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OPERATORS HANDBOOK

Alcatel METRO OMSN Rel. 4.1B

1640FOX
STM1/4 Multiservice Node for Customer Premises

1650SMC
STM1/4 Multiservice metro Node

1660SM
STM16 Multiservice metro Node

VOL. 1/1

3AL 81412 AAAA Ed.02

3AL 81412 AAAA Ed.02

METRO OMSN REL.4.1 OPERATORS HANDBOOK

All rights reserved. Passing on and copying of this document, use and communication of its contents not permitted without written authorization from Alcatel.

TABLE OF CONTENTS
LIST OF FIGURES AND TABLES . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1 HANDBOOK STRUCTURE AND CONFIGURATION CHECK . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1.1 General information . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1.2 Handbook applicability . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1.3 Purpose of the handbook . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1.4 Handbook configuration check . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1.4.1 Notes on Ed. 01 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1.4.2 Notes on Ed. 02 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2 PRODUCT-RELEASE HANDBOOKS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3 SAFETY NORMS AND LABELS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3.1 First aid for electric shock . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3.2 Norms and labels . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4 HANDBOOK DESCRIPTION . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5 GENERAL ON ALCATEL CUSTOMER DOCUMENTATION . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5.1 Products, product-releases, versions and Customer Documentation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5.2 Handbook supply to Customers . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5.3 Aims of standard Customer Documentation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5.4 Handbook Updating . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5.4.1 Changes introduced in the same product-release (same handbook P/N) . . . . . . . . . . . . 5.4.2 Supplying updated handbooks to Customers . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5.4.3 Changes due to a new product-release . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5.5 Customer documentation supply on CDROM . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5.5.1 Contents, creation and production of a CDROM . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5.5.2 Use of the CDROM . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5.5.3 CDROM identification . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5.5.4 CDROM updating . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2 3 3 3 4 5 5 5 7 13 13 15 17 21 21 21 21 22 22 22 22 23 23 24 24 24

02 01
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C.FAVERO ITAVE J. MIR S. MAGGIO C.FAVERO ITAVE J. MIR S. MAGGIO APPRAISAL AUTHORITY

P.GHELFI ITAVE P.GHELFI ITAVE ORIGINATOR

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LIST OF FIGURES AND TABLES


Table 1. Handbooks related to the specific product hardware . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Table 2. Handbooks related to the specific product SW management and local product control . . Table 3. Handbook related to ISAPR specific product SW . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Table 4. Handbooks related to ATM specific product SW . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Table 5. Handbooks related to PR_EA specific product SW . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Table 6. Handbooks common to Alcatel Network Elements using 1320CT platform . . . . . . . . . . . . . Table 7. Documentation on CDROM . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Table 8. Optional handbooks common to 16xxSM . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7 8 8 9 9 10 11 12

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All rights reserved. Passing on and copying of this document, use and communication of its contents not permitted without written authorization from Alcatel.

1 HANDBOOK STRUCTURE AND CONFIGURATION CHECK 1.1 General information


WARNING ALCATEL makes no warranty of any kind with regards to this manual, and specifically disclaims the implied warranties of merchantability and fitness for a particular purpose. ALCATEL will not be liable for errors contained herein or for damages, whether direct, indirect, consequential, incidental, or special, in connection with the furnishing, performance, or use of this material. NOTICE The product specification and/or performance levels contained in this document are for information purposes only and are subject to change without notice. They do not represent any obligation on the part of ALCATEL. COPYRIGHT NOTIFICATION The technical information of this manual is the property of ALCATEL and must not be copied, reproduced or disclosed to a third party without written consent.

All rights reserved. Passing on and copying of this document, use and communication of its contents not permitted without written authorization from Alcatel.

1.2 Handbook applicability


This handbook applies to the following product-releases: PRODUCT 1640FOX 1650SMC 1660SM PRODUCT 1640FOX 1650SMC 1660SM RELEASE Rel.4.1 Rel.4.1 Rel.4.1 VERSION (N.B.) B B B ANV P/N 3AL 37491 AAAA 3AL 36641 AAAA 3AL 36301 AAAA ANV P/N 3AL 80997 AAAA 3AL 81018 AAAA 3AL 81025 AAAA FACTORY P/N 521.206.100 521.204.800 521.203.300 FACTORY P/N 521.630.900 521.530.400 521.535.400

For further information on the Alcatel software product and its physical distribution support refer to the Introduction section. N.B. NOTES FOR HANDBOOKS RELEVANT TO SOFTWARE APPLICATIONS Handbooks relevant to software applications (typically the Operators Handbooks) are not modified unless the new software version distributed to Customers implies manmachine interface changes or in case of slight modifications not affecting the understanding of the explained procedures. Moreover, should the screen prints included in the handbook contain the product-releases version marking, they are not replaced in the handbooks related to a subsequent version, if the screen contents are unchanged.

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1.3 Purpose of the handbook


This Handbook contains detailed information for the METRO OMSN 1640FOX, 1650SMC, 1660SM equipment management. Unless otherwise specified, the menus have to be used for all the equipments. This handbook describes the operations concerning commissioning, operation and maintenance that the operators must carry out as indicated by the specific software application(s) referred to in this handbook (see para. 1.2 on page 3). This handbook must be used together with the associated Technical Handbook ( see Table 1. on page 7) and the 1320CT associated documentation ( see Table 6. on page 10) does not replicate information contained into it. In particular, all cautions relevant to safety, rules for EMC and ESD, as well as warnings regarding operations that may cause damages to the equipment, are not duplicated here, but must be retrieved from the Technical Handbook. When using this handbook it is assumed that the Operators know: the structure (hardware composition) and all the possible operating modes of the equipment (product-release) this handbook refers to. how to use a PC and the Windows ambient applications

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1.4 Handbook configuration check


This handbook is a collection of documents (each contained in a specific section) that can have editions different from one another. The Edition of the whole handbook is that of Section 1 (HANDBOOK GUIDE). The edition of the enclosed documents indicated in the following table is that of the corresponding original internal document. HANDBOOK EDITION REGISTER AND SECTION TITLE 1 2 3 4 5 HANDBOOK GUIDE INTRODUCTION MANUAL NE MANAGEMENT MANUAL MAINTENANCE MANUAL SIBDL MANUAL 01 01 01 01 01 01 02 03 04 05

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SECTION EDITION 02 02 02 02 02

1.4.1 Notes on Ed. 01 Ed.01 issued on April, 2003 is the first released and validated version of the handbook, associated to product release 4.1. 1.4.2 Notes on Ed. 02 Ed.02 issued on October, 2003 is the second released and validated version of the handbook, associated to product release 4.1 Version B. The following feature has been added: Ethernet Performance Counter 4xANY HOSTC board introduction 4xOC3 board introduction

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2 PRODUCT-RELEASE HANDBOOKS
The list of handbooks given here below is valid on the issue date of this Handbook and can be changed without any obligation for ALCATEL to update it in this Handbook. Some of the handbooks listed here below may not be available on the issue date of this Handbook. The standard Customer Documentation in the English language for the equipment whose product-release-version is stated in para.1.2 on page 3 consists of the following handbooks: Table 1. Handbooks related to the specific product hardware REF HANDBOOK 1640FOX Rel.4.1 Technical Handbook 1 Provide information regarding Equipment description, Maintenance, Hardware setting documentation. 1640FOX Rel.4.1 Installation Handbook 2 Provide information regarding Equipment Installation, according to AInstallation Engineering Dept. rules. 1640FOX Rel.4.1 Turnup & Commissionig Handbook 3AL 81409 BAAA ANV Part No. FACTORY Part No. THIS HDBK

All rights reserved. Passing on and copying of this document, use and communication of its contents not permitted without written authorization from Alcatel.

3AL 81409 AAAA

3AL 81409 CAAA

Provide information regarding Equipment TurnOn, Test and Operation, according to AInstallation Engineering Dept. rules. 1650SMC Rel.4.1 Technical Handbook 4 Provide information regarding Equipment description, Maintenance, Hardware setting documentation. 1650SMC Rel.4.1 Installation Handbook 5 Provide information regarding Equipment Installation, according to AInstallation Engineering Dept. rules. 1650SMC Rel.4.1 Turnup & Commissionig Handbook 3AL 81410 BAAA 3AL 81410 AAAA

3AL 81410 CAAA

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Provide information regarding Equipment TurnOn, Test and Operation, according to AInstallation Engineering Dept. rules.

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REF

HANDBOOK 1660SM Rel.4.1 Technical Handbook

ANV Part No.

FACTORY Part No.

THIS HDBK
All rights reserved. Passing on and copying of this document, use and communication of its contents not permitted without written authorization from Alcatel.

3AL81411 AAAA

7 Provide information regarding Equipment description, Maintenance, Hardware setting documentation. 1660SM Rel.4.1 Installation Handbook 8 Provide information regarding Equipment Installation, according to AInstallation Engineering Dept. rules. 1660SM Rel.4.1 Turnup & Commissionig Handbook 3AL 81411 BAAA

3AL 81411 CAAA

Provide information regarding Equipment TurnOn, Test and Operation, according to AInstallation Engineering Dept. rules.

Table 2. Handbooks related to the specific product SW management and local product control REF HANDBOOK METRO OMSN REL. 4.1 CT Operators Handbook 10 Provides METRO OMSN SDH Craft Terminal screens and operational procedures ANV Part No. FACTORY Part No. THIS HDBK

3AL 81412 AAAA

Table 3. Handbook related to ISAPR specific product SW REF HANDBOOK ISAPR Rel. 1.O Operators Handbook ANV Part No. FACTORY Part No. THIS HDBK

3AL 81771 AAAA

11

Provides ISA_PR board Craft Terminal screens and operational procedures

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Table 4. Handbooks related to ATM specific product SW REF


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HANDBOOK

ANV Part No.

FACTORY Part No.

THIS HDBK or note

12

ATM Rel.1.1 Operators Handbook

3AL 80730 AAAA

957.140.552 J

Provides ATM SMART Terminal screens and operational procedures ATM Rel.1.1 INTEGRATED Operators Handbook ATM Rel.1.2 Operators Handbook

13

3AL 81309 AAAA

14

3AL 80814 AAAA

957.140.652 W

Provide ATM INTEGRATED Terminal screens and operational procedures

Table 5. Handbooks related to PR_EA specific product SW FACTORY Part No. THIS HDBK or note

REF

HANDBOOK

ANV Part No.

15

PR_EA Rel. 1.0 Operators Handbook

3AL 81062 AAAA

957.140.722 L

Provides Packet Ring Edge Aggregator Terminal screens and operational procedures

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Table 6. Handbooks common to Alcatel Network Elements using 1320CT platform THIS HDBK OR NOTE

1320CT Basic Operators Handbook 16

3AL 79186 AAAA

957.130.542 E

Provides general information and operational procedures common to all 1320CT (Craft terminal) of Alcatel InfoModel Network Elements. 1330AS Rel.5.1 Operators Handbook 17 3AL 71109 AAAA 957.130.722 A

Provides detailed information and operational procedures regarding the alarm Surveillance software embedded in the 1320CT software package. Information about Historical Alarms an Network Element Symbols Management ( Physical Network Management) are not valid for Craft Terminal. They are only used by Network Management. ELB Rel.2.x Operators Handbook 3AL 88877 AAAA

18

Provide detailed information and operational procedures regarding the Event Log Browser software embedded in the 1320CT software package.

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REF

HANDBOOK

ANV Part No.

FACTORY Part No.

Table 7. Documentation on CDROM See para. 5.5 on page 23


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REF

CDROM TITLE METRO OMSN 4.1 CDROM EN

ANV Part No. 3AL 81413 AAAA

FACTORY Part No.

19 Contains, in electronic format, the following handbooks: REF 1 to 10 1320CT BASIC CDROMDOC EN 20 Contains, in electronic format, the following handbooks: REF. 16 to 18 ATM 1.1 CDROMDOC EN 21 Contains, in electronic format, the following handbook: REF. 12 ATM 1.1 INTEGRATED CDROMDOC EN 22 Contains, in electronic format, the following handbook: REF. 13 ATM 1.2 CDROMDOC EN 23 Contains, in electronic format, the following handbook: REF. 14 PR_EA 1.0 CDROM EN 24 Contains, in electronic format, the following handbook: REF. 15 ISAPR 1.0 CDROM EN 25 Contains, in electronic format, the following handbook: REF. 11 3AL 81769 AAAA 3AL 81063 AAAA 3AL 80815 AAAA 417.100.068 3AL 81307 AAAA 417.100.104 3AL 80739 AAAA 417.100.060 3AL 79549 AAAA 417.100.031

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Table 8. Optional handbooks common to 16xxSM REF HANDBOOK S916xxSM System Installation Handbook 26 Provides general installation rules necessary to install the Optinex family equipment in the S9 Rack . Optinex RACK16xxSM System Installation Handbook 27 Provides general installation rules necessary to install the Optinex family equipment in the Optinex Rack . N.B. Handbooks REF. 26 and 27 are available only on paper support. ANV Part No. FACTORY Part No. 955.100.692 N THIS HDBK

3AL 78901 AAAA

3AL 38207 AAAA

955.110.202 L

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3 SAFETY NORMS AND LABELS 3.1 First aid for electric shock
Do not touch the patient with bare hands until the circuit has been opened. Open the circuit by switching off the line switches. If that is not possible, protect yourself with dry material and free the patient from the conductor. ARTIFICIAL RESPIRATION It is important to start mouth to mouth resuscitation at once and seek doctor help immediately. TREATMENT OF BURNS This treatment should be used after the patient has regained consciousness. It can also be employed while the artificial respiration is being applied (in this case there should be at least two persons present). WARNING: Do not attempt to remove his clothing from the burnt parts; Apply dry gauze on the burns; Do not apply ointments or other oily substances.

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Mouth to mouth resuscitation method


Lay the patient supine with his arms parallel with the body, if the patient is laying on an inclined plane, make sure that his stomach is slightly lower than his chest. Open the patients mouth and check that there are no extraneous bodies in his mouth (dentures, chewinggum etc.), Kneel beside the patient level with his head. Put a hand under the patients head and one under his neck (see fig.) Lift the patients head and let it recline backwards as far as possible Shift the hand from the patients neck to is chin: place your thumb between his chin and his mouth, the index along his jawbone, and keep the other fingers closed together (see fig.). While performing these operations take a good supply of oxygen by taking deep breaths with your mouth open.

With your thumb between the patients chin and mouth keep his lips together and blow into his nasal cavities (see fig.)

While performing these operations observe if the patients chest rises (see fig.) If not it is possible that his nose is blocked: in that case open the patients mouth as much as possible by pressing on his chin with your hand, place your lips around his mouth and blow into his oral cavity. Observe if the patients chest heaves. This second method can be used instead of the first even when the patients nose is kept closed by pressing the nostrils together using the hand you were holding his head with. The patients head must be kept sloping backwards as much as possible. Start with ten rapid expirations, hence continue at a rate of twelve/fifteen expirations per minute. Go on like this until the patient has regained consciousness, or until a doctor has ascertained his death.

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3.2 Norms and labels


Refer to the Technical Handbook associated to ALCATELs designed and manufactured equipment to obtain the following information: COMPLIANCE WITH EUROPEAN NORMS. SAFETY RULES General rules Harmful optical signals Risk of explosion Moving mechanical parts Heatradiating Mechanical Parts

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ELECTROMAGNETIC COMPATIBILITY ELECTROSTATIC DISCHARGERS (ESD) EQUIPMENT LABELS

Identical or similar information on Personal Computer, WorkStation etc., other than ALCATELs, loaded with software applicative described in this Handbook, is supplied in the Constructors technical documentation.

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4 HANDBOOK DESCRIPTION
This handbook is composed of the following Manuals:
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SECTION 1: HANDBOOK GUIDE (This document) The Handbook Guide gives general information on the application and use of the Handbook. The Handbook Guide includes the following chapters: Chapter 1: Handbook structure and configuration check. This chapter gives information on the whole handbook application, composition and evolution. Chapter 2: Product-release handbooks. This chapter lists the handbooks the Operator should have in order to carry out the tasks allowed by the specific productrelease this handbook refers to. Chapter 3: Safety norms and labels Chapter 4: Handbook description Chapter 5: General on Alcatel Customer Documentation

SECTION 2: INTRODUCTION Manual The Introduction Manual describes the main features of the graphical interface and provides a general overview of the system architecture and the different functionalities provided by the Craft Terminal. The Introduction Manual includes the following chapters: Chapter 1: Introduction. This chapter gives the structure of this manual. Chapter 2: General description of the Craft Terminal. The Craft Terminal is introduced and the software product listed. The Craft Terminal main functionality in the NE management (EMLUSM) are listed and briefly described. Chapter 3: Acronyms and abbreviations. The acronyms used in all the operator manuals are listed. Chapter 4: Glossary of terms. Definitions concerning the acronyms.

SECTION 3: NETWORK ELEMENT MANAGEMENT Manual The aim of this document is to describe the Craft Terminal view, inserting operative information. The Network Element Manual includes the following chapters: Chapter 1: Introduction. This chapter gives the structure of this manual. Chapter 2: General introduction on views and menus. The view organization is presented and the menus available listed and briefly described. Chapter 3: NE management supervision. This chapter is dedicated to the NE states and NE access. Chapter 4: NE management general configuration. In this chapter general configuration referred to the equipment management are described (CT access, NE Time, Alarm Configuration etc). Chapter 5: Security Management. In this chapter configuration referred to the Security management are described (ACD level and Manager list). Chapter 6: External input and output points management. This chapter describes how to display and set the input/output environmental alarm (housekeeping alarm).

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Chapter 7: Diagnosis management. In this chapter are specified: access to the Alarm Surveillance to show the alarm condition, abnormal condition list (as result of operators command), access to the Event and Alarm Log file and Internal Link Monitor. Chapter 8: Communication and Routing management. In this chapter are presented the communication and routing parameters, concerning the OSI and IP communication protocols for the local NE, the OS and each other related NE in order to provide a global communication capabilities inside the network Chapter 9: Equipment management. This chapter deals mainly with the setting and changing of the boards present on the Equipment and undertaking board protection operations. Chapter 10: Board view. This chapter permits to show the physical port available in a specific board (alarm synthesis and port symbol), to access the port view and to change the physical interface. Chapter 11: Port view. This chapter permits to set and show the transmission resources referred to the Port. Chapter 12: Equipment Protection management (EPS). This chapter permits to manage the EPS protection, setting the relevant configuration. N.B. EPS is not applicable in 1640FOX Chapter 13: Multiplex Section protection management. This chapter permits to manage the MSP protection. Chapter 14: Transmission view. This chapter permits to show and set the Termination Point of the equipment, thus having an overview of the complete signal flow of the various port. Chapter 15: Cross connection management. This chapter permits to manage the connection of the paths. Chapter 16: Overhead management. This chapter permits to manage the Overhead, setting the relevant configuration. Chapter 17: Performance Monitoring management. This chapter permits to set and show Performance Monitoring parameters and data. Chapter 18: Synchronization management. This chapter permits to set and show Synchronization parameters and status. Chapter 19: MSSPRing Management. This chapter permits to set the MSSPRing protection of the NE N.B. MSSPRing Management menu is available only for 1660SM Chapter 20: ISA port Configuration. This chapter describes the operations necessary for the ATM/PR_EA/Ethernet boards creation and the ATM/PR_EA/Ethernet TTPs creation. Chapter 21: Software management. This chapter permits to update the NE by means download procedure and to manage NE software.
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SECTION 4: NETWORK ELEMENT MAINTENANCE Manual This document aims at introducing the Maintenance procedure, inserting information useful to identify alarms and troubleshoot the NE. The Maintenance Manual includes the following chapters: Chapter 1: Introduction. This chapter gives the structure of this manual. Chapter 2: Maintenance introduction. List the maintenance steps. Chapter 3: Maintenance of the Personal Computer. The Personal Computer manual is referred. Chapter 4: Problems with Craft terminal. Shutdown and restart of the PC is indicated. Chapter 5: Troubleshooting (Corrective Maintenance). Detection location and correction of failure are presented. Chapter 6: Unit replacement with spare. The replacement procedure is detailed. Chapter 7: Upgrading with New Hardware. The Hardware upgrading procedure is detailed. Chapter 8: FLASH card substitution. The FLASH card substitution procedure is detailed.

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SECTION 5: SIBDL Manual This document describes the download procedure with SIBDL. The SIBDL Manual includes the following chapters: Chapter 1: Introduction Chapter 2: Download with SIBDL configuration Chapter 3: Configuration for SIBDL

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5 GENERAL ON ALCATEL CUSTOMER DOCUMENTATION 5.1 Products, product-releases, versions and Customer Documentation
A product is defined by the network hierarchical level where it can be inserted and by the whole of performance and services for which it is meant. A product evolves through successive product-releases which are the real products marketed for their delivery at a certain product-release availability date. So, a productrelease defines a set of hardware components and a software package which, as a whole, identify the possible network applications and the equipment performance which the specific product-release has been designed, engineered and marketed for. In some cases a product-release has further development steps, named versions, that are born to improve or add some performance (mainly software) with respect to the previous version, or for bug fixing purposes. A product-release has its own standard Customer Documentation, composed by one or more handbooks. A new version of a product-release may or may not produce a change in the status of the Customer Documentation set, as described in para.5.4 on page 22.

All rights reserved. Passing on and copying of this document, use and communication of its contents not permitted without written authorization from Alcatel.

5.2 Handbook supply to Customers


Handbooks are not automatically delivered together with the equipment they refer to. The number of handbooks per type to be supplied must be decided at contract level.

5.3 Aims of standard Customer Documentation


Standard Customer Documentation, referred to hereafter, must be always meant as plant-independent. Plant-dependent documentation, if envisaged by the contract, is subjected to commercial criteria as far as contents, formats and supply conditions are concerned (plant-dependent documentation is not described here). Standard hardware and software documentation is meant to give the Customer personnel the possibility and the information necessary for installing, commissioning, operating and maintaining the equipment according to AlcatelTelecom Laboratory design choices. In particular the contents of the handbooks associated to the software applications focus on the explanation of the man-machine interface and of the operating procedures allowed by it. Consequently, no supply to the Customers of design documentation (like software source programs, programming tools, etc.) is envisaged.

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5.4 Handbook Updating


The handbooks associated to the productrelease are listed in para.2 on page 7. Each handbook is identified by: the name of the product-release (and version when the handbook is applicable to the versions starting from it, but not to the previous ones), the handbook name, the handbook P/N, the handbook edition (usually first edition=01), the handbook issue date. The date on the handbook does not refer to the date of print but to the date on which the handbook source file has been completed and released for the production. 5.4.1 Changes introduced in the same product-release (same handbook P/N) The edition and date of issue might change on future handbook versions for the following reasons: only the date changes (pointed out in the Table of Contents) when modifications are made to the editorial system not changing the technical contents of the handbook. the edition, hence the date, is changed because modifications made concern technical contents. In this case: the table in para.1.4 on page 5 indicates the section(s) edition change; in each section, the main changes with respect to the previous edition are listed; in affected chapters of each section, revision bars on the left of the page indicate modifications in text and drawings (this is done after the first officially released and validated version).

Changes concerning the technical contents of the handbook cause the edition number increase (e.g. from Ed.01 to Ed.02). Slight changes (e.g. for corrections) maintain the same edition but with the addition of a version character (e.g. from Ed.02 to Ed.02A). NOTES FOR HANDBOOKS RELEVANT TO SOFTWARE APPLICATIONS

Handbooks relevant to software applications (typically the Operators Handbooks) are not modified unless the new software version distributed to Customers implies manmachine interface changes or in case of slight modifications not affecting the understanding of the explained procedures. Moreover, should the screen prints included in the handbook contain the product-releases version marking, they are not replaced in the handbooks related to a subsequent version, if the screen contents are unchanged. 5.4.2 Supplying updated handbooks to Customers Supplying updated handbooks to Customers who have already received previous issues is submitted to commercial criteria. By updated handbook delivery it is meant the supply of a complete copy of the handbook new issue (supplying erratacorrige sheets is not envisaged). 5.4.3 Changes due to a new product-release A new product-release changes the handbook P/N and the edition starts from 01. In this case the modified parts of the handbook are not listed.

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All rights reserved. Passing on and copying of this document, use and communication of its contents not permitted without written authorization from Alcatel.

5.5 Customer documentation supply on CDROM


In the following by CDROM it is meant Customer Documentation on CDROM
All rights reserved. Passing on and copying of this document, use and communication of its contents not permitted without written authorization from Alcatel.

5.5.1 Contents, creation and production of a CDROM In most cases, a CDROM contains in readonly eletronic format the documentation of one productrelease(version) and for a certain language. In some other cases, the same CDROM can contain the documentation of different productrelease(version)s for a certain language. As a general rule: CDROMs for Network Management products do not contain: the Installation Guides the documentation of system optional features that Customers could not buy from Alcatel together with the main applicative SW.

CDROMs for Network Elements products do not contain: the documentation of system optional features (e.g. System Installation Handbooks related to racks that Customers could not buy from Alcatel together with the main equipment).

A CDROM is obtained collecting various handbooks and documents in .pdf format. Bookmarks and hyperlinks make the navigation easier. No additional information is added to each handbook, so that the documentation present in the CDROMs is exactly the same the Customer would receive on paper. The files processed in this way are added to files/images for managing purpose and a master CDROM is recorded. Suitable checks are made in order to have a virusfree product. After a complete functional check, the CDROM image is electronically transferred to the archive of the Production Department, so that the CDROM can be produced and delivered to Customers.

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5.5.2 Use of the CDROM The CDROM can be used both in PC and Unix WS environments. The CDROM starts automatically with autorun and hyperlinks from the opened Index document permit to visualize the .pdf handbooks Other hyperlinks permit to get, from the Technical handbooks, the specific .pdf setting documents. In order to open the .pdf documents Adobe Acrobat Reader Version 4.0 (minimum) must have been installed on the platform. The CDROM doesnt contain the Adobe Acrobat Reader program. The Customer is in charge of getting and installing it. ReadMe info is present on the CDROM to this purpose. Then the Customer is allowed to read the handbooks on the PC/WS screen, using the navigation and zooming tools included in the tool, and to print selected parts of the documentation through a local printer. 5.5.3 CDROM identification Each CDROM is identified: Each CDROM is identified: 1) by the following external identifiers, that are printed on the CDROM upper surface: the name of the productrelease(s) (and version if applicable) a writing indicating the language(s), the CDROM P/N (Factory P/N and ANV P/N), the CDROM edition (usually first edition=01) and, internally, by the list of the source handbooks and documents (P/Ns and editions) by whose collection and processing the CDROM itself has been created.
All rights reserved. Passing on and copying of this document, use and communication of its contents not permitted without written authorization from Alcatel.

2)

5.5.4 CDROM updating The list of source handbook/document P/Nseditions indicated in previous para. 5.5.3 point 2 ) , in association with the CDROMs own P/Nedition, is also loaded in the AlcatelInformationSystem as a structured list. Whenever a new edition of any of such handbooks/documents is released in the Alcatel archive system, a check in the AlcatelInformationSystem is made to identify the list of CDROMs that must be updated to include the new editions of these handbooks/documents. This causes the planning and creation of a new edition of the CDROM. Updating of CDROMs always follows, with a certain delay, the updating of the single handbooks composing the collection.

END OF DOCUMENT

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METRO OMSN REL.4.1 OPERATORS HANDBOOK

All rights reserved. Passing on and copying of this document, use and communication of its contents not permitted without written authorization from Alcatel.

TABLE OF CONTENTS
LIST OF FIGURES AND TABLES . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1 INTRODUCTION . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1.1 Scope . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1.1.1 Document scope . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1.1.2 Target audience . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1.2 Reading rules . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1.2.1 Menu options . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2 GENERAL DESCRIPTION OF THE CRAFT TERMINAL . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2.1 Introduction . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2.2 Alcatel software product and licence delivered to the customer . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2.2.1 Software product and licences description . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2.2.2 1640FOX Software products and licences list and part numbers . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2.2.3 1650SMC Software products and licences list and part numbers . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2.2.4 1660SM Software products and licences list and part numbers . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2.3 Craft Terminal main functionalities in the NE management . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2.3.1 Network Element management supervision . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2.3.2 Network Element general configuration . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2.3.3 Security Management . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2.3.4 External input and output point management . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2.3.5 Diagnosis management . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2.3.6 Communication and routing management . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2.3.7 Equipment and board management . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2.3.8 Port management . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2.3.9 Protection management . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2.3.10 Transmission management . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2.3.11 Cross Connection management . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2.3.12 Performance monitoring management . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2.3.13 Synchronization management . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2.3.14 ISA port Configuration . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2.3.15 Software management . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3 ACRONYMS AND ABBREVIATIONS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4 GLOSSARY OF TERMS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2 3 3 3 3 3 3 5 5 6 6 7 8 9 10 10 10 10 10 11 11 11 12 12 13 13 13 13 13 14 15 17

02 01
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C. FAVERO ITAVE J.MIR S.MAGGIO C. FAVERO ITAVE J.MIR S.MAGGIO APPRAISAL AUTHORITY

P.GHELFI ITAVE P.GHELFI ITAVE ORIGINATOR

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LIST OF FIGURES AND TABLES


Table 1. Software products part numbers . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Table 2. Software licence part numbers . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Table 3. Software products part numbers . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Table 4. Software licence part numbers . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Table 5. Software products part numbers . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Table 6. Software licence part numbers . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7 7 8 8 9 9

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All rights reserved. Passing on and copying of this document, use and communication of its contents not permitted without written authorization from Alcatel.

1 INTRODUCTION 1.1 Scope


1.1.1 Document scope The Introduction Manual present the Craft Terminal main functions and provides a general overview of the different functionalities provided by the ELMUSM of the Craft Terminal for Info Model NE. 1.1.2 Target audience The Introduction Manual is intended for all users. The documents that should be read before starting this document are: 1320CT Basic Operators Handbook

All rights reserved. Passing on and copying of this document, use and communication of its contents not permitted without written authorization from Alcatel.

1.2 Reading rules


1.2.1 Menu options All the manuals describe menus, but not necessarily all the options of these menus. When a menu option is not detailed in a manual, the information are surely given in another manual.

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2 GENERAL DESCRIPTION OF THE CRAFT TERMINAL 2.1 Introduction


The Craft Terminal is a project in charge of the local management of single network elements, providing ITU compliant Information Model Interface to the Network Element. Multiple NE management up to 32 Network element is possible obtaining a remote Craft Terminal application. The general information of the Craft Terminal are presented in the Basic Craft Terminal Operators Handbook, that the operator have to read before this Handbook. In the Basic Craft Terminal Operators Handbook are described all the general description of use, login, navigation, rules, etc, common to all the NE using the same Craft Terminal. Further, the same handbook contains the detailed description of common operations as Installation and common screens as Network Element Synthesis view. The Network Element Synthesis view is the first view presented to the operator entering the application. Starting from this view it is possible login the NE and than enter the EMLUSM views. This Operators Handbook deals with the EMLUSM views of the Craft Terminal, which directly permit to manage the Network Element. The management main functions of the EMLUSM are inserted at para. 2.3 on page 10. A detailed description of the EMLUSM screens is given in Section Ne Management of this handbook. From the Craft Terminal is possible to run other Specific Software applications. These applications are in charge of the ISAATM, ISAPR and ISAPR_EA (Packet Ring Edge Aggregator) management inside the NE such as crossconnection, Backup and Restore configuration files etc. Details information about Specific Application are described in the relevant Operators Handbook (see Section 1 HANDBOOK GUIDE for the code). The list and part numbers of the SDH software products distributed by Alcatel is inserted in para.2.2 on page 6. The Craft Terminal characteristic (computer configuration) are listed in the Basic Craft Terminal Operators Handbook.

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2.2 Alcatel software product and licence delivered to the customer


2.2.1 Software product and licences description The software products are distributed by Alcatel in a CDROM. In this CDROM are contained: Software packages for NE management by means of the craft terminal Software package of the NE, to be installed in the NE or update the NE (by means of download function)

The software package used for management permits the dialogue between craft terminal and NE, to realize all the functions of the NES and EMLUSM ). The software package used for updating the NE must be installed on the PC and then downloaded on the NE, thus following product evolution. Alcatel typically offers several software licences on the software product. They are referred both to the Network Element software features and to the Craft Terminal software features.

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All rights reserved. Passing on and copying of this document, use and communication of its contents not permitted without written authorization from Alcatel.

2.2.2 1640FOX Software products and licences list and part numbers Every Software Product is identified by a denomination and a part number, listed on the following table.
All rights reserved. Passing on and copying of this document, use and communication of its contents not permitted without written authorization from Alcatel.

Table 1. Software products part numbers

Name SWP 1640FOX R 4.1 CDROM SWP 1640FOX R 4.1A2 CDROM SWP 1640FOX R 4.1B CDROM

ANV Part Number 3AL 81457 AA 3AL 81457 AB 3AL 81977 AA

Factory Part Number 415.100.766 J 415.100.847 C ..

N.B.

Every Software licence is identified by a denomination and a part number, listed on the following table. Table 2. Software licence part numbers

Name SWLA POINT 40FOX Rel. 4.1 LICENCE FEE / STM1 SWLB POINT 40FOX Rel. 4.1 LICENCE FEE / STM1 SWLC POINT 40FOX Rel. 4.1 LICENCE FEE / STM1 SWLA POINT 40FOX Rel. 4.1 LICENCE FEE / STM4 SWLB POINT 40FOX Rel. 4.1 LICENCE FEE / STM4 SWLC POINT 40FOX Rel. 4.1 LICENCE FEE / STM4 SWLLCT 40FOX Rel. 4.1 LICENCE FEE SWLRCT 40FOX Rel 4.1 LICENCE FEE N.B. 1

ANV Part Number

Factory Part Number 700.200.377 S

N.B.

3AL 81354 AA

3AL 81355 AA

700.200.378 B

3AL 81356 AA

700.200.379 C

3AL 81357 AA

700.200.380 S

3AL 81358 AA

700.200.381 P

3AL 81359 AA 3AL 81360 AA 3AL 81361 AA

700.200.382 Q 700.200.383 R 700.200.384 J

1 2 2

Licence alternative for Network Element software features: SWLA: full functionality set SWLB: improved functionality set SWLC: basic functionality set Licence alternative for Craft Terminal software features: SWLLCT: local Craft Terminal functionality SWLRCT: remote Craft Terminal functionality

N.B.
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2.2.3 1650SMC Software products and licences list and part numbers Every Software Product is identified by a denomination and a part number, listed on the following table. Table 3. Software products part numbers
All rights reserved. Passing on and copying of this document, use and communication of its contents not permitted without written authorization from Alcatel.

Name SWP 1650SMC R 4.1 CDROM SWP 1650SMC R 4.1A2 CDROM SWP 1650SMC R 4.1 CDROM

ANV Part Number 3AL 81449 AA 3AL 81449 AB 3AL 81978 AA

Factory Part Number 415.100.765 R 415.100.846 B ..

N.B.

Every Software licence is identified by a denomination and a part number, listed on the following table. Table 4. Software licence part numbers

Name SWLA POINT 50SMC Rel. 4.1 LICENCE FEE / STM1 SWLB POINT 50SMC Rel. 4.1 LICENCE FEE / STM1 SWLC POINT 50SMC Rel. 4.1 LICENCE FEE / STM1 SWLLCT 50SMC Rel. 4.1 LICENCE FEE SWLRCT 50SMC Rel 4.1 LICENCE FEE N.B. 1

ANV Part Number

Factory Part Number 700.200.385 K

N.B.

3AL 81368 AA

3AL 81369 AA

700.200.386 L

3AL 81370 AA 3AL 81371 AA 3AL 81372 AA

700.200.387 M 700.200.388 W 700.200.389 X

1 2 2

Licence alternative for Network Element software features: SWLA: full functionality set SWLB: improved functionality set SWLC: basic functionality set Licence alternative for Craft Terminal software features: SWLLCT: local Craft Terminal functionality SWLRCT: remote Craft Terminal functionality

N.B.

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2.2.4 1660SM Software products and licences list and part numbers Every Software Product is identified by a denomination and a part number, listed on the following table.
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Table 5. Software products part numbers

Name SWP 1660SM R 4.1 CDROM SWP 1660SM R 4.1A2 CDROM SWP 1660SM R 4.1B CDROM

ANV Part Number 3AL 81441 AA 3AL 81441 AB 3AL 81979 AA

Factory Part Number 415.100.764 Q 415.100.846 B ..

N.B.

Every Software licence is identified by a denomination and a part number, listed on the following table. Table 6. Software licence part numbers

Name SWLA POINT 60SM Rel. 4.1 LICENCE FEE / STM1 SWLB POINT 60SM Rel. 4.1 LICENCE FEE / STM1 SWLC POINT 60SM Rel. 4.1 LICENCE FEE / STM1 SWLLCT 60SM Rel. 4.1 LICENCE FEE SWLRCT 60SM Rel. 4.1 LICENCE FEE N.B. 1

ANV Part Number

Factory Part Number 700.200.390 U

N.B.

3AL 81379 AA

3AL 81380 AA

700.200.391 R

3AL 81381 AA 3AL 81382 AA 3AL 81383 AA

700.200.392 J 700.200.393 K 700.200.394 L

1 2 2

Licence alternative for Network Element software features: SWLA: full functionality set SWLB: improved functionality set SWLC: basic functionality set Licence alternative for Craft Terminal software features: SWLLCT: local Craft Terminal functionality SWLRCT: remote Craft Terminal functionality

N.B.

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2.3 Craft Terminal main functionalities in the NE management


In this chapter, are described the main functionalities of the Craft Terminal, referred to the Network Element management views, obtained by means EMLUSM. The functionalities constitute the heading of each of the paragraphs below. 2.3.1 Network Element management supervision Deals with the NE state and access. 2.3.2 Network Element general configuration Deals with the general configuration of the equipment. Craft Terminal access state (allow or inhibit) NE Time management Alarms Configuration Alarm Severity Assignment Profile management, Allow/Inhibit alarm notification, Alarm resynchronization. Restart NE

2.3.3 Security Management Deals with the security configuration of the equipment. Set Manager list Set ACD level

2.3.4 External input and output point management Deals with housekeeping signals input from the external (station alarms) or forwarded (output) towards the external. Display External points Configure External points

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2.3.5 Diagnosis management For real time alarm reporting and subsequent fault localization and correction.
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Alarm Surveillance The alarms concerning a particular managed entity will be represented in a synthetic way in all the views concerning the entity. Alarms information are detailed in the Alarms Surveillance Manual Abnormal Condition list ( as result of operators commands) Event log Manager Permits to have access to the Event Log file. Remote Inventory (upload and view remote inventory) Internal Link Monitor Data Flow Analizer

2.3.6 Communication and routing management This deals with the configuration parameters concerning the communication protocols for the local NE, the OS and each other related NE. Different types of protection can be managed: Local NE and OS addresses NTP configurations LAPD, Ethernet, MESA, RAP configurations IP Configuration Tunneling Configuration

2.3.7 Equipment and board management Deals with the presentation of the equipment and the hierarchical tree structure, permitting to define the types of boards present. The Board view permits to access the Port view. Set / modify / remove boards or subracks Software information of the selected board. Remote Inventory

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2.3.8 Port management This permits to set and show the transmission resources (TP) referred only to the port (SDH PDH, HOA, ISA). It is used to check the detailed alarm of each TP and to configure them (many options are the same of the Transmission view). For each port a specific menu is available where various configuration of the specific port can be set, for example: Automatic Laser Shutdown MSP protection Loopback management and configuration Single fiber configuration TP Frame Mode Configuration Retiming Ethernet port configuration

Port view is also the entry point of other management functions : Performance Monitoring management Cross Connection management

For each port are presented: the various ITUT functional blocks (i.e. PPI, RST, VC4). details of alarm and state condition TP role, connection, etc. information

2.3.9 Protection management This deals with the protection mechanism that is possible to configure in the NE. Different types of protection can be managed: Equipment Protection Switching (EPS) N.B. Not supported by 1640FOX

Multiple Section Protection (MSP) MSSPRing Protection 2 fibers ( 4 fibers is not operative in current release); N.B. MSSPRing Protection is available only for 1660SM

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2.3.10 Transmission management This permits to cover the management of the transmission resources, opening the views of all the specific ports of the NE (SDH and PDH). It supply an overview of the complete signal flow. For all the ports are presented: the various ITUT functional blocks (i.e. PPI, RST, VC4). synthesis of alarm and state condition TP role, connection, etc. information

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For each port a specific menu is available similar to the Port view where various configuration of the specific port can be set. Also Transmission view is than the entry point of other management functions . 2.3.11 Cross Connection management This deals with the connection of all the Termination Point (TP), which are the starting and terminating points of a transmission segment. In this way the multiplex structures are created, managing the traffic flow. Similar operation are made on the OverHead cross connections. Create / modify cross connections Activate / deactivate / switch cross connections

2.3.12 Performance monitoring management This function deals with the set up, collect, log and display performance data associated with the managed NE according ITUT G.826.It consists of a set of functions that evaluate and report on the behavior of the NEs and their effectiveness relating to the communications taking place on the Network. Set up the Performance Monitoring thresholds Collect and display Performance Monitoring data Performance Monitoring history Display Maintenance Counter

2.3.13 Synchronization management Deals with the management of the timing. Timing source, SSU, T0, T4,T5 and T6 configuration Protection commands

2.3.14 ISA port Configuration


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Describes the operations necessary for the ATM/PR_EA/ETH boards and the ATM/PR_EA/ETH TPs creation.

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2.3.15 Software management Deals with the manipulation of the software package within NE. Software download refers to the NE software, permitting to charge the software in the relevant NE to upgrade the NE software, thus following product evolution, or as a consequence of substitution with a spare. Backup and restore on the MIB of the NE.
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3 ACRONYMS AND ABBREVIATIONS


AIS: Alarm Indication Signal
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APS: Automatic Protection Switching (MSP as alternative name) ASAP: Alarm Severity Assignment Profile ATM: Asynchronous Transfer Module CDROM: Compact Disc Read Only Memory CCITT: Telegraph and Telephone International Consultative Committee CT: Craft Terminal DCN: Data Communications Network ECC: Embedded Communication Channels EML: Element Management Layer EPS: Equipment Protection Switching FAD: Functional Access Domain Gbit/s: Gigabits per second GNE: Gateway Network Element HMI: Human Machine Interface IEEE: Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers IM: Information Manager IP: Internet Protocol ISA: Integrated Service Adapter (ISA board are the following unit: ATM, PR_EA, PR and ETHERNET) Kbit/s: Kilobits per second LAN: Local Area Network LVC: Lower Order Virtual Container MAC: Media Access Control Mbit/s: Megabits per seconds MIB: Management Information Base MS: Multiplex Section MSP: Multiplex Section Protection

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NAD: Network Access Domain NAP: Network Access Point

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NE: Network Element NML: Network Management Layer NTP: Network Time Protocol OS: Operation System PI: Physical Interface PR_EA: Packet Ring Edge Aggregator SD: Signal Degrade SF: Signal Failure TMN: Telecommunications Management Network TN: Telecommunications Network TP: Termination Point USM: User Service Manager XC: CrossConnection
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4 GLOSSARY OF TERMS
Acknowledgment: When an alarm is taken into account by the application, the operator has to acknowledge it to point out that he has seen it and that he will react in the right way. During alarm configuration it is possible to set a maximum delay for alarm acknowledgement. The operator can decide whether or not the alarm clear has to be acknowledged. Administrator: A user who has access rights to all the Management Domains of the Craft Terminal product. He has access to the whole network and to all the management functionalities. Alarm: An alerting indication to a condition that may have an immediate or potentially negative impact on the state of an equipment or the CT. An alarm is characterized by an alarm begin and an alarm end. Alarm Severity Assignment Profile: Function allowing the assignment of severities to the alarms depending on their probable causes. Alarm Status: Identifies the type and severity of an occurring alarm. Board: A board is part of an NE. They are electronic cards that fit into slots in the NE. Bridge: The action of transmitting identical traffic on both the working and protection trails. Bridge Request: A message sent from a tailend node to the headend node requesting that the headend perform a bridge of the working channels onto the protection channels. Bridge Request status: A message sent from a tailend node to all other nodes within the protection system indicating that the tailend has requested a bridge. Bridge&switch node: The node that performs the bridge and switch function for a protection event. Where the bridge and switch is performed on a per AU4 basis, the node executing a bridge and switch of at least one AU4 is referred to as a bridge and switch node. Note that with a Transoceanic application, a node in the switching status may not be a bridge&switch node, whereas a node in the passthrough state may be a bridge&switch node. With the Classic application, only a request node (see below) may be a bridge&switch node. Compact Disk Read Only Memory: Data saving support from which the information can only be read. Is useful for stocking data due to its available memory space. Craft Terminal: Workstation or Personal computer (PC) from which local address to an NE is possible. It can be used to configure or perform monitoring tasks on the NE. Crossconnection CrossConnections provide the network with the Routing Capabilities, this is the possibility of routing one signal to a particular destination. Digital Communication network: Communication Network in which the transmission of data is done in a digitized format.

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Embedded Communication Channel: Communication channel used in conjunction with packet commuting networks (X25) to manage distant SDH networks. These communication channels are related to the QECC* protocols. Element Management Layer: This application is responsible for the configuration and management of Network Elements. Equipment Protection Switching: Used to provide protection for cards within an equipment to protect traffic in the event of card failure. Extra traffic: Traffic that is carried over the protection trail when it is not used for the protection of working traffic. Extra traffic is not protected and is preempted when the protection trail is required to protect the working traffic. Filter: They are related to the alarms or events generated on an NE or internally within the OS itself. They can be configured by an operator to reject specified types of notifications and limit the processing that is applied to them. Flushing: This deals with logs. When a log is flushed, all its records are deleted. Functional Access Domain: It defines the range of functions which are available to a specified user. Gigabits per second: Unit that corresponds to the transmission of 109 bits every second. Gateway Network Element: It is a Network Element devoted to the control, from the OS, of those NEs providing a QECC* interface. To do this it uses a QB3* interface and performs the conversion QB3* QECC*. Head End: Node executing the bridge (adjacent along the direction where a failure is present) Human Machine Interface: It is the graphical user interface application through which the operators interact with the system. History Report: This function enables operators to get information concerning performances, security or alarms on entities composing the network, or on the network itself. The operator specifies the time period for which he requires the report. Idle: A node that is not generating, detecting or passingthrough bridge requests or bridge request status information. Intermediate node: The node that is not a request node. It is always in the passthrough state. If such a node executes bridge and switch of at least one AU4 it is also a bridge&switch node. International Telegraph and Telephone Consultative Committee: Standard organization for telecommunications. Now called the ITUT (International Telecommunication Union).
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Isolated Node: A single node that is isolated from a traffic perspective by ring switches on each of its two spans by its adjacent nodes.
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Kilobits per second: Unit that correspond to the transmission of 103 bits every second. Line Terminal: A line terminal is the end point of a communication link. it is used to transmit or receive signals. They can undertake signal conversion functions (adapting a signal to two different transmission media) or multiplexing/demultiplexing functions. Logs: Logs are files used to store history data concerning the incoming notifications, operator commands and system alarms. The size of the log can be configured. Management Domain: The Craft Terminal product is partitioned into management domains for functional proposes. Each management domain is associated with functionalities that enable the operators to manage the NEs. Media Access Control Address: Represents the Level 2 address for Local Area Networks. Megabits per second: Unit that corresponds to the transmission of 106 bits every second. Misconnection: A condition in which traffic destined for a given node is incorrectly routed to another node and no corrective action has been taken. MSSPRing channels: The range of channels that are part of the MSSPRing operation (i.e. the whole of the working and protection channels). Multiplexer: Equipment used to combine several signals to produce a single signal at a higher transmission rate and to decompose it back to the smaller rate signals. Multiplex Section: In general, represents the section containing the multiplexed signals. Network Access Domain: Defined as a set of Network Elements. NADs are used to define the set of Network Elements that a user can manage. Network Element: Either a telecommunication equipment or groups parts of a Telecommunication Network. Have characteristics compliant with CCITT recommendations. Network Management Level: Designates the management functions performed on networks elements assembled in a network. Notification: Spontaneous data received by the system concerning an NE.

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Operation System: A system dedicated to the supervision of NEs in a standard way, using protocols and interfaces. it offers to the operator a set of functions necessary to supervise the NEs. The 1353SH is an Operation System. Operator: The enduser of the Craft Terminal. He supervises a part of the network that is dependant on his user profile. Path: According to ITUT Recommendation G.803, a path is a transport entity (i.e., architectural component) used to transfer information. Nevertheless, this name will be used throughout this document to indicate the information carried either unidirectionally or bidirectionally between two access points of a ring on either a path link connection (if the two points are both PDH) or trail segment. Physical Interface: Electrical or Electrical/Optical transformers that decouples the line signals and adapt the form of signal for further transmission. This functional block also manages clock extraction, signal loss monitoring and loopback functions. Port: A physical point at which the Network Element can be attached to a transmission medium. A port is either a termination point or an origination point. Protocol request: A message sent by a node to another node via K1/K2 bytes with the purpose of settling a certain behavior. All the K1 request codes represent protocol requests, but not all of them are bridge requests. For example, a SFR is a bridge request (see ITUT G841), but LPS is not: both of them are protocol requests. Even NR is a protocol request. Protocol reply: A message sent by a node to another node via K1/K2 bytes with the purpose of acknowledging a received protocol request. Protection trail: The trail allocated to transport the working traffic during a switch event. When there is a switch event, traffic on the affected working trail is bridged onto the protection trail. Protection section: The full set of both protection and (lower) unprotected channels in a multiplex section. Protection semisection: The part of multiplex section (i.e. the N/2+1..N channels in a 2fiber STMN NE) consisting of protection channels. Repeater: Equipment used to regenerate a signal when it has travelled a long distance. Request node: A node that generates either a protocol request or protocol reply (other than NR!). The pair of nodes sending each other protocol request/reply are peer request nodes. Severity: Linked to alarms, severities indicate the magnitude related to the failure.
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Shared protection: A protection architecture using m protection entities shared among n working entities (m:n). The protection entities may also be used to carry extra traffic when not used for protection.

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Span: The set of multiplex sections between two adjacent nodes on a ring.
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Span Switching: Protection mechanism similar to the MSP that applies only to fourfibre rings where working and protection channels are contained in separate fibres and the failure only affects the working channels. During a span switch, the working traffic is carried over the protection channel on the same span as failure. Squelched traffic: An all 1s signal resulting from the squelching process (insertion of AUAIS in order to guarantee the connections) Switch: The action of selecting traffic from the protection trail rather than the working trail. Switching Node: The node that performs the bridge or switch function for a protection event. In the case of a multiplex section switched ring network architecture, this node also performs any necessary squelching of misconnected traffic. Tail End: Node which detects the failure. Telecommunication Management Network: Defines the concept of interoperable management of TNs. They provide an organized network structure to achieve the interconnection of the different components of the TN and the services to process the information. Telecommunication Network: Describes the network to be managed. Provides the transmission, the transport and the switching supports to the interconnected Network Elements. Terminal Point: Describes either the origin or the termination of a signal in an equipment. Is related to a port. Thresholding: This is the assignment of a specified value to monitored parameters ( for example BIt Error Rates) that, when exceeded, generate trouble indications. Unprotected channels: See unprotected channel in ITUT G841. Each pair of unprotected channels is made up on one in the working (semi)section plus one in the protection (semi)section. Unprotected traffic: See unprotected traffic in ITUT G841. User Profile: Identifies the functionalities of the Craft Terminal to which a user has access. A finite number of predefined user profiles is determined by a fixed set of FADs. To give user access to Craft Terminal functionality, the administrator must assign a profile to a UNIX user account by choosing one among the predefined profiles installed with Craft Terminal.

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User Service Manager: These are presentation processes used by the Craft Terminal to manage the Human Machine Interface and facilitate the interaction with the product.

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Working channels: The channels over which working traffic is transported when there are no switch events. An APS system performs restoration for the working channels only. Working traffic: Traffic that is normally carried in a working trail, except in the event of a protection switch. Working trail: The trail over which working traffic is transported when there is no switch events. Working section: The full set of both working and (upper) unprotected channels in a multiplex section. Working semisection: The part of multiplex section (i.e. the 1..N/2 channels in a 2fiber STMN NE) consisting of working channels. Wrapping: Wrapping is the technique that enables the most recent entries in a file to replace the oldest when a file is full.
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END OF DOCUMENT

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METRO OMSN REL.4.1 OPERATORS HANDBOOK

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TABLE OF CONTENTS
LIST OF FIGURES AND TABLES . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1 INTRODUCTION . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1.1 Scope . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1.1.1 Document scope . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1.1.2 Target audience . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1.2 Terminology . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1.2.1 Acronyms and abbreviations . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1.2.2 Glossary of terms . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2 GENERAL INTRODUCTION ON VIEWS AND MENUS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2.1 EMLUSM view organization . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2.2 Introduction on the EMLUSM menu options . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2.2.1 Views menu introduction . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2.2.2 Configuration menu introduction . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2.2.3 Diagnosis menu introduction . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2.2.4 Supervision menu introduction . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2.2.5 MSSPRing menu introduction . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2.2.6 Download menu introduction . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2.2.7 Equipment menu introduction . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2.2.8 Board menu introduction . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2.2.9 Port menu introduction . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2.2.10 EPS menu introduction . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2.2.11 Transmission menu introduction . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2.2.12 Synchronization menu introduction . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2.2.13 External Points menu introduction . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2.3 Advices on Navigation principles . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3 NE MANAGEMENT SUPERVISION . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3.1 NE management states . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3.2 NE supervision and login . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4 NE MANAGEMENT GENERAL CONFIGURATION . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4.1 Access state (allow or inhibit NE Craft access) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4.1.1 Switching from the OS to the Craft Terminal access state . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4.1.2 Switching from the Craft Terminal access state back to the OS access state . . . . . . . . 7 15 15 15 15 15 15 15 17 17 21 23 24 25 26 26 26 27 28 29 31 31 33 34 42 45 45 46 49 49 49 50

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031031 030418 DATE CHANGE NOTE

C. FAVERO ITAVE J. MIR S. MAGGIO C. FAVERO ITAVE J. MIR S. MAGGIO APPRAISAL AUTHORITY

P.GHELFI ITAVE P.GHELFI ITAVE ORIGINATOR

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5 SECURITY MANAGEMENT . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5.1 Set Manager list . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5.2 Set ACD level . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6 EXTERNAL INPUT AND OUTPUT POINTS MANAGEMENT . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6.1 Displaying external points . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6.1.1 Expanding or reducing external points list. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6.2 External points configuration . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7 DIAGNOSIS MANAGEMENT . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7.1 Alarms surveillance . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7.2 Abnormal Condition List . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7.3 Internal Link Monitor . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7.4 Log Browsing . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7.5 Remote Inventory . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7.5.1 Upload remote Inventory . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7.5.2 View Remote Inventory . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8 COMMUNICATION AND ROUTING MANAGEMENT . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8.1 Overview on Communication and Routing Domain . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8.1.1 OSI Protocol on QB3/Qecc . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8.1.2 OSI Partitioning into separate Routing Domains . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8.1.3 IP over OSI tunneling for ISA board . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8.1.4 OSI over IP tunneling on QB3 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8.2 Communication and routing views . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8.3 Local Configuration . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8.4 OS Configuration . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8.5 NTP Server Configuration . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8.6 LAPD Configuration . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8.7 Ethernet Configuration . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8.8 Reachable Address Prefixes Configuration . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8.9 Manual ES Adjacencies table Configuration . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8.10 IP Configuration . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8.10.1 IP routing configuration for ISA boards management . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8.11 IP Static Routing Configuration . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8.12 OSPF Area Table Configuration . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8.13 IP Address Configuration of PointtoPoint Interfaces . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8.14 ISA board IP Address . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8.15 OSI over IP . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8.16 IP over OSI . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9 EQUIPMENT MANAGEMENT . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9.1 Introduction and navigation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9.2 Set and change or remove board/subrack . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9.3 Connect Fan to CONGI board . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9.4 Board administrative state . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

63 63 64 65 66 68 69 73 73 75 77 79 80 80 81 83 83 83 84 85 85 87 89 91 92 93 96 98 99 100 100 101 102 103 104 105 106 109 109 116 120 122

1AA 00014 0004 (9007) A4 ALICE 04.10

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All rights reserved. Passing on and copying of this document, use and communication of its contents not permitted without written authorization from Alcatel.

4.2 NE Time management . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4.3 Alarm Configuration . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4.3.1 Procedure to modify an ASAP . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4.3.2 Alarm Severity Assignment Profile Management (ASAP) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4.3.3 Set SdhNE Alarms Severities . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4.3.4 Allow/Inhibit Alarms Notifications . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4.3.5 Alarms resynchronization . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4.4 Restart NE . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

51 53 53 53 59 60 61 62

All rights reserved. Passing on and copying of this document, use and communication of its contents not permitted without written authorization from Alcatel.

9.4.1 Setting a board in service . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9.4.2 Setting a board out of service . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9.4.3 Consulting a Boards Administrative state . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9.5 Software description . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9.6 Remote Inventory . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9.7 Show supporting equipment . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 10 BOARD VIEW . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 10.1 Introduction . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 10.2 Board View Menu . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 10.2.1 Port Access . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 10.2.2 Change Physical Interface . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 10.2.3 Show Supporting equipment . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 11 PORT VIEW . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 11.1 Introduction . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 11.2 Port View: elements on the TP . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 11.3 Port View Menu . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 11.4 Set Retiming . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 11.5 AU4 Concatenation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 11.6 Physical Media option menu . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 11.6.1 Automatic Laser Shutdown Configuration . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 11.6.2 Show Optical Configuration . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 11.6.3 Single Fiber Configuration . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 11.6.4 Ms Configuration . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 11.6.5 Line Length Configuration . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 11.6.6 Ethernet Port Configuration . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 11.6.7 Ethernet Mapping Protocol . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 11.6.8 Control Path Activation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 11.7 TP Frame Mode Configuration . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 11.8 Show Supporting Board . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 11.9 Navigate to Transmission View . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 11.10 Navigate to Monitoring View . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 11.10.1 Navigate to HOA Port View . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 12 EQUIPMENT PROTECTION MANAGEMENT (EPS) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 12.1 Introduction . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 12.2 Management: consulting and modifying EPS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 12.3 Configuration: revertive and WTR for EPS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 12.4 Switching EPS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 12.5 EPS Overview . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 13 MULTIPLEX SECTION PROTECTION MANAGEMENT (MSP) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 13.1 Architecture types . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 13.2 MSP Options Introduction . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 13.3 MSP Create . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 13.4 MSP Management . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 13.4.1 MSP modification . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 13.5 MSP Delete . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 13.6 Display of Protection State . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 13.7 MSP Commands . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 13.8 MSP overview . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 14 TRANSMISSION VIEW . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 14.1 Overview . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

122 122 122 123 124 126 127 127 129 130 131 132 133 133 135 136 138 140 143 144 147 148 150 151 152 155 156 157 159 160 161 162 163 163 164 170 172 173 179 179 180 181 185 186 187 188 190 192 197 197

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14.2 View elements . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 14.3 View Layout . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 14.3.1 View Description . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 14.3.2 Number of TPs Displayed in Transmission View . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 14.3.3 Naming TPs . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 14.3.4 Dynamic View Behavior . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 14.4 Transmission view access and menu . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 14.5 Add TP . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 14.5.1 TP Search . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 14.6 TP Configuration . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 14.6.1 High Order TP Configuration . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 14.6.2 J0 Section Trace management . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 14.6.3 Low Order TP Configuration . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 14.7 TP Threshold Configuration . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 14.8 Terminate/Disterminate TP . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 14.8.1 Terminate TP . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 14.8.2 Disterminate TP . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 14.9 Monitoring Operations . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 14.9.1 Creation/Deletion . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 14.9.2 Configuration . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 14.10 Structure TPs . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 14.11 Loopback . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 14.11.1 Loopback Configuration . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 14.11.2 Loopback Management . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 14.12 Physical Media . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 14.12.1 Set Domain . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 14.13 Navigation Commands . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 14.13.1 Expand . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 14.13.2 Hide . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 14.13.3 Show Supported Board . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 14.13.4 Navigate to Port View . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 15 CROSS-CONNECTION MANAGEMENT . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 15.1 Introduction . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 15.1.1 Overview . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 15.1.2 Multiplex Structures for SDH . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 15.1.3 Definition of Termination Points (TP) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 15.1.4 Mapping Tables: TP Names . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 15.1.5 Cross-Connection Types . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 15.1.6 Cross-Connection Protection . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 15.2 Operative Sequence to execute Cross-Connections . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 15.3 Cross-Connections management . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 15.3.1 Search Criteria . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 15.3.2 Cross-Connection List . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 15.3.3 Actions available . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 15.4 Create/Modify Cross-Connections . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 15.4.1 Cross-Connection Parameters . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 15.4.2 Create a Cross-Connection . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 15.4.3 Modify a Cross-Connection . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 15.5 Activate/Deactivate/Delete Cross-Connections . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 15.5.1 Activate a Cross-Connection . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 15.5.2 Deactivate a Cross-Connection . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 15.5.3 Delete a Cross-Connection . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 15.6 Split and Join Cross-Connections . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

198 199 199 200 200 200 201 203 203 210 210 213 214 217 218 218 218 219 220 222 224 225 225 228 230 231 232 232 233 234 235 237 237 237 238 241 245 246 248 250 254 255 257 259 260 261 266 272 275 275 275 275 276

1AA 00014 0004 (9007) A4 ALICE 04.10

ED

02

SC.3:NE MANAGEMENT 3AL 81412 AA AA 426 4 / 426

All rights reserved. Passing on and copying of this document, use and communication of its contents not permitted without written authorization from Alcatel.

All rights reserved. Passing on and copying of this document, use and communication of its contents not permitted without written authorization from Alcatel.

15.6.1 Split a Cross-Connection . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 15.6.2 Join Two Cross-Connections . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 15.7 Protection Switching . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 15.8 Print . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 15.9 Show Cross-Connected TPs . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 16 OVERHEAD MANAGEMENT . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 16.1 Introduction . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 16.2 OH Connection overview . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 16.3 Overhead views . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 16.4 OH Cross Connection . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 16.5 OH TP creation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 16.6 OH TP deleting . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 16.7 OH Phone Parameters . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 17 PERFORMANCE MONITORING . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 17.1 Introduction . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 17.2 Performance Monitoring on SDH port . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 17.2.1 Overview . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 17.2.2 Supported Performance Counters . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 17.2.3 Far End (FE) and Near End (NE) Performance Counting . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 17.2.4 Bidirectional counting (24 h Bi) for QoS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 17.2.5 End to End (ee 24h) Performance Counting . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 17.2.6 Performance Monitoring on AUPJE . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 17.2.7 Tandem Connection Termination (TCT) and Monitoring (TCM) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 17.2.8 Performance Monitoring on 2 Mbit/s ISDNPRA . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 17.2.9 Performance Data Collection . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 17.2.10 Data Collection . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 17.2.11 Performance Monitoring History . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 17.2.12 Thresholds . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 17.3 Performance Monitoring on ETHRNET port . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 17.3.1 Overview . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 17.3.2 Ethernet physical interface counters . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 17.3.3 Aggregate counter . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 17.3.4 Flow counter . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 17.4 Configuration (SDH port) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 17.5 Display Current Data (SDH port) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 17.6 Display History Data (SDH port) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 17.7 PM Threshold Table Selection (SDH port) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 17.8 PM Threshold Table Create / Modification / Display (SDH port) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 17.8.1 Creation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 17.8.2 Modification . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 17.8.3 Display . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 17.9 Configuration (Ethernet port) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 17.10 Display current Data (Ethernet port) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 17.11 Display history Data (Ethernet port) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 17.12 PM overview . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 18 SYNCHRONIZATION MANAGEMENT . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 18.1 Introduction . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 18.2 Synchronization Management . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 18.2.1 Displaying the Synchronization View . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 18.2.2 Synchronization View . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 18.2.3 Timing Source Configuration . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

276 278 279 281 282 285 285 286 287 288 293 294 295 297 297 298 298 298 300 300 301 301 302 302 302 303 303 304 305 306 307 308 309 310 315 318 320 324 324 326 326 328 329 331 333 337 337 339 339 340 343

1AA 00014 0004 (9007) A4 ALICE 04.10

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SC.3:NE MANAGEMENT 3AL 81412 AA AA 426 5 / 426

19 MSSPRING MANAGEMENT . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 19.1 MSSPRING introduction . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 19.2 MSSPRING connection configuration advices . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 19.2.1 2Fiber MSSPRING connection configuration advices . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 19.3 Operative sequence to configure MSSPRING . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 19.3.1 Operative sequence to configure 2Fiber MSSPRING . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 19.4 MSSPRING Management . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 19.4.1 MSSPRing Main Configuration . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 19.4.2 Squelching Table with 2 fiber Terrestrial applications . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 19.4.3 Activate, Deactivate and Delete commands . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 19.5 MSSPRING Protection Status and Commands for 2 fiber terrestrial application . . 19.5.1 2F MSSPRing protection commands . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 19.5.2 External commands (2F) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 19.5.3 2F MSSPRing dual protection commands . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 19.5.4 2F Protection Status Visualization . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 20 ISA PORT CONFIGURATION . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 20.1 Introduction . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 20.2 ISA board TTPs creation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 20.2.1 ISAATM boards . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 20.2.2 ISA PR_EA board . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 20.2.3 10/100 Mbit/s fast ETHERNET board . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 20.2.4 Gigabit/s ETHERNET board . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 21 SOFTWARE MANAGEMENT . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 21.1 Generalities and descriptions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 21.1.1 Naming Conventions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 21.2 Software download operative sequence . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 21.2.1 Software Download upgrade . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 21.3 Software Download Manager menu . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 21.4 Init download . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 21.5 SW package Activation and Units information . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 21.6 Mib management . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

359 359 360 360 361 361 362 363 369 375 376 376 378 386 391 409 409 410 410 412 414 416 417 417 418 419 419 420 421 423 425

1AA 00014 0004 (9007) A4 ALICE 04.10

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SC.3:NE MANAGEMENT 3AL 81412 AA AA 426 6 / 426

All rights reserved. Passing on and copying of this document, use and communication of its contents not permitted without written authorization from Alcatel.

18.2.4 Synchronization Protection Commands . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 18.2.5 Synchronization Configuration for T0/T4 and T4 squelch criteria . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 18.2.6 SSU Configuration . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 18.2.7 Remove Timing Reference . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 18.2.8 Change T4 <> T5 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 18.2.9 Change 2MHz >2Mbit . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 18.2.10 Set and Remove T0 Equal T4 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 18.2.11 Transmission of SSM Quality Configuration . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 18.2.12 Show Timing Source . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

346 347 349 350 351 353 355 356 357

LIST OF FIGURES AND TABLES


FIGURES Figure 1. 1640FOX EMLUSM main view organization. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Figure 2. 1650SMC EMLUSM main view organization. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Figure 3. 1660SM EMLUSM main view organization. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Figure 4. Menu options flow chart 1 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Figure 5. Menu options flow chart 2 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Figure 6. Menu options flow chart 3 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Figure 7. Menu options flow chart 4 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Figure 8. Menu options flow chart 5 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Figure 9. Menu options flow chart 6 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Figure 10. Menu options flow chart 7 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Figure 11. 1640FOX: EMLUSM Main view. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Figure 12. 1650SMC: EMLUSM Main view. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Figure 13. 1660SM: EMLUSM Main view. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Figure 14. NE management: setting the access state. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Figure 15. Consulting and/or setting the local NE time. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Figure 16. NE Time dialogue box. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Figure 17. Configuring Alarm Severity Assignment Profile. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Figure 18. ASAPs Management dialogue box. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Figure 19. ASAP Edition dialogue box. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Figure 20. Set ASAP dialogue box (example) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Figure 21. Set SdhNE Alarms Severities . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Figure 22. Inhibit alarm notification . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Figure 23. Allow alarm notifications . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Figure 24. Alarm resynchronization . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Figure 25. Restart NE confirmation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Figure 26. Set Manager list . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Figure 27. Set ACD level . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Figure 28. Opening the external points view. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Figure 29. External points view (example) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Figure 30. Expanding or reducing the external points list. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Figure 31. Configuring external points. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Figure 32. External input point configuration dialogue box (example) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Figure 33. External output point configuration dialogue box (MANUAL). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Figure 34. External output point configuration dialogue box (FLEXIBLE) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Figure 35. Alarm Surveillance . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Figure 36. Alarm Surveillance (example) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Figure 37. Abnormal condition menu option . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Figure 38. Example of abnormal condition list . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Figure 39. Example of loopback dialog window management . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Figure 40. Internal Link Monitor (1660SM example) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Figure 41. Log Browsing option in Network Element context view . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Figure 42. Remote Inventory confirmation request . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Figure 43. Remote Inventory completed . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Figure 44. View Remote Inventory (example) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Figure 45. Routing subdomain organization example . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Figure 46. OSI over IP tunneling on QB3 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Figure 47. Comm/Routing options . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Figure 48. Local Configuration . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Figure 49. OS Configuration . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Figure 50. NTP Server Configuration . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

All rights reserved. Passing on and copying of this document, use and communication of its contents not permitted without written authorization from Alcatel.

1AA 00014 0004 (9007) A4 ALICE 04.10

18 19 20 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 46 47 47 49 51 51 54 54 56 57 59 60 60 61 62 63 64 66 67 68 69 69 70 70 73 74 75 75 76 78 79 80 80 81 84 86 88 90 91 92

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Figure 51. LAPD Configuration dialog (example) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Figure 52. Creation LAPD Interface . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Figure 53. Confirmation to change LAPD Role . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Figure 54. Ethernet Configuration . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Figure 55. Ethernet Configuration L2 only parameter . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Figure 56. RAP Configuration . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Figure 57. MESA Configuration . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Figure 58. IP Static Routing Configuration (example) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Figure 59. OSPF Area Table Configuration (example) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Figure 60. IP Address Configuration of PointtoPoint Interfaces (example) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Figure 61. ISA Board IP Address (example) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Figure 62. OSI over IP Tunneling configuration (example) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Figure 63. IP over OSI Tunneling configuration (example) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Figure 64. Equipment Overview 1650SMC and 1660SM Subrack level . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Figure 65. Equipment Overview 1650SMC and 1660SM Rack level . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Figure 66. Equipment Overview 1650SMC and 1660SM Equipment level . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Figure 67. Equipment Overview 1640FOXRack level . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Figure 68. Equipment Overview 1640FOX Subrack level . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Figure 69. Equipment Overview 1640FOX Equipment level . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Figure 70. Equipment menu (example) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Figure 71. The list of different boards/subrack relative to an NE slot (examples) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Figure 72. Connect FAN to CONGI . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Figure 73. Remove FAN connection from CONGI . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Figure 74. Consulting a boards administrative state (example) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Figure 75. Software Description dialogue box (example) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Figure 76. Remote Inventory (example) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Figure 77. Select Printer . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Figure 78. Select Output Format for file . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Figure 79. Equipment Overview Subrack level (example) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Figure 80. Equipment view: select the SDH port on a board (example) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Figure 81. Example of a Board View . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Figure 82. Examples of a Ports identification and relevant alarm synthesis . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Figure 83. Board menu options . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Figure 84. After Port Access selection (example) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Figure 85. Change Physical Interface (example) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Figure 86. Subrack level (example) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Figure 87. Example of a Port View (example) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Figure 88. Termination TP box. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Figure 89. G.783 Adaptation TP box. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Figure 90. Examples of port menu options (SDH, PDH and ATM/GBIT ETHERNET port) . . . . . . . Figure 91. Set Retiming enable (before) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Figure 92. Set Retiming enable (after) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Figure 93. AU4 concatenate/deconcatenate commands . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Figure 94. Example of a concatenated AU4 transmission view . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Figure 95. Example of a concatenated AU4c . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Figure 96. Physical media menu (SDH port example) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Figure 97. Automatic Laser Shutdown Management . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Figure 98. Automatic Laser Shutdown Management (after ALS Function delete) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Figure 99. ALS and Laser current state (example) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Figure 100. Visualizing a port optical parameters (example) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Figure 101. Bidirectional Transmission on a single fiber . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Figure 102. Single Fiber Configuration View . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Figure 103. Ms Configuration . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Figure 104. PDH Line Length Configuration View . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

94 95 95 97 97 98 99 101 102 103 104 105 107 111 112 113 113 114 114 115 117 120 121 122 123 124 125 125 126 127 128 128 129 130 131 132 134 135 135 137 138 139 141 142 142 143 144 145 146 147 148 149 150 151

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All rights reserved. Passing on and copying of this document, use and communication of its contents not permitted without written authorization from Alcatel.

1AA 00014 0004 (9007) A4 ALICE 04.10

Figure 105. Ethernet Port Configuration options (fast ethernet example) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Figure 106. Ethernet Port Configuration menu . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Figure 107. Information dialog . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Figure 108. Gigabit Ethernet port view (example) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Figure 109. Ethernet Mapping Protocol (EXAMPLE) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Figure 110. Control Path Activation (example on Fast Ethernet board) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Figure 111. TP Frame Mode Configuration . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Figure 112. Board View Example. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Figure 113. After Navigate to Transmission view selection (example) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Figure 114. View of Monitoring Operations (example) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Figure 115. Navigate to HOA Port . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Figure 116. Consulting EPS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Figure 117. EPS Management dialogue box (example) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Figure 118. EPS: board selection (example) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Figure 119. EPS: choose protected (example) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Figure 120. EPS functional state from protected active board view . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Figure 121. EPS functional state from protecting active board view . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Figure 122. Configure EPS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Figure 123. EPS Management dialogue box (example) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Figure 124. Switching EPS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Figure 125. EPS Switch dialogue box (example) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Figure 126. EPS overview . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Figure 127. EPS overview after Search (Example) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Figure 128. Subrack view after Open Subrack View command (example) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Figure 129. Board view after Open Board View command (example) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Figure 130. MSP Create Option . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Figure 131. MSP Schema Creation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Figure 132. MSP schema creation Port dialog . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Figure 133. TP Search (example) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Figure 134. MSP 1+1 standard protection schema (example) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Figure 135. MSP N:1 standard protection schema (example) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Figure 136. MSP Management Option . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Figure 137. MSP Management View (example) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Figure 138. MSP Delete option . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Figure 139. MSP Schema Deletion (example) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Figure 140. MSP Protection Status Examples . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Figure 141. MSP Commands option . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Figure 142. MSP Commands (example) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Figure 143. MSP overview . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Figure 144. MSP overview after Search (Example) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Figure 145. Port view after Open Port View command (example) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Figure 146. Symbols Used in Transmission View . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Figure 147. Transmission View Area (example) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Figure 148. Transmission menu options . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Figure 149. TP Search Dialog, Initial State . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Figure 150. Information Window (example) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Figure 151. TP Search Dialog with Various TP Selections . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Figure 152. TP Search Dialog with Status Information Displayed . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Figure 153. Symbols in TP Search . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Figure 154. Board History Check List . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Figure 155. TP Search Dialog with Different Filtering Options . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Figure 156. Information... Dialog for Search Process . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Figure 157. Print to Printer . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Figure 158. Print to File . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

152 152 153 154 155 156 157 159 160 161 162 164 164 168 168 169 169 170 170 172 172 173 174 177 177 181 181 182 183 184 184 185 186 187 187 189 190 191 192 193 195 198 199 202 203 203 204 205 205 206 207 207 208 208

All rights reserved. Passing on and copying of this document, use and communication of its contents not permitted without written authorization from Alcatel.

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Figure 159. Example Printout . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Figure 160. High Order TP Configuration . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Figure 161. J1 hexadecimal editor (example) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Figure 162. J0 Configuration . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Figure 163. J0 hexadecimal editor . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Figure 164. Low Order TP Configuration . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Figure 165. J2 hexadecimal editor . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Figure 166. Degraded Signal Threshold selection (example) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Figure 167. Monitoring Operations Creation/Deletion . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Figure 168. Display of POM and TCM in Port View (example) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Figure 169. Display of POM and TCM/TCT in Port View (example) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Figure 170. Monitor Configuration . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Figure 171. Loopback configurations . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Figure 172. Port Loopbacks View . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Figure 173. Loopback Management . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Figure 174. Set Domain . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Figure 175. Board View (example) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Figure 176. Port View . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Figure 177. SDH Multiplex Structure according to ITU-T G.707 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Figure 178. Frame Construction within the Synchronous Digital Hierarchy . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Figure 179. SDH Transport Level Diagram . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Figure 180. PDH Transport Level Diagram . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Figure 181. Unidirectional Connection . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Figure 182. Bidirectional Connection . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Figure 183. Example of Broadcast Connection with Three Legs . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Figure 184. Protected Unidirectional Connection . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Figure 185. Bidirectional Connection Input Protected . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Figure 186. Protected Broadcast . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Figure 187. Drop and Continue Normal . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Figure 188. Cross connection management cascade menu . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Figure 189. Cross-Connection Management Dialog (Initial State) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Figure 190. Cross-Connection Management Dialog (After Search) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Figure 191. Protection Criteria . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Figure 192. Cross-Connection Icons . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Figure 193. Creation of a Unidirectional, Non-Protected Cross-Connection . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Figure 194. Create a Bidirectional Protected Cross-Connection (example) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Figure 195. Search for Cross-Connection Output (example) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Figure 196. Create an Unprotected Broadcast Cross-Connection (example) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Figure 197. Create a Protected Broadcast Cross-Connection (example) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Figure 198. Unprotect a Bidirectional Cross-Connection (example) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Figure 199. Protect one Leg of a Broadcast Connection (example) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Figure 200. Split/Join Unprotected Bidirectional Cross-Connection . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Figure 201. Split/Join to Protected Bidirectional Cross-Connection . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Figure 202. Protection Actions Dialog . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Figure 203. Select Printer . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Figure 204. Select Output Format . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Figure 205. Show Cross Connected VC4 of an AU4 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Figure 206. Overhead options . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Figure 207. Cross Connection Management for OverHead dialog (example) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Figure 208. Main Cross-Connection for OverHead dialog . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Figure 209. OH TP creation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Figure 210. OH Search TP for creation (example) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Figure 211. OH TP deleting . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Figure 212. Phone Parameters dialog window (example) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

209 210 211 213 213 214 215 217 220 221 221 222 225 227 228 231 234 235 239 240 243 244 246 246 247 248 248 249 249 254 256 258 262 265 265 267 269 270 271 273 274 276 277 279 281 281 283 287 288 288 293 293 294 295

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All rights reserved. Passing on and copying of this document, use and communication of its contents not permitted without written authorization from Alcatel.

1AA 00014 0004 (9007) A4 ALICE 04.10

Figure 213. Far End Performance Monitoring Principles . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Figure 214. Counter directionality: network centric view . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Figure 215. Counter subdivision . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Figure 216. Ethernet aggregate counter . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Figure 217. PM Configuration Dialog (example) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Figure 218. PM question dialog box (example) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Figure 219. Current PM Data Dialog (example) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Figure 220. PM History Data Dialog (example) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Figure 221. PM Threshold Table Select . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Figure 222. Create PM Threshold Table . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Figure 223. Modify PM Threshold Table . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Figure 224. Create Ethernet counter . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Figure 225. Display Current Data . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Figure 226. Display current data . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Figure 227. Display graphic data . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Figure 228. Display History Data . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Figure 229. Graphic Data . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Figure 230. PM Overview menu . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Figure 231. PM overview window . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Figure 232. PM overviewTp search windows interworking . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Figure 233. Internal organization of the SETS. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Figure 234. Obtaining the synchronization view. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Figure 235. Synchronization View Example . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Figure 236. Synchronization Menu . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Figure 237. Timing source configuration for crossconnect equipments . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Figure 238. TP Synch. source search (example) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Figure 239. Lockout, Force and Manual commands . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Figure 240. Configuring the T0 or T4 SSM algorithm and the squelch criteria . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Figure 241. SSU Configuration . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Figure 242. Synchronization source removing (example) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Figure 243. Synchronization source removing confirmation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Figure 244. Change T4 <> T5 menu (example) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Figure 245. Change T4 <> T5 confirmation message . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Figure 246. Change T4 <> T5: command execution (example) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Figure 247. Change 2MHz >2Mbit menu (example) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Figure 248. Change 2MHz >2Mbit confirmation message . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Figure 249. Change 2MHz >2Mbit: command execution (example) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Figure 250. T4 equal T0 setting (example) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Figure 251. Transmission SSM Quality (example) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Figure 252. Show Timing Source (example with T2 reference source) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Figure 253. Display MSSPRing pull down menu . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Figure 254. MSSPRing Management dialogue box. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Figure 255. Creation Schema dialog box. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Figure 256. Activated MSSPRing Management . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Figure 257. Node Id and associated ring node position. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Figure 258. Ring map configuration . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Figure 259. WTR dialog box. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Figure 260. Example of error message . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Figure 261. Squelching table . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Figure 262. Example of a ring traffic . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Figure 263. Connections of the ring of Figure 262. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Figure 264. Squelching table of Node A, West side. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Figure 265. Squelching table of Node A, East side. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Figure 266. Squelching table of Node B, West side. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

300 305 306 308 312 312 317 319 321 325 327 328 329 330 330 332 332 333 334 336 337 339 340 343 344 345 346 348 349 350 350 351 351 352 353 353 354 355 356 357 362 363 364 365 366 367 368 369 369 370 370 371 371 372

All rights reserved. Passing on and copying of this document, use and communication of its contents not permitted without written authorization from Alcatel.

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Figure 267. Squelching table of Node B, East side. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Figure 268. Squelching table of Node C, West side. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Figure 269. Squelching table of Node C, East side. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Figure 270. Squelching table of Node D, West side. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Figure 271. Squelching table of Node D, East side. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Figure 272. Confirmation message . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Figure 273. Protection states and commands Idle status (2F) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Figure 274. Ring Protection (2F) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Figure 275. Lockout commands (2F) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Figure 276. Protection and working channels where the lockout command can be activated (2F) Figure 277. Tailend / Headend association . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Figure 278. Tailend / headend protection with a lockout working and a one direction ring failure (2F) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Figure 279. Ring protection with a lockout and a ring failure (2F) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Figure 280. Lockout command and nonserved failures (2F) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Figure 281. Forced and Manual commands (2F) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Figure 282. Manual and Force Ring command (2F) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Figure 283. Ring Protection with Force and Manual commands (2F) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Figure 284. Automatic protection Bridge/Switch (2F) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Figure 285. Example of confirmation dialog box . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Figure 286. Clear WTR command (2F) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Figure 287. Ring network reference scheme (2F) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Figure 288. Examples of Double ring failure . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Figure 289. 2F Automatic protection (tail/head) for double ring failure visualization . . . . . . . . . . . . . Figure 290. Tail / head dual Events Protection table (2F) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Figure 291. Manual command applied at the Reference Point ring network Figure 288. . . . . . . Figure 292. Visualization of the Forced / Manual protection Statuses (2F) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Figure 293. Visualization of the Lockout command Statuses (2F) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Figure 294. Visualization of Automatic Protection Statuses (2F) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Figure 295. Protection status with double ring failure (reference pointSSAN) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Figure 296. Protection status with double ring failure (reference pointSSRN) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Figure 297. Protection status with double ring failure (reference pointOSAN) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Figure 298. Protection status with double ring failure (reference pointOSAN) recovering to idle . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Figure 299. Double manual ring command (reference pointSSAN) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Figure 300. Double manual ring command (reference pointOSAN) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Figure 301. Manual ring and Lockout Protection (reference pointSSSN) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Figure 302. Manual ring and Lockout Protection (reference pointSSRN) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Figure 303. Automatic working ring and Manual Ring (reference pointOSAN) . . . . . . . . . . . . . Figure 304. Automatic working ring and Force Ring (reference pointSSAN) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Figure 305. Automatic working ring and Lockout working Ring (reference pointSSSN) . . . . . Figure 306. Automatic working ring and Lockout Protection (reference pointOSRN) . . . . . . . . Figure 307. ATM TPs creation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Figure 308. Navigate to ATM port view (example) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Figure 309. PREA4ETH: example of TPs creation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Figure 310. MPLS port view exaple . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Figure 311. Example of Fast Ethernet (ETHMB) TPs creation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Figure 312. Control Path activation window (example) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Figure 313. ETHERNET port view example . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Figure 314. Software Download general principle . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Figure 315. Equipment view (example) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Figure 316. Download menu . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Figure 317. SW Downloading dialogue box example . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Figure 318. Software download in progress (example) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

380 381 382 383 383 384 385 385 385 387 388 389 390 392 393 394 395 396 397 398 399 400 401 402 403 404 405 406 407 410 411 412 413 414 415 415 417 420 420 421 422

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372 373 373 374 374 375 376 377 378 378 379

Figure 319. Software Package Information dialogue box (example) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Figure 320. Detail software package (example) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Figure 321. NE MIB management (example) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
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423 424 425

TABLES Table 1. SDH NE alarms . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Table 2. STMN port and AU4 concatenation supported by each equipment . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Table 3. MSP commands and Autoswitch protection priority . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Table 4. Default value for C2/V5 Signal Label . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Table 5. Supported loopback . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Table 6. PDH TPs . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Table 7. SDH TPs . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Table 8. Optional and Mandatory Configurable Parameters for Cross-Connection Creation . . . . . . Table 9. Modifiable Parameters . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Table 10. 1660SM Threshold table entities association . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Table 11. 1640FOX and 1650SMC Threshold table entities association . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Table 12. Maximum Performance Parameter Values . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

59 140 191 211 226 245 245 263 272 322 322 326

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1 INTRODUCTION 1.1 Scope


1.1.1 Document scope The aim of this document is to help the operator understand, configure and manipulate Network Elements (NEs) easily, using the Craft Terminal (CT). The different functionalities related to the equipment views, the menu items and the different actions that can be undertaken from these views are described in detail. Unless otherwise specified, the menu and the relevant description in the following chapters are intended as applicable to all the three Network Elements (1640FOX, 1650SMC, 1660SM). In many screen of this handbook the release number is not indicated, while it is instead present in the real screen displayed to the operator. This is due to the fact that the same screen is associated to the different releases. Sometimes the release number reported is only for example. The most part of the screen of this handbook are referred to 1660SM menu because it is the equipment with the complete set of features, so it has been choosed like reference example. Anyway similar screen are presented for 1650SMC and 1640FOX so can be apply to them, the same description of 1660SM . 1.1.2 Target audience This document is intended for the operators whose role is to manage the Network Elements. The documents that should be read before starting this document are: 1320CT Basic Operators Handbook

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The documents of this Handbook that should be read before starting this document are: Introduction manual

1.2 Terminology
1.2.1 Acronyms and abbreviations Refer to the Section Introduction manual. 1.2.2 Glossary of terms Refer to the Section Introduction manual.

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2 GENERAL INTRODUCTION ON VIEWS AND MENUS


In this chapter the organization of the EMLUSM screen, presented after the NE login, is described.
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First is introduced the view organization, than the accessible menu options are listed. At the end some further advice are given for Navigation principles.

2.1 EMLUSM view organization


The EMLUSM view is the first window presented to the operator after the login. The first view is different according to the Equipment type but the navigation principles are the same for all; Figure 1. , Figure 2. , and Figure 3. show some examples. EMLUSM view contains the following fields, that provide you with information needed to manage the NE: Severity alarm synthesis, Domain alarm synthesis, Management status control panel View title, View area Message/state area

The Menu bar and the View area contained in the same NE view permits to performs all the configuration and supervision and display the specific selected item. The view organization is detailed in the Basic Craft Terminal Operator Handbook to which refer for the description, except for the following information, that differs according the NE type: Domain alarm synthesis The different alarm domain type in which can be subdivided the NE are: Synchronization, External Point, Equipment, Transmission.

Information about the alarms and status is given in the Maintenance section of this handbook.

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Severity alarms synthesis Menu bar

Domain alarms synthesis


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View title

View area

Message/state area

Management states control panel

Figure 1. 1640FOX EMLUSM main view organization.

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Severity alarms synthesis


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Domain alarm synthesis

Menu bar

View title

View area

Message/state area

Management states control panel

Figure 2. 1650SMC EMLUSM main view organization.

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Severity alarms synthesis

Domain alarm synthesis


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Menu bar

View title

View area

Message/state area Management states control panel

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Figure 3. 1660SM EMLUSM main view organization.

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2.2 Introduction on the EMLUSM menu options


The menu bar allows to perform configuration and supervision functions on the Network Element.
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This paragraph list all the menu options and then more details on the relevant contained entries. For each of them the relevant operative function are briefly introduced and it is referred the paragraphs where it is detailed or the introduction to the options of each menu inserted in next paragraphs of this chapter. The flow charts from Figure 4. summarize the menu options. From chapter 3 on details and operative information on the all the views are given. They are not presented according the menu option sequence but according a functional subdivision. In the menu bar there are permanent menu items always displayed. Staring from the left , the menus are:

Permanent Menus Views (first column). See para.2.2.1 on page 23.

To navigate among the NE views (Equipment, External Point, Transmission etc. ) . Configuration (second column). See para.2.2.2 on page 24.

To set general configuration of the NE, set TMN and OverHead parameters and to show or modify some parameters (performance monitoring, ISA Port Configuration, MSP, EPS and crossconnection). Diagnosis (third column). See para.2.2.3 on page 25.

To get information about the NE (alarms, performance monitoring, remote inventory, internal link monitor). Supervision (fourth column). See para.2.2.4 on page 26.

To set the supervision states (i.e. Craft Terminal enabling). MS_SPRing (fifth column). See chapter 19 on page 359.

To manage the 2 fiber MS_SPRing protection, setting the relevant configuration. MSSPRing menu is available only for 1660SM Download (sixth column). See chapter 21 on page 417.

To manage the NE software (download, MIB management). Help To activate the help.
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(last column).

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Further, in the menu bar there are other menus, presented as an alternative, only when a particular object or option is selected.
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Other Menus Equipment (eighth column). See chapter 9 on page 109

To manage the NE as a whole, setting subracks and boards which compose it. From the Equipment view the Board view can be accessed. From the Equipment menu is also possible to start the Specific Terminal application for ISA port traffic configuration. Board (eighth column). See chapter 10 on page 127.

To show the physical port available in a specific board. It is the entry point for the Port view. Transmission (seventh column). See chapter 14 on page 197.

It permits to show and set the Termination Point of the equipment, thus having an overview of the complete signal flow of the various port. The menu permits to define all the Cross Connections and manages the transmission resources, setting the relevant configuration. Further access the Performance Monitoring and permits navigation to the Board view. It also permits to manage the MSP protection setting the relevant configuration. Port (seventh column). See chapter 11 on page 133.

To set and show (detailed alarm view) the transmission resources referred to the Port. It also permits to manage the MSP protection setting the relevant configuration. EPS (seventh column). See chapter 12 on page 163.

To manage the EPS protection, setting the relevant configuration. EPS menu is not applicable to 1640FOX Synchronization (seventh column). See chapter 18 on page 337.

To show and modify synchronization parameters. External Points (seventh column). See chapter 6 on page 65.

To show and modify housekeeping (environmental) alarms.

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2.2.1 Views menu introduction This menu permits to navigate among the views and set some parameters, by means of the following entries: Backward: Forward: Equipment: Go back to the previous view. Go to the next view. Open the Equipment view. See chapter 9 on page 109. The Equipment menu and theEPS menu are then available on the menu bar. Open the External Point view. See chapter 6 on page 65. The External Point menu is then available on the menu bar. Open the Transmission view. See chapter 14 on page 197. The Transmission menu is then available on the menu bar. Open the Synchronization view. See chapter 18 on page 337. The Synchronization menu is then available on the menu bar. The aim of the refresh feature is to avoid a misalignment between the CT and the managed NE. This misalignment is due to a loss of notifications coming from the NE. Navigate and show the contents of the selected object: the current view change. It is equivalent to a double click on the selected object in the view area. Navigate and show the contents of the selected object. The current view doesnt change but a new window with a new view is opened. Close the EMLUSM view, without stopping the supervision of the NE

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External Points:

Transmission:

Synchronization:

Refresh:

Open Object:

Open in Window:

Close:

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2.2.2 Configuration menu introduction This menu permits to set general configuration of the NE and to show or modify some parameters, by means of the following entries: Alarm Severities: Manage the Alarm Severity Assignment Profile. See para. 4.3.2.1 on page 53. Send the Alarm Severity Assignment Profile to the selected object See para. 4.3.2.2 on page 57. Send the Alarm Severity Assignment Profile referred to the equipment level. See para. 4.3.2.2 on page 57.

Set Alarm severities:

Set SdhNe Alarm severities:

NE Time: Performance:

Display and set the NE local time. See para. 4.2 on page 51. Manage the the Performance Monitoring domain. Used to define the PM parameters, opening the following menu options: Threshold table: See para.17.7 on page. 320. Allows to display as well as search for EPS states. See paragraph 12.5 on page 173. EPS overview is not applicable to 1640FOX

EPS overview :

Set ACD level:

See para.5.2 on page 64. Manage the connection of the paths. See para.15.3 on page 254

Cross Connection Management:

Loopback Management: Enter the loopback management. See para. 14.11 on page 225. Used to configure the loopback command for commissioning or maintenance purposes. Comm/Routing: Enter the Communication and Routing management. See paragraph 8 on page 83. Used to define the parameters for NE and OS in the TMN, opening the following menu options: Local configuration OS Configuration NTP Server Configuration Interfaces Configuration LAPD Configuration Ethernet Configuration (not applicable to 1640FOX) OSI Routing Configuration RAP Configuration MESA Configuration IP Configuration IP Static Routing Configuration OSPC Area Configuration IP Address Configuration of pointtopoint interfaces ISA board IP address

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Tunnelling Configuration OSI Over IP (not applicable to 1640FOX) IP Over OSI

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Overhead:

Handle the operation on the Overhead bytes (not applicable to 1640FOX). See para.16 on page 285. Used to define the parameters in the following menu options: OH Cross Connection (not applicable to 1640FOX) OH Phone Parameter (not applicable to 1640FOX) OH TP creation (not applicable to 1640FOX) OH TP deleting (not applicable to 1640FOX) Allows to display as well as search for MSP states. See paragraph 13.8 on page 192. It shows both PM and Monitoring Objects. Search operation are allowed for PM objects, Monitoring object or both.

MSP overview :

PM overview

ISA port Configuration : It allows to create the TPs for the ISA connections. See paragraph 20.2 on page 410.

2.2.3 Diagnosis menu introduction This menu permits to get information about the NE, by means of the following entries: Alarms: Display the Alarms Surveillance information of the NE. See para. 7.1 on page 73. It opens the following menu options: NE alarms Object alarms Subtree alarms Equipment alarms Transmission alarms External Points alarms Manage the events stored in the NE. See para. 7.4 on page 79 It opens the following menu options: Alarm Log Event Log Software Trace Log

Log Browsing:

View Remote Inventory: Display the remote inventory data, previously stored in the Craft Terminal by means the upload remote inventory performed in the Supervisory menu. See para 7.5.2 on page 81. Abnormal Condition list: Display the list of the object class (Loopback, ALS Handler, protection board) and the name of the boards that are in abnormal condition. See para 7.2 on page 75. Internal Link Monitor: Indicates the presence of failure on Rx or Tx side for the signal incoming/outgoing from/to the active/standby MATRIX COMPACTADM board. Refer to paragraph 7.3 on page 77. Not operative

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or

Data Flow Analyzer:

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2.2.4 Supervision menu introduction This menu permits to set the supervision states of the NE, by means of the following entries: Access State: Manage the supervision access to the NE, with CT or OS. See para.4.1 on page 49. It opens the following menu options: OS Requested Manage the alarms supervision of the NE. It opens the following menu options: Resynchronize. See para. 4.3.5 on page 61. Allow / Inhibits Notifs. See para. 4.3.4 on page 60.
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Alarms:

Upload Remote Inventory:Store the Remote Inventory data in the Craft Terminal. See para. 7.5.1 on page 80. Set Manager list: Restart NE: See para.5.1 on page 63. Reset the NE software. See para.4.4 on page 62.

2.2.5 MSSPRing menu introduction MSSPRing menu is only available for 1660SM This menu permits to manage the 2 fiber and 4 fiber MSSPRing protection (the last is not operative in current release) , setting the relevant configuration, by means of the following entries: Main dialog for MSSPRing management: Contains all the command to set and manage the MSSPRing See para. 19.4.1 on page 363.

2.2.6 Download menu introduction This menu permits to manage the NE software, by means of the following entries: Init download: Units info: Manage the software download, upgrading the NE. See para.21.4 on page 421. Show the status of the software package installed in the NE memory banks. See para.21.5 on page 423.

Mib management: Permits backup of NE software configuration and restore of backupped file. See para. 21.6 on page 425.

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2.2.7 Equipment menu introduction This menu permits to manage the NE as a whole, setting the boards which compose it, by means of the following entries: Set: Add or change the board type (a list is proposed). See para. 9.2 on page 116. Change the board type without previously remove it. It is only possible between compatible board or modules (ex. it is possible to change from an Long and Short 1.1 optical module) See para. 9.2 on page 116. Remove the board. See para. 9.2 on page 116. Insert a lock symbol in the board. See para. 9.4.1 on page 122. Delete the lock symbol in the board, enabling changes. See para. 9.4.2 on page 122. Not operative. Show information on the software of the board. See para. 9.5 on page 123. Show the Remote Inventory data inserted in the equipment. See para. 9.6 on page 124. It opens the following menu options: Subrack level Board level Used to define the ISA board IP address. See paragraph 8.14 on page N.B. This option is available only at Subrack view level.

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Modify:

Remove:

Set in service: Set out of service

Reset: Software description: Remote Inventory:

ISA Board IP Address: 104.

Show supporting equipment: Navigate to the upper equipment level. See para. 9.7 on page 126. ISA navigate: Start the Specific Craft Terminal application for the ISA traffic management configuration. For details refer to the specific ISA board Operators Handbook. N.B. This option is available only after having selected an ISA board at subrack level view.

Connect FAN to CONGI#4: This option is available only on 1650SMC. Enable the management of the Fan subrack alarms on CONGI inserted in slot4. N.B. This option is available only after having selected a CONGI board at Subrack level view.

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Connect FAN to CONGI#10: This option is available only on 1660SM. Enable the management of the Fan subrack alarms on CONGI inserted in slot10. N.B. This option is available only after having selected a CONGI board at Subrack level view.
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Connect FAN to CONGI#12: This option is available only on 1660SM. Do not use this option to manage the FAN subrack alarms!; Fan subrack alarms can be managed only by CONGI#10.

2.2.8 Board menu introduction This menu permits to show the physical port available in a specific board (alarm synthesis and port symbol) and to access the port view, by means of the following entries: Port Access: Change Physical Interface Access the Port view. See para. 10.2.1 on page 130. Change the SPI or PPI object into PPI or SPI (and viceversa) on the bimode port( 140Mbi/s/ STM1 switchable). See para. 10.2.2 on page 131. This option is not supported by 1640FOX.

Show supporting equipment: Navigate to the upper subrack level. See para. 10.2.3 on page 132. ISA port Configuration: It allows to create the TPs for the ATM/PR_EA/ETH connections. See paragraph 20.2 on page 410. N.B. This menu is available only if an ATM/PREA/ETH board has been equipped in the subrack.

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2.2.9 Port menu introduction This menu permits to set and show the transmission resources (TP) referred to the Port, by means of the entries indicated in the following list. The menu differs according the port type (SDH, PDH, HOA and ISA). The Port view is reached by means the Equipment menu and Board view to check the detailed alarms presented, but the available menu permits to configure the port (many setting options listed in the port menu are common with the Transmission view). In these views are presented only the TP specific of the port. It permits navigation to the Transmission view. TP configuration: TP Threshold Configuration: Set parameters for the Overhead (Signal Label and Path Trace) on Synchronous TPs. See para 14.6 on page 210. Set B2 excessive BER and Signal Degraded parameter. See para 14.7 on page 217. Set parameters for 2Mbit/s G.703/704 or ISDNPRA management. Only for PDH ports views. See para 11.7 on page 157

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TP Frame Mode Configuration:

Set Retiming:

Set the retiming feature applies to the outgoing 2Mbit/s. See paragraph 11.4 on page 138. It opens the following options: Enable Disable Only for SDH ports views. See para. 11.5 on page 140. Manage the connection of the paths. See para.15 on page 237. It opens the following menu options: Cross Connection Management Create Cross Connection Modify Cross Connection Set parameters for POM/SUT/TCM/TCT TPs. See para. 14.9 on page 219. It opens the following menu options: INot available for PDH ports. Creation / Deletion Configuration Set and show Performance Monitoring parameters and data. See chapter 17 on page 297. IDifferent menu are available: Configure Performance Monitoring Display Current Data Display History Data

AU4 Concatenation: Cross Connection:

Monitoring Operation:

Performance:

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Loopback:

Enter the loopback management. See para. 14.11 on page 225. Used to configure the loopback command for commissioning or maintenance purposes: Port Loopback Configuration Loopback management
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MSP

Manage the Multiplex Section Protection of the NE. See Chapter 13 on page 179. Only for SDH ports view. It opens the following menu options: MSP Create MSP Management MSP Commands MSP Delete

Physical Media:

Manage the physical setting of the TP of the ports. Not applicable to HOA port. See para.11.6 on page 143. It opens a menu which differs according the port type: SDH port: ALS Management Show Optical Configuration TX Quality Configuration Single Fiber Configuration LAPD Configuration Ms Configuration PDH port: Line Length Configuration HDSL Configuration (not operative) NT G703/704 Configuration (not operative) NT X21 Configuration (not operative) ETHERNET port: Remote Laser Management (not operative) ALS Management (not operative) Ethernet Port Configuration Ethernet Mapping Protocol ISA Port Configuration Control Path Activation Navigate to the upper board level. See para.11.8 on page 159.

Show supporting board:

Navigate to Transmission view: permit to show a complete overview about the signal flow, opening all TPs See para.11.9 on page 160 Navigate to Monitoring view: permit to show for a selected TP the related POM/SUT/TCM and TCT object if present. Navigate to HOA port view: permit to show the HOA port associated to a selected TP (for example, the HOA port associated to an AU4 ia a VC4). It is available only on SDH ports.

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2.2.10 EPS menu introduction This menu is not supported by 1640FOX.


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This menu permits to manage the EPS protection, setting the relevant configuration, by means of the following entries : Management: Configure: Set EPS protections. See para.12.2 on page 164. Set revertive / not revertive and WTR parameters. See para. 12.3 on page 170. Manage the EPS operator commands (Force, Manual, Lockout) See para.12.4 on page 172.

Switch:

2.2.11 Transmission menu introduction This menu permits to show and set the Termination Point of the equipment, thus having an overview of the complete signal flow of the various port. The menu permits to define all the Cross Connections and manages the transmission resources, setting the relevant configuration. Further access the Performance Monitoring and manage Multiplex Section Protections and Loopbacks functions. It permits navigation to the Port view. The menu lists the following entries: Add TP: Search and add TP to the transmission view, than presented in the screen. See para.14.5 on page 203. Display the TPs related to a selected TP. See para.14.13.1 on page 232. It opens the following menu options: Next level of lower TP All lower TP Next level of upper TP All upper TP Remove the TP from the screen of the Transmission view. See para.14.13.2 on page 233. It opens the following menu options: Lower TP Upper TP Selected TP Set parameters for the Signal Label and Path trace. See para.14.6 on page 210. Set parameters for 2Mbit/s G.703/704 or ISDNPRA management. Only for PDH ports views. See para 11.7 on page 157 Set B2 Ex BER and Signal Degrade threshold. See para. 14.7 on page 217.

Expand:

Hide:

TP configuration:

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TP Frame Mode Configuration:

TP Threshold Configuration:

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Terminate TP: Disterminate TP: AU4 Concatenation Cross Connection:

Terminate the AU4CTP paths. See para.14.8 on page 218. Disterminate the AU4CTP paths. See para.14.8 on page 218 Only for SDH ports views. See para. 11.5 on page 140. Manage the connection of the paths. See para.15 on page 237. It opens the following menu options: Cross Connection Management Create Cross Connection Modify Cross Connection Port Switch Over Show Cross Connected TPs Set parameters for POM/ SUT/TCT/TCM TPs. See para.14.9 on page 219 It opens the following menu options: Creation / deletion Configuration Set and show Performance Monitoring parameters and data. See chapter 17 on page 297. Different menu are available: Configure Performance Monitoring Display Current Data Display History Data
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Monitoring Operation:

Performance:

Structure TPs:

Define the structure of a selected TP (TU2, TU3, TU12, VC3/VC4, VC12) See para.14.10 on page 224. : Enter the loopback management. See para. 14.11 on page 225. Used to configure the loopback command for commissioning or maintenance purposes: It opens the following menu options: Port Loopback Configuration Loopback management

Loopback

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Physical Media:

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Manage the TP physical setting. See para.14.12 on page 230. It opens the following menu options: ALS Management Show Optical Configuration TX Quality Configuration Single Fiber Configuration Extra traffic Regeneration Section management Line Length Configuration Set Domain HDSL Configuration (not operative) NT Configuration (not operative) X21 Configuration (not operative) Manage the Multiplex Section Protection of the NE. It opens the following menu options: MSP Create MSP Management MSP Commands MSP Delete NE MSP synthesis Navigate to the board supporting the selected TP See para.14.13.3 on page 234. Navigate to the port supporting the selected TP See para.14.13.4 on page 235.

MSP

Show supported board:

Navigate to Port view:

2.2.12 Synchronization menu introduction This menu permits to set and show the Synchronization parameters and status, setting the relevant configuration, by means of the following entries : Timing Source Configuration: Set timing source priority and quality for the selected input reference. See para.18.2.3 on page 343. Protection Command: T0 Configuration: T4 Configuration: SSU Configuration: Manage commands (force, manual, lockout) for the selected timing reference. See para.18.2.4 on page 346. Enable/disable SSM and WTR on the T0 synchronization source. See para.18.2.5 on page 347. Enable/disable SSM, WTR and Squelch Criteria on the T4 synchronization source. See para.18.2.5 on page 347. Set NE single or with SSU. See para.18.2.6 on page 349.

Transmitted SSM Quality Configuration: Set SSM quality transmitted on the selected T1 SDH timing reference. See para.18.2.11 on page 356. Frame Mode Configuration: Set parameters for 2Mbit/s G.703/704 or ISDNPRA management. Only for PDH ports views. See para 11.7 on page 157 See para.18.2.7 on page 350.

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Remove Timing Reference

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Change T4<>T5: This option is not supported by 1640FOX.


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Change the synchronization physical interface from 2MHz (T4) to2Mbit/s (T5) without traffic and viceversa (see para18.2.8 on page 351. Change 2MHz>2Mbit This option is not supported by 1640FOX. Change the source of a protection unit from 2Mhz (T3) to 2Mbit(T6) and viceversa (see para. 18.2.9 on page 353). Set T0 Equal T4 Remove T0 Equal T4 Show Timing Source: See para.18.2.10 on page 355. See para.18.2.10 on page 355. Show the port view related to the selected timing reference. See para.18.2.12 on page 357.

2.2.13 External Points menu introduction This menu permits to display and set the input/output environmental alarm (housekeeping alarm), by means of the following entries: Configuration: Display: Set the input/output environmental alarm. See para. 6.2 on page 69. Show the list of the input/output environmental alarm. See para. 6.1 on page 66. It opens the following menu options: Show external Input Points Show external Output Points Show all external Points

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Views
Close

Backward

Forward A F B

Equipment

Refer to Figure 7. Refer to Figure 10. Refer to Figure 10. Refer to Figure 9. Refer to Figure 10.

External Points

Transmission

Synchronization

Refresh

Open Object

Open in Window

Figure 4. Menu options flow chart 1

Configuration

Alarm Severities

Threshold table

Set Alarm Severities Set SdhNe Alarm Severities NE Time Performance

Local Configuration OS Configuration NTP Server Configuration Interfaces Configuration

LAPD Configuration Ethernet Configuration

EPS overview Set ACD level Cross Connection Management Loopback Management

RAP Configuration

OSI Routing Configuration

MESA Configuration

IP Static Routing Configuration OSPF Area Configuration

IP Configuration

Comm/Routing

IP Address Config. of PointtoPoint interfaces ISA board IP address

Overhead MSP overview

Tunneling Configuration

OSI over IP

IP over OSI

PM Overview ISA port Configuration

OH Cross Connection

Oh Phone Parameters

OH TP Creation OH TP Deleting

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Figure 5. Menu options flow chart 2

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All rights reserved. Passing on and copying of this document, use and communication of its contents not permitted without written authorization from Alcatel.

Diagnosis

NE alarms

Object alarms

Access State

Subtree alarms

Alarms

Equipment alarms

Transmission alarms External Points alarms

Alarms

Upload Remote Inventory

Alarm Log Event Log

Set Manager list

Log Browsing

Restart NE

Software Trace Log

View Abnormal Condition List Internal Link Monitor Data flow analizer

Remote Inventory

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Figure 6. Menu options flow chart 3

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OS Requested Resynchronize Allow Notifs Inhibit Notifs


Supervision

Refer to Figure 4.
A

MS_SPRing

Download

Equipment

Refer to Figure 8.

Main Dialog for MS_SPRing management

Init download

Set

Units info Mib Management

Modify

Remove Set in service

Set out of service

Reset Software description Remote Inventory

Subrack level

Board level

ISA Board IP Address Show supporting equipment ISA Navigate NB.3 Connect FAN to CONGI#04 NB.1 Connect FAN to CONGI#10 NB.2 Connect FAN to CONGI#12 NB.2

Notes:
NB.1 avaialble only if CONGI board has been selected in the 1650SMC Subrack level view NB.2 available only if CONGI board has been selected in the 1660SM Subrack levle view

NB.3 available only if an ISA ATM or an ISA PR_EA board has been selected

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Figure 7. Menu options flow chart 4

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Refer to Figure 7.

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Port Access

TP configuration TP Thresholds configuration TP Frame mode configuration nb1 AU4 Concatenation nb2 Set Retiming Cross Connection

Change Physical Interface Show supporting equipment ISA port Configuration

nb1

Monitoring Operations

nb2

Configure Performance Monitoring

Display Current Data Display History Data

Performance

Port Loopback Configuration Loopback management MSP Create

Loopback

MSP

MSP Management MSP Commands MSP Delete

Physical Media:

Show supporting board Navigate to Transmission view Navigate to Monitoring view Navigate to HOA port Notes: nb1: only for PDH port nb2: only for SDH port C

Refer to Figure 9.

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Figure 8. Menu options flow chart 5

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Enable Disable Cross Connection Management Create Cross Connection Modify Cross Connection Creation / deletion Configuration


Board Port

with ETHERNET port Remote laser Management

ALS Management

Ethernet port Configuration

Ethernet mapping Protocol ISA port Configuration

Control Path Activation

with SDH port

ALS Management

Show Optical Configuration Tx Quality Configuration Single Fiber Configuration LAPD config.

Ms Configuration with PDH port

Line Lenght Configuration HDSL Configuration

NT G703/G704 Configuration NT X21 Configuration

Refer to Figure 4.

Transmission

Add TP

Expand Hide TP configuration TP Frame mode configuration TP Threshold Configuration Terminate TP Disterninate TP AU4 Concatenation Cross Connection Monitoring Operations

Performance

Structure TPs

TU2 TU3 TU12 VC3/VC4 VC12

Port Loopback Configuration Loopback management

Loopback

Physical Media:

MSP Show Supported Boards Navigate to Port View F

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Figure 9. Menu options flow chart 6

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MSP Create MSP Management MSP Commands MSP Delete NE MSP synthesis

Refer to Figure 8.


Next Level of Lower TPs All Lower TPs Next Level of Upper TPs All Upper TPs Lower TPs Upper TPs Selected TPs Cross Connection Management Create Cross Connections Modify Cross Connections Port Switch Over Show Cross Connected TPs Creation / Deletion Configuration Configure Performance Monitoring Display Current Data Display History Data

ALS Management Show Optical Configuration TX Quality Configuration Single Fiber Configuration Extra traffic

Regeneration Section management Line Lenght Configuration HDSL Configuration NT Configuration X21 Configuration

Set Domain

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Refer to Figure 4.
E

Refer to Figure 4.
D

Refer to Figure 4.
B

Eps

Management

Configure Switch

Protection Command T0 Configuration T4 Configuration SSU Config. Transmitted SSM Quality Configuration Frame Mode Configuration Remove Timing Reference Change T4 <> T5 Change 2MHz > 2Mbit Set T0 Equal T4 Remove T0 Equal T4 Show Timing Source

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Figure 10. Menu options flow chart 7

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Show External Input Points Show External Output Points Show All External Points


Synchronization External Points
Timing Source Configuration Display

Configuration

2.3 Advices on Navigation principles


Navigation rules are the same for all the NE using the same Craft Terminal Info Model. This general rules are described in the Basic Craft Terminal Operator Handbook. In this paragraphs are instead inserted menu options typical for every NEs involved in Navigation and example of Navigation. To reach a particular view of the NE there are several ways (navigation is also possible mixing the different ways): double click on the selected object select the object and use the Open object or Open in Window option of the View pull down menu use the Menu option tree structure. The View pull down menu permits to show the following menus: Equipment Transmission Synchronization External Points
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The menu structure permits to open the same window following several menu paths. EXAMPLE: to obtain the Create Cross Connection window: First navigation path: Open View Transmission pull down menu Open Transmission Cross Connection Cross Connection Management pull down menu Select Create option in the presented window Second navigation path: Open View Equipment pull down menu Double click on Board body Select the Board to access the Board view Open Board Port Access pull down menu Open Port Cross Connection Create Cross Connection pull down menu Third navigation path: Open Configuration Cross Connection Management pull down menu Select Create option in the presented window

The menu structure also permits to pass from a view menu to another (i.e. from port view toboard view or to transmission view) thus facilitating the operators activity. Depending on which object the mouse arrow is located, a related popup menu can be activated by means of the right button of the mouse; this menu is correspondent to the possible actions that can be done on the specific object of the view.
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Views Navigation The first level of the Equipment view representation will be displayed directly into the current window, immediately after the NE login. (See Figure 1. on page 18, Figure 2. on page 19 and Figure 3. on page 20). The Equipment view enables a fast navigation through all levels of the equipment hierarchy. Navigation is done from higher to lower levels. The NEs hierarchy is different organized according to the equipment type, as follow: 1660SM & 1650SMC: Subrack > board > port > TP The navigation through different levels of the NE hierarchy is performed by double clicking on the objects (see also para 9.1, pg. 109): the first level shows the subrack level of the Equipment view (see Figure 2. on page 19 and Figure 3. on page 20); by double clicking on a board body , the board level of the Equipment view can be reached. further, by double clicking on a port body contained in the board, the port level of the Equipment view can be reached. The port view displays the inner TPs. it is possible to go back to the upper level of representation by pressing the <ESC> key on the keyboard; It is also possible to: go back to the previous view, by selecting the Backward option from the views menu go to the next view, by selecting the Forward option from the view menu. Selecting in the first level of the Equipment view ( subrack level, see Figure 2. on page 19 and Figure 3. on page 20 ) the Show supporting equipment option from the Equipment menu, the Rack level view is presented. In the Rack Level view two subracks are presented: at the top the Equipment Subrack (example SR60M for 1660SM or SR50C for 1650SMC) at the bottom the Fans Subrack, named SRFAN. The Fans Subrack presence is managed with the Set option as for the boards of the Equipment Subrack (refer to paragraph 9.2 on page 116 for details)

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N.B.

Further, selecting in the Rack level view the Show supporting equipment option from the Equipment menu, the Equipment level view is presented.

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1640FOX: Rack > Subrack > board > port > TP. The navigation through different levels of the NE hierarchy is performed by double clicking on the objects (see also para 9.1, on page 109): the first level shows the Rack level of the Equipment view (see Figure 1. on page 18); two subracks are presented: at the top the Equipment Subrack SR40M at the bottom the AC/DC Rectifier Subrack, named SR40R
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by double clicking on a Subrack body, the relevant subrack level of the Equipment view can be reached. by double clicking on a board body, the board level of the Equipment view can be reached. further, by double clicking on a port body contained in the board, the port level of the Equipment view can be reached. The port view displays the inner TPs. it is possible to go back to the previous level of representation by pressing the <ESC> key on the keyboard; or: go back to the previous view, by selecting the Backward option from the Views menu go to the next view, by selecting the Forward option from the Views menu. Selecting, in the first level of the Rack view (rack level, see Figure 1. on page 18 ), the Show supporting equipment option from the Equipment menu, the Equipment level overview is presented.

N.B.

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3 NE MANAGEMENT SUPERVISION
This chapter is dedicated to the NE states and NE access.
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3.1 NE management states


The elementary building blocks of any telecommunication network are the Network Elements (NEs). Operating with the Craft Terminal the NE can present different management states according to the condition of the connection (supervision, local access, connection state, etc). Also general Alarm status are presented. Management states are present at Network Element Synthesis view level and at USMEML view level. All the information referred to the management states are inserted in the Basic Craft Terminal Operators Handbook. Any disruption in the communication link between the CT and the NE results in an update of the management states when the CT has detected the communication failure.

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3.2 NE supervision and login


The Network Element Synthesis views enable you to get access to the current NE EMLUSM view described in this handbook. The Network Element Synthesis views enable you to work on local or remote NE, selecting it and activating Supervision and Show Equipment, as described in the Basic Craft Terminal Operators Handbook. The EMLUSM Main view is presented as for the following figures.

Figure 11. 1640FOX: EMLUSM Main view.

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Figure 12. 1650SMC: EMLUSM Main view.

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Figure 13. 1660SM: EMLUSM Main view.

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4 NE MANAGEMENT GENERAL CONFIGURATION


In this chapter general configuration referred to the equipment management are described (Craft Terminal access, NE Time, Alarms configuration, etc).

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4.1 Access state (allow or inhibit NE Craft access)


The NE can be managed by the OS or by the Craft Terminal. To control the competition of the OS and the CT, a Local Access Control (LAC) is available. If the LAC is granted that means the CT is allowed to manage the NE. In the view the icon with a key symbol has a rectangular shape.

If the LAC is access denied that means the OS manages the NE and the CT is not allowed to modify NE configuration (it can only read). In the view the icon with a key symbol has a circular shape.

If the LAC is requested that means the CT has requested permission from the OS and is waiting for a replay. However the OS does continue to provide a certain number of services. These services includes: Reception and processing of alarms, Performance processing on TPs, Switching back to the OS access state.

The access state of an NE can be modified from two types of views: 4.1.1 Switching from the OS to the Craft Terminal access state Select the Supervision pull down menu. Then select the Requested option from the Access State cascading menu as shown in the following figure.

Figure 14. NE management: setting the access state. From the confirmation dialogue box that opens you can confirm or cancel the Craft access operation using the Yes or No push buttons. the request is up to the OS which accept or refuse it. If the OS doesnt answer in a predefined time it is assumed that the NE is in the Craft access state and can be managed from a Craft Terminal.

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4.1.2 Switching from the Craft Terminal access state back to the OS access state Select the Supervision pull down menu. Then select the OS... option from the Access State cascading menu in Figure 14. From the confirmation dialogue box that opens you can confirm or cancel the OS access operation. The NE is now managed by the OS. N.B. The key symbol icon on the management states of the NE view, indicates whether the NE is managed by a Craft Terminal or by the OS. Local Craft Terminal access is denied on recovery phase after a loss of communication of the NE. When communication is lost with the NE, the OS automatically recovers the communication and put the state that was set before the loss of communication (therefore the Craft Terminal access can be denied or granted).

N.B.

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4.2 NE Time management


The NE local time of a selected NE can be visualized and/or realigned on the OS time basis. In this view the OS indication identifies the Craft Terminal. The status of the Network Time Protocol can be checked Select the NE Time... option from the Configuration pull down menu.

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ISA Port Configuration

Figure 15. Consulting and/or setting the local NE time. The following dialogue box is opened from which you can get and/or set the local NE time and check the NTP Status.

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Figure 16. NE Time dialogue box.

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The following fields are available: NTP Status section (read only) with the following parameters: NTP protocol It can be enabled (in the NTP Server Configuration option at para 8.5 on page 92) or disabled or empty (greyed). NTP Main and NTP Spare It displays the status of the Main and Spare NTP: reachable or unreachable.
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Time section with the following data: NE Time and OS Time It displays (read only) the time of the Network Element and of the OS (Craft Terminal). Set NE Time With OS Time It permits to align the NE time with the time of the Craft Terminal.

Two different operative conditions can be defined:


NTP protocol enabled In this case, NTP Main and NTP Spare will be reachable or unreachable. When both are reachable the NE uses the Main. The Set NE Time With OS Time message is not operative and the user cannot set manually the NE Time. NTP protocol disabled In this case, the NTP Main and NTP Spare are empty (greyed); the Set NE Time With OS Time message is operative and the user can set manually the NE Time (i.e. change the NE time with the Time of the Craft Terminal).

If you do not want to set the NE local time, click on the Close push button to close the dialogue box. To realign the NE time on the OS time basis click in the Set NE Time With OS Time radio button and either click on the Apply push button to validate or on the Close push button to cancel and close the dialogue box. The OS time comes from the PC date configuration which corresponds to the legal GMT time. N.B. When the NTP is not present, the OS system realigns the time of all supervised NEs periodically and automatically with a configured periodicity. This periodicity is common for all the NEs. If you set the NE time, you will force the change, with an immediate effect on the NE. However it will not have any effect on the periodic and automatic mechanism.

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4.3 Alarm Configuration


The operations described in this chapter, mainly related to alarm setting, are:
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Alarm Severity Assignment Profile management, Allow/Inhibit alarm notification, Alarm resynchronization.

4.3.1 Procedure to modify an ASAP a) b) c) d) e) f) g) h) i) j) k) Select the TP (or the board/port/etc...) whose ASAP is to be changed from the menu click on Configuration > Alarms Severities... (see Figure 18. on page 54 ) select one of the user profiles (#10001 or #10002) and click on Modify (see Figure 19. on page 56) click on the Probable Cause Families associated to the alarm select the relevant alarm in the list of Probable Cause Name in the Service affecting/nonaffecting fields select the needed severity (critical/major/minor...) click on OK (see Figure 18. ) click on Close select the relevant TP and then Configuration > Set Alarms Severities... in the box that appears select the just modified ASAP (eventually check it by means of Detail) click on OK

For further details see paragraphs 4.3.2, 4.3.2.1, 4.3.2.2. 4.3.2 Alarm Severity Assignment Profile Management (ASAP) Managed entities yield alarms when they malfunction. This section deals with the configuration of ASAPs. An ASAP is a list of Alarm probable causes to which Severities Profiles are assigned, predefined or settable by the operator. Three important notions are: The Probable Cause of the alarm, The Severity of the alarm. The Alarm Type (communication alarm, equipment alarm).

4.3.2.1 Alarm Severities This option permits to configure and display the ASAP. Select the Alarm Severities... option from the Configuration pull down menu.

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The ASAP Management dialogue box is displayed.

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Figure 18. ASAPs Management dialogue box.

Figure 17. Configuring Alarm Severity Assignment Profile.

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The default presented profiles are:


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Profile All Alarms. With this profile all the alarms are enabled (only Sfwr Download Failure is not alarmed). This ASAP enables the emission of all alarms. Profile No Remote Alarmsshows the alarm criterion configuration defined for path alarms (only AIS and RDI and Sfwr Download Failure are not alarmed) This ASAP enables the emission of all: Communication Alarms (i.e. the AIS & RDI alarms are not alarmed) Equipment alarms Environmental Error Processing (i.e. Sfwr Download Failure is not alarmed)

Profile Primary alarms. With this profile the AIS, Battery Degraded, Sfwr Download Failure, SSF and RDI alarms are not alarmed. This ASAP enables the emission of all: Communication Alarms (i.e. the AIS, SSF & RDI alarms are not alarmed) Equipment alarms Environmental Error Processing (i.e. Sfwr Download Failure is not alarmed)

Profile No Alarms : (i.e. all alarms disabled). This ASAP inhibits the emission of any potential alarm. Profile 10001 can be set by the user. Each single alarm can be classified with a criterion selected by the operator. A default standard configuration is set (Battery Degraded, Battery Failure, Communication Subsystem Failure, Path Trace Mismatch are not alarmed). NOTE: if this profile is not already present in the list, it is necessary to create it, by using the dialog of Figure 18. , selecting one existing profile and then clicking on the Clone button. Another Profile #10002 can be created by the user, as explained for the #10001; the profile identifier is incremented automatically.

For ASAP 10001 and 10002 is then possible to choose Detail, Modify, Clone or Delete buttons. For ASAP No Alarms , Primary alarms, No Remote Alarms and All Alarms it is only possible to choose Detail, or Clone buttons. Clone selection can be used to create new ASAP. By selecting an ASAP and clicking on Detail, Modify, or Clone button, the following ASAP edition dialogue box is displayed.

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Figure 19. ASAP Edition dialogue box. The alarm severity assignment profile dialogue box displays a list of probable causes and a list of alarm severity. The Probable Cause Families check buttons allows to filter the probable causes that will appear in the Probable Cause Name list. NOTE: it is necessary to choose one or more of these filters to have the list. To find a particular probable cause, enter its name in the Search entry box at the bottom. ASAPs are already defined in the system with default values for the assigned severities. You can modify the severity associated with each probable cause. To do this, select the probable cause whose severity level you wish to modify. Then click on the option button: Service Affecting (not protected probable cause), and then Non Service Affecting (protected probable cause) and then Service Independent (dont used, it is not operative). For each the severity can be chosen from Critical, Major, Minor, Warning, Nonalarmed or Not used. A Nonalarmed probable cause corresponds to no alarm emitted for this probable cause. When selecting Details the assigned severity are only shown and it isnt possible to modify. When you have finished configuring ASAP, press the OK button to confirm the settings and close the dialogue box or the Cancel push button to cancel the new settings and close the dialogue box. When Clone an ASAP the created one is identified with next number (10002, ....). The max number of ASAP is six. N.B. The number of severities and the number of probable causes is fixed. The ASAP function only enables the modification of the severities assigned to the probable causes, it does not allow the addition, removal or modification of these severities and causes. To take into account a profile modification, it is mandatory to perform a resynchronization of the alarms (see para. 4.3.5 on page. 61). During this resynchronization, the severity of each alarm is updated. Otherwise, the severities are updated only when the modified or new alarms are emitted by the NE.

N.B.
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4.3.2.2 Set Alarm Severities This option permits to send (i.e. to provision) the chosen ASAP to the previously selected object (rack, subrack, board, port, TP). If the severity profile is to be changed, it must be done by means of the Modify option, as described in the previous paragraph (see procedure in paragraph 4.3.1, page 53). It permits also to check the currently operative ASAP used by the object. Select the Set Alarm Severities... option from the Configuration pull down menu as for Figure 17. on page 54. Note: the Set Alarm Severities option is accessible only if an object has been selected. The Set ASAP dialogue box is displayed (Figure 20. ). The List of ASAPs on the left side lists all available ASAPs (Alarm Severity Assignment Profiles). The ASAP currently operative on the object is highlighted. To choose an ASAP select a new one of the presented list. Clicking on Detail button, or doubleclicking on an ASAP, a dialogue box is displayed, as that in Figure 19. , page 56, which displays detailed information about this ASAP.

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Figure 20. Set ASAP dialogue box (example)

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Within the Apply to section on the right side, the user specifies the objects (TP or equipment) the ASAP selected in the List of ASAPs (new ASAP) should be applied to:
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Choose Scope Selected object only The new ASAP is only applied to the object currently selected in the view. This is the default if an object is selected in the view. Network element The new ASAP is applied to all objects of the NE matching the criteria specified in Choose Classes and Choose current ASAP. Since this application process takes some time, its progress is shown in the Section Execution Monitoring. This is the default if no object is selected in the view. Selected object and subordinates The new ASAP is applied to the selected object and those of its subordinates matching the criteria specified in Choose Classes and Choose current ASAP. Since this application process takes some time, its progress is shown in the Section Execution Monitoring. N.B. Due to system architecture, AU4 CTPs are no subordinates of MSTTPs. Therefore, if the AU4 CTP should be included as subordinate, select the related OSTTP (OpS) or ESTTP (ElS) as main object.

Choose Class(es) Enabled if one of the scopes Network element or Selected object and subordinates is selected. All classes Specific class(es) Select one or more object classes the new ASAP shall be applied to.

Choose current ASAP The new ASAP is only applied to objects which are currently assigned to this ASAP. Execution Monitoring Continuously shows the number of modified objects during the ASAP application process if one of the scopes Network element or Selected object and subordinates is chosen.

Press Ok to confirm the ASAP assignment and close the dialog. Press Close to close the dialog and discard any changes.

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4.3.3 Set SdhNE Alarms Severities Selecting the Set SdhNE Alarms Severities option from the Configuration pull down menu only the alarms at Equipment level are managed as reported in the table below. Table 1. SDH NE alarms

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1640FOX FF (not used) ABF (not used) SDH NEs managed alarms CFF BKF (not used) SHD

1650SMC FF ABF SHD

1660SM FF ABF BKF SHD

Note: for details information on SDH NE alarms refer to Section 4 NE MAINTENANCE.

Figure 21. Set SdhNE Alarms Severities If an object was selected in a view before opening this dialog, its ASAP is highlighted in the list. Using the Detail button or doubleclicking on a list item opens the ASAP Edition dialog which displays detailed information on this ASAP. Press Ok to confirm the ASAP assignment and close the dialog. Press Close to close the dialog and discard any changes.

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4.3.4 Allow/Inhibit Alarms Notifications The system provides the possibility to allow/inhibit the spontaneous incoming alarm notifications. l) To inhibit alarm notification, Select the Supervision pull down menu. You can then select the Inhibit Notifs option from the Alarms pull down menu as shown in the following figure.
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Figure 22. Inhibit alarm notification From the confirmation dialogue box that opens you can confirm or cancel the operation using the Ok or Cancel push buttons respectively. To inform the operator that alarms have been inhibited, the labels of the alarm panel are greyed out.

N.B.

Inhibiting the alarms notification means that they are not forwarded to the CT but alarms are still generated by the NE.

m ) To allow alarm notification Select the Supervision pull down menu. You can then select the Allow Notifs option from the Alarms pull down menu as shown in the following figure.

Figure 23. Allow alarm notifications From the confirmation dialogue box that opens you can confirm or cancel the operation using the Ok or Cancel push buttons respectively.
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4.3.5 Alarms resynchronization The system provides the possibility to recover alarms present on the NE and to update the current problem list of the NE. After this operation CT and NE current alarms are consistent. To resynchronize the alarms, select the Supervision pull down menu. You can then select the Resynchronize option from the Alarms pull down menu as shown in the following figure.

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Figure 24. Alarm resynchronization From the confirmation dialogue box that opens you can confirm or cancel the operation using the Ok or Cancel push buttons respectively. N.B. This functionality has to be used only if there is any perturbation. Never use this operation during a correct behavior.

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4.4 Restart NE
The restart operation is a software reset and can be executed in normal traffic conditions. The restart operation in any case activates the Commit (active) version. Select the Restart NE option from the Supervision cascading menu. The following dialogue box is opened.
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Figure 25. Restart NE confirmation Click on the OK push button to perform the restart NE. Click on the Cancel push button to abort the restart NE.

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5 SECURITY MANAGEMENT
In this chapter are inserted setting options referred to the SECurity management:
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5.1 Set Manager list


This option is referred to the SECurity management and allows the user to set the Manager list and the Access Control Domain of the NE. Select the Set Manager list option from the Supervision pull down menu. The dialogbox contains the following fields: Manager list: each connected manager to the NE is highlighted in the list. The user can set a manager clicking on the denomination. Several manager can be enabled contemporaneously, having in charge the NE. The Manager List contains the list of managers ( i.e. RM, SY, NPOS , EML) that work on the NE. The EMLUSM administrator (SH or Craft Terminal) should set the Manager List only to remove a manager in case of emergency (i.e. the Manager misses the NE connection). NE Domain field allow to select the domain among that displayed in the list, assigning it to the NE. The different domains could be assigned to different operators.

OK button is used to validate the selection. Cancel button close the dialog without changes of the data. Help button provides some useful information about the dialog.

Figure 26. Set Manager list


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5.2 Set ACD level


This option allows the user to select the level of the Access Control Domain. The ACD manage the concurrence of access among several different managers (i,e. RM and EML). This only acts on the functions that can be used by different manager. Select the Set ACD level option from the Configuration pull down menu. The dialogbox contains the following fields: Current ACD level Show the Access Control Domain level currently set. The Access Control Domain check level Permit to set one of two level checks. By the way, this is an operation that should be performed only during the EMLUSM installation phase: NE level, the ACD is performed on all the NEs No Check, the ACD is not managed The default value is NE level. If it is changed, it is necessary to restart the EMLUSM.
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OK button is used to validate the selection. Close button close the dialog without changes of the data.

Figure 27. Set ACD level

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6 EXTERNAL INPUT AND OUTPUT POINTS MANAGEMENT


This chapter describes how to display and set the input/output environmental alarm (housekeeping alarm),
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An external input point is an environmental alarm (also called housekeeping alarm). It corresponds to an external event which is monitored by the NE. Number of relays on the NE are dedicated to check modification of the environment as for example a fire, a flood ... An external output point is used to manage a NE contact (i.e relay) connected to detector. An external output point is independent from external input point. The operations that can be undertaken in this section are: Displaying external points, Expanding or reducing external points list, Configuring input and output external points.

Note: the max. number of External Points depends by the equipment type (1640FOX, 1650SMC, 1660SM) and board type were applicable ( example CONGI 3 Wire or CONGI 2 Wire boards equipped in 1650SMC and 1660SM); for details refer to the relevant Technical Handbook.

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6.1 Displaying external points


Select the External Points option from the Views pull down menu as shown in the following figure.
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Figure 28. Opening the external points view. After selecting this menu option the external points view is displayed into the current window instead of the current view.

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Figure 29. External points view (example) The external points view displays a list of all input and output points. The following information is given for each external point: the external point Type: Input or Output. the User Label: a userfriendly label associated to the configurable external point (see further the paragraph External points configuration). the External State: represents the alarm state. On when the alarm is raised, else Off. If the external point is active (On), a little red flag is represented near the status of the concerned point.

Only for the Output external point there is the following information:
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the Output criteria: if configurated, display the alarm event and the board affected associated to the Output point (see further the paragraph External points configuration).

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6.1.1 Expanding or reducing external points list. The external points view displays a complete list of the external points but it can also be restricted to the input or to the output points. To see either the input points, the output points or all the external points, select the appropriate option from the External Points pull down menu as shown in the following figure.

Figure 30. Expanding or reducing the external points list.

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6.2 External points configuration


The configuration operations available on external points are:
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user labels configuration external state. Can be set for output points (ON or OFF) Output criteria associated to the External output point

To configure an external point, click on the concerned row of Figure 29. on page 67 and then select the Configuration option from the External Points pull down menu as shown in the following figure.

Figure 31. Configuring external points. The following dialogue boxes are then opened, displaying information about the selected external point (Input or Output).

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Figure 32. External input point configuration dialogue box (example)

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Figure 33. External output point configuration dialogue box (MANUAL).

Figure 34. External output point configuration dialogue box (FLEXIBLE)

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Opening the dialog the current state of the selected External Point is shown. [1]
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External Input Point Configuration Type: In the field the name of the involved Input point is displayed (e.g. ExtP#8 in Figure 32. ) User Label: this field can be filled by the user with a Label that indicate the associated event that must be taken under check (for example presences of water or fire in the room where the Equipment is placed) External State: this field is set to off and cant be changed by the operator Probable Cause: this field is set to housekeeping and cant be changed by the operator

[2]

External Output Point Configuration Type: In the field the name of the involved Output point is displayed (e.g. ExtP#8 in Figure 33. ) User Label: this field can be filled by the user with a Label that indicate the alarm detected or the action that must be executed if a specific event occur (for example a Pump activation when water is present in the room where the equipment is placed) External State: can be set to on (alarm) or off (non alarm) only if Manual option has been selected in the Output Criteria field. Output Criteria can be configured as : Manual (forced). The output contact is set in a fixed way , not depending on a particular event. For example the output contact could be used to Manually activate a pump to drain water from the room where the equipment is placed ; in this case is also necessary to set the option On in the field External State. Flexible. It is possible to define from CT the couple event/CPO#, where the event is chosen between a set of Output Criteria (LOS, RDI and LOF) and specifies the STMN interface which the Output Criteria refers to by clicking on Choose button; subsequently the TP search dialog box will be opened.

When the configuration of the external point is completed, click on the OK push button to validate the choice and close the dialogue box. The Cancel push button cancels the configuration and closes the dialogue box.

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7 DIAGNOSIS MANAGEMENT
Alarms are always present on the operators workspace. The different types of alarms, their number and their severity level, are represented in all Equipment views (NE views, Board views and Port views). An icon representation is used, which change color when the relevant alarm is active. Thus, at all times, you know the number of alarms and their severity relating to the equipment. Access to the Alarm Surveillance to show the alarm condition is detailed in the following paragraph. Than is presented the abnormal condition list (as result of operators command such us loop, laser forced on etc.). At the end the Event log access is introduced. Information about the significance of equipment alarms and status is given in the Maintenance section of this handbook.

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7.1 Alarms surveillance


In this chapter is described the access to the Alarm Surveillance information of the NE. It is possible to show all the Alarms or filter the alarms report. Select the Diagnosis pull down menu. You can then select the following option from the Alarms pull down menu (see the following figure): NE Alarms: all the NE alarms are listed in the Alarm Surveillance report which is activated Object Alarms: only the alarms of the selected object are listed in the Alarm Surveillance report Subtrees Alarm: only the alarms of the selected object and of the relevant subtrees are listed in the Alarm Surveillance report Equipment Alarms: only the alarms of the equipment management are listed in the Alarm Surveillance report Transmission Alarms: only the alarms of the transmission management are listed in the Alarm Surveillance report External Points Alarms: only the alarms of the input external point management are listed in the Alarm Surveillance report

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Figure 35. Alarm Surveillance

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Selecting any of the previously seen options, the Alarm surveillance report is displayed as for the example of the following figure.
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This view shows first a synthesis of the NE alarms (Counter Summary) with the sum of all alarms, then a detailed list of alarms of the selected filter (Alarms Sublist).

Figure 36. Alarm Surveillance (example) Detailed information for each alarm is supplied. For example the board in which the alarm is detected, the status of the alarm, the alarm type, the probable cause. The information supplied help the operator, typically during troubleshooting operation, presented in next section of this handbook. (Maintenance section, where more details about alarms are given). Detailed description is given in the AS Operators Handbook.

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7.2 Abnormal Condition List


The abnormal condition provides the synthesis of NE not normal conditions listinig the events that contribute to abnormal condition. Select Diagnosis>Abnormal Condition List ( see Figure 37. on page 75). Figure 38. on page 75 is opened.

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Figure 37. Abnormal condition menu option

Figure 38. Example of abnormal condition list The abnormal condition are the following:
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Loopback ALS is disable and the laser is forced on or off Protection units (in case of EPS, SNCP and MSP ) are in lockout or in forced status Board (or subboard) is placed in a not configured slot 02 SC.3:NE MANAGEMENT 3AL 81412 AA AA 426 75 / 426

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Select an abnormal condition and click on OK to open the relative dialog window. Figure 39. on page 76 is opened.
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Figure 39. Example of loopback dialog window management The other abnormal condition types will open the corrisponding management window or will open the window to navigate towards the management window.

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7.3 Internal Link Monitor


The following description refers to the 1660SM equipment. The same description can be applied to 1640FOX and 1650SMC taking into account the following rules: MATRIX (present in 1660SM) equivalent board in 1640FOX and 1650SMC is called COMPACTADM. 1640FOX can be equipped with only one COMPACT ADM board (main)

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This function improves, at the user interface level, the diagnostic associated to the hardware failure. The presence of a failure on RX or TX side for the signal incoming/outgoing from/to the active MATRIX is detected. Internal Link Monitor displays a detailed localization of the link failure: a graphical representation of the status of the link among the active and standby MATRIX is shown. Select the Internal Link Monitor option of the Diagnosis menu. As shown in Figure 40. on page 78 the first page displays the link status for the main MATRIX, the second one concern the spare MATRIX. In detail, each page contains the following functional blocks and graphical objects: the tab of the page displays the user label of the MATRIX board; the left side of the page displays the block representing the MATRIX board; the right side of the page displays the list of blocks representing the equipped boards; each block displays a string contained the user label of the associated board; two arrows are displayed between the MATRIX block and each board block; the two arrows represent the link status in Rx and Tx side: a red arrow indicates a link failure a green arrow indicates a working link

the Refresh button allows to perform an explicit refresh of all the displayed information.

In order to indicate all the possible roots of the link failure, all boards that detect the link failure are represented by a red block in the page of the MATRIX main: a port board is represented by a red block if a link problem is detected in the NGI Rx from the active MATRIX; the MATRIX is represented by a red block if a link problem is detected in one of the NGI Tx from one of the possible port board.

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Figure 40. Internal Link Monitor (1660SM example)

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7.4 Log Browsing


From the Network Element context views, perform the following operations to have access to the Event Log file: In the Diagnosis pulldown menu, select the Log Browsing option. The following options are proposed:

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Figure 41. Log Browsing option in Network Element context view The proposed option: Select the Alarm Log option (Log Id # 1 ) to access the Event Log file. The Configuration and Log Browsing ELB Windows open, permitting to analyze all alarms stored in the NE. Refer to the ELB Operators Handbook Select the Event Log option (Log Id # 2 ) to access the Event Log file. The Configuration and Log Browsing ELB Windows open, permitting to analyze all events stored in the NE. Refer to the ELB Operators Handbook Software Trace Log option is reserved to Alcatel personnel only.

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7.5 Remote Inventory


This paragraph describes the access to the remote inventory of this NE. In the Remote Inventory are stored information of identification, construction data ect. The options used are: Upload Remote Inventory: store the Remote Inventory data in the Craft Terminal. View Remote Inventory: display the remote inventory data, previously stored in the Craft Terminal by means the upload remote inventory performed in the Supervision menu.

Remote Inventory option of the Equipment menu is instead presented in para. 9.6 on page 124. 7.5.1 Upload remote Inventory This command stores the Remote Inventory data in the Craft Terminal. Select the Upload Remote Inventory option of the Supervision pull down menu. The following confirmation dialog box is opened.

Figure 42. Remote Inventory confirmation request Clicking on OK after a while an information dialog box is presented.

Figure 43. Remote Inventory completed

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7.5.2 View Remote Inventory This command displays the remote inventory previously stored in the Craft Terminal by means the Upload remote inventory. Select the View Remote Inventory option of the Diagnosis pull down menu. The Remote inventory data appears as for the following figure.

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Figure 44. View Remote Inventory (example) Data is displayed in specific fields: Company It indicates the Companys (Alcatels branch) which designs the unit. Refer to Alcatel for the abbreviations meaning (four characters). Unit Type It indicates the units acronym Unit Part Number It indicates Alcatel or Factory products Part No.. The number indicated is that printed on the labels or on the units front coverplate. Software Part Number It indicates the id. of the units resident software


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CLEI Code It indicates the CLEI code according to Bellecore specs. TRISD325
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Manufacturing plant It indicates the Companys manufacturing plant id. within the company, producing the unit. Refer to Alcatel for the abbreviations meaning (four characters). Serial Number It indicates the products serial number as specified by the NR 130 Norm. Date identifier It indicates the meaning of the date that follow. It is a twodigit code supplying the following information: 00 01 02 03 04 date of construction at the time of final testing production order data construction date of the unit lot date product has been forwarded to customer customer order date

Date (YYMMDD) The identification of the date depends on the indications stated in the previous field. When only the year is displayed, the format must be YY

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8 COMMUNICATION AND ROUTING MANAGEMENT 8.1 Overview on Communication and Routing Domain
The purpose of the communication and routing domain is to define configuration parameters concerning the communication protocols for the local NE, the OS and each other related NE in order to provide a global communication capabilities inside the network. 8.1.1 OSI Protocol on QB3/Qecc A brief description of basic concepts and terms involved in the communication and routing domain follows. During the TMN design process, a network is partitioned into domains; each domain can consist of a collection of two types of nodes: nodes supporting a link state routing protocol ISIS; these nodes will be called adaptive routers; ISIS protocol floods the network with link state information in order to build a complete consistent picture of the network topology. Use of ISIS routing protocol in a TMN facilitates installation and operation due to the self learning capabilities of these protocols and automatic network reconfiguration in case of failure; moreover the use of these standardized routing protocols guarantees interoperability in a multivendor environment. nodes not supporting these protocols; these nodes will be called static routers;

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Networks partitions consisting of the former type of node will be called adaptive routing domains; networks partitions consisting of the later type of node will be called static routing domains. Moreover, a node which have to take routing decisions must became Intermediate Systems, all others can be made End Systems For the description of the following paragraphs use is made of Figure 45. on page 84. It is not a network planning example, it is only used to describe L1 ,L2, RAP and MESA. 8.1.1.1 OSI Partitioning into Routing Subdomains In order to reduce the overhead associated with distributed adaptive routing, it may be useful to divide a adaptive routing domain into smaller routing subdomains, called areas or level 1 subdomain. A level 1 subdomain should fulfill the following requirements: a level 1 subdomain should form a connected subnetwork; this subnetwork should have only a few links to the outside world, compared with the number of internal links; each node must belong to exactly one level 1 subdomain; each node which is connected to a foreign level 1 subdomain must become a level 2 intermediate system; level 1 intermediate systems know how to communicate only with IS in the same area; obviously, there must be at least one level 2 intermediate system per level 1 subdomain; Level 2 intermediate systems must form a connected network, because level 1 paths cannot be utilized for level 2 communication. This network will be called level 2 backbone.

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In the most simple case, all nodes within a level 1 subdomain share the same area address. In general it is allowed to have multiple synonymous area addresses within a level 1 subdomain even if the usage of this features should be checked with Alcatel engineers. The synonymous list is used to ease partitioning in the future. There is a basic rule, which must be followed by two neighboring level 1 intermediate systems within a subdomain: there must be at least one area address in common between their two synonymous list, otherwise they are not able to communicate with each other.

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8.1.2 OSI Partitioning into separate Routing Domains In certain situations it may be necessary to partition a given network into separate routing domains, where no routing information is exchanged between these domains. The major benefits of this partitioning are reduction of memory, processing and traffic overhead, because there is no exchange of routing information between the domains. Communication between separate routing domains must be achieved through the use of Reachable Address Prefixes (RAP). A Reachable Address Prefixes represents static routing information. It can only be associated with a link of a level 2 intermediate system, whereby this link crosses routing domain boundaries. A Reachable Address Prefixes is handled in the same way as information about a foreign level 1 subdomain within the own domain. The Reachable Address Prefixes indicates that any packet whose destination network address NSAP matches the prefix may be forwarded via the link with witch the prefix is associated. For example, consider network which is split into two separate routing domains: routing domain A resides in a level 1 subdomain with area address a routing domain B resides in a level 1 subdomain with area address b In order to enable the communication, the Reachable Address Prefixes in routing domain A must contain the area address b and the Reachable Address Prefixes in routing domain B must contain the area address a. On the other hand, within a given level 1 subdomain, there can be some NEs not supporting ISIS nor ESIS protocol (static routing). In such condition, the communication can be achieved through the use of Manual End System Adjacencies (MESA). A prerequisite for the use of manual end system adjacencies is that the area addresses of the connected nodes must be the same; as a consequence the nodes must belong to the same level 1 subdomain. Within a pure Alcatel network there is no need to use any kind of static routing. Therefore normally RAP and MESA shall never be used. AREA (subdomain) 1
L1

L1 L1 L1 L1

L1 L1 L1 L2

L1 L1 L1 L2 L1 L1

L1

L1 with MESA

L2

AREA (subdomain) 2

L2 L2 L1

L2 L1

= NE

with RAP L1

L1 with MESA

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Figure 45. Routing subdomain organization example

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= NE not supporting ISIS

L1

AREA (subdomain) 3

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8.1.3 IP over OSI tunneling for ISA board This feature is applicable to NEs equipped with ISA boards (excepted ETHERNET and PR board) It permits to create a tunnel over OSI systems, to communicate IP management messages through an OSI network; it encapsulates the SNMP messages of the TCP/IP protocol stack over the OSI stack, using CLNP,LAPD,ECC protocols, and an OSI address. In this way the message reaches its final destination without repeated IP decapsulation/encapsulation in the intermediate nodes. 8.1.4 OSI over IP tunneling on QB3 This feature is not applicable to 1640FOX

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This feature allows the Element Manager to reach the GNEs (and all the relevant NEs behind them) by using IP networking. This would permit to use an external DCN based on IP only. Hence, no OSI networking would be required on the external DCN. OSI over IP technique is used to meet the target. OSI packets leaving the SH are encapsulated into IP packets within the SH system itself. Hence, packets leaving the SH are IP packets, containing the original OSI packet. Once the packet get the NE through a pure IP network, the GNE has to strip off the IP encapsulation, extracting the OSI packet, and to route the OSI packet as it does today using a pure OSI networking. Hence, the internal networking of the SDH network (DCCs) is still based on OSI. No IP packets shall flow inside DCCs, because the GNE receives the IP packet containing the OSI packet, deletes the IP header, and forwards only the OSI packet on DCCs. The default OSI lower layers networking can be replaced by IP routing capability at the bottom of the QB3/QECC communication protocol suite; the choice is software switchable at NE level. The implementation adopts the RFC1006 standard to put the OSI upper layers on top of IP networking. The application goal is to offer the TCP/IP transport (i.e. Internet compatibility) in alternative to the full ISO/OSI communication protocols, in the complete DCN network or at least in a consistent portion of it. Figure 46. depicts the protocol architecture.

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Figure 46. OSI over IP tunneling on QB3

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8.2 Communication and routing views


To access select Comm/Routing option from the Configuration pull down menu as shown in the following figure. The Communication and Routing Views allows to perform the following operations: Local Configuration: OS Configuration: definition of the local NE addresses addressing of the main and spare OSs connected to the local NE

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NTP Server Configuration:addressing of the main and spare NTP servers connected to the local NE Interfaces Configuration subdivided in: LAPD Configuration: definition of the LAPD port parameters for each LAPD channel on the local NE definition of configuration parameters needed to manage a local NE which provides a LAN ethernet interface

Ethernet Configuration:

OSI Routing Configuration subdivided in: RAP Configuration: configuration of parameters necessary to the addressing of NE connected by Reachable Address Prefixes in a domain different from the one of the local NE. These information are stored in RAP table. configuration of parameters necessary to the addressing of non ISIS NE in the same domain as the one of local NE. These information are stored in MESA table.

MESA Configuration:

IP Configuration subdivided in: IP Static Routing Configuration: definition of Host/Network destination address for IP static routing definition of Open Shortest Path First address

OSPF area Configuration:

IP Address Config. of PointtoPoint interfaces: definition of the Equipment Controller IP address ISA board IP address: definition of the ISA board IP address

Tunneling Configuration subdivided in: OSI over IP: definition of destination IP address for OSI over IP tunneling. This feature is not applicable to 1640FOX definition of destination NSAP address and type of IP routing for IP over OSI tunneling

IP over OSI:

All the previously cited operation can be entered choosing the relevant option of the menu, as shown in the Figure 47. The options are described in next paragraphs.
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Figure 47. Comm/Routing options

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8.3 Local Configuration


Select the Configuration pull down menu. Select the Comm/Routing option and then from the cascading menu the Local Configuration option. The dialogbox opens (Figure 48. ) and allows to configure the local address of the NE. The following fields are present: a Local Address section contains the following graphical object: a Presentation Selector (P.Sel) identifies a presentation entity at the location identified by the NSAP Address. The presented value must not be modified. a Section Selector (S. Selector) identifies a section entity at the location identified by the NSAP Address. The presented value must not be modified. a Transport Selector (T. Sel) identifies a transport entity at the location identified by the NSAP Address. The presented value must not be modified. a Network Service Access Point (NSAP) Address identifies a location in the network. The first field of the NSAP address, AFI, determines the NSAP format. The AFI filed is 2 characters long (2 exadecimal digits) and, depending on the its value, the length of NSAP address is variable from 16 characters to 40 characters: the value of AFI 49 identifies the local format of variable length (from 16 characters to 40 characters). the value of AFI 39 identifies the ISODCC format of 40 characters long. the value of AFI 47 identifies the GOSIPV2 format of 40 characters long. Field after AFI: (optional: if not used must be allzero), area address and organization identifier. In all cases the last two fields of the NSAP address are: System Id: uniquely identifies a NE in an area and is 12 characters long It might be the equipment MAC Ethernet address, level 2, inserted in the NE (check the value in the para. 8.7 on page 96 ) or it might be selected by the operator. Network Selector: provides the distinction among users of the network service and is 2 characters long (value is 1d). In the view, the NSAP is managed as simple strings of characters without any preformatting because of the variable format: a first string of two characters that identifies the AFI field a second string of variable length that identifies the remaining NSAP address Synonymous Area Addresses section allows to have multiple synonymous area addresses within a level 1 subdomain. The compilation of the two network addresses is optional and if they are inserted, the last two fields, System Id and Network Selector, of the mandatory address and of the synonymous addresses must be the same. System Type section determines whether the local NE acts as a intermediate system level 1 or as a intermediate system level 2 or as a End System. Note that a level 2 intermediate system performs functions of a level 1 too. End System is not operative.

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Ok button is used to perform a configuration change of the data contained in the dialogbox and closes it; the dialog is visible until the end of the operations and a wait cursor is displayed. Cancel button close the dialog without changes of the data. Help button provides some useful information about the dialog.

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Figure 48. Local Configuration

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8.4 OS Configuration
Select the Configuration pull down menu. Select the Comm/Routing option and then from the cascading menu the OS Configuration option. The dialogbox opens (Figure 49. ) and allows to configure the addresses of the Main and Spare OSs connected to the local NE. The following fields are present: Main OS Address section contains the same graphical object of the Local Address Section in the Local Configuration dialogbox. Spare OS Address section contains the same graphical object of the Local Address Section in the Local Configuration dialogbox.

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Ok button is used to perform a configuration change of the data contained in the dialogbox and closes it; the dialog is visible until the end of the operations and a wait cursor is displayed. Cancel button close the dialog without changes of the data. Help button provides some useful information about the dialog.

Figure 49. OS Configuration

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8.5 NTP Server Configuration


Select the Configuration pull down menu. Select the Comm/Routing option and then from the cascading menu the NTP Server Configuration option. The dialogbox opens (Figure 50. ) and allows to configure the addresses of the Main and Spare NTP (Network Protocol synchronization Time) Servers connected to the local NE, used for time distribution in the network. The following fields are present: Enabling NTP Protocol section allows to enable or disable the NTP Protocol. Main NTP Server Address section contains the same graphical object of the Local Address Section in the Local Configuration dialogbox. Spare NTP Server Address section contains the same graphical object of the Local Address Section in the Local Configuration dialogbox.

If the NTP server is coincident with the OS (same hardware), the same NSAP address of the OS must be assigned. Ok button is used to perform a configuration change of the data contained in the dialogbox and closes it; the dialog is visible until the end of the operations and a wait cursor is displayed. Cancel button close the dialog without changes of the data. Help button provides some useful information about the dialog.

Figure 50. NTP Server Configuration

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8.6 LAPD Configuration


Select the Configuration pull down menu. Select the Comm/Routing>Interfaces Configuration option and then from the cascading menu the LAPD Configuration option. The LAPD Configuration dialog opens (see Figure 51. on page 94, this example has one LAPD Interface configured). It contains the following functional block and graphical objects: a section named LAPD Interfaces List that allows the user: to display the list of configured LAPD Interfaces using a graphical table; to change the role of the LAPD Interface selected in the LAPD Interface List; to delete the LAPD Interface selected in the LAPD Interface List; to create a new LAPD Interface.

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This section contains the following graphical objects: the number of LAPD interface displayed in the LAPD Interface List; the LAPD Interface List that lists all the configured LAPD Interfaces; for each LAPD Interfaces, the table displays: the user label of the TTP containing the configured LAPD Interface (MS/RS TTP); the LAPD role that contains one of the following value: User (one end of the link) Network (the other end of the link) Delete button that allows to delete the LAPD Interface selected in the LAPD table; Change Role button that allows to change the role (User or Network) of the LAPD Interface selected in the table (after selection the Figure 53. on page 95 is shown to confirm action required); Create button that allows to create a new LAPD Interface; this button starts a new dialog (see Figure 52. on page 95) named Create LAPD Interface; it is disabled when the maximum number of LAPD Interface has been configured. This Create LAPD Interface dialog contains the following functional blocks and graphical objects: a Choose button that allows the operator to select the superior TTP of the LAPD Interface to be created; this button starts the TP Search dialog; the TP Search dialog will be configured in order to display in the right tree only the allowed TTP of the LAPD Interface i.e. RSTTP or MSTTP; a section LAPD Role that allows to configure the role (User or Network) of the LAPD Interface to be created. This connection is a must to establish endtoend connection between two NEs: if one end is configured with User role, the other end connected must be configured with Network role.

a section named Search Criteria that allows the user to display only the LAPDs of the selected type in the LAPD Table; the section contains the following graphical objects: the field Interface Type that allows to select the type of the LAPDs to be displayed in the LAPD Table; the field will manage both ADM and WDM DCC type; the value Ignore will allow to display all the LAPD types; the Search button starts the search of the selected LAPD type; this buttons can be used to refresh the LAPD table too.

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The LAPD Interface List will be updated on reception of the Delete/Create/Change DCC CTP notification. If no LAPD Interface are configured in the equipment, the message No LAPD Interface will be displayed near LAPD Interface counter (that it is at zero).
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Figure 51. LAPD Configuration dialog (example) Close button close the dialog without changes of the data.

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8.7 Ethernet Configuration


This feature is not applicable to 1640FOX Select the Configuration pull down menu. Select the Comm/Routing > Interfaces Configuration option and then from the cascading menu the Ethernet Configuration option. The dialogbox opens (Figure 54. ) and allows to define the parameters needed to manage a NE which provides a LAN ethernet interface . The following fields and data are present: Ethernet Interface field allows to define or remove a Local Area Network Port for the access to the Data Communication Network. MAC Address section allows to display the address of the Network Element in the Ethernet LAN; it is a readonly field. OSI Section: L2 only Parameter field indicates if the port shall be used for level 2 traffic only, thus avoiding transmitting L1 packets. Note that the flag shall be set to No if some other nodes (NEs or OSs) of the same area of the relevant NE are connected to the Ethernet. One example is indicated in Figure 55. on page 97. L1 Default Metric is a not modifiable field , Priority field can be set ( default value for ethernet is 64) L2 Default Metric is a not modifiable field , Priority field can be set ( default value for ethernet is 64)
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IP Section section allows to define the node IP Address, IP Mask and the Routing IP Protocol used; If OSPF or Both options of Routing IP Protocol field are selected, also the Associated OSPF Area must be set.

Apply button performs a configuration change of the data. Close button close the dialog without changes of the data.

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Figure 55. Ethernet Configuration L2 only parameter

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8.8 Reachable Address Prefixes Configuration


Select the Configuration pull down menu. Select the Comm/Routing > OSI Routing Configuration option and then from the cascading menu the RAP Configuration option. The dialogbox opens (Figure 56. ) and allows to configure the Reachable Address Prefix table. Each element of the RAP table allows to link a LAPD port or a LAN port of the local NE to a separate domain; the separate domain is selected by the address Prefixes. If the addressed element is the OS, the LAN port will be used. The view simulates a real notebook; it allows the user to select the pages of the notebook using the pointing device (upper part of the figure); each page represents a particular element of the RAP table and the respective pointing device displays the element counter. In detail, each page contains the following data: Physical Interface button if the element is empty, displays the none value and allows to select a LAPD ports or a LAN port which will be used to reach the addressed area. if the element isnt empty, displays the selected port and allows to change it. Area Address Prefix section allows the user to address the separate domain. The Area Address Prefix represents a NSAP address without the fields System Id and Network Selector. MAC Address section allows to address the element of a domain to be reached the Ethernet LAN; the field is managed as a simple strings of 12 digit. Apply button is used to perform a configuration change of the data contained in the complete RAP table and close the view; the view is visible until the end of the operations and a wait cursor is displayed. New button is used to insert a new page. Delete button is used to delete the selected page. Close button close the dialog without changes of the data.

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Figure 56. RAP Configuration

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8.9 Manual ES Adjacencies table Configuration


Select the Configuration pull down menu. Select the Comm/Routing > OSI Routing Configuration option and then from the cascading menu the MESA Configuration option. The dialogbox opens (Figure 57. ) and allows to configure the Manual ES Adjacencies table. Each element of the MESA table allows to link a LAPD port or a LAN port of the local NE to a End System element; the ES element must be in the same area as the one of the local NE. If the addressed element is the OS, the LAN port will be used. The view simulates a real notebook; it allows the user to select the pages of the notebook using the pointing device (upper part of the figure); each page represents a particular element of the MESA table and the respective pointing device displays the element counter. In detail, each page contains the following data: Physical Interface button if the element is empty, displays the none value and allows to select a LAPD ports or a LAN port which will be used to reach the End System element. if the element isnt empty, displays the selected port and allows to change it. System Id section represents the System Id of the ES element. MAC Address section allows to address the element in the Ethernet LAN; the field is managed as a simple strings of 12 digit. Apply button is used to perform a configuration change of the data contained in the complete MESA table and close the view; the view is visible until the end of the operations and a wait cursor is displayed. New button is used to insert a new page. Delete button is used to delete the selected page. Close button close the dialog without changes of the data.

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Figure 57. MESA Configuration

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8.10 IP Configuration
The options listed in the menu Configuration > Comm/Routing > IP Configuration and also in Configuration > Comm/Routing > Tunneling Configuration are relevant to the configuration of messages communications for the management of ATM or PR_EA boards (ISA) inside the equipment and in the network. 8.10.1 IP routing configuration for ISA boards management In order to manage the ISA boards (excepted ETHERNET and PR boards) inserted into the equipment, the following operations are to be done: IP Address Configuration of PointtoPoint Interface (see para 8.13 page 103), defines the IP address for the EquipmentController (EC). This should be the first addressing operation routing configuration, by means of the options: IP Static Routing Configuration (see para 8.11 page 101), if using static routing OSPF Area Configuration (see para 8.12 page 102), if using the automatic OSPF routing ISA Board IP Address (see para. 8.14 page 104), it defines the IP address for the ISA boards; it is to be defined for every ISA board hosted by the equipment. NOTE: if the ISA boards are in EPS 1+1 configuration (not applicable to 1640FOX), they must have the same address) IP over OSI Tunneling (see para. 8.16 page 106), it defines the OSI address (NSAP) of the destination node to be reached (for instance the GNE connected to the TMN), when the ATM/IP management message passes through an SDH/OSI network; i.e. it is to be done for every SDHNE of the network, if equipped with ISA boards. NOTE: this addressing must be carried out at both end nodes of the tunnel, so that they can see each other. OSI over IP Tunneling (not applicable to 1640FOX), it defines the IP address of the destination node to be reached (for instance the IP router where the TMN is connected), when an OSI management message passes through an IP network. It is to be defined on a a Gateway Network Element (GNE) equipped with the QB3 interface, where the QB3 is connected to a LAN/IP network. NOTE: this addressing must be carried out at both end nodes of the tunnel, so that they can see each other.

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8.11 IP Static Routing Configuration


Select the Configuration pull down menu. Select the Comm/Routing>IP Configuration and then from the cascading menu, the IP Static Routing Configuration option. The dialogbox opens (Figure 58. ) and allows to configure the parameters for IP Static Routing Configuration. The following fields and data are present: [1] [2] Destination Host IP Address: allows to define the IP address necessary to reach a specific Host Destination Network: it is alternative to Destination Host IP Address; allows to define the IP Address and IP Mask to reach a network.

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[3] [4]

Default Gateway IP Address: allows to define the address of the next hop gateway CLNP (Connection Less Network Protocol): allows to use a predefine IP over OSI tunnel towards a gateway. The information in the field is automatically assigned after the execution of the option IP over OSI Tunneling (see para. 8.16 page 106). IP PointtoPoint Interface Id: allows to use point to point interfaces made available by EC Points from [3] to [5] are alternative

[5] N.B.

Apply button is used to perform a configuration change of the data contained in the complete table and close the view; the view is visible until the end of the operations and a wait cursor is displayed. New button is used to insert a new page. Delete button is used to delete the selected page. Close button close the dialog without changes of the data.

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Figure 58. IP Static Routing Configuration (example)

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8.12 OSPF Area Table Configuration


Select the Configuration pull down menu. Select the Comm/Routing>IP Configuration and then from the cascading menu, the OSPF Area Table Configuration option. The dialogbox opens (Figure 59. ) and allows to configure the parameters for OSPF (Open Shortest Path First) Area Table Configuration , i.e. it is used in an IP network in automatic, dynamic OSPF routing configuration. More area addresses may be set; in this case new pages are created by the system. The following fields and data are present: OSPF Area IP Address: it is the address of the area containing the equipment OSPF Area Range Mask

Both fields gives a synthetical information that includes all the addresses (specific to a NE and to a Network) in an Area. Apply button is used to perform a configuration change of the data contained in the complete RAP table and close the view; the view is visible until the end of the operations and a wait cursor is displayed. New button is used to insert a new page. Delete button is used to delete the selected page. Close button close the dialog without changes of the data.

Figure 59. OSPF Area Table Configuration (example)


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8.13 IP Address Configuration of PointtoPoint Interfaces


Select the Configuration pull down menu. Select the Comm/Routing>IP Configuration and then from the cascading menu, the IP Address Configuration of PointtoPoint Interfaces option. The dialogbox opens (Figure 60. ) and allows to set the Equipment Controller IP Address used to communicate with the ISA boards inserted into the equipment, and with the rest of the network. Ok button is used to perform a configuration change of the data contained in the dialogbox and closes it; the dialog is visible until the end of the operations and a wait cursor is displayed. Cancel button close the dialog without changes of the data.

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Figure 60. IP Address Configuration of PointtoPoint Interfaces (example)

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8.14 ISA board IP Address


Select an ISA board of the equipment and then the Configuration pull down menu. Select the Comm/Routing>IP Configuration and then from the cascading menu, the ISA Board IP Address option. The dialogbox opens (Figure 61. ) and allows to set the IP Address of the ISA Board that communicate with the Equipment Controller (EC). Ok button is used to perform a configuration change of the data contained in the dialogbox and closes it; the dialog is visible until the end of the operations and a wait cursor is displayed. Cancel button close the dialog without changes of the data.

Figure 61. ISA Board IP Address (example)

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8.15 OSI over IP


This feature is not applicable to 1640FOX
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Select the Configuration pull down menu. Select the Comm/Routing>Tunneling Configuration and then from the cascading menu, the OSI over IP option. The dialogbox opens (Figure 62. ) and allows to configure the Remote Destination IP Address of the Equipment Controller.

Figure 62. OSI over IP Tunneling configuration (example) Apply button is used to perform a configuration change of the data contained in the complete table and close the view; the view is visible until the end of the operations and a wait cursor is displayed. New button is used to insert a new page. Delete button is used to delete the selected page. Close button close the dialog without changes of the data.

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8.16 IP over OSI


Select the Configuration pull down menu. Select the Comm/Routing>Tunneling Configuration and then from the cascading menu, the IP over OSI option. The dialogbox opens (Figure 63. ) and allows to configure the Destination NSAP Address and the IP Routing Type; i.e. it permits the TMN to reach the ATM/IP boards inserted into the SDH/OSI network . More tunneling channels may be created, in these cases new pages are created by the system. The following fields are present: Destination NSAP Address:(OSI address of the NE ending the tunnel) a Network Service Access Point (NSAP) Address identifies a location in the network. The first field of the NSAP address, AFI, determines the NSAP format. The AFI filed is 2 characters long (2 exadecimal digits) and, depending on the its value, the length of NSAP address is variable from 16 characters to 40 characters: the value of AFI 49 identifies the local format of variable length (from 16 characters to 40 characters). the value of AFI 39 identifies the ISODCC format of 40 characters long. the value of AFI 47 identifies the GOSIPV2 format of 40 characters long. In all cases the last two fields of the NSAP address are: System Id: uniquely identifies a NE in an area and is 12 characters long It might be the equipment MAC Ethernet address, level 2, inserted in the NE (check the value in the para. 8.7 on page 96 ) or it might be selected by the operator. Network Selector: provides the distinction among users of the network service and is 2 characters long (value is 1d). In the view, the NSAP is managed as simple strings of characters without any preformatting because of the variable format: a first string of two characters that identifies the AFI field a second string of variable length that identifies the remaining NSAP address IP Routing:allows to choose the type of IP routing supported as follows; OSPF (Open Shortest Path First) , if the OSPF Area Configuration option has been used (see para 8.12 page 102) RIP (Routing Information Protocol) Both None, if the option IP Static Routing Configuration (see para 8.11 page 101) has been used If OSPF or Both options are selected, also the Associated OSPF Area must be set (it is to be chosen among the presented options); in this case the information field is automatically filled with the addresses set in the OSPF Area Configuration application. Apply button is used to perform a configuration change of the data contained in the complete table and close the view; the view is visible until the end of the operations and a wait cursor is displayed. New button is used to insert a new page. Delete button is used to delete the selected page. Close button close the dialog without changes of the data.
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Figure 63. IP over OSI Tunneling configuration (example)

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9 EQUIPMENT MANAGEMENT 9.1 Introduction and navigation


This section deals mainly with the setting and changing of the boards present on the Equipment and undertaking board protection operations. Using the menu options, select the Equipment option from the View pull down menu The first level of the Equipment Overview representation will be displayed directly into the current window (see the following figures).The Equipment Overview enables a fast navigation through all levels of the equipment hierarchy. Navigation is done from higher to lower levels. The NEs hierarchy is different organized according to the equipment type, as follow: 1660SM & 1650SMC: Subrack > board > port > TP The navigation through different levels of the NE hierarchy is performed by double clicking on the objects (see also para 9.1, pg. 109): the first level shows the subrack level of the Equipment view (see Figure 64. on page 111); by double clicking on a board body , the board level of the Equipment view can be reached (as described in chapter 10 on page 127). further, by double clicking on a port body contained in the board, the port level of the Equipment view can be reached (as described in chapter 11 on page 133). The port view displays the inner TPs. it is possible to go back to the upper level of representation by pressing the <ESC> key on the keyboard; It is also possible to: go back to the previous view, by selecting the Backward option from the views menu go to the next view, by selecting the Forward option from the view menu. Selecting in the first level of the Equipment view ( subrack level, see Figure 64. on page 111 ) the Show supporting equipment option from the Equipment menu, the Rack level view of Figure 65. is presented. In the Rack Level view two subracks are presented: at the top the Equipment Subrack (example SR60M for 1660SM or SR50C for 1650SMC) at the bottom the Fans Subrack, named SRFAN. The Fans Subrack presence is managed with the Set option as for the boards of the Equipment Subrack (refer to paragraph 9.2 on page 116 for details)

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N.B.

Further, selecting in the Rack level view the Show supporting equipment option from the Equipment menu, the Equipment level view of Figure 66. is presented.

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1640FOX: Rack > Subrack > board > port > TP. The navigation through different levels of the NE hierarchy is performed by double clicking on the objects (see also para 9.1, on page 109): the first level shows the Rack level of the Equipment view (see Figure 67. on page 113); two subracks are presented: at the top the Equipment Subrack SR40M at the bottom the AC/DC Rectifier Subrack, named SR40R
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by double clicking on a Subrack body, the relevant subrack level of the Equipment view can be reached (see Figure 68. on page 114). by double clicking on a board body, the board level of the Equipment view can be reached (as described in chapter 10 on page 127). further, by double clicking on a port body contained in the board, the port level of the Equipment view can be reached (as described in chapter 11 on page 133). The port view displays the inner TPs. it is possible to go back to the previous level of representation by pressing the <ESC> key on the keyboard; or: go back to the previous view, by selecting the Backward option from the Views menu go to the next view, by selecting the Forward option from the Views menu. Selecting, in the first level of the Rack view (rack level ), the Show supporting equipment option from the Equipment menu, the Equipment level overview is presented (see Figure 69. on page 114).

N.B.

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Figure 64. Equipment Overview 1650SMC and 1660SM Subrack level

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1660SM

1650SMC

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SR50C
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SRFAN

1650SMC without Fans Subrack

1650SMC with Fans Subrack

SR60M

SRFAN

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1660SM without Fans Subrack

1660SM with Fans Subrack

Figure 65. Equipment Overview 1650SMC and 1660SM Rack level

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Figure 67. Equipment Overview 1640FOXRack level

Figure 66. Equipment Overview 1650SMC and 1660SM Equipment level

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Figure 68. Equipment Overview 1640FOX Subrack level

Figure 69. Equipment Overview 1640FOX Equipment level

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The equipment management is achieved by using the options offered by the Equipment menu (see Figure 70. page 115).
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Alarms indications are present at every NE level. Details about these alarms indications are given in the Maintenance section. All the options offered by equipment menu are described in the next paragraphs. The main functions are the setting and changing of the boards on the Equipment. Boards administrative state settings, that decide about the in/out of service of the boards is also described.

Figure 70. Equipment menu (example) Equipment setting operation are defined according the following sequences: configuration of a new board Configure the board using the option Set change of board type Set out of service the board Configure the board using the option Set remove a board Set out of service the board Delete all the underlying traffic, connections, services, etc. concerning the board Remove the board.

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9.2 Set and change or remove board/subrack


The boards can be set, changed or removed using the menu options of the Equipment view. a) Setting or changing a board/subrack A new board/subrack may be created in either an empty slot or it may replace an existing Out of Service board/subrack (without the lock symbol). In fact, the Set option is available only after selecting an empty slot or an Outofservice board. Click on the empty slot in which a board/subrack has to be added, or on an existing Out of Service board in order to change it (see next para. 9.4 on page 122 for in /out of service info). The contour becomes highlighted to show that operations can be done on it. Select the the Set option of the Equipment pull down menu of Figure 70. on page 115. The following example of dialogue box containing a list of the different types of boards/subrack/ access card and modules is displayed.
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Figure 71. The list of different boards/subrack relative to an NE slot (examples)

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ACCESS CARD LIST

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Choose the board/subrack/access card type required, by clicking on the corresponding item in the list. The name of the board is highlighted. Click on the OK push button to validate the choice. Note: In case of 4xANY Modules it is also necessary to choose the type of user supported as shown in Figure 71. The board/subrack representation appears on the NE view in the slot when the board change is effective. A lock representation appears over the boards (inservice, see next para. 9.4 on page 122) In the Create/Modify dialogue box, the Cancel push button cancels the operation and closes the dialogue box. The Help push button opens a Help view giving information about the context.

b)

Removing a board/subrack/modules NOTE: the Remove action is not possible in the case that, on the considered board, is still existing any operation/connection/termination on the underlying supported signals, such as: Performance Monitoring on underlying TPs POM / TCT /TCM /SUT monitoring operations Lower order Connections Higher order Connections Lower/Higher order Path Terminations Loopbacks LAN/LAPD (and any comm/routing service) Auxiliary channels Timing Sources References Daughter boards, Submodules, etc. Thus the deletion of every operation/connection/termination is necessary, in the same order as above listed, before removing a board.

Click on the board/subrack to remove (Out of Service board/subrack, as for next para. 9.4 on page 122). The outline of the slot becomes highlighted. This indicates that the board is selected and that operations can be done on the slot. If the slot you are working on is already empty no name appears under the slot. Select the Remove option the Equipment pull down menu of Figure 70. on page 115. From the confirmation dialogue box that opens you can confirm or cancel the Remove operation.

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NOTE: The list of boards/subrack displayed during a Set operation is restricted to those which the equipment may accept in the selected slot. Therefore the list will vary depending on which slot has been selected. For details on the board/subrack identified by acronyms and NE physical composition please refers to the Technical Handbook.

c)

Modify a board NOTE: this procedure can be done to replace an existing unit with a similar one of different version, without previously remove it. In other words: it is possible when changing only the version of the board, not the type.

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Click on the optical module to replace. The outline of the slot becomes highlighted to show that operation can be done on it. Select the Modify option of the Equipment pull down menu of Figure 70. on page 115 . A dialog box containing a list of different types of optical module is displayed. Chose the optical module type required by clicking on the corresponding item in the list; the name of the module is highlighted. Click on OK push button to validate the choice. The board representation appears on the N.E. view in the slot when the board change is effective. A padlock representation appears over the board.

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9.3 Connect Fan to CONGI board


This feature is not applicable to 1640FOX This command enable the Fan Subrack alarms management by means of a connection to a CONGI board. The option menu is different according to the equipment type (1650SMC or 1660SM) as explained in the following table: Equipment Type 1650SMC 1660SM Connect Fan to CONGI#5 Connect Fan to CONGI#10 Connect Fan to CONGI#12 NOTE: even if available, this option must not be used! Options available
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Figure 72. shows an example of connection for 1660SM equipment; the description that follows can be apply also to 1650SMC taking into account that the option to be chosen is Connect Fan to CONGI#5. Select the CONGI board To enable this function select the option (Connect Fan to CONGI#10 ) of the Equipment menu

Figure 72. Connect FAN to CONGI


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It is possible to disable this function by selecting the relevant CONGI board and than choosing the Remove Fan connection from CONGI#10 option of the Equipment menu (refer to Figure 73. ).

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Figure 73. Remove FAN connection from CONGI

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9.4 Board administrative state


The operator decides to set a board in service or out of service, if it is allowed by the NE. N.B. In the equipment view, a lock representation appears over the boards which are in in service state. 9.4.1 Setting a board in service In the Subrack NE view, click on the board in order to select it. Select the Set in service option of the Equipment pull down menu of Figure 70. on page 115. A lock representation appears over the boards.
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9.4.2 Setting a board out of service In the Subrack NE view, click on the board in order to select it. Select the Set out of service option of the Equipment pull down menu of Figure 70. on page 115. Select the Ok push button in the confirmation window which appears. A lock representation disappears, substituted by the symbol 9.4.3 Consulting a Boards Administrative state The boards administrative (in service or out of service) state is indicated on the board view as shown in the following figure. over the boards..

Administrative State Information

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Figure 74. Consulting a boards administrative state (example)

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9.5 Software description


This function allows the operator to visualize information about the software(s) which is (are) present in the selected board. Click on a board in which the software is wanted to know (EQUICO or MATRIX unit for 1660SM, SYNTH unit for 1650SMC and 1640FOX). The outline of the slot becomes highlighted. This indicates that the board is selected and that operations can be done on the slot. Select the Software description option of the Equipment pull down menu of Figure 70. on page 115.

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The following window opens.

Figure 75. Software Description dialogue box (example) The dialogue box contains as many folder sheets as there are softwares in the selected board. If the selected board does not contain any software, the following information will be displayed:

Click on the Close push button to close the dialogue box.


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9.6 REMOTE INVENTORY


This command displays the remote inventory data present in the Subrack and Boards. Select the Remote Inventory option of the Equipment pull down menu. Two options are available (see the following figure): Subrack level: prints or write on a file the remote inventory data of the subrack. Board level: show the remote inventory data of the selected board

For the Board level a dialog similar to Figure 76. appear.

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Figure 76. Remote Inventory (example)

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The remote inventory data of the Subrack level can be printed on the default printer ( Figure 77. ) or to a file in postscript or ASCII format ( Figure 78. ).
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Figure 77. Select Printer N.B. If no printer is installed, there is no error message displayed to indicate this.

Figure 78. Select Output Format for file

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9.7 Show supporting equipment


Click on Show Supporting Equipment menu option of the Equipment menu to navigate to the equipment that supports the selected board. Figure 79. (example) opens.

Figure 79. Equipment Overview Subrack level (example)

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10 BOARD VIEW 10.1 Introduction


The Board View permits to show the physical port available in a specific board and to access the Port view. The Board view is reached selecting the Equipment option in the View pull down menu, then double clicking on the selected board to show the relevant Board view, presenting the ports. In case of board containing subboards, another view permits to see the contained item, named daughter or subboard (see example of Figure 80. ) An example of daughter with the presented port is in Figure 81. It is displayed after clicking on it. Alarms and Status indications referred to the board level are present at the bottom of the view, as indicated in the example (Administrative State and Board Alarms/Status). This information are In/Out of service of the board (Administrative State) and board alarms and status like missing (RUM) or mismatch (RUTM), EPS condition if supported and other indications typical of each unit . In the Maintenance section details on this indication are given.

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daughters

Administrative state Board Alarms/Status

Figure 80. Equipment view: select the SDH port on a board (example)
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Figure 81. Example of a Board View A port type is described with a board rectangular view and a port identification. The port identification is usually internal to the rectangular board (see Figure 82. some ports examples).

(SDH)

(ISA)

(PDH)

(GBit ETHERNET)

Figure 82. Examples of a Ports identification and relevant alarm synthesis The following information is available: type of port (name) state of port (alarm status synthesis) symbol of the port

The operator is provided with a representation of the port alarm synthesis on each port. The messages displayed at the top view provide port denomination. The messages displayed at the bottom provide information about Board alarms.
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A message under the mouse facility provides the name and the port type or the alarms name. A message appears in the message area in the bottom left corner of the view. By double clicking on a board view, it is also possible open the corresponding port view (see chapter 11 on page 133).

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10.2 Board View Menu


Selecting the Board option in the menu bar of Figure 81. on page 128 the complete pull down Board menu is presented (Figure 83. ): Port Access: Access the Port view. See para.10.2.1 on page 130 . Note: this option is accessible after the selection of a port contained in the view. Change the SPI or PPI object into PPI or SPI (and viceversa) on the bimode port( 140Mbit/s / STM1 switchable). See para. 10.2.2 on page 131. This feature is not applicable to 1640FOX Show supporting equipment: Navigate to the upper subrack level. See para.10.2.3 on page 132. ISA Port Configuration: It allows to configure the TPs for the ISA port connections. Note: this is available only if an ISA board has been equipped in the Subrack.

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Change Physical Interface:

Figure 83. Board menu options These options are described in next paragraphs.

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10.2.1 Port Access Click on Port Access option of the Board menu to access the Port View ( see chapter 11 on page 133). Navigation to the Port view permits to show a detailed alarm presentation of the port and to set the relevant configurations as for the example of the following figure. Note: on the ISA port the TPs are not automatically created (except for MAU TP) when the board is equipped in the subrack but they must be created with the aid of the Configuration >ISA port Configuration (refer to Chapter 20 on page 409).
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Figure 84. After Port Access selection (example)

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10.2.2 Change Physical Interface This feature is not applicable to 1640FOX


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This command allows to change the type of physical interface in a bimode port (140 Mbit/s / 155 Mbit/s switchable port) i.e it changes the SPI or PPI object into PPI or SPI. Select the Symbol of the port in the Board view. Click on Change Physical Interface menu option of the Board menu (see Figure 85. on page 131)

Figure 85. Change Physical Interface (example) The following dialog box is opened:

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Click on the OK push button to change the physical interface. Click on the Cancel push button to abort the change of the physical interface.

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10.2.3 Show Supporting equipment Click on Show Supporting Equipment menu option of the Board menu to navigate to the subrack that supports the selected port view. Figure 86. (example) opens.

Figure 86. Subrack level (example)

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11 PORT VIEW 11.1 Introduction


This section describes the operations necessary for the consultation, modification and configuration of each port. The Port View permits to set and show the transmission resources (i.e. the Termination Point, TP) referred to the specific Port; it permits to check the detailed alarms presented by each TP of the Port, and the available menu permits to configure the port, (many setting options listed in the port menu are common with the Transmission view). In these views are presented only the TP specific of the port. The menu differs according the port type (SDH, PDH, HOA, ISA port). The Port View can be accessed from the Equipment or Transmission Views. The Port view is reached selecting the Equipment option in the View pull down menu then double clicking on the presented rack/subrack to present the subrack view, as described in chapter 9 on page 109. Double clicking on the selected board the relevant Board view is available presenting the ports (see chapter 10 on page 127). By double clicking on a board view, the corresponding port view is opened (see Figure 87. ). The Port view is also reached selecting the Transmission option in the View pull down menu. Then the Add TP option of the Transmission menu permits to select and confirm a TP (see the description at para. 14.5 on page 203). On the transmission view which appears select the TP and on the Transmission menu select the Navigate to a port view option. The HOA port view can be reached from the Port view, selecting a Tp and then Port > Navigate to HOA port view. The ISA port (ATM, ETH, PR_EA) are not automatically created when the board is inserted in the subrack but must be created as explained in Chapter 20 on page 409. From the Port view It is possible to Navigate to Transmission view. The port types contain the following TP:
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SDH port: Electrical or Optical SPI TTP, RS TTP, MST TTP, prot TTP (MSP TTP), AU4 CTP, Trail Monitor (only with enabled POM) SONETport: Eelctrical or Optical SPI TTP, RST TTP, prot TTP (MSP), AU3 P. PDH port: PPI TTP, En CTP, VCn TTP HOA port: VC4 TTP, TUG3, TUG2, TU3, TU12, Trail Monitoring (only with enabled POM) ATM port: VC4C TTP, VC4 TTP, VC3 TTP, VC12 TTP, s31 TTP and E1 TTP PR_EA port: VC4 TTP, VC3 TTP and VC12 TTP Fast ETHERNET port: MAU, PTC, VC3XV, VC12XV, VC4 TTP, VC3 TTP and VC12 TTP Gigabit ETHERNET port: MAU, PTC, VC4XV, VC4 TTP, VC3 TTP and VC12 TTP

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Figure 87. Example of a Port View (example) On the port view, the messages displayed at the top view in the form of message boxes provide more information concerning the type and the alarms of the port. On the other hand the messages displayed at the bottom provide information about MSP protection and ALS state ( if they are supported ). A message under the mouse facility provides the name and the port type. A message appears in the message area in the bottom left corner of the view.

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11.2 Port View: elements on the TP


The symbols of the TPs (see Figure 88. ) have the following meaning:
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Alarm Icon Area The icon boxes represent alarms. The color of the boxes changes according to the alarm severity. TP Role The icon boxes represent the function: Adaptation, Termination or Compound Adaptation and Termination. Cross-connected state If the condition of the resource is cross-connected, an icon with a x appears beneath the box. Performance state If the condition of the resource is under performance monitoring, an icon with a P appears beneath the box. Loop state If the condition of the resource is under loop, an icon with a L appears beneath the box. Selected state An orange frame around the box identifies the TP selection, so port menu refers to the selected TP. Alarm icon area

G.783 TP Role (Termination) TP identifier

Crossconnected state

Selection indication TP under Performance monitoring

Figure 88. Termination TP box. Figure 89. is another example of TP with different G.783 function role. Alarm icon area

G.783 TP Role (Adaptation)

G.783 Functional block acronym


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Figure 89. G.783 Adaptation TP box.

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11.3 Port View Menu


Selecting the Port option in the menu bar of Figure 84. on page 130 the complete pull down Port menu is presented (Figure 90. ) The menu differs according the port type (SDH, PDH, HOA and ATM), and is introduced in the following: TP configuration: Set parameters for the Signal Label and Path Trace overhead on Synchronous TPs. See para 14.6 on page 210. Set B2 excessive BER and Signal Degraded parameter See para. 14.7 on page 217.

TP Threshold Configuration:

TP Frame Mode Configuration:

Set parameters for 2Mbit/s G.703/G.704 or ISDNPRA management See para 11.7 on page 157.

Set Retiming: AU4 Concatenation: Cross Connection: Monitoring Operations: Performance: Loopback: MSP

Enable/disable the retiming feature on the outgoing 2 Mbit/s signal. See paragraph 11.4 on page 11.4. Only for SDH ports views. See para 11.5 on page 140 Manage the connection of the paths. See para.15 on page 237 Set parameters for POM/SUT/TCTTCM TPs. See para.14.9 on page 219 See and Show Performance Monitoring parameters and data. See Chapter 17 on page 297. Manage the loopback commands, for commissioning or maintenance purposes. See para. 14.11 on page 225.

Manage the Multiplex Section Protection of the NE. See Chapter 13 on page 179. Physical Media: Manage the physical TP port setting. Not applicable to HOA port. It is described in the following paragraph. Show supporting board: Navigate to the upper board level It is described in this chapter, see para.11.8 on page 159 Navigate to Transmission view: permit to show a complete overview about the signal flow, opening all TPs. It is described in this chapter, see para.11.9 on page 160 Navigate to Monitor view: permit to show an overview about the monitoring operation (POM, SUT, TCT/TCM) TPs. It is described on paragraph 11.10 on page 161. Navigate to HOA port view: this option is available only on SDH ports; The HOA pot view display the internal structureof the payload.

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PDH port SDH Port

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ATM, GBIT EHTERNET port

Figure 90. Examples of port menu options (SDH, PDH and ATM/GBIT ETHERNET port)

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11.4 Set Retiming


The Retiming feature applies to the outgoing 2 Mbit/s and its purpose is to absorb the jitter /wander that is transferred to the PDH signal when SDH pointer justification occur. The feature is set individually per port. Select a 2Mbit/s port and zoom in to open the port view. When the Retiming feature is disable, the color of the state information at the bottom of the window is brown and the label Retiming State Disable is written. Select the Set Retiming>Enable option from the Port menu (see Figure 91. example)

Figure 91. Set Retiming enable (before) As result of this operation the state information color become green and the label Retiming State Enable is written (see Figure 92. example)

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Figure 92. Set Retiming enable (after)

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11.5 AU4 Concatenation


Select a STMN optical interface to configure as AU4 concatenation structure; refer to Table 2. Table 2. STMN port and AU4 concatenation supported by each equipment EQUIPMENT TYPE 1640FOX 1650SMC STMN interface supported STM4 STM4 STM4 1660SM STM16 AU4 concatenation supported AU44c AU44c AU44c AU416c
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Note: AU464c is not supported in current release.

Zoom in to open the board and then the port view menu. In the following a 1660SM has been choosed like example. Select the AU4 Concatenation option from the Port menu to open Figure 93. on page 141 (in this example a STM16 view is shown) The STM16 stream appears divided into different groups: not all AU4s can be chosen as first AU4 but only AU4#1, AU4#5, AU4#9, AU4#13 for AU4c. Therefore for concatenated action of four AU4s in one AU4c these AU4 streams are deleted and substituted by the new AU4c component. Select the supported concatenation Number =4 to visualize the available group/groups then select the group to concatenate and click on the Concatenate push button. Click on the Cancel key to exit and come back to the previous window.

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Figure 93. AU4 concatenate/deconcatenate commands The Concatenate button will be enabled and the Deconcatenate button will be disabled when is selected a non concatenated AU4, viceversa when is selected a concatenated AU4.

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Figure 94. Example of a concatenated AU4 transmission view The port view represented in Figure 94. shows an STM16 interface with four AU4 concatenated in one AU4c. The AU4c appears as a single icon that has the same size of the actual AU4 blocks. The AU4c streams support the Alarm synthesis, CrossConnection states and Performance Monitoring information as standard AU4 streams. To deconcatenate an AU4c select again the AU4 Concatenation option in the Port View menu and then select the AU4c to deconcatenate (see Figure 95. ). Click on the Deconcatenate push button to apply the command or on Cancel to exit.

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Figure 95. Example of a concatenated AU4c

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11.6 Physical Media option menu


The Port > Physical Media options permit to set physical configuration of each TP of the port.
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The Physical Media options are also accessible from the Transmission menu. It opens a menu which differs according to the port type: SDH port: ALS Management Show Optical Configuration Tx Quality Configuration:see para. 18.2.11 on page 356 Single Fiber Configuration LAPD Configuration: see para.8.6 on page 93. Ms Configuration

PDH port: Line Length Configuration. HDSL Configuration. Not operative NT G703/704 Configuration. Not operative NT X21 Configuration. Not operative

ETHERNET port: Remote Laser Management. Not operative ALS Management. Not operative Ethernet Port Configuration. Ethernet Mapping Protocol. ISA port Configuration. Refer to Chapter 20 on page 409. Control Path Activation.

These options are described in next paragraphs except the previously referenced.

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Figure 96. Physical media menu (SDH port example)

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11.6.1 Automatic Laser Shutdown Configuration The aim of this paragraph is to describe the optical port hence the laser sources. Automatic laser shutdown (ALS) is useful in case of a loss of communication between two NEs due to optical fiber breakdown. For safety reasons it may be necessary to shutdown the laser to enable the fixing of the communication link. The automatic laser shutdown function can only be configured from the optical ports of the equipment. Select the SPI block in the port view and then select the Port pull down menu. Select the Physical media option and then from the cascading menu the ALS Management option . The Automatic Laser Shutdown State dialogue box opens ( Figure 97. ).
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Figure 97. Automatic Laser Shutdown Management

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The dialogue box enables the ALS Management and the Restart parameters. The following actions are available:
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a)

Allow Automatic Laser Shutdown. To allow the automatic laser shutdown functionality, select the ALS Enabled option of the ALS Function: option button.

b)

Forcing the Laser to start or stop. When the laser is forced to ON or OFF, it is restarted or stopped and the Automatic Laser Shutdown is disabled, if it was not already so. 1) Force laser ON. To carry out a laser forced ON, select the Laser Forced ON option of the ALS Function then click on Apply and then or Close push button to close the dialogue. Force laser OFF. To carry out a laser forced OFF, select the Laser Forced OFF option of the ALS Function then click on Apply and then or Close push button to close the dialogue

2)

c)

Delete : this option deactivates the ALS function, returning to the state shown in Figure 98. on page 145. From this window it is only possible to create the ALS function (all the ALS commands are greyed).

Figure 98. Automatic Laser Shutdown Management (after ALS Function delete) d) Enabling or Disabling Automatic / Manual Laser Restart. To enable (disable) an automatic laser restart following an automatic laser shutdown (periodic restart), select the Enabled (Disabled) option of the ALS Auto Restart. The laser will be ON for 2 secs and OFF for 70 secs, in periodic mode. The same procedure is applicable for the ALS Manual restart : while the ALS auto Restart is disabled,the manual restart permits to perform a laser restart for a single time period.

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e)

Wait to restart time The Wait To Restart Time: field indicating the delay period in seconds, occurring before an automatic laser restart is launched (following an automatic shutdown). The restart time period for this equipment is fixed to 70 secs.

f)

ALS Manual restart (not operative in current release) When the ALS Manual Restart is Enable it is possible to enter two different commands: Manual or Test Restart. The Manual command immediately activates a single laser restart: this command overrides the wait to restart time. The Test restart is similar to the manual restart but the laser remains ON for a longer time in order to make a measurement of the received optical power.

When all the different parameters have been configured, select the Apply button to confirm the setting and close the dialogue box. Selecting only the Close button allows you to cancel the choices made.

Note that the ALS procedure is activated ( if enable ) only when the fiber has been interrupted and the ALS state has not to be confused with the laser state. ALS states (see example of Figure 99. ), displayed by the functional state message area of the optical port, are: ALS states: Inactive = No ALS has been activated (Off) or the laser has been Forced ON/OFF. In test = The laser restart has been automatically activated . Active = The ALS has been activated (On). Undefined = The ALS is not present (not created). Laser state: On = all OK or ALS not present (not created). Off = Laser off (when ALS is created). Forced on = ALS forced on by operator command. Forced off = ALS forced off by operator command.

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Figure 99. ALS and Laser current state (example)

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11.6.2 Show Optical Configuration This command permits to get detailed information on the optical characteristics of the port that is visualized. Firstly select an optical board and the SPI block, then click on Show Optical Configuration option from the Physical media pull down menu to visualize the parameters of the selected optical port. Figure 100. shows an example of the parameters of the selected interface. N.B. This dialogue box can only be read. You cannot write in the entry boxes.

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Figure 100. Visualizing a port optical parameters (example) The laser ports are identified by three major characteristics: STM Level: describes the input/output optical interface types: STM1 (1640FOX, 1650SMC, 1660SM) STM4 (1640FOX, 1650SMC, 1660SM) STM16 ( only on1660SM)

The wavelength of the laser source: the units are nanometers (nm = 109 m). The use of the port: describes whether the laser port is used for intraoffice transmissions on long distances (Long Haul ] 40 km) or for infraoffice transmissions on short distances (Short Haul ] 15 km).

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The Colored Interface Parameters section is not applicable in the current release To close the dialogue box click on the Cancel push button.

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11.6.3 Single Fiber Configuration The single fiber configuration can be realized with passive optical couplers (see Figure 101. ) The optical coupler must not loop the Tx signal onto the local Rx . For this purpose and in general to avoid a low Tx/Rx decoupling also when the optical line is interrupted, an identification label has been assigned to the local Tx side ; the Rx part in the remote receive side checks the congruency between the received and the expected labels. If a signal label mismatch is recognized on the received section, an alarm (AIS and RDI) will be generated. Example of Figure 101. shows that is accepted the label 1 from Tx1 to Rx2 while is accepted label 2 from Tx2 to Rx1.

Tx1 Label : 1 Tx1

Tx2 Label : 2 Tx2

Single bidir OPTICAL PASSIVE COUPLER Rx1 Rx1: accepted label=2 OPTICAL PASSIVE COUPLER Rx2 Rx2: accepted label=1

Figure 101. Bidirectional Transmission on a single fiber

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Select the Physical media Configuration option .


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option and then from the cascading menu the SDH Single Fiber

Figure 102. opens. The following fields have to be considered: Allow Single Fiber: select the transmit mode on the single fiber (enable or disable). Transmitted Section: Transmitted Media Byte assigned label to Tx (014). Transmitted Media Type overhead byte used for the communication: Media Dependent byte of Regeneration Section or S1 byte of Multiplex Section (the part not used for the SSM)

Received Section: Received label Expected label (014).

Figure 102. Single Fiber Configuration View

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11.6.4 Ms Configuration The Ms Configuration menu allows the SS bit provisioning for Multiplex Section Object (MSTTP) in SONET/SDH network interworking. Select the MSP TP. Click on Ms Configuration menu option of the Port> Physical Media menu. Figure 103. opens. This dialog allows to select between SDH or SONET networks. After the selection click on Apply and then on Close to close the dialog. Ms Forced AIS is not supported in the current release.

Figure 103. Ms Configuration

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11.6.5 Line Length Configuration This option is not effective on 1640FOX because this function is implemented by a manual switch located on the 1x45Mb/s module; refer to the 1640FOX technical handbook to set it. To manage the Line Length configuration click on Line Length Configuration menu option of the Physical Media menu. Figure 104. opens. This dialog allows to configure the line length for a PDH PPI TP of a 45 Mbit/s port. The OK button validate the configuration and close the dialog box. The Cancel button removes the dialog

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Figure 104. PDH Line Length Configuration View

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11.6.6 Ethernet Port Configuration To set the Fast Ethernet (10/100 Mbit/s) port parameters, select the Ethernet Port Configuration option of the Port > Physical Media menu as shown in Figure 105.

Figure 105. Ethernet Port Configuration options (fast ethernet example) Subsequently Figure 106. on page 152 will be opened.

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Figure 106. Ethernet Port Configuration menu

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For the Fast Ethernet (10/100 Mbit/s) port it is possible to choose between two Configuration Type: [1]
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Auto Negotiation : allows to configure the Rate to be negotiated (10 or 100 Mb/s). The Directionality (Full Duplex) and the Flow Control (Activated) are always enable and cant be changed. Manual: allows to force the Rate at 10 or 100 Mb/s . The Directionality is always Full Duplex.

[2]

Moreover It is possible to Restart the Auto Negotiation by depressing the relevant button; if parameters has been changed before pressing the Restart button , a question dialog is displayed (see Figure 107. on page 153) to advice that the user has changed data but not applied them.

Figure 107. Information dialog In read only mode there are indication if the Auto negotiation on remote side is activated (Remote Auto Negotiation) and what parameters are allowed on remote (Remote Allowed Parameters). In both cases is possible to check the the Auto negotiation Current State with the possible massage: completed OK completed KO configuring deactivated parallel Defect Fail other

At the bottom of the port view are displayed the following indications (refer to Figure 105. on page 152 and Figure 108. on page 154): the Interface Type: S1000 Base SX (only for Gigabit Ethernet board) S1000 Base LX (only for Gigabit Ethernet board) S1000CX (only for Gigabit Ethernet board) S100BaseTX S100BaseFX Unknown S10BaseT

the Bit Rate (only for fast ethernet board): 10 Mb/s 100 Mb/s

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Figure 108. Gigabit Ethernet port view (example)

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11.6.7 Ethernet Mapping Protocol Select a VC TP.


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Click on PortEthernet Mapping Protocol option of the Port> Physical Media menu. Figure 109. opens.

Figure 109. Ethernet Mapping Protocol (EXAMPLE) This dialog aims to show the actual Ethernet mapping protocol used and allowing the user to change it. In Figure 14 is depicted an example of this new view. The options available are the following: FAST ETHERNET boards: GFP null extension Header with FCS GFP null extension Header without FCS GFP for Packed concatenation extended

GIGABIT ETHERNET boards: GFP null extension Header with FCS GFP null extension Header without FCS

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11.6.8

Control Path Activation

Select a TP in the Ethernet port view window. Click on Control Path Activation option of the Port> Physical Media menu. A new window will be opened (Figure 110. is an example); a similar window is display when a new concatenated VCX is created in the ISA port configuration window (refer to paragraph 20.2.3 on page 414). This dialog aims to show the activation state of the virtualTPs present in the Ethernet Port View and to change the number of virtualTPs active. The Active state is reached by choosing the number of Virtual TPs to be active and click on the Apply button.

Figure 110. Control Path Activation (example on Fast Ethernet board) On the contrary to change in Idle the Active state of a TP decrease the Virtual TPs to be active field and then and click on the Apply button. Click on the Refresh button to uptade the changes.
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Click on Close button to close the Control Path Activation window.

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This dialog allows to modify the state of the Ethernet port virtualTPs, created as explained in Chapter 20 on page 409.

11.7 TP Frame Mode Configuration


This menu item enables the configuration of the most important transmission parameters concerning the Primary Rate Access (PRA) and G.703/G.704 frame management. PRA management The PRA functionality performs termination bidirectional function for Time Slot 0 on framed with CRC4 2 Mbit/s signal. In detail, it extracts in sink direction and writes in source direction particular bits (E, Sa5, Sa6 and A) of the Time Slot 0. Moreover, it generates substitution frames in case of detection of LOS on the signal coming from a Terminal Equipment. The PRA functionality has been extended in order to manage proprietary handling of the bits of Time Slot 0 (Framed with leased line PRA option) in terms of state, defect detection and consequent actions. G.703/G.704 management This functionality allows to activate the adaptation function to process a framed (G.704 interface) or not framed (G.703 interface) 2Mbit/s signal.

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This TP Frame Mode Configuration option is available for: P12CTP

Select the desired P12CTP and then the Port >TP Frame Mode Configuration option. TP Frame Mode Configuration can also be accessed from the Transmission and Synchronization view menu. The following dialog appears:

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Figure 111. TP Frame Mode Configuration

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The windows contains the following graphical objects: Framed Signal Mode that allows to configure the attribute framed Signal Mode; the user can choose one of the following value: Not Framed (G.703 interface): the PRA function cannot be activated ; Framed without PRA (G.704): the behavior according to ETS 300233 is applied in the handling of bits of Time Slot 0 in terms of state, defect detection and consequent action; Framed with PRA : PRA function are activated Framed with leased line PRA : a proprietary leased line behavior is applied.

CRC4 Status that defines the monitoring capabilities applied to the signal with a CRC multiframe: Operation: allows to configure the CRC4 processing modalities; the possible value are: Disabled that disables the CRC4 Forced that configures CRC4 with consequent actions Automatic that triggers the CRC4 algorithm in order to allow interworking of pieces of equipment with and without a CRC4 capability.

Monitoring Enabling: enable or disable the CRC4 error counting Remote Indication: readonly field that indicates if status of CRC4 error counting functionality of farend NE is enabled or disabled.

Loss of Synch Consequent Action allows to perform the consequent action on the transmitted 2M/s signal with retiming when the CRU is in Holdover or Freerunning mode; the consequent action is performed only if PRA or leased line application ha been configured on the associated P12CTP. Frame Status is a readonly field that reports an indication of the received signal: no indication the 2Mb/s signal is multiframe

Press Ok to apply the parameters or Cancel to close the dialog.

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11.8 Show Supporting Board


Select a TP.
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Click on Show Supporting Board menu option of the Port menu to navigate to the board that supports the selected port view. Figure 112. (example) opens.

Figure 112. Board View Example.

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11.9 Navigate to Transmission View


Select a TP. Click on Navigate to Transmission View menu option of the Port menu to navigate to the corresponding Transmission View that is related to the selected TP. Navigation to the Transmission view permits to show a complete overview about the signal flow as for the example of the following figure..
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Figure 113. After Navigate to Transmission view selection (example)

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11.10 Navigate to Monitoring View


Select a TP where are configurated some Monitoring Operations (POM, SUT, TC).
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Click on Navigate to Monitoring View menu option of the Port menu to navigate to the corresponding Monitoring View that is related to the selected TP. Navigation to the Monitoring view permits to show a complete overview about the Monitoring Operations (POM, SUT, TC) as for the example of the following figure. In Figure 114. on page 161 is shown an example of Monitoring View of a TP with POM and TCM both before and after matrix.

Figure 114. View of Monitoring Operations (example)


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11.10.1 Navigate to HOA Port View After having selected a Tp (for example AU4), click on Port > Navigate to HOA Port View option. The HOA port displays the internal structure of the payload, as for the following figure:
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Figure 115. Navigate to HOA Port

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12 EQUIPMENT PROTECTION MANAGEMENT (EPS)


This function is not applicable to 1640FOX ; the descriptions reported in this chapter is intended only for 1650SMC and 1660SM.

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12.1 Introduction
It is unthinkable to launch a telecommunications system, handling millions of communications, without the possibility of replacing equipment in a real time way, consequent to equipment failure. Everything must be done so that the communications can continue smoothly and so that the equipment failure remains transparent to the users. Protection management deals with this aspect of the EMLUSM. The protection is performed by switching the board supporting the protected service when this board fails to a protecting board capable of supporting the same service. This protection is realized according to a protection scheme. An equipment protection scheme is composed of the following parameters which can be configured: Group type: 1+1 or 1+n the group type specifies if one or more unreliable resources for protection can be assigned to one or more reliables resources. 1+1 group type means that a working element is protected by one protecting unit. 1+n group type means that n working elements are protected by only one protecting unit. Protection priority: A priority can be assigned to protected units in 1+n protection schemes. This priority can be be 1, 2, ... or n, 1 being the highest priority. Configuration type: revertive or non revertive In revertive mode, a protected service will be switched back to its protected element when it has recovered from its failure. In non revertive mode, the switch to the protecting element is maintained even after a recovery from failure. Protection wait to restore time: Used when revertive mode is active, the protection wait to restore time prevents several protection switches due to an intermittent failure. A protected element must be fault free during this fixed period of time before a protected service is switched back to it.

Board duplication remains the easiest way to ensure equipment protection in a system. The actions that can be undertaken are of the following type: Consult and modify an Equipment Protection Scheme (EPS), Force Switch EPS,

In Board view, the board whose contents is represented is considered as implicitly selected. EPS protection states are displayed by the functional state message area of the boards involved in an equipment protection scheme.

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12.2 Management: consulting and modifying EPS


In order to consult EPS, perform the following operations: The Port view is reached selecting the Equipment option in the View pull down menu to present the subrack view, as described at chapter 9.1 on page 109. Select the Equipment option in the View pull down menu. Select the EPS pull down menu. Then select the Management... option as show in the following figure.
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Figure 116. Consulting EPS The following dialogue box is opened.

r01sr1/board#40 r01sr1/board#23 r01sr1/board#32 r01sr1/board#27

Figure 117. EPS Management dialogue box (example) The EPS Management dialogue box shows the current NE protection schemes in the left side. The list gives for each protecting board the protected board(s). The available protection schemes are coherent with the NE type and release. The right side of the dialogue box allows to modify the EPS configuration.
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The current release of this NEs fix the following protection:


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1660SM EQUIPMENT: N+1 (with N 6)P63E1 or P63E1N protection board of slot MAIN (protected): P63E1 or P63E1N, slots 242730333639 board of slot SPARE (protecting): P63E1 or P63E1N, slot 32

N+1 (with N 15) P3E3/T3 protection board of slot MAIN (protected): P3E3/T3, from slot 25 to 39 board of slot SPARE (protecting): P3E3/T3, from slot 24 to 38

N+1 (with N 15) P4ES1N protection board of slot MAIN (protected): P4ES1N, from slot 25 to 39 board of slot SPARE (protecting): P4ES1N, from slot 24 to 38 For P3E3/T3 and P4ES1N more than one protection group N+1 revertive can be created, depending on the equipment configuration. The spare board position can be assigned in a flexible way .The only constraint are the following: the access card corresponding to the protecting board must be an HPROT card the HPROT card has to be plugged at the left side of the access card group the main/spare boards have to be adjacent. the protecting board has to be plugged at the left side of the protected group of boards the protecting/protected group of ports have to be of the same type

N.B.

1+1 ATM MATRIX 4x4 protection The ATM MATRIX board can be protected in 1+1 equipment protection scheme. In this configuration the ATM MATRIX and all indirect interfaces connected to it are protected against ATM module failure. This does not apply to the local STM1 interface so the traffic on it is lost. A maximum of two protection group 1+1 not revertive can be created. The spare card position can be assigned in a flexible way; no restriction for position of main and spare ATM MATRIX are present. 1+1 ATM MATRIX 8x8 protection The ATM MATRIX board can be protected in 1+1 equipment protection scheme. In this configuration the ATM MATRIX and all indirect interfaces connected to it are protected against ATM module failure. A maximum of two protection group 1+1 not revertive can be created. The spare card position can be assigned in a flexible way; no restriction for position of main and spare ATM MATRIX are present. 1+1 ISA PR_EA (PREA4ETH, PREA1GBE) protection The ISA PR_EA boards can be protected in 1+1 equipment protection scheme. In this configuration the ISA PR_EA and all indirect interfaces connected to it are protected against module failure. This does not apply to the local interface so the traffic on it is lost. A maximum of two protection group 1+1 not revertive can be created. The spare card position can be assigned in a flexible way; no restriction for position of main and spare ISA PR_EA are present.

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1+1 MATRIX protection board of slot 23, MATRIX main (protected) board of slot 40, MATRIX spare (protecting) for each type of failure on the MATRIX main board ( CRU, Shelf Controller) a switch is performed to the spare boards. The MATRIX protection is automatically presented in the left side of the dialog box when the SPARE MATRIX is created in the Set option of the Equipment menu. It is not created with the EPS menu described in this chapter.

N.B.

1650SMC EQUIPMENT: N+1 (with N=1) P63E1 or P63E1N protection board of slot 6, 63 x 2 Mbit/s (P63E1 or P63E1N) main (protected) board of slot 7, 63 x 2 Mbit/s (P63E1 or P63E1N) spare (protecting)

N+1 (with N 2) P3E3/T3 protection board of slot MAIN (protected): P3E3/T3, from slot 7 to 8 board of slot SPARE (protecting): P3E3/T3, from slot 6 to 7

N+1 (with N 2) P4ES1N protection board of slot MAIN (protected): P4ES1N, from slot 7 to 8 board of slot SPARE (protecting): P4ES1N, from slot 6 to 7 For P3E3/T3 and P4ES1N only one protection group N+1 revertive can be created, depending on the equipment configuration. The spare board position can be assigned in a flexible way .The only constraint are the following: the access card corresponding to the protecting board must be an HPROT card the HPROT card has to be plugged at the left side of the access card group the main/spare boards have to be adjacent. the protecting board has to be plugged at the left side of the protected group of boards the protecting/protected group of ports have to be of the same type

N.B.

1+1 ATM MATRIX 4x4 protection The ATM MATRIX board can be protected in 1+1 equipment protection scheme. In this configuration the ATM MATRIX and all indirect interfaces connected to it are protected against ATM module failure. This does not apply to the local STM1 interface so the traffic on it is lost. A maximum of one protection group 1+1 not revertive can be created. The spare card position can be assigned in a flexible way; no restriction for position of main and spare ATM MATRIX are present. 1+1 ISA PR_EA (PREA4ETH, PREA1GBE) protection The ISA PR_EA boards can be protected in 1+1 equipment protection scheme. In this configuration the ISA PR_EA and all indirect interfaces connected to it are protected against module failure. This does not apply to the local interface so the traffic on it is lost. A maximum of one protection group 1+1 not revertive can be created. The spare card position can be assigned in a flexible way; no restriction for position of main and spare ISA PR_EA are present.

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1+1 COMPACT ADM (SYNTH1N or/and SYNTH4) protection N.B. In the following will be explained some rules for EPS schema configuration using SYNTH1N board; the same rules can be applied to SYNTH4 board. Mixed configuration are also allowed (i.e. EPS schema composed by SYNTH1N and SYNTH4). board of slot 9, COMPACT ADM1 (SYNTH1N) main (protected) board of slot 10, COMPACT ADM1 (SYNTH1N) spare (protecting) for each type of failure on the COMPACT ADM main board (matrix, CRU, Shelf Controller) a switch is performed to the spare boards. The optical/electrical port and the Equipment Controller function on the COMPACT ADM board are not EPS protected. The SYNTH1N/SYNTH4 protection is automatically presented in the left side of the dialog box when the SPARE SYNTH1N/SYNTH4 is created in the Set option of the Equipment menu. It is not created with the EPS menu described in this chapter.

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N.B.

This right side of Figure 117. is divided into two parts. The upper part provides a message field with the name of the Protecting board and a choose button to display the list of boards available. The lower part provides a list to display the Protected boards currently in the displayed scheme. A choose button is provided to display the list of boards which could be added as protected. A delete button enables user to remove a protected board from a scheme. a) Scheme displaying

To display a specific scheme, user selects an item on the left list. This operation fills the protecting element text field and the protected list with the board user name. If user clicks where there is no item displayed, the right part is displayed empty. The Cancel push button closes the dialog box. b) Scheme creation

To create a new protection scheme,dont click on item in the left list. In this way the right part is displayed empty and the Choose Protecting button is sensitive. Press this button to displays a window to choose a board in the Board Selection list (see Figure 118. on page 168). The board are listed opening the NE>rack>subrack levels. After that operation, Choose Protecting button becomes insensitive and Choose Protected becomes sensitive (see Figure 119. on page 168) The user can add, always using the same Board Selection list dialogue box presented, as many protected boards as wanted (max.15 in 1660SM, max. 2 in 1650SMC). When the right part of window is correctly filled, the OK button close the dialog box and create the scheme (the new list is update reopening the EPS Management dialogue box). The Cancel push button cancels the creation and closes the dialog box. c)
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Scheme deletion

To delete an existing protection scheme, the user selects a scheme in the left list. Using the Delete button, user could delete the scheme. d) Scheme modification 02 SC.3:NE MANAGEMENT 3AL 81412 AA AA 426 167 / 426

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Figure 118. EPS: board selection (example)

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Figure 119. EPS: choose protected (example)

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To modify an existing protection scheme by adding or removing protection units, the user selects a scheme in the left list. Using Choose button for protected elements, user could add protected boards. By selecting a protected board and using the Delete Protected button, user could remove protected elements from scheme. When the right part of window is correctly filled, the OK button close the dialog box and modify the scheme. The Cancel push button cancels the creation and closes the dialog box.

The EPS functional state of a board selected in the board view is displayed at the bottom of the view as shown in the following figures.
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Protection role

Protection status

Switch Type

Figure 120. EPS functional state from protected active board view

Figure 121. EPS functional state from protecting active board view

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12.3 Configuration: revertive and WTR for EPS


This functionality configure Revertive and Wait Time to Restore in a protection scheme. In order to configure, perform the following operations: Select a transmission board in the Equipment view. Select the EPS pull down menu. Then select the Configure option as show in the following figure.
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Figure 122. Configure EPS The following dialogue box is opened.

Figure 123. EPS Management dialogue box (example)


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The dialog box provides configuration for elements such as : the name of the protecting element as a label the Equipment Type (board) of the protecting element as a label a list displaying the protected elements owned by the scheme the Revertive Mode flag as an option menu. The available values are revertive and non revertive the wait time to restore time value (steps of 30 seconds, from 60 to 600). Only for N+1 EPS. Notes: in the current release the Wait Time to Restore is fixed to 5 minutes.

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The following protection mode are supported : 1660SM EQUIPMENT: 1+1 ATM MATRIX 4x4 is Not Revertive only 1+1 ATM MATRIX 8x8 is Not Revertive only 1+1 PR_EA is Not Revertive only 1+1 MATRIX is Not Revertive only N+1 63 x 2 Mbit/s (P63E1 or P63E1N) protection is Revertive N+1 3x34/45 Mbit/s (P3E3/T3) protection is Revertive N+1 4x STM1 ELECTRICAL port (P4ES1N) protection is Revertive

1650SMC EQUIPMENT: 1+1 ATM MATRIX 4x4 is Not Revertive only 1+1 PR_EA is Not Revertive only 1+1 COMPACT ADM (SYNTH1,SYNTH1N or SYNTH4) is Not Revertive only N+1 63 x 2 Mbit/s ( P63E1 or P63E1N) protection is Revertive N+1 3 x 34/45 Mbit/s (P3E3/T3) protection is Revertive N+1 4 x STM1 Electrical (P4ES1N) protection is Revertive

When the configuration of the equipment protection scheme is completed confirm closing the dialog box by clicking on the OK push button. The Cancel push button cancels the configuration and closes the dialog box.

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12.4 Switching EPS


This functionality enables to force a protecting board to work even if there is not failure. The forced switch will fail if the other board is already forced switched or if the protecting board has a failure condition. In order to switch an EPS, perform the following operations: Select a transmission board in the Equipment view. Select the EPS pull down menu. Then select the Switch option as show in the following figure.
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Figure 124. Switching EPS The following dialogue box is opened.

Figure 125. EPS Switch dialogue box (example) This dialogue box displays in its left part the EPS of the selected board. From this dialogue box the operator can configure, in the current release, only the Lockout options, by clicking on the relevant radio button. The Manual to command perform the manual switch, active only if the other board is not alarmed.
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Clicking on the OK push button will initiate the switch and close the dialogue box. The Cancel push button cancels the operation and closes the dialogue box.

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12.5 EPS Overview


EPS Overview allows to display as well as search for EPS states.
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Selecting the EPS Overview option from the Configuration pull down menu Figure 126. opens

Figure 126. EPS overview To Search the EPS groups two different ways of filtering are supported; a filtering for all protection units located on a dedicated Board Type as well as a filtering for protection units carrying a specific Status. The search criteria can be chosen with the help of a combo box: Board Type: allows to filter for the EPS protected boards (example Ignore, SYNTH1N, MATRIXN, P3E3/T3, etc. ) Status: allows to filter for all possible EPS protection states;the following filters values should be offered (examples): Ignore Normal DNR AutoFail AutoWTR Manual Force Lockout

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After the filter selection click on Search button to start; the field below the Search button will be updated (see Figure 127. )

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Figure 127. EPS overview after Search (Example)

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Each protection unit is presented with the following information:


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Protection Group (example protection GroupId, 40) Board Id (example r01sr1/board#40 ) Board Role: Ped Ping (Protected) (Protecting)

B Status (board status): A S F (Active) (StandBy) (Faulty)

Protection Status: defines the current state of the protection unit as follow Normal DNR AutoFail AutoWTR Manual Force Lockout

(Do Not Revert) (Autoswitch Equipment Fail) (Autoswitch Wait Time to Restore) (Manual switch) (Force switch)

The colors used for each row have the following meaning: Green (OK): Red (Critical): for protected protection units active for protected protection units in fail condition, protection unit in lockout or active on autoswitch or commands for protected units in standby after a command and protecting protection unit in standby for autoswitch or commands for protecting protection unit active and no fail condition present in the schema (Do Not Revert State)

Orange (Major):

Cyan (Indicative):

At the bottom of the EPS Overview windows are available five button that allows to navigate through the EPS management views and subrack view, board view. In this way the operator has a quick link towards the views showing the correlation between the alarms and the protection states. N.B. Before to click on one of the five buttons select a row

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The buttons available are: Open Subrack View: opens the Subrack view showing the protection states with icons on the boards (see example of Figure 128. ) The possible protection states and the relevant symbols are explained in the following: Symbol EPS protection status No Request Do not Revert Lockout

Auto Switch (WTR, Fail) Manual Forced

Open Board View:

opens the board view showing the alarm and the board administrative states (see example of Figure 129. ) opens the EPS Switch dialog box. See 12.4 on page 172 and the relevant description. opens the EPS Management dialog box. See Figure 117. on page 164 the relevant description. opens the EPS Configuration dialog box. See 12.3 on page 170 and the relevant description.

Open Commands:

EPS Management: and EPS Parameters:

Click on Close button to exit from the EPS Overview window

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Figure 128. Subrack view after Open Subrack View command (example)

Figure 129. Board view after Open Board View command (example)

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13 MULTIPLEX SECTION PROTECTION MANAGEMENT (MSP) 13.1 Architecture types


The Multiplex Section Protection (MSP, formerly called APS: Automatic Switching Protection) is the connection between two NEs protected by a cable and port duplication. At the source the signal is duplicated and sent to the sink via two independent cables. When occurs a multiplex section failure, the system switches to the other cable and port. The MS Linear Trail Protection can be applied to any NE where it is possible to configure a linear APS (single ended/dual ended) line protection. For this NE is applicable the APS 1+1 Proprietary, the APS 1+1 Standard and the APS 1 :1 Standard dual ended. The APS 1 +1 (not revertive) feature permits a 1+1 protection in a linear link, where a path signal is protected by another dedicated path carrying the same signal. The protection can be set both in single (unidirectional) and in dual (bidirectional) ended mode. In single ended mode (unidirectional) the protection is accomplished by switching only the signal affected by the failure. In dual ended mode (bidirectional) the protection is accomplished by switching both the affected and the unaffected signals . Dual ended mode (bidirectIonal) protection is not supported by 1640FOX and 1650SMC

Architecture 1+1 or N+1 Standard (the last is only available for 1660SM) Described in ITUT Rec. G783/G841. The refence switching criteria are SF and SD. It provides a k1/k2 communication protocol thus this protection can be single or dual ended. Architecture 1+1 Proprietary (not used ) The refence switching criteria are SF and SD. No k1/k2 communication protocol is provided thus this protection can be only single ended. Architecture 1+1 Optimized (not used ) Architecture 1 : 1 Standard (not used ) Described in ITUT Rec. G783/G841 as architecture 1 : n ( with n=1 ). The refence switching criteria are SF and SD. It provides revertive mode managed by k1/k2 protocol and thus this protection can be single or dual ended. The spare interface can be used to transport low priority traffic . The WTR time is used with revertive mode. Signal Degrade (SD) software setting enables the MSP protection mechanisms when a SD is recognized on the working port. The SD threshold reference value depend on the NE selected threshold on the MS termination point. This threshold value is configured as explained in the para.14.7 on page 217.

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13.2 MSP Options Introduction


All the MSP options are available starting from the Port View following the step explained below: Select Equipment from the Views menu Double click on the SDH optical board to configure to open the port icon Double click on the port icon to open the port view Select the MSP block in the port view and then choose the MSP options by clicking on Port > MSP menu; the possible choice are: MSP Create see para 13.3 on page 181. MSP Management see para 13.4 on page 185. MSP Commands see para 13.7 on page 190. MSP Delete see para 13.5 on page 187.

MSP Create, MSP Management, MSP Commands and MSP Delete can also be accessed from the Transmission > MSP menu.

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13.3 MSP Create


Select the MSP Create option from the Port > MSP menu ( see Figure 130. on page 181) to open the MSP Schema Creation (see Figure 131. on page 181).

Figure 130. MSP Create Option

Figure 131. MSP Schema Creation


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In this release two MSP Protection Schemas are supported: MSP 1+1 standard MSP N:1 standard (only for 1660SM)

Select one and then click on Add Port button in the Ports field to create a MSP schema. Figure 132. on page 182 is opened. Following steps are necessary: choose Port select a Port Role (protected or protecting) define Channel Id (mandatory for MSP N:1) define SDH Priority (type of traffic, High or Low)

Figure 132. MSP schema creation Port dialog Select the Choose Port button to define the Protected Port and Protecting Port units. Figure 133. on page 183 is opened.

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Figure 133. TP Search (example) Click on RackSubrack and select the Board ( Protected / Protecting ) on the Equipment window (left side). The termination Points list (right side) is available. On this right side select the OpS TP of the chosen board and then click on the OK button. It is possible to select the board through the Board History button selecting the board list menu. The Filter Section is divided into different fields. It permits to visualize a reduced TP Class. If used, OpS class must be selected. The complete TP research description is reported in the Transmission View chapter 14.5.1.2 on page 206. Click on the OK button and repeat the operation for both Protected Port and Protecting Port. If it has been selected a Protected/Protecting port configured in a previously MSP schema protection an error message of access denied will be appear on the screen. In the dialogue of Figure 131. on page 181 also configure the MSP protection schema with the chosen Protection Schema and enter the related Schema Parameters according the following rules: 1+1 Standard can be:
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singleended, Not Revertive for 1640FOX, 1650SMC, 1660SM dualended , Not Revertive for 1660SM

N :1 Standard can be only dualended Revertive (not supported by 1640FOX, 1650SMC)

At the end click on the OK button to confirm the MSP protection schema configuration. An error message will be appear if the selected schema is not supported by the NE.

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Figure 134. MSP 1+1 standard protection schema (example)

Figure 135. MSP N:1 standard protection schema (example)


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13.4 MSP Management


Select the MSP Management option from the Port > MSP menu ( see Figure 136. on page 185 ) to open the MSP Schema Configuration (see Figure 137. on page 186).

Figure 136. MSP Management Option The MSP Schema Configuration dialog shows the current state of the MSP schema, settings and state (protected or protecting) of the current SDH-n port. This dialog allows to set the configuration parameters for the designated multiplex section: Protection Schema reported in the previous paragraph 13.1 on page 179. Schema Parameters: Dual Ended / Single Ended protection switch and directionality. Revertive/Non Revertive mode. The WTR Time (Wait To Restore) is the delay time for switching protection and protecting port after recovery from failure / defect. Enable Switch on SD is not operative in current release.

Ports area display the current MSP schema: Port Id: identify the location of the board Role: identify the role of the board (Protecting or Protected) Channel Id: mandatory for MSP N:1 (max. value is 14) Priority: type of traffic, High or Low

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Configure the MSP protection Schema with the chosen protection schema and enter the related schema parameters. At the end click on the OK button to configure the MSP protection schema. An error message will be appear if the selected schema is not supported by the NE.

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Figure 137. MSP Management View (example)

13.4.1 MSP modification The same MSP Management option can be used to modify the schema parameters of an active MSP configuration. Before changing a single ended (unidirectional) schema into a dual ended (bidirectional), all active switches must be cleared (manual switch, lockout,... ). If the operator wants to change the protection schema architecture or the ports involved in the MSP schema, the current schema must be removed and recreated.

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13.5 MSP Delete


Select the MSP Delete option from the Port > MSP menu (see Figure 138. on page 187) to open the MSP Schema Deletion (see Figure 139. on page 187).

Figure 138. MSP Delete option

Figure 139. MSP Schema Deletion (example) Click on OK button to delete the selected MSP Schema Configuration
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13.6 Display of Protection State


The MSP protection state of a port is displayed at the bottom of the Port view. Some examples are reported in Figure 140. The following states are always displayed: Port Status Active (red color) or Standby (orange color). The active protection status is referred to a protected/protecting port ( where the traffic is transported): when a failure is detected, the protecting port is ready to save the traffic (and becomes active). The standby protection status is referred to a protecting/protected port that is ready to save the traffic. MSP Protection Role Protected (green color) or Protecting (ochre color). The protection role depends on the selected port type (Protected / Protecting). MSP Group Status, MSP Own Unit and MSP Related Unit (green color) Displayed if an automatic switch is requested. Own Unit stands for the currently displayed unit in the port view, Related Unit stands for the related unit of the same protection group . The status indications are: NR: (abbreviation of No Request); normal, idle condition, the traffic is on the main port DNR:(abbreviation of Do Not Revert); the SF or SD have been recovered but the traffic is switched on the spare port PF: a protection failure has been detected on the port RF: a release command has been failed FOP: a failure of protocol has been detected complete: = the bridge/switch actions are completed pending: = the bridge/switch actions are pending The complete and pending indications precede the following statuses: AS: automatic protection switching enabled MS: a manual local protection command has been activated FS: a forced local protection command has been activated LO: a lockout local protection command has been activated SF/SD: Signal Failure or Signal Degraded has been detected WTR: wait time to restore status MSP Request Source (green color) indicates where the operator commands (force/manual/lockout) have been performed. Only present when a command is operative. Local: switch due to near end SD/SF or local user switch command Remote: switch due to received K1/K2 bytes. A remote switch cannot be released locally, but can be overwritten by a switch with higher priority. MSP Protocol Status This parameter indicates the current APS Protocol status. The following values are possible: OK Failure (in case of FOP)

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MSP statuses displayed in a normal conditions

MSP statuses displayed after an automatic protection switching

MSP statuses displayed after a forced command

Figure 140. MSP Protection Status Examples Figure 140. represents a MSP configuration with a normal condition, with an automatic protection switching and with a forced command. In any situation are represented the statuses displayed on both protected/protecting Port views. The Active status indication, with a forced command on the protecting group, shows where the forced command is applied.

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13.7 MSP Commands


Select the MSP Commands option from the Port > MSP menu ( see Figure 141. on page 190 ) to open the MSP Commands window (see Figure 142. on page 191).

Figure 141. MSP Commands option Protecting Port : the location of the board hosting the protecting port is displayed. Protected Port : the location of the board hosting the protected port is displayed. The Lockout of protection command denies working channel access to the protection section by issuing a Lockout of protection request (on the Protection Status of MSP Management). It is possible to Lockout the Protecting Port or Lockout the Protected Port; to remove the lockout commands select Release Ping (for the protecting) and Release Ped (for the protected). The Force to command switches the working channel (Protected port) to the protection section (Protecting port), unless an equal or higher priority switch command is in effect or SF condition exits on the protection section, by issuing a Forced switch request for that port (on the Protection Status of MSP Management). It is also possible to switch back to the working channel using again the Force to Protected port command. For 1+1 nonrevertive system, forced switch no working channel transfers the working channel back from protection to working section, unless an equal or higher priority request is in effect. Since forced switch has higher priority than SF or SD on working section, this command will be carried out regardless of the working section condition. The Manual to command switches the working channel (Protected port) to the protection section (Protecting port), unless a failure condition exits on the protection section or an equal or higher priority switch command is in effect, by issuing a Manual switch request for that port (on the Protection Status of MSP Management). It is also possible to switch back to the working channel using again the Manual to Protected port command. For 1+1 nonrevertive system, manual switch no working channel transfers the working channel back from protection to working section, unless an equal or higher priority request is in effect. Since manual switch has lower priority than SF or SD on working section, this command will be carried out only if the working section is not in SF or SD condition

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The Clear WTR command cancel the delay time for switching protection and protecting port after recovery from failure/defect. The Exercise command issues an exercise request for protection channel and checks responses on MSP bytes, unless the protection channel is in use. This check controls the k1/k2 communication protocol functionality to be sure that the protocol is right also on the protection section. Not Operative in current release. The Release command clears all previously switching commands.

Figure 142. MSP Commands (example) The priority levels for the MSP commands are (from the higher to the lower one): Lockout, Force to, Autoswitch (SF&SD), Manual to. Table 3. on page 191 gives the priority rules when are occurred two different commands. The first column on the left and the first row at the top report the switch protection and the external MSP commands. The row/column crossing gives the command or protection result (i.e.: if an Autoswitch and a Manual to command are present, Autoswitch is operative. Table 3. MSP commands and Autoswitch protection priority Lockout of protection Lockout of protection Forced to Forced to Autoswitch Manual to

Lockout

Lockout

Lockout

Lockout

Forced

Forced

Autoswitch
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Lockout

Forced

Autoswitch

Manual to

Lockout

Forced

Autoswitch

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13.8 MSP overview


MSP Overview allows to display as well as search for MSP states. Selecting the MSP Overview option from the Configuration pull down menu Figure 143. opens

Figure 143. MSP overview To Search the MSP groups two different ways of filtering are supported; a filtering for all protection units located on a dedicated Board Type as well as a filtering for protection units carrying a specific Status. The search criteria can be chosen with the help of a combo box: Board Type: allows to filter for the MSP protected boards (example P4ES1N, P4E4N, L41N, Ignore, etc.)

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Status: allows to filter for all possible MSP protection states;the following filters values should be offered (examples): Ignore NR (Normal) DNR AutoSF AutoSD AutoWTR Manual Force Lockout APS Invalid (Fail) Bad channel (Fail)

After the filter selection click on Search button to start; the field below the Search button will be updated (see Figure 127. )

Figure 144. MSP overview after Search (Example)

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Each protection unit is presented with the following information: Protection Group (example protection GroupId, 137) Port Id (example r01sr1sl33/port#02OpS ) Role: Ped Ping Protected Protecting

Status (board status): A S F ET (Active) (StandBy) (Faulty) Extra Traffic (Not operative)

Protection Status: defines the current state of the protection unit as follow NR DNR AutoSF AutoSD AutoWTR Manual Force Lockout APS Invalid Bad channel (Normal) (Do Not Revert) (AutoSwitch Signal Fail) (AutoSwitch Signal Degrade) (AutoSwitch Wait Time To Restore) (Manual Switch)

(Protection fail condition APS invalid) (Protection fail condition Channel Mismatch)

The colors used for each row have the following meaning: Green (OK): Red (Critical): for protected protection units active for protected protection units in fail condition, protection unit in lockout or active on autoswitch or commands for protected units in standby after a command and protecting protection unit in standby for autoswitch or commands for protecting protection unit active and no fail condition present in the schema (Do Not Revert State)

Orange (Major):

Cyan (Indicative:

At the bottom of the MSP Overview windows are available five button that allows to navigate through the MSP management views and to open the Port View. By clicking on Open Port View the operator has a quick link towards the view showing the correlation between the alarms and the protection states. N.B. Before to click on one of the five buttons select a row

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The buttons available are: Open Port view: opens the port view showing the correlation between the alarm and the MSP protection states. See Figure 145. on page 195. opens the MSP Create dialog box. See Figure 131. on page 181 and the relevant description. opens the MSP Delete dialog box. See Figure 139. on page 187 and the relevant description.

MSP Create:

MSP Delete:

MSP Management: opens the MSP Management dialog box. See Figure 137. on page 186 and the relevant description. MSP Commands: opens the MSP Commands dialog box. See Figure 142. on page 191 and the relevant description.

Click on Close button to exit from the MSP Overview window

Figure 145. Port view after Open Port View command (example)
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14 TRANSMISSION VIEW 14.1 Overview


This section describes the operations necessary for the consultation, modification and configuration of TPs, providing a representation of the entire signal flow. The generic Transmission View, described in this chapter, offers the possibility of displaying a single TP or a set of all kinds of TPs (or collected functionality which is represented by one/several TPs). To display the termination points in the Transmission View, either select specific TPs from a TP search dialog or access the view directly from another view, e.g. by navigating from the Port View. The Transmission View provides the following features: Brief overview regarding transmission resources. An overview concerning all TPs belonging to a port can be called in by activating the function to expand the selected TP. TP names are listed in an additional information area if the mouse pointer is positioned over it. The following states are indicated (see Figure 146. on page 198): the alarm state is indicated by the alarm synthesis icon the cross-connection state is indicated by a cross whether a TP can be structured is indicated by a circle whether a TP is under Performance Monitoring indicated by a blue P letter whether a TP is involved in a loop action, it is indicated by a backfolded arrow

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An overview concerning signal flow can be requested by a user action. The user can select a TP and apply the action Transmission > Show Cross-connected TPs. The result is that the objects related to the TP are displayed and lines indicate the connections. Expanding and hiding TPs that are related to the currently selected TP (e.g. show all TPs that are above the TU-12 CTP) enables all related TPs to be added to the view, thus providing a representation of the entire signal flow.

Display of single or multiple termination points. Search for and select a termination point in a TP search dialog and display it in the Transmission View. Pop-up the Transmission View from the board view. All TPs/compound TPs associated with the physical port are displayed (i.e. TPs down to AU-4).

Provide the functionality to create/show cross-connections. Provide the functionality to create/show Multiplex Section Protection Provide the functionality to create/show Loopback commands. Provide the possibility of configuring a selected TP. This functionality is accessed by calling the configuration dialogs of the common Transmission/Port Views category. Provide the possibility of showing a detailed view of a TP with alarms, navigating to the Port view. Provide the possibility of showing and setting Performance Monitoring parameters and data.

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14.2 View elements


The Transmission View uses the symbols illustrated in Figure 146.
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AU4

Label indicates the type of TP Adaption function

Termination function

Compound Termination and Adaption function Structurable point Cross connectable point with cross connected TP or Alarm synthesis icon Tp under performance monitoring

Figure 146. Symbols Used in Transmission View

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14.3 View Layout


The Transmission View is a main view. It provides views of specific areas, which display the transmission resources, and the specific Transmission View pulldown menu which provides the Transmission View operations. 14.3.1 View Description Figure 147. illustrates the Transmission View area. TPs that are received from the network element are displayed in the Transmission View with the respective TP and connection symbols described in Figure 146. The number of TPs presented initially depends on whether the Transmission View is popped up from a board view, whether a TP has been selected in another view or whether it is called without a selected TP. When the Transmission view is reached selecting the Transmission option in the View pull down menu in its initial state contains no objects.

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Figure 147. Transmission View Area (example)

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14.3.2 Number of TPs Displayed in Transmission View It is possible both to expand a VC-4, thus displaying all underlying TPs, and to hide TPs which are of no interest. The objects initially displayed depend on the situation/definition. 14.3.3 Naming TPs The following rules are applied in order to identify the TPs displayed: the root node contains the full user label, all child nodes contain a short label indicating the position inside the tree.

14.3.4 Dynamic View Behavior The following section describes the view states and provides a short description of events that affect the view. 14.3.4.1 Initial state of the view In its initial state, the Transmission View contains no objects when it is reached selecting the Transmission option in the View pull down). Objects can be searched for and displayed using the Add TP dialog. 14.3.4.2 Working state of the view In its working state, the Transmission View already contains objects. If the operator searches for and displays a TP using the TP Search dialog, the view is first initialized again and then the TP is displayed. The same applies in the case of navigation from another view to the Transmission View the Transmission View is always initialized and the corresponding objects are then displayed in it. 14.3.4.3 Navigation to Transmission View from other views If the Transmission View is popped up from the Port View, only the selected TP is displayed. 14.3.4.4 Alarm notification Alarms concerning the TPs displayed are indicated graphically by the alarm synthesis icons of the TP objects. The TP objects are updated accordingly. 14.3.4.5 Object deletion All kinds of object deletion events related to TPs displayed are indicated by the TP objects. The graphical objects are removed accordingly from the Transmission View. Example: modification of the payload structure from 63 TU-12 to 3 TU-3.

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14.4 Transmission view access and menu


The Transmission view can be reached selecting the Transmission option in the View pull down menu. In this case, in its initial state, the Transmission View contains no objects. In the case of navigation from another view (example the Port view) to the Transmission View, the Transmission View is always initialized and the corresponding objects are then displayed in it (see for example Figure 147. on page 199.) Selecting the Transmission option in the menu bar of Figure 147. on page 199. the complete pull down Transmission menu is presented (Figure 148. ) The following menu items are available: Add TP Select the TP to show on the Transmission view. It is described in the following paragraph. Display TPs that are related to the selected TP. It is described in this chapter, see para 14.13.1 on page 232. Hide TPs that are related to the selected TP or the selected TP. It is described in this chapter, see para 14.13.2 on page 233 Set parameters for the Overhead on Synchronous TPs. It is described in this chapter, see para 14.6 on page 210 Set parameters for 2Mbit/s G.703/G.704 or ISDNPRA management See para. 11.7 on page 157

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Expand

Hide

TP Configuration

TP Frame Mode Configuration:

TP Threshold Configuration Set B2 ExBER and Degraded Signal parameters. It is described in this paragraph, see para.14.7 on page 217. Terminate TP Terminate a path on a AU-4 CTP It is described in this chapter, see para 14.8 on page 218 Disterminate a path on a AU-4 CTP It is described in this chapter, see para 14.8 on page 218 See paragraph 11.5 on page 140 Manage the connection of the paths. See para. 15 on page 237 Create, configure and delete POM, SUT,TCT,TCM TPs. It is described in this chapter, see para 14.9 on page 219 Set and show Performance Monitoring parameters and data. See chapter 17 on page 297. Provides the possibility of structuring and destructuring selected TP It is described in this chapter, see para 14.10 on page 224 Manage the loopback commands, for commissioning or maintenance purposes. See paragraph 14.11 on page 225. Manage the physical TP setting. See para 14.12 on page 230.

Disterminate TP AU4 Concatenation: Cross-Connection Monitoring Operations

Performance

Structure TPs

Loopback

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Physical Media

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MSP

Show Supported Board

Navigate to the upper board level. It is described in this chapter, see para 14.13.3 on page 234 Permit to show the detailed alarm of the TP. It is described in this chapter, see 14.13.4 on page 235

Navigate to Port View

These options are described in next paragraphs except the previously referenced.

Figure 148. Transmission menu options

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Manage the Multiplex Section Protection of the NE. Not available for PDH port See paragraph 13.4 on page 185. In this paragraph is not described the MSP>NE MSP synthesis option of the Transmission menu because not used in this NE.

14.5 ADD TP
Select the Transmission > Add TP option.
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This menu item opens the TP Search dialog (see Figure 149. ). The TP Search dialog enables the user to search for and add a TP to the Transmission View (e.g. search for all TPs on a board with PM enabled). 14.5.1 TP Search 14.5.1.1 Default Mode In this mode, the dialog displays the structure of the equipment tree. After double-clicking, e.g. on a port, the contents of the port appear on the right-hand side of the dialog (TP list). To keep the number of items displayed small, they are displayed in a hierarchical order. Double-click again to recall the next level (see Figure 151. ).

Figure 149. TP Search Dialog, Initial State After double-clicking on an object, an Information window appears (see Figure 150. ). The message text corresponds to the object selected.

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Figure 150. Information Window (example) The search can be stopped with Cancel.

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Figure 151. TP Search Dialog with Various TP Selections After clicking on Show CC State, a more detailed TP list is displayed (see Figure 152. ) containing TP cross connection status information.

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It is possible to select several individual TPs from the TP list by clicking on them while holding down the Ctrl key on the keyboard. To select a block of TPs, click on the first TP and then click on the last TP in the block while holding down the Shift key on the keyboard. But only the first TP selected in the list will be shown in the Transmission View.

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Figure 152. TP Search Dialog with Status Information Displayed The symbols in the TP list have the following significance: Not connected Unidirectonal connected from and to Bidirectional connected Not allowed Figure 153. Symbols in TP Search An easy way to recall to previously displayed boards is to use Board History. Select the relevant board from the list.

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Figure 154. Board History Check List 14.5.1.2 Search Mode Use Search Mode together with the filtering options provided below the TP list (see Figure 155. ). The following options are available: Class: Ignore, E1S, OpS, PPI, AU-4, VC-4, AU-4+VC-4, TU-3, VC3, AU3 & TU3 & VC3, TU-3+VC-3, TU2, TU-12, VC-12, TU-12+VC12, AUX, MS, RS, OGPI, GMAU. Connection State (Current connectivity status): Ignore, not connected, connected Alarm State (Path Trace): Ignore, critical, major, minor, warning, not alarmed Assign State: Ignore, NML, EML; not used Perf. Monitoring (Performance Monitoring condition): Ignore, enabled
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TTI expect: not used TTI receive: not used TTI transmit: not used Location:

Permits to insert the location of the TP in the following format: r<rack#>sr<subrack#>sl<slot#><port#>


Name: not supported

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Figure 155. TP Search Dialog with Different Filtering Options After activating the search process with the Search TP button, the following dialog box appears. The search can be interrupted by clicking on Cancel.

Figure 156. Information... Dialog for Search Process N.B.


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When searching for PM-enabled TPs on NE, Rack or Subrack, the time for the request can be very high. It is recommended to search for PM-enabled TPs at the board level (a board is selected for the search).

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14.5.1.3 Common Buttons The following buttons are available in all modes: 14.5.1.3.1 Ok Closes the dialog and opens the Transmission View containing the selected TP, as for the example of Figure 147. on page 199. 14.5.1.3.2 Close Closes the dialog without updating the Transmission View. 14.5.1.3.3 Print This command is used to generate and print a list of TPs according to the current filter selection (refer to Figure 159. for an example of a printout). The command opens the following dialog:
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Figure 157. Print to Printer Select the desired printer from the list box and click on Ok to start the print job or abort with Cancel. The dialog changes after clicking on File:

Figure 158. Print to File


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Enter the name of the output file in the input field or select a file name from the File Select dialog by clicking on Select file. Select if the output format should be Postscript or ASCII.
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The output file is generated after clicking on Ok. Use Cancel to stop the process.

Figure 159. Example Printout 14.5.1.3.4 Help This command opens the online help for the TP-Search dialog.

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14.6 TP Configuration
Select the desired TP and then the Transmission > TP Configuration option. TP Configuration can also be accessed from the Port view menu. 14.6.1 High Order TP Configuration Depending on the TP selected, a dialog appears for the configuration of the main parameters of the following objects: VC-4 TTP (Matrix resource) VC-4 TTP (140 Mbit/s PDH) (not available on 1640FOX) VC-3 TTP (34 and 45 Mbit/s PDH)
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The main parameters are: C2 Signal Label: Automatic (decided by the NE) or Equipped not specific. J1 Path Trace.

The dialogs of the following figure appears:

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Figure 160. High Order TP Configuration

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14.6.1.1 J1 Path Trace

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If the Path Trace is 16 bytes long, the first byte is a CRC7 checksum calculated by NE. If the Path Trace is shorter than 16 bytes, it is filled with zero bytes (0 hexadecimal). Received fields is read only. With the relevant button the operator can set the Expected field as: TTI Enable TTI Disable TTI Repeated

The Transmitted field can be set with TTI Enable or TTI Repeated byte Empty TTI button permits to send an all zeroes path trace. To replace modified with the default, enter the default manually according to the following table. Table 4. Default value for C2/V5 Signal Label TP VC4 TTP / AU4 CTP (SDH) C2 VC4 TTP (PDH) C2 VC3TTP VC12 TTP

Significant Byte

C2

V5

Default value

18

Click on Hex button Figure 161. will be opened displaying in hexadecimal code the same value repored in Trasmitted and Received field.

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Figure 161. J1 hexadecimal editor (example)

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14.6.1.2 C2 Signal Label Received and Expected fields are read only. They can display the following number, according the G.707 recommendations for the C2 Signal Label: 0: Unequipped 1: Equipped non-specific 2: TUG structure 3: Locked TU-n 4: Asynchronous 34/45Mbyte 18: Asynchronous 140Mbyte 19: ATM 20: MAN, DQDB 21: FDDI. In the Transmitted field it is possible to select the values: Automatic: the C2 Signal Label value is automatically selected by the NE according the VC structure. Equipment not specific (it corresponds to number 1)

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14.6.2 J0 Section Trace management Select RST block and then select Port> TP Configuration.
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The fields of the following figure appears:

Figure 162. J0 Configuration This function is implemented in order to manage the J0 Trace configuration. This dialog shows the current values for received, expected and transmitted trail trace and it allows the operator to change only the values of expected and transmitted trail trace. The received trail trace is readonly. Expected and Transmitted fields are editable by the operator. With the relevant button it is possible to enable or disable TTI Monitoring. Click on Hex button Figure 163. will be opened displaying in hexadecimal code the same value repored in Trasmitted and Received field.

1AA 00014 0004 (9007) A4 ALICE 04.10

Figure 163. J0 hexadecimal editor

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14.6.3 Low Order TP Configuration Depending on the TP selected, a dialog to configure the main parameters of the following objects: VC-12 TTP.
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Select the desired VC12 and then the Transmission > TP Configuration option. The main parameters are: V5 Signal Label. Automatic (decided by the NE) or Equipped not specific. J2 Path Trace.

The following dialogs appears:

Figure 164. Low Order TP Configuration Click on Hex button Figure 165. will be opened displaying in hexadecimal code the same value repored in Trasmitted and Received field.

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1AA 00014 0004 (9007) A4 ALICE 04.10

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14.6.3.1 J2 Path Trace

If the Path Trace is 16 bytes long, the first byte is a CRC7 checksum calculated by the NE. If the Path Trace is shorter than 16 bytes, it is filled with zero bytes (0 hexadecimal). Expected and Transmitted fields are editable by the operator. Mode1 enable the 16 bytes long sequence for Path trace One repeated byte allows to set one byte that will be repeated. Received fields is read only. With the relevant button it is possible to enable or Disable TTI Monitoring. Empty TTI send an all zeroes path trace.

14.6.3.2 V5 Signal Label Received, Expected and Transmitted fields are read only. They can display the following number, according the G.707 recommendations for the V5 Signal Label: 0: 1: 2: 3: 4: Unequipped Equipped non-specific Asynchronous Bit Synchronous Byte Synchronous

In the Transmitted field it is possible to select the values: Automatic: the C2 Signal Label value is automatically selected by the NE according the VC structure. Equipped not specific (it corresponds to number 1)

To replace modified with the default, enter the default manually according to the value reported in Table 4. on page 211.

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14.7 TP Threshold Configuration


This menu allows the operator to set the alarm thresholds for MST and VCi layer.
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Select an MST block, or VC12, or VC3, or VC4. Select the Transmission > TP Threshold Configuration option. Figure 166. will be opened. The user can select one of the two different Defect distribution: Poisson distribution enable configuration of the Excessive Bit Error Ratio (ExBER on MST, VCi) threshold and Signal Degrade (SD on MST, VCi) threshold of the TPs related counted primitives. Bursty distribution enable configuration of the maximum number of errored frames and the total amount of bad block per frame. (*) ExBER Threshold : 103 to 105 Enable Consequent Actions : fixed to enabled (*) Signal Degrade Threshold : 105 to 109 Bursty Parameters Threshold : 1 or 10 or 100 or 1000 Bursty Parameters Consecutive Bad Seconds : 2 to 10

Note (*): the ExBER and Signal Degrade may be: B2 for MST, B3 for VC4 and VC3, BIP12 for VC12.

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Figure 166. Degraded Signal Threshold selection (example) Click on Ok to confirm the chosen parameters.

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14.8 Terminate/Disterminate TP
Select the Transmission > Terminate TP or Disterminate TP option. Only one command in the menu is available, depending on whether a TP is terminated or not. 14.8.1 Terminate TP Use this action to terminate a path. It can be performed on a AU-4 CTP. A cross-connection between the selected AU-4 CTP (= aTP) and a modifiable VC-4 TTP (= bTP) is created. Three TUG-3 and TU-3 are created if the modifiable VC-4 TTP was not already structured. A cross appears in the icon of the terminated TP:

If the TP is already cross-connected a error message appears. 14.8.2 Disterminate TP Use this action to disterminate a path. It can be performed on a AU-4 CTP. The related cross-connection is deleted. NOTE: the Disterminate action is not possible in the case that is still existing any operation/connection/termination on the underlying signals, such as: Performance Monitoring on lower or higher TPs POM / HPOM operations Lower order Connections Higher order Connections Lower/Higher order Path Terminations Loopbacks on lower TPs Thus the deletion of every operation/connection/termination is necessary, in the same order as above listed, before disterminating a TP. A box message will be presented, in order to confirm the TP distermination .

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14.9 Monitoring Operations


Select the Transmission > Monitoring Operations option as for the following figure.
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Creation/Deletion and Configuration options are presented.

Monitoring Operations can also be accessed from the Port view menu. The commands of this menu item are for the management of the POM, SUT, TCT, TCM functions (Path Overhead Monitoring, Supervised Unequipped Termination, Tandem Connection Termination/Monitoring; SUT function is not operative). This command is available for: AU4 CTP (High order POM before and after matrix; TCM before and after matrix) AU44c CTP (High order POM before and after matrix; TCM before and after matrix) AU416c CTP (High order POM before and after matrix; TCM before and after matrix) only for 1660SM TU-3 CTP (Low order POM before and after matrix;TCM before and after matrix) TU-12 CTP (Low order POM before and after matrix; TCM before and after matrix) VC4 (TCT after matrix) VC3 (TCT after matrix) VC12 (TCT after matrix)


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14.9.1 Creation/Deletion This dialog allows multiple object creation/deletion. The dialog shown in the following Figure 167. opens:

Figure 167. Monitoring Operations Creation/Deletion The Path Overhead Monitoring has the following parameters: Before Matrix After Matrix

The Supervisory Unequipped Termination, not operative in current release, has the following parameters: Sink (before matrix) Sink (after matrix) Source Bidirectional

The Tandem Connection has the following configurable parameters: Tandem Connections Monitoring (TCM): TCM Before Matrix TCM After Matrix Tandem Connection Termination (TCT): TCT Bidirectional Before Matrix TCT Bidirectional After Matrix

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Press Ok to apply the parameters or Close to close the dialog and discard the not with Ok applied changes.

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When select and apply the Path Overhead Monitoring, the changes will be displayed in the Port View in the following manner:
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Figure 168. Display of POM and TCM in Port View (example) When select and apply the Tandem Connection Monitoring / Tandem Connection Termination, the changes will be displayed in the Port View in the following manner:

Figure 169. Display of POM and TCM/TCT in Port View (example) Also refer to para. 11.10 on page 161, about navigation to Monitoring View.

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14.9.2 Configuration Depending on the parameters selected in the Monitoring Operations Creation/Deletion dialog, not all sections of the dialog are available. NOTE: It is possible to open the POM and TCT/TCM Configuration dialog for a CTP even if neither PathOverheadMonitor nor Tandem Connection was created before (SUT isnt available in this release). No changes can be made in this case and the values displayed can be ignored.

Figure 170. Monitor Configuration

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TTI Definition The TTI (Trail Trace Identifier) has a maximum length of 16 characters.

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The following TTI Definitions are available: TTI Expected TTI Received without the display TTI Sent

The following TTI Types are available: TTI Enabled TTI Disabled TTI Repeated Byte

Error Distribution Poisson and Bursty error distribution are supported.

TCM/TCT ConsActions It is needed to support explicit consequent action activation (AIS insertion) for TCT sink and bidirectional.

Thresholds Set the thresholds of the following parameters: Signal Degrade Poisson mode only: from 105 to 109. Excessive Error Poisson mode only: from 103 also if presented a selection from 103 to 105 Bursty Degrade Select a value between 1 and 1000 errors/sec for the Bursty Degrade threshold. Bursty Consecutive Select a value between 2 and 10 sec for the Bursty Degrade Consecutive.

Alarm Timing Raising and Clearing Timing are not supported by OMSN.

Unequipped Trail Not available.

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14.10 Structure TPs


Select the Transmission > Structure TPs option as for the following figure.
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This menu item provides the possibility of structuring and destructuring a selected TP. The level that is selected defines how the signal is to be structured, e.g. if a VC-4 TTP is selected and the menu item TU-12 is chosen, the signal is structured down to 63 TU-12 CTPs. The following menu items represent all those possible: TU-2. Not supported. TU-3. TU-12. VC-3/VC-4. Not supported. VC-12. Not supported.

The following items are available for synchronous TPs:


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modifiable VC-4 TTP: TU-3, TU-12 TUG-3: TU-3, TU-12 TUG-2: TU-12.

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14.11 Loopback
The commands of this menu item are for the management of the loopback commands, for commissioning or maintenance purposes. 14.11.1 Loopback Configuration The loopbacks can be applied at line (external to equipment) level or at internal equipment level. The loopback commands are used to separate the communication network into independent part checking the line/equipment functionality during the network installation or maintenance operation. The loopback architecture provides four configurations ( see Figure 171. ). Line Loopback And Continue Line Loopback And AIS Internal Loopback And Continue Internal Loopback and AIS

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Initial

Destination

Line

Internal

Line

Destination

AIS

Initial

Line Loop And Continue

Line Loop And AIS

Destination

Initial

AIS

Line

Internal

Line

Initial

Destination

Internal loop And Continue

Internal loop And AIS

Figure 171. Loopback configurations


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Table 5. Supported loopback Port type Line Loop & Continue OK Line Loop & AIS Access Denied Internal Loop & Continue OK Internal Loop & AIS Access Denied
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STM16 (only on 1660SM) STM4 STM1 140Mbit/s (not available on 1640FOX) 34/45 Mbit/s 2 Mbit/s

Access Denied Access Denied Access Denied

OK OK OK

Access Denied Access Denied Access Denied

OK OK OK

OK Access Denied

Access Denied OK

OK Access Denied

Access Denied OK

Select a TP that supports the Loopback Configuration Loopbacks act on the following TPs: PDH board (only from the Port View): Line loopback performed on: P for 2/34/45/140 Mbit/s PPI (140 Mbit/s is not available on 1640FOX) Internal loopback performed on: p12 for 2 Mbit/s CTP p31 for 34/45 Mbit/s CTP p4 for 140Mbit/s CTP (140 Mbit/s is not available on 1640FOX)

SDH board: The loopback configuration can be done only on SDH ports with the acronym ending with a N letter (i.e. P4S1N, S4.1N, L4.1N, L4.2N, etc.) Line loopback performed on: EIS for electrical STM1 SPI OpS for optical STM1, STM4, STM16 SPI (STM16 is only available on 1660SM) Internal loopback performed on: MsT TTP for STM1, STM4, STM16 ports (STM16 is only available on 1660SM)

Select the Transmission > Loopback > Port Loopback Configuration option as for the following figure. Port Loopback Configuration can also be accessed from the Port view menu.

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Figure 172. opens.

Figure 172. Port Loopbacks View Choose the TP clicking on the Choose TP button (the second Choose TP button is not available). Select the TP where to apply the loopback command. For the TP selection procedure, follow the TP research description reported in para. 14.5.1 on page 203. For this NE the Timed Loopbacks field is not managed and thus Start/Stop loopbacks time is not editable.

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14.11.2 Loopback Management To manage the loopback configuration select the Transmission > Loopback > Loopback Management option as for the following figure.

Loopback Management can also be accessed from the Port view menu and from the Configuration menu. Figure 173. opens.

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Figure 173. Loopback Management

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The configured loopback are listed into the current loopbacks table. This table can be managed by the Search criteria, Delete and Create commands.
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Search Criteria (not operative): to configure the filter select the Loop and Continue type (Yes= Loop And Continue, No= Loop And AIS) then select the Directionality Internal or Line and edit the Initial TP Id (write: rack, subrack, board, port# and the TP type: EIS (SPI/PPI Electrical), OpS (SPI/PPI Optical), MST and so on. For Initial TP has to be intended the outgoing signal while for Destination TP the incoming signal. Enable the filter through the Toggle Filter Enable/Disable button. Click on the Search button to start the configured loopback research into the current loopback table. The Delete command permits to delete a loopback listed in the Current loopbacks Table: select a loopback in the list and click on the Delete button. The Create command permits to create a new loopback configuration: clicking on Create the previous figure ( Figure 172. ) opens. Follow the previously paragraph indications to create a new loopback configuration.

The activated loopbacks are signalled in the Port view and in the Transmission view as for the following figures:

PORT VIEW

Active Loopback

TRANSMISSION VIEW

Active Loopback

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14.12 Physical Media


Select the Transmission > Physical Media option as for the following figure.
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The Physical Media options permit to set physical configuration of each TP. It opens a menu in which the various options will be available according the TPs type (for the option common with the Port view reference is made to the relevant paragraph):
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ALS Management. Show Optical Configuration TX Quality Configuration Single Fiber Configuration. Extra traffic Regeneration Section management Line Length Configuration Set Domain HDSL Configuration NT Configuration X21 Configuration SC.3:NE MANAGEMENT

See para. 11.6.1 on page 144. See para.11.6.2 on page 147. See para.18.2.11 on page 356. See para.11.6.3 on page 148. Not operative Not operative See para.11.6.5 on page 151. See para. 14.12.1 on page 231. Not operative Not operative Not operative

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14.12.1 Set Domain This option is referred to the SECurity management and allows the user to set the Manager list and the Access Control Domain of the selected TP. Select the block: EIS for Electrical SDH port, OpS for Optical SDH port, P (PPI) for PDH port. Select the Set Domain option from the Physical Media cascade menu to present the following view: The dialogbox contains the following fields: NML Assignment: each connected manager to the TP is highlighted in the list. The user can set a manager clicking on the denomination. Several manager can be enabled contemporaneously, having in charge the TP. The Manager List contains the list of managers ( i.e. RM, SY, NPOS , EML) that work on the NE. The EMLUSM administrator (SH or Craft Terminal) should set the Manager List only to remove a manager in case of emergency (i.e. the Manager misses the NE connection). Resource domain field allow to select the domain among that displayed in the list, assigning it to the TP. The different domains could be assigned to different operators.

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OK button is used to validate the selection. Cancel button close the dialog without changes of the data. Help button provides some useful information about the dialog.

Figure 174. Set Domain

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14.13 Navigation Commands


14.13.1 Expand Select the Transmission > Expand option as for the following figure.

This menu item provides the possibility of displaying TPs that are related to the selected TP. These may be TPs that are contained by the TP or TPs which belong to the physical port that is actually connected to the TP. Show next level of lower TPs, Show all lower TPs, Show next level of upper TPs, Show all upper TPs.

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14.13.2 Hide Select the Transmission > Hide option as for the following figure.
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This menu item provides the possibility of hiding all upper/lower TPs of a selected TP and the deletion of a selected TP. Lower TPs, Upper TPs, Selected TPs.

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14.13.3 Show Supported Board Select the Transmission > Show Supported Board option. This menu provides the possibility of navigating directly to the board that supports the TP. The Board View appears:

Figure 175. Board View (example)

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14.13.4 Navigate to Port View Select the Transmission > Navigate to Port View option.
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This menu provides the possibility of navigating to the corresponding Port View related to the selected TP in order to access a detailed overview of alarms quickly. The Port View appears:

Figure 176. Port View

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15 CROSS-CONNECTION MANAGEMENT 15.1 Introduction


15.1.1 Overview The purpose of this domain is to manage the connection of the high and low level path. The following chapters provide the user with information concerning operations on cross-connections: Para. 15.1.2 on page 238 Multiplex Structures for SDH gives an overview on the SDH technology Para. 15.1.3 on page 241 Definition of Termination Points gives an overview about the termination points implemented on the NE Para. 15.1.5 on page 246 Cross-Connection Types provides information concerning cross-connection types supported by the NE Para. 15.1.6 on page 248 Cross-Connection Protection provides information concerning cross-connection protection supported by the NE Para. 15.2 on page 250 Operative sequence to execute Cross-Connections details the complete procedure to realize cross-connection Para. 15.3 on page 254 Cross-Connections Management details the contents of the main cross-connections view Para. 15.4 on page 260 Create/Modify Cross-Connections describes the creation and modification of cross-connections Para. 15.5 on page 275 Activate/Deactivate/Delete Cross-Connections describes the activation, deactivation and deletion of cross-connections. Activation and deactivation not supported in current release. Para. 15.6 on page 276 Split and Join Cross-Connections describes how to split or join bidirectional cross-connections. Para. 15.7 on page 279 Protection Switching deals with switching actions (force, manual, lockout protection) on cross-connections Para. 15.8 on page 281 Print deals with printing out list entries on printers or into files Para. 15.9 on page 282 Show Cross-Connected TPs describes the possibility of showing connections between two or more TPs of different different hierarchies, e.g. connection between au4 and vc4.

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15.1.2 Multiplex Structures for SDH By introducing the Synchronous Digital Hierarchy (SDH), a standardized transmission has been created, matching the European with the American standard. The SDH signal structure contains an extended overhead as well as a fixed pointer controlled assignment of the user signal elements, thus improving the possibilities of the network management. Signals of the Synchronous and Plesiochronous Digital Hierarchy (PDH) are packed by synchronous multiplexers into Virtual Containers (VC). The STM-1 signal structure is achieved by using the multiplex structure complying with ITU-T and ETSI, (see Figure 177. ). Each of the user channels (2 Mbit/s, 34 Mbit/s, 45 Mbit/s and 140 Mbit/s) is packed into a container synchronous to the STM-1 frame according to a predefined structure. To adjust the plesiochronous signals to the synchronous network clock, certain filling algorithms are available. Fix fill bits are inserted into synchronous signals. A byte column (9 Byte) as Path Overhead (POH) is added to the Container (C) generated. Path Overhead and Container together form the Virtual Container (VC). With the pointer pointing to the start of the VC, in respect of the STM-1 frame, an Administrative Unit (AU) or if several Containers of a group are to be combined a Tributary Unit (TU) is generated. Several TUs form a Tributary Unit Group (TUG) and TUGs again can be combined into a VC. The AU of the signal, together with the Section Overhead (SOH), finally make up the STM-1 frame.

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x1 C4 x1 TUG3 x3 x3 VC4 AU4 STM1 xN STMN VC3 TU3 C3 x7 x1 C2 x3 C12 x4 C11 VC11 TU11 VC12 TU12 VC2 TU2 TUG2 x7 Legend: VC3 AU3 C VC TU TUG AU : Container : Virtual Container : Tributary Unit : Tributary Unit Group : Administrative Unit Pointer -Processing not implemented

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140 Mbit/s

(45 Mbit/s) 34 Mbit/s

6 Mbit/s

2 Mbit/s

(1,5 Mbit/s)

Figure 177. SDH Multiplex Structure according to ITU-T G.707

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The STM-1 frame consists of: a Section Overhead (SOH) an AU Pointer area a payload area 270 Columns (Bytes) 1 1 Section Overhead SOH 3 4 9 rows 5 AU Pointer Payload 9 270

Section Overhead SOH 9 Figure 178. Frame Construction within the Synchronous Digital Hierarchy The STM-1 frame has a basic bit rate of 155.520 Mbit/s. A single user channel is packed into a Virtual Container. These Virtual Containers are of different size and may be nested or packed differently. Virtual Containers for the European bit rates: the STM-1 frame contains a VC-4, a VC-4 may contain one C-4 or three TUG-3, each TUG-3 may contain one VC-3 or seven TUG-2, each TUG-2 contains three VC-12 or one VC-2.

An STM-1 user signal can be constructed of:


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either 1 x VC-4 or 3 x VC-3 or 2 x VC-3 + 7 x VC-2 or 2 x VC-3 + 21 x VC-12 or 1 x VC-3 + 14 x VC-2 or 1 x VC-3 + 7 x VC-2 + 21 x VC-12 or 21 x VC-2 or 14 x VC-2 + 21 x VC-12 or 7 x VC-2 + 42 x VC-12 or 63 x VC-12.

STM-N signals are constructed by integer multiples of the basic signal STM-1 of 155.520 Mbit/s. For example an STM-16 signal of 2.488.320 Mbit/s is generated by combining sixteen STM-1 signals byte interleaved.

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15.1.3 Definition of Termination Points (TP) When ports are depicted on the user interface, the following abbreviations are used.
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This section concerns the multiplex structure (see Figure 177. ) as well as on the information model of object-oriented programming which was used when forming the user interface. As a rule, a Termination Point (TP) is the starting and terminating point of a transmission segment. A distinction is made between the following types of TPs: CTP (Connection Termination Point) The CTP represents the termination of a connection. The transmission signal is terminated, i.e., the received signal is monitored and the error signaling evaluated, while own-code signaling is inserted in the transmitted signal. TTP (Trail Termination Point) The TTP represents the termination of a transmission segment. The signal is monitored and passed on after modification in one form or another.

Both TP types exist on the SDH level and the PDH level. CTPs on SDH level On SDH level (see Figure 179. ) a distinction is made between the following CTPs: AU-4 (Connection Termination Point) The AU-4 CTP represents both the creation and termination of an STM-1 connection. The High-order Connection Supervision (HCS) function is included. TU-x (Connection Termination Point), i.e. TU-12 CTP, TU-2 CTP, TU-3 CTP. The TU-x CTP represents both the creation and termination of a VC-x connection. The Low-order Connection Supervision (LCS) function is included.

CTPs on PDH level On PDH level (see Figure 180. ), a distinction is made between the following CTPs: E4 (Connection Termination Point) The E4-CTP represents the nonintrusive monitoring of incoming 140 Mbit/s PPI. S4 (Connection Termination Point) The S4-CTP represents the nonintrusive monitoring of outgoing 140 Mbit/s PPI . E32 (Connection Termination Point) The E32-CTP represents the nonintrusive monitoring of incoming 45 Mbit/s PPI. S32 (Connection Termination Point) The S3-CTP represents the nonintrusive monitoring of outgoing 45 Mbit/s PPI . E31 (Connection Termination Point) The E31-CTP represents the nonintrusive monitoring of incoming 34 Mbit/s PPI. S31 (Connection Termination Point) The S31-CTP represents the nonintrusive monitoring of outgoing 34 Mbit/s PPI . E1 (Connection Termination Point) The E1-CTP represents the nonintrusive monitoring of incoming 2 Mbit/s PPI. The Mon.(Monitoring) label indicates that is possible to enable the CRC4 control signal. S1 (Connection Termination Point) The S1-CTP represents the nonintrusive monitoring of outgoing 2 Mbit/s PPI . The Mon.(Monitoring) label indicates that is possible to enable the CRC4 control signal. 02 SC.3:NE MANAGEMENT 3AL 81412 AA AA 426 241 / 426

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TTPs on SDH level On SDH level (see Figure 179. ) a distinction is made between the following TTPs: ES (Electrical Section TTP) An ESTTP displays the physical characteristics of a port with electrical access (level and code monitoring and conversion). OS (Optical Section TTP) An OSTTP displays the physical characteristics of a port with optical access (level and code monitoring and conversion). RST (Regenerator Section TTP) An RSTTP displays the creation and/or termination of an RSOH (Regenerator Section Overhead), i.e., rows 1 to 3 of the first 9xN columns of an STM-N frame. MST (Multiplexer Section TTP) An MSTTP displays the creation and/or termination of an MSOH (Multiplexer Section Overhead), i.e., rows 5 to 9 of the first 9xN columns of an STM-N frame. VC-4 (Trail Termination Point) A VC-4 TTP represents both the creation and termination of a VC-4 path.
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TTPs on PDH level On PDH level (see Figure 180. ) a distinction is made between the following TTPs: PPI (Trail Termination Point) On the PDH side, an PPITTP corresponds to the ESTTP of the synchronous side. Depending on the type, it can either display the characteristics of a 140 Mbit/s, a 45MBit/s, a 34 Mbit/s or a 2 Mbit/s port. E4 (Trail Termination Point) The E4-TTP represents the creation and/or termination of a 140 Mbit/s connection. E3 (Trail Termination Point) The E3-TTP represents the creation and/or termination of a 34 Mbit/s connection. E2 (Trail Termination Point) The E2-TTP represents the creation and/or termination of an 8 Mbit/s connection. VC-4 (Trail Termination Point) A VC-4 TTP represents both the creation and termination of a VC-4 path. VC-3 (Trail Termination Point) A VC-3 TTP represents both the creation and termination of a VC-3 path. VC-12 (Trail Termination Point) A VC-12 TTP represents both the creation and termination of a VC-12 path.

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MSP definition Transmit side, the MSNP (AU4CTP) input enters two different MSNP/MSN (unProtected CTP) sources and then the MSNTTP working and protection sources (to insert the K1K2 bytes) are sent to the own SPI interfaces. Receive side, the working and protection MSN/MSNP outputs (AU4CTP) enter in the switching selector. The MSNPTTP terminates the selected signal and checks the SSF and the MSP protocol failure.

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ESTTP/OSTTP

RSTTP

MSTTP

AU 4 CTP

VC-4 TTP

TUG3

TUG3

TUG3

TU 3 CTP

TUG2 TUG2

TUG2 TUG2

TUG2 TUG2

TUG2

TU 2 CTP

TU 12 CTP

TU 12 CTP

TU 12 CTP

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Figure 179. SDH Transport Level Diagram

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PPITTP

140 Mbit/s E4 CTP E4 TTP 4 VC 4 TTP E3 TTP 4 E2 TTP 4 E1 CTP

45 MBit/s

34 Mbit/s E31-CTP

2 Mbit/s E1 CTP

E32-CTP

E3 TTP 4

VC 3 TTP

VC 3 TTP

E2 TTP 4 E1 CTP

VC 12 TTP

VC 12 TTP

VC 12 TTP

Number of branches

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Figure 180. PDH Transport Level Diagram

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15.1.4 Mapping Tables: TP Names The TP names on the 1660SM reflect the software model the user interface is based on. Therefore they differ from the TP names given in the ITU-T recommendations. The following tables list the TP names mapping conventions in the Transmission View. Table 6. PDH TPs

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ITU T PPITTP E4 CTP S4 CTP E31 CTP S31 CTP E32 CTP S32 CTP E1 CTP S1 CTP E4 TTP E3 TTP E2 TTP VC 4 TTP VC 3 TTP VC 12 TTP
Table 7. SDH TPs

TP names on OMSN P eCTP p4 eCTP p31 eCTP p32 eCTP p12Mon not supported not supported not supported Vc4 Vc3 Vc12

ITU T ESTTP OSTTP RSTTP MSTTP MSP AU 4 CTP AU 4 4c CTP VC 4 TTP TUG 3 TUG 2
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TP names on OMSN ElS OpS RST MST MSP Au4/Au4P Au4P-4c Vc4 Tug3 Tug2 Tu3 Tu2 Tu12

TU 3 CTP TU 2 CTP TU 12 CTP ED


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15.1.5 Cross-Connection Types A cross-connection represents the logical connection between the input and output of the matrix, called the matrix port. The matrix only receives and transmits signals in GTI format. The Generic Transport Interface GTI, Alcatels standardized signal format for internal interfaces, is similar to the STM-1 format. The incoming signals are mapped or converted to GTI format on the plesiochronous and synchronous I/O boards. This frame is based on the STM-1 frame specified by ITU-T Recommendation G.707. It enables the transport of all signals in the US hierarchy and ETSI hierarchy levels 1 to 4 (1.5 Mbit/s to 140 Mbit/s) mapped to Virtual Containers (VCs) (see Figure 177. ). The VCs are sent from the I/O boards to both copies of the Matrix (A and B) via the GTI. The matrix performs the cross-connection on the VC-4, VC-3, VC-2 or VC-12 level and transfers the VCs to the relevant I/O boards via GTI. The configuration of both matrix copies is always identical. On the I/O boards, one GTI signal is selected from Copy A or Copy B, based on quality. The NE supports unidirectional, bidirectional and broadcast connections unprotected as well as protected. 15.1.5.1 Unidirectional Connection Information is transmitted exclusively from the input port to the output port (point-to-point); there is no routing in reverse direction. input TP

output TP

Figure 181. Unidirectional Connection 15.1.5.2 Bidirectional Connection Information is transmitted between input port and output port in both directions (point-to-point). input TP

output TP

Figure 182. Bidirectional Connection

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15.1.5.3 Broadcast Connection (Multi-leg / Multipoint) In contrast to a cross-connection between just two points (point-to-point), one source and one sink, a broadcast connection consist of one source and several sinks, different legs that share the same source TP. In the example below, information is broadcast from one input to outputs A, B and C on three legs.

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leg 1

input TP

leg 2 leg 3

Figure 183. Example of Broadcast Connection with Three Legs

A warning box indicates when the resources available for broadcast connections are exhausted. N.B. Non-intrusive Monitoring Adding a protection leg to a unidirectional cross-connection offers the ability to perform non-intrusive monitoring on this cross-connection. No errors are introduced to the original cross-connection with applying or removing the protection leg.

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output A output B output C

15.1.6 Cross-Connection Protection 15.1.6.1 Protected Unidirectional Connection A unidirectional connection is routed from Input A to the Output (primary route). In the case of a failure, the system automatically switches to the protection path from protection Input B to the Output. This second connection is permanently kept in hot standby operation (see Figure 184. ).
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prot. input B

in case of failure

Figure 184. Protected Unidirectional Connection 15.1.6.2 Protected Bidirectional Connection A bidirectional connection is routed from Input A to the Output C (primary route). Input A (input protected see Figure 185. ) can be protected:

in case of failure

Figure 185. Bidirectional Connection Input Protected N.B. By means of this connection are created links with SNCP protection.

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output TP C


input A

15.1.6.3 Protected Broadcast Connection The protected broadcast is realized as a set of independent, protected, unidirectional connections using the same pair of input termination points, as illustrated in Figure 186. Each protection can be forced, locked out or switched independently. Therefore, if a failure occurs at a certain input, it is possible that only some of the protections of the protected broadcast actually switch to the protection input.

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input A

leg 2

prot. input B

in case of failure

leg 3

Figure 186. Protected Broadcast Figure 186. shows a broadcast connection from input A to outputs A, B and C. Leg 2 and 3 are protected via input B, whereas leg 1 is not protected. In current release only one out of N legs can be protected. 15.1.6.4 Drop and Continue Connection A Drop and Continue connection is a composed by: (see Figure 187. ) a unidirectional connection routed from Input A to the Output C and also to Input protecting B. a unidirectional connection from Input protecting B to Output C. a unidirectional connection from Output C to Input A.

Output C is protected; when receive from Input main the connection is defined normal, when receive from Input Protecting main the connection is defined inverse. All the connections are created in a single step of configuration.

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Figure 187. Drop and Continue Normal

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Input

Output


output A output B output C

leg 1

Prot. input

15.2 Operative Sequence to execute Cross-Connections


This paragraphs list the complete procedure to realize some examples of cross-connection moving among the various menus. The following main cases have been considered: [1] [2] [3] High order signal cross connection (AU4s between SDH ports); High order concatenated signal cross connection (AU4xc between SDH ports) Low order signal cross connection (TU12 cross connected with VC12; ports involved: SDH and PDH ) 4XANY TPs cross connection (ports involved: 4XANY and SDH) ISA board TPs cross connection (ports involved:ISA, SDH or PDH)

[4] [5]

[1] Procedure for high order signal (AU4) In the following example an AU4 will be cross connected with another AU4; the P4S1N board has been taken like reference board. In the subrack view click twice on the SDH port; the board view will be opened Click twice on the daughter board icon; the daughter view will be opened. Click twice on the SDH port icon present in the daughter view. the port view will be opened with all the relevant TPs (SPI, RST, MST, MSP and AU4). Select the AU4 TP and then choose the Port >Cross Connection > Create Cross Connection option of the menu bar; a new window called Main Cross Connection is opened. Select the correct value in the fields Type and Protection The Input field is automatically filled in Click on Choose relevant to the Output field; a new window called Search for Cross Connection Output is opened. On the Equipment field select the Board (in our example is P4S1N), in the Termination Points field select the AU4

Click on OK; the Search for Cross Connection Output window is closed. Repeat the same procedure as obove described for the Prot. Input field for protected connections Click on OK in the Main Cross Connection window to terminate the creation. To check the presence of the new cross connection select the Port >Cross Connection > Cross Connection Management option of the menu bar; a new window called Coss connection Management will be opened Click on the Search button; all the cross connected Tps will be displayed in the Cros Connection in list field.

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[2] Procedure for AU4 concatenated (AU4xC) N.B.


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Before to create an AU4 concatenated crossconnection is necessary to define that the AU4s on a STM4 or STM16 (the last only for 1660SM) board are concatenated as explained in para 11.5 on page 140. In the subrack view click twice on the STM_N SDH port; the board view will be opened Click twice on the SDH port icon present in the board view. the port view will be opened with all the relevant TPs (SPI, RST, MST, MSP and AU4xC). Select the AU4xC (with 4 X 16) TP and then choose the Port >Cross Connection > Create Cross Connection option of the menu bar; a new window called Main Cross Connection is opened. Select the correct value in the fields Type and Protection The Input field is automatically filled in Click on Choose relevant to the Output field; a new window called Search for Cross Connection Output is opened. On the Equipment field select the STMN Board , in the Termination Points field select the AU4xC (with 4 X 16) (syntax example: r01sr1sl24/port#01#01AU4P4c ).

Click on OK; the Search for Cross Connection Output window is closed. Repeat the same procedure as obove described for the Prot. Input field for protected connections Click on OK in the Main Cross Connection window to terminate the creation. To check the presence of the new cross connection select the Port >Cross Connection > Cross Connection Management option of the menu bar; a new window called Coss connection Management will be opened Click on the Search button; all the cross connected Tp will be displayed in the Cros Connection in list field.

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[3] Procedure for low order signal (example TU12) In the following example a VC12 will be cross connected with a TU12; the boards P4S1N and A21E1 has been taken like reference board for this example. Note: the P4S1N STM1 port payload must be structure as TU12 In the subrack view select Configuration > Cross Connection Management the Cross Connection Management window will be opened. Click on the Create button; a new window called Main Cross Connection is opened. Select the correct value in the fields Type and Protection Click on Choose relevant to the Input field; a new window called Search for Cross Connection Input is opened. On the Equipment field select the Equipment Subrack (SR60M for 1660SM), in the TP Seach Criteria field select the TU12&VC12, then click on search. In the Termination Point Field select the TU12 to be connected and subsequently click on OK button; the Search for Cross Connection Input window will be closed. Click on Choose relevant to the Output field and repeat the same sequence as above described for the input point but instead of TU12 select now the VC12 to be connected in the Termination Point Field; click on OK button AND the Search for Cross Connection Output window will be closed.

Select the VC12 TP and then select the Port >Cross Connection > Create Cross Connection option of the menu bar; a new window called Main Cross Connection is opened. Select the correct value in the fields Type and Protection The Input field is automatically filled in Click on Choose relevant to the Output field; a new window called Search for Cross Connection Output is opened.

Repeat the same on the Prot. Input field for protected connections by selecting the TU12 involved in the protection. Click on OK in the Main Cross Connection window to terminate the creation. To check the presence of the new cross connection select the Port >Cross Connection > Cross Connection Management option of the menu bar; a new window called Coss connection Management will be opened Click on the Search button; all the cross connected Tp will be displayed in the Cros Connection in list field.

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[4] 4XANY TPs cross connection Note: before to create a cross connection the following step must be executed:
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configure the 4xANY board with the Equipment > Set menu configure the 4xANY MODULES with the Equipment > Set menu and choose the traffic type that must be supported by the module (e.g. FICON, FDDI etc.); after having selected the traffic type, automatically a number of TPs (VC4) are generated for this port and can be viewed in the port view. All the TPs must be used when the cross connection will be created. For details on 4xANY board refer to the Technical Handbook.

In the subrack view click twice on the 4xANY board; the board view will be opened . Click twice on the module to be used; the daughter view will be opened Click twice on the daughter board icon; the port view will be opened with all the relevant TPs.

In the following will be explained how to connect one TpP of the 4XANY; repeat the same sequence for all the TPs that has been generated when the traffic type has been defined. Select the VC4 TP and then choose the Port >Cross Connection > Create Cross Connection option of the menu bar; a new window called Main Cross Connection is opened. Select the correct value in the fields Type and Protection The Input field is automatically filled in Click on Choose relevant to the Output field; a new window called Search for Cross Connection Output is opened. On the Equipment field select the Board to be used for the connection with the 4XANY board (for example S4.1N), in the Termination Points field select the AU4

Click on OK; the Search for Cross Connection Output window is closed. Click on OK in the Main Cross Connection window to terminate the creation. repeat the same procedure for all the VC4 generated for the specific traffic type associated to the 4xANY module. To check the presence of the new crossconnection select the Port >Cross Connection > Cross Connection Management option of the menu bar; a new window called Coss connection Management will be opened Click on the Search button; all the cross connected Tp will be displayed in the Cros Connection in list field.

[5] ISA board TPs cross connection Note: before to create a cross connection the following step must be executed:
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configure the ISA board with the Equipment > Set menu define the TP that must be created on the ISA board by selecting the Configuration > ISA Port Configuration menu (refer to Chapter 20 for details)

The ISA board TP cross connection is similar to that described for the 4xANY board so refer to point [4] .

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15.3 Cross-Connections management


A list of cross-connections can be displayed in the Cross-Connection Management dialog (see Figure 190. on page 258). The dialog can be accessed via the Transmission or Port view or via Configuration menu as indicated in Figure 188. Transmission view is presented with the View Transmission pull down menu. Port view is presented with the View Equipment pull down menu, then clicking on the presented objects with the sequence board>port.

ISA Port Configuration

Figure 188. Cross connection management cascade menu The Cross-Connection Management dialog is initially empty (see Figure 189. on page 256). A list of cross-connections is displayed in the Cross-Connection Management dialog after selecting the Search command. There are two possibilities of displaying a list of cross-connections: do not enter any search criteria and press the Search button to display a list of all existing cross-connections, enter Search Criteria (one or more) and then press the Search button to display a selection of cross-connections. Set Ignore for attributes not to be used as filtering criteria.

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Use button Cancel Search to cancel an active search request or close the dialog.

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15.3.1 Search Criteria


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Name (not supported in current release) Number of the crossconnection (automatically assigned)

ACD (not supported in current release) Enter the Access Control Domain of the relevant cross-connections: E= connection made with 1353SH, M= connection made with 1354RM, empty= connection made with CT. This filter option can only be used, if at least one ACD is defined on the NE and one or more cross-connections are assigned to this ACD(s).

Type Select the connection type: Unidirectional Bidirectional Multipoint Drop&Continue

Protection Select protection functionality: Protected Not protected

TP Class Select one of the TP types involved in the requested cross-connection. State Select the connection state: Activated Deactivated (not operative in current release, the connection state is always Activated) Prot. State Select the protection state (for more detailed information, refer to Chapter 9.5): Forced to Input Forced to Protecting Manual Switch to Input Manual Switch to Protecting Auto. Switch to Input Auto. Switch to Protecting Lockout Normal I Normal P TP ID Prefix Enter the TP type and physical location of the port, or only the physical location at least down to board level, according to the following format:

r<rack#>s<subr.#>b<board#>/port#<port#>-TP (see Figure 190. on page 258)


The # within brackets identifies a number.
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Figure 189. Cross-Connection Management Dialog (Initial State)

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15.3.2 Cross-Connection List After a successful search, a read only list of cross-connections matching the search criteria appears (see Figure 190. ). The number of matching cross-connections is displayed in the upper left corner of the list. The list contains information concerning the following parameters for each cross-connection:

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Prot. State detailed switching information in the format: <protection state> <traffic ind> (<location>:<signal state><switch status>, [<location>:<signal state><switch status>]) <protection state> Normal, Auto, Lockout, Forced or Manual. <traffic ind> indicates the location of current traffic: P (Protecting input) or I (Input). <location> indicates the location of the errored signal: P (Protecting input) or I (Input) <signal state> indicates the signal state: SD (Signal Degrade) or SF (Signal Failure) <switch status> status of the switch: c (completed) or p (pending)

Example: Auto I (P:SD-c) There has been an Automatic switch from the protecting input to the Input where the traffic is currently located. The reason for the automatic switch was Signal Degrade in the Protecting input. The switch was completed. State connection state indicating whether cross-connection is A(ctivated) or D(eactivated) Dir. Direction-related connection type: uni(directional), bi(directional), mp (multipoint), DC_N (Drop & Continue Normal) or DC_I (Drop & Continue Inverse) Input signal source; contains the TP type and physical location of the port according to the format <rack#><subr.#><board#><port#>,<port#>#TP (see Figure 190. on page 258) The # within brackets identifies a number. Protecting Input protecting source (for protected cross-connections only); contains the TP type and physical location of the port according to the format

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r<rack#>s<subr.#>b<board#>/port#<port#>-TP (see Figure 190. on page 258)


The # within brackets identifies a number.

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At the bottom of the dialog is a range of buttons to start actions on the listed cross-connections. Before starting any action apart from creation or printing, mark at least one cross-connection. To mark several cross-connections (multi-select) that are listed in succession, select the first cross-connection of a block with a mouse click and the last one with a mouse click while pressing the <Shift> key. Or, mark a number of individual cross-connections by clicking the mouse button while pressing the <Control> key. Deselect cross-connections by clicking on the respective row while simultaneously pressing the <Control> key. To deselect a number of cross-connections at a time, press the <Shift> key and hold it down while moving the mouse pointer to the last entry. All actions that may affect traffic must be confirmed. A confirmation dialog pops up in this case and the user has to confirm the requested action.

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Figure 190. Cross-Connection Management Dialog (After Search)

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Output signal destination for point-to-point cross-connections, the TP ID of the destination is specified according to the format r<rack#>s<subr.#>b<board#>/port#<port#>-TP ; for multi-leg cross-connections, the string multiple Legs appears instead.

15.3.3 Actions available The following actions are available:


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Create a crossconnection (see chapter 15.4 on page 260) The Main Cross-Connection dialog (see Figure 194. on page 267) is opened.

Modify a Cross-Connection (see chapter 15.4 on page 260) Available if just one cross-connection is selected from the list. The Main Cross-Connection dialog (see Figure 194. on page 267) is opened. Activate a Cross-Connection (see chapter 15.5 on page 275) Available if at least one cross-connection is selected from the list. Not operative in current release. Deactivate a Cross-Connection (see chapter 15.5 on page 275) Available if at least one cross-connection is selected from the list. Not operative in current release. Delete a Cross-Connection (see chapter 15.5 on page 275) Available if at least one cross-connection is selected from the list. Split a Cross-Connection (see paragraph 15.6.1 on page 278) Available if at least one bidirectional cross connection is selected from the list. Join Cross-Connections (see paragraph 15.6.2 on page 278) Available if two cross connections are selected. Protection Switching (see chapter 15.7 on page 279) Available if exactly one protected cross-connection is selected from the list. The Protection Actions dialog is opened. Print (see chapter 15.8 on page 281) Prints the filtered list of cross-connections.

The dialog has to be closed explicitly.

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15.4 Create/Modify Cross-Connections


Creation and modification of cross-connections are performed in the Main Cross-Connection dialog. The dialog can be accessed via the Transmission or Port view as for the following menus example or by using the Create or Modify buttons (chapter 15.3.3 on page 259) in the Cross-Connection Management dialog (see Figure 189. on page 256). The dialog box of Figure 194. on page 267 is presented ( Main Cross Connection view).

To prevent operation faults, the system is designed according to the following guidelines: All operations that may affect traffic must be confirmed. The subsystem provides a confirmation dialog box before the operation can be executed. If the window displays an existing cross-connection, the OK button is insensitive when this cross-connection is assigned to NML or it is not assigned to the user profile. If the window is used to create a new cross-connection, the system verifies that the relevant TPs can be used (not assigned to NML and assigned to the user profile) after the OK button is pressed. If a specified TP is not permitted, the corresponding message box appears.

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15.4.1 Cross-Connection Parameters The Main Cross Connection view of Figure 194. on page 267 permits to create the cross connections.
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A cross-connection is defined through a set of parameters which depend on the connection and protection type. Only those parameters which are permitted within the current context can be accessed. All others are disabled (faded gray). To create a cross-connection, one or more of those parameters must be defined according to the cross-connection type. Table 8. gives an overview about the optional and mandatory input parameters for the various cross-connection types. Activate the relevant entry boxes first of all by clicking on them with the mouse. Configurable Parameters Type Select the connection type: Unidirectional Bidirectional Drop&Continue D&C Topology Select the direction for Drop&Continue: Normal Inverse Protection Define protection state: Protected Not Protected Prot. Criteria (only available for protected connections) Clicking on the Prot. Criteria button, Figure 191. for the Protection Criteria dialog is opened, where the user can display and configure the SNCP Type Protection. No protection criteria for automatic protection switching can be configured. The following SNCP Type are available: SNCPI (Inherently monitored SubNetwork Connection Protection) SNCPN (Nonintrusively monitored SubNetwork Connection Protection) SNCPS (Sublayer SubNetwork Connection Protection) (Not operative in current release)

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Figure 191. Protection Criteria Revertive (available only for protected connections) Select whether protection is to be revertive or not. In Revertive mode, a protected service is switched back to its initial, protected element when the fault has been eliminated. When Revertive mode is active, the Wait To Restore protection period prevents several protection switches being initiated as a result of an intermittent failure. The protected element must be error-free during this defined period of time before a protected service is switched back to it. In the current release the Wait To Restore time period is fixed to 5 minutes. In Non-revertive mode, switchover to the protecting element is maintained even after the fault has been eliminated. HOT (available only for protected connections) To enter the Hold Off Time expressed in msec. with a range from 0 to 10.000. HOT is the time between declaration of Signal Degrade or Signal Fail, and the initialization of the protection switching algorithm. Input To enter the input TP, click the relevant Choose button and select the TP in the TP Search dialog (see Figure 151. on page 204). Otherwise, select the input field and enter the name of the TP directly. Prot. Input To enter the protecting TP, click the relevant Choose button and select the TP in the TP Search dialog. Otherwise, select the input field and enter the name of the TP directly. Output It is possible to enter one or more output TPs. To enter one output TP, click the relevant Choose button and select the TP in the TP Search dialog. Otherwise, select the input field and enter the name of the TP directly. To enter more than one output TP and create a broadcast connection, proceed as described previously and press button Add afterwards. The previously chosen TP is then moved to the list box located below. Click the Choose button and select the next TP in the TP Search dialog. Otherwise, select the input field and enter the name of the TP directly. Repeat this procedure for each destination TP. A list of all the selected output TPs is displayed in the list box located below it. To delete a leg from the list, select the TP in the list box and click on the Delete Leg button. 02 SC.3:NE MANAGEMENT 3AL 81412 AA AA 426 262 / 426

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N.B.

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Non-intrusive Monitoring Adding a protection leg to a unidirectional cross-connection offers the ability to perform non-intrusive monitoring on this cross-connection. No errors are introduced to the original cross-connection with applying or removing the protection leg.

Table 8. Optional and Mandatory Configurable Parameters for Cross-Connection Creation

Input Parameters

Unidirectional/Bidirectional Cross Connection Not Protected Protected

Broadcast Cross Connection Not Protected not protected one TP one or more TPs Protected

Type D&C Topology Protection Protection Criteria HOT Protected Revertive Input Protecting Input Output

unidirectional/bidirectional normal/inverse not protected one TP one TP protected SNCP-I SNCP-N x x one TP one TP one TP

unidirectional protected SNCP-I SNCP-N x one TP one TP one or more TPs

not available configuration optional

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Non-configurable Parameters CC Topology The topology of the cross-connection is indicated via two icons. The left-hand icon displays the current topology and the right one displays a view of the topology following confirmation of the current modifications. In addition, the color of an icon indicates the connection state of the cross-connection: green > active brown > inactive The icon is set according to the entries made in Type and Protection:
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TPs not cross-connected

Unidirectional, not protected

Bidirectional, not protected

Unidirectional, protected

Bidirectional, protected

Broadcast, not protected

Broadcast with one protected leg

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Drop & Continue normal

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Drop & Continue inverse

Loopback connection: unidirectional, same input and output TP Figure 192. Cross-Connection Icons

Example:

current state: TPs are not connected

state after creation: unidirectional, non-protected cross-connection

Figure 193. Creation of a Unidirectional, Non-Protected Cross-Connection

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15.4.2 Create a Cross-Connection This chapter lists the steps the user has to take to create a cross-connection using The Main Cross Connection view of Figure 194. on page 267. For a detailed description of the single parameters, refer to the previous para. 15.4.1 on page 261. For information on cross-connection types, refer to para. 15.1.5 on page 246. N.B. After creation of a cross-connection, the cross-connection list in the Cross Connection Management dialog is not automatically updated. Use button Search in this dialog to update the list.

Create a Point-to-Point Cross-Connection (uni- or bidirectional) 1) 2) 3) Select the cross-connection Type. Select the Protection state. Select or type in the Input TP.

To enter the TP, click the Choose button and select the TP in the Search for Cross Connection Input dialog (see Figure 195. ), or select the input field and enter the name of the TP directly. The Search for Cross Connection Input dialog offers the possibility to list TPs according to different filter criteria. E.g. to obtain a list of all not connected AU-4 TPs of a rack, first select the rack in the left list box, then select the filter criteria ConnectionState not connected and Class AU-4 and click on button Search. The matching TPs are listed in the right listbox. Select the input TPs in the list and confirm with Ok. For a more detailed description on the Search for Cross Connection dialog see para. 14.5.1 on page 203. 4) Select or type in the Output TP as described in Step 3 ).

The following steps only apply to protected cross-connections: 5) 6) 7) 8) Select or type in the Protecting Input (Prot. Input) TP as described in Step 3 ). Configure the Revertive mode. Configure the Protection Criteria (Prot. Criteria) Configure the HOT (Hold Off TIme)

Press the button Ok to confirm the creation.

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Figure 194. Create a Bidirectional Protected Cross-Connection (example)

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Create a Broadcast Connection 1) 2) 3) Select the cross-connection Type unidirectional Select the Protection state. Select or type in the Input TP. To enter the TP, click the Choose button and select the TP in the Search for Cross Connection Input dialog (see Figure 195. ) or select the input field and enter the name of the TP directly. This dialog offers the possibility to list TPs according to different filter criteria. E.g. to obtain a list of all TU12 TPs of a board, first select the board in the left list box, then select the filter criteria Connection State Ignore and Class TU12 and click on button Search TPs. The matching TPs are listed in the right listbox (see Figure 195. ). Select the input TPs in the list and confirm with Ok. For a more detailed description on the Search for Cross Connection dialog see para. 14.5.1 on page 203. 4) Select or type in the Output TPs as described in Step 3 )
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Press the button Add Leg in the Main Cross Connection dialog and all output TPs are displayed in the list box under the Output field (Figure 196. on page 270). To delete a leg from the list, select the TP in the list box and click on the Delete Leg button. The following steps only apply to protected broadcast connections: 5) Select or type in the Protecting input TP. Note that each single protected leg of the broadcast has to be assigned to the same protecting input.

Proceed as described in Step 3 ). Afterwards, select the protected output TP in the output list box and click button Protect Leg. The leg is then marked as protected in the list box. Repeat this procedure for each protected output TP (only one protected leg is supported in current release). To unprotect a leg from the list, select the protected TP in the list box and click on the Unprotect Leg button. Examples are in Figure 196. and Figure 197. 6) 7) 8) Configure the Revertive mode. Configure the Protection Criteria (Prot. Criteria) Configure the HOT (Hold Off TIme)

Press the button Ok to confirm creation.

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Figure 195. Search for Cross-Connection Output (example)

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Figure 196. Create an Unprotected Broadcast Cross-Connection (example)

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Figure 197. Create a Protected Broadcast Cross-Connection (example)

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15.4.3 Modify a Cross-Connection When modifying a cross-connection, note that some of the transformations involved may affect traffic (because the system may have to destroy and re-create the cross-connection to perform the necessary transformation). As mentioned at the beginning of this chapter, the user is required to confirm operations affecting traffic, i.e. a confirmation window warns the user. Within the Main Cross Connection dialog, modification of a cross-connection is restricted to the protection state and the parameters required by the protection. Refer to Table 9. for an overview of the accessible parameter when the protection state has been changed from not protected to protected and vice versa. For a description of the parameters, please refer to the previous para. 15.4.1 on page 261. To modify a cross connection select one from the connection list of Figure 190. on page 258. and then click on the Modify button. N.B. After modification of a cross-connection, the cross-connection list in the Cross Connection Management dialog is not automatically updated. Use button Search in this dialog to update the list.

Table 9. Modifiable Parameters

Input Parameters not protected to protected Type D&C Topology Protection Protection Criteria Unprotected Protected HOT Revertive Input Protecting Input Output
x

Modification protected to not protected normal/ inverse not protected x x x

normal/ inverse protected x x x x x x x


not accessible accessible

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The following few facts should be taken into consideration when modifying connections.
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Unprotect a protected cross-connection (see Figure 198. ): When a protected cross-connection is being unprotected (protection changed to not protected), the dialog displays the additional option button Unprotected. It offers the choice of whether to keep the protected input TP (Input) or the protecting input TP (Prot. Input) as the only signal source of the new unprotected cross-connection. Ensure that the active TP is selected (i.e. check the protection state in the Cross-Connection Management dialog). An example is in the following Figure 198. In addition, a question box appears, asking the user to confirm the unprotect action.

Figure 198. Unprotect a Bidirectional Cross-Connection (example)

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Protect an unprotected cross-connection: When an unprotected cross-connection is being protected, the Prot. Input button is available to select the protection input connection to insert. An example is in the following Figure 199. Protection principle are given in para. 15.1.6 on page 248.

Figure 199. Protect one Leg of a Broadcast Connection (example)

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15.5 Activate/Deactivate/Delete Cross-Connections


15.5.1 Activate a Cross-Connection Not supported in current release. The Cross Connection Management dialog provides the possibility of displaying a selection of existing cross-connections (see Chapter 15.3 on page 254). The connection state (Act = A or D) is indicated in this connection list. To activate a cross-connection, select one from the connection list (see Figure 190. ) and then click on the Activate button to initiate the process. A confirmation box appears in which to confirm the state change request. The connection in the list is automatically updated to indicate the new connection state (Act = A). If the set of cross-connections selected from the list includes both activated and deactivated cross-connections, clicking the Activate button only initiates actions on the deactivated cross-connections which were selected. 15.5.2 Deactivate a Cross-Connection Not supported in current release. After creation, a cross-connection is automatically in an active state. To deactivate a cross-connection, select one from the connection list (see Figure 190. ) and then click on the Deactivate button to initiate the process. A confirmation box appears in which to confirm the state change request. The connection in the list is automatically updated to indicate the new connection state (Act = D). If the set of cross-connections selected from the list includes both activated and deactivated cross-connections, clicking the Deactivate button only initiates actions on the activated cross-connections which were selected. 15.5.3 Delete a Cross-Connection Only deactivated cross-connections should be deleted. However, deletion of active cross-connections is possible. NOTE: the Delete crossconnection action is not possible in the case that is still existing any operation/connection/termination on the underlying supported signals, such as: Performance Monitoring on lower or higher TPs POM / HPOM operations Lower order Connections Higher order Connections Lower/Higher order Path Terminations Loopbacks LAN/LAPD (and any comm/routing channel) Auxiliary channels Thus the deletion of every active operation/connection/termination is necessary, in the same order as above listed, before the deletion of a crossconnection. To delete a cross-connection, select the corresponding connection from the list and click on the Delete button. To prevent operation errors, the user must confirm the deletion request. The deleted cross-connection automatically disappears from the connection list when the operation is successful.

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15.6 Split and Join Cross-Connections


15.6.1 Split a Cross-Connection Precondition Only bidirectional cross-connections can be split. Split Select one or more bidirectional cross connections from the list in the Cross Connection Management dialog and press Split. The cross-connections are split without further confirmation from the user. The original cross connection(s) disappear from the list in the Cross Connection Management dialog after a successful action. The user has to press Search to see the new cross connections. Depending on the protection state of the original cross-connection, the split action has the following effect: a) Unprotected Cross-Connection An unprotected bidirectional cross-connection is split into two unidirectional cross-connections with the input TP in one of them being the output in the other and vice versa (see Figure 200. ). The new cross connection has the same name and activation status as the old bidirectional one.

Split

Join (case 1)

Figure 200. Split/Join Unprotected Bidirectional Cross-Connection


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b)

Protected Cross-Connection Splitting a protected connection results in one protected unidirectional cross-connection and one broadcast with two legs. The input of the original cross-connection is one of the legs in the broadcast. The other leg in the broadcast is the protecting input. The input of the broadcast is the output of the original protected cross-connection.

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Split

Join (case 2)

protected unidirectional cross connection

Figure 201. Split/Join to Protected Bidirectional Cross-Connection

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broadcast connection


C A B

15.6.2 Join Two Cross-Connections Precondition Two cross-connections can be joined if they match the following characteristics: The connections are either 1) 2) both unprotected, unidirectional and the input is the output of the other one, or one of them is protected and unidirectional, and the other one a broadcast with two legs. Restriction: the input of the broadcast connection has to be the output of the protected connection and the legs of the broadcast match the input and the protection input of the unidirectional connection, also refer to Chapter Split a Cross-Connection, effect b).
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Both cross-connections have the same connection state (activated or deactivated). Both cross-connections have the operational state enabled, i.e. they are listed in black color in the Cross Connection Management dialog.

Join Select exactly two cross connections in the Cross Connection Management dialog and press the Join button. The cross-connections are joined without further confirmation from the user. The original cross connection(s) disappear from the list in the Cross Connection Management dialog after a successful action. Press Search to see the new cross-connections in the list. The result is either a bidirectional (case 1, see Figure 200. ) or a protected bidirectional (case 2, see Figure 201. ) cross-connection. If the original cross-connections have different names, the new name is a concatenation of the names of both of them.

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15.7 Protection Switching


The Protection Actions dialog is displayed after clicking on the Protection button in the Cross Connection Management dialog (see Figure 190. ). Users can only switch protection on cross-connections belonging to them and not assigned to the NML. A second condition is that protection is enabled for the cross-connection concerned (protection parameter is set to protected). The three protection actions Force, Lock Out and Manual Switch belong to different levels, whereby Lock has the highest priority and Manual Switch the lowest. Note that a protection state can only be changed within the same or from a higher priority level, e.g. Force To Protecting can be reverted with Release but not with Manual Switch To Input.

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Figure 202. Protection Actions Dialog The dialog window enables the user to perform protection- related operations on protected cross-connections. These are: Force to Input The cross-connection is switched to the protected input regardless of signal quality. Automatic protection is disabled. Force to Protecting (Input) The cross-connection is switched to the protecting input regardless of signal quality. Automatic protection is disabled.
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Release Force Forced switching is disabled and automatic protection switching re-enabled.

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Manual Switch to Input (not operative in current release) The user can switch over to the protected input manually. Switching over is not executed if the signal quality on the protected path is worse than on the protecting path.

Manual Switch to Protecting Input (not operative in current release) The user can switch over to the protecting input manually. Switching over is not executed if the signal quality on the protecting path is worse than on the protected path.

Release Manual Switch (not operative in current release) A manual switch is disabled and automatic protection switching re-enabled.

Lock Out to Invoke The connection path is locked for protection switching, i.e. neither forced nor manual switching can be performed.

Release Lock The protection lock is disabled.

N.B.

All the operations listed are context-dependent and are enabled or disabled (grayed) accordingly.

After completion of protection switching, the list entry in the Cross Connection Management dialog is updated automatically. After clicking on an action button and completing the action initiated, the dialog disappears automatically.

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15.8 Print
This option is used to print the currently filtered cross-connection list and the related filter settings on the default printer or to a file in postscript or ASCII format (see Figure 203. and Figure 204. )

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Figure 203. Select Printer N.B. If no printer is installed, there is no error message displayed to indicate this.

Figure 204. Select Output Format

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15.9 Show Cross-Connected TPs


An overview of signal flow can be requested by means of a user action. The user can select a TP and initiate the action Show Cross Connected TPs from the Transmission view.

The result is that all other TPs connected to the currently selected TP are displayed (see the example of Figure 205. on page 283). A line indicates the connection . This functionality should only be applied selectively (either for a single TP or selected group of TPs). Expanding and hiding TPs that are associated with the currently selected TP (e.g. show all TPs that are above the TU12CTP) enables all the related TPs to be added to the view so that the complete signal flow can be illustrated.

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Figure 205. Show Cross Connected VC4 of an AU4

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16 OVERHEAD MANAGEMENT 16.1 Introduction


All the descriptions in the following paragraphs are applicable only to 1650SMC and 1660SM. The purpose of this set of dialogs is to handle the operations on the Overhead (OH) bytes of the NE. The possible operations are: Overhead crossconnection Crossconnection between 2 or more OH bytes Termination of an OH byte onto an auxiliary port or vocal channel Total Passthrough of the MSOH bytes for some cards Definition of the Phone Parameters

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There is a TP associated to every OH byte and to every auxiliary port, so TP could be used instead of OH bytes or auxiliary port, depending on the context.

Note for 1640FOX: Two bytes of the SDH Overhead frame are accessible for auxiliary purposes, in V11 and RS232 format; the dedicated bytes are fixed and belong to the STM1#1 or STM4#1 (the module inserted in the highest position of the CompactADM unit). The auxiliary services on STM1#2 or STM4#2 are not available in current release, except just in case of 1+1 MSP STMN line protection. These bytes are E1 (for V11 signal) and F1 (for RS232). The auxiliary signals are available, at the backside connector, as soon as the CompactADM unit is inserted, without any software presetting.

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16.2 OH Connection overview


Here are described the possible OH connections For OH Phone Parameters directly refer to the para 16.7 on page 295. OH Crossconnection
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The operator has to be able to crossconnect 2 or more OH bytes on 2 different boards. The possible crossconnection types are: unprotected bidirectional point to point The steps an operator has to do in order to perform the crossconnection are the following: create the OH TPs involved in the operation create the OH crossconnection: select type of crossconnection select the input OH TP involved in the operation select the output OH TP involved in the operation

After having deleted an OH crossconnection, the involved TPs have to be deleted. OH Termination

The operator has to be able to terminate one OH byte onto an auxiliary port or vocal channel. The steps an operator has to do in order to perform the OH bytes termination are the following: create the OH TP involved in the operation create the OH byte termination: select the created OH TP select the auxiliary port/vocal channel TP involved in the operation After having deleted an OH byte termination, the involved TP have to be deleted. Total MSOH Passthrough

For STM ports it make sense to allow the operator to perform a total passthrough of the MSOH bytes. A total msoh passthrough connection (connection between msPassThroughCTP points) is setup only if no single msoh passthrough connection are set and if no single msoh crossconnection are set. If a total msoh passthrough connection is set, a single msoh passthrough connection or a single msoh crossconnection cannot be set. The steps an operator has to do in order to perform the total MSOH passthrough are the following: create the msPassThroughCTP points involved in the operation create the total MSOH passthrough: select the input msPassThroughCTP point involved in the operation select the output msPassThroughCTP point involved in the operation After having deleted a total MSOH passthrough, the involved msPassThroughCTP points have to be deleted.

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16.3 Overhead views


The Overhead Views allows to perform the previously presented operations.
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To access select Overhead option from the Configuration pull down menu; the following options are presented in the cascading menu, as shown in the following figure: OH Cross Connection See next para. OH Phone Parameters See para.16.7 on page 295. OH TP creation OH TP deleting See para.16.5 on page 293. See para.16.6 on page 294.

ISA Port Configuration

Figure 206. Overhead options The options are described in next paragraphs.

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16.4 OH Cross Connection


Select the Configuration pull down menu. Select the Overhead option and then from the cascading menu the OH Cross Connection option. The Cross-Connection Management for OverHead dialog opens (see Figure 207. on page 288 ) and allows to start the configuration.

Figure 207. Cross Connection Management for OverHead dialog (example) It is similar to the dialog used for the crossconnection of the TP for paths, then the same description and functions are valid. Next configuration steps use the Main Cross-Connection for OverHead (see Figure 208. on page 288) dialog and the TP Search dialog (see Figure 151. on page 204), also in this case already described for path management.

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Figure 208. Main Cross-Connection for OverHead dialog

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For all details, navigation and sequences on these views refer to chapter 15 on page 237. There is one big difference between the OH TPs and the other kinds of TPs: the OH TPs have to be: created ONLY BEFORE a crossconnection/termination operation involving them has been performed. deleted AFTER a crossconnection/termination deleting involving them has been confirmed. The current implementation of the TP Search Dialog (TPSD) works only with created TPs. In the following a description of the main functions and commands is given, also to list the Supported and Not Supported operation. 16.4.1 Cross-Connection Management for OverHead dialog See Figure 207. on page 288 Supported operations Search cross connections/terminations according to one or more of the following filtering attributes: type, TPs . The operator can set the filtering criteria, can start the search and select one or more cross connections/terminations among those presented in a readonly list as a result of the search operation. For each crossconnection/termination matching the filtering criteria, the following information is shown: direction (bidirectional) and the input, output TPs involved;

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After choosing one or more cross connections/terminations, this dialog allows to: Delete the selected xconnection/termination

Note: this dialog disappears only when the user explicitly clicks on the close button. Delete operations can be performed on several cross connections/termination at the same time. Modify operations can be performed only on single cross connections/terminations. The OH xconnections are automatically active at the moment of their creation. The operation buttons availability follows some rules: The Delete and Print buttons are enabled only if at least one item is selected from the list. A special dialog will ask the user for a confirmation. the create button is always enabled. It brings up the Main crossconnection Dialog.

When some operation may affect the existing traffic, the operator is warned about that, and a confirmation dialog must be answered to carry on/cancel the operation. The choices for this dialog are: yes/no for single items, yes to all/cancel for multiple items Not Supported operation

When used for OH purposes, the Cross-Connection Management dialog doesnt support the following functionalities:
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Protect cross connections/terminations: all the OH cross connections/terminations are unprotected Activate/Deactivate cross connections/terminations: all connections/terminations are automatically active since their creation Split cross connection/termination Modify Cross Connection Termination the OH cross

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16.4.1.1 Main Cross-Connection for OverHead dialog See Figure 208. on page 288. According to the philosophy of offering only meaningful operations to the user, and being the OH crossconnection operations a subset of those applying to the general cross connections (e.g:protections are not allowed), some fields of this dialog are disabled. By clicking on the proper portions of the dialog and on the proper buttons, the operator can perform the operations hereafter listed: selection of the crossconnection type selection of the input TP involved in the crossconnection selection of the output TP involved in the crossconnection
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In order to do that the operator can either type in the involved TPs ID or use the TP Search dialog. Supported operations When creating a new cross connection, some or all of the following operations are available, depending on the NE type characteristics: Choose one input TP Choose one output TP It is possible to directly type in the TP name or to click on the Choose button to select a TP from the TP Search dialog box

16.4.1.2 TP Search dialog The TP Search dialog (see Figure 151. on page 204) currently offers: navigation rack/subrack/board/port a list of TPs to choose from

When used in the OH domain, this dialog is a subcase of the most generic TP Search. The operator can choose among a list of:
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all the possible OH TPs belonging to a specified class: no board selected and MS, RS or VC class selected all the possible OH TPs belonging to a specified board/port: board/port selected and no TP class selected all the possible OH TPs belonging to a specified board/port and class: board/port selected and MS, RS or VC class selected all the OH TPs already connected (also accordingly to the connection type) all the OH TPs not yet connected a combination of the above options 02 SC.3:NE MANAGEMENT 3AL 81412 AA AA 426 290 / 426

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In 1660SM and 1650SMC to connect the auxiliary / vocal channels and the Overhead bytes the following operative indication must be observed:
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1660SM:
the auxiliary and vocal channels TPs are in the SERVICE board of slot 11 The auxiliary channels are: 2 x G.703 2 Mbit/s; in the screen are indicated as: r01sr1sl11/port#05P Expanding this TP, 31 referred TPs are presented r01sr1sl11/port#06P Expanding this TP, 31 referred TPs are presented

4 x G.703 64Kbit/s; in the screen are indicated as: r01sr1sl11/port#07P r01sr1sl11/port#08P r01sr1sl11/port#09P r01sr1sl11/port#10P

4 x V11; in the screen are indicated as: r01sr1sl11/port#01#01v11TTP r01sr1sl11/port#02#01v11TTP r01sr1sl11/port#03#01v11TTP r01sr1sl11/port#04#01v11TTP

4 x V24; in the screen are indicated as: r01sr1sl11/port#01#01v24TTP r01sr1sl11/port#02#01v24TTP r01sr1sl11/port#03#01v24TTP r01sr1sl11/port#04#01v24TTP

1 x phonic interface (voice channel); in the screen are indicated as: r01sr1sl11/port#01#01q23TTP Expanding this TP, four referred TPs are presented: r01sr1sl11/port#01#001q23TTP r01sr1sl11/port#01#002q23TTP r01sr1sl11/port#01#003q23TTP r01sr1sl11/port#01#004q23TTP These TPs permit to connect the voice channel toward four directions.

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1650SMC:
the auxiliary and vocal channels TPs are in the SERGI board of slot 05 The auxiliary channels are: 1 x G.703 2 Mbit/s (not operative in current release); in the screen is indicated as: r01sr1sl05/port#03P Expanding this TP, 31 referred TP are presented from
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2 x G.703 64Kbit/s; in the screen are indicated as: r01sr1sl05/port#04P r01sr1sl05/port#05P

2 x V11; in the screen are indicated as: r01sr1sl05/port#01#01v11TTP r01sr1sl05/port#02#01v11TTP

2 x V24; in the screen are indicated as: r01sr1sl05/port#01#01v24TTP r01sr1sl05/port#02#01v24TTP

1 x phonic interface (voice channel): in the screen are indicated as: r01sr1sl05/port#01#01q23TTP Expanding this TP two referred TP are presented: r01sr1sl05/port#01#001q23TTP r01sr1sl05/port#01#002q23TTP These TPs permit to connect the voice channel toward two directions.

1650SMC and 1660SM:


The other boards used to terminate or crossconnect the OH bytes are the STMn boards. The OH TP are present in MS, RS and VC4 TP Class. In these TPs the indication ......#0011 to 0099 (MS or RS) are referred to the coordinates of the Section OverHead bytes on the SDH frame (1,1 to 9,9). The voice channel are identified by the ow indication, the FU is for Future Use, the NU is for National Use, UC is for User Channel and Pass is for Passthrough channel.

The examples of the figure in this OH connection chapter can be helpful to the operator.

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16.5 OH TP creation
Select the Configuration pull down menu. Select the Overhead option and then from the cascading menu the OH TP creation option. The OH TP creation dialog opens (see Figure 209. ) and allows to create the OH TP to cross connect. In detail, the dialogbox contains the following graphical object: a Choose button is used to display a list of OH Tps to be created. The Choose button starts the TP Search (see Figure 210. ) with predefined filtering; the TP Search dialog allows the operator to visualize only not created OH Tps. To visualize the OH TP in the TP Search view double click on the MS, RS or VC4 Tp. OH Tp field displays the label of the selected OH Tp to be created.

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Apply button is used to perform a create request of the tp displayed in the OH Tp field. After having performed the create request, the OH Tp field is set to empty. Close button close the dialog without changes of the data. Help button provides some useful information about the dialog.

Figure 209. OH TP creation

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Figure 210. OH Search TP for creation (example)

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16.6 OH TP deleting
Select the Configuration pull down menu. Select the Overhead option and then from the cascading menu the OH TP deleting option. The OH TP deleting dialog opens (see Figure 211. ) and allows to delete the OH TP no more involved in an OH crossconnection. In detail, the dialogbox contains the following graphical object: a Choose button is used to display a list of OH Tps to be deleted. The Choose button starts the TP Search with predefined filtering; the TP Search dialog allows the operator to visualize only created and not crossconnected OH Tps. OH Tp field displays the label of the selected OH Tp to be deleted.

Apply button is used to perform a delete request of the tp displayed in the OH Tp field. After having performed the delete request, the OH Tp field is set to empty. Close button close the dialog without changes of the data. Help button provides some useful information about the dialog.

Figure 211. OH TP deleting

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16.7 OH Phone Parameters


The OH phone parameters option permits to configure the telephone number and to manage the parameter phonic extension. Select the Configuration pull down menu. Select the Overhead option and then from the cascading menu the OH Phone Parameters option. Figure 212. opens.

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r01sr1sl11/port#01#01q23TTP

Figure 212. Phone Parameters dialog window (example) In the window are presented: the interface field (at the top) where can be selected the phonic interfaces to be configured. It identifies a TP indicated as q23TTP, referred to the physical voice connection on the SERVICE unit in slot11. the phone number field, to set the telephone number for operator call on the phonic interface. The phonic extension field, where enable or disable the extension of the selected phonic interface. If enabled the phonic signal is extended towards the external on the access panel of the NE.

Apply button performs the configuration change of the modified phone parameters of the selected phonic interface without close the dialog Close button close the dialog without changes of the data.
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17 PERFORMANCE MONITORING 17.1 Introduction


The Performance Monitoring domain on the NE covers the monitoring of counter values for trail termination points and connection termination points. Examples of these counters on the SDH PORT are Errored Seconds (ES) and Severely Errored Seconds (SES). The Performance Monitoring domain counts these errors during specified granularity periods (15 min, 24h) and stores the values in history data logs. For the purpose of quality supervision, the values of the error counters can be compared to user-defined threshold levels. If a counter value has crossed a threshold level, a notification (threshold crossing alarm) is issued. The principle performance management functions are: Configuration of the counting interval for each performance measurement point. Collection of the performance data. Configuration of the quality thresholds that generate alarms and log records when predefined values are exceeded.

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On the ETHERNET PORT a set of performance counters are foreseen, for QoS and maintenance purpose. By selecting the GMAU TP and subsequently the Transmission>Performance menu, the following options are available: Configure Performance Monitoring. Display Current Data. Display History Data.

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17.2 Performance Monitoring on SDH port


17.2.1 Overview Performance Monitoring functionalities, are described in the following paragraph in addition to general information concerning performance monitoring on the NE. Paragraph 17.4 on page 310 Configuration ( SDH port) deals with the configuration of performance monitoring Paragraph 17.5 on page 315 Display Current Data ( SDH port) deals with displaying current performance data Paragraph 17.6 on page 318 Display History Data ( SDH port) deals with displaying history performance data Paragraph 17.7 on page 320 PM Threshold Table Selection ( SDH port) deals with the selection of threshold tables Paragraph 17.8 on page 324 PM Threshold Table Modification/Display ( SDH port) deals with the modification of threshold tables and permits to display the same

17.2.2 Supported Performance Counters The NE uses performance counters to count transmission errors. A set of performance counters is provided according to the Termination Point (TP), where performance measurement occurs. The user can start performance monitoring on one or more subsets of counters for each TP; it is not possible to start individual performance counters. Near end performance monitoring events are: Background Block Error (BBE): A BBE counter measures the number of errored blocks which do not occur as part of an SES. Errored Second (ES): A one second period with one or more errored blocks or with a defect. Severely Errored Second (SES): A one second period which contains > 30% of errored blocks, or at least one Severely Disturbed Period (SDP). An SES is also counted as an ES. Near End Unavailable Second (NEUAS): An Unavailable Second is a second which is part of the Unavailable Time.

The corresponding Far End (FE) performance monitoring events are: Far End Background Block Error (FEBBE): A far end errored block which does not occur as part of an FESES. Far End Errored Second (FEES): Identifies, at a terminal, a one second period with one or more errored blocks or with a defect which were received by the Far End Terminal. Far End Severely Errored Second (FESES): Identifies, at a terminal, a one second period which contains > 30% of errored blocks, or at least one Severely Disturbed Period (SDP) which was received/detected by the Far End Terminal. An FESES is counted as an FEES.

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Far End Unavailable Second (FEUAS): An Unavailable Second is a second which is part of the Unavailable Time at the far end.

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The Termination Point (TP) type determines which performance monitoring events can be counted: SDH TPs Both near end and far end counters are supported in receive direction of the signal for all SDH path layers and for the multiplex section layer. For the regenerator section, no far end information is transmitted and, therefore, only near end counting is supported. PDH TPs Only near end counters are supported in receive direction for all PDH path layers. Further definitions: Errored Block (EB): A block in which one or more bits associated with the block are erroneous. Remote Error Indicator (REI) [formerly Far End Block Error (FEBE)] : Identifies, at a terminal, the count of errored blocks that were received by the far end terminal. Remote Defect Indicator (RDI) [formerly Far End Receive Failure (FERF)]: indicates to a terminal that the far end terminal has detected an incoming failure. Unavailable Time (UAT): A period of unavailable time begins at the onset of 10 consecutive SES events. These 10 seconds are considered to be part of unavailable time. A new period of available time begins at the onset of 10 consecutive non-SES events. Pointer Justification Event (PJE): A PJE is an inversion of I or D bits of the pointer , together with an increment or decrement of the pointer value to signify a frequency justification. Out of Frame Second (OFS) ): An OFS is defined as a second in which one or more out of frame events have occurred. This event is identified by the A1/A2 byte of the SDH Frame. The counting of OFS is only supported for the regenerator section termination. Please note that this counter is deprecated by ETSI and will be removed from international standards.

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17.2.3 Far End (FE) and Near End (NE) Performance Counting Far end performance monitoring parameters are derived from Remote Defect Indicators (RDI) and Remote Error Indicators (REI) (refer to Figure 213. ). Node A Source transmission signal significant bits significant bits Node B Sink

RDI insertion Sink near end counter far end counter far end defect near end defect near end defect

far end defect

far end counter near end counter

RDI insertion Source significant bits transmission signal

significant bits

Figure 213. Far End Performance Monitoring Principles At Node A, the near end information represents the performance of the unidirectional section/path from B to A, while the far end information represents the performance of the unidirectional section/path from A to B. At Node B, the near end information represents the performance of the unidirectional section/path from A to B, while the far end information represents the performance of the unidirectional section/path from B to A.

Near end performance data at Node A and far end performance data at Node B correspond as long as neither direction is disturbed, and vice versa. In compliance with ETSI and ITU-T standards, far end errors cannot be counted in the case of near end failures. 17.2.4 Bidirectional counting (24 h Bi) for QoS As specified in G.826, G.784 and ETSI 300417, the bidirectional PM collection for Quality of Service has been supported by combining the information on each direction of transport to assess a single unavailability state: the bidirectional path is in the unavailable state if either one or both directions are in the unavailable state. PM data are collected by a single UAS plus two sets of three event counters (BBE,ES,SES) for NEPM and FEPM respectively. When the path transports unidirectional payload just the four counters for the NEPM are activated (BBE, ES, SES and UAS). Data collection is performed only on 24 hours registers and the NE maintains a buffer of two registers: the 24hours current registers and the historical one.

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17.2.5 End to End (ee 24h) Performance Counting VCn trails can be monitored in intermediate node through the activation of performance monitoring process on Monitoring function. As the trails are often responsible of the endtoend customer service, the end toend monitoring can be requested to provide monitoring for Quality of Service purposes and , in addition, for network Maintenance applications. If SNCP is configured the Quality of Service collection have to be enable in the monitoring functions after the matrix . End to end monitoring is achieved by activation of Performance monitoring on the two direction of path and using farend primitives. This process can be unidirectional (for Monitoring) or bidirectional process (for QoS). In case of unidirectional process one direction can be monitored end to end and both 15minute and 24 h collection can be activated 15min./ 24H FE_BBE, FEES, FESES, FEUAS on incoming or egress signal depending of the POM is enable. The TCA are also evaluated in both 15 minute and 24 H counters. The bidirectional process needs the presence on the two Monitoring functions in the two directions in one NE and among the two monitoring function a 24 hour collection can be activated with the collection of incFE_BBE, incFEES, IncFESES, UAS, eFEBBE, eFEes, eFESES. 17.2.6 Performance Monitoring on AUPJE AU PJE (Administrative unit point justification event) is an optional parameters request in G.784. For AU PJE counters , the positive and negative PJE shall be counted separately on one selectable AU within an STMN signal, after the AU has been resynchronized to the local clock. Refer to G.783. The number of positive and negative outgoing PJE per second are collected in 15 minutes and 24 H counters. A history of 16 x 15minutes counters and 2x 24H are stored in the NE for each AU selected. No Threshold crossing mechanism is supported on AUPJE counters.

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17.2.7 Tandem Connection Termination (TCT) and Monitoring (TCM) TCM allows monitoring within the operator domain. The quality within the operators own domain can be proven regardless of the received quality of the signal at the entry point of the network. At the input point the reference value is set to zero by using the TCM feature. Tandem Connection Monitoring is applicable to VC4nc (n=1, 4, 16, ...), VC4, VC3 and VC12 layers. TCM provides: Incoming error count (IEC); TC_REI to indicate errored blocks within the TC to the far end; OEI to indicate errored blocks of the egressing VCn; TC_API as access point identifier complying with generic 16byte string format; TC_RDI indicating to the far end that defects have been detected within the TC at the near end TC sink;

17.2.8 Performance Monitoring on 2 Mbit/s ISDNPRA The feature provides PM data collection at the 2 Mbit/s ISDNPRA terminations. The performance monitoring capabilities (applied on p12Mon TP) support both the standard data collection modes: G. 826 bidirectional for QoS M2120 unidirectional nearend / farend for maintenance

17.2.9 Performance Data Collection Near end and far end performance monitoring events are counted over fixed monitoring periods of 15 minutes and 24 hours. The 24-hour monitoring periods start at 00 : 00 (UTC) and the 15-minute monitoring periods start at xx : 00, xx : 15, xx : 30 and xx : 45. Performance monitoring can be enabled and disabled at any time during a monitoring period. An entity of all near end or far end performance monitoring events is always counted, it is not possible to start individual performance counters (e.g. SES only). BBE, ES and SES counting is stopped during Unavailable Time. Event Counting The performance events (e.g. SES) are counted in a counter per event. These counters are called the current registers. At the end of the monitoring period, the contents of the current registers are transferred to the first of the recent registers, together with a time stamp to identify the period (including the day). Time stamping is performed using UTC (as for all alarms). After that, the current register is reset. It is also possible to reset an individual current register manually. Suspect Flag A suspect interval flag is set as an indication that the data of the corresponding register may be either incomplete or invalid.
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Zero Suppression Zero suppression is a basic mechanism to remove irrelevant PM information and to reduce the amount of PM reports in the system. A PM report is suppressed and hence no history record is created by the entity which is responsible for PM reporting when all of the following conditions are true for the monitoring period: an interval is error-free (all PM counter values are zero) PM was enabled during the entire monitoring interval (the elapsed time equals its nominal value, i.e. 900 for 15 min. and 86400 for 24 h) PM was running properly (the suspect interval flag is not set)

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By default, zero suppression is active for all PM enabled TPs. The number of suppressed intervals is indicated. 17.2.10 Data Collection N.B. PM data is not counted on boards that were plugged out at the moment of enabling data collection (see PM Configuration dialog). Nevertheless, PM data is counted on boards that were plugged in at the moment of enabling data collection, but were plugged out and back in some time during data collection.

Performance Monitoring can be started at any time. As soon as Performance Monitoring is started on the Craft Terminal, current PM data is collected on the I/O boards, incrementing the performance counters each time an error is detected. The performance data counted is evaluated every quarter of an hour or every 24 hours and stored there in a history record. When the user disables the monitoring of a TP within the first 10 minutes of a 15-minute period, it is possible that have still not been received the PM data of the previous monitoring interval. Since PM data is not stored after monitoring is disabled, the PM data of the previous interval is lost in this case. If equipment or line protection switching occurs during a counting interval, the NE does not provide complete performance measurement for the protected TPs. Only the period between the last switch and the end of the counting window is counted. The interval is marked for suspect data and the elapsed time indicates the length of the measured period. 17.2.11 Performance Monitoring History Performance Monitoring history data is necessary to assess the recent performance of transmission systems. Such information can be used to sectionalize faults and to locate the source of intermittent errors. History data, in the form of performance monitoring event counts, is stored in registers in the NE. All the history registers are time stamped. In compliance with ETSI and ITU-T standards, the history registers operate as follows: The history data is contained in a stack of registers. There are sixteen 15-minute period registers and one 24-hour period registers per monitored event. These registers are called the recent registers. At the end of each monitoring period, the contents of the current registers are moved to the first of the recent registers. When all recent registers are full, the oldest information is discarded.
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17.2.12 Thresholds For quality supervision purposes, the recorded errors through the performance counters can be compared to threshold levels. If a counter value has crossed a threshold level, a Threshold Crossing Alarm (TCA) is transmitted to the alarm manager. The threshold values are defined in threshold tables together with a severity and a flag indicating whether crossing this value should be notified by an alarm and logged or only stored in the current problem list. The user can modify and delete such tables. Different thresholds can be assigned for near end and far end and for granularity of 15 minutes and 24 hours. The TCA only reports the value of the counter which has crossed the threshold, it does not provide a complete set of all counters. Therefore, the user has to explicitly retrieve all current performance data after receiving the alarm. The user can retrieve this information from the Current Performance Management Data Dialog. Two thresholds mechanism are supported: For 24hour (implicit clearance) monitoring periods, one threshold value is defined: if the event count reaches or exceeds the threshold value during the monitoring period, a TCA is generated. To clear a TCA, the alarm must be manually acknowledged by the user. For 15minute (explicit clearance) monitoring periods, two threshold values (set, reset) are defined: a TCA is generated during the monitoring period when the event count reaches or exceeds the set threshold value the first time. This TCA is automatically cleared by the system at the end of the following monitoring period in which the event count is less than or equal to the reset threshold value and there was neither an unavailable nor a suspect period during this monitoring period

The following limitations apply for explicit clearance: The value of the low threshold is fixed to 0 (only a single threshold is provided by a threshold table). An SES threshold crossing is cleared at the end of the interval if no unavailability was detected and SES had not reached the low threshold (low threshold equal to 0). Even in case of a suspect interval the TCA is cleared if no unavailability was detected and the low threshold had not been reached.

Additionally an explicit clearance of TCAs for all granularity periods is executed if one of the following events occurs during the current interval: deletion of the current data instance (TP), resetting of counters (only for 24 h), increased thresholds (higher than current value of counters) (only for 24 h).

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17.3 Performance Monitoring on ETHRNET port


Performance Monitoring on Ethernet port, are described in the following paragraph:
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Paragraph 17.9 on page 328 Configuration (Ethernet port) deals with the configuration of performance monitoring Paragraph 17.10 on page 329 Display Current Data (Ethernet port) deals with displaying current performance data Paragraph 17.11 on page 331 Display History Data (Ethernet port) deals with displaying history performance data

An Ethernet link can be defined between two 10/100 Ethernet interfaces, or between two Gb Ethernet interfaces, or also between a Fast Ethernet and a Gb Ethernet interface. At the terminations of Ethernet link, it s possible to monitor the Ethernet frames and to collect information about the Ethernet traffic by means of some counters. Definitions of incoming and outgoing counter direction [1] Incoming (network centric view): it refers to the direction starting from Ethernet domain toward SDH domain (see Figure 214. ). The traffic arrives to the board from an Ethernet link and goes out from an SDH link. Outgoing (network centric view): it refers to the direction starting from SDH domain toward Ethernet domain (see Figure 214. ). The traffic arrives to the board from an SDH link and goes out from an Ethernet link.

[2]

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Figure 214. Counter directionality: network centric view

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17.3.1 Overview Ethernet counters can be distinguished from different points of view as depicted in Figure 215. They can be: Physical interface counters aggregate counters flow counters
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At physical interface level, the working status of transceiver is controlled. At aggregate level, all Ethernet traffics passing through the same port can be viewed as an aggregate. At flow level, each single flow is managed. Besides this classification, some counters can be of Quality of Service, others only of maintenance.

Figure 215. Counter subdivision

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17.3.2 Ethernet physical interface counters Ethernet physical interface counters are used to test Ethernet interface working state.
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They are: Symbol Error : for an interface operating at 100Mb/s, the number of times there was as invalid data symbol when a valid carrier was present. For an interface operating in fullduplex mode at 1000 Mb/s, the number of times the receiving media is nonidle carrier event for a period of time equal or greater than minFrameSize, and during which there was at least one occurrence of an event that causes the PHY to indicate Data reception error on the GMII. The count represented by an instance of this object is incremented at most once per carrier event, even if multiple symbol errors occur during the carrier event. This count does not increment if a collision is present. Media Available Exits : number of times that ifMauMediaAvailable for this MAU instance leaves the state available. Discontinuities in the value of this counter can occur at reinitialization of the management system, and at other times as indicated by the value of ifCounterDiscontinuityTime Jabber State : number of times that mauJabberState for this MAU instance enters the state jabbering. This counter will always indicate zero for MAUs of type dot1MauTypeAUI and those of speeds above 10Mbps. Discontinuities in the value of this counter can occur at reinitialization of the management system, and at other times as indicated by the value ifCounterDiscontinuityTime. False Carrier: number of false carrier events during IDLE in 100BASEX and 1000BASEX links. For all other MAU types, this counter will always indicate zero. This counter does not increment at the symbol rate. It can increment after a valid carrier completion at a maximum rate of once per 100 ms for 100BASEX and once per 10s for 1000BASEX until the next CarrierEvent. Discontinuities in the value of this counter can occur at reinitialization of the management system, and at other times as indicated by the value of ifCounterDiscontinuityTime.

They are only maintenance counters.

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17.3.3 Aggregate counter Aggregate counters count frames that pass through the same port. Single flows are hidden inside the aggregate. Aggregate counters are (refer to : TRCO (Total Received Correct Octets): total number of octets of Ethernet frames received correctly by the Virtual Ethernet Interface , including Ethernet header characters. TRCF (Total Received Correct Frames): total number of Ethernet frames received correctly by the Virtual Ethernet Interface TTO (Total Transmitted Octets): total number of octets of Ethernet frames transmitted out by the Virtual Ethernet Interface , including Ethernet header characters. TTF (Total Transmitted Frames): total number of Ethernet frames transmitted out by the Virtual Ethernet Interface TDF (Total Discarded Frames): total number of Ethernet frames which were chosen to be discarded due to buffer congestion. TRSEF (Total Received Service Errored frames): it is the sum of three contributions.

They are Quality of Service counters.

TTO incoming TTF incoming TRCO incoming TRCF incoming

TRCO outgoing TRCF outgoing TTO outgoing TTF outgoing

TRSEF outgoing TRSEF incoming Node A Transmitted frames


ISA Eth/GbE port

SDH VCn pipe Node B Received frames


ISA Eth/GbE port

TDF incoming OMSN Incoming direction Eth > SDH

TDF outgoing OMSN Outgoing direction SDH >Eth

Figure 216. Ethernet aggregate counter


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17.3.4 Flow counter Flow frames can be coloured Red Green or Yellow depending if flow is in compliance or not with SLA parameters. So flow counters definitions take in consideration frames colours. Counters definitions are: . TRCO_G (Total Received Correct Green Octets): total number of octets of green Ethernet frames received correctly, including Ethernet header characters. TRCF_G (Total Received Correct Green Frames): total number of green Ethernet frames received correctly. TRCO_Y (Total Received Correct Yellow Octets): total number of octets of yellow Ethernet frames received correctly, including Ethernet header characters. TRCF_Y (Total Received Correct Yellow Frames): total number of yellow Ethernet frames received correctly TRCO_R (Total Received Correct Red Octets): total number of octets of red Ethernet frames received correctly, including Ethernet header characters. TRCF_R (Total Received Correct Red Frames): total number of red Ethernet frames received correctly. TDF_G (Total Discarded Green Frames): total number of green Ethernet frames which were chosen to be discarded due to buffer congestion. TDF_Y (Total Discarded Yellow Frames): total number of yellow Ethernet frames which were chosen to be discarded due to buffer congestion. TTO_G (Total Transmitted Green Octets): total number of octets of green Ethernet frames transmitted out, including Ethernet header characters. TTF_G (Total Transmitted Green Frames): total number of green Ethernet frames transmitted out. TTO_Y (Total Transmitted Yellow Octets): total number of octets of yellow Ethernet frames transmitted out, including Ethernet header characters. TTF_Y (Total Transmitted Yellow Frames): total number of yellow Ethernet frames transmitted out.

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17.4 Configuration (SDH port)


Use menu item Add TP to display a special TP in the Transmission menu (see para.14.5 on page 203). Select the TP and open the PM Configuration dialog (see Figure 217. ) by clicking on the menu item Transmission >Performance >Configure Performance Monitoring.
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This PM Configuration dialog serves as the main interface to all PM services. Every configuration of all monitoring intervals is defined using this dialog. It is possible to access the same PM Configuration dialog selecting a TP in the Port view and opening the same Performance > Configure Performance Monitoring option in the Port pull down menu (see para.11 on page 133). N.B. To configure PM for au4CTPs and tuxCTPs, Path Overhead Monitoring (POM) ,Supervised Unequipped Termination (SUT, not supported) or Tandem Connection (TCT, TCM) must be created first (see description in para. 14.9 on page 219 ).

The PM Configuration dialog is designed as a notebook consisting of a text field, to identify the selected TP, and page labels. The selected TP is indicated in the first box at the top of the screen: TP Identifier.

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In case of au4CTP tuxCTPs and VcxCTP, the PM Configuration dialog also contains a cascading menu that allows to configured the POM/SUT/TC options as follow:
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PathOverhMon After Matrix PathOverhMon Before Matrix TP (Performance is made on AUPJE ) TCM After Matrix TCM Before Matrix TCT Bidirectional After Matrix TCT Bidirectional Before Matrix

When more than one of the above options is chosen, a Question dialog box is displayed (see Figure 218. ); click on Cancel to continue or OK to interrupt any action. N.B. As long as the PM Configuration dialog is open, a modified POM/SUT/TC configuration is not automatically recognized and displayed. This may lead to rejections or confirmations of forbidden PM configuration. Therefore make sure to reopen the PM Configuration dialog each time the POM/SUT/TC configuration is changed.

Each page label presents a range of parameters for one near end or far end granularity period (15 min. or 24 h) which together form a dataset. To select a special page label, click on the top part of the label: NE15, near end 15 minutes page NE24, near end 24 hours page FE15, far end 15 minutes page FE24, far end 24 hours page 24hBi , near and far end 24 hours page bidirectional (UAS is the sum of far end and near end) ee 24h , end to end 24 hours page (enable only on HPOM)

Each dataset has to be configured independently. For AU4 CTP and TUx CTP the highest criteria is POM and SUT. I.e. select the POM or SUT option first and then configure the different associated datasets. Confirm the configuration with Apply before you continue with a different POM or SUT option.

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Figure 217. PM Configuration Dialog (example)

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Figure 218. PM question dialog box (example)

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Activate any item within the page label by selecting the respective radio button.
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Mode Data Collection Select this button to activate performance monitoring. Disabling Data Collection leads to clearance of the current and all history data of this entity. Create History Data If this item is selected, history data collection is performed in the selected entity for the corresponding TP. Note that on disabling this mode item, no history data is available. Nevertheless, datasets collected prior to deactivation are not cleared and are displayed after re-enabling the item, as long as the number of displayed datasets does not exceed 16 for 15 min. granularity and one for 24 hours granularity. Lock Data Collection. Not supported If Lock is selected, PM remains enabled but data collection is stopped. All history performance data remain available. All current values are set to zero.

EML OS Monitoring (only accessible from SH) Not available for Craft Terminal.

Notifications UAT (only available for 24 h granularity) For 24 h granularity, UAT (UnAvailable Time) notifications are created if enabled. This notification results in an UAT alarm in the Alarm Surveillance. N.B. This parameter can only be selected during creation and cannot be subsequently modified.

Suppress Additional Threshold Disabled: the alarm is generated every time the value exceed the upper threshold (value up). Enabled: after a first alarm generation, the alarm is generated again when the value exceed the upper threshold (value up) after the lower threshold (value down) has been exceeded.

Threshold Table Attach a threshold table to the selected TP. Only assign threshold tables that match the granularity period of the datasets (i.e. a 15 min. threshold table must not be assigned to a 24 h dataset). Otherwise the Transmission view is blocked and only released by closing and reopening the PM Configuration window and the Transmission view. Click on button Attach... to open the PM Threshold Table Select dialog (see Figure 221. ) and configure the threshold table (see Chapter 17.7 on page 320). Select button Remove to disassociate the threshold table from the entity.

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N.B.

A threshold table can only be attached if Data Collection is enabled.

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Set Alarm Severity UAT ASAP Id This field shows the label of the ASAP pointer assigned to the UAT alarm Set ASAP Allows to set a new ASAP pointer for the UAT alarm. The Set ASAP button opens the window displayed in Figure 20. on page 57.
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Confirm the configuration with the button Apply before closing the dialog. Otherwise the configuration is lost.

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17.5 Display Current Data (SDH port)


Use menu item Add TP to display a special TP in the Transmission view (see para.14.5 on page 203).
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Select the TP and open the Current PM Data dialog (see Figure 219. ) by clicking on the menu item Display Current Data.

This Current PM Data dialog serves to show the results and status of the Performance Monitoring counters. It is possible to access the same Current PM Data dialog selecting a TP in the Port view and opening the same Performance > Display Current Data option in the Port pull down menu (see para.11 on page 133). The Current PM Data dialog is designed as a notebook consisting of a text field, to identify the selected TP, and page labels. The selected TP is indicated in the first box at the top of the screen: TP Identifier. In case of au4CTP tuxCTPs, VCxCTP the Current PM Data dialog also contains a cascading menu that allows to choose the POM/SUT/TC options to display as follow:
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PathOverhMon After Matrix PathOverhMon Before Matrix TP (Performance is made on AUPJE ) TCM After Matrix TCM Before Matrix TCT Bidirectional After Matrix TCT Bidirectional Before Matrix

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Each page label presents a range of parameters for one near end and far end granularity period (15min. or 24h) which together form a dataset. To select a special page label, click on the top part of the label:
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15 min, near end and far end 15 minutes page 24 h, near end and far end 24 hours page 24hBi, far end 24 hours page bidirectional (UAS is the sum of far end and near end) ee 24h, end to end 24 hours page (enable only on HPOM)

All datasets available which are related to the selected TP and recorded in the current monitoring interval are displayed in this dialog. The following items are indicated for each entity: Administrative State Indicates whether the PM collection is locked for the local user or not. Operational State Indicates whether PM is enabled or disabled. Suspect Data Indicates if collection errors occurred during the collection period. Threshold Table Indicates which threshold table is assigned to the entity. Current Problem List Indicates current UAT (Unavailable) and TCA (ThresholdCrossed) alarms. N.B. The entry Unavailable ThresholdCrossed indicates, that both alarms are active. Since the text field is too small to display the full text at a time, use the cursor to scroll the text field in this case.

Elapsed Time Indicates the time which has elapsed since the monitoring interval was started. This information tells the user whether the data collection covers the whole period.

At the bottom the PM results are listed. Reset button is used to restart the counting period. Two buttons are present for nearend and farend periods. Press the Refresh button to update the window contents and display the latest data. Using the Print button, PM data can be saved to a file or printed on paper. N.B. If no printer is installed, there is no error message displayed to indicate this.

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Figure 219. Current PM Data Dialog (example)

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17.6 Display History Data (SDH port)


Use menu item Add TP to display a special TP in the Transmission view (see para.14.5 on page 203). Select the TP and open the PM History Data dialog (see Figure 220. ) by clicking on the menu item Display History Data.
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This PM History Data dialog serves to show stored Performance Monitoring counting. It is possible to access the same PM History Data dialog selecting a TP in the Port view and opening the same Performance > Display History Data option in the Port pull down menu (see para.11 on page 133). The PM History Data dialog is designed as a notebook consisting of a text field, to identify the selected TP, and page labels. The selected TP is indicated in the first box at the top of the screen: TP Identifier. In case of au4CTP , tuxCTPs VCxCTPs, the PM History Data dialog also contains a cascading menu that allows to choose the POM/SUT/TC options to display as follow:
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PathOverhMon After Matrix PathOverhMon Before Matrix TP (Performance is made on AUPJE ) TCM After Matrix TCM Before Matrix TCT Bidirectional After Matrix TCT Bidirectional Before Matrix

Each page label presents a range of parameters for one near end and far end granularity period. To select a special page label, click on the top part of the label.

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All available datasets (entities), which are related to the selected TP, are displayed in the table: 15 min, near end and far end 15 minutes page 24 h, near end and far end 24 hours page 24hBi, far end 24 hours page bidirectional (UAS is the sum of far end and near end) ee 24h, end to end 24 hours page (enable only on HPOM)

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The PM data is displayed containing information concerning: Interval End Time in the format dd.mm.yyyy hh:mm:ss. The number of recorded events concerning an entity is divided into near end and far end data Elapsed Time indicating whether the data collection was complete (see para. 17.2.10 on page 303) susp indicating suspect data where collection errors occurred during the collection period.

In case of 15 min. entities, a maximum of 16 datasets can be displayed simultaneously for each counter, the 24h entities display a maximum of one dataset. These figures cannot be changed by the user. If the limit of 16 datasets for 15 min. granularity and one datasets for 24 h granularity is reached, the oldest set in the list is cleared when the next data set arrives. Using the Print button, PM data can be saved to a file or printed on paper. N.B. If no printer is installed, there is no error message displayed to indicate this.

Monitor

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Figure 220. PM History Data Dialog (example)

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17.7 PM THRESHOLD TABLE SELECTION (SDH port)


The PM Threshold Table Select dialog (see Figure 221. ) pops up if the Attach button is clicked in the PM Configuration dialog (see Figure 217. ). In addition, this dialog can be accessed using the Configuration menu:

N.B.

Do not open several dialogs at the same time using both possibilities. Since those dialogs are not synchronized, they could display different contents.

The dialog presents a list of existing threshold tables. The tables are individually indicated with a number. Each table is dedicated to a specific entities, as reported in Table 10. Each table can be modified according the operator selections. The filtering criteria are not operative. The user can perform the following actions: Create / Modify / Display a threshold table. Delete an existing threshold table Mark the table in the list and click on the Delete button. Note that a threshold table cannot be deleted if it is attached to a PM entity. An error message informs the user of this situation.
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Attach the selected threshold table to a TP entity. It is only available entering from the PM Configuration dialog (see Figure 217. )

The user has to close the dialog explicitly by clicking on the button Close.

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1660SM example Figure 221. PM Threshold Table Select

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Table 10. 1660SM Threshold table entities association N 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 layer STM16 STM16 STM4 STM4 STM1 STM1 STM16 STM16 STM4 STM4 STM1 STM1 VC4 VC4 VC3 VC3 VC12 VC12 RS RS RS RS RS RS MS Near End / Far End MS Near End / Far End MS Near End / Far End MS Near End / Far End MS Near End / Far End MS Near End / Far End Path Termination Near End / Far End Path Termination Near End / Far End Path Termination Near End / Far End Path Termination Near End / Far End Path Termination Near End / Far End Path Termination Near End / Far End TPs ASSOCIATED granularity
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15 minutes 24 hours 15 minutes 24 hours 15 minutes 24 hours 15 minutes 24 minutes 15 hours 24 hours 15 minutes 24 hours 15 minutes 24 hours 15 minutes 24 hours 15 minutes 24 hours

Table 11. 1640FOX and 1650SMC Threshold table entities association N 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14


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layer STM4 STM4 STM1 STM1 STM4 STM4 STM1 STM1 VC4 VC4 VC3 VC3 VC12 VC12 RS RS RS RS

TPs ASSOCIATED

granularity 15 minutes 24 hours 15 minutes 24 hours 15 minutes 24 hours 15 minutes 24 hours 15 minutes 24 hours 15 minutes 24 hours 15 minutes 24 hours

MS NE / FE MS NE / FE MS NE / FE MS NE / FE Path Termination NE / FE Path Termination NE / FE Path Termination NE / FE Path Termination NE / FE Path Termination NE / FE Path Termination NE / FE

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After the activation of a PM on a TP, it will be signalled in the Port view and in the Transmission view as for the following figures:
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PORT VIEW

Active PM

TRANSMISSION VIEW

Active PM

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17.8 PM Threshold Table Create / Modification / Display (SDH port)


17.8.1 Creation The PM Threshold Table Create dialog (see Figure 222. on page 325) pops up when the Create button is clicked in the PM Threshold Table Selection dialog (see Figure 221. on page 321). Carry out the following steps to create a threshold table: 1) Enter the table name in input field Name. Leaving the input field blank or entering only blanks is not allowed and rejected. Select a Granularity of 15 min. or 24 h for the entity. Enter the set (Value Up) and the reset (Value Down) threshold values. Note that the reset value if supported, will be available with 15 min. monitoring periods. Table 12. on page 326 shows the maximum performance monitoring event values. The respective value is automatically reset to the maximum if a larger figure is entered. Select the alarm Severity for each PM attribute in case a threshold is crossed. Disable Send notification if no notification message should be sent in the case of a crossed threshold. Confirm the entries with Apply to create the threshold table. A number of threshold tables can be created from the same window.

2) 3)

4) 5)

6)

Explicitly close the window with button Close.

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Figure 222. Create PM Threshold Table

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17.8.2 Modification The PM Threshold Table Modify dialog (see Figure 223. ) pops up if a threshold table is selected in the PM Threshold Table Selection dialog (see Figure 221. ) and the Modify button is clicked. Carry out the following steps to modify a threshold table: 1) Modify the upper threshold value (Value Up) and the lower value (Value down) Table 12. shows the allowed maximum performance parameter values. 2) 3) Modify the alarm Severity for each PM attribute in case a threshold is crossed. Disable Send notification if no notification message should be sent in the case of a crossed threshold.

Note that the Name (really number) cannot be changed. 4) 5) Confirm the modifications with Apply. To modify more than one threshold table, do not close the dialog, but select the next threshold table in the PM Threshold Table Selection dialog and press the Modify button (see Figure 221. ).

Explicitly close the dialog with button Close. 17.8.3 Display The PM Threshold Table Display dialog (similar to Figure 223. ) pops up if a threshold table is selected in the PM Threshold Table Selection dialog (see Figure 221. ) and the Display button is clicked. Refer to the previous chapter for a description of the attribute values and types. Table 12. Maximum Performance Parameter Values

Performance Parameter
BBE, FEBBE on STM-16 BBE, FEBBE on STM-4 BBE, FEBBE on STM-1 BBE, FEBBE OFS, ES, UAS, FEES, SES, FESES PJC high, PJC low

Max. Value for 15-min. period


34,559,100 8,639,100 2,159,100 539,100 900 810 1,800,000

Max. Value for 24-h period


3,317,673,600 829,353,600 207,273,600 51,753,600 86,400 78,760 172,800,000

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Figure 223. Modify PM Threshold Table

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17.9 Configuration (Ethernet port)


Use menu item Add TP to display a special TP in the Transmission menu (see para.14.5 on page 203). Select the TP (Gmau) and open the PM Configuration dialog (see Figure 217. ) by clicking on the menu item Transmission >Performance >Configure Performance Monitoring.
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The Create Ethernet Counter window is opened (refer to Figure 224. on page 328)

Figure 224. Create Ethernet counter


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In that dialog the operator will be allowed to create/delete the currentData by checking/unchecking the corresponding checkbox for the incoming and outgoing direction.

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17.10 Display current Data (Ethernet port)


Use menu item Add TP to display a special TP in the Transmission view (see para.14.5 on page 203).
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Select the TP and open the Current PM Data dialog (see Figure 226. ) by clicking on the menu item Display Current Data.

Figure 225. Display Current Data This Current PM Data allows the operator to send a request in order to retrieve the maintenance counters. The layout of the dialog maintenance counters is depicted in Figure 226. At startup the dialog displays an empty table; the dialog allows to choose the polling time and how many times the action will be done; the default values for those entries are 0 for polling time and 1 for number of retries, with that default configuration if the the Start polling button allows to perform the configured request. If the number of retries is bigger than 1, several actions are performed on the NE. During the polling interval the label of the button Start polling will be changed to Stop polling, and for every response arrived a row is added to the table. Every time the operator push the Start polling button new lines will be added to the lines already present in the table. If the table contains two or more row, the button Display Graph. will be enabled. That button allow to visualize the counter values in a graphical view. An example of this visualization is showed in Figure 227.

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Figure 226. Display current data

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Figure 227. Display graphic data

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17.11 Display history Data (Ethernet port)


Use menu item Add TP to display a special TP in the Transmission view (see para.14.5 on page 203).
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Select the TP (Gmau) and open the PM History Data dialog (see Figure 220. ) by clicking on the menu item Display History Data.

The menu item Display History Data will be opened (refer to Figure 228. ): In case of one hour history data, the showed values are the hourly historic data collected by NE. If the NE has collected only one history data, the dialog shows directly counter values. If the NE has collected more than one history data, the displayed counter values are calculated as a difference from the older available history data value. The older one will be added in the first line with the label and for each cell a tooltip will show the history value received. In case of 24 hour history data, the showed values concern the single 24 historic data collected by NE and the dialog displays directly counter values.

In the bottom of the dialog, the description of the showed counters value is dispalyed. The layout of the dialog Display History Data is depicted in Figure 228. ; this dialog shows the numeric value for each counter calculated as described before. The button Display Graph. allows the operator to visualize the values of a single counter (selecting a column) in a graphical view. An example of that is showed in Figure 229.

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Figure 228. Display History Data

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Figure 229. Graphic Data

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17.12 PM overview
This menu provide a NE global view for PM and Monitoring operations helps the operator to list these resources. Select the PM overview option from the Configuration menu (refer to Figure 230. ); the PM Overview dialog will be opened (refer to Figure 231. )

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ISA Port Configuration

Figure 230. PM Overview menu PM/Monitoring Overview (PMO) dialog is able to show both PM and Monitoring objects.

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Figure 231. PM overview window Search operation are allowed for PM objects, monitoring object or both. Search operations are divided in two phases: [1] the operator chooses a list of interesting TP using TP search; at the end fo this search operation then operator moves such a list of TPs into PMO dialog.These TPs define a list of search roots for Monitoring and PM. the operator configure the filtering criteria in PMO and starts PM/Monitoring search oeprations using the Show button in PMO.

[2]

Figure 232. represents the interworking between these two dialogs. The button area contains the following button (refer to Figure 231. ): [1] ADD TP: it starts the search operations using the TP Search dialog. Only TP references are moved by TP search into PMO dialog. This is a precondition to start PM/Monitoring search operations, using TP selected by TP search as search roots. Show: it starts the search for PM/Monitoring objects in the MIB. according to the filtering criteria. Reset Filter : it reset all filtering settings to default conditions. 02 SC.3:NE MANAGEMENT 3AL 81412 AA AA 426 334 / 426

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[2] [3]

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[4] [5]
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Preferences : it start the user preferences dialog. It is greyed out in USM not supporting this feature. Config PM : it starts the dialog for Current Data create/delete. Config Mon : it starts the dialog for monitoring object create/delete. Current Data: it starts the dialog for PM counter visualization History Data: it starts the dialog for PM counter visualization Print: it starts a request to print the tree content

[6] [7] [8] [9]

[10] Delete: it starts a request to remove the selected objects (monitoring and/or). [11] Delete All: it destroys the TP list and make empty the TreeGadget [12] Port View: it starts the Port View . PMO dialog is not closed after Port View or Port details dialog opening.

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Figure 232. PM overviewTp search windows interworking

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18 SYNCHRONIZATION MANAGEMENT 18.1 Introduction


All SDH NEs require timing in order to generate the necessary synchronization and frame phase reference information. The timing can be provided by a source external to the NE or an internal timing generator. The derived timing shall be used for all signals and interfaces in the NE that are related to the SDH frame structure. Follows a brief description of the heart of the NE clock known as the Synchronization Equipment Timing Source (SETS). It can be divided into 2 parts: OSC: the internal oscillator. SETG: the Synchronization Equipment Timing Generator.

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The SETG is responsible for the generation of the external timing source for the Frame structure and the clock, whilst the internal oscillator (OSC) is useful only in the abnormal functioning Freerunning mode that will be explained later. The simplified figure that follows represents the internal organization of the SETS.

Selector A

Squelch A Squelch B

Selector C

T4/T5 (**)

T1 T2 T3/T6 (*)

Selector B OSC

SETG

T0

SETS S15 Y

NOTES: (*) T3/T6 are not available on 1640FOX (**) T5 is not available on 1640FOX

Figure 233. Internal organization of the SETS. The internal sources (inputs) are:
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T1: Reference obtained from incoming STMN signals, T2: Reference obtained from incoming 2 Mbits signals, T3/T6: Reference obtained from an external incoming 2.048 MHz (T3) or 2.048 Mbit/s (T6) signal. T3/T6 reference clocks are not available on 1640FOX OSC: the internal oscillator.

The number of timing reference inputs depends on the configuration of the NE.

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The external sources (outputs) are: T0: is the reference output signal for the clock and signal frames, T4: is the 2 MHz reference output for the external equipment synchronization. T5: is the 2 Mbit/s reference output for the external equipment synchronization. T5 reference clock is not available on 1640FOX

Other reference points: Y: is used for communication of Synchronization Status Message (SSM) between SETS and MST functional blocks. S15: is used to provide notifications and loss of incoming timing reference reporting to the Synchronous Equipment Management Function (SEMF).

Selector A provides the capability to select timing reference from available T1 inputs, either automatically based on the priority and quality level of the candidate sources (SSM algorithm), or manual as a result of commands issued from the managing system. Selector B is capable of selecting timing reference from T1, T2, or T3/T6 inputs, according to the SSM algorithm. The capability for manual selection of the timing source is also provided. Selector C is only operated in manual mode, to switch between SETG output signal (T0) and a T1 timing reference. The squelch functions A and B mute the relevant timing references in the presence of failure condition, or SSM threshold violation. The choice of the timing reference is done in two ways: Automatically: Following a particular algorithm based on the quality and the priority of the incoming timing signals. The automatic selection is based either on the priority of the incoming timing source (Priority algorithm) or on the priority and the quality level of the incoming sources (SSM algorithm). Manually: Following an order from the Operator. N.B. The priority level is determined by the Operator for each candidate timing source. It is static information. On the other hand, the quality of the source is dynamic information, dependant of the quality of the reference clock generating the timing. In an SDH signal frame, the quality of the timing source is located in the Section Overhead.

The SETG has 3 modes of operation: Locked mode: The SETG output is fully controlled by the external timing references (T1, T2 and T3/T6). HoldOver mode: The external timing reference is malfunctioning. The SETG during normal functioning stores regularly the value of the external timing reference. In this case the SETG output is controlled by this memorized value. Free running mode: This is not a normal operating mode. The external timing reference and the memorized timing reference are malfunctioning. In this case the SETG output is controlled by the internal clock source.
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18.2 Synchronization Management


The operations that can be done on the synchronization sources are the following:
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Timing Source Configuration, Protection Commands, T0 Configuration, T4 Configuration, SSU Configuration, Transmitted SSM Quality Configuration, Frame Mode Configuration (see para. 11.7 on page 157) Remove Timing Reference, Change T4<> T5 (not applicable to 1640FOX) Set T0 Equal T4, Change 2 MHz > 2 Mbit (available only if T3 has been configured as timing source) (not applicable to 1640FOX) Remove T0 Equal T4, Show Timing Source.

Before any other operation the synchronization view has to be displayed. 18.2.1 Displaying the Synchronization View The synchronization view can be normally opened using the menu Views options (see Figure 234. ). Using menu options, select the Synchronization option from the Views pull down menu as shown in the following figure.

Figure 234. Obtaining the synchronization view. Selecting this menu option the synchronization representation will be displayed directly into the current window instead of the current view. All the operations that can be done on the synchronization sources are performed from this synchronization view.
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18.2.2 Synchronization View The Synchronization view shows the external timing reference sources and the T0, T4 or T5, generation. The selection is based on the SSM algorithm or on the priority of the incoming timing sources. Activating the SSM algorithm implies that the selection of the source is before done on the quality criteria and then on the priority criteria for sources at the same quality level. After selecting the Synchronization option from the Views menu the Synchronization View is visualized in Figure 235.

Figure 235. Synchronization View Example

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Synchronization View Description The synchronization view provides two list of allowable timing references:
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one for T0 timing output; T0 list is always present; one for T4 or T5 timing output; the presence of the T4/T5 list is configurable using resource files. T0 list contains : a timing reference associated to the Internal Oscillator timing source; it is always present and it cannot be removed or redefined. 6 max timing reference for candidate inputs belonging to the allowable timing reference T1, T2 or T3/T6 configurable by the operator.

T4 list contains : 6 timing reference for candidate inputs belonging to the allowable timing reference T1 configurable by the operator.

The T0 and T4/T5 lists are used for the management of reference timing source protection; a 1:n protection like mechanism is used for the selection of the timing source from T0 (T4/T5) list of the allowable timing references, . The protection system chooses the timing reference to generate the output T0 (T4/T5) either automatically, basing on the priority and quality level of the candidate sources according a selection algorithm or manually under control of the managing system. View elements description Here after, the basic component contained in the synchronization view are described: Timing reference Each allowable timing reference, , is represented by the graphical object displayed in the view; the timing reference graphical object displays (with the exception of Internal Oscillator timing reference) the following information (if the timing source has been declared by the user): the name of the selected timing source the status of the synchronization source: (lockout, manual switch, force switch, automatic switch, no request, failure) the label of the quality level of the timing input source the priority of the timing input source 2 small boxes representing the SSF (Los) and DRIFT alarms detected on the timing source; DRIFT means that the Frequency Offset between the external signal source and the internal clock is high then the maximum tolerance value. SSF means that the Server Signal Failure is sending a wrong reference signal to the NE. In case of alarm indication the operator can select Show Timing Source ( Figure 252. ) to visualize the alarm detail.

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In the timing reference graphical object associated to the Internal Oscillator the following information are displayed :
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the name of the timing source: Internal Oscillator a small box representing the LOS alarm; the small box will be lighted up when all the selected timing source are lost, indicating the Holdover or Free Running operation mode; a label field representing the abnormal clock operation modes; one of the following strings can be displayed in the label field: Holdover, displayed when the clock operates in Holdover mode; Free Running, displayed when the clock operates in Free Running mode empty string is displayed when the clock operates in Lock a label 0 representing the priority of the Internal Oscillator

Selectors small ellipse are used to represent respectively: the selector A; the selector B; the selector C; Squelch Status boxes contained a label field are used to represent the squelch statuses T0/T4 and T4. The box dis plays the configured quality level threshold and it is lighted up when the output timing signal is inhibited. Output Signal an arrow and a label field are used to represent respectively: the output signal T0; the output signal T4/T5; line Type the following different line type are used to link the output signals and the respective allowable timing reference: A solid line between an output signal and an allowable timing reference means that timing reference is currently used to generate that signal; A dashed line between an output signal and an allowable timing reference means that timing reference is not currently in use as timing source but will act in the protecting role. In the same way, a solid line between T0 signal and T4/T5 signal (or T0_Test signal) box is drawn when T0 signal is used to generate T4/T5. SSU box indicating a possible external SSU (Synchronization Source Unit). Timing Generator box indicating the status of the timing generator .

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18.2.3 Timing Source Configuration This functionality allows to configure the input synchronization sources and configure or modify the timing source priority and quality.

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Figure 236. Synchronization Menu The menu options are greyed according to the current state of the dialogue box that the user can open. Firstly select an empty synchronization source reference and after the Synchronization menu to open the Synchronization Option List (as shown in Figure 236. ). Then select the Timing Source Configuration option from the cascading menu, as shown in the above figure. The following dialogue box is opened.

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Figure 237. Timing source configuration for crossconnect equipments The Timing source configuration dialogue box displays the extracted quality of the selected timing source. It permits to configure the following timing source information: Input source Quality level Priority level

Click on the Input Source Choice field and then on its related button Choose; Figure 238. shows the opened window, to search a TP as a source. Following the TP Search procedure described in para.14.5.1 on page 203 ( rack, subrack, board, port ) enter the termination point (TP) value. The valid TPs for timing reference are : EIS for electrical SDH ports, OpS for optical SDH ports, PPI for 2Mb/s ports. This operation can be repeated for all the available empty synch. sources both for T0 clock and for T4 clock.

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Figure 238. TP Synch. source search (example) Click on the Input Quality Configuration: the option button opens the option menu to select the desired quality level. Input Quality Configuration can be fixed by the user, in increasing order, with five quality levels: G.811, G.812T, G.812L, G.813, Q. Dont use (where the highest quality level is G.811 ); or it can be taken as the actual Rx quality, retrieved from the signal received from the line (Extracted option). If Input Quality Configuration is set to a value other than Extracted, Rx quality is forced to this value. Click on the Priority: the option button opens the option menu to select the desired priority level. The internal oscillator timing source will have the lowest priority (priority=0) and its priority can not be changed. The other timing sources will have a priority of 1 to n. Priority of 1 is the highest priority. Levels 6,...2 are intermediate levels between level 0 and 1, in increasing order of priority (i.e. 0 6 5 4 3 2 1). When the configuration of the timing source is completed, click on the OK push button to validate the choice and close the dialogue box. The Cancel push button cancels the configuration and closes the dialogue box. Positioning the mouse on the synch. source box Port# test, the corresponding physical interface denomination (racksubrackboardport) is written on the window bottom left.

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18.2.4 Synchronization Protection Commands Select the timing reference from the synchronization view. As in Figure 236. , select the Synchronization pull down menu. You can then select the Protection Commands to open the Figure 239. Menu options are greyed according to the current state of the selected timing source.

Figure 239. Lockout, Force and Manual commands a) Invoke/Release Lockout: Locking or unlocking a timing source enables or disables the timing source from being considered as a possible timing source for T0 or T4/T5. Invoke/Release Force and Manual Selection of Timing Source

b)

General selection A timing source can be selected manually or automatically. Furthermore, the selection of a particular incoming timing source (except the internal oscillator) may be forced. This selection is independent of the priority or quality of the timing source. If the timing source is lockout or unavailable, this operation is impossible. A timing source is considered to be available if it is not lockout and has not a failure condition or Priority level of 0. The forced switch mode is terminated by releasing or inhibiting the force selected timing source. The manual selection option is only possible if the quality and priority of the selected timing source are sufficient. Otherwise the automatic selection algorithm overrules the manual selection. If the previously manual selected timing source becomes unavailable the automatic selection is activated. The Status indication describes the current synch. status (No Request, Automatic Switch, Failure, ...) N.B. The internal oscillator cannot be forced or manually selected. From the dialogue box that opens, you can confirm or cancel the operation. To perform or release a T0 or T4/T5 lockout, forced or manual selection, the following operations have to be done: Select the T0 or T4/T5 source. Click on the Synchronization menu. Select the Protection Commands option then invoke/Release the Lockout, Forced or manual Selection option. Click on Apply in the displayed confirmation box.

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18.2.5 Synchronization Configuration for T0/T4 and T4 squelch criteria Select the available T0 or T4 synchronization sources and then the T0 or T4 Configuration... command. This command permits to select/deselect the SSM algorithm, to set the wait time to restore and to enable the revertive procedure if all these features are available. In this NE revertive mode is hardware set, with fixed WTR. In Revertive mode the internal selector A/B (Figure 233. ) changes every time to the best reference clock with the highest quality; on the same quality level basis the reference clock Source with the best priority will be selected. The changing mechanism of the reference inputs is controlled by the wait time to restore: this time sets a delay before to change the input source. Selecting the T0 or T4 Configuration set the SSM algorithm and the Wait To Restore Time in the dialog box upper part of Figure 240. Click on the SSM Algorithm to select/deselect it. Wait To Restore Time button and Revertive option button are disabled Selecting Synchronization > T4 Configuration it is possible to set the T4 squelch criteria in the bottom dialog box of Figure 240. This functionality allows to configure the external timing reference (T4) squelch criteria. The squelch function mutes the relevant timing references in the presence of a failure condition. Squelch may be forced by the Operator or according to squelch criteria which consists in a choice of quality level. Different squelch criteria may be applied: when T0 is selected to generate T4 (squelch B Figure 233. ): T0 may be squelched if all the allowable timing references of Selector B have Quality Level lower than the programmable threshold. when T1 is selected to generate T4 (squelch A Figure 233. ) :T1 may be squelched if T1 Quality Level is lower than the programmable threshold or if it becomes unavailable. The T0/T4 and T1/T4 squelch fields enables the operator to configure the quality level of the T0 or T4 timing source, opening the relevant option menu. When the configuration of T0/T4 Configuration is completed, click on the OK button to validate the choice and close the dialogue box. The T5 output field allows to select the bit used (from #4 to #8) for SSM. The Cancel button cancels the configuration and closes the dialogue box.

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Figure 240. Configuring the T0 or T4 SSM algorithm and the squelch criteria The T4 squelch configuration dialogue box enables you to configure the quality level of the T4 timing source. Click on the T0: option button to open the option menu and select the desired quality level. Click on the T4: option button to open the option menu and select the desired quality level. The T4 Force Squelch enables you to activate the T4 forced squelch. When the configuration of T0/T4 Configuration is completed, click on the OK push button to validate the choice and close the dialogue box.
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The Cancel push button cancels the configuration and closes the dialogue box.

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18.2.6 SSU Configuration The SSU configuration command allows either to configure the single NE or the NE with SSU. In the last case the SSU quality has to be defined. SSU: Synchronization Source Unit, it is an external equipment that serves the NE for timing reference. Selecting SSU Configuration from the Synchronization menu is Figure 241. is presented

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Figure 241. SSU Configuration

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18.2.7 Remove Timing Reference Select the synch. source to remove and click on the Synchronization > Remove Timing Reference option (Figure 242. ). To remove the selected source click on OK button of the confirmation message (Figure 243. ).

Figure 242. Synchronization source removing (example) To remove the selected source click on OK button of the confirmation message (Figure 243. ).

Figure 243. Synchronization source removing confirmation

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18.2.8 Change T4 <> T5 This option is not applicable to 1640FOX.


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This menu allows the change of the synchronization physical interface from 2Mhz (T4 ) to 2 Mbit/s (T5) and viceversa. NOTE: this menu is enable only if the SERGI board ( on 1650SMC) or SERVICE board (on 1660SM) is present in the subrack. Select Change T4 <> T5 from the Synchronization menu as shown in Figure 241.

Figure 244. Change T4 <> T5 menu (example) A confirmation message appears (see Figure 245. on page 351)

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Figure 245. Change T4 <> T5 confirmation message

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Click on ok to confirm; the new window display T5 instead of T4 (see Figure 246. on page 352)

Figure 246. Change T4 <> T5: command execution (example)

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18.2.9 Change 2MHz >2Mbit This option is not applicable to 1640FOX.


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This menu is enabled only if the operator selects a protection unit which have as source a 2 MHz (T3) or a 2 Mbit/s (T6) without traffic. Select Change 2MHz >2Mbit from the Synchronization menu as shown in Figure 247.

Figure 247. Change 2MHz >2Mbit menu (example) A confirmation message appears (see Figure 248. on page 353)

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Figure 248. Change 2MHz >2Mbit confirmation message Click on ok to confirm;

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The label of the protection unit will be changed depending on the kind of source selected (see Figure 249. on page 354):
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If the selected protection unit is a 2 MHz, then the label will be changed into 2Mbit/s (2 Mbps T6#A in the example of Figure 249. ) If the selected protection unit is a 2 Mbit/s, then the label will be changed into 2MHz (2MHz T3#A for example)

Figure 249. Change 2MHz >2Mbit: command execution (example)

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18.2.10 Set and Remove T0 Equal T4 To connect T0 internal synch. select a synch. source and click on Synchronization > Set T0 Equal T4 menu option. The connection between T0/T4 will pass from a shaped to a continue line as in the example of Figure 250.

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Figure 250. T4 equal T0 setting (example) To separate T4 from T0 click on the Synchronization > Remove T0 Equal T4 menu option. The T0/T4 connection will become shaped while the connection between T1/T4 will pass from a shaped to a continue line.

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18.2.11 Transmission of SSM Quality Configuration Select the T1 SDH Reference Source in the Synchronization View (Figure 235. ) hence the Transmission SSM Quality Configuration is enabled. This selection allows, with the Inserted option, to transmit the system internal T0 clock quality towards the external SDH interface. It is also possible to transmit different quality level selecting a different value. Click on Transmitted SSM Quality Configuration of the Figure 251. opens. Synchronization menu option.

Figure 251. Transmission SSM Quality (example) This Transmission SSM Quality window can be also opened from any SDH boards. Select the Equipment option of the View menu, then access the Board view> Port view> Physical Media> SDH Tx Quality Configuration; it is also possible to open the window selecting the Transmission option of the View menu, then access the Physical Media> SDH Tx Quality Configuration option. In both cases select the MST block

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18.2.12 Show Timing Source Selecting any T1 or T2 Reference Source in the Synchronization View (Figure 235. ) hence the Show Timing Source is enabled. This selection allows to analyze the input source considering its payload structure and the related alarms (Port view is presented) . Click on Show Timing Source of the Synchronization menu option. Figure 252. opens.

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Figure 252. Show Timing Source (example with T2 reference source)

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19 MSSPRING MANAGEMENT
MSSPRING is a feature applicable only to 1660SM Equipment; it cannot be applicable to 1640FOX and 1650SMC.

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19.1 MSSPRING introduction


Different MSSPRING protections architectures are provide: 2Fiber (Terrestrial), and 4Fiber NPE (Transoceanic). See ITUT Rec. G.841. The description of the MSSPRING protections is inserted in the Technical Handbook. 4 Fiber MSSPRING is not operative in this release.

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19.2 MSSPRING connection configuration advices


In the following paragraphs 2Fiber advices are reported, to follow before to implement the MSSPRing protection: there are some limitations concerning the aggregate types or the AU4s crossconnections to be considered. 19.2.1 2Fiber MSSPRING connection configuration advices The following suggestions must be considered in the MS SPRING connection configuration: SNCP, 4 Fiber MS SPRING and MSP protection connections cannot be installed in a 2 Fiber MSSPRING network. This leads to an unprotected connections installation. AU4s from #9 to #16 dont have to be used for connections nor considered in any parameter of Squelching table provisioning. Only AU4s from #1 to #8 must be used and configured for path installation. AU4 permutation (change of AU4 allocation) is not allowed. The AU4 allocated to passthrough in HVC connections must be the same through the node. AU4 crossconnection line side, i.e. paths received from the line and loopedback to the same line are not allowed. Follow the Squelching Table Configuration in order to define the Squelching Table HO for East and for West Side describing, for each connection installed, as Source Node, the Node Identifier of the node generating the considered AU4 and as Destination Node, the Node Identifier of the node terminating the AU4.

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19.3 Operative sequence to configure MSSPRING


19.3.1 Operative sequence to configure 2Fiber MSSPRING Next paragraphs list the operative sequence according the type of procedure to obtain. a) Activation procedure Create an MSSPRING schema with WTR, Node Identifier, Ring map and the related Squelching Table for each node of the ring, in the desired order. WTR Ring must be the same in all the nodes. In the Main dialog for MSSPRing management select ACTIVATE in each node of the ring, in the desired order. Consider that, in this step, Default K byte West or East detection by View Protection Status Parameter (under MSSPRing label > Protocol exception), will occur on those Ports connected to the nodes not provisioned yet with the MSSPRing protection created (active). Verify in the View Protection Status Parameter screen, at the end of the provisioning update, that all the nodes of the ring are in MSSPRing active and No request state. Deactivation procedure In the Main dialog for MSSPRing management select DEACTIVATE in each node of the ring. Consider that, in this step, Default K byte West or East detection by View Protection Status Parameter (under MSSPRing label > Protocol exception), will occur on those Ports of the activated nodes connected to the nodes just deactivated. In the Main dialog for MSSPRing management select DELETE in each node of the ring. Removing a node In the Manage ring Map view select the node and click on theRemove Node button. Modify the table in the Configure Squelch Table view according the new Ring Map. Opening the View Protection Status Parameter screen, send Force Ring command to both NEs adjacent to the node to be removed. Physically remove the node. Connect the fibers and send the Release command of the relevant Force Ring to both NEs adjacent to the removed node. Adding a node In the Manage ring Map view insert the node in the selected position. Next nodes are automatically shifted. Modify the table in the Configure Squelch Table view according the new Ring Map. Opening the View Protection Status Parameter screen, send Force Ring command to both NEs adjacent to the node to be added. Physically add the node and configure with 2Fiber MSSPRING activated with the right configuration (Ring Map, Squelching table, WTR, Node Identifier). Connect the fibers and send the Release command of the relevant Force Ringto both NEs adjacent to the added node.

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b)

c)

a)

b) a) b) c)

d) e)

a) b) c) d)
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19.4 MSSPRING Management


In the current release the NE supports the MSSPRING protection as Terrestrial architecture. The Transoceanic application with 4Fiber is not supported in current release. For the 2Fiber Terrestrial application a max. of 16 nodes are available. The available tables permit to visualize for the same NE the architecture 2 x 2Fiber. Figure 253. shows the MSSPRing pull down menu.

Figure 253. Display MSSPRing pull down menu The first Main Dialog for MSSPRing management option contains all the commands to configure and manage the MSSPRing. In any dialog box is present the Cancel or Close buttons. When the user clicks on these buttons the dialog box will close without starting any operation.

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19.4.1 MSSPRing Main Configuration Select the MSSPRing pull down menu. Then select the Main Dialog for MSSPRing management option from the pull down menu. The following dialogue box is displayed (Figure 254. ) when no protection have been previously configured.

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Figure 254. MSSPRing Management dialogue box. The only command available is Create. The name of Schema Selection is not editable but is fixed to No Schema. Click on Create to start the MSSPRing configuration. Figure 255. opens.

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Figure 255. Creation Schema dialog box. The user can select the MSSPRing Application and the Architecture types supported by the Network Element. Terrestrial MSSPRing Application is a 2 Fiber architecture. Transoceanic MS_SPRING is a 4 Fiber architecture (not supported in current release) The Port Selection depends on the Architecture type: if the architecture is a 2F MSSPRing, the working and protection port on each side is the same and the Protecting West and East fields are disabled (greyed). If the architecture is a 4F MSSPRing, the working and protection ports on each side are different. The label r(xx)sr(y)sl(zz)port#(hh) where r=rack, sr=subrack, sl=slot give the position of the physical port. In the same board it is generally possible to have different port numbers. The OK button will start the selected operation. The cursor is displayed busy up to receiving a reply. Then the dialog window will be closed. Figure 256. opens and all commands are now available. The Holdoff Time command is not operative in current release.

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Figure 256. Activated MSSPRing Management

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Click on Ring Map to configure the network node connection. Figure 257. opens.

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Figure 257. Node Id and associated ring node position. The Ring Map sets the connection sequence of the nodes within the ring. The matrix represents up to 64 nodes for transoceanic application and up to 16 nodes for terrestrial application. Select Current NodeId (it means the NE where the operator is acting) in the box and enable ( n ) Change NodeId button (Id means Node Identifier). Select Available NodeId in the pull down list (0 to 63 for transoceanic application, 0 to 15 for terrestrial application) releasing the left mouse button or pushing the stepper arrows and enter keys to select the NodeId value. This will be displayed in the Available NodeId box then click on Add Node button. Clicking on the Add Node button the selected Ring position will shift one step on the right starting from 1 position and in the NodeId field the Available NodeId value is inserted. In the same time the Available NodeId will be updated to a new value. The default association for a four node ring related to the fourth node (NodeId=3; Ring Position=4) is depicted in Figure 258.

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Figure 258. Ring map configuration Repeat the procedure for all nodes of the ring selecting the different NEs and edit the different Current NodeId value. To remove a node, select the node and click on Remove Node button. The following Ring Position of the nodes on the right decreases by one and the erased NodeId is inserted into Available NodeId , so it can be assigned to other nodes. The OK button will start the selected operation, displaying the busy cursor up to receiving the reply to the actions. Then the dialog window will be closed. Click on the WTR button. Figure 259. opens.

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Figure 259. WTR dialog box. Click on the push mouse button on the up/down Seconds arrows to select the required delay for the relevant WTR. The step value is 60 sec. The range value accepted is from 60 sec. to 900 sec. (in current release is fixed to 300 sec.) Click on OK to apply the WTR Configuration. The same WTR Time Ring must be set on each Node of the ring.

1AA 00014 0004 (9007) A4 ALICE 04.10

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19.4.2 Squelching Table with 2 fiber Terrestrial applications With a 2 fiber Terrestrial application can be selected the Squelching Table while with a 4 fiber Transoceanic application (not supported in current release) can be selected the Ring Traffic (see Figure 256. on page 365). If the operator tries to select a different table a error message is visualized. Figure 260. shows the error message visualized when is selected the Ring Traffic with a Terrestrial application.

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Figure 260. Example of error message Click on Squelching Table of see Figure 256. on page 365 to configure the AU4 (AU4#1 to AU4#8 for 2F Architecture,) connection between the different nodes. Figure 261. opens. The same opens clicking on Configure Squelch Table of the MSSPRing pull down menu of Figure 253. on page 362.

Figure 261. Squelching table


1AA 00014 0004 (9007) A4 ALICE 04.10

When the window is opened for the first time the squelching table is N/A ( not available ) because the NE has never been configured. Point the mouse on the matrix position and click on the right mouse button to open the node list menu. Select the node identification number (0 to 15) from the available list using the slider or the stepper arrows on the right scroll region.

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19.4.2.1 Squelching table example Figure 262. is an example of ring traffic. Figure 263. represent in a table the connections of the ring example. Figure 264. to Figure 271. show how to configure the relative squelching table. AU4#3 West A East AU4#1 West East B
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AU4#2

AU4#1 AU4#2 AU4#3 AU4#2 AU4#3 AU4#3

D East West East AU4#1

C West

Figure 262. Example of a ring traffic The squelching table is applicable only for HOVC signals.

AU Number 1 2 3 4 5 6
1AA 00014 0004 (9007) A4 ALICE 04.10

west
A
VC

Node
B

east
C D A

VC VC

Figure 263. Connections of the ring of Figure 262.

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Node A: 1660SM MSSPRINGSquelch Table Configu...

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Figure 264. Squelching table of Node A, West side.

Node A: 1660SM MSSPRINGSquelch Table Configu...

1AA 00014 0004 (9007) A4 ALICE 04.10

Figure 265. Squelching table of Node A, East side.

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Node B:1660SMMSSPRINGSquelch Table Configu...

Figure 266. Squelching table of Node B, West side.

Node B:1660SMMSSPRINGSquelch Table Configu...

1AA 00014 0004 (9007) A4 ALICE 04.10

Figure 267. Squelching table of Node B, East side.

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Node C:1660SMMSSPRINGSquelch Table Configu...

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Figure 268. Squelching table of Node C, West side.

Node C:1660SMMSSPRINGSquelch Table Configu...

1AA 00014 0004 (9007) A4 ALICE 04.10

Figure 269. Squelching table of Node C, East side.

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Node D:1660SMMSSPRINGSquelch Table Configu...

Figure 270. Squelching table of Node D, West side.

Node D:1660SMMSSPRINGSquelch Table Configu...

1AA 00014 0004 (9007) A4 ALICE 04.10

Figure 271. Squelching table of Node D, East side.

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19.4.3 Activate, Deactivate and Delete commands The Main Activities commands ( Figure 256. on page 365) manage the MSSPRing configuration. The MSSPRing status can be Enable, Active, Disable and Inactive. After having configured the protection schema by means of the Create button, the status becomes Enable . The Activate button selection enables the MSSPRing protection mechanism on the selected schema configuration. To change from Active to Enable click on the Deactivate button. This command starts the request to deactivate the MSSPRing protection mechanism. When the selected protection schema is Enable the Delete button starts the request to remove it. The delete action is started after confirming the window message Figure 272. .

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Figure 272. Confirmation message During the activation procedure on different ADMs some of these can be in Active status , others in Inactive status. The statuses, the protocol request and the protocol protection errors are described in the chapters describing theMSSPRing Protection Status and Commands .

1AA 00014 0004 (9007) A4 ALICE 04.10

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19.5 MSSPRING Protection Status and Commands for 2 fiber terrestrial application
19.5.1 2F MSSPRing protection commands If a protection schema is Active it is possible to select one of the above commands. Clicking on the Prot. Commands button in the MSSPRing >Main Dialog for MSSPRing management ( see Figure 256. on page 365), Figure 273. is opened. 8
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Figure 273. Protection states and commands Idle status (2F) The working/protection architecture. span state boxes are not available (greyed) for the 2Fiber MSSPRing

1AA 00014 0004 (9007) A4 ALICE 04.10

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In the MSPRing 2 Fiber configuration, the 18 working channels are inserted into the 916 protection channels in the opposite side of the failure event as shown in Figure 274.
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w/p

A
w/p

w/p

B
w/p

Ring Protection: the working channels (AU4 1 to 8) are substituted by the ring protection channels p (AU4 9 to 16) ( B on East side ) ( A on West side )

Figure 274. Ring Protection (2F)

1AA 00014 0004 (9007) A4 ALICE 04.10

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19.5.2 External commands (2F) The external protection commands are : Lockout, Force, Exercise (not operative in current release),Manual, WTR. The lockout commands disable the MSSPRing management. The lockout section presents six lockout commands, four operative ( Figure 275. ). Each lockout command is applicable on different points where the lockout actions has to be performed ( Figure 276. ) and any Lockout command is associated to a Release command to come back to the previous status. Term Span identifies the section interested by the command, it doesnt assume the Span meaning of the four fiber protection.

Figure 275. Lockout commands (2F)

West w p p w

East w p p w

w= working (AU4 1 to 8) p=protection (AU4 9 to 16)

1AA 00014 0004 (9007) A4 ALICE 04.10

Figure 276. Protection and working channels where the lockout command can be activated (2F)

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The protection events can be equipment/signal failure, signal degrade or external command or a combination of them.
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The Events will be served if some actions (B/S=bridges and switches) are executed and the network has been updated. The Events will be signalled if the K1/K2 protocol communicates to the network nodes what has happened, without execute actions. A single ring failure is completely restored but not two ring failures. When are present multiple ring failures the automatic B/S protection will try to maintain on all the possible connections. The K1/K2 communication protocol MSSPRing is generated from the two nodes adjacent to Event via the protection communication channels. A node is defined tail end when it firstly receives the Event, the second node is defined headend when it receives back the protocol answer. Figure 277. shows the association of tailend / tailend or headend / tailend. Some network protection mechanisms are accepted or rejected depending on the end type (tail/head) (lockout command,...)

E w/p

E w/p

X
w/p

X
w/p

Tailend

Tailend/Headend

Tailend

Figure 277. Tailend / Headend association If the node is tailend, the lockout working ring command disable the protection MSSPRing mechanisms, while if the node is headend, it serves the request node protection (protection not disable). See Figure 278. on page 380. With the lockout protecting span command and a ring failure, the ring protection is served if this ring failure occurred along the same section; the ring protection is disabled if the ring failure has occurred in another ring section. On the contrary, with the lockout working ring command failure and a ring failure along a different section, the ring protection is served ((protection not disable). See Figure 279.

1AA 00014 0004 (9007) A4 ALICE 04.10

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Lockout working
w/p head E W failure W
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w/p

B
E tail

ring protection Lockout working


w/p

failure
w/p

A
W

tail E

B
head E

no ring protection

Figure 278. Tailend / headend protection with a lockout working and a one direction ring failure (2F)

1AA 00014 0004 (9007) A4 ALICE 04.10

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Lockout protecting Span w/p failure failure

Lockout protecting Span w/p w/p

A
W E

w/p W E

A
E

B
E ring protection W

C
no ring protection

Lockout working

Lockout working

Lockout working

w/p

failure

w/p

failure

A
W E

w/p W W

A
E

w/p W

B
E ring protection E

B
no ring protection

Lockout working

failure w/p w/p E W

A
E

C
W ring protection

1AA 00014 0004 (9007) A4 ALICE 04.10

Figure 279. Ring protection with a lockout and a ring failure (2F)

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1AA 00014 0004 (9007) A4 ALICE 04.10

ED
Lockout Working Ring W A Node A Node A Node A Node Ring E Ring W Ring E Lockout Working Lockout Protection Lockout Protection 1 ring protection on the opposite side if the ring failure occurs between AC or CB nodes 2 ring protection on the opposite side if the ring failure occurs between AB or BC nodes W w/p W W w/p E 3 E 2 E

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Combinations of nonserved failures and external commands

B
w/p 1

A
w/p 4

Figure 280. shows a ring with three nodes and the actions performed by the lockout commands. This command disables the acknowledgment of the signal failure/degrade on the receiving ports.

Figure 280. Lockout command and nonserved failures (2F)

3AL 81412 AA AA

426

382 / 426
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The Force command ( Figure 281. ) executes a forced protection. The Force Ring command substitutes the working channels (AU4 1 to 8) with the opposite direction protection channels (AU4 9 to 16) between two adjacent nodes (Figure 282. ). The Force Span command is not operative in 2 fiber MSSPring.

Figure 281. Forced and Manual commands (2F)

Manual/force Ring East

Manual/force Ring West

A
W
w18 p916 w18 p916

A1
E W/P
w18 p916 w18 p916 w18 p916

B1
W W/P

B
E
w18 p916 w18 p916

W/P

w18 p916

W. 18 channels are substituted by P. 916 channels on the opposite side for both adjacent nodes

Figure 282. Manual and Force Ring command (2F) The Manual command is similar to Force command but it is at a lower priority level with respect to automatic MSSPRing. The general priority scale that can be applied to solve antithetical situations starting from the lowest priority level is: manual ring automatic working ring force ring lockout Working Ring lockout Protecting Span. When a force ring command is applied a next working failure is not able to modify the forced configuration applied. That is because force ring command has a higher priority respect to the Automatic working protection. In this condition the ring can be split according the location of command and event. Vice versa the Manual protection is exceeded by the Automatic protection. Figure 283. visualizes the ring protection with a Force/Manual command and a signal failure. FSR is for Force Switching Request, SFR is for Signal Failure Request.

1AA 00014 0004 (9007) A4 ALICE 04.10

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Force Ring East failure


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w/p

A
W E E

w/p W

C
W E ring protection for FSR Force Ring East failure w/p w/p W E

A node is isolated

A
E W

C
E W

B
Manual Ring East ring protection for SFR and FSR w/p failure

A
W E E

w/p

C
W E

ring protection for SFR Manual Ring East failure w/p w/p W E

A
E

C
W
1AA 00014 0004 (9007) A4 ALICE 04.10

ring protection for SFR

Figure 283. Ring Protection with Force and Manual commands (2F)

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Signal fail/degrade Signal fail/degrade Ring W Ring E


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A node
12 w. channels are sobstituted by 34 p. channels

A node
34 w. channels are sobstituted by 12 p. channels

B/S actions

w/p

W 1

E 4

w/p

B
w/p 2

A
3 w/p

Figure 284. Automatic protection Bridge/Switch (2F) Each command starts when the proper button is selected. A dialog box ( Figure 285. ) has to be confirmed before the command is performed. From each command exists its own Release button to cancel the previously selected command and come back to normal MSSPRing protection.

Figure 285. Example of confirmation dialog box Clicking on the WTR command (of Figure 256. on page 365) next figure opens. If the WTR box, in the Local Condition field of Figure 273. on page 376, becomes red a waiting time has been activated after repairing the ring failure. The waiting time, set in the configuration menu, can be cleared selecting the Clear WTR Ring command. A confirmation dialog box opens and, if the operator clicks OK, the WTR box turns off and the protection status window is updated.

1AA 00014 0004 (9007) A4 ALICE 04.10

Figure 286. Clear WTR command (2F)

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19.5.3 2F MSSPRing dual protection commands In general dual contemporary Events can be: two external commands an external command and a ring failure two contemporary ring failures Dual Events can appear on the same side W/W (West/West) or E/E (East/East) (SS= same side) or on the opposite side W/E or E/W (OS= opposite site) of the ring network. In the SS or OS the Events can appear on the same node (SN) or on the different nodes (DN), the different node can be an adjacent node (AN) or a remote node (RN). Figure 287. depicts a clockwise ring network . The network propagation K1K2 protocol signals are according to the following legend : C R B Cs Rs Bs = served the column element = served the row element = served both row and column elements = signalled (not served) the column element = signalled (not served) the row element = signalled (not served) both row and column element when a command (Manual switch, Force switch) is neither served nor signalled, it is erased ( it is not pending at the node)
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1AA 00014 0004 (9007) A4 ALICE 04.10

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Reference point
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clockwise

OS SN 1

SS SN

E W

SS RN 4

OS AN 2

OS RN

W w/p

W w/p

SS AN

3
w/p w/p

SS RN

OS RN

Figure 287. Ring network reference scheme (2F) Figure 287. visualizes the ring reference scheme: the adjacent node (AN) is the node connected to the reference point. The automatic protection for dual ring failures is represented in Figure 289. Consider the network reference scheme of Figure 288. with a tailend / headend alarm propagation. In this figure are depicted the node switches for any reported double events.

1AA 00014 0004 (9007) A4 ALICE 04.10

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failure
w/p
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1
W E E

w/p W

4
W E W E

2 3

SSAN failure failure


w/p

1
W E E

w/p W

4
W E W E

2 3 failure

SSRN

failure
w/p

1 failure
E W E

w/p W

4
W E W E

2 3

OSSN

failure
w/p

1
W E E

w/p

failure
W

4
W E W E

2 3

OSAN

failure
w/p

1
E W E E W

w/p W

4
W

2
E

OSRN

3 failure
1AA 00014 0004 (9007) A4 ALICE 04.10

Figure 288. Examples of Double ring failure

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Reference point
Automatic Protection Ring All rights reserved. Passing on and copying of this document, use and communication of its contents not permitted without written authorization from Alcatel.

Other points
SN

Automatic Protection Ring

SS

AN

Node 2 : isolated = Bs Node 13 in switching for SF alarm =B Node 4=intermediate Nodes 1,2,3,4 in switching for SF alarm =B Node 1: isolated=Bs Nodes 2,4 in switching for SF alarm=B Node 3= intermediate Node 1,2 in switching for alarm=B Nodes 3,4 = intermediate Node 2: isolated=Bs Node 1,3 in switching for SF alarm=B Node 4 = intermediate

RN

SN OS AN

RN

Figure 289. 2F Automatic protection (tail/head) for double ring failure visualization The same reference Figure 287. and Figure 288. schemas are applied to describe dual generic Events where both ring failures and external commands are considered. The first row at the top of the protection table (Figure 290. ) shows the Events at the reference point. For each of them the associated Event is listed on the first column at the left of the table. Two manual ring commands can be only signalled: Bs (Manual SSSN and OSAN commands give the same ring protection switching and then both can be served). Two Lockout commands are both always served: B Force command has priority with respect to the Manual one. Automatic protection has priority with respect to the Manual command. Force Ring and Automatic Protection (or two Force ring commands) are always served if they are not applied on the SSSN. In this last case has to be considered the priority level. The behavior is that seen for two automatic protection switching ( Figure 288. ) Lockout working SSSN has priority with respect to Manual, Automatic protection and Force commands. In the other cases, both commands are served (B). Lockout protection SSSN / OSAN and Manual or Automatic or Force command are both served because the switching SSSN / OSAN channels are not managed by the lockout protection: B. Lockout protection SSAN / OSSN overrides the Manual or Automatic or Force command because the lockout protection controls the switching channels of the same Node.
1AA 00014 0004 (9007) A4 ALICE 04.10

Lockout protection SSRN / OSRN and manual or automatic or force command: the lockout protection prevents the working 18 channels from being inserted into the protecting 916 ones. The lockout protection is served, because it has a higher priority, the ring protection will be only signalled (pending).

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Reference point Other points


SN SS AN RN SN OS AN RN SN Ring SS AN RN SN OS AN RN SN Lockout Working SS AN RN SN OS AN RN SN SS AN RN SN OS AN RN Ring

Automatic Manual Ring Working Ring Force Ring Protection Lockout Working

Bs Bs Bs B Bs C C C C C C C B B B B B B C CRs C B CRs

R R R R R R C B B B B B C B B B B B B C CRs C B CRs

R R R R R R B B B B B C B B B B B B C CRs C B CRs

B R RCs R B RCs B R RCs R B RCs

R B B B B B R B B B B B

Lockout Protecting

Figure 290. Tail / head dual Events Protection table (2F)

1AA 00014 0004 (9007) A4 ALICE 04.10

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Force

Manual

19.5.4 2F Protection Status Visualization The protection statuses ring network are:
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1 Lockout Switching 2 Forced Switching 3 Automatic Switching ( MSMSPRing protection for equipment/signal failure ). 4 Manual Switching 5 Idle ( regular operation without MSSPRing protection )

These protection states are represented with the following color state boxes: Green: Active State, No Request condition. Red: Inactive State and any external or protection executed command ( that has been served ). Yellow: ordered but not executed command ( that has only been signalled= pending status ). Greyed: not available state box.

Automatic switching and external commands are revertive: then when the Events have been cleared, the MSSPRing configuration comes back to its idle status. The state boxes visualize the Node Condition Request as a consequence of the equipment/signal failure or the external commands detected on the corresponding side (Event). The state boxes dont describe the protection actions provided on the NEs. The served Events ( B/S=bridges and switches are executed and the network has been updated ) are completed B/S actions visualized as red box indications The signalled Events ( the K1/K2 protocol communicates to the network nodes what has happened ) are pending B/S visualized as yellow box indications. Figure 291. shows the protection status with a served East manual ring command. Any protection status window is divided in different status fields: Schema description and status, Local Conditions, Node Conditions and Protocol Exceptions. The first one describes the network configuration and application type and its status, the second gives the local external commands indications, the third the Events results on the nodes and the fourth one checks the k1/k2 ring protocol. The window is divided into three parts: West, Middle and East. On the West there are all the box indications corresponding to the West protections and commands. In the middle WTRRing refers to West and East sides, No Request corresponding to Idle Status, and Intermediate Node denotes that the protections and commands dont concern the node involved. The Manual Ring command visualizes Manual Ring on the local node and Request Node Ring in the both Local Conditions adjacent East ADM1West ADM2 nodes, while the 3 and 4 nodes are Intermediate Node. The red color means that the command has been served. A regular protocol Exceptions is represented with white boxes, a protocol alarm is signalled with red boxes. The Prot. Unavailable indications are activated when a lockout protection command is applied in a network node.

1AA 00014 0004 (9007) A4 ALICE 04.10

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ADM4: 1660SM MSSPRINGProtection States and Commands

ADM1: 1660SM MSSPRINGProtection States and Commands

ADM3: 1660SM MSSPRINGProtection States and Commands

ADM2: 1660SM MSSPRINGProtection States and Commands

Figure 291. Manual command applied at the Reference Point ring network Figure 288. Figure 292. reports the Protection Status for external Force and Manual commands in a 3 node ring (A, B, C). Figure 293. shows the lockout statuses and Figure 294. the automatic protection statuses.
1AA 00014 0004 (9007) A4 ALICE 04.10

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Reference node: A A

Force/Manual Ring W B C A

Force/Manual Ring E B C

Local Conditions

Force/ Manual Ring W

Force/ Manual Ring E

Intermediate

Node Conditions

Request Node Ring W

Request Node Ring E

Request Node Ring E

Intermediate

Request Node Ring W

Node

w/p

w/p

Node

B
w/p

A
w/p

1AA 00014 0004 (9007) A4 ALICE 04.10

Figure 292. Visualization of the Forced / Manual protection Statuses (2F)

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Reference node: A

Lockout Working Ring W

Lockout Working Lockout Protecting Lockout Protecting Ring E Span W Span E

Local Conditions

Lockout Ring W

Lockout Ring E

Lockout Prot W

Lockout Prot E

Prot. Unavailable

Prot. Unavailable

Prot. Unavailable

Node Conditions

w/p

w/p

B
w/p

A
w/p

1AA 00014 0004 (9007) A4 ALICE 04.10

Figure 293. Visualization of the Lockout command Statuses (2F)

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Prot. Unavailable

Intermediate Node

Intermediate Node

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Reference node: A

Signal fail/degrade Ring W A B C

Signal fail/degrade Ring E A B C

Node Conditions

Intermediate

Intermediate

w/p

Node

w/p

Node

Request Ring W

Request Ring E

Request Ring E

Request Ring W

B
w/p

A
w/p

Figure 294. Visualization of Automatic Protection Statuses (2F) The WTR status is visualized on the side where the link has been repaired. The considered network failures are related to a tailend/headend node connection. The WTR Clear command can be executed by the user without waiting the WTR setting time.

1AA 00014 0004 (9007) A4 ALICE 04.10

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19.5.4.1 Double ring failure The double ring failure visualization of Figure 288. are here following reported.
ADM4: 1660SM MSSPRINGProtection States and Commands ADM1: 1660SM MSSPRINGProtection States and Commands

ADM3: 1660SM MSSPRINGProtection States and Commands

ADM2: 1660SM MSSPRINGProtection States and Commands

Figure 295. Protection status with double ring failure (reference pointSSAN) Figure 295. reports the protection status with double ring failure (reference pointSSAN. The node 2 isolated, the nodes 23 in switching and the node 4 Intermediate. The box color is white unless otherwise specified:
1AA 00014 0004 (9007) A4 ALICE 04.10

Active: green Request Node Ring West ADM3East ADM1: red (served) Request Node Ring West ADM2East ADM2: yellow (pending) Intermediate Node ADM4: red

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ADM4: 1660SM MSSPRINGProtection States and Commands

ADM1: 1660SM MSSPRINGProtection States and Commands

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ADM3: 1660SM MSSPRINGProtection States and Commands

ADM2: 1660SM MSSPRINGProtection States and Commands

Figure 296. Protection status with double ring failure (reference pointSSRN) Figure 296. reports the protection status with double ring failure (reference pointSSRN). The nodes 1,2,3,4 are being switched for signal failure alarm and both the two signal failures are served. The box color is white unless otherwise specified:
1AA 00014 0004 (9007) A4 ALICE 04.10

Active: green Request Node Ring East ADM3East ADM1: red (switching for SF) Request Node Ring East ADM4East ADM2: red (switching of the opposite nodes)

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ADM4: 1660SM MSSPRINGProtection States and Commands

ADM1: 1660SM MSSPRINGProtection States and Commands

ADM3: 1660SM MSSPRINGProtection States and Commands

ADM2: 1660SM MSSPRINGProtection States and Commands

Figure 297. Protection status with double ring failure (reference pointOSAN) Figure 297. reports the protection status with double ring failure (reference pointOSAN). The nodes 1,2 are being switched for signal failure alarm and both signal failures are served: B. The box color is white unless otherwise specified:
1AA 00014 0004 (9007) A4 ALICE 04.10

Active: green Request Node Ring West ADM2East ADM1: red (switching for SF) Intermediate Node ADM3ADM4: red

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ADM4: 1660SM MSSPRINGProtection States and Commands

ADM1: 1660SM MSSPRINGProtection States and Commands

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ADM3: 1660SM MSSPRINGProtection States and Commands

ADM2: 1660SM MSSPRINGProtection States and Commands

Figure 298. Protection status with double ring failure (reference pointOSAN) recovering to idle Figure 298. reports the previous protection status with double ring failure (reference pointOSAN) while the ring protection comes back to its idle status. The WTR (Wait To Restore) Ring on ADM1 node becomes red to signal that the SF disappears at the reference point . The box color is white unless otherwise specified:
1AA 00014 0004 (9007) A4 ALICE 04.10

Active: green WTR Ring : red (to signal the SF recovering) Request Node Ring West ADM2East ADM1: red Intermediate Node ADM3ADM4: red

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19.5.4.2 Double external command or an external command and a ring failure Some more significative double events of Figure 290. are here following reported.
ADM4: 1660SM MSSPRINGProtection States and Commands ADM1: 1660SM MSSPRINGProtection States and Commands

ADM3: 1660SM MSSPRINGProtection States and Commands

ADM2: 1660SM MSSPRINGProtection States and Commands

Figure 299. Double manual ring command (reference pointSSAN) Figure 299. reports the protection status with double manual command (reference pointSSAN). Both the commands can be only pending. The Request ring to 1,2,3 nodes becomes pending while the 4 node is Intermediate node. The box color is white unless otherwise specified:
1AA 00014 0004 (9007) A4 ALICE 04.10

Active: green Request Node Ring Request Node Ring Request Node Ring Intermediate Node

East ADM1 West ADM2: yellow ( pending ) for Manual Ring East ADM1 East ADM2 West ADM3: yellow ( pending ) for Manual Ring East ADM2 West ADM1 East ADM3: yellow ( pending ) for switching of the opposite nodes ADM4: red

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ADM4: 1660SM MSSPRINGProtection States and Commands

ADM1: 1660SM MSSPRINGProtection States and Commands

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ADM3: 1660SM MSSPRINGProtection States and Commands

ADM2: 1660SM MSSPRINGProtection States and Commands

Figure 300. Double manual ring command (reference pointOSAN) Figure 300. reports the protection status with double manual command (reference pointOSAN). Both the commands can be served. The Request Manual ring to ADM1 (East) and to ADM2 opposite side (West) collapses in the same manual command. Both the manual commands are served. The box color is white unless otherwise specified:
1AA 00014 0004 (9007) A4 ALICE 04.10

Active: green Request Node Ring East ADM1 West ADM2: red ( served ) Intermediate Node ADM3, ADM4: red

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ADM4: 1660SM MSSPRINGProtection States and Commands

ADM1: 1660SM MSSPRINGProtection States and Commands

ADM3: 1660SM MSSPRINGProtection States and Commands

ADM2: 1660SM MSSPRINGProtection States and Commands

Figure 301. Manual ring and Lockout Protection (reference pointSSSN) Figure 301. reports the protection status with a manual command and a lockout protection (reference pointSSSN). Both the manual and the lockout commands are visualized to the same ADM1 node (East). Both the commands are served because the bridge/switch points are different. The box color is white unless otherwise specified: Active: green Request Node Ring East ADM1 West ADM2: red ( served ) Intermediate Node ADM3, ADM4: red Manual Ring and Lockout Prot. commands East ADM1: red Prot. Unavailable East ADM1 : red . N.B. The Prot. Unavailable is not propagated on West ADM2 node because on West ADM2 the protection switching has been executed.

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ADM4: 1660SM MSSPRINGProtection States and Commands

ADM1: 1660SM MSSPRINGProtection States and Commands

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ADM3: 1660SM MSSPRINGProtection States and Commands

ADM2: 1660SM MSSPRINGProtection States and Commands

Figure 302. Manual ring and Lockout Protection (reference pointSSRN) Figure 302. reports the protection status with a manual command and a lockout protection (reference pointSSRN). The manual command is pending while the lockout command is served. The box color is white unless otherwise specified: Active: green Manual Ring command East ADM1: yellow Request Node Ring East ADM1 West ADM2 : yellow ( pending ) Request Node Ring West ADM1 East ADM2 : yellow ( pending ) for switching of the opposite nodes Lockout Prot. command: East ADM3 : red Prot. Unavailable East ADM3 and West ADM4: red (served)

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ADM4: 1660SM MSSPRINGProtection States and Commands

ADM1: 1660SM MSSPRINGProtection States and Commands

ADM3: 1660SM MSSPRINGProtection States and Commands

ADM2: 1660SM MSSPRINGProtection States and Commands

Figure 303. Automatic working ring and Manual Ring (reference pointOSAN) Figure 303. reports the protection status with a ring failure and a manual ring command (reference pointOSAN). The automatic protection has a higher priority with respect to the manual command and then it has been served. The box color is white unless otherwise specified:
1AA 00014 0004 (9007) A4 ALICE 04.10

Active: green Request Node Ring East ADM1 West ADM2 : red (served) Intermediate Node ADM3 ADM4 : red

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ADM4: 1660SM MSSPRINGProtection States and Commands

ADM1: 1660SM MSSPRINGProtection States and Commands

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ADM3: 1660SM MSSPRINGProtection States and Commands

ADM2: 1660SM MSSPRINGProtection States and Commands

Figure 304. Automatic working ring and Force Ring (reference pointSSAN) Figure 304. reports the protection status with a ring failure and a force ring command (reference pointSSAN). The ADM2 is isolated and the force command is pending. The box color is white unless otherwise specified: Active: green Request Node Ring East ADM1: red (served) the West ADM1 switching is applied for SF Request Node Ring West ADM3: red (served) the East ADM3 switching is applied for the force command Request Node Ring West ADM2, East ADM2: yellow (pending) the ADM2 is isolated Intermediate Node ADM4 : red

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ADM4: 1660SM MSSPRINGProtection States and Commands

ADM1: 1660SM MSSPRINGProtection States and Commands

ADM3: 1660SM MSSPRINGProtection States and Commands

ADM2: 1660SM MSSPRINGProtection States and Commands

Figure 305. Automatic working ring and Lockout working Ring (reference pointSSSN) Figure 305. reports the protection status with a ring failure and a lockout working command (reference pointSSSN). The Lockout command has a higher priority with respect to the automatic protection switching and then only the lockout command has been served. The box color is white unless otherwise specified:
1AA 00014 0004 (9007) A4 ALICE 04.10

Active: green Lockout Ring command East ADM1: red Request Node Ring East ADM1 West ADM2 : red (served) Intermediate Node ADM3 ADM4 : red

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ADM4: 1660SM MSSPRINGProtection States and Commands

ADM1: 1660SM MSSPRINGProtection States and Commands

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ADM3: 1660SM MSSPRINGProtection States and Commands

ADM2: 1660SM MSSPRINGProtection States and Commands

Figure 306. Automatic working ring and Lockout Protection (reference pointOSRN) The lockout protection has a higher priority with respect to the automatic ring protection. The box color is white unless otherwise specified: Active: green Lockout Prot. command West ADM3: red Prot. Unavailable West ADM3 East ADM2 : red (lockout protection is served) Request Node Ring East ADM1 West ADM2 : yellow (automatic protection is pending) Intermediate Node ADM4 : red

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20 ISA PORT CONFIGURATION 20.1 Introduction


This Chapter describes the operations necessary for the ISA boards creation (ATM, PR_EA, PR, ETHERNET) in the Equipment view and the ISA TTPs creation; as a matter of fact ISA boards does not crate TTPs when they are configurated. The ISA board creation is performed (following the same rules of all the other SDH/PDH ports as explained in paragraph 9.2 on page 116) when a CT user sets an ISA board and then configure the IP Address (as described in paragraph 8.14 on page 104). For the TTPs creation refer to paragraph 20.2 where all the operation are explained. For the ISA traffic configuration (for example creation of Hard/Soft cross connection, PNNI configuration etc.) refer to the relevant OPERATORS HANDBOOK (ATM, PR or PR_EA) where Specific Terminal application is explained in details. The operational sequence to follow to manage ISA crossconnection is: a) b) ISA board declaration (Equipment Set) ISA IP Address Configuration ( Called ISA board IP Address) (not needed for ISAPR and ETHERNET boards) ISA board TTPs creation (VC4XV , VC12XV, VC3XV, VC44c TTP, VC4 TTP, VC3 TTP, VC12 TTP, s31 TTP, E1 TTP) (not needed for ISAPR board) TTPs crossconnection ( refer to paragraph 15.3 on page 254) (not for ISAPR board) ISA traffic configuration with Specific Terminal application

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c)

d) e)

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20.2 ISA board TTPs creation


In the following paragraphs will be explained how to create, delete and modify ISA board TTPs. 20.2.1 ISAATM boards On the ATM 4X4 board can be configurated up to 16 TPs (VC4 TTP, VC3 TTP, VC12 TTP, s31 TTP, E1 TTP) with a maximum throughput of 622 Mbit/s. On the ATM 8X8 board (present only on 1660SM) can be configurated up to 32 TPs (VC44c TTP, VC4 TTP, VC3 TTP, VC12 TTP, s31 TTP, E1 TTP) with a maximum throughput of 1.2 Gbit/s. Select ISA Port Configuration option from the Configuration menu to open the ISA ports Configuration (see Figure 307. on page 410).
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ATM 4X4 MATRIX (initial empty fields)

ATM 4X4 MATRIX (with defined TPs)

Figure 307. ATM TPs creation The ISA ports Configuration window is filled with notebook pages (initially blank), each page is an ATM, Ethernet or PR_EA board with relevant ports; The user can create a new port, delete an existing one and change port associations (that means modify the STM1 number and STM1 Time Slot on ISA ports already created) via the three buttons contained in the notebook page. When the user want to create a new ATM port he can select an empty row, then in the Selected Item sections , he can fill the field Signal choosing among the available options and push theCreate button. The STM1 Number and the STM1 Time Slot are automatically assigned. If the user want to change the port attribute association he can select a filled row, then in the Selected Item section he can change the fields STM1 number and STM1 Time Slot and than push the Time Slot Sw. button. To delete a port the user can select a row and push Delete button.

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To close the dialog box click on the Close push button. It is possible to see the ATM Ports created as above explained by selecting the relevant row in the ISA configuration window and then click on the Navigate button; Figure 308. on page Figure 308. shows an example.

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Figure 308. Navigate to ATM port view (example)

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20.2.2 ISA PR_EA board On the PR_EA boards can be configurated the following TPs: PREA4ETH: up to 59 TPs (SDH VC4, SDH VC3, SDH VC12 ) with a maximum throughput of 622 Mbit/s. PREA1GBE: up to 62 TPs (SDH VC4, SDH VC3, SDH VC12 ) with a maximum throughput of 622 Mbit/s.
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Select ISA Port Configuration option from the Configuration menu to open the ISA ports Configuration (see Figure 309. on page 412).

PR_EA MATRIX (initial empty fields)

PR_EA MATRIX (with defined TPs)

Figure 309. PREA4ETH: example of TPs creation The ISA ports Configuration window is filled with notebook pages (initially blank), each page is an ATM, Ethernet or PR_EA board with relevant ports; The user can create a new port, delete an existing one and change port associations (that means modify the STM1 number and STM1 Time Slot on ISA ports already created) via the three buttons contained in the notebook page. When the user want to create a new PR_EA port he can select an empty row, then in the Selected Item sections , he can fill the field Signal choosing among the available options and push theCreate button. The STM1 Number and the STM1 Time Slot are automatically assigned. If the user want to change the port attribute association he can select a filled row, then in the Selected Item section he can change the fields STM1 number and STM1 Time Slot and than push the Time Slot Sw. button.
1AA 00014 0004 (9007) A4 ALICE 04.10

To delete a port the user can select a row and push Delete button. To close the dialog box click on the Close push button.

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It is possible to see the PR_EA Ports created as above explained by selecting the relevant row in the ISA configuration window and then click on the Navigate button; Figure 310. on page 413 shows an example.
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Figure 310. MPLS port view exaple

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20.2.3 10/100 Mbit/s fast ETHERNET board On the FAST ETHERNET boards can be configurated up to 11 TPs (VC4 TTP, VC3 TTP, VC12 TTP, VC12XV and VC3XV) on the port card (ETHMB) and up 14 TPs (VC4 TTP, VC3 TTP, VC12 TTP, VC12XV and VC3XV) on the relevant access card (ETHATX). Select ISA Port Configuration option from the Configuration menu to open the ISA ports Configuration (see Figure 311. on page 414).

ETHMB (initial empty fieds)

ETHMB (with defined TPs)

Figure 311. Example of Fast Ethernet (ETHMB) TPs creation The ISA ports Configuration window is filled with notebook pages (initially blank), each page is an ATM, Ethernet or PR_EA board with relevant ports; The user can create a new port, delete an existing one and change port associations (that means modify the STM1 number and STM1 Time Slot on ISA ports already created) via the three buttons contained in the notebook page. When the user want to create a new TPs he can select an empty row, then in the Selected Item sections, he can fill the field Signal choosing among the available options and push theCreate button. Note: in case of concatenated VC TP creation (example VC12XV or VC3XV), before to push on Create button it is also necessary to choose the Concatenation Level value; after creation command new fields and a new button appear. The STM1 Number and the STM1 Time Slot are automatically assigned. If the user want to change the port attribute association he can select a filled row, then in the Selected Item section he can change the fields STM1 number and STM1 Time Slot and than push the Time Slot Sw. button. The Ctrl Path Act. button allows to change the state of the concatenated virtual VCs (example VC12XV or VC3XV) that could be Idle or active.; Click on Ctrl Path Act. button a new window will be opened (Figure 312. ); for details about the mening of the field refer to paragraph 11.6.8 on page 156.

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To delete a port the user can select a row and push Delete button. To close the dialog box click on the Close push button.
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Figure 312. Control Path activation window (example) It is possible to see the VCs created on the ETHERNET board as above explained by selecting the relevant row in the ISA configuration window and then click on the Navigate button; Figure 313. on page 415 shows an example.

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Figure 313. ETHERNET port view example

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20.2.4 Gigabit/s ETHERNET board Three architectures are possible to provide Gigabit Ethernet ports: [1] 10/100Mbit/s Ethernet board (ETHMB)+GBIT Access (GETHAG); this feature is supported only on 1650SMC and 1660SM. With this architecture can be configurated up to 2 TPs (VC4XV TTP Type concatenation level=1) on the GETHAG access card and up to 11 TPs (VC4 TTP, VC3 TTP, VC12 TTP, s31 TTP, E1 TTP Type) on the ETHMB main board taking into account that the maximum throughput must not exceed 622 Mbit/s. [2] GIGABIT board (GETHMB) standalone; this feature is supported on all OMSN (1640FOX, 1650SMC and 1660SM). With this architecture can be configurated up to 4 TPs (VC4XV Type) on each board taking into account that the maximum throughput must not exceed 622 Mbit/s in 1640FOX and 1650SMC (for example it is possible to configure 1 port VC4XV with a max. concatenation level equal to 4 or as alternative 4 ports VC4XV with concatenation level equal to 1). The same rule above described are applicable to 1660SM when the GIGABIT board (GETHMB) is equipped in normal slot (i.e. slot with a throughput of 622 Mbit/s). In 1660SM are also available slot called enhanced (25, 26,28,29,34,35,37,38) where the throughput per board is 1.2 Gbit/s. If the GIGABIT board (GETHMB) is equipped in one of these slot it is possible to reach a max. concatenation level equal to 7 per port ; of course this means that there is only one VC4XV with concatenation level =1 available for another port and no resources for the last two ports present on the board. For more details read the Gigabit Ethernet description reported in the Technical Handbook. [3] GIGABIT board (GETHMB) + GBIT Access (GETHAG); this feature is supported only on 1660SM. With this architecture can be configurated up to 4 TPs (VC4XV Type) on the GETHAG access card and up to 4 TPs (VC4XV TTP Type) on the GETHMB main board taking into account that the maximum throughput for the couple must not exceed 1.2 Gbit/s.; the concatenation level per port can be from 1 to 7. In order to support this architecture the GETHMB board must be equipped in the enhanced slot (25,26,28,29,34,35,37,38) and GETHAG access in the associated slot (respectively 3,4,6,7,15,16,18,19).
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The Gigabit Ethernet TPs creation follows the same rules described for the 10/100Mbit/s Ethernet Board; refer to paragraph 20.2.3.

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21 SOFTWARE MANAGEMENT 21.1 Generalities and descriptions


The Craft Terminal provides a set of functions which allow software packages manipulation within NEs. The downloading operation consists in the establishment of session between the NE and a software server for the purpose of file transfer. Actions can then be performed on the NE software version as update and activation operation, or roll back to the previous software version operation. In this way the NE can follow the product evolution with in service equipment. The same function is used during maintenance phase, to update spare boards for substitution after troubleshooting. The operations that can be undertaken in this section are: display Software Download Information, initiate / Abort Software Package Download, manage Software Packages within NEs, activating the downloaded Software Package or coming back to the previous condition.

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A backup/restore can be also done on the MIB of the NE. Indeed the MIB can be saved to or restored from the mass storage of the Craft Terminal. The software download general principle is represented in the following figure.

Software Management OPERATOR MANAGER Download Control

Event Report Transfer Request

AGENT NE CLIENT

Software Downloading OPERATOR

SERVER

Binary & Data Files

Figure 314. Software Download general principle

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21.1.1 Naming Conventions The naming conventions used for Download Management are the following: Software Package: Software Package stands for a piece of software which can be executed by an NE of a particular type. It consists in one or more Software Units and a Descriptor File. A software package is identified by its name, release, version and edition. On the NE (i.e. once downloaded) a software package can be: the active version: the software package currently running on the NE a standby version: a software package which is neither the active version nor the boot version Software Unit: A Software Unit is a part of a software package which can be either executable code or a data segment of a particular board within an NE. A software unit is also identified by its name, release, version and edition. Descriptor File: A Descriptor File contains information about the software package it belongs to and lists the composing software units. Each software package must have a descriptor file otherwise it would not be possible to interpret the content of the package. Software Management Function: The Software management function offers information about all current software packages present in an NE. Indicators enable software management (running package, activated package, etc...).
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The following software version states are available: Commit (active) version: the software version currently running on the NE. Standby version: is a software version which has been downloaded on the NE but which is not in the active state. Two main functions are involved in the software downloading: Software Download Manager function Software Download Server function The Software Download Manager function takes the downloading and management requests of the operator and sends them to the NE. Thus, this function enables a download process to be initiated and monitored by the operator. It manages the NE software releases and initiates software download operations. The Software Download Server is only responsible for fulfilling the requests received from NEs and performing software package file transfer operations to the NE.

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21.2 Software download operative sequence


Two main different operative condition are defined for this Equipment:
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First installation of an OMSN The NE is received without the relevant software install. The software download must be done as described in the SIBDL section of this Handbook. Updating an OMSN with an already installed software. Follow the operative indications of para. 21.2.1 on page 419 .

21.2.1 Software Download upgrade N.B. In order to migrate from Release 1.1A to a Higher Release, the download procedure requires two steps. The first is from 1.1A to 1.1X (intermediate package) and the second is from 1.1X to the Higher Release (e.g. 1.1B1).

In order to update the following procedure is to be done as explained in the next steps: a) Install on the PC the NE Software Package present in the CDROM (refer to 1320CT Basic Operators Handbook for details). open a session on Craft Terminal application (startup of the application, start supervision and NE login) Check the present status of the software on a selected NE. Download should not be performed in presence of unstable alarms d) e) Open the Download menu as for para. 21.3 on page 420. Select the new software package in the server and triggers the download process, as presented at para.21.4 on page 421. A message will indicate the completed download. Activate the package as presented at para.21.5 on page 423. Check that the activated package is in the Commit status. If problems are found with the new activated package, activate the previous software package (revertback operation) to come back to the previous condition and then try to repeat the procedure.

b)

c)

f) g) h)

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21.3 Software Download Manager menu


All the software download operations are carried out from the software download manager.
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Figure 315. Equipment view (example) To display the software download manager menu from the main view, select the NE on which you want to perform download operations, then select the Download pull down menu. The following menu is displayed:

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Figure 316. Download menu

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21.4 Init download


You can request the NE to start / abort a software download operation. After selecting the desired NE you must choose an available software package and then start the download process. All these operations can be performed from the SW downloading dialogue box. Select the Init download option from the Download cascading menu. The Software download initiate dialogue box is opened.

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Figure 317. SW Downloading dialogue box example The following fields are available to search a specific package: Server filter: to enter the server name selected, Package filter: to enter the package name selected.

To use the filter and display the selection, push on Apply filter(s) button. The SW packages existing on the Craft Terminal are displayed. In the next field the list of the packages is displayed: Server: name of the server, Package: name of the package, Version: version number of package.

Click on Forced push button to set the forced download attribute: then all software units of the Descriptor file have to be downloaded. Otherwise only the units with different software version will be loaded.
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If you want stop the download, click on the Cancel push button of the Software download initiate dialogue box to close it.

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Figure 318. Software download in progress (example) The Software download in Progress dialogue box displays the name and type of the NE and the SW package name, the total of bytes, the current percentage and the current file which is being downloaded. Click on the Abort push button to abort the complete download transaction. From the confirmation dialogue box that opens you can confirm or cancel the abort. Click on the Close push button to close the SWDL Work in Progress dialogue box at the end of the software download.

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Click on the OK push button to start the download. From the confirmation dialogue box that opens, you can confirm or cancel the download. If you confirm the operation, the SW Downloading dialogue box then disappears and the Software download in Progress dialogue box is displayed (see Figure 318. ) from which you can if necessary abort the software download. You can monitor the download progress by means of the Software in Progress dialogue box which also enables you to possibly abort the current download.

21.5 SW package Activation and Units information


This item permits to activate the downloaded software package and to get information about the software of the various units of the equipment. The operator is able to get information about the software package of the NE at any moment, even if no download operations have been performed previously. For this, select the Units info option from the Download pull down menu. The following dialogue box is opened.

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Figure 319. Software Package Information dialogue box (example) The SW Information dialogue box displays the name and type of the NE, and the respective package name and status of the committed and (if existing) the uncommitted software. You can select one software package by clicking on the name.

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The following fields are displayed: Software package: name, release, version, edition of the package, Service Specific Components: name, release, version, edition of the Service Specific Components (example ATM, IP etc.) Operational state: enabled or disabled, Activation date: date and hour of the last activation Vendor: the supplier of the product, Current state\Action: commit or standby and with the option button; none/Force/Activate/Delete current state = standby means the package is not active on the NE current state = commit means the package is active on the NE action = (none) means no action to do action = activate serves to activate the selected SW package action = force

Select the Activate option of the CurrentState\Action field, to activate the Software package The Sw units Det. button allows to give more information about a selected software package. Clicking on it, the following window is displayed:

Figure 320. Detail software package (example) Clicking on [] symbol behind each software package all details disappear. When you click on Close the previous view is displayed (Figure 319. ). In Figure 319. when you click on the: OK push button you close dialogue box, Cancel push button you close the SW Information dialogue box, Help push button you access to help on context.

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21.6 Mib management


This function allows to make a backup and/or a restore of the Mib.. (MIB is a data base pertaining the configuration of the equipment). Select the Mib management option from the Download pull down menu. The following window is displayed:

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Figure 321. NE MIB management (example) The following fields are displayed: Available backups on local server: gives the list of the backups available on the Craft Terminal, Backup name: to enter the new backup name.

Three push buttons allow to choose the action with click on: Backup: performs the backup on the CT of the Mib present on the NE, Restore: this function allows the managing system to restore the NE configuration database of the managed system. Only one restore operation can be performed at the same time on a given NE. Delete: this action allows to delete a backup of the NE database. The NE is not involved in this action. The only effect is to delete the selected backup version stored in a specific directory of the FT server.

To activate an already restored MIB you click on Activate push button. Only at this point it becomes operative on the NE. To exit of the NE MIB management window, you click on Close push button.
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To save or load the Mib to/from an external disk follow the indication of the Basic 1320CT Operators Handbook using the menu options of the Network Element Synthesis.

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METRO OMSN REL.4.1 OPERATORS HANDBOOK

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TABLE OF CONTENTS
LIST OF FIGURES AND TABLES . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1 INTRODUCTION . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1.1 Scope . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1.1.1 Document scope . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1.1.2 Target audience . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1.2 Terminology . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1.2.1 Acronyms and abbreviations . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1.2.2 Glossary of terms . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2 MAINTENANCE INTRODUCTION . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3 MAINTENANCE OF THE PC . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4 PROBLEMS WITH CRAFT TERMINAL . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4.1 Purpose of the procedure . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4.2 Procedure . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5 CORRECTIVE MAINTENANCE (TROUBLESHOOTING) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5.1 Purpose of the procedure . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5.2 Troubleshooting organization . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5.3 On site Troubleshooting . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5.4 Troubleshooting by means of the Craft Terminal. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5.4.1 Preliminary Concepts and Definitions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5.4.2 Alarms/states view Organization (subrack view) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5.4.3 Alarm synthesis indication . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5.4.4 Alarm Surveillance (AS) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5.4.5 Port View alarms . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5.4.6 Board view alarms and states . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5.4.7 Subrack and Rack view alarms . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5.4.8 AC/DC Rectifier alarms view . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5.4.9 Equipment View alarms . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5.4.10 External Points alarms (HouseKeepings) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6 UNIT REPLACEMENT WITH A SPARE . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6.1 EQUICO unit replacement . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3 5 5 5 5 5 5 5 7 9 11 11 11 13 13 13 17 21 22 23 24 26 34 41 44 47 48 51 53 54

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C. FAVERO ITAVE J.MIR S.MAGGIO C. FAVERO ITAVE J.MIR S.MAGGIO APPRAISAL AUTHORITY

P.GHELFI ITAVE P.GHELFI ITAVE ORIGINATOR

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7 UPGRADING WITH NEW HARDWARE . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7.1 MATRIX substitution with MATRIXN . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7.2 SYNTH1 substitution with SYNTH1N . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7.2.1 Procedure for 1650SMC . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7.2.2 Procedure for 1640FOX . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7.3 P4S1, S41, L41, L42, S161, L161, L162 substitution with P4S1N, S41N, L41N, L42N , S161N, L161N, L162N . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7.4 P21E1 substitution with P21E1N (only for 1640FOX) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8 FLASH CARD SUBSTITUTION . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8.1 Flash card substitution procedure for 1660SM . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8.2 Flash card substitution procedure for 1650SMC . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8.3 Flash card substitution procedure for 1640FOX . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

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6.2 6.3 6.4 6.5 6.6

COMPACT ADM unit replacement . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . ATM MATRIX 4X4 unit replacement . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . ATM MATRIX 8X8 unit replacement . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . ISAPR MATRIX and ISAPR_EA MATRIX unit replacement . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . CONGI unit replacement . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

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LIST OF FIGURES AND TABLES


FIGURES Figure 1. General Flowchart for on site troubleshooting . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Figure 2. FlowChart for 1660SM/1650SMC Power Supply alarm . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Figure 3. FlowChart for 1640FOX Power Supply alarm . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Figure 4. Transmission network level structure . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Figure 5. Alarms/status view Organization (subrack view example) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Figure 6. Alarm pull down menu. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Figure 7. Alarm Surveillance . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Figure 8. Example of SDH Port View alarms (without MSP schema) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Figure 9. Example of SDH Port View alarms (with MSP schema) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Figure 10. Example of ATM Port View alarms . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Figure 11. Example of 10/100 Mbit/s Ethernet Port View alarms . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Figure 12. Gigabit/s Ethernet Port View alarms . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Figure 13. Example of board view alarms and status . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Figure 14. Example of daughter View alarms and status . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Figure 15. Example of PDH Board View alarms and status . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Figure 16. 1660SM Subrack view alarms and status example . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Figure 17. 1660SM Rack view alarm and status example . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Figure 18. 1660SM Fans subrack alarms view example . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Figure 19. AC/DC Rectifier View alarms and status . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Figure 20. Example of Equipment View alarms and status . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Figure 21. Example of 1650SMC Equipment View alarms and status . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Figure 22. Example of 1640FOX equipment View alarms and status . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Figure 23. Example of External Points alarms and status . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Figure 24. EQUICO unit replacement . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Figure 25. COMPACT ADM unit replacement (EPS protected) part A . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Figure 26. COMPACT ADM unit replacement (EPS protected) part B . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Figure 27. COMPACT ADM unit replacement (EPS not protected) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Figure 28. ATM MATRIX 4X4 unit replacement without EPS protection . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Figure 29. ATM MATRIX 4X4 unit replacement with EPS protection . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Figure 30. 1650SMC: Upgrading with a new SYNTH1N EPS not protected . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Figure 31. 1650SMC: Upgrading with a new SYNTH1N EPS protected . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Figure 32. 1640FOX: Upgrading with a new SYNTH1N . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Figure 33. FLASH CARD substitution . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Figure 34. FLASH CARD substitution (COMPACT ADM EPS protected) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Figure 35. FLASH CARD substitution (COMPACT ADM EPS not protected) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Figure 36. FLASH CARD substitution (on COMPACT ADM unit) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . TABLES Table 1. Alarms colors and Severity association . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Table 2. Alarm Synthesis indication . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Table 3. Domain Alarm Synthesis indication . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Table 4. Management States Control Panel. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Table 5. Alarm Surveillance information general description . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Table 6. General aspect of alarms meaning and relevant maintenance actions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Table 7. Boards alarms . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Table 8. Module alarm . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
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1 INTRODUCTION 1.1 Scope


1.1.1 Document scope The Maintenance Manual mainly describes the NE troubleshooting with Craft Terminal. 1.1.2 Target audience The Maintenance Manual is intended for all users. The documents that should be read before starting this document are: 1320CT Basic Operators Handbook

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The documents of this Handbook that should be read before starting this document are: Introduction manual NE Management manual

1.2 Terminology
1.2.1 Acronyms and abbreviations Refer to the Section Introduction manual. 1.2.2 Glossary of terms Refer to the Section Introduction manual.

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2 MAINTENANCE INTRODUCTION
The maintenance procedures consist of the following steps:
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Maintenance of the PC. See Chapter 3 on page 9 Problems with Craft terminal (shutdown and restart of the PC). See Chapter 4 on page 11. Corrective Maintenance (Troubleshooting). See Chapter 5 on page 13. Unit replacement with a spare. See Chapter 6 on page 53. Upgrading with new Hardware. See Chapter 7 on page 65 . Flash Card substitution. See Chapter 8 on page 75 .

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With regard to maintenance PC, refer to the constructors documentation.

3 MAINTENANCE OF THE PC

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4 PROBLEMS WITH CRAFT TERMINAL 4.1 Purpose of the procedure


This procedure describes the Shutdown and restart the PC should the Craft Terminal SoftWare Product not be working properly or not responding to the operators commands.

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4.2 Procedure
In order to shut down the PC execute the command : Start > Shut down A window (Windows NT Security user dialog) is displayed. It permits to shut down the computer or restart it. The same window is displayed pressing he keys <Ctrl> + <Alt> + <Del> simultaneously.

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5 CORRECTIVE MAINTENANCE (TROUBLESHOOTING) 5.1 Purpose of the procedure


Troubleshooting involves the detection, location and correction of failures in the equipment and the replacement of the defective parts.

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5.2 Troubleshooting organization


The troubleshooting procedure is carried out with the help of some flowcharts and tables, reported hereinafter. Anyway this method does not deal with the following aspects (which are to be deduced in other ways): faulty electronic alarm indication, processing and detection circuits faulty wiring (backpanel, connectors, etc.)

The following interfaces are present to troubleshoot the equipment : Q3 interface for Telecommunication Management Network QECC interface for Telecommunication Management Network (via DCC channels, linked to the relevant OS) F interface for Craft Terminal (Local or Remote) Remote Alarm for Supervisory Center LEDs on the units of the NE

Usually maintenance is firstly done via software (TMN or Remote Craft Terminal) to locate the faulty equipment and the faulty unit or the faulty path and then on site to physically solve the trouble. The Maintenance can be done : [1] [2] [3] [4] from a TMN network management center from a Remote Craft Terminal (RCT) management center from a station supervisory center on site

[1] TMN network management center: by means of the TMN the maintenance technician can see the alarms sent by each equipment of the managed network (see the relevant TMN handbooks). [2] Remote craft terminal: the operator, connected to a local NE , can remotely manage and troubleshooting a network composed of max 32 NEs included itself. This handbook is used.

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[3] Station supervisory center: the maintenance technician refers to the Remote Alarms received from the equipment in a centralized office of the station i.e. :
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1660SM and 1650SMC T URGENT (MAJOR and CRITICAL), T NOT URGENT (MINOR): remote alarms pertaining to the urgent, not urgent alarm type. TOR, TAND: remote alarms respectively due to the decrease or loss of one or both station power supply DC voltages. INT: Remote alarm pertaining to the local (internal) alarm type

When a second CONGI unit is used the following remote alarms are added: TORC, TANC: remote alarms respectively due to the loss of +3,3V generated by the on board converter in of one or both the CONGI units. IND: Indeterminate alarm synthesis. Indicates synthesis of alarms not associated to others severities. Not operative. TUP: remote alarm due to microprocessor fault in the EQUICO unit (for 1660SM) or SYNTH1N/SYNTH4 unit (for 1640FOX,1650SMC) LOSQ2: remote alarm due to loss of communication with Mediation Device. Not operative.

1640FOX T URGENT (MAJOR and CRITICAL), T NOT URGENT (MINOR): remote alarms pertaining to the urgent, not urgent alarm type. INT (MAJOR or CRITICAL): Remote alarm pertaining to the local (internal) alarm type INTALM (WARNING): Remote alarm due to alarm detection from the external Converter SR40R. TAND (MAJOR or CRITICAL): remote alarm due to the loss of power supply (batteryfail or 3.3VService fail). FANSOFF1 (WARNING): remote alarm due to failure of FOX fans. FANSOFF2 (WARNING): remote alarm due to failure of external Converter (SR40R) fans.

Depending on the supervisory center organization, it is possible to locate the equipment in troubles and to detect the failure type and source.

[4] On site : the operator is on site in case : 1) 2) 3) 4) the equipment is not managed by a TMN or by a Remote Craft terminal (RCT) the equipment is not reachable by the remote manager (TMN or RCT) and is therefore isolated link problems are present the trouble has been located and a substitution is necessary

In case 1 ) , 2 ), 3 ), the alarmed equipment is checked by means of the local Craft Terminal and of rack LED indications and station buzzers. The NE is provided with LEDs which indicate:
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Units Alarms: Each port card or access card of the equipment is provided with a bicolor LED (green/red) or multicolor LED (green/red/yellow) at the bottom of the front coverplate. Bicolor LED indicates: when red, internal failure (indicates that the unit concerned must be replaced) when green, in service unit Multicolor LED indicates: when red, internal failure (indicates that the unit concerned must be replaced) when green, in service unit when yellow, means that the unit is part of an EPS schema and its status is standby (only available on 1650SMC and 1660SM)

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AC/DC Rectifier Alarms: (only for 1640FOX) The AC/DC is provided with four LEDs on the front coverplate, which indicate (from top to bottom): Red LED: detection of an INTERNAL alarm (rectifier failure or rectifier fans failure) Yellow LED: battery charging Red LED: AC mains off (missing of AC power) Green LED: rectifier is operating

ATM unit Alarms: All the alarm detected on the unit are related to the ATM traffic management; on the front coverplate are present optical indication (LEDs) with the following meaning (from the top to the bottom): Red LED : detection of an MAJOR or CRITICAL (URGENT) alarm Red LED : detection of a MINOR (NOT URGENT) alarm Yellow LED : alarm condition ATTENDED Yellow LED : detection of an ABNORMAL operative condition. Yellow LED : detection of an WARNING (INDICATIVE) alarm

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Centralized Equipment Alarms: All the alarms detected on the units are collected by the Controller unit (called EQUICO in 1660SM, SYNHT1N or SYNTH4 in 1640FOX/1650SMC) unit which will deliver centralized optical indications (by means of LEDs on its front coverplate). Specifically, from the top to the bottom : Red LED: detection of an URGENT (MAJOR and CRITICAL) alarm Red LED: detection of a NOT URGENT (MINOR) alarm Yellow LED: alarm condition ATTENDED Yellow LED: detection of an ABNORMAL operative condition. Type: active loopbacks, forcing the unit into service, laser forced ON or OFF, try to restore after ALS Yellow LED: detection of an INDICATION (WARNING) alarm

The analysis of these LEDs permits to detect the alarm type (Urgent Not Urgent Indication) and relevant condition (Abnormal condition, Attended). In case of URGENT or NOT URGENT alarm, after having located the alarmed equipment, the alarm condition can be attended by pressing the relevant alarm storing push button on the EQUICO unit. This condition causes: On the rack the YELLOW LED to light up the RED LED to go off

On the front coverplate: yellow LED (ATTENDED) to light up red LEDs NOT URGENT (MINOR) and URGENT (MAJOR and CRITICAL) to turn off (free to accept other alarms) If both LEDs are on, the Attend command should be given twice : one for attending the NOT URGENT (MINOR) alarm and one for attending the URGENT (MAJOR) alarm.

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5.3 On site Troubleshooting


The troubleshooting operation proceeds according to the information indicated in the flowcharts:
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Figure 1. on page 18: General flowchart Figure 2. on page 19: FlowChart for 1660SM/1650SMC Power Supply alarm Figure 3. on page 20: FlowChart for 1640FOX Power Supply alarm

and according to para.5.4 on page 21. As indicated in the flowcharts the troubleshooting operation is done by means of the Craft Terminal, and of the optical indicators (LEDs) present on the NE. The Craft Terminal is cordconnected to the relative connector on the Controller unit (EQUICO/SYNTH1N/SYNTH4) front coverplate (F interface). The Craft Terminal applications provide detailed information on the alarm state thus facilitating fault location and subsequent removal as indicated in para. 5.4 on page 21. To correctly execute the troubleshooting operations the technician must know the exact equipment configuration (see Equipment Configuration applications on the Craft Terminal). The aim of the flowcharts which follow and of the maintenance tables is to locate the faulty unit and to replace it with a spare as well as to locate a failure along the link. The flowcharts/tables should be also consulted when the unit LEDs flash, because the flashing condition might be due to external alarm causes usually related to line problems.

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START

AN ALARM IS PRESENT

IN CASE OF URGENT OR NOT URGENT ALARM ATTEND IT WITH THE BUTTON ON THE CONTROLLER UNIT(*)

IS THE CONTROLLER (*) BICOLOR LED RED?

NO

IS THE CONTROLLER(*) UNIT RED LED URGENT (MAJOR) ON ? YES YES IS NO ONE OF THE BICOLOR LEDS INDICATING UNIT FAILURE RED? YES NO TRANSITORY FAILURE REPLACE THE UNIT IN ALARM. BY CONNECTING THE PC AND ACCORDING THE TYPE OF FAILURE AND THE TRAFFIC DAMAGE THE FAULTY UNIT CAN BE REPLACED (OR NOT) IN CASE OF LOW TRAFFIC . NO

THROUGH PUSHBUTTON RESET THE UNIT

DOES THE ALARM CONDITION PERSIST ? YES

THE UNIT IS FAULTY. REPLACE IT ACCORDING TO THE DESCRIBED PROCEDURE (see chapter 6 on page 53)

CONNECT THE PC TO THE EQUIPMENT AND, ACCORDING TO THE TYPE OF DETECTED ALARM, PROCEED AS STATED IN PARA 5.4 ON PA GE 21

YES END

YES END

IS THE NO CONTROLLER (*) UNIT NOT URGENT (MINOR) YELLOW LED ON ? YES

IN CONTROLLER (*) UNIT THE INDICATION (WARNING) YELLOW ALARM IS ON. MAINTENANCE OPERATION MUST BE PERFORMED ON THE EQUIPMENT CONNECTED TO THE LOCAL ONE. CONNECT THE PC AND ACCORDING TO THE TYPE OF ALARM PROCEED AS INDICATED IN PARA 5.4 ON PAGE 21 NOTE: (*) CONTROLLER UNIT IS: SYNTH1N or SYNTH4 for 1640FOX,1650SMC _ EQUICO for 1660SM

CONNECT THE PC TO THE EQUIPMENT, AFTER HAVING DETECTED THE TYPE OF FAILURE, ESTABLISH IF INTERVENTION MUST BE IMMEDIATE OR NOT AS STATED IN THE RELATIVE PARA 5.4 ON PA GE 21

END

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Figure 1. General Flowchart for on site troubleshooting

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WARNING!
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Before removing CONGI unit from subrack, switchoff the relevant Station Battery Fuse Breaker present at the top of the Rack or in the Station Distribution Frame; subsequently remove the station battery cable if necessary and then extract the CONGI unit.

ALL LEDS OFF

START

IS REMOTE ALARM TAND PRESENT ? (N.B.) YES STATION POWER SUPPLY FAILURE

NO

OVERLOAD LIKELY TO HAVE BEEN CAUSED BY ONE OF THE ASSEMBLY UNITS. SUBSTITUTE THE FUSE ON THE CONGI UNIT

YES ARE LEDS ACTIVE?

TRANSITORY OVERLOAD

YES END NO REMOVE ALL THE UNITS FROM THE SUBRACK AND SUBSTITUTE THE FUSE IF NECESSARY. INSERT THEM BACK ONE AT A TIME TILL THE ONE CAUSING THE FAILURE IS DETECTED. HENCE REPLACE IT. SUBSTITUTE THE FUSE IF NECESSARY.

END

N.B.

IF THE REMOTE ALARMS ARE NOT UTILIZED CHECK FOR PRESENCE OF STATION POWER SUPPLY. SHOULD IT HAVE FAILED THEN ALL THE UNITS LEDS WILL BE OFF (FOLLOW OUTPUT YES OF THE FLOWCHART). IF POWER SUPPLY IS PRESENT PROCEDE WITH OUTPUT NO.

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Figure 2. FlowChart for 1660SM/1650SMC Power Supply alarm

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ALL LEDS ARE OFF

START

IS REMOTE ALARM TAND PRESENT ? (N.B.) YES STATION POWER SUPPLY FAILURE. OR AC/DC RECTIFIER FAILURE

NO

OVERLOAD LIKELY TO HAVE BEEN CAUSED BY ONE OF THE ASSEMBLY UNITS.

END

REMOVE ALL THE UNITS FROM THE SUBRACK, INSERT THEM BACK ONE AT A TIME TILL THE ONE CAUSING THE FAILURE IS DETECTED, HENCE REPLACE IT. SUBSTITUTE THE SHELF, IF THE ALARM PERSISTS.

END

N.B.

IF THE REMOTE ALARMS ARE NOT UTILIZED, CHECK FOR PROBLEMS ON STATION POWER SUPPLY (OR ON AC/DC RECTIFIER) SHOULD IT HAVE FAILED, THEN ALL THE UNITS LEDS WILL BE OFF (FOLLOW OUTPUT YES OF THE FLOWCHART). IF POWER SUPPLY IS PRESENT PROCEDE WITH OUTPUT NO.

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Figure 3. FlowChart for 1640FOX Power Supply alarm

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5.4 Troubleshooting by means of the Craft Terminal.


The troubleshoot proceeds checking the detailed information on the NE alarm by means of the craft terminal. The information on the NE alarm will be mainly obtained by means of the craft terminal through the Alarm Surveillance data and the alarms/status indications presented in the various views, depending on the level of the structure under observation. Navigation across the various level views is done from higher to lower levels, by double clicking on the objects (see instructions on NE management section). The NE hierarchy is organized in the following order: NE > rack > subrack > board > port > TP. The troubleshoot procedure with the the Craft Terminal consists of the following steps: a) An example of alarms/status view organization is shown in Figure 5. pg. 23. Observe the active alarms on the Severity Alarm Synthesis, Domain Alarm Synthesis and Management States Control Panel always present on the window (it resumes all the NE alarms). Table 2. on page 24 describes the meaning of these alarms/statuses and the relevant maintenance actions. in case of alarm presence, access the Alarm Surveillance to troubleshoot. This application gives the details of the detected alarms and helps for their localization. Para 5.4.4 on page 26 describes this view. It is possible to analyze the detailed alarm presence on the TPs of each ports of the NE, following the indication of para 5.4.5 on page 34. It is also possible to check alarm and status at Board view, Subrack view and Equipment view are also supplied following the indication of para 5.4.6 on page 41 and para 5.4.9 on page 48. Eventual housekeeping alarms can be localized following the indications given in para. 5.4.10 on page 51. These above said paragraphs describe general aspect of alarms meaning and relevant maintenance actions that can be done with the information given in the applications. The history of past events can be obtained by means of the Event log option of the Diagnosis pull down menu (see NE management section).

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b)

c)

d)

e)

f)

g)

In case of unit replacement, follow the indications reported in Chapter. 6 on page 53. Troubleshooting with Automatic Laser Shutdown The Automatic Laser Shutdown (ALS) is used to protect the operator who is working with the optical fiber. When the ALS is active, it may be difficult to detect the link failed. To locate it, it is necessary to force on the ALS, thus enabling the optical power transmission on the opposite direction of the failed link. WARNING: During this phase the operator has to pay attention when working with fibers and connectors. The ABNORMAL indication inform the operator of the ALS forced condition. After having completed the maintenance, enable the ALS. The ALS states are indicated in the port view, as described in para. 5.4.5 on pg. 34.
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5.4.1 Preliminary Concepts and Definitions The following concepts and definitions are considered useful to facilitate maintenance operations with the aid of the previously indicated tables. The various units specified in the synchronous multiplexing hierarchy imply structuring the Transmission network into three levels (sublevels of the physical OSI level): Transmission bearer level. It is the support for the path level and can be further split into physical level (Transmission media) and Transmission section level. The sections can be either regenerator or multiplexer and utilized for specific functions associated to the EOW channels of the SDH frame. The interface alarms (or section alarms, indicated in the tables) belong to this level (example: Line LOS, LOS, B2etc.). Path level It concerns the data transfer between the access points and the path. It does not depend on the service nor on the type of Transmission media. It constitutes the circuit level support. The path can be either lower order (LO) or higher order (HO) depending on the capacity of data transferring. Like the regenerator and multiplexer sections, the paths too have specific functions associated to the EOW channels of the SDH frame. The alarms listed in the cited tables, where path level troubleshooting is required, belong to this level (example:TUAIS, TU LOP). Circuit level. This level concerns the transfer of information between the access points and the circuit proper. It is a direct support for the telecommunication services. It superimposes the SDH function and is considered as the transport agent hence no SDH orderwire channel associated functions are required. An example of this level alarm is Tributary LOS.

The above level structuring in the Transmission network is depicted in Figure 4.

G.703 STMN G.703 STMN TRIBUTARIES SDH MUX REGENERATOR SDH MUX STMN SDH MUX TRIBUTARIES

RSOH REGENERATOR SECTION

RSOH REGENERATOR SECTION

MSOH MULTIPLEXER SECTION

MSOH MULTIPLEXER SECTION

MSOH MULTIPLEXER SECTION

POH PATH

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Figure 4. Transmission network level structure

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5.4.2 Alarms/states view Organization (subrack view) Severity alarms synthesis Menu bar Domain alarms synthesis

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View title

Boards Alarms View area

Message/status area

Administrative state indications Management status control panel

Figure 5. Alarms/status view Organization (subrack view example)

the critical (CRI) or major (MAJ) alarms indicate severe alarms that could have impact on the current traffic (interruption or degrade). Thus requiring a rapid intervention to restore the regular working condition of the equipment. A message under the mouse facility provides the alarm or status complete denomination. A message appears in the message area in the bottom left corner of the view.

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5.4.3 Alarm synthesis indication Alarms and Statuses synthesis are given in all the screens. The alarms CRI, MAJ, MIN, WNG, IND are part of the Severity Alarms Synthesis area, presented in Table 2. on page 24. The alarms EXTP, EQP, TRNS are part of the Domain Alarms Synthesis area, presented inTable 3. on page 25. The alarms SUP, ALI, LAC, COM, OS, MGR, NTP and AC are part of the Management States Control Panel, presented in Table 4. on page 25. All these indications (except for SUP, ALI, LAC, COM, OS, MGR and NTP) are the summaries of particular types of alarms detected by the equipment, hence the specific cause of alarm is to be found as indicated in the following paragraphs: 5.4.4, 5.4.5, 5.4.6, 5.4.7, 5.4.10. Table 1. reports the association between the colors of the Alarms and their Severity. For the Domain Alarms Synthesis the color corresponds to the highest severity among the set of the active alarms for the relevant domain, according to the same rules of previous Table 1. Table 1. Alarms colors and Severity association Alarm Color RED ORANGE YELLOW CYAN WHITE GREEN Severity CRITICAL MAJOR MINOR WARNING INDETERMINATE NO ALARM
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Table 2. Alarm Synthesis indication Mnemonic CRI Alarm/Status Description Critical alarm Maintenance Synthesis of alarms that needs immediate troubleshooting (typical: NE isolation). NB1. See detailed indication in the following para. Synthesis of alarms that needs immediate troubleshooting. NB1. See detailed indication in the following para. Synthesis of alarms for which a delayed troubleshooting can be defined. NB1. See detailed indication in the following para. Synthesis of alarms due to failure of other NE in the network. NB1. See detailed indication in the following para. Synthesis of alarms not associated to the previous severities. Not operative. See detailed indication in the following para.

MAJ

Major (Urgent) alarm

MIN

Minor (Not urgent) alarm

WNG
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Warning alarm

IND

Indeterminate alarm

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Table 3. Domain Alarm Synthesis indication Mnemonic


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Alarm/Status Description External Point (Housekeeping alarm) Synchronization alarm Equipment alarm Transmission alarm

Maintenance Check the relevant station alarm associated to the input housekeeping indication. See detailed indication in the following para. Synthesis of alarms of the Synchronization domain. See unit detailed indication in the following para. Synthesis of alarms of the Equipment domain. See unit detailed indication in the following para. Synthesis of alarms of the Transmission domain. See unit detailed indication in the following para.

EXTP SYNC EQP TRNS

Table 4. Management States Control Panel. Mnemonic SUP Description Supervision state Maintenance GREEN: NE is under supervision. BROWN: NE is not under supervision. Used in the OS. GREEN: configuration is aligned (is equal between EML manager and NE MIB). ORANGE: configuration is not aligned (is not equal between EML manager and NE MIB). GREEN: Indicates that the Craft Terminal has the OS permission to manage the NE (granted). CYAN: Indicates that the Craft Terminal has not the OS permission to manage the NE (denied). GREEN: Identifies the Enable operational state of the connection between NE and Craft Terminal (SDH service link up) RED: Identifies the Disable operational state of the connection between NE and Craft Terminal (SDH service link down) GREEN: Indicates that the N.E. is not managed by the 1353SH CYAN: Indicates that the N.E. is managed by the 1353SH. GREEN: Indicates that the N.E. is not managed by the 1354RM CYAN: Indicates that the N.E. is not managed by the 1354RM GREEN: NTP protocol enabled and both NTP servers (main and spare) are unreachable. BROWN: NTP protocol disabled. CYAN: NTP protocol enabled and at least one NTP servers (main or spare) are reachable.

ALI

Alignment state (not operative on Craft Terminal)

Local Access State

COM

NE unreachable/unreachable

OS

Operational System Isolation

MGR

Manager level

NTP

Network Time Protocol

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GREEN: normal operating condition. CYAN: detection of an ABNORMAL operative condiAC Abnormal Condition tion. Type: active loopbacks, forcing the unit into service, laser forced ON or OFF, try to restore after ALS NB1: Alarm Severity Assignment Profile can modify the assignment of each alarm root to the various synthesis.

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5.4.4 Alarm Surveillance (AS) In case of alarm presence, access the Alarm Surveillance (AS) to troubleshoot. For this purpose select the Diagnosis pull down menu. With the Alarm pull down menu (see Figure 6. ). It is possible to show all the NE Alarms or filter the alarms report, for example displaying only the alarms of a specific domain (i.e. only alarms of the Equipment domain).

Figure 6. Alarm pull down menu. After the selection a list with a synthesis of the Alarm Surveillance is presented and immediately after also the detailed list of the Alarm Surveillance (see Figure 7. ). In the synthesis list it is possible to filter the data to show with the detailed view, double clicking on the selected row of the sublist of Figure 7.

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Figure 7. Alarm Surveillance

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Detailed information of each alarm are supplied. The alarms scenario is indicated by the colors of the alarms and by the information displayed in the table. For instance, if an alarm is still active, the whole row has the same color of its relevant Perceived Severity; else if it has been cleared, the color of the row is green (except the Perceived Severity). The same information is reported in the Clearing Status column. In the following are shortly described the main information obtained in the AS view, starting from the left column: Table 5. Alarm Surveillance information general description

TITLE Perceived Severity Event date and time Friendly Name

DESCRIPTION The severity assigned to the alarm is indicated, with the relevant color, i.e.: MAJOR, MINOR, WARNING.... Indicates year, month, day and hour of the alarm. Identify the rack, subrack, board, port, and TP in which the alarm is detected, i.e.: / r01sr1sl09/#port01E1S Indicates the family type of the alarm as subdivided in the ASAP list, i.e.: EQUIPMENT, COMMUNICATION, The fault/problem is indicated, i.e.: loss of signal, transmitter degraded, replaceable unit missing,resource isolation, ... Indicates if the alarm is reserved (RSV) or not (NRSV) according security management. Indicates if the alarm condition is terminated (CLR) or is still active (NCLR). If cleared it has a green background, Indicates if the alarm has been acknowledge (ACK) with the button on the Controller unit ( EQUICO / SYNTH1N / SYNTH4) or not ( NACK).

Event Type

Probable Cause

Reservation Status

Clearing status

Acknowledge status

Correlated notification Not used flag Repetition counter Not used

The information supplied help the operator during the troubleshooting operation. Table 6. on page 28 supply general indications of alarms meaning and relevant maintenance actions that can be done with the information given in the applications. The maintenance action must take into account the board where the alarm is detected. External Points alarms are referred to the input external point relevant to the Housekeeping signals. They are available for the customer by connecting them to a dedicated subrack connector. Detailed description of this application is given in the AS Operators Handbook.
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Table 6. General aspect of alarms meaning and relevant maintenance actions

MAINTENANCE

Loss of signal (LOS) Transmitter Signal (TF) Transmitter degraded (TD) Loss of frame (LOF) AIS Excessive BER (EBER) Degraded Signal (DS) Loss of Pointer (LOP) Payload Mismatch (PLM) Far End Received Failure (FERF) Server Signal Failure (SSF) Frequency offset (DRIFT) Loss of timing source (LOSS) Resource Isolation Communication Subsystem Isolation (CSF) Unequipped (U) Referred to Signal Label Unconfigured Equipment Present (UEP)

Check line Replace unit Replace unit when possible (laser degrade) Check line (alignment problems due to line error) Check connected equipment Check line (excessive line BER) Check line (line signal degrade) Check line Configuration error Check farend equipment Check all the TU path. Alarm indicates AIS signal received on the TU Check reference and connection between it and the equipment Check reference and connection between it and the equipment Check connection between NE and Craft Terminal Check Communication configuration (LAPD)

Configuration error

Unit inserted but not declared

Internal Communication Prob- Reset NE. If persists substitute EQUICO/SYNTH1N/SYNTH4 unit lem according to the NE type. URU Underlying Resource Insert the board Unavailable PM_AS Performance Monitoring Alarm Synthesis Check path / line section interested to the indication.

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CPECommunication protocol Check MSP protocol (architecture type, switch fail) error LOMF Loss Of MultiFrame Check payload structure

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PROBABLE CAUSE NAME AND/OR ACRONYM OF DISPLAYED ALARM

PROBABLE CAUSE NAME AND/OR ACRONYM OF DISPLAYED ALARM


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MAINTENANCE

AUXP

Check farend equipment

Remote Node Transmission Check farend equipment error (RNTE)

Table 7. Boards alarms NAME AND ACRONYM OF DISPLAYED ALARM

BOARD ACRONYM

MAINTENANCE

Unit missing (RUM)

Unit Problem (RUP)

Unit type mismatch (RUTM)

A2S1 A21E1 A3E3 A3T3 A4ES1 AFOX ETHATX ETHMB GETHAG HPROT L41 L41N L42 L42N M4E1 M1E3 M1T3 P3E3/T3 P4ES1N P4S1 P4S1N P21E1 P21E1N P21E1NM4 P63E1 P63E1N P63E1NM4 S41 S41N SERVICE EQUICO

Insert missing unit

Replace unit

Insert right unit (unit inserted into a slot set with another type of unit)

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Unit Problem (RUP)

Replace unit

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Unit missing (RUM)

Insert missing unit

Unit Problem (RUP) Unit type mismatch (RUTM) Power Problem (POP) Pump failure (PF) Enclosure Door Open (EDO) Unit missing (RUM)

Replace unit Insert right unit (unit inserted into a slot set with another type of unit) Replace unit

PR16

Replace unit Check that the protection cover in front of the unit has been correctly placed.

Insert missing unit

Unit Problem (RUP) Unit type mismatch (RUTM) Pump failure (PF) Enclosure Door Open (EDO) Unit missing (RUM) BST10 BST15 BST17

Replace unit Insert right unit (unit inserted into a slot set with another type of unit) Replace unit Check that the protection cover in front of the unit has been correctly placed.

Insert missing unit

Unit Problem (RUP) Unit type mismatch (RUTM)


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Replace unit GETHMB Insert right unit (unit inserted into a slot set with another type of unit) Internal dialogue problem in the unit. It indicates a temporary condition which will be restored. If the condition persists it is due to a unit hardware failure: in this case it will activate the RUP alarm

Internal communication problem (ICP)

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NAME AND ACRONYM OF DISPLAYED ALARM

BOARD ACRONYM

MAINTENANCE

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NAME AND ACRONYM OF DISPLAYED ALARM Unit missing (RUM) Unit Problem (RUP) Unit type mismatch (RUTM) Version Mismatch Internal communication problem (ICP) Unit missing (RUM) Unit Problem (RUP) Unit type mismatch (RUTM) High Laser Temperature (HLT) Cooling Fans Failure (CFF)

BOARD ACRONYM

MAINTENANCE

Insert missing unit MATRIX MATRIXN PREAS1P PREA1GBE PREA4ETH ATM8X8 ATM4X4 SYNTH1 SYNTH1N SYNTH4

Replace unit Insert right unit (unit inserted into a slot set with another type of unit) Update software version by means of SW download Internal dialogue problem in the unit. It indicates a temporary condition which will be restored. If the condition persists it is due to a unit hardware failure: in this case it will activate the RUP alarm

S161 S161N S161ND L161 L161N L161ND L162 L162N L162ND I161ND

Insert missing unit

Replace unit Insert right unit (unit inserted into a slot set with another type of unit)

Replace unit

Check the fan units and substitute the faulty one FAN

Unit missing (RUM)

Insert missing unit

1AA 00014 0004 (9007) A4 ALICE 04.10

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Unit missing (RUM) Unit Problem (RUP) Unit type mismatch (RUTM) CONGI LAN problem (LAN) Battery Failure (BF) Fuse Failure (FF) Unit missing (RUM) Unit Problem (RUP) Unit type mismatch (RUTM) Battery Failure (BF) Fuse Failure (FF) SERGI

Insert missing unit

Replace unit Insert right unit (unit inserted into a slot set with another type of unit) This alarm type is present only on 1650SMC or 1660sm. Check LAN interconnection or substitute CONGI unit According to the CONGI slot check the station battery. (Battery A or Battery B) Substitute the fuse on the CONGI unit.

Insert missing unit

Replace unit Insert right unit (unit inserted into a slot set with another type of unit) Check the Station Battery connected to the unit

Substitute the fuse on the CONGI unit.

1AA 00014 0004 (9007) A4 ALICE 04.10

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NAME AND ACRONYM OF DISPLAYED ALARM

BOARD ACRONYM

MAINTENANCE

Table 8. Module alarm

Unconfigured Equipment Present (UEP)

ICMI IS1.1 IL1.1 IL1.2 MM1 IS4.1 IL4.1 IL4.2 SMOPT 1000BSX 1000BLX OHI OLIN OHMM OLMM

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Unit inserted but not configured

1AA 00014 0004 (9007) A4 ALICE 04.10

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5.4.5 Port View alarms It is also possible to analyze the detailed alarm presence on the TPs of each ports of the NE, following the indication of the Port View chapter on the previous Section of this Handbook. Figure 8. to Figure 12. are examples of Port view. For each TP of the Port a detail of the relevant alarms is presented. On the port view the messages displayed at the bottom provide information about: MSP protection (if enable); refer to Figure 9. Automatic Laser Shutdown state; refer to Figure 8. State of the connection for Ethernet port (available only if an ethernet port has been selected); refer to Figure 11. and Figure 12.

A message under the mouse indicator provides the name of the alarm or object on which it is located, in this way facilitating the identification of the alarm or status or object. The nonalarmed condition of an alarm icon is represented by a green color and a sign in the box. The alarmed condition is represented by the color of its severity (as assigned by the ASAP) and an X sign in the box. The alarms which can be found in the Port view are listed in Table 7. on page 29, where the relevant maintenance actions are reported too. The information regarding ALS states and Laser state useful for operators safety purpose are reported in the following: ALS states: Inactive = No ALS has been activated (Off) or the laser has been Forced ON/OFF. In test = The laser restart has been automatically activated . Active = The ALS has been activated (On). Undefined = The ALS is not present (not created). Laser state: On = all OK or ALS not present (not created). Off = Laser off (when ALS is created). Forced on = ALS forced on by operator command. Forced off = ALS forced off by operator command.

1AA 00014 0004 (9007) A4 ALICE 04.10

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1AA 00014 0004 (9007) A4 ALICE 04.10

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Mouse message Alarms Alarms

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Protection message

Figure 8. Example of SDH Port View alarms (without MSP schema)

3AL 81412 AA AA TPs

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1AA 00014 0004 (9007) A4 ALICE 04.10

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Alarms Alarms TPs

02

Mouse message

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MSP Iinformation message

Figure 9. Example of SDH Port View alarms (with MSP schema)

3AL 81412 AA AA

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1AA 00014 0004 (9007) A4 ALICE 04.10

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Figure 10. Example of ATM Port View alarms

3AL 81412 AA AA TPs

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1AA 00014 0004 (9007) A4 ALICE 04.10

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Figure 11. Example of 10/100 Mbit/s Ethernet Port View alarms

State of connection for Ethernet port

3AL 81412 AA AA

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1AA 00014 0004 (9007) A4 ALICE 04.10

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Figure 12. Gigabit/s Ethernet Port View alarms

State of connection for Ethernet port

3AL 81412 AA AA

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Alarms

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1AA 00014 0004 (9007) A4 ALICE 04.10

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3AL 81412 AA AA
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5.4.6 Board view alarms and states The alarm and status indications at Board level can be obtained, following the indication of the Board View chapter on the previous Section of this Handbook. Figure 14. and Figure 15. are examples of Board view. The alarm and status indications depend on the unit type; for example SDH units is organized on two levels of presentation (in the first is selected one of the available ports) and each view contains dedicated indications. An alarm box is displayed on each port, to indicate whether the port is alarmed. An indication in the message/status area provides information about the board Administrative State: in service or outofservice. The alarms of the board are reported at the bottom of the message/status area, by means of various boxes containing relevant acronyms. The nonalarmed condition of an alarm icon is represented by a green color. The alarmed condition is represented by the color of its severity (as assigned by the ASAP). A message under the mouse indicator provides the name of the alarm or object on which it is located, in this way facilitating the identification of the alarm or status or object. In the view is present the Administrative State information: in service or out of service. The alarms which can be found in the Board view are listed in Table 6. page 28, where the relevant maintenance actions are reported too. In the view can also be present EPS indications (if supported by the equipment) Subboard alarms In case of board with multi access points (i.e. containing subboards) another view permits to select the contained port, named daughter or subboard (see example of Figure 14. page 42). An example of daughter (subboard) view with the presented ports is in Figure 13. on page 42. It is displayed after clicking on it. The alarms which can be found in the subboard view are listed in Table 6. page 28, where the relevant maintenance actions are reported too.

1AA 00014 0004 (9007) A4 ALICE 04.10

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port alarm synthesis

daughters Administrative State

Board alarms

Figure 13. Example of board view alarms and status

port alarm synthesis

Administrative State

Board alarms

1AA 00014 0004 (9007) A4 ALICE 04.10

Figure 14. Example of daughter View alarms and status

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1AA 00014 0004 (9007) A4 ALICE 04.10

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Figure 15. Example of PDH Board View alarms and status

3AL 81412 AA AA

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5.4.7 Subrack and Rack view alarms The alarms and status indications at subrack and rack level can be obtained, following the indications given on the previous Section of this Handbook (NE management). Figure 16. and Figure 17. are examples of Subrack and Rack view. An alarm box is displayed on each board, to indicate whether the board is alarmed. This board alarm summarization is activated when one of the board alarms (those reported at the bottom of the Board view) is active. A lock symbol on a board indicates that it is inservice. Else, the lack of this symbol indicates its outof service state . (Administrative State information). A message under the mouse indicator provides the name of the alarm or object on which it is located, in this way facilitating the identification of the alarm or status or object.

Severity alarms synthesis Menu bar

Domain alarms synthesis

View title

Boards Alarms View area

1AA 00014 0004 (9007) A4 ALICE 04.10

Message/status area

Administrative state indications

Management status control panel

Figure 16. 1660SM Subrack view alarms and status example

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All rights reserved. Passing on and copying of this document, use and communication of its contents not permitted without written authorization from Alcatel.

Severity alarms synthesis Menu bar

Domain alarms synthesis

View title

View area

Fans subrack Alarms

Administrative state indications Message/status area

Management status control panel

1AA 00014 0004 (9007) A4 ALICE 04.10

Figure 17. 1660SM Rack view alarm and status example

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5.4.7.1 Fans Subrack alarms view This option is only available on 1650SMC and 1660SM. To obtain Fan Subrack alarms indications click twice with the mouse on the relevant subrack drawing in the rack level view. Figure 18. on page 46 is presented: Battery Failure (BF): check that the station battery cables are right connected
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Cabling Problem (CAP): check that the alarms cable between the Fans Subrack and the CONGI unit is right connected; check also the configuration in the Equipment menu (Connected FAN to CONGI#10 for 1660SM or Connected FAN to CONGI#5 for 1650SMC) Fans subrack can only be connected to CONGI#10 in 1660SM and CONGI#5 in 1650SMC.

Temperature Out of Range (TOOR): verify the Fan unit alarm and in presence of faulty substitute the relevant unit; clean also the Dust filter if necessary.

1AA 00014 0004 (9007) A4 ALICE 04.10

Figure 18. 1660SM Fans subrack alarms view example

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5.4.8 AC/DC Rectifier alarms view This option is available only for 1640FOX
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The alarms indications of the AC/DC Rectifier (SR40R) can be obtained selecting, on the menu bar, the items: Views > Equipment and then by double clicking on the body of the SR40R, displayed beneath the SR40M . Figure 19. shows the SR40R alarms view, where the following alarms indications are displayed: RLV (Rectifier Low Voltage): it indicates loss of AC power > Check AC connection. BC (Battery Charging). RCF (Rectifier Failure): it indicates internal fault, or fans failure > if the remote alarm FANSOFF2 is active, then replace the rectifier fans, as stated in Technical Handbook. otherwise, if the remote alarm FANSOFF2 is not active, then replace the AC/ DC Rectifier (in this case all the traffic will be lost). BD (Battery Degraded) > replace the batteries, as stated in Technical Handbook. RUM (Replaceable Unit Missing) > check the Rectifier alarms connection.

Rectifier alarms

1AA 00014 0004 (9007) A4 ALICE 04.10

Figure 19. AC/DC Rectifier View alarms and status

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5.4.9 Equipment View alarms 5.4.9.1 1660SM equipment view alarms The alarm indications at Equipment level can be obtained, following the indication of the Equipment View chapter on the previous Section of this Handbook. Figure 20. shows the Equipment view, with the alarm indications presented: Fuse Failure (FF): AND Battery Failure (ABF): Substitute the fuse in the CONGI unit and search for a cause. Failure of the Service Power Supply connected to the CONGI Rack connector. Substitute the Termination BUS
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Backplane Failure (BKF):

Specific Hardware Diagnostic (SHD): Indicate the presence of link failure between the MATRIX and one of the units; for details choose the Internal Link Monitor option of the Diagnosis menu.

These alarms can be observed at OS level.

Equipment alarms

1AA 00014 0004 (9007) A4 ALICE 04.10

Figure 20. Example of Equipment View alarms and status

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5.4.9.2 1650SMC equipment view alarms The alarm indications at Equipment level can be obtained, following the indication of the Equipment View chapter on the previous Section of this Handbook. Figure 20. shows the Equipment view, with the alarm indications presented: Fuse Failure AND Battery Failure Substitute the fuse in the CONGI or SERGI unit and search for a cause. Failure of the Service Power Supply connected to the CONGI Rack connector.

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Specific Hardware Diagnostic (SHD): Indicate the presence of link failure between the SYNTH1N / SYNTH4. ADM and one of the units; for details choose the Internal Link Monitor option of the Diagnosis menu.

These alarms can be observed at OS level.

Equipment alarms

1AA 00014 0004 (9007) A4 ALICE 04.10

Figure 21. Example of 1650SMC Equipment View alarms and status

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5.4.9.3 1640FOX equipment view alarms The alarms indications at Equipment level can be obtained selecting, on the menu bar, the items: Views > Equipment and then Equipment > Show Supporting Equipment. Figure 22. shows the Equipment view, where the following alarms indications are displayed (FF, ABF, BKF alarms are not used): Cooling Fans Failure (CFF) Substitute the fans of the 1640FOX, as explained in the 1640FOX Technical Handbook.

Specific Hardware Diagnostic (SHD): it indicates the presence of link failure between the SYNTH1N /SYNTH4 unit and one of the other units; for details check the fault by means of the Internal Link Monitor option of the Diagnosis menu.

Equipment alarms

1AA 00014 0004 (9007) A4 ALICE 04.10

Figure 22. Example of 1640FOX equipment View alarms and status

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5.4.10 External Points alarms (HouseKeepings) The alarms and status indications relevant to External Points (housekeepings) can be obtained, following the indication of the External Points chapter on the previous Section of this Handbook. The external state represents the alarm state. On when the alarm is raised, else Off. If the external point is active (On), a red flag is represented near the state of the concerned point. In case of input point the alarm state is reported also in the user label column, by the box near its name: green color and sign > means nonalarmed condition. the change of color, as assigned by the severity (ASAP) > means alarmed condition.

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Figure 23. Example of External Points alarms and status

1AA 00014 0004 (9007) A4 ALICE 04.10

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1AA 00014 0004 (9007) A4 ALICE 04.10

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3AL 81412 AA AA
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6 UNIT REPLACEMENT WITH A SPARE


No particular indication is given as to spare handling which is left to the Maintenance Administration.
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The replacement procedures are executed as follows: Hardware set the spare unit exactly as the unit to replace. Settings are specified in the MS documents. Here a layout figure indicates the exact location of all the setting arrangements and a table relate the operations to achieve with the settings. The cited documents are enclosed in the Technical Handbook. Simply replace those units not provided with any software settings With regard to the EQUICO unit refer to paragraph 6.1 on page 54.(Only for 1660SM) With regard to the COMPACT ADM (also called SYNTH1, SYNTH1N, SYNTH4) unit refer to paragraph 6.2 on page 56.(Only for 1650SMC and 1640FOX) With regard to the ATM MATRIX 4X4 unit refer to paragraph 6.3 on page 60. With regard to the ATM MATRIX 8X8 unit refer to paragraph 6.4 on page 62.(Only for 1660SM) With regard to the ISAPR MATRIX and ISAPR_EA MATRIX unit refer to paragraph 6.5 on page 63. When upgrading an equipment with New Hardware (for example MATRIXN unit) that substitute the old units (for example MATRIX unit), follow the indication given in paragraph 7 on page 65. With regard to the CONGI unit refer to paragraph 6.6 on page 64 and the following procedure. (Only for 1660SM and 1650SMC)

WARNING!:
When substituting the CONGI unit strictly observe the following procedure: In order to avoid shortcircuit, before substituting the CONGI unit, switchoff the relevant Station battery fuse breaker. Subsequently remove the Station Battery cable and extract the CONGI unit. Insert the new CONGI unit in the subrack without the Station Battery cable conneted to it. Connect the Station Battery cable to the power connector present in front of the CONGI board. Switchon the relevant Station battery fuse breaker.

WARNING!:
When substituting all units:
1AA 00014 0004 (9007) A4 ALICE 04.10

Before inserting the new spare unit carefully check the settings and the integrity of the relative connectors. Dont insert the units that have been damaged during the transport/storing or in a phase before their replacing.

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6.1 EQUICO unit replacement


EQUICO unit can be equipped only in 1660SM Various procedures are utilized to replace a EQUICO faulty unit. They depend on the type of spares available: Spare without software installed. This is the normal condition. Spares with installed software, belonging to the same type of equipment and with SW release identical to the unit to replace Spares with installed software, belonging to the same type of equipment but with SW release differing from the one of the unit to replace, or belonging to other types of equipment or unknown. Spares with installed software, belonging to the another type of equipment (example 1670SM) or unknown SW.
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CONGI unit version (read NOTE in Figure 24. on page 55) MIB store in the Craft Terminal or O.S.

The flowchart of Figure 24. on page 55 illustrates the procedures to follow for the EQUICO substitution. The procedure aim is to replace the faulty unit without causing configuration changes and/or unwanted faults; when not possible this is indicated in the flow chart.

1AA 00014 0004 (9007) A4 ALICE 04.10

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Substitute EQUICO unit

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HWPRESET THE NEW UNIT WITH: I11 OFF I12 ON (Reset Data Base) INSERT THE NEW UNIT

THIS PROCEDURE IS APLLICABLE ONLY TO 1660SM

NOTES: NB1 The Comm/Routing tables are automatically retrieved NB2: only with CONGI starting from version 3AL 78830AAAC Otherwise the Comm/Routing tables must be configurated manually using the Craft Terminal

1AA 00014 0004 (9007) A4 ALICE 04.10

ED


NEW UNIT HW CONDITION: software of the same release and NE NEW UNIT HW CONDITION: unit with different software NEW UNIT HW CONDITION: unit without software NEW UNIT HW CONDITION: unit with wrong or unknown software Download the NE relevant software release with normal dowload procedure. (see NE management section) Download the NE relevant software release with SIBDL procedure (see SIBDL section) REMOVE AND HW PRESET THE NEW UNIT WITH: I11 ON I12 OFF (Reset Data Base and upload Comm/Routing Tables) INSERT THE NEW UNIT AGAIN NO YES Is the MIB stored in the Craft Terminal? From C.T. send the saved MIB containing the correct configuration (NB1) (see NE management section) From O.S. send the saved MIB containing the correct configuration (NB1) From O.S. Activate the sent MIB From C.T.Activate the sent MIB REMOVE AND HW PRESET THE NEW UNIT WITH: I11 OFF I12 OFF (Normal operating condition) INSERT AGAIN THE NEW EQUICO END

REMOVE AND HW PRESET THE NEW UNIT WITH: I11 ON I12 ON INSERT THE NEW UNIT AGAIN

Figure 24. EQUICO unit replacement 02 SC.4:NE MAINTENANCE 3AL 81412 AA AA 82 55 / 82

6.2 COMPACT ADM unit replacement


COMPACT ADM unit can be equipped only in 1640FOX and 1650SMC. N.B. In this paragraph for COMPACT ADM is generically intended one of the following unit: SYNTH1 SYNTH1N SYNTH4
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Various procedures are utilized to replace a COMPACT ADM faulty unit. They depend on the following maintenance conditions: EPS protection of the COMPACT ADM unit (only for 1650SMC) EPS present or not (typically present) failure on the Main board failure on the Spare board

type of spares available: Spare without software installed. This is the normal condition. Spares with installed software, belonging to the same type of equipment and with SW release identical to the unit to replace. Spares with installed software, belonging to the same type of equipment but with SW release differing from the one of the unit to replace, or belonging to other types of equipment or unknown. Spares with installed software, belonging to the another type of equipment or unknown SW.

CONGI unit version (read NOTES in Figure 26. on page 58 and Figure 27. on page 59) MIB store in the Craft Terminal or O.S.

The flowcharts of Figure 25. on page 57, Figure 26. on page 58, Figure 27. on page 59 illustrates the procedures to follow for the COMPACT ADM substitution. The procedure aim is to replace the faulty unit without causing configuration changes and/or unwanted faults; when not possible this is indicated in the flow chart. Replacement problems: When replacing the COMPACT ADM unit the traffic of the two SDH ports is lost when not SNCP protected. Then it is suggested to replace in low traffic condition.

1AA 00014 0004 (9007) A4 ALICE 04.10

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THIS PROCEDURE IS APLLICABLE ONLY TO 1650SMC


PROTECTED COMPACT ADM unit

FAILURE ON SPARE

FAILURE ON MAIN YES Force EPS on spare COMPACT ADM

Substitute COMPACT ADM

NO

Craft Terminal manages the NE?

END Substitute main COMPACT ADM

HWPRESET THE NEW UNIT WITH: (Reset Data Base) I11 OFF I12 ON INSERT THE NEW UNIT

WAIT UNTIL THE ACCESS WILL BE RETURNED TO THE C.T.

1AA 00014 0004 (9007) A4 ALICE 04.10

ED


NEW UNIT HW CONDITION: software of the same release and NE NEW UNIT HW CONDITION: unit with different software NEW UNIT HW CONDITION: unit without software NEW UNIT HW CONDITION: unit with wrong or unknown software Download the NE relevant software release with normal dowload procedure. (see NE management section) Download the NE relevant software release with SIBDL procedure (see SIBDL section) CONTINUE REFER TO

REMOVE AND HW PRESET THE NEW UNIT WITH: I11 ON I12 ON INSERT THE NEW UNIT AGAIN

Figure 26. on page 58

Figure 25. COMPACT ADM unit replacement (EPS protected) part A

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CONTINUE FROM

THIS PROCEDURE IS APLLICABLE ONLY TO 1650SMC

Figure 25. on page 57

I11 ON

REMOVE AND HWPRESET THE NEW UNIT WITH: I12 OFF (Reset Data Base and upload Comm/Routing Tables) INSERT THE NEW UNIT AGAIN

NO

Is the MIB stored in the Craft Terminal?

YES

From O.S. send the saved MIB containing the correct configuration (NB1)

From C.T. send the saved MIB containing the correct configuration (NB1) (see NE management section) From C.T. Activate the sent MIB

From O.S. Activate the sent MIB

REMOVE AND HWPRESET THE NEW UNIT WITH: (Normal operating condition) I11 OFF I12 OFF

INSERT THE NEW COMPACT ADM

IN CASE OF EPS THE DECISION TO FORCE OR NOT TO THE main COMPACT ADM IS LEFT TO THE OPERATOR END

NOTE: NB1: The Comm/Routing tables are automatically retrieved only with CONGI starting from version 3AL 78830AAAC Otherwise the Comm/Routing tables must be configurated manually using the Craft Terminal

1AA 00014 0004 (9007) A4 ALICE 04.10

Figure 26. COMPACT ADM unit replacement (EPS protected) part B

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NOT PROTECTED COMPACT ADM unit

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Substitute main COMPACT ADM (NB1) HWPRESET THE NEW UNIT WITH: I11 OFF I12 ON (Reset Data Base) INSERT THE NEW UNIT

THIS PROCEDURE IS APLLICABLE ONLY TO 1650SMC AND 1640FOX

WAIT UNTIL THE ACCESS WILL BE RETURNED TO THE C.T.

NEW UNIT HW CONDITION: software of the same release and NE

NEW UNIT HW CONDITION: unit with different software

NEW UNIT HW CONDITION: unit without software

REMOVE AND HW PRESET THE NEW UNIT WITH: I11 ON I12 ON INSERT THE NEW UNIT AGAIN

Download the NE relevant software release with normal dowload procedure. (see NE management section)

Download the NE relevant software release with SIBDL procedure (see SIBDL section)

REMOVE AND HWPRESET THE NEW UNIT WITH: I11 ON I12 OFF (Reset Data Base and upload Comm/Routing Tables) INSERT THE NEW UNIT AGAIN

NO

Is the MIB stored in the Craft Terminal?

From O.S. send the saved MIB containing the correct configuration (NB2)

From O.S. Activate the sent MIB

REMOVE AND HWPRESET THE NEW UNIT WITH: NOTES: NB1: with not protected Compact ADM all traffic is lost NB2: The Comm/Routing tables are automatically retrieved only with CONGI starting from version 3AL 78830AAAC Otherwise the Comm/Routing tables must be configurated manually using the Craft Terminal INSERT THE NEW COMPACT ADM END I11 OFF I12 OFF (Normal operating condition)

1AA 00014 0004 (9007) A4 ALICE 04.10

Figure 27. COMPACT ADM unit replacement (EPS not protected)

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NEW UNIT HW CONDITION: unit with wrong or unknown software YES

From C.T. send the saved MIB containing the correct configuration (NB2) (see NE management section) From C.T. Activate the sent MIB

6.3 ATM MATRIX 4X4 unit replacement


Two different procedure are available for ATM MATRIX 4X4 substitution according to the EPS schema. ATM MATRIX 4X4 EPS schema is not supported by 1640FOX so, the flow chart of Figure 29. cannot be applied to this equipment. The flowcharts of Figure 28. on page 60 illustrates the procedures to follow for the ATM MATRIX 4X4 when it is not EPS protected. The flowcharts of Figure 29. on page 61 illustrates the procedures to follow for the ATM MATRIX 4X4 when it is EPS protected. The procedures aim is to replace the faulty unit without causing configuration changes and/or unwanted faults.
NOT EPS PROTECTED ATM MATRIX unit All rights reserved. Passing on and copying of this document, use and communication of its contents not permitted without written authorization from Alcatel.

Substitute the faulty unit with a spare ATM MATRIX

TO RESET THE DATA BASE HWPRESET THE NEW UNIT WITH: I14 ON

INSERT THE NEW UNIT AND WAIT UNTIL THE ACCESS WILL BE RETURNED TO THE C.T.

REMOVE AND HWPRESET THE NEW UNIT WITH: I14 OFF

INSERT THE NEW UNIT AND WAIT UNTIL THE ACCESS WILL BE RETURNED TO THE C.T.

From ATMCT application Restore the data base previously saved (see ATM OPERATORS HANDBOOK) or otherwise reconfigure all the ATM connections

END
1AA 00014 0004 (9007) A4 ALICE 04.10

Figure 28. ATM MATRIX 4X4 unit replacement without EPS protection

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All rights reserved. Passing on and copying of this document, use and communication of its contents not permitted without written authorization from Alcatel.

THIS PROCEDURE IS APLLICABLE ONLY TO 1650SMC AND 1660SM

ATM MATRIX unit EPS PROTECTED

FAILURE ON SPARE

FAILURE ON MAIN

Substitute ATM MATRIX unit

The Spare unit become active

END

Substitute the faulty uni

END

1AA 00014 0004 (9007) A4 ALICE 04.10

Figure 29. ATM MATRIX 4X4 unit replacement with EPS protection

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6.4 ATM MATRIX 8X8 unit replacement


ATM MATRIX 8X8 unit can be equipped only in 1660SM. Two different procedure are available for ATM MATRIX 8X8 substitution according to the EPS schema. For ATM MATRIX 8X8 substitution can be applied the same rules used for ATM MATRIX 4X4 , so refer to flow chart of Figure 28. on page 60 and Figure 29. on page 61.
All rights reserved. Passing on and copying of this document, use and communication of its contents not permitted without written authorization from Alcatel.

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6.5 ISAPR MATRIX and ISAPR_EA MATRIX unit replacement


For ISAPR MATRIX and ISAPR_EA MATRIX unit replacement refer to the specific Operators Handbook.

1AA 00014 0004 (9007) A4 ALICE 04.10

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6.6 CONGI unit replacement


CONGI unit can be equipped only on 166OSM and 1650SMC. When substituting an old CONGI unit (from code 3AL 78830 AAAA to code 3AL 78830 AAAE) with a new CONGI unit (starting from code 3AL 78830 AAAF) must be taken into account the rules reported in the following; this is necessary for the right management of the Fuse Broken alarm on the CONGI (1650SMC and 1660SM) and SERGI (1650SMC) units. [1] The alarm Fuse Broken is meaningful (hence it is active) only if two batteries connections (this means that two CONGI in1660SM or one CONGI and one SERGI in 1650SMC has been equipped) are present. If old CONGI units are present in main slot (slot 10 for 1660SM and slot 4 for 1650SMC) it is mandatory to connect the service battery to the front connector (refer to Installation Handbook for details) to correctly activate the alarms. In presence of configurations having 2 CONGI units composed of an old and new type it is mandatory to open TC5 setting (refer to Technical Handbook for details on Hardware settings) on the soldering side of the old type CONGI if the latter is placed in the spare position (slot 12 in 1660SM and slot 5 in 1650SMC). If the old CONGI is maintained in a main slot (slot 10 in 1660SM and slot 4 in 1650SMC), TC5 can be nevertheless closed or open.
All rights reserved. Passing on and copying of this document, use and communication of its contents not permitted without written authorization from Alcatel.

[2]

[3]

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7 UPGRADING WITH NEW HARDWARE


In the next paragraphs is indicated the procedure to follow when upgrading an equipment with New Hardware . The new Hardware is identify by the N letter at the end of the acronym unit (for example MATRIXN is the new version, MATRIX without N is the old version). This procedure permits, if the equipment is EPS protected and inserted in a protected network (linear or ring protection), to maintain the system in service

1AA 00014 0004 (9007) A4 ALICE 04.10

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7.1 MATRIX substitution with MATRIXN


MATRIX unit can be equipped only in 1660SM. According to the MATRIX EPS protection scheme different procedure are available: [1] Upgrading with a new MATRIXN EPS not protected Substituting the old MATRIX all the traffic is lost! [2] Remove the old MATRIX in slot 23 from the subrack Insert the new MATRIX into the subrack slot 23; on Craft Terminal a RUTM (unit type mismatch) alarm will be present. On Craft Terminal in the Subrack level view select the slot where the new unit has been inserted Select the Modify option from the Equipment menu and select the acronym of the new unit ( MATRIXN) from the list, then click on ok. Verify that the RUTM alarm disappear
All rights reserved. Passing on and copying of this document, use and communication of its contents not permitted without written authorization from Alcatel.

Upgrading with a new MATRIXN EPS protected Remove first the Standby MATRIX from the subrack Insert the new MATRIXN into the subrack slot previously occupied by the old MATRIX; a RUTM (unit type mismatch) alarm will be present. On Craft Terminal in the Subrack level view select the slot where the new unit has been inserted Select the Modify option from the Equipment menu and select the MATRIXN acronym from the list then click on ok. Verify that the RUTM alarm disappear Force the EPS Switching to the Standby MATRIXN by selecting the Switch option from the EPS menu. For details see the paragraph Switching EPS in the NE MANAGEMENT section of this Handbook. After having verify that the MATRIXN (previously in Standby) is now working, remove the MATRIX unit (previously working) from the subrack. Insert the new MATRIXN into the subrack slot previously occupied by the old MATRIX; a RUTM (unit type mismatch) alarm will be present. On Craft Terminal in the Subrack level view select the slot where the new unit has been inserted Select the Modify option from the Equipment menu and select the MATRIXN acronym from the list then click on ok. Verify that the RUTM alarm disappear The decision to force again the EPS MATRIXN switching to restore the original working condition is left to the operator.


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7.2 SYNTH1 substitution with SYNTH1N


7.2.1 Procedure for 1650SMC According to the EPS and SNCP SYNTH1 protection scheme different procedure are available: [1] Upgrading with a new SYNTH1N EPS not protected Substituting the old SYNTH1 all the traffic is lost! Remove the old SYNTH1 in slot 9 from the subrack Before inserting the new SYNTH1N in subrack slot 9, follow the instruction described in Figure 30. on page 68. At the end of the procedure a RUTM (unit type mismatch) alarm will be present. On Craft Terminal in the Subrack level view select the SYNTHN unit in slot 9 Select the Modify option from the Equipment menu and select the SYNTH1N acronym from the list then click on ok. Verify that the RUTM alarm disappear

All rights reserved. Passing on and copying of this document, use and communication of its contents not permitted without written authorization from Alcatel.

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HWPRESET THE NEW UNIT WITH: I11 OFF I12 ON (Reset Data Base) INSERT THE NEW UNIT

WAIT UNTIL THE ACCESS WILL BE RETURNED TO THE C.T.

NEW UNIT HW CONDITION: software of the same release and NE

NEW UNIT HW CONDITION: unit with different software

NEW UNIT HW CONDITION: unit without software

NEW UNIT HW CONDITION: unit with wrong or unknown software

REMOVE AND HW PRESET THE NEW UNIT WITH: I11 ON I12 ON INSERT THE NEW UNIT AGAIN

Download the NE relevant software release with normal dowload procedure. (see NE management section)

Download the NE relevant software release with SIBDL procedure (see SIBDL section)

REMOVE AND HWPRESET THE NEW UNIT WITH: I11 ON I12 OFF (Reset Data Base and upload Comm/Routing Tables) INSERT THE NEW UNIT AGAIN

NO

Is the MIB stored in the Craft Terminal?

YES

From C.T. send the saved MIB containing the correct configuration (NB1) (see NE management section) From O.S. send the saved MIB containing the correct configuration (NB1) From C.T. Activate the sent MIB

From O.S. Activate the sent MIB

REMOVE AND HWPRESET THE NEW UNIT WITH: I11 OFF NOTES: NB1: The Comm/Routing tables are automatically retrieved only with CONGI starting from version 3AL 78830AAAC Otherwise the Comm/Routing tables must be configurated manually using the Craft Terminal I12 OFF (Normal operating condition)

INSERT THE NEW COMPACT ADM END

1AA 00014 0004 (9007) A4 ALICE 04.10

Figure 30. 1650SMC: Upgrading with a new SYNTH1N EPS not protected

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All rights reserved. Passing on and copying of this document, use and communication of its contents not permitted without written authorization from Alcatel.

[2]

Upgrading with a new SYNTH1N EPS protected Supposing that the two STM1 ports are not network protected, their traffic will be lost during the substitution; the traffic of all the other board will not be lost. Remove first the old SYNTH1 in slot 10 from the subrack Insert the new SYNTH1N into the subrack slot 10; a RUTM (unit type mismatch) alarm will be present. On Craft Terminal in the Subrack level view select the SYNTH1N unit in slot 10 Select the Modify option from the Equipment menu and select the SYNTH acronym from the list then click on ok. Verify that the RUTM alarm disappear Force the EPS Switching on SYNTH1N in slot 10 by selecting the Switch option from the EPS menu. For details see the paragraph Switching EPS in the NE MANAGEMENT section of this Handbook. Remove the old SYNT1H in slot 9 from the subrack Before inserting the new SYNTH1N in subrack slot 9, follow the instruction described in Figure 31. on page 70. At the end of the procedure a RUTM (unit type mismatch) alarm will be present. On Craft Terminal in the Subrack level view select the SYNTH1N unit in slot 9 Select the Modify option from the Equipment menu and select the SYNTH1N acronym from the list then click on ok. Verify that the RUTM alarm disappear

All rights reserved. Passing on and copying of this document, use and communication of its contents not permitted without written authorization from Alcatel.

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HWPRESET THE NEW UNIT WITH: (Reset Data Base) I11 OFF I12 ON INSERT THE NEW UNIT All rights reserved. Passing on and copying of this document, use and communication of its contents not permitted without written authorization from Alcatel.

WAIT UNTIL THE ACCESS WILL BE RETURNED TO THE C.T.

1AA 00014 0004 (9007) A4 ALICE 04.10

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NEW UNIT HW CONDITION: software of the same release and NE NEW UNIT HW CONDITION: unit with different software NEW UNIT HW CONDITION: unit without software NEW UNIT HW CONDITION: unit with wrong or unknown software Download the NE relevant software release with normal dowload procedure. (see NE management section) Download the NE relevant software release with SIBDL procedure (see SIBDL section) I11 ON NO Is the MIB stored in the Craft Terminal? YES From O.S. send the saved MIB containing the correct configuration (NB1) From O.S. Activate the sent MIB INSERT THE NEW COMPACT ADM IN CASE OF EPS THE DECISION TO FORCE OR NOT TO THE main COMPACT ADM IS LEFT TO THE OPERATOR NOTES: NB1: The Comm/Routing tables are automatically retrieved only with CONGI starting from version 3AL 78830AAAC Otherwise the Comm/Routing tables must be configurated manually using the Craft Terminal END

REMOVE AND HW PRESET THE NEW UNIT WITH: I11 ON I12 ON INSERT THE NEW UNIT AGAIN

REMOVE AND HWPRESET THE NEW UNIT WITH: I12 OFF (Reset Data Base and upload Comm/Routing Tables) INSERT THE NEW UNIT AGAIN

From C.T. send the saved MIB containing the correct configuration (NB1) (see NE management section) From C.T. Activate the sent MIB

REMOVE AND HWPRESET THE NEW UNIT WITH: (Normal operating condition) I11 OFF I12 OFF

Figure 31. 1650SMC: Upgrading with a new SYNTH1N EPS protected

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7.2.2 Procedure for 1640FOX Substituting the old SYNTH all the traffic is lost!
All rights reserved. Passing on and copying of this document, use and communication of its contents not permitted without written authorization from Alcatel.

Remove the old SYNTH in slot 2 from the subrack Before inserting the new SYNTHN in subrack slot 2, follow the instructions described in Figure 32. on page 72 (Compact ADM replacement). At the end of the procedure a RUTM (unit type mismatch) alarm, relevant to the replaced unit, will be present on the C.T. On Craft Terminal, in the Subrack level view, select the Compact ADM unit (slot 2). Select the Modify option from the Equipment menu and select the SYNTHN acronym from the list then click on ok. Verify that the RUTM alarm disappears.

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HWPRESET THE NEW UNIT WITH: I11 OFF I12 ON (Reset Data Base) INSERT THE NEW UNIT

WAIT UNTIL THE ACCESS WILL BE RETURNED TO THE C.T.

NEW UNIT HW CONDITION: software of the same release and NE

NEW UNIT HW CONDITION: unit with different software

NEW UNIT HW CONDITION: unit without software

NEW UNIT HW CONDITION: unit with wrong or unknown software

REMOVE AND HW PRESET THE NEW UNIT WITH: I11 ON I12 ON INSERT THE NEW UNIT AGAIN

Download the NE relevant software release with normal dowload procedure. (see NE management section)

Download the NE relevant software release with SIBDL procedure (see SIBDL section)

REMOVE AND HWPRESET THE NEW UNIT WITH: I11 ON I12 OFF (Reset Data Base and upload Comm/Routing Tables) INSERT THE NEW UNIT AGAIN

NO

Is the MIB stored in the Craft Terminal?

YES

From C.T. send the saved MIB containing the correct configuration (NB1) (see NE management section) From O.S. send the saved MIB containing the correct configuration (NB1) From C.T. Activate the sent MIB

From O.S. Activate the sent MIB

REMOVE AND HWPRESET THE NEW UNIT WITH: I11 OFF NOTE: NB1: The Comm/Routing tables are automatically retrieved (from the shelf of the equipment)
1AA 00014 0004 (9007) A4 ALICE 04.10

I12 OFF

(Normal operating condition)

INSERT THE NEW COMPACT ADM END

Figure 32. 1640FOX: Upgrading with a new SYNTH1N

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7.3 P4S1, S41, L41, L42, S161, L161, L162 substitution with P4S1N, S41N, L41N, L42N , S161N, L161N, L162N
All rights reserved. Passing on and copying of this document, use and communication of its contents not permitted without written authorization from Alcatel.

During the substitution the traffic carried by the units will be lost if not SNCP or MSP protected In the following an example will be given substituting a P4S1 with a P4S1N; the same procedure can be applied to substitute the S41, L41, L42, S161, L161, L162 units respectively with S41N, L41N, L42N , S161N, L161N, L162N units; the same procedure can be applied to substitute a generic xyz unit with its upgraded xyzN version. Remove the old unit( example P4S1 ) from the subrack Insert the new unit (example P4S1N) into the subrack slot previously occupied by the old unit; on Craft Terminal a RUTM (unit type mismatch) alarm will be present. On Craft Terminal in the Subrack level view select the slot where the new unit has been inserted Select the Modify option from the Equipment menu and select the acronym of the new unit ( in our example P4S1N) from the list, then click on ok. Verify that the RUTM alarm disappear

7.4 P21E1 substitution with P21E1N (only for 1640FOX)


During the substitution, the traffic carried by the involved units will be lost. In the following an example will be given, substituting a P21E1 with a P21E1N; the same procedure can be applied to substitute a generic xyz unit with its upgraded xyzN version. Remove the old unit (example P21E1) from the subrack. Insert the new unit (example P21E1N) into the subrack slot previously occupied by the old unit; on Craft Terminal a RUTM (unit type mismatch) alarm, relevant to the replaced unit, will be present. On Craft Terminal, in the Subrack level view, select the slot where the new unit has been inserted. Select the Modify option from the Equipment menu and select the acronym of the new unit (in our example P21E1N) from the list, then click on ok. Verify that the RUTM alarm disappears.

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3AL 81412 AA AA
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8 FLASH CARD SUBSTITUTION 8.1 Flash card substitution procedure for 1660SM
The FLASH card used up to rel. 2.0A (80 Mbytes) requires to be replaced with one having a higher size (256 Mbyte) in order to manage the new SDH+ATM/IP services. N.B. Before to start with the FLASH card substitution ( flowchart of Figure 33. on page 76) execute the following instruction: a) Save the MIB as explained in Section 3 (NE MANAGEMENT), Paragraph Mib management of this Manual. Create and install the enhanced software package (SDH+ATM/IP) as explained in 1320 CT Basic Operators Handbook.

All rights reserved. Passing on and copying of this document, use and communication of its contents not permitted without written authorization from Alcatel.

b)

The flowchart of Figure 33. on page 76 illustrates the procedures to follow for the FLASH card substitution without causing loss of traffic.

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Extract the EQUICO unit All rights reserved. Passing on and copying of this document, use and communication of its contents not permitted without written authorization from Alcatel.

SUBSTITUTE THE OLD FLASH CARD WITH A NEW ONE

HWPRESET THE EQUICO UNIT WITH: I11 OFF I12 ON (Reset Data Base)

INSERT THE EQUICO UNIT IN THE SUBRACK

Download the NE relevant software package with SIBDL procedure (see SIBDL section)

EXTRACT AND HW PRESET THE EQUICO UNIT WITH: (Reset Data Base and upload Comm/Routing Tables) I11 ON I12 OFF

INSERT THE EQUICO UNIT IN THE SUBRACK

NO

YES Is the MIB stored in the Craft Terminal? From C.T. send the saved MIB containing the correct configuration (NB1) (see NE management section)

From O.S. send the saved MIB containing the correct configuration (NB1) From O.S. Activate the sent MIB

From C.T.Activate the sent MIB

EXTRACT AND HW PRESET THE EQUICO UNIT WITH: (Normal operating condition) I11 OFF I12 OFF

INSERT AGAIN THE EQUICO IN THE SUBRACK END

NOTES:

NB2: NB1 The Comm/Routing tables are automatically retrieved only with CONGI starting from version 3AL 78830AAAC Otherwise the Comm/Routing tables must be configurated manually using the Craft Terminal
1AA 00014 0004 (9007) A4 ALICE 04.10

Figure 33. FLASH CARD substitution

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8.2 Flash card substitution procedure for 1650SMC


N.B.
All rights reserved. Passing on and copying of this document, use and communication of its contents not permitted without written authorization from Alcatel.

In this paragraph for COMPACT ADM is generically intended one of the following unit: SYNTH1 SYNTH1N SYNTH4

The 80 Mbytes FLASH card (housed on COMPACT ADM unit in slot 9) used up to rel. 2.0A requires to be replaced with one having a higher size (256 Mbyte) in order to manage the new SDH+ATM/IP services.

N.B.

Before to start with the FLASH card substitution ( flowchart of Figure 34. on page 78 or flow chart of Figure 35. on page 79 ) execute the following instruction: a) Save the MIB as explained in Section 3 (NE MANAGEMENT), Paragraph Mib management of this Manual. Create and install the enhanced software package (SDH+ATM/IP) as explained in 1320 CT Basic Operators Handbook.

b)

The flowcharts of Figure 34. on page 78 illustrate the procedures to follow for the FLASH card substitution with COMPACT ADM board EPS protected.

Warning: Substituting the FLASH CARD on COMPACT ADM unit (placed in slot 9) the traffic of the two SDH ports will be lost if not SNCP protected.
Then it is suggested to replace in low traffic condition.

The flowcharts of Figure 35. on page 79 illustrate the procedures to follow for the FLASH card substitution with COMPACT ADM board not EPS protected.

Warning: Substituting the FLASH CARD on COMPACT ADM (placed in slot 9) unit not EPS protected will cause traffic loss!
Then it is suggested to replace in low traffic condition.

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BY CRAFT TERMINAL FORCE THE COMPACT ADM IN SLOT 10 TO BECAME ACTIVE USING THE EPS RELEVANT EPS COMMAND All rights reserved. Passing on and copying of this document, use and communication of its contents not permitted without written authorization from Alcatel.

Extract the COMPACT ADM unit in slot 9

SUBSTITUTE THE OLD FLASH CARD WITH A NEW ONE

HWPRESET THE COMPACT ADM UNIT WITH: I11 OFF I12 ON (Reset Data Base)

INSERT THE COMPACT ADM UNIT IN THE SUBRACK

Download the NE relevant software package with SIBDL procedure (see SIBDL section)

EXTRACT AND HW PRESET THE COMPACT ADM UNIT WITH: I11 ON I12 OFF (Reset Data Base and upload Comm/Routing Tables)

INSERT THE COMPACT ADM UNIT IN THE SUBRACK

NO

YES Is the MIB stored in the Craft Terminal? From C.T. send the saved MIB containing the correct configuration (NB1) (see NE management section) From C.T.Activate the sent MIB

From O.S. send the saved MIB containing the correct configuration (NB1) From O.S. Activate the sent MIB

EXTRACT AND HW PRESET THE COMPACT ADM UNIT WITH: I11 OFF I12 OFF (Normal operating condition)

INSERT AGAIN THE COMPACT ADM UNIT IN THE SUBRACK

THE DECISION TO FORCE ACTIVE THE COMPACT ADM UNIT IN SLOT 9 IS LEFT TO THE OPERATOR

NOTES: NB1 The Comm/Routing tables are automatically retrieved NB2: only with CONGI starting from version 3AL 78830AAAC Otherwise the Comm/Routing tables must be configurated manually using the Craft Terminal

END

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Figure 34. FLASH CARD substitution (COMPACT ADM EPS protected)

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WARNING: Substituting the FLASH CARD on the SYNTHN board not EPS protected will cause traffic loss!

All rights reserved. Passing on and copying of this document, use and communication of its contents not permitted without written authorization from Alcatel.

Extract the COMPACT ADM unit in slot 9

SUBSTITUTE THE OLD FLASH CARD WITH A NEW ONE

HWPRESET THE COMPACT ADM UNIT WITH: I11 OFF I12 ON (Reset Data Base)

INSERT THE COMPACT ADM UNIT IN THE SUBRACK

Download the NE relevant software package with SIBDL procedure (see SIBDL section)

EXTRACT AND HW PRESET THE COMPACT ADM UNIT WITH: I11 ON I12 OFF (Reset Data Base and upload Comm/Routing Tables)

INSERT THE COMPACT ADM UNIT IN THE SUBRACK

NO

YES Is the MIB stored in the Craft Terminal? From C.T. send the saved MIB containing the correct configuration (NB1) (see NE management section) From C.T.Activate the sent MIB

From O.S. send the saved MIB containing the correct configuration (NB1) From O.S. Activate the sent MIB

EXTRACT AND HW PRESET THE COMPACT ADM UNIT WITH: (Normal operating condition) I11 OFF I12 OFF

INSERT AGAIN THE COMPACT ADM UNIT IN THE SUBRACK

END NOTES: NB1 The Comm/Routing tables are automatically retrieved NB2: only with CONGI starting from version 3AL 78830AAAC Otherwise the Comm/Routing tables must be configurated manually using the Craft Terminal

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Figure 35. FLASH CARD substitution (COMPACT ADM EPS not protected)

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8.3 Flash card substitution procedure for 1640FOX


The 80 Mbytes FLASH card (housed on COMPACT ADM unit in slot 2) used up to rel. 2.0A requires to be replaced with one having a bigger size (256 Mbyte), in order to manage the new SDH+ATM/IP services.

N.B.

Before starting with the FLASH card substitution (flowchart of Figure 36. on page 81 ) execute the following instruction: a) Save the MIB as explained in Section 3 (NE MANAGEMENT), Paragraph Mib management of this Manual. Create and install the enhanced software package (SDH+ATM/IP) as explained in 1320 CT Basic Operators Handbook.

b)

The flowchart of Figure 36. on page 81 illustrates the procedures to follow for the FLASH card substitution.

Warning: Substituting the FLASH CARD on COMPACT ADM unit will cause traffic loss!
Then it is suggested to replace it in low traffic condition.

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All rights reserved. Passing on and copying of this document, use and communication of its contents not permitted without written authorization from Alcatel.

WARNING: Substituting the FLASH CARD on the COMPACTADM will cause traffic loss

All rights reserved. Passing on and copying of this document, use and communication of its contents not permitted without written authorization from Alcatel.

Extract the COMPACT ADM unit

SUBSTITUTE THE OLD FLASH CARD WITH A NEW ONE

HWPRESET THE COMPACT ADM UNIT WITH: I11 OFF I12 ON (Reset Data Base)

INSERT THE COMPACT ADM UNIT IN THE SUBRACK

Download the NE relevant software package with SIBDL procedure (see SIBDL section)

EXTRACT AND HW PRESET THE COMPACT ADM UNIT WITH: I11 ON I12 OFF (Reset Data Base and upload Comm/Routing Tables)

INSERT THE COMPACT ADM UNIT IN THE SUBRACK

NO

YES Is the MIB stored in the Craft Terminal? From C.T. send the saved MIB containing the correct configuration (NB1) (see NE management section) From C.T.Activate the sent MIB

From O.S. send the saved MIB containing the correct configuration (NB1) From O.S. Activate the sent MIB

EXTRACT AND HW PRESET THE COMPACT ADM UNIT WITH: (Normal operating condition) I11 OFF I12 OFF

INSERT AGAIN THE COMPACT ADM UNIT IN THE SUBRACK

END NOTES: NB1: the Comm/Routing tables are automatically retrieved from the shelf of the equipment
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Figure 36. FLASH CARD substitution (on COMPACT ADM unit)

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METRO OMSN REL.4.1 OPERATORS HANDBOOK

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TABLE OF CONTENTS
LIST OF FIGURES AND TABLES . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1 INTRODUCTION . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1.1 Scope . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1.1.1 Document scope . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1.1.2 Target audience . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1.2 Terminology . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1.2.1 Acronyms and abbreviations . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1.2.2 Glossary of terms . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2 DOWNLOAD WITH SIBDL . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2.1 Purpose of the procedure . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2.1.1 SIBDL download procedure . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3 CONFIGURATION FOR SIBDL . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3.1 Purpose of the procedure . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3.1.1 Remote Access Service configuration (only needed for Windows NT environment) . . 3.1.2 Serial Cable Modem configuration for Windows NT environment . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3.1.3 Serial Cable Modem configuration for Windows 2000 environment . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 5 5 5 11 11 11 11 12

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LIST OF FIGURES AND TABLES


Figure 1. SIBDL download procedure step 1 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Figure 2. SIBDL download procedure step 2 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Figure 3. SIBDL download procedure step 3 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Figure 4. SIBDL download procedure step 4 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Figure 5. SIBDL download procedure step 5 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Figure 6. SIBDL download procedure step 6 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Figure 7. SIBDL download procedure step 7 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Figure 8. Serial Cable Modem configuration step 1 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Figure 9. Serial Cable Modem configuration step 2 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Figure 10. Serial Cable Modem configuration step 3 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Figure 11. Serial Cable Modem configuration step 4 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Figure 12. Serial Cable Modem configuration step 5 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6 7 7 8 8 9 9 12 13 14 14 15

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1 INTRODUCTION 1.1 Scope


1.1.1 Document scope The SIBDL Manual describes the SIBDL application, used to download the NE software via Q or F interface. The SIBDL (Standard Image Binary DownLoad) procedure contains the following operative descriptions: Download with SIBDL. The complete procedure is indicated. See Chapter 2 on page 5 Configuration for SIBDL. Configurations to be performed for SIBDL operation are described. See Chapter 3 on page 11.

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1.1.2 Target audience The SIBDL Manual is intended for all users. The documents that should be read before starting this document are: 1320CT Basic Operators Handbook

1.2 Terminology
1.2.1 Acronyms and abbreviations Refer to the Section Introduction manual. 1.2.2 Glossary of terms Refer to the Section Introduction manual.

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2 DOWNLOAD WITH SIBDL 2.1 Purpose of the procedure


This procedure describes how to download a NE software with the SIBDL (Standard Image Binary DownLoad) program. 2.1.1 SIBDL download procedure Download with SIBDL program is performed in the following phases: Turn on phase, when activating the NE. Maintenance phase, when substituting the EQUICO (1660SM) or SYNTH1N/SYNTH4 (1650SMC and 1640FOX) unit with a spare, and the spare one doesnt contain software. ATTENTION: Download with SIBDL program put the EQUICO or SYNTH1N/SYNTH4 unit out of service regarding to the supervision and control function, while the traffic is not lost. It must not be executed to download a spare unit that contains software; in this case use the Download option of the EMLUSM, presented in the previous section. SIBDL tool permits to download the software towards the NE using the Q interface (Ethernet connection) or the F interface RS232 (serial line) of the NE . When using the Q interface the time necessary to the operation is reduced to some minute (Q interface is available only on 1650SMC and 1660SM) WARNING: in Windows NT environment, it should have configured, before to use SIBDL: TCP/IP protocol, Protocol Service, TEL NET Accessory, defined by the NT Administrator. RAS (Remote Access Service) and Serial Cable Modem presented at chapter 3 on page 11.

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in Windows 2000 environment, it should have configured, before to use SIBDL: N.B. TCP/IP protocol, Protocol Service, TEL NET Accessory, defined by the Administrator. Serial Cable Modem refer to paragraph 3.1.3 on page 12. RAS (Remote Access Service) is not necessary in Windows 2000 environment

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To download with SIBDL execute the following steps: Note: the example in the following is referred to a 1660SM; the same rules can be applied to 1640FOX and 1650SMC. 1) Connect the Craft Terminal with the NE: when download by means of Q interface, always connect both the F and Q interface (1650SMC and 1660SM). when download by means of F interface, connect only the F interface (1640FOX, 1650SMC and 1660SM).

2) 3)

Start SIBDL, selecting Start > Program>Alcatel>SIBDLversion>SIBDL In the screen which appears (see Figure 1. ) with the command menu, select automatic mode command typing 8 and then ENTER.

Figure 1. SIBDL download procedure step 1 4) In the field source file at the bottom write the path name of the NE descriptor file (see Figure 2. ). The path name has typically the following format (see the example in the figure): <directory>/<NE name and release number>/<file descriptor> Note:In current release it is possible to download two types of file descriptor according to the following rules: 1) Create the NE software package as explained in the paragraph NE Software package installation procedure SC.3: NE MANAGEMENT of this Manual. 2) If the software to download manage only the SDH functionality, select the file descriptor in the directory 1660SM. (example: /ALCATEL/Q3CT_Pv1.3.05/FTservices/data/1660SM/2.1b.09/1660.dsc) 3) If the software to download manage the SDH + ATM/IP functionality, select the file descriptor in the directory 1660SME (example: /ALCATEL/Q3CT_Pv1.3.05/FTservices/data/1660SME/2.1b.09/1660.dsc)

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C:\ALCATEL\Q3CT_Pv1.3.05/FTservices/data/1660SME/2.1b.09/1660.dsc

Figure 2. SIBDL download procedure step 2 5) 6) Press ENTER This step (see Figure 3. ) ask for the IP Address insertion. In the field NE_IP_address[ PPP TEL NET] at the bottom: with F interface: write PPP and press ENTER with Q interface (only1650SMC and 1660SM): first possibility: write TELNET and press ENTER In next step which appears write the IP Address of the Craft Terminal second possibility: write the IP Address of the NE and press ENTER

ervices/data/1660SME/2.1b.09/1660.dsc

Figure 3. SIBDL download procedure step 3


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7)

This step ( see Figure 4. ) ask if the flash card must be formatted. Type y to format the flash card; as result of this action the program ask for a confirmation (see Figure 5. )

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ervices/data/1660SME/2.1b.09/1660.dsc

Figure 4. SIBDL download procedure step 4

ervices/data/1660SME/2.1b.09/1660.dsc

Figure 5. SIBDL download procedure step 5 8) Type y . The screen shows the automatic download evolution with a final message indicating the completed download (see Figure 6. ). On the contrary repeat the procedure.

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Figure 6. SIBDL download procedure step 6 9) Press ENTER.

10 ) In the presented screen type 4 (see Figure 7. ) and ENTER.

Figure 7. SIBDL download procedure step 7 11 ) Extract and reinsert the EQUICO (for 1660SM) or SYNTH1N/SYNTH4 (1650SMC or 1640FOX) unit to complete the operation. 12 ) Extract and reinsert again the EQUICO (for 1660SM) or SYNTH1N/SYNTH4 (1650SMC or 1640FOX) unit to complete the operation. 13 ) Run the 1320CT application, execute Start supervision and NE login

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14 ) From Craft Terminal ( EMLUSM view) execute the normal download procedure: N.B. Check that no RUTM alarm is present in the slot reserved to the main MATRIXN for 1660SM or SYNTH1N for 1650SMC. If RUTM alarm is present means that the board type inserted in the subrack (typically MATRIXN or SYNTH1N in this release) and the board type software configurated (typically MATRIX or SYNTH1) is not the same; under this condition the user must change the board type with the Equipment>Set menu. Select Init download from Download menu Select the SW package to Download and click on OK button In this condition the download is executed immediately. Select Unit info from Download menu Select the Software Package loaded as explained above and activate it Press OK to complete the operation

In this condition the download is executed immediately.

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3 CONFIGURATION FOR SIBDL 3.1 Purpose of the procedure


This chapter describes the configurations to be performed for SIBDL operation. 3.1.1 Remote Access Service configuration (only needed for Windows NT environment) To install a new modem, the user should have administrator privileges and need the installation CDROM of Windows NT, then execute: Double click on My computer icon on the PC desktop and double click on Control panel icon; double click on Network icon; select the folder Services in the Network window and push the button Add: start the Select Network Service window; select Remote Access Service (RAS) in the dialog box; follow the instructions.

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3.1.2 Serial Cable Modem configuration for Windows NT environment To install a new modem, the user should have administrator privileges, then execute: Double click on My computer icon on the PC desktop and double click on Control panel icon; double click on Network icon; select the folder Services in the Network window; select Remote Access Service and push button Properties...; push the button add in Remote Access Setup window; push the button Install Modem in Add RAS Device window: start the Install New Modem window; put a tick against Dont detect my modem; I will select him from a list and push the Next > button; push the button Have disk...: start the window Install from disk; push the button Browse...; search the folder where SIBDL is installed (Alcatel / SIBDL version / SIBDL /)and select the file mdmalca.inf, after push the button Open; push the button OK in window Install from disk; select the modem named Serial cable in the dialog box of window Install New Modem and push the button Next >; put a tick against Selected ports and select only one port (the port must be available, i.e. not used by another RAS modem) and push the button Next >; follow the instructions; push the button OK in Add RAS Device window; push the button Continue in Remote Access Setup window; push the button OK in Network window;


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3.1.3 Serial Cable Modem configuration for Windows 2000 environment To install a new modem, you should have administrator privileges; Double click on My computer icon on your PC desktop and double click on Control panel icon; Double click on Phone and Modem Options icon and select the Modems folder; Push the button Add: Add/Remove Hardware Wizard: Install New Modem window will appear; Put a tick against Dont detect my modem; I will select it from a list and push the button Next > ;
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Figure 8. Serial Cable Modem configuration step 1


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Push the button Have disk...: the window Install from disk will appear; Push the button Browse...; Search the folder where SIBDL is installed and select the file mdmalca.inf, after push the button Open; Push the button OK on the Install from disk window; Select the modem named Serial cable into dialog box from Install New Modem window and push the button Next >; 02 SC.5: SIBDL 3AL 81412 AA AA 16 12 / 16

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Figure 9. Serial Cable Modem configuration step 2

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Put a tick against Selected ports and select only one port (the serial port must be available, i.e. not used by another RAS modem) and push the button Next >;
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Figure 10. Serial Cable Modem configuration step 3 The window Digital Signature Not found will appear: push the button Yes, and after the button Finish to end modem installation;

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Figure 11. Serial Cable Modem configuration step 4

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Figure 12. Serial Cable Modem configuration step 5

At the end, the Phone and Modem Options window will display the installed modem

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LABELS AND ASSEMBLY INSTRUCTIONS TARGHETTE E INFORMAZIONI PER IL CENTRO STAMPA


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INFORMAZIONI PER IL CENTRO STAMPA - ASSEMBLY INSTRUCTIONS


STAMPARE FRONTE / RETRO RECTO-VERSO PRINTING COMPOSIZIONE ED ASSIEMAGGIO DEL MANUALE: HANDBOOK COMPOSITION AND ASSEMBLY: SERVONO 5 SEPARATORI NUMERATI DA 1 A 5 5 REGISTERS FROM 1 TO 5 ARE NECESSARY No pagine (facciate) No pages TARGHETTE - LABELS FRONTESPIZIO - FRONT INSERIRE SEPARATORE 1 - INSERT REGISTER 1 SC.1: HANDBOOK GUIDE INSERIRE SEPARATORE 2 - INSERT REGISTER 2 SC.2: INTRODUCTION INSERIRE SEPARATORE 3 - INSERT REGISTER 3 SC.3: NE MANAGEMENT INSERIRE SEPARATORE 4 - INSERT REGISTER 4 SC.4: NE MAINTENANCE INSERIRE SEPARATORE 5 - INSERT REGISTER 5 SC.5: SIBDL 16 1/16 16/16 82 1/82 82/82 426 1/426 426/426 22 1/22 22/22 24 1/24 24/24 2 numerate numbered da from a to

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