DISEÑO DE UNA ZAPATA AISLADA

Diseñar la zapata mostrada en la fig: Si la Columna de 70 x 50 lleva 10 fierros de 1" y transmite
las cargas PD = 180 tn y PL = 100 tn . La capacidad portante admisible del suelo es qa = 2.5 kg/cm2
; ademas fy = 4200kg/cm2 , fy = 280 kg/cm2 en la columna y fc = 210 kg/cm2 en la zapata

DATOS:
Zapata
210 kg/cm²
Columna
f ' c = 280 kg/cm²
b=
50 cm
t=
70 cm
f'c=

S/C =
PD =
PL =

Otros
550 kg/m²
180 Tn
100 Tn

Df =
γ2=
qa =
db =
Lv =

Acero
f y = 4200 kg/cm²

Suelo
1.4 m
1700 kg/m³
2.50 kg/cm²
2.54 cm
150 cm

MD,ML

1.- DIMENSIONAMIENTO DE LA ZAPATA

PD, PL

Cálculo del peralte de la zapata (hc )

Ld=

0. 08.

d .F
b

 f'c

Reemplazo los valores que tenemos:
Ld = 58.89 cm

y

ht
Tomar

Ld = 58.89 cm

Df

Lv

(Del problema se emplean varillas de Ø1") Øb ( 1") = 2.54 cm
r.e. =
7.50 cm
(recubrimiento)
hc =
68.93 cm
Tomar
hc =
70.00 cm
hc = Ld + r.e + Øb
ht = Df - hc
ht =
70.00 cm

hc
T

Cálculo de la presión neta del suelo ( qm )

qm=qa−g ht− g chc-s/c

b

qm = 2.16 kg/cm²

t
t

T

Cálculo del área de la zapata ( Az )

P
qm
 t1-t2
T=  Az
2
t1-t2
S=  A z−
2
A zap=

Azap = 129,629.63 cm²
cm
T =
370.00
cm
B =
350.00

Donde:
P = Carga de servicio
Lv = Volados iguales sin
excentricidad

2.- DETERMINACIÓN DE LA REACCIÓN AMPLIFICADA ( qmu )

Pu
Wnu=
Azap

= 1.4 x 180000 + 1.7 x 100000
350 x 370

=

3.26

kg/cm2

Donde:
Pu = Carga Ultima

3.- VERIFICACION POR CORTE ( Ø = 0.85 )
Por Flexión:

T −t
L v=
2
V d u =W n u x BL v -d
V c= 0.5 3 f'cb d
Ø V c³ V d u

Lv = 150.00
r.e = 7.50
Øb ( 3/4") = 1.91
d = 60.59
Vdu = 101,975.73
Ø = 0.85

cm
cm
cm
cm
kg

Vc = 162,875.03 kg

(Suponiendo varillas Ø3/4")
( d = hc - Øb - r.e. )
(Coef. De reduccion por corte)

B

ØVc = 138,443.78 kg
ØVc > Vdu OK!
Por Punzonamiento:

[ β]

Vc=0. 27 2+

Vu=Pu-Wnu x mn
Vu =

374,938.21

 f ' c bo d

c

kg

β =Dmayor
, β ≤ 2 Vc=1. 06  f ' c b d
Dmenor

bo = 2 x ( t + d ) + 2 x ( b + d ) =
bo = 482.36
cm

2m +2n
(perimetro
de
los
* f 'c^.5 * bo * d = 1.06 *planos
f 'c^.5 * bo * de
d

c

c

o

Vu≤ØVc; Ø=0. 85

Vc = 0.27 * 2 + 4
βc
448,939.43 Kg
Vc = 555,426.41 kg
Vc=
ØVc = 472,112.45 kg
ØVc= 381,598.52 Kg
ØVc > Vdu
OK!
β c = lado mayor columna ( t )
βc = 1.4
lado menor columna ( b )
m=t+d
n=t+b
bo = 2*m + 2*n
Vu = Øvc OK !

4

d/2
bn = b+d

d/2

m = 130.59
n = 110.59
Vu = 1.1 x f'c x bo x d
Vu = 448,939.43
kg
Øvc = 381,598.52
kg

B

t
m = t+d
T

4.- CALCULO DEL REFUERZO LONGITUDINAL ( Ø = 0.90 )
Dirección Mayor:

 Wnu x B  Lv 2
2
Mu
As=
a
ØFy  d- 
2
As . Fy
a=
0 . 85f'cb
Mu=

Lv =
150.00
Mu = 12,831,081.08

cm
ree = 7.50
kg-cm Øb ( 3/4") = 1.91

B=
350.00
cm
d = 60.59 cm2 2
a = 3.89 cm (Valor Asumido)
As = 57.88 2cm²
Aøb ( 3/4" ) = 2.85
a = 3.89 cm
# Varilla ( n ) = 20
2
Espaciam = 17.53
As = 57.88 cm2
20 Ø 3/4" @ 17.53 cm

As mín = 0.0018 * B * d
As > As mín OK !!
Aøb
# Varilla ( n ) = As
Aøb
Espaciam = B - 2*r.e - Øb
n -1

As mín = 44.1
As

>

cm2
As mín

Aøb ( 3/4" ) = 2.85
# Varilla ( n ) = 15
Espaciam = 23.79
15 Ø 3/4" @ 23.79 cm
OK !!

Dirección Menor:
As tranv = As * T
B
As mín = 0.0018 * B * d
As > As mín OK !!

T = 370
B = 350 cm
d = 60.59 2cm2
a = 5.01 cm

(Valor Asumido)
Aøb ( 3/4" ) = 2.85 cm2
# Varilla ( n ) = 21
Espaciam = 17.65
21 Ø 3/4" @ 17.65 cm
cm2

2

Aøb
# Varilla ( n ) = As
Aøb
As transv = 61.19
Espaciam = B - 2*r.e - Øb
n -1

Asmin = 46.62 cm2
As transv
Longitud de desarrollo en Traccion ( Ld )
ld = Øb * fy * α ∗ β ∗ γ ∗ λ

ree = 7.50 cm
1.91 2cm

Øb ( 3/4") =

<

Lv1

>

Aøb ( 3/4" ) = 2.85
# Varilla ( n ) = 16
Espaciam = 23.54
16 Ø 3/4" @ 23.54 cm
As mín

OK !!

3.54 * f 'c^.5 * C + Kr
Øb
Lv1 = Lv - r.e.e

La Zapata es rectangular se debe compartir el Refuerzo adecuadamente de la siguiente manera:
Asc = 2 * Astrv
(β+1)
β = Lado mayor Zapata
Lado menor Zapata
Aøb
# Varilla ( n ) = As
Aøb
Espaciam = B - 2*r.e.e - Øb
n -1

β = 1.00
γ = 0.80
λ = 1.00
α = 1.00

C = 8.50
ktr = 0

Øb (3/4") = 1.91
r.e.e = 7.50
fy = 4200
f'c = 210

2.5

Longitud de desarrollo en tracción
Lv1 = 142.50 cm
Ld = 50.04 cm
Ld < Lv1

q = ( C+kt r )/ Øb
q= 10.41
q >= 2.5 ,PONER 2.5 !!
q < 2.5 ,PONER q !!

OK !!

Espaciamiento del Refuerzo
Asc = 61.19 cm2

45 cm
3xh

210 cm

> 17.65 OK !!

5.- VERIFICACION DE LA CONEXIÓN COLUMNA - ZAPATA ( Ø = 0.70 )
Para la sección A colum = 70*50 = 3500 cm² ( COLUMNA )
Ø * 0.85 * f 'c * As1
A colum = b *t
Pu < ( Ø * 0.85 * f 'c * A1)
Aøb
As mín = 0.005 * A1
# Varilla = As1
Aøb
As col. > As mín OK !!

Pu = 422000 kg
A1 = 3500
cm2
Ø * 0.85 * f 'c * A1 = 583100 kg
Pu < Ø * 0.85 * f 'c * A1

# Varilla ( n ) = 6

OK !!

As mín = 17.50 cm2
Aøb ( 3/4" ) = 2.85 cm2
USAR :
As1 = 17.50 cm2
OK !!
As col > As min

Para la sección A zapata = 350*370 = 129500 cm² ( ZAPATA )
Pu < Ø x 0.85 x f 'c x A2/A1 x A1

Ø x 0.85 x f 'c x A2/A1 x A1 =

874650 kg

Pu = 422000 kg
A1 = 3500 cm2
A2 = 129500 cm2
OK !!

A2/A1 =

2

Página 4 de 41

DISEÑO DE ZAPATA COMBINADA
Diseñar la zapata combinada que soportara las columnas mostradas en la figura. La capacidad portante del suelo es
qa = 2 kg/cm2Considere fy = 4200 kg/cm2 y f'c = 210 kg/cm2 para la cimentacion . F'c = 280 kg/cm2 en las columnas.
COL:
C1
C2

SECCION
50 X 50
40 X 50
b x t

REF.
9 Ø 3/4"
9 Ø 3/4"
Acero

PD
20
40
tn

PL
15
24
tn

1

PL1

PL2
S/C =###kg/m²

2

γm

b1

b2

t1

hc = 54.00

t2
4.55

Df = 1.60
γ m = 1800
qa = 2.00

h t =101.00

m

1.40

m
Otros
kg/m3
S/C = 500 kg/m²
kg/cm2 d(eje-eje)=
4.3 m

Columna
f ' c = 210 kg/cm²

f'c=
fy =

Zapata
175 kg/cm²
4200 kg/cm²

1.- DIMENSIONAMIENTO DE LA ZAPATA ( Az = S*T )
Cálculo del peralte de la zapata (hc )
ld = 0.08 * Øb * Fy
raiz(f 'c)

Øb ( 3/4" ) =
0.08 x Øb x fy / f ´c =
.004*øb*fy =

1.91
49
32

cm
cm
cm

49

cm

r.e =
hc=
ht=

7.50
59.00
101.00

cm
cm
cm

Tomarht =

101.00

cm

OK !!

ld >= 0.004 * øb * fy
Tomarld =
hc = ld + r.e + Øb
hm = Df - hc

Longitud de desarrollo en compresión

Cálculo de la presión neta del suelo ( qm )
qm = qa - γm*hm -γc*hc - s/c

qm =

kg/cm²

1.63

Cálculo del área de la zapata ( Az )
P1s =

Ps1 = P1D + P1L
Ps2 = P2D + P2L
Rs = P1s + P2s
20

+ε Mo = 0

35

Tn

P2s = 64 Tn

20

30

0

Rs * Xo = P1s* t1/2 + P2s * 455
Xo = ??

Xo
455.00
Rs = 99

Lz / 2
e = Lz / 2 - Xo
Lz / 6
e < Lz/6
q1,2 = Rs * 1 ± 6 * e
Lz
Lz

30

P1s
P2s
Rs
Xo

=
=
=
=

35 Tn
64 Tn
99 Tn
301.21 cm

Lz =
Lz / 2 =
e=
Lz / 6=

625.00 cm
312.50 cm
11.29 cm
### cm

170.00
Tn

cm

41 kg/cm2 Ps = 91500 kg e = 23..ADICIONAL ( q 1.DISEÑO EN SENTIDO LONGITUDINAL m P1s = I = ( B x L^3 )/12 I= 74531250 cm4 OK !! 35 Tn P2s = 64 Tn Cálculo de la presión neta por unidad de longitud ( qm ) 0.2 ) Ps1 = P1D + 50%P1L Ps2 = P2D + P2L R1s = P1s + P2s P1s = +ε Mo = 0 20 R1s * Xo = P1s* t1/2 + P2s * 455 Xo = ?? 27.00 e = Xo1 .Xo Lz / 6 e2 < Lz/6 q1.26 cm 170.5 Tn 64 Tn 91.05 I = ( B x L^3 )/12 I= 1454767.00 Lz / 2 e2 = Lz / 2 .2 qn = P1s + P2s Az qn = 6205.05 cm B = 265 cm I = 74531250 cm4 OK !! Ps1 = P1D + P1L Ps2 = P2D + 50%P2L R2s = P1s + P2s P1s = +ε Mo = 0 20 R2s * Xo = P1s* t1/2 + P2s * 455 Xo = ?? 35 Tn P2s = 52 Tn 20 30 30 0 Xo 470.5 Tn e= 23.97 cm q > qm no cumple "AUMENTAMOS EL ANCHO B" q < qm cumple " OK " 1.5 Tn P2s = 64 Tn 20 30 0 Xo 455.92 cm4 cm AUMENTAMOS EL ANCHO B q= 44.5 Tn 324.2 = R2s * 1 ± 6 * e2 Lz*BBLz P1s P2s R2s Xo = = = = 35 Tn 52 Tn 87 Tn 288.00 cm R1s =91.56 kg/cm2 q < qm cumple " OK " q > qm no cumple "AUMENTAMOS EL ANCHO B" 150 cm Aumentamos el Ancho hc = Un nuevo calculo q = 1.Xo q = Ps + Mc = Ps + Ps x e Az I Az I 30 P1s P2s R1s Xo1 = = = = 27.50 ( No amplificada ) Por Unidad de LONGITUD qm = 6205.24 cm q= 1.73 kg/m² Por unidad de Longitud qm = qm1*B m 4.73 kg/m m qm 140.Página 5 de 41 L = 2 x Xo B =(P1s +P2s) qn x L L= 602 cm B= 101 cm tomamos B = 85 cm Como S/C = 500 kg/cm².00 m cm3 . Verificamos las presiones del suelo .40 R2s = 87 Tn e= 12.62 kg/cm2 2.

ree d= 141 cm kg kg .49 kg 75697.81 kg βc= 1 El aporte del Concreto : bo = ( b + .Página 6 de 41 55311.18 kg Vc = 0.49 ### ### 4 x f 'c x bo x d βc kg kg Vc = 1.m -27385.62 kg CUMPLE !! Vu < ØVc COLUMNA INTERIOR : Vu = 1.50 x ( Pu .77 kg 261975.10 x f 'c x bo x d = Vc = 948492.m 6081.10 x f 'c x bo x d = Vc = ### kg ØVc = 940906.49 kg β c = ### El aporte del Concreto : bo = ( b + 0.5*d ) + 2x( t + d ) = Vc = 0.qn x ( b2/2 + d ) = Aporte del Concreto : 261975.52 Cumple !! 44700.50 x Vu = 67050.14 kg Vc = 1.85 kg kg .qnu x m x n ) = 31075.5*d ) + 2x( t + d ) = ### cm Vc = 0.85 ) COLUMNA EXTERIOR : Vu = 1.18 kg Aporte del Concreto : Vc = 0.1 M + + + 124.15 kg + - + 1.62 Encontramos el diagrama de fuerzas cortantes verificamos el corte por Flexion: d = -ree + hc 1.02 kg OK !! d= h.00 cm Vu = Vmax .02 kg Vu < 0 x Vc Cumple !! Vu < O x Vc CUMPLE !! VERIFICACION POR CORTE ( Ø = 0.4 x D + 1.qn x ( b2/2 + d ) = 44700.m ya que : F = ( 1.53 x f ' c x b x d = 0.50 x ( Pu .98 kg V 1241.7 x L )/( D + L ) F= Vu < 0 x Vc 1.02 kg -33758.81 kg Vu = 31075.27 d = 141.49 kg ØVc = 806218.79 kg CUMPLE !! Vu < ØVc ### kg kg .27 x 2 + Vc = ØVc = 948492.77 kg Aumentamos el Peralte a h = 150 cm.53 x f ' c x b x d = 0. Vu = Vmax .85 x Vc = 222678.76 kg ØVc = 1187340.12 kg .qnu x m x n ) = Vu = 75697.85 x Vc = 222678.6297 + m - - -8688.27 x 2 + 422 cm 4 x f 'c x bo x d βc Vc = 1396870.

71 a = 0.Øb n -1 kg .m cm2 9 cm Aøb ( 3/4" ) = 2.e = kg .11 r .18 cm2 cm2 cm2 cm2 cm As = 1.85 cm2 # Varilla ( n ) = 25 Espaciam =10 cm As mín = 71.91 c m 2.m m 1.11 kg .e = B = 265 cm2 d = 141 cm2 a = 2.e .e .61 L= 1.91 .85 cm2 # Varilla ( n ) = 24 Espaciam =11 cm As mín = 67.CALCULO DEL REFUERZO EN EL TRAMO CENTRAL X x qn .77 cm As = 26.0018 * B * d As > As mín OK !! Aøb # Varilla ( n ) = As Aøb Espaciam = B .85 2 cm2 # Varilla ( n ) = 1 Espaciam =#DIV/0! cm 1 Ø 3/4" @ #DIV/0! cm Aøb ( 3/4" ) = 2.a/2 )) a = As * fy / ( 0.71 cm2 14 Ø 5/8"@ 22cm 6081.0018 * B * d As > As mín OK !! Aøb # Varilla ( n ) = As Aøb Espaciam = B .Øb n -1 Mu = Mu = qn x X^2 2 _ 91699.2*r.78 cm P1 x X kg .CALCULO DEL REFUERZO POR DEBAJO DE LA COLUMNA INTERIOR Mu = qn x ( L )^2 2 Mu = 6081.m 8cm db =1.26 cm2 24 Ø 3/4" @ 11 cm As > As mín ASUMIR As mín !! 5.e .Página 7 de 41 4.a/2 )) a = As * fy / ( 0.85 * f 'c * B ) As mín = 0.2*r.64 m m m As = Mu / ( Ø * fy * ( d ..91 c (Valor Asumido) m Aøb ( 3/4" ) = 2.18 As = 1.e .91 Calculo de As : As = Mu / ( Ø * fy * ( d .55 cm2 25 Ø 3/4" @ 10 cm As > As mín ASUMIR As mín !! Diseñar en sentido transversal a cada columna le corresponde una porcion de Zapata d/2 1.06 cm2 Mu = -91699.85 * f 'c * B ) As mín = 0.85 2 (Valor Asumido) Aøb ( 3/4" ) = # Varilla ( n ) = Espaciam =31 cm 9 Ø 3/4" @ 31 As = 26.06 cm2 a = 2.4 Mu = B = 265 d = 141 a = 0.61 r .P1 = 0 X= P1 qn Calculo de As : X = 5.m 8cm db =1.21 d/2 d/2 1..

Página 8 de 41 ZAPATA EXTERIOR ZAPATA INTERIOR .

00 fy = 4200 α = 1.Página 9 de 41 qn = Pu Az Mu = qnu x B x (L^2) 2 qn = 1.91 β = 1.85 * f 'c * A1 = 312375 kg Ø * 0.57 ### Aøb ( 3/4" ) = 2.41 2.85 * f 'c * A1 As col > As min CUMPLE !! OK !! Para la sección B columna = 40*50 = 2000 cm² ( COLUMNA ) Ø * 0.00 cm 25 Ø 3/4" @ 10 cm Øb (3/4") = 1.00cm2 As col > As min CUMPLE !! OK !! Detalle de refuerzos en la Zapata Combinada verificamos primero el espaciamiento maximo Espaciamiento del Refuerzo 45 cm 3xh= 450 cm > 450 d/2 OK !! d/2 d/2 24 Ø3/4"@ 11cm 18 Ø 3/4"@ 10cm 11 Ø 3/4"@ 10cm 25 Ø 3/4"@ 10cm Longitud de desarrollo en Traccion ( Ld ) ld = Øb * fy * α ∗ β ∗ γ ∗ λ < 3.r.34 a = 0.50cm2 Pu < Ø * 0.55 cm2 Aøb ( 3/4" ) = 2.2 cm2 As mín = 32.85 cm2 # Varilla ( n ) = 18 Espaciam = 10.PONER 2.85 cm2 # Varilla ( n ) = 11 Espaciam = 10.COLUMNA( Ø = 0.30 f'c = 175 α1 = 1.85 * f 'c * A1 As mín = 10.e.80 r.e = 8 cm db = d = 141 cm2 a = 0.2*r.50 λ = 1.5 q >= 2.e .00 cm 18 Ø 3/4" @ 10 cm cm2 6.5 .52 (Valor Asumido) cm As = 2.54 * f 'c^.59 cm2 (Valor Asumido) cm cm2 cm As mín = 51.85 * f 'c * As1 A colum = b *t Pu < ( Ø * 0.VERIFICACION DE LA CONEXIÓN ZAPATA .00 cm 11 Ø 3/4" @ 10 cm qn = 1. > As mín OK !! Pu = 96800 kg A1 = 2000 cm2 Ø * 0.52 cm As = 2.68 kg/cm2 qn = Pu Az ### Mu = qnu x B x (L^2) 2 Mu = B = 120.005 * A1 # Varilla = As1 Aøb As col.85 cm2 # Varilla ( n ) = 25 Espaciam = 10.e Lv1 Ld = 71 cm Ld1 = 46 cm La Zapata es rectangular se debe compartir el Refuerzo adecuadamente de la siguiente manera: Asc = 2 * Astrv (β+1) β = Lado mayor Zapata Lado menor Zapata # Varilla ( n ) = As Aøb Espaciam = B .85 * f 'c * A1 = 249900 kg Pu < Ø * 0.5 .PONER q !! Lv1 = 132.5 cmr2.85 * f 'c * A1) As mín = 0.26 cm Refuerzo montaje en forma de Garrido OK !! Ø 3/8" para refuerzo principal Ø =< 3/4" Ø 1/2" para refuerzo principal Ø > 3/4" con espaciamiento maximo de 45 cm.5 !! q < 2.e .e .59 γ = 0.64 As = 4.50 Ld < Lv1 Ld = 71.5 * C + Kr Øb Lv1 = Lv .e.Øb n -1 Calculo del refuerzo minimo : As mín = 71.00 Longitud de desarrollo en tracción C = 6. > As mín OK !! As mín = 12.91 kg/cm2 B = 191 d = 141 a = 0.54 cm2 1.85 * f 'c * A1) As mín = 0.005 * A1 # Varilla = As1 Aøb As col.50 ktr = 0 q = ( C+kt r )/ Øb q= 8.e = 8 cm db = 1.85 * f 'c * As1 A colum = b *t Pu < ( Ø * 0. 0.70 ) Para la sección A columna = 50*50 = 2500 cm² ( COLUMNA ) Pu = 53500 kg A1 = 2500 cm2 Ø * 0.20 cm2 a = 0.e.00 Øb (5/8") = 1..2 .64 cm cm2 As = 4.e = 7.59 cm2 Aøb ( 3/4" ) = 2.34 cm2 Mu = r .

La capacidad portante admisible del suelo es qa = 2..Página 10 de 41 DISEÑO DE ZAPATA CONECTADA Diseñar la zapata conectada que soportara las columnas mostradas en la figura .63 kg/cm2 tomamos .ee + Øb hm = Df .51 cm hc = Ld + r.08xdbxfy f 'c ld >= 0.08x1.s/c qn = 2.gc*hc . Considere Fy = 4200 kg/cm2 . f'c = 175 kg/cm2 para la cimentacion DATOS: Zapata f ' c = 175 kg/cm² Columna f ' c = 210 kg/cm² b1 = 50 cm t1 = 50 cm b2 = 40 cm t2 = 50 cm COL 1 2 fy= Df = γm= γc= qa = db = SECCION REFUERZO 50 X 50 9 Ø 3/4" 40 X 50 9 Ø 3/4" Acero 4200 kg/cm² Suelo 1.57 P1 + P' 2 qn 54868.e Az = ( 50 + 30 ) x 1000 x 57 550 .60 m 1800 kg/m³ 2400 kg/m³ 2.09 cm Cálculo del peralte de la zapata (hc ) hc = 59 cm hc = Ld + 10 = ht = 101 cm ht = Df .91x4200 = Ld = 32 cm 48.004x1.γm*hm .91 cm PL (tn) 30 24 1.hc = Cálculo de la presión neta del suelo ( qm ) qn = qa .hc 32.91x4200/(175^(1/2)) = Ld = 49 cm 0.91 cm PD (tn) 50 40 S/C = 500 kg/m² Lc = 550 cm db = 1.00 kg/cm² 1.0 kg/cm2 .44 b -t 2 2 = = 54868.4-(1800xE^-06)x(101)-(2400xE^06)x(59)-(500xE^04) = qn = CALCULO DE P'2 : Tanteo e = P1xe = L ( PD + PL ) x e P'2 = 9249.004 * øb * fy Ld >= 0.DIMENSIONAMIENTO DE LA ZAPATA Y VIGA DE CIMENTACION ZAPATA EXTERIOR: Ld = Ld = 0.49kg Ps Az = qn A = 2 x( b )^2 = nuevo e = 57 cm Lc .49 cm P'1 = P'2 = e = 58 A = 2 x( b )^2 = 54980 Tomamos b = 165 cm = = P'2 = 1.44 b = 166 t=2b = cm2 9431 54980 b = 166 b= 165 t= 330 -----> A = 165 x 330 e = 57 cm 9249.

00 cm2(Valor Asumido) As = 25.hc = Cálculo de la presión neta del suelo ( qm ) qn = qa .08x1.00 2cm2 a = 5.Øb n -1 kg/m Mu = P' 2 x L + Wv x ( L^2 )/2= 7250000 Mu = 7250000 kg-cm Øb ( 3/4") = ree = 7.6 As = Mu / ( Ø * fy * ( d .91 B = 50 cm d = 79.07 cm2 Aøb ( 1" ) = 2.91x4200 = Ld = 32 cm Cálculo del peralte de la zapata (hc ) hc = 60 cm hc = Ld + 10 = ht = 100 cm ht = Df .08xdbxfy f 'c ld >= 0.004x1.Página 11 de 41 ZAPATA EXTERIOR: Ld = 49 Ld = 0.16 cm # Varilla ( n ) = 11 Espaciam = 3 cm As = 26.8 x (f ' c ^0.00 kg/cm2 9486 44743 b = 150 A2 = ( 150 x 150 ) VIGAS DE CIMENTACION h= b= Lc 7 = 550 7 P1 31 x Lc h = 79 cm SECCION 50 x 80 b = 47 cm DISEÑO DE LA VIGA DE CONEXIÓN Wv = b x h x γ c = 9.s/c qn = 2.67 cm2 11 Ø 1" @ 3 cm .50 P2 + P' 2 qn 36743.5) x B * d/ fy As > As mín OK !! # Varilla ( n ) = As Aøb Espaciam = B .4-(1700xE^-06)x(120)-(2400xE-06)x(60)-(500xE-04) = qn = CALCULO DE P'2 : Tanteo e = P1xe = L ( PD + PL ) x e P'2 = 9486.e Az = ( 40 + 24 ) x 1000 x 50 550 .2*r.gc*hc .a/2 )) a = As x fy / ( 0.91x4200/(175^(1/2)) = Ld = 49 cm 0.γm*hm .ee + Øb hm = Df .85 x f 'c x b ) As mín = 0.hc cm 32 cm Ld >= 0.54 cm2 a = 14.50 1.e .00 = b = 192 b -t 2 2 nuevo e = = 36743 P'1 = P'2 = e = 71 150 = 9486 cm2 usamos b = 250 cm 155 cm A = 2 x( b )^2 = 44743 b= = P'2 = 2.00kg Ps Az = qn A = ( b )^2 = 71 cm Lc .004 * øb * fy hc = Ld + r.

Página 12 de 41 As mín = 9.95 cm2 As > Asmin 11 Ø 1" @ OK !! 3 cm .

53 x (f ' c ^0.e .e < Lv1 .85 * f 'c * As1 A colum = b *t Pu < ( Ø * 0.005 * A1 # Varilla = As1 Aøb As col.VERIFICACION DE LA CONEXIÓN ZAPATA .85 * f 'c * A1 = 312375 kg Pu < Ø * 0.98 cm2 # Varilla ( n ) = #DIV/0! Espaciam = #DIV/0! cm cm2 Ø 5/8" @ Pu Az qn = #DIV/0! qnu x B x (L^2) 2 L = 100 cm r .85 * f 'c * A1) Aøb ( 3/4" ) = As mín = 0.85 * f 'c * A1 USAR : As1 = OK !! # Varilla = As1 Aøb As mín = 10.85 * f 'c * A1 # Varilla ( n ) = OK !! As mín = 12. > As mín OK !! As col > As min Longitud de desarrollo en Traccion ( Ld ) ld = Øb * fy * α ∗ β ∗ γ ∗ λ 3.50 cm2 OK !! Columna Interior As col > As min Para la sección B columna = 50 x 50 = 2500 cm² ( COLUMNA ) Pu = 96800 kg Ø * 0.5 * C + Kr Øb Lv1 = Lv .85 * f 'c * A1) As mín = 0.70 ) Columna Exterior Para la sección A columna = 50 x 50 = 2500 cm² ( COLUMNA ) Ø * 0.e = B = 250 cm2 d = 51 a = 5 cm ( Valor Asumido ) As = #DIV/0!cm2 a = #DIV/0! cm Mu = As = #DIV/0!cm2 #Varilla n = 14 Espaciam.e.5 cm db = 1.5) x b x d = OK !! DISEÑO DE LA ZAPATA EXTERIOR ZAPATA EXTERIOR qn = Pu Az Mu = qnu x B x (L^2) 2 ZAPATA INTERIOR qn = #DIV/0! kg/cm2 B = 150 cm2 d = 41 cm2 a = 5.e .00 As = #DIV/0! a = #DIV/0! Mu = r ..85 cm2 USAR : As1 = 12.50 cm2 Aøb ( 3/4" ) = 2.85 * f 'c * A1 = 249900 kg # Varilla ( n ) = Pu < ( Ø * 0. = 17.005 * A1 Pu < Ø * 0.COLUMNA( Ø = 0. > As mín OK !! Pu = 121000 kg A1 = 2500 cm2 Ø * 0.88 Asmin = 27 cm2 #DIV/0! cm 14 Ø 5/8" @ 6.5 ### #DIV/0! Aøb ( 5/8" ) = 1.Página 13 de 41 VERIFICACION POR CORTE Vu = P' 2 + Wv x L L APORTE DEL CONCRETO Vu = 21982 KG Vu < Ø Vc 23540 Vc = 0.00 cm2 OK !! As col.r.59 cm2 (Valor Asumido) cm2 cm2 cm As = #DIV/0!cm2 As mín = 13.e = 7.85 * f 'c * As1 A1 = 2000 cm2 A colum = b *t Ø * 0.54 * f 'c^.

00 Øb (5/8") = 1.PONER q !! Espaciamiento del Refuerzo 45 cm 3xh 0 cm As1 > = OK !! 6 Ø 1"@ 7cm 14 Ø 5/8"@ 22cm 12 Ø 5/8"@ 12cm d/2 d/2 14 Ø 5/8"@ 18cm .50 fy = 4200 f'c = 175 C = 8.2*r.50 ktr = 0 2.13 cm Ld = ### cm AUMENTAR EL T !! Ld < Lv1 q = ( C+kt r )/ Øb q= q >= 2.59 r.5 Longitud de desarrollo en tracción Lv1 = 38.e.e .e.5 .Øb n -1 β = 1.00 γ = 0.Página 14 de 41 La Zapata es rectangular se debe compartir el Refuerzo adecuadamente de la siguiente manera: Asc = 2 * Astrv (β+1) β = Lado mayor Zapata Lado menor Zapata Aøb # Varilla ( n ) = As Aøb Espaciam = B .00 α = 1.e = 7.5 .PONER 2.5 !! q < 2.80 λ = 1.

Página 15 de 41 .

Página 16 de 41 cm2 3 3 .

Página 17 de 41 .

85 cm2 10.00 cm2 OK !! .Página 18 de 41 kg #DIV/0! kg 8 cm ( Valor Asumido ) 18 cm 4 4 2.

PONER q !! .Página 19 de 41 8.PONER 2.50 q = ( C+kt r )/ Øb 10.5 .5 .5 !! q < 2.09 q >= 2.

9 Y' A B C D 0.003242 m-1 λ= 0.5 Y 9.5 7 8 9 I L O J 0.CALCULO DEL ESPESOR DE LA PLACA METODO DE DISEÑO ASUMIENDO λ= 4 3Ks F'c = Fy = 210 4200 kg/cm2 kg/cm2 2400 kg/m3 qa = 1..6 DATOS COLUMNA PD (ton) PL (ton) Pu 1 45 25 70 2 60 30 90 γc= 3 60 30 90 4 5 60 100 30 40 90 140 S/C= 6 7 8 9 70 60 70 60 585 30 30 30 30 275 100 90 100 90 860 1.003240 m-1 .4 kg/cm2 Ks = 1 450 kg/cm3 Kg/m2 1700 kg/m3 γm1= t= 50 cm.2 0.8 4 5 6 X G H 4.DISEÑO DE LOSA DE CIMENTACION S/C= 450 γm1= 1700 KS 0.4 0.6 K 5.2 1 2 3 E F 4.4 X' 5.6 11. E=15000*√F'c Et3 λ= 0.

8 m.006 -0.006 0.75 λ 5.012 -0.0.132 1.029 0.68 m2 B= L= 11.00006y Pu/A = 1.00006y q(kg/cm2) A B C D E F G H I J K L 1.132 1.114 1.029 -0.132 1.132 3.153 1.167 1.γτ * ht .015 -0.100 1.156 1. ex = -1 cm.029 0.( MxY / Ix ) Donde : Pu= 1286500 kg.132 1. Df= 90 cm.-PROCESAMOS LA TABLA PUNTO Pu/A X(cm. Ix= BL3/12 = 909.003 -0.401 Lc= 5.275*1011 9.73 m4 ENTONCES: q= q= 1286500 + .17 kg/cm2 2.75/λ <Lc METODO RIGIDO AREA DE LOSA A= B * L = 113.108 1.5 Se debe cumplir la siguiente condición: 1.0.006 0.S/C qn= 1.-PRESION POR DEBAJO DE PUNTOS PERIMETRALES X'= ΣPiXi ex= X' .003 -0.1317 Pu/A = 1.012 -0.159 1.00001X Y(cm.) 0.132 1.132 1.029 0.029 -0.1286500x + . ey= Y' .82 m4 Iy= LB3/12 = 1274.132 -580 -290 250 580 -580 580 -580 580 -580 -290 250 580 0.γc * hc .003 -0.132 1.132 1.30 cm.141 1. PRESIONES DEL SUELO qn=qa .006 0.164 1.006 0.006 490 490 490 490 245 245 -205 -205 -490 -490 -490 -490 0.132 1. ey = 4 cm.4 Lc= 4.106 1.B/2 Pi X'= 578.1.6 9.006 -0. Y '= 494 cm.00001x + .( MyX / Iy ) + .015 0. ht= 40 cm.098*1010 1.097 . Y'= ΣPiYi X = 579 cm.L/2 Entonces : q = ( Pu/a ) + .029 -0.003 -0.82 Ix= 909.132 1.5146000y (980)(1160) 1.029 0.) 0. m.132 + .132 1.006 0.73 Iy= 1274.84 cm.029 1. Pi Y'= 494.126 1.

95d +13.1√F'c*bo*d Vu = Pu .167*(40+d)*(40+d/2) m = 40 +d COLUMNA 1 Vc=1.(qnu * m * n) Vu= 1.4*45000 +1.4.167*(40+d)*(40+d) Vu= Vc=1.1√F'c*bo*d Vc=1.(qnu * m * n) Vc=1.103633 =0 Si d = 55 ht = 65 VERIFICAMOS LA CONDICION DE DISEÑO λ= 4 3Ks E=15000*√F'c Et3 λ= 0.4*100000 +1.7*25000 -1.7*30000 -1.83d2 + 1130.1√210*(120+2d)d φVc= Vu=φVc Igualamos n=40 +d/2 m = 40 +d/2 Vu= 1.002663 m-1 λ= 0.1√F'c*bo*d Vu = φVc Igualamos : Vc=1.7*40000 -1.55d2 Vu=φVc Igualamos 13.-COMPARAMOS LAS PRESIONES CALCULADAS CON LA PRESION NETA DEL SUELO q<=qn SI CUMPLE 5.167*(40+d/2)*(40+d/2) Vu= Vc=1.-CALCULAMOS EL PERALTE DE LA LOSA A PARTIR DEL CORTE POR PUNZONAMIENTO COLUMNA 5 Vu = Pu .4*60000 +1.63d .1√210*2(40+d/2)d φVc= 1083.(qnu * m * n) n= 40 + d d/2 m = 40 + d Vu= 1.002660 m-1 .1√210*4(40+d) φVc= n = 40 +d/2 COLUMNA 2 Vu = Pu .

164 1.100 1.00 ### 0.935 Efectuamos el diseño de la losa considerando por cuestiones academicas una sola franja central EFGH.4x60000+1.114 1.141 1.4 0.126 1.4 Lc= 4.2 P6 q1 = b x (qe + qg) 2 0.153 1.4x100000+1.156 1.114 ) = 507 2 q = 510 149400 123600 1.1277 330 980 P3 P6 P9 419000.126 1.930 1 1.5 METODO RIGIDO 6.114 1.106 1. b L P ΣP CP F A B C D E F E F H G G H I J K L A B J I G E B C J K C D F H K L 1.2 x P5 = 1. λ Se debe cumplir la siguiente condición: 1.937 1 1.1566 245 1160 P1 P2 P3 375500.108 1.156 1.100 1.167 1. 1.106 1.141 1.75 6.2 x(1.00 ### 0.141 + 1.2 x(1.00 541765. en primer lugar determinamos el diagrama de fuerzas cortantes y momentos flectores a partir del modelo estructural.159 1.159 1.114 1.097 1.153 1.75/λ <Lc Lc= 5.101 1.153 + 1.100 1.6 q1 = 450 x ( 1.2 x P4 = 1.00 ### 0.1.1084 285 1160 P7 P8 P9 419000.7x40000) = 162000 249600 .2 P5 1.167 1.108 1.153 1.1332 450 1160 P4 P5 P6 492000.106 1.1372 290 980 P1 P4 P7 375500.938 1 1.00 ### 1.1322 540 980 P2 P5 P8 492000.141 1.7x30000) = 1.164 1.126 1.2 P4 1.2 5.126 ) = 513 2 q2 = b x ( qf + qh ) 2 q2 = 450 x ( 1.109 1.0 ### 0.164 1.097 1.159 1.2 1.4 5.579 m.-CALCULAMOS EL FACTOR DE AMPLIFICACION DE CARGA F PARA CADA FRANJA FRANJA q q prom.

10200 1.2 x(1.06 ( 23 Ø 1" @ 20 cm ) Asmin = 0.21 a= 5.11 a= 5.81 AS = 112.65 cm2 .0018 x b x h = Refuerzo Inferior : Mu = a= 7512000 kg -cm 1.0018 x b x h = ( 19 Ø 3/4" @ 25 cm ) cm2 cm cm2 52.94 cm AS = 36.43 Asmin = 0.65 cm2 cm2 cm cm2 52.510*(20 + 56 ) = 113040 Vc = 0.5 ) x b x d = 126000 29400 151800 ØVc =164515 Vu < ØVc OK Refuerzo superior : 22489412 20614568 Mu = a= (-) 102000 22489412 kg -cm 5 cm (-) 7512000 918000 AS = 111.2 x P6 = 1.53 x( 210 ^.4x70000+1.7x30000) = 178800 Verificacion por Flexion Vu = 151800 .81 AS = 37.

00m 4. La profundidad de cimentación es de 1.9 .. 1 2 3 4 5.10 m.2 kg/cm².45m CUADRO DE CARGAS Toneladas COLUMNA PD PL 1 40 15 2-3 60 30 4 50 25 5 . f'c = 210 kg/cm² y ks = 8 kg/cm³.75m 5.7 140 70 10 .11 160 75 14 .05m 5 6 7 8 4.50m 17. el peso específico del suelo es g = 1650 kg/m³ y la sobrecarga s/c = 500 kg/m² .80m 17 18 19 20 0.Diseñar la losa de cimentación mostrada considerando un suelo de capacidad portante admisible qa = 1.13 70 30 6 . Todas las columnas son cuadradas de 50 cm x 50 cm.50m 0.55m 5.12 .80m 9 10 11 12 20.80m 13 14 15 16 4.15 160 85 8 .16 90 40 17 80 35 18 .19 85 40 20 100 45 5. fy = 4200 kg/cm² .70m .

1650E-6 (110 .00 cm qn = qa .931 kg/cm² Verificación por punzonamiento Vu = Pu .s/c qn = 1.00 m2 Método a usar √ 3 x Ks Lc = { 550 480 Lc < 1.2400E-6 (50) .γt x ht .500E-4 qn = 0.018228569 0.00165 kg/cm³ 50 cm s/c = 0.01 0.qn x m x n Vc = 1.00*17.05 kg/cm² tcol = 50 cm fy = 4200 kg/cm² Df = 110 cm f'c = 210 kg/cm² qa = 1.2 .1 √ f'c x bo x d FALSE FALSE FALSE FALSE FALSE FALSE FALSE FALSE .SOLUCION γs = 0.γc x hc .01 0.01 0 0 1.75 λ ⇒ METODO RIGIDO Lc > 1.45 m2 A= 349.2 kg/cm² bcol = Ks = 8 kg/cm³ µ= E= 217371 kg/cm² γc = 0.25 0 kg/cm³ CALCULO DEL AREA DE LA LOSA Y EL ESPESOR A= 20.75 λ ⇒ METODO FLEXIBLE λ= Si 4 E x t³ cm cm Tabulando : t λ 10 20 30 40 50 60 70 0.50) .75/λ 96 161 219 272 321 368 413 → → → → → → → METODO FLEXIBLE METODO FLEXIBLE METODO FLEXIBLE METODO FLEXIBLE METODO FLEXIBLE METODO FLEXIBLE METODO FLEXIBLE CALCULO DE LA PRESION NETA Asumiendo t= 50.01 0.

69.25 = 0 → d= 41.881 x ( 50 d + 0.0.7 x 15000 .50 d² ) 1354.4 x 60000 + 1.94 d + 13.10 √ 210 x 2 (50 + d/2) d Vc = 31.46.099 x ( 50 d + 0.0.COLUMNA 1 50 50 + d/2 50 50 + d/2 Vu = 1.7 x 30000 .549 x ( 150 d + 2 d² ) 2032.27 d .5745.549 x ( 150 d + 2 d² ) (α) (β) Igualando (α) y (β).0.10 √ 210 x (( 50 + d ) + ( 50 + d/2) x 2 ) x d Vc = 15.098 d² = = 135000 .55 d² = 81500 .5 d² ) 135000 .46 = 0 → d= 40. tenemos: 13.0.2327.825 d .25 d² ) = 81500 .03 cm COLUMNA 4 50 50 + d/2 50 50 + d NO OK ! .43 cm NO OK ! COLUMNA 2 .25 d² ) (α) Vc = 1.0.0.35 d + 27.931 x ( 2500 + 50 d + 0.55 d .2327.931 x ( 2500 + 75 d + 0.4813.099 x ( 50 d + 0.0.931 x (50 + d/2) x (50 + d/2) Vu = 81500 .931 x (50 + d) x (50 + d/2) Vu = 135000 .0.50 d² ) ø Vc = 27.50 .931 x ( 2500 + 50 d + 0.23 d² d² + 101.931 x ( 2500 + 75 d + 0.50 .5 d² ) Vc = 1.3 50 50 + d/2 50 50 + d Vu = 1.466 d² d² + 76.941 x ( 150 d + 2 d² ) ø Vc = 13.50 d² ) (β) Igualando (α) y (β).70 d . tenemos: 27.4 x 40000 + 1.

7 cm OK ! COLUMNA 5 .0.Vu = 1.10 √ 210 x (( 50 + d ) + ( 50 + d/2) x 2 ) x d Vc = 15.549 x ( 150 d + 2 d² ) (α) (β) Igualando (α) y (β).2327.0.825 d .9 .5 d² ) = 112500 .466 d² d² + 76.931 x ( 2500 + 75 d + 0.97 = 0 → d= 35.941 x ( 150 d + 2 d² ) ø Vc = 13.931 x ( 2500 + 75 d + 0. tenemos: 13.4 x 50000 + 1.69.0.50 .27 d .5 d² ) Vc = 1.0.35 d + 27.549 x ( 150 d + 2 d² ) 2032.7 x 25000 .098 d² = 112500 .13 50 50 50 + d/2 50 + d .931 x (50 + d) x (50 + d/2) Vu = 112500 .3996.

69.5 d² ) Vc = 1.10 d . tenemos: 13. tenemos: 13.0.931 x ( 2500 + 100 d + d² ) Vc = 1.0.825 d .7 x 30000 .0.80 d + 54.2327.07 cm NO OK ! .931 x ( 2500 + 75 d + 0.5321.4 x 70000 + 1.93.549 x ( 150 d + 2 d² ) (α) (β) Igualando (α) y (β).10 √ 210 x (( 50 + d ) + ( 50 + d/2) x 2 ) x d Vc = 15.35 d + 27.0.16 = 0 → d= 44.941 x ( 150 d + 2 d² ) ø Vc = 13.5671.84 d .50 .0.7 x 70000 .931 x ( 2500 + 75 d + 0.27 d .0.931 x (50 + d) x (50 + d/2) Vu = 149000 .10 √ 210 x 4 x ( 50 + d ) x d Vc = 15.86 = 0 → d= 54.931 d² d² + 50.Vu = 1.0.5 d² ) 149000 .098 d² = = 149000 .941 x ( 200 d + 4 d² ) ø Vc = 13.7 50 50 + d 50 50 + d Vu = Vu = 1.931 x (50 + d) x (50 + d) 315000 .466 d² d² + 76.196 d² = = 315000 .18 cm NO OK ! COLUMNA 6 .0.549 x ( 200 d + 4 d² ) (α) (β) Igualando (α) y (β).549 x ( 150 d + 2 d² ) 2032.50 .931 x ( 2500 + 100 d + d² ) 315000 .2327.4 x 140000 + 1.549 x ( 200 d + 4 d² ) 2709.

93.0.931 x ( 2500 + 100 d + d² ) 351500 .0.931 d² d² + 50.4 x 160000 + 1.549 x ( 200 d + 4 d² ) (α) (β) .6333.0.931 x ( 2500 + 100 d + d² ) Vc = 1.931 x ( 2500 + 100 d + d² ) Vc = 1.50 .97 = 0 → d= 58.549 x ( 200 d + 4 d² ) (α) (β) Igualando (α) y (β).941 x ( 200 d + 4 d² ) ø Vc = 13.4 x 160000 + 1.7 x 85000 .0. tenemos: 13.10 √ 210 x 4 x ( 50 + d ) x d Vc = 15.549 x ( 200 d + 4 d² ) 2709.0.931 x (50 + d) x (50 + d) 368500 .15 50 50 + d 50 50 + d Vu = Vu = 1.941 x ( 200 d + 4 d² ) ø Vc = 13.80 d + 54.196 d² = = 351500 .84 d .COLUMNA 10 .931 x (50 + d) x (50 + d) 351500 .0.2327.13 cm NO OK ! COLUMNA 14 .11 50 50 + d 50 50 + d Vu = Vu = 1.7 x 75000 .10 √ 210 x 4 x ( 50 + d ) x d Vc = 15.10 d .

0.10 √ 210 x 4 x ( 50 + d ) x d Vc = 15.0. tenemos: 13.2327.196 d² = = 368500 .3476.196 d² = = 194000 .84 d . tenemos: 13.93.10 d .Igualando (α) y (β).16 50 50 + d 50 50 + d Vu = 1.79 cm OK ! COLUMNA 17 50 50 50 + d/2 50 + d .549 x ( 200 d + 4 d² ) (β) Igualando (α) y (β).941 x ( 200 d + 4 d² ) ø Vc = 13.931 x (50 + d) x (50 + d) Vu = 194000 .84 d .95 cm NO OK ! COLUMNA 8 .10 d .7 x 40000 .2327.931 x ( 2500 + 100 d + d² ) 368500 .50 .549 x ( 200 d + 4 d² ) 2709.12 .34 = 0 → d= 59.549 x ( 200 d + 4 d² ) 2709.80 d + 54.931 d² d² + 50.0.93.0.6642.931 d² d² + 50.0.931 x ( 2500 + 100 d + d² ) (α) Vc = 1.4 x 90000 + 1.80 d + 54.931 x ( 2500 + 100 d + d² ) 194000 .50 .93 = 0 → d= 38.0.

549 x ( 150 d + 2 d² ) (β) Igualando (α) y (β).7 x 35000 .27 d . tenemos: 13.098 d² = = 171500 .931 x ( 2500 + 100 d + d² ) 187000 .3349. tenemos: 13.5 d² ) 171500 .2327.50 .50 .10 √ 210 x (( 50 + d ) + ( 50 + d/2) x 2 ) x d Vc = 15.0.825 d .69.19 50 50 + d 50 50 + d Vu = 1.5 d² ) (α) Vc = 1.2327.941 x ( 150 d + 2 d² ) ø Vc = 13.44 = 0 → d= 49.931 x ( 2500 + 75 d + 0.466 d² d² + 76.0.6137.10 d .93.79 cm OK ! .0.931 x (50 + d) x (50 + d/2) Vu = 171500 .931 x ( 2500 + 75 d + 0.Vu = 1.931 d² d² + 50.4 x 85000 + 1.549 x ( 200 d + 4 d² ) 2709.84 d .0.80 d + 54.0.95 = 0 → d= 37.941 x ( 200 d + 4 d² ) ø Vc = 13.549 x ( 150 d + 2 d² ) 2032.10 √ 210 x 4 x ( 50 + d ) x d Vc = 15.549 x ( 200 d + 4 d² ) (β) Igualando (α) y (β).7 x 40000 .0.196 d² = = 187000 .931 x (50 + d) x (50 + d) Vu = 187000 .35 d + 27.00 cm NO OK ! COLUMNA 18 .931 x ( 2500 + 100 d + d² ) (α) Vc = 1.0.4 x 80000 + 1.0.

916 x ( 2500 + 100 d + d² ) Vc = 1.89 cm ⇒ t= 70 cm qn = NO OK ! 1.4 x 160000 + 1.10 √ 210 x 4 x ( 50 + d ) x d Vc = 15.549 x ( 200 d + 4 d² ) (β) Igualando (α) y (β).2400E-6 (70) .70) .50 .931 x ( 2500 + 100 d + d² ) = 216500 .0.941 x ( 200 d + 4 d² ) ø Vc = 13.COLUMNA 20 50 50 + d 50 50 + d Vu = 1.0.916 x (50 + d) x (50 + d) Vu = 368500 .1650E-6 (110 .10 √ 210 x 4 x ( 50 + d ) x d Vc = 15.941 x ( 200 d + 4 d² ) (α) .0.2327.15 50 50 + d 50 50 + d Vu = 1.2 .931 d² d² + 50.931 x ( 2500 + 100 d + d² ) (α) Vc = 1.931 x (50 + d) x (50 + d) Vu = 216500 .549 x ( 200 d + 4 d² ) 2709.93.0.0.7 x 85000 .10 d .80 d + 54.0.7 x 45000 .84 d .500E-4 qn = 0.07 = 0 → d= 41.916 kg/cm² COLUMNA 14 .196 d² = 216500 .3885. tenemos: 13.4 x 100000 + 1.

153 1. 1.1332 450 1160 P4 P5 P6 626450000.114 1.029 490 0.500 1 CP ### ### F 0.132 1.029 -490 -0.029 490 0.-CALCULAMOS EL FACTOR DE AMPLIFICACION DE CARGA F PARA CADA FRANJA FRANJA A B C D E F E F H G G H I J K L q 1.003 -0.91.012 -205 -0.164 1.029 -490 -0.153 1.0 1.132 1.156 1.097 q prom.006 0.006 Y(cm.114 1.-PROCESAMOS LA TABLA PUNTO A B C D E F G H I J K L Pu/A 1. 3.108 1.132 X(cm.132 1.ø Vc = (β) 13.006 0.141 1.029 -490 -0.1084 285 1160 P7 P8 P9 626450000.106 1.156 1.126 1.003 -0.00 0.00006y 490 0.916 d² d² + 50.500 1 .006 0.132 1.141 1.003 -0.97 cm t= OK ! 70.83 d .2290 .164 1.) -580 -290 250 580 -580 580 -580 580 -580 -290 250 580 0 0.83 = 0 → d= → 59.132 1.549 x ( 200 d + 4 d² ) 2709.132 1.006 0.60 d .167 1.0.6644.196 d² = = 368500 .108 1.132 1.132 1.141 1.916 x ( 2500 + 100 d + d² ) 368500 .012 -490 -0.159 1.006 0.100 1.029 490 0.003 -0.126 1.006 -0.500 1 1.126 1.029 q(kg/cm2) 1.006 -0.159 1.106 1.029 245 0.80 d + 54.114 1.132 1.097 6.) 0.153 1.549 x ( 200 d + 4 d² ) Igualando (α) y (β).00 cm.132 1.015 -205 -0.00 313520765.100 1.0.132 1.015 245 0.1566 b 245 L 1160 P P1 P2 P3 ΣP 626450000. tenemos: 13.2 0.167 1.

500 1 1.156 1.159 1.097 1.100 1.86 0.106 1.141 1.114 1.153 1.1322 540 980 P2 P5 P8 626450000.106 1.1372 290 980 P1 P4 P7 0.126 1.164 1.00 161600.159 1.A B J I G E B C J K C D F H K L 1.500 .500 1.00 ### 0.1277 330 980 P3 P6 P9 626450000.00 ### 0.108 1.164 1.167 1.100 1.

73 kg Dimensiones de la Zapata .91 1500 γc = 1800 Df = 650 γ2 = hc= 0. Qu = Qf + Qp Para suelos granulares Qf1 = k x γ x tan ξ x p x D x ( 15 x L .6 Z1 = 5.4 L = 5.Cálculo del peralte de la zapata: Fy ld = 0.S = Qp = 3 49572 kg Pu = Qu = 67445. En una edificacion a la estratigrafia mostrada en la figura.19 kg F.00 m.Z1^2 )/2 Qp = γ x L x( Nq .112.09 5708.5 x D ) Qf2 = k x γc x tan ξ1 x p x ( Z2^2 .1) x Ap k= 1 p = 1. Calculamos su capacidad de carga. S/C 300 Arena suelta kg/m2 ht= #REF! Datos 24 Columna b t φ = cm 30 60 γ= Cargas tn PD 80 PL 40 f ' c = 210 Fy = 4200 db 1.6 Ap = 0.DISEÑO DE PILOTES Una columna de 30 x 60 . 08 *db*  F'c Ld = Ld = 0.( b + t )+ 1 L= 660 cm Usamos Pilotes de C° A° Prefabricado cuadrados de 40 x 40 .19 kg Calculamos el N° de Pilotes : Qa = Qu/F.S Qa = 22481.6 12165 kg D = 0. Diseñar los elementos a considerar en la cimentacion que permita transmitir la carga de la columna al estrato duro . Considere f ' c =210 kg/cm2 y fy = 4200kg/cm2. 2400 Estracto Duro 1.004 x db x fy Ld = La longitud del Pilote es : 44 cm hc = Ld + 15 hc = Se toma hc = 32 cm L = Df .. que lleva de refuerzo 8 Ø 3/4" transmite las cargas PD = 80 tn PL = 40 tn .

1) x Ap Qp = 3 59982 kg Pu = Qu = 79580 kg Qa = Qu/F.60 3.45 L = 5.112.45 0.17 Entonces : P' u = Cumple .11 6422 kg F.01 Entonces N1° = 9 Az = 3.45 Recalculamos la seccion : Qu = Qf + Qp Para suelos granulares k= 1 p = 1.79 Az = Entonces N1° = 9 4.Z1^2 )/2 D = 0.8 13176 kg Qf1 = k x γ x tan ξ x p x D x ( 15 x L .S = Qp = γ x L x( Nq .45 x 0.5 x D ) Qf2 = k x γc x tan ξ1 x p x ( Z2^2 .N° = Pu/ Qa N° = 8.OK !! Calculamos la capacidad de carca del grupo de Pilotes : Q = Ef Qf + Qp ### tn .1 Verificamos el numero de Pilotes a usar : N ° = P'u /Qa =( Pu + Az x ( γ t x +γ c + S/C) )/Qa N ° = 8.6 Ap = 0.1 4.S Calculamos el N° de Pilotes : N° = Pu/ Qa Qa = 26527 kg Dimensiones de la Zapata N° = 6.6 Z1 = 5.27 Entonces : N° < N1° No Cumple AUMENTAR SECCION !! Aumentamos (Pilote o la seccion del Pilote a 0.45 0.60 Verificamos el numero de Pilotes a usar : N ° = P'u /Qa =( Pu + Az x ( γ t x +γ c + S/C) )/Qa N ° = 9.

tan ^ .S.Ef = (1 . entonces Qga = ### Qgu = 0.73 x Qf + Qp Qgu = 716221 entonces : Qga > P'u Cumple !! .1 x ( D/d ) ) x( ( n^3 -1 ) x m^3 + (m^3 .1 ) x n^3)/ (90 x m^3 x n^3) = Qf = Qp = 176382 kg 539838 kg Qga = Qgu/F.

s a considerar en la cimentacion 10 kg/cm2 y fy = 4200kg/cm2. Datos kg/m3 kg/m2 kg/cm2 kg/cm2 kg/m2 cm 59 cm 60 cm s su capacidad de carga.6 Nq = 55 180000 kg . Tan ξ = 0.PD = 80 tn PL = 40 tn .32 Tan ξ1= 0.48 Z2 = 6.

Tan ξ = 0.48 Z2 = 6.32 Tan ξ1= 0.6 Nq = 55 180000 .

Qga > P'u 0.73 Cumple !! .

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