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Paul Broca (1824-1880) and Sir Francis Galton (1822-1911) were among the first scientists to think about

measuring intelligence. They thought they could determine intelligence by measuring the size of the human skull. They assumed that the larger the skull, the smarter the person.

Alfred Binet (July 8, 1857 October 18, 1911), French psychologist and inventor of the first usable intelligence test, known at that time as the Binet test and today referred to as the IQ test. His principal goal was to identify students who needed special help in coping with the school curriculum. Along with his collaborator Thodore Simon, Binet published revisions of his intelligence scale in 1908 and 1911, the last appearing just before his death. Thodore Simon (1872 - 1961) was a French psychologist and psychometrician. He co-created the Binet-Simon Intelligence Scale tests with Alfred Binet.

IQ = MA/CA(Mental Age/Chronoloogical Age) x 100 140&ABOVE 130-139 120-129 110-119 90-109 80-89 70-79 50-69 20-49 0-19 GENIUS VERY SUPERIOR SUPERIOR BRIGHT NORMAL AVERAGE NORMAL DULL NORMAL BORDERLINE MORON IMBECILE IDIOT