# How to Read a Fan Curve

Fan Curves Three main components • CFM • Static Pressure • Brake Horsepower .

1 0 0 2 4 6 8 10 12 14 16 18 CFM x 100 .6 0.2 0.7 0.Fan Curve (Pressure to CFM relationship) 0.4 0.3 0.5 Pressure 0.

Brake Horsepower Curve (CFM to BHP relationship) 0.3 0.1 0.05 0 0 2 4 6 8 10 12 14 16 18 0 CFM x 100 .6 0.5 0.3 0.25 0.2 Brake Horse Power 0.2 0.1 0.4 0.7 0.15 0.

4 0.3 0.15 0.5 0.25 0.3 0.05 0 0 2 4 6 8 10 12 14 16 18 0 CFM x 100 .2 0.1 0.7 0.1 0.2 Brake Horse Power Pressure 0.6 0.Typical Fan Performance Curve 0.

3 0.5 Pressure 0.4 0.Constant Horsepower Curve 0.7 0.2 0.8 0.6 0.1 0 0 2 4 6 8 10 12 14 16 18 20 CFM x 100 .

4 0.Typical System Resistance Curve 0.6 Sum of all system components: • Ductwork • Elbows • Transitions • Filters • Coils • Dampers • Louvers • Building pressure 0.7 0.3 0.2 Ps = k * CFM2 System Resistance Curve 0.1 0 0 2 4 6 8 10 12 14 16 18 Pressure Increases with the Square of CFM! CFM x 100 .5 P re s s u re 0.

2 1 0.2 w 0 0 2 4 6 8 10 12 14 16 18 CFM x 100 .8 Curve B 0.4 1.4 Going from curve A to curve B is an example of a system that a damper closes or filters get dirty.Varying System Resistance Curve 1.6 Curve A 0. c In Static Pressure as re g in R nc ta is es e to flo 0.

1 0.2 0.Operating Point 0.1 0.3 0.5 0.7 Fan Performance Curve 0.15 Brake Horsepower Curve 0.2 Brake Horse Power Pressure 0.3 0.6 Operating Point 0.4 0.05 System Resistance Curve 0 0 2 4 6 8 10 12 14 16 18 0 CFM x 100 .25 0.

6 Operating Point 0.4 0.15 Brake Horsepower Curve 0.2 0.3 0.Reading BHp Curve 0.2 Brake Horse Power Pressure 0.7 Fan Performance Curve 0.5 0.1 0.3 0.25 0.1 0.05 System Resistance Curve 0 0 2 4 6 8 10 12 14 16 18 0 CFM x 100 .

5 700 RPM Pressure 2 1.5 Operating Point at 350 RPM 0 0 5 10 15 20 25 CFM x 100 30 35 40 45 .5 Operating Point at 700 RPM 1 350 RPM 0.5 3 2.Varying Operating Points 3.

Selecting Point of Operation Small change in Ps Large change in CFM Ps Large change in Ps Small change in CFM CFM .

Selecting Point of Operation Unstable Operating Point Ps Optimum Range CFM .