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EMS 2001. REMOTE ACCESS CONTROL AND AUTOMATION SYSTEM FOR ELECTRONIC APPLIANCES USING TELEPHONE LINE
The aim of the project is to access home appliances even though we are outside our home. Here in this project, we use telephone line as control media. The project allows us to control home appliances such as Fan, TV, Motor, and Lamps etc. All we have to do is to connect the gadget to our telephone lines and the output lines of gadget to the respective ac loads to be controlled to access the appliance. The user should dial his phone number followed by a respective device number. The data is thus transferred to our house via telephone lines. Our gadget automatically detects the incoming phone call and establishes a connection. Then it notices the pressed device number and turns on/off the gadget and also gives a beep alert to the caller while a device is turned which helps the caller to know the status of the device. Thus the project is much useful when we move outstations thus allowing the worldwide access via telephone line. The gadget automatically disconnects from the telephone line within 0 seconds from the time of establishment of connection. To prevent the misuse, a password security may be added to prevent the usage of gadget from intruders, which can also be stated as a future enhancement
EMS 2002. ENABLING / DISABLING AND WIRELESS CONTROL OF APPLIANCES & DEVICES BY FREQUENCY MODULATION (FM) & DTMF SYSTEMS USING RADIO FREQUENCY TECHNOLOGY
This project allows as to control equipments using RF technology. Here FM signals are used as controlling media. Here in this project, the user is provided with a handset which consists of a DTMF generator, a keypad and a FM transmitter to transmit the signals transferred. The master unit consists of a FM receiver and DTMF to binary converter and a microcontroller for enabling /disabling the device selected in handset with the use of relays. Thus this simple gadget allows the user to access the home appliances / any appliances wirelessly from any section of the campus since the FM waves can travel any where via the buildings /walls and doors where a IR remote is directional and can’t penetrate through walls or doors. Thus this Project is Highly Effective, Very Economical and much simple to use
EMS 2003. AUTOMATED AND UNMANNED CONTROL SYSTEM OF RAILWAY CROSSING USING WIRELESS IR SENSOR, DTMF ENCODER AND FREQUENCY MODULATION TECHNIQUE
This project takes control over the unmanned railway crossing. The railway gate is opened and closed automatically using a microcontroller. The microcontroller is programmed such that it Page 1 of 21
gets the indication of train‘s arrival and departure through a wireless sensor unit. The sensor unit is a composite unit controlling IR sensor, DTMF encoder and FM transmitter. The FM transmitter transmits the DTMF encoded sensor signal to microcontroller unit. The microcontroller unit receives and decoded the transmitted signal. With reference to the signal received the gate is either closed or opened along with an alarm. The future enhancement of the project is that the kit handling can be protected from unauthorized users with the help of password. This project is one of the advanced project the concept of project was also published in 2003 EFY magazine as a research work Indian railway is one of the huge railways in Asia hence this project will be worthful and reduces the labour cost.
INDUSTRIAL AUTHENTICATION ACCESS CONTROL SYSTEM EMBEDDED SMART CARD
This Project is an advanced technology. Which deals with authentication for trespassing in a concern? In which there is a µC there we are going to register or save the employees Password in side the ROM. Whenever the employee enters, He/She Should enters Password in the Keyboard associated with the µC. The password strings can be compared with the already existing password. If the password is correct the relay switch will open .if the password is wrong the relay switch will close, the alarm will automatically blown.
INDUSTRIAL PROCESS AUTOMATION SYSTEM TECHNOLOGY
CONTROL AND USING EMBEDDED
Here we have many non-electrical parameters like (Pressure, Temperature, Humidity, etc.,). In the process industries these are all the very important non-electrical parameters. It will have some set points if that value going beyond the limits (set points). The µC automatically Annunciate to the Workers. We can register the current value (fault) inside the computer through the serial communication. For example the flow pipe having capacity of 1000bars, the fault coming thro the pressure it exceeds 1000bars. Then the whole system will collapse to overcome this problems we will introduce the microcontroller, which will control the pressure, and it will annunciate to the workers.
EMS 2006. INTELLIGENT AND AUTOMATIC FIRE SECURITY SYSTEM USING INTERACTIVE VOICE DECODER AND TELEPHONE LINE
This Project - Gadget prevents our home/office from the fire accidents. The gadget consists of a temperature sensor, which is to be placed in various positions on the room where there is risk of fire. The sensor is lm35, which is a three-pin device. The lm35 converts the temperature data as a voltage data which is a analog data and then the data is given to a comparator segment. The comparator compares with the reference temperature and if the input Page 2 of 21
temperature exceeds the reference value, the comparator triggers the microcontroller. The microcontroller in turn drives a interactive voice decoder and also establishes a phone connection to the police and fire service also the device warns about the dangerous temperature level that may cause fire by a loud alarm.
EMS 2007. AUTOMATIC WATER LEVEL CONTROLLER
This project mainly deals with the level of water in tank automatically. The water sensing elements (copper terminals) are placed at various levels of tank. The wires from the sensors are fed to the microcontroller which is programmed such that it gets the signal from sensors and displays the level of water in a 7 segment it also maintains the water level there by driving the pump automatically the corrosion of sensor is not noticed here since negligible current flows through the sensor which ensures long life
EMS 2008. IMPLEMENTATION OF GLOBAL AND REMOTE POSITIONING SYSTEM FOR DEFENCE AND OTHER PURPOSES USING MOBILE NETWORKS
The project is used to spy a particular vehicle and to display the area where the vehicle is to a remote person. The project is worth able for spying for military purpose. In this model GPS; we use a IR transmitter which is fixed to the vehicle to be spied. The receiver is an IR sensor, which is placed at various positions resembling the mobile tower when the vehicle is inside the coverage range of tower. The tower name is displayed on the LCD display, which is kept at control station. The contact between the control unit and tower is done using the FM signals. Thus this project resembles a mobile phone network where RF is eliminated here due to some laws to use FM transmitter by Indian government and also due to model purpose. Usage of RF here may interfere with other sections since the range of Rf transmitter is large. The compactness of project will be violated hence for a demo purpose actual Rf transmission is replaced with IR transmission
DESIGN AND DEVELOPMENT DETECTING ROBOT
This project is a model of a bomb detector. For a demo purpose, we assume that a bomb emits IR rays (actually a bomb contains metal fillings and chemical, which is violently combustible. The actual sensor is sensible to metals and chemicals used in bomb). The ROBOT consists of IR receiver and microcontroller unit, which drive the wheels of the ROBOT via pairs of DC motors. The receiver pairs placed at the front of the ROBOT resemble that of a car headlight. The ROBOT revolves round for a valid IR signal from the bomb. If it picks the IR rays it moves towards it and warns a loud siren about the presence of bomb. It also gives a voice alert about the presence of the bomb. If this project is implemented practically with some extra features such as calling to police, fire service etc., it can be done.
EMS 2010. DESIGN AND DEVELOPMENT OF OBSTACLE SENSING AND OBJECT GUIDING ROBOT
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This funny ROBOT automatically detects the obstacle in front of it and changes its direction of moving automatically. The principle behind is the IR rays which is reflected back when there is an obstacle. The two pair of IR trans-receiver is placed in front of the ROBOT, which resembles a car headlight. Whenever the light is reflected back the ROBOT notices that there is an Obstacle and changes its direction by the instruction of microcontroller. A buzzer may be added whenever the ROBO senses the obstacle. This project reflects our programming and hard ware interfacing skill.
DESIGN AND DEVELOPMENT OF LINE FOLLOWER ROBOT USING THE PRINCIPLE OF REFLECTION OF LIGHT RAYS
This ROBOT follows a black line drawn in a reflecting surface automatically. The principle behind it is the property of light rays where light is absorbed by black bodies and reflected back by other bright colors. The ROBOT consists of two pairs of IR trans-receivers placed at bottom. The microcontroller in the ROBOT scans for the reflected light. If the ROBOT is in black line position no light rays is reflected. Else, if it moves away from the black line, one of the sensor reports the microcontroller availability of reflected light. The microcontroller correspondingly controls one of the motors, which is coupled to the wheel of ROBOT and changes the direction of ROBOT towards the line.
EMS 2012. HOME AUTOMATION AND CONTROL SYSTEMS
In our home some times we forgot to switch off the electrical appliances, so we have many loses in electricity and other resources. To overcome this we install home automation in our home. The µC controls the home appliances activities. For example anybody leaving from any one of the rooms the Electrical objects (Fans, Lights, Etc.,) automatically switched off. We will keep any one of the sensors inside the Lock of the door when the door is locked the sensor will send the signal to the microcontroller, then the microcontroller activate the interrupt routine and displayed the message to the user and it will cutoff the Power supply of the appliances.
EMS 2013. MOTION DETECTION, ROBOTICS GUIDANCE AND PROXIMITY SENSING USING ULTRASONIC TECHNOLOGY
Object ranging is essential in many types of systems. One of the most popular ranging techniques is ultrasonic ranging. Ultrasonic ranging is used in a wide variety of applications including • Auto focus cameras • Motion detection • Robotics guidance • Proximity sensing
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• Object ranging This project describes a method of interfacing micro controllers. This implementation uses a minimum of micro controller resources. The micro controller performs the intelligence and arithmetic functions for ultrasonic ranging, while the T-40 and R-40 Module performs the ultrasonic signal transmissions and echo detection
EMS 2014. INTELLIGENT HOME SECRUITY SYSTEM USING INTERACTIVE VOICE RESPONSIVE SYSTEM
This project consists of few pairs of IR trans-receivers placed at various openings such as door, windows, ventilators etc., The microcontroller scans for the interruption of sensors. While a interruption is noticed the microcontroller alerts us with a loud alarm and calls the police automatically and informs the place of theft by driving a IVR( Interactive Voice Response Unit). A display also indicates the place of disturbance noticed.
EMS 2015. IMPLEMENTATION OF AIR TRAFFIC CONGESTION CONTROL SYSTEMS
We nowadays often see and experience lot of accidents and traffic congestion in our dayto-day life. If we want an alternative solution for this, Air traffic control using Embedded can be implemented to overcome this catastrophic failure occurrence due to accident. The antenna used in the field of Radar, to find the direction, angle, distance, and the velocity parameters.
DEVICE DRIVER PROTOCOL
Communication network systems are rapidly growing in size and complexity. These systems have many high-speed integrated circuits with critical operating parameters and must provide extremely reliable service with zero down time. We implement iic by connecting 128 devices through 7-bit interface for example device driver includes RTC and EEPROM by connect data pin and clock pins respectively.
EMS 2017. INTELLIGENT, AUTOMATIC AND MODERN TRAFFIC LIGHT CONTROLLER BASED ON TRAFFIC DENSITY
Now a day mainly we are facing more problems with road traffic. This project helps us to over come all those problems easily by modern trend. This project entirely differs from existing manual type. This project has three important modes such as timer, density and night. LED’s are used for signal status indication and seven segments for timer display. The traffic density will be obtained by using IR trans-receiver modules with respect to number of road intersections. For selecting the modes we use respective keys on the keypad. The 89C51 microcontroller is programmed so that it scans for the operating modes. In timer mode it will be working with respect to predetermined time delays. In density mode it will be working with Page 5 of 21
delay, which is determined with respect to Ir. trans receiver input. In night mode it will be working independently with respect to some time delay until we set and change.
EMS 2018. FUEL INJECTION CONTROL VALVE
The Valve movement can be controlled by the 89C51 µC.with very effective ways. In Automobile Industries the fuel injection valve can control the fuel through the channel. Suppose flow of fuel or pressure in the channel is high then the valve should control the flow. If not the whole system will blast. To avoid this situation we can use the microcontroller to reduce this kind of technical error. This valve can be controlled using amplifier circuit.
EMS 2019. IMPLEMENTATION OF WIRELESS AUTOMATION AND CONTROL THROUGH RADIO FREQUENCY TECHNOLOGY
The term wireless communication refers to transfer of information via electromagnetic or acoustic waves over atmospheric space rather than along a cable. The apparent wrinkle between such a scheme and conventional wired systems is the presence of the wireless channel as the medium over which the communication must take place. Thus when considering a general digital wireless communication system design of each building block will be dependent on the channel between transmitter and receiver. This is invoked by RF Microcontroller based transmitter and receiver. By this we can control operation that is a relay connected to the receiver end.
EMS 2020. INTELIGENT & DYNAMIC POWER SAVER AND CONTROL SYSTEM FOR INDUSTRIAL ELECTRICAL EQUIPMENTS
Practically in any industries, say, auditoriums, operators may forget to switch off all electrical equipment’s such as fan, light, ac etc., This project mainly helps us to solve such problems. We use two pairs of IR trans-receivers for counting persons inside currently. The microcontroller gets number of disturbances from the trans-receivers and correspondingly displays the number of persons present inside the auditorium in LCD. It also warns when count of persons inside crosses the maximum limit of the room and it also makes long beep for negative counts or wrong entries. When the auditorium vacant all electrical equipment's will be switched off automatically.
EMS 2021. DESIGNING ROBOT SENSORY SYSTEMS
Robotics means the study and application of robot tech. The sensory systems (eyes, nose touch) that we human posses make us unique, and it will require a lot of programming to equip robots with the same capabilities for that eye vision. We are using ultrasonic sensors for detecting the interrupt signal and it will capture receiver’s signal, which immediately turn the position of robot.
EMS 2022. PULSE WIDTH MODULATION (PWM) BASED SPEED CONTROL OF MOTORS
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Now a days saving power is much essential in an industrial applications. PWM is a modern trend for controlling the speed of Industrial motors which reduces the power loss as heat. A dual timer is accomplished with microcontroller so as to generate PWM. The pulse width is controlled by keypad. The output of microcontroller is optically coupled to the motor driving unit( thyristors). Thus this unit allows to run a motor with five speed levels, which includes halt condition. The optical coupling is done here to prevent AC return from motor. Thus this project is much better than transistorized power control.
EMS 2023. WIRELESS HOME AUTOMATION
The RF Microcontroller based transmitter and receiver through wireless can control many home appliances efficiently. In our home sometimes we forget to switch off the electronic equipments, which in turn huge electrical losses can occur. To overcome this drawback we adopt wireless home automation.
MULTIPLE WIRELESS INDUSTRIAL DEVICES
This is invoked by RF Microcontroller based transmitter and receiver. By this we can control the devices, which have more number of devices connected in industries. We can control much electrical equipment at a remote place.
EMS 2025. HOME APPLIANCES CONTROLLING SYSTEM USING SERIAL COMMUNICATION
Serial Communications is a comprehensive advanced level card, which details various methods for implementing serial communications between a Microchip PIC microcontroller and an external device. Asynchronous serial communications is covered both by using an on-chip USART and by bit-bang methods. The RS-232 standard is explained. A discussion of synchronous serial communications includes the I2C (Philips Semiconductors), SPI (Motorola) and Micro wire (National Semiconductor) protocols. The Dallas Semiconductor 1-Wire bus is described. Many code examples are included as modules, which will provide the basis for the reader’s, own PIC microcontroller applications.
EMS 2026. STEPPER MOTOR CONTROLLER - SMCC V2
This software controls the speed of a DC motor from PC’s parallel port. The PC uses a software program to control the speed of the motor. The motor is connected to the PC through an interface circuit. The interface circuits of 1-to 8 decoder IC, ex invertors, resistor and motor driver transistor. Initially, when the motor is ‘off ‘the program prompt you to press ‘Enter’ key to start the motor. Once you to press the key the motor start running full speed. After a few second, the program asks you to press any key from keyboard to go the next screen for controlling the speed and also for exiting from the program. For increasing the speed enter choice 1 and press ‘Enter’ key and for decreasing the speed enter choice 2 and press ‘Enter’ key. This action changes the
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speed by one step at a time and the message ‘Speed decreases” or “Speed increased” is displayed on the screen. To go to the main menu again press ‘Enter’ key. Easy to use stepper motor controller, for bipolar or dc motors. Uses the L298N IC from SGS-THOMSON as the driver IC, incorporates heavy-duty heat sink. Standard logic control, with logic supply of 5Vdc. Motor supply can be up to 50Vdc and 4A. Standard polarized connectors are provided for all connections.
EMS 2027. IMPLEMENTATION OF RFID SYSTEM USED FOR TRACKING AND AUTHENTICATION PURPOSES APPLYING BACK SCATTERING TECHNOLOGY
Radio Frequency Identification (RFID) systems use radio frequency to identify, locate and track people, assets, and animals. Passive RFID systems are composed of three components – a reader (interrogator), passive tag and host computer. The tag is composed of an antenna coil and a silicon chip that includes basic modulation circuitry and non-volatile memory. The tag is energized by a time-varying electromagnetic radio frequency (RF) wave that is transmitted by the reader. This RF signal is called a carrier signal. When the RF field passes through an antenna coil, there is an AC voltage generated across the coil. This voltage is rectified to result in a DC voltage for the device operation. The device becomes functional when the DC voltage reaches a certain level. The information stored in the device is transmitted back to the reader. This is called backscattering. By detecting the backscattering signal, the information stored in the device can be fully identified. Because of its simplicity, the passive RFID system has been used for many years in various RF remote sensing applications. In recent years, there have been dramatic increases in application demands. In most cases, each application uses a unique packaging form factor, communication protocol, frequency, etc.
DISTANCE MONITORING AND OBJECT DETECTING ROBOT BY RADIO FREQUENCY TECHNOLOGY
This Robot is Capable of Monitoring the Distance of an Object to which it is approaching. It consists of a RF Remote Controller With Trans-reception Frequency 49mhz and an IR Distance Monitoring Unit. The Distance is displayed in a 7 Segment Display. The Project utilizes a PIC Microcontroller for Processing and some External Analog Components for Controlling Over Remote. This is achieved using PC via printer port.
EMS 2029. WIRELESS CONTROL OF APPLIANCES & DEVICES BY MOBILE PHONE THROUGH DTMF TECHNOLOGY
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In this project we can control external devices using mobile phones. The DTMF Technology is used to Control Devices. In this project we need two phone connections one is the land line and another one is the mobile phone connection, the user should dial the land line number to establish a connection between the landline and the mobile after that the user should dial the device number through the mobile phone the gadget automatically detects the ring and automatically switches on/off the external devices the famous atmel 89c52 microcontroller is used in this project the relays are used for device controlling.
EMS 2030. METAL DETECTOR IMPLEMENTATION WITH AUTOMATICALLY DIALLING INTERACTIVE VOICE RESPONSE:
The Metal Sensor used here is of a low frequency oscillator. The project uses two similar low frequency RF Oscillator which is of air core inductor type of which one Oscillator is known as search coil while the other as the reference coil, the output frequency of both Oscillator in the absence of metal is same, while in the presence of an metal piece the output of the search coil oscillator automatically falls down the microcontroller compares the output of the two coils and warns about the presence of metal and also an automatic dialer can also be fitted so that the unit automatically calls the police.
EMS 2031. PC BASED CONTROL SYSTEM OF A ROBOT OF ITS ROUTE DIRECTION AND GUIDING FOR ITS MOVEMENT USING RF TECHNOLOGY
The concept of this project is designed with the front end in c language, while the backend is designed over the RF and Microcontroller based controlling system the robot can be automatically turned and controlled using pc the control signals from pc are obtained from pc keyboard and is analyzed by c language then it is passed over to printer port an encoder interfaced with the RF Transmitter transmits the signal from printer port the receiver is placed in the robot which receives the signal and codes it the microcontroller the microcontroller in turn controls the motor to turn left or right with the available commands from the system.
EMS 2032. IMPLEMENTATION OF SOLAR CELL TRACING SYSTEM FOR THE MAXIMUM UTILISATION OF SOLAR POWER AND ILLUMINATION
This project utilizes the atmel 89c52 micro controller. The project tracks a solar cell panel so that it gets maximum power and illumination from the sun at any time. The coding is done with embedded c. The sensor used here is an LDR, the microcontroller is so programmed such that it tracks the stepper motor to which the solar panel being attached to receive maximum illumination. Thus increasing the quantity of energy produced.
EMS 2033. WIND DIRECTION AND SPEED MONITORING SYSTEM
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This project utilizes an atmel 89c52 microcontroller to monitor the approximate speed of the wind and its direction of blow the project uses an pressure sensor whose resistance changes as per the wind pressure the output of the pressure sensor is fed to the microcontroller for further calculation of speed thereby displaying it on the 7 segment display the angle is detected by means of IR transceivers the output of the IR Trans-receiver is used to display the direction of wind in an seven segment display.
EMS 2034. INTRUDER MOVEMENTS ACTIVITY MONITORING & CONTROL SYSTEM USING IR PRINCIPLE
The gadget monitors for the presence or monitors some events such as intruder movements over a narrow way by means of a IR Trans-receiver or an ultrasonic Transreceiver the data is further fed to the microcontroller and is displayed over an lcd / 7 segment / pc when ever the activity of persons /objects crosses certain limit the device automatically alarms or dials automatically to respective numbers or even to police.
EMS 2035. VISUAL ELECTRO MAGNETIC SPECTRUM SOURCE AND LIGHT SENSING ROBOT
This robot uses IR rays / light rays as its food i.e. it searches for the availability if light source while the source is available it automatically moves towards the source the programming and hardware design is done over the atmel microcontroller the programming is done in embedded c language the controller used here is atmel 89c51 microcontroller the sensor may be a photodiode or any TV Remote Sensor can be used for this purpose.
EMS 2036. INTERACTIVE EARTHQUAKE MONITORING AND LOW FREQUENCY VIBRATIONS & NOISE SENSING SYSTEM
Earthquake monitor uses an proximity sensor and an sound sensor the earth quake is basically of low frequency vibrations so the sensor used should detect the low frequency vibrations. so in this project we are using an electronic condenser micro controller which senses the noise and low frequency vibration while the proximity sensor monitors the shakings or strong zigzags over the environment thus the device warns about the presence of earth quake or noise the display can be done over an led array or in a graph in pc using audio port of pc. This project can also alarm and dial for the emergency service such as fire and police.
INTERACTIVE ENVIRONMENTAL AIR POLLUTION MONITORING AND AUTOMATIC PHONE DIALING SYSTEM
This project utilizes an atmel 89c52 microcontroller to monitor the pollution content of the air. The project uses an smoke sensor whose resistance changes as per the smoke content in the air the output of the smoke sensor is fed to the microcontroller for warning Page 10 of 21
about the pollution in the air and the microcontroller also warns about the presence of the smoke by means of alarm a dialer system may also be added so that it dials to certain number and informs about the presence of smoke.
EMS 2038. IMPLEMENTATION OF DEVICE MONITORING USING TELEPHONE LINES
This project monitors and informs about the status of the electronic device whether its on or off using telephone lines and interactive voice response system the user should dial the device number to be monitored and the gadget inform us about the status of the device whether it is on or off. With a small modification the project can also be made to control devices over the phone the technology used here is known as DTMF Technology the coding is done over embedded c the controller used her is atmel 89c52 controller the apr9301 chip is used for recording and playback of voices.
2039. SECRET CODES & SECURED MESSAGES TRANSMISSION SYSTEM THROUGH TELEPHONE LINE
The device is capable of reading secret codes being send from remote telephones for example if myself and my friend want to say some secret numbers over phones he can do it by this gadget what he has to do is nothing but dialing of those numbers via the phone keypads the device attached in my phone reads the number dialed by him in an intelligent lcd display.
COMPUTER BASED WIRELESS SYSTEM OF DEVICES
This project can control up to 16 external devices the pc is the front end of the project the programming of pc is done over c language while the backend of our project is wired around atmel 89c51 microcontroller. The control output is obtained from pc printer port it is then encoded as a tone data and is send over using RF transmitter the receiver picks the signal and reconstructs the tone a decoder unit decodes the tone data as a binary data the binary is in turn demuxed and is converted as decimal controller signal using the microcontroller 89c51.
EMS 2041. FINGER PRINT ANALYSING AND BIOMETRIC ACCESS CONTROL SYSTEM USING FINGER PRINT
This project checks the finger print of persons and then allows him/her access the specified or secret or personal places or documents in a locker the front end of the project is made in the MATLAB while the backend of embedded system the backend is designed over AT89c51 microcontroller the controller allows the user to access certain cells defined above only after the front end recognize the finger print the project can also be modified and stated as finger print based door opening system
EMS 2042. SPEED MONITORING AND CONTROL SYSTEM
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This project utilizes an atmel 89c52 microcontroller to monitor the speed of a vehicle the project uses a pair of IR sensor whose output changes as per the movement the output of the sensor pairs are fed to the microcontroller for warning about the over speed microcontroller also warns about the over speed by means of alarm and a dialer system may also be added so that it dials to certain number and informs about the over speeding the sensors are to be mounted over a narrow way so that the test vehicle may pass through it thereby enabling the measurement of time difference for crossing certain distance the speed is the calculated by the formula speed = distance/time
2043. DISH POSITION CONTROLLING AND MONITORING SYSTEM USED FOR RADAR & OTHER TELECOMMUNICATION APPLICATIONS
This project aims to control the position of the dish antenna, which is used, mainly in RADAR and other communication applications. In telecom systems, all information is Fr depended. Now days, the Dish is operating by manually. But this project helps us to operate the DISH automatically. The whole system is microcontroller operated which is overcome the time consumption and frequency error by manual operation. The main control unit is microcontroller AT89C51/AT89c251, the frequency selection is made by matrix keypad and position change is done by stepper motor. The current position of the dish is displaying in 2x16 LCD panel.
EMS 2044. MULTICHANNEL PETROCHEMICAL FIRE SENSOR , MONITORING AND CONTROL SYSTEM WITH AUTOMATIC TELEPHONE DIALING
In this project we are using smoke sensors whenever this is gas leakage it automatically triggers the 89c51 microcontroller, which in turn drives an intelligent LCD display, the sensors are based on priority basis, an external circuit may be applied so that the unit automatically dials the fire station. We are providing a voice alarm about the gas leakage a relay circuit in turn automatically trips the plant at the same the microcontroller activates the pump for extinguishing purpose. This project utilizes photo type smoke sensors. If any of the sensor senses smoke in the compartment, the device takes the following action: 1. 2. 3. 4. Start the fire alarm or siren. Shut down the plant. Start sprinkling. If supervisor is present in the control room, then he can push a press button to switch OFF the alarm & no further action is taken. If the button is not pressed within 30 seconds of the alarm, the device will dial a pre-stored telephone number. Which you can change at any time) and It gives the message to the called party, about the emergency. The message can be recorded in your voice.
EMS 2045. INFRARED REMOTE CONTROLLED ROBOT
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This robot can sense the commands given from the infrared remote controller and can change its direction of motion. This project can be implemented with two types of technology i.e. the wheel movement can be done using the stepper motor or by means of dc motor the control via the dc motor yields more speed of motion for robot and the controlling is also much efficient when compared with that of the stepper motor based drive when a person directs the IR rays towards the robot the robot starts moving toward the light rays the IR source can be a florescent lamp or an infrared led the sensor used here is basically a TV remote sensor or an photodiode or photo transistor the whole processing and directing the robot is done over by the microcontroller AT89c51.
EMS 2046. COMPUTER CONTROLLED MOBILE ROBOT
This robot can sense the commands given from the pc printer port by means of an decoder and can change its direction of motion. By given key commands from the pc key board this project can be implemented with two types of technology (i.e.) the wheel movement can be done using the stepper motor or by means of dc motor the control via the dc motor yields more speed of motion for robot and the controlling is also much efficient when compared with that of the stepper motor based drive when a control key is pressed from the key board of pc the c program processes it and sends the control signal over the pc printer port the robot starts moving as per the decoded key values the microcontroller controls the overall motion of the robot the pc is used to send the control signals i.e. it acts as front-end of this project. The whole processing and directing of the robot is done over by the microcontroller AT89c51
EMS 2047. GAS DETECTION ROBOT FOR ATOMIC POWER STATION
This robot can sense the gas leakages in its surroundings while it is moving and can give signals to the control station so as to enable the auto dialing to the police and fire station it can also stop the all over action of the plant. This project can be implemented with two types of technology i.e. the wheel movement can be done using the stepper motor or by means of dc motor the control via the dc motor yields more speed of motion for robot and the controlling is also much efficient when compared with that of the stepper motor based drive when there is presence of gas or smoke over the sensor of robot.it starts alarming and starts to send the warn signals to the control station it can also automatically dial to the fire service or to an specified alert number and say the message of gas leakage the whole processing and directing the robot is done over by the microcontroller AT89c51.
CRANE AND LIFT OPERATION CONTROLING AND INFORMATION SYSTEM
This project helps to control the operation of the lift / crane control-equipment. Shunt wound motors with help of conveyor links that operate lift in our model we are using stepper motors for the lifting mechanism an interactive voice decoder chip announces the floor no and also about overloading. An LCD displays the floor number and a buzzer warns about the overloading.
EMS 2049. DYNAMIC SECURITY AND ACCESS CONTROL SYSTEM FOR 5 INDEPENDENT ZONES
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The circuit features automatic exit and entry delays, timed bell cut-off and system reset. It has provision for normally open and normally closed switches and will suit the usual input devices (Pressure Mats, Magnetic Reed contacts, Foil Tape, PIRs and Inertia Sensors). When the power is applied, if there's a fault the buzzer will sound and you should switch off again and check for open doors, windows, etc. If everything is in order the buzzer will NOT sound and the exit delay will begin. You have about 30 seconds to leave the building. When you return the buzzer will sound. You then have about 30 seconds to switch off; otherwise the siren will sound. It will go on sounding indefinitely. However, if the building is re-secured the siren will switch off after about 10 minutes and the alarm will reset. This is a complete alarm system with 5 independent zones suitable for a small office or home environment. It uses just 3 CMOS IC's and features a timed entry / exit zone, 4 immediate zones and a panic button. There are indicators for each zone a "system armed" indicator. The schematic is as follows. Each zone uses a normally closed contact. These can be micro switches or standard alarm contacts (usually reed switches). Suitable switches can be bought from alarm shops and concealed in doorframes, or window ledges. Once set any contact that opens will trigger the alarm, including Zone 1. To prevent triggering the alarm on entry to the building, the concealed re-entry switch must be operated. This will discharge C6 and start the entry timer. The re-entry switch could be a concealed reed switch, located anywhere in a doorframe, but invisible to the eye. The panic switch, when pressed, will trigger the alarm when set. Relay contacts RLA1 provide the latch, RLA2 operate the siren or buzzer.
EMS 2050. HUMAN DETECTION AND MONITORING SYSTEM
In this demo model we have made a HDS, which uses RF 27 MHZ communication instead of actual microwave communication. This project actually tracks a HUMAN and gives the area info of that PERSON to the control station thus this project, can also be stated as HUMAN monitor. In this model we provide necessary tower, which resembles similar to a cell phone networking while the vehicle lies inside the coverage of particular tower, the tower name is displayed in an LCD display, which is actually placed in the control station that is few meters away. The TRANSMIITER that is placed with the person emits modulated RF rays, the RF receivers placed in the tower picks the RF rays emitted while the vehicle is inside the coverage range of that particular tower and the each tower is assigned with unique DTMF CODES while IR rays are picked by the tower it in turn generates a DTMF signal which is transmitted to the control station by a low power FM transmitter the FM receiver placed at the control station picks the FM signal and demodulates and retrieves back the DTMF signal. The DTMF decoder placed after the receiver section converts the DTMF tones into binary codes, the binary data is fed to the micro controller AT89c51 in turn drives a LCD display, which displays the area information.
EMS 2051. PC-TO-PC COMMUNICATION
This project enables us to chat between two pc via the serial port communication. The program was designed in turbo c. The connection is just a 3 wire data link no external supply is required. The distance of 100m can be achieved using this method. The port level access is performed here Page 14 of 21
the chatting via the RS232 port is done in this project thus the project allows the 2 persons to chat with another person just by a 2 wire link.
EMS 2052. VOICE ACTIVATION AND CONTROL SYSTEM OF DEVICES
The simple voice tags given through the microphone controls the whole external devices this project utilizes the 89c51 controller as its core. The project consists of two modules that is front end which is designed with Visual Basic and the backend is of the embedded c. we can access the device by giving the voice tags from our PC mic input the data is processed in the VB then the corresponding output is given in the PC parallel port the output is further processed using the micro controller, the micro controller in turn controls the devices via the relays.
EMS 2053. IMAGE RECONSTRUCTION USING NEURAL NETWORKS
The artificial image reconstruction project is mainly an algorithm verification project. We use the C as front which gets the input through the serial communication from the microcontroller the input is 4 x 4 keypad the data from the keypad is displayed in a 4 x 4 matrix display the data from the keypad is fed to the PC via the serial port the C program reads the data and checks it for the correct format using various possible algorithm of neural network then the corrected output is generated and is displayed in a LED array via the PC parallel port.
EMS 2054. DATA ACQUISITION AND PROCESS CONTROL SYSTEM USED FOR INSTRUMENTATION PURPOSES
The data acquisition system reads the given analog quantities from the various sensors through an ADC and displays it in a LCD display. The microcontroller also process the input data and controls the various external devices such as relays that are activates when certain reading exceeds the given limit in the program itself. The controller communicates the PC via the serial port and gives the data in the hyper terminal a small modification can be done so that the back end can be supported with VB so that all the data can be viewed in system in a framed format.
POWER LINE FAULT ANALYSIS, MONITORING AND LOAD SHARING SYSTEM
The power line faults such as phase-to-phase fault and phase to earth fault can be monitored in this project. The data from various zones can be collected and the corresponding zones can be isolated and information can be given in a intelligent LCD display. The whole work is done with
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the help of 89c51 controller. The controller processes the various inputs and displays it when necessary the load sharing can also be done during overloading conditions using this project.
EMS 2056. BOILER MONITORING AND CONTROL SYSTEM
The project monitors the boilers variable conditions such as temperature, pressure and liquid level and displays it in a LCD display, the whole data is processed by the controller and when the input exceeds certain limit the whole boiler can be made to shut down. The controlling of temperature and closing of valve using stepper motor to control pressure can also be done using this project. The whole controlling can be done with the help of ATMEL 89c51 chip itself. The external components used here are the LCD, temperature sensor, ADC and a stepper motor.
IMAGE / VIDEO CAPTURING TELECASTING ROBOT
The robot is activated from the PC using a bunch of wires. The robot is fitted with a web cam, which captures the video and feeds it to the PC. The controlling of the robot can be done using the wireless control unit. The camera sends the picture to PC via the wires and the image can be viewed in the PC using proper viewing software, the core operation of this project is achieved via AT89c51 microcontroller. The robot is driven with the help of small Dc motors the controller automatically trains the robots direction with respect to received signal conditions. The data is captured with the help of a web cam, which is interfaced to USB port of system via the wires.
HUMIDITY MONITORING CONTROLLING SYSTEM
The project monitors the humidity in the soil and drives the irrigation pump automatically and maintains the water content in soil. It can also be programmed to watering as per the scheduled time using various mode of operation such as timer, manual and automatic mode. The whole process can be viewed in a LCD display. The core operation of this project is achieved via AT89c51 microcontroller. The mode selection can be done via a keypad interface section.
EMS 2059. PROGRAMMABLE TEMPERATURE CONTROL SYSTEM
The project automatically turns on the cooler or heater by comparing the environmental temperature with the input that is obtained from the keypad. The project uses the AT89c51 controller as its heart. The relays to activate cooler and heater is derived from the ports of controller, while a LCD display shows the current temperature reading and preset reading a small Page 16 of 21
keypad is also interfaced to get the input temperature level to be maintained. When the temperature drops below specified value the heater is switched on and when the temperature found more than input value the cooler is turned on automatically.
EMS 2060. CELL PHONE BASED MOTOR SPEED CONTROL
This project is able to control the speed of the motor either by stepped format or by the linear format using the cell phone as the controlling unit. The concept of interfacing the GSM unit with hardware is done with the help of the DTMF encoder and de-coder. Using the cell we can generate the DTMF signal. The project consists of two modules one is handset set that is the cell phone and the other module is receiving section the receiving section module is connected to a land line phone connection the user should call the land line number using the mobile phone the gadget connected in the destination landline automatically attend the call and now the user should dial the respective numbers which are assigned for the respective direction the DTMF decoder fitted to land line converts the received numbers to a binary format which is given to the micro controller the controller further processes the data and correspondingly drives the motor with various speed levels.
CELL PHONE CONTROL
The GSM mobile (Nokia basic model –1100) can be used to control the direction of movement of the robot or else it can be made to go for a circular clockwise or anticlockwise direction the concept of this project is the DTMF signaling to access the project the user should dial the mobile number and then the assigned to perspective direction via a land line or cell phone the gadget connected to the cell phone detects the ring and automatically attends the call from the mobile and gets the key pressed the microcontroller reads the key and drives the robot correspondingly the whole core processing of this project is done using the AT89c51 microcontroller.
EMS 2062. CELLPHONE – CELLPHONE APPLIANCE CONTROL SYSTEM
The project can control the electronic appliances using the cell phone. The achieve this we need two cell phone where the one is the master while the other is the slave the person should dial the slave mobile number as soon as the slave rings the controller automatically attends the call and now the user should now dial the device number to be controlled as soon as the number is dialed the controller reads the number dialed and controls the respective devices the controller used is the AT89c51 micro controller the other external devices required are the external earpiece and the two mobile phones of same type and make.
EMS 2063. MOBILE BASED DEVICES STATUS MONITORING AND INFORMATION SYSTEM
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This project monitors the various devices that are the status of the devices is announced through the mobile phone. When sending the particular device number to the receiving unit by mobile phone (GSM unit), receiving unit identify the number and sends the signal to the particular device then the device will turns on or off. Here the status of the device is stored in a voicerecording chip for giving the feedback to the mobile phone. The receiving unit consists of DTMF encoder & decoder and device-controlled relays. The concept of interfacing the GSM unit with hardware (receiving unit) is done with the help of the DTMF encoder and de-coder. Using the mobile we can generate the DTMF signal. The project consists of two modules. One is mobile phone unit and the other module is receiving section, the receiving section module is connected to a landline phone connection. The user should call the phone line number using the mobile phone the gadget connected in the destination landline automatically attend the call and now the user should dial the respective numbers, which are assigned for the respective device the DTMF decoder fitted to land line converts the received numbers to a binary format, which is given to the micro controller. The controller further processes the data and correspondingly drives the devices. Here the status of the devices stored in voice recording chip as ON or OFF is triggered. This status is feed backed to the corresponding mobile phone.
EMS 2064. MOBILE TO PC INTERFACE FOR CONTROLLING OF DEVICES USING DTMF TECHNOLOGY
Using this project we can control the electronic appliances the project consists of two modules one is the master mobile and the other is the slave the user should call the slave mobile from the master set the slave mobile is connected to the gadget and then to the pc parallel port the data is then processed by the VB program and the corresponding controls are generated and is sent to parallel port a relay driving system connected to the parallel port controls the external gadgets. The concept of interfacing the GSM unit with hardware (receiving unit) is done with the help of the DTMF encoder and de-coder. Using the mobile we can generate the DTMF signal. The project consists of two modules one is mobile phone unit and the other module is receiving section, the receiving section module is connected to a slave phone. The user should call the land line number using the mobile phone the gadget connected in the destination landline automatically attend the call and now the user should dial the respective numbers, which are assigned for the respective device the DTMF decoder fitted to land line converts the received numbers to a binary format, which is given to the micro controller. The controller further processes the data and correspondingly drives the devices.
EMS 2065. MOBILE TO PC INTERFACE FOR CONTROLLING OF DEVICES USING INTERACTIVE VOICE RESPONSE SYSTEM
This project enables us to control electronic equipments using the mobile phone. Here the controlling is done via the interactive voice response system. The project again consists of two modules master and slave module. Here the user will be having his master mobile while the slave is connected to PC the user should dial the slave mobile number after that the slave will be Page 18 of 21
automatically picked on by the gadget and the voice input is fed to the PC. The PC processes the data further and sends the control output via the parallel.
EMS 2066. CONTROL OF PC USING DTMF TECHNOLOGY VIA MOBILE PHONE
This project enables us to control our personal computer using VB and DTMF technology via mobile phone. Here the controlling means turns ON and OFF the system, opening a file and closing a file, etc. In this project we are using two technologies one is Visual Basic, this is used to read the value of the parallel port, and other one is DTMF technology, its used to pick the value from the mobile phone and sends the same to the parallel port. Here we can send the command to turns ON & OFF the system, and opening & closing a file.
EMS 2067. INTELLIGENT BRAIN READER AND BIOMETRIC CONTROL SYSTEM
This project used to read the brain activities. Here we can control the electrical equipments by reading the movements of our eyeball. In this project IR sensor takes major role. Here we are designing a special spectacle containing IR sensors. The sensor is placed in the middle of the spectacle that is the sensor has to sense the movement of the eyeball. When the eyeball goes outside of the sensing region, the IR sensor gives signal to the microcontroller, and then further processes starts that are the signal sending to the equipment for turn ON or OFF. According to the direction of the eyeball we are moving, we can control two equipments.
EMS 2068. MOTOR SPEED CONTROL THROUGH POWER LINE
As electrical devices more and more automate homes and industry, an efficient way to let them communicate is crucial. Here we are decided to use the existing power line infrastructure to enable device communication. The benefits of such a system are numerous. Any device that draws power from a standard outlet could communicate with other devices instantly, and without rewiring. The design consists of three main parts: the power switching device that interfaces with the outlet, the power line communication which allows the computer to send signals over the AC lines, and the user interface which allows for monitoring and control of the system. This system could be the start of a completely automated and configurable motor speed control structure in which direction of motor could be precisely controlled. Using the lines already installed in your homes, allows this design to reach anywhere in your house or business.
DIAGNOSIS OF TRANSFORMER
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The power line faults such as phase-to-phase fault and phase to earth fault can be monitored in this project. The data from various zones can be collected and the corresponding zones can be isolated and information can be given in a intelligent LCD display. The whole work is done with the help of 89c51 controller. The controller processes the various inputs and displays it when necessary the load sharing can also be done during overloading conditions using this project.
DETECTION OF TRANSMISSION
This project mainly considered as a security system for particular area. To avoid the illegal wireless transmission, a common RF receiver is placed in the zone of area we have to detect. Here the receiver gets the all level of signals, and displays it in a LCD. When the illegal level of frequency is received, a dedicated alarm and a LCD display will gives warning. The level of frequency we are planned to permit can be set in microcontroller. The filters circuit takes major role for avoiding the noise.
EMS 2071. REMOTE CONTROLLED MOTOR OPERATION
This motor can sense the commands given from the infrared remote controller and can change its direction of motion. This project can be utilized for motor forward, reverse, low speed and highspeed operations. Two separate driver circuits are designed for changing the motor direction, and the selection of speed can be programmed in the microcontroller. The IR receiver unit can be fixed in the motor supply unit. This general type remote can be used for any ratings of motor.
EMS 2072. REMOTE MOUSE CONTROLLED AUTOMATION
In this project a remote motor can be controlled by mouse operation. Here the parallel port of the computer system takes major role. The parallel port bits are setted by VB program for corresponding operation the mouse. The bits setted in the port are transmitted to the motor terminal by using FM transmitter. FM receiver fixed in the motor terminal receives the corresponding signal and processes with the microcontroller, and then gives the signal for respective operation. Here the motor forward, reverse, low speed and high-speed operations can be achieved.
EMS 2073. SMS CONTROLLED LOAD
In this project sending SMS to the slave mobile can control a remote load. Here the parallel port of the computer system takes major role. The parallel port bits are setted by VB program for corresponding messages received in the slave mobile. Here the slave mobile is connected to the parallel port. The bits setted in the port are transmitted to the load terminal by using FM transmitter. FM receiver fixed in the load terminal receives the corresponding signal and processes with the microcontroller, and then gives the signal for respective operation. Here the load turns ON and turns OFF operations can be achieved.
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EMS 2074.LASER BASED SECURITY SYSTEM
To prevent the theft in the houses that are kept isolated in the sub urban areas our project is much essential the project uses the laser rays to test the intruder movement the laser sensor pairs are placed in various places of the openings in the house such as doors, windows and openings the gadget is switched on as the owner of the house plans of vocational tour.
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