Chemistry

form 4- chapter 8

salt
Pn Khoo Sioh Gee

while Calcium oxide soluble a little. and Ammonium Carbonate. Potassium carbonate. All insoluble except Potassium hydroxide. All insoluble except Sodium Carbonate. Sulphate Salt Carbonate Salt Oxide Hydroxide . Silver Chloride. and Mercury(I) chloride. All insoluble except Potassium oxide and Sodium oxide. while Calcium sulphate is soluble partially.) All soluble except Lead(II) sulphate and Barium sulphate. (Lead(II) Chloride soluble in hot water but in cold water. and Sodium hydroxide while Calcium hydroxide soluble a little.SOLUBILITY OF SALT IN WATER Type of Salt Sodium Salt Potassium Salt Ammonium Salt Nitrate Salt Chloride Salt Solubility in Water All Soluble All Soluble All soluble except Lead(II) chloride.

Cl- Sulphate.Cation Nitrate. SO42- Carbonate. NO3K+ Na+ Ca2+ Mg2+ Chloride. CO32- Al3+ Zn2+ Fe2+ Sn2+ Pb2+ Cu2+ Ag+ NH4+ .

Test for Cation : With NaOH solution NaOH(aq) solution Cation Some NaOH(aq) No precipitate With precipitate White Precipitate Precipitate Heat Coloured Precipitate Concentrated HCL Drops Mg2+ Ca2+ Pb2+ Al2+ Zn2+ Green Brown Blue Insoluble Precipitate Soluble and Colourless Precipitate Fe2+ Fe3+ Cu2+ NH4+ Mg2+ Ca2+ Pb2+ Al2+ Zn2+ Insoluble Precipitate .

Test for Cation: With Ammonia Solution NH3(aq) Solution Cation Some NH3(aq) No Precipitate Precipitate White Precipitate Precipitate Coloured Precipitate NH4+. Ca2+ Mg2+ Pb2+ Al2+ Zn2+ Green Brown Blue Insoluble Precipitate Soluble and Colourless Precipitate Fe2+ Fe3+ Cu2+ Mg2+ Pb2+ Al2+ Zn2+ Insoluble Precipitate Soluble Precipitate .

Produced gas is being transferred to lime water.ion present NO3. CO32.Test for Anion Test for Anion Anion X 1. 1. Add in dilute HCl 2. Add in dilute Nitric acid. White precipitate Is formed.ion present.ion present SO42. Add in Argentum nitrrate. Brown ring Lime Water turns Milky/cloudy /chalky. 2. Cl. Add in BaCl2 1. A few drops of concentrated H2SO4 1. Add in dilute HCL until excess. Add in FeSO4 2. 2.ion present. White precipitate soluble in excess Ammonia. .

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