# How To Ace The

GMAT
In 1 Month
Companion Guide to Online Video Course The GMAT Pill Study Method | www.gmatpill.com

Zeke Lee

2011 Page 1

Chapter 1: Getting Into the Right Mindset for GMAT How To Prepare For GMAT In 1 Month Syllabus: Detailed 5-day Plan For Each Section GMAT Test Dates And Registration Where Your \$250 Fee Goes When To Take The GMAT And Why Earlier Is Usually Better The 1 GMAT Strategy You Need To Know GMAT Psychology And Timing Strategies Visualize Success How To “Do” GMAT Questions Getting Into A Top Business School GMAT: Management Consulting & Investment Banking GMAT VS SAT GMAT Gets Popular With European Schools Chapter 2: Verbal: Sentence Correction Questions Answer Key Sample Frameworks Chapter 3: Verbal: Critical Reasoning Questions Answer Key Chapter 4: Verbal: Reading Comprehension I. Reading the Passage II How to Approach RC Questions. III. Standard Question Types IV Key Take Aways 4 5 6 7 8 9 12 14 16 19 26 29 31 33 34 42 43 48 49 56 58 59 60 66 72

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Chapter 5: Official Guide 12th Edition Categorization of Quant Questions By type Chapter 6: Quant Problem Solving Questions Answer Key Formulas and Diagrams Chapter 7: Data Sufficiency Questions Answer Key Back Cover 88 89 90 91 104 105 125 126 133 135

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After all. the ones you got wrong you already saw the explanation! Page 5 . Review the explanations for the ones you get wrong 3:30-4:30: Redo ALL of the practice questions you just went through with the mentality that you SHOULD be able to get ALL of them correct. After all. spending more time on the videos you are less familiar with. Go through the set of 10 questions that you went through the previous day–with the mentality that you should get all of them correct. Day 2 (Sunday): 11am-noon: browse through the 10 Core Frameworks again. We say “5-day Plan” but realistically we know most of you will not study 5 days in a row straight. pausing each video. Day 1 (Saturday) 10am: Dedicate 2 hours to focus on the 10 Core Framework videos. you’ve already seen these questions before! Day 3-6 (Monday-Wednesday) 10pm-11pm before you go to bed: Go through at least 10 questions each day. Again. Pause each video and try to answer the question yourself. Noon-1pm: Get Lunch 1:30pm – 4:30: Dedicate 3 hours to 600 Level Questions. Rewind and forward according to how comfortable you are with the material. 1:30pm-3:30pm: Start looking at some practice questions in the Official Guide. These 5 days are the days that you dedicate to studying for SC. Refer back to GMAT Pill videos for thought process. Additionally. This should take you 30 minutes. you SHOULD be able to get ALL of these correct.Getting Into the Right Mindset for GMAT Syllabus: Detailed 5-day Plan for each section (SC/CR/DS/PS) 8:30-9:30pm: Redo ALL the 600 and 700 level questions in the GMAT Pill. This should take you <20 minutes as you budget <2 minutes per question. Mark the ones you get wrong on the first try. Then hit the play button and see how your thought process compares to mine. So this is plan might span out over 7-10 days assuming you take a day or two to rest during this time.

you should browse around the available test centers in your area and see generally when they would be free. When Do I Take the GMAT? When are the GMAT Test Dates? It’s not like the SATs where everybody takes the exam at one time. Your GMAT Test Date will be determined by when your closest test center is available and reserving that date. Five years is a long time. Once you do that. it might make sense to take the exam now while you are still in study mode. preferably close to where you live) is open. it is very stressful studying for the exam while working full time so the best way to avoid this is to take the test when you have a break. then proceed through the steps to choose a testing center and available time. Browse the test center list before you actually register here. BEFORE YOU REGISTER. So even if you are just out of college. Page 6 . Also. \$50 to reschedule before 7 days of exam. your GMAT test score is valid for 5 Years.com. How much does the GMAT cost? GRE Cost? \$250 to register for the GMAT exam. You should schedule at least a month in advance to make sure that time slot is open. Additionally. How Do I Register for the GMAT? You must create an account with MBA. though you may occasionally find a Saturday here or there that could be open. whenever you are free. you make your \$250 payment and you’ll have officially registered for the GMAT exam. Yes. The only thing to consider is when the test center (whichever test center you want to go. But. You sign up to take the exam INDIVIDUALLY. that’s right. it’s good to know that most test Why should I take the GMAT now? Well.Getting Into the Right Mindset for GMAT GMAT Test Dates And Registration centers are not open on wkends.

If you are targeting this score range. you MUST polish up your verbal section. if you have a known weakness in math you’ll need to brush up on your math skills and logic. her score is around the same Page 9 .Getting Into the Right Mindset for GMAT Should I study first and then schedule the exam or schedule the exam and then study? This is a personal preference. not cheap) it costs to take the exam so that you are invested into the exam– forcing you to study. 96th percentile) 41M = 63th percentile = Total (730. and your Quant score is… 39M = 57th percentile = Total (730. 97th percentile) Notice it does not matter how many extra points this student can get on quant. you may never progress anywhere. Don’t believe me? Let’s look at some data focusing on the highest levels of scoring: 700+ range If you score 99th percentile in Verbal (49V). I would recommend you to schedule the exam a few months in advance when you intend to take it. the GMAT math is significantly more difficult than the SAT math (more emphais on logic and structuring the problem rather than on pure calculation). Otherwise. doing well on the VERBAL section is more important to your overall score than if you did equally well on the MATH section–this is ESPECIALLY true in the 700+ range. In the end. But at the end of the day. The 1 GMAT Strategy You Need To Know Many GMAT students mistakenly believe that focusing their study on math is the best strategy to raising their GMAT score. 96th percentile) 43M = 70th percentile = Total (740. Pay the \$250 (yes. Sure. if you casually study for the exam. And yes.

then you MUST improve them.Getting Into the Right Mindset for GMAT Let me say that again: Doing well in Quant is good. an average score in the 57th percentile for verbal and a perfect quant score only give you a (670. Doing well in Verbal pays off! Now is the opposite true? What if a student scores outrageously well in Quant but average in Verbal? If you score 99th percentile in Math (51V). 92nd percentile) Notice doing extremely well in quant does not guarantee you a good score. but not as good as doing well in Verbal! This is almost ridiculous! A high quant score and average verbal score yields a LOWER score than a high verbal score and an average quant score! Indeed. In fact. how relevant to an exam for business school). but not as good as doing well in Verbal! Why would the GMAT creators do this? My best guess is one of supply and demand (ah yes. But whatever the TRUE reason is. 88th percentile) 34V = 70th percentile = Total (710. If your verbal abilities are not strong. the GMAT is biased towards success on the verbal section!! score of 730 whether her math score is 39 or 43. it does NOT matter. 85th percentile) 32V = 65th percentile = Total (690. The influx of non-native English speakers from international countries who are strong in quant but weak in verbal and just the plain fact there are more people that are great at quant (where there is always a correct answer) than the numer of people who are familiar with the idiomatic intricacies of the English language and inductive reasoning. Page 10 . 85th percentile). What does matter is what this bias in the GMAT means to you. and your Verbal score is… 30V = 57th percentile = Total (670. Doing well in Quant is good.

the easiest way to boost your score quickly is to ACE the Sentence Correction part of the exam. but it is much more difficult for any prep program or service to teach you reasoning. I need to improve my verbal score. You need to target your studying.Getting Into the Right Mindset for GMAT OK. I strongly believe that ANYBODY can master the sentence correction section. Depends on how you study. then you can go into the test with CONFIDENCE that you will ace the entire sentence correction part of the exam. There are people who spend 6 months studying and do not see any improvements on their score. But will studying necessarily improve my score? Yes and no. While the GMAT test makers have unlimited imagination in making questions for critical reasoning and reading comprehension. they can only test you on sentence correction in so many ways. Page 11 . I believe you. It’s easier than you think. There are 3 sections to the verbal: 1) Sentence Correction 2) Critical Reasoning 3) Reading Comprehension By far. If you master all possible TYPES of questions on the sentence correction AND VARIATIONS on those concepts. I’m sure) who scored in the 70th percentile and then studied for 2 weeks and scored in the 98th percentile on the real thing. And then there are those (including me but also many others. You need to take a different mindset when preparing for critical reasoning and reading comprehension. but NOT anybody can master the reading comprehension or critical reasoning. Yes. there are some tips and tricks you can use to help guide you through these sections.

Not a practice exam. You imagine yourself walking into the test center. Spend at least five minutes at a time imagining different details about taking the test. But you should develop a little of each and have them grow upon each other. and confidence. 3) English is not my first language. I can’t do it. improved 23 -30 percent in their actual basket-shooting ability. Good thoughts: 1) Math is not my strong point. Actual Number question. And you need confidence in order to get the tough GMAT questions correct. You know what to look for and where the pitfalls are (multiple % data points without any actual number data points are useless if they ask you a “how many” question). You’ve walked by or driven by your test center a few days earlier so you know what it looks like. Sure. You need to do well on GMAT questions in order to be confident.Getting Into the Right Mindset for GMAT Visualize Success Imagine: It’s test day–the real deal. The first group practiced playing whereas the second group only imagined practicing. this is a chicken and egg problem. calm. Visualize yourself going through the directions on the computer. but this math isn’t rocket science. You know your test is in front of a computer at one of those testing centers. In a way. (source) Cognition: Think extreme positivity and confidence. whereas the students who physically “practiced” saw little improvement. The players who didn’t physically practice. Visualize yourself spotting sentence structures based on keywords or commas. but you need to tap into a sense of accomplishment. Do this every morning and before bedtime. I get some wrong. but looking back at them–the . Page 14 Neurophysiologist researchers at Stanford University (my alma mater) and University of Chicago evaluated the efficacy of visualization. but visualized peak performance. Your visualization scene doesn’t need to be the same each time. 2) There’s no way I’ll finish the exam. Visualize yourself checking for X & Y consistency for SC questions or recognizing a Data Sufficiency Percent vs. They compared two sets of basketball players. Bad thoughts: 1) I suck at math.

By being super confident in an answer in as little time as possible.Getting Into the Right Mindset for GMAT questions are actually pretty easy. 3) Although idioms are a part of the GMAT. I’ve been to college and failed tons of exams. Then I’ll try to get those questions correct in as little time as possible. awkward questions. I just need to come in with the right thought process and get enough practice that I have the confidence to know when I am positively sure about a GMAT question. I’ll stick to it and keep pushing myself. I just need to become familiar with the different ways that the GMAT can test me on these relatively simple concepts that I learned in high school. My strategy will be to first get as many correct GMAT practice questions as I can. Confidence = less double checking/rereading = less time. understand the key frameworks. A lot of times there are other concepts tested alongside the idioms and as long as I focus on that portion of the question. I know know I’ll be able to nail the super easy ones in less than one minute and the harder ones in less than 2-3 minutes. I’ll be fine. a lot of the questions actually don’t test the idioms. Heck. My goal is to follow a study plan. Sure. and recognize how those concepts can show up in test questions. Any question the GMAT throws at me will be answered correctly and tossed away as I wait for the next one. I’ve had tons of timed tests before. I can do that! No problem! 2) GMAT is a timed test. Bring it! Page 15 . I’ll even visualize the questions that I got wrong and see myself think through it correctly as if I were sitting in for the real exam. I just need to get used to it. But the GMAT is so much easier–it’s high school material repackaged in fancy. Extreme positivity: I’m going to kickass on the GMAT.

I’ve developed a mental strategy that helps me get to where I need to be. You’re gonna “do” a bunch of practice questions and then you’ll be prepared for the GMAT. Going through the painstaking process of learning and memorizing hours of musical literature and performing them under pressure taught me a few things that are surprisingly relevant to GMAT studying. But you have to process the new material in your head until you totally understand it. First. Second.” Unlike some people who naturally “get it”–I usually have to work at it. You can explain it. I mean. Yo-Yo Ma–pictured here at the Nobel Peace Prize ceremony–so I never quite made it on the international scene.. Well.haha ). I should have some reason for making a claim like that. Page 16 How to “Do” GMAT Questions – Lessons From A Master Cellist OK.Getting Into the Right Mindset for GMAT most people don’t “do” questions the right way? That implies that I “do” questions the right way. Obviously. “Doing” GMAT questions is like “practicing” new music. let me answer that for you. At first it’s completely new to you. I used to be a nationally ranked cellist and pianist(I admit I was overshadowed by my arch-nemesis. so you’ve registered for the GMAT and got a hold of the Official Guide to the GMAT. Right? Wrong! Sure. let me say that I am NOT naturally “smart. but I would say 95% of people don’t have the right MINDSET when it comes to “doing” questions. it’s a good idea to “do” GMAT questions. You understand it. You: “What??!! Learning cello is related toGMAT studying??” “Me: Uh-huh…” Think about it. You see. even though I’m not naturally smart. You can recite it. who the heck am I to say that .

Focus on the left side. arrive at the correct answer. play this first measure all the way through without stopping and mark your correct answer. Find the pitfalls. Do the same thing. Then move on. Sometimes. avoid them. but when you’re ready–start from the beginning of the question and go all the way through and mark your correct answer. Now that you’ve got the first question or measure down. So you want to test yourself to see if you can go through both #1 and #2 without hesitation–AS IF it were a performance–AS IF it were the real GMAT. let’s see if you can go through both of them all the way through without stopping or hesitating. Sure you might get “stuck” here and there. like the one below: But of course you need to subdivide this chunk. now you focus on the second measure. Figure it out note by note. Page 17 . Identify the sentence structure and any commas you might see at first glance. You want to make sure you can think through both questions confidently without any hiccups. OK. So focus on the first measure first: Focus on the right side. being exposed to #2. will alter how you might do #1. Identify where the beats are.Getting Into the Right Mindset for GMAT So how do you get from A to B? So how do you get from “this is completely new to me” to “I know this” ???? “DO” GMAT Questions Like a Musician Well. in learning new music you don’t memorize the whole thing at first glance! You first take a small chunk. And find the correct way to play this and arrive at the correct answer. now that you’ve got questions #1 and #2 correct separately. When you’re ready.

think through groups of questions. Now do another 30 questions. So if you really “understood” the answer explanations. Maybe you got it right. maybe there was a quicker. Then combine all 60 questions and see if you can run through all of them straight through without mistakes. Then move to the next one and focus over and over. and then REDO all those questions in different orders AS IF you were sitting for the real exam and you are aware of time pressure. more efficient way of arriving at the correct answer. Check the answer. Break it into chunks. First you go through a question. If you subdivide. you SAW the answer explanations. Page 18 . Once you redo all 30 questions straight through. This is the approach you should be using when you “do” GMAT questions. OK. this is how I would learn to master a musical piece. move on to the next question. Subdivide the chunks and focus over and over. The same is true for “doing” GMAT questions. After all. So start all over. Then combine the two subchunks. Did you do a stupid mistake? Did you not see a comma or an obvious sentence structure that you should have seen? Read the explanation. Look at the explanation. you probably forgot what the questions or answers were for question #1. See if you can plow through questions #1 – #30 without stopping and getting ALL of them right. Do the same thing. then you should have no problem going through the questions.Getting Into the Right Mindset for GMAT You see. Now by the time you do 30 questions. I guarantee your studying will be that much more effective than what you are currently doing now. What the heck did you do wrong? How could you have answered that question correctly. Why did you miss that more efficient way? How could you have thought about it better so you would arrive at the correct answer faster? Keep doing this until by the end of the day you do maybe like 30 questions. practice and practice—until I master that subchunk.

Hopefully there’s one meaningful/impactful project that he can point to and show how you stepped up and contributed. companies with reviews will mention this. make sure you’re on your boss’s good side. and selfreflective (application essays). Find common ground with your boss on topics that are interesting to the both of you.Getting Into the Right Mindset for GMAT recommendation for you – emphasizing certain character traits that stand out. your boss will be busy and will have to go out of his way to write your recommendation. But generally. jot down key accomplishments you would like him to note in bullet format. Busy Boss Recommendation: In a lot of cases. Ideally. Express your opinions. a recommendation is most meaningful when the recommender can write about a particular instance that allows certain positive character traits to stand out. applying to business school is a complex process that is long-term (your 4+ years of work experience). Page 25 . In general. Ultimately. challenging (GMAT Exam Score). Building rapport is important as it creates a lasting impression of you. Top business schools stress an assessment on communication skills – both oral and written – this is a fuzzy concept as I described above. To make his task easier.

Getting Into the Right Mindset for GMAT

Many of you take the GMAT because you want to get your MBA. There are lots of places you can take your career, but today we will take a look at the two most popular areas: management consulting and investment banking. Assuming you are currently in another industry and want to break into these industries, read on. There are basically two ideal times to get into these industries–it’s just the way the system works. Obviously there are exceptions, but the majority of people get into these industries via school recruiting at: 1) target undergrad programs 2) target Bschool programs Let’s take a look at these two options Option #1: Get in via top undergraduate school recruiting. This is how I entered the management consulting industry with Booz & Company. Most top consulting firms with an “up-or-out” policy will want consultants from undergrad to stay for 2 or 3 years and then make a career decision: either you go get an MBA and come back as an Associate or you find something else to do. So even if you are in the management consulting industry or are on track to getting into the field from undergrad, you will eventually find yourself at a fork road deciding to MBA or not to MBA.
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What Does The GMAT/MBA Have To Do With A Career In Investment Banking or Management Consulting?

Getting Into the Right Mindset for GMAT

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Getting Into the Right Mindset for GMAT

Bottom line: Whether you are currently in management consulting or investment banking, you MIGHT find yourself in a situation where you’ll need an MBA to be where you want to be. If this is the case, then I recommend you get the GMAT out of the way now so you can focus on the other aspects of your career going forward. Again, make sure you do not let the GMAT or MBA get in the way of your target career. Learn as much about your target industry as you can and use the MBA to help position (not guarantee) yourself for opportunities.

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Page 30 . Your friends probably won’t remind you either. Your employer will not ask you “you need to get your act together and study for the GMAT”–like your guidance counselor would do. Instead of competing against every other high school kid around the age of 16 or 17. The GMAT exam is much more competitive than the SAT exam and often has less awareness. on the other hand. because not all of them will be taking the exam around the same time you will be taking the exam. The SAT was quite well known in high school Remember wayback in high school when everybody freaked out about the SAT? Guidance counselors would remind you every other day and teachers would constantly bring it up. No slackers will take the GMAT whereas there are plenty of slackers who take the SAT “just because” the school makes them. There was much more AWARENESS about the exam. This is more the reason to make sure that you ARE prepared. The GMAT. I go into more details of the GMAT signup process in my article “GMAT Test Dates and Registration. requires much more self initative.Getting Into the Right Mindset for GMAT week in front of a computer.” -SAT: Administered 7 times per year in classroom settings–pencil and paper. you will be competing against working professionals roughly in the age range of 21-40 who are a self-selected group of ambitious and goal-oriented individuals.

Well. Success on the GMAT has more to do with your mental toughness than you may think. you should do the best you can possibly do on quant.Getting Into the Right Mindset for GMAT Sure. So re-evaluate where you put most of your focus. solving permutation and combinatoric quant problems sounds all fancy. it has nothing to do with financial modeling. But look at your competition. A lot of non-native English speakers worldwide are taking the GMAT. Page 32 . Don’t underestimate the psychological part of the GMAT exam. It’s not just about academic rigor. And yes. but it may be the first step to a profitable career. Most of these people will do well on quant. Looking to make lots and lots of money? What does the GMAT have to do with a career in investment banking and management consulting. but the area they are weakest in is the Verbal part– particularly reading comprehension.

The GMAT Pill Study Method Verbal: Sentence Correction Pill Questions and Video Explanations + Sample Core Frameworks Page 33 .

GMAT Verbal: Sentence Correction 1 Long Sentences 2 Apples and Oranges See Video Explanation See Video Explanation 3 X&Y Consistency 4 X&Y Consistency See Video Explanation Page 34 See Video Explanation .

GMAT Verbal: Sentence Correction 5 Subject-Verb/Singular-Plural 6 X&Y Consistency See Video Explanation See Video Explanation 7 Description. Main Sentence 8 Split Sentences See Video Explanation Page 35 See Video Explanation .

GMAT Verbal: Sentence Correction 9 Idioms 10 Idioms See Video Explanation See Video Explanation 11 X&Y Consistency 12 Past/Present/Future See Video Explanation Page 36 See Video Explanation .

Main Sentence See Video Explanation Page 37 See Video Explanation .GMAT Verbal: Sentence Correction 13 Idioms 14 Description. Main Sentence See Video Explanation 15 Subject-Verb/Singular-Plural 16 See Video Explanation Description.

GMAT Verbal: Sentence Correction 17 Idioms 18 Past-Present-Future See Video Explanation See Video Explanation 19 Idioms 20 Onion Layers See Video Explanation Page 38 See Video Explanation .

GMAT Verbal: Sentence Correction 21 X&Y Consistency 22 Idioms See Video Explanation 23 Apples Vs Oranges 24 See Video Explanation Past-Present-Future See Video Explanation Page 39 See Video Explanation .

GMAT Verbal: Sentence Correction 25 Idioms 26 Apples and Oranges See Video Explanation See Video Explanation 27 Apples and Oranges 28 Description. Main Sentence See Video Explanation Page 40 See Video Explanation .

Main Sentence See Video Explanation Page 41 See Video Explanation .GMAT Verbal: Sentence Correction 29 Idioms 30 Apples and Oranges See Video Explanation 31 Past-Present-Future 32 See Video Explanation Description.

Page 42 .GMAT Verbal: Sentence Correction 33 34 Long Sentences See Video Explanation Laundry Lists See Video Explanation Answer Key: 1) C 2) B 3) D 4) E 5) A 6) A 7) A 8) A 9) B 10) D 11) B 12) D 13) D 14) D 15) E 16) C 17) C 18) E 19) A 20) E For solutions to the remaining questions. login here.

the correct form you will need to know for the GMAT is “so that” always include “that” in these situations What you’ll see on the test: “Scientists study the human genome so they can identify ways to combat genetic diseases. If I were vs if I was Or If I was… I did this so I could leave early. What you’ll see on the test: “The powerplant is undergoing being converted to a landfill.” Be WARY when you see “being” Not only is “being converted” passive voice (which you should avoid).” Should be: “If international travel were prohibited. but it is also wordy.” [ Undergoing being converted Being… Or Undergoing conversion Page 43 .” Should be: “The powerplant is undergoing conversion to a landfill” OR See Video Explanation Should be: “The powerplant is converting to a landfill.” Should be: “Scientists study the human genome so that they can identify ways to combat genetic diseases. the virus would not have spread beyond the country borders. So…. the virus would not have spread beyond the country borders. whereby you must use “were” This is common on the GMAT. vs so that Or I did this so that I could leave early While “so” is commonly used in conversation. What you’ll see on the test: “If international travel was prohibited.Sample Framework #5: Idioms IF I WERE always use this (“If I was” is incorrect) The word “IF” introduces a conditional.” If I were….

is right... Forbid to… Vs Forbid from OR Forbid one from doing something Both are correct!!!! “Forbid one to do something” is a little bit stronger (more imperative) than “Forbid one from doing something”—but both are correct.. then make a mental note that you “view X as Y” --don’t use “like” What you’ll see on the test: “He viewed marriage like a property arrangement..GMAT Verbal: Sentence Correction Sample Framework #5: Idioms View as…..” Forbid one to do something…. If not.vs View like View [X] as [Y] Or View [X] like [Y] This idiom should sound familiar to you. Look for something else in the sentence that could be changed.” Should be: “He viewed marriage as a property arrangement..is wrong Should be: They considered him the most hardworking boy in the class.” Both are correct! This question is not testing this idiom. What you’ll see on the test: They considered him as the most hardworking boy in the class.. Remember you want to keep it simple—”Consider him hardworking” is better than “Consider him as hardworking” For verbs that you give a “label” to something: Consider Make Declare Elect Label Appoint Name Vote [ Vote him as president OR Vote him president See Video Explanation Page 44 ..” An answer choice might read: “the company forbid him from giving away trade secrets. What you’ll see on the test: “The company forbid him to give away trade secrets...

GMAT Verbal: Sentence Correction See Video Explanation Page 45 .

GMAT Verbal: Sentence Correction See Video Explanation Page 46 .

Sign Up For the GMAT Pill Sentence Correction Pill Page 47 .GMAT Verbal: Sentence Correction For Core Frameworks and More Video Explanations By GMATPill.

The GMAT Pill Study Method Verbal: Critical Reasoning Pill Questions and Video Explanations Page 48 .

GMAT Verbal: Critical Reasoning 1 Double Negative Q’s See Video Explanation 2 Logical Fallacy See Video Explanation experts’ 3 Hypothetical Support See Video Explanation 4 Page 49 Assumption See Video Explanation .

GMAT Verbal: Critical Reasoning in the armed forces during 5 Hypothetical Reasoning See Video Explanation 6 Logical Fallacy See Video Explanation 7 Hypothetical Opposition See Video Explanation 8 Page 50 Hypothetical Opposition See Video Explanation .

GMAT Verbal: Critical Reasoning 9 Hypothetical Opposition See Video Explanation 10 Logical Conclusions See Video Explanation 11 Hypothetical Opposition See Video Explanation 12 Page 51 Logical Conclusion See Video Explanation .

GMAT Verbal: Critical Reasoning 13 Hypothetical Opposition See Video Explanation 14 Logical Conclusion See Video Explanation 15 Logical Conclusion See Video Explanation 16 Page 52 Hypothetical Support See Video Explanation .

GMAT Verbal: Critical Reasoning 17 Hypothetical Support See Video Explanation 18 Assumption See Video Explanation 19 Hypothetical Opposition See Video Explanation 20 Page 53 Logical Conclusion See Video Explanation .

GMAT Verbal: Critical Reasoning 21 Logical Conclusion See Video Explanation 22 Double Negative Q’s See Video Explanation 23 Logic Chain See Video Explanation 24 Page 54 Hypothetical Opposition See Video Explanation .

GMAT Verbal: Critical Reasoning 25 Hypothetical Opposition See Video Explanation 26 Hypothetical Opposition See Video Explanation 27 Logical Conclusion See Video Explanation 28 Page 55 Logic Chain See Video Explanation .

GMAT Verbal: Critical Reasoning 29 Logical Conclusion See Video Explanation Answer Key: 1) C 2) E 3) C 4) A 5) B 6) D 7) B 8) B 9) C 10) A 11) D 12) C 13) D 14) C 15) D Page 56 .

GMAT Verbal: Critical Reasoning For More Video Explanations By GMATPill. Sign Up For the GMAT Pill Critical Reasoning Pill Page 57 .

Reading the Passage How to Approach RC Questions Standard Question Types Key Take-Aways 58 Page 58 . IV. II. III.GMATPill’s RC Pill: Reading Comprehension Frameworks I.

Reading the Passage Follow my “General Tips on Reading” video where I introduce concepts of 1. 4. Getting your mind engaged in the passage Cutting the Fluff Scanning for key transitive phrases Connecting the Dots See Video Explanation Page 59 . 3.GMAT Verbal: Reading Comprehension I. 2.

How to Approach RC Questions Sample Question: See Video Explanation Page 60 .GMAT Verbal: Reading Comprehension II.

How to Approach RC Questions After reading the question. where do your eyes go? A) REFER to the passage first? OR B) READ THRU all the answer choices first? B ?? A See Video Explanation Page 61 .GMAT Verbal: Reading Comprehension II.

Follow the RC Pill Attack Strategy – introduced in a later slide – most questions fall in this category! "The author's argument [concerning the effect of the official Detailed Question sale of duplicate artifacts on illegal excavation] is based on which of the following assumptions?” See Video Explanation Type B Questions: • • • • READ THRU the answer choices first when the question is generic with no details. Watch RC Pill videos to figure out how to fine tune your approach to answering these questions.GMAT Verbal: Reading Comprehension II. Identify keywords in the answer choice and find the relevant areas in the passage to confirm. One by one. How to Approach RC Questions Type A Questions: • • • REFER to the passage first when the question is more detailed and there are specific topics mentioned.} Generic Question "The author's argument in the passage is based on which of the following assumptions?” Page 62 . no topics mentioned. go thru the passage to confirm its validity. It is likely these specific topics are mentioned in specific points in the passage where your focus should be Give yourself the appropriate background information before looking at the answer choices.

Use the “RC Pill Attack Strategy!” Find all instances where “illegal digging” and “selling duplicate artifacts” is mentioned. How to Approach RC Questions "The author's argument concerning the effect of the official sale of duplicate artifacts on illegal excavation is based on which of the following assumptions?” Detailed Question “For the above question. See Video Explanation Page 63 . Then start reading the answer choices with the background info in mind. Since the question was detailed enough to mention specific topics. after reading it do we start reading thru all the answer choices then jump back to the passage? Or do we do some research in the passage and then look at the answer choices? ” Not the first one! The second one. we should dive back into the passage first to get background info BEFORE reading thru the answer choices.GMAT Verbal: Reading Comprehension II.

eyeing for keywords. Scan thru passage to find areas that talk about the keyword – use passage structure to help you.II. How to Approach RC Questions GMAT Verbal: Reading Comprehension Type A Question: “The author's argument concerning the effect of the official sale of duplicate artifacts on illegal excavation is based on which of the following assumptions?”  Use RC Pill Attack Strategy. See Video Explanation Page 65 . identify topic of interest in the question and find all INSTANCES of it in the passage to give yourself background info before reading answer choices Type B Question: “The author's argument is based on which of the following assumptions?  Go thru each answer choice. Still stuck? Follow the RC Videos to see how to fine tune your thinking as you go through RC Questions.

III. Standard Question Types
A) Main Idea B) According to the Passage, … C) It can be INFERRED / SUGGESTED that… D) Which of the following.../ All of the following EXCEPT" Questions E) Combination Questions
See Video Explanation

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III. Standard Question Types
A) Main Idea:
GMATPill says:

Answer choice MUST be derived from connecting the dots from paragraph to paragraph "What is the main idea of the passage?” “What is the organization of the passage?” “The primary purpose of the passage is to…"
See Video Explanation

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III. Standard Question Types
B) “According to the passage…”:
GMATPill says:
- Answer choice MUST be explicitly stated or is a rephrase of something mentioned in the passage. - Apply “RC Pill Attack Strategy” when question is “detailed”. "According to the passage, ...” “The author would most likely agree that…” “The author quotes so and so in order to ...” “Which of the following is mentioned in the passage...”
See Video Explanation

Page 68

Standard Question Types C) “It can be INFERRED / SUGGESTED that…”: GMATPill says: . . "The passage implies that…” “We may infer which of the following…” “The author implies that.. It will require you to draw upon two sentences or concepts to derive at a statement that is INFERRED from these phrases.Apply “RC Pill Attack Strategy” when question is “detailed”..GMAT Verbal: Reading Comprehension III.” “The passage suggests that…” See Video Explanation Page 69 .The answer WILL NOT be explicitly stated / rephrased in the passage.

/ All of the following EXCEPT" Questions: GMATPill says: . .” “The author's argument is based on which of the following assumptions?” “The author cites each of the following EXCEPT .” See Video Explanation Page 70 ....This question will likely require you to read through all the answer choices and might take you longer than usual to answer... Standard Question Types D) Which of the following. “All of the following statements are true EXCEPT..GMAT Verbal: Reading Comprehension III.Watch RC Pill videos to capture the nuance for this type of question in different passages..” “Which of the following can be most reasonably concluded ..

all of the following statements about duplicate artifacts are true EXCEPT.. “The author implies that all of the following statements about duplicate artifacts are true EXCEPT. such as an “inference” question requiring you to go thru all answer choices... Standard Question Types E) Combination Questions: GMATPill says: Some questions will be a combination of the ones identified..” “According to the passage.” See Video Explanation Page 71 .GMAT Verbal: Reading Comprehension III.

Genetic Mutations RC Passage Page 73 .

GMAT Verbal: Reading Comprehension 1 2 3 4 Page 74 .

GMAT Verbal: Reading Comprehension 5 6 Page 75 .

Genetic Caffeine RC Passage Page 76 .

GMAT Verbal: Reading Comprehension 7 8 9 10 Page 77 .

GMAT Verbal: Reading Comprehension 11 12 Page 78 .

Genetic Archaeology RC Passage Page 79 .

GMAT Verbal: Reading Comprehension 13 14 15 16 Page 80 .

GMAT Verbal: Reading Comprehension 17 18 Page 81 .

Genetic Farming RC Passage Page 82 .

GMAT Verbal: Reading Comprehension 19 20 21 22 Page 83 .

Genetic Predator RC Passage Page 84 .

GMAT Verbal: Reading Comprehension 23 24 25 26 Page 85 .

GMAT Verbal: Reading Comprehension 27 Page 86 .

GMAT Verbal: Reading Comprehension For Core Frameworks and More Video Explanations By GMATPill. Sign Up For the GMAT Pill Reading Comprehension Pill Page 87 .

Official Guide 12th Edition GMAT Quant Questions By Type Page 88 .

195. 63. 103. 184. 52. 144 . 104.Topic Fractions. 105. 157. 224 Data Sufficiency: #6. 150. 219. 101. 116. 142. 215. 181. 16. 160. 155. 65. 91. 48. 12.128. 190. 87. 126. 220 Data Sufficiency: #2. 90. 10. 80. 65. 131. 93. 133. Mixtures. 55. 35. 230 Data Sufficiency: #24. 29. 18. 109. 97. 185. 214. 68. 43. 109. 86 . 74. 75 . 118. 93. 9. 123. 105. 74. 127. 69. 80. 32. 172. 76. 17. 175. 21. Real Numbers. 144. 125 120-121. 152. 160. 106. 216. 46. 35. 122. 41. 67. 54. 164. 5. 187. 141 113-114. 126-127 121-126 Geometry 127-134 Stats 114-116 Combo/Permutations 117-118 . 70. 50. 223 Data Sufficiency: #4. 85. 110. 22. 123. 24. 33. 10 . 139. 162. 186. 14. 82. 60. 148. 170 Problem Solving: #2. 4. 47. 147 Problem Solving: #12.14. 211. 139. 79. 61. 53. 46. 39. 26. 48. 51. 19. 141. 198. 89. 227 Data Sufficiency: #8. 78. 225 Data Sufficiency: #1. 71. 158. 33. 153. 94. 54. 104. 107 Page 89 109-112. 84. 145. 138. 140. 88. 132. 119. 128. 113. 135. 169. 158. 110. 59. 34. 134. 152. 23.79. 201. 78. 112. 45. 56. 129. 85. 49. 156. 64. 137. 72. 129. 163. 92. 202. 182. 171. 111. 7. 168 Problem Solving: #8. 193 . 42. 77. 54. 22. 27. 149. 84. 157. 217. 31. 171. 125. 147. 111. 124. 165 Problem Solving: #16. 50. 38. 161. 138. 100. 178. 174 Problem Solving: #20. 63. 77. 169 Data Sufficiency: #38. 159. 27. 15. 34. 173. 107. 73. 98. 83. 163 Problem Solving: #3. 197. 161. 153. 208. 55. 101. 119. 73. 69. 166. 36. 41. 58. 130. 103. 116. 167. 7. 87. 150. 131. and Decimals Percent. 130. 30. 136. 121. 134. 168. 23 25. 228 Data Sufficiency: #3. 40. 120. 142. 47. 124 . 96. 117. 37. 29. 151. 146. 207 Data Sufficiency: #28. 170. 108. 99. 213. 13. 40. 98. 162. 11. 44. 72.148. 133. 61. 51. 126. 226 Data Sufficiency: #66. 206. 52. 28. 142-144 Rates and Word Problems 140 Ratios 113 Number Properties 108 Exponents Algebra and Functions Equations / Inequalities 114. 67. 117. 167. 132. 96. 31. 189. 212 Data Sufficiency: #18. 13. 83. 21. 183. 60. 17. 90. 180. 32. 20. 146. 127. 115. 76. 91. 66. 120. 143 Problem Solving: #6. 204. 137. 15. 114. 114. 113.200. 44. 174. 209. 36. 145. 62. 64. Sets Official Guide 12th Edition Concept Pages Actual Practice Questions Problem Solving: #1. 135. 222. 196. 86. 92. 218. 221. 56. 199. 57. 154. 26. 108. 97.95. 59. 45. 191. 1761. 89 95. 112. 49. 53. 155. 166 Problem Solving: #68. 141. 154. 81. 177. 102. 37. 173 Problem Solving: #5. 106. 70. 165. 140. 43. 102. 118. 62. 71. 19. 58. 151. 99. 82. 156. 81. 159. 172 Problem Solving: #11. 203.

The GMAT Pill Study Method Quant: Problem Solving Pill Questions and Video Explanations + Formula Sheets Page 90 .

GMAT Quant: Problem Solving 1 Algebra 2 Geometry See Video Explanation See Video Explanation 3 Number Properties 4 Number Properties See Video Explanation Page 91 See Video Explanation .

GMAT Quant: Problem Solving 5 Number Properties 6 Sequences See Video Explanation See Video Explanation 7 Algebra 8 Geometry See Video Explanation Page 92 See Video Explanation .

GMAT Quant: Problem Solving 9 Sequences 10 Exponents See Video Explanation See Video Explanation 11 Hypothetical Formulas 12 Algebra See Video Explanation Page 93 See Video Explanation .

GMAT Quant: Problem Solving 13 Roots 14 Geometry See Video Explanation See Video Explanation 15 Inequalities 16 Number Properties See Video Explanation Page 94 See Video Explanation .

GMAT Quant: Problem Solving 17 Algebra 18 Factorials See Video Explanation 19 20 See Video Explanation Geometry Geometry r 2 r 2  10 r 2   2 r 2 1 4 2 r  (40  2r ) 2 1 r 2  (10  r ) 2 2 See Video Explanation See Video Explanation Page 95 .

GMAT Quant: Problem Solving 21 Algebra 22 Wordy Word Problems See Video Explanation 23 Fractional Exponents 24 Exponents See Video Explanation See Video Explanation Page 96 See Video Explanation .

GMAT Quant: Problem Solving 25 Wordy Word Problems 26 Functions See Video Explanation 27 Functions 28 Roots See Video Explanation See Video Explanation 97 Page See Video Explanation .

GMAT Quant: Problem Solving 29 Exponents 30 Geometry See Video Explanation 31 32 See Video Explanation Geometry Geometry See Video Explanation Page 98 See Video Explanation .

GMAT Quant: Problem Solving 33 Geometry 34 Geometry See Video Explanation See Video Explanation 35 Geometry 36 Geometry See Video Explanation Page 99 See Video Explanation .

GMAT Quant: Problem Solving 37 Number Properties 38 Combo/Permutations See Video Explanation 39 Number Properties 40 See Video Explanation Combo/Permutations See Video Explanation 100 Page See Video Explanation .

GMAT Quant: Problem Solving 41 Combo/Permutations 42 Combo/Permutations See Video Explanation 43 Algebra 44 Exponents See Video Explanation See Video Explanation 101 Page See Video Explanation .

30/kg be mixed with rice at \$10.80/kg So that the mixture is worth \$10/kg? 48 Mixture Problems A) B) C) D) E) 1:3 9:4 8:7 11:9 11:7 A) B) C) D) E) See Video Explanation Page 102 25/7 20/7 2 3 17/13 See Video Explanation .GMAT Quant: Problem Solving 45 Mixture Problems 46 Mixture Problems A) B) C) D) E) 200 280 300 320 400 See Video Explanation A) B) C) D) E) 5 10 15 20 25 See Video Explanation 47 Mixture Problems In what ratio must rice at \$9.

25 1. What is the lowest number of high school students who will not be assigned to the team they prefer? A) 10 B) 15 C) 20 D) 25 E) 30 Of the 50 high school students.5 See Video Explanation Page 103 See Video Explanation . Find the speed of the taxi. 40 percent will be assigned to math class and remaining 60 percent to reading class. if it overtakes the bus in three hours. A) B) C) D) E) 36 38 40 42 44 Two cars start at the same time from opposite ends of a highway that is 45 miles long. The bus is traveling 30 mph slower than the taxi.2 1. One car is riding at 14 mph and the second cyclist is riding at 16 mph. How long after they begin will they meet? A) B) C) D) E) 1 1. 40 percent will be assigned to team A and remaining 60 percent to team B. What is the highest number of high school students who will not be assigned to the team they prefer? A) 30 B) 35 C) 40 D) 45 E) 50 See Video Explanation 51 52 Rates See Video Explanation Rates A taxi leaves the Point A 5 hours after a bus left the same spot.35 1.However 70% of the researchers prefer team A and 30 % prefer team B.GMAT Quant: Problem Solving 49 Tables 50 Rates Of the 50 high school students.However 70% of the researchers prefer team A and 30 % prefer team B.

GMAT Quant: Problem Solving 53 Exponents 54 Venn Diagram See Video Explanation See Video Explanation For Concept Videos and More Video Explanations By GMATPill. login here. Sign Up For the GMAT Pill Problem Solving Pill Answer Key: 1) E 2) A 3) C 4) A 5) E 6) E 7) E 8) C 9) B 10) D Page 104 11) D 12) E For solutions to the remaining questions. .

GMAT Quant: Problem Solving Isosceles Isosceles D b E a F c If angle a = c. the triangle When this condition is met. are 45-45-90 as shown. then If angle a = c. then side length D = E side length D = E When this condition is met. the triangle is called an isosceles is called an isosceles Triangle Area = Triangle Area = 1 base * height 2 90˚ 1 mile 60˚ 30˚ 2 miles Right Isosceles Right Isosceles x 45˚ x 2 90˚ x 45˚ A right isosceles is a specific type of A right isosceles is a specific type of isosceles triangle where the angles isosceles triangle where the angles are 45-45-90 as shown. Hypotenuse = ? Hypotenuse = ? Hypotenuse = Hypotenuse = 3 x  2x  x 3 Right Triangle 5 Right Isosceles Right Isosceles a hy po ten us e a2  b2  c2 Know these triangle ratios! 4 13 Circle Circle b r a b 2 2 5 12 Area = πr2 Area = πr2 Circumference = π*diameter (Rhymes: “pi” “di”) Circumference = π*diameter (Rhymes: “pi” “di”) Volume of cylinder = Area of circle * how far that circle extends Volume of cylinder = Area of circle * how far that circle extends Volume of cylinder = πr2 * height Volume of cylinder = πr2 * height Volume sphere = Volume sphere = Cylinder/Sphere Cylinder/Sphere 4 3 r 3 See Video Explanation Page 105 .

GMAT Quant: Problem Solving Page 106 .

think: Step 1: Find # of termsStart small.GMAT Quant: Problem Solving Sum of Sequences Sequences: Sum. avg(3 and 99) = (3+99)/2 = 102/2 = 51 = average term = 51 = average term Step 3: Sum = # terms * avg value Step 3: Sum = # terms * avg value = (# from Step 1) * (# from step 2) = (# from Step 1) * (# from step 2) = 33 terms * 51 = 1683 = 33 terms * 51 = 1683 RULE: avg value of each term = average (1st term and last term) See Video Explanation Page 107 . So we need to find the average each term. think: 3 is the 1st term 3 is the 1st term 30 is the 10th term 30 is the 10th term th th Average: What is the average of all these 90 is the 30 term Average: What is the average of all these 90 is the 30 term 99 is the 33rd term so there are 33 terms 99 is the 33rd term so there are 33 terms multiples of 3? multiples of 3? Sum: What is sum of all multiples of 3 Sum: What is sum of all multiples of 3 from 1 to 100? from 1 to 100? # of Terms: How many numbers are # of Terms: How many numbers are multiples of 3 between 1 and 100? multiples of 3 between 1 and 100? Step 2: The easiest way to find the sum is to Step 2: The easiest way to find the sum is to multiply the # of terms by the average value of multiply the # of terms by the average value of each term. # of terms Step 1: Find # of termsStart small. Average. # of terms Sequences: Sum. So we need to find the average value! value! So in this case. avg(3 and 99) = (3+99)/2 = 102/2 So in this case. Average.

GMAT Quant: Problem Solving Sum of Sequences Sequences: Sum. Average. avg(2 and 100) = (2+100)/2 = 102/2 = 51 = average term 102/2 = 51 = average term See Video Explanation Step 3: Sum = # terms * avg value Step 3: Sum = # terms * avg value = (# from Step 1) * (# from step 2) = (# from Step 1) * (# from step 2) = 50 terms * 51 = 2550 = 50 terms * 51 = 2550 Page 108 . So we need to find the average each term. Average. avg(2 and 100) = (2+100)/2 = So in this case. # of terms Sum: What is sum of all even numbers Sum: What is sum of all even numbers from 1 to 100? from 1 to 100? Average: What is the average of all these Average: What is the average of all these multiples of 2? multiples of 2? # of Terms: How many numbers are # of Terms: How many numbers are multiples of 2 between 1 and 100? multiples of 2 between 1 and 100? Step 1: Find # of terms: Step 1: Find # of terms: 2 is the 1st term 2 is the 1st term 100 is the 50th term so there are 50 terms 100 is the 50th term so there are 50 terms Step 2: The easiest way to find the sum is to Step 2: The easiest way to find the sum is to multiply the # of terms by the average value of multiply the # of terms by the average value of each term. # of terms Sequences: Sum. So we need to find the average value! value! RULE: avg value of each term = average (1st RULE: avg value of each term = average (1st term and last term) term and last term) So in this case.

GMAT Quant: Problem Solving Angles Lines Lines p x o o wo yo qo ko mo You should know… You should know… x=y x=y p=q p=q (x+q)=(q+y)=(p+x)=(p+y)=180 (x+q)=(q+y)=(p+x)=(p+y)=180 (y+w+k)=(m+k)=180 (y+w+k)=(m+k)=180 m=y+w (This one is common!) m=y+w (This one is common!) See Video Explanation Page 109 .

GMAT Quant: Problem Solving Combinations/Permutations (n Choose r) Strategy #1: Count them Strategy #1: Count them How many triplets (teams of 3) can you make in a group of 5 people? How many triplets (teams of 3) can you make in a group of 5 people? 1 2 3 4 5 10 possible triplets n! 5! 5! 1* 2 * 3 * 4 * 5 4 * 5      10 c!(n  c)! 3!(5  3)1! 3!2! (1* 2 * 3)(1* 2) 2 Strategy #2: Use Formula Strategy #2: Use Formula Q1) How many triplets (teams of 3) can you make in a group of 5 people? Q1) How many triplets (teams of 3) can you make in a group of 5 people? n=total # (5) n=total # (5) r=size of selected group (3) r=size of selected group (3) 5! 5! 1* 2 * 3 * 4 * 5 4 * 5 n!      10 2 r!(n  r )! 3!(5  3)1! 3!2! (1* 2 * 3)(1* 2) Q2) How many pairs (teams of 2) can you form with 6 people? Q2) How many pairs (teams of 2) can you form with 6 people? n=6 n=6 r=2 r=2 n! 6! 6! 1* 2 * 3 * 4 * 5 * 6 5 * 6 5! 5! 1* 2 * 3 * 4 * 5 4 * 5 n!      10 2 c!(n  c)! 3!(5  3)1! 3!2! (1* 2 * 3)(1* 2) r!(n  r )!  2!(6  2)1!  2!4!  (1* 2)(1* 2 * 3 * 4)  2  15 See Video Explanation Page 110 .

divide by the # Arithmetic Mean = add them all up. add the Multiplication: 24 (22) = 26 [Keep the base. the median is the average of 3rd and 4th terms median is the average of 3rd and 4th terms {3. 9}: mean = (3+4+7+9)/4 = 23/4 mean = (3+4+7+9)/4 = 23/4 median = (4+7)/2 = 5.5 median = (4+7)/2! =2 * 3 * 4 * 5 * 6 * 7 * 5. 7. subtract the exponents!] the exponents!] exponents!] exponents!]  6 * 7  42 Factorials Factorials 0! = 1 0! = 1 4! = 4*3*2*1 =24 4! = 4*3*2*1 =24 4! = 4* 3! = 24 4! = 4* 3! = 24 5! = 120 5! = 120 1 1 1 ( ) 3 ( )  2 ( ) 1  ? 16 8 2  (2 1 ) 3 (2 3 )  2 (2  4 ) 1  23 6 4  213 If all the answer choices are in base 1/2 instead of 2. In a set of 6 (even #) ascending numbers. then convert 1  ( ) 13 2 See Video Explanation Page 111 . 4. add the Addition: 24 + 22 = 16 + 4 = 20 Addition: 24 + 22 = 16 + 4 = 20 Division: 24/22 = 24-2 = 22 [Keep the base.5 7 5!  2 *3* 4 *5 Ratios Ratios a c  b d • a:c = b:d • a:c = b:d • Cross products are equivalent • Cross products are equivalent • a*d = b*c • a*d = b*c Exponent Operations Exponent Operations Subtraction: 24 – 22 = 16-12 =12 Subtraction: 24 – 22 = 16-12 =12 Multiplication: 24 (22) = 26 [Keep the base. the In a set of 6 (even #) ascending numbers. 7. the In a set of 5 (odd #) ascending numbers. 9}: {3. the median is the 3rd number. 4. divide by the # of items of items Median = the middle number of a set of numbers Median = the middle number of a set of numbers In a set of 5 (odd #) ascending numbers. median is the 3rd number. subtract Division: 24/22 = 24-2 = 22 [Keep the base.GMAT Quant: Problem Solving Math Equations/Relationships Averages (you should already know this) Averages (you should already know this) Arithmetic Mean = add them all up.

then the edges opposite of those angles are of equal length r CIRCLE/Arcs Circumference = pi * di [They rhyme!] Note: Diameter (di) = 2r 2 Area of circle = pi * r a F c 3D: Volume of Sphere = 4/3 pi * r3 Page 112 .GMAT Quant: Problem Solving #8: Geometry Formulas Given diagonal is 13. Note: Diagrams on GMAT are NEVER drawn to scale!! c d=b+c a + d = 180 [straight line] a + b + c = 180 [triangle] a d 13 b b D E If 2 sides are same length. what is the circumference of the rectangle? Do you have enough info? Generally. You need to at least know the ratio of the width/length OR be told that the width and length MUST be integers. no. then those angles opposite are equal [if a=c  D=E] Likewise… If 2 angles are equal.

GMAT Quant: Problem Solving Expressions You Should Know Without Thinking Expression Expression 23 23 24 24 25 25 2 32 Exponentials You Exponentials You Should Know Should Know Quickly Quickly 0! = 1 0! = 1 D=R * T D=R * T 8 8 16 16 32 32 9 9 27 27 81 81 16 16 64 64 25 25 125 125 625 625 36 36 49 49 64 64 81 81 100 100 121 121 144 144 1 (always) 1 (always) Distance = Rate ** Distance = Rate Time Time 3 33 33 34 34 42 42 43 43 52 52 5 54 54 62 62 72 72 82 82 92 92 102 102 112 112 122 122 x0 x0 3 53 (Total #) ** (%) = (Actual #) (Total #) (%) = (Actual #) Ex: 53 * 5xx = 53+x Ex: 53 * 5 = 53+x 1 1 5-3 = ------5-3 = ------(53)) (53 Odd exponents Odd exponents keep sign of keep sign of base base (-2)2 = 4 (-2)2 = 4 (-2)3 = -8 (-2)3 = -8 (-2)4 = 16 (-2)4 = 16 (-2)5 = -32 (-2)5 = -32 Page 113 .

GMAT Quant: Problem Solving Pos/Neg Fractional Exponents 81/ 2  8 81/ 3  3 8 80  1 845  (23 ) 45  2135 83 / 7  7 8 3 1 1 1 83  3  3 3  9 8 (2 ) 2 1 1 1 1 / 3 8  1/ 3  3  8 8 2 Make sure you are familiar with all formats and switching between them back and forth! See Video Explanation Page 114 .

GMAT Quant: Problem Solving Rates Distance = Rate # Time Distance = Rate # Time D=R # T D=R # T What do you do when there are multiple rates involved?? What do you do when there are multiple rates involved?? EVERYBODY Knows this EVERYBODY Knows this formula.+ ---.= ----T1 TTotal T1 T 2 T2 TTotal See Video Explanation Page 115 . Obviously formula. Obviously knowing this formula is knowing this formula is not going to be enough.= --------.+ ---. not going to be enough. The GMAT will test you The GMAT will test you on variations of this on variations of this formula formula Rates Must Add Up! Rates Must Add Up! R1 + R2 = RTotal R1 + R2 = RTotal The Inverse of Times Must Add Up! The Inverse of Times Must Add Up! 1 1 1 1 1 1 ----.

(well if x=0 then it will obviously be 0). such as a square root. then the only accepted answer is the then the only accepted answer is the positive root.GMAT Quant: Problem Solving Additional Rules You should know See Video Explanation 4 So So 81 =3 only. but x can be negative but x can be negative On the exam… On the exam… 64  4  27  3 When we see When we see then: then: y  x2 y x x2  x Odd roots will have the same Odd roots will have the same sign as the base of the root sign as the base of the root 3 3 Page 116 . =3 only. positive root. for an even root. This means y cannot be negative. Rule: Rule: x  x 2 When the GMAT provides the square root sign When the GMAT provides the square root sign for an even root. (well if x=0 then it will obviously be 0). even x 0 Even roots have only a positive value on the Even roots have only a positive value on the GMAT. not +3 and -3. GMAT. not +3 and -3. This means y cannot be negative. such as a square root.

” • C=2p (NOT 2c = p !!!!!) “There are 10 more grapes than apples.GMAT Quant: Problem Solving Translating fancy word problems • • “There are twice as many Computers as there are printers.and one fourth as many appples as pears.” Assume g= grape.a = apple .p = pears • G=10+a • A= (1/4)p See Video Explanation Page 117 .

GMAT Quant: Problem Solving Translating fancy word problems If Jack bought a computer for \$1000 more than a generic model. g = generic. b = bonus Step 2: Reread the paragraph and substitute variables in: c = \$1000 + g c = 8b b = (1/4) g Step 3: Identify that there are 3 variables but also 3 unknowns. What is the price of the computer? Step 1: Assign letters c = computer. so it is solvable! See Video Explanation Page 118 . which is 1/4th the price of the generic model. then the price of that computer would have been 8 times the value of the accompanying bonus wireless router.

GMAT Quant: Problem Solving Tricky wordings • • • Three Friends sit down to eat 14 slices of Pizza. If two of the Friends eat the same number of slices. but also more than the necessary 3 equations to solve for everything! So this is solvable! Let’s do it: • 2f2 + f3 = 14 • 2 (f3 – 2) + f3 = 14 • 3f3 – 4 = 14 See Video Explanation • F3 = 18/3 = 6 • • Page 119 .and the third eats two more slices than each of the other two. how many slices are eaten by the third friend? Step #1: Assign letter variables: f1 = friend #1 f2 = friend #2 f3 = friend #3 • F1 + f2 + f3 = 14 “Three Friends sit down to eat 14 slices of Pizza.” • F1 = f2 “If two of the Friends eat the same number of slices” • F3 = 2 + f1 “The third eats two more slices than each of the other two” • F3 = 2 + f2 “The third eats two more slices than each of the other two” • F3 = ? “How many slices are eaten third friend?” Recognize that you have 3 unknowns.

then There are two possibilities: 1) x-2 < 4  easy  easy 1) x-2 < 4 2) x -2 > -4 2) x -2 > -4  1) negate the other side AND  1) negate the other side AND 2) flip the sign so it faces the 2) flip the sign so it faces the other way other way Which of the following inequalities is equivalent to –2 < x < 4 ? (A) | x – 2 | < 4 x<4 + 2 x<4 + 2 A) (B) | x – 1 | < 3 A) x> -2 x<6 x> -2 x<6 (C) | x + 1 | < 3 x–1<3 x > -3+1 x > -3+1 B) x – 1 < 3 B) (D) | x + 2 | < 4 x <4 x> -2 x <4 x> -2 (E) None of the above Same as: -2 <x < 4 Same as: -2 <x < 4 See Video Explanation Page 120 .GMAT Quant: Problem Solving Inequalities (Absolute Value) Example: |x-2| < 4 Example: |x-2| < 4 Whenever you have absolute values on one side.

Any integer is divisible by 1.294: 4 is even. The last digit is 0 or 5. 6. It is divisible by 2 and by 3.GMAT Quant: Problem Solving Divisibility Divisor Divisibility Condition Examples 1 2 3 4 5 6 Automatic.458: 1 + 4 + 5 + 8 = 18. 405 => 4+0+5=9 and 636 => 6+3+6=15 which both are clearly divisible by 3. For large numbers. 1. The last digit is even (0. hence the number is divisible 6. 1. See Video Explanation Page 121 .854.499. so it is divisible by 3 and the last digit is even. 2.205. 495: the last digit is 5. digits may be summed iteratively. 16. The sum of the digits is divisible by 3.376 => 1+6+4+9+9+2+0+5+8+5+4+3+7+6 sums to 69 => 6 + 9 = 15 => 1 + 5 = 6. which is clearly divisible by 3. or 8). The last two digits divisible by 4. 4. 54632: 32 is divisible by 4.

GMAT Quant: Problem Solving See Video Explanation Page 122 .

GMAT Quant: Problem Solving See Video Explanation Page 123 .

Sign Up For the GMAT Pill Problem Solving Pill Page 124 .GMAT Quant: Problem Solving For Concept Videos and More Video Explanations By GMATPill.

The GMAT Pill Study Method Quant: Data Sufficiency Pill Questions and Video Explanations + Formula Sheets Page 125 .

GMAT Quant: Data Sufficiency 1 Numbers VS % See Video Explanation 2 Testing Values See Video Explanation 3 Number Properties See Video Explanation 4 Past/Present/Future Page 126 See Video Explanation .

GMAT Quant: Data Sufficiency 5 Testing Values See Video Explanation 6 Numbers VS % See Video Explanation 7 Ratios See Video Explanation 8 Odd Vs Even Page 127 See Video Explanation .

GMAT Quant: Data Sufficiency

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Numbers VS %

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Testing Values

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Numbers Vs %

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Exponents

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GMAT Quant: Data Sufficiency 21 Exponents See Video Explanation 22 Exponents See Video Explanation 23 Exponents See Video Explanation 24 Testing Values Page 131 See Video Explanation .

GMAT Quant: Data Sufficiency 25 Ratios See Video Explanation 26 Testing Values See Video Explanation 27 Numbers VS % See Video Explanation 28 Ratios Page 132 See Video Explanation .

GMAT Quant: Data Sufficiency 29 Exponents See Video Explanation 30 Testing Values See Video Explanation Answer Key: 1) E 2) A 3) E 4) C 5) C 6) E 7) A 8) A 9) C 10) B 11) A 12) C 13) D 14) D 15) A 31 Geometry See Video Explanation Page 133 .

GMAT Quant: Data Sufficiency For Bonus Brutal Level Data Sufficiency Questions and More Video Explanations By GMATPill. Sign Up For the GMAT Pill Data Sufficiency Pill Page 134 .

Also included are various practice problems.gmatpill.com). This book provides a preview of the mentality needed to  prepare for the GMAT exam in as little time as possible. To learn more about the online  video course. some  frameworks on how to approach specific types of  questions.com About The Author Zeke Lee is the founder and president of GMAT Pill  (www.com. Zeke holds management consulting experience with Booz  & Company and securities trading experience at hedge  funds and investment banks of Wall Street.gmatpill.  Page 135 . The competition to get into top business schools is  more fierce than ever and so is the desire for a competitive  GMAT score to go with a competitive MBA caliber  application.and video explanations for members of the  GMAT Pill Study Method. visit GMATPill. The GMAT Pill Study Method | www.How To Ace The GMAT In 1 Month The GMAT has become one of the most popular exams  worldwide and is accepted at virtually every top business  school. a GMAT Prep online video course  program that teaches the GMAT PillStudy Method through  video thought process videos that mimick the private tutoring experience. Zeke  graduated from Stanford University and has helped  hundreds of students prepare effectively for the GMAT  exam.