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05/09/2014

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15.

MEASUREMENT OF AMPLITUDE PERMEABILITY

15.1. Tasks of the measurement
15.1.1. Using the circuit according to Fig. 15.2 display at the oscilloscope dynamic hysteresis loop of the ring specimen of the magnetically soft material in the regime of voltage magnetization (sinusoidal waveform of B). The loop is specified by the maximum value of the magnetic flux density (magnetic inductance) Bm. Observe the influence of the time constant RC of the passive integration circuit on the shape of the hysteresis loop and decide which of the tree resistors R1, R2, R3 offered in the integration circuit is the suitable one for use in the measurement. 15.1.2. Find the maximum value of the magnetic field strength Hm from the measured maximum value of the magnetizing current I1m and the given parameters of the specimen. Using the hysteresis loop displayed on the oscilloscope screen (see Fig. 15.5) find the values of remanence Bm and coercitivity Hc of the magnetic material of the specimen. 15.1.3. Measure the dependence of the amplitude permeability µa on the magnetic field strength for prescribed values of the magnetic flux density Bm and plot the graph of this dependence in your notebook.
Notes to the measurement:

Before starting measurement according to point 15.1.3 calculate for the prescribed values of Bm the corresponding values of voltage U2 on the measuring (secondary) winding N2. During the measurement set the values of magnetizing current I1 so that the calculated values of U2 are reached. Maximum values of the magnetizing current I1m are found from the maximum of the voltage waveform across the measuring resistor R4 measured by digital oscilloscope. (Use synchronization mode „Line“ - synchronization by power-line frequency, use mode „averaging“ for finding values of Umax.) Specimen parameters:
S

D1

D2

Numbers of turns: dimensions: RC circuit: D1 = v=

N1 =

, N2 =

;

v

mm, D2 = mm;

mm,

C = 470 nF, R1 = 40 kΩ, R2 = 120 kΩ, R3 = 350 kΩ

Fig. 15.1 Ring specimen

15.2. Schematic diagram

Tr1

Tr2

i1

N1

N2

R1 R2

220 V

~

U1

U 2 = ui

V

R3 C
Uv

R4 = 1 Ω

OSC Y

OSC X Fig. 15.2 Schematic diagram for measurement of the amplitude permeability and for displaying dynamic hysteresis loop

15.3. List of the used equipment
Tr1 - controlling transformer 0 ÷220 V; Tr2 - transformer 220 V / 6 V; R4 - resistance standard 1 Ω; OSC - digital oscilloscope; V - AC digital voltmeter, type …, accuracy …; Ring specimen of the magnetically soft material; Passive integration circuit with three different resistors (three integration constants).

Theoretical background

See the textbook: M. Sedláček, J. Holub, D. Hejtmanová: Laboratory Excercises in Electrical Measurements, CTU Publishing House, Prague, 2005

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