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Mitochondria are the sites of the krebs cycle and the oxidation phosphorylation pathway (two stages of respiration)

This means that they are responsible for producing energycarrying molecules.

They are also where ATP (adenosine triphospate) is produced, ATP provides energy.

Mitochondria have a few basic parts, an inner and outer membrane, the cristae and the matrix. In the matrix substances are broken down and converted into usable energy for cells. This is where the power comes from.

The inner membrane is very twisted, forming folds called the cristae. The cristae greatly increase the inner membrane's surface area. On the cristae sugar is combined with oxygen to produce ATP.

They have a rod shape. They are 1-10 m (micro meters).