) Private (revenue land) Private (revenue land) Private (revenue land) Private (revenue land) Rail line easement Pipeline easement Total *Transmission line right-of-way for the power evacuation from the project site will be the responsibility of HVPNL (a Government of Haryana-owned enterprise) JLN = Jawahar Lal Nehru. Construction management will be the responsibility of JPL. Project Management and Operations 38. During construction. Land acquisition is occurring in accordance with the Land Acquisition Act 1894 5 and is due to be finalized in December 2008. 1894 and the Census of India.0 13. The project management company will be supported by the owner’s engineer and other consultants in finalizing the design and overseeing construction. Consultations with representatives of project proponents and the community. ha = hectare. 37. Table 1: Project Land Areas and Ownership Facility Main plant area. The Act deals with cash compensation and provides several methods of valuing compensation.* ash pond. while the second unit will be commissioned within 46 months from the same date.8 24. the Project will have a Safety.0 521. The first unit is scheduled to be commissioned 42 months after the issuance of the letter of intent. The Act ensures that no person is deprived of land except under law and entitles affected persons (landowner. Drills will be carried out to check the preparedness and adequacy of the SHE management system. Health.0 494. which was issued on 23 July 2008. 2001. Project Schedule and Contracts 36. with due and adequate compensation made thereafter. time-certain basis. . and residential complex Village Khanpur Khurd Khanpur Kalan Jharli Wazidpur Sub-total Jharli Railway line to plant JLN feeder canal to plant Area (ha) 258. and Environment (SHE) Department consisting of experienced engineers and staff whose primary responsibility will be to facilitate a culture of safety and environmental concern among the Project’s workforce. Sources: Section 6 Notification released for the Project under the Land Acquisition Act. enables the State to acquire private land for public purpose and has provisions for acquisition for industrial purposes.

Safety engineers will conduct risk analysis and regular checks and drills to ensure safe working conditions for all activities undertaken at the project site.) The nearest villages are Khanpur Khurd. Overview of the Project Area DESCRIPTION OF THE ENVIRONMENT 40. under construction Navada Koh combined cycle gas plant. . located 18 km to the northeast. (The Project study area is defined in the EIA. The Project is located on a flat-to-gently-undulating rural site. The nearest sensitive site is the Bhindawas Bird Sanctuary. Jharli. Source: JPL research (unpublished). and Wazidpur. under construction Indraprastha Power Plant Badarpur Power Plant Panipat Power Plant Shheetla Devi Mandir. Hissar Chattarpur temple. S = south. W = west. The site is also distant from sensitive sites such as national parks. The station manager will be responsible for the power station during plant operation. He will be supported by three general managers. The head of the SHE Department will lead all SHE initiatives.5 km southeast of the site. and other staff. There are no reserve forests located within 10 km of the project site and nearest protected forest is located about 9. The site is far from major towns. Physical Environment 1. Jhajjar (3 x 500 MW). Table 2: Significant Local and Regional Sites and Features Significant Feature Location Sariska National Park Keoladeo National Park (World Heritage site) Sambhar Lake (Ramsar site) Bindawas Wildlife Sanctuary Sultanpur Bird Sanctuary Jahazgarh Fort Qutab Minar (World Heritage site) Humayun’s Tomb (World Heritage site) Red Fort. There are no settlements on the site. He will be supported by experienced engineers. Badkhal. located 38 km from Jhajjar and 90 km from Delhi. A. Delhi Fethpur Sekri (World Heritage site) Agra Fort (World Heritage site) Taj Mahal (World Heritage site) Tank at Surajgarh Sahibi Nadi (river) Aravali Thermal Power Plant. biosphere reserves. and historic and cultural sites (Table 2). III. N = north. Gurgaon Lal ki Masjid. Khanpur Kalan.9 39. although a number of villages and larger rural communities are situated within 10 km of the site. Faridabad (3 x 360 MW). chemists. Delhi Distance (km) 120 183 200 18 55 20 90 95 95 190 220 220 16 45 1 90 90 95 120 55 60 80 Bearing from Project S SE SW NE E NNE E ENE ENE SE SE SE NE E E SE ENE E NE ESE NW ENE National Park Wildlife Sanctuary Cultural or Historical Site Reservoir Irrigation Tank Power Plant Nearest Major Religious Site E = east.

. and (iv) winter from December to February.0 95. semi-arid monsoon with four distinct seasons: (i) summer from March to June. Drainage 44. The highest point in the project area is at an elevation of 241 m to the north of the site. Soils in the region. (ii) wet monsoon (southwest monsoon) from July to September.8 days of rain occurring each year during the period 1965–1980. west.8°C in May. (iii) post-monsoon from October to November. These deposits have led to the formation of sift layers that act as caps on the formations and reduce the permeability of the soil.0 – – O C = degree Celsius.10 2. Calm conditions are more prevalent during the night than during the day.west. 3.4 42. 4.0 – – Minimum – 20. Climate 41. The drainage pattern in the project area is poorly defined due to flat terrain and a sandy upper layer of soil.0 15.west. Table 3: Wind Speeds and Temperature at Sasrauli Village Parameter Wind Speed (m/s) Temperature (°C) Relative Humidity (%) Rainfall (mm) Number of Rain Days Maximum 9. Winds from the east and southeast increase in prevalence during the night. Seasonal prevailing wind directions are: (i) summer . The mean annual rainfall at Gurgaon is 743. Jhajjar.1 35. Source: EIA/EMP Report for 1. and southwest. The climate of the project area. while soils in the study area mainly consist of silt and kankar (gravel).0 Average 2.west. Data represents summer season (April to June 2007). including the Jhajjar and Bahadurgarh blocks. (iii) post-monsoon .0 47. east. northwest. Temperatures during the year vary from 1. Geology and Hydrogeology 45. m/s = meters per second. The predominant wind directions are from the west and northwest.320 MW Thermal Power Plant. with an average of 34. is categorized as sub-tropical. January 2008. and (iv) winter .1°C in January to 45. are sandy loam in texture. (ii) monsoon . and northeast. The elevation of the project site varies between 220 m and 232 m. The area grades towards the northeast in the direction of the Bhindawas Bird Sanctuary to form part of the Sahibi river basin. and southwest. northwest. with the lowest point being 220 m on the southern side of the site.southeast. northwest. 42.0 15. based on meteorological data from the Indian Meteorological Department station at Gurgaon. The predominant wind directions during the monitoring period were from the west and northwest. Rainfall comes primarily during the southwest monsoon (from July to September). and southwest.4 millimeters (mm). Local climatic conditions were monitored at Sasrauli village for three months from April to June 2007 (Table 3).0 42. Haryana. located 60 km east of the site. 43. with calm conditions prevailing 22% of the time. The area forms part of the Indo Gangetic alluvial plain and is capped with aeolian deposits.

topography.7 NOX 4.0 11. Background air quality monitoring will be extended across all seasons to provide more comprehensive baseline data.0 153. NOX = oxides of nitrogen. thus contributing to the high levels of SPM. Noise 48.7 SO2 1. sampling occurred when major earthworks were underway on the adjacent ATPP site. SO2 = sulfur dioxide. The location of sampling sites.4–6. Ambient air quality was monitored at ten locations within the study area (within a 10 km radius of the project site) during April–June 2007.0–33.1 to 43.11 46.9 15.5 281. 6.4 decibel acoustic (dB[A]) during the day and 40.320 MW Thermal Power Plant at Jhajjar. local habitation. Ambient Air Quality 47. sand. Monitored noise levels were within the NAAQS prescribed limits for locations near villages. Strong winds and dry soils during summer are common in this northern part of India.6–33.0 89. Accordingly. the sampling method. The groundwater gradient is towards the east.0 m and 31.5 m. and site accessibility.0 CO = carbon monoxide. High SPM and RPM levels occurred due to strong winds that generated dust storms during the summer sampling period when airborne dust levels are usually highest.0 283.5–8.5–384. Table 4: Summary of Ambient Air Quality (April to June 2007) (μg/m3) Value Minimum Maximum Average Range 98 Percentile Range 95 Percentile Range th th SPM 105.6 112. Haryana. commencing in February 2009. In addition.0 38. involving monitoring air quality at the original sampling sites for one year. The significant agricultural activity and harvesting season that precedes the monsoon also contributes to air borne dust.2 3. 5. Ambient noise monitoring was carried out at five locations surrounding the plant site. MECON Limited.0 385.6 RPM 58.6 dB(A) at night.8 to 54.0–4. Noise levels were measured using a precision noise level meter on an hourly basis for 24 hours.0 112. Sampling sites were selected based on the outcome of the screening model.9–148. μg/m = microgram per cubic meter. RPM = respirable particulate matter.8–146. and other areas as per the National Ambient Air Quality Standards (NAAQS) and World Bank guidelines (Appendix 3).0 9. Groundwater occurs in an unconfined aquifer at depths of between 3.4 16.5–381.0 212. rural. the average SPM level over 12 months is expected to be considerably lower than the levels recorded during the monitored period. Recorded day time noise levels near the station averaged . except near the Jharli Railway Station. depending upon surface elevation and the level of groundwater harvesting. rural. EIA/EMP Report for 1. Levels of sulfur dioxide (SO2) and NOx were well within the norms for residential. SPM = 3 suspended particulate matter. 2008. The area can be categorized as recent aeolian deposits comprising clay. The monitored average noise levels on rural and residential areas around the project site varied from 46.3 2.8–309. Source: HPGCL baseline data as collected by MECON Limited for summer season 2007. and kankar-mixed formations. and results are summarized in Appendix 2.0 3. MoEF guidelines pertaining to upwind and downwind sampling. leading to localised high levels of particulate matter prior to the onset of the monsoon. Air quality values for suspended particulate matter (SPM) and respirable particulate matter (RPM) exceeded the norms for residential.0–123. and other areas at all locations during the summer monitoring period (Table 4).2–23.

29 104. 50. Khorra (2. Surface Water.50 2.5 2.0 Area Within 10 km Radius km2 191.0 0. guvar.24 4. Lilah.0 100. 7. The occasional crop is grown on small areas of the site when rainfall permits. The main crops grown on the project site are bajra and gowar. which marginally exceeded the prescribed limit of 45 dB(A). These high noise levels were attributed to train movements and other commercial activities near the station.9 0.5 km). The only surface water sample collected was from the JLN feeder canal. . scrub Classified forests Built-up area (settlement) Body of water Proposed industrial use (ATPP) Total km2 2. bajra.4 0. and nitrate exceeded the desirable levels and permissible limits at Mohanbari (3. The monitored noise levels for residential areas were within the NAAQS prescribed limits as indicated in Appendix 4. while values for these parameters also exceeded the desirable limits at Khanpur Kalan (1. Jhamri. The area surrounding the project site has no surface bodies of water except branch irrigation channels from the JLN feeder canal.14 0. magnesium.7 33. Analysis results of the groundwater samples for total hardness. Khanpur Kalan.1 1.1 2.0 0.94 % 50.12 60 dB(A).00 0. and gowar making up most of the remaining cropping.6 0.00 4. Goria. while night time noise levels averaged 46. Land use in the local area is dominated by agriculture.1 dB(A).0 ATPP = Aravali Thermal Power Plant.29 9.9 100.5 km). calcium.29 0.92 % 60.0 0. and Jhanswa.03 314. Khorra. The main type of livestock raised include buffaloes.64 5.6 46. which is under construction. sulphate. dissolved solids. with pulses.2 1.00 0. Sasrauli.5 km from the site). which is the proposed water source for the Project located more than 10 km east of the project site. Bahu. No major industry exists in the study area except the adjacent ATPP.00 0.30 0. The major crop grown in the area is wheat. Land use on the plant site and within a 10 km radius of the site was assessed based on satellite image interpretation and site visits (Table 5).14 0. km2 = square kilometer. 1991 (Appendix 5). which exceeded the prescribed norm of 55 dB(A). Groundwater. km = kilometer. kikar. The project site is mainly used for grazing due to the poor soils and limited rainfall. chloride. 8. Land Use 51. The values for other parameters for the collected samples were within the prescribed norms. The results were compared with Bureau of Indian Standards for Drinking Water as specified in code IS:10500. Water Resources 49. and Goria (4 km). Nine groundwater samples were collected from the villages of Mohanbari. The pH of all groundwater samples exceeded the desirable alkaline limits. Source: ERM India Private Limited (ERM). Table 5: Land Use Classification Project Area Land Use Class Agriculture and fallow land Open land Plantation. goats. and sheep. total dissolved solids.

65 mg/kg. located approximately 18 km northeast of the project site. Green bee-eaters and common mynas were seen at many locations. Chenopodium album. Flora. Acacia nilotica. Black-naped 6 7 Forest types of India have been classified by Champion and Seth (1968) in six major groups based on climatic factors. Soil samples were collected from five locations near the project site: southwest.55% (medium). Available phosphorus was medium to high. birds and plants and for matters connected therewith or ancillary or incidental thereto with a view to ensuring the ecological and environmental security of the country. Rhesus macaques. with bare areas of ground in between. Red-wattled lapwings were sighted around most bodies of water. and at Khanpur Kalan. native vegetation in the area is Desert Thorn Scrub (Type 6B/C1).. blackbuck.32 to 0. Acacia leucophloea. Desert cat. 1972 as amended in 2002 provide protection of wild animals.55 mg/kg. mongoose. and garden lizards were sighted in the study area. were also reported in the study area. Electrical conductivity varied from 832 to 2.0 to 7. The micronutrients copper. hard-wooded tree species. while rose-ringed parakeets and ashy prinias were sighted around forested areas. and Jhamri villages. Indigofera species. Balanites aegyptica. respectively. and iron were in the range of 0. Forest and scrub patches are dominated by thorny. Boerhaavia diffusa.43 milligrams per kilogram (mg/kg).51 to 0. 56. The most commonly-sighted bird species in the study area was the Eurasian collared dove. branching crowns that rarely meet to form a canopy. Crotalaria burhia. Tephrosia purpurea and Zizyphus nummularia. Goria. caracal. Achyranthes aspera. while Schedule VI provides protection for plant species. desert fox. Trees and bushes tend to occur in clumps.62 to 5. Crotolaria medicaginea. Corchorus species. Biological Environment 1. Other forest species included Acacia jacquemontii. 54. while available potassium was low to medium. The Wildlife (Protection) Act. The higher level of nitrogen appeared to be due to fertilizer application. Azadirachta indica.20% (low) to 0. The Act covers six schedules. The Nahad Protected Forest is located about 9. was also frequently spotted.140 and 2.6 (neutral to slightly alkaline). Cassia obtusifolia. which all fall under the Schedule I category. and 4. These major groups have been further divided into 16 type groups based on temperature and moisture. The Indian peafowl. The most common tree species included Acacia senegal and Prosopis cineraria. squirrels. Terrestrial Environment 53. a Schedule I species 7. and ratel. Schedules I to V provide protection for animal species. Common herbs associated with grasslands included Abutilon indicum. mainly Acacia. northeast. 0. chinkara. Salvadora oleoides. and Vernonia cinerea. in the range of low to high. Indian wolf. B. Nitrogen varied from 193-688 kilograms per ha (kg/ha). Soil 52. Holoptelea integrifolia. A few of these type groups have been further divided into several subgroups and ecologically stable communities. with the samples from the Project site between 2. .154 µs/cm. Capparis sp. A survey of the local biological environment was conducted in the summer in 2007 and supplemented by an additional survey in early September 2008. The area has a dry to semi-arid climate with a few scattered trees and sparse shrubby vegetation. zinc. Indian pangolin. which indicates that the area is adequate for plant growth.13 9. Calotropis procera. Fauna. According to the Champion and Seth Classification System for Indian Forests 6. The pH of these samples varied from 7. with relatively short boles and low. The nearest protected area is the Bhindawas Bird Sanctuary.5 km southeast of the site. 55. Organic carbon content in the soil varied from 0.154 micro Siemens per centimeter (µs/cm).

C. Neelgai. principally cropping. bajri. and damselflies in a range of micro-habitats.14 hares. There are separate settlements for higher (Jats. Economy and Employment. Historic and Religious Sites. Scheduled Castes. The settlement pattern in nearby villages is guided by the caste system. is located about 20 km northeast of the project site. and deer were reported by villagers to be present in local fields. ALTERNATIVES With and Without Project Alternatives 61. Basic social infrastructure and services—including schools. There are no Scheduled Tribes in these four villages or in Jhajjar district. The local wage rate was reported to be in the range of Rs135–150 per day. Livestock rearing is also an important activity. The average household size is six and the population density is 275 persons per km2. and sheep being common. with no industry in the immediate area apart from around 100 brick kilns in the broader locality (within the local airshed. and public transportation—are all accessible within 3 km to 5 km of the villages. many parts of the country continue to suffer power shortages. and the Backward Class. pulses.. primarily for household consumption. Major agricultural crops grown for consumption and sale are wheat. However. Population. work is only available for 5–6 months per year during the agricultural season. During the remainder of the year. Jahazgarh Fort. Social Infrastructure and Services. The majority of local people (75%) belong to the Hindu Jat community. The electricity supply in local villages is poor. but these features are not regionally significant. have a total population of about 8. Facilities are better in the higher caste settlements compared to lower caste villages. Landless Harijans mostly work as agricultural laborers on land owned by Jats. . Socio-cultural Environment 57. 59. 60.000 and a combined area of 29 km2. The main source of income and livelihood in the local area is agriculture. goats. The local drinking water supply is adequate with respect to volume. No major historic or religious sites are located on or in the vicinity of the project site. Employment opportunities outside agriculture are limited. Small temples are located in most villages near the project site. and jowar.e. defined as a 25 km radius from the project site). followed by Brahmins. post and telephone services. The “without project” option would see a continuation of the current power supply shortage in the northern region. with buffaloes. brick and cement mortar walls with a concrete roof supported on reinforced cement concrete columns or girder and roof slabs). The four villages of Matanhel tehsil. grass yellow dragonflies. Most youth are educated up to Class X or XII level. IV.g. but the quality of the water is poor. Most villages rely upon bore water for domestic supply. Najafgarh. The female literacy rate (28%–34%) is much lower than the male literacy rate (60%–65%). access roads. but very few take up higher studies or vocational education. and Delhi for employment in industry (e. guvar. A. with some small towns reticulating water from canals for domestic use. factories and brick kilns) and construction. Most local dwellings are pucca houses (i. health and medical services. where land has been acquired for the Project. an important tourist site and the venue of an annual cattle fair. Brahmins) and lower (Harijans) castes. laborers mainly migrate to the nearby industrial areas of Bahadurgarh. 58. While India’s generation and distribution capacity grew significantly over the last decade. Insects observed at the project site included varieties of butterflies.

500 MW Aravali project (assuming that 50% of the power produced by this project is supplied to Haryana state and 50% is supplied to Delhi). 64. and to ensure that the Haryana state grid has additional capacity to meet electricity demand and sustain independent operations. provide close grid connection points for power evacuation. The underlying prerequisite for plant sighting was locating the Project in Haryana state to help meet local demand and minimize the cost of electricity production.nic.000 MW across different seasons and during peak and off-peak hours. Electricity demand varies from 2. The available capacity varies between 2. and greater consumption by the agricultural sector and the national capital region.800 MW to 5.cea. ease of coal transport. Two substations located at Mahenderharh and Sonipat. . The Jhajjar locality was selected for the project site based on its proximity to load centers.250 MW in the state of Haryana in fiscal year (FY) 2011.hpgcl. The plant needs to be located as close as possible to regional demand centers to reduce power losses during transmission and to stabilize the grid. land quality and availability.040 MW as of August 2008. The availability of the transmission grid system in proximity to the plant allows for the cost-effective export of energy from the plant. Power availability from the above-mentioned projects is not sufficient to meet demand in the state of Haryana. Demand in Haryana is increasing at more than 14% per year due to industrialization. With the installation of the 1. Source Haryana Power Generation Corporation Limited (http://www. 50 km and 70 km from the project site.300 MW during different seasons depending upon the river flows at hydropower plants and the planned and forced outages of generators. in the states of Jharkhand. Coal deposits in India are mainly located in the southeast. and a reliable longterm water supply.htm).500 MW to 3.320 MW power plant and the adjacent 1. This has largely been the result of high economic growth and the subsequent demand it places on the power supply. setback from major urban centers for air quality purposes. and the Yamuna Nagar hydroelectric station.org/html/power_supply_position. respectively. The alternative without the Project is undesirable since an even greater power shortage would further constrain economic growth and reduce the rate of poverty reduction. Alternative Project Locations 63. The grid system in India is mainly owned and operated by state governments and integrated at the regional and central levels. B. 62. September 2008 by Central Electricity Authority (http://www. availability of the transmission grid. The transfer of power from one state to another is done at a significant cost. there would still be an electricity supply shortfall of about 1. The Government of Haryana selected the Project’s location based on a range of factors. The northern states are generally removed 8 9 Source: Power Scenarios at Glance.668 MW 9.188 MW was provided by the Panipat and Faridabad thermal power plants. Chhattisgarh. The Project was conceived to avoid these costs and provide stable base load power. Some generating capacity is relatively old and realized plant load factors are on the low side. The Project seeks to close the electricity supply–demand gap. 66. and Madhya Pradesh. The annual deficit in peak power demand for the northern region was 3.in/). 65. of which 2.15 both in terms of unmet demand during peak periods and an overall energy shortage. particularly during the peak paddy and rabi crop seasons. Orissa. 8 The total installed generation capacity available in the state of Haryana was 4.

and Jhamri villages. 80 km from Gurgaon. and 90 km from Delhi. Humayaupur. Coal is preferred to nuclear energy due to its shorter gestation period. 68. hydropower. consists of lowquality agriculture land with almost no tree cover. significant demand exists for gas from other consumers located close to the source. lower cost. and nuclear.500 km of pipeline to supply the Project. is located only 1. Four alternative project sites were considered in the selected locality: (i) near Khanpur Kalan. At present. A reliable. there are no operating power plants located near the project site. The option of importing liquid natural gas into India. Indian Railways has major trunk routes for the movement of raw materials. In addition. Coal is the more cost-effective fuel for generating electricity even though it has a higher pollution potential than alternative fuels such as natural gas. which would make a dedicated pipeline uneconomic. including re-gasification and transportation to site. which will provide a cost effective means of transporting coal to the Project. 55 km from Bahadurgarh. would be cost prohibitive as the site is located more than 1. which results in coal having to be transported over long distances. and (iv) near Slawas Amboli. For example. Large scale hydropower sites for baseload power generation are either under development or being considered. within 10 km of the Bhindawas Bird Sanctuary. 71. and Jharli villages. the recent natural gas discoveries in Andhra Pradesh would require over 1. 1. 69. Khanpur Kalan. and Bhurawas villages. Wazidpur. and Jamalpur villages. Wind energy is location-specific and cannot provide reliable baseload power or large scale supply. and the existing JLN feeder canal will be upgraded to provide additional capacity to handle the additional water supply. Alternative Fuels 70. The only other feasible fuel options are coal and nuclear energy. large-scale water supply is essential for the Project’s operation. and is 18 km away from the Bhindawas Bird Sanctuary.16 from coal deposits and ports for imported coal. Accordingly.5 km from an existing rail line. Bithla. new sites are not available in the state. on the left-hand side of the Jhajjar–Bahu –Jholri–Mohindergarh state highway. Site (ii) was selected because it is removed from major settlements. Khora. Water from the state of Haryana‘s quota has been allocated to the Project. C. Natural gas transport requires a large capital investment in infrastructure. (iii) near Jhanswa. Sites (iii) and (iv) comprise higher-quality agriculture land. Lower-value land is also more likely to be available for purchase.5 km from the Jharli railway station. while site (i) is 5 km from the rail line. (ii) near Khanpur Khurd. Large scale nuclear power generation is not present in India as this sector faces strategic and fuel availability issues. . 67.100 km from the nearest sea port. within 10 km of the Bhindawas Bird Sanctuary. Natural gas and oil use entails cost and supply reliability issues. the Project needs to be located in close proximity to an existing rail line to ensure that coal transport is economic. including from the coal-bearing regions of the southeast to the northern states. As a result. The project site is removed from major urban areas: approximately 40 km from Rewari. Ladain. and relative safety. although the adjacent ATPP is under construction. Large scale baseload energy production in Haryana state requires a conventional mode of power generation. 5 km from the Jharli railway station. Lower-quality agricultural land is preferred for the plant site so that land use conversion does not substantially reduce local agricultural production.

(iii) lack of local experience with the required technology. Alternative Boiler Technologies 72. E. The steam at 22. Based on the above considerations. and Japan. A supercritical plant costs about 2% more than a subcritical plant to install. which means there is no steam–water mixed phase and boilers operating under critical parameters do not have a boiler drum that separates steam from water. pulverized coal-fired power plants are subcritical. Germany.5%–3. The closed system cools the cooling water in cooling towers before recycling it. Subcritical plants. considered “business-asusual” in India. Europe. The use of this technology in India is constrained by: (i) higher capital costs. Ultra-supercritical plants have been constructed in countries such as Denmark. and carbon dioxide by 2. The lifecycle costs of supercritical plants are lower than those of subcritical plants. and drum-type boilers are used.17 D. the Project has adopted supercritical boilers with a rated super heater outlet steam pressure of 25. The boiler technology options available for large. and the United States to utilize high-quality coal. where the steam is a mix of liquid and gas. system. The . (ii) limited suppliers for the boiler-turbinegenerator package. rated super heater outlet steam temperature of 571ºC. JPL is currently preparing the necessary documentation for CDM project approval to offset the additional capital cost. Further latent heat at this point is zero. and ultra-supercritical. These boilers are at the high end of supercritical technology. 73. These plants operate at even higher steam pressures of about 30 megapascals and steam temperatures of about 600°C. which restricts multi-company sourcing and the availability of spare parts. Alternative Cooling Systems 76. Russia. supercritical. The use of ultra-supercritical technology is also an option for the Project and would provide the highest coal combustion efficiency and lowest emission rate of the three alternative boiler technologies. Japan. more expensive than subcritical plant. Ultra-supercritical plants are about 2% to 3% more efficient than supercritical plants. The system discharges a portion of its water to maintain cooling water quality and requires make-up water to replenish discharged water and evaporation losses. 74. particulates.0%. and (iv) reliability issues with respect to using Indian coal with a very high ash content. while fuel costs are considerably lower due to the increased efficiency and operating costs. and as yet no such plants operate on low-quality coal similar to those found in India. The cost saving gained from the reduction in coal consumption delivered by the use supercritical technology instead of subcritical plant will be fully passed on to the customer. Supercritical plants have lower emissions than subcritical plants per unit of electricity generated. sulfur dioxide. and rated hot reheat steam temperature of 569ºC. 75. At a critical point. rated reheat steam pressure of 4. becomes economically viable when compared to subcritical technology if Clean Development Mechanism (CDM) under the Kyoto Protocol carbon credits are granted for the reduction in CO2 emissions that will result. the density of water and steam are the same. A 1% increase in efficiency reduces the specific emissions of nitrogen oxides.4 megapascals.56 megapascals and 374.15°C is said to be in a critical state. Supercritical plants operate at steam pressure of more than 22. operate at steam pressure of less than 19 megapascals. This technology. Supercritical technology is becoming standard practice in the power industry in developed economies for large coal-fired power plants due to a higher efficiency than subcritical technology.2 megapascals. or once-through.1 megapascals and use once-through boilers. Two cooling system alternatives were considered: (i) a closed or recirculation system and (ii) an open. The installation of ultra-supercritical plants has not been widespread in developing countries. More than 400 supercritical plants are operating in the United States.

requiring 2. The Project will generate wastewater from cooling water. water treatment plant backwash. The canal will be used alternatively for irrigation and project supply on a 16-day cycle. supplied from the Western Yamuna canal network. and (iii) selective treatment of wastewater with major treatment processes to recover a large volume of treated wastewater for reuse in plant processes and for on-site irrigation. or (ii) a perennial surface water source. or reservoirs are required to install cooling towers irrespective of location and type of plant. To reduce the volume of wastewater and to ensure that it is of acceptable quality for irrigation. ultra-filtration. The large scale water supply required for project operation (120. boiler blowdown. on-site water storage facility with sufficient capacity to supply the plant for 20 days.400 m3/day of cooling tower blowdown when operated at five COCs. As a result. The JLN feeder canal is the only perennial surface water source in the area. and (iv) the intake pump is much smaller since it only has to handle about 5. 80. Off-site discharge is not desirable because there are no established drains or welldefined watercourses. The closed system was selected because it has a lower lifecycle cost. which is less than 7% of the volume required for the once-through system (2. G. The only option available is to reduce. The wastewater treatment options are: (i) limited treatment to meet state and national quality standards and discharge wastewater from the site into a watercourse or drain.000 m3/day. (ii) five COCs will be attained. which will require considerably less water than a once-through system. is more reliable. and will meet all regulatory requirements. requiring about 81. However. . The Government of Haryana has allocated an adequate volume of water to the Project on a 16-day cycle from this source. and regenerated wastewater. 77. This will recondition a major portion of the wastewater and allow it to be reused in plant processes.840 m3/day of make-up water out of a total plant water requirement of 120.000 m3/hour. new thermal power plants using water from rivers. which will reduce raw water requirements. Alternative Water Resources 81. lakes. and RO. (iii) cooling tower blowdown effluent will be recycled and/or reused on site after treatment. The once-through system discharges the entire volume of warm cooling water into a receiving body of water. and runoff from coal stockpiles and oil catch pits. Alternative Wastewater Treatment Systems 78.18 closed system will discharge about 16. (ii) limited treatment to meet state and national quality standards and use treated wastewater for on-site irrigation. which will allow for all treated wastewater to be used on-site. JPL is funding improvements to the existing canal to increase capacity. It will also reduce the residual volume used for irrigation to 30%. Water supplies to existing users will not be altered by the allocation of water to the Project. The closed system is also preferred because (i) in accordance with the Central Pollution Control Board’s guidelines. 79. treatment will include clarification. The Project will construct a large. reuse. the large volume of treated wastewater that has to be discharged would cause inundation in the local area.4 million m3/day of make-up water. The large volume of blowdown wastewater that will be produced by the Project is far greater than site irrigation requirements. and recycle wastewater within the project site.000 m3/day) could come from either of two sources: (i) groundwater.4 million m3/day). F. the volume of water that could be supplied by local groundwater would be inadequate to meet project operational requirements.

Most plant equipment and construction materials will be transported to the Project along this road. Projectrelated traffic will substantially increase the volume of road traffic. traffic. and vehicles. Construction environmental impacts will be minimized by implementing good management practices. and (iii) maintenance of engines and use of vehicles with Pollution Under Control Certificates 10. and impact-based equipment 81–105 (dB[A]). and not permitting high noise activities and the movement of vehicles at night. but the total volume will not be excessive. the proper location of material stockpiles away from habitation. Typical noise levels produced by different sources during construction are earthmoving equipment (70– 100 dB[A]). wetting or covering stockpiles. ANTICIPATED ENVIRONMENTAL IMPACTS AND MITIGATION MEASURES Physical Environment 1. These communities will experience raised noise levels during pipeline laying and rail line construction. Oil and Chemical Spills. heavy construction equipment. 85. but this disturbance will be restricted to the short term and to daylight hours. noise. The majority of these impacts are short-term and restricted to the construction site. construction equipment powered by electricity. . Some villages are located within 500 m of the water supply pipeline and railway line corridors. Air Pollution. (ii) use of low-emission vehicles and. The contamination of soil and groundwater from accidental spills of oil. Potential sources of air pollution during project construction are (i) dust emissions from soil disturbance and vehicle movement on unpaved roads. The Project will treat plant effluent and collect rainwater during the monsoon season as a secondary water source. 1989 and amendments. with the number of loads estimated to peak at 500 per day during the 3. Noise levels will be reduced by installing acoustic enclosures and noise barriers. Traffic. runoff water quality decline. The construction’s impact on air quality will be minimized through (i) dust suppression by regularly spraying water on roads and work sites. This water will be used to establish and maintain the greenbelt and other vegetation at the project site. material handling (75–98 dB[A]). Construction workers will be required to wear ear muffs in areas exposed to excessive noise levels. and covering loaded trucks during the transportation of material. 84. Construction activities will generate noise from vehicle movement and the operation of heavy equipment and machinery for site preparation and facility erection. Contractors will be required to strictly implement these measures. These impacts include air pollution.19 82. Local villages are unlikely to be disturbed by plant construction noise as they are located at least 1 km from the plant site. V. and waste generation. Project construction has the potential to create a range of environmental impacts common to major construction sites. A.5 year construction period. and hazardous chemicals will be prevented by storing these materials in sealed 10 Pollution Under Control Certificates are normally issued to vehicles that satisfy the emission norms set out in the Central Motor Vehicles Rules. and (ii) exhaust emissions from diesel generators. The main access route to the project site is a sealed two-lane district road. Traffic volume on this road is currently low (about 300 vehicle movements per day). During Construction 83. fuels. Noise. 87. wherever feasible. 86.

including the installation of temporary banks or drains to control overland runoff and the early installation of drains for rainwater. kitchens. Excavated Spoil. Runoff.000–4. Water reticulation. proposed water supply. Pipeline construction will involve the removal of vegetation (mainly grasses and crops). Earthmoving and other ground disturbance activities will raise the risk of erosion at the project site. or rail easements. Local temples exist in most villages in the vicinity of the Project. Erosion control measures will be implemented during construction. Unskilled and semiskilled workers will primarily be sourced from the local area. saving and reusing topsoil. 92. 93. and disposed of in an appropriate manner. Most excavation. 91. and backfilling. stored. . while other workers will come from outside areas depending upon the skills required and those available locally.000 workers. Solid waste generated by the camp will be segregated into biodegradable and non-biodegradable materials. Soil at the project site is sandy and silty. requires a 20 m wide easement from the pumphouse to the plant. 89.20 areas with a holding capacity of at least 150% of the capacity of all liquids being stored. Construction Waste. and hazardous materials. trenching. and by preventing the off-site movement of coarse material. Other biodegradable wastes will be collected and disposed of in on-site pits for subsequent use as manure. a historically-significant site that is a tourist destination known for an annual cattle fair. including inert materials such as metal and concrete. backfilling. Inert materials that cannot be recycled will be disposed of in a suitable landfill. Sediment will be trapped on-site using sediment fences and traps and basins. Outside workers will reside at the project site. Sanitation and Hygiene. 90. No houses exist along the proposed route. and site grading will be undertaken during the dry season. Other sites. Jahazgarh Fort. minor watercourses. Measures will also be provided for fire suppression and the neutralization and collection of any spilled material. 88. Project construction activities will engage 2. and the rail line. pipe-laying. and canteens. raising the lower areas by up to 4 m. Toilets with septic tanks will be provided in the workforce camp for the disposal of sewage. This material will be used to fill and level the main plant area. All biodegradable kitchen waste will be collected and used for secondary purposes such as animal feed or composting for use as manure. Construction activities will create a minor erosion hazard that will be controlled by minimizing vegetation clearance and site disturbance. Approximately 2 million m3 of material will be excavated to create the plant’s water storage. which will disturb about 24 ha of flat-to-slightly-undulating land. A range of waste materials will be generated from construction activities. These waste materials will be collected. Historic and Religious Sites. Hazardous wastes including used or waste oil will be stored on-site in a designated area for disposal through authorized vendors. Off-site sedimentation will result from soil disturbance unless appropriate measures are implemented. with no material being taken off site. This easement crosses agricultural fields. No major historic or religious sites are located within 20 km of the main plant site. primarily during the monsoon season when the majority of rainfall is received. Cleanliness and hygiene will be maintained in the workforce camp. and erodes easily. Recyclable or reusable materials will be utilized wherever possible. is located about 20 km to the north-northeast of the project site. and progressive site rehabilitation to return the land to its prior agricultural land use. Waste oil will be sold to authorized vendors approved by the Haryana State Pollution Control Board. via the subsurface pipeline from the JLN feeder canal.

7. The two spur rail lines will meet at the plant boundary and then run parallel to the Matanhel–Jhajjar road within the project site.9 million metric tons per annum of coal with 41. Sources: JPL.21 94. NOX.5 tons per day (tpd). MoEF New Delhi Notification G. Washington. The Project’s emission rates will be within the limits prescribed in World Bank guidelines. 11 The Project will minimize the emission of these pollutants by using advanced technology and control measures.2% carbon content would be about 28. Coal combustion produces emissions of the following major pollutants: SO2. PM = particulate matter. 11 The amount of CO2 generated by burning 5. Environmental Standards for Power Plants.5 g/s per unit) Indian Limit2 700 TPD No standard 100 mg/Nm3 World Bank Norm3 2.5 TPD (141. Pollution Prevention and Abatement Handbook. Ministry of Environment and Forests. 97. The EIA assessed environmental impacts and prescribed appropriate mitigation measures to ensure that the Project’s environmental performance meets or exceeds national standards and international guidelines for coal-fired power plants. World Bank.R. Dry-low. The ESPs will limit PM concentrations in flue gases to less than 50 mg/Nm3. unpublished. and ash disposal. Construction of the rail lines on this flat terrain will create ground disturbance. greenhouse gas production. The expected emission rates of the plant are summarized in Table 6 and the prediction calculations are presented in Appendix 6. 96. The FGD unit will also help to reduce SPM emissions. The rail corridors do not cross any settlement areas.000 mg/Nm3 450 TPD 750 mg/Nm3 50 mg/Nm3 mg/Nm3 = milligram per normal cubic meter. TPD = tons per day.9 g/s per unit) 650 mg/Nm3 (461. including particulates smaller than 10 microns that are referred to as respirable particulate matter (RPM). SPM emissions will be reduced to acceptable levels by the installation of ESPs with a minimum efficiency of 99. particulate matter (PM).8 ha of land. 1998. 2. A 20 m wide easement is required for each line outside the main plant site. During Operation 95. NOx-type coal burners will be installed to reduce NOX production. and CO2. Emissions. thermal pollution from the discharge of spent cooling water. SO2 = sulfur dioxide.000 mg/Nm3 and 450 tpd. The main potential environmental impacts of project operation relate to air quality decline. covering a total of 3. while coal with a low sulfur content (not exceeding 0. SO2 will be limited to 200 milligram per normal cubic meter (mg/Nm3) and 24.400 tpd. which are well within the World Bank guideline limits of 2. . but the net impact of the civil works will be negligible. An FGD plant will be installed to reduce SO2 emissions by approximately 90%. NOX = nitrogen oxide. Table 6: Expected Emissions of the Power Plant Parameter SO2 NOX PM Expected Emission1 200 mg/Nm3 24.S. liquid waste effluent quality. which is a major greenhouse gas. DC.91%.35%) will also help minimize these emissions. NOx emissions of 650 mg/ Nm3 will also be less than the limit of 750 mg/Nm3. 1998. One of the lines will cross the local road where a level crossing will be constructed.2 g/s per unit) 50 mg/Nm3 (35.

The predicted incremental increase in ground level concentrations of each major pollutant is within the stipulated maximum amount indicated in the World Bank guidelines. stabilities and terrain features to define the conditions for plume rise for each source and receptor combination for each hour of input of meteorological data sequentially. Table 7: Overall Worst Case Predicted Ground Level Concentrations In the Study Area from the Project (μg/m3) 24 Hour Concentration Baseline 98 percentile monitored concentration (maximum) Predicted maximum incremental GLC Overall GLC during worst case scenario NAAQS limit (rural and residential) SO2 8.35% sulfur at 100% load and 100% conversion of sulfur into SO2 and emissions. NOX = nitrogen oxide. 99.5 2. As a result of these existing conditions. The technology for post-combustion carbon capture is under active development and may be available soon.0 GLC = ground level concentration. NAAQS = National Ambient Air 3 Quality Standards. The ambient air quality predictions for individual pollutants that will be emitted by the plant are given for the worst case scenario in Table 7 and in more detail in Appendix 7. SO2 concentrations will be low due to the installation of an FGD unit.95 kg/KWh net). . Ambient air quality was predicted using the Industrial Source Complex Short Term (ISCST3) model 12. Greenhouse Gas Emissions. 101.22 98. the ambient air SPM levels will be above the prescribed limit during Project operation for at least part of the year.3 200.0 19. The overall impact of the Project on ambient air quality is expected to be low. and calculates short term averages up to 24 hours. while the estimated baseline CO2 emissions from business-as-usual technology is estimated to be 8.0 SPM 384. The supercritical boilers will generate CO2 emissions of 8. Baseline levels of SPM are high during the summer primarily due to the high content of fine sand in the local topsoil and agriculture activities that create soil disturbance prior to the onset of the monsoon. Source: ERM.7 80. μg/m = microgram per cubic meter. has the potential to substantially reduce the carbon emissions of the Project. Carbon Capture Readiness.0 NOX 33. a saving of 0. Ambient Air Quality.90 million tons per annum (at a rate 0. based on carbon dioxide separation and underground storage. An analysis has been carried out to identify the issues that need to be considered by the Project for carbon capture readiness (CCR) in the event that 12 Ambient air ground level concentrations (GLCs) were predicted using the United State Environment Protection Agency Industrial Source Complex Short Term Release 3 (ISCST3) model (version 2000).3 80. Calculated using USEPA ISCST3 air dispersion model (2000).05 million tons per annum (at a rate of 0. an assumption of coal with 0.9 35. Ambient air quality in the Project airshed will remain below the prescribed standards for SO2 and NOx. The model is capable of accepting multi-point emission sources and hourly meteorological data including mixing height. in compliance with the emissions requirements of MoEF. 100.8 69.85 million tons per annum CO2 emissions is estimated.8 387. SO2 = sulfur dioxide. Accordingly. and local meteorological conditions. The Project will discharge gases through a 275 m high stack containing two flues. SPM = suspended particulate matter. Carbon capture from the plant. The prediction was based on the emissions data in Table 6.86 kg/KWh net at 87% PLF).3 11. mg/Nm3 = milligram per normal cubic meter. 2008.

The inlet air and exhaust gas streams will be provided with silencers for noise reduction.4 54. transformers. and providing a sufficient electrical and steam supply to operate the capture system. The maximum background and predicted noise levels are summarized in Table 8. the increase in noise levels are predicted to remain within the prescribed norms at nearby villages. Based on computer modeling.320 MW Thermal Power Plant.5 km south) Jharli (2 km east) Sasrauli (5. and steam venting from safety valves.6 43. hoods. coal conveyor movement. it is concluded that the Project has the necessary features of CCR.3 40.9 54. It is envisaged that ongoing research will identify CO2 storage areas within reach of the Jhajjar site. producing clean and desulfurized flue gas. the coal handling plant. other measures will be implemented as necessary to ensure that noise at the plant boundary does not exceed stipulated limits.1 Night (Leq dB[A]) Baseline Predicted 40. Leq = equivalent continuous noise level.9 52.0 60. The necessary electricity and steam supplies for the carbon capture system can be made available. 102. .5 m from the equipment. The steam turbine generators will be housed in closed buildings to reduce noise transmission to the outside environment. In addition. 103.4–1. blowdown of excess steam. Noise.EIA/EMP Report for 1.8 49. 104. After adding the predicted values to the background values through logarithmic addition.1 40. Significant noise levels can result from the operation of turbines. and screens will be provided at all highnoise generating areas.1 dB(A) at night.9 60. predicted – JPL.4 dB(A) during the day and 40. the maximum cumulative impact of all noise sources at the Project boundary in the direction of each nearby village is predicted to be less than 10 dB(A). Maintenance and operating personnel working in the plant will be provided with adequate personal protection against noise. which may be a precondition for carbon capture. The Project has sufficient space for the installation of carbon capture equipment. The transformers in the switchyard can also generate noise.3 40. Source: baseline . Acoustic enclosures.6 42. which is within the World Bank’s guidelines of a maximum increase of 3 dB(A) over background noise.1 47. laggings. Accordingly.5 km northeast) Railway crossing (2 km northeast) Day (Leq dB[A]) Baseline Predicted 52.9 to 54.4 49.8 43. All measures will be taken to keep noise levels at the plant boundary within stipulated limits.8 46.2 42. Jhajjar. The Project has a major advantage over other Indian coal-fired projects because it will have an FGD unit from the outset. January 2008. Haryana.9 46. These considerations include allocating space in the plant layout to install post-combustion carbon capture equipment.23 reliable technology and suitable storage options become commercially viable.7 dB(A) above background noise. All equipment in the plant is designed and will be operated for noise levels not exceeding 75 dB(A) measured at a distance of 1. night = 2200 to 0600 hours. day = 0600 to 2200 hours.1 to 46.5 dB(A) = decibels (acoustic). Table 8: Maximum Background and Predicted Noise Levels Site 1 2 3 4 5 Sampling Station Near plant site Khanpur Khurd (1.3 46. The monitored average noise levels at rural and residential areas around the project site varied from 46. The noise levels emitted by operating machinery will be 90–100 dB(A). with the nearest village predicted to receive a net increase of 1. The minimum distance between the Project’s major noise sources (power block and cooling towers) and the outer periphery of the Project will be approximately 400 m. compressors.

decanted water from ash dykes.2 m3/s (3. wastewater will be treated to the levels prescribed in Table 9 or better.0 1. 107. and the clean air will be vented back into the atmosphere. Water containing coal dust will be taken to a settling pond for the removal of dust particles. the water supply for existing uses will not be reduced by the Project’s allocation of water.0 20. The trapped air will be subjected to washing with the help of water sprays. demineralization plant. wide-angle. or sent to the coal stockyard for temporary storage. or from fugitive sources such as stockpiles.290 cusecs). boiler blowdown. Coal will be received in open-type railway wagons and unloaded at site using tippers. During coal unloading and onward transfer to the crusher. industry. Coal will be stockpiled in the yard and reclaimed on a regular basis. and service and wash wastewater from different sections of the plant.5 1. Coal dust emissions will either come from point sources such as crushing equipment and transfer points. Effluent Water Quality. The plant will generate wastewater from the pre-treatment plant. Treated effluent will also meet irrigation water quality standards (Table 10).0 . In accordance with World Bank guidelines.0 0. except pH) 0.5 100. Crushed coal will be sent to either the bunker for storage and onward feeding to mill. Coal dust suppression in open areas will consist of a fine spray of water to wet the dust particles. A dust extraction system will be installed at the crusher house on the feeder floors.5 m3/s (300 cusecs) of water required to operate the two thermal power plants is provided without reducing the capacity of the canal to supply existing water users. On-site wastewater will be treated to achieve maximum reuse and recycling. Table 9: Thermal Power Plant Standard for Liquid Effluent Source Parameter Free available chlorine Suspended solids 1 Boiler Blowdown Oil & grease Copper (Total) Iron (Total) 2 Cooling Tower Blowdown Free available chlorine Zinc Concentration not Exceeding (mg/l.0 1. full cone-type nozzles. Dust emissions from the coal stockpiles and from coal reclamation to the bunkers will also be controlled by spraying water. Drainage from coal yards will flow into a settling pond for the removal of coal particles. Accordingly.7 m3/s (2. Leftover wastewater will be used to irrigate on-site vegetation throughout the year except during the monsoon. and domestic use. 106. The coal will then transported by conveyor to the crusher house. The coal dust extraction system is designed to suck dust-laden air from confined areas such as screening and belt feeders and at transfer points. 109. which will ensure that the 8.990 cusecs) to greater than 93. Canal upgrading will increase the existing capacity of the JLN feeder canal from 84. The dust suppression system consists of swiveling-type. cooling tower blowdown. Water Use. 108.24 105. Coal Dust. wastewater from ultra filtration and RO unit. The water allocated to the Project for plant operation is in addition to the water currently allocated and used for other purposes such as irrigation. causing the particles to agglomerate and settle. dust will be suppressed by spraying water.

Ash will be utilized off-site for secondary uses as per the ash utilization plan as detailed in Appendix 12. 1986 and amendment 1993.0–8. Table 10: Applicable Standards for Use of Water or Liquid Effluent for Irrigation General Standard for Discharge of Environmental Pollutants for Irrigation** 5.2 90% survival of fish after 96 hours in 100% effluent S.25 1. Sulphates (as SO4) Boron Chlorides Total Dissolved Solids Suspended solids Oil and Grease Biochemical Oxygen Demand (3 days at 27ºC) Arsenic Cyanide Bioassay test Note: mg/l = milligram per litre.0 2.0 Limit to be established on case– by-case basis by the Central Board in union territories and State Boards in states 6. .2 5. The Project will generate ash at a rate of about 291 tph from coal combustion. pH Parameter Unit -– µs/cm mg/l mg/l mg/l mg/l mg/l mg/l mg/l mg/l mg/l – Bureau of Indian Standard* 6. pH = potential hydrogen. Source: Environmental (Protection) Act Notification (SO no.N.5–9. Ash Disposal.0 3 Ash pond effluent Suspended solids Oil and grease Note: mg/l = milligram per litre. Source: *Bureau of Indian Standards code IS: 11624:1986. using a closed circuit pneumatic mechanism. Fly ash will be collected in dry form.5–8.25 Source Parameter Chromium (Total) Phosphate Other corrosion inhibiting material pH Concentration not Exceeding (mg/l.0 20.100 – – – – – – 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 Conductivity at 25ºC.2 0. µS/cm = microseimens per centimeter.0 – – – – – 200 10 100 0. based on coal with an average ash content of 34%. and directly loaded into enclosed trucks through ash silos.5 100. Ash will be handled in dry form. 111. 110. except pH) 0. Fly ash generated from the plant will be commercially utilized to the maximum extent possible in industries such as cement and ash brick manufacture.000 2 500 2. **Environment (Protection) Rules. 844 E) dated 19 November 1996. pH = potential hydrogen.

The water supply pipeline intake point from the JLN feeder canal will be provided with sufficient screening to filter out larger aquatic organisms (e. During Construction 116. C. Private land is being acquired for the Project under the Land Acquisition Act. and loss of aquatic fauna at the water intake point and in the treated effluent receiving body. which requires usage prior to the ninth year of project operation. The Project will establish a greenbelt around the plant and at several locations within the plant’s premises and the water reservoir. The project site has limited agricultural capability and is low yielding. Construction contractors will be instructed to avoid tree cutting wherever possible. The agreed rates were higher than the prevailing market prices at the time of negotiation in 2007. sparse shrubby vegetation. Contractors will also be required to supply fuel to the work camp to avoid any impact on local resources. During Construction 113. The potential impacts on the ecology of the nearby area from thermal power plant operation include the deposit of fly ash on vegetation. 112. Land compensation consists of a cash payment plus a . and grasses. preventing this material from being drawn into the pumps. The area is dry to semi-arid. Loss of Land and Livelihood. pavement laying. and toads) and foreign matter. with ground cover consisting of a few scattered trees. Full fly ash usage will be achieved at a rate faster than prescribed in the provisions for the notification on fly ash utilization issued by MoEF in September 1999 (and the subsequent amendment to the notification). Unutilized fly ash will be transferred from the silo in wet form and stored in the ash pond until suitable users are identified. Clearing the site will result in the loss of habitat for some small animals. Additional options for ash use will also be considered. A detailed ash leaching study will be undertaken to determine a suitable lining.26 road construction. 2. The impacts of the Project on the biological environment will be limited by the implementation of mitigation measures. and fly ash aggregates production. The influx of labor may increase the demand for fuel wood. The implementation of noise control measures will minimize disturbances to fauna and avifauna in the area.g. The ash dyke will have a capacity of at least 4 million m3. Fly ash will also be used for the construction of the ash pond dyke and the reclamation of low-lying areas. Small mammals and avifauna will experience the most impact. Bottom ash will also be collected in wet form and stored in the ash dyke until suitable users are identified. covering a total combined area of 137 ha (approximately 30% of the entire project site). Land compensation rates have been agreed to by the Government of Haryana and affected households. B. 115. fish.. The sub-strata soil has permeability in the order of 10-5 m/sec. frogs. During Operation 114. The greenbelt will provide a habitat for some species. Biological Environment 1. The Project will line the pond in order to prevent leakage. which will prevent ash from settling and damaging vegetation in the vicinity of the plant. which in turn will put pressure on local natural resources. The Project will not discharge any treated effluent off site and there will be no thermal impact on nearby bodies of water. Socio-cultural Environment 1. The installation of ESPs will substantially reduce the SPM levels of flue gases. 1894. disturbance to wildlife by noise. This loss of habitat cannot be avoided but it will have a limited impact on the fauna and flora of the area.

A total of 98 assets were recorded on the plant site by the District Revenue Office.000 50 Total 2.050 325 Source: JPL and EIA/EMP Report for 1. water supply pipelines. workers will be recruited from adjacent villages to the greatest extent possible. During Operation 120. MECON. and Jharli have agricultural land at scattered locations on both sides of the main road. primarily for sourcing fodder. and (ii) decrease in economic participation and loss of opportunities for women who work this land.27 deposit that will yield an annuity for 33 years. Community access to grazing land will be lost with the establishment of the Project. However. of which Khanpur Khurd had 53. 2. the Project will have an impact on livelihoods since agricultural activities will be affected by land acquisition and restricted access to public grazing land. The Project’s construction workforce will comprise 2. During project operation. The 33-year annuity will help to offset this impact. while those landowners with a private irrigation water supply cultivate a second crop of wheat and mustard. Khanpur Kalan. including tube wells. Villages like Khanpur Khurd.000 persons over 40 months (Table 11). The project site is uninhabited and there will be no displacement of households. Social and Cultural Conflicts. and cholera. Agriculture and ancillary activities form the mainstay of livelihoods in the immediate vicinity of the Project area. tuberculosis. pucca/kutcha sheds. Khanpur Kalan had 35. Increased traffic in the project area during construction will be controlled on and off the site to minimize safety hazards. Each asset has been valued and the owners are being provided compensation at above market prices. Jhajjar. A range of private assets are located on this land. where they will 13 human immunodeficiency virus. The influx of workers from outside the area has the potential to create conflict with local people and increase the risk of communicable diseases such as HIV 13 . JPL will work closely with communities to develop alternative livelihoods for those requiring new economic activities. Jharli had 5. 119. . In addition. Haryana. and submersible pumps. open wells. Employees and their families will reside in the plant residential site.000-4.000–4. about 275 people will be employed. 118.050–4. the productivity and incomegenerating capacity of this land is low. trees. and Wazidpur had 5. To minimize conflicts between construction workers and local villagers. The deposit is designed to provide long-term livelihood support for each affected household. 2007. Associated impacts from this loss of land and production include: (i) loss of opportunities for agricultural laborers. The completion of construction activities will see a reduction in job opportunities in the project area that could create local resentment.320 (2 X 660) MW Thermal Power Plant Project. Single crops of bajra and gowar are reported to be the main crops grown on the affected land. Table 11: Number of People to be Employed Period Construction Operation Company Employees 50 275 Contractor Employees 2. Workers and professional personnel from outside the area will stay in temporary accommodations on the project site. 117. Although agriculture is practiced on the plant site. and the necessary social infrastructure will be provided for the workforce.

PM emissions with a limit of 100 mg/Nm3 and NOx limit of 650 mg/Nm3. These changes will vary in intensity at different locations.4 g/s) Indian Limit* World Bank Norm 2.S.2 g/s) 50 mg/Nm3 (35. *Ministry of Environment and Forests. with less impact in the surrounding areas of Bahu-Jolhri and regional centers such as Jhajjar and Dadri. Government of Delhi.85 TPD (728. The flue gas emissions of both projects are summarized in Table 12. 7. Environmental Standards for Power Plants. The greatest impact is likely to occur in the immediate project area at Khanpur Khurd and Jharli. people will be encouraged to take up skills development and technical training. TPD = tons per day. Cumulative Impact 122. Project operation will spur the local economy by providing indirect business opportunities in the area. With an increase in employment opportunities.500 MW coal-fired ATPP that is currently under construction on the eastern side of the Project. MOEF New Delhi Notification G. Table 13 summarizes the predicted worst case ambient air quality resulting from the combined projects.315 mg/Nm3 188. Table 12: Predicted Emissions from the Project and ATPP Parameter Project Emissions per Unit* (660 MW x 2 units) 200 mg/Nm3 24. Induced Development 121.5 TPD (141.6 g/s) 650 mg/Nm3 (460. . The plant will consist of three 500 MW units.5 g/s) ATPP Emissions per Unit** (500 MW x 3 units) 1. SO2 emissions are without FGD in place. D.1 g/s) 50 mg/Nm3 (55. with projected ATPP emissions based on the environmental clearance issued by MoEF.000 mg/Nm3 450 TPD 750 mg/Nm3 50 mg/Nm3 SO2 NOX PM 700 TPD Low NOx burner prescribed 100 mg/Nm3 mg/Nm3 = milligram per normal cubic meter. SO2 = sulfur dioxide. Apart from the Project. the only major existing or proposed industrial activity in the Project airshed is the 1.6 g/s) 650 mg/Nm3 (360.R. The combined effect of emissions from the Project and ATPP on air quality was assessed using the ISCST3 air dispersion model. ** The expected emissions for Aravali Thermal Power Plant are based on assumption of 0. The primary environmental impact of the Project and the coal-fired ATPP will be a decline in air quality. Source: Jhajjar Power Limited. a joint venture company between the Government of Haryana. PM = particulate matter. This plant is being developed by Aravali Power Company Private Limited (APCPL). E. The demand for food and services that will be created by the Project during construction and operation is likely to induce development in the local area around the project site. NOX = nitrogen oxide. which is the central Government utility company. 1998.28 contribute to demand for local food and services. while the cumulative predicted air quality at each monitoring location is presented in Appendix 8.5% of Sulfur in Coal. and NTPC Limited. 123. The level of literacy is expected to rise over time as a result.


Table 13: Overall Worst Case Predicted Ground Level Concentrations for the Cumulative Emissions from the Project and the Aravali Thermal Power Plant (μg/m3)
24 Hour Concentration Baseline 98 percentile monitored concentration Predicted maximum combined incremental GLC (JTPP and ATPP) Overall GLCs during worst case scenario NAAQS limit (rural and residential) SO2 8.2 67.4 75.6 80.0 NOX 33.9 45.2 79.1 80.0 SPM 384.5 5.8 390.3 200.0

GLC = ground level concentration, mg/Nm3 = milligram per normal cubic meter, NAAQS = National Ambient Air Quality 3 Standards, NOX = nitrogen oxide, SO2 = sulfur dioxide, SPM = suspended particulate matter, μg/m = microgram per cubic meter.

124. The cumulative impact of the two coal-fired projects on air quality in the local airshed (within a 25 km radius of the project sites) will not be excessive. However, the existing high SPM levels will further increase as a result. High SPM levels occur in the area largely due to windgenerated dust coming from land that has been disturbed by agriculture and other activities, as well as the seasonal burning of crop residues, particularly during hot summers. The Project and ATPP will emit a maximum PM flue gas concentration of 50 mg/Nm3 and 100 mg/Nm3, respectively, producing a cumulative increase in ambient SPM levels of around 5.8 μg/m3. Each project will also emit maximum SO2 and NOx flue gas concentrations below the World Bank’s limits of 2,000 mg/Nm3 and 750 mg/Nm3, respectively, resulting in ambient air quality levels remaining within acceptable limits. 125. The cumulative noise impact from the two plants is predicted to be minor as the main noise-generating equipment at each plant is separated by over 1 km and both plants are installing noise control measures. In addition, the residual impact will be minimal. 126. A cumulative increase in road traffic will occur during the overlapping construction phases of each project (over a 1.5–2 year period) and during plant operation. This impact will be managed by widening the main approach road that leads to both plants to accommodate the combined traffic volume for project operation and by controlling traffic entering and leaving each site. 127. Large volumes of fly ash will be generated by the two projects. Both projects are seeking to utilize as much ash as possible off site. The residual ash will be disposed of in on-site ash dykes. The ash dykes for each project are approximately 2 km apart. Each project has to ensure that its dyke is suitably sealed to prevent ash effluent leaching. No cumulative impact on groundwater is expected. The cumulative impact of airborne fly ash from ash handling is expected to be minimal as dust suppression control measures will be implemented on both projects. 128. The two projects will have a positive impact on local employment and small-scale business growth. Local facilities and infrastructure are expected to improve, including arterial roads and communications. F. Impacts of Associated Facilities

129. Canal Upgrading. The canal upgrading works will involve raising the existing earth bund walls by 30 cm over a distance of about 70 km to increase canal capacity. The earthworks will

30 disturb this man-made landform, but the erosion hazard created will be in the short term only as the bund walls will be progressively stabilized and re-vegetated. 130. Transmission Lines. The transmission lines required to evacuate power from the Project will be connected to the Sonipat and Mahendergarh substations, requiring a 35 m wide corridor along a cumulative right-of-way length of about 120 km. The route selected for each corridor will avoid ecologically-sensitive sites such as forests, national parks, and other protected areas, as well as settlement areas and historic and cultural sites. The routes will also be designed to minimize adverse environmental impacts associated with terrain, land use, and vegetation cover. VI. A. Project Costs ECONOMIC ASSESSMENT

131. Financial Cost. The total Project cost is estimated to be approximately $1.3 billion. Annual operating and maintenance costs are estimated at approximately $30 million at 2008 prices. 132. Environmental Cost. The environmental cost of the Project primarily relates to: (i) 521.1 ha of land use conversion, (ii) 120,000 m3/day freshwater supply, and (iii) the discharge of flue gases into the atmosphere. The environmental cost of the Project’s impact on the land is low as the project site is predominantly used for grazing, with a small amount of opportunity cropping present. The environmental costs associated with water supply and air pollution are difficult to quantify. B. Project Socioeconomic Benefits

133. The principal economic benefit of the Project will be the generation of 10,059 GWh of electricity per annum. Ninety percent of this amount will be used to support economic and livelihood development in Haryana. Other socio-economic benefits of the Project will include (i) employment, (ii) the payment of corporate income taxes to the central Government over the Project’s life, and (iii) indirect taxes during construction. A separate and detailed economic analysis will be undertaken for the Project. VII. A. ENVIRONMENTAL MANAGEMENT PLAN

Objectives and Scope of Environmental Management

134. Environmental management will be an integral part of project implementation during construction and operation. The objectives of environmental management are to minimize the Project’s adverse environmental impacts and provide full and cost-effective compliance with the relevant environmental laws and regulations as stipulated by national and state authorities, and project financiers. A project-specific environmental management plan (EMP) will be prepared prior to the commencement of construction that will be aligned with the JPL corporate environmental management policy. The Project’s EMP will follow the concept of continual development, incorporating systematic monitoring, reporting, and corrective action as an integral part of environmental management. Staff will be adequately trained and the Project will seek accreditation from a recognized international certification body to constantly improve upon the Project’s safety, health, and environmental performance. 135. During the construction and operation phases, contractors will be liable for implementing specific impact mitigation measures as prescribed in the EMP and the construction contracts.

31 Operation contracts will include performance bonds or similar binding conditions. JPL will monitor and audit the environmental performance of contractors as part of its project implementation role. JPL will prescribe effective corrective actions to be implemented by each contractor as required to ensure full compliance with relevant environmental standards. During plant operation, environmental management measures will be implemented by JPL. B. Organization for Project Environmental Management

136. JPL will establish its SHE policy and a SHE Department in line with parent company standards. The SHE Department will promote and supervise site safety and environmental management. JPL will recruit an experienced manager to head the SHE Department and report directly to the Project’s head. The manager will be supported by adequate staff at the managerial level (e.g., safety officer and environment officer). An occupational health center will be established to maintain heath standards and provide medical emergency services. Separate professionals will be appointed to manage social responsibilities. 137. The SHE Department will incorporate a separate environment division that will work closely with the plant Operation and Maintenance Department. It will be headed by a senior qualified technical staff at the managerial level, who possesses practical experience in the environmental management of large power projects. This division will have around 10 staff, consisting of environmental engineers, chemists, horticulturists, safety specialists, and pollution control specialists to ensure that ongoing measures are effectively implemented. JPL will ensure that all staff are adequately trained prior to commissioning the SHE Department and its environment division. C. Mitigation Measures

138. The major environmental impact mitigation measures that will be implemented during project construction and operation are summarized in Appendix 9. D. Monitoring and Evaluation Program

139. The plant will incorporate online monitoring of flue gases, ambient air quality, and wastewater quality, allowing operations staff to recognize an issue and take immediate corrective action. An automatic continuous emissions monitoring system will be installed on the stack as part of the main plant package, to measure emissions of SO2, NOX, and SPM. An automatic continuous ambient air quality monitoring station will be installed within the plant site, while periodic air quality monitoring using a high volume sampler will be conducted at other sites. The installation of additional continuous air monitoring stations in the Project’s airshed will also be undertaken, subject to the availability of local infrastructure that includes a power supply. Key wastewater quality parameters will be continuously monitored. Pollution control monitoring equipment will be calibrated as per the manufacturer’s recommendation. Any faulty instruments will be repaired on a priority basis and manual sampling and analysis will be conducted until the equipment is repaired and reinstated. 140. Periodic monitoring by manual sampling will be undertaken as per the conditions of consent to operate, supplementing online monitoring. An environmental laboratory will manually analyze air, water, and wastewater samples from the site. Specialized analysis such as the heavy metal content of wastewater will be conducted by specialist laboratories in Delhi. The Project’s monitoring program is summarized in Appendix 10. The environmental engineer and chemists will advise operations staff on any corrective actions needed to achieve the required levels.

and environmental monitoring and related activities (Table 14). JPL will implement a SHE program during project construction and operation. Safety drills will be periodically carried out. excluding the cost of significant additional power consumption by the ESP and FGD units. a disaster management plan.000 10. Risks associated with project construction and operation will be identified and suitable mitigation measures will be proposed. operating statistics. Occupational Health and Safety Management 143. Safety manuals. Source: CLP PIPL. and all national labor laws and applicable International Labor Organization conventions on workplace conditions will be followed (Appendix 11). Regulations related to occupational health and safety management will be issued and strictly enforced. and indicate how these events were managed. In addition. describe any significant events or incidents that occurred. Horticultural services will . The implementation of other measures contained in the EMP is estimated to cost an additional $0.32 141. F. A comprehensive safety health environmental management plan will be developed to address all major safety. health. greenbelt establishment and maintenance.000 30. A nursery will be established to support the afforestation program. quarterly. This report shall present monitoring data and findings. Table 14: Estimated Annual Cost of Environmental Management Plan Implementation Heads Greenbelt establishment and maintenance Environmental management team staff SHE Department monitoring. and related environmental issues. with some species sourced from existing local nurseries. The total investment in pollution control facilities is estimated at $150 million. and annual reports for plant construction.000 100. and will be able to thrive in the conditions of project operation. 142.000 10. and other handbooks will be prepared for the Project as required. reporting. Estimated Cost ($) 100. The annual cost of operating and maintaining these facilities is estimated at $4 million.000 350.000 40. The greenbelt will cover approximately one-third of the entire project area. and related staff costs. The consent to operate requires the monitoring of environmental activities by an MoEFapproved agency. The assigned agency will undertake monitoring and produce monthly. summarizing EMP implementation during construction and operation. and environment. and statutory compliance Accreditation and continual development External monitoring support Environmental management training and staff development Public awareness campaign Water cess and other statutory environmental charges Total SHE = safety. and emissions data for submission to the Pollution Control Board and MoEF.000 20. the Project will submit an environmental monitoring report to the ADB every six months. Each report shall be posted on the ADB website for public disclosure purposes.000 40.000 E. Afforestation Program 144. The Project will establish a greenbelt around the plant on the project site.35 million per year to be used to fund environmental management staff. Well-established corporate occupational health and safety measures will be applied and strictly implemented. and all personnel will receive training in occupational health and safety practices. health. They will be suitable for the local soil types and climate. A range of tree species native to the area will be planted. 2008.

0 million tons per annum (t/a) of ash. land acquisition. as outlined in the ash utilization plan summary in Appendix 12. Some people expressed apprehension that the Project would lead to increased pollution and crime. The public hearing was announced to the public in a local-vernacular daily newspaper and an English-language daily newspaper in August 2007. and that SPM emissions would also be at acceptable levels due to the use of high efficiency ESPs. The ash dyke will be used as a temporary storage to handle ash utilization supply–demand gaps. Concerns in writing from interested stakeholders were received at this stage.. and construction industries. PUBLIC CONSULTATION AND DISCLOSURE 146. G. and 127 people from villages surrounding the project site. and improvements to local infrastructure. A public hearing for the Project was held on 29 October 2007 in compliance with of the Environmental Impact Assessment Notification (14 September 2006). mitigation measures. girls school. hospital. and monitoring programs. the Haryana State Pollution Control Board. HPGCL officials commented that there would be zero discharge of wastewater from the site and that sewerage would be fully treated. with the major benefits being increased power supply and employment.4 million t/a) and fly ash (1. an ash dyke will be constructed on 109 ha of land. officials representing HPGCL. covering all main proposed Project works. wastewater treatment and disposal. The combustion of coal will generate about 2. The HPGCL officials indicated that ash would be utilized in off-site industries and construction as much as possible. The meeting discussed the Project. with the remaining ash stored in lined dykes on site. VIII. Ash Utilization Plan 145. its potential environmental and social impacts. JPL will approach these prospective ash users and seek arrangements to supply ash. ash disposal. Their perceptions of the Project were obtained and the overall view expressed was that the Project would have a positive impact on the local area.6 million t/a). and sports stadium). the plant will be designed to collect fly ash in dry form and bottom ash to facilitate the handing over of the ash to prospective entities at the point of ash generation. The additional deputy commissioner of Jhajjar responded that the issues of project jobs and the construction of various facilities would be forwarded to the Government of Haryana for consideration. A summary of this consultation is provided in Appendix 13.33 be deployed in MoEF’s Environmental Management Department to implement the afforestation program. creating adequate storage capacity for about 12 months of ash production. and District Revenue Office. Informal public consultations were initially held during the preparation of the EIA when the Project was introduced to local residents who would potentially be affected by the Project. . 147. HPGCL officials also noted that SO2 and NOx emission levels would be lower than the applicable MoEF and CPCB limits. and decreased groundwater. Prior to the public hearing. The public hearing was chaired by the additional deputy commissioner of Jhajjar and attended by the sub-divisional magistrate of Jhajjar. the EIA was made available locally. In addition.g. As previously described. building materials. the provision of project jobs. 148. A number of regional cement manufacturers are planning to install ready mix concrete production capacities to supply Delhi. and the construction of local facilities (e. at least in the initial stage of project operation while demand is still developing. The management of ash will focus on the utilization of ash in cement. consisting of bottom ash (0. The main issues raised by meeting participants were the effects of gas emissions.

IX. Public consultations have been undertaken in line with state and central government requirements. The impact on the livelihoods of households selling land is expected to be minimal due to the low production value of the land and the Project’s mitigation measures. This consultation process is continuing and aims to cover most project affected people. The Project is adopting best technology and design practices to minimize the Project’s impact on air quality.34 149. and zero off-site discharge. Further consultation and focus group discussions were conducted. These measures will limit the Project’s water use to 120. The Project will comply fully with all relevant national laws and regulations regarding the environment. . commencing in early September 2008 as part of an additional social assessment. JPL will establish an environmental management system for the Project based on a project-specific EMP. In addition. and safety. and FGD units. This will be overseen. The Project’s water use will be minimized through utilization of a closed cooling system that will operate at five COCs. monitored. 154. health.320 MW coal-fired plant will generate 10. and wastewater treatment that will be based on maximum reuse and recycling. during construction and operation by planning and implementing community development programs. 1. Flue gas emissions will meet national standards and World Bank emission guidelines for new thermal power plants. JPL indicated that it is committed to maximizing Project benefits to local people. Coalfired thermal power is the most cost-effective form of baseload power generation available for this locality. The project site is located on low-yield agriculture land and the conversion of 522 ha to house project facilities will not substantially reduce local agricultural production. The provision of this amount of water to the project site will not affect existing local water users. which will make a significant contribution to reducing the electricity supply– demand gap and promoting economic development in the state of Haryana. particularly directly affected people.000 m3/day.nor culturally-sensitive. with further profiling of the socio-economic characteristics of these communities also conducted. with the net impact on ambient air quality predicted to be low in the Project’s airshed. livelihood improvement programs will be developed and implemented as necessary. which will provide greater efficiency than conventional subcritical coal-fired power plants and require lower coal consumption. CONCLUSIONS 150. The final report on this consultation will be published in March 2009. high efficiency ESPs. The Project will not have any major ecological impacts as it will be constructed on land that is neither ecologically. The adverse impact on the livelihoods of affected households is being mitigated by the payment of higher-than-market-value rates for the land. 151. 152. Private land is being acquired for the Project by the Government of Haryana based on the Land Acquisition Act and the Haryana Rehabilitation and Resettlement Policy. The main issues raised by affected people have been land acquisition and Project employment opportunities. as well as the establishment of a 33year deposit for part of the payment to provide landowners with an annuity. The large scale. This involves the use of low NOx burners. The JTPP is a development initiative launched in accordance with the Government of Haryana’s energy policy. 155. This consultation started with discussions in the four Project-affected villages about the concerns and expectations of the people. and audited by JPL and implemented by each contractor. The plant will use supercritical steam technology. 153.059 GWh of electricity per annum. The Project will not displace any households.

000m3 during entire construction phase and 20.1: Main Design and Operational Data of the Power Plant ITEM Annual average operational time Annual average plant load factor Average thermal efficiency (gross).000 m3/day JLN feeder canal with on-site treatment system 81. LHV Net heat rate Power generation capacity Annual net power generation Plant design concept Technology Number of boilers and steam turbines Number of stacks Gross heat rate. Note: About 30% of the land will be developed as green area. kcal = kilocalorie. average calorific value 3.840 m3/day for closed circuit type 4.336 GWh Supercritical.800 kcal/kg. .9 million tons per year at 87% PLF Light diesel oil: 25. ha = hectare.066 kcal/kWh 660 MW/unit 9. Sources: Jhajjar Power India Limited.bottom ash Power transmission . 2008. LHV = Lower 3 Heating Value.100 hours per annum per unit 87% (of installed capacity) 41.Appendix 1 35 MAIN DESIGN AND OPERATIONAL DATA OF THE POWER PLANT Table A1. kWh = kilowatt hour.000 m3/annum during operation phase 120.066 kcal/kWh Pulverized coal.600 m3/day 133.730 metric tons per month 33. LHV Types of fuels Main fuel Start up and stabilization fuel Water system Water intake Source Cooling system DM water and filter Domestic water (plant & colony) Service water Ash volume .800 m3/day 9. kg = kilogram. Ranchi. kV = kilovolt. pulverized coal-fired power plant Two units 1 stack of 275 m height 2. with fuel oil for start-up Indian sub-bituminous coal. MW = megawatt.number of transmission lines DATA 8.320 MW Coal Based Power Project by MECON. 5.62% 2. Environmental Impact Assessment Study Report for 1.fly ash . m = meter.800 m3/day 1.440 metric tons per month Four outgoing feeders each of 400 kV (to be developed by HVPNL) GWh = gigawatt hour. m = cubic meter.

Average Maximum 98 Percentile Minimum Average SPM 203.1: Ambient Air Quality Analytical and Measurement Methods Pollutant SPM RPM SO2 NOx Method High volume air sampler (HVAS). The environmental impact assessment (EIA) is based on the ambient air quality data collected for during the summer of 2007. daily average. Samples were collected over a 24-hour period twice a week for 12 weeks from April to June 2007 to monitor suspended particulate matter (SPM).0 112. NO2 = nitrogen dioxide. Gravimetry HVAS with cyclone separator. Table A2.0 km to S) Jharli (A3. Jhajjar.0 100.2. The methods of analysis and measurement used for ambient air quality monitoring are summarized in Table A2.9 150.0 212. The analysis and methodology used for monitoring was based on the procedure specified in the National Ambient Air Quality Standards (NAAQS) provided by the Ministry of Environment and Forests (MoEF). Monitoring locations with respect to distances from the project site and the maximum. μg/m3) Village Minimum Khanpur Khurd (A7. METHODOLOGY 1. Source: EIA/EMP Report for 1320 (2x660) MW Thermal Power Plant Project. B.0 148.5 123. 2.0 306. Each sample was collected on a 24-hour continuous sampling basis.8 RPM 88. and oxides of nitrogen (NOX). RPM = respirable particulate matter. The monitored ambient air quality at all ambient air quality monitoring stations was compared with the NAAQS for residential and rural areas.6 1.0 18.0 384. respirable particulate matter (RPM). minimum. 4.SUMMER SEASON A.6 5.3 3. SPM = suspended particulate matter.3 NOX 9.2: Ambient Air Quality in the Study Area for Summer Season (April–June) 2007 (ground level concentration.0 32.1.6 58. Gravimetry HVAS with impinger tube Spectrophotometer Improved West and Gaeke method HVAS with impinger tube Spectrophotometer Jacob and Hochheiser method Reference Environment (Protection) Act (EPA) notification 11 April 1994 EPA notification 11 April 1994 EPA notification 11 April 1994 EPA notification 11 April 1994 HVAS = high volume air sampler.2 33. sulfur dioxide (SO2). Haryana.3 km to E).7 5.36 Appendix 2 METHODOLOGY AND DATA FOR AMBIENT AIR QUALITY .2 385. RESULTS FOR SUMMER SEASON 4. SO2 = sulfur dioxide. 2.1 SO2 1.5 13. Table A2.4 .0 2. and 98 percentile monitored values at each location are shown in Table A2.0 23. 3.

0 260.2 182.9 22.8 285.0 150.5 342. Haryana and HPGCL provided baseline data as collected by MECON Limited for summer season 2007.0 320.4 38.5 1.8 9.4 4.4 6.2 188. 6.0 296.6 105.6 225.0 144.8 176. W = west.0 377.5 km to E) Average Maximum 98 Percentile Minimum Sasrauli (A2.1 323.5 32.0 33.6 153.4 333.6 123.0 21.0 62.0 117. SO2 = sulfur dioxide.0 242.9 6.0 89.0 16.0 123.0 15.7 82.1 3.8 1.0 294.0 33.1 176.2 km to N) Average Maximum 98 Percentile Minimum Jhanswa (A4.0 6.0 99. 5.4 1.0 122.7 km to SE) Average Maximum 98 Percentile Minimum Dhalanwas (A10.0 SO2 4. 5.0 23.9 1.2 2.0 13.0 11.8 373.0 20.0 263.8 5.0 24.9 4.0 112.0 332.8 8.6 4. E = east.3 85.0 129.8 4.7 7.0 16.1 65.0 12.6 4.0 274.4 129.0 146.0 118.6 6.0 km to S) Average Maximum 98 Percentile Minimum Goria (A9.5 km to W) Average Maximum 98 Percentile Minimum Mohanbari (A5.0 33.0 101.5 113.6 4. 7.1 1.2 1.0 114.8 88.6 24.0 RPM 131.0 129.3 21.2 1.0 149. 5.0 225.0 18.0 309.0 148.0 12.6 13.7 5.0 km to NE) Average Maximum SPM 309.0 283.0 98 Percentile 322.5 3.7 65.1 NOX 34.7 1. 6.4 149. km = kilometer.6 323.0 3.0 330.6 340.0 23. 5.9 A1 to A10 = ambient air quality sampling location codes.9 6.1 34.7 25.2 km to SE) Average Maximum 98 Percentile Minimum Bahu (A6. S = south.6 4.8 230.0 338.0 2.0 137.0 29.2 4.0 375.2 18.2 88. 10.0 352. SPM = suspended particulate matter.8 112.0 301. .0 km to NE) Average Maximum 98 Percentile Minimum Nuagaon (A1. RPM = respirable particulate matter (PM10).7 4.Appendix 2 37 Village Maximum 98 Percentile Minimum Khorra (A8. N = north.6 4.3 5.0 145.0 2.2 97.3 8. μg/m = microgram per cubic meter.4 5. Source: EIA/EMP Report for 1320 (2X660) MW Thermal Power Plant Project.0 147. Jhajjar.0 2.6 2. NOX = 3 oxides of nitrogen.5 169.0 9.

RPM = respirable particulate matter.1 (mg/m3) 24 hours2 0. SPM = suspended 3 particulate matter. dated 11 April 1994 and EPA Notification: GSR 176 (E). Air (Prevention & Control of Pollution) Act.O. 1998. 2% of the time it may exceed. 24-hourl continuous sampling at uniform intervals. dated 22 December 1998 under Rayon Industry. 7. .75 Ammonia1 Annual average1 0. 955 (E). However. January 2006. No. Whenever and wherever two consecutive values exceed the limit specified above for the respective category. Source: Pollution Control Acts.1 3 m /minute). EPM= Electromagnetic Process Materials. for details please see Sl.0 2. Pollution Prevention and Abatement Handbook.1: National Ambient Air Quality Standards Pollutants Time-weighted Average Annual average1 24 hours 2 SO2 (µg/m3) NO2 3 (µg/m ) SPM 3 (µg/m ) Concentration Residential. Table A3. Rules and Notifications issued thereunder. RPM = respirable particulate matter. 384 (E).4 Non-dispersive infrared CO 8 hours2 5. 2 24 hourly/8 hourly values should be met 98% of the time in a year. CO = carbon monoxide. (average flow rate not less than 1. and property. vegetation. 65 of these documents: S.50 1. but not on 2 consecutive days. 1981 dated 14 October 1998.4 0. Notes: National Ambient Air Quality Standard determines air quality with an adequate margin of safety to protect public health.luminescence High volume sampling. 02 April 1996.0 AAS = atomic absorption spectrophotometer. μg/m = microgram per cubic meter. μg/m = microgram per cubic meter. Air (Prevention & Control of Pollution) Act.0 2. it would be considered adequate reason to institute regular and/or continuous monitoring and further investigation. The standards for H2S have been notified separately vide GSR No. Source: World Bank. Respirable particulate matter sampler AAS method after sampling using EPM 2000 or equivalent filter paper Annual average1 24 hours Annual average1 24 hours2 1 2 RPM Annual average (less than 10 24 hours2 microns) (µg/m3) Pb 3 (µg/m ) 120 150 1. Pollution Control Law Series: PCLS/02/2006 Central Pollution Control Board. SO2 = sulfur dioxide.C.50 Method of Measurement Improved West and Geake method and ultraviolet fluorescence Jacob & Hochheiser modified (Na-arsenite) method Gas phase chemi. 1981. 1 Annual arithmetic mean of minimum 104 measurements in a year taken twice a week.00 0. Included vide Notification SO.4 0. TSP 3 = total suspended particulates.75 30 15 30 70 100 50 75 0. SO2 = sulfur dioxide.0 3 spectroscopy (mg/m ) 1 hour 10.1 0. Washington D.00 Annual average1 24 hours2 1.1 0. Sensitive Industrial Rural. NO2 = nitrogen dioxide.0 1. & Areas Areas Other Areas 80 60 15 120 80 120 360 500 80 60 80 140 200 60 100 0. Pb = lead.2: World Bank Standards for Ambient Air Quality in Thermal Power Plants (µg/m3) Pollutant RPM TSP NO2 SO2 24-Hour Average 150 230 150 150 Annual Average 50 80 100 80 NO2 = nitrogen dioxide.38 Appendix 3 APPLICABLE INDIAN AMBIENT AIR QUALITY STANDARDS AND WORLD BANK GUIDELINES Table A3.0 4.

night time = 2200 to 0600 hours. to 6 a. Pollution Control Law Series: PCLS/02/2006 Central Pollution Control Board. 2. day time = 0600 to 2200 hours.Appendix 4 39 SUMMARY OF NOISE QUALITY OBSERVED AND APPLICABLE INDIAN NOISE STANDARDS AND WORLD BANK GUIDELINES SUMMARY OF NOISE MONITORING RESULTS Table A4.9 60. Jhajjar.2 40.1: Equivalent Noise Levels for Summer 2007 Village Near project site (N5) Khanpur Khurd (N3.1 43. Note: mixed categories of areas may be declared as one of the four above mentioned categories by the competent authority. educational institutes.5 km to S) Jharli (N1.m. Source: Pollution Control Acts. 2 dB(A) Leq denotes the time-weighted average of the level of sound in decibels on scale A which is relatable to human hearing. 3 Night time is from 10 p. 4 A silence zone is defined as an area not less than 100 meters’ radius around hospitals.4 49. Washington D. 5. Haryana.0 Nigh 40. 1 Day time is from 6 a.0 km to E) Sasrauli (N3. Table A4.m.8 46.9 54.m. 2. .6 42. January 2006.2: National Ambient Noise Quality Standards and World Bank Guidelines Receptor Industrial area Commercial area Residential area Silence zone4 Day time1 Limit in dBA (Leq)2 National World Bank 75 70 65 70 55 55 50 Not available Night time3 Limit in dBA (Leq) National World Bank 70 70 55 70 45 45 40 Not available dB(a) = decibel acoustic (A weighted). Source: EIA/EMP Report for 1320 (2X660) MW Thermal Power Plant Project. World Bank.m.3 46.1 Applicable Standards (dB[A]) National Day 55 55 55 55 65 Night 45 45 45 45 55 World Bank Day 70 55 55 55 70 Night 70 45 45 45 70 dB(A) = decibel acoustic (A weighted). Rules and Notifications issued thereunder.0 km to NE) Equivalent Noise Level (dB[A]) Day 52. 1998. Pollution Prevention and Abatement Handbook.5 km to NE) Railway Crossing (N3. 1. to 10 p.C. and courts as declared by the competent authority.

Source: EIA/EMP Report for 1320 MW Thermal Power Plant at Jhajjar.5–8.1–8. mg/l = milligrams per liter. mho = conductivity unit.02 Indian Standard Desirable Permissible Limit Limit 6. January 2008.04–1.0 34.5 No relaxation 500 2.5 CaCO3 = calcium carbonate.000 300 600 200 600 250 1.0 22.0 1.40 Appendix 5 SUMMARY OF GROUNDWATER QUALITY OBSERVED AND APPLICABLE INDIAN STANDARDS Table A5: Summary of Groundwater Quality Monitoring Parameter pH Total dissolved solids.0–509.0–3180.0 0.0–3879. . mg/l Magnesium (as Mg). mg/l Fluoride (as F-). mg/l Calcium (as Ca).000 75 200 30 200 1.0–651. mg/l Summer 2007 Result 7. Haryana. mg/l Alkalinity.0 15. mg/l Chloride (as Cl-). pH = potential of hydrogen. mg/l Total hardness (as CaCO3).2 116–10016 116–3950 75.

35 34 16127 335.800 0.1: Operating Conditions Used in ISCST3 for the Jhajjar Thermal Power Plant Parameter Calorific Value of Coal Sulfur Content Ash Content Coal Firing Rate/Project Coal Firing Rate/Boiler Stack Parameter Stack Height Stack Number Exit Temperature Volumetric Flow/Stack Heat Input Heat Input Heat Input Normal Flue Gas Flow Emissions/Stack SO2 NOX SPM SO2 NOX SPM 141. Table A6.Appendix 6 41 OPERATING CONDITIONS FOR CALCULATION OF EMISSION RATES This appendix summarizes ground level concentration values at the ten monitoring stations for sulfur dioxide.98 275 2 (1 + 1 flues) 80 840. oxides of nitrogen.47 Unit kcal/kg % % TPD for 1320 MW TPH for 660 MW m Number o C m3/s kcal/hr GJ/s Nm /s (dry. * 200 mg/Nm3 of SO2 emissions are post Flue Gas Desulfurization Plant. 6% O2)1 ISCST3 = Industrial Source Complex Short Term model. Nm = standard normal cubic meter. TPD = metric tons per day. and particulate matter as a result of the Jhajjar Thermal Power Project. . The major assumptions are (i) a power load factor of 87% and (ii) a sulfur-to-sulfur dioxide ratio of 100%. kg = kilogram. kcal = kilocalorie.48 709. TPH = metric tons per hour. mg = milligram. 6% O2) as per IFC guidelines.9 461.2 for Aravali Thermal Power Plant. 1 Based on unitized normal flue gas flow = 350 Nm3/GJ (dry.1 for the Jhajjar Thermal Power Plant and Table A6. The data used for the Industrial Source Complex Short Term (ISCST3) model are given in Table A6.28E+09 1.2 35.5 3 Value 3. The 24-hour and annual average values are given.5 200* 650 50 g/s g/s g/s mg/Nm3 mg/Nm3 mg/Nm3 1. which is included to determined cumulative impacts on air quality. g = 3 gram.

kcal = kilocalorie. 3 g = gram. 6% O2)1 ISCST3 = Industrial Source Complex Short Term model.37 275 3 (1 + 1 + 1 flues) 1390 554 Unit kcal/kg % % TPD for 1500 MW TPH for 500 MW M Number o C Nm3/s (dry. Nm = standard normal cubic meter.6 360. TPD = metric tons per day. * Based on unitized normal flue gas flow = 350 Nm3/GJ (dry. TPH = metric tons per hour. .42 Appendix 6 Table A6.2: Operating Conditions Used in ISCST3 for the Aravali Thermal Power Plant Parameter Calorific Value of Coal Sulfur Content Ash Content Coal Firing Rate/Project Coal Firing Rate/Boiler Stack Parameters Stack Height Stack Number Exit Temperature Normal Flue Gas Flow Emissions/Stack SO2 NOX SPM SO2 NOX SPM 728.4 1310 650 100 g/s g/s g/s mg/Nm3 mg/Nm3 mg/Nm3 Value 3.1 55.5 34 18890 262. mg = milligram. 6% O2) as per IFC guidelines. kg = kilogram.800 0.

E 5.1 6. SE 5.0 km. E 6. N = north.8 4.8 8. (μg/m3) 32.3 km.2 5.9 13.5 km.9 Village Khanpur Khurd Jharli Khorra Mohanbari Bahu .6 16.1 33.9 Incremental NOx GLC (μg/m3) 5.8 3. HPGCL provided baseline data as collected by MECON Limited. S 24 hourly Baseline 98 Percentile NOx Concen.Appendix 7 43 RESULTS OF PREDICTION OF AMBIENT AIR QUALITY FOR THE PROJECT Based on the plant operating data in Appendix 6. Table A7. W = west.1 4.6 4. S = south.5 8.2: Predicted 24-hour Maximum Ground Level Concentration of Oxides of Nitrogen (Summer 2007) Distance and Direction 2.5 17. W 5.3 44.6 2. NE E = east. GLC = ground level concentration.2 km.1–7.2 9. (μg/m3) 5.0 km.6 11. Table A7.2 3.9 3.6 5. air quality predictions from the Project’s emissions are summarized in Tables A7. SE 5. S 5.0 13.2 km.4 5.9 49. Jhajjar.4 Village Khanpur Khurd Jharli Khorra Mohanbari Bahu Goria Dhalanwas Jhanswa Sasrauli Nuagaon 2.0 km. Source: EIA/EMP Report for 1320 (2X660) MW Thermal Power Plant Project.1: Predicted 24-hour Maximum Ground Level Concentration of Sulfur Dioxide (Summer 2007) Distance and Direction 24 hourly Baseline 98 Percentile SO2 Concen. SO2 = sulfur dioxide. SE = south east. Based on recent air dispersion modeling by Jhajjar Power Limited.4 7.0 4.5 13. N 7.5 km.6 29.2 4.3 7.2 7.5 Total SO2 Predictive GLC (μg/m3) 7.7 km.5 km.7 2.7 4.3.5 33.3 9. NE 10. Haryana. S 4. S 4.0 km. NE = north east.4 6.7 6. W 5.6 11. E 5.0 km.7 33.0 Total NOx Predictive GLC (μg/m3) 37.9 Incremental SO2 GLC (μg/m3) 1.4 15.3 km.0 km.2 km.7 36. SE 6.

7 333.0 21. SE 6.5 km. Jhajjar. S 5.5 km. Jhajjar. SE 6.8 2.6 43. SE 5. N 7.2 km.5 km.6 283. (μg/m3) 20.9 302.4 Khanpur Khurd Jharli Khorra Mohanbari Bahu Goria Dhalanwas Jhanswa Sasrauli Nuagaon E = east.3: Predicted 24-hour Maximum Ground Level Concentration of Suspended Particulate Matter (Summer 2007) Village Distance and direction 2. NE = north east.6 331.6 0.9 Goria Dhalanwas Jhanswa Sasrauli Nuagaon E = east. NE = north east.2 375. SE = south east. SE = south east.3 354. Table A7.3 0.4 24.4 8.6 322.5 375. E 6.3 339. (μg/m3) 384.0 0.2 km. Haryana.0 km.0 km.0 km. E 6.5 352.0 km. Sources: EIA/EMP Report for 1320 (2X660) MW Thermal Power Plant Project. Based on recent air dispersion modeling by Jhajjar Power Limited. NE 24 hourly Baseline 98 Percentile SPM Conc. E 5.9 Village Distance and Direction 5.7 km.8 Incremental SPM GLC (μg/m3) 0. Haryana. Source: EIA/EMP Report for 1320 (2X660) MW Thermal Power Plant Project. HPGCL provided baseline data as collected by MECON Limited.5 0. N = north. NOx and SPM are presented in Table 9 in the main report. .8 322.8 320.0 km.2 30. NE 10.5 301.44 Appendix 7 24 hourly Baseline 98 Percentile NOx Concen. HPGCL provided baseline data as collected by MECON Limited.0 km. N 7.2 332.4 285.6 10. NOx = oxides of nitrogen (monitored as nitrogen dioxide). S = south. NE Incremental NOx GLC (μg/m3) 26.6 Total SPM Predictive GLC (μg/m3) 384.4 1.4 323.6 330.4 34. GLC = ground level concentration. GLC = ground level concentration.0 Total NOx Predictive GLC (μg/m3) 47.2 1.8 1.6 33.0 57. NE 10. N = north.7 km.6 21.3 km.8 1. S 4.8 22.2 km. W 5.1 338. Note: worst case maximum incremental ground level concentrations of SO2. Based on recent air dispersion modeling by Jhajjar Power Limited.8 23. W = west. S = south. SPM = suspended particulate matter. W = west.

5 8.7 6. S 4. the predicted air quality from the cumulative emissions of the Project plus Aravali thermal power project is described in Tables A8.1 44.9 14.3 28.6 4. NE 24 hourly Baseline 98 Percentile SO2 Conc.5 km.9 35.4 47. Table A8. E 6.2: Cumulative Total Predicted 24 hourly Maximum Ground Level Concentration of Oxides of Nitrogen – Project and Aravali Thermal Power Project (April to June 2007) Location Khanpur Khurd Jharli Khorra Mohanbari Distance and Direction 2. N = north.1: Cumulative Total Predicted 24 hourly Maximum Ground Level Concentration of Sulphur Dioxide – Project and Aravali Thermal Power Project (Summer 2007) Location Khanpur Khurd Jharli Khorra Mohanbari Bahu Goria Dhalanwas Jhanswa Sasrauli Nuagaon Distance and direction 2. E 5.4 38. Source: HPGCL provided baseline data as collected by MECON Limited.5 43. (μg/m3) 32.2 km. S = south.3 33. NE = north east.0 km.0 18.3 km. S 4.6 41.0 km. S 5.9 Incremental SO2 GLC (μg/m3) Cumulative 38. SO2 = sulfur dioxide.4 13.4 5. W 5. (μg/m3) 5.5 19.2 31.2 33.5 .0 19.Appendix 8 45 RESULTS OF PREDICTION OF AMBIENT AIR QUALITY FOR THE PROJECT AND THE ARAVALI THERMAL POWER PROJECT Based on plant operating data in Table A6.9 Total SO2 Predictive GLC (μg/m3) 44.8 Total NOx Predictive GLC (μg/m3) 51.0 km.4 28. GLC = ground level concentration.2 km.2 km. based on recent air dispersion modelling by Jhajjar Power Limited.6 32. Table A8.3 km. W = west.5 53.3.8 4.0 km.7 Incremental NOx GLC (μg/m3) Cumulative 19. E 5.1 4.2 5.5 14. SE 24 hourly Baseline 98 Percentile NOx Conc.1-8.2 4.8 NAAQS Limit (Rural and Residential) for SO2 is 80 μg/m3 E = east.7 9.5 33.5 km. N 7. NE 10.7 km. W 5.3 14.2.8 30.0 38.5 km.6 16.6 29. SE 6.9 3.0 35. SE = south east.0 km. SE 5.

4 287.0 km. SE 5. NE 10. SE 6.6 283.2 km.5 km. Source: HPGCL provided baseline data as collected by MECON Limited.6 20. NE = north east.0 341.0 43.4 303.9 1. E 5.2 km. S 4.4 21.8 322.6 330.0 km. (μg/m3) 384.1 NAAQS Limit (Rural and Residential) for NO2 is 80 μg/m E = east.3: Cumulative Total Predicted 24 hourly Maximum Ground Level Concentration of Suspended Particulate Matter – Project and Aravali Thermal Power Project (April to June 2007) Location Khanpur Khurd Jharli Khorra Mohanbari Bahu Goria Dhalanwas Jhanswa Sasrauli Nuagaon Distance and direction 2.8 4.8 320.0 1.5 km.5 301. NE 24 hourly Baseline 98 Percentile SPM Conc. NE 10. SPM = suspended particulate matter.7 km.8 71.0 km. NE = north east.46 Appendix 6 24 hourly Baseline 98 Percentile NOx Conc.9 3 Location Bahu Goria Dhalanwas Jhanswa Sasrauli Nuagaon Distance and Direction 5. W = west.7 km.8 Incremental SPM GLC (μg/m3) Cumulative 2.5 353. S = south. N 7. NOx and SPM for cumulative impacts on air quality are presented in Table 12 in the main report. Based on recent air dispersion modelling by Jhajjar Power Limited. (μg/m3) 33. SE = south east. N = north.4 335.6 21. N 7.6 377. S 5.1 322. E 6.2 km.5 km.0 km.4 43.7 26.3 km. Based on recent air dispersion modelling by Jhajjar Power Limited.4 19.4 2. N = north.2 42.8 23.2 Total NOx Predictive GLC (μg/m3) 60. SE 6.9 3.2 332.0 2. Table A8.3 2.6 47.2 37.6 2. GLC = ground level concentration.0 km. NOx = oxides of nitrogen (monitored as nitrogen dioxide).4 325.5 352. W 5.5 Total SPM Predictive GLC (μg/m3) 387. SO2 = sulfur dioxide.2 375. S 5. SO2 = sulfur dioxide. E 6. Note: worst case maximum incremental ground level concentrations of SO2. NE Incremental NOx GLC (μg/m3) Cumulative 26.0 km.9 20. W = west.2 3.0 km. .0 332.1 338.6 33.8 22. SE = south east.3 E = east. 3 NAAQS Limit (Rural and Residential) for SPM is 200 μg/m Source: HPGCL provided baseline data as collected by MECON Limited. S = south. GLC = ground level concentration.

fugitive dust. associated facilities-. and emissions of vehicles and heavy construction equipment Provision of mitigation measures (e. the traffic load Traffic management and transport scheduling. and mitigation measures will be in place Potential public Minor. as the site was Avoid removal of any trees (if necessary low in agriculture transplant in the greenbelt area) and develop activities and greenbelt to improve ecology of the area. path.. water spraying of dusty areas.1 SUMMARY OF POTENTIAL IMPACTS AND MITIGATION MEASURES A. All mitigations to be prescribed in the construction contract for their implementation by the contractors.and emissions access road. as the issues Same as above construction site will be confined to the construction site B A and C A and B A and B Appendix 9 A and B 47 . local project site is minimal administration will be informed in advance. as the activities of vehicles and heavy construction site will be site specific construction and there are no equipment and fugitive habitations close to emission site Potential Issues Impacts Mitigation Measures Responsible Parties B Vegetation clearance to prepare site for construction Road transport of Traffic congestion on construction materials approach road to the and plant equipment project site Fugitive dust. vehicles will have good engine maintenance and speed control. Public disturbance Minor. Ecological impacts Minor. filling) Construction Phase Significance of Residual Impacts after Control Noise and emissions Air pollution within the Minor. noise. water pipeline Construction of civil works and fabrication and installation of plant equipment Noise. and workers to wear noise and dust protective equipment). and road are not hindered. protection road and rail and construction activities of top soil for reuse in greenbelt. Trucks carrying friable material corridors habitations to be covered with tarpaulin sheets. as the Spraying of water during excavation. spur rail lines. as road Spraying of water in the construction area on along the road corridors are free from unpaved roads. Air pollution along the Minor. vegetation. and emissions Construction of Fugitive dust.g. noise. Pollution at the Minor. cordoning off water pipeline will be away from of the easement area for safety. will be in place ensuring access to the across area. Activities Site preparation (grading. speed control.Table A9. good engine maintenance minimize sound. provision of easement areas inhabited areas and security and project personnel for keeping mitigation measures people away from the corridors for their safety. inconvenience on district road to For movement of heavy loads.

as mitigation measures will be in place A and B Potential conflict with local people Minor. if necessary. as the construction workers camps will be set up within the project site and mitigation measures will be in place A and B Decommissioning of Noise. Removal of plant and machinery as per best safety practices. Setting up of construction camp within the project site. proper drainage.. resolving issues with local people by involving local administration and police. sewage treatment. Facility for shopping for daily needs and some recreational facilities will also be maintained on-site to restrict movement of workers outside and avoid any cultural conflicts. fugitive dust construction activities and emissions from vehicles carrying decommissioned equipment and machinery Security of construction material and equipment Security personnel deployed outside the project site Pollution at construction site Minor. This may include handing over materials to authorized disposal agencies. apart from used oils 48 Mitigation Measures Contractors will be responsible for disposal of construction debris.Activities Potential Issues Accumulation of construction wastes and excavated materials Impacts If disposed of inappropriately. Hygienic conditions will be maintained (e.g. Hygienic conditions at the construction workers camps and cultural issues with local people Significance of Residual Impacts after Control Minor. and. B = to be implemented by contractors under supervision of JPL. and garbage collection and disposal). A = to be implemented by local traffic officials in coordination with contractors and JPL. in a safe and environmentally-acceptable manner. or chemicals. spent oil. daily cleaning. away from villages. as most wastes will be not toxic and hazardous construction debris. not using any influence of armed devices. construction wastes could have significant environmental impacts. Excavated material will be fully used to fill low areas. All wastes will be removed. . as mitigation measures will be in place B JPL = Jhajjar Power Limited. Responsible Parties B Appendix 9 Construction workers camps Setting up of camps for migrant laborers Minor. provision of drinking water. segregated (for their hazardous and nonhazardous characteristics) and disposed off as per the requirement of Haryana State Pollution Control Board. washing and bathing facilities. toilets. if any. All areas under temporary use will be rehabilitated. Security personnel will be briefed on restraining themselves from entering into any argument with local people.

use of public disturbances will be confined to the enclosed conveyor system will be adopted. Coal stockpiles will be mechanically compacted as required to minimize air ingress and the potential for autoignition and loss of volatiles.B. as fugitive dust Water spraying to suppress dust. as amount of The storage yard will be covered and frequently public disturbances fugitive dust will be sprayed with water to suppress dust. Water spraying of coal stockpiles will be optimized to minimize air flow through the stockpile. OPERATION PHASE Activities Potential Issues Fugitive dust and noise Impacts Air pollution and public disturbances Significance of Residual Impacts after Control Minor. Timely reclaiming and replenishing with new stock B B B B Appendix 9 49 . as fugitive dust and noise will be confined to the rail corridor Mitigation Measures Responsible Parties B Rail transport of coal from railway line at Jharli Coal unloading and transport within the power plant Coal storage Fugitive dust Fugitive dust Contaminated leachate and runoff Spontaneous combustion Water will be sprayed to suppress dust during unloading and transfer. small and confined to the power plant site Ground water and sub Minor. fire hazard None Spontaneous combustion of coal stock will be prevented by continuous compaction of coal stock to avoid the air passage. A greenbelt will be established along the rail line route and around the coal stockpile yard to reduce wind speeds. The coal stock height will be limited to 6 meters. as rainfall is Leachate and drainage from the coal storage soil pollution low yard will be collected and drained into the storage pond for reuse in spraying the coal storage yard and treated to remove the particles before reuse for horticulture. Air pollution and Minor. Air pollution and Minor. Emissions. Stockpiled coal will be regularly used and rotated. power plant site Dust extraction system will be provided wherever necessary.

Major moving equipment will have the necessary shield and placed in house to control the noise. ash dykes for temporary storage will be provided. Use of low NOx generating burners to minimize NOx emission to less than 650 mg/Nm3. noise. Exposure of worker to any noise at the local area will be minimized by restricting access and the use of protective equipment and adequate training in safety and occupational health. project will Closed pneumatic system will be provided to have closed system extract and transfer dry fly ash from ESP to ash for dry ash handling silos. Provision of 99. Use low-sulfur coal (0. Minor as the Use supercritical technology to increase mitigations proposed thermal efficiency. and heat in the power plant Impacts Health impacts on workers Air Quality Increase in SPM.89% efficient on air quality. Minor. SO2 and NOx levels in ambient air Air pollution and public disturbance Ash generation Fugitive dust Air pollution and public disturbances ESP with very high efficiency will be provided to capture the fly ash generated in the combustion process. water spraying on top layer of ash in the ash dykes will be conducted. Enclosed trucks will be used for transportation of ash from project site to secondary user industry.35%) and Emission will comply installation of flue gas desulfurization system to national and the (for 90% removal of sulfur dioxide and World Bank standards particulate matter).Activities Coal combustion and power generation Potential Issues Dust. thereby reducing emissions will minimize impacts per unit of output. The flue gas will be exhausted at 275 meters (m) to ensure that the effect of gaseous emissions is minimized. Provision of 275 m high stacks to minimize ground level concentration of SO2 and air pollutants through wider dispersion of remaining air pollutants. Significance of Residual Impacts after Control Minimum health risks to workers 50 Mitigation Measures Responsible Parties B Appendix 9 B B . ESP. JPL will ensure that emissions of particulate matter will be less than 3 3 50 mg/Nm and SO2 of 200 mg/Nm .

as the heat in Collection of cooling water blowdown in a pond tower blowdown ambient water temperature rise is too the cooling water will for treatment. Implementing restricted access. Provision of green belt all along the Project’s boundary for further attenuation of noise. as process Wastewater will be treated for removal of oil wastewater and/or water site wastewater will be and grease and it is likely to be re-used on-site treated on-site and for horticulture. as the water Withdraw water from the JLN feeder canal as from JLN feeder canal from irrigation canal water availability will be provided by the per the allocated time period cycle. Significance of Residual Impacts after Control Pollution of sub soil Minor. Any oil and grease sludge used in horticulture skimmed out from the treatment process will be collected and handed over to recycler as per local law. Responsible Parties B B B B Appendix 9 B 51 . recovery using reverse osmosis water temperature high dissipate quickly. as mitigations and high noise in will be in place ambient air Impacts Mitigation Measures Impervious lining will be provided for ash dykes with leachate collection and treatment system. treatment and recycling in will minimize any discharges and hence the concern of increase in ambient water temperature. project will have impervious lining system for protection of any sub soil pollution Occupational hazards Minor. Abstraction of water Use of water resource Changes in irrigation Minor. Disposal of process Contamination of soil Pollution at the project Minor. and provision of protective equipment such as earmuffs and earplugs for personnel working in high noise generating areas. Government Haryana Provide rainwater harvesting system on-site for based on a 16-day recharging of groundwater by collecting water availability cycle rainwater from rooftop and green areas on-site. or shields to reduce noise. Disposal of cooling Increase in the Significant if the Minor. barriers.Activities Ash storage in ash dykes Potential Issues Potential leachate High noise generating Noise equipment Provision of acoustic enclosures. for the Project and existing user’s water supply will not be altered as irrigation water supply will be maintained on alternate 16-day cycle.

Development and maintenance will help in ecological improvement. B Decommissioning upon the plant attaining its designed life of 45 years Removal of equipment Potential air. . Greenbelt development will include use of effective mix of local species and support of expert horticulture professionals from the local area. water. if necessary. Treated sewage will be disinfected before its use in horticulture. pH correction. and. pH = potential of hydrogen. ecology of the area B Security of plant and machinery Security personnel deployed at entry to the project site Potential conflict with local people Minor. Mitigations measures will be worked our based on prior environmental impact study and discussion with the local administration. as the sewage site will be treated on-site Impacts 52 Mitigation Measures On-site sewage treatment plant to remove pollutants like. green belt will improve air quality. SO2 = sulfur dioxide. solving issues with local people by involving local administration and police. B = to be implemented by contractors under supervision of JPL.Activities Sewage disposal Potential Issues Contamination of soil and/or water Significance of Residual Impacts after Control Pollution at the project Minor. Note: A = to be implemented by local traffic officials in coordination with contractors and JPL. JPL = Jhajjar Power Limited. NOx = oxides of nitrogen. soil and ecological impacts Minor. SO2 and NOx). Mitigations will be as per the best available practices and disposal options for plant and machinery. and machinery noise. as mitigation measures will be in place. C = State Government. Responsible Parties B Appendix 9 Greenbelt development Ecological improvement Positive impact on ambient air and ecology High. not using any influence of armed devices. suspended solids. Security personnel will be briefed on restraining themselves from entering into any argument with local people. attenuation of air pollutants (SPM. SPM = suspended particulate matter. oil and grease and biochemical oxygen demand. as mitigation measures will be in place A. B and C ESP = electrostatic precipitator. reduction of noise (source to receptor pathways) and use of treated cooling water bow down and plant effluent.

occupational exposure. ash dykes. SO2 = sulfur dioxide. stack gas emissions.Appendix 10 53 ENVIRONMENTAL MONITORING AND EVALUATION PROGRAM A. ash collection area. wind direction. Source: Jhajjar Power Limited. . SO2. RPM = respirable particulate matter.1: Air Quality Monitoring Schedule Parameters SPM RPM SO2 NOx SPM. SPM = suspended particulate matter. 1 . Table A10. JPL will also install online ambient air quality monitoring stations at four locations to monitor the impact of emissions on the ambient conditions. and solar radiation Relative humidity and temperature Rainfall Meteorologic al investigation As above As above Continuously on hourly basis As above As above Anemometer with data logger and printer facility Thermo hygrograph Rain gauge Installed on suitably-located sampling ports on each flue on the stack For personnel working in coal handling areas. and turbine house At least at four selected locations along the periphery and nearby villages from the project site On-site at 10 meters (m) above ground at suitably selected location As above As above NOX =oxides of nitrogen. and meteorological conditions as per Table A10. SO2. and boiler house Monitored at the sampling port in the exhaust duct or stack as designed For personnel working in areas like coal unloading. to be agreed to in consultation with the State Pollution Control 1 Board Continuously Once a month In-situ continuous monitors Portable spot detectors Twice a month Stack monitoring kit Portable Noise sampler Noise level meter Noise As above Once a month Noise level Noise Once a week Wind speed. NOx SPM. Manual sampling and analysis of stack emissions and ambient air quality will be undertaken twice a month by an external agency to supplement the online monitoring results. NOx Stack emission Occupational exposure Twice a month for 24 hours at selected monitoring locations High volume respirable dust sampler Purpose Ambient air quality monitoring Frequency Continuous Equipment On-line ambient air quality monitor Monitoring Locations At least four locations. boiler house. Air Monitoring Air and emissions monitoring will include monitoring ambient air quality.1.subject to infrastructure availability. These locations will be agreed to in consultation with the State Pollution Control Board.

aluminum. including organic content and heavy metals. copper. and iron.2. suspended solids. . oil and grease. pH = potential of hydrogen. nickel. are summarized in Table A10. C. Water Quality Monitoring The water quality monitoring program consists of monitoring parameters prior to on-site re-use. suspended solids. pH. The monitoring schedule for treated water generated from various sources. total dissolved solids. manganese. metals like chromium. oil and grease. and the parameters to be analyzed. suspended solids COD. Source: Jhajjar Power Limited. total dissolved solids.2: Water and Wastewater Monitoring Schedule Wastewater Source Boiler blowdown Water effluent treatment plant Ash pond effluent Cooling water blowdown Groundwater Frequency of Analysis Weekly Daily Weekly Parameters of Examination Temperature. BOD. and phosphate For irrigation water quality For drinking water (as per IS:10500) parameters for samples to be collected at selected locations in vicinity of ash dykes Weekly Six monthly BOD = biochemical oxygen demand. zinc. Ecology Annual monitoring of the impact on ecology of the greenbelt and surrounding area will be undertaken.54 Appendix 10 B. D. COD = chemical oxygen demand. iron. Soil sampling and analysis will be carried out on annual basis at selected locations near the ash disposal site and on-site hazardous waste storage areas. Table A10. total dissolved solids pH. Soil Quality Monitoring The soil quality monitoring program will include investigation of soil for monitoring of physical and chemical parameters.

Rigorous checks and corrective action will be undertaken. safety. During construction. 5. A comprehensive SHE management system will be progressively developed. 6. Jhajjar Power Limited (JPL) will develop a site-specific. 2. and meetings to demonstrate to ensure progress in this area. scaffold inspection. release of equipment of safe use. Wherever necessary. 7. and a mitigation plan will be prepared and agreed to prior to the commencement of construction. Also. These will be additional or complementary measures taken to make the work place safe and healthy. tools and tackles inspection. 4. dust protection devices. noise monitoring. 3.Appendix 11 55 OCCUPATIONAL HEALTH AND SAFETY MANAGEMENT 1. work planning. Mandatory Safety clearance certification will be implemented to ensure that installed plant components handed over by the contractor for project operation meet all safety standards required for safe operation. issuing of permits. health. and isolation devices for electrical safety. Technical staff will be trained in specific competencies and shall have defined safety roles. The separate SHE Department will be headed by a qualified and experienced manager who shall report to senior management at site. Safe working conditions shall be established before any maintenance is undertaken. During project operation. As the Project moves towards the operation phase. The permit work system will be enforced at all times for plant-related work to eliminate or minimize all SHE hazards before work commences. safety shoes. All staff and contractors shall be provided with general SHE management training to ensure that a SHE culture develops among the staff. activities. A computer-based maintenance management system will be developed and the activities of reporting defects. as required. and control of hazardous substances. to ensure that erected equipment is safe for long-term operation. Training will be provided in specialist areas of expertise. The personnel protective equipment such as eye and ear protection devices. major activities will be identified. inspection of confined spaces. dealing with radioactivity. boiler suits. the SHE team will work closely with all major contractors. JPL will ensure that the management of SHE issues will have highest level of priority at all times. 9. will be provided and made compulsory for different types of work. 8. including risk assessment. management control procedures and work instructions or equivalent controlled documents shall guide SHE management associated with major activities. a comprehensive risk assessment will be carried out. and procurement of material and services will be integrated so that full management control is exercised and SHE goals are achieved. major contracts will have the provision of health safety management support team to ensure that work at the site is conducted as per the SHE policy of the company. a manual system will complement an automated system to achieve comprehensive management. . 10. The JPL SHE team will interact with the SHE officers of the contractors to ensure compliance. and environment (SHE) policy to complement the CLP group policy. A registry for legal requirements and compliance procedures shall be maintained. aprons and gloves for handling chemicals. Senior management will participate in all major SHE events.

will be dealt with at site through proper procedures and systems. Interactions with international power stations and other companies with good safety management systems will be pursued to assist with continual improvements at the project site. 14. safe drinking water. electrical. traffic management. A system to report near misses and the compulsory reporting of incidents and injuries will be developed. It will be headed by a doctor and supported by a trained nurse and other paramedics. These will be investigated and corrective measures shall be implemented. Table A11. manual handling. The Project will have an Occupation Health Center (OHC) for first aid and emergency treatment in the event of an accident.56 Appendix 11 11. The OHC head will lead occupational health issues as they related to project operation. Arrangements will be made to ensure that contractor staff undergo medical tests to ensure that they are healthy and fit for work. and waste segregation and disposal. 12. Annual medical tests will be carried out to ensure that staff are maintaining good health. 13. 15. and closeout monitoring will be conducted. Audits and reviews will be integral components of the SHE management system. A number of health and safety issues such as ergonomics. All job applicants being considered for project staff positions shall undergo a detailed medical examination before commencing work. house keeping and hygiene. mechanical. . 16. and health safety hazards of the Project and the mitigation measures proposed to counter these hazards.1 describes some potential physical. action plans will be agreed upon. Recommendations will be reviewed at the highest levels.

Regular training of drivers and crew members on road safety. Provision of fire and smoke detectors at potential sources of fire and smoke. working in area of hazardous substances storages and confined spaces). generator area Storage tanks.N. 1 Hazard Type Physical Sub Hazard High temperature and pressure Fire and explosion Location Boiler house. De-energizing and inspection prior to start of any repair and maintenance of the electrical equipment. Minimize escape of dust from process equipment and ventilation systems. including safety belt to prevent fall hazards for work at height.Table A11. Provision of road safety signage on roads and loading and unloading areas.1: Potential Occupational Hazards and Mitigation Measures S. Regular safety training and provision of safety and warning signage near potential location of slip trip hazards. and local administration. Strict follow up of work permit system for all hot and other hazardous works (including electrical. stairways. Periodical training of all the operation and maintenance staffs and associated contractors to achieve safety from the system. toe boards.e. working at height. testing. Working at height subject to prior work permit. Provision of handrails. and ramps. Keeping ignition sources and heated surfaces away from coal handling areas. loading and 57 . Fall hazards due to working at height (i. Minimizing coal storage times and storing coal in compacted piles to avoid air pockets in the coal piles to prevent or minimize likelihood of combustion. testing. and non-slip surfaces in all elevated platforms. slipping and tripping) Entire plant area Appendix 11 Road and rail accidents Receipt and dispatch sections. housekeeping and control program to avoid any dust explosion. walkways. Using spark-proof electrical equipment and wiring to prevent any short circuiting in coal handling and combustible storage areas. Preventing storage of combustible material near electrical equipment and distribution panels. Use of fall protection devices. Develop and implement a dust inspection. boiler house. coal handling area Mitigation Measure Provision of steam pipes with thermal insulation. Provision of dedicated fire-fighting system that is available at all times to fight any fire as per the disaster management plan. Provision of air conditioning system in turbine and other control rooms. which will be available at times for the security and plant personnel. Proper earthling of electrical equipment and storage of high-speed diesel storage area.

or other moving parts. and dust-proof clothing. and outside the plant areas All confined spaces within the plant area Mitigation Measure 58 Appendix 11 Working in confined spaces Mechanical Failure of boilers Failure of safety devices. pulleys. shafting. Any unavoidable work in confined area will be dealt with using special care. Any work in confined space will be subject to strict work permit system and monitoring personnel will be available outside for any needed rescue. oil residues. Regular inspection and periodic safety certification of all cranes and lifting equipment. gears. belt conveyors for coal handling Mechanical workshops and other maintenance areas Entire power plant. remote shut down. Hazard Type Sub Hazard Location unloading areas. masks. including pressure relief valves and interlocks Hazards associated with moving and rotating machinery Hazards due to heavy equipment. and control rooms Electrical . Use of personal protective equipment and ensuring compliance of the Indian Electricity Rules. workshops. such as self-contained air respirators. Ensure suitability and adaptability of electrical equipment with respect to classified hazardous areas and protection against lightening protection and static charges. Provision of shield guards and guard railings along belts. or coal ash dust. Compliance with required rules and regulations for safety systems. specifically the generator area. distribution panel. Prior risk assessment will be carried out and a safe working plan will be prepared before getting on with the work. turbine. Ensure all maintenance and repair jobs with prior work permit system. Ensuring pressure relief valves and interlocking arrangements as per the standard design of equipment. ` Pump rooms. Ensure all electrical circuits designed for automatic. will be provided to maintenance workers and cleaners who enter enclosed areas for cleaning fuel. 2003. Guards will be designed and installed in conformance with appropriate machine safety standards. Follow up of standard operating procedures and regular training on electrical safety. generator and associated areas Ensure adequate engineering measures to eliminate adverse character of any confined space in the plant.N. Regular inspection and periodic safety certification of all safety devices. Provision of protective equipments. Workers responsible for cleaning boilers will be provided with special footwear. including cranes Potential exposure to electricity (receiving and distribution) Boiler house Boiler. Adopting preventive maintenance practices as per testing and inspection schedules. Follow up of standard operating procedures and regular training on electrical safety.S.

No person will be allowed to enter without appropriate ear protection. Periodic monitoring of work environment for suspended particulate matter. Training will include the proper use of all equipment operated. and the use of personal protective equipment. Provision of protective equipment such as protective clothing and goggles.S. and fire protection. workshops. oxides of nitrogen. risk assessment. A separate lunchroom will be provided outside the work area. Installing adequate lateral ventilation in enclosed storage areas to reduce concentration of methane. A medical center with a head nurse and support staff will be established to provide emergency medical care. Provision of wash rooms and sanitary facilities as per the standard practices. chemical storage areas. Daily collection and separate storage of hazardous and non-hazardous Exposure to dust. smoke and other poisonous gases and liquids Exposure to noise Unloading areas. Annual health check up will be carried out. sulfur dioxide. conveyor system. water treatment plant. Hazard Type Health Sub Hazard Exposure to toxic and corrosive chemicals Location Boiler House. Constructing storage tanks and pipes for toxic chemicals and fuel oil as per the applicable standards. and carbon monoxide to avoid excessive exposure. keeping all walkways clear of debris. Inspection and radiography will follow to minimize risk of tank or pipeline failure. chlorine dozing area. Periodical SHE training of staff and contractor. Ensure good housekeeping practices (e. the location and handling of fire extinguishers. scaffolding. generators. Areas close to equipment generating high noise will be restricted entry. ash dyke area. carbon monoxide and volatile products from coal oxidation by air. and laboratories Mitigation Measure Provision of secondary containment system for all liquid corrosive chemicals fuel and lubricating oil storages.g. Arrangements with the nearby well-equipped hospital will be made to provide full medical attention and additional treatment when needed. rooms. cleaning up oil spots and excess water as soon as they are noticed. Provision of emergency eyewash and showers in the working area. and other high noise generating areas House keeping and general sanitary conditions Entire plant area General Safety Appendix 11 59 .N. an spent oils Turbine. safe lifting practices. coal handling area. Provision of protective equipment such as ear muffs and ear plugs for all workers working in high noise generating areas. Provision of acoustic enclosures in high noise generating areas to keep noise levels lower than 90 dB[A]. and to deal with smoke in case of any fire. Ensuring special training to develop competent persons to manage specific issues such as safety from the system.. and breathing masks for workers working in chemical storage and handling areas. safety shoes. wastewater treatment plant. and regular inspection and maintenance of all machinery).

Arrangement will be made to collect the waste in a segregated manner at the point of generation. Note: the above mentioned mitigation measures are not exhaustive. Provision of adequate signage in Hindi and English languages for all hazardous and risky areas. Plant will be automatically activated for lighting upon failure of power source. Efforts will be made in most of the areas provided with natural lights supplemented with artificial illumination to promote workers health and safety. and escape routes. SHE = safety. The end user will be identified for the collected wastes for handing over as per the approval of Haryana State Pollution Control Board. Hazard Type Sub Hazard Location Mitigation Measure waste. . Compliance with mandatory requirements for general safety and health of employees.S. safe working zones. safety measures. 60 Appendix 11 dB(A) = decibels acoustic (A weighted) . health and environment. Emergency lighting of adequate intensity will be available in the plant to ensure safe shut down and evacuation in case of power outage.N. Provision of adequate lighting in all working areas. installation. JPL will continue to update the required measures as part of the standard operating procedures for effective implementation during project implementation.

Disposal of Fly Ash Notification (14 September 1999 and amendment 27th August 2003) 4. . The Project will fully comply with this regulation as it will use coal with a maximum ash content of 34%. with effect from June 2001 (the date later extended to June 2002). and 100 per cent by 31st August 2007. dams. irrespective of the distance from the pithead (except any pithead power plant). MoEF has issued notifications under the Environmental (Protection) Rules. concrete blocks. A. as summarized below. The notification of 1997 for ash content generated by thermal plants is governed by use of coal with ash content not exceeding 34%. embankments. protect the environment. Legal Requirement 2. namely: • • • • 25 per cent by 31st August 2004.000 kilometers (km) from the pithead and any thermal plant located in an urban or sensitive area.Appendix 12 61 ASH UTILIZATION PLAN 1.or lignite-based power plant shall make available ash for at least 10 years from the date of publication of this notification without any payment or any other consideration. For thermal power plants. The Ministry of Environment and Forests (MoEF) has issued mandatory guidelines on ash utilization that all coal-based power stations in India must adhere to. 50 per cent by 31st August 2005. or any other material. the utilization of fly ash is governed by the following requirements: (i) Every coal. bricks. Ash Content 3. for the purpose of manufacturing ash-based products such as cement. This applies to all thermal plants located beyond 1. as the case may be. blocks and tiles. or tiles. The Project will generate a considerable volume of ash as a by-product of coal combustion. The salient feature of this notification is that: Every construction agency engaged in construction of a building within a radius of fifty to one hundred kilometers from a coal or lignite based thermal power plant shall use fly ash bricks. dykes. or blocks. For coal-fired power plants. or for any other construction activity. 2006. The main objective of this notification is to conserve topsoil. or cement fly ash bricks. 75 per cent by 31st August. 1986 for restricted ash content (as per Notification 1997) and disposal of fly ash (as per notification of 1999 as amended in 2003). or blocks or similar products or a combination or aggregate of them in such construction as per the following minimum percentage (by volume) of the total bricks. or clay fly ash bricks. and prevent the dumping and disposal of fly ash discharged from lignite-based power plants. panels. or for the construction of roads. used in each construction project. 5. 3. These notifications require the following: 2.

blocks and tiles shall apply: • • 50 per cent by 31st August 2004. hotels.62 Appendix 12 (ii) In respect of construction of buildings within a radius of 50 kilometers from a coal or lignite based thermal power plant the following minimum percentage (by volume) of use of bricks. resorts and cottages and the like. Recently.4 MMTA). C. Alternatively. The ash content of the coal is expected to be 34% maximum. Brick manufacturers along the Jhajjar–Delhi route that currently use soil from nearby areas are expected to be another . The Project will collect all the fly ash in dry form. Ash Collection Facility 7. It shall be the responsibility of the construction agencies either undertaking the construction or approving the design or both to ensure compliance of the provisions of sub-paragraph (1A) and to submit such returns as may be called for and compliance reports to the State Government or Union Territory Administration. The bottom ash discharged from the furnace will be collected by the scraper-conveyor in wet form and stored in the nearby ash silo. D. quality fly ash is expected to attract potential cement manufacturers in the vicinity. The ash dyke will have sufficient capacity to temporarily store the fly and bottom ash that cannot be handled when produced. The fly ash collected from the pollution control equipment will be pneumatically conveyed to the silo storage system. enabling the delivery of 100% fly ash to the user industries from the first year of operation onwards. Fly ash generated from the proposed power plant will be commercially utilized to the fullest extent possible. 8. Fine quality dry fly ash has been a major ingredient in cement. Therefore. 80% (equivalent to 16 million mtpa) will be fly ash and balance 20% will be in the form of bottom ash (0. the ash collected at the silo will be wetted by spraying water and transferred into covered trucks for final dumping in the ash dyke. The site has sufficient land to expand the ash dyke if required. The ash will then be directly transferred to covered trucks of the user industry. If there is demand for re-use. B. Another major use for ash is expected from the construction of national highways and roads. The Project’s ability to directly deliver firm. The power plant is expected to consume about 5.0 million tons per annum (mtpa) of ash.9 million tons of coal annually. such as cement plants. 100 per cent by 31st August 2005. bottom ash will be supplied directly to customers from the silo. Potential Users 10. Out of this total. the demand for cement and fly ash is expected to be high. the prominent bulk consumer for fly ash has been the cement Industry. dump trucks will transport ash from the silo and deposit it in the ash dyke. 9. (iii) The provisions of sub-paragraph (1A) shall be applicable to all construction agencies such as Housing Boards and those in the private sector builders of apartments. Quantity of Ash Expected to be Generated 6. the power plant is expected to produce approximately 2. Since Delhi is close by and major construction activity is occurring in and around the city. In the event of lower offtake by the user or a lack of demand.

Ash could also be used for reclamation of low-lying land. 12. Efforts will be made to exceed the ash utilization target set by MoEF. JPL will explore all potential opportunities to ensure that the ash is fully utilized. Disposal 11. . fly ash can be used for the construction and expansion of the on-site ash dyke. E. setting out quantities of ash to be utilized by different users and other operational details. further interaction with user industries will be needed to reach agreements on the commercial supply of fly ash and bottom ash. Apart from these uses. A more comprehensive ash utilization plan will be developed before the commencement of plant operation.Appendix 12 63 potential user of fly ash. As the Project moves forward.

Balbir Singh. GENERAL DISCUSSION 1. representative of the proponent M/s Haryana Power Generation Corporation Limited (HPGCL). Dr. located about 12 km from the site. which prohibits the establishment of the Project without prior environmental clearance from the Government of India. views. plant capacity. Through the public hearing.870 million) approximately. As per the environmental impact assessment (EIA) notification S. . IAS (Indian Administrative Service) Additional Deputy Commissioner (ADC).P. Rathi. About 127 persons from surrounding areas attended the public hearing. He explained that the law (Electricity Act 2003) had authorized HPGCL to set up a 1. 2.320 MW coal-based thermal power plant in Jhajjar district for which 1. Ajit B Joshi. Legal Requirement 1. The total project cost was estimated to be $1. In line with the above statutory requirements. Jhajjar.220 acres of land was required. He assured the attendees that HPGCL would abide by all relevant rules and regulations of the Government and Board. along with details of the EIA. Khanpur Kalan. Jhajjar Thermal Power Plant at Khanpur Kurd. EIA and Project Summary 3. Regional Officer (RO). electrostatic precipitators will be installed with an ash trapping 1 Summarized from minutes of the public hearing conducted on 29 Oct 2007 by Haryana State Pollution Control Board. The executive summary and copy of the rapid EIA were made available at the project site by the Project’s proponent and copies were distributed to the public. with the main source of air pollution from the plant being the boilers and the coal handling plant. The project proponent was requested to explain the Project. The public hearing was conducted under the chairmanship of Mr.09. The Project proponent applied for the public hearing to the Haryana State Pollution Control Board for the establishment of 1.2006. Haryana State Pollution Control Board. Wazidpur and Jharli villages. public consultation has to be conducted by the State Pollution Control Board for new thermal power plants to receive environment clearance from the Ministry of Environment and Forest (MoEF). the notice of public hearing was published in various leading newspapers. The plant will be a coal-based thermal plant.64 Appendix 13 SUMMARY OF PUBLIC HEARING 1 A.320 MW. explained the Project. No. The estimated capital cost of environmental control measures was $59 million (IRs 2. 1533(E) dated 14. 2. The list of officers who conducted the public hearing is provided in Annexure-A below.090 million (IRs. explaining the provisions and requirements of EIA clearance from MoEF under the amended EIA notification dated 14. the Haryana State Pollution Control Board invites suggestions. S. The public hearing started with an introduction by Mr.06. including details about proposed pollution control measures and the EIA study. comments and objections from the public regarding the Project. its cost. raw material. 4. pollution control measures and other arrangements to manage environmental impacts.09. Bahadurgarh. The main source of raw water for the plant will be JLN feeder canal.53. The first unit is likely to be completed within 36 months and the second unit is likely to be completed within 42 months.O. To control suspended particulate (SPM) emissions from the stack.000 million) approximately.

3 Mr. • The need for a nearby veterinary hospital. The greenbelt and raw water reservoir will covering about 329 acres of the total plant site as per the guidelines MoEF and the Central Pollution Control Board. Bahadurgarh invited questions and comments from attendees. Mehtab Singh. Jharli village • What effects will plant emissions (i. The ADC Jhajjar commented that the request for health facilities for local residents and veterinary facilities will be conveyed to the Government for further necessary action. sulphur dioxide (SO2). Rathi. Haryana State Pollution Control Board. 8. Also suggested that local facilities should be built (including Kanya Vidhalya [School for Girls] and a sports stadium) and that jobs should be provided to the villagers whose land had been acquired for the Project. Question No. An HPGCL representative replied that the levels of SO2 and NOx will be lower than the limits fixed by MoEF and CPCB. Rattan Singh. Randhir Singh. 6. Question No. oxides of nitrogen (NOX)) have on nearby residents? • The need for a hospital in the area for proper medical checkups and treatment of villagers.89%.89% to control the level of particulate matter in emissions. workers and laborers. and Mr. S P. These questions and comments. thus the plant will not affect local temperatures to the dispersion of emissions. Regional Officer. the level of SPM is a major concern and this will be controlled by installing ESPs with an efficiency of 99. Fly ash generated by the plant will be stored in properly lined ash ponds and will be disposed of and utilized in an environmentally safe manner. and the responses to them are summarized below. Bahu Johlary village. Mr. 2 Mr. with most of the remainder emitted via a 275 meter (m) high stack.Appendix 13 65 efficiency of 99. Questions and Answers Question No. 5.e. Dust emissions from coal and ash handling would be minimized by a dust extraction and dust suppression system. Dayanand. . 3. resident of Khanpur Khurd village • Suggested that the name of the plant should be Khanpur Khurd as the majority of the acquired land is from this village. However. 9.1. limiting the SPM concentration of emissions to 100 milligrams per normal cubic meter (mg/Nm3). Badani village: • What will be the effect of plant operation on ambient air temperatures in the surrounding area? An HPGCL representative replied that most heat generated by the plant will be utilized for electricity generation. He further informed that the effluent generated by the plant will be treated in the effluent treatment plant and most treated effluent will be recycled and used for on-site plantation irrigation. Mr. 7.

Ajit B. Satyender Duhan. Joshi. the District Revenue Officer (DRO). The disbursal of compensation shall be made as soon as this is resolved. Ash will be re-used in cement plants. 2 An official of local government. who keeps records of the ownership and transfer of land. 10. economizer ash and fly ash from the ESPs. Additional Deputy Commissioner. Balbir Singh.5 Mr. Maahavir Singh. Dr. Facilities for the storage of fly ash will be provided for next 10–15 years in the form of ash dykes and silos.. Balbir Singh. . Mr. Question No. 4 Mr.A. Khalil Ahmed. responded that all required land had been finalized. Question No. with court cases pending or in progress. Jhajjar • Asked what arrangements will be made for safe and proper disposal and storage and treatment of the fly ash generated from the thermal power plant. 13. 11. Khanpur Khurd village • Asked for quicker settlement and award of compensation to the villagers whose land has been acquired for the Project. which is the main wastage from the plant. stated that three types of fly ash will be generated by the plant: bottom ash. 12. an HPGCL representative. Question No. Ram Chander. Mr. He suggested that concerned claim holders should approach the concerned Patwaris 2 to seek a faster resolution of these matters. I. Various options will be kept open for the regular use and consumption of fly ash by different agencies for road making and as per the guidelines issued by MoEF.66 Appendix 13 The ADC replied that these issues will be forwarded to the Government for consideration. Khanpur Kala village • Suggested that if more land has to be acquired f o r the Project then land f r o m village Khanpur Kala should be considered. 7 Mr. The ADC Jhajjar appreciated the suggestion and provided an assurance of necessary compliance. replied that the delay in compensation was mainly due to disputes between the owners and claimants and the Government. SDM. for manufacturing bricks and tiles and as per the directions of MoEF. Khanpur Khurd village • Suggested that the kuccha (unpaved) approach road passing through Khanpur Khurd village be made a pucca (paved road) to reduce the dust created by traffic.6 Mr. Question No. if more land is required then Khanpur Kala land will be considered.S. However. HPGCL representative. Inder Singh. Jhajjar and Mr.

Question No. 18. . B. Mr. • Asked if the ash pond will be provided with an impervious lining. An HPGCL representative responded that an impervious lining in the ash dyke will be provided. An HPGCL representative replied that the plant has been designed for zero discharge except during the monsoon season. Ex-Sarpanch. 15. Munshi Ram.P. Regional Officer. Khanpur Khurd village • Asked about the sale of standing crops on Project-acquired land. while a sewage treatment plant will be installed.P. Rathi. An HPGCL representative responded that a range of vegetation species will be planted during and after plant construction. 8 Mr. Haryana State Pollution Control Board. CONCLUSION 17. Additional Deputy Commissioner (ADC). Bahadurgarh • Asked what effluent treatment facilities will be provided for wastewater management and sewage treatment. Rathi. Bahadurgarh • Asked about the plantation (greenbelt) in the project site. S. with treated water to be used for on-site greenbelt irrigation. The officers and public commented that the project proponent should provide proper and adequate arrangements and pollution control measures to improve the local environment on the plant site and in the surrounding area. and should adhere to all commitments that were made during the public hearing. Khalil Ahmed. • Asked about the final disposal of treated water during the monsoon season. SDM Jhajjar responded that farmers are permitted to cut their crops before the commencement of project construction. IAS. The public hearing ended with thanks to the Chair. Mr. Haryana State Pollution Control Board. RO. 19. 16. Ajit B Joshi. with 25% of the main project site to be developed as a greenbelt. 10 Mr.Appendix 13 67 14. Jhajjar. Annexure-A List of officers who conducted the public hearing: (i) (ii) Mr. Question No. 9 Mr. District Revenue Officer (DRO). Satyender Duhan. including zero discharge from the plant. S. Question No. An HPGCL representative replied that treated water would be disposed of via a pipeline to a drain next to the JLN feeder canal. Jhajjar.

Assistant Environment Engineer (AEE). Bahadurgarh. Rathi. Sub-divisional District Magistrate (SDM) Jhajjar. S.68 Appendix 13 (iii) (iv) (v) (vi) Mr. . Satinder Pal. Bahadurgarh. Mr. Mr. Mr. Haryana State Pollution Control Board.P. Haryana State Pollution Control Board. Regional Officer. Satyender Duhan. Haryana State Pollution Control Board. Shakti Singh. Bahadurgarh. Assistant Environment Engineer (AEE).

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