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Gwinnett County Buffer, Landscape and Tree Ordinance & Handbook

Gwinnett County, Georgia

Department of Planning & Development
446 West Crogan Street, Lawrenceville, GA 30045 678-518-6000 www.gwinnettcounty.com Revised December 2007 Reprinted December 2008

2004 Award Recipient from the Georgia Urban Forest Council

Gwinnett County Buffer, Landscape and Tree Ordinance & Handbook

Gwinnett County, Georgia Department of Planning & Development 1st Printing: July, 2000 Adopted December 22, 1992 Amended October 26, 1999 Second Amendment May 22, 2001 Third Amendment August 26, 2003 Fourth Amendment December 11, 2007

Copyright 2008 By Gwinnett County Government, Department of Planning & Development.

Gwinnett County Buffer, Landscape and Tree Ordinance & Guidelines
Table of Contents

1.

Intent, Purpose and Title. 1.1. 1.1. 1.2. Intent. Purpose. Title. 1 1 2

2. Definitions. 2.1 Definitions of Words and Phrases. 3

3. Buffer Regulations. 3.1 3.1 3.2 Applicability. Standards for Permanent Buffers. Standards for Construction Buffers. 10 10 13

4. Landscape Regulations. 4.1 4.2 4.3 4.4 Applicability. Landscape Strip Planting Requirements. Off-Street Surface Parking Lot Planting Requirements. No-Access Easement Screening Requirements. 15 16 18 19

5. Tree Preservation and Replacement Regulations. 5.1 5.2 Applicability and Exemptions. Permits. 20 23

Table of Contents

TOC.1

7. Specimen Trees 26 30 31-Appendix 32 6. 46 46 46 Table of Contents TOC.5 5.3 9. Appeals. 43 43 43 43 44 8. Buffer and Landscape Plan Specifications Tree Preservation and/or Replacement Plan Specifications 38 39 40 7. 8.2 .3 7. Landscape and Tree Ordinance & Guidelines 5. 9. Performance Surety.6 Tree Density Requirements. Inspection. Violation and Appeals.3 Repeal Clause.5 Artificial Materials Prohibited Warranty or Maintenance Surety.1 6.1 8. Plan and Plat Specifications. Severability Amendment.Gwinnett County Buffer. 48 48 48 Enforcement.1 7.2 7. Modifications and Waivers. Adoption.1 9.4 5. Tree Preservation and Replacement Requirements. Enforcement. 6.3 5. Tree Species Lists.3 Water-Efficient Design Consideration.2 8.2 9. Compliance.4 7. Violation and Penalty. Continuing Maintenance.2 6.

5 A.10 Canopy Tree Species List Parking Lot and Street Tree Species List Understory Tree Species List Table A-Summary of Applicability and Exemptions Table B-Credit for Existing Trees Table C-Credit for Specimen Trees Table D-Credit for Replacement Trees Table E-Specimen Tree Plan Review Items Figures-Table of Contents Figure 1 Figure 2 Figure 3 Figure 4 Figure 5 Figure 6 Figure 7 Figure 8 Figure 9 Figure 10 Figure 11 Figure 12 Figure 13 Figure 14 Figure 15 Figure 16 Figure 17 Figure 18 Figure 19 Figure 20 Figure 21 Figure 22 Figure 23 Figure 24 Figure 25 Buffers Tree Types How to Measure a Tree Multi-Stemmed Trees Tree Protection – Plan View Tree Protection Ten (1) Foot Wide Landscape Five (5) Foot Wide Landscape Strip Parking Lot Requirements Easement Exclusion Examples of Permit Cards Individual Lot Tree Planting Street Trees Correct Planting Method Tree Roots Why Tunneling Saves Trees Where Can I Find More Information? Measuring to Determine a Specimen Tree Critical Root Zone Easements and Critical Root Zones Removal of Vegetation Under a Specimen Tree Show Specimen Trees on Which Plans? Tree Save Signs in English & Spanish Formula for Specimen Tree Replacement Avoid Tree/Sign Conflicts I-1 I-2 I-3 I-4 I-5 I-6 I-7 I-8 I-9 I-10 1-11 I-12 I-13 I-14 I-15 I-16 I-17 I-18 I-19 I-20 I-21 I-22 I-23 I-24 I-25 Table of Contents TOC.8 A.2 A.3 .1 A.9 A.Appendix A.7 A.3 A.

4 .Figure 26 Figure 27 Dripline & Root Zone Summons I-26 I-27 Table of Contents TOC.

Comments can be forwarded to staff at 678. Trees may be either preserved or planted. R-100M. • Developer/subdivider plants trees and provides warranty for one (1) year. Landscape. R-140. • Located anywhere on lot. Its purpose is to provide the user with the legal interpretative language in a plain. there are three (3) requirements. and Tree Ordinance Introduction Planning & Development staff prepared this document to assist with the administration of this ordinance. Requirement.(A. The staff appreciates any comments or suggestions you may have concerning this document. placement. easy to understand comparative format. and R-ZT). R-75. (Appendix A). • Property owners association responsible for care & maintenance.2) Page I . R-L.518. size. Single Family Detached Residence Zoning Districts In the single family detached residence zoning districts (RA-200. R-60. • Street trees must be selected from Parking Lot and Street Tree list. R-LL. • Planting done when construction is complete. but trees can be spaced differently for best placement. Two Trees Per Each Lot • Minimum size – 2 inches in diameter. We hope that you find this document helpful.Summary of Buffer. The legal text is found on the left side of each page and the interpretive text is found on the right side. Requirement. Preserved trees are measured at 4. R-75CSO.5 feet from the ground. R-75M. • Trees planted three (3) feet from curb and within right-of-way. • Planted trees must be selected from Tree Species List. • Preserved trees must have protective fencing at the dripline. Street trees may be counted toward meeting the overall tree density unit requirement. • Plan required which indicates species. • Planting required along both sides of new streets. and number of trees.6000. R-100. Street Trees • Trees must be 3 inches in diameter (measured at 6 inches from ground level). All three (3) requirements must be met prior to approval of a final plat. • One tree is required for every 50 feet of street frontage. R100 CSO. Newly planted trees are measured 6 inches from the ground. Twice the length of street in feet calculates number of required trees.

40 square feet for each additional tree is required. planting island size is at least 100 square feet. (Deciduous trees lose their leaves each fall. clearing and grubbing. Irrigation is not required but recommended. A ten (10) foot wide landscape strip is required along road frontage(s). Where required. Multifamily and Non-Residential Developments Office.Requirement. (Exception: Activity Center/Corridor Overlay District requires 20 Tree Density Units per acre). Ratio is one (1) Tree per 25 feet and one (1) shrub per 25 feet of strip length. • Trees are measured: . .) • Evergreen trees-6 feet high. 16 Tree Density Units (TDU) per acre • Tree Preservation and Replacement Plan (TPRP) required. Areas within islands must have vegetated or mulched ground covers. 80 square feet for each additional tree is required. and other non-residential developments (such as churches) have landscaping requirements as follows: Overall Site Tree Preservation and Replacement Plan (TPRP) required. Every parking space within 60 feet of the trunk of a tree. Sixteen (16) Tree Density Units per acre. commercial. If shared with other trees.4. industrial. • Preserved trees must be in groups of three (3) or more to obtain credit. • Street trees may be counted toward meeting the TDU credit. Trees must be selected from Parking Lot and Street Tree list. Minimum sizes: • Deciduous trees-2 inch diameter. multifamily. Land Disturbance Permits (LDP) for clearing. Parking Lots • • • • • One (1) tree per every 7 parking spaces. the planting island size is at least 200 square feet. 5-foot wide landscape strips required with one (1) tree and one (1) shrub for each 50 linear feet. Compliance with Tree Preservation and Replacement Plan (TPRP) prior to obtaining a Certificate of Occupancy (CO).6 inches from ground for newly planted trees. Painted or striped islands larger than 50 square feet not allowed. Plants in landscape strips may be grouped or clustered. If shared with other trees. For understory trees.5 feet for existing trees. (A-2) • • • Page II . and grading only also requires compliance with the TPRP. • Planted trees must be selected from Tree Species List. For canopy trees.

noise and wind reduction. 1. Why should I plant trees? Trees: Shade and cool our atmosphere.2. Control soil erosion. & Tree Ordinance? This ordinance is to preserve.1. and landscaping for properties in the unincorporated areas of Gwinnett County.2.2. and which are required to meet the requirements of this ordinance. Reduce noise and wind. 1. This ordinance shall apply to all properties or portions thereof located within the unincorporated areas of Gwinnett County.1. 1. trees are recognized for their importance in shading and cooling. Intent. This is accomplished through the preservation. Purpose and Title Tree Ordinance Guidelines Gwinnett County. Produce oxygen.1. fostering air quality through carbon dioxide absorption.Gwinnett County Buffer. protect and provide for preservation and replanting of trees.1. Filter dust and other particulate matter from the air Improve air quality through carbon dioxide absorption. dust filtration. Landscape and Tree Ordinance and Guidelines Article 1 Intent. landscaping and buffers. Landscape. Reduce storm water run-off. providing wildlife habitat. to the extent of the provisions contained herein. to consider the use of water-efficient landscaping principles and techniques (xeriscaping). Georgia. Georgia 1. The ordinance is intended to further the County's policy that all development sites where trees are most commonly removed will achieve upon project completion a uniform standard related to tree coverage. In addition. What is the purpose of the Buffer. Provide wildlife habitat. Contribute to the aesthetic and economic value of real property. G: \BLT Ordinance Revised 2008 Page 1 . the planting of new trees and other landscape material. particularly those trees recognized herein as canopy and understory trees.2. The Board of Commissioners hereby finds that the protection and preservation of trees. protection and planting of trees and other landscape material. 1. buffers. production of oxygen. Purpose. This ordinance is also intended to further the County's policy of encouraging all individuals or firms who propose to develop land. prevention of soil erosion. and. and contributing to the aesthetic and economic value of real property. and the provision of buffers between dissimilar uses as part of the land development process is a public purpose and provides for the public health and general welfare. and the provision of natural and/or planted buffers between dissimilar uses as part of the land development process. The purpose of this ordinance is to preserve and enhance the County's natural environment.

This ordinance shall be known as "The Buffer. "this Ordinance. and promotes healthy. Vision Statement: Gwinnett County should continue to be a place where people want to work." or "The Landscape Ordinance. This ordinance protects existing trees. One of those aspects is the county’s natural environment. as used herein. and Tree Ordinance of Gwinnett County. Georgia" and may be referred to generally as "The Buffer Ordinance.Gwinnett County Buffer. A copy was placed on the county web site in 2005. 2003 and 2007.3. encourages replacement and enhancement of the community’s tree canopy. Landscape and Tree Ordinance and Guidelines 1." When was it adopted? The Tree Ordinance was first adopted by the Gwinnett County Board of Commissioners in 1987. sustainable and desirable surroundings for current and future generations.1. live and play because it offers and protects the varied aspects that comprise quality of life. Title. 1." or. Landscape." or "The Tree Ordinance. G: \BLT Ordinance Revised 2008 Page 2 . Major revisions were made in 1991. with the latest revisions approved in 1999.3.

Landscaped Buffer*: Land Area in which grading is allowed and revegetation to a buffer standard is required specific to zoning case. b. Enhanced Buffer*: Land Area in which there is no disturbance with the exception for disturbance related to additional required plantings. or part thereof. What is a Buffer? Buffers are intended to separate one use from another through screening and distance to block noise.)12-17-3 (2). Natural. light. Definitions of Words and Phrases 2. Stream Buffer: “The area of land immediately adjacent to the banks of state waters in its natural state of vegetation. e. Buffer widths vary depending upon the zoning district and conditions of zoning. where the context will permit. They also reduce air pollution. Landscape. glare. the definitions of words as contained in Zoning Resolution supplemented by the following. d. or to reduce air pollution. to shield or block noise. or visual or other conditions.G. glare or other nuisances.2.A. Landscape. “Buffers in which vegetation is non-existent or is inadequate to meet the screening requirements of the Buffer.3. except for approved perpendicular access and utility crossings. Undisturbed Buffer*: Land area in which there is no disturbance and no grading allowed.1.Gwinnett County Buffer. and Tree Ordinance shall be planted with supplemental plantings so as to provide an effective visual screen”. a. * Per Buffer. light. dust. phrase.” The definition of stream buffer is governed by Georgia Law (O.1. In construing the provisions hereof and the meaning of each and every word. Landscape and Tree Ordinance and Guidelines Article 2 Definitions 2. shall apply: Buffer: Land area used to visibly separate one use from another through screening and distance. and Tree Ordinance 3. to minimize physical passage to non-similar areas. -PUBLIC STREET- R-75 50’ BUFFER 75’ BUFFER C-2 O-I -PUBLIC STREET- Figure 1. Replanted per approved landscape plan. Construction Buffer: Land Area in which there is no disturbance until a Certificate of Occupancy has been issued on the building lot at which time the Construction Buffer is removed.1. Buffers G: \BLT Ordinance Revised 2008 Page 3 . dirt. and litter. term. specific to the zoning case and for approved perpendicular access and utility crossings.C. which facilitates the protection of water quality and aquatic habitat. dirt and litter. dust. c.

What is a small tree? Small trees: Grow to less than 40 feet in height at maturity. Some examples include oak.Gwinnett County Buffer. 60’ OR MORE LESS TH AN 40’ GREATER TH AN 40’ DRIP LINE OF TREE GROUND LEVEL DRIP LINE OF TREE SMALL MATURING TREE (SMALL) LARGE MATURING TREE (CANOPY) Figure 2. pine and maple trees. with a minimum of 20 feet between trees if planted in groups. May be planted under (or within 20 feet of) overhead power lines. and. Are typically spaced 30 feet apart. Landscape and Tree Ordinance and Guidelines Canopy Tree: A tree that. under normal forest conditions. with a minimum of 25 feet between trees if planted in groups. hickory. will compose the top layer or canopy of vegetation and generally will reach a mature height of greater than 40 feet . Are typically spaced 40 feet apart. What is a canopy tree? Canopy trees: Grow taller than 40 feet in height at maturity. Some examples include dogwood and flowering cherry tree. Tree Types G: \BLT Ordinance Revised 2008 Page 4 .

(2) For existing trees: Measure tree diameter 4-1/2’ above ground level. as established by the Gwinnett County Board of Commissioners. Department: The Gwinnett County Department of Planning and Development. County: Gwinnett County. at a point 6 inches above the ground. whether by cutting or other means. Georgia. Construction Buffer: Land Area in which there is no disturbance until a Certificate of Occupancy has been issued on the building lot at which time the Construction Buffer is removed. Tree: The diameter of a tree measured as follows: 1) for existing preserved trees. How to Measure a Tree G: \BLT Ordinance Revised 2008 Page 5 . The CRZ is a concentric circle centering on the specimen tree’s trunk with a radius equal in feet to 1. and as operated through the actions and administration of the appointed director of said department or his/her designee. Landscape and Tree Ordinance and Guidelines Clearing: The removal of vegetation from a property. 2) for new replaced trees. GROUND LEVEL EXISTING TREES 4’ – 6” 6” (1) (2) (1) For newly planted trees: Measure tree diameter 6” above ground level.5’). Diameter. Georgia.5 times the number of inches of the trunk’s diameter at breast height (4. as amended from time-to-time by the Board of Commissioners of Gwinnett County. NEWLY PLANTED TREES How do I determine a tree’s size? Development Regulations: The adopted regulations providing for the subdivision and development of real property within Gwinnett County. Note: Minimum size: 2” planted tree.Gwinnett County Buffer. Figure 3.5 feet above the ground. Critical Root Zone: The minimum area beneath a tree that must be left undisturbed is Critical Root Zone (CRZ). at a point 4. Example: the CRZ radius of a twenty inch (20”) diameter tree is 30 feet.

Grading. Landscape and Tree Ordinance and Guidelines How do I measure a multi-stemmed tree? Director: The director of the Department of Planning and Development or his/her designee. Modification: A type of administrative appeal that may be granted by the director only where specifically authorized in this ordinance.. the floodplain as shown on the Flood Boundary and Floodway Map as prepared by the Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA). or movement of earth by use of mechanical equipment on a property. Hardwood Tree: Any tree that is not coniferous (cone bearing) or needle bearing. GROUND LEVEL MULTITYPICAL MULTI-STEM TREE Dripline: A line on the ground established by a vertical plane extending from a tree's outermost branch tips down to the ground. the tree may become unsafe to leave standing. Clearing and Grubbing. Note: Trees may not be accepted if they have been sheared or rounded over. and specifically.e. 8’ Minimum Height HEIGHT IS MEASURED ON SINGLE LARGEST STEM. Why are roots important? Roots are important for survival of the tree. Multi-Stem Trees Land Disturbing Permit (LDP): Any permit other than a Building Permit issued by Gwinnett County that authorizes clearing or grading activities on a site or portion of a site. Grading: The placement. This permit may be a Clearing. or Development Permit as defined and authorized by the Development Regulations of Gwinnett County. Landscape Strip: Land area located within the boundary of a lot and required to be set aside and used for landscaping upon which only limited encroachments are authorized. Figure 4. G: \BLT Ordinance Revised 2008 Page 6 . Protecting the soil around the drip line will help protect the roots. removal. 100-Year: Those lands subject to flooding. TREE FORM 3-5 TRUNKS MAXIMUM. i. They provide for the uptake of water & nutrients and for physical support.Gwinnett County Buffer. If construction activity crushes or severs roots close to a tree. Floodplain. the line enclosing the area directly beneath the tree's crown from which rainfall would drip. which have at least a one percent probability of flooding occurrence in any calendar year.

” What are TDU’s? TDU’s (Tree Density Unit) are based on the tree’s size. designated. Screening: A method of shielding or obscuring one abutting or nearby structure or use from another by opaque fencing. Tree Bank: (Option One) Actual trees are planted or (Option Two) a place of storage of monetary compensation for trees. loading and transporting of timber products (pulpwood. in general. The term "timber harvesting" may include both clear cutting and selective cutting of timber. What is Open Space? Open Space is defined in the Zoning Resolution as: “A parcel or area of land set aside. walls.5 TDU’s while a 3”diameter existing tree receives the same credit. Landscape and Tree Ordinance and Guidelines Monetary Compensation Monies: A dollar amount for a tree or trees that is stored in the tree bank.3. or reserved for public use or enjoyment of owners. as distinguished from a tree by having several stems rather than a single trunk. location or historical significance. etc. Timber Harvesting: The felling. See Appendix “A” Tree Species Lists for the square feet and Section 5. densely planted vegetation. Credits are partly based on tree survivability potential. Tree Banking: (Option One The process of planting actual trees or (Option Two) the process of storing monetary compensation monies for trees. Softwood Tree: Any coniferous (cone bearing) tree. type. The density standards are: 16 TDU’s (tree density units/acre). Density is achieved by retaining existing trees and/or planning new ones. occupants and their guests of land adjoining or neighboring such open space. condition. Tree Density Unit (TDU): A credit assigned to a tree. Shrub: A woody plant of relatively low height.3 for calculation requirement. Monetary Compensation Value: A unit of measurement. The intent of the ordinance is to establish uniform tree coverage. 20 TDU’s for overlay districts. berms. that when multiplied by the tree density unit allows a given dollar amount for a tree or trees to be stored in the tree bank. Tree Canopy Calculation: A number given in square feet to a tree or group of trees that reflect the overall canopy at maturity of that tree or trees.6. For example: a newly planted 2” diameter tree is credited with . Specimen Tree: Any tree that meets one or more of the identification criteria listed in Section 5. or the like. The process will result in the planting of trees at a site within the same commission district in which the development is located. or. It is based on the tree’s size. in accordance with tables contained in this ordinance.).6 for specific criteria defining specimen trees. Existing trees and replanted trees have different credit values.Gwinnett County Buffer. See Section 5. G: \BLT Ordinance Revised 2008 Page 7 . based on the diameter of the tree.

usually having a main stem or trunk and many branches. Landscape and Tree Ordinance and Guidelines Tree Density Standard (TDS): The minimum number of Tree Density Units per acre which must be achieved on a property. Required for one and two family subdivisions. and. G: \BLT Ordinance Revised 2008 Page 8 . What is a TPA? A Tree Protection Area (TPA) has: Minimum of 3 existing trees. Some examples include dogwood and flowering cherry trees. Tree protection devices at the drip line. May be planted under (or within 20 feet of) overhead power lines. Tree Thinning: Selective cutting or thinning of trees only for the clear purpose of good forestry management in order to protect said forest from disease or infestation and in no way shall be construed as clear cutting. and at maturity normally attaining a trunk diameter greater than 3 inches at any point and a height of over 10 feet. as well as methods of tree protection to be undertaken on the site and other pertinent information. The Tree Protection Area shall include no less than the total area beneath the tree canopy as defined by the drip line of the tree or group of trees collectively. these trees may satisfy the tree density standard Or it may be necessary to provide additional trees. Small Tree: A tree that. under normal forest conditions. How can I meet the tree density standard? Trees planted to fulfill the parking lot landscape and landscape strip requirements may also be credited towards fulfilling the tree density requirements. Alone. What is a small tree? Small trees: Grow to less than 40 feet in height at maturity. and.Gwinnett County Buffer. Tree: Any self-supporting woody perennial plant. A Tree Preservation or Replacement Plan (TP/RP): Required for non-residential and multi-family projects. grows to maturity beneath overstory trees and will generally reach a mature height of at least 10 feet but less than 40 feet. Tree Preservation and/or Replacement Plan (TP/RP): A plan that identifies Tree Protection Areas where existing trees are to be preserved and where proposed replacement trees are to be planted on a property to meet minimum requirements. What is a TP/RP? Tree Protection Area (TPA): Any portion of a site wherein are located existing trees which are proposed to be preserved in order to comply with the requirements of this ordinance.

G: \BLT Ordinance Revised 2008 Page 9 . must be indicated on the landscape plan submitted for approval. canopy or small trees. Tree species must be selected from the tree species list found in Appendix A. as amended from time-to-time by the Board of Commissioners of Gwinnett.Gwinnett County Buffer. Zoning Buffer: A buffer required by the Zoning Resolution or as a condition of zoning. Other species may be used if approved by the director or the director’s designee. special use or variance approval for a specific property. How do I know which trees to choose? Tree Selection: Tree types. Georgia. Zoning Resolution: The Zoning Resolution of Gwinnett County. Where can I find the recommended tree species? A listing of recommended species of both canopy and small trees is found in Appendix A. Landscape and Tree Ordinance and Guidelines Xeriscaping: A method of landscaping utilizing materials which are water-efficient (refer to Article 6 of this ordinance for principles and techniques).

County ordinances also require stream buffers.1.1.). special use or variance approval. A buffer should remain natural and undisturbed unless enhancement is necessary. 3.1. a. or variance approval. As specified in the conditions of rezoning. In situations where the required buffer width is partially or completely contained within an existing easement (e. light. The width of a buffer must meet: The minimum requirements of the Zoning Resolution. Screening Requirements.g. synagogue. except as authorized to be reduced by the applicable buffer reduction process. G: \BLT Ordinance Revised 2008 Page 10 . What is a buffer? Why are they important? Natural.g. It reduces air pollution. or as authorized by a condition of zoning. special use. as follows: a. special use or variance approval. As specified in the “Minimum Buffer Strip Requirement Table”. b. or. a buffer is 25-75 feet in width and is located where nonresidential zoning is adjacent to residential zoning. Stream buffers are located adjacent to streams.2. and shall contain the existing tree cover and vegetation as well as any supplemental plantings or replantings as may be required. undisturbed buffers are required between dissimilar zoning districts (i. d. As required by a condition of zoning.Gwinnett County Buffer. structures and uses on the property from view from the normal level of a first story window on an abutting lot and shall further provide a year-round effective visual screen.2. Typically. These aid erosion and storm water runoff control and are described in more detail in the Zoning Resolution. temple. or.2. or as authorized herein. or variance approval. special use. 3. Buffers shall be required between dissimilar districts or uses in accordance with the provisions of the Zoning Resolution or as a condition of zoning. etc. Buffers shall meet the minimum width requirements contained in the Zoning Resolution. glare and other nuisances. Landscape and Tree Ordinance and Guidelines Article 3 Buffer Regulations 3. dust. undisturbed. and free of encroachments except as authorized by a condition of zoning. a church. Width of Buffers. power or natural gas transmission. Buffers shall be of such nature and density so as to screen activities. or variance approval. b. Buffers shall be natural. c.): or. c. dirt and litter. Applicability.1. 3.e. Standards for Permanent Buffers. A buffer is intended to separate one use from another through screening and distance and to block noise.2. Special Use. As specified in a residential zoning district for a permitted non-residential use (e. the screening requirements of this Ordinance shall be met outside of the easement area. between residential and non-residential zoning districts). Buffers required along side property lines shall extend to a street right-of-way line unless otherwise required by the director in order to observe the sight distance requirements contained in the Development Regulations.1. etc. 3.

Leyland Cypress is not allowed to fulfill regulatory density requirements. parking lots. Structures must be located no closer than 5 feet to any required buffer. Landscape and Tree Ordinance and Guidelines 3. this requirement is satisfied by planting a mixture of evergreen and deciduous trees and shrubs. Leyland Cypress can be used for screening purposes. except stream buffers. d. All supplemental plantings in buffers shall be limited to 33% of one genus of tree. Buffers in which vegetation is non-existent or is inadequate to meet the screening requirements of this Ordinance shall be planted with supplemental plantings so as to provide a year-round effective visual screen. Requirements are for evergreens to be 6 feet high and deciduous trees to be 2 inches dbh at time of planting. Calculations are required on Tree Preservation/ Tree Replacement Plan. Supplemental Plantings. and the curb & gutter.3. e. Typically. The tree types shall be from Appendix “A” Tree Species List. All supplemental plantings shall be installed to allow for proper plant growth and maintenance. Supplemental plantings and replantings shall consist of evergreen and deciduous trees adaptable to the region. Some examples of structures are walls. All shrubs planted shall be a large growing species. c. Evergreen trees planted shall be a minimum of 6 feet in height at time of planting and shall be a species which will achieve a height of at least 20 feet at maturity. G: \BLT Ordinance Revised 2008 Page 11 . Cuppressus leylandii may be used in supplemental replanting in buffers and shall not exceed 33% of total buffer trees. a 50-foot wide buffer would require four (4) rows of replanted trees. Usually. shall be a minimum of 3 feet in height at time of planting and shall be a species which will achieve a height of at least 10 feet at maturity.2. a.Gwinnett County Buffer. What if the buffer has little or no vegetation? A buffer must be planted or replanted where sparsely vegetated to provide an effective visual screen. Deciduous trees shall be 2 inches in diameter and evergreen trees shall be at least 6 feet in height. Leyland Cypress. It is required that no more than 33% of a single genus be used. b.

4. b. Disturbance or Encroachments. a.2. and during. The method of demarcation and protection utilized shall be in accordance with best management practices or as required by the department. Non-vegetative materials utilized to satisfy the screening requirements of this Ordinance. construction.5. b. 3. similar facilities. buffers shall be clearly demarcated and protected prior to commencement of. Provide habitat for wildlife. sanitary sewer conveyance facilities. 3. If walls or fences are to be utilized. Help prevent pollutants from entering streams. and any associated easements. their placement and installation shall be such so as to cause minimal disturbance of existing vegetation and located so as to provide an effective visual screen. b. or authorized non-vegetative screening devices shall be authorized to encroach into a buffer provided there is minimal disturbance of any significant existing vegetation. storm water or sanitary sewer pipes) may encroach into the buffer as near to perpendicular as practical. Supplemental plantings or replantings of vegetation. Vegetation thus removed shall be replaced where necessary to meet the screening requirements contained herein. storm water conveyance facilities. Filter out particulates in the water before entering streams. and. Dying. a. may consist of walls.2. a. Land disturbance is authorized in areas of a buffer that are devoid of significant vegetation provided that the final grade and replantings of vegetation meet the screening requirements contained herein. During authorized land disturbing activities. earthen berms or any combination thereof. Non-Vegetative Screening. d. How do buffers help with storm water management? Buffers: Slow down the flow of water. diseased or dead vegetation may be removed from a buffer provided minimal disturbance occurs. shall not encroach into a buffer except that necessary access and utility crossings (e. Prevent erosion. fences.2. swales. c. Protection During Land Disturbing Activities.6. Reduce stream temperatures. in addition to the use of existing vegetation and/or supplemental plantings. Ditches. G: \BLT Ordinance Revised 2008 Page 12 . Landscape and Tree Ordinance and Guidelines 3. storm water detention ponds.Gwinnett County Buffer.g.

In the case of a residential subdivision. Where Required.3. What does a Tree Protection Area look like? 3. swales. similar facilities. may encroach upon the construction buffer. W RO BUFFER / TREE SAVE AREA ORANGE TREE PROTECTION FENCING P/L DISTURBED / ACTIVE CONSTRUCTION AREA BUFFER / TREE SAVE AREA P/ L L B/ Figure 5. stormwater detention ponds.Gwinnett County Buffer. b. What is a construction buffer? A construction buffer is a type of buffer that is temporary and only remains in effect during the construction of a project. c. a construction buffer shall terminate upon each individual lot with the issuance of a Certificate of Occupancy for the principal dwelling.2. Disturbance or Encroachments. Standards for Construction Buffers. 3. special use or variance approval. or as authorized herein. storm water or sanitary sewer pipes). stormwater conveyance facilities. sediment basins.3.1. and any associated easements. and a tree survey is submitted to document this situation prior to conducting land disturbing activities (including clearing) on the lot. Landscape and Tree Ordinance and Guidelines 3. Tree Protection – Plan View G: \BLT Ordinance Revised 2008 Page 13 .3. Please refer to any conditions of zoning which may apply to the project. special use or variance approval.3. If the construction buffer on a residential lot is devoid of existing trees and vegetation. Construction buffers shall only be required where specifically provided as a condition of zoning. sanitary sewer conveyance facilities. Construction buffers shall be natural. into a construction buffer shall not be authorized except that necessary access and utility crossings (e.g. undisturbed and free of encroachments except as authorized by a condition of zoning. Time Constraints. The encroachment of ditches. a. Construction buffers are typically indicated on final subdivision plats. 3.3. then the department may authorize the encroachment of a building or structure into the construction buffer for a distance not to exceed 10 feet. Construction buffers shall only be in effect during the construction period of a project and shall terminate upon project completion. and natural bottom detention ponds (sediment basins must be located outside of the construction buffer) and their appurtenant structures which require no grading and removal of trees.

construction. 2.Gwinnett County Buffer. Tree Protection G: \BLT Ordinance Revised 2008 Page 14 . During authorized land disturbing activities. construction materials. shall be included within the Street Frontage Buffer and shall be landscaped as part of and in accordance with the Street Frontage Buffer requirements. 1. right of way crossings. Landscape and Tree Ordinance and Guidelines 3. and during.3. Note: Orange safety fence attached to metal posts. No soil disturbance or compaction. trenching. All tree protection barriers shall be installed prior to any grading. The street frontage buffer shall remain undisturbed and natural. The landscape plan shall be submitted. burial pits or other land disturbing activity are allowed in the tree protection zone. If the required street frontage buffer is void of vegetation. They shall be constructed using orange safety fencing on metal posts. necessary street construction activities. b. Drip Line Remove all barriers upon completion of project.4. Street Frontage Buffer is required for new single family residential subdivision developments zoned R-100 Modified.4. The method of demarcation and protection utilized shall be in accordance with best management practices or as required by the department. 3. and corner right of way miters or radii. construction buffers shall be clearly demarcated and protected prior to commencement of.4. reviewed and approved by Staff Landscape Architect or designee prior to issuance of a development permit. which may include landscape berms and decorative fences. and R-60: Fifty feet (50’) in width. Figure 6. construction or other landdisturbing activity. 3. as described in Section 4. Fencing maybe orange plastic or fabric. No grubbing allowed under the drip line. traffic. Required Buffers: How can I protect trees during construction? a. The Director is herby authorized to grant a modification for compliance with this section. except for entrance features. Drip Line 4’ Dead trees and scrub growth shall be cut flush with adjacent grade during the landscape installation phase. Protection During Land Disturbing Activities. a. No Access easements. Trees in the Street Frontage Buffer can be counted toward meeting tree density units. 4. it shall be replanted to provide an effective visual screen. Tree protection barriers shall extend around the trees with a radius equal to or greater than the drip line.

Existing trees may also be counted toward the requirement provided they are protected as shown in Figure 6. and. Applicability. 4. Break up the long expanse of pavement. and. Existing trees that are saved after development may be utilized to satisfy this requirement provided they are located within the boundary of the landscape strip. b. Landscape and Tree Ordinance and Guidelines Article 4 Landscape Regulations 4. modification. G: \BLT Ordinance Revised 2008 Page 15 . In areas adjacent or internal to off-street parking lots that are required by the Zoning Resolution to contain more than 5 off-street parking spaces. and.1. In a Landscape Strip at least 10 feet in width adjacent to any street right-of-way abutting the property and running the length of the entire property frontage. Enhance the beauty of the site. The director is hereby authorized to grant a modification of up to 50% of the 10 foot landscape strip width provided the strip is not required by a condition of zoning.Gwinnett County Buffer. c. As required by a condition of zoning. d. variance or waiver approval What is a landscape strip and why is it important? Nonresidential and multi-family developments require a 10-foot wide landscape strip adjacent to road rights-of-way and running the entire length of the property. Nonresidential and multi-family uses shall provide for and maintain landscape plantings on-site as follows: a.1. Landscape strips: Filter water runoff. special use. Nonresidential and Multi-Family Uses. special use or variance approval.1.

2. In one and two-family residential developments. One (1) tree for each 25 linear feet of strip length shall be provided. 4. Landscape and Tree Ordinance and Guidelines 4.1. seeded or hydroseeded with grass.2. Within the landscape strip. b. d. Ten (10) Foot Wide Landscape Strips. R/W 120’-0” 3 Shrubs 3 Trees Example: Example: Red Maple Dwarf Burford Holly 10’-0” P/L GRASS PARKING LOT Example: 1 Tree Dwarf Burford 1 Tree Holly Example: Pin Oak Example: Pin Oak 2 Shrubs The specified ratio indicates the number of trees and shrubs to be planted.4 in the following circumstances: a. Each shrub shall be a species native or suitable to this region. a landscape strip may be required as a condition of zoning or within a no-access easement along double frontage lots. variance or waiver approval. 10-Foot Wide Planting Strip G: \BLT Ordinance Revised 2008 Page P/L P/L P/L P/L 16 . one tree per 25 linear feet of property frontage is required. and / or planted with groundcover species and / or provided with other landscaping material. Landscape Strips which are required to be 10 feet in width shall contain landscaping and plantings within or adjacent to the strip as follows: a. 4. These trees may be grouped or clustered. b. c. The remaining ground area shall be sodded.2. Deciduous trees shall be at least 2 inches in diameter and evergreens trees shall be 6 feet in height at time of planting. One (1) shrub for each 25 linear feet of strip length shall be provide. and. Trees and shrubs required herein may be planted and spaced singly or in groups as authorized by the Director so long as the total number of plantings is achieved. As required by a condition of zoning. Figure 7. In no-access easements that are by the Development Regulations along the line of double frontage lots abutting upon a major thoroughfare. they do not need to be spaced 25 feet on center. This is primarily to prevent vehicular access from the collector street directly to the property.Gwinnett County Buffer. modification.1. The plants may be grouped or clustered. . Residential Subdivisions Residential subdivisions shall provide for and maintain landscape plantings on-site as set forth in Section 4. How many plants are required in a 10-foot wide landscape strip? The number of trees is determined by the amount of road frontage. Landscape Strip Planting Requirements. or any combination thereof. Trees shall be a species native or suitable to this region. special use.

Trees shall be a species native or suitable to this region. Landscape Strips which are required to be 5 feet in width shall contain landscaping and plantings within or adjacent to the strip as follows: a. variance or waiver approval shall be proportional to their width (e. G: \BLT Ordinance Revised 2008 Page 17 . seeded or hydroseeded with grass. Unless planting details are specifically described by the conditions.g. d.2. or any combination there of. c.Gwinnett County Buffer. Landscape Strips Wider than 10 Feet. special use. Five-Foot Wide Planting Strip 4. One (1) tree for each 50 linear feet of strip length shall be provided. and / or provided with other landscaping material. The remaining ground area shall be sodded. Additional landscape strips of varying widths may be required as a condition of approval by any board or administrative action.2. Landscape and Tree Ordinance and Guidelines 4. one tree per 50 linear feet of landscape strip length is required. Trees and shrubs required herein may be planted and spaced singly or in groups as authorized by the Director so long as the total number of required plantings is achieved. Within the 5-foot wide landscape strip. These trees may be grouped or clustered.2 Five (5) Foot Wide Landscape Strips. How many plants are required in a five-foot wide landscape strip? The number of trees is determined by the amount of landscape strip length the entire length of the property line. One (1) shrub for each 50 linear feet of strip length shall be provided. they do not need to be spaced 50 feet on center. Tree and shrub quantities in landscape strips that are required to be wider than 10 feet by a condition of zoning. a 20 foot wide landscape strip would require two (2) trees and two (2) shrubs for each 25 linear feet of strip length).3. b. Figure 8. these strips shall adhere to the planting specifications proportional to their width. The plants may be grouped or clustered. EXAMPLE: RED MAPLE 5’ GRASS 2 TREES P/L EXAMPLE: FORSYTHIA 3 SHRUBS 1 TREE EXAMPLE : WILLOW OAK PARKING LOT The specified ratio indicates the number of trees and shrubs to be planted. Deciduous trees shall be at least 2 inches in diameter and evergreen trees shall be at least 6 feet in height at time of planting. Each shrub shall be a species native or suitable to this region.

3. What are the requirements? Trees are planted within parking lots at a ratio of 1 tree for every 7 parking spaces. Lessens evaporative emissions from parked cars. In addition. Parking Lot & Street Trees Species List shall be selected. The minimum planting area or island for each understory tree shall be 100 square feet. 40 square feet for each additional tree shall be added. and in the interior portions of. 120’ PUBLIC STREET 60’ Radius OR Landscape Islands: * Minimum 10 feet wide (back of curb to back of curb) * Minimum 200 square feet per tree Note: Landscape strip and / or buffer trees can be counted toward the 60 foot requirement. Quantity. Trees may be planted and spaced singly or in groups. If shared with other trees. (A. parking lots in a ratio of one (1) tree for each seven (7) parking spaces. and.4. Landscape and Tree Ordinance and Guidelines Why do we need trees in a parking lot? 4. d. e. and maintained. Parking Lot Planting Requirements G: \BLT Ordinance Revised 2008 Page 18 . Signs may also be located in such strip. Any plantings beyond the minimum requirements may come from any of the species lists. Trees shall be planted in areas surrounding the perimeter of the parking lot and/or shall be planted in planting areas or islands internal to the parking lot. Required Landscaped Strips shall not be encroached upon by parking spaces.1. The minimum planting area or island for each canopy tree shall be at least 200 square feet. Figure 9. every parking space shall be within 60 feet of the trunk of a tree. Off-Street Surface Parking Lot Planting Requirements. Canopy trees listed in Appendix "A". c. Trees shall be provided and maintained adjacent to. planted. Spacing and Planting Standards.2.3. It is not specified that an island must be provided but requires a minimum number of trees to be planted. Parking lot landscaping: Increases shade and cools the parking area Reduces stormwater run-off and pollutants. Encroachments Into Landscape Strips.2) 4. 80 square feet for each additional tree shall be added. Each planting area or island shall not be less than 4 feet in width in any direction. b. driveway surfaces or storm water detention facilities except that driveway crossings may traverse such strip as near to a perpendicular alignment as practical.Gwinnett County Buffer. Deciduous trees shall be at 2 inches in diameter and evergreen trees shall be at least 6 feet in height. If shared with other trees. Off-street surface parking lots which are required to contain more than 5 parking spaces shall contain landscaping and plantings as follows: a. Trees must be selected from the Parking Lot and Street Trees Species list. 4.

4. i. h. Trees removed or having had their tops cut after compliance with this section shall be replaced with the equivalent inches of removed trees. g. Trees removed due to disease or insect infestation upon the written advice and findings of the County Extension Service or the Georgia Forestry Commission shall be replaced in accordance with the minimum standards contained in the ordinance. b. 40 square feet per tree is added.1.4. Where are trees planted in parking lots? Trees must be planted within the interior area so that each parking space is within 60 feet or less from the trunk of a tree. c. Paved or striped islands greater than 50 square feet shall not be allowed. Planted with a single line of evergreen trees at least 6 feet in height and spaced no greater than 10 apart. and/or provided with other landscaping material.Gwinnett County Buffer. 80 square feet per tree is added. 4. 2. The intent of the ordinance is to have some part of each parking space within 60 feet of a tree. Planting area must be at least 4 feet in width in any direction.4. f. Topping trees is not allowed. or. Contain such other landscaping treatments or grade changes that will produce a partial screening effect as authorized by the director. No-Access Easement Screening Requirements. G: \BLT Ordinance Revised 2008 Page 19 . special use or variance approval. Internal landscape space and trees are required as follows: Minimum planting area for each canopy tree is at least 200 square feet. j. or as a condition of zoning. shall be screened as follows: a. 1. Contain a solid or decorative fence at least 4 feet in height. No more than thirty-three percent (33%) of all proposed trees to be planted may be of any one genus. Appropriate pruning and healthy tree management shall be according to the standards as followed by the International Society of Arboriculture. Landscape and Tree Ordinance and Guidelines . These areas shall contain landscape plantings. or. Minimum planting area for each small tree is at least 100 square feet and if shared with other trees. If shared with other trees. No-access easements which are required by the Development Regulations. Ground areas shall be sodded. Director is hereby authorized to grant a modification of tree species in cases of power easements. seeded or hydroseeded with grass and/or planted with groundcover species. or any combination thereof.

at least 75% of the land area of which has already received a permit or permits initiating clearing or grading activities prior to June 23. at the end of this section. All orchards of trees in active commercial operation shall be exempt from the terms and provisions of this ordinance for bona fide agricultural purposes only. All plant or tree nurseries and botanical gardens shall be exempt from the terms and provisions of this ordinance in relation to those trees which are being grown for relocation and continued growth in the ordinary course of business. a.1. or for some public purpose. 1987. What are “Grandfathered” projects? The ordinance has grandfathering provisions to help minimize difficulties with projects already underway or partially developed.1. provided that all time constraints relating to the permit issued shall be observed. 5. summarizes those activities which are exempt from the provisions of this ordinance and those for which a Tree Preservation and/or Replacement Plan must be approved prior to issuance of a Land Disturbing Permit. 5. shall be grandfathered from the requirements of this article to the extent of the time constraints imposed upon said permit by the Development Regulations. This article shall apply to any activity on real property which requires the issuance of a Land Disturbing except as excluded in this section. In no event shall any grandfathered project be extended for a greater time period than 24 months from the date of enactment of this ordinance.1. c. When is this ordinance applicable? All new or redeveloped residential construction. 5. Table A: Summary of Applicability and Exemptions. This article shall not apply to any portion of a property included within the limits of a valid Land Disturbing Permit issued prior to the effective date of this ordinance. Projects which were included within the limits of a Land Disturbing Permit issued prior to June 23. Horticultural or Agricultural Operations.3. which was the effective date of the Tree Ordinance.1. and.1. Landscape and Tree Ordinance and Guidelines Article 5 Tree Preservation and Replacement Regulations 5. b.Gwinnett County Buffer. G: \BLT Ordinance Revised 2008 Page 20 . The requirements of this article may be waived by the department for a Land Disturbing Permit which is to proceed with development of a larger project. a.2. Grandfathered Projects. 1987 which was the effective date of the Tree Ordinance. All new or redeveloped non-residential construction. Applicability and Exemptions. b.

except for authorized access crossings. Upon the written advice and findings of the County Extension Service or Georgia Forestry Commission. b. Upon the written advice of the County Extension Service or the Georgia Forestry Commission in accordance with commonly accepted forestry practices and a finding of disease or insect infestation. Landscape and Tree Ordinance and Guidelines c. Tree Thinning. solely for the purpose of good forestry management. identifying the location of the infested property. Land clearing or clearing and grubbing activities for clearly agricultural purposes in the RA-200 zoning district shall be exempt from the provisions of this ordinance.Gwinnett County Buffer. In other zoning districts. to prevent the danger of these trees falling. 5.5. c. such activities shall be authorized only in accordance with the issuance of a Land Disturbing Permit under the requirements of this ordinance. from RA-200 to its present zoning classification. The property shall be required to meet a Tree Density Standard of 24 units per acre upon completion of authorized land disturbing activities.1. G: \BLT Ordinance Revised 2008 Page 21 . prior to the removal of these trees. A 75 foot undisturbed buffer (not a zoning buffer) shall be provided and maintained along the entire perimeter of the property.4. the thinning of trees (selective cutting only) in zoning districts other than RA-200. The owner/developer. 5. Timber harvesting (selective cutting or clearcutting) for pulpwood or saw timber shall be exempt within the RA-200 zoning district. d. may be permitted upon authorization by the Director and shall require the submittal and approval of a Tree Preservation and/or Replacement Plan. the director may authorize the removal of trees to prevent the transmission of disease or infestation. or to prevent potential injury to life and property. during the land disturbing activity. d. rather than the property owner. Permits authorizing tree thinning shall be limited to the following: a. The property shall have the same configuration since June 9. and shall submit to the director the written finding of the County Extension Service or Georgia Forestry Commission. Removal of Disease or Insect Infestation. including road frontages. The property shall not have been subdivided. shall notify the director.1. The property shall have been initiated for rezoning by Gwinnett County. 1970 when the comprehensive Zoning Tax Maps were adopted.

in order to meet the buffer requirements of the Zoning Resolution or conditions of zoning.1.30 acres buffer .5 acres x 16 TDU/acre = 56 TDU Easement that contains improvements must have an additional 10 foot of land area surrounding improvements. (See Section 5..2) = 3.30 ACRES Orange Safety Fencing PROPOSED DETENTION POND TOTAL SITE: 4 ACRES PROPOSED BUILDING 5.5 acres 3. and new trees proposed to be planted. PO W 0. petroleum or electric power transmission easements. Easement Exclusion Tree Density Requirements Four (4) acres . Existing trees proposed to be retained preserved. Properties possessing natural gas.(. or major sanitary sewer main (greater than 8 inches in diameter) or water main (greater than 16 inches in diameter) distribution easements.7. Landscape and Tree Ordinance and Guidelines 5.3+ . Easement Exclusion.) are proposed within the easement.1. If my site contains an easement. Zoning Buffer Exclusion. driveways.7) G: \BLT Ordinance Revised 2008 Page 22 . tennis courts.Gwinnett County Buffer. storm water detention facilities. then the land area so utilized within the easement for the improvements. Properties with a lake or pond greater than one (1) acre in size may exclude the land area contained in the lake or pond from the total acreage of the property in fulfilling the Tree Density Standard. etc. may exclude the land area contained in the easement from the total acreage of the property in fulfilling the Tree Density Standard provided that no improvements (e. Lake and Pond Exclusion. parking lots. how do I determine the number of trees required? BUFFER : 0. If any improvements are proposed within the easement. shall be used to fulfill the Tree Density Standard.6. plus an additional 10-feet of land area surrounding the improvements.8.2 acres power line easement 4 .2 ER E 0 A ASE C R ME ES NT PROPOSED PARKING 10’ 10’ LANDSCAPED STRIP Street R/W Figure 10.1.1. special use or variance approval shall not be considered in fulfilling the requirements of this ordinance. 5.g.

placement of required soil erosion and sedimentation controls.2. Once a Final Plat has been recorded.1. or Development Permit. and related documentation shall be reviewed by the department for conformance to the provisions of this ordinance along with and at the same time as all other plans required for a requested Land Disturbing Permit under the provisions of the Development Regulations. shall be shown on a revised Tree Preservation and/or Replacement Plan and be approved as part of the new or revised permit prior to the commencement of such changed activities. or 5. Permits. a. 5.2. land disturbing activities on residential lots shall not occur until a Building Permit has been obtained.2. the installation of public or private utilities.2. and any changes reflected in a subsequently submitted permit application. Tree Preservation and/or Replacement Plan Required. 5. For projects not exempt from the provisions of this ordinance. b. Any revisions to the proposed development of a property.2. Clearing & Grubbing. Limited Land Disturbing Projects. grading and development activities shall conform in all respects with the approved Tree Preservation and/or Replacement Plan. Clearing and Grubbing. Development Permit (Orange Background) C.4.2. Tree Preservation and/or Replacement Plans including the Tree Canopy Calculation.Gwinnett County Buffer. and not included under subsection 5.2. Land Disturbing Permit Required. a Tree Preservation and/or Replacement Plan shall be submitted along with the Tree Canopy Calculation. Building Permit E PL M SA (Yellow Background) Residential Figure 11. below.3. Land disturbing activities shall not commence until such activities have been authorized by issuance of an appropriate Land Disturbing Permit under the provisions of the Development Regulations. or Grading (Green Background) B. Projects which propose only limited development activities may be issued a Land Disturbing Permit without a Tree Preservation and/or Replacement Plan under the following circumstances: a. Clearing. and the other documents required by the Development Regulations for the issuance of a Clearing. Nonresidential subdivisions shall not be required to submit a Tree Preservation and/or Replacement Plan if the proposed land disturbing activities are strictly limited to those directly related to the provision of the streets and storm water drainage and detention facilities. Land Disturbance Permit Clearing. Landscape and Tree Ordinance and Guidelines 5.3. and other required improvements expressly required by the county or by a A. Examples of Permit Cards G: \BLT Ordinance Revised 2008 Page 23 . 5. Grading.

and. modification. in accordance with the County's Land Use Plan. special use. These measures shall be in place prior to beginning clearing or grading activities. shall be planted or preserved on each individual lot prior to the issuance of a Certificate of Occupancy.4. Street Trees 2” R. Planted trees must be selected from the Tree Species List. The What are the requirements for trees in single family detached residential areas? • Two trees per lot * (preserved or planted). • Street trees ** and. 2” Planted Tree. a. For any property for which a Tree Preservation and/or Replacement Plan was not required prior to issuance of a Land Disturbing Permit under the provisions of this section. Individual Lot Trees. 2. if the proposed land disturbing activities are limited to those portions of the property outside of all minimum yard areas required by the zoning district. Residential recreation areas. Residential Lots and Subdivisions. A minimum of two (2) trees. Individual Lot Tree Planting G: \BLT Ordinance Revised 2008 Page 24 . ** Street trees may be counted toward meeting the overall site TDU’s. Figure 12. Additional areas may be designated by the department to remain undisturbed as may be reasonably required with consideration given to the proposed use of the property. b. and shall be maintained throughout the land disturbing period. modification. • 16 Tree Density Units (TDU) per acre. special use.W. Trees must be a minimum of 2” in size. Planted trees shall be a species listed on Appendix "A" Canopy or Small Tree Species Lists of this ordinance.4. waiver or variance approval. Line Side Walk Street 1. as well as adjacent properties. except for curb cut access into the property and for the placement of required soil erosion and sedimentation controls. Protective fencing for preserved tree. without approval of a Tree Preservation and/or Replacement Plan. Preserved Tree. Roots within the drip line area of preserved trees shall remain undisturbed or the tree cannot be counted as a required tree. * Trees may be planted anywhere on the lot. and nonresidential projects (not involving the subdivision of the property) may be allowed to undertake activities limited to clearing or clearing and grubbing only. Owners and/or developers of residential lots and subdivisions shall comply with this article by planting street trees in all residential subdivisions and 2 trees per lot. 5. Landscape and Tree Ordinance and Guidelines condition of zoning. as a part of providing 16 TDU’s per acre. Existing trees shall be counted toward the TDU’s. at least 2 inches in diameter. and any area within the 100-year floodplain.1. and individual multi-family residential and attached townhomes (not on individual lots). Preserved tree may be any species and must have protective fencing for credit. The limits of clearing or clearing and grubbing shall be established no closer to the boundaries of all said undisturbed areas than the driplines of the trees that are located within said areas. all areas required to be undisturbed shall be provided with protective tree fencing along the limits of clearing or grading which adjoin existing trees in accordance with the provisions found in subsection 5. all buffer areas required by the Zoning Resolution or conditions of zoning.Gwinnett County Buffer.O. waiver or variance approval.2.

Planted and preserved trees count toward Tree Density Units per Acre. Preserved trees shall be grouped together in Tree Protection Areas (including driplines or critical root zones whichever is greater) consisting of at least three (3) trees. Street Trees. size. 6’ 10’ 4’ Figure 13. Preserved individual 12 inch or greater diameter trees may also receive credit provided they are protected by a Tree Protection Area (including dripline or critical root zone whichever is greater). a Tree Preservation Plan shall be prepared and approved for residential subdivisions indicating compliance with the Tree Density Standard of 16 Tree Density Units per acre. Maximum allowable genus of street trees to be 33% of entire subdivision or one genus per street. Not dug up from the wild.2 Parking Lot & Street Tree Species List shall be selected. A modification may be granted by the Director for genus and species substitution for Street Trees. The director is authorized to grant a modification from the time limit.Gwinnett County Buffer. Street Trees What is the Street Tree Program ? • Trees must be 3 inches in diameter (measured at 6 inches from ground level). Street trees shall be at least 3 inches in diameter. 3. The quantity of trees shall be one (1) tree per each 50 linear feet of street (both sides of the street). and number of trees. • Trees are planted 3 feet from curb within right-of-way. Back of Curb Property LineSide Walk Grass Strip 3’ From Street to Tree. Street trees shall be maintained and cared for by the property owner adjacent to the tree except in subdivisions in which the property owners association provides maintenance and care. Street trees listed on Appendix "A" A. The performance surety shall be provided at the time of recording the Final Plat. a Street Tree Planting Plan shall be submitted to and approved by the department prior to planting by the developer. • Number of trees is determined by linear feet of street (1 per 50 feet) on each side of the street. Prior to the issuance of a Development Permit. placement. Trees shall be located at least 3 feet from the back of curb unless a modification is granted by the director. • Trees must be selected from Parking Lot and Street Trees Species list. • Plan is required that indicates species. and. Maintenance shall include replacement and trimming as necessary. 16 TDU/ Acre and Tree Protection Areas. • Trees can be spaced for best placement. planted and maintained. c. Street tree planting shall be delayed from June through August. Street tree requirements are as follows: 1. • Planting required along both sides of new streets. Street trees count towards meeting the 16 TDU/ Acre 2. Planted trees must be nursery stock. Developers shall enter into a performance surety agreement with the department guaranteeing tree planting within 2 years of the date of recording of the Final Plat. Underground utilities are required when planting street trees. Trees shall be planted in the street right-ofway. Landscape and Tree Ordinance and Guidelines b. In addition. A maintenance responsibility statement shall be provided on the Final Plat. G: \BLT Ordinance Revised 2008 Page 25 .

Tree Density Requirements. CREDIT FOR REPLACEMENT TREES. Credit for new trees proposed to be replaced on the site shall be calculated by multiplying the number of trees (by diameter) times the units assigned in TABLE D. The Tree Density Standard shall be calculated by summing the following credits and dividing by the total acreage of the project included within the limits of the permit application (but excluding any acreage included within a zoning buffer and other land area allowed to be excluded by this article). CREDIT FOR SPECIMEN TREES. 5. Credit shall be given for all specimen trees preserved on a property except for those located in a required zoning buffer Figure 14. Landscape and Tree Ordinance and Guidelines 5.3.2. Credit for specimen trees preserved on the site shall be calculated by multiplying the number of trees (by diameter) times the units assigned in TABLE C. a.Gwinnett County Buffer.3. with emphasis on tree groupings to achieve aesthetic results following professional landscaping standards. b. Plant a balled and wrapped in burlap tree in a hole at least twice the size of its root ball. Multi-trunked trees shall only be given credit by measuring the single largest trunk and not the cumulative total of the various trunks. Trees may be retained or planted for credit within a public street right-of-way if granted authorization by the Department of Transportation. Open burlap at the top of the root ball. Credit shall be given all trees preserved on a property having a diameter of 3" or more. 5. Credit for existing trees proposed to be preserved on the site shall be calculated by multiplying the number of trees (by diameter) times the units assigned in TABLE B. Contact a nursery wholesaler in advance of beginning your project. G: \BLT Ordinance Revised 2008 Page 26 . Credit shall be given for all new trees replaced on a property except for trees less than 1 inch in diameter and new trees planted in a required zoning buffer. Tree-form shrubs shall not be given credit for satisfying the required Tree Density Standard.3. except trees located in a zoning buffer. Trees.1. Tree Density Standard How do I correctly plant a tree? On each property for which a Tree Preservation and /or Replacement Plan is required. Planted trees must be nursery stock. Tree Density Standard Calculation. both existing and new. CREDIT FOR EXISTING TREES. existing trees shall be retained and new trees shall be planted such that the property shall attain or exceed a Tree Density Standard of 16 Tree Density Units per acre. Correct Planting Method Note: Proper planning will assure an adequate supply of trees. shall be reasonably distributed throughout the site. c. exclusive of any acreage within a zoning buffer and any trees required to be preserved or planted within a zoning buffer and except any other land area allowed to be excluded by this article.

1. parking lot trees and any tree preserved or replaced. Include buffer trees. For example: given a specimen tree's CRZ is 6. Tree Canopy Calculation Example: Canopy Area in square feet 1.800 800 1. d.000 square feet. Landscape and Tree Ordinance and Guidelines where partial credit may be given. 5. Provide calculations on the Tree Preservation/ Replacement plan.240 64% The Tree Canopy Calculation is required for all new developments and existing developments adding structural or site improvements as defined in Section 5. Ft.3 Tree Canopy Calculation.6 x .400 6. Stands of three or more trees can be computed with polygons and given in terms of square feet. There is no minimum or maximum tree canopy percentage required at this time.200 6.92 TDU's). 20% of the CRZ is outside of the buffer. e. is outside of the buffer. A specimen tree located within a buffer with a critical root zone extending beyond the buffer is allowed partial credit toward Tree Density Units. Example of Tree Canopy Calculations G: \BLT Ordinance Revised 2008 Page 27 .2.800 Qty Botanical Name 10 27 14 8 23 6 Fraxinus pennsylvanica Juniperus virginiana Quercus coccinea Nyssa aquatica Pinus taeda Existing oak hardwoods Existing (mixture of softwoods and hardwoods) Total site acreage Percentage of total site canopy polygon TOTAL 23.000 and the answer is .300 174.800 800 300 1. Additional credits shall be granted under the following circumstances: (1) For specimen trees see Section 5. Divide the total square feet of canopy into the total square feet for the site and list it as a percentage. The Tree Canopy shall be calculated by assigning square feet of canopy to each tree proposed and each tree preserved. 1.240 4.800 Total Canopy area in square feet 18. Add the total square feet of canopy.600 25.000 21.300 divided by 174. Then measure the area of CRZ outside of the buffer. landscape strip trees.6 and Table C. In other words. Square feet of canopy can be found in Appendix “A” Tree Species Lists. Divide 1.3. Provide all calculations on plan. (2) Existing trees to be preserved within a minimum yard area (as required by the applicable zoning district) or within a 100 year flood plain shall be granted a bonus credit of 50 percent of the units assigned in Table B unless the tree is located in a zoning buffer.200 Sq.900 10. Divide the smaller number into the larger number and that is your percentage of CRZ. There shall be no more than 33% of any one genus of tree for overall site. For example given: a 30" specimen tree's CRZ extends by 20% over the buffer line then the developer receives 20% of the credit for a 30" existing specimen tree (19." To determine the percentage of CRZ outside of the buffer simply measure the area of the CRZ circle. The partial credit is based on the percentage of CRZ that is outside of the buffer. Take the total site acreage and convert that to square feet.200 by 6.20 = 3.400 112.0 Acres 112.Gwinnett County Buffer. a.

Provide Quality Note on plan Section 5. Show locations where trees will be planted. genus. 3. pests. Trees must be Grade “A” quality based on the American Association of Nurserymen publication “American Standards for Nursery Stock”. is not desirable then the Monetary Compensation for Trees Option is another alternative. on the site plan. Only trees that are required to meet site density can be used for the Tree Bank. 4. or similar publications. Landscape and Tree Ordinance and Guidelines 5. 9. Obtain property owners signature on route sheet. Monetary Compensation for Trees: If Option 1. Submit a site plan. State how many tree density units cannot be met on the developed site. b. State the size. Director’s approval is required prior to using the Tree Bank.3. landscape strip. a. The site for the trees shall be within the same commission district in which the development is located. OPTION TWO: provide monetary compensation for tree density units that cannot be met on site. Show any public utility easements on site plan. Provide tree density calculations on site plan of developed site and. If the Monetary Compensation for Trees is an alternative for the development. Obtain appropriate signatures on route sheet. Option 1.3 a (4). and quantity of trees to be planted. showing a location for the planted trees. State the Commission District of developed site. G: \BLT Ordinance Revised 2008 Page 28 . State the Commission district of planted site. Provide calculations on the plan for tree density or recompense trees from the developed site. 2. What Plans are required to submit to the Director for the Tree Bank OPTION ONE? 1. or buffer replanting cannot be used towards the Tree Bank. Street Frontage Buffer. 2. Each tree must be 2 inches in diameter at a minimum. 3. 11. Actual Trees: Contribute an equal amount of required trees in the form of actual trees to the Gwinnett County Tree Bank. Option 2. Provide a Note of Guarantee for one year on site plan Section 5. 8. Trees used to meet requirements for parking lot.4 Tree Bank: The intent of the Buffer. and Tree Ordinance requirements is to ensure that at least a minimum number of trees are replaced and/ or preserved on newly developed or re-developed sites. as included in the "Tree and Shrub Transplanting Manual. Provide a site plan drawn to scale of proposed site where trees are to be planted." latest edition. Standards for transplanting shall be in keeping with those established by the International Society of Arboriculture.3 a (3). 6. then the following criteria shall be observed: The Tree Bank is an option if all the required trees for tree density and / or recompense cannot be met on site. 7. disease or nutritional deficiencies. 4. Trees shall have straight trunks and dense foliage and be free from injury. 10. Landscape. drawn to scale. OPTION ONE: plant trees on another site within the same commission district. If Actual Trees are an alternative for the development. species.3. 5. then the following criteria shall be observed: 1. Actual Trees.3. Any trees that die during the one year time period must be replaced by the developer. Only in the event the site tree density or recompense tree requirement cannot be met on site due to hardship is a Tree Bank an alternative option fulfilled in one of two ways.Gwinnett County Buffer. Trees are to be maintained and guaranteed for one full year after planting by the developer.

3. Provide a certified check in the amount of the product given on the Tree Preservation/ Tree Replacement Plan made out to Gwinnett County. Give the certified check to a Development Review Section Planner along with a copy of the Tree Preservation Tree Replacement Plan. b. Provide Tree Density calculations on the Tree Preservation/ Tree Replacement Plan. The Director must review and approve all requests for alternative compliance. G: \BLT Ordinance Revised 2008 Page 29 . a.1 Standards for administering these alternative compliance methods. 2. What Plans are required to submit to the Director for the Tree Bank OPTION TWO? 1. Route Sheet (Application Form) for Director’s signature. The site development permit shall be issued after the Director has approved the request for either compliance option and received the necessary documentation and funds.Gwinnett County Buffer. 2.4. 5. The product of those two numbers shall be provided on the Tree Preservation/ Tree Replacement Plan. Contact the County Certified Arborist or Staff Landscape Architect for the current Monetary Compensation Value. Tree Preservation / Tree Replacement Plan showing: • The tree density units met on site • The tree density units NOT met on site • The specimen trees location on plan • The critical root zone of the specimen trees • Any calculations for recompense units for specimen tree removal. In no instance shall the alternative compliance options be used to comply with any other ordinance requirement than the tree density or specimen tree requirement. Landscape and Tree Ordinance and Guidelines 1. Multiply the tree density units that cannot be met on site by the Monetary Compensation Value. 3. Show the total amount of tree density units that cannot be met on site.

Gwinnett County Buffer. Tree Roots G: \BLT Ordinance Revised 2008 Page 30 . Protective Barriers. the damage may not be obvious for 2-3 years. (2) All Tree Protection Areas are recommended to be designated as such with "tree save area signs" posted in addition to the required protective fencing. etc. a. prior to any land disturbance.4. (3) All Tree Protection Areas must be protected from soil sedimentation intrusion through the use of silt screens or other acceptable measures placed upslope from the tree protection area. Roots of a plant absorb water. 5. and nutrients from the soil and atmosphere. Depending on the type of damage and species of tree. under-ground damage to the roots is not easily noticed. materials storage. gases.1.4. This results in about 85 percent of a tree’s roots being in the top 18 inches of soil. MORE LIKELY: Roots spread where soil conditions allow access to soil nutrients. b. On a construction site. The root system is generally within the dripline or critical root zone. Roots also provide stability and support the tree. (1) The Tree Protection Area shall include no less than the total area beneath the tree canopy as defined by the dripline or critical root zone of the tree of the tree or group of trees collectively. (2) Layout of the project site utility and grading plans shall avoid disturbance of the Tree Protection Area. The following guidelines and standards shall apply to trees proposed to be preserved for credit toward meeting the minimum required Tree Density Standard on a property. or otherwise disturbed on the site. Signs requesting subcontractor cooperation and compliance with tree protection standards are recommended for site entrances. and death of a tree may not occur for as long as 7 years. (1) Protective tree fencing shall be installed between buffers and Tree Protection Areas and areas proposed to be cleared.. burnhole placement. To protect these critical roots. (4) All protective tree fencing and all erosion control barriers must be installed prior to and maintained throughout the land disturbing and Drip Line- NOT TRUE: This artist’s concept regrettably shows how many people envision a tree’s root system. Tree Protection Areas. (3) Construction site activities such as parking. Why is the root zone so important? Most of the tree’s roots lie in the top 12 inches of soil. Most species do not even have a tap root. Landscape and Tree Ordinance and Guidelines 5. and only under rare circumstances would roots appear like this. Tree roots are not an underground reflection of the crown. graded. Tree Preservation and Replacement Requirements. Figure 15. moisture and sufficient air. a Tree Protection Area shall be established around each tree or group of trees to be retained. concrete washout. shall be arranged so as to prevent disturbances within Tree Protection Areas.

Refer to the "Manual of Woody Landscape Plants" (Michael Dirr. Under no circumstances shall the developer be relieved of responsibility for compliance with the provisions of this ordinance. Tree species lists for canopy and small trees are located in the Appendix. 24” Trench 40% Root Kill Tunnel No Root Kill Trenching near a tree can kill as much as 40 to 50 percent of the tree’s roots. 1983. and should not be removed until final landscaping is installed. nor shall plan revision activities stop the department from instituting action for violation of this ordinance. disease.2. c. This will almost certainly lead to stress. Replacement trees proposed to be planted for credit toward meeting the minimum required Tree Density Standard on a property shall comply with the following: a. The director or the director’s designee can add or delete species from both lists. Except as specifically approved by the director as a modification. only the trees listed shall be given credit towards meeting the requirements of this article. as included in the "Tree and Shrub Transplanting Manual. Figure 17 (And the Gwinnett County Cooperative Extension Service) Tree species lists are found in Appendix "A" of this ordinance.Gwinnett County Buffer. poor health or lack of firmness against wind. and must be of good vigor. G: \BLT Ordinance Revised 2008 Page 31 . Castle Books) or similar publications for information on tree species site requirements. The spacing of replacement trees must be compatible with spatial site limitations and with responsible consideration towards species size when mature. b. Tree Species Lists. Trees selected for planting shall be a species listed on Appendix "A" Canopy or Small Species List of this ordinance.5. so as to assure a reasonable expectation of survivability. Encroachment Why Tunneling Saves Trees If encroachment into a Tree Protection Area occurs which causes irreparable damage to the trees. nutritional disorders or root defects. Trees selected for planting must be free from injury. 5. Landscape and Tree Ordinance and Guidelines construction process. A tunnel in the same place will do virtually no damage to the tree. pests. Standards for transplanting shall be in keeping with those established by the International Society of Arboriculture. The director is authorized to administratively add and delete species to both lists. or similar publications. c. Figure 16 Where can I find more information? 5.4. the Tree Preservation and/or Replacement Plan shall be revised to compensate for the loss." latest edition. Refer to the American Association of Nurserymen publication "American Standard for Nursery Stock" (ANSI Z60. 1973) for plant material quality specifications.

c.Gwinnett County Buffer. A sound and solid trunk with no extensive decay or hollow.5’ = DBH DBH = Diameter at breast height. Of historical significance. (4. Small Native Flowering 12 inch diameter or larger (2) Condition: a. Specimen trees shall be preserved. Specimen trees identified on the specimen tree survey plan shall have 4.5’ above ground level. Large Softwood 30 inch diameter or larger c. Identification Criteria (meeting one or more of the following): (1) Tree Size: a. and less than 20% radial trunk dieback. f. b. or Third-Party Certified Arborist. Planning and Development Staff Certified Arborist. g. Figure 18 Measuring to Determine a Specimen Tree. or Urban Forester shall conduct a second site visit prior to any land disturbance or permit issuance. Specimen Trees. What is a specimen tree? □ 28” or larger hardwood □ 30” or larger softwood □ 12” or larger native small flowering Additional Identifying Characteristics: □ Life expectancy greater than 10 years □ A sound and solid trunk with no extensive decay or hollow □ Less than 20% radial trunk dieback □ No more than one major and several minor dead branches □ No insect problems □ Small native flowering tree if considered a rare species □ Unusual exceptional quality □ Of historical significance a. Unusual. or Urban Forester. No major pathological problem (fungus.6. Specimen trees identified at the preliminary meeting shall be reinspected and tree protection fencing for those specimen trees will be inspected for compliance. The tree shall also be wrapped with green/white striped plastic flagging around the specimen tree. Landscape Architect or Urban Forester contracted by the developer and the Planning & Development Staff Certified Arborist or Staff Landscape Architect and a determination is made at that time which trees are identified as specimen trees. c. A life expectancy of greater than 10 years. b. A site visit prior to the concept plan will allow for incorporation of specimen trees into the overall site design. Small Native Flowering tree if considered a rare species. d. Staff Landscape Architect. The paint mark shall be a white ”S” shape for specimen tree. Landscape and Tree Ordinance and Guidelines 5. Registered Landscape Architect. Any tree that meets the following criteria is considered a specimen tree and shall be shown on the specimen tree survey plan. Specimen Trees shall be identified and marked with white spray paint at the base of the trunk.). exceptional quality. At the preliminary site visit. G: \BLT Ordinance Revised 2008 Page 32 . No more than one major and several minor dead limbs (hardwoods only). A preliminary meeting shall take place on site between the Certified Arborist. d. Landscape Architect. Large Hardwood 28 inch diameter or larger b. h. No major insect problem e. virus etc.) Measure on up hill side. A specimen tree survey plan is required to be submitted with the concept plan and shall be prepared by a Certified Arborist.

6 c. Landscape Architect or Urban Forester contracted by the developer meet with Planning & Development Staff Certified Arborist. If groupings of trees are designated as specimen tree stands. or ThirdParty Certified Arborist. 5. Pr op os ed S Sa n ita ry ry 34” Oak Specimen Tree’s Critical Root Zone Figure 20 Easement & Critical Root Zones en t S r& Ea se m S e nt Not Allowed Se we 34” Oak Specimen Tree’s Critical Root Zone G: \BLT Ordinance Revised 2008 Page 33 . c.Gwinnett County Buffer. Staff Landscape Architect.6 c. b. The layout of utility lines. Identification Criteria (meeting one or more of the following): a. Stand of historical significance. Specimen tree stands shall be marked as listed above in item 5. easements. and grading shall be outside the critical root zone or dripline. However. if the dripline extends further than the 36’circle that dripline shall take precedence b. Credit for any successfully saved and maintained specimen tree is listed in Table C.5’) or the dripline. Allowed Sa n ita op os ed S Pr S S ewe r & E S ase m Additional density credit will be given for the preservation of specimen tree(s) given tree preservation is followed per the guidelines listed below and in this ordinance. of a Rare or unusual species.1 Specimen Tree Stands: Specimen tree stands may be identified and preserved. Landscape Architect or Urban Forester and determine which trees are identified as specimen tree stands. 5. whichever is greater.5 = 36’ CRZ is: 36’ Feet Radius Figure 19 Critical Root Zone (CRZ) a. Credit for Specimen Trees. Landscape and Tree Ordinance and Guidelines tree protection fence at the critical root zone or dripline and marked with white spray paint and green/white striped plastic flagging as listed above in item 5. For example the CRZ for a 24” diameter tree trunk is a 36’ radius concentric circle from the trunk of the tree. they shall be preserved and shown on the tree survey plan. Unique. d.5 times the number of inches of the trunk’s diameter at breast height (4.6. At the preliminary site meeting the Certified Arborist.2 Specimen Tree Preservation: Critical Root Zone Critical Root Zone 36’ Radius DBH DBH: 24” x 1. The CRZ is a concentric circle centering on the specimen tree’s trunk with a radius equal in feet to 1. The critical root zone shall include no less than the minimum area beneath a tree that must be left undisturbed. Contiguous group of trees that contain one or more specimen trees and the specimen trees are interlocked with other members of the stand in such a manner as to endanger the specimen tree if other members of the stand were to be removed.6. Exceptional aesthetic quality or striking characteristics.

Autumn Olive. There shall be no parking. Albizia julibrissin. Show Specimen Trees on which Plan Sheets? (See Table E in Appendix: A-10) G: \BLT Ordinance Revised 2008 Page Tree Preservation / Tree Replacement Plan Erosion Control & Sedimentation Plan Site Plan Grading Plan Utility Plan 34 . Multiflora Rose. Scrub Trees Manual removal only! Removal shall be during landscape installation phase only! No motorized. Mimosa.6. Chinese Tallow Tree. Elaeagnus umbellata. Critical Root Zone Saved Tree Note: 1. Thinning and clearing of any vegetative material in the CRZ shall be done in the landscape installation phase of development. 5. Removal of Vegetation under a Specimen Tree. Lonicera japonica. Japanese Climbing Fern. driplines. wheeled and / or tracked vehicles! 4. Ligustrum sinense. within critical root zones. A Commercial Applicator License and a Pesticide Contractor License are required by the contractor if the use of herbicides are necessary for noxious plant material removal. Planning & Development Staff Certified Arborist. Rosa multiflora. Specimen trees. Non-vegetative material may be removed manually. Landscape Architect or Urban Forester shall conduct a site visit prior to any land disturbance to inspect tree protection fencing. Landscape and Tree Ordinance and Guidelines c. 3. Thinning is allowed and may include manual removal (no motorized/ wheeled or track vehicles) of non-specimen trees. grading plan. Sapium sebiferum. Mulch may Show specimen trees and the critical root zones on the following plan sheets: •Site Plan •Grading Plan •Utility Plan •Erosion Control & Sedimentation Plan •Tree Presentation / Tree Replacement Plan Figure 22. Specimen Tree Protection: Figure 21. The manual removal of the following plants are allowed : Kudzu. concrete or gravel wash out. 3.3. Japanese Honeysuckle. Staff Landscape Architect. Any proposed disturbance shall be reviewed and approved by County Certified Arborist or Landscape Architect or Urban Forester. utility plan. and tree save areas. Critical root zone or dripline of specimen tree(s) and tree save areas shall remain undisturbed with the following exceptions. 1. c. Stumps may be ground provided there is no grading disturbance. The tree protection fence shall be placed at the dripline or critical root zone of the trees. Chinese Privet. a. A percentage of disturbance is allowed within the critical root zone given specific circumstances.Gwinnett County Buffer. 2. Tree protective fencing shall be located at the dripline or the critical root zone prior to any land disturbance. Lygodium japonicum. d. 2. bury pits. site plan. 5. The top vegetative cover within the critical root zone or dripline shall remain undisturbed. construction material storage. or third party Certified Arborist. b. and clearing limits shall be shown on the. d. erosion control & sedimentation plan and tree preservation/ tree replacement plan.

and prepared by a Certified Arborist. A meeting between the Designer and/or Engineer and/ or Developer and Planning & Development Staff Certified Arborist or Staff Landscape Architect. or Urban Forester finds it will benefit the tree. 3.3. Specimen trees are to be located and labeled with their diameters.6. The concept plan must be approved before the approval of the construction drawings. Tree protection fences must have signage in both English and Spanish language that reads “Stay Out”. parcel □ Acreage G: \BLT Ordinance Revised 2008 Page 35 . Landscape Architect or Urban Forester shall take place at the concept plan stage and before approval of the concept plan. Specimen Tree Survey Show on plan: □ Specimen trees □ Size of tree □ Common name of tree or genus □ Critical root zone of specimen tree □ Boundary survey □ North arrow & scale □ Owner developer name & contact information □ Designer name & contact information □ Date & project name □ District. Type C silt fencing must be placed along the outer uphill edge of tree protection zones where land disturbance is taking place. 2 inch by 4 inch posts and 1 inch by 4 inch rails. The dripline or critical root zone (whichever is greater).4 the following items shall be shown on the tree survey: a. Chain link fence . Tree Sa ve Sig ns mu st be every 2 0 feet. shall be delineated on the tree survey plan.3. If mulch is applied it shall be aged. Landscape and Tree Ordinance and Guidelines be applied if the Certified Arborist. 1. g. The specimen tree survey shall be submitted as a separate sheet in the concept plan set. Landscape Architect. A specimen tree survey is required in addition to the concept plan and shall be to scale. f. Specimen trees and stands of specimen trees shall be protected from silt. and “Tree Save”. 5. mu st b e in the En glish & Spa nish Lan gua ge. “Salve un Arbol”. 2. 3. posted on fence every 20 feet with a minimum of four (4) signs.6.4 Specimen Tree Survey: Tree Save Signs No te: 1. h. land lot. Registered Landscape Architect. Stay Out! Tree Sa ve! N o En trada! Sa lve U n A rbol! 2. Tree Save Signs in English & Spanish. What is required prior to submitting construction drawings? 1. or Certified Urban Forester. and species. hardwood mulch and it shall be applied at the landscape installation phase of the project. Tree protection fencing shall be a minimum of 4 feet in height and be one of the three options listed below: 1. minimum 4 feet in height. e. Orange mesh type fabric or polyethylene laminar safety fencing. or Third party Certified Arborist. Tree Sa ve Sig ns mu st be a minimum of 4 per tree.Gwinnett County Buffer. Figure 23.1 A stop work order will be issued if project is found to be out of compliance with the Specimen Tree Sections. “No Entrada”. genus. Tree Sa ve Sig ns. A bond is required for specimen trees consistent with Gwinnett County policy 5. In addition to the plan requirements in Section 6. The specimen tree survey is required in the concept plan set prior to the construction drawings.

land lot. Landscape Architect. d. Recompense trees cannot be counted toward any landscape requirement such as parking lot. The Director is hereby authorized to make a final determination whether a tree is a specimen tree or whether it has historical significance. See Page A-10 in appendix. The replacement tree(s) shall be 3” in diameter or greater. but are not limited to a tree’s proximity to overhead transmission lines and topography after site design options have been exhausted. 2. & contact information Designer name. What if the designer has exhausted all design configurations of the site and a specimen tree is located where the building is proposed? □ Submit a concept plan along with the specimen tree survey to the Director for review.Gwinnett County Buffer. and critical root zone or dripline (whichever is greater). or Urban Forester shall conduct an on-site tree inspection to check for tree protection measures. 5. species. If a specimen tree is removed without plan approval with no residual evidence of its condition. Recompense trees may be counted toward total site density. b. c. the penalty to replace that tree is 2 times the tree density units of the specimen tree removed. What is required prior to submitting construction drawings? Continued. & contact information Date Acreage Buffers between dissimilar districts Buffers required as a condition of zoning State how many specimen trees to be saved State how many specimen trees are proposed to be removed a. Location of existing structures shall be shown on plan. grading plan. proposed site/ concept plan. If a specimen tree is removed without prior approval from the Director. e.6. and photos of the tree. genus. c. d. and quantity. Specimen Tree Stands are to be located and labeled with their diameters. erosion control and sedimentation plan. 5. G: \BLT Ordinance Revised 2008 Page 36 .5 Specimen Tree Removal. If a specimen tree previously identified on the Tree Preservation/ Tree Replacement Plan to be preserved cannot be preserved due to site constraints any specimen tree that must be removed shall obtain Director’s approval prior to removal. and shall be delineated on the tree survey plan. Prior to the issuance of any type of land disturbance permit. Staff Landscape Architect or Third-Party Certified Arborist. Hardship factors require due justification and shall include documentation. Planning & Development Staff Certified Arborist. Concept plan Show on plan: □ □ □ □ □ □ □ □ □ □ □ □ □ □ □ □ □ □ □ Specimen trees Critical root zone of specimen trees Other tree save areas Boundary survey North arrow scale Building foot print Parking lot Location of detention area Limits of disturbance Project name District. landscape strip or buffer trees.1 Additional information required for specimen trees on site plan. the diameter of the trunk will determine if the tree was of specimen quality.6. Examples of hardship include. Landscape and Tree Ordinance and Guidelines b.4. Plans showing justification shall include specimen tree survey. parcel Owner / developer name. existing and proposed contours.

Gwinnett County Buffer.6 = TRT (…or. 2. The result is the total number of credit units attributed to the specimen tree.4 divided by .00 (estimated cost) = $12. Landscape and Tree Ordinance and Guidelines 5.000.6. [CV x 2] ÷ . a. Then multiply the number of trees needed by the cost of the new tree including planting. 4. The result is the number of 3” trees needed to replace the specimen tree 6.) TRT x $ / Tree = Total Developer Costs [25. Credit Value = 28.6 = 47.6 Specimen Tree Options: The following are suggested guidelines for successful specimen tree preservation. (. Formula for Specimen Tree Replacement.” Page A-8. Example. The “replacement” value of the tree is defined as the cost to replace a tree based on the requirements in Section 5. (Example below: 34” Dia.e of this ordinance.6.2 x 2] ÷ . A Certified Arborist may compute the value using the standard ISA Plant Appraisal method. Once the value is computed it can be written down in English and Spanish language on a weatherproof placard and placed on the tree protection fencing. Total Replacement Trees needed. labor and materials. The result is the cost to the developer to replace that specimen tree.000 = Value of the tree How to compute the replacement value for a specimen tree taken down without prior approval from the Director: 1. = $21. The result is the number of trees necessary to replace the specimen tree. Given: a 36” diameter oak tree. Multiply the credit value by 2 because that is the penalty for a tree taken down prior to the Directors approval.6 is the credit value for a 3” replacement tree) 5.6 credit units (See Table D) 28. Tree 34” Dia. Compute the value by taking the diameter of the specimen tree and match it to the existing credit unit value for that tree.6 (a 3” diameter replacement tree is worth . G: \BLT Ordinance Revised 2008 Page 37 .6 = TRT 50. Figure 24.) 2. Take that total and divide by . Specimen Tree Value: At the option of developer and contractor a value of the tree can be computed and displayed on the tree protection fence during construction.4 Credit Units A 3” diameter replacement tree = . Multiply the number of trees by the current market value cost for a 3” tree 7.3 replacement trees needed 48 x $250.5. Take the diameter of the tree across the stump as shown. Take the product of the credit value multiplied by 2 and divide by . Tree Replacement Tree = 3” Dia. Of Specimen Tree = Credit Value or ‘CV’ (See Table “C. Dia.) Example: 34” Dia.6 =TRT 84=TRT 84 x $250.4 ÷ . Assign a credit value (Refer to Table C on Page A-8 for the credit value) 3.6. The monetary replacement value of a specimen tree can be computed in two different ways: 1. The result is the total cost to replace the specimen tree or “the value” of the specimen tree.6 units).

Gwinnett County Buffer, Landscape and Tree Ordinance and Guidelines

Article 6 Plan and Plat Specifications 6.1. Water-Efficient Design Consideration.

What is Xeriscaping?

It is the policy of Gwinnett County to encourage individuals or firms who prepare the plans and plats required by this ordinance to consider the use of waterefficient landscaping principles and techniques as one of the criterion to be used in plant selection and design. 6.1.1. Principles and Techniques of Water-Efficient Landscaping (Xeriscaping). The recommended principles and techniques to be considered are as follows: a. Proper Location and Design - locating plants where they will naturally thrive and not require excessive water and maintenance to survive, as well as grouping plants by water needs, and limiting and concentrating high water using plants. b. Turf Selection - limiting turf areas, and selecting turf grasses that can survive the variable rainfall conditions in this region. c. Efficient Watering -once plants are established, avoid watering during periods of normal rainfall and during droughts, watering every week to 10 days or less depending on the drought tolerance of the plants. d. Soil Improvements - loosening and breaking up the soil beyond the immediate planting area to allow better water absorption and to promote deep roots. e. Mulching - using mulch to hold moisture in the soil which helps maximize the benefits of watering as well as preventing weeds. f. Plant Selection - selecting plants native or suitable to the region according to their watering requirements and optimum locations. g. Maintenance - maintaining the landscape to maximize water conservation such as increasing mowing heights and avoiding fertilizing during dry spells.

Xeriscaping is a style of landscape design, construction, and maintenance focused on minimizing the need for supplemental irrigation. How is it implemented? Xeriscaping is implemented by: Selecting native plants or ones suitable to the area; Limiting high water-using plants; Limiting turf areas; Efficient watering; Soil improvement to promote rooting; Using mulch; and, Maintenance techniques for water conservation. Why is mulch important? Mulch is a material placed on the soil surface to reduce moisture evaporation and improve soil conditions. Mulch can provide numerous benefits to the soil and trees including: Reduction of water evaporation from the soil; Minimization of weed competition; Reduction of soil erosion; Improvement of soil aeration; Protects trees from lawnmower damage; and, Keeps soil cooler in summer and warmer in winter.

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Gwinnett County Buffer, Landscape and Tree Ordinance and Guidelines

6.2.

Buffer and Landscape Plan Specifications.

The following subsections and paragraphs outline the required elements of the plans and plats mentioned throughout this ordinance. 6.2.1. A Buffer and Landscape Plan shall be prepared for any project wherein buffer areas or other landscaping areas or treatment are required by this ordinance, the Zoning Resolution, conditions of zoning, special use or variance approval, or other regulations of Gwinnett County, and shall be approved prior to issuance of a Development Permit. While the plan shall cover, at a minimum, the required buffer and landscape areas, the plan can be combined with a general landscaping plan for the entire project and/or a Tree Preservation and/or Replacement Plan, at the developer's option. 6.2.2. The Buffer and Landscape Plan shall be shown on a Site Plan or boundary survey drawn to the same or a larger scale as the other plan documents prepared for the Development Permit Application and shall cover the same area. 6.2.3. The Buffer and Landscape Plan shall contain but need not be limited to the following: a. Project name and Land District, Land Lot, and acreage. b. Developer's name and telephone number.

A list of tree species can be found in the Appendix.

What does the Plan require? Plan Requirements Checklist Developer’s name and telephone number; Name, address, and telephone number of responsible party for the plan; Responsible party shall be Registered landscape architect, Urban Forester, or Arborist and shall attach seal or statement of qualifications; Boundary lines of each buffer or landscape area; Delineation of undisturbed buffers; General location of all proposed plant materials, mulch, and other features within landscaped area; Scale and north arrow; and, Topographic contours.

c. The name, address, and telephone number of the Registered Landscape Architect, Urban Forester, or Arborist responsible for preparation of the plan, and the Seal or statement of professional qualifications of said person (which may be attached separately). The performance of professional services in the preparation of plans required herein shall comply with Georgia Law governing the practice of the applicable profession. d. Boundary lines of each buffer or other landscape area, appropriately labeled. e. Delineation of undisturbed buffer areas, and any other areas wherein trees are proposed to be retained to meet County requirements, along the driplines of the trees or groups of trees contained therein. These areas shall be treated in accordance with the Tree Protection Area requirements contained in this ordinance, and labeled as such. Protective barriers and signage as required by this ordinance shall be shown as to location and detailed.

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Gwinnett County Buffer, Landscape and Tree Ordinance and Guidelines

6.2.3 f. General location of all proposed trees, shrubs, vines, groundcovers, mulching, and other features proposed within the buffer/landscape area. A scale sufficient to clearly indicate all details shall be used, along with a north arrow. g. Within areas involving or adjacent to land form changes, existing and finish grade topographic lines at an interval of no more than 2 feet may be required. h. For new plant materials to be installed, a plant material list including but not limited to: (1) plants. (2) Common and botanical names of all proposed

Where should trees be placed? The proper placement of trees must be considered in sign design or directing sightlines. Prior to planting, choose the proper tree type. For example, a columnar shaped variety for framing or a small growing species under a tall sign.

Plant quantities.

(3) Size and condition of plants. (Example: 1" diameter, 6 feet height, balled and burlapped). (4) Spacing.

(5) Remarks as necessary to insure proper plant selection upon installation. (Example: specimen, multi-trunked). 6.3. Tree Preservation and / or Replacement Plan Specifications. 6.3.1. Tree Preservation and/or Replacement Plans shall be prepared by a professional Landscape Architect, Urban Forester, or Arborist in accordance with the specifications for such plans contained herein. The performance of professional services in the preparation of plans required herein shall comply with Georgia law governing the practice of the applicable profession. Other licensed professionals (e.g. architects, engineers, etc.) may be authorized by the director to prepare Tree Preservation Plans, but not Tree Replacement Plans, provided that they demonstrate, to the satisfaction of the director, competency and knowledge in the principles and practices of arboriculture. The Tree Preservation and / or Replacement Plan shall be shown on a copy of a Preliminary Plat, Concept Plan or Site Plan, with the exception of a permit to conduct tree thinning, as appropriate to the proposed development, drawn to the same scale as the other plan documents prepared for a Land Disturbance Permit application on the property, and shall cover the same area. The plan may be combined with a required Buffer and Landscape Plan for the project, at the option of the developer.

Choose the RIGHT TREE In the RIGHT PLACE

Yes!
Figure 25. Avoid Tree / Sign Conflicts

The below ground portion of the tree, the root zone, is very important. Most of a tree’s roots lie in the top 12 inches of soil.

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buffers. above.Gwinnett County Buffer. The name.5 feet above the ground).4. Trunk location and size (to the nearest inch in diameter at 4. f. by diameter. If the number and size of all existing trees to remain on the site exceeds the required tree density standard for the entire site. Delineation of all minimum yard areas. as well as. which at a minimum shall follow the dripline of all trees to be retained along adjoining areas of clearing. special use or variance approval. Developer's name. e. b. of individual trees proposed to remain for credit toward meeting the minimum Tree Density Standard on the property. 6. grading. underground damage is not as easily noticed and is more common. shown in the Summary Table. and the Seal or statement of professional qualifications of said person (which may be attached separately).1. and nutrients from the soil and atmosphere. Groups of three (3) or more trees whose driplines combine into a single Tree Protection Area may be outlined as a group and their number. or other construction activity. G: \BLT Ordinance Revised 2008 Page 41 . Areas: Existing trees to be retained in Tree Protection What is a dripline? What is the root zone? Drip Line Drip Line Root Zone Figure 26.3. c.3. d. the damage may not be obvious for 2-3 years. and telephone number. The Tree Preservation and/or Replacement Plan shall provide sufficient information and detail to clearly demonstrate that all applicable requirements and standards of this ordinance will be fully satisfied. Arborist or other authorized individual responsible for preparation of the plan. Tree Protection Measures: (1) A detail or description of the protective tree fencing to be installed. Depending on the type of damage and species of tree. Landscape and Tree Ordinance and Guidelines 6. and landscape areas as required by the Zoning Resolution or conditions of zoning. Dripline and Root Zone Why is the root zone so important? Roots of a plant absorb water. and the location of such measures. in accordance with the requirements of subsection 6. Total acreage of the site and total acreage exclusive of all zoning buffer areas. and death of a tree may occur up to 7 years later. gases. Most tree damage that occurs above-ground is obvious.3. and telephone number of the professional Landscape Architect. only those trees required to meet the minimum Tree Density Standard must be shown. address. g. north arrow and scale.3. address. Urban Forester. All Tree Protection Areas are to be outlined and labeled. land district. However. Delineation of all areas located within a 100year flood plain. land lot. especially on a construction site. Project name. provide stability and support the tree. The Tree Preservation and/or Replacement Plan shall contain but need not be limited to the following: a. h.

If I use existing trees.5. 6.). Groupings of trees in Tree Protection Areas and areas for new tree planting may be keyed to the Summary Table by area rather than having each tree individually labeled on the plan. by diameter to the nearest inch at 4. i. Landscape and Tree Ordinance and Guidelines (2) Measures to be taken to avoid soil sedimentation intrusion into Tree Protection Areas. paragraph d. (3) Proposed location of temporary construction activities such as equipment or worker parking. the replacement trees shall be shown and their spacing and diameter identified. by size. including existing and proposed contour lines. A Summary Table of the number of existing trees to be saved and new trees to be planted is included with the tree density calculations showing the tree density for the site. The exact location of each tree is not desired to be shown. shall indicate the dripline location of all Tree Protection Areas through the use of shading on the plans. • If the number and size of all existing trees to remain on the site exceeds the required number. shall be shown along with calculations showing the tree density achieved for the site. j. Additional credits shall be noted where applicable (see Subsection 5. (4) Proposed type and location of any tree save area signs or other pertinent signage. If replacement trees are proposed to be planted in order for the property to achieve the required Tree Density Standard. Trees grouped together in tree planting areas may be listed on the Summary Table by total number in the grouping. to the extent needed to achieve the minimum requirements.3. materials storage. G: \BLT Ordinance Revised 2008 Page 42 .3. burn holes. and the location of such devices. how do I show this on the Plan? • Indicate trunk location and size of individual trees proposed to remain for credit.Gwinnett County Buffer. A Summary Table of the number of existing trees to remain and new trees to be planted. and entrance pads.2. • Groups of 3 or more trees whose driplines combine into a single Tree Protection area may be outlined as a group. only the limits of the Tree Protection Area and any other areas which are not to be disturbed. • Orange protective fencing must be in place in order to receive credit for the trees. The plan sheet which shows the grading plan. only those trees required to meet the minimum Tree Density standard must be shown.5 feet above the ground for preserved trees and at 6 inches above the ground for replaced trees. equipment washdown areas.

shrubs or other landscape material planted to meet the requirements of this ordinance.3. Compliance Prior to Certificate of Occupancy or Final Plat Approval. All artificial plants. When are sites inspected? Sites will be periodically inspected to assure conformance with the ordinance. Required landscape material found to be dead or near death shall be replaced prior to release by the department of the warranty or maintenance surety. Sites are inspected prior to the release of the one year warranty. Sites may be inspected by staff before. then a Performance Bond or other acceptable surety in an amount equal to 110% of the value of the new trees or landscape material and their installation shall be posted with the department in accordance with the performance bonding requirements and provisions of the Development Regulations. Upon final installation of new trees. The owner shall be notified of any replacements or restoration that must be made to maintain compliance with this ordinance or conditions of zoning. In no case shall replacement be delayed greater than 30 days from notification unless a performance bond is posted with the department.2. The department shall perform an inspection of the plantings and landscape materials required by this ordinance prior to expiration of the one (1) year warranty or maintenance period. 7. 7. shrubs. shrubs or landscape material for a period of no less than one (1) year. warranting the new trees. What will the inspector be looking for? Inspection of tree protection includes but is not limited to: • Insuring that protective fencing has been maintained throughout site construction. are not installed upon application for a Certificate of Occupancy or Final Plat approval as appropriate to the project. Warranty or Maintenance Surety. • Noting causes of any construction damage to the trees. Performance Surety. Inspection. • Insuring land disturbance activities do not encroach into tree protection area. and following acceptance by the department in accordance with the procedures set forth in the Development Regulations.Gwinnett County Buffer. during and after grading and / or construction. In the event that new trees proposed to be planted to achieve the Tree Density Standard as set forth in the Tree Regulations contained herein. special use or variance approval. 7.4. the owner shall either provide proof of warranty or post a Maintenance Bond or other acceptable surety. Landscape and Tree Ordinance and Guidelines Article 7 Compliance 7. G: \BLT Ordinance Revised 2008 Page 43 . 7. trees. grass or other vegetation shall be prohibited from fulfilling the requirements of this ordinance.4.1. No artificial plants No artificial trees No artificial turf How long are plants warranted? All plants are warranted for one year. This section shall not apply to individual residential lot trees.1. 7.3. or other trees or landscape material required to be planted as set forth in the Buffer Regulations or Landscape Regulations contained herein.2. Artificial Materials Prohibited.3. 7. • Insuring proper tree care and pruning have been provided.1.

7. Landscape and Tree Ordinance and Guidelines 7. dead or damaged landscaping required herein to be replaced. trees and landscape plantings required by this ordinance.1. The owner.2. The department is hereby authorized to order diseased. infested. Compliance upon Permit Completion or Expiration.5. shall be jointly and severally responsible for the perpetual maintenance and protection of buffers. Homeowners are exempt from this maintenance requirement for the Individual Lot Tree or Tree Protection Area option of Article 5 unless these trees are protected by a conservation easement. Continuing Maintenance. dying. Replacement trees proposed to be planted to achieve the Tree Density Standard of this ordinance which are not planted upon completion or prior to expiration of a Clearing. or Grading Only Permits. shall be planted within 30 days of the completion or expiration of said permit unless a performance bond is posted with the department. 7. and respective agent of each. Clearing and Grubbing. G: \BLT Ordinance Revised 2008 Page 44 . Replacement trees proposed to be planted to achieve the Tree Density Standard of this ordinance which are not planted upon expiration. match dimensions shown on plans and contain uncompacted topsoil free of construction debris. as opposed to completion. or Grading Permit. Properties where a permit is issued to conduct land disturbing activities that do not require the issuance of a Certificate of Occupancy or the approval of a Final Plat. occupant. Clearing. Clearing and Grubbing. Development Permits. or said activities as authorized are completed or the permit expires.5. shall comply with the Tree Density Standard of this ordinance as follows: a. b.4. What is included in the inspection? Inspection of newly planted trees includes but is not limited to insuring that: • Tree size and form meet minimum standards • Tree types and locations match the approved plans • Planting areas meet minimum size requirements. if any. of a Development Permit shall be planted within 30 days of expiration of said permit unless a performance bond is posted with the department.Gwinnett County Buffer. tenant. • Tree and planting areas are protected by wheel stops or other devices.

Buffers that.Gwinnett County Buffer. lines and/or ropes have been removed. Landscape and Tree Ordinance and Guidelines 7. What is required for continuing maintenance? Re-inspection for continuing compliance includes. • Tree form is maintained and trees are allowed to their natural height and form. guy wired.4. 7. G: \BLT Ordinance Revised 2008 Page 45 . in addition to the above: • Any trunk wrap.3. lose their screening ability shall be replanted to meet the requirements of this ordinance. and • Trees are present and healthy. over a period of time.5.5. Replacement trees and landscaping shall be in accordance with the applicable provisions of this ordinance.

_______________________________ PROJECT NAME / NO.2. or confinement in the County jail not to exceed 60 days. Development or Building Permit or to withhold issuance of a Certificate of Occupancy or approval of a Final Plat. 19________ NO. You did: You did: __________________________________________________ __________________________________________________ __________________________________________________ __________________________________________________ __________________________________________________ __________________________________________________ __________________________________________________ __________________________________________________ Inspection / Enforcement Officer Inspection / Enforcement Officer Title Title Division Division COURT COPY COURT COPY Figure 27.000 per day. or both. Variance from the Zoning Resolution. shall be guilty of a separate offense. Enforcement. The Court shall have the power and authority to place any person found guilty of a violation of this ordinance on probation and to suspend or modify any fine or sentence. NO. The owner of any property wherein a violation exists. Georgia at Gwinnett Justice and Administration Building. The preservation of trees may be considered as a condition peculiar to a piece of property in support of a request for a variance from the literal application of the provisions of the Zoning Resolution. and any builder. 19____ to answer a charge that on or about the ____________. or void any Clearing. and shall have the authority to suspend all work on a site or any portion thereof. Any person violating a provision of this ordinance shall be guilty of violating a duly adopted ordinance of Gwinnett County. County of Gwinnett County of Gwinnett State of Georgia State of Georgia Date ________. contractor.3. 19________ Date ________. 20_________ E LE PL MP AM SSA 8. SUMMONS. Summons G: \BLT Ordinance Revised 2008 Page 46 . 19____ to answer a charge that on or about the ______________day of ___________________. Clearing and Grubbing.3. 8. Appeals.1. ACCUSATION CITATION. Modifications and Waivers.1. and upon conviction by a court of competent jurisdiction. The director shall have the authority to revoke. SUMMONS. Violation and Appeals 8. 75 Langley Drive 75 Langley Drive At __________o’clock AM PM on the ____________day of At __________o’clock AM PM on the ____________day of ____________. P- GWINNETT COUNTY PLANNING AND DEVELOPMENT GWINNETT COUNTY PLANNING AND DEVELOPMENT CITATION. where tree removal or damage occurs in violation of this ordinance or the provisions of the approved Tree Preservation and/or Replacement Plan for the site. 20_________ ______________day of ___________________. As a condition of said suspension. Violation and Penalty. Georgia at be held in Lawrenceville.Gwinnett County Buffer. _________________________________ BUISNESS LIC. Appeals. _________________________________ PROJECT NAME / NO.2. ______________________________________ ZC CASE NO. It shall be the responsibility of the director to enforce this ordinance. Grading. 8. NO. 8. Landscape and Tree Ordinance and Guidelines Article 8 Enforcement. or agent who may have assisted in the commission of any such violation. PNO. Appeals of the interpretation of the requirements of this ordinance by the director shall be filed and processed in accordance with the appeal procedures as set forth in the Development Regulations. _______________________________ LOCATION OF VIOLATION ____________________________ LOCATION OF VIOLATION ____________________________ __________________________________________________ __________________________________________________ SUMMONS – YOU ARE HEARBY COMMANDED to appear SUMMONS – YOU ARE HEARBY COMMANDED to appear at the RECORDER’S COURT OF GWINNETT COUNTY to at the RECORDER’S COURT OF GWINNETT COUNTY to be held in Lawrenceville. ______________________________________ BUISNESS LIC. under the procedures and requirements contained therein. Gwinnett Justice and Administration Building.3. the Court may require payment of restitution or impose other punishment allowed by law which may include mandatory attendance at an educational program regarding tree preservation. may be punished either by a fine not less than $100 per day and not to exceed $1. ACCUSATION TO:_______________________________________________ TO:_______________________________________________ ADDRESS:_________________________________________ ADDRESS:_________________________________________ CITY:____________________ZIP:______________________ CITY:____________________ZIP:______________________ ZC CASE NO. suspend.

Waivers. 8. Landscape and Tree Ordinance and Guidelines What happens if I don’t comply? • Notice of Violation (NOV) • Summons/ticket to appear in the Environmental Division of Recorder’s Court. 8.3.4. Waiver requests of the requirements of this ordinance shall be filed and processed in accordance with the waiver procedures as set forth in the Development Regulations. Modifications.Gwinnett County Buffer. where this ordinance specifically authorizes their granting. • Minimum fine is $100. shall be filed and processed in accordance with the modification procedures established by the Development Regulations.3.3. Modification requests. • Possible fine of up to $1000 per day and/or 60 days in jail. G: \BLT Ordinance Revised 2008 Page 47 .

3. Clearing and Grubbing.3.1. The provisions of any ordinances or resolutions or parts of ordinances or resolutions in conflict herewith are repealed.Gwinnett County Buffer. Subdivisions or projects for which only a Clearing.2.1. Severability. such decision shall not affect the validity of the ordinance in whole or any part thereof other than the part so declared to be invalid. August 26. 2007. 9. which provide stricter standards than those provided herein. Such amendments shall be effective as specified in the adopting resolution. Landscape and Tree Ordinance and Guidelines Article 9 Adoption and Amendment 9. or Grading permit shall have been issued prior to the effective date of an amendment to this ordinance shall be made to comply with the requirements of the amendment prior to the issuance of a Development Permit. 9. Subdivisions or projects for which a Development Permit shall have been issued prior to the effective date of an amendment to this ordinance shall be considered “grandfathered” and may proceed to completion under the terms of the permit and regulations in place prior to the amendment.2. Amendment. When was the ordinance last amended? The ordinance was last amended by the Board of Commissioners on October 26. 9. subsection. or parts of ordinances or resolutions.3. How is the ordinance amended? Most amendments to the ordinance would be reviewed & considered by the Development Advisory Committee and by the Tree Advisory Committee before consideration by the Board of Commissioners.3. or provision of this ordinance be declared by a court of competent jurisdiction to be invalid. 1999. G: \BLT Ordinance Revised 2008 Page 48 . save and except such ordinances or resolutions. Lots of record for which a building permit shall have been issued prior to the effective date of an amendment to this ordinance shall be considered “grandfathered” and may proceed to completion under the terms of the permit and regulations in place prior to the amendment. 2003 and on December 11.1.3. Should any section. 9. This ordinance may be amended from time-to-time by resolution of the Board of Commissioners of Gwinnett County. 9. clause. Repeal Clause.

• Carries out studies regarding trees and the land development process as requested by the Board of Commissioners. • Reviews new land development regulations and advises the department on their impact.3. • Advises the Board of Commissioners and the department about issues and matters of concern regarding the preservation and replacement of trees.4 Subdivisions or projects for which a valid and complete application for a Development Permit shall have been received prior to the effective date of an amendment to this ordinance shall be considered “grandfathered” and may proceed to completion under the regulations in place prior to the amendment provided that a Development Permit is obtained within 90 calendar days of the effective date and subject to the time limitations of the permit. • Assists the department in the interpretation of land development regulations. The Tree Advisory Committee: • Reviews proposed amendments to the Buffer. and • Carries out studies regarding the land development regulatory process as may be requested by the Board of Commissioners.Gwinnett County Buffer. Landscape and Tree Ordinance and Guidelines 9. Landscape. • Establishes education and other programs to encourage proper management and maintenance of trees. G: \BLT Ordinance Revised 2008 Page 49 . What are the Tree Advisory Committee responsibilities? What is the Development Advisory Committee and what are its responsibilities? The Development Advisory Committee: • Advises the Board of Commissioners and on issues and matters of concern with regard to land development activities and regulations. & Tree Ordinance and assists the department in the interpretation and implementation of the ordinance. and.

Landscape and Tree Ordinance and Guidelines Notes: G: \BLT Ordinance Revised 2008 Page 50 .Gwinnett County Buffer.

APPENDIX .

800 1.800 1.1.800 • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • Botanical Name Common Name Native Tree Drought Tolerant Ozone Remover Acer rubrum cultivars Acer saccharum cultivars Betula nigra Carya species Cryptomeria japonica Cupressus arizonica Fagus grandifolia Fraxinus pennsylvanica Ginkgo biloba Gleditsia tricanthus Juniperus virginiana Liquidambar styraciflua Liriodendron tulipifera Magnolia acuminata Magnolia grandiflora Metasequoia glyptostroboides Nyssa aquatica Nyssa sylvatica Pinus taeda Platanus acerifolia Platanus occidentalis Quercus alba Querus bicolor Quercus coccinea Quercus falcata Quercus laurifolia Quercus lyrata Quercus michauxii Quercus nutallii Quercus phellos Quercus palustris Quercus shumardii Taxodium distichum Thuja occidentalis Ulmus parvifolia Zelkova serrata Red Maple Sugar Maple River Birch Hickory Species Japanese Cryptomeria Arizona Cypress American Beech Green Ash Maidenhair Tree (Male Only) Honey Locust Eastern Red Cedar Sweet Gum Tulip Poplar Cucumber Magnolia Southern Magnolia Dawn Redwood Swamp Tupelo Black Gum Loblolly Pine London Planetree American Sycamore White Oak Swamp White Oak Scarlet Oak Southern Red Oak Laurel Oak Overcup Oak Chestnut Oak Nuttal Oak Willow Oak Pin Oak Shumard Oak Bald Cypress Eastern Arborvitae Lace Bark Elm Japanese Zelkova • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • Appendix (Revised as Amended December 2007) Page A-1 .800 1.800 1.Gwinnett County Buffer.800 1. Canopy area in Square Feet 800 1.800 1.800 1. Canopy Tree Species List (40 to 100 feet in height at maturity). Landscape and Tree Ordinance and Guidelines A.800 1.800 800 800 800 800 800 1.800 800 300 800 1.800 1.800 1.800 1.800 1.800 1.800 800 800 300 1.800 1.800 800 800 800 300 800 1.

800 800 1.800 1.800 1. Landscape and Tree Ordinance and Guidelines A.800 1.800 300 300 800 1.800 800 1. Canopy Area in Square Feet 800 800 1.800 • • • • • • • • • • • • Botanical Name Common Name Native Tree Drought Tolerant Ozone Remover Acer barbatum Acer rubrum cultivars Acer saccharum cultivars Carya species Fraxinus pennsylvanica Ginkgo biloba Juniperus virginiana Nyssa sylvatica Platanus acerifolia Quercus coccinea Quercus falcata Quercus hemisphaerica Quercus laurifolia Quercus lyrata Quercus michauxii Quercus nutallii Quercus phellos Quercus palustris Quercus shumardii Tilia cordata Taxodium distichum Ulmus alata Ulmus parvifolia Ulmus rubra Zelkova serrata Southern Sugar Maple Red Maple Sugar Maple Hickory species Green Ash Maidenhair Tree (Male Only) Eastern Red Cedar Black Gum London Planetree Scarlet Oak Southern Red Oak Darlington Oak Laurel Oak Overcup Oak Chestnut Oak Nuttal Oak Willow Oak Pin Oak Shumard Oak Little Leaf Linden Bald Cypress Winged Elm Lace Bark Elm Slippery Elm Japanese Zelkova • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • Appendix (Revised as Amended December 2007) Page A-2 .800 1.800 1.Gwinnett County Buffer. Parking Lot & Street Tree Species List.800 1.800 1.800 1.800 800 800 1.800 1.800 1.2.800 1.

Gwinnett County Buffer. Stevens Ilex opaca Ilex verticillata Ilex vomitoria Juniperus virginia Maclura pomifera Magnolia x soulangiana Magnolia stellata Magnolia virginiana Malus floribunda Myrica cerifera Ostrya virginica Oxydendron arboreum Parrotia persica Pinus virginiana Prunus caroliniana Prunus serrulata Prunus subhirtella ‘Atumnalis’ Prunus x yedoensis Rhus species Sassafras albidum Thuja plicata Vitex agnus-castus Southern Sugar Maple Trident Maple Chalk Maple Japanese Maple Serviceberry American Hornbeam Eastern Redbud Chinese Redbud Atlantic Whitecedar American Yellowwood Fringe Tree. Grancy Graybeard Alternate Leaf Dogwood Flowering Dogwood Chinese Dogwood American Smoketree Carolina Silverbell Witch-hazel Foster/Savannah Holly Lusterleaf Holly Nellie R. Small Tree Species List Botanical Name Common Name Canopy Area in Square Feet 800 300 800 300 300 800 800 300 800 1.3. Landscape and Tree Ordinance and Guidelines A. Stevens Holly American Holly Winterberry Yaupon Holly • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • Red Cedar Osage Orange Saucer Magnolia Star Magnolia Sweetbay Magnolia Japanese Flowering Crabapple Wax Myrtle Ironwood Sourwood Persian Parrotia Virginia Pine Carolina Laurel Cherry Japanese Flowering Cherry Autumn Cherry Yoshino Flowering Cherry Sumac Sassafras Western Arborvitea Chastetree • • • (10 to 40 feet in height at maturity) Appendix (Revised as Amended December 2007) Page A-3 .800 300 300 300 300 300 800 300 300 300 300 300 300 300 300 800 300 300 800 300 300 300 300 300 300 300 300 300 800 300 800 300 300 • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • Native Tree Drought Tolerant Ozone Remove r Acer barbatum Acer buergeranum Acer leucoderme Acer palmatum Amelanchier arborea Carpinus caroliniana Cercis canadensis Cercis chinensis Chamaecyparis thyodies Cladrastis lutea Chionanthus virginicus Cornus alternifolia Cornus florida Cornus kousa Cotinus obovatus Halesia carolina Hamamelis virginiana Ilex x attenuata Ilex latifolia Ilex x Nellie R.

3.3.Gwinnett County Buffer. Leyland Cypress.L.2. has bee removed from the list. Landscape and Tree Ordinance and Guidelines A. It shall not be used to meet regulatory requirements. b.e) Appendix (Revised as Amended December 2007) Page A-4 . Cupressocyparis leylandii. Lagerstroemia x fauriei.3. It shall not be used to meet tree density or landscape strip requirements. It can be used to meet decorative landscape purposed. Small Tree Species List {Continued} *NOTE: a. Crepe Myrtle. (See B.T. can be used to meet supplemental buffer plantings.

including timber harvesting. Exempt (See 5.4.5. Development or Building Permit.) * Limits of buffers and Tree Protection Areas shall be designated with protective tree fencing prior to.) Clearing. Additional areas may be designated by the department to remain undisturbed based on Land Use Plan.1.1.2. Landscape and Tree Ordinance and Guidelines TABLE ‘A’ SUMMARY OF APPLICABILITY AND EXEMPTIONS PROJECT TYPE TYPE OF CONSTRUCTION Any property included within the limits of a LDP approved prior to the effective date of this Ordinance. street trees and. * (See 5. Exempt (See 5. TP / RP meeting 16 TDU’s with TPA’s protected by conservation easement. Plant or Tree Nurseries. in RA-200 zoning district. upon the advice and written findings of the County Extension Service or Georgia Forestry Commission. or concurrent with commencement of activities. utilizing recommended BMP’s of the Georgia Forestry Commission. TP / RP Required (See 5.Gwinnett County Buffer. Orchards.3. Grading. consistent with exemption allowances. ** Appendix (Revised as Amended December 2007 ) Page A-5 .) Horticultural or Agricultural Operations Land clearing for clearly agricultural purposes. APPLICABILITY Grandfathered Projects Exempt (See 5.2.) Diseased or Insect Infested Trees Removal upon advice and written finding of County Extension Service or Georgia Forestry Commission. and remaining portion of a project where 75% of area has already been included in LDP’s approved prior to June 23. Residential Lots or Subdivisions Two trees per lot and.1.1. Clearing & Grubbing. 1987 which was the effective date of the Tree Ordinance.5.) Tree Thinning Thinning of trees (selective cutting) in zoning districts other than RA-200 solely for the purpose of good forestry management.

) Grading or Development Permit. buffers.2.2. drainage and utilities.3.) * Limits of buffers and Tree Protection Areas shall be designated with protective tree fencing prior to. Additional areas may be designated by the department to remain undisturbed based on Land Use Plan.2.) Building Permit.2.2.2. and utilities.) TP / RP Required (See 5. or concurrent with commencement of activities.Gwinnett County Buffer. Multi-Family and Nonresidential Individual Sites Clearing or clearing and grubbing only. drainage. TP / RP Required (See 5. TP / RP Required * ** (See 5. TP / RP Required (See 5.a. consistent with exemption allowances. ** Appendix (Revised as Amended December 2007 ) Page A-6 . Landscape and Tree Ordinance and Guidelines TABLE ‘A’ {Continued} SUMMARY OF APPLICABILITY AND EXEMPTIONS PROJECT TYPE TYPE OF CONSTRUCTION Land disturbance limited to areas needed for streets. proposing disturbance within a minimum yard or 100 year flood plain.2.3.b. limited to areas outside of all minimum yards.2.) Residential Recreation Areas.2. Covered By TP / RP As approved by LDP (See 5. APPLICABILITY TP / RP Not Required * (See 5. and 100 year flood plain. Nonresidential and Multi-Family Subdivisions Land disturbance beyond areas need for streets.) Clearing or clearing and grubbing only.2.

4 4. 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 UNITS .2 Note: Tree diameter for existing trees is measured at 4.4 1. 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 UNITS 2. Appendix (Revised as Amended December 2007) Page A-7 . Landscape and Tree Ordinance and Guidelines TABLE B .6 .2 DIA.1 1.2 21.4 14.7 .4 2.3 1.4 19.2 5.6 13.2 27.8 12.5 inches.Gwinnett County Buffer.0 1.5 feet above the ground. Note: Tree diameter fractions may be “rounded up” if 0.2 15.2 3.2 22.6 17.0 25.0 4.8 2.8 10.2 26.2 11.2 6. 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 UNITS 8.8 DIA.8 5.4 11.0 15.8 7.2 9.9 1.8 6.6 1.0 24.4 DIA.5 .5 feet above the ground) CONVERSION FROM TREE DIAMETER IN INCHES TO TREE DENSITY UNITS FOR TREES REMAINING ON SITE DIA.2 1.CREDIT FOR EXISTING TREES (measured at 4.6 9. 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 UNITS 16.0 8.8 3.4 18.6 4.2 20.0 23.5 inches or greater. or “rounded down” if less than 0.

0 8.4 70.6 20.4 52.8 16.4 4.0 DIA.6 Note: DIA.4 30.4 66.4 54. Appendix (Revised as Amended December 2007) Page A-8 .4 40.4 19.4 11.2 3.4 23.0 31.2 18.8 38.5 feet above the ground.4 56. 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 UNITS 3.2 26.4 58.6 10.5 feet above the ground.CREDIT FOR SPECIMEN TREES (measured at 4.4 68.8 9.8 22.2 34. Landscape and Tree Ordinance and Guidelines TABLE C .0 48.0 17.6 14.2 8.4 Tree diameter for existing trees is measured at 4.6 25. 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 UNITS 12.) CONVERSION FROM SPECIMEN TREE DIAMETER IN INCHES TO SPECIMEN TREE DENSITY UNITS FOR SPECIMEN TREES ON SITE DIA.6 33.4 62.8 5.6 4.4 44.4 60.Gwinnett County Buffer.0 46.8 36.4 42. 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 UNITS 28.8 DIA. 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 UNITS 50.6 6.4 64.4 72.4 13.4 7.

7 1.5 1.1 2.5 inches. Landscape and Tree Ordinance and Guidelines TABLE D .CREDIT FOR REPLACEMENT TREES (measured at 6 inches above the ground) CONVERSION FROM TREE DIAMETER IN INCHES TO TREE DENSITY UNITS FOR PROPOSED REPLACEMENT TREES Diameter 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 Units .9 1.) Note: Note: Appendix (Revised as Amended August 2003 ) Page A-9 .7 .2 1. (See graphic reference on pages 6 and A-11.Gwinnett County Buffer. or “rounded down” if less than 0.6 .5 inches or greater.3 2. Tree form shrubs shall not be given credit.7 Note: Tree diameter for new replacement trees is measured at 6 inches above the ground.9 1. Tree diameter fractions may be “rounded up” if 0. Multi-trunked trees shall be given credit by measuring the single largest trunk only.3 Diameter 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 Units 1.5 2.0 1.5 .

grading plan. aeration systems. erosion control and sedimentation plan.4. material storage. and staking specifications Procedures and schedules of tree protection measures for installation and inspection by contractor x x x x x x x x Appendix (Revised as Amended December 2007 ) Page A-10 . and tree preservation/ tree replacement plan. debris burn Tree Protection Measures such as transplanting specifications tree wells. Erosion Grading Control Plan and Sedimentation Plan x x x x x x x x x x x Site Plan Tree Preservation / Tree Replacement Plan x x Item to be shown on plan Specimen tree Limits of land disturbance Existing contours Proposed contours Cut and fill Clearing and trenching Tree protection fence Silt fencing detail Areas of construction staging for parking.concrete wash out. Landscape and Tree Ordinance and Guidelines TABLE E – SPECIMEN TREE PLAN REVIEW ITEMS 5. water storage tanks.6.Gwinnett County Buffer.1 Additional information required for specimen trees on site plan.

INDEX OF ILLUSTRATIONS .

Landscape & Tree Ordinance Index of Illustrations Buffers -PUBLIC STREET- R-75 50’ BUFFER 75’ BUFFER C-2 O-I -PUBLIC STREET- Index of Illustrations (Revised as Amended June 1999) Figure 1.Gwinnett County Buffer. Page 3 Page I-1 .

Gwinnett County Buffer. Page 4 Page I-2 . Landscape & Tree Ordinance Index of Illustrations Tree Types 60’ OR MORE LESS THAN 40’ GREATER THAN 40’ DRIP LINE OF TREE GROUND LEVEL DRIP LINE OF TREE SMALL MATURING TREE (UNDERSTORY) LARGE MATURING TREE (CANOPY) Index of Illustrations (Revised as Amended June 1999) Figure 2.

(2) For existing trees: Measure tree diameter 4-1/2’ above ground level.Gwinnett County Buffer. Page 5 Page I-3 . Note: Minimum size: 2” planted tree. Index of Illustrations (Revised as Amended June 1999) Figure 3. Landscape & Tree Ordinance Index of Illustrations How to Measure a Tree NEWLY PLANTED TREES EXISTING TREES 4’ – 6” GROUND LEVEL 6” (1) (2) (1) For newly planted trees: Measure tree diameter 6” above ground level.

Gwinnett County Buffer. Index of Illustrations (Revised as Amended June 1999) Figure 4. Page 6 Page I-4 . Landscape & Tree Ordinance Index of Illustrations MultiMulti-Stem Trees 8’ Minimum Height HEIGHT IS MEASURED ON SINGLE LARGEST STEM. GROUND LEVEL MULTITYPICAL MULTI-STEM TREE TREE FORM 3-5 TRUNKS MAXIMUM. Note: Trees may not be accepted if they have been sheared or rounded over.

Page 13 Page I-5 .Plan View BUFFER / TREE SAVE AREA ORANGE TREE PROTECTION FENCING P/L DISTURBED / ACTIVE CONSTRUCTION AREA BUFFER / TREE SAVE AREA BUFFER / TREE SAVE AREA BUFFER / TREE SAVE AREA BUFFER / TREE SAVE AREA W RO P/L L B/ Index of Illustrations (Revised as Amended June 1999) Figure 5. Landscape & Tree Ordinance Index of Illustrations ProtectionTree Protection.Gwinnett County Buffer.

Fencing maybe orange plastic or fabric. traffic. Note: Orange safety fence attached to metal posts. 4. trenching. construction materials. construction or other landdisturbing activity. Page 14 Page I-6 . 3.Gwinnett County Buffer. Tree protection barriers shall extend around the trees with a radius equal to or greater than the drip line. They shall be constructed using orange safety fencing on metal posts. Landscape & Tree Ordinance Index of Illustrations Tree Protection Drip Line Remove all barriers upon completion of project. burial pits or other land disturbing activity are allowed in the tree protection zone. Index of Illustrations (Revised as Amended December 2007) Figure 6. All tree protection barriers shall be installed prior to any grading. No grubbing allowed under the drip line. No soil disturbance or compaction. 1. Drip Line 4’ Dead trees and scrub growth shall be cut flush with adjacent grade. 2.

The plants may be grouped or clustered. Page 16 Page I-7 . P/L P/L P/L P/L Index of Illustrations (Revised as Amended June 1999) Figure 7. Landscape & Tree Ordinance Index of Illustrations 10 Foot Planting Strip 120’-0” 3 Trees Example: Red Maple R/W Example: Dwarf Burford Holly 3 Shrubs 10’-0” P/L GRASS Example: 1 Tree Dwarf Burford Holly Example: Pin Oak 2 Shrubs PARKING LOT Example: Pin Oak 1 Tree The specified ratio indicates the number of trees and shrubs to be planted.Gwinnett County Buffer.

Gwinnett County Buffer. Landscape & Tree Ordinance Index of Illustrations 5 Foot Planting Strip EXAMPLE: RED MAPLE 5’ GRASS 2 TREES P/L EXAMPLE: FORSYTHIA 3 SHRUBS EXAMPLE : WILLOW OAK 1 TREE PARKING LOT The specified ratio indicates the number of trees and shrubs to be planted. The plants may be grouped or clustered. Page 17 Page I-8 . Index of Illustrations (Revised as Amended June 1999) Figure 8.

Page 18 Page I-9 . Landscape & Tree Ordinance Index of Illustrations Parking Lot Planting Requirements 120’ PUBLIC STREET 60’ Radius OR Landscape Islands: * Minimum 10 feet wide (back of curb to back of curb) * Minimum 200 square feet per tree Note: Landscape strip and / or buffer trees can be counted toward the 60 foot requirement. Index of Illustrations (Revised as Amended November 2008) Figure 9.Gwinnett County Buffer.

Gwinnett County Buffer.30 ACRES Orange Safety Fencing PROPOSED DETENTION POND TOTAL SITE: 4 ACRES PROPOSED BUILDING PO W 0.2 ER EA 0 A SE CR ME ES NT PROPOSED PARKING 10’ LANDSCAPED STRIP Street R/W Index of Illustrations (Revised as Amended June 1999) Figure 10. Landscape & Tree Ordinance Index of Illustrations Easement Exclusion BUFFER : 0. Page 22 Page I-10 .

Building Permit E PL M SA (Yellow Background) Residential Index of Illustrations (Revised as Amended June 1999) Figure 11. Landscape & Tree Ordinance Index of Illustrations Examples of Permit Cards A. Development Permit (Orange Background) C.Gwinnett County Buffer. or Grading (Green Background) B. Clearing & Grubbing. Land Disturbance Permit Clearing. Page 23 Page I-11 .

Index of Illustrations (Revised as Amended December 2007) Figure 12. Page 24 Page I-12 . Landscape & Tree Ordinance Index of Illustrations Individual Lot Tree Planting Protective fencing for preserved tree. Preserved Tree. 2” Planted Tree. 2. Line Side Walk Street 1. Preserved tree may be any species and must have protective fencing for credit. Street Trees 2” R.W. Planted trees must be selected from the Tree Species List. Trees must be a minimum of 2” in size.O.Gwinnett County Buffer.

6’ 4’ 10’ Index of Illustrations (Revised as Amended June 1999) Figure 13.Gwinnett County Buffer. Landscape & Tree Ordinance Index of Illustrations Street Trees Back of Curb Property LineSide Walk Grass Strip 3’ From Street to Tree. Page 25 Page I-13 .

Page 26 Page I-14 . Index of Illustrations (Revised as Amended June 1999) Figure 14. Landscape & Tree Ordinance Index of Illustrations Correct Planting Method Open burlap at the top of the root ball.Gwinnett County Buffer. Plant a balled and wrapped in burlap tree in a hole at least twice the size of its root ball. Planted trees must be nursery stock.

and only under rare circumstances would roots appear like this. Landscape & Tree Ordinance Index of Illustrations Tree Roots Tree roots are not an underground reflection of the crown. This results in about 85 percent of a tree’s roots being in the top 18 inches of soil. Index of Illustrations (Revised as Amended June 1999) MORE LIKELY: Roots spread where soil conditions allow access to soil nutrients. Drip Line- NOT TRUE: This artist’s concept regrettably shows how many people envision a tree’s root system. Figure 15. Page 30 Page I-15 .Gwinnett County Buffer. Most species do not even have a tap root. moisture and sufficient air.

Page 31 Page I-16 . This will almost certainly lead to stress. Landscape & Tree Ordinance Index of Illustrations Why Tunneling Save Trees 24” Trench 40% Root Kill Tunnel No Root Kill Trenching near a tree can kill as much as 40 to 50 percent of the tree’s roots.Gwinnett County Buffer. Index of Illustrations (Revised as Amended June 1999) Figure 16. A tunnel in the same place will do virtually no damage to the tree. poor health or lack of firmness against wind.

Gwinnett County Buffer. Page 31 Page I-17 . Landscape & Tree Ordinance Index of Illustrations Where can I find more information? Index of Illustrations (Revised as Amended June 1999) Figure 17.

Measuring a Specimen Tree.) Measure on up hill side. (4.5’ = DBH DBH = Diameter at breast height. Index of Illustrations (Revised as Amended December 2007) Figure 18. Page 32 Page I-18 .5’ above ground level. 4. Landscape & Tree Ordinance Index of Illustrations Tree.Gwinnett County Buffer.

Critical Root Zone Critical Root Zone 36’ R adiu s DBH DBH: 24” x 1.Gwinnett County Buffer.5 = 36’ CRZ is: 36’ Feet Radius Index of Illustrations (Revised as Amended December 2007) Figure 19. Page 33 Page I-19 . Landscape & Tree Ordinance Index of Illustrations Critical Root Zone.

Easements & Critical Root Zones. Not Allowed ew er Pr op os ed Sa n S ita ry & S S Ea se ry ed Pr op os S Sa ni ta S S ew er 34” Oa k Specim en Tr ee’s Critical Ro ot Zon e Index of Illustrations (Revised as Amended December 2007) S Allowed & Ea se m en t m e S nt 34” Oak Specimen Tree’s Critic al Roo t Zone Figure 20. Landscape & Tree Ordinance Index of Illustrations Zones.Gwinnett County Buffer. Page 33 Page I-20 .

2. 3.Gwinnett County Buffer. wheeled and / or tracked vehicles! Index of Illustrations (Revised as Amended December 2007) Figure 21. Page 34 Page I-21 . Landscape & Tree Ordinance Index of Illustrations Removal of vegetation under a specimen tree. Critical Root Zone Saved Tree Note: 1. Scrub Trees Manual removal only! Removal shall be during landscape installation phase only! No motorized.

Landscape & Tree Ordinance Index of Illustrations Sheets? Show Specimen Trees on Which Plan Sheets? Show specimen trees and the critical root zones on the following plan sheets: •Site Plan •Grading Plan •Utility Plan •Erosion Control & Sedimentation Plan •Tree Presentation / Tree Replacement Plan Index of Illustrations (Revised as Amended December 2007) Tree Preservation / Tree Replacement Plan Page I-22 Figure 22.Gwinnett County Buffer. Page 34 Erosion Control & Sedimentation Plan Site Plan Grading Plan Utility Plan .

must be in the English & Spanish Language. Tree Save Signs.Gwinnett County Buffer. Index of Illustrations (Revised as Amended December 2007) Figure 23. Stay Out! Tree Save! No Entrada! Salve Un Arbol! 2. Tree Save Signs must be every 20 feet. Landscape & Tree Ordinance Index of Illustrations Tree Save Signs in English and Spanish Tree Save Signs Note: 1. 3. Page 35 Page I-23 . Tree Save Signs must be a minimum of 4 per tree.

Gwinnett County Buffer, Landscape & Tree Ordinance

Index of Illustrations

for Formula for Specimen Tree Replacement.
Dia. Of Specimen Tree = Credit Value or ‘CV’
(See Table “C,” Page A-8.)

Example: 34” Dia. Tree Replacement Tree = 3” Dia. Tree 34” Dia.

[CV x 2] ÷ .6 = TRT (…or, Total Replacement Trees needed.) TRT x $ / Tree = Total Developer Costs [25.2 x 2] ÷ .6 = TRT 50.4 ÷ .6 =TRT 84=TRT 84 x $250. = $21,000.

Index of Illustrations (Revised as Amended June 1999)

Figure 24, Page 37

Page I-24

Gwinnett County Buffer, Landscape & Tree Ordinance

Index of Illustrations

Avoid Tree / Sign Conflicts

Choose the RIGHT TREE In the RIGHT PLACE

Yes!

Index of Illustrations (Revised as Amended June 1999)

Figure 25, Page 40

Page I-25

Gwinnett County Buffer, Landscape & Tree Ordinance

Index of Illustrations

Dripline and Root Zone

Drip Line

Drip Line

Root Zone

Index of Illustrations (Revised as Amended June 1999)

Figure 26, Page 41

Page I-26

Gwinnett County Buffer. ______________________________________ BUISNESS LIC. Georgia at Gwinnett Justice and Administration Building. _______________________________ LOCATION OF VIOLATION ____________________________ __________________________________________________ SUMMONS – YOU ARE HEARBY COMMANDED to appear at the RECORDER’S COURT OF GWINNETT COUNTY to be held in Lawrenceville. 75 Langley Drive At __________o’clock AM PM on the ____________day of AM S LE P ____________. PDate ________. 19____ to answer a charge that on or about the ______________day of ___________________. Landscape & Tree Ordinance Index of Illustrations Summons County of Gwinnett State of Georgia NO. NO. SUMMONS. 19________ GWINNETT COUNTY PLANNING AND DEVELOPMENT CITATION. 20_________ You did: __________________________________________________ __________________________________________________ __________________________________________________ __________________________________________________ Inspection / Enforcement Officer Title COURT COPY Division Index of Illustrations (Revised as Amended June 1999) Figure 27. Page 46 Page I-27 . _________________________________ PROJECT NAME / NO. ACCUSATION TO:_______________________________________________ ADDRESS:_________________________________________ CITY:____________________ZIP:______________________ ZC CASE NO.

Gwinnett County Buffer. Landscape & Tree Ordinance Index of Illustrations -) - - .

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