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Microbiology Course File

Microbiology Course File

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Microbiology & Immunology Booklet

Throughout the Microbiology course, attempts are made at emphasizing those infectious diseases that are of great actual or potential importance to humans.

Aims & Intended Learning Outcomes Aims of the Course • To provide students with the latest information in scientific microbiological methods. • To provide advanced knowledge, understanding, and critical judgment appropriate for the medical profession in microbiology. Intended Learning Outcomes of the Course: At the end of the course the student should be able to: * Describe in details the morphology, the culture, spread, biochemical activities, antigenic characters, pathogenesis, laboratory diagnosis, treatment& prevention &control measures of each bacteria. * Define the organs commonly involved in the infection. * Recall the relationship of this infection to symptoms, relapse and the accompanying pathology. * Explain the methods of microorganisms control, e.g. chemotherapy & vaccines. * Solve problems in the context of this understanding. * Demonstrate practical skills in fundamental microbiological techniques. * Present and interpret results obtained from using these techniques. * Present information clearly in both written and oral form.

Course objectives of Microbiology: Objectives of medical Microbiology are classified into ultimate objectives which to be fulfilled by the end of the course and the sub-objectives which to be conducted during the whole course to achieve the ultimate objectives. ULTIMATE OBJECTIVES: The students will acquire fairly good knowledge about endemic bacteria & viral infectious diseases, its impact upon health in UAE and the universe. The different modules enclosed below will contain the different bacteria, viruses & fungi causing different infections in different systems of the body. Outline of the course content: Students are obliged to attend all scheduled meetings of the class. Course Structure The course in Medical Microbiology covers Bacteriology, virology and Mycology as enclosed below. Throughout this course, considerable emphasis is laid on the medical aspects of Microbiology including: 1. Identification of bacteria, viruses & fungi 2. Morphology. 3. Cultural characters. 4. Biochemical activities. 5. Treatment. 6. Prevention & control. INSTRUCTION MEDIA AND METHODS OF TEACHING 1.Programmed Lectures:Lecturing program: 89 hours teaching lectures, distributed upon 2 semesters of the 2nd academic year. 76 hour teaching lectures, distributed upon 2 semesters of the 1st academic year. The lectures are given by senior academic staff, who has experience in teaching, delivering lectures. • Participation of students is essential, they are informed previously about the topic of the lecture. • In the beginning of the lecture, the teacher inquires about students’ expectation and sets objectives of the lecture. • Some important points of the previous lecture are asked about. • Students ask about non-clear points and the teacher joins the previous with the new lecture. • Teacher proposes some simple problems to be solved by students currently during the lecture. • At the end, a summary of the content is presented by 2 or 3 students. Followed by organized summary by the teacher.

Visual aids like transparencies, power point presentations are used in the lecture. • Audio - visual video films are also used to illustrate and clarify theoretical lectures and make it easier to remember. 2. Practical attachment:- Students are going to have practical classes of total 64 hours, in both semesters arranged according to the syllabus each session 2 hours, this applies for 1st & 2nd years. 3. Problem solving sessions. A teacher chairs the sessions and relevant tropical problems are discussed. 4. Seminar: Elective Seminar are going to be chosen by students ,presented and discussed together with other related department. Practical Sessions: *Practical sessions are very important to confirm the theoretical data that have been taught in lectures, so the practical sessions and the lectures are considered complementary to each other. *Practical session is designed to identify different types of bacteria & viruses from the morphological point of view. *At the end we can consider Microbiology an important subject in medicine as it touches deeply a lot of branches e.g. medical laboratories and tropical medicine. Examination Procedures: Setting of papers: Question papers are written and reviewed by internal examiners and checked by the External Examiner in oral examination day. Marking: Answer books are corrected and marked by the internal examiner. Board of Examiners: This committee of both internal and the external Examiner evaluate all students during oral examination.

Students Evaluation Procedure: Assessment of Microbiology Coursework The total marks for microbiology subject in 1st year are 60 marks & for 2nd year total mark is 90 which are distributed as listed below: Year Assessment Marks count for 30% of the final grade: Class sharing Class sharing counts for 5% of students final grade. Seminars Seminars marks count for 5% of students final grade. Attendance Attendance counts for 5% of students final grade. Final Exams Marks count for 70% of the final grade: Written Papers Written papers count for 35% of students final grade. Oral exam. marks Oral marks count for 20% of students final grade. Practical exam. marks Practical marks count for 20% of students final grade.

.Syllabus.These practical sessions included practical demonstrations for students.Practical session have been introduced for First Year students. July.Department progress. 3.Results. objectives. April. Integration of Microbiology & Immunology in the integrated "Organ system course) booklets previously followed by other departments. Reestablishment of booklet of microbiology (Theoretical Practical) that includes introductive to the course. presented guided discussed by the Prof. . books.. . 2. February.Active participation of students in performing bacteriological staining technique at microbiology labs of DMCG. on a weekly basis of 2 hrs month December.Portfolios and recitals.Final exam & MCQ questions. A total of 56 hrs. Reestablishment of new microbiology lab equipments (enclosed below). June. . .Seminars held at the department in relating to their microbiological studies. Nadia Mokhless. 6. 4.Active participation of students in preparing & cultivating bacteriological media at microbiology labs of DMCG. . 2. 5. May. out course. . . 3. e-journals. prerequisites. 5.Hospital Fields studies to visit hospital microbial labs and Dubai Medical Center Hospital. . Plan Of Development In Microbiology Department 1. Thus our future plan to direct the teaching method towards case study and problem solving.Plan of Department. March. . . Composition of a course of molecular & bacterial genetics.Course file checklist. Active participation of students to perform antibiogram at microbiology labs of DMCG.Developments achieved in year 2004-2005 I) Educational (theoretical & practical achievements: 1. Official visit to Al-Ain Emirates University microbiology department to update DMCG microbiology laboratories & courses. Composition of the department assessment files including the following: . Stressing more on the case study as to our opinion.Department assessment forms.Encouragement of self learning by case presentation curried by 2-3 students.Handouts.This was performed on weekly basis in a session of 2 hours (topics enclosed below) II) Administrative achievements: 1. 4. . Renewal of DMCG library & its enforcement with journal. it is crucial to the students in the pre-clinical phase. 7.

5. Establishment of a new microbiology laboratory Establishment of correlation between DMCG students & hospital medical laboratories. 4. 6. 3. Annual addition of more fixed microbiology slides to the practical sessions plus addition of colored labeled charts for different bacteria & viruses. Planed cooperation with Dubai medical center to allow students to prepare and examine fresh smears for different bacteria. Establishment of correlation between DMCG students & Infection Control units in the hospitals. .2.

8. 2. II) General Virology: 1. 3. Understand basic mycology. Understand concept of viral vaccine. 7. Understand bacterial physiology. Define events taking place in specific immune response. Define cells of the immune system. General mycology: 1. Recognise different group of antiviral drugs used for treatment of viral infections. Understand & learn about genetics including mutation. 4. 2. 4. Understand the immune response to viral infection. Learn structure & growth. Understand & learn about interferon including types. both structure & function. Understand pathogenesis. 3. 7. Define types of immunoglobulins. Learn about antimicrobial chemotherapy & bacterial drug resistance. Learn about the human immune system. Learn the morphology & bacterial cell structure. 6. 2. 6. Define types of antigens. 5. & germination. Define bacterial spore structure. 5. know about different antigen – antibody reactions applied for laboratory diagnosis. mechanism of action & its clinical application. Understand the mechanism & types of immune systems of the human body. 6. 5. 2. Know principal antifungal therapy. Understand general properties of viruses. 6. Define fungal toxins 5. including morphology. 7. Understand method’s of laboratory diagnosis of viral infections. 7. sporulation. 4. Understand & learn about complement system: including classical & alternative pathway & their outcomes. genetic transfer between bacteria & genetic recombination. Get acquainted with classification of medically important fungi. growth & metabolism. 3. Understand pathogenesis & virulence factors of bacteria. Immunology: 1. classification & others. 3. Define methods of laboratory diagnosis.MICROBIOLOGY COURSE CONTENT MICROBIOLOGY COURSE CONTENT FOR FIRST YEAR GENERAL MICROBIOLOGY AND IMMUNOLOGY I)General microbiology: By the end of the course the student should: 1. Learn about bacteriophage. 4. III) IV) . Define & understand the mechanism of normal flora of human body at different anatomical sites.

Understand the major histocompatibility antigens & their clinical significance. 11. 14. Learn about cytokines. . 16. 12. Define transplantation antigens & graft rejection. Define immunological tolerance. 10. Learn about hypersensitivity rections & its types. Learn about autoimmune diseases. Understand the tumour immunology. Define immunodeficiency diseases (congenital & acquired) 13. 15.9.

MICROBIOLOGY COURSE CONTENT FOR SECOND YEAR SYSTEMIC MICROBIOLOGY CVS MODULE GENERAL MODULE PREREQUISITES FOR THE GENERAL MODULE: • • The student should have good basis of eukaryotic cell. b) Describe the bacterial cell structure. d) Discuss the bacterial genetics. e) Discuss about Antiviral chemotherapy & Drug resistance. f) Discuss viral vaccines . c) Bacterial physiology & growth-Pathogenesis d) Bacterial genetics e) Antimicrobial chemotherapy f) Microbial flora of human body. d) Describe viral genetics. c) Explain the bacterial physiology & growth-Pathogenesis. c) Explain viral physiology & growth-Pathogenesis.General Virology: a) General properties & Classification b) Virus replication c) Laboratory diagnosis d) Host response to viral infection.Bacterial a) Introduction & Classification b) Bacterial cell structure. 2. e) Interferon f) Antiviral g) Viral vaccine h) Bacteriophage Objectives: The student should be able to: a) Discuss about classification of virus b) Describe the viral cell structure. e) Discuss about Antibacterial chemotherapy & Drug resistance. 1. The student should have good basis on the difference between eukaryotic & prokaryotic cell. Objectives: The student should be able to: a) Discuss the classification of bacteria.

NA probing. 4. immunodiffusion. pericardium. group A streptococci • Describe the basic characteristics of each microorganism. The student should have good basis in physiology & pathology of the heart. b) Describe the fungal cell structure. 6. PCR] 3. At the end of the practical session the student should be able to explainthe following concepts: General 1. e) Discuss about Antifungal chemotherapy & Drug resistance. Antigen-antibody reaction Laboratory diagnosis of viral infections: 1. Direct detection [EM. General mycology Objectives: The student should be able to: a) Discuss about classification of fungi. 2. 8.g. ELISA. Immunoblotting technique PREREQUISITES FOR THE CARDIOVASCULAR SYSTEM: • • • • The student should have good basis in anatomy & histology of the heart. d) Describe fungal genetics. Safety precautions in the laboratory. Microscope Morphology of bacteria Sterilization Culture media Cultivation of bacteria Identification of bacteria Anaerobiosis Antibiogram Immunology: 1. 3. Chick embryo. HAI] 5. CFT. . 9. c) Explain fungal physiology & growth-Pathogenesis. FAT.3. The student should have good basis of general microbiology. Sampling 2. ELISA. Serology [IF. blood vessels. Virus isolation [Tissue culture. 5. pericardium. blood vessels. The student should have good basis of immunology. Rheumatic fever Objectives At the end of this session the student should be able to: • List the different etiological agents involved in this condition e. 7. Animal inoculation] 4.

• Explain the underlying pathogenesis/modes of spread • Recognise the clinical features. Syphilis: Trepenoma Pallidium • Describe the basic characteristics of each microorganism. • Explain the underlying pathogenesis/modes of spread • Recognise the clinical features. Viral: Coxsackie B Bacterial: Staphylococci. isolation. isolation. Influenza.g. antibiogram] Pericarditis Objectives At the end of this session the student should be able to: • List the different etiological agents involved in this condition e. Polio. new molecular techniques. antibiogram] 2. • At the end of this practical session the student should be able to explain & apply the following concepts: 3. • At the end of this practical session the student should be able to explain the following concepts: 1. • Discuss the basic concept of treatment. antibiogram] 4. • Discuss & apply various diagnostic methods. serotyping. Haemophilus Influenza Tuberculosis: Mycobacterium TB. Blood Culture [[Sampling. identification.g. serotyping. Viral diagnosis: a) Serlogical methods b) PCR [DNA/RNA] . Virus: Coxsackie B. Viral diagnosis: a) Serlogical methods b) PCR [DNA/RNA] Myocarditis Objectives At the end of this session the student should be able to: • List the different etiological agents involved in this condition e. At the end of this practical session the student should be able to explain the following concepts: 1. • Discuss the basic concept of treatment. new molecular techniques. Discuss the basic concept of treatment. rubella. Describe & apply various diagnostic methods. Blood Culture [Sampling. Blood Culture [Sampling. Adenovirus. • Describe & apply various diagnostic methods. new molecular techniques.• • • • • Explain the underlying pathogenesis/modes of spread Recognise the clinical features. identification. isolation. identification. Echovirus • Describe the basic characteristics of each microorganism. ASOT 2. serotyping.

• Describe & apply various diagnostic methods. identification. Enterococci fecalis. Sandfly fever virus. new molecular techniques. antibiogram] Infection of blood vessels Objectives At the end of this session the student should be able to: • List the different etiological agents involved in this condition i) e. Streptococci viridians. Robovirus: Hantan virus. Haphrophilus. Junin & Machupo virus. Marburg & Ebola virus. Y-fever virus. • Describe the basic characteristics of each microorganism. d) KS: HHV Objectives At the end of this session the student should be able to: • List the different etiological agents involved in this condition.G. Brucella. serotyping. • Describe the basic characteristics of each microorganism. antibiogram] 2. • Describe & apply various diagnostic methods. . Histoplasma. Blood Culture [[Sampling. Coxiella burnetti. WNF. Lassa fever virus. • At the end of this practical session the student should be able to explain the following concepts: Blood Culture [Sampling. Staphylococcus epidermidis. Haemophilus influenza. iIsolation. Hanta virus. RVF virus. • Describe & apply various diagnostic methods. Haemorrhagic fever: Arbovirus: EEV. • Describe the basic concept of treatment • At the end of this practical session the student should be able to explain the following concepts: 1. Viral diagnosis: a) Direct detetction of antigen & nucleic acid detection. serotyping. isolation. Crimean Congo virus. new molecular techniques. California Encephalitis Virus.g. • Discuss the basic concept of treatment.g. Aspergillus. b) Isolation c) Serological methods. • Explain the underlying pathogenesis/modes of spread • Recognise the clinical features. Streptococci group C. • Explain the underlying pathogenesis/modes of spread • Recognise the clinical features.Infective Endocarditis Objectives At the end of this session the student should be able to: • List the different etiological agents involved in this condition e. • Explain the underlying pathogenesis/modes of spread • Recognise the clinical features. • Describe the basic characteristics of each microorganism. Staphylococcus aureus. Candida. identification. ii) Vasculitis & Thrombosis: Rickettsiae.

coronovirus • Describe the basic characteristics of each microorganism. • Discuss the basic concept of treatment. larynx. Identification. trachea. rhinovirus.• Discuss the basic concept of treatment. Antibiogram] b) Direct antigen detection kits Viral Diagnosis: a) Serology b) PCR [Detection of RNA/DNA] Common cold Objectives: At the end of this session the student should be able to: • List the different etiological agents involved in this condition e. e) Case study f) Case study RESPIRATORY MODULE PREREQUISITES FOR RESPIRATORY SYSTEM: • • • • The student should have good basis in anatomy & histology of the nose. • At the end of this practical session the student should be able to explain the following concepts: a) Culture [Sampling. • Describe the basic characteristics of each microorganism. • At the end of this practical session the student should be able to explain the following concepts: a) Culture [Sampling. bronchi. Isolation. UPPER RESPITORY TRACT INFECTIONS: Diseases of the nose { Rhinoscleroma} Objectives: At the end of this session the student should be able to: • List the different etiological agents involved in this condition. • Describe & apply various diagnostic methods. The student should have good basis in physiology & pathology of the nose. • Explain the underlying pathogenesis/modes of spread • Recognise the clinical features. • Explain the underlying pathogenesis/modes of spread • Recognise the clinical features. Antibiogram] . larynx. • Describe & apply various diagnostic methods. bronchioles & the lungs. Serotyping. • Discuss the basic concept of treatment. Identification. Serotyping.g. The student should have good basis of General microbiology. Isolation. The student should have good basis of immunology. bronchi. bronchioles & the lungs. trachea.

• Discuss the basic concept of treatment. Viral: Rhinovirus.g. Identification. staphylococci. Corynaebacterium Diphteriae . Isolation. Antibiogram] b) Direct antigen detection kits . pneumococci. Streptococci pneumoniae. Adenotonsillitis Objectives: At the end of this session the student should be able to: o List the different etiological agents involved in this condition e. Bacterial :streptococci. Discuss the basic concept of treatment. At the end of this practical session the student should be able to explain the following concepts: a) Culture [Sampling. adenovirus & enterovirus • Describe the basic characteristics of each microorganism. Serotyping. pneumococci. • Explain the underlying pathogenesis/modes of spread • Recognise the clinical features.g. Coxsackie A virus TB pharyngitis: ulceration & tuberculoma Describe the basic characteristics of each microorganism. Vincent’s spirillium. • Discuss the basic concept of treatment. Bacterial: streptococci.g. Haemophilus Influenza • Describe the basic characteristics of each microorganism. • • • • • • Viral: Enterovirus. Corynaebacterium Diphteriae .b) Direct antigen detection kits Viral Diagnosis: a) Serology b) PCR [Detection of RNA/DNA] Sinusitis Objectives: At the end of this session the student should be able to: • List the different etiological agents involved in this condition e. staphylococci. Explain the underlying pathogenesis/modes of spread Recognise the clinical features. • Describe & apply various diagnostic methods. Describe & apply various diagnostic methods. Pharyngitis Objectives: At the end of this session the student should be able to: • List the different etiological agents involved in this condition e. • Explain the underlying pathogenesis/modes of spread • Recognise the clinical features. • Describe & apply various diagnostic methods.

• Describe & apply various diagnostic methods.Haemophilus Influenza type B. Infectious mononucleosis & Nasopharyngeal carcinoma Objectives: At the end of this session the student should be able to: • List the different etiological agents involved in this condition e. Serotyping. Trepenoma Pallidium. • At the end of this practical session the student should be able to explain the following concepts: a) Culture [Sampling. Parainfluenza virus type2. • Discuss the basic concept of treatment. • Describe the basic characteristics of each microorganism. . • Explain the underlying pathogenesis/modes of spread • Recognise the clinical features.Viral Diagnosis: a) Serology b) PCR [Detection of RNA/DNA] Syphilis Objectives: At the end of this session the student should be able to: • List the different etiological agents involved in this condition e. Isolation. • Describe & apply various diagnostic methods. • Explain the underlying pathogenesis/modes of spread • Recognise the clinical features. Identification. • Discuss the basic concept of treatment.g. • Describe the basic characteristics of each microorganism. Ebstein Barr virus. • Discuss the basic concept of treatment. Antibiogram] b) Direct antigen detection kits Viral Diagnosis: a) Serology b) PCR [Detection of RNA/DNA] Acute Laryngeotracheobronchitis Objectives: At the end of this session the student should be able to: • List the different etiological agents involved in this condition e. • Describe & apply various diagnostic methods. • Describe the basic characteristics of each microorganism.g.g. • Explain the underlying pathogenesis/modes of spread • Recognise the clinical features.

g. Isolation. Antibiogram] b) Direct antigen detection kits Viral Diagnosis: a) Serology b) PCR [Detection of RNA/DNA] Influenza: Objectives: At the end of this session the student should be able to: • List the different etiological agents involved in this condition e.Acute Epiglottitis Objectives: At the end of this session the student should be able to: • List the different etiological agents involved in this condition e. . Serotyping.g.Haemophilus Influenza. • Explain the underlying pathogenesis/modes of spread • Recognise the clinical features. • Describe the basic characteristics of each microorganism. • Describe & apply various diagnostic methods. Haemophilus Influenza. • Describe & apply various diagnostic methods. • Explain the underlying pathogenesis/modes of spread • Recognise the clinical features. Influenza virus A& B • Describe the basic characteristics of each microorganism.g. Identification. • Explain the underlying pathogenesis/modes of spread • Recognise the clinical features. Pseudomonas pyocaenus Otitis media: Streptococci pneumoniae. • Discuss the basic concept of treatment. • Describe & apply various diagnostic methods. Otitis externa: Staphylococcus aureus. • Describe the basic characteristics of each microorganism. • Discuss the basic concept of treatment. • Discuss the basic concept of treatment. Streptococcus Pyogenus. • At the end of this practical session the student should be able to explain the following concepts: a) Culture [Sampling. Ear: Objectives: At the end of this session the student should be able to: • List the different etiological agents involved in this condition e.

serotyping.g. Bacterial: Streptococci pneumoniae. Respiratory tract infection is caused by Pseudomonas. identification.Adenovirus. • Describe the basic characteristics of each microorganism. isolation. • Discuss the basic concept of treatment. • Explain the underlying pathogenesis/modes of spread • Recognise the clinical features. Respiratory Syncytial Virus. • At the end of this practical session the student should be able to explain: Sputum Examination & Culture [ Sampling. • Describe the basic characteristics of each microorganism.g. Chlamydia pneumoniae. Moraxella catarrhalis. • Discuss the basic concept of treatment. • Describe & apply various diagnostic methods. Bacteriods. antibiogram] Cystic Fibrosis Objectives: At the end of this session the student should be able to: • List the different etiological agents involved in this condition e. Cytomegalovirus. Viral: Influenza virus. • Describe & apply various diagnostic methods. Haemophilus Influenza. Chlamydia psittaci. identification. • Describe & apply various diagnostic methods. SARS. Pseudomonas aeruginosa. serotyping.Staphylococcus aureus. antibiogram] . processing. Coxiella burnetti. processing. • Describe the basic characteristics of each microorganism. Parainfluenza virus. • Discuss the basic concept of treatment. Mycoplasma pneumoniae. Pneumonia Objectives: At the end of this session the student should be able to: • Enumerate the different etiological agents involved in this condition e. Klebsiella pneumoniae. • Explain the underlying pathogenesis/modes of spread • Recognise the clinical features. Measels.LOWER RESPIRATORY TRACT INFECTION: Bronchitis& Bronchial Asthma Objectives: At the end of this session the student should be able to: • List the different etiological agents involved in this condition e. • Explain the underlying pathogenesis/modes of spread • Recognise the clinical features. isolation. • At the end of this practical session the student should be able to explain: Sputum Examination & Culture [ Sampling.Legionella pneumophilia.g. Hanta virus ( ROBO). Varicella zoster. Haemophilus Influenza Viral: Respiratory Syncytial Virus. Bacterial: Streptococci pneumoniae.

• Describe the basic characteristics of each microorganism. • Discuss the basic concept of treatment. Staphylococcus aureus. • Discuss the basic concept of treatment.Tuberculosis Objectives: At the end of this session the student should be able to: • List the different etiological agents involved in this condition e. • Discuss the basic concept of treatment. . • Describe the basic characteristics of each microorganism. • Describe the basic characteristics of each microorganism. • Describe & apply various diagnostic methods. Lung abscess Objectives: At the end of this session the student should be able to: • List the different etiological agents involved in this condition e. • Describe & apply various diagnostic methods. • Explain the underlying pathogenesis/modes of spread • Recognise the clinical features. Infectious diseases of the Larynx & trachea {Laryngeotracheobronchitis} Objectives: At the end of this session the student should be able to: • List the different etiological agents involved in this condition e. • Explain the underlying pathogenesis/modes of spread • Recognise the clinical features.g.g. Fungal respiratory tract infection. Klebsiella pneumoniae. Klebsiella pneumoniae. • Describe the basic characteristics of each microorganism. • Describe & apply various diagnostic methods. • Describe & apply various diagnostic methods. Staphylococcus aureus. • Discuss the basic concept of treatment. • Explain the underlying pathogenesis/modes of spread • Recognise the clinical features. • Explain the underlying pathogenesis/modes of spread • Recognise the clinical features. Mycobacterium tuberculosis.g. Objectives: At the end of this session the student should be able to: • List the different etiological agents involved in this condition.

• Describe the basic characteristics of each microorganism. identification. • Describe the basic characteristics of each microorganism. GIT MODULE PREREQUISITES FOR THE GASTROENTEROLOGY SYSTEM: • • • • The student should have good basis in anatomy& histology of the mouth. aspiprate. • At the end of this practical session the student should explain the following concepts: 1) Specimen [saliva. Staphylococci aureus & Streptococci pneumoniae. • Discuss the basic concept of treatment. Parotid gland {Parotitis} Objectives: At the end of this session the student should be able to: • List the different etiological agents involved in this condition e. • Discuss the basic concept of treatment. new molecular techniques. antibiogram. . Salivary gland infection {Sialadenitis} Objectives: At the end of this session the student should be able to: • List the different etiological agents involved in this condition e.g. The student should have good basis of immunology. • Describe & apply various diagnostic methods. • Explain the underlying pathogenesis/modes of spread • Recognise the clinical features. large intestine. esophagus. esophagus. pharynx. • Describe & apply various diagnostic methods. mumps virus. stomach. • Explain the underlying pathogenesis/modes of spread • Recognise the clinical features. small intestine. Objectives: At the end of this session the student should be able to: • List the different etiological agents involved in this condition • Describe the basic characteristics of each microorganism. rectum & the anal canal. secretions] 2) Culture.g. stomach. • Describe & apply various diagnostic methods. The student should have good basis of general microbiology. small intestine. large intestine. pharynx. • Discuss the basic concept of treatment. Streptococci pyogenus. rectum & the anal canal. • Explain the underlying pathogenesis/modes of spread • Recognise the clinical features.Infectious diseases of Pleura. The student should have good basis in physiology & pathology of the mouth. gastric biopsy.

g. antibiogram] 2) Blood culture 3) Serological test .g. Salmonella.Gastritis& Peptic ulcer Objectives: At the end of this session the student should be able to: • List the different etiological agents involved in this condition e. Esophageal infections Objectives: At the end of this session the student should be able to: • List the different etiological agents involved in this condition e. identification. Cytomegalovirus • Describe the basic characteristics of each microorganism. new molecular techniques. • Explain the underlying pathogenesis/modes of spread • Recognise the clinical features. Candida.coli. • Describe the basic characteristics of each microorganism. • At the end of this practical session the student should explain the following concepts: 1) Specimen [Saliva. Shigella. aspirate. secretions] 2) Culture. gastric biopsy. • At the end of this practical session the student should explain the following concepts: 1) Stool culture [ Stool examination i. • Discuss the basic concept of treatment.e. Gastroenteritis Objectives: At the end of this session the student should be able to: • List the different etiological agents involved in this condition e. Bacteria: E. identification. • Explainthe underlying pathogenesis/modes of spread • Recognise the clinical features. • Describe & apply various diagnostic methods. • Discuss the basic concept of treatment. Coronovirus • Describe the basic characteristics of each microorganism. Viruses: Rota virus ( Infantile gastroenteritis) Norwalk virus ( Adult gastroenteritis) Adenovirus. • Explain the underlying pathogenesis/modes of spread • Recognise the clinical features. • Describe & apply various diagnostic methods. Helicobacter pylori. • Describe & apply various diagnostic methods.g. processing. • Discuss the basic concept of treatment. Herpes Simplex. Campylobacter. antibiogram.

• Describe the basic characteristics of each microorganism. • Explain the underlying pathogenesis/modes of spread • Recognise the clinical features. Viruses: hepatitis viruses A.g. yellow fever virus. • Describe & apply various diagnostic methods.E. • Describe the basic characteristics of each microorganism. E. CMV. • Discuss the basic concept of treatment. • At the end of this practical session the student should explain the following concepts: 1) Serological profile [ELISA TEST] 2) PCR [DNA/RNA] 3) Quantitative PCR Bacterial peritonitis Objectives: At the end of this session the student should be able to: • List the different etiological agents involved in this condition e. EBV. • Describe & apply various diagnostic methods. • Explain the underlying pathogenesis/modes of spread • Recognise the clinical features.g.g. Explain the underlying pathogenesis/modes of spread Recognise the clinical features. • Discuss the basic concept of treatment. yersinia. • Discuss the basic concept of treatment. Hepatitis (Acute+ Chronic) Objectives: At the end of this session the student should be able to: o List the different etiological agents involved in this condition e. Mycobacterium Tuberculosis.G. Describe & apply various diagnostic methods. • Explain the underlying pathogenesis/modes of spread • Recognise the clinical features.B. • Describe the basic characteristics of each microorganism. • Describe & apply various diagnostic methods. Acute terminal ileitis Objectives: At the end of this session the student should be able to: • • • • • • List the different etiological agents involved in this condition e.g.D. klebsiella & enterococci. clostridia. Discuss the basic concept of treatment.coli.C. pseudomonas.Intestinal TB Objectives: At the end of this session the student should be able to: • List the different etiological agents involved in this condition e. Bacteria: Leptospira icterohaemorrhagiae. . bacteriods. Coxiella burnetti. Describe the basic characteristics of each microorganism.

E. secretions] 2) Culture. .g. identification. • Describe & apply various diagnostic methods. • Describe the basic characteristics of each microorganism. Diseases of the Pancreas { Pancreatitis} Objectives: At the end of this session the student should be able to: • List the different etiological agents involved in this condition e. identification. secretions] 3) Culture. • Describe & apply various diagnostic methods. • Describe the basic characteristics of each microorganism. • Explain the underlying pathogenesis/modes of spread • Recognise the clinical features. • Describe & apply various diagnostic methods. secretions] 2) Culture. antibiogram. • Discuss the basic concept of treatment Liver abscess Objectives: At the end of this session the student should be able to: • List the different etiological agents involved in this condition e. • Discuss the basic concept of treatment. aspiprate. • At the end of this practical session the student should explain the following concepts: 1) Specimen [Saliva. Hepatocellular carcinoma Objectives: At the end of this session the student should be able to: • List the different etiological agents involved in this condition e. • At the end of this practical session the student should explain the following concepts: 1) Specimen [Saliva. antibiogram. • Explain the underlying pathogenesis/modes of spread • Recognise the clinical features. Staphylococci aureus. identification. aspiprate. Streptococci faecalis. gastric biopsy. aspiprate. new molecular techniques. gastric biopsy. • Explain the underlying pathogenesis/modes of spread • Recognise the clinical features. Coxsackie B. gastric biopsy. • Discuss the basic concept of treatment. new molecular techniques.coli. HBV. • Describe the basic characteristics of each microorganism. HCV. Mumps. antibiogram.g.• At the end of this practical session the student should explain the following concepts: 1) Specimen [Saliva. new molecular techniques. Proteus vulgaris.g. Streptococci milleri & anaerobic organisms such as Bacteriodes.

• Describe & apply various diagnostic methods. • Describe the basic characteristics of each microorganism. • Discuss the basic concept of treatment Appendix Objectives: At the end of this session the student should be able to: • List the different etiological agents involved in this condition. • Describe & apply various diagnostic methods. • Discuss the basic concept of treatment Diseases of the Gall Bladder Objectives: At the end of this session the student should be able to: • List the different etiological agents involved in this condition. Clostridium Difficile. • Describe the basic characteristics of each microorganism. • Discuss the basic concept of treatment . • Describe the basic characteristics of each microorganism. • Explain the underlying pathogenesis/modes of spread • Recognise the clinical features. • Explain the underlying pathogenesis/modes of spread • Recognise the clinical features. • Describe & apply various diagnostic methods.Pseudomembranous colitis Objectives: At the end of this session the student should be able to: • List the different etiological agents involved in this condition e.g. • Explain the underlying pathogenesis/modes of spread • Recognise the clinical features.

processing & indentification b) Antibiogram c) Colony count d) New molecular techniques Tuberculosis of Urinary Tract Objectives: At the end of this session the student should be able to: 1. 3. • The student should have good basis of immunology.PREREQUISITES FOR RENAL MODULE SYSTEM: The student should have good basis in: • Anatomy. 3. 5. Proteus. BK-virus( immunological complement). 7. Describe the basic characteristics of each microorganism.21 Acute haemorrhaegic cystitis.Recognise the clinical features. • Biochemistry of Renal function test.g. TB of urinary tract: Examination. 6. Bladder. Describe & apply various diagnostic methods.List the different etiological agents involved in this condition e. Mycobacterium TB infection 2. E. physiology & pathology of the Kidneys. 6. Adenovirus type 11. Discuss the basic concept of treatment. Enterococcus faecalis. Explain the underlying pathogenesis/modes of spread 4. Ureter. 2. Staphylococcus aureus. Diseases of the Tubules& Urinary Tract Infection: Objectives: At the end of this session the student should be able to: 1.Describe & apply various diagnostic methods. . 2. List the different etiological agents involved in this condition e. Klebsiella.g. Describe & apply various diagnostic methods. Discuss the basic concept of treatment. Recognise the clinical features. Pseudomonas. Urine culture: a) Sampling. Urethra. Recognise the clinical features.coli. Staphylococcus epidemidis. Explain the underlying pathogenesis/modes of spread 4. histology. 5. Describe the basic characteristics of each microorganism. Acute diffuse glomerulonephritis: Nephrogenic Lancefield group A β Haemolytic Streptococci. 5.Explain the underlying pathogenesis/modes of spread 4.g. Describe the basic characteristics of each microorganism. List the different etiological agents involved in this condition e. Diseases of the glomeruli: Objectives: At the end of this session the student should be able to: 1. 3. At the end of the practical session student be able to explain the following concepts: Urinary tract infections.

5.Describe & apply various diagnostic methods. Describe the basic characteristics of each microorganism. Kidney Lesions Objectives: At the end of this session the student should be able to: 1.List the different etiological agents involved in this condition e. 2. 6.g Leptospira haemorrhagiae (Weils disease) Hantan virus ( HFRS = Haemorrhaegic Fever renal Syndrome). 2. 3. 6 Discuss the basic concept of treatment.6.Discuss the basic concept of treatment.Discuss the basic concept of treatment.Explain the underlying pathogenesis/modes of spread 4.Recognise the clinical features.Explain the underlying pathogenesis/modes of spread 4.Blood borne Staphylococcus aureus infection.Learn various diagnostic methods.Understand the underlying pathogenesis/modes of spread 4.List the different etiological agents involved in this condition e. 2.Discuss the basic concept of treatment Infections of urinary bladder & ureter Objectives: At the end of this session the student should be able to: 1.Understand the basic concept of treatment. 3. Learn the basic characteristics of each microorganism.Focus on clinical features. Renal carbuncle [Renal cortex abscess] Objectives: At the end of this session the student should be able to: 1.List the different etiological agents involved in this condition. 2. Obstructive diseases & Calculi Objectives: At the end of this session the student should be able to: 1.Describe & apply various diagnostic methods. 6. 5.Explain the underlying pathogenesis/modes of spread 4. Describe the basic characteristics of each microorganism. 5.Describe & apply various diagnostic methods.Recognise the clinical features. .Recognise the clinical features. 6.Enumerate the different etiological agents involved in this condition.g. Describe the basic characteristics of each microorganism. 5. 3. 3.

5. Urethritis: Non-Gonococcal: E. 7. The student should have good basis in physiology & pathology of the mouth. The student should have good basis of immunology. Chylamidia Trachomatis(D-K). small intestine.Explain the underlying pathogenesis/modes of spread 4. 6. Streptococci pyogenus.coli. pseudomonas. processing & indentification b) Antibiogram c) New molecular techniques Viral diagnosis: a) Sampling b) Antigen detection c) Nucleic acid detection d) Viral isolation e) Serology Case study Case study GIT MODULE PREREQUISITES FOR THE GASTROENTEROLOGY SYSTEM: • • • • The student should have good basis in anatomy& histology of the mouth. Gonococcal: Nesseria gonorrhea 2. proteus.g. Mycoplasma hominis.Describe & apply various diagnostic methods. rectum & the anal canal. pharynx. At the end of the practical session student be able to explain the following concepts: Urethral swab culture: a) Sampling. stomach.Recognise the clinical features. Describe the basic characteristics of each microorganism. rectum & the anal canal. Staphylococci aureus & Streptococci pneumoniae. Ureaplasma urealytica.Discuss the basic concept of treatment. large intestine. stomach. The student should have good basis of general microbiology. large intestine. pharynx. small intestine. esophagus.Urethritis Objectives: At the end of this session the student should be able to: 1. staphylococci. esophagus.List the different etiological agents involved in this condition e. 3. . • Describe the basic characteristics of each microorganism.g. streptococci. Salivary gland infection {Sialadenitis} Objectives: At the end of this session the student should be able to: • List the different etiological agents involved in this condition e.

Gastritis& Peptic ulcer Objectives: At the end of this session the student should be able to: • List the different etiological agents involved in this condition e. mumps virus. Helicobacter pylori. gastric biopsy. Candida. Parotid gland {Parotitis} Objectives: At the end of this session the student should be able to: • List the different etiological agents involved in this condition e. Describe & apply various diagnostic methods.g. gastric biopsy. Discuss the basic concept of treatment. • At the end of this practical session the student should explain the following concepts: 1) Specimen [Saliva. secretions] 4) Culture. aspirate. • Explain the underlying pathogenesis/modes of spread • Recognise the clinical features. • Describe & apply various diagnostic methods. • Describe & apply various diagnostic methods.g. • Discuss the basic concept of treatment. Herpes Simplex. • Explain the underlying pathogenesis/modes of spread • Recognise the clinical features. new molecular techniques.g.• • • • • Explain the underlying pathogenesis/modes of spread Recognise the clinical features. At the end of this practical session the student should explain the following concepts: 3) Specimen [saliva. • Describe the basic characteristics of each microorganism. • Describe the basic characteristics of each microorganism. • Describe & apply various diagnostic methods. Cytomegalovirus • Describe the basic characteristics of each microorganism. . Esophageal infections Objectives: At the end of this session the student should be able to: • List the different etiological agents involved in this condition e. antibiogram. aspiprate. identification. new molecular techniques. • Explain the underlying pathogenesis/modes of spread • Recognise the clinical features. secretions] 3) Culture. • Discuss the basic concept of treatment. identification. • Discuss the basic concept of treatment. antibiogram.

e. Describe & apply various diagnostic methods. Coronovirus • Describe the basic characteristics of each microorganism.E. • Discuss the basic concept of treatment.D. Bacteria: E. processing. Discuss the basic concept of treatment. yellow fever virus.g. Viruses: hepatitis viruses A. Hepatitis (Acute+ Chronic) Objectives: At the end of this session the student should be able to: o List the different etiological agents involved in this condition e. Coxiella burnetti. Bacteria: Leptospira icterohaemorrhagiae. • Explainthe underlying pathogenesis/modes of spread • Recognise the clinical features.C.Gastroenteritis Objectives: At the end of this session the student should be able to: • List the different etiological agents involved in this condition e.g. • Describe the basic characteristics of each microorganism. • At the end of this practical session the student should explain the following concepts: 4) Stool culture [ Stool examination i.coli. • Explain the underlying pathogenesis/modes of spread • Recognise the clinical features.G. Viruses: Rota virus ( Infantile gastroenteritis) Norwalk virus ( Adult gastroenteritis) Adenovirus. CMV. . Shigella. Campylobacter. • Describe & apply various diagnostic methods.g. Describe the basic characteristics of each microorganism. • Describe the basic characteristics of each microorganism. identification. Explain the underlying pathogenesis/modes of spread Recognise the clinical features. EBV. Acute terminal ileitis Objectives: At the end of this session the student should be able to: • • • • • • List the different etiological agents involved in this condition e. Mycobacterium Tuberculosis. Salmonella. • Discuss the basic concept of treatment. yersinia.B.g. • Describe & apply various diagnostic methods. antibiogram] 5) Blood culture 6) Serological test Intestinal TB Objectives: At the end of this session the student should be able to: • List the different etiological agents involved in this condition e.

• At the end of this practical session the student should explain the following concepts: . • Discuss the basic concept of treatment.coli.coli. bacteriods. pseudomonas. At the end of this practical session the student should explain the following concepts: 4) Serological profile [ELISA TEST] 5) PCR [DNA/RNA] 6) Quantitative PCR Bacterial peritonitis Objectives: At the end of this session the student should be able to: • List the different etiological agents involved in this condition e. • Explain the underlying pathogenesis/modes of spread • Recognise the clinical features.g. • Describe the basic characteristics of each microorganism. klebsiella & enterococci.g. • At the end of this practical session the student should explain the following concepts: 4) Specimen [Saliva. Streptococci milleri & anaerobic organisms such as Bacteriodes. • Describe the basic characteristics of each microorganism. aspiprate. Proteus vulgaris. identification. clostridia.• • • • • Explain the underlying pathogenesis/modes of spread Recognise the clinical features. secretions] 5) Culture. Describe & apply various diagnostic methods. Hepatocellular carcinoma Objectives: At the end of this session the student should be able to: • List the different etiological agents involved in this condition e. • Explain the underlying pathogenesis/modes of spread • Recognise the clinical features. • Describe & apply various diagnostic methods. • Describe the basic characteristics of each microorganism. HBV. • Discuss the basic concept of treatment. • Explain the underlying pathogenesis/modes of spread • Recognise the clinical features. Staphylococci aureus.g. HCV. antibiogram. • Describe & apply various diagnostic methods. E. • Describe & apply various diagnostic methods. Discuss the basic concept of treatment. new molecular techniques. E. Streptococci faecalis. • Discuss the basic concept of treatment Liver abscess Objectives: At the end of this session the student should be able to: • List the different etiological agents involved in this condition e. gastric biopsy.

• Describe the basic characteristics of each microorganism. • At the end of this practical session the student should explain the following concepts: 3) Specimen [Saliva. Diseases of the Pancreas { Pancreatitis} Objectives: At the end of this session the student should be able to: • List the different etiological agents involved in this condition e. • Explain the underlying pathogenesis/modes of spread • Recognise the clinical features. antibiogram. aspiprate. • Describe & apply various diagnostic methods.1) Specimen [Saliva. secretions] 4) Culture. Coxsackie B. antibiogram.g. • Describe the basic characteristics of each microorganism. • Discuss the basic concept of treatment Diseases of the Gall Bladder Objectives: At the end of this session the student should be able to: • List the different etiological agents involved in this condition.g. • Explain the underlying pathogenesis/modes of spread • Recognise the clinical features. aspiprate. • Explain the underlying pathogenesis/modes of spread • Recognise the clinical features. identification. new molecular techniques. identification. gastric biopsy. • Describe & apply various diagnostic methods. • Explain the underlying pathogenesis/modes of spread • Recognise the clinical features. new molecular techniques. secretions] 6) Culture. • Describe the basic characteristics of each microorganism. • Discuss the basic concept of treatment. • Describe & apply various diagnostic methods. • Describe the basic characteristics of each microorganism. Clostridium Difficile. gastric biopsy. Mumps. Pseudomembranous colitis Objectives: At the end of this session the student should be able to: • List the different etiological agents involved in this condition e. • Discuss the basic concept of treatment Appendix Objectives: At the end of this session the student should be able to: • List the different etiological agents involved in this condition. • Discuss the basic concept of treatment . • Describe & apply various diagnostic methods.

The student should have good basis of immunology.b.d. Bacterial: Treponema Pallidium [a. Biopsy: a) Sampling smear. Pancreas: Objectives: At the end of this session the student should be able to: • List the different etiological agents involved in this condition e. Autoimmune thyroiditis. The student should have good basis in physiology & pathology of the endocrine glands & of the male & female reproductive organs. Coxsackie-B virus.g. • Explain the basic concept of treatment. Haemophilus Influenza.c. Saliva.f. • Describe & apply various diagnostic methods.Swab. The student should have good basis of general microbiology. • Explain the underlying pathogenesis/modes of spread • Recognise the clinical features. isolation. • Explain the underlying pathogenesis/modes of spread • Recognise the clinical features. • Explain the basic concept of treatment. At the end of this practical session the student should be able to understand the following concepts: 1. • Describe & apply various diagnostic methods. identification.ENDOCRINE & REPRODUCTIVE MODULE PREREQUISITES OF ENDOCRINE & REPRODUCTIVE SYSTEM: • • • • The student should have good basis in anatomy & histology of the endocrine glands & of the male & female reproductive organs.e.g] Viral: Herpes Simplex Virus .g. • Describe the basic characteristics of each microorganism. antibiogram b) Serology Infectious Diseases of Male reproductive system: External genitalia: Objectives: At the end of this session the student should be able to: • List the different etiological agents involved in this condition e.c/a. streptococci. • Describe the basic characteristics of each microorganism. Endocrine module: Thyroid {Thyroditis} Objectives: At the end of this session the student should be able to: • List the different etiological agents involved in this condition e. serotyping.g.

• Discuss the basic concept of treatment. • Discuss & apply various diagnostic methods. • Discuss the basic concept of treatment. Explain the underlying pathogenesis/modes of spread Recognise the clinical features.g. TB of Prostate & seminal vesicles Objectives: At the end of this session the student should be able to: • List the different etiological agents involved in this condition e. • Explain the underlying pathogenesis/modes of spread • Recognise the clinical features.g. • Explain the underlying pathogenesis/modes of spread • Recognise the clinical features. • Describe the basic characteristics of each microorganism.• • • • • • Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) Describe the basic characteristics of each microorganism. Prostatitis: Objectives: At the end of this session the student should be able to: • List the different etiological agents involved in this condition e. Orchitis & Epididymorchitis Objectives: At the end of this session the student should be able to: • List the different etiological agents involved in this condition e. Gonococci ii) Chronic: a) Chlamydia infection b) Inadequate treatment of acute prostatitis c) Secondary to cystitis & pyelonephritis • Describe the basic characteristics of each microorganism. • Describe & apply various diagnostic methods. • Explain the basic concept of treatment. Staphylococci aureus. . • Describe & apply various diagnostic methods. • Describe the basic characteristics of each microorganism. Streptococci faecalis.g. Describe & apply various diagnostic methods.coli. i)Acute: E. Mumps virus. Discuss the basic concept of treatment. Mycobacterium Tuberculosis. • Explain the underlying pathogenesis/modes of spread • Recognise the clinical features.

Isolation. • Discuss the basic concept of treatment. Fungal infection: a) Candiasis • Describe the basic characteristics of each microorganism. Swabs. Biopsy. Case Study 6. Culture: a) Sampling smear. Case Study At the end of this practical session the student should be able to explain the following concepts: 1. • Describe & apply various diagnostic methods. Antibiogram b) Serology VIRAL IDENTIFICATION: a) Serological methods b) PCR [DNA/RNA] Infectious Diseases of Female reproductive system: Vulvitis Objectives: At the end of this session the student should be able to: • List the different etiological agents involved in this condition e.5.g. Mycoplasma Hominis g) Furunculosis: Staphylococcus aureus hair follicles on outer aspect of labia majora.g. Viral Infection a) Condylomata acuminata (viral warts):Human Papilloma virus b) Herpes genitalis c) Molluscum Contagiosum : Poxvirus Bacterial Infection: a) Chancaroid (soft chanchre) : Haemophilus Ducreyi b) Gonorrhea : Nieserria gonococci c) Syphilis: Primary stage Secondary stage: Condylomata d) Lymphogranuloma venereum: Chlamydia Trachomatis e) Granuloma Inguinale : uncertain organism f) TB: Mycobacterium Tuberculosis. Monilial vaginitis: Candida . Urethral discharge. Urine. Serotyping. Identification. • Explain the underlying pathogenesis/modes of spread • Recognise the clinical features. Vaginitis Objectives: At the end of this session the student should be able to: • List the different etiological agents involved in this condition e.

Pelvic Inflammatory Disease: Objectives: At the end of this session the student should be able to: • List the different etiological agents involved in this condition e. • Describe & apply various diagnostic methods. • Explain the underlying pathogenesis/modes of spread • Recognise the clinical features. • Describe & apply various diagnostic methods.g.coli e) Streptococci fecalis f) Bacteriods g) Mycobacterium Tuberculosis h) Anaerobic bacteria • Describe the basic characteristics of each microorganism.g. • Describe & apply various diagnostic methods. • Describe & apply various diagnostic methods.g. • Explain the underlying pathogenesis/modes of spread • Recognise the clinical features.2]. a) Streptococci b) Staphylococci c) Gonococci d) E. • Explain the basic concept of treatment. • Explain the underlying pathogenesis/modes of spread • Recognise the clinical features.a) Neserria gonococci b) Herpes virus c) Human papilloma virus d) Cervical carcinoma: Herpes simplex virus type[1. Kaposi sarcoma [HHV. Endometritis Objectives: At the end of this session the student should be able to: • List the different etiological agents involved in this condition e. • Discuss the basic concept of treatment.• Describe the basic characteristics of each microorganism. a) Actinomycosis b) Neserria gonococci • Describe the basic characteristics of each microorganism.B] • Describe the basic characteristics of each microorganism. . • Describe the basic concept of treatment. Cytomegalovirus. • Explain the underlying pathogenesis/modes of spread • Recognise the clinical features. Cervicitis Objectives: At the end of this session the student should be able to: • List the different etiological agents involved in this condition e.

• Describe the basic characteristics of each microorganism. Breast abscess Objectives: At the end of this session the student should be able to: • List the different etiological agents involved in this condition e. At the end of this practical session the student should be able to explain the following concepts: Urethral discharge. isolation. Biopsy. • Discuss the basic concept of treatment. antibiogram b) Serology VIRAL IDENTIFICATION: a) Serological methods b) PCR [DNA/RNA] Diseases of Female Breast: Mastitis: Acute & Chronic Objectives: At the end of this session the student should be able to: • List the different etiological agents involved in this condition • Describe the basic characteristics of each microorganism. Urine. Culture: a) Sampling smear. identification. HIV & AIDS Objectives: At the end of this session the student should be able to: • List the different etiological agents involved in this condition. streptococci (groupB). • Explain the underlying pathogenesis/modes of spread • Recognise the clinical features. staphylococci. • Explain the underlying pathogenesis/modes of spread • Recognise the clinical features. Describe & apply various diagnostic methods. serotyping. treponema . • Describe & apply various diagnostic methods. Explain the underlying pathogenesis/modes of spread Recognise the clinical features.g. Swabs. mycobacteria. • Describe & apply various diagnostic methods. Discuss the basic concept of treatment.• Discuss the basic concept of treatment. mumps virus • • • • • Describe the basic characteristics of each microorganism. • Explain the basic concept of treatment. .

Bacteria: Nesseria meningitides. • Describe & apply various diagnostic methods. Mycobacterium TB. Gram negative bacilli. • Discuss the basic characteristics of each microorganism.g. ECHO. Virus: Enterovirus [ECHO. The student should have good basis in Biochemistry of the of the brain.Coksackie.g. Nasopharyngeal swab for detection of carriers b) Direct antigen detection methods. • Recognize the clinical features. Histology.Case study CNS MODULE: PREREQUISITES FOR THE NERVOUS SYSTEM: • • • • The student should have good basis in Anatomy. EBV. Polio]. • Describe the underlying pathogenesis/modes of spread. Serotyping. Encephalitis: Objectives: At the end of this session the student should be able to: • List the different etiological agents involved in this condition e. Rabies.Coxsackie. . Listeria monocytogenus. Mumps. Virus: Herpes Simplex. Isolation. The student should have good basis of immunology. Measles. • Explain the basic characteristics of each microorganism. Mumps.3. Streptococci pneumonia. • Discuss the basic concept of treatment. CSF culture: Sampling smear. The student should have good basis of General microbiology. Identification. HIV. • At the end of the practical session the student should explain the following concepts: a) CSF examination & culture: 1. Herpes simplex. Varicella zoster. Meningitis: Objectives: At the end of this session the student should be able to: • List the different etiological agents involved in this condition e.Treponema Pallidum. EBV. Influenza. Physiology & Pathology of the of the brain. Antibiogram 2. Adenovirus. spinal cord & nerves. Blood culture 3. Lymphocytic Choriomeningitis virus. RVF.Case study 4. spinal cord & nerves.

• Describe & apply the various diagnostic methods. • Discuss the basic concept of treatment. Botulism Objectives: At the end of this session the student should be able to: • List the different etiological agents involved in this condition e. • Discuss the basic concept of treatment.g. Serological methods 2. Clostridium.• • • • • Describe the underlying pathogenesis/modes of spread Recognise the clinical features. Rabies Objectives: At the end of this session the student should be able to: • List the different etiological agents involved in this condition. At the end of the practical session the student should explain the following concepts: 1.g. • Describe the basic characteristics of each microorganism • Explain the underlying pathogenesis/modes of spread • Recognise the clinical features. • Describe the basic characteristics of each microorganism • Explain the underlying pathogenesis/modes of spread • Recognise the clinical features.g. • Describe & apply the various diagnostic methods. Leprosy Objectives: At the end of this session the student should be able to: • List the different etiological agents involved in this condition e. • Describe & apply the various diagnostic methods. Describe& apply the basic concept of treatment. Mycobacterium leprae • Describe the basic characteristics of each microorganism . Treponema pallidium • Discuss the basic characteristics of each microorganism • Describe the underlying pathogenesis/modes of spread • Recognise theclinical features. PCR [RNA/DNA] Syphilis Objectives: At the end of this session the student should be able to: • List the different etiological agents involved in this condition e. Discuss various diagnostic methods. • Discuss the basic concept of treatment.

Discuss the basic concept of treatment. • Describe & apply various diagnostic methods. • Describe the basic characteristics of each microorganism • Explain the underlying pathogenesis/modes of spread • Recognise the clinical features. Poliomyelitis Objectives: At the end of this session the student should be able to: • List the different etiological agents involved in this condition e. • Describe & apply various diagnostic methods. • Discuss the basic concept of treatment. Measles • Describe the basic characteristics of each microorganism • Explain the underlying pathogenesis/modes of spread • Recognise the clinical features. Subacute Sclerosing panencephalitis Objectives: At the end of this session the student should be able to: • List the different etiological agents involved in this condition e. Polio virus.g. . • Discuss the basic concept of treatment. Clostridium tetani. Tetanus Objectives: At the end of this session the student should be able to: • List the different etiological agents involved in this condition e. • Discuss the basic concept of treatment. • Describe the basic characteristics of each microorganism • Explain the underlying pathogenesis/modes of spread • Recognise the clinical features.• • • • Explain the underlying pathogenesis/modes of spread Recognise the clinical features.g.g. • Describe & apply various diagnostic methods. • Describe the basic characteristics of each microorganism • Explain the underlying pathogenesis/modes of spread • Recognise the clinical features. Describe & apply the various diagnostic methods. • Discuss the basic concept of treatment. • Describe & apply various diagnostic methods. Lyme disease Objectives: At the end of this session the student should be able to: • List the different etiological agents involved in this condition.

• Describe & apply various diagnostic methods. • Discuss the basic concept of treatment.g.g. Brain tuberculoma Objectives: At the end of this session the student should be able to: • List the different etiological agents involved in this condition e. Brain abscess Objectives: At the end of this session the student should be able to: • List the different etiological agents involved in this condition e. • Discuss the basic concept of treatment. • Explain & apply various diagnostic methods. • Describe the basic characteristics of each microorganism • Explain the underlying pathogenesis/modes of spread • Recognise the clinical features. Spinal cord abscess Objectives: At the end of this session the student should be able to: • List the different etiological agents involved in this condition e. • Discuss the basic concept of treatment.g. staphylococci. • Discuss the basic concept of treatment.g. • Describe the basic characteristics of each microorganism • Explain the underlying pathogenesis/modes of spread • Recognise the clinical features. bacteriods. • Describe & apply various diagnostic methods. • Describe the basic characteristics of each microorganism • Explain the underlying pathogenesis/modes of spread • Recognise the clinical features. Staphylococcus aureus. • Decsribe & apply various diagnostic methods. Streptococci milleri. Mycobacterium Tuberculosis. . slow viral infections • Describe the basic characteristics of each microorganism • Explain the underlying pathogenesis/modes of spread • Recognise the clinical features.Prionosis [Spongiform encephalopathy] Objectives: At the end of this session the student should be able to: • List the different etiological agents involved in this condition e.

Multiple sclerosis Objectives: At the end of this session the student should be able to: • List the different etiological agents involved in this condition e. Paramyxovirus • Describe the basic characteristics of each microorganism • Explain the underlying pathogenesis/modes of spread • Recognise the clinical features. • Describe & apply various diagnostic methods.g.virus. • Discuss the basic concept of treatment: . • Discuss the basic concept of treatment. • Describe & apply various diagnostic methods.Progressive multifocal leukoencephalopathy Objectives: At the end of this session the student should be able to: • List the different etiological agents involved in this condition e.g. JC. • Describe the basic characteristics of each microorganism • Explain the underlying pathogenesis/modes of spread • Recognise the clinical features.

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