dreamhamar

/new stortorget design strategy /preliminary phase /15.08.2011

dreamhamar preliminary phase

index
01.MAPPING/URBAN SCALE 01.1 history and development 01.2 climate 01.3 topography and landscape 01.4 urban structure 01.5 heavy traffic 01.6 light traffic 01.7 public spaces 01.8 activities 01.9 education and cultural facilities 02. MAPPING/SQUARE SCALE 02.1 historical transformations 02.2 topography 02.3 sun and shadows 02.4 views and axes 02.5 vegetation 02.6 existing materials 02.7 existing urban furniture 02.8 underground facilities 02.9 lighting layout 02.10 traffic diagram 02.11uses and activities 02.12 square perimeter structure and urban landscape 03. NEW STORTORGET URBAN STRATEGY/MAIN CONCEPTS 03.1. people 03.2. environment 03.3. activities 03.4. technology 03.5. seasonal strategy 04. NEW STORTORGET URBAN STRATEGY/SCALE DRAWINGS 04.1. general plan 04.2. plan / diagrams 05. NEW STORTORGET URBAN STRATEGY/URBAN ATMOSPHERES 05.1. lively streetscape 05.2. social and natural ring 05.3. creative arena 06. FROM PRELIMINARY URBAN DESIGN TO DREAMHAMAR NETWORK DESIGN PROCESS.

dreamhamar preliminary phase

01. mapping /urban scale

dreamhamar preliminary phase

01.1 mapping /urban scale

/history and development
On 26 April 1848, the king signed the law that established the creation of Hamar on the basis of the farms Storhamar and Holset, along the shores of the lake Mjøsa. The law stated that the city should be founded on the day the limits of the city were determined, which turned out to be 21 March 1849. Hamar became known as a trade town, with a trade zone within five kilometers of its borders. The area of the new town covered 400 mål which is the equivalent to today’s 40 hectares (99 acres) (40 hectare). An army engineer, Røyem, drafted the initial plan. There would be three thoroughfares, at Strandgata, Torggata, and Grønnegate (the latter the name of a medieval road) and a grid system of streets between them. The orientation of the town was toward the shore. Røyem set aside space for three parks and a public square, and also room for a church just outside the town’s limits. By 1849 ten shelters could be found in the town, but none of these exist today. Street names were established in 1869. By 1860 it was constructed 100 dwellings in the city. The owners of properties along the shore were required to cultivate gardens, to contribute to a leaf rich urban landscape. A promenade came into being from the harbor area, past the gardens on the shore, and north toward the site of the old town The Diocese of Hamar was established in 1864, and the Hamar Cathedral was consecrated in 1866 and remains a central point in the city.
source: wikipedia

Hamar 1848

Hamar 1881

Hamar 1904

Hamar 1934

dreamhamar preliminary phase

01.2 mapping /urban scale
/climate
TEMPERATURE Hamar is situated in the west of county Hedmark, right at the shore of Norways biggest lake, Mjøsa. The city is situated in the northern hemisphere and has summer temperatures tha reach 28 °C in July while having lowest temperatures in december with down to -30 °C. PRECIPITATION Statistics for Hamars climate are showing that the highest amount of precipitation for this area is during June, August and September with the maximum of daily precipitation around 23,8 mm.

SNOW Snow statistics for the Hamar area show, that snow is falling nearly 6 months a year. In some areas the snow starts falling in November and stays until mid April (the month of February shown in the map). The amount of snow is topping in January,Februar and March with up to 100 cm hight. In the center of Hamar the amount of snow tops in February and March.

dreamhamar preliminary phase

01.3 mapping /urban scale

/topography and landscape
Hamar is located northeast of the lake Mjøsa in Norway.The entire center of Hamar has a slope towards the lake that offers views from the north. This slope is visible on Stortorget as it is an open space. From the north to the south edge the square is sloping 3m. The new culture center is adapting to this slope and contains level changes in the inside to join the fall, having a clean transition from inside to the outside of the square.

1:8000

CATEDRAL

HABITATION AREA

STORTORGET

PARK

LAKE MJØSA

dreamhamar preliminary phase

01.4 mapping /urban scale
/urban structure
The city center can be divided into three urban structures: - Northern and eastern parts: detached areas of gardens. Low density. - The center follows the original grid system of the town planning in 1848. It has a a variety of uses and higher density than the surrounding areas. - The area around the banks is an open area with low use, here you find a marina, sports clubs, train stations and light industry.

1:8000 HABITATION AREA BOLIGOMRÅDE

CITY CENTER SENTRUM

SHORE/BEACH STRANDBREDDE

dreamhamar preliminary phase

01.5 mapping /urban scale
/heavy trafic
This diagram shows the near future situation of heavy traffic. The main streets are now used by cars, but after the new Stortoget is transformed, the heavy traffic of cars and buses will not occur over the square. The railway line runs along the shores of the lake.

1:8000 MAIN ROADS USED BY CARS HOVEDFERDSELSÅRER BILER

RAILWAY LINES JERNBANEN

dreamhamar preliminary phase

01.6 mapping /urban scale
/light trafic
This diagram shows the existing main bike and pedestrian routes. Routes and the near-future situation around Stortorget, adapted by the new urban design process. Main street Strandgata (under renovation), will have a separate bike line that will constitute the main traffic artery along the shores of Mjøsa. A public street (shared space) for traffic is planned between the square and the Bazaar building. Cars and buses will have to slow down and make room for pedestrians and cyclists. The center has one pedestrian street with no cars, Torggata. It will continue past the square to the new cultural center. Parts of the beach shore and parks are also reserved for pedestrians.

1:8000 MAIN BIKE ROUTES HOVEDFERDSELSÅRER FOR SYKKEL SHARED SPACE IN NEAR FUTURE PLANS SYKLER, FREMTIDIG SHARED SPACE MELLOM BILER OG FOTGJENGERE

MAIN PEDESTRIAN ROUTES HOVEDFERDSELSÅRER FOR GÅENDE

dreamhamar preliminary phase

01.7 mapping /urban scale
/public spaces
The diagram shows the green areas and squares in the center with small changes in the near future: - South of Stortoget: beach, lake and open green spaces - East of Stortoget: Østre Torg, Midtbyen, Hamar park, area for ball games - Park in connection with the church building - Torggata, the pedestrian street, connects several squares, including Stortorget.
ved Bryggeriet Vestre Torg ved Kirken STORTORGET midt i gågaten Campus Østre Torg F. Lundhs plass Ballplass Hamar Park

1:8000 OFFENTLIGE AND GREEN AREAS PUBLIC PARKSGRØNTOMRÅDER OG PARKER OFFENTLIGE TORG PUBLIC SQUARES AND AREAS OG OMRÅDER OFFENTLIG STRAND PUBLIC BEACH

dreamhamar preliminary phase

01.8 mapping /urban scale

/activities close to Stortorget
On the lake Mjøsa water activities like swimming, sailing, kayaking, sports club during the summer take place. In winter the lake somethimes freezes and one can go cross country on it. Along the shore area, there are green parks, sport and a skate park. In the two main parks you find playgrounds. The central pedestrian street Torggata offers various shopping and socializing opportunities.

1:8000 AKTIVITETER ACTIVITIES IN I SENTRUM CITY CENTER

dreamhamar preliminary phase

01.9 mapping /urban scale

/education and cultural facilities

1:8000 HØYSKOLEN I HAMAR COLLEGE OF HAMAR Campus campus CULTURAL INSTITUTIONS KULTURINSTITUSJONER sports club,og andre foreninger som kunst og musikk og sportklubb museums, common house, cultural, religious and publicoffentlige institusjoner, religiøse institusjoner, mye mer, institutins felleshus, museum...

UTDANNINGSINSTITUSJONER EDUCATIONAL INSTITUTIONS skoler, barnehager schools, kindergardens

dreamhamar preliminary phase

02. mapping /square scale

dreamhamar preliminary phase

02.1 mapping /square scale

/ historical transformations
Stortorget has retained its shape from way back. Originally, the square formed part of the beach promenade from the port through the old town to the north side of town. At the end of the 19th century, this promenade was interrupted by the construction of the Bazaar Building. During the 19th century, the square was a place for the market, and various events and meetings. Around 1960, the Square transformed from a place for people into a parking lot. However, each May 17, Stortorget becomes a lively and colorful meeting point for Hamar’s residents. The next year, Stortorget will experience yet another transformation in order to meet the needs of Hamar’s residents. Stortorget will be a place for meeting people, for interaction and culture. In 2013 the new culture centre is opening with new activities, events, libraries, theaters and meeting places. Likewise, the new design of Stortorget will attract people and accommodate their wishes, dreams and needs.

T

øst for torget eastern facade

1893

1960

2010

northern facade nord for torget

1905

1963

2010

eastern facade vest for torget

1892

1950

2013

southern torget sør for facade

1900

1965

2010

dreamhamar preliminary phase

02.2 mapping /square scale
/topography
This diagram shows the topography of Stortorget and of the surrounding areas. The codes show a change of 0.5 meters, and as the diagram shows, there is a slope from the church to the shores of over 10 meters in height difference. Since the plan of the city has designed many of the buildings in grid formation, the topography makes it possible to see the green park on the shore and lake Mjøsa from all north- to southbound streets.
140 m.s.l cathedral

135 m.s.l

132 m.s.l

129 m m.s.

Mjøsa seen from Østre torg 126 m.s.l

123 m m.s.l 120 m.s.l lake Mjøsa

Mjøsa seen from Kirkegata

dreamhamar preliminary phase

02.3 mapping /square scale
/sun and shadow
The diagrams show the sun’s path throughout the year and day. The top diagram shows the actual situation in the shade during the day. The diagrams below show the actual areas of sun. In the period from winter to summer sun angle has a difference of 45º. In summer, at noon, about 80% of the square is sunny.

The chart below shows the angle of the sun through the seasons; in summer is the maximum sun angle 53°, while in winter the sun angle is only 8 °.

december | sunlight 10:00-15:00 (showing 9:00-18:00)

march | september | sunlight 8:30-18:00 june | sunlight 3:00-21:00 (showing 9:00-18:00) (showing 9:00-18:00)

SUN HIGHT SUMMER SUN HIGHT FALL/SPRING SUN HIGHT WINTER

max. 8 º

max. 53 º

max. 30

dreamhamar preliminary phase

02.4 mapping /square scale
/views and axes
Stortorgets’s inclination towards the south and the proximity to the lake Mjøsa offers views from large parts of the square, linking the square with the surroundings. Hamar church forms a straight axis to the bazaar building, and is thus an important reference from the middle of the square.

IMPORTANT VIEW TOWARDS THE CHURCH

+ STALLGÅRDEN + BYKJELLEREN TORGGATA FUTURE CULTURE CENTER + bulidling connected to the square LANDMARK mmmmm BAZAAR BUILDING +

PUBLIC PARK MJØSA BOAT CLUBS

LAKE MJØSA AREA WITH CONNECTION TO MJØSA: SKATEBOARD AREA + BEACH PROMENADE +

SEASIDE YOUTH HOUSE

dreamhamar preliminary phase

02.5 mapping /square scale
/vegetation
Today, vegetation on Stortorget square consists mainly of lime trees that are located in a U-shape structure. This represents a historic location of vegetation and which defines the square in different zones. On Stortorget it defines roads, parking and pedestrian areas.

THE CHURCH | MAPPLE TREES

AROUND THE SQUARE | LINDEN TREES

MAPPLE TREES

SOUTH OF THE SQUARE | MIXED DECIDUOUD TREES AND A FEW CONIFERS

THE PARK | MIXED DECIDUOUS TREES

SOUTH OF THE SQUARE - HABOUR | MIXED DECIDUOUD TREES

SEASIDE YOUTH HOUSE | GRASS TOPPED ROOF

dreamhamar preliminary phase

EXISTING MATERIALS ON SITE
- ASPHALT - COBBLE STONE - GRANITE BLOCKS - CONCRETE TILES/CURBS

02.6 mapping /square scale
/existing materials
The materials of Stortorget consists mostly of asphalt, brick, concrete, stone and granite blocks. Torggata is a pedestrian street with cobblestones embedded in the asphalt pavement. Granite blocks show where the cars do not have access, and granite curbs mark the sidewalk.

ASPHALT COBBLE STONE GRANITE TILES

GRANITE TILES COBBLE STONE ASPHALT GRANITE CURBS

ASPHALT COBBLE STONE GRANITE BLOCKS

ASPHALT

ASPHALT GRANITE CURBS GRANITE BLOCKS COBBLESTONE

ASPHALT GRANITE CURBS GRANITE BLOCKS

ASPHALT GRANITE CURBS GRANITE BLOCKS ASPHALT GRANITE CURBS (DRAINING)

dreamhamar preliminary phase

02.7 mapping /square scale

/existing urban furniture
The current situation of the site shows a variety of urban furniture that has been added to the site through the years. In 1989, the national monument Arbeiderkvinnen (Working woman) in Bohuslen granith was located in the upper limit of the square facing the lake and in association with Folkets Hus (the People’s House). In recent times, just south of the statue, a kiosk was constructed. Granite blocks divide the square into different areas, with different uses. Mostly parking lot, street and pedestrian area. Some of the blocks have been given additional uses, such as benches to enjoy a quiet rest on the square. However, the different elements on the square do not properly relate to each other and do not seem to be up to date with the citizens needs. There is almost no urban furniture for meeting and socializing, thus, the square is not being used to its full potential.

KIOSK, BUS STOP BUS SHELTER STATUE GRANIT BLOCKS GRANITE CURBS BENCHES

dreamhamar preliminary phase

02.8 mapping /square scale
/underground facilities
The diagram shows the existing piping and wiring for heat and water. Under the ground around the square in Torggata there is a snow melting system that will also be established in new Strandgata. Along Torggata are also telecommunications cables embedded in the ground.

WATER SYSTEM (MUNICIPAL) HEATING (DISTRICT HEATING ) SNOW MELTING SYSTEM TELECOMMUNICATIONS CABLES

dreamhamar preliminary phase

02.9 mapping /square scale
/lighting layout
The diagram shows the existing street lighting of the square and the surroundings. The square is illuminated in the edges, but lacks light in the middle areas.

THE CHURCH, LIGHTED

DWELLING ZONE, DARKER PACEL HOUISES

CITY CENTER / COMMERCIAL ZONE DARK IN CENTER OF SQUARE

GREEN BELT OF PARK DARK ZONE

PROMENADE ZONE THE BOAT HABOUR TRAIN RAILS

MJøSA LAKE, DARK

dreamhamar preliminary phase

02.10 mapping /square scale
/traffic diagram

PEDESTRIAN AREA

BIKE LINES

ROADS

P
CAR PARKING

RAIL WAIL

BUS ROUTES

SHARED SPACE

dreamhamar preliminary phase

CITY PROGRAM STORTORGET RESTAURANT BAR / CLUB CAFÉ SHOP CINEMA THEATRE HARBOUR LIBRARY STREET MARKED KIOSK RESTAURANTS SHOPPING SHOPPING CENTER CAFÉES BANK NATIONAL MONUMENT “ARBEIDERKVINNEN” 1989, S.-T. KLEPPAN

02.11 mapping /square scale
/uses and activities
The diagram shows the use and activities on the border and inside the square. There are some residences, but mainly commercial offerings that surround Stortorget today. With the construction of the new culture center, the square faces new needs as a socialization arena.

STREETMARKET

STREET MARKED

FUTURE CULTURE CENTER

RESTAURANTS SHOPS CAFÉES BAR / CLUB

GREEN AREA, PARK EVENT PLACE / CIRKUS etc

HARBOUR

SEASIDE YOUTH HOUSE http://www.useaside.no/

dreamhamar preliminary phase

02.12 mapping /square scale

/square perimeter structure and urban landscape
The following pages will show the structure and urban landscape details of the surrounding buildings towards Stortorget as well as their programs. To understand the different scales of the buildings the facades are analysed in a detailed section related to human scale. The plan is analysed to see how accessible the buildings are towards the square and the degree of visual connections between the indoor and the outdoor square.

dreamhamar preliminary phase

02.12 mapping /square scale

Culture center

/square perimeter structure and urban landscape / new cultural center

theater tower in the northern part

The new cultural center constitues one side of the symmetrical Stortorget square. The key word for the building is transparency; events taking place within the cultural center will become visible for the city; library user’s will get a glimpse of the center’s cultural offers; moviegoers might be tomorrow’s theatergoers. The new cultural center is expected to be completed in 2013. The project includes theaters, art workshops, gallery, youth, dance house, conference hall, library, cinema and cafe and built together with the historical Folkets Hus (People’s House). The cultural center has large transparent sections in all fronts and thus connects to a large extent with the activities on Stortorget. The emphasis on transparency and visibility does not correspond with the accessibility as the main entrance is located in the passage.

glass facades with black areas library, youth club, art workshop and the house of dance

rehearsal and meeting rooms

club scene, reading room towards the square cafe on the southern corner of the square, as well as direct access to other parts of the building

dreamhamar preliminary phase

02.12 mapping /square scale

Folkets hus (People's House) red brick building

/square perimeter structure and urban landscape /Folkets Hus (people´s house)
Kirkegata (Church Street) across the square lies on the axis between the Hamar Cathedral and the lake. Stortorget is surrounded by various buildings, each of them with a particular form and function. People’s House is located at the top of the square and contains in addition to offices, meeting rooms, courses, congresses exhibitions and trade fairs, a restaurant and also a cinema. Thanks to the new cultural center, Folkets Hus will have new energy and an expansion of the cinema. Folkets Hus is connected to the restaurant La Roza on the 1st floor. The building stands out as a modernist brick building, erected after the square was planned. Its compact shape and symmetrical form, as well as unbroken facades and continuous window bands are typical of modernism.

People's House includes offices, assembly halls, institutions, including Hamar Salsa Club Restaurant La Roza

cinema, café, and space related to the upcoming cultural center

dreamhamar preliminary phase

02.12 mapping /square scale

/square perimeter structure and urban landscape /salto torghjørnet shopping center
On the other side of Kirkegata, connecting to the last meters of Torggata, we find the shopping center Salto Torghjørnet. Torghjørnet offers diverse shopping, pharmacy, café and food. The center contains more than 17 different services including a McDonalds in the groundfloor corner that connects with the square through a outdoor terrasse. Bygningen also houses various offices such as doctors and dentists. It is a red brick building with similar architectural expressions as Folkets Hus. Access to the first floor is visible through the glass facade. Through the reduction of the building facade, the building connects on a more human scale with people, the shopping street and the square.

red brick building

offices and medical practices, including dentist Parking on the roof of the backyard Torghjørnet shoppingcenter with over 17 different services

Mc Donald's with outdoor seating on the corner facing the square

dreamhamar preliminary phase

02.12 mapping /square scale

/square perimeter structure and urban landscape /stallgården

Torggata (also called the Pedestrian street between Østre Square and Stortorget) in Hamar is a street that runs through the center of town, and it is the only street in Hamar that runs through all three squares. Street plan origins back from 1840. Stallgården is one of the oldest buildings, with a tavern from the 1800’s. An expansion into Torggata has been added to this building. To this day, the restaurant remains in the same building, to which it has been added an expansion into Torggata. At Stortorget, the building has little degree of transparency through the small windows. The entrance is not connected to the square directly, but trough the entrance on the corner. The Stallgården building is an old coated brick building. It is worth having it as a landmark and connection point to the square since it is one of the original buildings from the old city plan.

brick building with white coated walls

Stallgården Restaurant banquet rooms

Stallgården Restaurant with extension towards the shopping street. No outdoor seating on the square

dreamhamar preliminary phase

02.12 mapping /square scale
/bykjelleren

/square perimeter structure and urban landscape
Bykjelleren is a two-storey town house from the 1840 town plan. It is connected with Stallgården, as one of the few original buildings left from the 1840-century town plan. The 160 years old stone walls of the building’s frame have been preserved. The façade facing the square harmonize architecturally with Stallgården white with gray-blue windows.

brick building with white coated walls

banquet rooms belonging to Bykjelleren

Bykjelleren with original stone walls of the building's 160 years old timber frame

dreamhamar preliminary phase

02.12 mapping /square scale

This 6 storey high building has been added in the late 50s to the face of Stortorget to adjust to the changing needs and wishes of Hamar’s residents. Today the ground level offers mixed services such as veterinary, opticians, cafes (including the first floor) and since 1998, Svare & Berg, a popluar bar and café with life music which faces both the square and the park towards Mjøsa. Ground level facade consists mainly of glass, and breaks the rythm of the upper housing levels. The building in itself is a prefabricated complex with materials such as corrugated metral sheets. Solar shading and a cantilevered roof at the corner cafe have been added in recent times. They give the facade a second layer with a texture that is related to the human scale and atmosphere.

/square perimeter structure and urban landscape /bygården

building with prefabricated building elements, sheet metal, sun shielding and French balconies.

apartments with prefabricated building elements, sheet metal, sun shielding and some French balconies. Hæls Café

on the corner:: Svare&Berg since 1998 with live music, bar & food optician veterinarian cafe

dreamhamar preliminary phase

02.12 mapping /square scale

/square perimeter structure and urban landscape /bazaar building

The Bazaar Building on the Stortorget was constructed by Hamar Bazaraktieselskab in 1896 and has a very important position in Hamar town plan. It is located in the axis of Hamar Cathedral towards lake Mjøsa, at the bottom of Stortorget in what once was the lake’s shore. Here, the goods were brought to be sold in the city. The Bazaar served as a meet market for a while. In recent years the building has contained among others Flengsrud sport, a bike shop with a bike repair shop. Bazaar building is a monumental building facing the Stortorget from the south. It is the smallest building in scale and size of the square. Because of its low hight and the slope of the square it is possible, standing at the north corner of the square, to enjoy the view of the building including the lake Mjøsa. Bazaar building is looking for a new use and is currently the physical LAB of the dreamhamar project. Shared space is planned between the Bazaar Building and square, and one of the challenges of the new new urban design is to link the Bazaar building to Stortorget.

Baszar building large windows along the facade makes it more "transparent"

Hairdresser, a former bike shop, and today dreamhamars physical LAB Sidewalk, in the near future connected to the shared space Shared space for pedestrians, bicycles, cars and buses in the near future

dreamhamar /forprosjekt

03. new stortorget urban strategy/ main concepts

dreamhamar /forprosjekt

03. main concepts /workshops
Stortorget is Hamar’s main public space, given its size and location. The square comes to life at big citizens events, like the national day celebrations (17th May), but in the last 50 years it has become a parking lot. Work on the new design of Stortorget will give the square back to the people. The strategy to design the new Stortorget (dreamhamar project) is related to++ the common sharing of knowledge and ideas, but has also the intentions to strengthen the community feeling and the relationship to the square through the work.

photo: skyfaller

dreamhamar /forprosjekt

03.1 people

Traditionally, the design of public space has a representative expression that forms the backdrop for an important building or becomes a manual on the practical challenges the city must solve - infrastructure, lack of housing, office space, etc. Aslo traditionally, the human need for socialization is forgotten in planning. For redesigning Stortorget the opposite strategy is used; the use of the space, always in change, defines the design.

/accessibility
including users of different age and culture and ensure universal design

/representative public space
becoming the main square in Hamar, forming several meeting points

/from spectator to participant
design of fixed and movable elements that change the user from passive spectator to active participant

/pedestrian ambience
pedestrian friendly, with human scale

/community links
Experience and empower community links

/pedestrian friendly city centre
Spread pedestrian friendly city centre

dreamhamar /forprosjekt

03.2 environment

Streets and buildings are the physical framework of the square. At the same time, the square is part of a larger context, situated in the center of Hamar city, lying along the shores of the lake Mjøsa and in the axis of the church. Existing vegetation, snowy winters, sloping topography and the rectangular gate structure are characteristics of Stortorget. These are qualities to be amplified and/or used in redesigning the square.

/visual connections
strengthen the square’s position in relation to the surrounding landscape and Lake Mjøsa

/topography
maintain the natural slope to the south, and adding elements for stay and use

/nature
add vegetation that gives the square character of nature and color depending on the season and species of trees

/water management
ensure drainage and delay of rainwater. use water as a resource.

/energy consciousness
increasing awareness of ecological relationships and energy consumption

/diverse urban atmospheres

using different materials and colors in 3 different zones to create diverse urban atmospheres

dreamhamar /forprosjekt

03.2 environment

One of the things that define a city is the degree of public open space where one can stay without any obligation or requirement to consume. The new landscape that is added to the Stortorget is not a onesided, custom application, but invites new thinking about its use. Elements and installations will try to engage the user and invite the observer to become a participant. The new Stortorget will introduce new ways to enjoy and move through urban space.

/materials strategy
use materials related to use and climate. soft, dense, hard and permeable surfaces

/mobility strategy
create a new culture of mobility through the city, establishing a shared space and pedestrian-friendly ambience.

/artificial topographies
three-dimensional landscape provide open use and invite for activity

/Basar building interaction
ensure interaction with the Bazaar building across the shared space

/inside/outside connection
increase the connection between the square and the inside of surrounding buildings

/reenvision urban history
reinterpretation of the square history andsignificance for the city

dreamhamar /forprosjekt

03.3 activities

Good public spaces are open to both movement at different speeds and quiet stays varying in character. Activities and events taking place indoors, in close forums, could tomorrow take place in the public spaces, thus enriching the urban scene. Private venues are often composed of fixed elements that users are not entitle to determine. The new Stortorget will offer a variety of elements and furniture to suit individual users and events. Stortorget can play an important social role strengthening the ties between the residents and the city of Hamar, as well as between the citizens among themselves.

/image/use
the square will be characterized by the contents of the buildings surrounding the the square

/movable elements
light elements that people can move freely and others that should be move for seasonal uses

/multi-functional spaces
arena in the middle of the square can be cleared of furniture to make room for big events.

/passing by/staying
opportunity to stay or move through the square at different speeds

/night/day
the square changes the look and ambience throughout the day

/active floor
the pavement can be used as an underlay for game play and activities

dreamhamar /forprosjekt

03.4 tecnology

In addition to solving the technical challenges on electricity, water and sewage systems, digital technology can bring to the square an extra layer by acting as a tool for light and sound controls, and virtual socialization. The Internet is nowadays the most public of spaces. By combining the real and the virtual world, the opportunities for communication and socialization multiply. “Augmented reality” is a technology that combines data from the physical world with virtual reality to provide an extra layer of information that enhances reality in many ways.

/facilities ring
underground flexible system to provide all the facilities needed at any single point and to allow changes in time

/lighting system
creating a difference between functional and creative lighting

/mobile funiture
removable urban furnishing and plugin furniture for specific activities and games, increasing interaction with users

/digital/direct interaction
digital and direct interaction between different actors

/interactivity
the layers are linked together through interactive technologies

/social network
social network technology area

dreamhamar /forprosjekt

03.5 seasonal strategy

Seasons are clearly differentiated in Hamar. The inland climate creates cold and snowy winters, and burgeoning green fields in spring; summers are hot and the trees display strong colors in autumn. Elements and systems for the new square will adapt to the changing seasons - for example, by opening and closing up depending on the climatic conditions. These elements, combined with season specific furniture, can be used as an strategy to create different uses and designs for the square.

/responsive environment
installations and elements adapt to changing climatic conditions.

/snow melting system
snow melting system changes the landscape of the cold season

/sun and shadow
sun and shadow areas change through time of day and year, and affect the uses and the design of the square

/adaptive elements
installations and elements adapted to seasons that form sheltered micro-spaces

/seasons
through various furnishing and changes in vegetation the square can transform every season

/nature
different species of trees in the square reflect the diversity of nature

dreamhamar /forprosjekt

04. new stortorget urban strategy /scale drawings

dreamhamar /forprosjekt

04.1 general plan

dreamhamar /forprosjekt

04.2 plan /diagrams

/movable interactive objects

/vegetation

interactive, light funiture/objects and performative landmarks

groups of trees and pavement underneath which absorbs rain water and delays runoff

/pavements

continuous pavements, combining different materials and solutions

/bench

bench for resting and playing. Materials are a combination of wood and steel.

/snow melting system
creates snow-free areas

/facilities

/leveled platforms + light shelter
for terrasses and resting areas

concentration of facilities in a ring belowground with access points aboveground

/lighting

division of functional and creative lighting

dreamhamar /forprosjekt

05. new stortorget urban strategy /urban atmospheres

dreamhamar /forprosjekt

05.1 plan /lively streetscape
The new Stortorget square is divied into 3 zones or atmospheres, caracterized by different use of materials, and providing different backgrounds for use: The outer zone connects to the buildings surrounding the square and, is called “lively streetscape“. Lively streetscape adopts the materiality of the neighboring streets and let it “grow” into the square via the streetscape area. This zone varies in width on all sides, and is daily used by shoppers, users of the culture house and Bazaar, and passersby.

dreamhamar /forprosjekt

05.1 lively streetscape
/urban image / use
Stortorget is framed by four streets with different characteristics: 1: Culture Street; in front of the culture center to the west, a zone that takes shape with the outdoor uses of the culture house. 2: Shared/Market street; the southern street is the busiest, where cars, buses, bicycles and pedestrians share space with market areas also in connection with Bazaar building 3: Terrace Street; the square meets towards the east cafes with outdoor seating in a social and green zone. 4: Commercial Street: The northern pedestrian and commercial street crosses the square creating a commercial atmosphere of activity.

dreamhamar /forprosjekt

/continuity + pavement /pedestrian street

05.1 lively streetscape

Streetscape seeks a connection with the surrounding streets and buildings, by adopting the lead material used in the adjoining streets.

STRANDGATA

1963

/culture house

The floor in the culture house continues into the square in order to achieve continuity

/shared space

Strandgata will be maintained for slowmoving traffic, and conducted as shared space where cars, people and bicycles share the road. The space outside the Bazaar building may also be used for large markets, etc. allowing the extension of the square to the public street.

dreamhamar /forprosjekt

05.1 lively streetscape

/building interaction /superficial interventions existing buildings

on

Simple actions such as new materials or paintings in existing buildings can activate the facade and better link it visually to the square. Awnings on the first floor protects it against the sun and the rain and activates the facade of the square.

/human scale

The Cultural Centre will have three floors. The ground floor and the space in front connect it with the square. The height of the trees and light elements attached to facades introduce a human scale which makes the zone more comfortable.

/relation with Bazaar building

Through an active facade that is facing the shared space, the Bazaar building is linked to the square. Inside activity of the Bazaar comes out through this space in relation with the market use of the square at this point.

dreamhamar /forprosjekt

/ring extensions /shadow areas/shelter

05.1 lively streetscape

The trees from the social and nature ring provide shade and wind protection on the street field. For markets and other summer activities, the shelters from the active ring extend into the streetfield, providing protection against the rain and the sun.

/human scale

The shelters from the ring also contribute to a human scale in the streetscape, and soften the street scene.

/variable limits

The social nature ring is not square, but the prevalence varies depending on the needs of the cafes and shops surrounding the plaza, and the temporary activities taking place on the creative arena.

dreamhamar /forprosjekt

/new mobility culture /bus area/shelter

05.1 lively streetscape

The bus stop is placed at the entrance to the square and not on the the square in order not to disturb the square activities.

/shared space culture

Shared space improves road safety and accessibility for pedestrians and cyclists in the city. Shared space may also contribute to improve social life in the city, and to avoid unnecessary signage. The traditional hierarchy between cars, cyclists and pedestrians disappears.

/new mobility culture

The bike has its natural place in the square, as the number of bicycles parking on the square will reflect. Arrangements for bike will make it more attractive to use the bike in the city center. The new stortorget will be part of a new mobility culture for Hamar.

dreamhamar /forprosjekt

05.1 plan /social nature ring
The zone within the lively streetscape will have the shape of a variable ring, it contains all the fixed elements of the square such as trees, linear benches, shelters, pavilions,...It is planted with various tree species of different height. The trees are planted in clusters, delimiting the lively streetscape and the creative arena, an forming micro-spaces for socialization. Technical installations such as water, sewage and electricity conduits will be under ground, with many access points above ground. Ring formation of the technical devices makes the square flexible since there are multiple opportunities for connection.

dreamhamar /forprosjekt

05.2 social nature ring

/vegetation/nature /grouping trees

Some of the existing trees in the square remain as they are, but the strict Ushape structure they form is transformed. instead of rows of trees, new trees will form clusters with the old ones.

/sheltered space for activities

Clusters of different types of trees form micro-spaces for staying. They also create a filter between the lively streetscape and the creative arena.

/natural-permable pavement

The deck under the trees absorbs rain, and slow runoff, thanks to materials like gravel, rubber, asphalt, grass, etc.

dreamhamar /forprosjekt

/creative funiture /wooden constructions

05.2 social nature ring

Wooden furniture is easily malleable, easy to maintain and comfortable to sit / climb / lie on. During the cold season wood is more comfortable than stone to sit on.

/creative benches

Benches can be much more than a sitting tool, and and invite to play and to perform other activities besides resting if they are designed from a creative point of view.

/artificial topographies

A wooden structure/pavement that in some places rises and encourages the user to move around, play or simply enjoy a nice sunny day.

dreamhamar /forprosjekt

/terraces and resting spaces 01 /space in between trees
The space between the tree areas is established for both, services and urban furniture, that can be used without having to consume / purchase.

05.2 social nature ring

/sailing

Shade sails of fabric, plastic or light wood structures can be stretched between the trunks and provide shelter against strong sun and rain.

/leveled plattform

Leveled platforms made of wood in serving / seating area create an intimate situation on site and facilitate serving.

dreamhamar /forprosjekt

05.2 social nature ring

/terraces and resting spaces 02 /winter
Shielding and heating in winter enable the pavement terraces to extend seasonal use.

/private vs public

Zone contains both private drink/food service and public furniture. cafes in the buildings surrounding the square may have outdoor seating here.

/seasonal extensions

Seasonal extensions into both the lively streetscape and the creative arena.

dreamhamar /forprosjekt

05.2 social nature ring

/marked /identificative image

The market is moved from the current location and it is established in connection with the shared space to the south. by having the opportunity to establish market stalls on both sides of the common space, the square extends functionally and visually.

/multi-functional market furniture

The market can make use of furniture that connects the various stalls visually in a coherent way. The same furniture can be used as urban furniture when the market is closed.

/vehicle integration

Market cars can drive into the square from the south and establish outlets that serve to both the inner square and shared space. This creates a more integration of the vehicles with the square by avoiding the barrier sensation.

dreamhamar /forprosjekt

05.2 social nature ring

/pavilions and kiosk /café

Establishing of light constructions as small cafes or kiosks with outdoor seating in the warm season. connection points to water and electricity enable temporary stations for coffee brewing, bottling towers etc.

/open air library

Temporary branch of the library where you can borrow and read books, newspapers, magazines, etc.

/stage

The library inside the culture center can use this part of the square for outdoor events of smaller size, such as book presentations or lectures. It will work as an outdoors extension of the library.

dreamhamar /forprosjekt

05.2 social nature ring
/floating borders

/extensions to creative arena

Transitions such as ramps or stairs that connect to the creative arena. E.g bleachers and shelters

/shelter

The shade sails extend into the creative arena and create and interaction between the social+nature ring and the creative arena.

/audience

Audience seating during events in the creative arena.

dreamhamar /forprosjekt

05.2 social nature ring

/facilities /electricity, water and sewage

Underground culverts are established for electricity, water and sewage. Prefabricated concrete elements ensure space for pipes and wires, and allows maintenance and repair without digging up all along the pipeline route. Existing facilities are old and outdated and need to be replaced.

/deepness

Pipe system for electricity and water is placed 2-3 meters below the surface to prevent frost heave, and keep a distance of about 2 meters from the trees to make room for the roots.

Ring formation of facilities is a flexible system where you can make many outlets for all the facilities.

/flexibility

dreamhamar /forprosjekt

05.2 social nature ring

/functional lightning /LED lights

Functional lighting that can be adjusted by time of day and the events taking place both in this zone and in the creative arena. LED lighting is energy efficient and flexible, allowing you to easily control energy use.

/atmosphere

Light sensor mounted on the lights to automatically adjust the light in relation to daylight. A control panel regulates light intensity for the desired atmosphere.

/creative lightning

Lighting seen in the context of other lighting, including the creative arena.

dreamhamar /forprosjekt

05.2 social nature ring
/image strategy /use
Both the private and public funiture invite to stay and daily use. The urban elements / furniture introduces a new laguage to give an urban feel and human scale.

/materials

The new elements/furniture can be a construction that at some places enable resting, while in others, constitutes a playground and a place for activities.

/colours

Consistent use of a specific material or color helps to give character to this atmosphere of the square.

dreamhamar /forprosjekt

05.3 plan /creative arena
The creative arena constitutes the largest area of the square, framed by the lively streetscape and the social nature ring. The arena provides space for large events such as concerts or markets, but the space is also an arena for for playing and for daily life activities. The creative arena allows for multi-functional use. It has a firm, durable pavement, and the elements above can be moved so that a new landscape occurs depending on the people using it, time of day, season and events. It is a space designed to promote social interaction

dreamhamar /forprosjekt

05.3 creative arena
/active floor /materials
Floor in the creative arena is durable and functional. the surface is solid in order to provide a good foundation for many types of activities. For example, polished asphalt is solid, but painted with a pattern, the visual of the surface softens creating a playfull arena.

/colours

Activities can be coded through the colours and painted on the asphalt

/playground

The pavement is painted in various patterns and colors and invites to play and perform different activities.

dreamhamar /forprosjekt

05.3 creative arena
/creative lighting /pavement
Scattered throughout the creative arena, small LED lights embedded in the ground enable a diverse lighting.

/colours

LED lamps vary in color and intensity depending on the season, time of day and use of space

/creative infrastructure

LEDs are connected to a control system where they can be easily controlled according to activities and events on the site.

dreamhamar /forprosjekt

05.3 creative arena
/interactive light elements /interactive light funiture
Light, movable furniture that citizens themselves can move around and group. A typology of furniture that is only found at Stortorget and therefore characterizes the square.

/seasonal comfort

Elements or furniture created or used in specific seasons

/plug-in components

Furniture and equipment that the residents themselves can assemble and move as desired.

dreamhamar /forprosjekt

05.3 creative arena
/performing landmarks /performative landmarks
Elements that can be moved depending on the seasons.Together, these elements form spatial installations, but can also act as single elements. Their use promotes the interaction between the citizens.

/meeting points

Several elements combined together create spatial installations which form different meeting points on the square.

/educative elements

Elements can be educational in order to promote concepts linked with environmental education, citizenship education,...

dreamhamar /forprosjekt

05.3 creative arena
/social network technologies /augmented reality
Technology that combines data from the physical world with virtual data, such as using graphics and sound. You get an extra layer of information, that does not replace reality, but that extends it to one or more ways.

/stortorget digital identity

Digital technology can bring to the square an additional layer of social interaction by creating a digital identity for Stortorget.

/digital interaction

By crossing the virtual world with the real, the opportunities for communication and socialization multiply.

dreamhamar /forprosjekt

05.3 creative arena
/snw strategy /functional areas
Snow can be seen as a resource to create activities and provide temporary micro-spaces during winter. snow melting system is a tool to be used to create different winter atmospheres between the functional areas to walk through the square, and active or playing areas.

/creative configurations

Depending on how the snow is plowed and stored, it forms toboggan slopes and play areas.

/snow melting system

Snow melting system can be part of a strategy to create various formations with walkways over the square during the winter.

dreamhamar /forprosjekt

06. from preliminary urban design to dreamhamar network design process

dreamhamar /forprosjekt

NARY URBAN DESIGN TO DREAMHAMAR NETWORK DESIGN PROCESS

06. FROM PRELIMIThe municipality of Hamar decided to take a pioneering approach to the construction of the new Square. Instead of handing over a finished market square to the citizens, the citizens have the opportunity to participate in a collective brainstorming process that will result in the new design of Stortorget Ecosistema Urbano Architects will be in Hamar, from August to December to share with the Hamar inhabitants how they see the city and what dreams they have for Stortoget. With that principle, Ecosistema Urbano, responsible for urban design, will summarize the input and all the results of the process, and will try to bring into the design of the the square the main ideas and concepts that emerged in the workshops. As a starting point for these participation activities Ecosistema Urbano will use material produced in the preliminary project phase. The challenge is to get people to think and react and come up with ideas and concepts, more than to design the square. It can be seen contradictory to define many relationships and individual items in a pilot project where participation is central, but the document that is made in this preliminary design phase is intended as a tool that shows some possibilities for Stortoget development, and not as a recipe for how the square could look like. The materials, elements and furniture displayed in the booklet are intended as a proposal that could open up new ideas about the use and design of. Participants in the workshops will even find their tools to manage Stortorget scale, materiality, and use. The advantages of this processes are: + Social engagement – activities and workshops will create an environment for people to explore and redefine Hamar’s identity expressing themselves in a creative atmosphere. The aim is not only to enrich the ideas database for the urban design, but also to create new connections between people to ensure future rich activities and new social engagements. + Testing ideas – Some on the installations will transform the square temporarily allowing everyone to experience the space differently creating unique experiences + Sharing the experience – the original process will attract worldwide attention.

dreamhamar /forprosjekt

NARY URBAN DESIGN TO DREAMHAMAR NETWORK DESIGN PROCESS
The participatory activities:

06. FROM PRELIMI/ONSITE WORKSHOPS
Due to the philosophy of dreamhamar, the workshops follow a horizontal and participatory methodology, led by creative guests and the local Labteam. These workshops will allow participants to meet, interact, brainstorm and discuss each others’ suggestions and thoughts on the Stortorget and the city. The goal is to use creative methods to get the participants to become familiar with each other and feel comfortable to develop new and fresh ideas.

/ONLINE WORKSHOPS:
Online workshops are directed towards students, citizens and creative people from around the world to involve them into the process and design of Stortorget. The workshops are directed by a creative guest. Each workshop includes the broadcast of a video and a blog with continuous activity on the Internet. The workshop focused on network learning and network design applied to a specific case study - the design of public space: Stortorget in Hamar, Norway.

/HAMAR EXPERIENCE:
Hamar experience is the broadcast of a video in which the Ecosistema Urbano local Lab Team describes how the project develops. The video is sharing reports on activities that have taken place, problems that have arisen during the process, and also focuses on the daily lives of the local Lab Team. Hamar experience aims to make the process a shared learning experience and architecture experience. LIVE every Monday at 18:00 UTC +2 Norwegian/ Spanish time: http://dreamhamar.org/ digital_lab/

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