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1848

1848

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Published by: Joeylino Corpuz on Sep 25, 2011
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1848, June 28 — Rizal’s parents married in Kalamba, La Laguna: Francisco Rizal-Mercado y Alejandra (born in Biñan, April 18, 1818

) and Teodora Morales Alonso-Realonda y Quintos (born in Sta. Cruz, Manila, Nov. 14, 1827)
1861, June 19 — Rizal was born and he was their seventh child. 1861, June 22 — Christened as José Protacio Rizal-Mercado y Alonso-Realonda 1870, age 9 — In school at Biñan under Master Justiniano Aquin Cruz. 1871, age 10 — In Kalamba public school under Master Lucas Padua. 1872, June 10, age 11 — Examined in San Juan de Letran College, Manila, which, during the Spanish time, as part of Sto. Tomás University, controlled entrance to all higher institutions. 1872, June 26 — Entered the Ateneo Municipal de Manila, then a public school, as a day scholar. 1875, June 16, age 14 — Became a boarder in Ateneo. 1876, March 23, age 15 – Received the Bachelor of Arts (B.A.) degree, with highest honors, from Ateneo de Manila. 1877, June. — Entered Sto. Tomás University in the Philosophy course. 1877, Nov. 29 — Awarded diploma of honorable mention and merit by the Royal Economic Society of Friends of the Country, Amigos del País for his prized poem. 1878, June, age 16. — Matriculated in the medical course. Won Liceo Artistico-Literario prize, in poetical competition for ―Indians and Mestizos‖, with the poem ―To the Philippine Youth‖. – this year, he was wounded in the back for not saluting a Guardia Civil lieutenant whom he had not seen. The authorities ignored his complaint. 1880, April 23, age 19. — Received Licco Artístico-Literario diploma of honorable mention for the allegory, ―The Council of the Gods‖, in competition open to ―Spaniards, mestizos and Indians‖. Unjustly deprived of the first prize. 1880, Dec. 8. — Operetta ―On the Banks of the Pasig‖ produced. 1881, age 20. –Submitted winning wax model design for commemorative medal for the Royal Economic Society of Friends of the Country centennial. 1882, May 3, age 21. — Secretly left Manila taking a French mail steamer at Singapore for Marseilles and entering Spain at Port Bou by railroad. His brother, Paciano Mercado, furnished the money. 1882, June. — Absence noted at Sto. Tomás University, which owned the Kalamba estate. Rizal’s father was compelled to prove that he had no knowledge of his son’s plan in order to hold the land on which he was the University’s tenant. 1882, June 15. — Arrived in Barcelona.

Leipzig. 28 to April 13. but the decree and charges were kept secret from him. age 29. 1887. Published ―The Indolence of the Filipino‖ in La Solidaridad. November. Traveled in nearby provinces with a Spanish lieutenant. 1892. 1887. – Returned to Madrid to confer with his countrymen on the Philippine situation. Feb. – Sailed for Japan via Hong Kong. a Paris oculist. de Wecker. Tokyo. 1888. – Ordered deported to Dapitan. then constantly growing worse. — Arrived in Manila. Aug. Feb. April-May. first of Barcelona and later of Madrid. Switzerland and Italy. October 3. – Practiced medicine in Hong Kong. – In Belgium finished El Filibusterismo which is the sequel to Noli Me Tangere. 1888. publishing Morga’s History. age 26. studying in the British Museum to edit Morga’s 1609 Philippine History. 1891. August 4. — Left Madrid for France. — In Paris. — In London. age 27. 1886. . 21. and traveling in Japan. July 3. March. June 26. Feb. May 24. — Finished the novel Noli Me Tangere in Berlin. age 28. 5. a Filipino fortnightly review. 1888. 1889. January 27. as escort. — Sailed from Marseilles. 1892. – Returned to Manila under Governor-General Despujol’s safe conduct pass.1882. – Clinical assistant to Dr. age 30. L. 1890. 1891. February to July. — Arranging for a Filipino agricultural colony in British North Borneo. 1890. – Traveled in Austria. 1887. – Traveling in the United States. – Visited Universities of Heidelberg. — Began studies in Madrid. –Received degree of Licentiate in Medicine with honors from Central University of Madrid on June 19 at the age of 24. — A guest at the Spanish Legation. Organized a mutual aid economic society:La Liga Filipina on July 3. Published ―The Philippines A Century Hence‖ in La Solidaridad. age 31. detailed by the Governor-General. and Berlin. July 6. 1888.

December 30. . October 6. Crown Prince Rudolph of Austria. – Roman Catholic sources allege that Rizal marries Josephine Bracken in his Fort Santiago death cell to Josephine Bracken. Arranged a water system and had the plaza lighted. He may have also concealed another copy of the same poem in one of his shoes but. — Charged with treason. Sailed for Spain on Spanish mail steamer and just after leaving Port Said was confined to his cabin as a prisoner on cabled order from Manila. Manila. her relative. the prosecution arguing that he was responsible for the deeds of those who read his writings. — Placed in Montjuich Castle dungeon on his arrival in Barcelona and the same day reembarked for Manila. December 15. 6 months. 1896. December 3. Carried letters of recommendation from Governor-General Blanco.” (later concealed in an alcohol cooking lamp) December 12 — Rizal appears in a courtroom where the judges made no effort to check those who cry out for his death. the servile Polavieja had purchased Governor-General Blanco’s promotion.) 1897. August 7 to September 3. sedition and forming illegal societies. 1896.. if so. 1896. who had been president of the Spanish Republic. age 35 years. August 1. 1896. patients coming from China coast ports for treatment. “My Last Farewell. 11 days. Shot on the Luneta. she is Irish. 1890. — Commemorated by Spanish Free-masons who dedicated a tablet to his memory.‖ He conceals the poem in an alcohol heating apparatus and gives it to his family. it is lost in decomposition in his burial. December 27. (Rizal’s enemies to secure the appointment of a governor-general subservient to them. and suicide of. but the Queen Regent could not forgive his having referred in one of his writings to the murder by. On arrival in Manila was placed in Fort Santiago dungeon. Fees thus earned were used to beautify the town. and buried in a secret grave in Paco Cemetery.) 1896. Address not made public but added to the charges against him. as a martyr to Liberty. the adopted daughter of a blind American who came to Dapitan from Hong Kong for treatment. 1896. at 7:03 a. 1896. (Entry of his death was made in the Paco Church Register among suicides. Pi y Margall. Friends and countrymen in London by cable made an unsuccessful effort for a Habeas Corpus writ at Singapore. – Wrote an address to insurgent Filipinos to lay down their arms because their insurrection was at that time hopeless. in their Grand Lodge hall in Madrid. — On Spanish cruiser Castilla in Manila Bay. January. December 29 — Completes and puts into writing ―My Last Farewell. — Formally condemned to death by a Spanish court martial. pleaded with the Prime Minister for Rizal’s life.m. age 35. — Left Dapitan en route to Spain as a volunteer surgeon for the Cuban yellow fever hospitals.Taught school and conducted a hospital during his exile. During his imprisonment Rizal began to formulate in his mind his greatest poem who others later entitle.

1898. sought his grave. proclaimed th December 30 as a day of national mourning. a cross inscribed simply ―December 30. June 19. — Filipinos who placed over it in Paco cemetery. of the Philippine Revolutionary Government. immediately after the American capture of Manila. 1911. August. 1912. . December 20. but all references had been to ―The Dead‖. — President Aguinaldo. December 30. 1896‖. — Rizal’s ashes transferred to the Rizal Mausoleum on the Luneta with impressive public ceremonies. December 30. 1898. Since his death his countrymen had never spoken his name.1898. — Filipinos held Memorial services at which time American soldiers on duty carried their arms reversed. — Birth semi-centennial observed in all public schools by an act of the Philippine Legislature.

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