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Intellectual Property Rights

Intellectual Property Rights

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Published by Mansi Mullick

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Published by: Mansi Mullick on Sep 24, 2011
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial


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Process Outsourcing

Scope e Knowledge etc. UnitedLex . Hewitt . Knowledge Process Outsourcing (KPO) Evalueserve . Intellevate . Pangea3 . Mindcrest . Infosys BPO . convergys etc. Law-Scribe . .Types of Process Outsourcing Business Process Outsourcing (BPO) IBM Daksh . WNS . Copal partners . Integreon etc. HCL Tech BPO . Mphasis . Lexadigm . Legal Process Outsourcing (LPO) Pangea3 . Quislex . Wipro BPO .

medical content and services. analytical services. a few countries like India and the Philippines are front runners in providing these services. engineers. publishing and legal support. database creation. content development. so specific higher education and language skills are essential. This type of work demands advanced analysis and communication. ghostwriters. in which knowledge-related and information-related work is carried out by workers in a different company. doctors. financial modeling. equity research. MBAs. design and development in automotive and aerospace industries. PhDs. designers. Due to the availability of large numbers of skilled staff working for lower pay rates than in the developed world. R&D in pharmaceuticals and biotechnology. remote education and e-learning. . writers. market research. data research. usually in a different country. animation and simulation. lawyers. web designers and other specialists with formal credentials tend to be required.Knowledge process outsourcing Knowledge process outsourcing (KPO) is a form of outsourcing. More complex fields of work that the Indian KPO industry focuses on include intellectual property or patent research.

to a third-party service provider. which includes customer-related services such as marketing or tech support. . such as payroll. which includes internal business functions such as billing or purchasing. and front office outsourcing.Business process outsourcing Business process outsourcing (BPO) is the contracting of a specific business task. Usually. BPO is implemented as a cost-saving measure for tasks that a company requires but does not depend upon to maintain its position in the marketplace. BPO is often divided into two categories: back office outsourcing.

Intellectual Property research--substantive and administrative Paralegal Services Administrative and secretarial activities like following up with clients. Legal Billing activities like preparation of invoices. such as the United States or Europe to areas where it can be performed at a significantly decreased cost. Legal Process Outsourcing covers the following services in general: Legal Research Document Drafting like standard contracts. patent applications etc. collation of time sheets etc. etc . Legal Process Outsourcing is a high end industry that has been growing rapidly in the recent years. primarily India.Legal Process Outsourcing Legal Process Outsourcing (LPO) is the industry in which in-house legal departments or organisations outsource legal work from areas where it is costly to perform. agreements. letters to the clients.

Alka Pal .Intellectual Property Rights .

What is Intellectual Property Rights (IPR) ? Intellectual Property Rights : Creation of mind : Commercial value of intellectual creation : Authority IPR is basically A protection of your creation or invention .mental labour A way to regulate use and exploitation of a creation or invention by third parties for example by prohibiting others without consent from copying your creation or invention .

Types of IPR Ideas and creativity in the form of • Copyrights • Patents • Utility models • Trademarks • Domain names • Geographical names used to identify products • Plant varieties • Semiconductors • Industrial designs and • Undisclosed information such as trade secrets are all protected as intellectual property if they are materialized .

Patent An exclusive monopoly Granted by government To an inventor For his invention Over limited period of time Patency have exclusive right to Make Use Exercise Sell Distribute the invention within India .

Need for Patent To ensure exclusive right over the inventor Stop other from copying his invention Exploit it commercially and Benefit to R&D – Stop reinventing KNOW WHAT IS ALREADY PATENTED .


however. . a patent application must include one or more claims defining the invention which must be new.The procedure for granting patents. the requirements placed on the patentee and the extent of the exclusive rights vary widely between countries according to national laws and international agreements. selling. inventive. using. and useful or industrially applicable. Typically. offering to sell or importing the invention. The exclusive right granted to a patentee in most countries is the right to prevent or exclude others from making.

. Provide landscape mapping. Provide patentability information.Role of a KPO Provide Freedom to operate (FTO) information. Provide patent validation/invalidation information. Provide infringement information. Provide prior art search.

Freedom to Operate ( FTO ) To find out if your idea will infringe another patent that is in force. or change the market area for a product. selling or importing your product in the country. Identify patents to licence. so you are less likely to end up in court. Be prepared for accusations of infringement. Benefits of a FTO search Identify if you are going to infringe patents before you start. change how you develop your product. Make informed business decisions. . decide whether to import or export a product. Gain peace of mind and confidence about making.

) For an invention to be judged as novel.Prior Art Search prior art means everything that has been published. . the disclosed information should not be available in the 'prior art'. presented or otherwise disclosed to the public on the date of patent (The prior art includes documents in foreign languages disclosed in any format in any country of the world.

in order for an invention to be patentable. be novel (i. and be useful (in U.S. patentability also refers to the substantive conditions that must be met for a patent to be held valid The patent laws usually require that. be non-obvious (in United States patent law) or involve an inventive step (in European patent law). an invention is patentable if it meets the relevant legal conditions to be granted a patent.e. at least some aspect of it must be new). . patent law) or be susceptible of industrial application (in European patent law). By extension.Patentability Within the context of a national or multilateral body of law. ie a kind of subject-matter that is eligible for patent protection. it must be of patentable subject matter.

processing. . strengths and problem-solving approaches. and analyzing it. patent landscape mapping (PLM) is a tool to analyze existing IP to determine the risks and opportunities of participating in a given technology and/or product space. and to establish differentiation with respect to their competitors. to create a strategy to protect their IP.Patent Landscape Mapping A patent map is produced by gathering related patent information of a target technology field. and outlines their strategies. PLM enables a company’s scientific and commercial management teams to identify the best opportunities for investment in a selected product area. PLM identifies competitors based on their issued and filed IP. It describes the technologies and alternative solutions that have been applied to a particular product category.

Patent Infringement Patent infringement is defined as "whoever without authority makes.” A determination of patent infringement involves a two-step patent infringement analysis process. uses. infringes the patent. . The second step of patent infringement analysis is to determine whether the claims of the patent "read on" the accused device or process. or sells any patented invention during the term of the patent therefore. These two steps compare an accused device or process with the claims of a patent in order to determine infringement. The first step of determining patent infringement is to analyze all the relevant patent documents.

Thank You ! .

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