CH 2 N

H5 H5 O 2 OC Si CH 2 OC 2H 5 CH 2 C2

Silane Coupling Agents:
Connecting Across Boundaries
P CH2CH 2Si(OC H 2 5)3
t) Si(OE 3 CH 2
Enhance Adhesion Increase Mechanical Properties Improve Dispersion

H CH 2 CH 2C 2 OCH 2 N H H CH 2C 2 HO




Provide Crosslinking Immobilize Catalysts Bind Biomaterials

SiCH2CH Si OC 2 2H5 OC2H5 OC2H5
N CH 3

Version 2.0:
New Coupling Agents for Metal Substrates ! New Coupling Agents for Vapor Phase Deposition ! New Coupling Agents for Proteins !

Si CH 3O


Gelest, Inc.

Gelest, Inc.
Telephone: General 215-547-1015 Order Entry 888-734-8344 FAX: 215-547-2484 Internet: www.gelest.com Correspondence: 11 East Steel Road Morrisville, PA 19067, USA In Europe: ABCR GmbH & Co. KG Im Schlehert D-76187 Karlsruhe Germany Tel: +49 - 721 - 950610 Fax: +49 - 721 - 9506180 e-mail: info@abcr.de on-line catalog: www.abcr.de AZmax Co. Ltd. Tokyo Office Matsuda Yaesudori Bld F8 1-10-7 Hatchoubori, Chuo-Ku Tokyo 104-0032 Tel: 81-3-5543-1630 Fax: 81-3-5543-0312 email: sales@azmax.co.jp on-line catalog: www.azmax.co.jp

In Japan:

In South-East Asia: Altus Technologies Pte Ltd 196 Pandan Loop #06-09 Pantech Industrial Complex Singapore 128384 Tel: (65) 6779 7666 Fax: (65) 6779-7555 www.altus.com.sg For further information consult our website at: www.gelest.com

Sales of all products listed are subject to the published terms and conditions of Gelest, Inc. ©2006 Gelest, Inc.

Gelest, Inc.

Silane Coupling Agents
Connecting Across Boundaries
What is a Silane Coupling Agent?. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2 How Does a Silane Coupling Agent Work?. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3 Selecting a Silane Coupling Agent - Inorganic Substrate Perspective . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4 Selecting a Silane Coupling Agent - Polymer Applications . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5 Selecting a Silane Coupling Agent - Interphase Considerations . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9

Special Topics:
Dipodal Silanes. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 11 Linker Length . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 12 Cyclic Azasilanes. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 13 Thermal Stability of Silanes. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 14 Aqueous Systems & Water-Borne Silanes . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 15 Masked Silanes - Latent Functionality . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 16 Coupling Agents for Metal Substrates . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 17 Difficult Substrates . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 18 Applying a Silane Coupling Agent . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 19 Silane Coupling Agents for Polymers - Selection Chart . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 21 Silane Coupling Agents for Biomaterials - Selection Chart. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 24 Silane Coupling Agents - Properties . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 25 Organosilane-Modified Silica Nanoparticles . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 54 Further Information - Other Resources. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 55 Index . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 56
Silane Coupling Agents: Connecting Across Boundaries v2.0
by Barry Arkles
©2006 Gelest, Inc.

(215) 547-1015

FAX: (215) 547-2484


aluminates. zirconium. Significantly. for example.Gelest. and carbon. which can condense with other silanol groups. The final result of reacting an organosilane with a substrate ranges from altering the wetting or adhesion characteristics of the substrate. Following hydrolysis. Inc. titanium. O Polymer R’ R (CH 2)n OH Si OH OH HO Si O HO Si O Substrate Surface Polymer R’ R (CH 2)n OH O Si O Si Substrate OH O Surface HO Si O R-(CH2)n—Si—X3 Organofunctional Group Linker Silicon atom Hydrolyzable Groups R (CH2)n Si © 2006 Gelest. those on the surface of siliceous fillers. X X X Trialkoxysilane R (CH2)n H3C Si CH3 X Monoalkoxysilane (215) 547-1015 2 FAX: (215) 547-2484 www.gelest. and nickel. it includes the ability to effect a covalent bond between organic and inorganic materials. Stable condensation products are also formed with other oxides such as those of aluminum. What is a Silane Coupling Agent? Silane coupling agents have the ability to form a durable bond between organic and inorganic materials. to form siloxane linkages. iron. tin. are the principal components of the earth’s crust. ordering the interfacial region. Encounters between dissimilar materials often involve at least one member that’s siliceous or has surface chemistry with siliceous properties. silicates. halogen or amine. utilizing the substrate to catalyze chemical transformations at the heterogeneous interface. The general formula for a silane coupling agent typically shows the two classes of functionality. a reactive silanol group is formed. etc. Alkali metal oxides and carbonates do not form stable bonds with Si-O-. The R group is a nonhydrolyzable organic radical that may posses a functionality that imparts desired characteristics. Less stable bonds are formed with oxides of boron. X is a hydrolyzable group typically alkoxy. Inc.. Interfaces involving such materials have become a dynamic area of chemistry in which surfaces have been modified in order to generate desired heterogeneous environments or to incorporate the bulk properties of different phases into a uniform composite structure. and modifying its partition characteristics. borates.com . acyloxy.

The degree of polymerization of the silanes is determined by the amount of water available and the organic substituent. there is usually only one bond from each silicon of the organosilane to the substrate surface. How does a Silane Coupling Agent Work? Most of the widely used organosilanes have one organic substituent and three hydrolyzable substituents. or it may come from the atmosphere. Although a monolayer is generally desired. it may be present on the substrate surface. only methoxysilanes are effective without catalysis. Hydrolytic Deposition of Silanes RSi(OMe)3 Hydrolysis 3H2O 3MeOH RSi(OH)3 2Si(OH)3 Condensation R HO Si OH OH O R Si OH + OH O 2H2O R Si OH OH Substrate Hydrogen bonding R HO Si O H O H H O O R Si O H H O Substrate Bond formation R HO Si O R Si O 2H2O R Si O O O H O Substrate OH H O R Si O H OH OH Hydrolysis Considerations Water for hydrolysis may come from several sources. H3C Si CH3 O 3 . in fact. The most effective silanes for vapor phase deposition are cyclic azasilanes. bonds may form. 1977 Anhydrous Deposition of Silanes R H3C Si CH3 OCH 3 + OH Δ R . Although described sequentially.Gelest. or intermixed. these reactions can occur simultaneously after the initial hydrolysis step. Initially.CH3OH © 2006 Gelest. The same mechanism can permit a positional displacement of interface components. formed by most deposition techniques. Arkles. break. As water is removed generally by heating to 120°C for 30 to 90 minutes or evacuation for 2 to 6 hours. particularly if phenyl or tertiary butyl groups are involved. The formation of covalent bonds to the surface proceeds with a certain amount of reversibility. B. If the silane is added to water and has low solubility. The thickness of a polysiloxane layer is also determined by the concentration of the siloxane solution. The orientation of functional groups is generally horizontal. At the interface. 766. The oligomers then hydrogen bond with OH groups of the substrate. Extended reaction times (4-12 hours) at elevated temperatures (50°-120°C) are typical. hydrolysis of the three labile groups occurs. In the vast majority of surface treatment applications. multilayer adsorption results from solutions customarily used. Inc. The two remaining silanol groups are present either in condensed or free form. These multilayers could be either interconnected through a loose network structure. The R group remains available for covalent reaction or physical interaction with other phases. It may be added. Silanes can modify surfaces under anhydrous conditions consistent with monolayer and vapor phase deposition requirements. on the surface of the substrate. the alkoxy groups of the trialkoxysilanes are hydrolyzed to form silanol-containing species. Inc. or both. Condensation to oligomers follows. and are. and reform to relieve internal stress. a high degree of polymerization is favored. Of the alkoxysilanes. Multiple organic substitution.25% silane solution onto glass could result in three to eight molecular layers. a covalent linkage is formed with the substrate with concomitant loss of water. CHEMTECH. favors formation of stable monomeric silanols. 7. Deposition of Silanes. It has been calculated that deposition from a 0. Finally during drying or curing. but not necessarily planar. Reaction of these silanes involves four steps.

If the hydrolytic stability of the oxane bond between the silane and the substrate is poor or the application is an aggressive aqueous environment. An additional consideration is the physical and chemical properties of the interphase region. Limitations intrinsic in the utilization of a polylayer deposition are significant for nano-particles or nano-composites where the interphase dimensions generated by polylayer deposition may approach those of the substrate. Fe2O3. They are the primary materials utilized in composites. while isolated or free hydroxyls react reluctantly. Freshly fused substrates stored under neutral conditions have a minimum number of hydroxyls. Hydroxyl-containing substrates vary widely in concentration and type of hydroxyl groups present. These materials form tighter networks and may offer up to 105x greater hydrolysis resistance making them particularly appropriate for primer applications. Silane coupling agents with three alkoxy groups are the usual starting point for substrate modification. Hydrogen bonded vicinal silanols react more readily with silane coupling agents.0% 0. TiO2. Chalk (CaCO3) Gypsum (CaSO4) Barytes (BaSO4) Graphite Carbon Black Silica GOOD SLIGHT POOR Estimates for Silane Loading on Siliceous Fillers Average Particle Size <1 micron 1-10 microns 10-20 microns >100 microns Amount of Silane (minimum of monolayer coverage) 1. adhesives. Iron Asbestos Nickel Zinc Lead Marble.Gelest.g. The interphase can promote or detract from total system properties depending on its physical properties such as modulus or chemical properties such as water/hydroxyl content. H Amino-silanes couple fiberglass to phenolic or urea-formaldehyde resins Silane Effectiveness on Inorganics SUBSTRATES EXCELLENT Quartz Glass Aluminum (AlO(OH)) Alumino-silicates (e. These materials tend to deposit as polymeric films. effecting total coverage and maximizing the presentation of organic functionality. PLEASE INQUIRE ABOUT BULK QUANTITIES 4 . Inc.g. sealants. clays) Silicon Copper Tin (SnO) Talc Inorganic Oxides (e.5% 1. and coatings.1% or less © 2006 Gelest. Residual (non-condensed) hydroxyl groups from alkoxysilanes can also interfere in activity. OH H O O H HO OH H O Selecting A Silane Coupling Agent Inorganic Substrate Perspective O H Factors influencing silane coupling agent selection include: Concentration of surface hydroxyl groups Type of surface hydroxyl groups Hydrolytic Stability of the bond formed Physical dimensions of the substrate or substrate features Coupling is maximized when silanes react with the substrate surface and present the maximum number of sites with reactivity specific and accessible to the matrix phase. Cr2O3) Steel.75% 0. dipodal silanes often exhibit substantial performance improvements. Inc. Hydrolytically derived oxides aged in moist air have significant amounts of physically adsorbed water which can interfere with coupling. Monoalkoxysilanes provide a frequently used alternative for nano-featured substrates since deposition is limited to a monolayer.

gelest. However. and only silanes that form covalent bonds directly to the polymer will be considered.Gelest. Thermoplastic bonding is achieved through both routes. Acrylate Coupling Reaction O HC CH2 + H2C C CO CH3 (CH2)n Si Thermosets Acrylates. better reinforcement is obtained when the silane monomer matches the reactivity of the styrene rather than the maleate portion of the polyester. propylene and dienes. often have had their viscosity reduced by addition of a second monomer. methacrylates and Unsaturated Polyesters. the definition becomes vague. Selecting A Silane Coupling Agent Polymer Applications Coupling agents find their largest application in the area of polymers.com 5 . regardless of whether or not a covalent bond is formed. owing to their facility for undergoing free-radical polymerization. Here e indicates the polarity of the monomer radical that forms at the end of a growing chain. The mechanism and performance of silane coupling agents is best discussed with reference to specific systems. Methacrylyl and styryl functional silanes undergo addition much more readily than vinylsilanes A direct approach to selecting the optimum silane uses the e and Q parameters of the Alfrey-Price treatment of polymerization. usually of loosely defined structure. can be modified by copolymerization with silanes that have unsaturated organic substitution. they can be used in direct high pressure polymerization with olefins such as ethylene. The most important substrate is E-type fiberglass. Vinyl functional silanes mismatch the reactionary parameters of most unsaturated polyesters. Polyethylene Graft Coupling Reaction FAX: (215) 547-2484 www. Inc. Since any silane that enhances the adhesion of a polymer is often termed a coupling agent. The covalent bond may be formed by reaction with the finished polymer or copolymerized with the monomer. typically styrene. In general. while Q represents the resonance stabilization of a radical by adjacent groups. the parochial outlook will be adopted. which has 6-15 silanol groups per mμ2. Inc. The usual coupling agents for thermoset polyesters undergo radical copolymerization in such systems. although principally the former. In this discussion. These resins. Thermosets are almost entirely limited to the latter. Optimum random copolymerization is obtained from monomers with similar orders of reactivity. (215) 547-1015 radical source CH3 CHCH 2 CCH2 C O O (CH2)n Si CHCH 2 Unsaturated Polyester (Styrene) Coupling Reaction Polymer + CH2 CH Si peroxide Si CH2 CH2 Polymer © 2006 Gelest.

A large application area is glass cloth-reinforced epoxy laminates and prepregs in aerospace and electrical printed circuit board applications. The preferred aminosilanes are secondary containing methyl. sand-filled flooring resins. When phenolic resins are compounded with rubbers. are blended with the polyol rather than the diisocyanate. Treatment of fillers in epoxy adhesives improves their dispersibility and increases the mechanical properties of the cured resin. Amine functional silanes can likewise be used to pretreat the filler or blended with the hardener portion. the commercial utilization of silanes in phenolic resins is largely limited to novolak/glass fabric laminates and molding compounds. The first type. ethyl or butyl substitutions on nitrogen. on the other hand. while amine silanes react with the isocyanates to yield urea linkages. Inc. Moisture-Cureable Urethanes Aminosilanes have the general ability to convert isocyanate functional urethane prepolymers to systems that crosslink in the presence of water and a tin catalyst. have been found to impart greater bond strength than silanes that couple to the phenolic portion. Urethanes Thermoset urethane can be effectively coupled with two types of silanes. Phenolic Coupling Reaction 6 © 2006 Gelest. additional silanes. The phenolic hydroxyl group of the resins readily react with the oxirane ring of epoxy silanes to form phenyl ether linkages.Gelest. Isocyanate functional silanes couple with the polyol. etc. may be used to treat the filler directly or integrally blended with the diisocyanate (TDI. as in the case with nitrile/phenolic or vinyl butyral/phenolic adhesives.) prior to cure. Alkanolamine functional silanes react with the isocyanate to form urethane linkages. or impact-resistant molding compounds. MDI. Polyurethane Coupling Reactions Epoxy Coupling Reaction Phenolics Phenolic resins are divided into base catalyzed singlestep resins called resols or better known acid catalyzed twostep systems called novolaks. . Inc. Although foundry and molds are formulated with resols such as aminopropylmethyldialkoxysilanes. A typical application for coupled urethane system is improving bond strength with sand in abrasion-resistant. particularly mercapto-functional silanes. Epoxies Epoxycyclohexyl and glycidoxy functional silanes are used to pretreat the filler or blended with the glycidylbisphenol-A ether. Amine and alkanolamine functional silanes. including isocyanate functional silanes.

the aminoalkylsilanes. are successfully used with acrylic acid and maleic acid copolymers. diene-containing copolymers.Gelest. Aminoalkylsilanes. allowing them to replace the cast metals in such typical uses as gears. connectors and bobbins. maleic anhydride. polyesters. Chlorinated polymers readily form quaternary compounds while the carboxylate and sulfonate groups form amides and sulfonamides under process conditions. and isocyanatosilanes are the usual candidates for coupling these resins. which results in a significant opportunity for end-group reactions.com 7 . and halogen or chlorosulfonyl-modified homopolymers. Note that cleavage occurred between fibers. polyvinylchloride. The most widely used coupling agents. which not only limits avenues for coupling. are not necessarily the best. Moreover mechanical requirements here are stringently determined. Inc. and polysulfones are in this group. Scanning electron micrograph at a broken gear tooth from an aminosilane-coupled glass fiber/nylon 6/6 composite. chloroalkylsilanes. vinyl acetate. Chopped fiberglass strand sized with aminosilanes is a commonly used reinforcement for high temperature thermoplastics. acrylic homopolymers. Adhesion is promoted by introducing high energy groups and hydrogen bond potential in the interphase area or by taking advantage of the relatively low molecular weight of these polymers. A surprising number of these are coupled by aminoalkylsilanes. Thermoplastic Polyester Coupling Reaction (215) 547-1015 FAX: (215) 547-2484 www. acrylic. The silanes must react with the polymer and not the monomeric precursors. Thermoplastics Thermoplastics provide a greater challenge in promoting adhesion through silane coupling agents than thermosets. At elevated temperatures. Thermoplastic Condensation Polymers The group of polymers that most closely approaches theoretical limits of composite strength does not appear to contain regular opportunities for covalent bond formation to substrate. This group has the greatest mechanical strength of the thermoplastics. but also presents additional problems in rheology and thermal properties during composite formulation. Most of the condensation polymers including polyamides. polycarbonates. polyphenylene sulfide. the amines add across many double bonds although mercaptoalkylsilanes are the preferred coupling agents. Polymers that contain regular sites for covalent reactivity either in the backbone or in a pendant group include polydienes. for example.gelest. © 2006 Gelest. Epoxysilanes. Note how fibers have broken as well as matrix. Inc. Scanning electron micrograph at a broken gear tooth from a non-coupled glass fiber/acetal composite.

PLEASE INQUIRE ABOUT BULK QUANTITIES 8 . into carbon-carbon double bonds. the principal approach for composite formulation was to match the surface energy of the filler surface. Another approach for coupling polypropylene and polyethylene is through silylsulfonylazides.25% have been introduced into polyethylene compounded with vinylsilane-treated glass fibers for structural composites or vinylsilane-treated clay for wire insulation. Polyolefins The polyolefins and polyethers present no direct opportunity to covalent coupling. preferred resins should be of high molecular weight.Gelest. Inc. by treating it with an alkylsubstituted silane. Inc. particularly if additional coupling sites are created in the resin by addition of peroxides. Until recently. forming sulfonamides. sulfonyl azides decompose above 150°C to form a molecule of nitrogen and a reactive nitrene that is capable of insertion into carbon-hydrogen bonds. and have low melt viscosity. For optimum reinforcement. with that of the polymer. Dicumyl peroxide and bis(t-butylperoxy) compounds at levels of 0. Unlike azide bound to silicon. linear.15% to 0. Fillers are treated first with the silane and then the treated filler is fluxed rapidly with polymer melt. Vinylsilanes are used in PE and EPDM insulated wire and cable ° Polypropylene Coupling Reaction © 2006 Gelest. Increases of 50% in tensile and flexural properties have been observed in both cases when compared to the same silane systems without peroxides. Approaches to improved composite strength have been through compatibility with long-chain alkylsilanes or aminosilanes. forming sulfonamides. and into aromatic bonds. forming triazoles. Far more effective is coupling with vinyl or methacryloxy groups.

glassware can be dipped into a 5% to 10% solution of dimethyldiethoxysilane and heated for ten minutes at 120° C to render the surface hydrophobic. soda-lime (wet) Polychlorotrifluoroethylene Polypropylene Polyethylene Trifluoropropyltrimethoxysilane 3-(2-aminoethyl)-aminopropyltrimethoxysilane Polystyrene Cyanoethyltrimethoxysilane Aminopropyltriethoxysilane Polyvinylchloride Phenyltrimethoxysilane Chloropropyltrimethoxysilane Mercaptopropyltrimethoxysilane Glycidoxypropyltrimethoxysilane Polyethyleneterephthalate Copper (dry) Aluminum (dry) Iron (dry) Nylon 6/6 Glass. Laboratory pipettes and graduated cylinders so treated exhibit a flat meniscus and completely transfer aqueous solutions. They are used to alter surface energy or wetting characteristics of the substrate. (215) 547-1015 FAX: (215) 547-2484 www.0 31. Liquids with a surface tension below the critical surface tension ( c) of a substrate will wet the surface. fused Titanium dioxide (Anatase) Ferric oxide Tin oxide c 12.0 33.com 9 .5 34 34 35 39 40. soda-lime (dry) Silica. and hexamethyldisilazane are used to render substrates water repellent. For example.5 30. show a contact angle of 0 (cos c = 1).5 25 25.e. partition characteristics. In this region there is a steep gradient in local properties of the system. © 2006 Gelest. dimethyldichlorosilane. By treating a substrate with silanes the interphase can acquire specific surface energy.5 43 44 45 46 46 47 78 91 107 111 Note: Critical surface tensions for silanes refer to treated surfaces. In the simplest cases.0 40. methyltrichlorosilane.and arylsilanes are not considered coupling agents.. and ( sv = l when sl = 0 and cos e = 1) Heptadecafluorodecyltrichlorosilane Polytetrafluoroethylene Methyltrimethoxysilane Vinyltriethoxysilane Paraffin wax Ethyltrimethoxysilane Propyltrimethoxysilane Glass. Inc. Masonry can be treated with propyl-. Critical surface tension is associated with the wettability or release qualities of a substrate.5 27.5 33. isobutyl.Gelest.0 18. trimethylchlorosilane. lv = surface tension of liquid. Silanes can alter the critical surface tension of a substrate in a well-defined manner.0 31. The critical surface tension is unique for any solid. Surface modification with these non-functional materials can have profound effects on the interphase. GC packing of diatomaceous earth or silica are often treated with dimethyldichlorosilane or trimethylchlorosilane to reduce tailing.or octyltrialkoxysilanes to render it water repellent while glass surfaces of metal-glass capacitors treated with alkylsilanes exhibit reduced electrical leakage in humid conditions.5 41 42.0 33. their alkoxy derivatives.5 22. and is determined by plotting the cosine of the contact angles of liquids of different surface tensions and extrapolating to 1. Critical surface tensions Hydrophobicity and Wetting Alkyl. mechanical and chemical properties. i.0 28. The contact angle is given by Young’s equation: sv – sl = cos e where sl = interfacial surface tension. Inc.gelest. Contact Angle Defines Wettability Selecting a Silane Coupling Agent Interphase Considerations The space between homogeneous phases is sometimes called the interphase.

including mitochondria.. 22. one approach for optimizing reinforcement is to match the critical surface tension of the silylated glass surface to the surface tension of the polymer in its melt or uncured condition. Normal Phase HPLC of Carboxylic Acids with a C23-Silane Bonded Phase Silane treatment has allowed control of thixotropic activity of silica and clays in grease and oil applications. The use of surfaces treated with octadecyl(3-(trimethoxysilyl)propyl) ammonium chloride (perpendicular) or methylaminopropyltrimethoxysilane (parallel) has eliminated micromachining operations The oriented crystalline domains often observed in reinforced nylons have also been attributed to orientation effects of the silane in the interphase.gelest. Phys. cyanopropyl and branched tricocyl silanes provide bonded phases for liquid chromatography. clarity and permanence of image are enhanced if the display can be oriented parallel or perpendicular to the substrate. and microsomes. Appl.0) Liquid Crystal Displays The interphase can also impose orientation of the bulk phase. an interphase results that can selectively absorb ethylene. 1973 Micro-Contact Printing Using SAMs spin casting of sol-gel precursor and soft bake “inked” with solution of C18-Silane in hexane Substrate polishing and crystallization crystallization oxide Substrate amorphous oxide Self-Assembled Monolayers (SAMs) The perpendicular orientation of silanes with C10 or greater length can be utilized in micro-contact printing and other soft lithography methods. Immobilization of cellular organelles. In liquid crystal displays.0) F.com . H3C Si CH3 Cl Chromatography Octadecyl. Inc. By forming complexes of copper ions with aminoalkylsilylated surfaces. In the reinforcement of thermosets and thermoplastics with glass fibers. has been effected by treating silica with alkylsilanes of C 8 or greater substitution. (215) 547-1015 10 Substrate microcontact printing of C18-Silane SAMs of C18-Silane (2-3nm) © 2006 Gelest. Reverse-phase thin-layer chromatography can be accomplished by treating plates with dodecyltrichlorosilane. propylene and other gases. 386. This has been most helpful in resins with no obvious functionality such as polyethylene and polystyrene. Inc. chloroplasts. Substrate FAX: (215) 547-2484 www.Gelest. Here the silane may effect a simple differential adsorption. Orientation effects of silanes for passive LCDs OCTADECYLDIMETHYL(3-TRIMETHOXYSILYLPROPYL)AMMONIUM CHLORIDE (SIO6620. PDMS N-METHYLAMINOPROPYLTRIMETHOXYSILANE (SIM6500. Lett. or if functionalized have a direct sensor effect. Kahn.

P.75 Cold-rolled steel Nil 7.0 90º peel strength after 2 h in 80ºC water. Both because dipodal silanes may not have functional groups identical to conventional coupling agents or because of economic considerations. K. conventional coupling agents are frequently used in combination with a non-functional dipodal silanes.0 (CH3O)3Si CH2CH2 Si(OC2H5)3 Si(OCH 3)3 CH2CH2 Si(OCH 3)3 Si(OCH 3)3 © 2006 Gelest.0) is combined at a 1:5 to 1:10 ratio with a traditional coupling agent. In a typical application a dipodal material such as bis(triethoxysilyl)ethane (SIB1817. VSP. particularly primer systems and aqueous immersion applications. Special Topics Dipodal Silanes Functional dipodal silanes and combinations of nonfunctional dipodal silanes with functional silanes have significant impact on substrate bonding.on the bond strength of a crosslinkable ethylene-vinyl acetate primer formulation Wet adhesion to metals (N/cm) Primer on metal 10% in i-PrOH No silane Methacryloxypropylsilane Methacryloxypropylsilane + 10% dipodal Titanium Nil 0. SIB1831. p105 (C2H5O)3Si CH2CH2CH2CH2CH2CH2CH2CH2 SIB1824. Dipodal tetrasulfide silanes are used in “green” tires Functional Dipodals H N CH2 CH2 CH2 CH2 CH2 CH2 (CH3O)3Si Si(OCH 3)3 SIB1833.0 H CH2 CH2 CH2 Si(OCH 3)3 N CH2CH2 N (C2H5O)3Si H C C Si(OC2H5)3 S S CH2 CH2 CH2 CH2 (C2H5O)3Si CH2 CH2 Si(OC2H5)3 Effect of dipodal -SiCH2CH2Si.gelest.com 11 .6 Non-Functional Dipodals (C2H5O)3Si CH2CH2 Si(OC2H5)3 SIB1817. 1992. hydrolytic stability and mechanical strength of many composites systems. Inc. Inc.25 10. Mittal. in Silanes and Other Coupling Agents.0 28.Gelest.0 H CH2 CH2 CH2 (CH3O)3Si SIB1834. They possess enabling activity in many coatings.000 times greater than conventional coupling agents (with the ability to form only three bonds to a substrate).0 (215) 547-1015 FAX: (215) 547-2484 www.. ed.0 SIB1829. Pape et al. It is then processed in the same way as the traditional silane coupling agent. The effect is thought to be a result of both the increased crosslink density of the interphase and a consequence of the fact that the resistance to hydrolysis of dipodal materials (with the ability to form six bonds to a substrate) is estimated at close to 100.0 (cohesive failure) H SB1820.0 SIB1824.

1986 p403. Silanes with short linker length H H2NCH 2CH2CH2CH2CH2CH2N CH2 2 Si(OCH 2CH3)3)3 CH Si(OCH 2CH 3 SIA0592.8 © 2006 Gelest. The desirability of maintaining the reactive centers close to the substrate are most important in sensor applications.6 O Effect of linker length on the separation of aromatic hydrocarbons T. Inc. biological diagnostics or liquid chromatography.4 Si(OC2H5)3 Si(OCH 3)3 OCN CH2 Si(OCH 3)3 SII6453. This has important consequences if the functional group is expected to react with a single component in a multi-component organic or aqueous phases found in homogeneous and phase transfer catalysis. fluorescent materials and composite systems in which the interfacing components are closely matched in modulus and coefficient of thermal expansion. in heterogeneous catalysis.0 NHCH 2 Si(OC2H5)3 H2C CH CH2CH2CH2CH2CH2CH2CH2CH2CH2 Si(OCH 3)3 SIP6723.0 Br CH2CH2CH2CH2CH2CH2CH2CH2CH2CH2CH2 SIB1909. inorganic surfaces can impose enormous steric constraints on the accessibility of organic functional groups in close proximity.0 PLEASE INQUIRE ABOUT BULK QUANTITIES 12 . Inc.0 HC CH2CH2CH2CH2CH2CH2CH2CH2CH2CH2 SIT8194. Leyden ed. The linker length imposes a number of physical property and reactivity limitations. Linker Length An important factor in controlling the effectiveness and properties of a coupled system is the linker between the organic functionality and the silicon atom. If the linker length is long the functional group has greater mobility and can extend further from the inorganic substrate. Silanes with extended linker length H H2NCH 2CH2N CH2CH2CH2CH2CH2CH2CH2CH2CH2CH2CH2 SIA0595.Gelest.0 SIT8194.7 SIU9049. Den et al. Interfaces” D.. in “Silanes. Surfaces.0 HS CH2CH2CH2CH2CH2CH2CH2CH2CH2CH2CH2 Si(OCH 3)3 Si(OCH 3)3 Cl CH2 Si(OC2H5)3 SIC2298. a consequence of the fact that the propyl group is synthetically accessible and has good thermal stability. The typical linker length is three carbon atoms. SIM6480. Extended linker length is also important in oriented applications such as self-assembled monolayers (SAMs). On the other hand.

even in the vapor phase. J. 5. Significantly.4 1. 1.6 0. Inc..8 0. Inc.2 0 SIB1932. The cyclic azasilanes react with hydroxyl groups of a wide range of substrates at low temperatures by a ring-opening reaction that does not require water as a catalyst. They also react rapidly at room temperature with isolated non-hydrogen bonded hydroxyls which do not undergo reaction with alkoxysilanes under similar conditions. The three most common cyclic azasilanes structures are depicted.6 1.Gelest.com 13 ..4 (215) 547-1015 FAX: (215) 547-2484 www. (see p. Undergrad. Res.8 Anhydrous deposition with Cyclic Azasilanes CH 2 H2C CH 2 2 N CH 3CH 2CH 2CH 2 Si OCH 3 OCH 3 + OH OH Substrate H NCH 2CH2CH2CH3 CH2 CH2 CH2 CH3O Si OCH 3 O CH3O H NCH 2CH2CH2CH3 CH2 CH2 CH2 Si O Substrate OCH 3 Extent of reaction of organosilanes with fumed silica CH 2 Silane Loading (micromole/m2) cyclic azasilane aminopropyldimethylmethoxysilane H 2C CH 2 OCH 3 OCH 3 1.35) 2 1. 2002 SID3543. Cyclic Azasilanes Volatile cyclic azasilanes are of particular interest in the surface modification of hydroxylcontaining surfaces.0 H3C N Si H3C CH3 © 2006 Gelest. Chem.4 0. In these applications the formation of high functional density monolayers is critical. particularly inorganic surfaces such as nanoparticles and other nano-featured substrates. Vedamuthu et al. no byproducts of reaction form. The reactions of cyclic azasilanes are rapid at room temperature.gelest.2 N nC 4H9 Si hexamethyldisilazane 1 0. CH3 SIM6501.4 H N N Si 0 500 1000 1500 2000 2500 3000 3500 4000 H MeO OMe Time (s) M.

0 ClCH2 SIC2295. Inc. some comparative guidelines are provided for the thermal stability of silanes.0 SIC2271.1 H2N CH2CH2Si(OCH 3)3 495° 495… Si(OC2H5)3 485° 485… Flexible multi-layer circuit boards for cell-phones utilize polyimide films coupled w/chloromethylaromatic silanes. Thermal Stability of Silane Coupling Agents The general order of thermal stability for silane coupling agents is depicted.0 CH3 Si(OCH 3)3 530… 530° 25% weight loss of dried hydrolysates as determined by TGA PLEASE INQUIRE ABOUT BULK QUANTITIES 14 .Gelest. while electropositive groups enhance thermal stability.0 SIM6487. Greater Stability Relative Thermal Stability of Silanes R CH2CH2 X Si X X X Si X X X Si X X X Si X X X Si X X (beta substitution) R CH2 (alpha substitution) (gamma substitution) (ethylene bridged substituted aromatic) (substituted aromatic) R CH2CH2CH2 R CH2 CH2CH2 R CH2 Thermal Stability of Silanes O SIA0025.0 390° 390… 435° 435… New photograph to supplied! H2NCH 2CH2NCH 2 SIA0588. © 2006 Gelest. In this context. SIT8042. Thermogravimetric Analysis (TGA) data for hydrolysates may be used for bench-marking. Inc. Electron withdrawing substitution reduces thermal stability.4 CH3COCH 2CH2Si(OC2H5)3 ClCH2CH2CH2Si(OCH 3)3 O H2C CCOCH 2CH2CH2Si(OCH 3)3 CH3 H H2NCH 2CH2NCH 2CH2CH2Si(OCH 3)3 CH2CH2Si(OCH 3)3 220° 220… 360° 360… 395° 395… SIA0591. Most commercial silane coupling agents have organic functionality separated from the silicon atom by three carbon atoms and are referred to as gamma-substituted silanes. In some applications gamma-substituted silanes have insufficient thermal stability or other system requirements that can eliminate them from consideration. The gamma-substituted silanes have sufficient thermal stability to withstand shortterm process conditions of 350°C and long-term continuous exposure of 160°C. The specific substitution also plays a significant role in thermal stability.5 SIA0599.

Gelest, Inc.

Aqueous Systems & Water-borne Silanes
Before most surface modification processes, alkoxysilanes are hydrolyzed forming silanol-containing species. The silanol-containing species are highly reactive intermediates which are responsible for bond formation with the substrate. In principal, if silanol species were stable, they would be preferred for surface treatments. Silanols condense with other silanols or with alkoxysilanes to form siloxanes. This can be observed when preparing aqueous treatment solutions. Initially, since most alkoxysilanes have poor solubility in water, two phases are observed. As the hydrolysis proceeds, a single clear phase containing reactive silanols forms. With aging, the silanols condense forming siloxanes and the solution becomes cloudy. Eventually, as molecular weight of the siloxanes increases, precipitation occurs. Hydrolysis and condensation of alkoxysilanes is dependent on both pH and catalysts. The general objective in preparing aqueous solutions is to devise a system in which the rate of hydrolysis is substantially greater than the rate of condensation beyond the solubility limit of the siloxane oligomers. Other considerations are the work-time requirements for solutions and issues related to byproduct reactivity, toxicity or flammability. Stable aqueous solutions of silanes are more readily prepared if byproduct or additional alcohol is present in the solution since they contribute to an equilibrium condition favoring monomeric species. Water-borne coupling agent solutions are usually free of VOCs and flammable alcohol byproducts. Most water-borne silanes can be described as hydroxyl-rich silsesquioxane copolymers. Apart from coupling, silane monomers are included to control water-solubility and extent of polymerization. Water-borne silanes act as primers for metals, additives for acrylic latex sealants and as coupling agents for siliceous surfaces.
Relative Hydrolysis Rates of Hydrolyzable Groups


Isopropoxy Ethoxy Methoxyethoxy Methoxy


100 1 10

Hydrolysis Profile of Phenylbis(2-methoxyethoxy)silanol

F. Osterholtz et al in Silanes and Other Coupling Agents ed K. Mittal, VSP, 1992, p119

Profile for Condensation of Silanols to Disiloxanes

glycidoxypropylsilanetriol glycidoxypropylmethylsilanediol aminopropyldimethylsilanol

pD (pH in D20)
E. Pohl et al in Silanes Surfaces and Interfaces ed., D. Leyden, Gordon and Breach, 1985, p481.

Water-borne Silsesquioxane Oligomers
+ NH 2δ H H2C − Oδ Si H2C O CH2 OH

CH2 H2C CH2 Si O OH CH3 Si m OH

H δ− O O n Si OH

+ NH 2δ



Functional Group

Mole %
65-75 100 65-75 60-65

Molecular Weight % Weight in solution
250-500 270-550 370-650 250-500 25-28 22-25 25-28 25-28

WSA-7011 Aminopropyl WSA-9911 Aminopropyl WSA-7021 Aminoethylaminopropyl WSAV-6511 Aminopropyl, Vinyl

© 2006 Gelest, Inc.

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Masked Silanes - Latent Functionality
Maximum bond strength in some adhesion and bonding systems requires that the organic functionality of a silane coupling agent becomes available during a discrete time period of substrate - matrix contact. Examples are epoxy adhesives in which reaction of the silane with the resin increases viscosity of an adhesive to the extent that substrate wet-out is inhibited and pretreated fillers for composites which can react prematurely with moisture before melt compounding or vulcanization. A general approach is to mask the organic functionality of the silane which converts it to a storage-stable form and then to trigger the demasking with moisture, or heat concomitant with bonding or composite formation. vided by water adsorbed on substrate surfaces or from humidity. Deblocking begins in minutes and is generally complete within two hours in sections with a diffusional thickness of less than 1mm.

Masked Silanes - Moisture Triggered
Single-component liquid-cure epoxy adhesives and coatings employ dimethylbutylidene blocked amino silanes. These materials show excellent storage stability in resin systems, but are activated by moisture proH3 C CH3 CH CH2 CH3 OC2H 5 OC2H 5 OC2H 5 C NCH 2CH2CH2Si + H2O + H 2O






Storage Stability of Epoxy Coating Solutions
80 with blocked and unblocked aminosilanes
10 8 6 4 2 0 3 5
Blocked Aminosilane - SID4068.0

Hydrolysis of Blocked Aminosilane
(SID4068.0/H20/THF = 1/10/20wt%)
Hydrolysis Rate (%)

Aminosilane - SIA0610.0

60 40 20 0




Viscosity (cSt)



80 60 40 20 120 0 0



Control 3










Epoxy Resin Solution: 50 parts bisphenol A epoxide, 5 parts SID4068.0 or SIA0610.0, 50 parts toluene.

Time (min)

An alternative is to use the moisture adsorbed onto fillers to liberate alcohol which, in turn, demasks the organic functionality.
O CH3 (CH2 )6 C OC2 H 5 SCH2 CH2 CH 2 Si OC2 H 5 OC2 H 5 + H2O O HS CH 2CH 2 CH2 Si O O


O CH3(CH2)6C OC2H5

Masked Silanes - Heat Triggered
Isocyanate functionality is frequently delivered to resin systems during elevated temperature bonding or melt processing steps. Demasking temperatures are typically 160-200°C.
© 2006 Gelest, Inc.


Gelest, Inc.

Coupling Agents for Metal Substrates
The optimum performance of silane coupling agents is associated with siliceous substrates. While the use of silanes has been extended to metal substrates, both the effectiveness and strategies for bonding to these less-reactive substrates vary. Four approaches of bonding to metals have been used with differing degrees of success. In all cases, selecting a dipodal or polymeric silane is preferable to a conventional trialkoxy silane. Metals that form hydrolytically stable surface oxides, e.g. aluminum, tin, titanium. These oxidized surfaces tend to have sufficient hydroxyl functionality to allow coupling under the same conditions applied to the siliceous substrates discussed earlier. Metals that form hydrolytically or mechanically unstable surface oxides, e.g. iron, copper, zinc. These oxidized surfaces tend to dissolve in water leading to progressive corrosion of the substrate or form a passivating oxide layer without mechanical strength. The successful strategies for coupling to these substrates typically involves two or more silanes. One silane is a chelating agent such as a diamine, polyamine or polycarboxylic acid. A second silane is selected which has a reactivity with the organic component and reacts with the first silane by co-condensation. If a functional dipodal or polymeric silane is not selected, 10-20% of a non-functional dipodal silane typically improves bond strength. Metals that do not readily form oxides, e.g. nickel, gold and other precious metals. Bonding to these substrates requires coordinative bonding, typically a phosphine, sulfur (mercapto), or amine functional silane. A second silane is selected which has a reactivity with the organic component. If a functional dipodal or polymeric silane is not selected, 10-20% of a non-functional dipodal silane typically improves bond strength.

Octysilane adsorbed on titanium

figure courtesy of

M. Banaszak-Holl

Metals that form stable hydrides, e.g. titanium, zirconium, nickel. In a significant departure from traditional silane coupling agent chemistry, the ability of certain metals to form so-called amorphous alloys with hydrogen is exploited in an analogous chemistry in which hydride functional silanes adsorb and then coordinate with the surface of the metal. Most silanes of this class possess only simple hydrocarbon substitution such as octylsilane. However they do offer organic compatibility and serve to markedly change wet-out of the substrate. Both hydride functional silanes and treated metal substrates will liberate hydrogen in the presence of base or with certain precious metals such as platinum and associated precautions must be taken.
(see p 53.)

H H2C CH(CH 2)8CH2Si H


Coupling Agents for Metals* Metal Copper Gold Class Amine Sulfur Phosphorus Amine Sulfur Amine Screening Candidates SSP-060 SIT7908.0 SID4558.0 SIB1834.0 SIB1824.6 SIB1835.5 SIG5840.0 SIU9048.0 SSP-060 SIT8402.0 SIE6668.0
© 2006 Gelest, Inc.

SIT8398.0 SIP6926.2 SIB1091.0 WSA-7011 SIM6476.0





Titanium Epoxy Hydride Zinc Amine Carboxylate


SIT8398.0 SIT8192.6

*These coupling agents are almost always used in conjunction with a second silane with organic reactivity or a dipodal silane.

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© 2006 Gelest. Increasing Hydroxyl Concentration Hydroxyl functionalization of bulk silica and glass may be increased by immersion in a 1:1 mixture of 50% aqueous sulfuric acid : 30% hydrogen peroxide for 30 minutes followed by rinses in D. Hydrophobic dipodal or multipodal silanes are usually used in combination with organofunctional silanes. Alternatively. The first step in coupling with these substrates is the removal of ions from the surface by extraction with deionized water. if sodium ion contamination is not critical. 1. under reaction conditions. 1. Res. In some cases polymeric silanes with multiple sites for interaction with the substrate are used. Roy. Transesterification catalysts include tin compounds such as dibutyldiacetoxytin and titanates such as titanium isopropoxide. copper and ferrous alloys. These approaches frequently involve two or more coupling agents. Volatile primary amines such as butylamine can be used. 204. Substrate selection can be essential. amines can be premixed with solvents at 0. The silica-rich encapsulating network is then susceptible to coupling chemistry comparable to siliceous substrates. Marble and calciferous substrates can also benefit from the inclusion of anhydride-functional silanes which. 6623. Metals and many metal oxides can strongly adsorb silanes if a chelating functionality such as diamine or dicarboxylate is present. J. alkali metals or phosphates pose challenges for silane coupling agents. The more effective amines. followed by a deionized water rinse. are more difficult to remove after reaction1. high concentrations of calcium. the surface concentration is frequently orders of magnitude higher. Alcanter et al. K. Surface impurities may be reduced by immersion in 5% hydrochloric acid for 4 hours. Blitz et al. and then immersion in deionized water overnight followed by drying. The adhesive mechanism is thought to be due to the low molecular weight and low surface energy of the silanes which allows them initially to spread to thin films and penetrate porous structures followed by the crosslinking which results in the formation of a silica-rich encapsulating network.01-0. Shirai et al. 2002. such as the polyethylenimine functional silanes can couple to high sodium glasses in an aqueous environment. High phosphate and sodium content glasses are frequently the most frustrating substrates. J. Oxides with high isoelectric points can adsorb carbon dioxide. Applications of mixed silane systems containing a dipodal silane or tetraethoxysilane in combination with an organofunctional silane frequently increases adhesion. The methods for enhancing reactivity include transesterification catalysts and agents which increase the acidity of hydroxyl groups on the substrate by hydrogen bonding. Inc. p212. forming carbonates. Biomed. 18. Catalyzing Reactions in Water-Free Environments Hydroxyl groups without hydrogen bonding react slowly with methoxy silanes at room temperature. S. however. Alternately. Soc. Hydroxylation by Water Plasma & Steam Oxidation Various metals and metal oxides including silicon and silicon dioxide can achieve high surface concentrations of hydroxyl groups after exposure to H2O/O2 in high energy environments including steam at 1050° and water plasma1. OH O + O Ca . Chem.Gelest. However alkali metals and phosphates not only do not form hydrolytically stable bonds with silicon. potassium and calcium from the surface of substrates can be critical for stable bonds. Colloidal silicas derived from tetraethoxysilane or ammonia sols perform far better than those derived from sodium sols. 2000. Inc. These can usually be removed by a high temperature vacuum bake. Langmuir.+ Na Substrates with low concentrations of non-hydrogen bonded hydroxyl groups. Some of these. 1.I.. 1999. In cases where a more appropriate technology is not available a number of strategies have been devised which exploit the organic functionality. form dicarboxylates that can form salts with calcium ions. A second organofunctional silane with reactivity appropriate to the organic component must be present. catalyze the rupture and redistribution of silicon-oxygen bonds. water and methanol and then air drying. N. Precious metals such as gold and rhodium form weak coordination bonds with phosphine and mercaptan functional silanes. Removing Surface Impurities Eliminating non-bonding metal ions such as sodium. and high phosphate and sodium glasses are not recommended substrates for silane coupling agents. Mater. Difficult Substrates Silane coupling agents are generally recommended for applications in which an inorganic surface has hydroxyl groups and the hydroxyl groups can be converted to stable oxane bonds by reaction with the silane. 18 . boiling with 5% aqueous sodium peroxodisulfate followed by acetone rinse is recommended1. even worse.5 weight % based on substrate prior or concurrent to silane addition. Calcium carbonate fillers and marble substrates do not form stable bonds with silane coupling agents. in “Fundamental & Applied Aspects of Chemically Modified Surfaces” ed. Kanan et al. Bulk glass tends to concentrate impurities on the surface during fabrication. but. 53. Ethoxy silanes are essentially non-reactive. but are not as effective as tertiary amines such as benzyldimethylamine or diamines such as ethylenediamine. The primary inorganic constituent is silica and would be expected to react readily with silane coupling agents. film-forming and crosslinking properties of silane coupling agents as the primary mechanism for substrate bonding in place of bonding through the silicon atom. Although sodium concentrations derived from bulk analysis may seem acceptable. Incorporation of transesterification catalysts at 2-3 weight % of the silane effectively promotes reaction and deposition in many instances. Substrates such as calcium carbonate.

Properties are sometimes enhanced by adding 0. Integral blend methods are used in composite formulations.g. No further cure is necessary. Distilled water is not necessary. Poor solubility parameters limit the use of long chain alkyl and aromatic silanes by this method. The water causes formation of silanols from alkoxysilanes. aminosilanes and cyclic azasilanes is preferred for small particles and nano-featured substrates.Gelest. For less soluble silanes.g. care must be taken to avoid wicking or skinning of the top layer of treated material by adjusting heat and air flow. It is washed with the solvent. A 95% ethanol-5% water solution is adjusted to treatment of powders. (215) 547-1015 FAX: (215) 547-2484 © 2006 Gelest. Inc. twin cone mixer with intensifier. It assumes that the total Fig. Deposition from aqueous solution is employed for most commercial fiberglass systems. particularly ethanol or isopropanol are preferred.5 with acetic acid.gelest. Cure is at 110-120°C for 20-30 minutes.0 weight percent of silane (of the total mix) is dispersed by spraying the silane in an alcohol carrier onto a preblend. substrates should be predried at 150°C for 4 hours. Particles. is usually accomplished by a spray-on method. www. Silane is added with stirring to yield a 2% final concentration. The mixture is refluxed for 12-24 hours with the substrate to be treated. The mix is dry-blended briefly and then melt compounded. placed in a high intensity solid mixer. at 110°C or allowed to stand 24 hours at room temperature. Generally 0.5-5. Bulk deposition onto powders. 1 Reactor for slurry preparing silylated surfaces.5-1. e. Progress of the reaction is observed by halt of HCl evolution. Cure of the silane layer is for 5-10 mins at 110°C or 24 hours at room temperature (<60% relative humidity). If the filler is dried in trays.com 19 . Part of the HCl reacts with the alcohol to produce small quantities of alkyl halide and water. e. They are rinsed free of excess materials by dipping briefly in ethanol. slurry treatment of The silane is prepared as a 25% solution in alcohol. The chlorosilane is added to the alcohol to yield a 2-5% solution. The solvent is then removed by air or explosion-proof oven drying. e.2 to 1. mation. Composites can be prepared by the addition of alkoxysilanes to dry-blends of polymer and filler prior to compounding. This reaction involves a direct nucleophilic displacement of the silane chlorines by the surface silanol. Inc. The silanols condense on the substrate. Applying Silanes Deposition from aqueous alcohol solutions is the most facile method for Fig. Five minutes should be allowed for hydrolysis and silanol for. are dipped into the solution. Bulk deposition results if adsorbed water is present on the substrate. 0. agitated gently. The chlorosilane reacts with the alcohol producing an alkoxysilane and HCl. The powder is powders.g. Chlorosilanes can also be deposited from alcohol solution. Mild warming of the solution (30-40°C) promotes completion of the reaction. Treated substrates are cured for 5-10 mins. The solution is adjusted to pH 5. 2 Vacuum tumble amount of silane necessary is known and that sufficient adsorbed dryers can be used for moisture is present on the filler to cause hydrolysis of the silane. In this method the silane is used as a simple additive. Anhydrous alcohols. Large objects. are silylated by stirring them in solution for 2-3 minutes and then decanting the solution. The particles are usually rinsed twice briefly with ethanol.1% of a nonionic surfactant is added prior to the silane and an emulsion rather than a solution is prepared. The alkoxysilane is dissolved at 0. The addition of the silane to non-dispersed filler is not desirable in this technique since it can lead to agglomeration. Stability of aqueous silane solutions varies from 2-12 hours for the simple alkyl silanes. The solution is either sprayed onto the substrate or employed as a dip bath.5 with acetic acid.0% concentration in water.drying steps are required. 3 Twin-cone blenders with intensive mixing bars are used for bulk deposition of silanes onto powders.g. but water containing fluoride ions must be avoided. Fig. The methods are most effective. More reproducible coverage is obtained with monochlorosilanes. Vacuum devolatization of byproducts of silane reaction during melt compounding is necessary to achieve optimum properties. This method is cumbersome for large scale preparations and rigorous controls must be established to ensure reproducible results. Anhydrous liquid phase deposition of chlorosilanes. methoxysilanes. fillers and supports. If monolayer deposition is desired. and removed after 1-2 minutes. Separate filtration and pH 4.0% of tetrabutyl titanate or benzyldimethylamine to the silane prior to dispersal.5-2. Toluene. tetrahydrofuran or hydrocarbon solutions are prepared containing 5% silane. filler treatment. e. glass plates.

In general. For hydrolytic deposition 2-5% solutions are prepared (see deposition from aqueous alcohol). those with vapor pressures >5 torr at 100°C have achieved the greatest number of commercial applications. Aprotic systems utilize toluene or THF. Alternatively. and the toluene brought to reflux allowing sufficient silane to enter the vapor phase through partial pressure contribution. The reaction of other silanes requires extended reaction times. Following spin-deposition a hold period of 3-15 minutes is required before rinse solvent. Apparatus for vapor phase silylation. If strict monolayer deposition is preferred. Although under proper conditions almost all silanes can be applied to substrates in the vapor phase. usually 4-24 hours. In some protocols. Cyclic azasilanes deposit the quickestusually less than 5 minutes. Spin speed is low. Silane solutions are applied at low speed under a nitrogen purge. Spray application of silanes on large structures. In closed chamber designs. Inc. the substrate should be heated to 50°. Inc. Amine functional silanes usually deposit rapidly (within 30 minutes) without a catalyst. 20 . Spray & contact roller application of silanes on fiberglass. Dry deposition employs solvent solutions such as methoxypropanol or ethyleneglycol monoacetate (EGMA). Figure 4. substrate temperature should be maintained above 50° and below 120° to promote reaction. The reaction can be promoted by addition of catalytic amounts of amines. Spray application Formulations for spray applications vary widely depending on end-use. Figure 7.Gelest. substrates are supported above or adjacent to a silane reservoir and the reservoir is heated to sufficient temperature to achieve 5mm vapor pressure. vacuum can be applied until silane evaporation is observed. typically 500 rpm. mixtures of silanes with limited stability (4-8 hours) and emulsions are utilized in textile and fiberglass applications. They involve alcohol solutions and continuously hydrolyzed aqueous solutions employed in architectural and masonry applications. In still another variation the silane can be prepared as a solution in toluene. These methods favor monolayer deposition. © 2006 Gelest. Figure 6. limited polylayer formation is induced by spinning under an atmospheric ambient with 55% relative humidity. Figure 5. Spin-coater for deposition on wafers. Applying Silanes Vapor Phase Deposition Silanes can be applied to substrates under dry aprotic conditions by chemical vapor deposition methods. Complex mixtures with polyvinyl acetates or polyesters enter into the latter applications as sizing formulations. The continuous hydrolysis is effected by feeding mixtures of silane containing an acid catalyst such as acetic acid into a water stream by means of a venturi (aspirator). Spin-On Spin-On applications can be made under hydrolytic conditions which favor maximum functionalization and polylayer deposition or dry conditions which favor monolayer deposition. Stable aqueous solutions (see water-borne silanes).

0 SIA0591.0 SIA0611.0 SIE4670.0 SIE4668.0 SIA0611.0 Epoxy O H2C CH CH 2 O CH 3 C CH 3 OH O CH 2 CH CH 2 O n CH 3 CH 2 CH 3 O O CH 2 CH CH 2 SIT8398.0 SIC2296.0 (215) 547-1015 FAX: (215) 547-2484 www.5 SIG5840.0 Melamine SIA0599.4 SIS6994.4 SIB1828. Acrylatesilanes in dental restorative composites.0 Parylene CH2 CH2 n OH SIM6487. Urethane H 3C CH3 O CH2 CH3 N C O CH3 CH2CHO(CH2CHO)n CH2CH SIM6500.0 SIU9055.5 SIS6990. Inc.0 SIA0599. unsaturated O COCH CHCOCH2 CH2 OCH2 CH2 O n SIV9112.2 SIC2295.0 SIT8717.com 21 .2 Polyimide N O O N R n O O Furan O CH3 OCH2 NH N N CH2 O n NHCH 2 OCH3 N NHCH 2 OCH3 SIA0599.0 SIA0610.0 SIE4670.0 SIA0591. UV cure C OCH3 CH2 C H n Diallylphthalate (COOCCH2 CH CH2 )2 SIA0610.0 SIA0610.0 SIB1140.0 SIA0591.5 SIB1833.Gelest.0 SIS6964. O Silane Coupling Agents for Thermosets Selection Chart Coupling Agent Class Acrylate Vinyl/Olefin Amine Vinyl/Olefin Amine Anhydride Epoxy Amine Epoxy Amine Halogen Dipodal Amine Epoxy Amine Hydroxyl Dipodal Halogen Vinyl/Olefinic Dipodal Amine Epoxy Acrylate Amine Acrylate Vinyl/Olefin Amine Hydroxyl Amine Isocyanate Sulfur n Suggestions for Primary Screening SIA0200.0 Phenol-formaldehyde O CH2 OH Methylmethacrylate.0 SIC2295.0 SIA0611.gelest.0 Urea-formaldehyde O O HOCH2 NHCNHCH 2 NHCNHCH 2 OH © 2006 Gelest.0 SIB1832.0 SIM6476.0 SII6455.0 SIB1140.0 SIG5840. UV Cure O O C O CH2 O SIT8398. Inc. cast C OCH 3 CH2C CH3 n Polyester.0 SIS6964.0 SIA0591.0 SIM6487.0 SIM6487.4 VMM-010 SIT8187.0 Epoxy.6 SIG5840.0 SIT8192.0 SIB1833.4 Acrylate.0 SIA0200.0 SIM6487.

0 SIT8717.0 SIA0610.0 CH2 O O CH2 CH2 CH2 CH3 n Polyvinyl chloride Cl CH2CH n Amine Sulfur FAX: (215) 547-2484 SIB1825.0 SIA0591. Diamine-silanes couple polycarbonate in CDs Silane Coupling Agents for Thermoplastics Selection Chart Coupling Agent Class Suggestions for Primary Screening SIS6994.0 SSP-055 SIA0605.0 SIA0591. Inc.0 SIA0591.0 VEE-005 SIM6487.0 SIM6487.0 SIM6474.0 SIB1834.0 SIA0614.0 (215) 547-1015 22 .com Polyacetal Polyacrylate Polyamide CH2 O O C OCH3 CH2 C H n Vinyl/Olefin Amine SIA0610.0 www. Inc.0 Polyphenylene sulfide S n Polypropylene CH3 CH2 CH n SSP-055 Polystyrene CH3 CH2 CH n Polysulfone Polyvinyl butyral © 2006 Gelest.0 SIU9058.0 SIC2295.0 SII6455. C CH3 O Amine Amine SIU9055.Gelest.0 SIA0605.0 SIA0611.5 SIA0610.1 WSA-7011 SIA0610.0 SIC2295.0 SIV9112.0 SIU9058.0 O O C n Polyethylene CH2 CH2 n SIT8398.0 SIA0591.4 SIA0780.5 SIM6476.0 SSP-060 n O NH(CH 2 )mC O O N H O n R n Amine Dipodal Water-borne Amine Halogen Amine Isocyanate Amine Amine Dipodal Amine Vinyl/Olefin Amine Halogen Sulfur Acrylate Azide Vinyl/Olefin Acrylate Dipodal O S O n Polyamide-imide N Polybutylene terephthalate C O CO(CH2 )mO O n Polycarbonate Polyether ketone O CH 3 C CH 3 O O C n SIA0610.4 SIB1831.gelest.

4 SIA0540.0 WSA-7021 SIM6487.0 SIA0589.0 SIB1834.0 SIB1824.0 SIB1825.0 VMM-010 © 2006 Gelest. Inc.0 SSP-055 SIG5840.0 SIV9098.0 SIM6486.0 Silicone (hydroxyl terminated) CH3 HO Si O CH3 CH3 Si O CH3 CH3 Si OH n CH3 Amine Vinyl/Olefin Dipodal Acrylate Vinyl/Olefin SIA0605. Inc.0 VEE-005 SIM6476. Silicone (vinyl terminated) CH3 CH3 CH3 CH3 H2 C CH Si O Si O Si CH CH2 CH3 n CH3 VMM-010 (215) 547-1015 FAX: (215) 547-2484 www.0 VEE-005 Epichlorohydrin OCH2 CH CH2 Cl n Fluorocarbon (CF2 CF2 )m(CH2 CF2 )n CH3 CH2 C Cl CH2C CN CH2 CH CH2 CH CH n Isoprene CHCH 2 n Neoprene CHCH 2 n Nitrile Polysulfide CH2 CH2 S n SIM6476.1 SIT8717.Gelest.0 SIB1825.0 WSA-6511 Acrylate Vinyl/Olefin Water-borne Acrylate Sulfur Vinyl/Olefin Amine Sulfur Amine Dipodal Sulfur Vinyl/Olefin Sulfur Vinyl/Olefin Epoxy Sulfur Epoxy Sulfur Butyl CH2 CH CHCH 2 n SIM6476.com 23 .0 SIM6476.gelest.0 SIM6474.0 SBR CH2 CH CH2 CH CH n Amine Sulfur SIA0605.0 SIM6487.0 SIG5840.0 SSP-055 SIA0605. Silane Coupling Agents for Sealants & Elastomers Water-borne aminosilanes increase bonding of acrylic latex sealants Selection Chart Coupling Agent Class Acrylic latex O C OCH 3 CH2C CH3 n Suggestions for Primary Screening SIM6487.4 SIB1825.0 SSP-055 SIM6474.4 SIV9210.0 SIB1825.0 SIM6474.0 VEE-005 SIV9218.

Chem. Science. J. p363. Leyden ed. 1141. Artificial Heart Prog.0 SIA0599. 1978.. F. Inc. Whole Cell (causing lysis) Tissue 24 procaryotic alkyl-quat W. 1995.0 SIG5838. Weetall. Royer. Anal. J. 257. 2323. Falipou. 1972. Protein lysine lysine lysine cysteine tyrosine heparinated immunoglobin antibody aldehyde amine amine sulfur nitrobenzamide amine/quat pyridyl-thio cyano glutaraldehyde thiophosgene dithionite NaNO2/HCl SIT8194. Chem. p363.0 SSP-060 SIP6926. D. H. R.761. White et al in "Silanes. CHEMTECH..0 SID3543. Chem. Surfaces & Interfaces" ed.0 SIT8194. in “Silylated Surfaces” D. Kneuer et al. and hydroxylsilanes couple DNA in array technology Silane Coupling Agents for Biomaterials Selection Chart Site/Type Coupling Class hydroxyl diamine Co-reactant cobalt ethylenediamine Suggestions for Screening SIB1140. Venter et al. 2096. p29. J. Fundamental & Applied Aspects of Chemically Modified Surfaces. Proc. 69(5). Commun. 2323. 1989. SIO6620. Grobe et al. Inc. US Pat. Arkles et al.. DNA terminal favored pendant amine pendant amine pendant amine vinyl/olefin aldehyde diamine epoxy SIO6708.4 B. Chem. Biol.. Soc. 3. J.0 Oligonucleotides G. 5081. Gordon & Breach. 119. Merker et al. Commun. 1999. Conf. Biochem. amino-. Leyden ed. Soc. p. Cell-Organelle chloroplast mitochondria mitochondria on silica bead alkyl alkyl SIO6645.0 SIU9049. 1994. Chem. Whole Cell erythrocytes erythrocytes on glass wall short alkyl SIE4901. 1997.0 SIE4675. 1974. S. Int'l J. 178. 1969 HEWNIH. 1978. Nat. Soc. 1975. Am.0 A.. Gordon & Breach. 699.0 J.0 SIA0611. G. Gordon & Breach. Grobe et al.0 histological samples . 196(2). Arkles et al.0 SIO6645. June 9-13. 408. in "Silylated Surfaces" D. p. 265. 1995. Chem.652.0 SIA0594. p389. © 2006 Gelest.0 SIA0595. 1978. 8856.Gelest.0 SIT8191.0 SIM6476.0 SIA0611. Leyden. 1986. Soc. McGall et al. Bensimon. S. Chow. Arkles et al.0 SIA0610.. aldehyde-.0 SIA0611. B.. 107. 2000. Leyden ed.0 SIA0591. Acad. in “Silylated Surfaces” D. Pharmaceutics.0 B.301. Proc.0 SIT8415.4 SIC2456. J.0 SID3392. J. C. Gordon & Breach.. 4. Bhatia et al. 250.

. . 41 Phosphine and Phosphate functional . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 53 Silyl Hydrides . . . . . . . . . . . . . 36 Carboxylate. . . . . 38 Hydroxyl functional. . 43 Vinyl and Olefin functional . . .gelest. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 28 Anhydride functional. . . Aldehyde functional . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 52 Biomolecular Probes . . . . . . . .com 25 (215) 547-1015 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Developmental Status . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Multi-functional and Polymeric Silanes. 50 UV Active and Fluorescent Silanes. . . . . . . . . . . . . . 40 Isocyanate and Masked Isocyanate functional. . . . . . . . . . 37 Ester functional. . . . 26 Lactase is immobilized with aminosilanes and glutaraldehyde. . . . . . 27 Amino functional . . . . . . . . . Phosphonate and Sulfonate functional . . Inc.Gelest. . . . . . . . . . . . 53 Commercial Status . . . . 49 Non-functional Dipodal Silanes. . . . Methacrylate-silanes couple fiberglass to unsaturated polyester in corroson resistant rooftop ductwork at Gelest. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 45 Epoxy-silanes are essential for performance of epoxy resin encapsulants for microchips. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . SILANE COUPLING AGENT PROPERTIES Acrylate & Methacrylate functional .available to support development and commercialization FAX: (215) 547-2484 www. . . . . 36 Azide functional . 36 Epoxy functional . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .produced on a regular basis for inventory © 2006 Gelest. . . . . . . . . . . Inc. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Inc. . . . . . . . . 49 Water-borne Coupling Agents . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 42 Sulfur functional . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 38 Halogen functional . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 51 Chiral Silanes . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

1984 [54586-78-6] HMIS: 3-2-1-X store <5° 10g/$32. 713. Inc. 1993 [2530-85-0] TSCA HMIS: 3-2-1-X store <5° 100g/$10.0 (3-ACRYLOXYPROPYL)TRIMETHOXY234. 25g/$49. Plast. LD50: 3.0kg/$124.4084 SIM6487.3 METHACRYLOXYPROPYLTRIETHOXYSILANE C13H26O5Si inhibited with MEHQ [21142-29-0] HMIS: 3-1-1-X store <5° 290.00 0. 50% in ethanol C16H33NO6Si inhibited with MEHQ flashpoint: 8°C (48°F) employed in conservation/consolidation of stone1. Arkles.4271 SILANE C8H16O5Si inhibited with MEHQ modification of novolac resins afford bilevel resists having attributes of trilevel resists1.00 2. 7. 1990 [4369-14-6] TSCA-S HMIS: 3-1-1-X store <5° 25g/$48. Jap.05125 1. CA113. Chemtech. 4.91 1.19 copolymerization parameters-e.00 1.35 O OCH 3 OCH 3 OCH 3 H2C CHCOCH 2CH2CH2Si Commercial O H2C CH3 OCH 3 OCH 3 OCH 3 C C O(CH 2)3Si O H2C OH CHCOCH 2CHCH 2 NH (C2H5O)3SiCH2CH2CH2 O H2C CH3 O H 1. Wheeler. [96132-98-8] HMIS: 3-4-1-X store <5° Developmental 1.045 1. CA 95. 02133338.43 130°/4 flashpoint: 128°C (262°F) 10g/$39. G.0 METHACRYLOXYMETHYLTRIETHOXYSILANE 262. Mater.07 1. SIM6483.00 0.481.00 SIM6480.0 N-(3-ACRYLOXY-2-HYDROXYPROPYL)-3349.53 AMINOPROPYLTRIETHOXYSILANE.00 0. CH3 OC2H5 1.32 68°/0.Trialkoxy SIA0200. Morozova et al.50 AMINOPROPYLTRIETHOXYSILANE.00 100g/$160. 1977 2.38 65-8°/2 C11H22O5Si inhibited with MEHQ H2C C C O CH2Si OC2H5 treatment of fumed silica in acrylic casting compositions accelerates polymerization1. UV cure coatings.00 26 . Massy. 7. 2. 1143. on Deteriorat'n and Conservat'n of Stone “ed. Elsevier 2000. Wei et al. 248. 8. V Fassina. Methacrylate-silanes couple fiberglass to unsaturated polyester name Acrylate & Methacrylate Functional Silanes MW bp/mm (mp) D420 nD20 Acrylate & Methacrylate Functional Silanes .00 O OC2H5 O H2C C C CH3 OCH 3 O CH2Si OCH 3 OCH 3 © 2006 Gelest. in “Ninth Int’l Cong. 541. HQ C10H20O5Si viscosity: 2 cSt.oral rat..4084 O H2C OH CCOCH 2CHCH 2 CH3 NH (C2H5O)3SiCH2CH2CH2 SIM6481. Yokoshima et al.8 O-(METHACRYLOXYETHYL)-N-(TRIETHOXYSILYLPROPYL)URETHANE.985 1. 2. 1981 [5577-72-0] HMIS: 3-2-1-X store <5° 10g/$40. copolymerized with styrene in formation of sol-gel composites2. J. M. 1.7 specific wetting surface: 314m2/g widely used coupling agent for unsaturated polyester-fiberglass composites1.000mg/kg flashpoint: 108°C (226°F) Primary Irritation Index: 1. US Pat.Q: 0.00 SIM6482. B.4 METHACRYLOXYPROPYLTRIMETHOXYSILANE MEMO inhibited with MEHQ. employed in optical fiber coatings1.00 100g/$156. 50% in ethanol C15H31NO6Si inhibited with MEHQ flashpoint: 8°C (48°F) [123198-57-2] HMIS: 3-4-1-X store <5° 25g/$140.4277 O H2C CH3 OC2H5 OC2H5 OC2H5 C C O(CH 2)3Si 50g/$156. 1. E. 15746d.44625 CCOCH 2CH2OCN(CH 2)3Si(OEt) 3 100g/$136.30 48-50°/2 1. 90% C16H31NO7Si [115396-93-5] HMIS: 3-2-1-X store <5° 377.00 SIA0180. Pat.00 50g/$128.98753g.1 N-(3-METHACRYLOXY-2-HYDROXYPROPYL)-3.00 78-81°/1 1.00 18kg/$630.4 1.0kg/$580.4155 SILANE. Y. Inc.4310 (-48°)mp TOXICITY.049.51 inhibited with MEHQ 25g/$42.363.00 2.Gelest. 1. Reichmanis et al.931 1.07.00 50g/$160. 95% inhibited with MEHQ flashpoint: 123°C (253°F) C9H18O5Si aqueous solutions more stable than methacrylate analog coupling agent for epoxies.0 METHACRYLOXYMETHYLTRIMETHOXY220. Res.00 SIM6487. E.

2.40 95°/1 flashpoint 136°C (277°F) 10g/$39.5 METHACRYLOXYPROPYLDIMETHYLMETHOXYSILANE. 8. Taylor-Smith.38 75-6°/0.4274 flashpoint: 82°C (180°F) autoignition temp: 300°C TOXICITY oral-rat.Dialkoxy O H2C OCH 3 CH3 OCH 3 CHCOCH 2CH2CH2Si SIA0198.4 cSt [3978-58-3] HMIS: 3-2-1-X store <5° 232.35 1. LD50: >2000mg/kg 25g/$26.35 70-2°/0. 1996 [13732-00-8] HMIS: 3-2-1-X store <5° 50g/$46. name MW bp/mm (mp) D420 nD20 Acrylate & Methacrylate Functional Silanes .00 1. 1997 [14513-34-9] HMIS: 3-2-1-X store <5° 25g/$45.9 METHACRYLOXYPROPYLMETHYLDI235.00 1.00 260. 2.944 1. Mat.37 85-7°/1 0..4343 H2C H2C O CH(CH 2)10Si(OC2H5)3 O SIT8194. tech-90 234. 77. 95% inhibited with MEHQ C10H20O3Si [66753-64-8] HMIS: 3-2-1-X store <5° 230.00 SIM6481. 1.4 0.433 Developmental O H2C C CH3 OC2H5 CH3 OC2H5 C O(CH 2)3Si SIM6486.431 SILANE.4351 O H2C C CH3 OCH 3 CH3 OCH 3 C O(CH 2)3Si SIM6486.5 TRIETHOXYSILYLUNDECANAL.0g/$110.5 0. low shrinkage multimode waveguides1.Gelest.4381 O H2C C C CH3 CH3 O(CH 2)3Si CH3 OCH 3 Developmental 10g/$48. Xu et al. R. Chem.00 250g/$184.0 TRIETHOXYSILYLUNDECANAL C17H36O4Si coupling agent for DNA HMIS: 2-2-1-X 332.4 221° 0.Trialkoxy O H C(CH2)10Si(OC2H5)3 SIT8194. 503. Polym. Inc.43 (METHACRYLOXYMETHYL)METHYLDIETHOXYSILANE C10H20O4Si [121177-93-3] HMIS: 2-2-1-X store <5° SIM6481. Inc.00 1. 95% inhibited w/ MEHQ C12H24O4Si [65100-04-1] HMIS: 3-1-1-X store <5° 50g/$156.00 100g/$72.Monoalkoxy O H2C C CH3 CH3 OC2H5 CH3 C O(CH 2)3Si SIM6486.926 1.00 1. C. 95% inhibited w/ MEHQ C9H18O4Si employed in fabrication of photoimageable.00 50g/$192. ETHYLENE GLYCOL ACETAL C19H40O5Si HMIS: 2-2-1-X 366. 2701.965 1.00 27 .00 216.0 1.00 204.00 100g/$84. Eng.69 83°/3 METHOXYSILANE. Sci.5 5. Mater.46 (METHACRYLOXYMETHYL)METHYLDIMETHOXYSILANE C8H16O4Si viscosity: 1.30 205° 1. 95% inhibited w/MEHQ flashpoint: 115°C (190°F) C10H20O4Si monomer for hybrid inorganic-organic composites1. O HCCH 2CH2CH2Si(OC2H5)3 SIT8185.96 C10H22O4Si contains 3-TRIETHOXYSILYL-2-METHYLPROPANAL isomer and cyclic siloxy acetal.00 100g/$146.4 METHACRYLOXYPROPYLDIMETHYLETHOXYSILANE .6-TRIETHOXY-1-OXA-2-SILACYCLOHEXANE [88276-92-0] HMIS: 3-3-1-X 10g/$140.8 METHACRYLOXYPROPYLMETHYLDIETHOXYSILANE.977 flashpoint: 88°C (190°F) TOXICITY oral-rat.020 1..60 160-5°/0. 95% inhibited with MEHQ C11H22O3Si [13731-98-1] HMIS: 3-2-1-X store <5° SIM6486.25 5.00 0. LD50: >2000mg/kg 25g/$22.33 65°/0.3 TRIETHOXSILYLBUTYRALDEHYDE. Preprints.56 150-5°/0.4371 10g/$78.414 © 2006 Gelest.0g/$110.0 (3-ACRYLOXYPROPYL)METHYLDIMETHOXY 218.00 Aldehyde Functional Silanes Aldehyde Functional Silanes . 1.00 Acrylate & Methacrylate Functional Silanes .

00 179. 100°: 10mm OC2H5 H2NCH 2CH2CH2Si OC2H5 OC2H5 Commercial 25g/$10. 95% flashpoint: 68°C (155°F) C18H41NO9Si for melt compounding of polyamide composites [87794-64-7] HMIS: 3-2-1-X 25g/$40. 7. 259.19 Developmental Si(OCH 3)3 SIA0599. A variety of composite materials utilizing methacrylate and aminosilanes are used in laser-printers.00 1.0 11-AMINOUNDECYLTRIETHOXYSILANE C17H39NO3Si contains ~5% isomers [116821-45-5] HMIS: 2-2-1-X SIP6928. Enzymes.5 dynes/cm specific wetting surface: 353m2/g vapor pressure.94125 1.462424 N PLEASE INQUIRE ABOUT BULK QUANTITIES 28 .6 flashpoint: 180°C (356°F) 5.1 1.6 cSt.9 amber liquid 10g/$112.6 mixed isomers typically 60-70% para.61 ETHOXY)SILANE.6 (60-2°) mp flashpoint: 180°C (356°F) coupler for silica-poly(phenyleneterephthalamide) composite films.00 2. SIA0559. versatile coupling agent effects immobilization of enzymes1.00 213.427025 flashpoint: 109°C (225°F) TOXICITY.00 SIA0614.0g/$76. 1. Inc.40 114-6°/14 0.0 3-AMINOPROPYLTRIETHOXYSILANE C9H23NO3Si AMEO.43 105°/0.1 [33976-43-1] HMIS: 3-1-1-X 5.00 0.0 3-AMINOPROPYLTRIMETHOXYSILANE C6H17NO3Si hydrolysis rate vs AMEO (SIA0610.29 80°/8 flashpoint: 83°C (182°F) vapor pressure. CH2 CH2 Si(OCH 2CH3)3 269.00 50g/$148.0g/$124.50 γc of treated surface: 37. SIP6926.oral rat.Trialkoxy 221. Inc.0 m-AMINOPHENYLTRIMETHOXYSILANE.00 1.oral rat.00 1. LD50: 1780mg/kg primary irritation index: 6.00 1. 95% C10H25NO3Si [3069-30-5] H2N Si(OCH 3)3 HMIS: 2-2-1-X Amino Functional Silanes MW bp/mm (mp) D420 nD20 Monoamine Functional Silanes .89525 1.5187 SIA0599. name SIA0610.37 122-3°/30 0.0 2-(4-PYRIDYLETHYL)TRIETHOXYSILANE C13H23NO3Si see also SIT8396.00 2.0kg/$96.4 HMIS: 3-2-1-X 25g/$256. J. 1997 [33976-43-1] HMIS: 3-1-1-X 5. Mark et al. J. GAPS flashpoint: 104°C (220°F) ΔHvap: 11. Mater. 90% C9H15NO3Si contains other isomers [70411-42-6] HMIS: 3-1-1-X SIA0599.0): 6:1 [13822-56-5] TSCA HMIS: 3-2-1-X SIA0587. 30-40% meta C9H15NO3Si flashpoint: 180°C (356°F) for pure isomers.0g/$64.31 110-4°/0.31 110-4°/0. 213.19 1. 90% C9H15NO3Si contains other isomers NH 2 Si(OCH 3)3 H2N 110-4°/0.8 kcal/mole viscosity: 1.4240 OCH 3 H2NCH 2CH2CH2Si OCH 3 OCH 3 18kg/$837.0.2 AMINOPHENYLTRIMETHOXYSILANE. 1976 [919-30-2] TSCA HMIS: 3-1-1-X SIA0611.448 CH2CH2CH2NH 2 Si(OCH 2CH2OCH 2CH2OCH 3)3 OC2H5 H2NCH 2(CH2)10Si OC2H5 OC2H5 333. 67°: 5mm 25g/$10.066 1.Gelest.0kg/$160. Chem.59 130-2°/1 1.00 H2NCH 2CH2CH2CH2Si(OC2H5)3 235.4225 TOXICITY.0 4-AMINOBUTYLTRIETHOXYSILANE.0 3-AMINOPROPYLTRIS(METHOXYETHOXY443. 84.00 1.1 p-AMINOPHENYLTRIMETHOXYSILANE.31 1.951 1. LD50: 1620mg/kg 10g/$37.435225 © 2006 Gelest.00 213. 55915.00 16kg/$488.0g/$82.027 1.0. see SIA0559.00 SIA0630.

019 25 1.0g/$86.42725 25g/$192.00 NCH 2CH2CH2Si(OCH 3)3 SIT8410.4755 flashpoint: >110°C (>230°F) 10g/$39. LD50: 7460mg/kg visc: 6.0kg/$120.00 0.00 2.06 1.0g/$45.Dialkoxy OC2H5 H2NCH 2CH2CH2Si CH3 OC2H5 SIA0605.450 25 METHOXYSILANE N-[3-(TRIMETHOXYSILYL)PROPYL]ETHYLENEDIAMINE DAMO C8H22N2O3Si TOXICITY. 95% C11H28N2O3Si [5089-72-5] TSCA HMIS: 3-1-1-X Commercial H2NCH 2CH2NHCH 2CH2CH2Si(OCH 3)3 © 2006 Gelest.85725 1.00 1.463 H2N OCH 2CH2 CH2 Si(OCH 3)3 1. 104. polypyrrole adhesion.00 Diamine Functional Silanes .017 C10H19NO3Si flashpoint: >110°C (>230°F) 1 for electrode modification.1982.00 25g/$180.oral rat.Water-borne + NH 2δ H − H2C Oδ Si OH H2C CH2 OH SIA0608.6 kcal/mole [18306-79-1] TSCA HMIS: 3-2-1-X 217.33 105°/0.4 0.06 flashpoint: >110°C (230°F) pH: 10.0 3-AMINOPROPYLDIMETHYLETHOXYSILANE C7H19NOSi Δ Hform: 147.Trialkoxy SIA0591.0-10.5 cSt flashpoint: 150°C (302°F) Ce: 0.0 3-AMINOPROPYLMETHYLDIETHOXYSILANE C8H21NO2Si coupling agent for foundry resins [3179-76-8] TSCA HMIS: 3-2-1-X 191.Monoalkoxy CH3 CH3 CH OC2H5 CH3 HC H2NCH 2CH2CH2Si H3C SIA0602.0kg/$96.5 156°/15 flashpoint: 148°C (298°F) 25g/$60.00 SIA0598.39 10g/$53.0 3-(m-AMINOPHENOXY)PROPYLTRIMETHOXYSILANE.8 specific wetting surface: 358 m2/g γc. 95% amber liquid C12H21NO4Si [55648-29-8] HMIS: 3-1-1-X 271.4272 TOXICITY.00 Monoamine Functional Silanes . [80906-67-8] HMIS: 3-1-1-X 5. name SIT8396.994 1.0kg/$172.0 2-(TRIMETHOXYSILYLETHYL)PYRIDINE C10H17NO3Si [27326-65-4] HMIS: 3-2-1-X MW bp/mm (mp) D420 nD20 N CH2CH2Si(OCH 3)3 227.5 dynes/cm coupling agent for polyamides and polyesters with good film forming properties coupling agent for brass and copper substrates [1760-24-3] TSCA HMIS: 3-1-1-X 25g/$10.0 N-(3-TRIMETHOXYSILYLPROPYL)PYRROLE 229.00 16kg/$576.00 50g/$156.00 2. Inc. LD50: 4760mg/kg flashpoint: 85°C (185°F) 25g/$10.00 SIA0590. Soc.0 N-(2-AMINOETHYL)-3-AMINOPROPYLTRI226.0g/$48.34 85-8°/8 0.36 140°/15 1.87225 1. J. 22-25% in water C3H11NO3Si mainly oligomers internal hydrogen bonding stabilizes solution [29159-37-3] TSCA HMIS: 2-0-0-X 137.00 Monoamine Functional Silanes .35 105-7°/1 1. 1.oral rat.21 1. Inc.3 1. R.00 Monoamine Functional Silanes . 2031.32 78-9°/24 flashpoint: 73°C (163°F) 5. H2NCH 2CH2NHCH 2CH2CH2Si(OC2H5)3 264.00 2.00 CH3 H2NCH 2CH2CH2Si CH3 OC2H5 161.Gelest.436725 29 . treated surface: 36.43 78-80°/0.4489 Developmental 5.00 18kg/$495.0 AMINOPROPYLSILANETRIOL. Am.5 Commercial 25g/$10. Simon et al.916 1.495 50g/$212. Chem.5 N-(2-AMINOETHYL)-3-AMINOPROPYLTRIETHOXYSILANE.0 3-AMINOPROPYLDIISOPROPYLETHOXYSILANE C11H27NOSi forms hydrolytically stable monlayers [17559-36-1] HMIS: 3-2-0-X SIA0603.02 Developmental 1.00 0.

02 1. 90% mixed m.4508 CH3 CH3 H2N(CH 2CHO) 2CH2CHNHCH 2CH2CH2Si(OCH 3)3 Diamine Functional Silanes .960 1.2 (AMINOETHYLAMINO)-3-ISOBUTYLDIMETHYLMETHOXYSILANE.15 1.00 Commercial Diamine Functional Silanes .00 SIA0587.0kg/$154.0 N-(2-AMINOETHYL)-3-AMINOPROPYL180. Andreadis et al. 1996 2. 95% C13H32N2O3Si [15129-36-9] HMIS: 3-2-1-X MW bp/mm (mp) D420 nD20 292.Dialkoxy H2NCH 2CH2NHCH 2CH2CH2 OCH 3 Si OCH 3 CH3 SIA0589. C.6 N-(6-AMINOHEXYL)AMINOMETHYLTRIETHOXYSILANE.975251.984 1. 2466.00 H2N(CH 2)6NHCH 2CH2CH2Si(OCH 3)3 SIA0594. immobilizes PCR primers on glass beads2. Diamine Functional Silanes . 76.00 100g/$94. 28. Kneuer et al.00 0.1 0. Pharmaceutics.. Int'l J. 95% C9H24N2OSi [31024-49-4] HMIS: 3-2-1-X 204. [74113-77-2] TSCA HMIS: 3-1-1-X 25g/$82.00 SIA0595. 25% in water mainly oligomers flashpoint: >110°C (230°F) C5H17N2O3Si pH: 10.39 131°/15 flashpoint: 96°C (205°F) 25g/$90.11 1.206.Monoalkoxy CH3 H2NCH 2CH2NHCH 2CHCH 2 CH3 Si CH3 OCH 3 SIA0587.451325 30 .87325 1.39 85-9°/2 25g/$84.00 0.49 160°/0. 257. 2.00 50g/$124. 196(2).0g/$130. Appl.0 N-(2-AMINOETHYL)-3-AMINOPROPYLMETHYL..5 internal hydrogen bonding stabilizes solution [68400-09-9] TSCA HMIS: 2-0-0-X 100g/$10. 1. 2000.2 1. E-5.46 126-30°/0. Inc.47 160-5°/0. Inc.36 265° 0. 1.00 0.57 155-9°/0. Thin Solid Films.28 1.00 SILANETRIOL.444725 DIMETHOXYSILANE flashpoint: 90°C (194°F) C8H22N2O2Si autoignition temp: 280°C specific wetting surface: 380 m2/g comonomer for silicones in textile softeners and haircare formulations [3069-29-2] TSCA HMIS: 3-1-1-X 25g/$10.Water-borne CH2CH2 + NH δ H NH 2 H2C O δ− Si OH H2C CH2 OH SIA0590.0kg/$130.5083 TRIMETHOXYSILANE.00 2.90025 1.4 TRIMETHOXYSILANE C16H38N2O3Si coupling agent with extended spacer-group for remote substrate binding HMIS: 3-1-1-X 5.5 N-(2-AMINOETHYL)-3-AMINOISOBUTYLMETHYLDIMETHOXYSILANE. Phys.00 0.0 (AMINOETHYLAMINOMETHYL)PHENETHYL298. Acid Res. 284. name SIA0592.0 N-(6-AMINOHEXYL)AMINOPROPYL278.4515 Developmental H2NCH 2CH2NH(CH 2)11Si(OCH 3)3 H2NCH 2CH2NHCH 2 CH2 CH2 (CH3O)3Si SIA0588.4501 TRIMETHOXYSILANE. [51895-58-0] HMIS: 3-2-1-X 10g/$31.00 2. Nuc. J.4518 CH3 H2NCH 2CH2NHCH 2CHCH 2 OCH 3 Si CH3 OCH 3 © 2006 Gelest. C. W.0 N-(2-AMINOETHYL)-11-AMINOUNDECYL334. 95% flashpoint: >110°C (>230°F) C12H30N2O3Si employed in immobilization of DNA1.438525 flashpoint: >110°C (>230°F) 25g/$29. 2000.Gelest.0-10.00 100g/$266. Harnett et al. Dressick et al.4 N-3-[(AMINO(POLYPROPYLENOXY)]AMINO337-435 PROPYLTRIMETHOXYSILANE 60-65% 3-4 propyleneoxy units contains 30-35% amine terminated polypropylene oxide coupling agent with film-forming capability HMIS: 2-2-1-X 25g/$72.00 SIA0599. 2000. Lett. 568.00 16kg/$954.92825 1.p isomers flashpoint: > 110°C (>230°F) C14H26N2O3Si coupling agent for polyimides photochemically sensitive (194nm)1 self-assembled monolayers2. 95% C9H24N2O2Si [23410-40-4] TSCA HMIS: 3-2-1-X 220.

40 102°/3.00 2.98925 1.00 Commercial CH3 CH3CH2NHCH 2CHCH 2 OCH 3 Si CH3 O OCH 3 0.00 (215) 547-1015 FAX: (215) 547-2484 www. phenolics. EP 289. epoxies [3068-76-6] TSCA HMIS: 3-1-1-X 25g/$10.37 95°/10 flashpoint: 91°C (196°F) 2.00 233.67 (PHENYLAMINOMETHYL)METHYL211.4234 25g/$18.424625 25g/$12. Hashimoto et al. 1. 95% C10H27N3O3Si hardener.0 3-(N-ALLYLAMINO)PROPYLTRIMETHOXY219.43 89°/27 25g/$72.0 (3-TRIMETHOXYSILYLPROPYL)DIETHYLENETRIAMINE.46 236° flashpoint: 119°C (246°F) 25g/$28.34 255° DIMETHOXYSILANE.0 N-PHENYLAMINOPROPYLTRIMETHOXY255.0 N-METHYLAMINOPROPYLTRIMETHOXYSILANE C7H19NO3Si pKb25H2O: 5.gelest.00 0.00 1.00 SIC2464.36 106-9°/25 SILANE.4 N-CYCLOHEXYLAMINOPROPYLTRIMETHOXYSILANE C12H27NO3Si [3068-78-8] HMIS: 3-2-1-X SIE4885.8 N-ETHYLAMINOISOBUTYLMETHYLDIETHOXYSILANE C11H27NO2Si HMIS: 3-2-1-X 0.38 132-5°/0.0kg/$420. Y.3 1.5147 100g/$94.97825 1.499025 H2C CHCH 2NHCH 2CH2CH2Si(OCH 3)3 50g/$160.00 Secondary Amine Functional H C4H9 NCH 2CH2CH2Si(OCH 3)3 SIB1932.0 N-ETHYLAMINOISOBUTYLTRIMETHOXYSILANE C9H23NO3Si adhesion promoter for polyurethane coatings [227085-51-0] TSCA HMIS: 3-2-1-X SIM6500.07 1. 1988 [31024-46-1] HMIS: 3-2-1-X 10g/$40.4194 flashpoint: 82°C (179°F) γc of treated surface: 31 dynes/cm 25g/$21.325.0kg/$248.Gelest.00 H OCH 3 OCH 3 OCH 3 CH3NCH 2CH2CH2Si 193.43 114°/3 Developmental 100g/$91.4590 2.2 n-BUTYLAMINOPROPYLTRIMETHOXYSILANE C10H25NO3Si coupling agent for urethane coatings [31024-56-3] TSCA HMIS: 2-2-1-X SIE4886.00 SIA0400. SIP6723.504 SILANE. 95% flashpoint: 106°C (223°F) C10H17NO2Si converts isocyanate terminated polymers to moisture-cureable resins [17890-10-7] HMIS: 3-2-1-X 25g/$29.32 106°/30 0.030 flashpoint: 137°C (279°F) γc of treated surface: 37.04 1. Inc.5 dynes/cm 100g/$19. name MW bp/mm (mp) D420 nD20 Triamine Functional H2NCH 2CH2HNCH 2CH2NH CH2 CH2 (CH3O)3SiCH2 SIT8398.00 221.00 0. 95% flashpoint: 88°C (190°F) C9H21NO3Si coupling agent for polyesters coupling agent for acrylic coatings for glass containers1.18 orients liquid crystals [3069-25-8] TSCA HMIS: 3-2-1-X 235.95 1.0kg/$360.4377 OCH 2CH3 H NCH 2Si OCH 2CH3 OCH 2CH3 275.947 1. Eur.com 31 .00 261.00 CH3 CH3CH2NHCH 2CHCH 2 OC2H5 Si CH3 OC2H5 © 2006 Gelest.43 114-8°/2 1.5 flashpoint: 110°C (230°F) 0. coupling agent for epoxies [35141-30-1] TSCA HMIS: 3-1-1-X 265.00 2.95225 1. Inc. 95% C13H29NO3Si [26495-91-0] HMIS: 2-1-1-X SIC2464. Appl.99 1.48625 OCH 3 H NCH 2CH2CH2Si OCH 3 OCH 3 25g/$45.00 1. 95% flashpoint: 165°C (329°F) C12H21NO3Si specific wetting surface: 307m2/g oxidatively stable coupling agent for polyimides.0kg/$240.00 NH (CH2)3 Si(OCH 3)3 SIP6724.00 2. Pat.2 (CYCLOHEXYLAMINOMETHYL)TRIETHOXYSILANE.0kg/$180.

0 3-(N-STYRYLMETHYL-2-AMINOETHYLAMINO)374.00 0. + H3C N CH3 CH2CH2CH2Si(OCH 3)3 C9H24ClNO3Si flashpoint: 16°C (61°F) employed for bonded chromatographic phases anti-static agent used to treat glass substrates employed in electroblotting 25g/$17.00 [35141-36-7] TSCA HMIS: 2-4-1-X 2.00 CH3CH2 CH3CH2 NCH 2CH2CH2Si(OCH 3)3 235.00 SID3395.7 N-PHENYLAMINOMETHYLTRIETHOXYSILANE C13H23NO3Si [3473-76-5] HMIS: 3-2-1-X SIM6498. inhibited with BHT flashpoint: 13°C (55°F) viscosity: 2.83 METHYLAMMONIUM CHLORIDE (50% in methanol) 0.40925 TRIETHOXYSILANE.42 25g/$29. G.0 BIS(2-HYDROXYETHYL)-3-AMINOPROPYL309. 1.00 0.3 cSt C17H31ClN2O3Si see also SIS6993. Proc.43 74-6°/3 0.32 93°/25 flashpoint: 80°C (176°F) 25g/$61.94825 1.00 Tertiary Amine Functional Silanes SIB1140.4 DIETHYLAMINOMETHYLTRIETHOXYSILANE C11H27NO3Si catalyst for neutral cure 1-part RTV’s [15180-47-9] HMIS: 2-2-1-X SID3396.00 50g/$120.00 100g/$98. McGall et al.4245 100g/$188.0 N-METHYLAMINOPROPYLMETHYLDIMETHOXYSILANE C7H19NO2Si [31024-35-8] HMIS: 3-2-1-X MW bp/mm (mp) D420 nD20 NH CH2 Si(OC2H5)3 269.98 PROPYLTRIMETHOXYSILANE HYDROCHLORIDE.00 Quaternary Amine Functional Silanes H2C CH CH2NH 2+ Cl CH2 CH2 (CH3O)3SiCH2CH2CH2 NH SIS6994. 625.00 SIT8415. Mdoe et al.48 0. 1996 [7538-44-5] TSCA HMIS: 3-4-0-X 25g/$30.0 [34937-00-3] TSCA HMIS: 3-4-1-X store <5° 25g/$10. 1355.N-TRI257.917325 1.422425 100g/$198. name SIP6723.N.0kg/$380.N-DIMETHYLAMINOPROPYL)TRIMETHOXYSILANE C8H21NO3Si derivatized silica catalyzes Michael reactions1.00 PLEASE INQUIRE ABOUT BULK QUANTITIES 32 .3966 CH3Cl - N. Inc.0 N-TRIMETHOXYSILYLPROPYL-N. Synlett.395 Commercial 2..34 106°/30 flashpoint: 99°C (210°F) 0. 62% in ethanol flashpoint: 24°C (75°F) specific wetting surface: 252m2/g C13H31NO5Si contains 2-3% hydroxyethylaminopropyltriethoxysilane urethane polymer coupling agent employed in surface modification for preparation of oligonucleotide arrays1. Nat'l Acad.934 1. 1.92 1.40 120°/20 flashpoint: 100°C (212°F) 25g/$58.00425 1.00 CH3 CH3 NCH 2CH2CH2Si(OCH 3)3 207.Gelest. 93..927 1. 40% in methanol. J.N.00 135-7°/4 1.0 3-(N.933625 1.N-TRIMETHYL-3-(TRIMETHOXYSILYL)-1-PROPANAMINIUM CHLORIDE © 2006 Gelest.91 1.00 H OCH 3 CH3 OCH 3 CH3NCH 2CH2CH2Si 177.0kg/$244.0 (N.00 0.48525 100g/$94.4150 10g/$30. Sci.414225 25g/$49. Inc.N-DIETHYL-3-AMINOPROPYL)TRIMETHOXYSILANE C10H25NO3Si [41051-80-3] TSCA HMIS: 2-2-1-X SID3547. 1998 [2530-86-1] TSCA HMIS: 2-2-1-X HOCH 2CH2 NCH 2CH2CH2Si(OEt) 3 HOCH 2CH2 Developmental CH3CH2 CH3CH2 OCH 2CH3 NCH 2Si OCH 2CH3 OCH 2CH3 249.

0 BIS[(3-TRIMETHOXYSILYL)PROPYL]384.00 [68845-16-9] TSCA HMIS: 3-4-1-X © 2006 Gelest.4104 Commercial + CH2 NCH 2CH2NCH 2CH2CH2Si(OCH 3)3 H H Cl - H 100g/$52.00 1.040 1. 2. 62% in methanol flashpoint: 11°C (52°F) C14H36N2O6Si2 dipodal coupling agent for polyamides with enhanced hydrolytic stability provides improved solder resistance for printed circuit boards 25g/$24.190 1. 60% in methanol C26H58ClNO3Si contains 3-5% Cl(CH2)3Si(OMe)3 flashpoint: 15°C (59°F) employed as lubricant/ anti-static surface treatment orients liquid crystals dispersion/coupling agent for high density magnetic recording media1.00 SID3392.510. Surfaces & Interfaces” ed.00 SIT8405.62 ETHYLENEDIAMINE.89 PROPYL)AMMONIUM CHLORIDE.00 2.93 TRIMETHYLAMMONIUM CHLORIDE.com 33 . 1986. name MW bp/mm (mp) D420 nD20 Cl CH3 + CH3(CH2)17 N (CH2)3Si(OCH 3)3 CH3 SIO6620.00 0.gelest.00 0.00 SIT8395.942 1.71 160°/0.441 H2N C H2N + Cl S CH2CH2CH2Si(OCH 3)3 TRIHYDROXYPROPYLCARBAMIDOTHIOIC ACID HYDROCHLORIDE Dipodal Amine Functional Silanes (C2H5O)3SiCH2CH2CH2 NH (C2H5O)3SiCH2CH2CH2 SIB1824. 42% in methanol flashpoint: 13°C (55°F) C27H60ClNO3Si contains 3-5% Cl(CH2)3Si(OMe)3 [68959-20-6] TSCA HMIS: 3-4-0-X 25g/$46. 1. 60% in methanol C15H28ClNO3Si flashpoint: 25°C (77°F) candidate for exchange resins and extraction phases HMIS: 3-3-1-X 25g/$80.0 N.0 OCTADECYLDIMETHYL(3-TRIMETHOXYSILYL496.4265 flashpoint: >162°C (328°F) 25g/$16. 95% C18H43NO6Si2 [13497-18-2] TSCA HMIS: 3-1-1-X SIB1833. 50% in methanol C22H50ClNO3Si contains 3-5% Cl(CH2)3Si(OMe)3 flashpoint: 11°C (52°F) [41591-87-1] TSCA HMIS: 3-4-0-X 25g/$48.18 PROPYL)AMMONIUM CHLORIDE.6 0. p.D.N-DIDECYL-N-METHYL-N-(3-TRIMETHOXYSILYL.305 2.N333.00 SIT7090.56 152°/4 flashpoint: 113°C (235°) 25g/$12. hydrochloride 50% in methanol C15H28N2O3Si.0kg/$290.5 BIS(TRIETHOXYSILYLPROPYL)AMINE.4320 (CH3O)3SiCH2CH2CH2 NH (CH3O)3SiCH2CH2CH2 Commercial 18kg/$1170.32 PROPYL)AMMONIUM CHLORIDE. p.88 1.0kg/$280.89 (CH3O)3SiCH2CH2CH2 NH CH2 CH2 NH (CH3O)3SiCH2CH2CH2 SIB1834. 95% C12H31NO6Si2 dipodal coupling agent [82985-35-1] TSCA HMIS: 3-1-1-X 425.107 [27668-52-6] TSCA HMIS: 3-4-0-X 25g/$24. 50% in water C7H19ClN2O3SSi antimicrobial activity reported [84682-36-0] TSCA HMIS: 2-0-0-X 274. Inc.97 1.863 1.29 0. Leyden. application as immobilizeable antimicrobial reported 2.N. H.00 SIB0957. W. White et al in “Silanes.348.84 essentially silanetriol pH: 6 25g/$42. Leyden.1990.0kg/$410.966 CH2 _ + N Cl H3C CH3 CH3 1.0 TETRADECYLDIMETHYL(3-TRIMETHOXYSILYL440. Inc. Gordon & Breach.00 100g/$52.0 N-(TRIMETHOXYSILYLETHYL)BENZYL-N.00 0. Vincent in “Chemically Modified Oxide Surfaces.0 BIS(TRIMETHOXYSILYLPROPYL)AMINE. Gordon & Breach.0 N-(TRIMETHOXYSILYLPROPYL)ISOTHIOURONIUM CHLORIDE.Gelest.00 2.D.4085 CH3(CH2)9 CH3(CH2)9 + CH3 Cl N CH2CH2CH2Si(OCH 3)3 Developmental Cl CH3 + CH3(CH2)13 N (CH2)3Si(OCH 3)3 CH3 Si(OCH 3)3 H2C CH2 - 0.25 TRIMETHOXYSILANE.00 341.HCl amber liquid flashpoint: 9°C (48°F) [623938-90-9] TSCA HMIS: 3-3-1-X 25g/$16.0 (2-N-BENZYLAMINOETHYL)-3-AMINOPROPYL.00 (215) 547-1015 FAX: (215) 547-2484 www.” ed.397 0.

T. Suzuki et al.951 1.92 1. 180.0kg/680.58 140°/2 viscosity: 6-7 cSt.00 PLEASE INQUIRE ABOUT BULK QUANTITIES 34 .1 BIS[(3-TRIMETHOXYSILYL)PROPYL]384.00 100g/$62.5-DIHYDROIMIDAZOLE 3-(2-IMIDAZOLIN-1-YL)PROPYLTRIETHOXYSILANE OC2H5 N N CH2CH2CH2Si OC2H5 OC2H5 274. 95% flashpoint: >110°C (>230°F) C14H36N2O6Si2 coupling agent for polyamides with enhanced hydrolytic stability [68845-16-9] TSCA HMIS: 3-2-1-X 10g/$36. name (CH3O)3SiCH2CH2CH2 NH CH2 CH2 NH (CH3O)3SiCH2CH2CH2 MW bp/mm (mp) D420 nD20 SIB1834.005 flashpoint: >110°C (>230°F) 1.00 Developmental 384.386 Commercial O H2NCNHCH 2CH2CH2Si(OC2H5)3 2.937 1.089 1.5 N-(3-TRIETHOXYSILYLPROPYL)4. 95% C13H32N2O7Si2 amber liquid [18418-53-6] TSCA HMIS: 3-2-1-X H ((C2H5O)3SiCH2CH2CH2 N)2 C O 468. 95% C13H33NO4Si2 HMIS: 3-2-1-X 100g/$117. SPIE Proc. 1989.0 BIS[3-(TRIETHOXYSILYL)PROPYL]UREA.0 BIS(METHYLDIETHOXYSILYLPROPYL)AMINE. M.00 0.0 ACETAMIDOPROPYLTRIMETHOXYSILANE C8H19NO4Si [57757-66-1] HMIS: 3-2-1-X SIP6926.0 UREIDOPROPYLTRIETHOXYSILANE.62 1. 50% 264.58 flashpoint: >110°C (>230°F) viscosity: 200-250 cSt.00 301. Lett. 1728. 1.40 (-97°)mp in methanol flashpoint:14°C (58°F) C10H24N2O4Si contains ureidopropyltrimethoxysilane and related transesterification products coupling agent for polyamides.00 Specialty Amine Functional Silanes SIT8187.00 2. N CH2CH2SCH 2CH2CH2Si OCH 3 OCH 3 10g/$118.00 SIA0006. 1994 2. 25g/$19. ligand for molecurlarly imprinting silica w/ chymotrypsin transition state analog3. Inc.25 1. forms proton vacancy conducting polymers w/sulfonamides by sol-gel2.00 0. Sol-Gel Optics II.00 SIB1645. Inc.498 0.43 134°/2 1.4368 323.00 0. 95% 365.4385 H C2H5O N OC2H5 H3C (CH2)3Si CH3 Si(CH2)3 C2H5O OC2H5 SIB1620.0kg/$150. V.443 ETHYLENEDIAMINE.5 BIS(TRIMETHOXYSILYLPROPYL)UREA.923 100g/$104.33 162-5°/2-3 10g/$120.2 2-(2-PYRIDYLETHYL)THIOPROPYLTRIMETHOXYSILANE C13H23NO3SSi chelates metal ions [29098-72-4] HMIS: 3-2-1-X 221.050 1.66 155°/0.00 50g/$144. [58068-97-6] TSCA HMIS: 2-1-1-X 25g/$18. Langmuir.00 SIU9055. 1992 3.00 SIB1828. 60% in ethanol C19H44N2O7Si2 [69465-84-5] HMIS: 2-4-1-X SIB1835. De Zea Bermudez et al.00 1. coupling agent for elevated temperature cure epoxies utilized in HPLC of metal chelates1. 881.0 BIS(METHYLDIMETHOXYSILYLPROPYL)N-METHYLAMINE.4410 OCH 3 © 2006 Gelest. area-formaldehyde resins [23779-32-0] TSCA HMIS: 2-3-1-X 25g/$10.452 C12H26N2O3Si viscosity: 5 cSt. 25g/$48.48 156-7°/0.6 C16H39NO4Si2 dipodal coupling agent [31020-47-0] HMIS: 2-1-1-X 25g/$36.73 flashpoint: 24°C (75°F) 25g/$32. Chem.00 100g/$62.Gelest. Markowitz et al.

.” K.31 52-4°/3 10g/$110. Arkles et al in “Silanes and Other Coupling Agents.4-TRIMETHYLSILACYLCOPENTANE C7H17NSi coupling agent for nanoparticles [18387-19-4] TSCA HMIS: 3-3-1-X 190. Vac.50 2.) VSP-Brill. name MW bp/mm (mp) D420 1.32 217-225° flashpoint: 99°C (210°F) 25g/$10.09 nD20 1.0 N-ALLYL-AZA-2.0 2.2.Gelest. Mittal (Ed.93 1. Sci Tech.2.0 N-AMINOETHYL-AZA-2. J.4-TRIMETHYLSILACYCLOPENTANE C8H21NSi [18246-33-8] HMIS: 3-2-1-X 187.00 © 2006 Gelest.0 N-(3-AMINOPROPYLDIMETHYLSILA)AZA230.00 488.00 SID3543.00 100g/$78. Hickman et al.2-DIMETHOXY-1.00 156.00 0.4 N-n-BUTYL-AZA-2. 1.5 (61-2°)mp 25g/$80.4 2-(4-PYRIDYLETHYL)THIOPROPYLTRI301. B.0 N-[5-(TRIMETHOXYSILYL)-2-AZA-1-OXOPENTYL]CAPROLACTAM.438 CYCLOPENTANE flashpoint: 85°C (185°F) C9H21NO2Si vapor phase deposition coupling agent for nanoparticles1.83 25g/$82.36 69-71°/3 0. 12.8 C13H23NO3SSi immobilizeable ligand for immunoglobulin IgG separation using hydrophobic charge induction chromatography (HCIC) [198567-47-4] HMIS: 3-2-1-X 10g/$124. D. Vol. Inc.4 N-METHYL-AZA-2.moisture deblocked 25g/$19.43725 flashpoint: 131°C (268°F) blocked amine . Brandhuber et al.48 160-2°/0.00 318.5037 OCH 3 N CH2CH2SCH 2CH2CH2Si OCH 3 OCH 3 SIP6926.2 METHOXYSILANE pKa: 4.4705 N Si CH3O OCH 3 CH2CH2CH2CH3 SIB1932. 1.00 SIU9058.45 (-39°)mp flashpoint: 136°C (276°F) 1.32 71-3°/2.28 54-6°/2 10g/$60.52 134°/5 0. 95% H3C CH3 CH CH2 CH3 OC2H5 OC2H5 OC2H5 C NCH 2CH2CH2Si 303.00 0.30 137° 0.0 3-(1.00 1.2-DIMETHOXYSILA203.905 1. 2004.2-DIMETHOXYSILACYCLOPENTANE C8H17NO2Si [618914-49-1] HMIS: 3-3-1-X SIA0592. Mater.4739 O O N C NH CH2 CH2 H2C Si(OCH 3)3 N-TRIMETHOXYSILYLPROPYLCARBAMOYLCAPROLACTAM patterns in vitro growth of neurons1. 1994 C13H26N2O5Si [106996-32-1] HMIS: 3-1-1-X 25g/$24..0 N.813 1.14 1. J. J. 143.00 100g/$156.92425 1.4308 H N N Si H MeO OMe H3C N Si H3C CH3 CH3 25g/$48.941 1.38625 O H2NCNHCH 2CH2CH2Si(OCH 3)3 100g/$32. Inc.452125 CH3CH2CH2CH2CH2CH2CH2CH2 N CH3CH2CH2CH2CH2CH2CH2CH2 O C N(CH 2)3Si(OC2H5)3 H Developmental Cyclic Azasilanes N Si CH 3O H 3C CH 2CH CH 2 OCH 3 SIA0380. 1. Chem.00 SID4068.4768 N Si H 3C CH 3 CH 2CH 2NH 2 SIA0604. 607.6-DIAZA-2-SILACYCLOOCTANE C7H18N2O2Si [182008-07-7] HMIS: 3-2-1-X SIM6501.00 1.3-DIMETHYLBUTYLIDENE)AMINOPROPYLTRIETHOXYSILANE C15H33NO3Si [116229-43-7] TSCA HMIS: 2-2-1-X SIT8394. 3. p179.00 (215) 547-1015 FAX: (215) 547-2484 www.150 1.gelest. 2005 [388606-32-4] HMIS: 3-1-1-X 10g/$72.00 100g/$62. [618914-44-6] HMIS: 3-2-1-X 25g/$64.0 UREIDOPROPYLTRIMETHOXYSILANE C7H18N2O4Si [23843-64-3] TSCA HMIS: 2-3-1-X SID4465.N-DIOCTYL-N’-TRIETHOXYSILYLPROPYLUREA C26H56N2O4Si [259727-10-1] HMIS: 2-2-1-X 222.com 35 .2-DIMETHYL-2-SILACYCLOPENTANE tech-90 C10H26N2Si2 employed in vapor-phase derivatization of porous sol-gel silica1.

.0 6-AZIDOSULFONYLHEXYLTRIETHOXYSILANE. B.070 flashpoint: >100°C (>212°F) 1.00 100g/$136. SIC2417.14 pH:12-12.4405 3-(TRIETHOXYSILYLPROPYL)DIHYDRO-3. Chem.. Wang et al. TRISODIUM SALT. SODIUM SALT. coupling agent for dibasic surfaces acetic acid-catalyzed hydrolysis yields succinic acid derivative. Microporous & Mesoporous Materials.00 Carboxylate. 95% CH2CH2CH2Si(OC2H5)3 MW bp/mm (mp) D420 nD20 O O O 304.00 1. Phosphonate and Sulfonate Functional Silanes O Na +- OH O Na + OCCH 2CH2Si OH SIC2263.5 25g/$42. amber color treated silica acts as etherification catalyst1.00 1. Micro Total Analysis Systems 2004 Vol 2.147 1.472 H (C2H5O)3SiCH2CH2CH2N CH C O CH OH C O SIT8189.0 CARBOXYETHYLSILANETRIOL. may be imidized by heating after deposition [33525-68-7] TSCA HMIS: 3-2-1-X SIT8402.8 TRIETHOXYSILYLPROPYLMALEAMIC ACID. 297. Inc.0 2-(4-CHLOROSULFONYLPHENYL)ETHYLTRI324.26 Na +- OOCCH 2 NCH 2CH2N OOCH 2 CH2COO Na CH2 - + Na +- CH2 (CH3O)3SiCH2 100g/$130. 129.6 3-(TRIETHOXYSILYL)PROPYLSUCCINIC ANHYDRIDE.00 ClSO2 © 2006 Gelest.43 C13H25NO6Si viscosity: 600-900 cSt. CH2CH2Si(OCH 3)3 treatment of surface oxidized PMDSO supports electroosmotic flow 2.5-FURANDIONE C13H24O6Si viscosity: 20 cSt.00 100g/$221. [93642-68-3] HMIS: 2-1-1-X 25g/$45.3025 METHOXYSILANE.See Anhydride and Ester Functional Silanes PLEASE INQUIRE ABOUT BULK QUANTITIES 36 . 25% in water C3H6O5Na2Si [18191-40-7] HMIS: 2-0-0-X 196. B.00 1.26 pH: <1 (-62°)mp 1.00 SIT8378. 95% 1-TRIETHOXYSILYL-6-SULFONAZIDE-n-HEXANE 353. tech 90 319.42 DIAMINE TRIACETIC ACID.11 1.3 3-(TRIHYDROXYSILYL)-1-PROPANESULFONIC ACID 30-35% in water C3H10O6SSi [70942-24-4] TSCA HMIS: 3-0-0-X 25g/$48. contains NaCl chelates metal ions [128850-89-5] TSCA HMIS: 2-0-0-X 25g/$40.41 135°/0. p109 [126519-89-9] HMIS: 3-2-1-X 25g/$68.51 flashpoint: 114°C (237°F) 1. Anhydride Functional Silanes name SIT8192.0 N-(TRIMETHOXYSILYLPROPYL)ETHYLENE462. 79.00 Masked Carboxylates . Roy Soc. 2005 2. 50% in methylene chloride C11H17ClO5SSi contains free sulfonic acid.85 1. 1.00 Azide Functional Silanes SIA0780. Inc.2 1.Gelest.1725 Developmental 100g/$136.00 O HOSCH 2CH2CH2Si(OH) 3 O 202. Sow et al. 45% in water C14H25N2Na3O9Si essentially silanetriol.12 25g/$48.4634 N3SO 2(CH2)6Si(OC2H5)3 C12H27N3O5SSi inserts nitrenes into aliphatics and aromatics at temperatures >110°C [96550-26-4] HMIS: 3-2-1-X 25g/$120.

Monoalkoxy SIG5825. Mater. Crivello et al.25 1.3-EPOXYPROPOXY)PROPYLTRIMETHOXYSILANE Commercial O O CH2CH CH2 CH2CH2CH2 CH3O Si OCH 3 OCH 3 O CH2CH CH2 CH2CH2CH2 SIG5840.0kg/$580.97825 1.0kg/$270.4-EPOXYCYCLOHEXYL)ETHYL246.oral rat.00 100g/$162.00 in fluoropolymer bottle 0.oral rat.46 114-7°/0.42 115-9°/1.oral rat.0 (3-GLYCIDOXYPROPYL)DIMETHYLETHOXYSILANE C10H22O3Si [17963-04-1] TSCA HMIS: 3-2-1-X 218.38 95-7°/0.425 2.00 18kg/$693. 1.065 1.0 (3-GLYCIDOXYPROPYL)METHYLDIETHOXYSILANE C11H24O4Si Commercial O CH2CH CH2 O CH2CH2CH2 CH3O Si OCH 3 CH3 Developmental 25g/$50.8 x 10-3 vapor pressure.015 1.00 18kg/$1044. UV initiated polymerization of epoxy group with weak acid donors.00 Epoxy Functional Silanes .37 100°/3 flashpoint: 87°C (189°F) 10g/$38.0 cSt employed in scratch-resistant coatings for eyeglasses. J. LD50: 12.00 236. LD50: 8.Trialkoxy O CH2CH2Si(OC2H5)3 SIE4668.0kg/$138.0 5. 50g/$152.02 1.425425 Developmental O H2C CHCH 2CH2CH2CH2Si(OC2H5)3 SIE4675.0 2-(3.0 (3-GLYCIDOXYPROPYL)METHYLDIMETHOXYSILANE C9H20O4Si relative hydrolysis rate vs.3-EPOXYPROPOXY)PROPYLTRIMETHOXYSILANE 278. 1997.0: 7.5:1 [65799-47-5] TSCA-L HMIS: 3-1-1-X 220. Chem.00 100g/$124.43125 SIG5832.4-EPOXYCYCLOHEXYL)ETHYLTRIETHOXYSILANE C14H28O4Si [10217-34-2] TSCA HMIS: 2-1-1-X 288.00 2.6-EPOXYHEXYLTRIETHOXYSILANE C12H26O4Si [86138-01-4] HMIS: 3-2-1-X 262.400 mg/kg coupling agent for epoxy composites employed in electronic “chip” encapsulation.400 mg/kg 25g/$180.0 (3-GLYCIDOXYPROPYL)TRIMETHOXYSILANE 236.4290 (<-70°)mp C9H20O5Si TOXICITY.00 0.Dialkoxy O CH2CH CH2 O CH2CH2CH2 C2H5O Si OC2H5 CH3 248.5 flashpoint: 99°C (210°F) 10g/$84.00 (215) 547-1015 FAX: (215) 547-2484 www. Inc.00 100g/$124. 9.34 1.070 1.0 2-(3.070 1.5 dynes/cm specific wetting surface: 317 m2/g coefficient of thermal expansion: 0.449 TRIMETHOXYSILANE TOXICITY.950 1.4290 (<-70°)mp TOXICITY. 152°: 10mm ring epoxide more reactive than glycidoxypropyl systems.com 37 . SIG5840.00 O O CH2CH CH2 CH2CH2CH2 CH3O Si OCH 3 OCH 3 C9H20O5Si [2530-83-8] TSCA HMIS: 3-1-1-X 120°/2 1.00 100g/$46.34 100°/4 flashpoint: 105°C (221°F) 1. Inc.431 TOXICITY.34 O CH3CH2O Si OCH 2CH3 OCH 2CH3 SIG5839. 1554.300mg/kg flashpoint: 146°C (295°F) C11H22O4Si viscosity: 5.00 3-(2.39 122-6°/5 0. [3388-04-3] TSCA HMIS: 3-1-1-X 100g/$24. [2530-83-8] TSCA HMIS: 3-1-1-X 100g/$16.00 2. Epoxy Functional Silanes name MW bp/mm (mp) D420 nD20 Epoxy Functional Silanes .1 (3-GLYCIDOXYPROPYL)TRIMETHOXYSILANE 99+% 3-(2.00 SIG5836.4 flashpoint: 104°C (220°F) 25g/$14. LD50: >2000mg/kg flashpoint: 122°C (252°F) viscosity: 3.0kg/$320.00 1.00 1. [2897-60-1] TSCA HMIS: 2-1-1-X 25g/$38.0 (3-GLYCIDOXYPROPYL)TRIETHOXYSILANE C12H26O5Si [2602-34-8] TSCA HMIS:3-2-1-X SIG5840.gelest. LD50: 8.00 O CH2CH CH2 O CH2CH2CH2 CH3 Si CH3 OC2H5 Epoxy Functional Silanes .oral rat.00 120°/2 1.2 cSt γc of treated surface: 39.433725 © 2006 Gelest.00 2.0kg/$580.96025 1.4455 2. forms UV-cureable coating resins by controlled hydrolysis1.Gelest.00 O CH2CH2Si(OCH 3)3 SIE4670.4 124°/3 flashpoint: 144°C (291°F) 25g/$38.

Ester Functional Silanes name O OC2H5 OC2H5 O OCH 3 OCH 3 O OCH 3 OCH 3 OCH 3 O C O(CH 2)3Si(OCH 3)3 MW bp/mm (mp) D420 nD20 CH3COCH 2Si OC2H5 SIA0050.00 1.4031 CH3COCH 2Si OCH 3 194.00 1.00 SIA0055.00 2. Inc.0kg/$96.0 BENZOYLOXYPROPYLTRIMETHOXYSILANE C13H20O5Si [76241-02-6] TSCA-L HMIS: 3-2-1-X SIC2067. Brondani et al.75 90-1°/25 1.420 OC2H5 ClCH2CH2CH2 Si OC2H5 OC2H5 © 2006 Gelest.77 134-43°/10 SILANE flashpoint: 183°C (361°F) C10H15ClO3Si coupling agent for polyimides [24413-04-5] TSCA HMIS: 3-2-1-X 25g/$62.0 ACETOXYMETHYLTRIMETHOXYSILANE.4069 TOXICITY. 95% C6H14O5Si [65625-39-0] TSCA-L HMIS: 3-3-1-X SIA0100.048 1.00 288.4146 CH3COCH 2CH2CH2Si 100g/$58.009 1.14 1.5 dynes/cm [2530-87-2] TSCA HMIS: 3-2-1-X 2. LD50: 2400mg/kg flashpoint: 47°C (117°F) Grignard reacts with chlorosilanes or intramolecularly to form carbosilanes1. D.3 50g/$180.Gelest.5 TRIMETHOXYSILANE. Modern Plastics..00 [76301-00-3] HMIS: 3-3-1-X Halogen Functional Silanes Halogen Functional Silanes . 1.5 dynes/cm [59004-18-1] HMIS: 3-1-1-X SIB0959. 100°: 40mm viscosity.0 2-(CARBOMETHOXY)ETHYLTRIMETHOXY208. Arkles et al.00 SIC2298.00 240. 1.07725 1. B.31 92°/2 flashpoint: 93°C (200°F) 25g/$18.29 SILANE.0kg/$692.80 100-2°/10 flashpoint: 74°C (172°F) 25g/$10.4 CHLOROMETHYLTRIETHOXYSILANE C7H17ClO3Si 1.00 1.2 25g/$64. 1980. 34.00 100g/$78. mixed m.4806 O CH3 OCH 3 CH3 0.00 50g/$192.82 115°/1. Lett.4965 100g/$202.00 Developmental 1.418325 flashpoint: 78°C (172°F) TOXICITY.4092 100g/$179.00 O OCH 3 OCH 3 CH3OCCH 2CH2Si OCH 3 SIC2072.104 1.00 SIC2296.0kg/$110.2 (p-CHLOROMETHYL)PHENYLTRIMETHOXY246.04225 1.00 38 .00 2.oral rat.0 ACETOXYPROPYLTRIMETHOXYSILANE C8H18O5Si γc of treated surface: 37.085 1.5 ((CHLOROMETHYL)PHENYLETHYL)274. 64.26 190-1° flashpoint: 56°C (133°F) 10g/$45.p isomers flashpoint: 130°C (282°F) C12H19ClO3Si employed as a high temperature coupling agent1.0 10-(CARBOMETHOXY)DECYLDIMETHYLMETHOXYSILANE C15H32O3Si HMIS: 2-1-1-X 1.50 130°/0.38 145°/0.0925 1. [68128-25-6] TSCA HMIS: 3-1-1-X 25g/$39. LD50: 5628mg/kg specific wetting surface: 394m2/g 25g/$10. 20°C: 0. 95% contains ~ 20% 1-(carbomethoxy)ethyltrimethoxysilane isomer METHYL(3-TRIMETHOXYSILYLPROPIONATE) flashpoint: > 43°C (>110°F) C7H16O5Si 10g/$88.062 1. 2111.Trialkoxy ClCH2 OCH 3 CH2CH2Si OCH 3 OCH 3 ClCH2 Si(OCH 3)3 SIC2295.0 ACETOXYMETHYLTRIETHOXYSILANE 236.00 OCH 3 ClCH2CH2CH2 Si OCH 3 OCH 3 198. 1993 [15267-95-5] TSCA HMIS: 2-3-1-X 25g/$24.72 195-6° 1.34 106°/15 C9H20O5Si hydrolyzes to form stable silanol solutions in neutral water [5630-83-1] HMIS: 2-2-1-X 25g/$55. Tet.4399 CH3OC(CH 2)10Si 10g/$48.56 cSt γc of treated surface: 40.oral rat. Inc. SIC2407.0 3-CHLOROPROPYLTRIETHOXYSILANE C9H21ClO3Si [5089-70-3] TSCA HMIS: 2-2-0-X SIC2410.00 18kg/$468.493025 100g/$126.00 Commercial OC2H5 ClCH2 Si OC2H5 OC2H5 212. 57(11).0 3-CHLOROPROPYLTRIMETHOXYSILANE C6H15ClO3Si vapor pressure.00 284.903 1.00 222.00 1.

4559 C14H31BrO3Si contains undecyltrimethoxysilane [17947-99-8] HMIS: 2-1-0-X 10g/$80.4278 39 .82 METHYLDIMETHOXYSILANE mixed m.6 CHLOROMETHYLTRIMETHOXYSILANE 170.2 ((CHLOROMETHYL)PHENYLETHYL)258.0 11-BROMOUNDECYLTRIMETHOXYSILANE. HMIS: 2-1-1-X 25g/$120.950 1. 1615. 70°: 20mm [2212-10-4] TSCA HMIS: 3-3-1-X 1.8 1.00025 TOXICITY:oral rat. Ha et al.0g/$180.00 2.4253 flashpoint: 80°C (176°F) specific wetting surface: 428m2/g 100g/$15. Chem.17 79-80°/2 flashpoint: 78°C (172°F) ICH2CH2CH2Si(OCH 3)3 C6H15IO3Si couples zeolite monolayers to glass1 1.0250 1. Mater.0 3-BROMOPROPYLTRIMETHOXYSILANE 243.407 182.00 182.27 90-5°/0. CH3 ClCH2CH2CH2 Si OCH 3 CH3 SIC2338. Chem. Mulvihill et al.72 70-2°/11 1.14 debye [13508-53-7] TSCA HMIS: 3-3-1-X Halogen Functional Silanes .28 bp/mm (mp) D4 20 nD20 BrCH2CH2CH2Si(OCH 3)3 BrCH2(CH2)10Si(OCH 3)3 OCH 3 ClCH2 Si OCH 3 OCH 3 HMIS: 3-2-1-X 10g$86.00 0.75 87°/30 C7H17ClOSi flashpoint: 46°C (115°F) [13508-63-9] HMIS: 2-3-1-X 25g/$48.73 170-1° flashpoint: 39°C (102°F) 10g/$54.72 160-1° 1.0 3-(TRIMETHOXYSILYPROPYL)-2-BROMO329. Soc. Chem.0 7-BROMOHEPTYLTRIMETHOXYSILANE C10H23BrO3Si MW 299.. LD50: 1550mg/kg flashpoint: 26°C (79°F) 25g/$62. [51826-90-5] HMIS: 2-2-1-X 10g/$64.119 1.41225 152.00 120-5°/0.70 132-3° 0. Inc.0 CHLOROMETHYLDIMETHYLETHOXYSILANE C5H13ClOSi dipole moment: 2. 127.00 1.. Soc.0 3-CHLOROPROPYLMETHYLDIMETHOXYSILANE C6H15ClO2Si [18171-19-2] TSCA HMIS: 3-2-1-X SIC2278.00 0.125 1.4714 50g/$88.oral rat.00 © 2006 Gelest. name SIB1886. J.4070 flashpoint: 26°C (79°F) C4H11ClO3Si [5926-26-1] HMIS: 3-4-1-X 10g/$25.75 182° flashpoint: 52°C (125°F) 25g/$52.94425 TOXICITY. 95% 355.0 3-IODOPROPYLTRIMETHOXYSILANE 290.9413 1. CH3 1.39 158°/0.Gelest.Dialkoxy ClCH2 Si CH3 OC2H5 OC2H5 SIC2292.00 0. Adv. [14867-28-8] HMIS: 3-2-1-X 10g/$22. J.67 156° 1.00 SIT8397.0 3-CHLOROPROPYLDIMETHYLETHOXYSILANE 180. Paulson et al. 12(15).0 3-CHLOROPROPYLDIMETHYLMETHOXYSILANE. M.0 3-CHLOROISOBUTYLDIMETHYLMETHOXYSILANE C7H17ClOSi [18244-08-1] TSCA HMIS: 3-3-1-X SIC2286. 16040.. K. S.p isomers C12H19ClO2Si intermediate for silicone analog of Merrifield resins.00 SIC2298.00 1. LD50: 1300mg/kg flashpoint: 38°C (100°F) 100g/$110.0 C6H15ClOSi [18171-14-7] HMIS: 3-3-1-X 166.5 2-METHYLPROPIONATE O Br C10H21BrO5Si (CH3O)3Si(CH2)3 O C C CH3 for surface initiated ATRP polymerization1.475 1. 2005 [314021-97-1] HMIS: 2-2-1-X 5. 2002.00 50g/$100.5 ClCH2 OCH 3 CH2CH2Si CH3 OCH 3 SIC2295. Am.00 SIB1909. Inc.Monoalkoxy CH3 CH3 OCH 3 CH3 CH3 Si OC2H5 CH3 ClCH2CHCH 2Si 180.440 flashpoint: 82°C (180°F) C6H15BrO3Si forms self-assembled monolayers which can be modified w/ pyridine ligands1. Commun.24325 Halogen Functional Silanes .17 130°/45 1. 1.00 SIB1906.00 Commercial OCH 3 ClCH2CH2CH2 Si CH3 OCH 3 SIC2355. 1114.433125 Developmental ClCH2 1.00 Developmental SII6452. 95% see also SIC2278.0kg/$184. 1992..293 1.93225 1.0 CHLOROMETHYLMETHYLDIETHOXYSILANE C6H15ClO2Si vapor pressure.427025 SIC2337.

00 100g/$78. Soc. Arkles.0 BIS(2-HYDROXYETHYL)-3-AMINOPROPYL309.951 O C H HO H H NH(CH 2)3Si(OC 2H 5)3 OH H OH OH CH 2OH 399. Nat'l Acad. B. 5081.00 542.00 Masked Hydroxyl © 2006 Gelest. 93..2-BIS(3-TRIETHOXYSILYLPROPOXYMETHYL)BUTANOL.262.866 OC2H5 HO CH2 Si OC2H5 OC2H5 + OC2H5 OC2H5 OC2H5 OC2H5 HO CH2 Si O CH2 Si OC2H5 194. Hydroxyl Functional Silanes name MW bp/mm (mp) D420 nD20 Hydroxyl Functional Silanes .00 SIH6175. 5.09 (C2H5O)3Si CH2 H(OCH 2CH2)5OCNHCH 2CH2 O SIT8192.. 75% in methanol C9H23NO4Si flashpoint: 16°C (61°F) HMIS: 3-3-1-X 25g/$52.0 N-(HYDROXYETHYL)-N-METHYLAMINO237.00 SIT8189. G.00 0.5 N-(3-TRIETHOXYSILYLPROPYL)-4-HYDROXY307. hydrophilic silane [104275-58-3] HMIS: 2-4-1-X SIB1824. Proc. 50% in ethanol C24H54O9Si2 for solid state synthesis of oligonucleotides HMIS: 2-4-1-X 50g/$116.51 flashpoint: 8°C (46°F) 25g/$26. Inc.75 SILANE C20H46O4Si2 masked hydroxyl.37 PROPYLTRIMETHOXYSILANE.86 100g/$84.48 0. CH3 H3C Si OCH 2(CH2)10Si(OCH 2CH3)3 CH3 SIT8572. Am.00 SIS6995.00 [75389-03-6] HMIS: 2-1-1-X PLEASE INQUIRE ABOUT BULK QUANTITIES 40 .00 400-500 viscosity: 75-125 cSt 1. US Pat. 1994 [162781-73-9] HMIS: 2-4-0-X 25g/$96.31 C7H18O4Si contains equilibrium condensation oligomers hydrolysis yields analogs of silica.00 0. Inc.deprotected after deposition with acidic aqueous ethanol 5.0g/$134.406.0 HYDROXYMETHYLTRIETHOXYSILANE.0 N-(TRIETHOXYSILYLPROPYL)-O-POLYETHYLENE OXIDE URETHANE.0 N-(3-TRIETHOXYSILYLPROPYL)GLUCONAMIDE 50% in ethanol C15H33NO9Si water soluble.99 1.00 0. 1.00 O HOCH 2CH2CH2CNCH 2CH2CH2Si(OC2H5)3 H SIT8189. 62% in ethanol flashpoint: 24°C (75°F) specific wetting surface: 252m2/g C13H31NO5Si contains 2-3% hydroxyethylaminopropyltriethoxysilane urethane polymer coupling agent employed in surface modification for preparation of oligonucleotide arrays1. 1.6 (28°)mp 1.0 11-(SUCCINIMIDYLOXY)UNDECYL385.0g/$210. 1.Trialkoxy SIB1140. McGall et al. Sci.4 2.00 100g/$98.371.47 BUTYRAMIDE C13H29NO5Si anchoring reagent for light directed synthesis of DNA on glass1.899 CH2OCH 2CH2CH2Si(OC2H5)3 HOCH 2CCH2CH3 CH2OCH 2CH2CH2Si(OC2H5)3 10g/$136. 1996 [7538-44-5] TSCA HMIS: 3-4-0-X 25g/$30.58 DIMETHYLETHOXYSILANE.hydroxymethylsilanetriol polymers1. 119.40925 TRIETHOXYSILANE.417 NCH 2CH2CH2Si(OCH 3)3 100g/$169. 95% C19H35NO5Si reagent for immobilization of proteins via primary amines HMIS: 3-2-1-X O CH3 N O CH2(CH2)10Si O OC2H5 CH3 195-200°/0. 50% in ethanol TRIETHOXYSILYLMETHANOL HOCH 2CH2 NCH 2CH2CH2Si(OEt) 3 HOCH 2CH2 HOCH 2CH2 H3C 0. 1355.92 1. J.Gelest. Chem. McGall et al.00 SIH6172. 95% C10H22NO4SiO(CH2CH2O)4-6H contains some bis(urethane) analog HMIS: 2-1-1-X 25g/$24. G.8 11-(TRIMETHYLSILOXY)UNDECYLTRIETHOXY. 1997 [186543-03-3] HMIS: 2-2-1-X 10g/$29.

06 1.00 2. 95% C7H15NO4Si [15396-00-6] TSCA HMIS: 3-2-1-X 205. 435.419 SILANE.49 flashpoint: >65°C (>150°F) 25g/$36. Isocyanate and Masked Isocyanate Functional Silanes name MW bp/mm (mp) D420 nD20 Isocyanate Functional Silanes .99 1.1 flashpoint: 112°C (234°F) 50g/$20.44 124-6°/0.). 95% C21H45N3O12Si3 coupling agent for polyimides to silicon metal [26115-70-8] TSCA HMIS: 2-1-1-X SIT8186.oral rat.gelest.5 BAMATE C14H31NO5Si [137376-38-6] SIT8188. Proc. 1996 25g/$14.0 3-THIOCYANATOPROPYLTRIETHOXYSILANE C10H21NO3SSi TOXICITY. (215) 547-1015 FAX: (215) 547-2484 www.00 O H C2H5OCNCH 2CH2CH2Si(OC2H5)3 TRIETHOXYSILYLPROPYLETHYLCARBAMATE 293.0kg/$220.00 Commercial 1.00 100g/$94.0 TRIS(3-TRIMETHOXYSILYLPROPYL)ISOCYANURATE.00 Masked Isocyanate Commercial CH2CH2CH2Si(OCH 3)3 O C (CH3O)3SiCH2CH2CH2 N C O N C N CH2CH2CH2Si(OCH 3)3 O SIT8717.00 100g/$45.170 1. Symp.4334 Developmental HMIS: 2-1-1-X 100g/$117.990 1.0kg/$380.00 1.com 41 .37 130°/20 0.00 [24801-88-5] TSCA HMIS: 3-2-1-X SII6453.23 157° SILANE tech-85 flashpoint: 66°C (151°F) C5H11NO3Si autoignition temp. 25g/$29.00 100g/$39.00 1.4219 TOXICITY.00 O OC2H5 OC2H5 tC4H9OCNHCH 2CH2CH2Si OC2H5 (3-TRIETHOXYSILYLPROPYL)-t-BUTYLCAR- 321.073 1.Trialkoxy OC2H5 OCNCH 2CH2CH2Si OC2H5 OC2H5 SII6455.00 0.4321 100g/$80. Better Ceramics Through Chemistry VII (MRS.0 3-ISOCYANATOPROPYLTRIETHOXY247.4 cSt.015 1.43 95°/0. 143. 95% flashpoint: 80°C (176°F) C10H21NO4Si component in hybrid organic/inorganic urethanes1.0 3-ISOCYANATOPROPYLTRIMETHOXYSILANE.4610 2. 1.03 1.00 263.oral rat.8 (ISOCYANATOMETHYL)METHYLDIMETHOXY161.00 1. LD50: 1423mg/kg [34708-08-2] TSCA HMIS: 3-2-1-X 615. Inc.Gelest.435 OCH 3 OCNCH 2CH2CH2Si OCH 3 OCH 3 SII6456. S.5 flashpoint: 95°C (203°F) 25g/$24. Cuney et al. LD50: 878mg/kg viscosity: 1.: 290° reacts w/polymeric diamines to form moisture-cureable polymers [406679-89-8] HMIS: 3-4-1-X store <5°C 25g/$82.4460 NCSCH 2CH2CH2Si(OC2H5)3 250g/$80. 25g/$12.00 © 2006 Gelest. Inc.86 flashpoint: 102°C (216°F) viscosity: 325-350 cSt.0 C12H27NO5Si masked isocyanate [17945-05-0] TSCA HMIS: 2-1-1-X SIT7908.29 95-8°/10 1.

07 1. Inc.03125 1. Inc.5630 P CH2CH2Si(OC2H5)3 SID4558. Phosphine and Phosphate Functional Silanes name MW bp/mm (mp) D420 nD20 SIB1091.25 500g/$60.5746 METHYLSILYLETHYLTRIETHOXYSILANE. Wu et al.00 O CH3PO(CH 2)3Si(OH) 3 O Na + 1.0 DIETHYLPHOSPHATOETHYLTRIETHOXYSILANE. Chem. C. forming alcohols1. [18586-39-5] TSCA HMIS: 3-1-0-X 5. 4. 95% DIETHOXYPHOSPHORYLETHYLTRIETHOXYSILANE Developmental C2H5O C2H5O O PCH 2CH2Si(OC2H5)3 328. Helbert.50 182°/1. 1.00 100g/$156. SODIUM SALT. Mater. 1. US Pat.00 1.0g/$39. Young et al. anti-pilling agent for textiles hydrolysis product catalytically hydrates olefins.497. 13. PLEASE INQUIRE ABOUT BULK QUANTITIES 42 .5 3-TRIHYDROXYSILYLPROPYLMETHYL238. Mater. D.46 160°/1 10g/$124.Gelest.00 SIT8378.3 1. 2005 HMIS: 2-2-1 1. H.890. [757-44-8] TSCA HMIS: 3-2-1-X 25g/$48.816.4216 C12H29O6PSi water-soluble silane. Merchle et al.00 CH3 P CH2CH2SiOC2H5 CH3 SID4557. 2001. Chem. 1974. US Patent 3. mixed isomers C37H50O3P2Si2 analogous structures form ruthenium II complexes w/ high selectivity for hydrogenation1. forms stable bonds to silica and basic alumina suitable for catalyst immobilization2.0 2-(DIPHENYLPHOSPHINO)ETHYL376. 3617. 1985 2.00 © 2006 Gelest. 1.. J.41 141°/2 flashpoint: 70°C (158°F) 1. sodium methylphosphonate [84962-98-1] TSCA HMIS: 1-2-0-X 100g/$15.00 SID3412.92 1.5 DIPHENYLPHOSPHINOETHYLDIMETHYLETHOXYSILANE C18H25OPSi [359859-29-3] HMIS: 2-2-1-X 316. 42% in water flashpoint: 79°C (174°F) C4H12O6NaPSi contains 4-5% methanol.550. F.0g/$174.5384 TRIETHOXYSILANE flashpoint: 134°C (273°F) C20H29O3PSi immobilizing ligand for precious metals adhesion promoter for gold substrates in microelectronic applications1.004 1.18 PHOSPHONATE. 17.00 25g/$156.0 BIS(2-DIPHENYLPHOSPHINOETHYL)660. 3951.05 1.

00 in fluoropolymer bottle SIM6475. M.deblocked w/alcohols latent coupling agent for butadiene rubber [220727-26-4] TSCA HMIS: 2-1-1-X SIP6926. 276.5g/$162.oral rat. Science..55 150°/0.4 2-(4-PYRIDYLETHYL)THIOPROPYLTRI301.0 11-MERCAPTOUNDECYLTRIMETHOXYSILANE C14H32O3SSi HMIS: 3-2-1-X 308.Trialkoxy SIM6476.0 3-MERCAPTOPROPYLTRIETHOXYSILANE.oral rat.00 Developmental HS CH2(CH2)9CH2 Si OCH 3 OCH 3 SIM6480.com 43 . LD50: >2000mg/kg flashpoint: 176°C (349°F) 25g/$19.8 C13H23NO3SSi immobilizeable ligand for immunoglobulin IgG separation using hydrophobic charge induction chromatography (HCIC) [198567-47-4] HMIS: 3-2-1-X 10g/$124.4523 O CH3(CH2)6C OC2H5 SCH 2CH2CH2Si OC2H5 OC2H5 SIO6704.2-DIMETHOXY-1-THIA-2-SILACYCLO164.00 [4420-74-0] TSCA HMIS: 3-2-1-X SIM6476.00 1. LD50: > 2000mg/kg 25g/$35. 31.05125 1. 2013.955 1.5037 OCH 3 N CH2CH2SCH 2CH2CH2Si OCH 3 OCH 3 SIP6926.48 156-7°/0.25 100g/$62. Bruohez et al.19 specific wetting surface: 348 m2/g coupling agent for EPDM rubbers and polysulfide adhesives for enzyme immobilization1.2 METHOXYSILANE pKa: 4.00 100g/$114. J.42 210° 0.48 160-2°/0.29 57-8°/7 1. Tet.gelest.00 1.00 301. 1998.0 3-MERCAPTOPROPYLTRIMETHOXYSILANE 196. treatment of mesoporous silica yield highly efficient heavy metal scavenger2. 923.4514 TOXICITY. Inc. (215) 547-1015 FAX: (215) 547-2484 www.oral rat. 1997 3. coupling agent for rubber [26903-85-5] HMIS: 3-3-1-X 25g/$84.00 2.9686 1.0 2.4331 flashpoint: 88°C (190°F) TOXICITY.34 93°/40 1. 1990 2.498 OCH 3 N CH2CH2SCH 2CH2CH2Si OCH 3 OCH 3 10g/$118. 281.5 2.094 PENTANE C5H12O2SSi reagent for modification of silver and gold surfaces.0kg/$164. employed in coupling of fluorescent biological tags to CdS nanocrystals3.00 S H3CO Si OCH 3 OCH 3 SID3545. LD50: 2380mg/kg viscosity: 2 cSt flashpoint: 96°C (205°F) γc of treated surface: 41 dynes/cm primary irritation index: 0.450225 C6H16O3SSi low fluorescence grade for high-throughput screening [4420-74-0] TSCA HMIS: 3-2-1-X 25g/$180.450225 C6H16O3SSi TOXICITY. Science. 95% C9H22O3SSi [14814-09-6] TSCA HMIS: 2-2-1-X Commercial OCH 3 HS CH2CH2CH2 Si OCH 3 OCH 3 OCH 3 HS CH2CH2CH2 Si OCH 3 OCH 3 OC2H5 HS CH2CH2CH2 Si OC2H5 OC2H5 238.34 93°/40 1. Liu et al. 5773.00 18kg/$630. Let. Sulfur Functional Silanes name MW bp/mm (mp) D420 nD20 Sulfur Functional Silanes .05125 1. 100g/$16.0 S-(OCTANOYL)MERCAPTOPROPYLTRIETHOXYSILANE tech-95 C17H36O4SSi masked mercaptan .00 © 2006 Gelest. 1.00 0.2 2-(2-PYRIDYLETHYL)THIOPROPYLTRIMETHOXYSILANE C13H23NO3SSi chelates metal ions [29098-72-4] HMIS: 3-2-1-X 364.09 1.62 0.089 1.9325 1.1 3-MERCAPTOPROPYLTRIMETHOXYSILANE 99+%196.Gelest. Inc.

4446 OCH 3 HS CH2CH2CH2 Si CH3 OCH 3 SIM6474. 1.00 SIT8411.400mg/kg C18H42O6S4Si2 flashpoint: 91°C (196°F) contains distribution of Sn species: n = 2-10.34 96°/30 SILANE flashpoint: 93°C (199°F) C6H16O2SSi intermediate for silicones in thiol-ene UV cure systems [31001-77-1] TSCA HMIS: 3-2-1-X 100g/$23.00 SIB1824.095 1. 90% flashpoint: 75°C (167°F) C18H42O6S2Si2 contains sulfide and tetrasulfide [56706-10-6] TSCA HMIS: 2-2-1-X 25g/$32.00 100g/$39.oral rat. 235.82 DISULFIDE. LD50: 16. 1996. J. tech-95 TESPT TOXICITY.00 1.00 2.4502 500g/$92. 95% C6H16O2SSi HMIS: 3-2-1-X 180.8 viscosity: 11.0 MERCAPTOMETHYLMETHYLDIETHOXYSILANE. Pt1.oral rat.5 BIS-[m-(2-TRIETHOXYSILYLETHYL)TOLYL]POLYSULFIDE tech-85 C30H50O6S(2-4)Si2 TSCA HMIS: 2-2-1-X Commercial (C2H5O)3SiCH2CH2CH2 S S 2 S CH2 CH2 CH2 (C2H5O)3Si S CH2 CH2 CH2 Si(OC2H5)3 1. Guo et al. average 3. Anal.457 100g/$104. 124.94 250°d 1.975 1.0kg/$180.Dialkoxy OC2H5 HS CH2 Si CH3 OC2H5 SIM6473. 175.00 278.43 95°/0. Pd.00 Sulfur Functional Silanes .00 Sulfur Functional Silanes .00 CH3 CH3 (CH3CH2O)3SiCH2CH2 S2-4 CH2CH2Si(OCH 2CH3)3 627-691 flashpoint: 55°C (132°F) dark viscous liquid 25g/$32.0 BIS[3-(TRIETHOXYSILYL)PROPYL]THIO484.Gelest. Au.46 Developmental 10g/$110. Y.0 BIS[3-(TRIETHOXYSILYL)PROPYL]538.00 1.00 PLEASE INQUIRE ABOUT BULK QUANTITIES 44 .10 1. 1. Schilling et al.6 BIS[3-(TRIETHOXYSILYL)PROPYL]474.Dipodal SIB1825.49 TETRASULFIDE.0 3-THIOCYANATOPROPYLTRIETHOXYSILANE 263.533 S H N N H CH2 CH2 C © 2006 Gelest.0 3-MERCAPTOPROPYLMETHYLDIMETHOXY180. Pharm.03 nD20 1.00 1. name MW bp/mm (mp) D420 1. 19. Inc.2 cSt coupling agent for “green’’ tires adhesion promoter for precious metals dipodal coupling agent/ vulcanizing agent for rubbers [40372-72-3] TSCA HMIS: 2-2-1-X 25g/$12.. Biol.025 1. [34708-08-2] TSCA HMIS: 3-2-1-X 50g/$20.4460 NCSCH 2CH2CH2Si(OC2H5)3 SIT7908. LD50: 1423mg/kg coupling agent for butyl rubber in mechanical applications complexing agent for Ag. Mikrochemica Acta.00 SIB1820. CH2 CH2 (C2H5O)3Si CH2 CH2 Si(OC2H5)3 SIB1827. Inc.40 UREA tech -90 C19H44N2O6SSi2 forms films on electrodes for determination of mercury1. 1999 [69952-89-2] HMIS: 2-1-1-X 25g/$134.1 C10H21NO3SSi flashpoint: 112°C (234°F) TOXICITY.00 0.34 60°/10 flashpoint: 58°C (136°F) 10g/$90. T.0 2-(3-TRIMETHOXYSILYLPROPYLTHIO)THIOPHENE C10H18O3S2Si HMIS: 3-2-1-X 250g/$80.

Trialkoxy OCH 3 H2C CHCH 2Si OCH 3 OCH 3 H2C CH CH2NH CH2 CH2 (CH3O)3SiCH2CH2CH2 NH SIA0540.646.36.00 Commercial O H2C O C(CH3) CH2 C(CH3) CH2 C(CH3) CH2 CH Si O SIV9209.39 179-81° flashpoint: 51°C (124°F) vapor pressure.00 SIV9210.00 SIV9098. 3.0 VINYLTRIISOPROPOXYSILANE C11H24O3Si copolymerization parameters.00 2. primer for epoxy coatings [34937-00-3] TSCA HMIS: 3-4-1-X store <5° 25g/$19.066.35 73-5°/12 0.0 VINYLTRIMETHOXYSILANE C5H12O3Si viscosity: 0. Inc. 1.26 146-8° C6H14O3Si flashpoint: 46°C (115°F) adhesion promoter for vinyl-addition silicones [2551-83-9] TSCA HMIS: 3-2-1-X 10g/$24.0kg/$292.167 1. 60°: 4mm 25g/$16.6 cSt copolymerization parameters. 3.0: 0.423 O OCCH 3 O H2C CH Si O O CCH3 OCCH 3 2.52 PROPYLTRIMETHOXYSILANE.e.com 45 . T. Vinyl and Olefin Functional Silanes name MW bp/mm (mp) D420 nD20 Vinyl and Olefin Functional Silanes .0kg/$720. US Pat.00 50g/$96.00 SIS6993.00 OCH 3 H2C CH Si OCH 3 OCH 3 148. Scott US Pat.05 [78-08-0] TSCA HMIS: 1-3-1-X 232.117.38. LD50: 8.0 VINYLTRIISOPROPENOXYSILANE 226. Inc.23 123° 0.26 112-3°/1 flashpoint: 88°C (190°F) 100g/$16. U.00 0.0 ALLYLTRIMETHOXYSILANE 162.3900 2.0 3-(N-STYRYLMETHYL-2-AMINOETHYLAMINO).0kg/$96.0015 [18023-33-1] TSCA HMIS: 1-3-1-X SIV9220.00 16kg/$472.oral rat. 1978 .871 1. 20°: 5mm ΔHvap: 6. P Swarbrick et al.028 relative rate of hydrolysis vs SIV9220.96325 1. derivatization byproduct is acetone [15332-99-7] TSCA HMIS: 1-3-1-X 25g/$19.e.0kg/$110.e.00 100g/$62.Gelest.413.3960 TOXICITY.8 kcal/mole specific heat: 0.oral rat. 40% flashpoint: 13°C (55°F) in methanol inhibited with BHT C17H30N2O3Si coupling agent for epoxy composites.00 © 2006 Gelest. 20°: 9mm employed in two-stage1 and one-stage2 graft polymerization/ cross-linking for PE.S.Q: -0.6 x 10-3 derivatization byproduct is acetic acid [4130-08-9] TSCA HMIS: 3-2-1-X store <5° SIV9112. 0. (215) 547-1015 FAX: (215) 547-2484 www.Q: -0.00 0.396125 O H2C O iC3H7 iC3H7 iC3H7 CH Si O 100g/$52.00 100g/$62. Isaka et al.69 copolymerization parameters.155.926 1.5 kcal/mole 25g/$10. 4.0 VINYLTRIETHOXYSILANE C8H18O3Si vapor pressure.031 232. 0.0kg/$158.0: 0.3930 TOXICITY.gelest.0 VINYLTRIACETOXYSILANE C8H12O6Si coefficient of thermal expansion: 1. 1972 2.00 16kg/$352. 0.8659 1. 4.31 160-1° 0.970 1.Q: -0. H.00 2.403625 2. copolymerizes with ethylene to form moisture cross-linkable polymers3. 1983 [2768-02-7] TSCA HMIS: 3-4-1-X 25g/$10.4373 C11H18O3Si employed as a crosslinker and in vapor phase.903 1.031 relative rate of hydrolysis vs SIV9220.195.25 cal/g/° dipole moment: 1. Pat.000mg/kg flashpoint: 28°C (82°F) autoignition temp: 235° vapor pressure.42.338. LD50: 22.00 OC2H5 H2C CH Si OC2H5 OC2H5 190.00 0.500mg/kg flashpoint: 44°C (111°F) autoignition temperature: 268°C (514°F) γc of treated surface: 25 dynes/cm ΔHform: -463.00 1.

Inc.47 113°/0.0 [(BICYCLOHEPTENYL)ETHYL]TRIMETHOXYSILANE. 95% C10H22O3Si mixed isomers (mainly 3-butenyl) [57813-67-9] HMIS: 2-2-1-X Developmental OC2H5 H2C CHCH 2CH2 Si OC2H5 OC2H5 218.42 106-8°/8 0.0g/$124.0kg/$180. tech-95 (-22°)mp C14H27N3O3Si neutral cross-linker/ coupling agent for condensation cure silicones.56 C17H36O4Si ω-olefin for functional self-assembled monolayers HMIS: 2-1-0-X Commercial CH2CH3 H2C H3C CH3CH2 C N CH O N C CH3 Si CH3 O O N C CH2CH3 140°/0.00 PLEASE INQUIRE ABOUT BULK QUANTITIES 46 . E.0 VINYLTRIS(METHYLETHYLKETOXIMINO)313.00 272.0kg/$110.427125 C11H24O6Si TOXICITY. Finkelstein.00 SIB1928.4415 H2C CHCH 2O(CH 2)11Si(OCH 3)3 5.4074 flashpoint 47°C (117°F) dipole moment: 1. P-120. Proc.00 2.914 1. 108°: 2mm flashpoint: 115°C (239°F) employed in peroxide graft-moisture crosslinking of polyethylene relative rate of hydrolysis vs SIV9220.0 BUTENYLTRIETHOXYSILANE.0 5-(BICYCLOHEPTENYL)TRIETHOXYSILANE 256.9030 1. LD50: 2960mg/kg vapor pressure.Gelest. 0. byproduct is methylethylketoximine [2224-33-1] TSCA HMIS: 3-3-1-X 50g/$15.00 50g/$128.0: 0.00 1.0 ALLYLOXYUNDECYLTRIMETHOXYSILANE 332.00 Cl CH2CH2Si Cl Cl 242.00 2.4486 NORBORNENYLTRIETHOXYSILANE flashpoint: 98°C (208°F) C13H24O3Si coupling agent for norbornadiene rubbers component in low dielectric constant films undergoes ring-opening metathetic polymerization (ROMP) with RuCl2(P(C6H5)3)31.0 ALLYLTRIETHOXYSILANE 3-(TRIETHOXYSILYL)-1-PROPENE C9H20O3Si vapor pressure.46 flashpoint: 120°C (248°F) 10g/$25.oral rat. 95% endo/exo isomers C12H22O3Si [68323-30-8] HMIS: 2-1-1-X 204.90 (-80°)mp TOXICITY .1 0.444 CH2CH2 OC H 2 5 Si H5C2O OC2H5 50g/$100.5 [2-(3-CYCLOHEXENYL)ETHYL]TRIETHOXYSILANE C14H28O3Si [77756-79-7] HMIS:: 2-1-1-X 210.960 1.00 © 2006 Gelest.00 50g/$120.73 128°/70 flashpoint: 89°C (192°F) 2.39 284-6° 1.79 debye 10g/$29.98225 SILANE. 10th Int’l Organosilicon Symp.033625 1. 100°: 50mm [2550-04-1] TSCA HMIS 2-3-1-X SIB0988.00 SIA0482.09 CH2Cl H2C C CH2Si(OCH 3)3 SIC2282.0 2-(CHLOROMETHYL)ALLYLTRIMETHOXYSILANE C7H15ClO3Si versatile coupling agent [39197-94-9] HMIS: 3-2-1-X SIC2459.39 65°/10 flashpoint: >110°C (>230°F) 25g/$120.50 [1067-53-4] TSCA HMIS: 3-2-1-X 50g/$10.00 Si(OC 2H 5)3 SIB0992.5g/$60. 1.5 0.37 64°/6 0. Inc. 1993 [18401-43-9] TSCA HMIS: 2-2-1-X 10g/$30. name MW bp/mm (mp) D420 nD20 OCH 2CH2OCH 3 H2C CH Si OCH 2CH2OCH 3 OCH 2CH2OCH 3 SIV9275.0 VINYLTRIS(2-METHOXYETHOXY)SILANE 280.00 H2C CHCH 2Si(OC2H5)3 SIA0525.948 1.00 SIV9280. LD50: >5000mg/kg flashpoint: 73°C (163°F) 25g/$88.34 176° 0.oral rat.

00 SID4610. 1.880.02 nD20 1. U.4185 flashpoint: 86°C (187°F) C12H26O3Si primarily α-olefin 10g/$48.00 0. Chromatog. J. 830(2).Q: -0.2 HEXENYLTRIETHOXYSILANE 246. 953. Nie et al. Jap.p isomers and α. 1983 2. Peansky et al.0 [2-(3-CYCLOHEXENYL)ETHYL]TRIMETHOXY 230. 1.3 (DIVINYLMETHYLSILYLETHYL)TRIETHOXYSILANE 288.Gelest. Germ. Offen.500 [134000-44-5] HMIS: 2-1-1-X store <5° 10g/$60. 95% 470.00 SID4618. Lechner.940 1.39 48-9°/0. 1999 [52217-57-9] TSCA HMIS: 3-1-1-X 5g/$36.53 1.05 C28H58O3Si contains internal isomers CH2 CH(CH 2)20Si(OC2H5)3 forms self-assembled monolayers that can be modified to hydroxyls1.0g/$184.908 © 2006 Gelest. Chem. B. Inc.4476 CH2CH2 OCH 3 Si H3CO OCH 3 SIC2460. J.4454 10g/$82.00 [52034-14-7] HMIS: 2-1-1-X SIO6709.00 SIP6902. CA112.43 97°/1 0.38 109°/6 SILANE flashpoint: 80°C (176°F) C11H22O3Si orients liquid crystals in display devices1. e.00 SIH5919.0 (3-CYCLOPENTADIENYLPROPYL)TRI270.2 inhibited with MEHQ flashpoint: 95°C (203°F) 25g/$64. Langmuir.00 SIU9049.99 ETHOXYSILANE . name MW bp/mm (mp) D420 1.β isomers copolymerization parameter.446125 OCH 3 CH2 CH2 Si OCH 3 OCH 3 SIS6990. Sharp.883 1. 1996 [102056-64-4] HMIS: 2-2-1-X 10g/$60.dimer flashpoint: 100°C (212°F) (CH2)3Si(OC2H5)3 C14H2603Si may be cracked to monomer at ~190° at 100mm employed in silica-supported purification of fullerenes1.0 7-OCTENYLTRIMETHOXYSILANE. Inc.0g/$110. 95% 252.44 115°/0..0g/$168. 1.6 O-(PROPARGYLOXY)-N-(TRIETHOXYSILYLPROPYL)URETHANE.0 10-UNDECENYLTRIMETHOXYSILANE C14H30O3Si HMIS: 2-1-1-X 1.00 0.00 47 .1 flashpoint: 97°C (207°F) C13H20O3Si inhibited with t-butylcatechol mixed m. 1.35 90°/0.99 1.48 102-5°/1 5. 95% inhibited w/ MEHQ CH2 C16H23NO6Si UV reactive coupling agent (C2H5O)3SiCH2 HMIS: 3-2-1-X 363.505 50g/$240.00 HMIS: 3-1-1-X SIH6164.0g/$160.81758g.88 187-195°/0.02 1.895 C13H28O3Si2 HMIS: 2-1-1-X 5. DE 3820971.4305 flashpoint: 95°C (203°F) C11H24O3Si contains 10-20% internal olefin isomers coupling agent for “in situ” polymerization of acrylamide for capillary elctrophoresis1 1. 11.0 STYRYLETHYLTRIMETHOXYSILANE. 95% 232.00 50g/$84. JP 58122517. 1989 [67592-36-3] TSCA HMIS: 3-2-1-X 10g/$21. Cifuentes et al.00 H2C SIC2520. CA101. 90% C13H25NO5Si HMIS: 2-2-1-X H2C CH Developmental OCH 3 H2C CH (CH2)6 Si OCH 3 OCH 3 O HC CCH2OCNCH 2CH2CH2Si(OC2H5)3 H 303. J.00 H2C SIV9088.43 110-20°/0.54 79-81°/0. 61. 423.38 98°/0.015 1.5 CF2CF2CF2CF2CF2CF2CF2CF2 TRIMETHOXYSILANE CH2 C15H16O3F16Si CH2Si(OCH 3)3 forms self-assembled monolayers/ reagent for immobilization of DNA 1.0 CH HEXADECAFLUORODODEC-11-ENYL-1576.1 0. 218118x. Pat. A.15 0. 1870. 1995 [330457-44-8] HMIS: 1-1-0-X 1.0 DOCOSENYLTRIETHOXYSILANE. Org.5 0. coupling agent for aramid fiber reinforced epoxy2. OCH 3 H2C CH(CH 2)8CH2Si OCH 3 OCH 3 274.4 O O-(VINYLOXYBUTYL)-N-(TRIETHOXYSILYLCHOCH 2CH2CH2CH2OCNHCH 2 PROPYL)URETHANE.00 25g/$144. A.

790 1.4.3983 H2C CH CH3 Si CH3 CH3CH2O CH CH CH2 CH2 CH2 130.23 [5356-83-2] TSCA HMIS: 2-4-1-X SIT8732. contains 1.0 VINYLMETHYLDIETHOXYSILANE 160.86.0 1.00 H2C CH OCH 3 Si H3C OCH 3 132.0 VINYLDIMETHYLETHOXYSILANE C6H14OSi dipole monent: 1.0 BIS(TRIETHOXYSILYLETHYL)VINYLMETHYLSILANE C19H44O6Si3 HMIS: 2-1-1-X 452.395 100g/$58.27 [5507-44-8] TSCA HMIS: 2-4-1-X 25g/$14.47 flashpoint: 122° (252°F) 25g/$24.00 PLEASE INQUIRE ABOUT BULK QUANTITIES 48 .0 VINYLTRIS(METHOXYPROPOXY)SILANE C14H30O6Si [303746-21-6] HMIS: 2-1-1-X 274.9 1.8-DIOXA-4. Chromatog.Gelest. J.42 160-1° C8H19NSi2 flashpoint: 34°C (93°F) derivatization byproduct is ammonia adhesion promoter for negative photoresists for silylation of glass capillary columns1 1.3-DIVINYLTETRAMETHYLDISILAZANE 185.4168 (C2H5O)3Si C C H CH2 C H Si(OC2H5)3 SIB1820.00 SIV9072.0 BIS(TRIETHOXYSILYL)ETHYLENE.943 5.958 1.00 Developmental CH3O Si CH Vinyl and Olefin Functional .26 99-100° flashpoint: 4°C (39°F) 10g/$22.5 BIS(TRIMETHOXYSILYLMETHYL)ETHYLENE C10H24O6Si2 [143727-20-2] HMIS: 3-3-1-X © 2006 Gelest. Jaroniec et al.981 1.00 25g/$156. 95% C14H32O6Si2 [87061-56-1] 4.00 322.858 1.57 122-5°/4 0.e. 1982 [7691-02-3] TSCA HMIS: 3-3-1-X 50g/$24.15 0.5g/$14.23 104° flashpoint: 8°C (46°F) 25g/$18. 20°: 0.47 5. 5. M. 3.4000 H2C CH OC2H5 Si H3C OC2H5 2. -0.82 141-3°/0. name O H2C O H3C MW bp/mm (mp) D420 0.5 ETHYLENOXY]-2-METHYLENEPROPANE C50H104O20Si2 (average) vinyl functional hydrophilic dipodal coupling agent for protein immobilization HMIS: 2-2-1-X 1. Inc.0g/$170.00 SIV9086.00 50g/$192. Inc.00 Vinyl and Olefin Functional .00 1.0g/$39.0 TRIVINYLMETHOXYSILANE C7H12OSi HMIS: 3-4-1-X 0.00 0.4400 10g/$46.1-isomer 5. SIB1824.819 1.020 dipole moment: 1.51 cSt [16753-62-1] TSCA HMIS: 3-4-1-X 0.889 1. High Resol.869 nD20 tC4H9 tC4H9 tC4H9 CH Si O SIV9099.Monoalkoxy H3C H2C CH Si N H3C H CH3 Si CH CH3 CH2 SID4612.0g/$120.25 2.3-[BIS(3-TRIETHOXYSILYLPROPYL)POLY1113.00 352.Dipodal SIB1818.424 CH2OCH 3 CH H2C O CH3 CH Si O CH CH2OCH 3 O H3C CH CH2OCH 3 100g/$78.00 CH2 CH2 (CH3O)3Si Si(OCH 3)3 CH2 O(CH 2CH2O)6-8CH2CCH2(OCH 2CH2)6-8O (CH2)3 (C2H5O)3Si (CH2)3 Si(OCH 2CH3)3 SIB1832.0 VINYLTRI-t-BUTOXYSILANE C14H30O3Si [5356-88-7] HMIS: 2-2-1-X SIV9277.29 133-4° C7H16O2Si flashpoint: 16°C (61°F) copolymerization parameters.47 54°/2 flashpoint: 79°C (174°F) 10g/$48.Q.Dialkoxy Commercial SIV9085.7-TETRAETHOXY-3.00 0.00 140.00 0.0g/$275.0 VINYLMETHYLDIMETHOXYSILANE C5H12O2Si viscosity.0kg/$320.7.00 296.4405 250g/$96.7-DISILADEC-5-ENE HMIS: 2-2-1-X ~80% trans isomer. 0.00 Vinyl and Olefin Functional .00 131-3° 50g/$88.

2-BUTA.00 $360.00 $435.. water tree resistance additive for crosslinkable HDPE cable cladding HMIS: 2-4-1-X store <5° 100g/$86.00 $480. [136856-91-2] TSCA HMIS: 2-4-1-X 100g/$28. Arkles et al. SPI 42nd Composite Inst.06 1. 344. 50% in toluene viscosity: 75-150 cSt. Proc.02 1. 50% in toluene HMIS: 2-3-1-X viscosity: 20-30 cSt. coupling agent for EPDM resins [72905-90-9] TSCA HMIS: 2-4-1-X store <5° SSP-056 TRIETHOXYSILYL MODIFIED POLY-1.02 Code VPE-005* *9-11 wgt% vinyl Description oligomer Viscosity 3-7 Price/100g $36.00 H3 O OC Si H3 C OC C H2 VEE-005* polyVinylethoxysiloxane VMM-010** polyVinylmethoxysiloxane *CAS: [29434-25-1] **CAS: [131298-48-1] VM M -0 10 Vinylethoxysiloxane-Propylethoxysiloxane Copolymer TSCA Density 1.00 © 2006 Gelest.10 1. 50% in toluene viscosity: 100-200 cSt. S.00 $29.3500-4500 DIENE.00 $28.00 SSP-255 (30-35%TRIETHOXYSILYLETHYL)ETHYLENE4500-5500 (35-40% 1.00 Vinylalkoxysiloxane Polymers 2 CH O CH Si H 3 OC TSCA Commercial H3 OC CH Si H3 OC n CH 2 Code Description wgt % vinyl 19 .0kg/$494.00 $35. 21-C.4-BUTADIENE) . Inc.12 Density 1. & Bioeng..(25-30% STYRENE) terpolymer.00 Price/1kg $252.90 CH2 CH CH2 CH CH2CH2Si(OC2H5)3 CH2CHCH 2CHCH 2CH SSP-058 DIETHOXYMETHYLSILYL MODIFIED POLY-1.00 2. B.00 $252.2-BUTADIENE.00 Water-borne Aminoalkyl Silsesquioxane Oligomers N H − δ O 3 CH Si TSCA pH 10-10.90 100g/$60.00 0. 1.0kg/$780.00 SSP-065 DIMETHOXYMETHYLSILYLPROPYL MODIFIED (POLYETHYLENIMINE) 50% in isopropanol visc: 100-200 cSt primer for brass [1255441-88-5] TSCA HMIS: 2-4-1-X 1500-1800 0. 1989.92 (POLYETHYLENIMINE) 50% in isopropanol visc: 125-175 cSt ~20% of nitrogens substituted employed as a coupling agent for polyamides1.00 $435.22 22 .00 Developmental CH2 CH CH2 CH CH2CH2Si(OC2H5)3 0.5 10-10.10 1. 1987 2.2-BUTADIENE.10 Refractive Index Price/100g Price/1kg 1.00 2. in combination with glutaraldehyde immobilizes enzymes2.5 10-11 10-11 H2 δ + C Si n H2 CH 2 CH 2 Code Functional Group Molecular Weight % Specific Mole % Weight in solution Gravity Viscosity 65-75 100 65-75 60-65 250-500 270-550 370-650 250-500 25-28 22-25 25-28 25-28 1. 50% in volatile silicone viscosity: 100-200 cSt.92 H N + Cl H n N Si(OCH 3)3 4n H N + Cl H n N Si(OCH 3)2 OCH 3 4n ~20% of nitrogens substituted 100g/$38. Cramer et al. 100g/$86. Biotech.00 3500-4500 2.00 (CH2CH)m (CH2CH)n(CH2CH CHCH 2)p CH2CH2Si(OC2H5)3 Polyamine SSP-060 TRIMETHOXYSILYLPROPYL MODIFIED 1500-1800 0.93 CH2CHCH 2CHCH 2CH 100g/$68. primer coating for silicone rubbers [72905-90-9] TSCA HMIS: 2-3-1-X store <5° 3500-4500 0.11 5-15 5-15 5-10 3-10 Price/100g 3kg $29.Gelest.com 49 .23 Viscosity.428 $36. vinyl *CAS [29159-37-3] **[207308-27-8] (215) 547-1015 FAX: (215) 547-2484 www. cSt 4-7 8 .00 $196. Multi-Functional and Polymeric Silanes name MW bp/mm (mp) D420 nD20 Polybutadiene CH2 CH CH2 CH CH2CH2Si(OC2H5)3 CH2CHCH 2CHCH 2CH SSP-055 TRIETHOXYSILYL MODIFIED POLY-1. Inc.00 $24. 33(3).0kg/$364.gelest. N H2 H2 NH δ 2 + CH C 2 2 CH O OH OH O H δ− O O Si H O C H2 H2 C C H2 Si m OH WSA-7011 Aminopropyl WSA-9911* Aminopropyl WSA-7021 Aminoethylaminopropyl WSAV-6511** Aminopropyl.

Mat. hybrid inorganic-organic polymers [18418-72-9] HMIS: 2-3-0-X 5.08mm employed in fabrication of multilayer printed circuit boards 1.984 1.0 BIS(TRIETHOXYSILYL)METHANE 340.0kg/$288.43 103-4°/5 1.p isomers [58298-01-4] TSCA HMIS: 2-1-0-X SIT8185. Palladino. Soc.00 1. 5413. Chem. Sci.068 1.00 POLYPROPYLENE OXIDE flashpoint: >110°C (>230°F) viscosity: 6000-10.00 130-2°/0. Am. LD50: 161mg/kg additive to silane coupling agent formulations that enhances hydrolytic stability employed in corrosion resistant coatings/primers for steel and aluminum1. J.S.0 1.0 BIS(TRIETHOXYSILYL)OCTANE 438. 26. 1999. W. Soc. D. A.0g/$37.. 1997 2.5 kj/mole TOXICITY .00 2. Inc. U. 29. Adhes. derivatizeable molecular sieves4. Molde et al. forms mesoporous..5 flashpoint: 102°C (215°F) 25g/$40.00 2. 1.4.4091 flashpoint: 65° (149°F) C8H22O6Si2 CAUTION: INHALATION HAZARD vapor pressure. 5.6.00 OCH 3 OCH 3 OCH 3 OCH 3 CH3O SiCH2CH2Si OCH 3 SIB1830. 1999.00 0. Chemtech. Inc.0 BIS(TRIMETHOXYSILYLETHYL)BENZENE C16H30O6Si2 mixture of m. 1. J.957 1. 3302. Loy et al.Gelest.76 C20 H46 O6Si2 employed in sol-gel synthesis of mesoporous structures [52217-60-4] TSCA-L HMIS: 2-1-1-X 25g/$30.4098 OEt EtO OEt OEt OEt SiCH2Si OEt 4. 121.56 114-5°/3.946 1. B.oral rat.75 25g/$148. 11.4213 OCH 3 OCH 3 OCH 3 OCH 3 CH3O Si(CH2)6Si OCH 3 50g/$144. Loy et al.0 BIS(TRIETHOXYSILYL)ETHANE HEXAETHOXYDISILETHYLENE MW bp/mm (mp) D420 nD20 OC2H5 C2H5O OC2H5 OC2H5 OC2H5 SiCH2CH2Si OC2H5 354. Pat. CH3O CH3O CH3 OCH 3 OCH 3 CH3Si(CH2)3O(CH 2CHO) n(CH2)3SiCH3 SIB1660. Tech. Am.4734 (MeO) 3SiCH2CH2 CH2CH2Si(OMe) 3 374.6-DISILANONANE C13H32O6Si2 intermediate for sol-gel coatings. Chem.00 SIB1821.00 SIB1832.3 0. W. A. 20°: 0.4052 flashpoint: 107°C (225°F) C14H34O6Si2 vapor pressure. Van Ooij et al.000 cSt.00 100g/$49.0 BIS[(3-METHYLDIMETHOXYSILYL)PROPYL]600-800 1. J. 3. 11. Non-Functional Dipodal Silanes name SIB1817. 5413.6-TETRAETHOXY-3.. 1991. 4.00 50g/$132.1 flashpoint: 193°C (380°F) 10g/$33. 150°: 10mm ΔHvap: 101.00 0. Van Ooij et al.073.00 100g/$224.00 324. [18406-41-2] TSCA HMIS: 4-2-1-X 25g/$69.08 1.0kg/$420. [16068-37-4] TSCA-S HMIS: 3-1-1-X 25g/$15. w/tin catalyst forms moisture-crosslinkable resins hydrophilic dipodal silane [75009-88-0] TSCA HMIS: 3-1-1-X 100g/$24.ω-bis(trimethoxysilyl)alkanes reported3.4112 OC2H5 H3C OC2H5 OC2H5 OC2H5 OC2H5 SiCH2CH2Si 100g/$130.014 1.54 161°/2 C12H30O6Si2 flashpoint: 95°C (203°F) sol-gels of α.8 1-(TRIETHOXYSILYL)-2-(DIETHOXYMETHYLSILYL)ETHANE C13H32O5Si [18418-54-7] TSCA HMIS: 3-2-1-X 172-5°/0.7-DIOXA-4.926 1..4303 Commercial Si(OCH 3)3 Si(OCH 3)3 HMIS: 3-2-1-X 100g/$156.2. D. 28. [87135-01-1] HMIS: 3-2-1-X 10g/$36. sol-gels of α.456.4 0.59 96°/0.0 BIS(TRIMETHOXYSILYL)ETHANE 270. Chem. 1999. 1998.2-BIS(TRIMETHOXYSILYL)DECANE C16H38O6Si2 pendant dipodal silane 382.00 1.65 25g/$48.0 BIS(TRIMETHOXYSILYL)HEXANE 326.4240 (C2H5O)3Si(CH2)8Si(OC2H5)3 100g/$98.00 SIB1831.00 SIB1824. 121. J.58 148-50°/.9741 1.56 100°/0.00 © 2006 Gelest.00 PLEASE INQUIRE ABOUT BULK QUANTITIES 50 .5 0.00 SIB1829.ω-bis(trimethoxysilyl)alkanes reported1.

0 O-4-METHYLCOUMARINYL-N-[3-(TRIETHOXY. Anthony. Inc. UV Active and Fluorescent Silanes (C2H5O)3SiCH2CH2CH2O CH3O name MW bp/mm (mp) nD20 O O CH3O (C2H5O)3SiCH2CH2CH2O SIB1824. 4. E. C21H28O5Si monomer for UV opaque fluids HMIS: 2-1-1-X 25g/$86.54525 DIPHENYLKETONE.07 PHENYL)-1. 296(max). 258. Chem.66 115-9°/0. 95% N-[3-(TRIETHOXYSILYL)PROPYL]-2. 330(max) 10g/$94. 1.0 2-HYDROXY-4-(3-TRIETHOXYSILYLPROPOXY). Toussaere et al.00 100g/$176. C22H30O6Si density: 1. 354(broad) metal chelating chromophore HMIS: 2-1-1-X 10-3 M in THF 500mg/$180.com 51 .360.gelest.4-DINITROPHENYLAMINE C15H25N3O7Si viscous liquid or solid flashpoint: >110°C (230°F) UV: 222. 1995 [70880-05-6] TSCA HMIS: 2-1-1-X 0.56 1. 410 forms χ2 non-linear optical sol-gel materials by corona poling1.8 2-(2-TRIETHOXYSILYLPROPOXY-5-METHYLPHENYL)BENZOTRIAZOLE C22H31N3O4Si UV blocking agent/stabilizer HMIS: 2-1-1-X © 2006 Gelest.54 (88-90°)mp SILYL)PROPYL]CARBAMATE UV: 223.0 3-(2.2. 95% viscosity. B.59 UV: 300. 2.employed as a tracer in UV cure composites fluorescence probe for crosslinking in silicones1.. 281.5421 10-5 M in THF (C2H5O)3SiCH2CH2CH2O O (C2H5O)3SiCH2CH2CH2HNSO 2 SIT8187. Chem.423. 50% in xylene C24H30O7Si contains non-reactive dyestuffs HMIS: 2-1-1-X 10-5 M in THF HO CH 3 (C2H 5O) 2SiCH 2CH 2CH 2O O 10-5 M in THF HO O (C2H 5O) 3SiCH 2CH 2CH 2O 10-4 M in THF CH3 O (CH3CH2O)3SiCH2CH2CH2NHCO O O OH O 458. 1. Lebeau et al.918. Leezenberg et al. J.58 UV: 350nm (max) 1. 354 fluorescent.00 SIH6200.0 N-(TRIETHOXYSILYLPROPYL)DANSYLAMIDE 5-DIMETHYLAMINO-N-(3-TRIETHOXYSILYLPROPYL)viscous liquid . 429. Arkles.5665 TRIETHOXYSILANE. 1994 [71783-41-0] HMIS: 2-1-0-X 25g/$54.495. P. B.00 SIT8186. Non-Linear Optics. 1.5g/$84.418. 232(max).Gelest.777. 7.00 SIT8188.8 BIS(4-TRIETHOXYSILYLPROPOXY-3-METHOXY. absorbs from 210-420nm UV blocking agent1.6-HEPTADIENE-3. 350(max).00 1. 1. 1784.00 (215) 547-1015 FAX: (215) 547-2484 www.soluble in toluene THF NAPTHALENE-1-SULFONAMIDE N(CH 3)2 CH3 N N N O CH2CH2CH2Si(OCH 2CH3)3 C21H34N2O5SSi density: 1. 1855. Inc. B.2 7-TRIETHOXYSILYLPROPOXY-5-HYDROXYFLAVONE. US Pat. 1990 [129119-78-4] HMIS: 2-2-1-X 10g/$120.00 100g/$195. 1985 [79876-59-8] TSCA HMIS: 2-1-1-X 25g/$60. 319.00 5. 25°: 125-150 cSt.4-DINITROPHENYLAMINO)PROPYL387.5-DIONE tech-90 C39H60O12Si2 UV: 220.. 4.5(max) C20H29NO7Si soluble: THF immobilizeable fluorescent compound1. 4. 336 strong UV blocking agent for optically clear coatings.0g/$48.12 UV: 222(max).0 2-HYDROXY-4-(3-METHYLDIETHOXYSILYL388. 256.46 (27-30°)mp 1.0g/$192.200.00 454.54 PROPOXY)DIPHENYLKETONE. Mat. 95% viscosity.12 UV: 230.00 SIM6502.00 SIH6198.00 NH(CH 2)3Si(OC2H5)3 O2N NO 2 SID4352. US Pat. 37. 25°: 100-125 cSt. Mater. 248. 1992 2.0g/$148.1 1.

571.Gelest.0525 O CH3 (C2H5O)3Si CH2 OCNHCH 2CH2 O 406.5 (R)-N-1-PHENYLETHYL-N’-TRIETHOXYSILYL368. optically active silane [200946-85-6] HMIS: 2-1-1-X 5.0g/$188. 274.6 (-)-MENTHYLDIMETHYLMETHOXYSILANE C13H28OSi reagent for chiral separations HMIS: 3-2-1-X 5. US Pat. Inc.0g/$120. name MW bp/mm (mp) nD20 (C2H5O)3SiCH2 O O2N C N CH2 CH2 H SIT8191.0 (S)-N-TRIETHOXYSILYLPROPYL-O-MENTHOCARBAMATE C20H41NO5Si optically active [68479-61-8] TSCA HMIS: 2-1-1-X SIT8192. treated surfaces resolve enantiomers [68959-21-7] TSCA HMIS: 2-1-0-X 25g/$76. Inc. 324. treated surfaces resolve enantiomers [68959-21-7] TSCA HMIS: 2-1-0-X 25g/$76.761 [60871-86-5] TSCA HMIS: 2-1-1-X 25g/$60.0 3-(TRIETHOXYSILYLPROPYL)-p-NITRO370.48 (54-5°)mp BENZAMIDE C16H26N2O6Si UV max: 224.00 SIT8192. Weetall.55 PROPYLUREA flashpoint: > 110°C (>230°F) C18H32N2O4Si optically active silane. 260. 334 fluorescent.00 10-3 M in THF O (C2H5O)3SiCH2CH2CH2HNCO CH3O N N 10-3 M in THF Chiral Silanes name CH3 CH3 Si H3C H3C CH CH3 OCH 3 MW 228.55 PROPYLUREA flashpoint: > 110°C (>230°F) C18H32N2O4Si optically active silane.98525 1.79 (82-4°)mp soluble: warm toluene © 2006 Gelest.4 (R)-N-TRIETHOXYSILYLPROPYL-O-QUININE.. 5. 95% C30H45N3O6Si fluorescent. 95% soluble: warm toluene C30H45N3O6Si UV max: 236(s). 3.0g/$120.4526 O (C2H5O)3SiCH2CH2CH2HNCO CH3O N 571. 292(s) used to prepare diazotizable supports for enzyme immobilization1.79 (82-4°)mp URETHANE.00 SIT8190.45 bp/mm (mp) D420 nD20 SIM6472. optically active silane [200946-85-6] HMIS: 2-1-1-X 1.63 flashpoint: > 110°C (>230°F) 10g/$64.4 (R)-N-TRIETHOXYSILYLPROPYL-O-QUININEURETHANE.00 N PLEASE INQUIRE ABOUT BULK QUANTITIES 52 . H.00 SIP6731.652.00 H C NH C (C2H5O)3Si(CH2)3 NH H3C O SIP6731.6 (S)-N-1-PHENYLETHYL-N’-TRIETHOXYSILYL368.00 0.0525 CH3 C NH C (C2H5O)3Si(CH2)3 NH H 1.

78 © 2006 Gelest.7 3-(N-THYMIDYL)PROPIONOXYPROPYL360. Inc. 46(2).7753 1.446 HYDROOCTYL)SILANE C8H7F13Si provides vapor-phase hydrophobic surfaces on titanium..5g/$180. Soc.44 80°/7 0.40 2.60 195°/15 C18H40Si contains 4-6% C18 isomers (29°)mp forms self-assembled monolayers on titanium1.1. A.956 1. Polymer Preprints.gelest.Gelest.0g/$210. gold.00 H CF3CF2CF2CF2CF2CF2CH2CH2Si H H 1. 12184.0 (TRIDECAFLUORO-1.6 DODECYLSILANE C12H28Si forms SAMS on gold surfaces 872-19-5 HMIS: 2-2-1-X 200.74 TRIMETHOXYSILANE C14H24N2O7Si derivatized surfaces bind adenine modified polymers1.0 DL-α-TOCOPHEROLOXYPROPYLTRIETHOXYSILANE tech-90 C36H64O5Si HMIS: 2-2-1-X 604.0g/$152.0 (N-ACETYLGLYCYL)-3-AMINOPROPYLTRIMETHOXYSILANE C10H21N2O7Si amino-acid tipped silane HMIS: 3-2-1-X MW 309.438025 10g/$78. Fadeau et al. 1.22 75°/251. 121. 1999 [18623-11-5] TSCA HMIS: 2-1-1-X 25g/$46.3184 H H2C CH(CH 2)8CH2Si H H 184.794 100g/$150. flashpoint: >110°C (>230°F) 1. J. 2005 HMIS: 2-2-1-X 1.2.37 bp/mm (mp) D420 nD20 O O CH3CONCH 2CNHCH 2CH2CH2Si(OCH 3)3 5. Am.00 O H N O CH3 O N CH2 CH2 C O CH2CH2CH2Si(OCH 3)3 H SIT7909.2-TETRA378. Their application is limited to deposition on metals (see discussion on p.00 Silyl Hydrides Silyl Hydrides are a distinct class of silanes that behave and react very differently than conventional silane coupling agents.485 10g/$120. Inc. (215) 547-1015 FAX: (215) 547-2484 www.com 53 .00 H CH3(CH2)16CH2 Si H H SIO6635. Viswanathan et al.00 CH3CH2O CH3CH2O SiCH2CH2CH2O CH3CH2O H3C CH3 CH3 O CH3 (CH2CH2CH2CH)3CH3 CH3 SIT8012.00 0. They liberate hydrogen on reaction and should be handled a with appropriate caution.0 10-UNDECENYLSILANE C11H24Si HMIS: 2-3-1-X 0.00 SIT8173. 1133. K. silicon [469904-32-3] HMIS: 3-3-1-X 10g/$190. 17).99 0. Biomolecular Probes name SIA0120. H CH3(CH2)10CH2Si H H SID4629.0 n-OCTADECYLSILANE 284. Chem.00 SIU9048.

(4% aqueous slurry): 3.09 (>1600°)mp CYCLIC AZASILANE/HEXAMETHYLDISILAZANE TREATED fumed silica.09 (>1600°)mp 2. Systems that maintain low levels of hydroxyls have improved electrical properties.09 (>1600°)mp 2.00 2kg/$45.0 SILICON DIOXIDE. 150-200m2/g SiO2 ultimate particle size: 0.45 Developmental OH CH3-NH = CH3NHCH2CH2CH2(CH3)2Si © 2006 Gelest.2 1. Introduction of low levels of secondary amines impart improved mechanical properties particularly in high humidity environments. as well as thermal and vacuum drying.00 OH = (CH3)3Si .2 [112945-52-5] TSCA HMIS: 2-0-0-X 60.00 2kg/$128.2 1. HMDZ TREATED surface area. 150-200m2/g ultimate particle size: 0.02μ carbon content: 2-3% calculated ratio: (CH3)3Si/HO-Si: 1/1 500g/$40.02μ 500g/$40.45 2kg/$128. amorphous 60. highly flammable and corrosive treatments. MW bp/mm (mp) D420 nD20 OH OH OH OH SIS6960. Organosilane-Modified Silica Nanoparticles A range of silica structures from 20nm to 1 micron have been modified with silanes to reduce hydroxyl content allowing improved dispersion. Inc.0 SILICON DIOXIDE.= trimethylsilyl group OH OH OH OH OH SIS6962.2 1.2 1.00 OH OH OH OH OH SIS6962. HMDZ TREATED SiO2 carbon content: 3% approximate ratio: (CH3)3Si/HO-Si: 2/1 [68909-20-6] TSCA HMIS: 2-0-0-X 60. amorphous fumed silica SiO2 surface area. Inc.00 [68909-20-6] TSCA HMIS: 2-0-0-X NH-CH3 2.oral rat.5 500g/$15.1N30 SILICON DIOXIDE. 200m2/g isoelectric point: 2.Gelest. LD50: 8160mg/kg ultimate particle size: 0. amorphous HEXAMETHYLDISILAZANE TREATED fumed silica.09 (>1600°)mp HEXAMETHYLDISILAZANE TREATED fumed silica.02μ γc: 44 pH. amorphous 60.02μ carbon content: 4-7% calculated ratio: CH3NHCH2CH2CH2Si/(CH3)3Si:HO-Si:1/2/1 500g/$84. 150-200m2/g SiO2 ultimate particle size: 0.1M30 SILICON DIOXIDE.= trimethylsilyl group SIS6962.46 TOXICITY. providing controlled name OH OH OH interactions with resins. N-Methylaminopropylfunctional surface area.00 NH-CH3 OH 2. We can handle a wide range of materials with special process considerations including: inert atmospheres.45 Commercial surface area. Gelest provides custom surface treatment services. PLEASE INQUIRE ABOUT BULK QUANTITIES 54 . Other versions have monolayers with isolated secondary amine functionality.00 [68909-20-6] TSCA HMIS: 2-0-0-X = (CH3)3Si .5-4.

HYDROLYTIC SENSITIVITY: 7 Si-OR reacts slowly with water/moisture 25g/$82. E. Alkyl-silanes and Aryl-silanes including Fluorinated Alkyl-silanes are important in control of hydrophobicity and surface properties.General References and Proceedings 8.com 55 . 1977 2. Pantelides. Leyden and W. 2466. Lett. 105.General References and Proceedings 1. Hydrophilicity and Silane Surface Modification” includes these materials. 3.. W.46 126-30°/0. R.” VSP. These materials can be found in the Gelest catalog entitled “Silanes. 766-778. “Silanes and Other Coupling Agents. 1992 4. hydrophilic and water-dispersible silanes. “Fundamental & Applied Aspects of Chemically Modified Surfaces. 7. S. K. Chlorosilane. “Chemically Modified Surfaces. J. Plueddemann. Inc. CHEMTECH.” The use of these materials is limited commercially due to the difficulty in handling the corrosive. G. References 2.” Royal Society of Chemistry. Mottola. “Silylated Surfaces. Dressick et al. Blitz and C.00 100g/$266. Thin Solid Films. “SiO2 and Its Interfaces.” MRS Proc.” Wiley.5083 TRIMETHOXYSILANE. Product Information Product Code Product Name Molecular Weight Boiling Point/mm (Melting Point) Refractive Index Specific Gravity H2NCH 2CH2NHCH 2 CH2 CH2 (CH3O)3Si SIA0588. Arkles. do not have organic functionality and are not discussed with coupling agents. 90% mixed m. Collins. B. 2000.gelest. 1980. Surfaces and Interfaces. 1992. Little.” Further Reading Silane Coupling Agents . Iler. 1979.” Gordon & Breach.2 1. Appl. Inc.Gelest.00 [74113-77-2] TSCA HMIS: 3-1-1-X CAS# Hazardous Rating Information (Health-Flammability-Reactivity) © 2006 Gelest. Steinmetz and H. D. E. 6.p isomers flashpoint: > 110°C (>230°F) Other Physical Properties C14H26N2O3Si coupling agent for polyimides photochemically sensitive (194nm)1 self-assembled monolayers2.” Elsevier. 7. silazane and dialkylaminosilane coupling agents are not discussed in this brochure. “The Chemistry of Silica. D. S = Significant New Use Restriction) (215) 547-1015 FAX: (215) 547-2484 www. J. 1. Substrate Chemistry . 5.0 (AMINOETHYLAMINOMETHYL)PHENETHYL-298. 1988. Indicates Product listed in TSCA Inventory (L = Low Volume Exemption. flammable or toxic byproducts associated with hydrolysis. although important in surface modification. “Silanes. 568. The Gelest brochure entitled “Hydrophobicity. 1982.02 1. 76. 9. Mittal. Leyden.” Gordon & Breach 1985. 1999. Surface Modification with Silanes: What’s not covered in “Silane Coupling Agents”? Polar. Tailoring Surfaces with Silanes.” Plenum. 1996. Silicones and Metal-Organics. These materials are discussed in the Gelest brochure “Alkyl-silanes and Aryl-silanes. C Harnett et al. 284. Phys. Lucovsky. “Silane Coupling Agents.


Forging New Polymer Links The 48 page brochure describes reactive silicones that can be formulated into coatings. Amine. The emphasis is on distinguishing the features and benefits of the entire range of commercial alkyl-silanes and aryl-silanes. Metal-Organics for Material & Polymer Technology A reference manual for optical and electronic and nanotechnology applications. electroceramic. specialty resins and modified ceramics is given in an 8 page brochure. Copyright 2006. hydroxy and mercapto silicones are provided for hybrid organic-silicone cure systems. The 560 page Gelest catalog of silicon and metal-organic chemistry includes scholarly reviews as well as detailed application information. gallium. Gelest Product Lines Silicon Compounds: Silanes & Silicones Detailed chemical properties and reference articles for over 2000 compounds. rheological. aluminum. CVD. Inc. Inc. electronic and ceramic applications. © 2006 Gelest. silanol and alkoxy functional silicones are provided for conventional silicone cure systems. The literature provides information on metallization. methacrylate. Deposition techniques include ALD. germanium. Inert Media Design and Engineering properties for conventional silicone fluids as well as thermal. structures.65 to 2. The detailed text provides starting-point formulations. Alkyl-Silanes and Aryl-Silanes A description of non-functional silanes that are used to prepare hydrophobic and water repellent surfaces. spin coating and self . epoxy. Silicone fluids are available in viscosities ranging from 0. Presents chemistry and physics in the context of device applications ranging from ULSI semiconductors to DNA array devices to flat-panel displays. electrical.Stable. hydrophilic and low temperature grades are presented in a 24 page selection guide.Gelest. . mechanical and optical properties for silicones. Reactive Silicones . hydride. Vinyl. and dielectric applications of silicon. references and application information. Silicone Fluids .000 cSt. CAS numbers as well as HMIS (Hazardous Material Rating Information) of metal-organic and silicon compounds enable chemists to select materials to meet process and performance criteria. membranes. fluorosilicone. Gelest Inc. Physical properties. copper and other metal chemistries. references. optical. Information on reactions and cures of silicones as well as physical properties shortens product development time for chemists and engineers.assembled monolayers (SAMs).500. The brochure provides data on thermal. cured rubbers and adhesives for mechanical. including fluorinated alkyl-silanes.

gelest.com . 11 East Steel Road Morrisville.OC 2H 5 H SiCH 2C 2 C 2H 5O OC 2H 5 OC 2H 5 OR RO Si OR CH 2 CH 2 CH 2 N R' C O N H U re th a n e Po ly m e r Backbone N H C O N R' CH 2 CH 2 CH 2 RO Si OR OR S il a n e Endcapper OC 2H 5 H5 Si OC 2 NH(CH 2)3Si (OC2H5)3 O2N S il a n e Endcapper H 2C NO 2 ClCH2 CHC OCH 3 H Si OC 3 H 2 OCH 3 OCH 3 CH2CH2Si OCH 3 OCH 3 O H) CH 2CH 2Si(OC 2 5 3 CH 2 O O H N H N + ClH N Si(OCH 3)3 Gelest Inc. PA 19067 Phone (215) 547-1015 Fax: (215) 547-2484 www.

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