ACERGY POLARIS

UPGRADE OF ELECTRICAL GENERATION



CALCULATION NOTE
SHORT-CIRCUIT CURRENTS









C 09-06-06 ABV Issued for Approval AGU RKA
B 29-03-06 SBT Issued for Approval AGU RKA
A 03-02-06 SBT Issued for Comments AGU RKA
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ACERGY - ACERGY POLARIS
UPGRADE OF ELECTRICAL GENERATION

Département IGP
Parc Club des Aygalades - Bât. 6
35, Bd du Capitaine Gèze
13015 Marseille
Tél. : 33 4 91 61 58 00
Fax : 33 4 91 61 85 74


663, av. de la 1ère Armée Française
Zone portuaire de Brégaillon
83500 La Seyne-Sur-Mer
Tél. : 33 4 94 11 54 00
Fax : 33 4 94 06 62 67




Acergy S.A.
1 Quai Marcel Dassault
92156 Suresnes Cedex
Tél. : 33 1 40 97 60 00
Fax : 33 1 40 97 63 33
P1916 - 06574004
REVISION
C
STATUS
IFA
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TABLE OF CONTENTS

Page
No.

1 FOREWORD.................................................................................................................................. 4
2 REFERENCE DOCUMENTS.......................................................................................................... 4
3 SIMPLIFYING ASSUMPTIONS...................................................................................................... 5
4 FORMULA...................................................................................................................................... 5
4.1 ALTERNATOR IMPEDANCE CALCULATION ..................................................................................... 5
4.2 CABLE IMPEDANCE CALCULATION............................................................................................... 6
4.3 CIRCUIT BREAKER IMPEDANCE................................................................................................... 6
4.4 ASYNCHRONOUS MOTOR REVERSE CURRENT CALCULATION........................................................ 6
4.5 SHORT-CIRCUIT CALCULATION ................................................................................................... 8
5 NETWORK MODELLING............................................................................................................... 8
5.1 ELECTRICAL NETWORK DATA..................................................................................................... 8
5.2 NETWORK CONFIGURATIONS...................................................................................................... 8
6 EQUIPMENT CHARACTERISTICS.............................................................................................. 10
6.1 DIESEL GENERATORS DATA...................................................................................................... 10
6.2 FEEDERS DATA........................................................................................................................ 11
6.3 PROTECTIVE DEVICES DATA..................................................................................................... 11
7 RESULTS..................................................................................................................................... 12
7.1 CASE 1 – MAXIMUM FAULT LEVELS .......................................................................................... 12
7.2 CASE 2 – MINIMUM FAULT LEVEL IN NORMAL OPERATION............................................................ 12
7.3 CASE 3 – MINIMUM FAULT LEVEL IN EXCEPTIONAL OPERATION.................................................... 12


ATTACHMENTS
APPENDIX A – General Single Line Diagram
APPENDIX B – G1/G2/G3 Alternators Data Sheet
APPENDIX C – G4 Alternator Data Sheet
APPENDIX D – G5 Alternator Data Sheet
APPENDIX E – GS Alternator Data Sheet
APPENDIX F – BV Information Note BV NI 126A Tables
APPENDIX G – Study Case Report
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1 FOREWORD

The purpose of this note is to evaluate the maximum peak short-circuit fault level, the maximum
symmetrical short-circuit fault level and the minimum symmetrical short-circuit fault level
involved at the bus bar of the new LV switchboards MS1 and MS2 as well as the existing LV
switchboards MS3, MS4 and EMS for the Seaway Polaris Upgrade Of Electrical Generation
Project.

The overall configuration of the electrical network is shown in Appendix A.

2 REFERENCE DOCUMENTS

Manual calculations were carried out in full compliance with the following documents:

Rules
Reference Title
NR 467.C2 DTM R02 E Bureau Veritas
Rules for the Classification of Steel Ships - PART C
Machinery, Electricity, Automation and Fire Protection
Chapters 2 – ELECTRICAL INSTALLATIONS

Standards
Reference Title
IEC 61363-1 Electrical installations of ships and mobile and fixed offshore
units - Part 1: procedures for calculating short-circuit currents
in three-phase a.c.
IEC 60909 Short-circuit calculation in three phase a.c. system
IEC 60909-1 Factor for the calculation of Sc current in 3 phase a.c. systems
IEC 60909-2 Electrical equipment-data for Scc calculations

Project Document
Reference Title
63772-EL-1004 rev. 14 Seaway POLARIS – General Power Distribution

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3 SIMPLIFYING ASSUMPTIONS

The following assumptions have been taken into account to carry out the calculations:

a) Calculations are done within the first half-cycle of the fault condition.
b) All the asynchronous motors have been supposed equivalent to one large (as per IEC 61363-1
definition) motor directly connected to the bus bar of the main switchboard MS1, MS4 and
EMS.
c) The impedance of all bus bars is negligible.
d) The maximum peak short-circuit fault level, the maximum symmetrical short-circuit fault level
and the minimum symmetrical short-circuit fault level involved at the bus bar of the new LV
switchboard MS2 is equal to the one of MS1.
e) The maximum peak short-circuit at EMS is calculated when EMS is fed by MS1, considering
the Generators on MS1 have a higher rating than the one connected at MS4 and the interlock
between CB40 and CB20 at EMS (see APPENDIX A – General Single Line Diagram).
f) Only the minimum symmetrical short-circuit fault level involved at the bus bar of the new LV
switchboards MS1/MS2 is calculated. It is considered that the network configuration upgrade
has not impact on the existing LV switchboard MS3, MS4 and EMS regarding this case study
(G1, G2 and G3 having a higher power rating than the existing generators).

4 FORMULA

4.1 Alternator Impedance calculation

(1)

(2)


where:
X
G
alternator reactance (Ω)
R
G
alternator resistance (Ω)
X”d
G
alternator direct axis subtransient (%)
Ra
G
alternator stator resistance (%)
U
n
alternator rated voltage (V)
S
n
alternator Rated Power (kVA)

If the alternator stator resistance is unknown, it will be calculated as follows:

n
2
n G
G
S
U
100
d X"
X × =
n
2
n G
G
S
U
100
Ra
R × =
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(3)


4.2 Cable Impedance Calculation

(4)

(5)


where:
X
CA
cable reactance (Ω)
R
CA
cable resistance (Ω)
x
CA
linear reactance for a given section (mΩ/m). Refer to TABLE II of APPENDIX F
r
CA
linear resistance for a given section (mΩ/m). Refer to TABLE II of APPENDIX F
L
CA
cable length (m)
n
CA
number of cables in parallel

4.3 Circuit Breaker Impedance

(6)

X
CB
and R
CB
are determined according to the TABLE III of APPENDIX F.


where:
X
CB
circuit breaker reactance (Ω)
R
CB
circuit breaker resistance (Ω)

4.4 Asynchronous Motor Reverse Current calculation

As per BV NI-126A note, the following approximate values may be used for the calculation of the
rated current of the equivalent asynchronous motor:

(7)

G G
X 8 0 . 0 R × =
CA
CA CA
CA
n
L x
X
×
=
CA
CA CA
CA
n
L r
R
×
=
× =
=

0
rM
2
1
I
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It is considered that the bus bars at MS1, MS4 and EMS have an asynchronous motor connected,
respectively MtrEqMS1, MtrEqMS4 and MtrEMS, where:

Furthermore as per IEC 61363-1 chapter 6.3.3, the following approximate values may be used for
large asynchronous motors:


Z”
M
= 0,16 p.u.
X”
M
= 0,15 p.u.
R
M
= 0,055 p.u.
(8)

(9)

(10)

(11)

(12)

(13)


where:
Z”
M
locked rotor impedance (p.u.)
X”
M
reactance (p.u.)
R
M
resistance (p.u.)
I
rM
rated current (r.m.s.)
I”
M
subtransient short-circuit current (r.m.s.)
rM rM
2
M
2
M
M
I 6.25 I
X" R
1
I" × ≈ ×
+
=
( ) T/2 at t I 4 I"
2
1
Iac
rM M M
= × ≈ ×

=
rM M M
I 10 Iac 2 2 Ip × ≈ × × =
M
M '
M
Iac 3
U
Z
×
=
2
M
2
M
"
M '
M
'
M
X" R
X
Z X
+
× =
2
M
2
M
M '
M
'
M
X" R
R
Z R
+
× =
×
+ + +
− +
× =
=

0
5 4 2 1
2 1
MtrEqMS1
G G G G
G G
2
1
I
×
+ + +
+
× =
=

0
5 4 2 1
5 4
MtrEqMS4
G G G G
G G
2
1
I
×
+ + + +
× =
=

0
5 4 3 2 1
MtrEqEMS
G G G G G
Gs
2
1
I
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Iac
M
symmetrical short-circuit current (r.m.s.)
Ip
M
peak value of the short-circuit current (r.m.s.)
n number of alternators simultaneously in service
I
Gi
rated current of the alternator No. i running (r.m.s.)

4.5 Short-circuit Calculation

(11)

(12)


where:
X
t
total reactance of the single-phase circuit up to the fault location
R
t
total resistance of the single-phase circuit up to the fault location
I”
k
symmetrical short-circuit current (r.m.s.)
I
p
peak value of the short-circuit current (r.m.s.)
Iac
M
symmetrical short-circuit current of the equivalent asynchronous motor (r.m.s.)
U
n
rated voltage (V)
c short-circuit current voltage factor according to IEC 60909 Table 1.
The maximum factor is 1.00 for 230 and 400 V, 1.05 for other LV system
and 1.10 for MV system
K Impedance corrective factor according to the ratio X
t
/R
t
(see figure 1 of APPENDIX F).

5 NETWORK MODELLING

5.1 Electrical Network Data

Frequency : 60 Hz
Voltage : 460 Vac
Phases : 3 ph.
Grounding System : IT

5.2 Network configurations

Refer to Appendix A – General Single Line Diagram

As per BV document “Rules for the Classification of Steel Ships - PART C Machinery, Electricity,
Automation and Fire Protection Chapters 2 – ELECTRICAL INSTALLATIONS” at section 3, the
maximum number of generators are to be evaluated without taking into consideration short-term
parallel operation (e.g. for load transfer).
The 3 new generators G1, G2 and G3 being operated in a 2 of 3 mode, only G1 and G2 are taken
into consideration in the calculation.
M
n
2
t
2
t
"
k
Iac
3
U c
X R
1
I +
×
×
+
=
"
k p
I 2 K I × × =
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The following cases have been examined :

Case 1 – Calculation of the maximum peak and symmetrical short-circuit currents at MS1, MS4,
MS3 and EMS bus bars:

- G1, G2, G4 and G5 running in parallel
- CB1, CB2, CB4 and CB5 closed
- CB10 and CB11 closed
- All continuous / intermittent motor loads are connected to their respective switchboard
(MS1, MS4 and EMS) and represented by an equivalent motor MtrEqMS1, MtrEqMS4 and
MtrEqEMS
- EMS switchboard fed by MS1/MS4

Case 2 – Calculation of the minimum symmetrical short-circuit current at MS1 bus bar:
- G4 or G5 running only and respectively CB4 or CB5 closed
- CB10 and CB11 closed

Case 3 - Calculation of the exceptional minimum symmetrical short-circuit current at MS1 bus bar:
- GS running only
- CB1, CB2, CB3 and CB10 opened
- MS1 fed by EMS: CB6, CB20 and CB21 closed


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6 EQUIPMENT CHARACTERISTICS

6.1 Diesel Generators data

Refer to APPENDIX B, C, D and E.




ELECTRICAL


CHARACTERISTICS





G1 G2 G3 G4 G5 GS
Rated voltage [v] V 460 460 460 460 460 460
Frequency [Hz] F 60 60 60 60 60 60
Rated Power [kVA] S 1 987 1 987 1 987 1 800 1 800 800
Rated Mechanical Power [kW] P 1 665 1 665 1 665 - - -
Rated Electrical Power [kW] P 1 590 1 590 1 590 - - -
Rated power factor [%] Pf 0.8 0.8 0.8 0.8 0.8 0.8
Rated current [A] In 2 390 2 390 2 390 2 165 2 165 1004
Rated speed [rpm] N 900 900 900 1 800 1 800 1 200
Engine Type - Diesel Diesel Diesel Diesel Diesel Diesel
Phase Number

φ
3 3 3 3 3 3
Efficiency η
at 0.8 PF
Load at 100 % [%] 95.5 95.5 95.5 94.8 95.2 -
Load at 75 % [%] 95.7 95.7 95.7 94.9 95 -
Load at 50 % [%] 95.5 95.5 95.5 94.4 - -
Load at 25 % [%] 93.5 93.5 93.5 91.6 - -
at 1.0 PF
Load at 100 % [%] 96.7 96.7 96.7 96 96.3 -
Load at 75 % [%] 96.7 96.7 96.7 95.8 95.9 -
Load at 50 % [%] 96.2 96.2 96.2 95.1 - -
Load at 25 % [%] 94 94 94 91.9 - -
Direct axis reactance ( % ) [%] Xd 154 154 154 315 351 174
Direct axis transient ( % ) [%] X’d 19.5 19.5 19.5 24.5 29 13
Direct axis sub-transient ( % ) [%] X”d 16.5 16.5 16.5 14.5 16 9
Quad. axis synchronous ( % ) [%] Xq 65.7 65.7 65.7 190 - 111
Quad. axis sub-transient ( % ) [%] X”q 19.6 19.6 19.6 19.5 - 28
Negative Sequence ( % ) [%] X2 18.1 18.1 18.1 17 - 16
Zero Sequence ( % ) [%] Xo 13 13 13 2.9 - 2
R / X"d - 0.084 0.084 0.084 0.08 0.08
Grounding - Open Open Open Open Open Open
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6.2 Feeders data
















6.3 Protective Devices data
























Nota :
NWxx H2 circuit breaker: Icu = 85kA at 500/690V
NS100L circuit breaker: Icu = 100kA at 500/525V
ELECTRICAL


CHARACTERISTICS



Type
Section
mm²
Nb.
cables
length
m
CABLE1 Three-core 120 12 30
CABLE2 Three-core 120 12 30
CABLE3 Three-core 120 12 30
CABLE4 Three-core 120 11 25
CABLE5 Three-core 120 11 25
CABLE6 Three-core 120 5 25
CABLE10 Three-core 120 20 70
CABLE20 Three-core 120 5 60
CABLE30 Three-core 120 14 70
CABLE40 Three-core 120 5 20
ELECTRICAL


CHARACTERISTICS



Type Model Rated
current
A
Nb.
poles
CB1 Circuit
breaker
NW25H2 2 500 3
CB2 Circuit
breaker
NW25H2 2 500 3
CB3 Circuit
breaker
NW25H2 2 500 3
CB4 Circuit
breaker
NW25H2 2 500 3
CB5 Circuit
breaker
NW25H2 2 500 3
CB6 Circuit
breaker
NW10H2 1 000 3
CB10 Circuit
breaker
NW40H2 4 000 3
CB11 Circuit
breaker
NW40H2 4 000 3
CB20 Circuit
breaker
NS1000L 1 000 3
CB21 Circuit
breaker
NS1000L 1 000 3
CB30 Circuit
breaker
NW32H2 3 200 3
CB40 Circuit
breaker
NS1000L 1 000 3
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7 RESULTS

7.1 Case 1 – Maximum Fault Levels

According to IEC 60909 Table 1, the maximum short-circuit current voltage factor is 1.00 for 230
and 400 V, 1.05 for other LV system and 1.10 for MV system.


SWITCHBOARD I" k (kA r.m.s) IP (kA peak)
MS1 81 183
MS2 81 183
MS4 81 183
MS3 70 134
EMS 76 124

7.2 Case 2 – Minimum fault level in normal operation

According to IEC 60909 Table 1, the maximum short-circuit current voltage factor is 1.00 for 230
and 400 V, 1.05 for other LV system and 1.10 for MV system.


SWITCHBOARD I" k (kA r.m.s) IP (kA peak)
MS1 21 48


7.3 Case 3 – Minimum fault level in exceptional operation

According to IEC 60909 Table 1, the maximum short-circuit current voltage factor is 1.00 for 230
and 400 V, 1.05 for other LV system and 1.10 for MV system.


SWITCHBOARD I" k (kA r.m.s) IP (kA peak)
MS1 12 24
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APPENDIX A
GENERAL SINGLE LINE DIAGRAM





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MtrEqMS1
MS4 MS1
CABLE2
G2
1987 kVA
CB2
CABLE3
G3
1987 kVA
CB3
CABLE4
G4
1800 kVA
CB4
CABLE5
G5
1800 kVA
CB5
CB30
CABLE30
MS3
MS2
M
CB11 CB10
CABLE10
CB20 CB21
CABLE20
EMS
CABLE6
GS
800 kVA
CB6
CABLE1
G1
1987 kVA
CB1
Existing installation New installation
Upgrade of Electrical Generation Project
MtrEqEMS
M
MtrEqMS4
M
CB40
CABLE40
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APPENDIX B
G1, G2 AND G3 DATA SHEET












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APPENDIX C
G4 DATA SHEET



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APPENDIX D
G5 DATA SHEET



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APPENDIX E
GS DATA SHEET




















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APPENDIX F
BV NI-126 A TABLES


- Impedance Correction Factor K

- Approximate Minimal Impedances of Protective Devices

- Approximate Minimal Impedance of cables








Approximate minimal impedances of cables
Section
mm²
Resistance
mΩ/m
Reactance
mΩ/m
: The values above correspond to three-core cables. For the
single-core cables, the reactances vary according to the conditions
of installation, one will be able to take as approximate value 1.5
times the value given for the three-core cables.
Approximate minimal impedances of
protective devices
Rated
Current
Devices with
direct relay
switches or devices with
indirect relay
Reactance mΩ/phase

Switches

Devices with
relay and
blow-out coil
Resist-
ance
mΩ/
phase
Reactance
mΩ/phase
Resistance
mΩ/
phase
values to
determine
in each
particular
case
values to
determine
in each
particular
case
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APPENDIX G
STUDY CASE REPORT

























Project: SEAWAY POLARIS - UPGRADE OF ELECTRICAL GENERATION Page: 1
Location: SEAWAY POLARIS Date: 31-mai-06
Contract: 57-5E-0230 Revision: C


PROJECT INPUT DATA





Synchronous Generator Input Data



(2) (1)
Generator Type Voltage Power Ra X"d R X Z
ID V kVA % % Ω Ω Ω

G1 Diesel 460 1 987 1,39 16,5 0,0014802 0,0175712 0,0176335
G2 Diesel 460 1 987 1,39 16,5 0,0014802 0,0175712 0,0176335
G3 Diesel 460 1 987 1,39 16,5 0,0014802 0,0175712 0,0176335
G4 Diesel 460 1 800 1,16 14,5 0,0013636 0,0170456 0,0171000
G5 Diesel 460 1 800 1,28 16 0,0015047 0,0188089 0,0188690
GS Diesel 460 800 0,72 9 0,0019044 0,0238050 0,0238811



Line / Cable Input Data



(5) (4)
Line / Cable Section #/phase Length Mat. R X Z
ID mm² m Ω Ω Ω

CABLE1 3 x 120 12 30 copper 0,0003925 0,0001900 0,0004361
CABLE2 3 x 120 12 30 copper 0,0003925 0,0001900 0,0004361
CABLE3 3 x 120 12 30 copper 0,0003925 0,0001900 0,0004361
CABLE4 3 x 120 11 25 copper 0,0003568 0,0001727 0,0003964
CABLE5 3 x 120 11 25 copper 0,0003568 0,0001727 0,0003964
CABLE6 3 x 120 5 25 copper 0,0007850 0,0003800 0,0008721
CABLE10 3 x 120 20 70 copper 0,0005495 0,0002660 0,0006105
CABLE20 3 x 120 5 60 copper 0,0018840 0,0009120 0,0020931
CABLE30 3 x 120 14 70 copper 0,0007850 0,0003800 0,0008721
CABLE40 3 x 120 5 20 copper 0,0006280 0,0003040 0,0006977


Protective Device Input Data



(6) (6)
Prot. Device Type Rating r x R X Z
ID A mΩ/phase mΩ/phase Ω Ω Ω

CB1 Circ. Break. 2 500 0,015 0,025 0,0000150 0,0000250 0,0000292
CB2 Circ. Break. 2 500 0,015 0,025 0,0000150 0,0000250 0,0000292
CB3 Circ. Break. 2 500 0,015 0,025 0,0000150 0,0000250 0,0000292
CB4 Circ. Break. 2 500 0,015 0,025 0,0000150 0,0000250 0,0000292
CB5 Circ. Break. 2 500 0,015 0,025 0,0000150 0,0000250 0,0000292
CB6 Circ. Break. 1 000 0,03 0,04 0,0000300 0,0000400 0,0000500
CB10 Circ. Break. 4 000 0,01 0,02 0,0000100 0,0000200 0,0000224
CB11 Circ. Break. 4 000 0,01 0,02 0,0000100 0,0000200 0,0000224
CB20 Circ. Break. 1 000 0,03 0,04 0,0000300 0,0000400 0,0000500
CB21 Circ. Break. 1 000 0,03 0,04 0,0000300 0,0000400 0,0000500
CB30 Circ. Break. 3 200 0,015 0,025 0,0000150 0,0000250 0,0000292
CB40 Circ. Break. 1 000 0,03 0,04 0,0000300 0,0000400 0,0000500




Nota:
- Sign “ + ” = parallel
- Sign “ . “ = series




Project: SEAWAY POLARIS - UPGRADE OF ELECTRICAL GENERATION Page: 2
Location: SEAWAY POLARIS Date: 31-mai-06
Contract: 57-5E-0230 Revision: C


Study Case: Case 1


SHORT-CIRCUIT REPORT

3-phase fault at bus: : MS1 / MS2

Nominal kV = 0,460 kV
Voltage c Factor = 1,05

(14) Symmetrical short-circuit current = 81 kA rms
X/R = 6,4
K = 2,26 (APPENDIX F - Impedance Correction Factor K)
(15) Peak short-circuit current = 183 kA rms


Equivalent Asynchronous Motors Contribution
(7) (13) (12) (11)
Motor Current Voltage Power R X Z
ID A V kVA Ω Ω Ω

MtrEqMS1 1 992 460 1 587 0,0114746 0,0312936 0,033330964
MtrEqMS4 2 259 460 1 800 0,0101184 0,0275948 0,029391448
MtrEqEMS 502 460 400 0,0455327 0,1241768 0,132261516


ID From ID To ID R X Z
Ω Ω Ω

L1 G1 CABLE1 0,0014802 0,0175712 0,0176335
CABLE1 CB1 0,0003925 0,0001900 0,0004361
CB1 MS1 0,0000150 0,0000250 0,0000292
0,0018877 0,0177862 0,0178861

L2 G2 CABLE2 0,0014802 0,0175712 0,0176335
CABLE2 CB2 0,0003925 0,0001900 0,0004361
CB2 MS1 0,0000150 0,0000250 0,0000292
0,0018877 0,0177862 0,0178861

L4 G4 CABLE4 0,0013636 0,0170456 0,0171000
CABLE4 CB4 0,0003568 0,0001727 0,0003964
CB4 MS4 0,0000150 0,0000250 0,0000292
0,0017355 0,0172433 0,0173304

L5 G5 CABLE5 0,0015047 0,0188089 0,0188690
CABLE5 CB5 0,0003568 0,0001727 0,0003964
CB5 MS4 0,0000150 0,0000250 0,0000292
0,0018765 0,0190066 0,0190990

L10 CB11 CABLE10 0,0000100 0,0000200 0,0000224
CABLE10 CB10 0,0005495 0,0002660 0,0006105
CB10 MS1 0,0000100 0,0000200 0,0000224
0,0005695 0,0003060 0,0006465

L6 GS CABLE6 0,0019044 0,0238050 0,0238811
CABLE6 CB6 0,0007850 0,0003800 0,0008721
CB6 EMS 0,0000300 0,0000400 0,0000500
0,0027194 0,0242250 0,0243772

L20 CB21 CABLE20 0,0000300 0,0000400 0,0000500
CABLE20 CB20 0,0018840 0,0009120 0,0020931
CB20 MS1 0,0000300 0,0000400 0,0000500
0,0019440 0,0009920 0,0021825

L40 CB40 CABLE40 0,0000300 0,0000400 0,0000500
CABLE40 CB21 0,0006280 0,0003040 0,0006977
CB21 EMS 0,0000300 0,0000400 0,0000500
0,0006880 0,0003840 0,0007879

L1 + L2 + MtrEqMS1 0,0008721 0,0069251 0,0069798
MtrEqEMS . L20 0,0474767 0,1251688 0,1338703
(L4 + L5 + MtrEqMS4) . L10 0,0013974 0,0071159 0,0072518

[L1 + L2 + MtrEqMS1] + [MtrEqEMS . L20 ] + [(L4 + L5 + MtrEqMS4) . L10]

0,0005310 0,0034139 0,0034549



Project: SEAWAY POLARIS - UPGRADE OF ELECTRICAL GENERATION Page: 3
Location: SEAWAY POLARIS Date: 31-mai-06
Contract: 57-5E-0230 Revision: C


Study Case: Case 1


SHORT-CIRCUIT REPORT

3-phase fault at bus: : MS4

Nominal kV = 0,460 kV
Voltage c Factor = 1,05

(14) Symmetrical short-circuit current = 81 kA rms
X/R = 6,6
K = 2,26 (APPENDIX F - Impedance Correction Factor K)
(15) Peak short-circuit current = 183 kA rms


Equivalent Asynchronous Motors Contribution
(7) (13) (12) (11)
Motor Current Voltage Power R X Z
ID A V kVA Ω Ω Ω

MtrEqMS1 1 992 460 1 587 0,0114746 0,0312936 0,033330964
MtrEqMS4 2 259 460 1 800 0,0101184 0,0275948 0,029391448
MtrEqEMS 502 460 400 0,0455327 0,1241768 0,132261516


ID From ID To ID R X Z
Ω Ω Ω

L1 G1 CABLE1 0,0014802 0,0175712 0,0176335
CABLE1 CB1 0,0003925 0,0001900 0,0004361
CB1 MS1 0,0000150 0,0000250 0,0000292
0,0018877 0,0177862 0,0178861

L2 G2 CABLE2 0,0014802 0,0175712 0,0176335
CABLE2 CB2 0,0003925 0,0001900 0,0004361
CB2 MS1 0,0000150 0,0000250 0,0000292
0,0018877 0,0177862 0,0178861

L4 G4 CABLE4 0,0013636 0,0170456 0,0171000
CABLE4 CB4 0,0003568 0,0001727 0,0003964
CB4 MS4 0,0000150 0,0000250 0,0000292
0,0017355 0,0172433 0,0173304

L5 G5 CABLE5 0,0015047 0,0188089 0,0188690
CABLE5 CB5 0,0003568 0,0001727 0,0003964
CB5 MS4 0,0000150 0,0000250 0,0000292
0,0018765 0,0190066 0,0190990

L10 CB11 CABLE10 0,0000100 0,0000200 0,0000224
CABLE10 CB10 0,0005495 0,0002660 0,0006105
CB10 MS1 0,0000100 0,0000200 0,0000224
0,0005695 0,0003060 0,0006465

L6 GS CABLE6 0,0019044 0,0238050 0,0238811
CABLE6 CB6 0,0007850 0,0003800 0,0008721
CB6 EMS 0,0000300 0,0000400 0,0000500
0,0027194 0,0242250 0,0243772

L20 CB21 CABLE20 0,0000300 0,0000400 0,0000500
CABLE20 CB20 0,0018840 0,0009120 0,0020931
CB20 MS1 0,0000300 0,0000400 0,0000500
0,0019440 0,0009920 0,0021825

L40 CB40 CABLE40 0,0000300 0,0000400 0,0000500
CABLE40 CB21 0,0006280 0,0003040 0,0006977
CB21 EMS 0,0000300 0,0000400 0,0000500
0,0006880 0,0003840 0,0007879

L4 + L5 + MtrEqMS4 0,0008279 0,0068099 0,0068600
MtrEqEMS . L40 0,0462207 0,1245608 0,1328599
(L1 + L2 + MtrEqMS1) . L10 0,0014416 0,0072311 0,0073734
[L4 + L5 + MtrEqMS4] + [MtrEqEMS . L40] + [(L1 + L2 + MtrEqMS1) . L10] 0,0005200 0,0034110 0,0034504



Project: SEAWAY POLARIS - UPGRADE OF ELECTRICAL GENERATION Page: 4
Location: SEAWAY POLARIS Date: 31-mai-06
Contract: 57-5E-0230 Revision: C


Study Case: Case 1


SHORT-CIRCUIT REPORT

3-phase fault at bus: : MS3

Nominal kV = 0,460 kV
Voltage c Factor = 1,05

(14) Symmetrical short-circuit current = 70 kA rms
X/R = 2,9
K = 1,91 (APPENDIX F - Impedance Correction Factor K)
(15) Peak short-circuit current = 134 kA rms

Equivalent Asynchronous Motors Contribution

(7) (13) (12) (11)
Motor Current Voltage Power R X Z
ID A V kVA Ω Ω Ω

MtrEqMS1 1 992 460 1 587 0,0114746 0,0312936 0,033330964
MtrEqMS4 2 259 460 1 800 0,0101184 0,0275948 0,029391448
MtrEqEMS 502 460 400 0,0455327 0,1241768 0,132261516

ID From ID To ID R X Z
Ω Ω Ω

L1 G1 CABLE1 0,0014802 0,0175712 0,0176335
CABLE1 CB1 0,0003925 0,0001900 0,0004361
CB1 MS1 0,0000150 0,0000250 0,0000292
0,0018877 0,0177862 0,0178861

L2 G2 CABLE2 0,0014802 0,0175712 0,0176335
CABLE2 CB2 0,0003925 0,0001900 0,0004361
CB2 MS1 0,0000150 0,0000250 0,0000292
0,0018877 0,0177862 0,0178861

L4 G4 CABLE4 0,0013636 0,0170456 0,0171000
CABLE4 CB4 0,0003568 0,0001727 0,0003964
CB4 MS4 0,0000150 0,0000250 0,0000292
0,0017355 0,0172433 0,0173304

L5 G5 CABLE5 0,0015047 0,0188089 0,0188690
CABLE5 CB5 0,0003568 0,0001727 0,0003964
CB5 MS4 0,0000150 0,0000250 0,0000292
0,0018765 0,0190066 0,0190990

L10 CB11 CABLE10 0,0000100 0,0000200 0,0000224
CABLE10 CB10 0,0005495 0,0002660 0,0006105
CB10 MS1 0,0000100 0,0000200 0,0000224
0,0005695 0,0003060 0,0006465

L6 GS CABLE6 0,0019044 0,0238050 0,0238811
CABLE6 CB6 0,0007850 0,0003800 0,0008721
CB6 EMS 0,0000300 0,0000400 0,0000500
0,0027194 0,0242250 0,0243772

L20 CB21 CABLE20 0,0000300 0,0000400 0,0000500
CABLE20 CB20 0,0018840 0,0009120 0,0020931
CB20 MS1 0,0000300 0,0000400 0,0000500
0,0019440 0,0009920 0,0021825

L30 CB30 CABLE30 0,0000150 0,0000250 0,0000292
CABLE30 MS3 0,0007850 0,0003800 0,0008721
0,0008000 0,0004050 0,0008967

L40 CB40 CABLE40 0,0000300 0,0000400 0,0000500
CABLE40 CB21 0,0006280 0,0003040 0,0006977
CB21 EMS 0,0000300 0,0000400 0,0000500
0,0006880 0,0003840 0,0007879

L4 + L5 + MtrEqMS4 0,0008279 0,0068099 0,0068600
MtrEqEMS . L40 0,0462207 0,1245608 0,1328599
(L1 + L2 + MtrEqMS1) . L10 0,0014416 0,0072311 0,0073734
[[L4 + L5 + MtrEqMS4] + [MtrEqEMS . L40] + [(L1 + L2 + MtrEqMS1) . L10]] .L30 0,0013200 0,0038160 0,0040379



Project: SEAWAY POLARIS - UPGRADE OF ELECTRICAL GENERATION Page: 5
Location: SEAWAY POLARIS Date: 31-mai-06
Contract: 57-5E-0230 Revision: C


Study Case: Case 1


SHORT-CIRCUIT REPORT

3-phase fault at bus: : EMS

Nominal kV = 0,460 kV
Voltage c Factor = 1,05

(14) Symmetrical short-circuit current = 76 kA rms
X/R = 3,9
K = 1,63 (APPENDIX F - Impedance Correction Factor K)
(15) Peak short-circuit current = 124 kA rms


Equivalent Asynchronous Motors Contribution
(7) (13) (12) (11)
Motor Current Voltage Power R X Z
ID A V kVA Ω Ω Ω

MtrEqMS1 1 992 460 1 587 0,0114746 0,0312936 0,033330964
MtrEqMS4 2 259 460 1 800 0,0101184 0,0275948 0,029391448
MtrEqEMS 502 460 400 0,0455327 0,1241768 0,132261516


ID From ID To ID R X Z
Ω Ω Ω

L1 G1 CABLE1 0,0014802 0,0175712 0,0176335
CABLE1 CB1 0,0003925 0,0001900 0,0004361
CB1 MS1 0,0000150 0,0000250 0,0000292
0,0018877 0,0177862 0,0178861

L2 G2 CABLE2 0,0014802 0,0175712 0,0176335
CABLE2 CB2 0,0003925 0,0001900 0,0004361
CB2 MS1 0,0000150 0,0000250 0,0000292
0,0018877 0,0177862 0,0178861

L4 G4 CABLE4 0,0013636 0,0170456 0,0171000
CABLE4 CB4 0,0003568 0,0001727 0,0003964
CB4 MS4 0,0000150 0,0000250 0,0000292
0,0017355 0,0172433 0,0173304

L5 G5 CABLE5 0,0015047 0,0188089 0,0188690
CABLE5 CB5 0,0003568 0,0001727 0,0003964
CB5 MS4 0,0000150 0,0000250 0,0000292
0,0018765 0,0190066 0,0190990

L10 CB11 CABLE10 0,0000100 0,0000200 0,0000224
CABLE10 CB10 0,0005495 0,0002660 0,0006105
CB10 MS1 0,0000100 0,0000200 0,0000224
0,0005695 0,0003060 0,0006465

L6 GS CABLE6 0,0019044 0,0238050 0,0238811
CABLE6 CB6 0,0007850 0,0003800 0,0008721
CB6 EMS 0,0000300 0,0000400 0,0000500
0,0027194 0,0242250 0,0243772

L20 CB21 CABLE20 0,0000300 0,0000400 0,0000500
CABLE20 CB20 0,0018840 0,0009120 0,0020931
CB20 MS1 0,0000300 0,0000400 0,0000500
0,0019440 0,0009920 0,0021825

L40 CB40 CABLE40 0,0000300 0,0000400 0,0000500
CABLE40 CB21 0,0006280 0,0003040 0,0006977
CB21 EMS 0,0000300 0,0000400 0,0000500
0,0006880 0,0003840 0,0007879

L1 + L2 + MtrEqMS1 0,0008721 0,0069251 0,0069798
L4 + L5 + MtrEqMS4 0,0008279 0,0068099 0,0068600
L20 + L40 0,0005082 0,0002768 0,0005787
[[ L1 + L2 + MtrEqMS1 ] + [ L4 + L5 + MtrEqMS4 ]] . [ L20 + L40 ] 0,0009329 0,0037103 0,0038258
MtrEqEMS + [ [[L1 + L2 + MtrEqMS1] + [L4 + L5 + MtrEqMS4]] . [L20 + L40] ] 0,0009141 0,0036027 0,0037169



Project: SEAWAY POLARIS - UPGRADE OF ELECTRICAL GENERATION Page: 6
Location: SEAWAY POLARIS Date: 31-mai-06
Contract: 57-5E-0230 Revision: C


Study Case: Case 2


SHORT-CIRCUIT REPORT

3-phase fault at bus: : MS1 / MS2

Nominal kV = 0,460 kV
Voltage c Factor = 1,05

(14) Symmetrical short-circuit current = 21 kA rms
X/R = 6,3
K = 2,26 (APPENDIX F - Impedance Correction Factor K)
(15) Peak short-circuit current = 48 kA rms


Equivalent Asynchronous Motors Contribution
(7) (13) (12) (11)
Motor Current Voltage Power R X Z
ID A V kVA Ω Ω Ω

MtrEqMS1 473 460 377 0,0483244 0,1317902 0,140370573
MtrEqMS4 537 460 428 0,0425650 0,1160834 0,123641119
MtrEqEMS 119 460 95 0,1920792 0,5238383 0,557943537


ID From ID To ID R X Z
Ω Ω Ω

L1 G1 CABLE1 0,0014802 0,0175712 0,0176335
CABLE1 CB1 0,0003925 0,0001900 0,0004361
CB1 MS1 0,0000150 0,0000250 0,0000292
0,0018877 0,0177862 0,0178861

L2 G2 CABLE2 0,0014802 0,0175712 0,0176335
CABLE2 CB2 0,0003925 0,0001900 0,0004361
CB2 MS1 0,0000150 0,0000250 0,0000292
0,0018877 0,0177862 0,0178861

L4 G4 CABLE4 0,0013636 0,0170456 0,0171000
CABLE4 CB4 0,0003568 0,0001727 0,0003964
CB4 MS4 0,0000150 0,0000250 0,0000292
0,0017355 0,0172433 0,0173304

L5 G5 CABLE5 0,0015047 0,0188089 0,0188690
CABLE5 CB5 0,0003568 0,0001727 0,0003964
CB5 MS4 0,0000150 0,0000250 0,0000292
0,0018765 0,0190066 0,0190990

L10 CB11 CABLE10 0,0000100 0,0000200 0,0000224
CABLE10 CB10 0,0005495 0,0002660 0,0006105
CB10 MS1 0,0000100 0,0000200 0,0000224
0,0005695 0,0003060 0,0006465

L6 GS CABLE6 0,0019044 0,0238050 0,0238811
CABLE6 CB6 0,0007850 0,0003800 0,0008721
CB6 EMS 0,0000300 0,0000400 0,0000500
0,0027194 0,0242250 0,0243772

L20 CB21 CABLE20 0,0000300 0,0000400 0,0000500
CABLE20 CB20 0,0018840 0,0009120 0,0020931
CB20 MS1 0,0000300 0,0000400 0,0000500
0,0019440 0,0009920 0,0021825

L30 CB30 CABLE30 0,0000150 0,0000250 0,0000292
CABLE30 MS3 0,0007850 0,0003800 0,0008721
0,0008000 0,0004050 0,0008967

MtrEqEMS . L20 0,1940232 0,5248303 0,5595461
(L4 + MtrEqMS4) . L10 0,0022370 0,0153192 0,0154817
[ [MtrEqMS1] + [MtrEqEMS . L20] + [(L4 + MtrEqMS4) . L10] 0,0021147 0,0133742 0,0135404




Project: SEAWAY POLARIS - UPGRADE OF ELECTRICAL GENERATION Page: 7
Location: SEAWAY POLARIS Date: 31-mai-06
Contract: 57-5E-0230 Revision: C


Study Case: Case 3


SHORT-CIRCUIT REPORT

3-phase fault at bus: : MS1 / MS2

Nominal kV = 0,460 kV
Voltage c Factor = 1,05

(14) Symmetrical short-circuit current = 12 kA rms
X/R = 5,1
K = 1,98 (APPENDIX F - Impedance Correction Factor K)
(15) Peak short-circuit current = 24 kA rms


Equivalent Asynchronous Motors Contribution
(7) (13) (12) (11)
Motor Current Voltage Power R X Z
ID A V kVA Ω Ω Ω

MtrEqMS1 210 460 167 0,1088449 0,2968417 0,316168005
MtrEqMS4 239 460 190 0,0956377 0,2608233 0,277804523
MtrEqEMS 53 460 42 0,4312721 1,1761653 1,25274115


ID From ID To ID R X Z
Ω Ω Ω

L1 G1 CABLE1 0,0014802 0,0175712 0,0176335
CABLE1 CB1 0,0003925 0,0001900 0,0004361
CB1 MS1 0,0000150 0,0000250 0,0000292
0,0018877 0,0177862 0,0178861

L2 G2 CABLE2 0,0014802 0,0175712 0,0176335
CABLE2 CB2 0,0003925 0,0001900 0,0004361
CB2 MS1 0,0000150 0,0000250 0,0000292
0,0018877 0,0177862 0,0178861

L4 G4 CABLE4 0,0013636 0,0170456 0,0171000
CABLE4 CB4 0,0003568 0,0001727 0,0003964
CB4 MS4 0,0000150 0,0000250 0,0000292
0,0017355 0,0172433 0,0173304

L5 G5 CABLE5 0,0015047 0,0188089 0,0188690
CABLE5 CB5 0,0003568 0,0001727 0,0003964
CB5 MS4 0,0000150 0,0000250 0,0000292
0,0018765 0,0190066 0,0190990

L10 CB11 CABLE10 0,0000100 0,0000200 0,0000224
CABLE10 CB10 0,0005495 0,0002660 0,0006105
CB10 MS1 0,0000100 0,0000200 0,0000224
0,0005695 0,0003060 0,0006465

L6 GS CABLE6 0,0019044 0,0238050 0,0238811
CABLE6 CB6 0,0007850 0,0003800 0,0008721
CB6 EMS 0,0000300 0,0000400 0,0000500
0,0027194 0,0242250 0,0243772

L20 CB21 CABLE20 0,0000300 0,0000400 0,0000500
CABLE20 CB20 0,0018840 0,0009120 0,0020931
CB20 MS1 0,0000300 0,0000400 0,0000500
0,0019440 0,0009920 0,0021825

L30 CB30 CABLE30 0,0000150 0,0000250 0,0000292
CABLE30 MS3 0,0007850 0,0003800 0,0008721
0,0008000 0,0004050 0,0008967

(MtrEqEMS + L6) . L20 0,0046464 0,0247281 0,0251609
[MtrEqMS1] + [(MtrEqEMS + L6) . L20] 0,0044561 0,0228266 0,0232575