When there is a conflict as to which sūtra should apply the following are the deciding cirteria 1. 2. 3. 4. prTvm!

inTyTvm! ANtr¼Tvm! Apvad

Forms of ikm! - an interrogative pronoun + ict! / icn! / Aip - àTyy. This is tidt-àTyy which Does Not undergo ivÉi´laep> and the final form is an AVyy (indeclineable). It can be declined in all the three genders i.e. masculine, feminine & neuter. The neuter Case 1 2 3 4 5 k> km! ken k SmE k Smat ! 6 7 kSy kiSm n! Pronouns s U svaRdIin svR-namain 1.1.27 whose in what / whom + + ict! ict! → → kSyict! kiSm<i ct! of someone in someone from whom + ict! → Meaning who whom by whom to whom + + + + à Tyy ict! ict! ict! ict! → → → → kiít! k<ict! kenict! kSmEic t! kSmai ½t! from someone someone (agent) someone (object) by someone to someone àTyy Meaning

p svaRdIin,1,3, svR-namain,1,3, s svR Aaid> ye;a< tainmain svRdIin, b÷ìIihsmas>, v & svaRidzBdana< svRnams<}a Évit

T The words svR etc. are called svRnam V The words svR (all), and the rest are called svRnam (pronouns) È This defines svRnam (pronouns). To know what are the other words comprised in the phrase 'and the rest', we must refer to Panini's g[paQ where a list of all groups referred to in the sūtras, is given. **

f svaRdIin → 1.1.32 svR-namain → 1.1.36

** Thus we know from it the following are pronouns 5. 6. 7. 8. svR → all ivñ → all %É → two %Éy → both
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9.

Words formed with the affix ftr such as ktr (which of two)

10. Words formed with the affix ftm such as ktm (which of many)
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11. ANy → other 12. ANytr → either 13. #tr → other 14. Svt! → other 15. Tv< → other 16. nem → half 17. sm → all 18. ism → whole 19. Tydœ → he, she, it 20. tdœ→ he, she, it 21. ydœ→ who 22. ydœ→ he, she, it 23. @tdœ→ this 24. #dm!→ it 25. Ads!→ that 26. @k→ one 27. iÖ→ two 28. yu:mdœ → you

29. ASmdœ → I 30. Évtu → you 31. ikm! → what 32. pUvR → east, prior 33. pr → subsequent 34. Avr → west or posterior 35. di][ → south, right 36. %Är → north, inferior, subsequent 37. Apr→ other, inferior 38. Axr → west, inferior; are svRnam when they imply a relation in time or place, as whown above, and not when they are names. So also the following are also svRnam 39. Sv when it does not mean 'kinsman or a treasure, but means 'own' 40. ANtr when it means 'outer' or 'an under or lower garment' …

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Updated On 14.Oct.2008 @ 06:03 Hrs.

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