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PDEA’S COLLEGE OF ENGINEERING, HADAPSAR, PUNE-28 2010- 2011
DEPARTMENT OF INFORMATION TECHNOLOGY
By LOHITA CHOURASIA
GUIDED BY PROF. A.B.GADEWAR (IT DEPARTMENT)
PDEA’S COLLEGE OF ENGINEERING,HADAPSAR,PUNE -28
DEPARTMENT OF INFORMATION TECHNOLOGY
This is to certify that student Ms. Lohita Chourasia is studying in TE IT course in SEM II and she has successfully completed and submitted the seminar entitled “iSmell Technology”. This study is a partial fulfillment of the degree of Bachelor of Engineering in Information Technology of PUNE University, PUNE during the academic year 2010-2011.
Head of the
Prof. N. R. Jain
I feel great pleasure in submitting this seminar report on “iSmell Technology”. I wish to express true sense of gratitude towards my seminar guide, Prof. A.B.Gadewar who at very discrete step in study of this
seminar, contributed his valuable guidance and helped to solve every problem that arose. I would wish to thank H.O.D. Prof. N.R.Jain for opening the doors of department towards the realization of the seminar report. Most importantly, I would like to express my sincere gratitude towards my family for always being there when I needed them the most. I also express my thanks to all my friends for their undying support shown during the preparation of this seminar. I give my all success to them.
9 3.5 Smell Synthesizer 3..4 Scentography 3.Digital Scent Technology……………………………….1.1.1 Digitized Scent.…………………………2 2.6 How it works 4.[Type text] CONTENTS CHAPTER PAGE.2 Founders 3.NO ABSTRACT………………………………………………1 1. History………………………………………………….. 2.Broadcasting Of Smell……………….4 The complete product 2 . 4.1 iSmell 3.2 Broadcast Synthesize 4.2 Versions 3.3 Cartridge 3. Introduction……………….1 Evolution Of Digital Smell 2.………………15 4..1 How it was invented 2.
………………..4 Scenttrack 5..2 Limitations 8.……………………………..4 The Present CONCLUSION…………………………………………… ....[Type text] 5.2 Scent Registry 5....Facilities & Limitations.........25 8.... What is ScentWare & how does it Work?……….…34 8...1 Facilities 8.......1 Snortal 5... Where is iSMELL used?.17 5.3 Data Base Reminiscents 5.38 BIBLIOGRAPHY………………………………… ……..3 The Future of DigiScents 8.6 Smell-O-Vision 6..…39 2 .
27 Figure XIII: Theater.........................14 Figure IV: DigiScents iSmell Version 2...........15 Figure V: Cartridge........................................................................24 Figure X: Various iSmell Devices...................13 Figure III: DigiScents iSmell Version 1.................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................18 Figure VII: Principle of DigiScent's iSmell System................................................................................15 Figure VI: iSmell Device...........25 Figure XI: E-Communication...................................................................................................................................................................................................9 Figure II: Digital Smell Recorder.........................................................[Type text] TABLE OF FIGURES Figure I: iSmell Device......................................................................................28 2 .......................................27 Figure XII: Perfumes...............................19 Figure VIII: SenxWare software for designing fragrances........21 Figure IX: A Compact Smell-o-Vision Machine.........................................
has developed the iSmell personal scent synthesizer in the year 2000. The application area of virtual reality is vast. technology is now targeting your nose and tongue.broadcast and synthesis of smells to accompany all forms of media! ISmell is a plug-in computer accessory that contains a basic palette of scented oils from which a bouquet of different smells can be created. You will be able to smell product before buying them online. 2 . The iSmell is a personal synthesizer that emits a broad range of fragrances.[Type text] ABSTRACT The technology has so far targeted mainly our sense of sight and sound.interactive games. which scent-enables web sites.and many more. To further enhance the virtual reality experience and another flavor to it. on-line advertising .from normal entertainment to the Internet and e-commerce application. The iSmell Digital Scent Technology is a complete solution for the digitization . California-based Digiscents Inc. emails.
Have you ever wondered what it would be like to be able to smell the flowers that you order online before purchasing them? Or be able to “taste-smell” a variety of perfumes while surfing the web? Being able to mechanically recreate one of the five sences. Gone are the days when applications of computers were limited to official use only. flavor and food ingredients manufacturers with particular strengths in sensory design and consumer understanding. It provides a very good facility of fast processing. 3d goggles. mostly in the way they plan on making this new technology profitable. iSmell is 3”x 2”x 5” little box-like device made by DigiScents promises to deliver the critical and much anticipated dimension of . has been in the works for quite some time now. computers have verified the cause of their existence. The virtual reality concept is introduced by the computer programmers to provide more attachments to the user. Together. and mainly internet has taken over whole world. virtual theater. There are various causes due to which computers have their own stand in our life. A company called DigiScents believes they have the goods to revolutonize the way we think of smell. sound and picture. electronics hand gloves. they envision a vast array of new opportunities. namely smell.iSmell Technology CHAPTER 1 INTRODUCTION In this modern age. There are several concepts of the virtual reality that are available such as digital smell. Today computers have important place in every household purpose.They have recently teamed up with Quest International one of the world”s leading fragrance. They have virtually taken over in every field of today’s fast life. multipoint surround sound system.
The digital smell is basically a hardware software combination. For this device there is also a driver program which will evaluate the digital equation for generating specific gas. The hardware part of digital smell will produce the smell. The hardware device is a device like speaker. like speaker this device is also connected to the computer system. Ultimately users will be able to create and 2 .Bellenson first introduced the device as a prototype add on to an IBM ThinkPad which will ultimately be capable of emitting 12050 different combinations of odour. and the software part will evaluate the smell equation and generate specific signals for specific smell and finally that smell will be produced by the device. Figure I: iSmell Device Coding of aromas would be downloaded to computer similar to graphics images as audible sounds.[Type text] aroma to one’s latest computer encounter.
to name just a few of its applications . movement controllable seats were completed.[Type text] modify their own fragrances and post them on the internet (2000). Now for the user to feel more realistic effects of movies they were introducing the very new facility of digital smell in movies or in games. digital smell. movement controllable seats. 3d goggles.1 How it was Invented As we know that many scientists have started for the virtual reality from the last 5 to 6 years.1. internet etc.1 Evolution Of Digital Smell: 2. 3d goggles. This new technology will make it possible to send and receive scented e-mails and to add scent elements to Web sites. From this idea the multipoint surround sound system. which could add fragrances coding to images and sounds.Also discussed the potential for creating smell capture cameras. For example if we are watching a movie and we see burning of tier then we will feel that smell in theater or pc or television. such as in Theater. multipoint surround sound system. These theaters consist of an electronic hand gloves. 2 . As a virtual reality they have got a full concept of virtual theater.In future these devices will play very well role in our life. Televisions. CHAPTER 2 HISTORY 2.
1. 2. and suntan lotion. we can digitalize and broadcast it. started from the following idea: “If we can find the essence of a biological smell and build a profile. Digiscents is an American company specialized in the “perfumed web”.[Type text] The basic idea for this was given by the perfume making companies for the advertisements of their perfumes. Digiscents introduced the iSmell synthesizer in October 2000. experts in bioinformatics and genomics. the machine is linked to a computer and recognizes hidden instructions from a web-page or a games console to reconstruct a smell from its scent-based of 128 essential oils.” They came up with the idea for the company while they were in South Beach. they indexed and analyzed natural smells said to be common to South Beach such as flowers. (From an interview with Reuters). a world leader in biotechnology. The size of a small loudspeaker. 2 . The two had earlier founded Double Twist. salt water.2 Founders Founders Dexster Smith and Joel Lloyd Bellenson. There digital fragrances software makes it possible for beauty websites.and transmit it. Using their scientific knowledge. for instance to let their visitors smell their perfumes and beauty products.
Like a new language.[Type text] CHAPTER 3 DIGITAL SCENT TECHNOLOGY Imagine being able to smell things using a device that connects to your computer. As well as the synthesizers. and commerce. Part of that is "Reminiscent". dubbed "The Snortal". design and register their own smells 2 . websites and advertisements and so on. a database of standard smells. they've been creating the software and hardware that game producers will need to mix and incorporate scents into their latest offerings. It includes software components and a peripheral device called the Personal Scent Synthesizer. These odors will be licensed to developers for integration into games. Digiscents don't plan on designing the games and other platforms themselves. communication. this technology is a new set of tools for self-expression. Visitors will be able to send "Scent Mail". The company promises that they will be flying their flag at the world's first scent-enabled Web portal.
It uses consumable cartridges which are used and replaced similar to the way ink jet printers use ink cartridges. D Figure II: Digital Smell Recorder 3. iSmell is triggered either on demand by the user (via a keyboard or 2 . It emits natural-based vapors into the user's personal space.1 What is iSmell? The iSmell is a peripheral device. about the size of a PC speaker that connects to a PC via a serial or USB port. just like computer gamers circulate custom-designed 'skins' for their favorite titles.[Type text] and swap aroma tracks to their favorite music clips.
and then wafts into the air with a small fan. The iSmell device reads a digital scent file.2 VERSIONS Figure III: DigiScents iSmell Version 1 2 . The company's technology turns smells into digital codes that can be stored on laser discs or as computer files. and can even be e-mailed. creates a smell from a "palette'' of 128 chemicals stored in a cartridge. 3.[Type text] mouse action) or via a timed or programmed response (as is the case with a DVD ScentTrack).
Ca ridge: rt Figure V: Cartridge 2 .3. It has cartridge of 128 chemicals which is able to produce To active this device for computer it will require a driver 10. 2.000 smells program called as ScentStream.[Type text] SPECIFICATIONS: 1. Figure IV: DigiScents iSmell Version 2 3.
more and more scents and scent combinations will be possible. and then on command from the computer. which is inserted in the company's iSmell device. The digital smell device could add another sensory dimension to the sights and sounds of a computer game.[Type text] The cartridge will contain chemicals -.that will be activated by either heat or air pressure.4 Scentography: 2 . Currently 128 chemicals are stored in a cartridge. those oils form the core of a replaceable cartridge. "The idea would be to have a box about the size of a small speaker that would be connected to your computer and within that box is this cartridge of odors. you can choose various odors within that hundred. computer games. The oils are electrically stimulated in different combinations to create specific smells in response to software prompts programmed into applications such as Web site features. having a hundred different small chambers in it. Similar to an ink jet printer.either natural oils or synthetic fragrances -." 3. to be mixed up together and then puffed gently out of this port where you can smell it. digital music. when you send a signal from your computer. They are still investigating all the scent combinations that are currently possible with the iSmell device. As the technology becomes more refined. But after some time as user will be more familiar with these smells the cartridge will come in market in which you can add chemicals as many as you want. and movies.
but for computer the smell synthesizer is made by digiscents industry.[Type text] Scentography is a new form of expression that allows the integration of scents with traditional digital multimedia. 3. 3.6 How Does it Work? 2 . Scentography adds a new dimension and richness to web pages and virtually any other form of electronic/digital communication. The capability to digitize and broadcast scents will enable vendors and consumers to send scented mail.5 Smell Synthesizer: The smell synthesizer mean the device which is used to generate the smells. and web sites. and play scented games and simulations. DVDs. By allowing you to communicate with smells. such as games. Such as ismell is device used to produce the gas using computer. There are various types of smell synthesizers available in the market. make and watch scented DVDs. establish smell 'n shop electronic kiosks.
* A user requests or triggers the file by clicking a mouse or opening an email. attaches to your computer and "plays" small amounts of scent. * The digital file is embedded in Web content or email. CHAPTER 4 BROADCASTING OF SMELL 2 . The iSmell cartridge contains 128 primary odors. * A small amount of the aroma is emitted by the device in the direct vicinity of the user. The iSmell device can be turned off at any time and users can block any unwork. Here's how the overall program works: * DigiScents indexes thousands of smells based on their chemical structure and their place on the scent spectrum * Each scent is then coded and digitized into a small file. is made up of scent creating materials similar to those used in the food and cosmetic industry. thousands of other scents are created. modeled after a print cartridge. Joel Lloyd Bellenson and Dexster Smith. When these 128 odors are mixed. The iSmell device. DigiScents developed the iSmell scent "player" and scent cartridge.[Type text] Figure VI: iSmell Device The iSmell device was incorporated in February 2000 by DigiScents founders. which is pictured above. The cartridge.
4. 2 . attached to enhanced web content.1 . its chemical makeup and its place in the “scent spectrum”. following the guidelines of the digital file. which connects to the user’s computer like a set of speakers.Broadcast The digital file is scent. synthesis the smell from a palette of “primary odours”.2 . and then digitized into a small file.Digitized Scent A scent is indexed along two parameters.3 . 4. and it can even be emailed. iSmell technology turns smell into digital codes that can be stored on laser discs or as computer files.[Type text] Figure VII: Principle of DigiScent's iSmell System 4.Synthesize DigiScent’s iSmell.
4.4 The complete product: DigiScents is developing a complete solution for scent-enabling the Internet and all forms of digital media. The device includes replaceable cartridges similar to those used in color printers.4. creates a smell from a ”palette” of 128 chemicals stored in a cartridge.1 ScentPalette Cartridges: Consider cartridges contained inside the iSmell device. including: iSmell Personal Scent Synthesizer: A computer peripheral device which recreates Scent Objects by mixing and releasing one or more of 128 scents. which wafts into the air with a small fan. 4.[Type text] It reads the digital scent file. The cartridges are filled with over one hundred different fragrant materials that are emitted alone or in combination. In addition to the general purpose of Scent Palette there is a possibility of creating industry Specific cartridges for every thing from fragrances and food to games and movies. 2 .
2 . flowers) that you can “drag” with your mouse into a virtual beaker and mix. The combinations you choose can be saved as a custom fragrance.[Type text] CHAPTER 5 WHAT IS “ScentWare” AND HOW DOES IT WORK? Figure VIII: SenxWare software for designing fragrances “Sentware” is a combination of SoftWare and Hardware. fresh rain. and the other allows you to receive the codes for a custom scent and have them activate a spray device so you can smell it. popcorn.There are two types of software. The design software is often as simple as a web page with pictures of familiar scents (apple pie. which gets stored as “codes” to be passed to a spray device. One allows you to “Design” your own custom fragrances.
CEO. 5. and a creative lead to develop this interface. you will be able to send scented e-mail. design and register your own smells. 5. and create and share ScentTracks for your favorite movies and music. a technical lead. each containing a chemical compound that can be mixed with others to match the custom scent you’ve created. Once the product is available on the Mac platform. the way a printer plugs in. I collaborated closely with the president. including press folders and greeting cards. This device has a disposable cartridge with a number of chambers inside. ScentMixers are basically programs that will allow the developers to create their own aromas for multimedia.1 SNORTAL: Snortal will be the Internet's first scent-enabled Web portal. which allows you to create your own scents. consumers will be able to use the ScentMixer Scent Creation Software. and entertainment. marketing and sales teams. The Snortal was developed for DigiScents as a portal to scented products. having fun. The look was appropriated into all marketing collateral. Visiting the Snortal. The goal was to create a space where people of all ages can feel as though they are on vacation.2 SCENT REGISTRY: 2 . features.[Type text] The spray device is a piece of hardware that can be plugged into one of the serial ports of your computer.
they will create a world of smells for the Internet generation – perfumes you can smell online. computer games with the whiff of the jungle or the tang of jet fuel. who once ran a Stanford University lab specializing in DNA synthesis. has drawn up models for the way odor molecules bind with the some 10 million odordetecting neurons on a human nose. 5. DigiScent's founders hope that by licensing their scent spectrum. Web sites. create scented greeting cards. There is real science behind all this. movies and music.[Type text] To ensure odor authenticity. for which a license will be required. DigiScent has created a ``Scent Registry. Whatever the smell that we are the license for can be entered in the ReminiScents data base file. Bellenson. a step toward establishing the Scent Registry that will underpin the concept. 5. advertisements. SMELL-O-VISION! 2 .'' a digital index of thousands of scents that the company will license to developers to integrate into games. movies that give audiences the scents of an autumn bonfire.4 SCENTTRACKS: ScentTracks is software. add smell for the movies or songs for all these operation there are some tools are given which user can use 5. By using this software you can edit the smell.3 DATA BASE REMINISCENTS: ScentObjets can be incorporated in many applications multimedia. create the smell.9.
etc. a number of companies are creating hardware and software that will enable it (Biersdorfer. Poniewozik. television. "transmission" of visual and auditory information relies on the electronic coding of waves of electromagnetic energy (light waves) or of waves of vibrations in a medium (sound waves). The in-theater version emits scents from machines located under the back rows. How do we transmit chemicals via the Internet? Although the concept sending digitized scents via the Internet from computer to computer may have seemed bizarre a few years ago. 2000). basing the scent on the mood of the scene. 2000.). the sending of this coded information. computer. the decoding of this information in a receiver (radio.[Type text] Figure IX: A Compact Smell-o-Vision Machine "Smell-o-vision?" Just what are we talking about here? In the past century we became used to the transmission of sights and sounds through the airwaves and via the Internet. and the creation of new light or sound waves based on this information. But scents? Odors? Smell and taste are the chemical senses. In essence. CHAPTER 6 WHERE IS iSmell USED ? 2 .
[Type text] Figure X: Various iSmell Devices According to Brian Nelson at DigiScents. "What kind of smells can be emitted by the iSmell device? Just about anything you can imagine.1 Why Would You Want to Do This? There are four basic types of applications that ScentWare seems a logic fit for at the moment. 6. • • • • Marketing Entertainment Education Medical 2 ." There are many applications for digital scent technology such as: * send scented email * watch scented DVD's * play scented video games * sample a perfume from a beauty product's website * smell the assortment of freshly brewed coffees for sale in their online store .
6. electronic greeting cards and e-mail will enliven all e-communication. just as games with sound became prevalent as soundcards became common. emailing you samples of some new fragrance they might be trying out to see how you like it.Communication: Scent offers developers as well as consumers another medium for creativity and self-expression.[Type text] 6.3.2 Online Interactive Games Imagine smelling the scent of an opponent in an interactive online roleplaying game or smelling the damp cave your character is trapped in. They would be able to benefit from doing market research across the net.1.1. Games with scented environments. entities and prizes are more immersive and realistic.Let the Nose Lead the Way Commerce tends to lead development. you can travel anywhere in the world or to any time period in the past.Multisensory Marketing: Death to Banner Ads .1. which is why some of the bigger ScentWare developers. like TriSenx. 2 .1. and using your feedback to shape the final product. With iSmell technology. Scented games will soon be the standard in interactive media. Perfume manufactures are an obvious fit. Scented web sites. are partnering with companies that just plain smell. 6.
Advertising: Vendors of food.1.4. food and beverages. s Figure XII: Perfumes 6.[Type text] Figure XI: E-Communication 6. cigars. and exotic places. cosmetics. flowers. Eventually.E-Commerce: Scent will bring the online shopping experience to life. scented banner ads will make it possible to communicate the key feature of scented products or to simply evoke a certain feeling 2 . Scent-enabled shopping sites will be more compelling if you can actually smell perfume. and travel related services can use scent to make advertisements more engaging and memorable. home care products. like musical jingles and graphical logos.1.
digital smell synthesizer. For example if we are watching a movie and we see burning of tier then we will fill that smell in theater. movement controllable seats were completed. 3d goggles. These theaters will have electronic hand gloves. From this idea the multipoint surround sound system. This virtual theater is basically the concept of the virtual reality.2. better voice as well as ismell device. After some time over television will came will more clear picture. Entertainment: 6. which will create more interest in watching the television. movement controllable seats. 3d goggles.[Type text] 6.2 Over the Television: Now a days as new and new sound technology came in picture our home television is changing.2.1 Over the Theater: After some time the virtual theaters will come in the market. Figure XIII: Theater 6. 2 . getting more and more powerful sound with it.2. multipoint surround sound system. Now for the user to fill more realistic effects of movies they were introducing the very new facility of digital smell in movies or in games.
[Type text] 6. The addition of Smell is acknowledge as a tool that enhances the memory of that experience. 2 .2. Sure.3. and amount of knowledge that is retained because of it. this one scares be most the ability to send emails with smells anybody can design.3 E-mail Alive with smell Of all the uses for scentware. it’ll add a fun new dimension to birthday when you can send an electronic postcard with nice music and a dozen roses that smell real 6. Education: Virtual field trips have become an invaluable tool for bringing important experience into the classroom where time or geography may otherwise prevent them.
1 Facilities: • • As we now that user can send any type of smell so the ismell is designed The scent cartridges contain mostly natural materials commonly found in such a way that it will give protection against that smell. In addition to ergonomically correct keyboards and mice. in the cosmetics. 2 .4.[Type text] 6. and even computer-based workouts to help you keep fit. foods and beverages you use every day. music while we work. CHAPTER 8 FACILITIES AND LIMITATIONS 8. Medical: A new Tool for Catching Degenerative Neurological Diseases Early Aromatherapy will perhaps be one of the big drivers of home computer scentware sales. you can now add smell to your list of tools for increasing personal wellbeing.
and will require a committed partners and reasonable investment to customize the results in a way that’s suitable for companies whose smell is their branding. So that user can lock that particular smell which he doesn’t like. While pizza. • While many fragrance manufacturers will find the ability to use scentware for both market research and the generation of new sales. • Some diehard game fans may find the olfactory add-on a worthwhile boost to their multimedia experience. The obvious one is the price. 8.[Type text] • There might be possibility that user has allergy from any smell so for this problem the ismell provides locking facility. 2 . Most home computer users won’t be willing to pay the $250-500+ price tag for the luxury of scratch-and-sniff .2 Limitations: • websites. the technology is still immature. exact replicas of some of the more complex “branded” foods that big distributors want to entice you with just won’t be possible yet. • While a few year’s old. but chances are this technology will find its first strong market in small kiosks and other specialty shops. • Specialty food marketers will face the same problem.The Future of DigiScents • Under their system a person could send an 'encoded' message from one computer to another. most of the “ScentWare” application available today operate at a very simple level and aren’t capable of reproducing the very complex protein level of molecule modeling that commercial fragrances require. popcorn and apple pie are already stock smells in a number of scentware collections. and then person will get the message in the form of smell.
smell . it had proved successful during the time of its peak. DigiScents had launched their “Snortal”On the Internet (“sniff +portal”)to allow surfers to discuss. for the past ten years one of the major honor in the IT retailers industry. 8. Although the iSmell device had Failed. Analysts at that time called scent more of a novelty than anything Else-scent was the least important sense in the scheme of game development. DigiScents could not find more venture capital funding to move beyond developing prototypes.3 . • • Virus could also be entered via these smell devices When DigiScents debuted in November 2000. • DigiScents Distributed nearly 5.and even send perfumed email Messages. 2 . • During 2000.At the end of the year 2000. the idea had its Skeptics. learn .The Present Digiscents were awarded the “best technology “ prize during the Retail • Vision 2001 ceremony.create and register perfumes and smells .000 software developer kits.[Type text] Then this smell will be cached by the input ismell device then given to the translator which will translate these release chemicals to the message form.
Wondering what will be the next product? How about tasting things online may be! 2 .[Type text] • 2.500 developers have already applied for the ScentWare Developers Kit which was launched in March 2000 and is used to create “Scented games and multimedia applications.
And at every place we will require this device. Such as over the television. This device will become our need in future. It can create a mood.[Type text] CONCLUSION A Scent has a strange power over human beings. such as for scented mail. 2 . making scent a powerful way to reinforce ideas”. Hence we conclude that this digital smell will revolutionized the world. scented songs we must requires this device. such as foreshadowing or ambiance. There are several streams over which this digital smell is used. “The Sense of smell is closely tied to memory and emotion. It can also give the sensation of virtual reality and suspension of disbelief. It can intensify emotions such as fear or love. scented movies. theater and the web.
com  www.[Type text] BIBLIOGRAPHY  www.com Wikipedia 2 .scentware.com www.trisenx.digiscents.primagames.aromajet.com    www.com  www.
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