48534861 Second Language Acquisition

Second Language Acquisition


Introduction. Language acquisition is the study of the process through which learners acquire language.

Language acquisition divided into First language acquisition and second language acquisition. In learning a second language, there are a number of variables that influence actual acquisition. Age, anxiety, motivation, learning style, personality, aptitude, attitude and sex all play a role in the acquirement of a second language. SLA also includes the complicated phenomena that occur during the learning process. It is a sub-field of psychology that examines language learning and use. Acquisition of a second language requires interaction in that language. A person must be able to communicate and interact in an L2 (second language) in order for him or her to have acquired the language. That person must also be able to switch from one language to another. This process will sometimes result in phenomena known as code switching. Code switching happens when someone uses more than one language in the same sentence. Actual acquisition of an L2 occurs when an individual is able to code switch in his or her mind without taking extra time and without mixing up or confusing the two different languages. In other words, SLA happens when the learner can give up code switching and start to think in the target language.

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