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Proceedings of the XIIIMexican School of Particles and Fieldsand Mini-Courses of the XIIIMexican School of Particles and Fields

Hermosillo and San Carlos, Sonora, Mexico 2 - 7 7 October 2008 EDITORS

**Alejandro Ayala Benjamin Morales Ruiz
**

ICN-UNAM, Mexico

**Carlos Colccneo-Poldon Marfa Elena Tejada-Yeomans
**

OF-USON, Mexico

**Abdel Perez-Lorenzono
**

CINVESTA

v Mexico

**Alfredo Raya Angel Sanchez
**

IFM-UMSNH Mexico

SPONSORING ORGANIZATIONS

CONACYT - Consejo Nacional de Ciencia y Tecnologia SMF - Sociedad Mexicana de Fisica UNAM - Universidad Nacional Aut6noma de Mexico USON - Universidad de Sonora CINVESTAV - Centro de Investigaci6n y de Estudios Avanzados del Instituto Politecnico UMSNH - Universidad Michoacana de San Nicolas de Hidalgo UCOL - Universidad de Colima UG - Universidad de Guanajuato BUAP - Benemerita Universidad Aut6noma de Puebla IPN - Instituto Polltecnlco Nacional

Nacional

AMERICAN INSTITUTE Q!:PI-IYSICS

Melville, New York, 2009 AlP CONFERENCE PROCEEDINGS

• VOLUME 1116

. Perez-Lorenzana.... Diaz-Furlong and J....... and U.... Vergara 407 j Gravitational Modification of the Coulomb-Breit Hamiltonian 412 I I . Noriega Papaqui 386 New Non-Trivial Vacuum Structures in Supersymmetric Theories .... A.... J.•.. Santos. Hernandez.... Pedraza 373 380 and Electrodynamics in a 6D Warped Geometry A.•... L... Moreno........... Delgado A....•••......••...... Mondragon M...... Aparicio Mendez.... Diaz-Cruz Models .........••.....•..... A...... J....•.. and M.. G.................... H.. D.....................• A.. M.. Diaz-Cruz. E.................... Barradas Guevara........ Dienes and B........ Napsuciale Invisible Decays of Supersymmetric M.. Moser....... K... M....•......•. del R.. R. Morales-Tecotl...... G..... Hofmann........ Napsuciale 415 418 421 Flavor and Higgs Physics in Randall-Sundrum A. Murguia......-J....••. Angeles and M....... Dobado. o............ J..•... Thomas POSTERS Field 391 Gauge Transformations as Spacetime Symmetries Higgs Bosons 399 402 R.......A J.... Avilez and J.... Torres 362 368 Non Perturbative A. Briigger.•........... Pedraza The Yukawa Couplings in the Two Higgs Doublet Model and the Froggart. Torres-Rincon Exceptional Point and Degeneracy of the Neutral Higgs Boson System H-A ...... A..•.•.. '11/ s Is Critical (at Phase Transitions) A. Aranda.....•....... Kampfer. E. O....... C...... 424 Felix-Beltran.... A... Linares........ L. and O....•.•••... L.. E. O.... and viii .. F...•.... Wiese 356 Perturbative Quantum Analysis and Classical Limit of the Electron Scattering by a Solenoidal Magnetic Field .....••... and M.. Felix-Beltran Perturbative Approach for Non Local and High Order Derivative Theories ..... Pimentel. Pepe. and J...... Gomez-Bock.... P.......On the Condensed Matter Analog of Baryon Chiral Perturbation Theory . F.. M.... R..•....•............ Llanes-Estrada.. R.. ..Nielsen Mechanism ...... C..•.••........•. E. Caicedo and L.......•......... M...... A.......... F........ and O.. M.... Mondragon... Urrutia Electromagnetic Multipole Moments of Spin 3/2 Particles in NKR Formalism ...... Bashir Aspects of Field Theories PHYSICS BEYOND THE STANDARD MODEL Radion Stabilization from the Vacuum ..

F. CUICBAS.00 380 . C. Linares". A. Pedrazal * Facultad de Ciencias. Aranda':". Campos y Relatividad. H.. This work constitutes the first step towards the discussion of the Gauge-Higgs Unification scenario in this background.F. A. Ayala. Raya. We obtain the effective 4D action that arises from a 6D free gauge action in the spacetime metric RSI -1. This sector governs the electroweak symmetry breaking and gives masses of quarks and leptons.Mj INTRODUCTION It is well known that the Higgs sector is still a lacking piece of the Standard Model. Dfaz-Cruz**.F. Solving explicitly the 6D equations of motion we obtain the Kaluza-Klein decomposition of the 6D gauge field. Colima. Tejada-Yeomans © 2009 American Institute of Physics 978-0-7354-0653-7/09/$25. A crucial property of this scenario is that higher dimensional gauge invariance provides a protection to the Higgs mass from quadratic divergence. Colima. L. San Rafael Atlixco 186. The basic idea in the GHU is that the Higgs arises from the internal components of a higher dimensional gauge field.§ and O. Furthermore. c. R. Mexico D.. Perez-Lorenzana. Sanchez. Randall-Sundrum spacetime is a 5D theory compactified on Sl/Z2' however although CP1116. there are Wilson line phases associated with the extra dimensional component of the gauge field. The warped Randall-Sundrum spacetime [1] ameliorates these problems predicting a enhanced Higgs mass by a factor xnr ~ 35. PACS: 11.1O. Their 4D fluctuation is identified with the Higgs. Mexico D. Mexico t Dual C-P Institute of High Energy Physics **c. Morales-Ruiz. Postal 70-543. Calcaneo-Roldan. B. A.TecotfJ:. Brane Worlds. compared to the case of the flat spacetime and the couplings among the Wand Z bosons are in good agreement with those in the standard model [2]. Morales. Mexico t Departamento de Fisico. A. Unidad Zacatenco. J. edited by A. When the extra coordinate is not-simple connected. UNAM. Mexico D. which predicts various interesting properties in the Higgs couplings to the gauge and the fermion fields. E. Mexico ~Centro de Investigaci6n y de Estudios Avanzados. Instituto Politecnico Nacional2508.t.Kk. 09340. For this purpose a lot of scenarios beyond the Standard Model have been proposed.. trilinear couplings among the Wand the Z bosons substantially deviate from the standard model values. A. FCFM-BUAp. it has been shown that the Higgs mass is too small to satisfy the experimental lower bound and. de Particulas. which is inconsistent with experiments. Mexico §Instituto de Ciencias Nucleares. Puebla. Av. Bernal Dia: del Castillo 340. the quadratic divergent correction to the Higgs mass strongly suggest the existence of new physics at the TeV scale. 11. UAM Iztapalapa. among them the so-called GaugeHiggs Unification (GHU) scenario.P. Abstract.2S. Particles and Fields. Gauge Symmetry.Electrodynamics in a 6D warped geometry A. In the case that the 5D spacetime is flat. Keywords: Field Theories in Higher Dimensions. Universidad de Colima. Puebla. A. and M. Mexico. cr 07360.

The 6D analysis in the GHU scenarios. x6 = itr. one being 'visible' with the other being 'hidden'.x6). -). Because it is 6D. Hatted indexes denote the 6D spacetime coordinates x{i = (x. This metric considers two spatial extra dimensions.x3).x2 .x5 .uv = diag( +. and -x6 -> x6. x5 = x5 + 2nR.xl . based on where e-2cr(x ) == e-2/(lx61 is the warping factor. This scenario is called in the literature the RSI-l scenario. the 6D issue of the higher dimensional theory and the warped geometry.all the nice properties of the GHU scenario in this background. 4. it must also contain all the nice properties discussed above.u . The x5 coordinate is associated to the compact extra dimension which has topology Sl. -. it must give origin to a quartic scalar coupling and because it is of the Randall-Sundrum type. The simplest model of this kind is the Randall-Sundrum scenario extended by one spatial extra coordinate with Sl topology. We obtain the effective 4D action that arises from the 6D free gauge action in this background. In this contribution we present the first step to discuss the GHU scenario in the RSI-l background. with opposite tensions rigidly reside at Sl/Z2 orbifold fixed points. -.u = (xO . it does not naturally contain quartic couplings for the scalars in the gauge fields. FREE GAUGE ACTION IN A 6D WARPED GEOMETRY The metric The metric of the RSI-l scenario describes a 6D non-factorizable a slice of AdS6 spacetime geometry. The x6 coordinate has a Sl/Z2 orbifold topology. As can be noticed in (1). while Greek indexes denote the 4D coordinates x. therefore it only satisfies the periodicity condition. in a flat space-time of signature Tl. but not in the context of the Randall-Sundrum model. both of them compact but with different topology. For these reasons it would be interesting to investigate the GHU problem in a scenario that could mix both properties. x6 = x6 + 2nr. 6 381 . This means it satisfies two properties. and. the x5 extra dimension together with the coordinates describing flat 4D spacetime are multiplied by the warping factor. This metric can be obtained as an asymptotic solution to the 6D Einstein equations with negative bulk cosmological constant and two 4-branes. Generalization of these results to the Yang-Mills case are under research [6]. Therefore one is compelled to look at 6D theories where the quartic scalar couplings are generated by the higher dimensional gauge interactions [3. have been considered for different types of orbifolds. 5]. taken to be x6 = 0.

This choice of Z2 parity ensures that A6 does not have a zero mode in the effective 4D theory whereas AJl and As do have. 7] to assume that A6 is Z2-odd whereas AJl and A6 are Z2 even AJl(xV. This conclusion can be obtained from the analysis of the gauge transformations as well.x6 d6AS(XV.dyAfl and 2g.j.8 dx dxv-GGJlPGvF··F.x6) (7) = -A6(XV. for the AJl and As components of the gauge field. _x6) As(xV. (4) (5) whereas for the A6 component we obtain Dirichlet-type conditions [7] A6(XV.x6 = nr) = nr) 0.x6).·+£'. is the gauge fixing action'.x6). it can be shown that the conditions for vanishing boundary terms are related to the Z2-orbifold projections of the gauge fields.XS.xS. A6(XV.xS.j 0 -1Cr JlV po g . 382 . ! The gauge fixing term resembles Lorentz gauge fixing.. given by Applying the Hamilton principle to the action (2) we obtain as usual both boundary conditions and equations of motion.XS. It is usual [8.xS.x6 = 0) = d6AS(XV.xS. we obtain Neumann-type conditions [7] d6AJl(XV.x6 = 0) = d6AJl(XV.XS. 0. Here G = det( GflY)' Ffly is the 6D field strength tensor given by Ffly = dflAy .xS. where the coordinates xJl and xS are considered by the warping factor at the same level. This term is necessary in order to decouple the equations of motion associated to the gauge action in a covariant gauge. but it has a different structure in the x6 dimension. J (2) in the background metric (1). We stress at this point that the similar properties of the gauge components AJl and As are a direct consequence of the metric (1).-x6) = +AJl(xV. Regarding boundary conditions.xS. It can be shown that in order to preserve gauge invariance A6 must have an opposite sign relative to AJl and As under parity transformations.x6 = 0) =A6(XV. These conditions are of two types.xS.x6 = nr) = O.xS... (6) The analysis of the boundary terms implies also that the Z2-orbifold projection of AJl and As should be different from the one for A6.The action We start our analysis considering the 6D free gauge field action 1 s=--4 J dx 4 1021CR sj1Cr 6 r=» . .XS.-x6) = +As(xV.

Since we separate the 6D equations of motion in three parts.. The equations of motion for the fields depending on the x6 coordinate are 6 d~6 (e-30'(X ) d~6X(X6)) +m~e-0'(x6)X(x6) 0.The 6D field equations that follows from the action (2) are _I_a.. (15) 383 . f po (8) The standard form to solve these equations of motion is to apply the separation of variables method.x6) = Afl(xV)<I>(x5)\!'(x6).x5. One proposes a separable solution of the gauge fields in the form Afl(xV. For the 4D fields the equations of motion are (12) and (l3) Kaluza-Klein expansion Let's discuss briefly the solution to the different equations of motion. The equations of motion for the fields depending on the fifth coordinate all have the same form and correspond to the ones of a scalar field in a circle R2 ( a5 + m2) <I>(x) = 2 5 0. they can be rewritten as Bessel Z2dYz~z) id~~Z) + (Z2 + (i - (~r) (~r) f(z) = 0. subject to the condition <I>(x5+ 2nR) = <I>(x5). (9) (10) 6 d~6 (eO'(X ) d~6 (e -30'(x6) ~ (x6)) ) + m~ ~ (x6) = where m~ and m~ are separation constants. in principle we should have 2 separation constants. By performing the change of variable z == !f1:eO'(x6)in equations (9) and (10) and f(z) == e-~O'(z)X(z) in equation (9) and g(z) equations == e-~O'(z)~(z) +/~~z) +/:~z) in equation (10). 0. but due to the fact that the component A6 behave in a different way respect to the components AJi and A5.) +82. we shall have tree different separation constants. (14) g(z) = 0.Ji -r-c (r-ceflPevSp. g. (11) In this equation m is also a separation constant. =0.

instead of order 0. the solutions for n -I. where the order of the analogous Bessel functions is 1 [8. in contrast to the standard 5D situation. they correspond to <I>(x 5 ) ~ e'7ix ·m 5 with m an integer number. where each warped extra compact dimension changes the order of the Bessel functions by 1/2 [11.X5. (20) These solutions satisfy the orthogonality conditions -. as is the case for the gauge action in the standard 5D RSI model [7.n)(x)eiRX5X(n)(x6). 7].n) (x) and A~m. Also notice that solutions to the differential equation (10) are Bessel functions of order 112.1 2nR 1 0 2nR ·x dx5e'7[(n-m) 5 = 8.0 2 are (16) (17) (18) (19) We want to stress here that the solution to the differential equation (9) is given in terms of Bessel functions of order 3/2. n=Om=-oc A6(x. 10].In terms of the original functions X and ~. This situation is very similar to the one occurring for a scalar field. The reason for this difference is the extra compact dimension x5.a are given by n=Om=-oc A~m.12]. 9.n) (x) satisfy the equations of motion (12) with ma replaced by the eigenvalues man and A~m. A~m.n) (x) satisfies the equation of motion (13) 2 The zero mode XO can be obtained easily from equation (9) setting ma = O.X6) = n=lm=-oc f: f: f: f: f: f: Ahm.n) (x) eiRX5 X(n) (x6).whose solutions are respectively Bessel and Neumann functions of order 3/2 and 112. 384 . where the 4D fields Ahm. the Kaluza-Klein expansion of the 6D gauge fields A. The solution to the equations of motion (11) are well known.n)(x)eiRX5 ~(n)(x6). nm (21) Putting the solutions together.

83. Sakamura. ACKNOWLEDGMENTS This work was partially supported by Mexico's National Council of Science and Technology (CONACyT). Linares. Yamaguchi. 12. Rev. 13. Turan (2008). H. B633. 3963. 2503. CONACyT-SEP2005-COl-51132F and a sabbatical grant to HAMT. We obtained the Kaluza-Klein spectrum. Rev. Lett. Murayama. H. Okada. Aranda. Okada.uA~n. Rev. 43--49 (2000). hep-ph/99112 94. C. S. N. H. Lett. OS02. Regarding the eigenfunctions in the coordinate direction of the SI/Z2 orbifold. 066012 (2008). 4. J. B645. D67. hep-ph/ 051 013S. hep-ph/ 9905221. Csaki. can be directly generalized to the Yang-Mills case and therefore to the Gauge-Higgs Unification scenario in this background [6]. hep-ph/ 9 9112 62. A.uA. 120. Frank. N. Rev. A.-mJ +2a.(.uA~n. N. Diaz-Cruz. and H.~ +m~n)A~n. Diaz-Cruz. G. hep-ph/ 0 60723 6.-mJ] ff J d4x [F~7:mJF. and M. hep-ph/ 9912 4 9S. Lett. and Y. we obtained a different order for the Bessel and Neumann functions respect to the same problem in the standard 5D Randall-Sundrum scenario.3431.mJA. Yamashita. 1. Haba. N. L. Phys. and R. MoraIes.-mJ .mJa. Grojean. J. 442--450 (2007). Phys.-mJ . Phys. Okada. in preparation.mJA~n. MoraIes.u(n. B486. 11. M. 591-594 (2006). B473. Phys. Phys. 0712 . 10. 2. 77-98 (2008). H. 085012 (2003).uA~n. and O.with m6 replaced by the eigenvalues m6n. H. 8. R. Randall. L. Phys.3370-3373 (1999). The obtained results here. Lett. Hisano. Linares. GogoIadze. Saad. Phys. Lett. D78. Them: Phys.mJa. Aranda. 316-322 (2008). Phys. R.0443. 07 OS. 0 S0 7 . A. Pedraza. and O. Phys. C. Prog.-mJ] +m~n)A~n. and I. PomaroI. R.~ d4x [a. Nakano. Pedraza (2009). 2042. OS04. under grants CONACyT-SEP-2004-COl-47597. MoraIes-Tecotl. L. DavoudiasI.-mJ] R2 an .-mJ CONCLUSIONS In this work we have obtained the 4D action that arises from the 6D free gauge action in a Randall-Sundrum metric extended by one compact extra dimension. D62. and T. N.u + ~(nr)(2nR) ~(nr)(2nR) ntm~ooJ flm~ooJ d4x [a.u(n. 153-157 (2000). Hewett.uv(n. 385 . REFERENCES 1.uA~n. A.Tecotl. hep-ph/ 021 0133. 5. and T. and Q. L. Phys. Lett.Tecotl. Substituting the Kaluza-Klein the gauge fields into the action (2) we obtain the 4D effective action S4D expansion of = -~(nr)(2nR) n=Om=-oo -2 (m2 +m2 ) A (n. Matsumoto. Hosotani. S. 9. B659. Sundrum. and O. Chang. D77. A. and J.mJavAv(n. 084025 (2000). Shafi. Y. J.mJA~n. 6. A. 3. Linares.(. Rizzo. Rev. Pedraza. 7. 066013 (2008).

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