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3-Day Gen Open 112003 2a [Compatibility Mode]

3-Day Gen Open 112003 2a [Compatibility Mode]

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Basic O B i Operation i

Conventional “Wet” Mechanical Seals
© 2003 John Crane EAA

85

Basic Mechanical Seal

Loose ring set screwed to the shaft
86

Basic Mechanical Seal
Wear here will create leakage

O-ring prevents leakage through the bore
87

Basic Mechanical Seal
Heat generated here Leak path Large component

Spring ensures automatic adjustment
88

Basic Mechanical Seal
Gasket or O-ring O-

Inserted stationary component

API Plan 2

Basic Mechanical Seal

API Plan 2

Basic Mechanical Seal

API Plan 2

Basic Mechanical Seal

API Plan 2

Heat control / removal

.

Heat control / removal
API Plan 11
Product recirculation line.

94

Basic Mechanical Seal
Recirculation for cooling

API Plan 11
95

API Seal Flush Plan

Seal Failure Analysis

.

Seal Failure Analysis

.

Basic Mechanical Seal

Secondary Seal

Primary Seal

Tertiary Seal
99

Basic Mechanical Seal
Spring or Spring Force Mating Ring or Seat

Primary Ring or Face
100

Spring Drive

Left hand or right hand spring?

Mechanical Seal Theory
Primary Seal

© 2003 John Crane EAA

102

Primary Seal
Primary Ring Mating Ring

Springs

Higher pressure on outside diameter Higher pressure holds faces closed Fluid is forced between faces to lubricate Springs keep faces closed when no pressure

Primary Seal

Faces lapped flat to within 1 - 3 light bands
104

Film thickness = leakage

Leakage - Newtonian Fluids
Diameter (mm) 100 80 60 Speed (rpm)

40 30

20

Pressure (bar g) 0 2 4 6 8 10 12 14 16 18 20 0.01 Balanced Seal 0.1 1

L e a k a g e ( m l/h ) 10 100

Unbalanced Seal

Primary Seal
Fluid film thickness is very important
too thin - wear causing early seal failure wear, too thick - visible leakage

Must b be:
present - beware dry running stable clean - beware abrasive wear symptoms reasonable viscosity temperature controlled acceptable pressure.

Abrasive Wear

.

Is this abrasive wear?

.

Abrasives or no lubrication?

.

Seal Failure Analysis

Primary Seal - Abrasives

How do we prevent damage and failure caused by abrasives? db b i ?

112

Primary Seal - Abrasives

Primary Seal - Abrasives

Cyclone Separator

To mechanical seal From pump discharge To pump suction

Cyclone Separator

.

116

Abrasive Wear
Cyclone separator Filtered recirculation Clean flush Reverse circulation Pressurised double seal UpUp-Stream Pumping seal Hard faces Seals designed for very heavy abrasives g y y API Plan 31 API Plan 12 API Plan 32 API Plan 13 API Plan 53 or 54

Seal for Heavy Abrasive Service

Type 5860

Viscosity
VISCOSITY (cSt) Seal Type
Up to 500 500 to 750 750 to 1000 Standard Seal & Pinned or Clamped Mating Ring Standard Seal & Pinned or Clamped Mating Ring 1000 1500 2000 2500 3000 to to to to to 1500 2000 2500 3000 3500 3500 and Above

Pusher Seals with Positive Drive

Standard Seal & Mating Ring

Refer to John Crane

Elastomer Bellows Non-Pusher Seals PTFE Bellows Non-Pusher Non Pusher Metal Bellows Non-Pusher Recommended R d d Minimum Radial Seal Clearance Heating at Start-Up Maximum Shaft Velocity (m/s)

Standard Seal & Mating Ring

Standard Seal with Hard Faces Pinned or Clamped Mating Ring Limited Velocity - See Below Refer to John Crane Standard Seal with Hard Faces Pinned or Clamped Mating Ring Limited Velocity - See Below

Refer to John Crane

Standard Seal & Clamped Mating Ring p g g Standard Seal & Pinned or Clamped Mating Ring 5 mm

Standard Seal & Mating Ring

Refer to John Crane

Standard

10 mm

Optional

Recommended Refer to R f t John Crane

Seal Design Maximum

10

8

6

4

3

Seal Failure Analysis

Seal Failure Analysis

Stable Fluid Film

Coning Out – Positive Rotation

Coning Out – Positive Rotation

Coning In – Negative Rotation

CStedy

Type 48 Refinery Seal CStedy simulation.

Click here to run…

Type48.aas

126

Type 48 Primary Rings

MP Type 48 HP 48LP

Hydropad Primary Ring

Latest Development
© 2003 John Crane EAA

LaserFace Technology

LaserFace Technology
Principle of Operation

LaserFace
Available P R E S S U R E T E M P E R A T U R E (Tp)
Seal Operating Area

T T - Reduced Vapour Pressure Curve

Required

LaserFace Effect

A

C

B
Gas

LaserFace
Friction reduced Face temperatures are lower Leakage remains negligible / acceptable Seal life is extended S l lif i t d d Operate closer to boiling point Reduce/eliminate expensive cooling.

Primary Seal
Excessive start / stop operation
will drastically reduce seal life (MTBF - Mean Time Between Failure) wear occurs between faces at start-up startno lubricating fluid film present

wear on drive mechanism
can cause l k-up / b locklock bayoneting

Is start / stop operation necessary?

.

134

Primary Seal

If faces are not flat contact generates heat flat, Excessive wear = short life 1 light band = 0.00001181 inch or 0.0003 mm

Lapping

.

136

Lapping

.

137

Lapping

Flatness Checking - Tools

Flatness Checking

.

140

Flatness Checking

Flatness Checking

Distance between dark bands only affected by angle of Optical Flat

Flatness Checking

Flatness Checking

.

144

Flatness Checking

Flatness Checking

Flatness Checking

Flatness Checking

Reconditioning Seals
Best to return to supplier
Expert checking of ALL components Components replaced or reconditioned Latest design up-dates upFull knowledge of materials Check dimensions within correct tolerances Pressure tested As new.

Handling
Do not unpack seal until ready to fit Avoid touching or handling faces Place seal on bench with face uppermost
on tissue paper do not place face down, nor on its side

Keep hands clean when fitting seal

150

Handling
Always carefully wipe lapped faces clean with y y p pp tissue and approved solvent just before placing together
John Crane recommend Kemet CO-42 CO-

Do not use lubricant on the faces. faces

Primary Seal
Primary Ring (Narrow - Softer) Materials
CarbonCarbon-graphite
resin impregnated antimony impregnated

Carbon converted to Silicon Carbide
resin impregnated

Primary Seal
Carbon C b converted to t dt Silicon Carbide

Primary Seal
Carbon converted to Silicon Carbide (121)
Oven at 1625 – 2225 °C Silicon Monoxide vapour Several hours to convert
e.g. 2 hours @ 1925 °C ≈ 0.5 mm SiC depth

Primary Seal
Primary Ring (Narrow - Softer) Materials
CarbonCarbon-graphite
resin impregnated antimony impregnated

Carbon converted to Silicon Carbide
resin impregnated

Solid Silicon Carbide pure sintered reaction bonded Tungsten Carbide nickel or cobalt bonded

Primary Seal
Mating Ring (Wide - Harder) Materials
Ni- i t™ Ni-resist™
high nickel cast iron; austenitic cast iron

Ceramic
99.5% aluminium oxide

Mating Rings: Ceramic

.

Mating Rings: Ceramic

.

Primary Seal
Mating Ring (Wide - Harder) Materials
Ni- i t™ Ni-resist™
high nickel cast iron; austenitic cast iron

Ceramic
99.5% aluminium oxide

Silicon Carbide
pure sintered or reaction bonded

Tungsten Carbide
cobalt or nickel bonded b l i k lb d d

Materials
Material Silicon Carbide Pure Alpha Sintered Silicon Carbide +10% Si. Reaction Bonded Converted Silicon Carbide/Carbon Tungsten Carbide +6% Cobalt Tungsten Carbide +6% Nickel Aluminium Oxide 99.5% Alumina Austenitic Cast Iron 13% Ni, 6% Cu Carbon-Graphite Resin Impregnated JC Code Vickers Hardness Thermal Expansion Thermal Density Conductivity Coefficient Shock 000’s kg/m3 -6 W/m°C@20°C X 10 /°C 000’s W/m / / / 125 150 50 100 80 26 40 12 4.0 4.6 4.0 5.2 5.6 6.9 19.3 3.7 24 35 30 48 43 6 10 3.1 3.1 2.0 14.7 14.7 3.9 7.3 1.8

277 088 121 025 005 059 007 171

2500
+ softer Silicon + softer carbon

2500

2500

1500-1600 1300-1500 1500+ 200
(estimated)

90

Primary Seal - Summary
A mechanical seal is self-adjusting for wear selfHas three main parts ::Primary ring (narrower running face) + Secondary seal Mating ring (wider running face - harder) + Tertiary seal Spring(s) / Spring Force The liquid film between the primary ring & mating ring is only 0.5 3.0 microns thick. There are three main sealing areas ::Primary Seal Secondary Seal Tertiary Seal - Primary ring & Mating ring - Primary ring & Shaft - Mating ring & Housing.

Self A S lf Assessment
Questions / Answers

© 2003 John Crane EAA

Question 1
What are the main components that are required in any mechanical seal? Primary Ring with its Secondary Seal Mating Ring with its Tertiary Seal Spring(s) or Spring Force

Question 2
What is the purpose of the springs? To keep the faces closed
When pump is off At low pressure By assisting the hydraulic p y pressure

Question 3
What assists the hydraulic pressure on the Primary Ring to keep the faces closed? The spring(s), or spring force (e.g., from metal bellows)

Question 4
In most seal designs, where is the MAXIMUM h i th pressure in relation to the seal faces? Where is the MINIMUM pressure i relation to in l i the seal faces? On the outside diameter

On the inside diameter

Remember - RULE 1

Question 5
Does the liquid being sealed provide lubrication at the contact area between the Primary Ring and the Mating Ring? Yes, in all conventional wet seals

Question 6
What is the ideal thickness of the fluid film between the Primary Ring and Mating Ring? 0.5 to 3.0 μm (microns)

Question 7
Name the seal formed at the contact area between the Primary Ring and the Mating Ring? The Primary Seal

Question 8
What term do we use to describe the component that seals the Primary Ring to the shaft or housing, but allows axial movement? The Secondary Seal
O-ring PTFE Sealing Ring Bellows B ll

Question 9
What is the purpose of the Tertiary Seal? To seal the Mating Ring into its housing On some designs, it is also required to prevent the Mating Ring from g rotating

Mechanical Seal Theory
Secondary Seal

© 2003 John Crane EAA

Secondary Seal

Secondary Seal
Three basic forms
O-rings PTFE sealing rings
Wedges Chevrons ‘C’ rings Sleeved o-rings o- g

Two groups
Pusher
Sliding o-rings oPTFE sealing rings g g

NonNon-pusher
Bellows

Bellows
Elastomer Metal M t l formed edge welded PTFE

Secondary Seal: Pusher

Primary ring moves forward to take up wear O-ring moves forward with the primary ring Pushed by the hydraulic and spring pressures

Secondary Seal: Pusher
Compact multiple springs Positive drive Optimised cooling flow

Optimised primary ring design

Typical pusher seal - low emission duties

Pusher Seal: Hang-up HangAn external quench will prevent hanghang-up

Product leakage solidifies / crystallises / polymerises Prevents o-ring pushing forward - leakage increases o-

Pusher Seal: Hang-up Hang-

Or, ensure minimum clearance here

Excessive pressure and / or heat: permanent set or extrusion

Secondary Seal: O-Ring O-

Secondary Seal: O-Ring O-

Type 48LP Cartridge Seal

Type 8B1 O-Ring Pusher Seal O-

Secondary Seal: O-Rings OMaterial Typical Trade/ Minimum Maximum ISO/DIN/ temperature temperature Common names in seals in seals NBR Buna N CR Neoprene EP; EPR; EPDM Nordel™ FPM Viton A™ FFKM; Isolast™ Kalrez™ Isolast HT™ HT Kalrez™ -40°C -40°C -40°C -30°C -20°C -20°C 20°C 100°C 100°C 135°C 200°C 215°C 315°C Comments General purpose material. Up to 120°C in hydrocarbons Ideal for refrigeration duties duties. Some specialist applications. Ideal for water up to 150°C. Avoid oil/hydrocarbons. Maximum 135°C in water. 135 C water Hardens in high temp steam. Wide range of chemical compatibility. Wide range of chemical compatibility.

Medium Nitrile Chloroprene Ethylene Propylene Fluorocarbon* Perfluoroelastomer* (Low temp. grades) Perfluoroelastomer Perfluoroelastomer* (High temp. grades)

* Note Health and Safety warning

Secondary Seal: O-rings OFluorocarbon
* > 275°C - Hydrogen Fluoride gas is a possibility 275° > 316°C - Hydrogen Fluoride gas is a certainty 316° Open system - Hydrogen Fluoride vapour Closed system (e.g., o-ring groove) condenses to oform liquid Hydrofluoric Acid

Wear Neoprene or PVC gloves Protect eyes Wash parts in Calcium Hydroxide solution

Secondary Seal: O-rings OPerfluoroelastomer
* > 400°C - Hydrogen Fluoride gas is likely p y y g p Open system - Hydrogen Fluoride vapour Closed system (e.g., o-ring groove) condenses to form liquid Hydrofluoric Acid

Wear Neoprene or PVC gloves Protect eyes Wash parts in Calcium Hydroxide solution

Stainless Steel Colour Chart
Straw yellow Brown Blue Black 370 – 425°C 425° 480 – 540°C 540° 600°C 600° 650°C 650°

ALL of these are above the danger level for Fluorocarbon and Perfluoroelastomer materials

Technical Comparisons
Compression Set after 70 hours at temperature
90 80 70

Compression set %

60 50 40 30 20 10 0 204 400 218 425 232 450 246 475 260 °C 500 °F Kalrez 4079 Chemraz 505 Isolast 9503

.

Temperature

Chemical Resistance
350 300 250 200 150 100 50 0
General Chemical Strong Amines, Steam, Ethylene Acids Ammonia Hot Water Oxide Propylene Oxide

Kalrez 4079 Kalrez 1050LF Kalrez 2035 Isolast 9503

Thermal Expansion
Linear Cha ange in Le ength (mm m/mm) 0.06 0.05 0.04 0.03 0.02 0.01 0 38 93 150 204 240 260 Temperature °C
*DuPont registered trademark

Isolast Kalrez*

Secondary Seal: Wedge

Secondary Seal: Wedge

PTFE Wedge Seal – Type 109

Type 109B Wedge Pusher Seal

Secondary Seal: Chevrons

Secondary Seal: Sleeved O-Ring O-

Secondary Seal: C-Ring C-

Secondary Seal: PTFE
Material Pure PTFE Glass Filled PTFE Exfoliated Graphite PTFE Sleeved Fluorocarbon FEP Coated Fluorocarbon Spring Energised Pure PTFE Envelope Spring Energised Glass Filled PTFE Envelope (Higher pressures) Minimum temperature in seals -40°C -100°C 100°C -40°C -20°C 20 C -20°C -20°C 20 C -20°C Maximum temperature in seals 230°C 280°C 500°C 200 C 200°C 150°C 200 C 200°C 200°C

Secondary Seal: Pusher
Advantages
sudden failure very unlikely higher pressure capability – Primary Ring not subject to external stresses wide choice of materials for all components field repairable

Disadvantages
hanghang-up (not likely where o-ring is well isolated) opermanent set / pressure problems (cause hang-up) hangexcellent shaft surface finish required maximum temperature ~260°C ~260°

Secondary Seal: Non-Pusher NonNo contact here

Elastomer Bellows grips shaft tightly

Secondary Seal: Non-Pusher Non-

Bellows flexes to take up wear, misalignment and axial play Fine machined shaft surface required Do not use “good” lubricant - never use silicon grease

Elastomer Bellows Seal

Elastomer Bellows Seals

HandsHands-on Exercise
Assemble a Type 2 Elastomer Bellows Seal

.

Elastomer Bellows Seal

TwoTwo-Ply Rolled Metal Bellows

Rolled Twin Ply Bellows

Twin ply tube formed into bellows py

Additional benefits of Saflex
Higher pressures
up to 30 bar g

Open convolutions p
better on solids, food & pharmaceuticals

Higher torsional strength Ideal for specials d a o sp a s
minimal tooling

Any size up to 18” (or possibly more)

Technical details - GL1B
DIN 24960 L1K ANSI metric / inch 230 psi (16 bar) up to 480°F (250°C) 480° (250° 5/8” to 4” up to 4500 rpm

Edge Welded Metal Bellows

Bellows Design
The inside 45° Tilt Angle 45° developed for the NASA space program. Drastically reduces the stresses at th weld and t t the ld d heat affected zone

This has been proven on test with fatigue failures occurring away from weld ld

Bellows Design
Why is the 45° angle at the inside edge only? 45°

The seals a e designed for external pressure. are fo e te nal p ess e The outside weld is not so critical - the pressure forces the plates together on the outside and apart on the inside

Edge Welded Metal Bellows Low Temperature Seals
Type 680 - Alloy 20 Bellows Type 670 - Hastelloy C-276 Bellows CType 675 - Titanium Bellows Type 676 - AM 350 Bellows

Edge Welded Metal Bellows
Type 680: Alloy 20 - 8 convolutions

Size Range 3/4” to 3.5/8” 18 mm to 100 mm

Temperature: Pressure: Speed:

-75ºC to 200ºC vacuum to 20 bar g to 25 m/s

Edge Welded Metal Bellows
Type 670: Alloy C-276 - 12 convolutions C-

Size Range 3/4” to 7” 18 mm to 150 mm

Temperature: Pressure: Speed:

-75ºC to 200ºC vacuum to 20 bar g to 25 m/s

Type 670 Welded Bellows Seal

Edge Welded Metal Bellows High Temperature Seals
Type 609 - Rotating Narrow Cross Section

Type 606 - Rotating Seal with Drive Lugs

Type 604 – Stationary Seal

Edge Welded Metal Bellows
Type 609

Size Range 1” to 4” 25 mm to 100 mm

Temperature: Pressure: Speed:

-75ºC to 425ºC vacuum to 20 bar g
( p (up to 65 bar g with double-ply) double-p y)

to 25 m/s

Type 609 Edge Welded Bellows

DoubleDouble-Ply Welded Bellows

Edge Welded Metal Bellows
Type 606

Size Range 3/4” to 3.3/4” 19 mm to 95 mm

Temperature: Pressure: Speed:

-75ºC to 425ºC vacuum to 20 bar g
( p (up to 65 bar g with double-ply) double-p y)

to 25 m/s

Type 606 Edge Welded Bellows

Rotating High Temperature Seal

Edge Welded Metal Bellows
Type 604

Size Range 3/4” to 4.5/8” and 5.3/8 5 3/8”

Temperature: Pressure: Speed:

-75ºC to 425ºC vacuum to 20 bar g
( p (up to 65 bar g with double-ply) double-p y)

to 50 m/s

Type 604 Seal Head

Edge Welded Metal Bellows

Steam quench first cleans bellows, then running faces, then back to drain

Type 604 Cartridge

Secondary Seal: Non-Pusher NonSummary

No movement here

No contact here Bellows expands to take up wear

Secondary Seal: Metal Bellows
Bellows Materials
Inconel X-750 and 718 I l Xd Alloy C-276 (e.g., Hastelloy C) CAM350 Stainless Steel Alloy 20 Titanium

Shaft Seal Materials
O-rings - full range, details as before Exfoliated Graphite
~500° ~500°C

Secondary Seal: Metal Bellows
Advantages
temperatures to 425°C (or more) 425° no hang-up hangnonnon-clogging hygienic fine machined shaft surface acceptable elastomer bellows are rugged yet low cost

Disadvantages
sudden failure possible, though unlikely
(“flashing” or mis-alignment) mis-

not field repairable maximum pressure 35 bar g (2-ply to 65 bar g) (2-

Secondary Seal: PTFE Bellows

Secondary Seal: PTFE Bellows

Secondary Seal: PTFE Bellows

Type 10T

Type 10R

Secondary Seal: Lead-in Lead-

Seal Type (Example Only) Unbalanced Pusher Seals Unbalanced Pusher Seals Elastomer Bellows Elastomer Bellows Elastomer Bellows

Seal Size Up to 65 mm Above 65 mm Up to 26 mm 26 mm — 60 mm Above 60 mm

Y mm 2.5 mm 4.0 mm 5.0 mm 6.5 mm 8.0 mm

For “Y” dimension see individual seal fitting instructions

Self A S lf Assessment
Questions / Answers

© 2003 John Crane EAA

Question 1
Name the devices used for Secondary Sealing O-rings PTFE Sealing Rings
Wedges Chevrons Others

Bellows
Elastomer Metal PTFE

Packing Rings g g
Exfoliated graphite

Question 2
O-rings are often used as Secondary Seals. What, if any, are their drawbacks? Marginal flexibility Extrusion HangHang-up Permanent set Temperature limits
HF acid possible

Question 3
Using a Bellows type Secondary Seal, describe how the component adjusts and compensates for primary ring wear or movement. The bellows expands or flexes There is no relative movement on the shaft/sleeve.

Question 4
With a Wedge Ring design f d i of seal, the l th Primary Ring rocks on the nose of the wedge g to take up any misalignment. True / False True

Mechanical Seal Theory
Tertiary Seal / Mating Rings
© 2003 John Crane EAA

Basic Mechanical Seal

Secondary Seal

Primary Seal

Tertiary Seal
238

Tertiary Seal
Four basic types
O-rings
elastomers

Sealing Rings (square / rectangular section) g g ( q g )
PTFE graphite

Cup Rings
elastomers

Gaskets or Flat Joints
PTFE compressed fibre. d fib

Tertiary Seal
Prevents l k P t leakage round mating ring d ti i

Sometimes also prevents rotation

Tertiary Seal: O-ring O-

Tertiary Seal: O-ring O-

Tertiary Seal: O-ring O-

Tertiary Seal: O-ring O-

Tertiary Seal: O-ring O-

Tertiary Seal: Rectangular Ring

Tertiary Seal: Rectangular Ring

Tertiary Seal: Rectangular Ring
PTFE or Graphite

Tertiary Seal: Cup Rubber

Tertiary Seal: Gasket

Mating Rings

A / AG

P / PG / PP

Mating Rings

BO

BP / 248X

Mating Rings

N / NG

W / WG

WM

Mating Rings

V / VM

U / UM

Special Mating Rings
CE

SC

BC

BD

Self A S lf Assessment
Questions / Answers

© 2003 John Crane EAA

Question 1
Describe the basic purpose of the ‘Tertiary’ seal To prevent leakage round the mating ring Also in some applications
Prevent rotation of stationary mating ring y g g Cushion mating ring from distortion

Question 2
Name the forms of ‘Tertiary’ ‘T ti ’ sealing li components? O-rings
elastomers

Seat Rings
PTFE graphite

(square or rectangular section) g )

Cup Ri C Rings
elastomers

Gaskets or Flat Joints
PTFE compressed fibre.

Question 3
Explain why the o-ring ogroove is sometimes machined into the mating ring housing rather than the mating ring itself. If mating ring is made from hard materials such as tungsten carbide or silicon carbide. Easier to machine accurate groove into stainless steel.

Question 4
What item is essential in th i the mating ring ti i housing when using PTFE or exfoliated graphite tertiary seals? AntiAnti-rotation pin

Question 5
To install a PTFE tertiary seal, should you t ti l h ld heat it up to soften it, or cool it down to shrink it? First install it onto the mating ring, th cool it ti i then l down (cold running water tap or place p p refrigerator) to ease installation into the mating ring housing. housing

HandsHands-on Exercise
Fit a Type 2 Elastomer Bellows Seal

Fitting a John Crane Type 2 Elastomer Bellows Seal

Type 2 Elastomer Bellows Seal
L3 'X' Gasket

3

2

1

L3 = Scribed datum lines

Fitting a Type 2 Elastomer Bellows Seal

(1)

1 Scribe first datum line (1) on shaft.

Fitting a Type 2 Elastomer Bellows Seal

(1)

2 Remove shaft from seal chamber.

Fitting a Type 2 Elastomer Bellows Seal

‘X’

Gasket

3 Measure dimension ‘X’

Fitting a Type 2 Elastomer Bellows Seal

‘X’

(2)

(1)

4 Scribe line (2) ‘X’ mm inboard of line (1)

Fitting a Type 2 Elastomer Bellows Seal

‘X’

(3)

(2)

(1)

L3

5 Scribe line (3) L3 mm inboard of line (2), L3 is the working length of the seal unit (See Fitting Instructions).

Fitting a Type 2 Elastomer Bellows Seal

(3)

(2)

(1)

6 Ensure setscrews are withdrawn sufficiently t clear shaft and E t ithd ffi i tl to l h ft d slide abutment ring into position abutting line (3).

Fitting a Type 2 Elastomer Bellows Seal

(3)

(2)

(1)

7 Ti ht setscrews and, using soft soap as a l b i Tighten t d i ft lubricant, slide t lid seal unit along shaft until it touches abutment ring.

Fitting a Type 2 Elastomer Bellows Seal

(3)

(2)

(1)

8 Replace shaft / seal in seal chamber. Ensure Primary Ring and Mating Ring are perfectly clean and dry.

Fitting a Type 2 Elastomer Bellows Seal

(3)

(2)

(1)

9 Insert gland plate into seal chamber.

Fitting a Type 2 Elastomer Bellows Seal

(3)

(2)

(1)

L3

10 Insert and evenly tighten 4 bolts, gently compressing seal to its working length (L3).

Fitting a Type 2 Elastomer Bellows Seal

Fitting a Type 2 Elastomer Bellows Seal

(1)

1 Lightly scribe first datum line (1) on shaft.

Fitting a Type 2 Elastomer Bellows Seal

(1)

2 Dismantle pump – remove seal chamber.

Fitting a Type 2 Elastomer Bellows Seal

‘X’

Gasket

3

Fit Mating Ring into Gland Plate. Measure dimension ‘X’.

Fitting a Type 2 Elastomer Bellows Seal

‘X’

(1)

(2)

4 Scribe line (2) ‘X’ mm outboard of line (1).

Fitting a Type 2 Elastomer Bellows Seal
Note this dimension from line (3) to end of shaft or a shaft step. ‘Z’

‘X’

(3)

(1)

(2)

L3

5 Scribe line (3) L3 mm inboard of line (2), L3 is the working length of the seal unit (See Fitting Instructions).

Fitting a Type 2 Elastomer Bellows Seal
Lubricate shaft with suitable lubricant
On single-ended pumps, first slide gland plate onto shaft, taking care not to damage the mating ring

Suitable pushing sleeve

(3)

(1)

(2)

6 Pushing on the tail of the bellows, slide seal head into position, passed line (3). NB: Spring and Locating Ring removed.

Fitting a Type 2 Elastomer Bellows Seal

(3)

(1)

(2)

7 Replace spring and spring locating ring.

Fitting a Type 2 Elastomer Bellows Seal
Check this dimension from line (3) to end of shaft or a shaft step. ‘Z’

(3)

(1)

(2)

8 Ensure setscrews are withdrawn sufficiently to clear shaft and slide abutment ring into position abutting line (3).

Fitting a Type 2 Elastomer Bellows Seal

(3)

(1)

(2)

9 Check ring is square. Tighten setscrews. Refit seal chamber. Ensure lapped faces are perfectly clean & dry.

Fitting a Type 2 Elastomer Bellows Seal

(3)

(1)

(2)

10 Insert gland plate into seal chamber.

Fitting a Type 2 Elastomer Bellows Seal

(3)

(1)

(2)

L3

11 Insert and evenly tighten 4 bolts, gently compressing seal to its working length (L3).

Pump Assembly Checks
Tolerances to give extended seal life
© 2003 John Crane EAA

Pump Assembly Checks
Secondary Seal Shaft/Sleeve Diametral Tolerance ±0.05 mm ±0.05 mm ±0.05 mm ±0.05 mm ±0.05 mm ±0.05 mm Maximum Ovality Shaft/Sleeve Surface Finish Description Ground and polished free from any machining marks Polished free from any machining marks Fine machined. High quality finish is undesirable Fine machined. High quality finish is undesirable Fine machined or better Fine machined or better

PTFE Pusher Seals Elastomer O-Ring Pusher Seals Elastomer Bellows PTFE Bellows Metal Bellows Cartridge Seals

0.025 mm 0.05 mm 0.10 mm 0.05 mm 0.05 mm 0.05 mm

0.1-0.25 µm Ra 0.3-0.6 µm Ra 0.8-1.2 µm Ra 0.8-1.2 µm Ra 1.2 µm Ra or better 1.2 µm Ra or better

Pump Assembly Checks

Rotating assembly correctly balanced VDI 2060 and ISO 1940

Pump Assembly Checks

Shaft should be straight Maximum TIR 0.05 mm 0 05

Pump Assembly Checks

Shaft run out 1450 rpm 0.08 mm TIR; 2900 rpm 0.05 mm TIR 0 08 TIR 0 05

Pump Assembly Checks

Axial and radial bearing clearances 1450 rpm 0.08 mm TIR; 2900 rpm 0.05 mm TIR 0 08 TIR 0 05

Pump Assembly Checks

Pump Assembly Checks

As square as possible 1450 rpm 0.08 mm TIR; 2900 rpm 0.05 mm TIR 0 08 0 05 > 8,000,000 times a day

Pump Assembly Checks

Clearance in bore of stationary face = 0.4 to 0.5 mm Stuffing B concentric within 0 15 mm TIR St ffi Box ti ithi 0.15

Pump Assembly Checks

Check seal area and coupling shaft end 1450 rpm 0.08 mm TIR; 2900 rpm 0.05 mm TIR pm 0 08 TIR pm 0 05

Pump Assembly Checks

Check coupling alignment accurately Which method do you use?

Pump Assembly Checks
Accurately align pipe work Pipe strain will cause premature seal and bearing failure 1 hour spent p aligning pipe work = 1 year extra seal life. lif

Pump Assembly Checks

Attach piping to the correct connections

Pump Assembly Checks
Shaft surface must be in good condition: g
no pits, scratches or grubscrew marks fine machined or better for non-pusher seals nonground and polished with no machining d d li h d ith hi i marks for pusher seals

No pipe strain.

HandsHands-on Exercise
Assemble and Fit a T A bl d Type 109 PTFE W d Seal Wedge S l

Fitting a Type 109 PTFE Wedge Seal

Fitting a Type 109 Wedge Seal

(1)

1 Scribe first datum line (1) on shaft.

Fitting a Type 109 Wedge Seal

(1)

2 Remove shaft from seal chamber.

Fitting a Type 109 Wedge Seal

‘X’

Gasket

3 Measure dimension ‘X’.

Fitting a Type 109 Wedge Seal

‘X’

(2)

(1)

4 Scribe line (2) ‘X’ mm inboard of line (1).

Fitting a Type 109 Wedge Seal

‘X’

(3)

(2)

(1)

L3

5 Scribe line (3) L3 mm inboard of line (2), L3 is the working length of the seal unit (see Fitting Instructions).

Fitting a Type 109 Wedge Seal

(3)

(2)

(1)

6 Ensure setscrews are withdrawn sufficiently to clear shaft and slide seal into position abutting line (3).

Fitting a Type 109 Wedge Seal

(3)

(2)

(1)

7 Tighten setscrews and replace shaft / seal in seal chamber. Ensure running faces are perfectly clean and dry.

Fitting a Type 109 Wedge Seal
‘A’

(3)

(2)

(1)

8 Insert gland plate into seal chamber. Check gap ‘A’.

Fitting a Type 109 Wedge Seal

(3)

(2)

(1)

L3

9 Insert and evenly tighten 4 bolts, gently compressing seal to its working length (L3).

Holding Clips - Wedge Seals

Holding Clips - Wedge Seals

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