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REPUBLIC ACT 5487 REVIEW &ORIENTATION

RULE V

Section 1 . Who may apply for License to Exercise Security Profession?

Any Filipino citizen may apply for License to Exercise Private Security Profession to engage in the occupation, calling or employment either as a Private Security Guard, Private Security Officer, Private Detective and/or Private Security Consultant, after complying with both academic/scholastic and skills/training requirements subject to other requirements prescribed herein under provisions.

SECTION 3. Qualifications a Private Security Guard. No person shall be licensed as security guard unless he possesses the following qualifications:

1. Filipino citizen;

2. High school graduate;


3. Physically and mentally fit;

4. Not less than eighteen (18) years of age nor more than fifty (50) years of age (for new applicants and SGs in non-supervisory position); and
5. Has undergone a pre-licensing training course or its equivalent.

SECTION 7. Exemptions from Basic Pre-Licensing Training.

a. Veterans and retired military/police personnel or those honorably discharged military/police personnel possessing all the qualifications mentioned in the preceding Section shall be exempted from pre-licensing training/seminar and academic/scholastic attainment which is a requirement for the initial issuance of License to exercise private security profession but shall not however be exempted from taking the refresher training courses or its equivalent. b. Likewise, graduates of ROTC advance/CHDF (or its equivalent in the PNP) Training graduates shall be exempted from the required Basiclicensing Training/Seminar.

SECTION 15. Possession of License

a. All licensed private security personnel while in the exercise of their profession shall have in his body and possession his/her valid license to exercise private security profession together with the corresponding proof of payment of license fee.

b. The License issued shall be the proof of authority of the grantee to engage or exercise private security profession.

c. In no case shall the authority of the License be used in violation of laws.

RULE II SECTION 3. Expired License

Any private security personnel upon expiration of their respective license to exercise security profession are considered as NOT possessing license and shall be held criminality and administratively.

RULE VII : USE OF FIREARM


SECTION 3. Limitations in the carrying of firearms.

1. actual performance of duty.

2. In the prescribed uniform

3. In the place and time so specified in the DDO.

4. Shall be carried by the security personnel only within the compound of the establishment where he is assigned to guard except when the security personnel is escorting big amount of money or valuables on conduction duties outside its jurisdiction or area of operation, upon prior coordination with the nearest PNP units/stations, or when in hot pursuit of criminal offenders.

SECTION 5. Justification for confiscation of firearms.

1. When the firearm is about to be used in the commission of a crime; 2. When the firearm is actually being used in the commission of crime; 3. When the firearm has just been used in the commission of a crime

4. When the firearm being carried by the security guard is unlicensed or a firearm not authorized by law and regulation for his use; 5. When the confiscation of the firearm is directed by the order of the court;

6. When the firearm is used or carried outside the property, compound or establishment serviced by the agency without proper authority; or

7. When a security guard does not possess any license to exercise his profession

RULE VIII:
UNIFORM, EQUIPMENT & PARAPHERNALIA
SECTION 8. Basic Equipment. The following shall comprise of the Basic Equipment of a security guard which shall be made mandatory and ready for his/her use while performing post, conduction, armored service duties and the like: 1. Prescribed Basic Uniform

2. Nightstick / baton 3. Whistle

4. Timepiece (synchronized)

5. Writing pen

6. Notebook and duty checklist

7. Flashlight

8. First Aid Kit

9. Service Firearm (As required)

SECTION 9. Other Equipment.

1. Handcuff

2. Metal Detectors

3. Communication Radio

4. Stun Guns

5. Armor Vest

6. Canine (K-9)

RULE XIII:
POWERS AND DUTIES
SECTION 2. Arrest by security guard. - A security guard, or private detective is not a police officer and is not, therefore, clothed with police authority. However, he may effect arrest under any of the following circumstances: 1. When, in his presence, the person to be arrested has committed, is actually committing, or is attempting to commit an offence;

2.

When an offense has just been committed and he has probable cause to believe based on personal knowledge of facts and circumstances that the person to be arrested has committed it; and When the person to be arrested is a prisoner who has escaped from a penal establishment or place where he is serving final judgment or temporarily confined while his case is pending or has escaped while being transferred from one confinement to another (Section 6, Rule 113, Rule of Court).

3.

11 GENERAL ORDERS
1. To take charge of the post and all company properties in view and protect/preserve the same with utmost diligence; 2. To walk in an alert manner during my tour of duty and observing everything that takes place within sight or hearing; 3. To report all violations of regulations and orders I am instructed to enforce; 4. To relay all calls from posts more distant from the security house where I am stationed; 5. To quit my post only when properly relieved;

6. To receive, obey and pass on to the relieving guard all orders from company officers or officials, supervisors, post in charge or shift leaders;
7. To talk to one except in line of duty;

8. To sound or call the alarm in case of fire or disorder; 9. To call the superior officer in any case not covered by instructions; 10. To salute all company officials, superiors in the agency, ranking public officials and officers of Philippine National Police 11. To be especially watchful at night and during the time of challenging, to challenge all persons on or near my post and to allow no one to pass or loiter without proper authority.

RULE XV:

POST TO POST INSPECTION

PNP-SOSIA
COMPLETE UNIFORM

SG
COMPLETE UNIFORM

SG/SO LICENSE LETTER ORDER DUTY DETAIL ORDER

VIOLATION TICKET REPORT

GENERAL PHYSICAL APPEARANCE

RULE XVII:

ADMINISTRATIVE SANCTIONS

SANCTIONS AGAINST LICENSED SECURITY PERSONNEL LIGHT OFFENSES


Use of profane languages

PENALTIES
Acts of discourteous Suspension = 1 to 30 days, or Fine = 100 to 500 pesos or both

Failure to notify PNP in case of d Disorder/riots/strikes, etc.

All acts prejudicial to good conduct, Behavior, morals and similar acts

LESS GRAVE OFFENSES

SG/SO/FA License, DDO not in possession

Use of uniform not appropriate for ones Rank or position

PENALTIES
Suspension = 1 month & 1 days to 6 months, or Fine = 500 to 1000 pesos or both

Leaving his post without properly relieved

Indiscriminate firing

GRAVE OFFENSES

PENALTIES
Use of Unprescribe uniform Suspension = 6 months & 1 day to 1 yea, or Fine = 10,000 to 500,000 pesos or both And cancellation of license

Using personally owned or unlicensed Firearm during tour of duty Lending issued firearm to unauthorized Persons Assisting, abetting or protecting criminal Elements during or off duty Providing confidential information to Unauthorized persons Refusal to provide information to Authorized persons

Illegal search

Taking alcoholic beverages or being drunk while on duty Abuse or acting beyond scope of authority Misrepresentation in the submission of Documents for license renewal

RULE XVIII:

DUTIES DURING STRIKES AND LOCKOUTS

SECURITY GUARDS

DET. COMMANDERS

Shall not carry firearms

Collect firearms of the guards

Shall avoid direct contact with strikers

Account all firearms in a logbook

Shall stay within the perimeter of the installation Shall use only sufficient and reasonable Force necessary to overcome risk Shall refrain from assisting acts of management leading to physical clash of forces

Maintain constant contact with the Management Advise the Management to request for PNP Security assistance AT NO INSTANCES SHALL PRIVATE SECURITY PERSONNEL NEGOTIATE WITH STRIKERS

Question?

Can any persons may


effect arrest / apprehension?

Answer

YES

Under the POWERS & DUTIES of SGs as enumerated in Rule IX of the Implementing Rules and Regulations of RA 5487, stated;

Any person (citizen arrest) may effect


arrest / apprehension when the person to be arrested is actually committing or about to commit an offense in his presence.

What justifies a detention?

You may lawfully detain a


person if you have reasonable grounds to suspect that the person is involved in an offence.

Search and Seizure


is a legal procedure used in many civil law
and common law legal systems whereby police or other authorities and their agents, who suspect that a crime has been committed, do a search of a person's property and confiscate any relevant evidence to the crime.

Restrictions on Private Security Personnel


Private security personnel currently outnumber police officers in the
country by three to one. As a result, whether you're shopping in a supermarket or a pharmacy, working in an office building, or visiting a friend in a housing project, you may be more likely to be confronted by a security guard than by a police officer.

For example, assume that a shopping mall security guard acting on


a pure hunch searches a teenager's backpack. Inside the backpack the guard finds a baggie containing an illegal drug. The guard can detain the teenager, call the police, and turn the drug over to a police officer. The drug is admissible in evidence, because the search was conducted by a private security guard. As private security guards increasingly exercise traditional police functions.