A Project report On

“Labour Welfare And Safety Measures And It’s Effect on Quality of Work Life.” At Unipatch Rubber Limited (Gwalior).
Project Report Submitted To

University of Pune
In Partial Fulfillment of Requirement for the Award of

(Master of Personnel Management)
By Abdul Shahid Khan (MPM) Under the guidance of Dr. Prof. Kunal Bhattacharya

Sinhgad Institute of Business Administration and Research 2010-2012
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COLLEGE CERTIFICATE

This is to certify that Abdul Shahid Khan, student of Sinhgad Institute of Business Administration & Research, Kondhwa (Bk),Pune has completed his summer project on the topic of “Labour Welfare and Safety Measure” AND “Its Effect On Quality Of Work Life”, and has submitted the summer project report in partial fulfillment of MPM of the University of Pune for the academic year 2010-2012. He has worked under our guidance and direction. The said report is based on bonafide information.

Dr. Prof. Kunal Bhattacharya Project Guide

Prof. Avadhoot D. Pol Director

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CERTIFICATE OF COMPANY

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ACKNOWLEDGEMENT

I express my sincere thanks to my project guide Dr. Prof. Kunal Bhattacharya for guiding me right from the inception till the successful completion of the project. I sincerely acknowledge him for extending his valuable guidance, support for literature, critical review of project and the report and above all the moral support he had provided to me with all stages of this project.. His experience, knowledge and support lead me to complete my project timely and successfully. My thanks are due to all those who have directly or indirectly helped me in preparing this project report. However, I accept the sole responsibility for any possible error of omission and would be extremely grateful to the readers of this project report if they bring such mistakes to my notice. I extend my gratitude to Mr. M.L. Hemrajani, manager HRD & Personnel Department, Unipatch Rubber Limited, Gwalior for inexplicable guidance and support, because of which I am able to complete this project on time. I do not forget to mention wonderful employees of the company who cooperated during the project and I was able to record their views.

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Place: Pune Date: / / Name & sign of Research Student 5 .DECLARATION I Abdul Shahid Khan. the undersigned. hereby declare that the Project Report titled “Labour Welfare And Safety Measures AND Its Effect On Quality Of Work Life” at Unipatch Rubber Limited. Gwalior” written and submitted by me to the University of Pune in partial fulfillment of the requirement for the award of Master of Personnel Management is my original work and the conclusions drawn therein are based on the material collected by myself.

5 1.4 1.2 PROFILE OF THE ORGANIZATION About Organization History of Unipatch vision & Operations Management Manufacturing facility Products Awards Site map 16-28 1.6 STATEMENT OF PROBLEM HYPOTHESIS RESEARCH OBJECTIVES RESEARCH METHODOLOGY Research Design 29 30 31 32-34 6 .CHAPTERS 1 1.3 1.1 INTRODUCTION TO THE REPORT PAGE NO. 12-15 1.

2 CONCEPTUAL BACKGROUND Review of literature Concepts & Definitions 37-41 3 DATA PRESENTATION AND 43-74 INTERPRETATION 4 FINDINGS CONCLUSION 4.7 LIMITATIONS OF RESEARCH 35 2 2.Descriptive Research design Sources of data Sampling technique Tools for data analysis 1.1 2.1 Major findings & SUGGESTIONS AND 76-79 7 .

4.3 Conclusion of findings Suggestions and recommendation ANNEXURE Questionnaire Bibliography 80-84 8 .2 4.

LIST OF FIGURES 3.1(A) 9 .

productivity. Accident prevention is often misunderstood. This assumes that no accident is of importance unless it results in an injury.EXECUTIVE SUMMARY Labor sector addresses multi-dimensional socio-economic aspects affecting labor welfare. elimination of undesirable practices such as child labor. During the Ninth Plan period. and it is to eliminate these potential dangers that managers‟ efforts must be directed. whether governments. Safety management involves the functions of planning. So safety management means applying safety measures before accidents happen. health and working conditions depends ultimately upon people working together. looking after labour welfare and providing of the necessary support measures for sorting out problems relating to employment of both men and women workers in different sectors has received priority attention. The improvement of safety. all aimed at the prevention of accidents and ill health (figure 1). identifying problem areas. Construction managers are obviously concerned with injuries to the workers. and aspects such as ensuring workers‟ safety and social security. but their prime concern should be with the dangerous conditions that produced the injury – with the “incident” rather than the “injury”. Effective safety management has three main objectives: – To make the environment safe. Manpower development to provide adequate labor force of appropriate skills and quality to different sectors is essential for rapid socioeconomic development. To raise living standards of the work force and achieve higher productivity. living standards of labor force and social security. On a construction site there are many more “incidents” than injuries. 10 . coordinating. employers or workers. A dangerous act can be performed hundreds of times before it results in an injury. – To make workers safety conscious. for most people believe wrongly that the word “accident” is synonymous with “injury”. – To make the job safe. controlling and directing the safety activities at the work site. In this context. efforts are being made for providing the environment for self-employment both in urban and rural areas. Employment generation in all the productive sectors is one of the basic objectives. bonded labour. skill upgradation through suitable training is of utmost importance. They cannot afford to wait for human or material damage before doing anything.

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In the early 1990s. After independence. 1948. Manpower. 1948 and Minimum Wages Act.1. Apprenticeship training programme. Several legislations. The payment of bonus act was passed in 1965. The workers have opposed economic liberalization policy for fear of unemployment while entrepreneurs have welcomed it in the hope of new opportunities to improve Indian industries. 1948. Manpower: trends and magnitude. because the government has to play a dual role. were enacted to maintain industrial peace and harmony: Factories Act. There were hardly any labour welfare schemes. Assistance to Labour Cooperatives. particularly large industries. Economic reforms. Fiscal stabilization has resulted in drastic reduction in budgetary support to the public sector commercial enterprises while exposing these enterprises to increased competition from private sector. industrial relations policy of the British Government was one of laissez faire and also of selective intervention. employment policy and labour welfare in India: post-independence developments such as: 1. Craftsmen training programme.1 INTRODUCTION LABOUR WELFARE AND SAFETY MEASURES "During the pre-independence period. The new economic policy has directly affected industrial relations in the country. by removing barriers to entry. 12 . labour legislations have formed the basis for industrial relations and social security. Labour Administration. have created competitive markets. the government at a tripartite conference in December 1947 adopted the industrial truce resolution. Labour and Labour Welfare sub-sector consists of six main programmes viz. Soon after independence. including the following. Employees State Insurance Act. the process of economic reforms was set in motion when the government introduced a series of measures to reduce control on industries. These legislations have also provided machinery for bipartite and tripartite consultations for settlement of disputes. Employment Services and Sanjay Gandhi Swavalamban Yojana. and second to allow a free interplay of the market forces. one of protecting the interest of the workers. Rehabilitation of bonded labour.

the Chief Inspector to higher authorities. Women workers: legislations and empowerment. 6. 3.2. III. efforts are being made for providing the environment for self-employment both in urban and rural areas. living standards of labour force and social security. the concerned Dy. Employment generation in all the productive sectors is one of the basic objectives.Chief Inspector of Factories. elimination of undesirable practices such as child labour. 7. fires and disasters in the area a broad network of office/ residential telephones is an essential-requisite for the Factory Inspector. In this context. and aspects such as ensuring workers‟ safety and social security. II. productivity. Labour welfare: legal framework and initiatives. Industrial relations and labour laws. Labour reforms: India and WTO. Employment policies and programmes. 5. India's Five Year Plans at a glance. Quick transmission of such messages to the area Factory Inspector and others not only facilitates a prompt inquiry into the mishap and its causes but also enables the concerned authorities to bring into action the various control measures in the case of disaster. Restructuring of labour laws: the great debate. Manpower development to provide adequate labour force of appropriate skills and quality to different sectors is essential for rapid socioeconomic development. 4. mobility of Factory Inspectors For the quick transmission of messages relating to factory accidents. looking 13 . Labour laws and welfare: India and ILO. During the Ninth Plan period. Labour and labour welfare Labour sector addresses multi-dimensional socio-economic aspects affecting labour welfare. Improvement of communications. To raise living standards of the work force and achieve higher productivity. Edited extracts from India's Five Year Plans on employment and labour related matters. bonded labour. gas leaks. 8. skill up gradation through suitable training is of utmost importance.

That is why we find it necessary to talk about working-life quality. Short-term programmes for the unorganized sector to educate them on their rights. These case lets discuss the importance of having effective quality of work life practices in organizations and their impact on employee performance and the overall organizational performance. They have been conducting the following programmes: I. but you cannot be something for 14 . motivates. its customers and society as a whole.after labour welfare and providing of the necessary support measures for sorting out problems relating to employment of both men and women workers in different sectors has received priority attention. There is no doubt that to prosper and expand at work is beneficial to both national health and the balance of payment. Many people think that striving for the good life is selfish. The Central Board of Workers Education through its regional offices is striving to educate the workers to help to avoid wasteful expenditure. Therefore. Quality of Work Life (QWL) The success of any organization is highly dependant on how it attracts. Participative Management. recruits. Rural Awareness Programme. Leadership Development Programme for Rural Workers. Today's organizations need to be more flexible so that they are equipped to develop their workforce and enjoy their commitment. III. Orientation Courses for Rural Educators. ethics and hygiene. VI. IV. II. and retains its workforce. If quality of life at work can be improved it will benefit and reward not only the individual employee but also the company. adopting cost effectiveness and by enhancing productivity of qualitative nature. Functional Adult Literacy Classes. organizations are required to adopt a strategy to improve the employees‟ „quality of work life'(QWL) to satisfy both the organizational objectives and employee needs. V.

personal quality of life in your work developing mastery Experiencing real fellowship with colleagues and managers and contributing to the creation of real value for customers and the surrounding world through your job. III.others if you do not feel good in yourself. Working-life quality deals with these three elements: I. II. All companies strive to create real value for the surrounding world (customers. users and society as a whole). clients. Creating real value means becoming more valuable to yourself and your surroundings. 15 . Creating real value is not a matter of just money. It starts with the individual person.

B. Ohio (USA).2 COMPANY PROFILE Unipatch Rubber Ltd. was established in 1983 as a Joint-Venture between the business house of Khemka‟s. it is the pioneers of cold repair technology in India. In India it caters to both the B2B and B2C segments 1. Retail sales through a network of over 350 Distributors & 6000 Dealers 16 . C. a global leader in tyre and tube repairs. Tyre & Tube repair patches Solvents & Adhesives Retreading material Allied Tools & Accessories Curing Bags. It is India‟s first and only ISO 9001:2008 certified manufacturer and supplier of A. In the past few years it has started venturing to the territories of East Africa and Middle East and now have a dedicated customer base in these countries. This company is exporting its products under the OMNI brand to the countries of SAARC region and other neighboring countries.0 enterprise resource planning software from SAP to seamlessly integrate its operations across a) b) c) d) three manufacturing facilities with the latest state of the art technology an in-house R&D centre 21 sales offices across India More than 400 distributors Marketing under the brand name OMNI. New Delhi (India) and Tech International Inc. Envelopes. Omni enjoys high visibility throughout the length and breadth of India and has top of the mind recall. E. D. Tubes and Flaps It uses the latest ECC v6. Ever since Unipatch set up operations in 1983. Omni‟s position as the number one brand in India has been unchallenged.1.

Apollo International Government Sales to State Transport Undertaking‟s like Delhi Transport Corporation. Institutional sales to buyers like Indian Army. Bridgestone. ICWAs etc. London) FCAs. It received a special commendation for its staff and a letter of appreciation from the Indian Army for the support and service provided to them in active operations VISION “ The Unipatch vision is to be the preferred manufacturer and supplier of quality products. Tata Motors etc. Mechanical. Gwalior (Madhya Pradesh) 17 . MANAGEMENT TEAM The company‟s management team is a vibrant mix of experience. Electrical and IT MBAs from institutes from the Global Top 20 (as ranked by Financial Times. APSRTC etc This company has won numerous awards and commendations. energy. The guiding principle for the Unipatch is to provide best quality products at competitive prices. 3. Apollo. Ashok Leyland. Tyre companies like Michelin. team-work & entrepreneurial abilities.2. The team members come from varied backgrounds :     Senior Rubber Technologists Engineers from the fields of Chemical. MANUFACTURING FACILITY The company has manufacturing plants in :Bhiwadi (Rajasthan). for its excellence in quality and performance. Maruti Suzuki. 4.

sheets. A& B compound Tubeless snap Centech Bias. radial Round. PRODUCTS Tube repairs Cycle Automotive Valve Tyre repairs Bias tyres BP V Line BP Tractor Off the road Off the road(Butterfly) Radial tyres Uniseal Permacure & strings Valve and repaires Retreading material Vulgum. Each plant has a fully equipped testing lab.Nalagarh (Himachal Pradesh). headed by an experienced rubber technologist. oval. all purpose Vulcanizing cement. cord fabric 18 . All of its plants conform to the ISO 9001:2008 quality standards. These facilities employ a total manpower of over 600 workers and are equipped with the state of art machinery and tools. strips Round.

scrappers. giant vulcanizer Surface preparation tool Rubber hog tool. tungsten carbide Accessories Insert cementing tool. flaps 19 . spiral stiches. tool.Adhesive & solvent Vulcanizing fluids Omni bond Cleaners Rub-o-matic Rub clean Mounting compound Security coat Tools and kits Kits Permacure kit Tyre seal kit OTR kit Uniseal kit Vulcanizing machine Truck spotter Deluxe truck and tractor spotter. marking crayons Permacure tool Uniseal tool Air buffers Purpose tool Air brushes Safety tool Curing bags Envelopes and tools Tubes. knives.

Our range of round and oval repairs cater to almost any kind of tube injury. 20 .ROUND. SHEETS AND STRIPS We are the pioneers of self vulcanizing repairs in India. Our repairs are permanent & safe and twice as strong as the tube itself. Our range of round and oval repairs cater to almost any kind of tube injury. Our repairs are permanent & safe and twice as strong as the tube itself. We are the pioneers of self vulcanizing repairs in India. Besides 2-way tube repairs. These are available in two sizes of 125 x 95 and 330x254 mm ROUND . Cycle Puncture Strips and Sheets are available for vulcaniser to cut patches to sizes that suit the injury.

These repairs are also designed to have excellent air retention when used in tubeless tyres. Special compounding and thicker rubber helps in resisting dimpling. Our repairs are permanent & safe and twice as strong as the tube itself. See charts to determine proper repair for size 21 . They can also be used for tube repairs. They offer excellent flexibility. All OMNI bias repairs are manufactured with a ply of rubber between the fabric and cushion gum which acts as a float or shock absorbing ply.OVAL We are the pioneers of self vulcanizing repairs in India. Our range of round and oval repairs cater to almost any kind of tube injury ALLPURPOSE Our range of all-purpose repairs is designed for use in radial and bias tyres. superior construction and have been proven safe and dependable by millions of on-the-road miles. BP OMNI BP Premium tyre repairs can be used on tubeless or tube-type tyres. greater strength. eliminating the need for a separate sidewall repair unit. Repair unit construction allows for easy application and enables repairs to be made closer to the tyre bead.

22 . strength and superior construction. greater strength. They offer excellent repair for quality conscious customers looking for an economical tyre repair. They offer excellent flexibility. eliminating the need for a separate sidewall repair unit. These repairs are also designed to have excellent air retention when used in tubeless tyres. BP TRACTOR OMNI BP Premium tyre repairs can be used on tubeless or tube-type tyres. The construction of these patches allows ease of application and enables repair to be made closer to the tyre bead. Omni V-line tyre repairs are manufactured with a ply of rubber between the fabric and cushion-gum. and superior construction and have been proven safe and dependable by millions of on-the-road miles. Repair unit construction allows for easy application and enables repairs to be made closer to the tyre bead. elimination the need for a separate sidewall repair unit. which acts as a float or shock absorbing ply. These patches offer good flexibility. See charts to determine proper repair for size of injury. All OMNI bias repairs are manufactured with a ply of rubber between the fabric and cushion gum which acts as a float or shock absorbing ply.of injury V LINE OMNI V-LINE tyre repairs can be used on tube-type cross ply tyres.

23 . It aids in easy mounting and demounting of the tubeless tyre from its rim.Omni's TOR range of 'Off The Road' repairs provide permanent repairs for tubeless and tube type tyres. Specially designed plies dissipate fabric end stress and provide maximum flexibility and strength. Superior compounding throughout the entire construction of the TOR repair resists overcure even when the tyre is returned for service. These repair injuries on the shoulder. sidewall and crown. Omni's special formulation also has rust inhibitors added and thus are rim friendly. MOUNTING COMPOUND Omni Tyre Lube Compound in an excellent bead pack and lubricant.

Certificate from ARMY 2.AWARDS The company has received following awards and certificates:1. Certificate for export recognition for the year 2003-2004 3. Certificate for export recognition for the year 2005-2006 4. Certificate for export recognition for the year 2006-2007 24 .

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The company has worldwide presence with along with its partner in joint venture, Tech.

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there by disrupting the quality of work life of the 29 . I have also taken a step to study the various problems faced by the employees due to lack of facilities available for them at the workplace .1.which often leads in spoiling their relationship with at higher authorities as well at even between themselves employees.3 STATEMENT OF PROBLEM According to my objectives the entire study is based on understanding the various labour welfare facilities that are provided to the employees working at the manufacturing unit.

1. Basically two types of Hypothesis:a) Null Hypothesis b) Alternative Hypothesis 30 . many experiments are carried out with the deliberate object of testing hypothesis.4 HYPOTHESIS Hypothesis is usually considered as the principal instrument in research. In fact. Its main function is to suggest new experiments and observations. Decision makers often face situations wherein they are interested in testing hypothesis on the basis of available information and then take decisions on the basis of such testing.

2.1. To study the Labour Safety measures undertaken by UNI PATCH Rubber Limited for the welfare of the employees.5 RESEARCH OBJECTIVES 1. 31 . To know about various Labour Welfare facilities provided by UNI PATCH Rubber Limited under my study. To understand the effect of Labour Welfare and Safety Measures with respect to the effect it has on the employee‟s work life. 3.

6 RESEARCH METHODOLOGY Research Methodology is a way to systematically solve the research problem. which are concerned with describing the characteristics of a particular individual or of a group. It is descriptive research type are those. SAMPLING TECHINIQUE: The methods used in drawing samples from a population usually in such a manner that the sample will facilitate determination of some hypothesis concerning the population. and sample size and sample selection technique used. you must specify sampling unit and sample size. SELECTION OF SAMPLING METHOD: The Sampling method decides the way in a manner sample is selected. Sampling procedure should be defined. unit.1. RESEARCH DESIGN A research design is purely and simply the framework or plan for a study that guides the collection and analysis of data.. The advanced learner‟s dictionaries of current English lay are down the meaning of research as. SAMPLING: To minimize the cost. Sampling is carried out on a definite population and hence you must define population with reference to your project. “a careful investigation (or) inquiry especially through search for new facts in any branch of knowledge”. RESEARCH – MEANING AND DEFINITION Research is an art of scientific investigation. Redmen and Mary define research as a “systematic effort to gain knowledge”. Also. where we cannot control the variables. Generally a research design is a blue print of the research that is to be followed in completing the study. time and repetition. a representative sample is chosen for the study Sampling is the process which helps to select an appropriate sample which minimizes error in study. There are two types of sampling methods:- 32 .. You must give a brief explanation for choosing a specific sample population.

I. Sampling Unit: Laborers. Snowball sampling I chose CONVENIENCE SAMPLING for research. or random sampling. Any generalizations obtained from a non-probability sample must be filtered through one's knowledge of the topic being studied. Judgment sampling d. II. Non-probability sampling: Non-probability sampling does not meet this criterion and should be used with caution. Performing non-probability sampling is considerably less expensive than doing probability sampling. Nonprobability sampling techniques cannot be used to infer from the sample to the general population. but the results are of limited value Under this method factors other than random chance is used for selection of the sample a. Probability Sampling: Sampling is the use of a subset of the population to represent the whole population. Quota sampling c. is a sampling technique in which the probability of getting any particular sample may be calculated. Pie-chart representation by using Microsoft excel 33 . Sample Size: 50 Sampling Procedure: Simple Random Sampling (probability sampling) Tools for Data analysis:1. Probability sampling. Basic frequency count 2. Convenience sampling b.

reports. brochures. questionnaires and interaction with laborers and the Personnel Manager of the company. II. 34 . Primary Data: Primary data has been collected by means of direct one to one task. internet etc and other texts available in college library. interviews. Secondary Data: Secondary data has been collected from various books.METHOD OF DATA COLLECTION: I.

Non Availability of Information. Time Constraint. 5.1. 3.7 LIMITATIONS: 1. Unwillingness of laborers to co-operate. Limited Resources. 35 . 2. Limited sharing of information. 4.

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P. JSPL realised a 2008 turnover in excess of $2 billion (Indian Rupee 100 billion. and one was reported missing after a 600 tonne hopper carrying sponge iron fell on the workers crushing them on August 11. 3. while dumping debris during a night shift. Steered by Naveen Jindal. 50) from its core business of steel. JSPL has grown from a moderately performing company in the steel sector to the largest sponge iron manufacturer in the world. and its diversifications into oil and gas. the company also has demonstrated a pattern of disregard for the law by expanding and manufacturing beyond permitted capacity. US $1 = Rs. cement.1 LITERATURE REVIEW CASE STUDY 01: JSPL (Jindal Steel & Power Ltd) Company Snapshot: One of the key companies in the family promoted Jindal Group. two contract workers were crushed to death at the company's green field steel plant and power plant site in Angul. Orissa. a Member of Parliament (2009). Two workers were killed. infrastructure and mining. On 22 November. 2008. Environmental violations and land acquisition for new projects or expansion are the key reason for conflict between the company and communities. 2008. It provided all the workers with safety gear. and one of four heirs to the business founded by his father. The company's flagship sponge iron factory in Raigarh is accused of widespread air and water pollution. 37 . O.2. 2. It would improve its safety measures. The company later said that it will discontinue night shifts for such hazardous operations. Measures taken for improvement by the company: 1. Jindal. Labour safety violations have also been repeatedly cited as a hallmark of this company's operations. In addition to this. electricity generation and trading. Chhattisgarh. The accident occurred at the JSPL's sponge iron plant in Raigarh.

He repositioned it and transformed Wipro (Western India Vegetable Products Ltd) into a consumer goods company that produced hydrogenated cooking oils/fat company.CASE STUDY 02: WIPRO Company Snapshot: Wipro started as a vegetable oil company in 1947 from an old mill founded by Azim Premji‟s father. wax and tin containers and later set up Wipro Fluid Power to manufacture hydraulic and pneumatic cylinders in 1975.e. Badminton Etc. At that time. laundry soap. When his father died in 1966. Sports: To motivate the employees of the company organizes different sports tournaments i. 38 . The Contract Cell at Wipro invites tenders and the Contract cell signs detailed agreement with the contractor. Table Tennis. a graduate in Electrical Engineering from Stanford University. took on the leadership of the company at the age 21. the new employees are allotted the house otherwise the company can also hire house. it was valued at $2 million. If house is available. The operation of the canteen is given on the contract. Employee Welfare measures taken by WIPRO: Housing: Company has its own township at different location in Bangalore. Azim. They get the allowance in their salary. Volleyball. Canteen: The company gives canteen facility under which food is provided to the employees but it is not compulsory for them. All the maintenance in houses provided to employees by company is done by the company. Cricket.

7. To maintain safe and healthy work places and safe systems and methods of work. and revisions will be brought to the attention of the employees. COMPANY HEALTH AND SAFETY RULES It is a condition of the employment that the employee makes himself/herself aware of the company health and safety policy and follows the following health and safety regulations without fail: 1. Work areas. . health & welfare of employees. clean water will be provided to the employees all the time. 2. 3. 2. To develop safety awareness among the employees. from foreseeable work hazards on the premises. 6. plants and equipments are well maintained and safe in use. The company will provide proper lighting. Direct as well as contractors). ventilation facility will be provided to the employees at their work place. The company will provide regular assistance to line Incharge/supervisors to ensure healthy and safe conditions at the workplace. To provide and maintain a safe and healthy working environment for employees with adequate facilities. To provide regular health check up to all employees once in 3 years. To protect the employees (i.e. The company ensures that proper.4. To promote standards of safety. toilets must be kept clean and tidy.UNI PATCH’S Health and Safety Policy seeks to provide safe and healthy working conditions to all the employees working in the organization. The objectives of the Policy are: 1. To equip the employees with the information. 39 . 5. The company will seek to ensure that all buildings. The policy will be regularly reviewed and revised as necessary. Reporting for work under the influence of alcohol or drugs will be classed as serious misconduct and could result in the termination of employment. training and supervision needed for safe working.

The company will carry out Safety Audit periodically. 6. 8. safety shoes. Any defective equipment should be reported immediately to the supervisor. All work areas will be kept as tidy as are possible and work areas will be cleaned at the end of each working day.3. GENERAL FIRE SAFETY 1. In all cases good working practices will be used to ensure that safety is of the highest standard possible. gangways and doors are kept clear of obstructions. 4. 4. All materials will be stored safely. helmet. • • • In the event of fire or explosion employees will: Inform other employees working in the department Inform the Security Come out from the department in an orderly manner & assemble at the designated place. All accidents and injuries must be reported immediately (in the first instance) to the Supervisor and as soon as possible to the Security. All equipment and tools will be visually inspected before each use and the incharge should be informed immediately of any defects. HOUSEKEEPING 1. 2. 5. 3. Machine guards must not be removed under any circumstances other than by qualified maintenance personnel. Personal Protective Equipments like (Mask. All employees will be responsible for ensuring that all fire escapes. Any excess material will be returned to storage as soon as is practicable. doorways and means of access must be kept clear of obstructions at all times. 2. 7. 5. 40 . No machine shall be operated under any circumstance if a guard is not in position. belt ) should always be used in production. All walkways.

ELECTRICAL EQUIPMENT 1. The user will visually check all electrical appliances before using to ensure that all insulation is proper. FIRST AID FACITILTY First Aid facilities are provided at the following areas: 1. 5. Employees are also encouraged to give suggestion to Pers. TRAINING The Company recognizes that safety training is an integral part of its overall Safety Policy: 1. 3. The regular checking of electrical wires. 4. CONSULTATION WITH EMPLOYEES Employees are encouraged to report to the line supervisor or Pers. panels will be carried out by the maintenance department. No person will be employed on any work involving any foreseeable significant risk unless he or she has received adequate training. fire prevention and emergency procedures will be explained. Reception Security Production Area Utility Room Maintenance 41 . & HRD Department to improve the working conditions. & HRD department whenever they notice any significant risk that may cause accident. the employee's statutory duties. 2. 2. All new employees will attend an introductory training period on the first day of employment at which information relevant to the location. 2.

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How will you rate the health provision in your organization? Findings: Outstanding Good Average Poor 17 23 06 04 Title: Health Provision 4 6 17 Outstanding Good Average 23 Poor Figure No: 3. 43 .1(A) (1)  It is seen from the chart above that out of the 50 people 23 labourers have opted for good.1(A) DATA PRESENTATION. ANALYSIS AND INTERPRETATION Sample Size: 50 General 1.3.

So it can be assumed that the health provision that the company is providing to its labourers is good.Analysis: According to my study conducted and as the chart states above it is seen that out of 50 labourers who have been surveyed only 04 labourers are not happy with the facility. 44 .

How will you rate the safety provision in your organization? Findings: Outstanding Good Average Poor 14 23 12 01 Title: Safety Provision 1 12 14 Outstanding Good Average Poor 23 Figure No: 3. 45 .1(A) (2)  It is seen from the chart above that out of the 50 people 23 labourers have opted for good. Analysis: According to my study conducted and as the chart states above it is seen that out of 50 people who have been surveyed only 01 labor is not happy with the facility.2. So it can be assumed that the safety provisions that the company is providing to its labourers is good.

3. 46 . Do you feel Training programs provided by company help in increasing the skill of Workers? Findings: Strongly Agree Agree 25 13 Satisfactory 10 Disagree Strongly Disagree 02 00 Title: Training Programs Increase Skill of Workers.1(B) Facilities 1. 0 2 10 25 Strongly Agree Agree Satisfactory 13 Disagree Strongly Disagree Figure No: 3.1(B) (1)  It is seen from the chart above that out of the 50 people 25 people have opted for Strongly Agree.

47 . So it can be assumed that this facility will prove good for both the company and the employees. Analysis: According to my study conducted and as the chart states above it is seen that out of 50 people who have been surveyed only 02 labourers are disagree.

5 1 1 23 Strongly Agree Agree 20 Satisfactory Disagree Strongly Disagree Figure: 3.2. 01 01 Title: Working Environment Motivates Workers. Do you feel the working environment motivates the workers? Findings: Strongly Agree Agree 23 20 Satisfactory 05 Disagree Strongly Disagree.1(B) (2)  It is seen from the chart above that out of the 50 people 23 labourers have opted for Strongly Agree. 48 .

 Analysis: According to my study conducted and as the chart states above it is seen that out of 50 people who have been surveyed only 01 labourer disagree. So it can be assumed  that this facility will prove good for both the company and the employees. 49 .

50 . 0 8 0 8 Strongly Agree Agree 34 Satisfactory Disagree Strongly Disagree Figure No: 3. Do you feel Health facilities improve the efficiency of the workers? Findings: Strongly Agree Agree 34 08 Satisfactory 08 Disagree Strongly Disagree 00 00 Title: Health Facilities Improve Worker‟s Efficiency.3.1(B) (3)  It is seen from the chart above that out of the 50 people 34 people have opted for Strongly Agree.

Analysis: According to my study conducted and as the chart states above it is seen that out of 50 people who have been surveyed none of the labourers disagree. 51 . So it can be assumed that this facility will prove good for both the company and the employees.

52 .4. Do you feel Job satisfaction is essential for the worker in the organization? Findings: Strongly Agree Agree Satisfactory Disagree Strongly Disagree 25 16 09 00 00 Title: Job Satisfaction Is Essential For Workers 0 9 0 25 Strongly Agree Agree Satisfactory Disagree Strongly Disagree 16 Figure No: 3.1(B) (4)  It is seen from the chart above that out of the 50 people 25 people have opted for Strongly Agree.

53 . So it can be assumed that this facility will prove good for both the company and the employees.Analysis: According to my study conducted and as the chart states above it is seen that out of 50 people who have been surveyed none of the labourers disagree.

5. 54 .1(B) (5)  It is seen from the chart above that out of the 50 people 22 people have opted for Strongly Agree. Do you feel Housing facility helps in retaining workers in the organization? Findings: Strongly Agree Agree 22 18 Satisfactory 07 Disagree Strongly Disagree 03 00 Title: Housing facility helps in retaining workers 0 7 3 22 Strongly Agree Agree Satisfactory 18 Disagree Strongly Disagree Figure No: 3.

55 .Analysis: According to my study conducted and as the chart states above it is seen that out of 50 people who have been surveyed only 03 labourers disagree. So it can be assumed that this facility will prove good for both the company and the employees.

1(B) (6)  It is seen from the chart above that out of the 50 people 25 people have opted for Strongly Agree.6. Do you feel Rest and recreation facilities should be provided to the workers? Findings: Strongly Agree Agree 25 23 Satisfactory 02 Disagree Strongly Disagree 00 00 Title: Rest and recreation facilities should be provided to the workers 0 2 0 25 23 Strongly Agree Agree Satisfactory Disagree Strongly Disagree Figure No: 3. 56 .

57 . So it can be assumed that this facility will prove good for both the company and the employees.Analysis: According to my study conducted and as the chart states above it is seen that out of 50 people who have been surveyed none of the labourers disagree.

1(B) (7)  It is seen from the chart above that out of the 50 people 26 people have opted for Strongly Agree. Do you feel Canteen facilities is must for good health of workers? Findings: Strongly Agree Agree 26 12 Satisfactory 10 Disagree Strongly Disagree 02 00 Title: Canteen facilities is must for good health 0 2 10 Strongly Agree 26 12 Agree Satisfactory Disagree Strongly Disagree Figure No: 3. 58 .7.

59 .Analysis: According to my study conducted and as the chart states above it is seen that out of 50 people who have been surveyed only 02 labourers disagree. So it can be assumed that this facility will prove good for both the company and the employees.

Do you feel Industrial hygiene is essential for workers safety. Analysis: According to my study conducted and as the chart states above it is seen that out of 50 people who have been surveyed none of the labourers disagree.8. Findings: Strongly Agree Agree 30 10 Satisfactory 10 Disagree Strongly Disagree 00 00 Title: Industrial hygiene is essential for workers safety 0 10 0 Strongly Agree 10 Agree 30 Satisfactory Disagree Strongly Disagree Figure No: 3. 60 .1(B) (8)  It is seen from the chart above that out of the 50 people 30 people have opted for good. So it can be assumed that this facility will prove good for both the company and the employees.

9. Analysis: According to my study conducted and as the chart states above it is seen that out of 50 people who have been surveyed only 1 laborer disagreed.1(B) (9)  It is seen from the chart above that out of the 50 people 27 people have opted for strongly. 61 . Do you feel Crèche facility is essential to motivate the female workers? Findings: Strongly Agree Agree 27 07 Satisfactory 15 Disagree Strongly Disagree 01 00 Title: Crèche facility is essential 0 1 15 Strongly Agree 27 Agree Satisfactory 7 Disagree Strongly Disagree Figure No: 3. So it can be assumed that this facility will help in motivating the female workers.

1(B) (10)  It is seen from the chart above that out of the 50 people 24 people have opted for Agree. So it can be assumed that this facility will prove good for both the company and the employees. Do you feel Consumer co-operative societies should be encouraged? Findings: Strongly Agree Agree 16 24 Satisfactory 08 Disagree Strongly Disagree 02 00 Title: Consumer co-operative societies 0 8 2 16 Strongly Agree Agree Satisfactory Disagree 24 Strongly Disagree Figure No: 3. Analysis: According to my study conducted and as the chart states above it is seen that out of 50 people who have been surveyed only 02 labourers disagree. 62 .10.

So it can be assumed that this facility will prove good for both the company and the employees.11. 63 .1(B) (11)  It is seen from the chart above that out of the 50 people 28 people have opted for Strongly Agree. Analysis: According to my study conducted and as the chart states above it is seen that out of 50 people who have been surveyed only 01 laborer disagreed. Do you feel Labour welfare facilities help in reducing labour absenteeism? Findings: Strongly Agree Agree Satisfactory Disagree Strongly Disagree 28 16 05 01 00 Title: Labour welfare facilities help in reducing labour absenteeism 0 5 1 Strongly Agree 16 28 Agree Satisfactory Disagree Strongly Disagree Figure No: 3.

1(B) (12)  It is seen from the chart above that out of the 50 people 30 people have opted for Strongly Agree.12. 64 . Do you feel Labour welfare facilities help in reducing labour turnover? Findings: Strongly Agree Agree 30 15 Satisfactory 05 Disagree Strongly Disagree 00 00 Title: Labour welfare facilities help in reducing labour turnover 0 5 0 15 30 Strongly Agree Agree Satisfactory Disagree Strongly Disagree Figure No: 3.

65 .Analysis: According to my study conducted and as the chart states above it is seen that out of 50 people who have been surveyed none of the labourers disagree. So it can be assumed that this facility will prove good for both the company and the employees.

66 .13. Do you feel Labour welfare facilities help maintain better industrial relations? Findings: Strongly Agree Agree 25 8 Satisfactory 12 Disagree Strongly Disagree 05 00 Title: Labour welfare facilities help maintain better industrial relations 0 5 12 25 Strongly Agree Agree Satisfactory Disagree 8 Strongly Disagree Figure No: 3.1(B) (13)  It is seen from the chart above that out of the 50 people 25 people have opted for Strongly Agree.

67 . So it can be assumed that this facility will prove good for both the company and the employees.Analysis:According to my study conducted and as the chart states above it is seen that out of 50 people who have been surveyed only 05 labourers disagree.

As a test of independence. STATISTICAL ANALYSIS CHI –SQUARE TEST The Chi-square test is an important test amongst the several tests of significance developed by statisticians. 2 test enables us to explain whether or not two attributes are associated. it can be used to determine if categorical data shows dependency or the two classifications are independent. we proceed with the null hypothesis that the two attributes are independent. the null hypothesis is accepted and vice versa. The test is.1(C). In such a situation. If the calculated value is less than the tabulated value at certain degrees of freedom. Chi-square is a statistical measure used in the context of sampling analysis for comparing a variance to a theoretical variance. 2 is calculated as follows: 2 =  (O-E) 2 E Where2 Oi = = Chi – square Observed Frequency 68 . in fact. a technique through the use of which it is possible for all researchers to (i) (ii) (iii) Test the goodness of fit Test the significance of association between two attributes and Test the homogeneity or the significance of population variance.3. As a non-parametric test.

69 .Ei = Expected Frequency 2 is always positive and it ranges from 0 to 00 The expected value for the contingency tabulated as follows. The 2 distribution is the limiting approximation designation. E = (Row total * Column total Grand total The 2 test depends on the set of observed and expected values and on the degrees of freedom.

CHI-SQUARE TESTING Reducing labour absenteei sm Better Reducing labour turnover industrial relations Motivate the female workers Enhancing Canteen facilities Total Strongly Agree Agree 28 16 30 15 25 8 27 7 26 12 136 58 Satisfactory 5 5 12 15 10 47 Disagree Strongly Disagree 1 0 5 1 2 9 0 0 0 0 0 0 Total 50 50 50 50 50 250 70 .

STEP: 2 TO FIND THE EXPECTED FREQUENCY Expected frequency = Corresponding row total * Corresponding column total Total number of samples STEP: 3 CALCULATION OF CHI-SQUARE VALUE Formula  (O-E) 2 2 = E 71 .STEP: 1 SETTING AN HYPOTHESIS H0: There is great significance of Labour Welfare and Safety Measures AND it affects “The Quality of Work Life” in Unipatch Rubber Ltd. H1: There is no significance of Labour Welfare and Safety Measures AND it does not have any effect on Quality of Work Life in Unipatch Rubber Ltd.

56 12.8 2.4 O-E 0.64 7.2 -1.6 11.84 0.0235 0.44 19.36 19. Computation Table for 2 O 28 30 25 27 26 16 15 8 7 12 5 5 E 27.16 19.8 -2.2882 0.2 11.4 -4.0137 2.6 -4.4 3.2 27.6 0.16 0.84 4.0595 72 .8241 0.6689 0.2 4.04 1.4 -3.6 9.2 27.4 (O-E)2 0.2 27.1172 1.36 (O-E)2/E 0.6 11.0529 1.2 27.2 -0.9965 1.4 9.O E 2 = = Observed frequency Expected frequency = Chi square 3.4 -4.6 11.36 11.96 21.6 11.0595 2.0014 0.1779 0.

3555 0.00 0.00 0.2 -0.8 1.8 -1.6 -0.8 5.8 1.8 1.6 5.36 0.6 0.24 10.3555 1.4 1.00 0.00 0.00 0.8 1.00 0.04 0.4 9.00 0.00 6.2 0.00 0.00 0.0382 0.00 0.05 Degrees of freedom = (R-1) (C-1) = (5-1) (5-1) = 16 73 .24 0.00 0.8 3.8 0.00 2.8 0.054 TOTAL STEP: 4 Level of significance α = 0.76 31.64 3.3361 0.00 0.00 22.64 0.00 0.6888 0.00 0.12 15 10 1 0 5 1 2 0 0 0 0 0 9.0222 0.00 0.4 9.00 0.00 0.7191 3.36 0.

74 .296 RESULT Therefore. INFERENCE Finally.Tabulated value at 5% level of significance and degree of freedom 16 is 26.054 < 26. accept the Null Hypothesis Ho and reject the alternate Hypothesis H1. on the basis of above chi-square test I can say that there is great significance of “Labour Welfare and Safety Measures” AND it affects “The Quality of Work Life” in Unipatch Rubber Ltd.29 STEP: 5 The calculated value is lesser than the tabulated value: 22.

75 .

1 FINDINGS OF THE STUDY AT UNI PATCH RUBBER LIMITED 1. So it is very clear that the health provision that the company is providing to its labourers is good. 8. 7. So this is clear that rest and recreation facilities are very important for workers. This proves that canteen facilities are very important for good health of labourers. So housing facilities helps in retaining the workers in the organization. So the training program provided by the company helps the worker in increasing their skills. So the health facilities provide by the company improves the efficiency of workers. 5. According to the study conducted it is seen that out of 50 people who have been surveyed none of the labourers disagree. According to the study conducted it is seen that out of 50 people who have been surveyed none of the labourers disagree. According to the study conducted it is seen that out of 50 people who have been surveyed only 01 labourer disagree. According to the study conducted it is seen that out of 50 people who have been surveyed none of the labourers disagree. 2. 6. So working environment of the company motivates the worker. According to the study conducted it is seen that out of 50 people who have been surveyed only 02 labourers are disagree. According to the study conducted it is seen that out of 50 labourers who have been surveyed only 04 labourers are not happy with the facility. 3. So it is clear that job satisfaction is essential for workers. 4. 9.4. According to my study conducted it is seen that out of 50 people who have been surveyed only 02 labourers disagree. According to the study conducted it is seen that out of 50 people who have been surveyed only 01 labor is not happy with the facility. 76 . According to the study conducted it is seen that out of 50 people who have been surveyed only 03 labourers disagree. So this very clear that the safety provisions that the company is providing to its labourers is good.

According to the study conducted it is seen that out of 50 people who have been surveyed only 01 labourer disagreed.10. 13. Here. According tothe study conducted it is seen that out of 50 people who have been surveyed only 1 labour is disagree. So it is very important to encourage consumers-cooperative for welfare of labourers. 77 . So labour welfare facilities helps in reducing labour turnover in the organization. 12. According to the study conducted it is seen that out of 50 people who have been surveyed only 02 labourers disagree. 15. According to the study conducted it is seen that out of 50 people who have been surveyed only 05 labourers disagree. It means that industrial hygiene is very important for labourers in the organization for their safety. So it is also clear that labour welfare facilities heps in maintaining better industrial relationship. : According to the study conducted it is seen that out of 50 people who have been surveyed none of the labourers disagree. 14. So it is clear that crèches facilities helps in motivating the female workers. According to the study conducted it is seen that out of 50 people who have been surveyed none of the labourers are disagree. it is very clear that welfare facilities help in reducing labour absenteeism. 11.

10. 7. Both Indian and Western toilets should be provided by the company and the toilets should be cleaned regularly. unless he is sufficiently trained or is working under the supervision of knowledgeable person. 2. The company should immediately solve the labour problems in the company in order to improve industrial relation and for the smooth functioning of the organization. No new employee shall be allowed to work on any dangerous machine.2 SUGGESTIONS A few suggestions I would like to make in order to further improve on the labour welfare and safety measures in the company: 1. bolts and teeth shall be completely encased to prevent danger. Suitable device for cutting of power in emergencies shall be provided. Workers should compulsorily use helmet and the workers not using helmets should be strictly penalized by the management. 4. Scope of labour welfare should be increased. A decent. All dangerous and moving parts of machinery shall be securely fenced.4. 5. 78 . 6. This will definitely help the workers in getting recent and updated information knowledge. spacious and well equipped library should be opened in the factory premises. 9. Screws. There shall be sufficient number of spittoons placed at convenient places in the factory. Better and quality food should be provided in the canteen. 3. 8.

it was found that most of the labourers were satisfied with the facilities given by the company. I have come to the conclusion that the various labour welfare and safety measures adopted by UNI PATCH RUBBER LIMITED meet the expectations of the employees and hence result is a good quality of work life for the employees. Good labour welfare and safety measures if provided by the company have a positive reaction with respect to the quality of work life of any employee for various reasons.3 CONCLUSION This survey included labourers/employees of the company. From the survey. 79 .4. The effect of the labour welfare and safety measures and its effect on the quality of work life of the employees is good.

1. How will you rate the safety provision in your organization? 80 .No 1. How will you rate the health provision in your organization? 2.Age:-… Please tick the option of your choice () Q. Experience in present organization? A: Outstanding B: Good C: Average D: Poor A B C D SL.QUESTIONNAIRE Designation:-………………….

FACILITIES A: Strongly Agree B: Agree C: Satisfactory D: Disagree A E: Strongly Disagree B C D E SL. Do you feel Health facilities improve the efficiency of the workers? 4. Do you feel Rest and recreation facilities should be provided to the workers? 7. Do you feel Job satisfaction is essential for the worker in the organization? 5. Do you feel Housing facility helps in retaining workers in the organization? 6. Do you feel Better working environment motivates the workers? 3. Do you feel training programs helps in increasing the skill of workers? 2.No 1. Do you feel Canteen facilities is must for good health of workers? Do you feel Industrial hygiene is essential for workers 81 .

Do you feel Labour welfare facilities help in reducing labor absenteeism? 12. Do you feel Crèche facility is essential to motivate the female workers? 10. Do you feel labor welfare facilities maintain better industrial relations? 82 . Do you feel Consumer co-operative societies should be encouraged? 11. Do you feel Labor welfare facilities help in reducing labor turnover? 13.8. safety? 9.

Nonparametric Statistical Inference. 1st Edition 2005. 3.E. published by “GAGAN KAPOOR”. Jaipur.. New York: John Wiley & Sons.. Statistical Analysis for Managerial Decisions.. published by “Everest Publishing House”. Douglas R. New Age International Publishers. Cochran. 8. Kale N.. 1971.P. Gibbons. Ltd. Metuchen N. 7.D. 1974. 1961 6.R.. “Safety And Source Management”. 1967. “Industrial and Labour Laws”... “Industrial Safety Management”. Russell L. (P) LTD (Eleventh Edition) 2005-2006.. The Design of Social Research. Sampling Techniques. John C. Universal Law Publishing Co. 2. and Cox. (International Student Edition). Kothari C. Elements of Nonparametric Statistics. 2004.. Tokyo: McGraw-Hill Kogakusha Ltd. 4.. Noether. 2nd ed. Dhar D. W. John F. 10. (International Student Edition). Inc.: TheScarecrow Press. Edwin B.G. Berdie. J. Inc.. “Industrial Organization & Management”.BIBLIOGRAPHY AND REFERENCES: The following books and references have been used to carry out the study: Books: 1.. Jambh L. 83 ..G. 2nd Edition Nov. 1963.C.2003. Boot. New Delhi:McGraw-Hill Publishing Co.. 3rd Edition 2006. Chicago: University of Chicago Press. And Jambh Savitri.. India. 1979. for Dhanpati Rai & Co. 11. 5. published by “Nirali Prakashan”.G. Ackoff.J. 2nd ed. Jain S.“Research Methodology” University of Rajasthan. New York: John Wiley & Sons.M. and Anderson.. Questionnaires: Design and Use.. G. 9.

&fp=c372f750a604cadb&biw=1348&bih=531 http://softnetweb.html http://wikimapia.com/research.academon.scribd.com/disclaimer.com/Term-Paper-Employee-Safety-Health-and-Welfare-Law/94679 http://www.uk/5553/1/Thatcherism_New_Labour_and_the_Welfare_State.citehr.pdf http://www.r_gc.com/doc/28623180/PROJECT-REPORT-on-Employee-Welfare-atHindalco-Renukoot http://www.or.org/14783652/Unipatch-Rubber-Factory-Gwalior-MP-India http://www.com/Unipatch-Rubber-Ltd/1302824 84 .com/Term-Paper-Employee-Safety-Health-and-Welfare-Law/94679 http://www.php?q=impact-of-employee-welfare-measures-onproductivity#axzz1VmevlNYG http://www.com/manufacturing_facilities.academon.google.WEBSITES:http://www.lse.2.unipatch.in/#hl=en&source=hp&q=research+paper+on+labour+welfare+and+safety +measures&rlz=1R2ADSA_enIN415&aq=f&aqi=&aql=f&oq=&pbx=1&bav=on.in/spc/tenthplan/CH_8_3.ac.gov.PDF http://eprints.r_pw .co.html http://panjiva.unipatch.com/find/pdf/research+work+on+employee+welfare+measures http://www.tn.

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com/research.unipatch.gov.r_pw .unipatch.com/Unipatch-Rubber-Ltd/1302824 87 .academon.google.in/#hl=en&source=hp&q=research+paper+on+labour+welfare+and+safety +measures&rlz=1R2ADSA_enIN415&aq=f&aqi=&aql=f&oq=&pbx=1&bav=on.in/spc/tenthplan/CH_8_3.http://www.uk/5553/1/Thatcherism_New_Labour_and_the_Welfare_State.r_gc.pdf http://www.tn.html http://wikimapia.com/disclaimer.academon.PDF http://eprints.com/Term-Paper-Employee-Safety-Health-and-Welfare-Law/94679 http://www.co.php?q=impact-of-employee-welfare-measures-onproductivity#axzz1VmevlNYG http://www.ac.org/14783652/Unipatch-Rubber-Factory-Gwalior-MP-India http://www.&fp=c372f750a604cadb&biw=1348&bih=531 http://softnetweb.com/find/pdf/research+work+on+employee+welfare+measures http://www.com/manufacturing_facilities.com/Term-Paper-Employee-Safety-Health-and-Welfare-Law/94679 http://www.citehr.lse.html http://panjiva.or.2.

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