1.

2;

2. 1;

3. 5;

4. 3; 5. 1;

Divide the word into two groups of five letters each. The first five letters are in group I and the last five letters are in group II. Now, for its coding the middle letters remain unchanged. While the letters in each group change their position as 1 → 3, 2 5, 3 4, 4 2 and 5 1. The first letter is coded as two letters: the first remains unchanged and the second two letters forward as in English alphabet. The second, fourth, fifth and sixth letters are coded as two letters forward while the third letter is coded as three letters forward as in English alphabet. The last letter remains unchanged. Divide the word into two halves. Now, reverse the order of the letters of the first half and replace odd positioned letters with one letter forward and even-positioned letter with one letter backward as in English alphabet. For the second half letters, the odd-positioned letters are coded as one letter forward and even-positioned letters are coded as one letter backward as in English alphabet. The odd-positioned letters are coded as one position backward and the even-positioned letters are coded as one position forward as in English alphabet.

P N Q

→ → +1 +1 -1

B O R N -1 +1 -1 +1 A P Q O N L A C K -1 +1 -1 +1 K B B L K Similarly, G R I D -1 +1 -1 +1 D E M PE HTA R Y S F S H E P O E R S I M V O O R E +1 -1 -1 +1 -1 +1-1 -1 -1 -1 -1 -1 -1 -1 +1 -1 -1 7. 2; -1 Split the word STREAMLING into two groups consisting of equal letters. You get STREA and MLING. Now, reverse N U O D L N O N Q Q R N D I D S Q JXRboth the groups. You get AERTS and GNILM. Now write each letter of first group two places forward. You get CGTVU. B Write each letter of second group one place forward. You get HOJMN. Now join both the groups without changing the order of letters. You get CGTVUHOJMN. Similarly PERIODICAL is coded as PERIODICAL → OIREPLACID QKTGRMBDJE 8. 1; O V E R O P E N +1 +1 +1 +1 -1 Similarly, +1 +1 +1 +1 -1 P W F S Q P Q F O M 9. 2; Split the word OMNIPRESENT in three parts OMNIP, R, and ESENT. Reverse the order of the letters of the first part. It becomes PINMO. Now write each letter of this part one place forward, ie PINMO becomes QJONP. Write the letter of the second part two places forward, ie R becomes T. Again, reverse the order of the letters of the third part, ie ESENT becomes TNESE. Now write each letter one place backward, ie TNESE becomes SMDRD. Hence OMNIPRESENT is coded as QJONPTSMDRD. Similarly, CREDIBILITY will be written as JEFSDDXSHKH. 10. 3; Similarly ,

6. 2;

Similarly, MORE will be coded as follows:

11. 4;

M O T H E R S

+2 -2 +2 -1 +2 -2 +2 O M V G G PU Similarly, BROUGHT be coded as follows: B R O U G H T +2 -2 +2 -1 +2 -2 +2 D P Q T I F V 12. 1;

Five letters of the word PATHOLOGIST are reversed first and then coded as one place forward. Similarly, the last five letters of the word are reversed then coded as one place backward. Middle letter is coded as one place backward. Hence, CONTROVERSY will be written as SUOPDNXRQDU. 13. 1; Here, each letter of the word CLOUD is written as three letters forward and one letter backward alternately. Following this CLOUD becomes FKRTG. After that, reverse the order of the result obtained in the previous operation. Thus, FKRTG becomes GTRKF. Similarly, SIGHT will change its form as follows: SIGHT → VHJGW → WGJHV 14. 1;

Similarly, ie DISTRIBUTION will be coded as STTIBUDIONRI. 15. 3; Here the given word is BROUGHT. Reversing the order of the letters, it becomes THGUORB. Now write each letter one place backward except the middle letter (write middle letter one place forward). It becomes SGFVNQA. Now reverse the order of the last three letters and it becomes SGFVAQN. Similarly, SUPREME → EMERPUS DLDSOTR DLDSRTO 16. 3; A R O M A T I C +1 -1 +1 -1 +1 -1 +1 -1 B Q P L B S J B Similarly, B R A I N +1 -1 +1 -1 +1 C Q B H O 17. 2;

and Similarly, code for MANGO will be BNNPH. 18. 3; For its coding the first three letters shift at 2nd, 4th and 6th positions respectively while the last four fill the blanks from the right. 19. 3; Write the word in reverse order. Now they are coded as two letters forward as in English alphabet. 20. 2; The first letter becomes the third, second letter is coded as -2, and third becomes first after +1. A similar relationship exists between the last three letters. As for the middle letter, it is coded as the same-positioned letter from the right end of the alphabet. 21. 1; It is clear that F → +, A ÷, D $ and E ×

FADE +÷$× 22. 3; G($), A(÷), M( ), E(%) B(#), E(%), A(÷), D(×) MADE = ÷×% 23. 1; Pen pencil = $£ ....(i); eraser sharpner = @# ....(ii); pencil eraser = $@ ....(iii) From (i) and (iii), the code for ‘pencil’ is $. Hence, from (i), the code for ‘pen’ is £. 5, E %, A *, M K, C $, O 7 24. 2; Here B Therefore, BOMB 57K5 25. 5;

Therefore, code for DEAR = +$ % 26. 1;

Therefore, code for ‘FAME’ will be ‘+ $£’. 27. 1 28. 5; P S I C H O L A Z Y 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 875.50 = ZAO.OP 29. 5; Q K T B F M = 4 5 2 8 6 3 30. 2; P R E M O N I T I O N 6 8 5 3 0 4 9 2 9 0 4 See the code below I’s and N’s. Codes for I and N are 9 and 4 respectively. This indicates that the digit below each letter represents its code. Therefore, code for MONITOR is 3049208. A ÷ 31. 5; L % S +EF $ Q U E S T R +1| +1 | +1| +1 | A I@ S R D2 + E R 5 2 T U The logic used here is very simple. Vowels have been coded as the xth vowel from the left end of English alphabet whereas the consonants have been coded as the next letter. Therefore, (1st vowel) (3rd vowel) A C I D | | | | 1 D 3 E 32. 1; SCOTLAND : 12345678 .... (i) LOAN : 1435 ..... (ii) LOTS : 8124 .... (iii) DAN : 537 .... (iv) SON : 458 ... (v) All the digits except ‘6’ have been used at least once in (ii), (iii), (iv) and (v) together. Similarly, all the letters except ‘C’ have been used at least once. Hence, code for ‘C’ is ‘6’. 33. 4; The colour of clear sky is blue. Here blue is called white. Hence, answer is white. 34. 3; The colour of blood is red. Here, red is called white. Hence, answer is white. 35. 4; The colour of clear sky is blue. Here yellow means blue. Hence, answer is yellow. 36. 3; Birds fly in the sky. Here sky is called bright. Hence, answer is bright.

→ ∴ ⇒ Letter

Letter:

M # $ C

E N £ H

Code Code:

37. 5; We use soap for washing clothes. Here soap is called ink. Hence, answer is ink 38. 5; Letters at odd-numbered places shift three positions backward and letters at even-numbered places shift two positions forward as in English alphabet. 39. 5; All letters are shifted two positions forward as in English alphabet. 40. 2; Letters at odd-no. positions get shifted three positions backward and letters at even-no. position get shifted two positions backward as in English alphabet. 41. 4; Each letter is coded as two letters — one backward and the other forward respectively as in English alphabet. 42. 4; Each letter shifts four positions forward as in English alphabet for its coding. 43. 4; Letters at odd-numbered places shift three positions backward and letters at even-numbered places shift two positions forward as in English alphabet. 44. 3; Vowels remains same and the consonants turn into the nearest vowels. 45. 3; Vowels shift two positions forward and consonants two positions backward as in English alphabet. 46. 4; Each letter shifts four positions forward as in English alphabet for its coding. 47. 5; Odd-placed letters are shifted two positions backward. Even-placed letters remain as they are. (48-52): STAI R — a c s n z .... (i) ENJOY—elfwd .... (ii) NOISE—lczfd .... (iii) O C EAN — d m l n f .... (iv) AFTER—nusda .... (v) From (i) and (v), codes for S and I are c and z but not necessarily in the same order. Now, with the help of (iii), codes for N, O, E = l, f, d. But from (i) and (v), codes for F, E = u, d. Therefore code for E is ‘d’ and code for F is ‘u’. Since, code for N, O, E = l, f, d, this implies code for C, A = m, n (from iv). From (i) and (iv), code for A is n. Therefore, code for C is m. 48. 49. 50. 51. 52. (53-57):

53. 4; SOUND = S (fourth group) + O (fourth group) + U (fifth group) + N (third group) + D (first group) = 40 + 40 + (2 × 50) + (2 × 30) + (2 × 10) = 40 + 40 + 100 + 60 + 20 = 260 54 3; CONCEPT = C (first group) + O (fourth group) + N (third group) + C (first group) + E (second group) + P(fourth group) + T (fourth group) = 10 + (2 × 40) + (2 × 30) + 10 + (2 × 20) + (2 × 40) + (2 × 40) = 10 + 80 + 60 + 10 + 40 + 80 + 80 = 360 55. 2; CLEAR = C (first group) + L (third group) + E (second group) + A (first group) + R (fourth group) = 10 + (2 × 30) + (2 × 20) + 10 + (2 × 40) = 10 + 60 + 40 + 10 + 80 = 200 56. 1; CUT = C (first group) + U (fifth group) + T (fourth group) = 10 + (2 × 50) + (2 × 40) = 10 + 100 + 80 = 190 57. 5; APPROACH = 10 + (2 × 40) + (2 × 40) + (2 × 40) + (2 × 40) + 10 + 10 + (2 × 20) = 10 + 80 + 80 + 80 + 80 + 10 + 10 + 40 = 390

(58-62): 58. 2; A) WORK = 50 + (2 × 40) + (2 × 40) + (2 × 30) = 270 B) GHOST = 20 + 20 + (2 × 40) + (2 × 40) + (2 × 40) = 280 C) FOUR = 20 + (2 × 40) + (2 × 50) + (2 × 40) = 280 59. 4; A) THEY = 40 + (2 × 20) + (2 × 20) + (2 × 50) = 220 B) EASY = 20 + (2 × 10) + (2 × 40) + (2 × 50) = 220 C) VALUE = 50 + (2 × 10) + (2 × 30) + 50 + (2 × 20) = 220 60. 1; A) WORK = 50 + (2 × 40) + (2 × 40) + (2 × 30) = 270 B) COPY = 10 + (2 × 40) + (2 × 40) + (2 × 50) = 270 C) THIS = 40 + (2 × 20) + (2 × 30) + 40 = 180 61. 4; A) KILN = 30 + 30 + 30 + 30 = 120 B) MEAN = 30 + (2 × 20) + (2 × 10) + 30 = 120 C) DAY = 10 + 10 + (2 × 50) = 120 62. 5; A) FIVE = 20 + (2 × 30) + (2 × 50) + 20 = 200 B) WEEK = 50 + (2 × 20) + (2 × 20) + (2 × 30) = 190 C) PORT = 40 + 40 + 40 + 40 = 160 (63-72): Coding of letters is based on the structure of the word. Logic of coding is very simple. Observe the word and the codes. It gives us following information: If the word consists of four letters only, (i) and the vowels occupy places at extreme ends only then those vowels are replaced by [12] while the consonants are replaced by [24]. (ii) and consonants occupy places at extreme ends only then those consonants are replaced by [24] while the vowels are replaced by [6]. (iii) and the vowels occupy the second and the fourth places only then those vowels are replaced by [42], while the consonants are replaced by [24]. (iv) and the vowels occupy the first and the third places only then those vowels are replaced by [18] while the consonants are replaced by [24]. If the word consists of three letters only, (i) and the vowels occupy places at extreme ends only then those vowels are replaced by [30] while the consonant is replaced by [24]. (ii) and the consonants occupy places at extreme ends only then those consonants are replaced by [24] while the vowel is replaced by [36]. Thus in each and every case consonants are coded as [24] but numeric value assigned to vowels varies according to the position of vowels in a particular word. 63. 2; Consonant - Vowel - Vowel - Consonant [24] [6] [6] [24] 64 3; Vowel - Consonant - Consonant - Vowel [12] [24] [24] [12] 65. 5; Vowel - Consonant - Vowel - Consonant [18] [24] [18] [24] 66. 1; Consonant - Vowel - Consonant [24] [36] [24] 67. 4; Consonant - Vowel - Consonant - Vowel [24] [42] [24] [42] 68. 2 69. 1 70. 4 71. 1 72. 4 (73-77): 73. 1; 1 3 7 5 4 9 0 DHNLQGT 74.5; From (i), $ and @ can be replaced by the combination of 2, 4, 6, 8 and 1, 3, 5, 7, 9 respectively. 75. 5; Using (iv), Q L P RNT 45 8 0 6 7 0 76. 2; 7 6 2 0 4 8 6 # R F ↑ Q P £ (using condition (ii) and (iv)) 77. 3; 3 6 2 5 0 0 9 8 # R F L TT G £ (78-87): Coding of letters is based on the structure of the word. Logic of coding is very simple. Observe the word and the

78. 5;

79. 4;

80. 3;

81. 2;

82. 1;

83. 5; 84. 2; 85. 4; 86. 5;

codes. It gives us following information: If the word consists of four letters, (i) and consonants occupy places at extreme ends only, then those consonants are replaced by [5] while vowels are replaced by either [20] (if both the vowels are same) or [15] (if both the vowels are different). (ii) and the vowels occupy the second and the fourth places only then those vowels are replaced by [25], while the consonants are replaced by [5]. (iii) and the vowels occupy the first and third places only then those vowels are replaced by [30], while the consonants are replaced by [5]. If the word consists of three letters, (i) and the vowels occupy places at extreme ends only then those vowels are replaced by [0], while the consonant is replaced by [5]. (ii) and the consonants occupy places at extreme ends only then those consonants are replaced by [5], while the vowel is replaced by [10]. Thus in each and every case consonants are coded as [5] but numeric value assigned to vowels varies according to the position of vowels in a particular word. D O S E Consonant - Vowel - Consonant - Vowel Code for DOSE will be same as the codes for PAGE and NONE, ie [5] [25] [5] [25]. S I P Consonant - Vowel - Consonant Code for SIP will be same as the codes for PIN and CUT, ie [5] [10] [5]. A G E D Vowel - Consonant - Vowel - Consonant Code for AGED will be same as the codes for UNIT and OPEN, ie [30] [5] [30] [5]. D A T A Consonant - Vowel - Consonant - Vowel Code for DATA will be same as the codes for PAGE and NONE, ie [5] [25] [5] [25]. E V E Vowel - Consonant - Vowel Code for EVE will be same as codes for ONE and ATE, ie [0] [5] [0]. [5] [25] [5] [25] is the coded form of NONE and PAGE. Among the given words TRAP, DRAW and BOAT, no word has similar structure as compared with the words NONE and PAGE. [5] [20] [20] [5] is the coded form of DEEP and BOOK. Among the given words DOLL, MOOD and BEEP, the last two words have a structure similar to the words DEEP and BOOK. [5] [10] [5] is the coded form of PIN and CUT. Among the given words MAN, TOP and CAT, all the words have the same structure as the words PIN and CUT. [0] [5] [0] is the coded form of ONE and ATE. Among the given words ARE, AND and ORE, the two words ARE and ORE have the same structure as the words ONE and ATE

87 1 (88-92): 88. 4; For the number 938752 neither condition I nor condition II is applicable. Therefore, write down the respective codes of 9, 3, 8, 7, 5 and 2 from the chart given. Thus, the required code of 938752 is MTVWFP. 89. 1; For the number 372581 replace ‘3’ and ‘1’ with ‘Z’ because these two digits (1 and 3) are odd numbers. Write down the codes of the remaining digits from the given chart. Thus, the required code of 372581 is ZWPFVZ. 90. 3; KTBFMW 91. 5; ARTWPA 92. 2; WVMTFD (93-97): Here, the five groups of alphabet are as follows: Group Elements #1 : A B C D #2 : E F G H #3 : I J K L M N #4 : O P Q R S T #5 : U V W X Y Z Group Value assigned to each letter of the group #1 10

#2 20 #3 30 #4 40 #5 50 93. 2; Element Group Value A #1 10 G #2 20 × 2 E #2 20 × 2 Thus, the value of the word ‘AGE’ = 10 + 40 + 40 = 90 94. 3; Element Group Value Q #4 40 U #5 50 × 2 E #2 20 × 2 U #5 50 × 2 E #2 20 × 2 Thus, the value of the word ‘QUEUE’ = 40 + 100 + 40 + 100 + 40 = 320 95. 1; Element Group Value S #4 40 P #4 40 O #4 40 R #4 40 T #4 40 Thus, the value of the word ‘SPORT’ = 40 × 5 = 200 96. 5; Element Group Value H #2 20 I #3 30 × 2 G #2 20 H #2 20 Thus, the value of the word ‘HIGH’ = 20 + 60 + 20 + 20 = 120 97. 5; Element Group Value S #4 40 H #2 20 × 2 O #4 40 P #4 40 Thus, the value of the word ‘SHOP’ = 40 + 40 + 40 + 40 = 160 (98-102): 98. 2; Word Value Total (A) HEAD 20 + 20 + 10 × 2 + 10 × 2 80 (B) AHEAD 10 + 20 × 2 + 20 × 2 + 10 + 10 110 (C) ODD 40 + 10 × 2 + 10 × 2 80 99. 5; Word Value Total (A) HOW 20 + 40 × 2 + 50 × 2 200 (B) SKY 40 + 30 × 2 + 50 × 2 200 (C) BEGAY 10 + 20 × 2 + 20 × 2 + 10 + 50 × 2 200 100. 2; Word Value Total (A) PAWN 40 + 10 × 2 + 50 × 2 + 30 × 2 220 (B) WOLF 50 + 40 × 2 + 30 × 2 + 20 × 2 230 (C) DOWN 10 + 40 × 2 + 50 × 2 + 30 × 2 250 101. 5; Word Value Total (A) DAM 10 + 10 + 30 × 2 80 (B) MAD 30 + 10 × 2 + 10 × 2 70 (C) BAD 10 + 10 + 10 30 102. 4; Word Value Total (A) BEG 10 + 20 × 2 + 20 × 2 90

(B) WAD 50 + 10 × 2 + 10 × 2 90 (C) NOD 30 + 40 × 2 + 10 × 2 130 (103-108): 103. 3; P K D E J H I | | | | | | | 7 1 2 6 5 3 9 Since E is neither at the beginning nor at the end it is coded as ‘6’ and I is at the end, so by ‘9’. 104. 1; A F D Q E N I | | | | | | | 9 7 2 8 6 4 9 105. 4 106. 5 107. 3; E N I A N G E | | | | | | | $ 4 6 6 4 5 $ 108. 2 109. 3 110. 1 111. 5; 95081 112. 5; 57180 (113-117): The following are the questions on the conversion of decimal number system into binary number system and vice versa. 113. 1; 2 11 remainder 2 5 1 2 2 1 1 0
∴ (11)10 = (1011) 2 = $@$$

114. 5; (8)10 = (1000) 2 = $@@ @ 115. 3; $$@$ = (1101) 2 To convert binary number into decimal number start counting from the right, starting with zero (0). Now 1 1 0 1 3 2 1 0

∴ 1× 2 2 + 1× 2 2 + 0 × 21 + 1× 2 0 = 8 + 4 + 0 + 1 = (13)10 116 2 117. 4 118-122: These questions are based on the binary system — which is made of digits 0 and 1, here represented by Δ and $ respectively. 118. 1; 7 × (1 + 4 ÷ 2) = 7 × (1 + 2) = 7 × 3 = 21 Now, 21 = 16 + 0 + 4 + 0 + 1
= 1 × 24 + 0 × 23 + 1 × 22 + 0 × 21 + 1 × 20 = 119. 3; 9 = 8 + 0 + 0 + 1 = 1 × 23 + 0 × 22 + 0 × 21 + 1 × 20 = (1001) 2 120. 5; $ Δ $ $ = = 1 × 24 + 0 × 23 + 0 × 22 + 1 × 21 + 1 × 20 = 16 + 0 + 0 + 2 + 1 = 19 121. 4; $ $ Δ $ = = 1 × 25 + 1 × 24 + 0 × 23 + 0 × 22 + 1 × 21 + 1 × 20 = 32 + 16 + 0 + 0 + 2 + 0 = 50 122. 2; 24 = 16 + 8 + 0 + 0 + 0 = 1 × 24 + 1 × 23 + 0 × 22 + 0 × 21 + 0 × 20 = (11000) 2

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