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it is timely to consider the factors and influences that led to the city’s creation. 2013. at least 100 miles from Sydney. before Federation. the wife of the Governor General of the time. The CAPITheticAL competition invites designers from a broad range of disciplines to review Canberra’s history and imagine how an Australian national capital might be created in the 21st century. The ‘Battle of the Sites’ was on in earnest in the ‘Mother Colony’ amidst lengthy. and once the broad Federal Capital Territory borders were established. This date is now celebrated each year as Canberra’s birthday – and it will come into sharp focus in the Centenary year. Discussion about a new capital began in the 1890s. and to see how that dialogue plays out in the 21st century. But Section 125 of the new Constitution changed all that—the capital would be in NSW. living and bringing their big ideas here. on 23 May 1912. sophisticated debate about the kind of capital city that should be created. ceremonially pronounced that the ‘place shall be called Canberra’. We expect proposals to demonstrate an awareness of the national capital’s rich history. and on 12 March 1913. with many towns and cities across the continent fancying their chances and promoting their wares. CAPITheticAL seeks to revisit the kind of lively dialogue that was happening one hundred years ago. It seeks to provoke the very best thinking and practice around 21st century planning and design. Canberra has undergone many changes over the last century and surveys reveal that. the land ceded from NSW and the new Territory created on 1 January 1911. Page 2 . despite the odd grumble.INTROduCTION Canberra is Australia’s national capital. Lady Denman. working. Extensive surveys were conducted during 1909-10. Marion Mahony Griffin) was announced as the winner a year later. Walter Burley Griffin (working closely with his wife and professional partner. the overwhelming majority of Australians like their capital and enjoy visiting. the decision was soon taken to hold an international competition to design the new capital. As Canberra recognises a succession of centenary moments in the build-up to 2013. The competition was launched on 30 April 1911 – hence our launch of this competition 100 years later. noting how closely the team led by Romaldo Giurgola responded to the Griffins (and their visionary plan) when designing the new Parliament House—which celebrates its 25th anniversary in 2013.

Participants should be informed by an understanding of the history and design of other planned capital cities .realised. unrealised and proposed. including: • Would you build a new capital today or could the Australian Federation be expressed in a different way? • Would it be a city in the conventional sense or not? If not. Page 3 .We expect participants in CAPITheticAL to offer widely diverging paths in this hypothetical exercise and we encourage everyone to be as creative and imaginative as they wish when initiating a dialogue around the genuine needs. conditions and demands of the 21st century and beyond. what form might it take? • What ideas would drive its design and development? • How would 21st century social. CAPITheticAL invites responses to many questions. political and environmental factors influence the nature of the city? • Of what should our national capital consist? Entries should demonstrate knowledge of the debates. concerns. influences and processes that led to the competition in 1911–12 for the design of Canberra as Australia’s national capital.

OBjECTIvEs The objectives of the CAPITheticAL design competition are: • To encourage the best innovative current thinking about city making in this hypothetical capital city context. and online entry system becomes available Stage 1 submission due Short-listed submissions announced Stage 2 submissions due Prize winners announced Selected submissions will form part of a curated exhibition to be held in Canberra. • To critically examine how a capital and its architecture express nationhood and serve national government. design and development of Canberra as Australia’s capital. • To speculate on the future of cities and the role of a nation’s capital in the 21st century and beyond. PROgRAM The timeline for this two-stage design competition is: Competition announcement. 06 May 2011 30 August 2011 30 September 2011 31 January 2012 23 May 2012 30 November 2012 March 2013 March 2013 Page 4 . registrations open The period for lodging questions closes Responses to any questions placed on the competition web site. siting. while simultaneously providing for the needs of its residents. • To promote collaboration between the diverse range of disciplines that engage in city making and urban design. • To explore how a national capital engages with its nation and how this contributes to reinforcing national pride. • To examine and understand the forces that informed the decisions on the location.

through hypothetical proposition. compassion and productivity in the thinking of Governments and political representatives? • What influence would climate change have? • Can the design of a city influence the life and work of its residents? CRITERIA Submissions are invited that reveal. unrealised and proposed). those ‘pressures’ seem less compelling. • participants should be informed by an understanding of the history and design of other planned capital cities (realised. Today. among them: would you build a new capital today? Would it be a city in the conventional sense? What ideas would drive its design and development? How will 21st century cultural. creative connections with the circumstances of the national capital’s establishment. • What kinds of pressures and influences would there be if the city were being planned today? • Are there relevant security concerns that would influence the location and design of a national capital today? • Can the design and location of a city influence clarity. • the competition invites participants to respond to questions. Thus: • entries should demonstrate knowledge of the original debates and issues that led to design competition for a new capital. invites participants to re-imagine the task faced by those whose job it was to decide how the capital would be created. various pressures particular to the concerns and conditions of the time influenced Canberra’s establishment and growth. social. political and environmental factors influence the nature of the city? - Of what should our national capital consist? Page 5 .CAPITheticAL dEsIgN PARAMETERs KEy PROPOsITION Between Federation in 1901 and the selection of the national capital site in 1908. This competition. a hypothetical.

with 57% of its population living in the five largest cities. political and environmental pressures and expectations influence how an Australian capital might be created today? Page 6 .CAPITheticAL PROvOCATIONs The following provocations are prompts. What kind of national capital would we imagine now? NATIONAL vERsus LOCAL The architecture of a capital is imposing as an expression of nationhood and heritage. How then should such a city express itself as a place where people also live. Should a hypothetical capital have ambitions as a sixth metropolis? WhAT What is a city? • event? • infrastructure? • home? • market? • government? • landscape? • sustainability? • object? • experience? • commerce? • community? • communication? Is a capital city different? WhOsE Does our changing demographic influence the shape. This figure is close to double that of Europe and the USA. values and aspirations. work and play? sIzE Australia is the world’s most urbanised nation. substance or style of the city? hOW Do social. potential ways of creating a space for thinking through the consequences of bringing Canberra’s past history into our present and very different world.

suBMIssION REquIREMENT Submissions for the design of a hypothetical national capital for the 21st century are to be double wrapped. models. This two (2) page document should provide the rationale for the accompanying hypothetical city design. influences and processes that led to the competition for the design of Canberra as Australia’s national capital. video and/or multimedia presentations. illustrations. DVD and Video submissions are to be limited to 10 minutes’ duration. DVD. unless the model can be transported in sections and assembled in situ. This may be written or presented graphically or may be a combination of presentation media. When the outer wrapping is removed. CAPITheticAL encourages participants to explore how their ideas could be best expressed and accordingly entries may be developed in a hard copy format such as drawings. participants may be advised that their submission is ready for collection (at their cost) or that the proponent intends to retain the submission. illustrations. with the same limitations. Drawn or illustrated submissions are to be limited to 4 x A1 panels or equivalent. Multimedia submissions may be a combination of the submission forms above.e. the only visible identifier must be the participant’s registration number. Models are to be no more than 2 metres wide.COMPETITION REquIREMENTs Two components are required for submissions which are to be submitted together by the closing date of 31 January 2012: (1) The entry should demonstrate knowledge of the debates. DVD. The form of the submitted design ideas must enable the design to be included in the proposed exhibition and may be in the form of mounted drawings. models or other physical forms (delivered to the address below) or an entirely digital format (submitted online) At the end of the exhibition. (2) A hypothetical city design. drawings. narratives. Page 7 . submitted in a chosen format which contains sufficient detail to fully explain the proposal to the Jury and to the public attending the exhibition. models. narratives. video and/or multimedia presentations. FORM OF suBMIssIONs Submissions for both stages of the competition must be in a form that can be displayed in a public exhibition i.

and • the exhibition of selected entries. such as promotional posters. The Proponent of CAPITheticAL Design Ideas Competition may only use any of the submitted material for the purposes of • activities related to the Centenary of Canberra. Page 8 . By entering this competition participants agree to these condition. The proponent reserves the right to donate any or all entries to a National Institution or other relevant Australian archival body. • publication of entries in the competition. booklets or brochures. • publication and advertising associated with the exhibition.COPyRIghT Participants in CAPITheticAL will retain copyright of any original material. hOW ANd WhERE TO suBMIT ENTRIEs Hard copy submissions are to be delivered by the closing date to: The Australian Institute of Architects ACT Chapter 2a Mugga Way Red Hill ACT 2603 Digital submissions are to be lodged by the closing date through the CAPITheticAL website. Submission instructions will be provided to all registered participants by 30 September 2011. MORAL RIghTs Each participant must clearly define the form of attribution to be included with the submissions selected for the exhibition. where applicable. • promotion of the competition and the results. Agreed attribution will also be included in any other public use of the designs. designs or ideas developed by the participant.

au Participants are responsible for ensuring that entries are securely wrapped and identified only by the entrant’s registration number. Where the submission is lodged entirely online the biography and photo are to also be lodged online through the CAPITheticAL website www. Full details of the participant or each member of the participating team are to be provided inside the sealed envelope. The information provided in the sealed envelope for each participant or each member of a participating team must include. • a brief biography (1 x A4 page) and • a head and shoulders digital photograph (on a CD Rom). A separate sealed envelope with the participant’s discrete number only on the outside is to be securely attached to the submission at the time that it is submitted. with each part also identified only by the entrant’s registration number. All parts of multiple-part entries must be clearly identified as part X of Y. Page 9 . At the discretion of the Jury.capithetical.ANONyMITy Upon registration. each participant or team of participants will be issued with a discrete number which is to be used as the only identifying mark on each component part of the failure to comply with this requirement may result in a submission not being considered.

PRIzEs More than $100. landscape architecture and urban The prizes may include non-cash benefits such as travel and accommodation. the Jury may award other prizes. Where the quality of submissions is high and more than one submission merits an award.capithetical. planning. as well as artists. There is no charge to participate in this competition.000 where high quality submissions are received from design students. REgIsTRATION Register to enter the competition at Design students are encouraged to enter the The competition is open to individuals and collaborative design teams of professionals. quEsTIONs Any questions from participants in the competition are to be directed to info@capithetical. individually or in groups. commendations or honourable mentions.000. Page 10 . students and recent graduates in architecture. and the Jury may award a student prize with a value of up to $10. If a short listed entrant is asked to further develop their submission the Jury may recommend the payment of a small fee to the participant. engineering. The first prize will be to the minimum value of $70. environmentalists and other suitably qualified design professionals with a passion for cities and urban culture.000 has been provided for prizes in the and all questions and responses will be made available to all participants via the competition web site.

The process did not come easily. between NSW and Victoria. and often promoted by the local Member of Parliament. Debate was also driven by the ambition of existing towns determined to become the national capital. between NSW and the other States. four lapsed Bills and three Acts of the Commonwealth Parliament. Many sites were considered. motivated individual politicians. The capital was required to have a plentiful fresh water supply and a sea port. contested. an overwhelming community desire to see the capital located in a cold climate and the possibility of invasion were also influences. and the export of agricultural produce was vital to the developing Australian economy. among them: • Lake George • Albury • Orange • Bombala • Tumut • Armidale • Lyndhurst • Cooma • Dalgety. controversial and.ThE sELECTION OF ThE sITE FOR CANBERRA A BRIEF BACKgROuNd FOR ENTRANTs The selection of Canberra as the site for Australia’s national capital occurred at the end of a process that took years (1902-8) to resolve. During the early years of the selection process. two Royal Commissions. the only means of international travel. nine Commonwealth Ministers for Home Affairs. it was almost immediately dismissed by the NSW Premier of the day. at the time. a triumph for the young Australian democracy. even between canny. 1907-8. Compromises abounded: between high-powered colonial delegations. All but one of the former colonies had had their own constitutions for some fifty years. mainly because sea transport was. Joseph Carruthers. five NSW Governments. Page 11 . and • the Yass/Canberra district While the Snowy River hamlet of Dalgety was the chosen site in a Seat of Government Act in 1904. in its way. They were not about to give up political advantage easily. It was exhaustive. In the key years. all seriously considered sites were located some distance from the coast. security concerns. Several more years would pass before the region known as Yass/Canberra was finally chosen in desperately close votes in both the House of Representatives and the Senate. It involved no less than seven Commonwealth Governments.

au • Canberra 1912. 2002 • The Symbolic Role of the National Capital. David Headon. Annual Reports 2006. 2007. Sir John Overall.sOME suggEsTEd REAdINg • www.idealcity. 2008 Page 12 . Roger Pegrum. Paul Reid. 1997 • The Bush Capital. 2003 • The Griffin Legacy. City in the 1995 • Canberra Following Griffin. • www.canberra100. Plans and Planners of the Australian Capital Competition. 2006 • National Capital Authority. 1983 • Canberra. Ken Taylor. 2004 • Canberra. John W Today and Tomorrow. National Capital Authority.

He is recognised as a leading architect in the ACT and amongst the nation’s leaders in sustainable design. Her research interests include coastal planning. grandstand and swimming hall. climate change adaptation. Professor Swayn has been the Director in charge of Daryl Jackson Alastair Swayn Pty Ltd Architects. urban and regional planning. the Australian Institute of Sport’s visitor centre. Europe and the United States. national stakeholder advisory group to the CSIRO Climate Adaptation Flagship and Deputy Chair. Australian Centenary Medal Member. Professor Norman is the Co-director of Canberra Urban and Regional Futures (CURF). Since 1981. Professor Swayn and his team have won multiple awards for an incredibly varied portfolio of works which include the Brindabella Business Park at Canberra Airport. Urban and Regional Planning and Foundation Chair. coastal and urban governance. Lake Ginninderra College. She is Life Fellow and past national president. Professor Norman has a particular interest in coastal adaptation and regional planning in the context of sustainability and climate change and is also an author of a number of publications. Professor Norman advises the public and private sector in Australia and has strong international linkages within Asia. developing his concept of “Sydney a City of Villages” and implementing an integrated transport strategy with emphasis on light rail and pedestrian/bike paths. PROFEssOR BARBARA NORMAN Professor Barbara Norman is the Head of Discipline. Alastair Swayn is also an appointed Professorial Fellow at the University of Canberra. She has also run her own consultancy. He is a past National President of the Planning Institute of Australia. former Manager of Planning for the City of Sydney and City of Melbourne and the ACT Commissioner for Land and Planning 1997-2004. John is committed to overhauling city planning instruments. COuNCILLOR jOhN MCINERNEy John McInerney is an Architect and Town Planner with special interests in transport and heritage.ThE juRy The members of the Jury for the CAPITheticAL design competition are: PROFEssOR ALAsTAIR sWAyN Professor Alastair Swayn is an Award-winning architect and the first appointed ACT Government Architect. sustainable cities. She has extensive experience in the public sector at all levels of government including senior executive roles in the ACT Government. Bonython Primary School and the offices of the Department of Prime Minister and Cabinet. Planning Institute of Australia. the CSIRO Discovery Centre at Black Mountain. national Coastal and Climate Change Council Member. Page 13 . Urban and Regional Planning at the University of Canberra. Regional Development Australia (ACT).

Royal Melbourne Institute of Technology. She was made a member of the Order of Australia in 2009 in recognition of her contribution to landscape architecture and urban design. teaching. advising government and industry on open space and urban design matters. in Los Angeles. The University of Melbourne and The Victorian College of the Arts. She has published two books and over 50 papers in Australia and internationally. Melbourne (2002. DrDes (Harvard). researching and supervising doctoral students. She has led national and international consultancies in landscape architecture and urban design. MLArch (Melbourne). Los Angeles (1999). CALLuM MORTON Callum Morton studied Architecture and Urban Planning at The Royal Melbourne Institute of Technology (RMIT) before completing a BA in Fine Art at Victoria College Melbourne in 1988 and an MFA in Sculpture at RMIT in 1999. AM FAILA MAICD is Emeritus Professor of Landscape Architecture at the University of Melbourne and Adjunct Professor at QUT. He has been a lecturer and instructor at numerous institutions since 1996 including. Copenhagen (2000). the Netherlands and he recently completed a major outdoor commission for the new premises of MUMA in Melbourne. A participant may be disqualified if he/she communicates with the proponent’s representatives. The National Gallery of Victoria. Deakin University. Roslyn Oxley9 Gallery (2001. jurors or any other consultant involved in the competition (regarding the competition). most recently as the Elisabeth Murdoch Professor of Landscape Architecture. Gimpel Fils. His work has been exhibited in solo shows at the Santa Monica Museum of Art. Anna Schwartz Gallery. London (2004). In 2011 his work will be the subject of a retrospective at the Heide Museum of Modern Art. In 2009 he completed the pavilion Grotto for the Fundament Foundation in Tilburg. The decisions reached by the jury are final and binding on all participants. In 2007 Morton was one of three artists to represent Australia at the Venice Biennale. Tommy Lund Gallery. As an advocate for better quality planning and design she chairs and serves on planning and design review panels and boards across Australia.The Museum of Contemporary Art in Sydney (2003). GOMA (2010) and at The Australian Centre for Contemporary Art (2005).dR CAThERIN BuLL AM Dr Catherin Bull. 2009). No solicitations will be considered. at Federation Square (2003). been a Commissioner in the Land and Environment Court of NSW and has been an academic for over 20 years. 2006. Australia. Page 14 . 2006 and 2009). The Art Center College of Design in Pasadena.

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