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Considerations Magazine Vol 09-1

Considerations Magazine Vol 09-1

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Published by Angela Gibson
Considerations is an independent magazine written for all who are sensitive to the seasonal rhythms of the Earth and the apparent movement of the planets about her. It provides a forum in which there is an opportunity for new and old ideas to be presented, questioned and refined. The magazine was distributed three to four times each year. Commercial advertising is not accepted. Famous Astrologers have written for Considerations, incuding John Frawley, Ken Gillman, Bob Majrasnky, Prier Wintle, Ken Negus, Gerg Bogard, Barbara Koval, Robert Zoller, Bill Meridian, Sandy Saunders and many many others.There is a strong focus on traditional astrology but it is open to all forms of astrology. Made available for free online reading at http://www.freeconsiderations.com by the editor Ken Gillman (author of "One After Another"). The magazine is now defuct and thus relegated to legendary status.
Considerations is an independent magazine written for all who are sensitive to the seasonal rhythms of the Earth and the apparent movement of the planets about her. It provides a forum in which there is an opportunity for new and old ideas to be presented, questioned and refined. The magazine was distributed three to four times each year. Commercial advertising is not accepted. Famous Astrologers have written for Considerations, incuding John Frawley, Ken Gillman, Bob Majrasnky, Prier Wintle, Ken Negus, Gerg Bogard, Barbara Koval, Robert Zoller, Bill Meridian, Sandy Saunders and many many others.There is a strong focus on traditional astrology but it is open to all forms of astrology. Made available for free online reading at http://www.freeconsiderations.com by the editor Ken Gillman (author of "One After Another"). The magazine is now defuct and thus relegated to legendary status.

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(ISSN: 1066-4920) is an independent magazine written for all who are sensitive to the seasonal rhythms of the

Earth and the apparent movement of the planets about her. It provides a forum in which there is an opportunity for new and old ideas to be presented, questioned and refined. The magazine is distributed four times each year. Commercial advertising is not accepted. Annual subscription: Outside the U.S.: $30.00 $35.00


All monies in U.S. funds only. Subscribers outside the U.S.A. should pay by bankdralt in U.S. dollars drawn on a U.S. bank or by international postal money order.

Any article published in Considerations solely reflects the views of the author; these are not necessarily those of the publisher. Articles dealing with all aspects of astrology will be gladly considered for publication. All correspondence, inquiries, subscriptions, and articles for publication should be sent to: CONSIDERATIONS Post Office Box 491, Mount Kisco, New York 10549 Editor: Art: Circulation:

Ken Gillman Hal Barnell Wmdy Robinson

Editorial offices: Goldens Bridge, New York. All rights reserved. Reproduction in any form is prohibited except with prior written permission of the Publisher. (C) 1994 COPYRIGHT: CONSIDERATIONS, INC.

Printed in the United States

volume IX, number 1. January-March, 1994

The Horoscope & David Icke by Judy Hall karmic astrology in action The 1989 San Francisco Earthquake by Prier Wintle the continued value of old rules Putting it Together by Taking it Apart by Andrew Patterson keys to interpretation Buying & Selling by Dorotheus of Sidon a stock market strategy from the original master Uranus-Neptune by Charles A. Jayne the 1993 conjunctions in perspective Saturn-Pluto Blues by Rosalind Sugerman poem 5.

11 .





Gandhi & the sePtenar~ 37. by Ken Gillma =from age 49 onward Two Cases of Rectification by Jack Nicholls & Ross Harvey different techniques get the same answer, twice Rectification of the United States' Chart by Barbara Koval rectification by the numbers Astrolocality Mapping by M. J. Makransky relocation another way These Considerations Roger Elliot, Manassas, January's stellium, our scoop Who? let's Consider John Willner, Andrew Patterson, Ross Harvey, Cheng-yi Huang Rectification Contests Books Considered




10. 83. 87. 94.



These Considerations
OGER ELUar died in Bristol at 19:28 UT on 29th September 1993 during a heartbypass operation. He was one of the best astrologers around, a selfless contributor to the cause of astrology, an ever popular speaker, a talented writer; a jolly, roly-poly colleague who only asked "the rest of the world to wake up -- and start dreaming." He was much too young. Data: 02:15 UT, 25th June 1937 at Torquay, England: 50N28 3W32 (source: from him). Progressed Ascendant opposite Roger's natal Jupiter indicated his final environment. It also points to the September/October issue of The Astrological Journal that reached here after he was gone. He was guest editor. Besides his regular feature Notes (consistently my first read), his final gift to us included a brilliant analysis of the responses to his questionnaire on "Astrology & God." ASC-180-JP also indicated the published kudos from Nicholas Campion in the Autumn issue of Astrology Quarterly, written before September. Campion reminded us that in Roger's 1977 book, Astrology and the Royal Family, he clearly predicted marital troubles for Prince Charles in 1992 (15 years before the event, at a time Diana was unknown) and major problems for the Queen the same year. Campion reprinted the prediction, including Roger's stated reasoning, and concluded by saying "Well done Roger. This is sound and simple astrology of the finest kind. " In his 6/93 solar return the Moon


was with the close Mars-Saturn opposition, squaring his Ascendant. His September lunar and tertiary were also badly afflicted. Goodbye Roger. We'll miss you. Well done, pal. ANASSAS, a small dormitory town about 30 miles southwest of Washington D. c., was the site of two bloody battles in the Civil War. This past week events there made national news again, twice. Monday 8th November 1993 was the start of the three-day trial of John Bobbitt in the Manassas courthouse. He was accused of forcing his wife to have "non-consential sex." What made this newsworthy was that wife Lorena had retaliated by cutting off John's penis with a carving knife while he was sleeping. She then threw it out from her car window as she drove away in panic. It was later found, sewn back on, and John was acquitted by the jury. Lorena is yet to stand trial for her action. The second Manassas event came on Thursday the 11th when the Walt Disney Company announced their plans for a new theme park across the road from the Manassas National Battlefield Park that would "relive the grand sweep of American history. Only better, of course. " There's a certain congruity about Mickey Mouse appearing after an emasculation (three blind mice ... she cut off their tails with a carving knife), but that's not why I mention these recent happenings in the place





where Stonewall Jackson twice routed Federal forces. Instead, I've been comparing the charts for the two Battles of Bull Run (in the South, the First and Second Manassas) with current planetary positions. Some interesting connections: The first battle was fought on 21st July 1861. There was a lunar eclipse that day, at 29 ° Capricorn; Mars at 11 ° Leo was square Pluto at 10° Taurus; Saturn (7° Virgo) was square Uranus (15° Gemini) and trine Pluto; and Jupiter at 29 ° Leo aspected the eclipse. Almost 5,000 men were killed or wounded. A year later, on the 29th and 30th August 1862, Manassas saw another 37-thousand casualties. Mars was stationary at 19° Aries; Saturn at 23° Virgo was still square Uranus (20° Gemini); Jupiter (1 ° Libra) opposed Neptune (3 ° Aries); and Pluto (11 ° Taurus) was square Venus (11 ° Leo). Saturn-square-Uranus was the constant between the two battles. The eclipse at 29° Cancer/Capricorn triggered it by its 45 ° / 135 ° aspect to Uranus for the first battle; stationary Mars did so by its sextile to Uranus for the second. I couldn't find a constant astrological theme connecting each of the three Manassas' events, the two battles and recent events, but there are clear connections between November 1993 and each of the battles, separately. These involve only the major aspects cited above. The Saturn-Uranus midpoint for the second battle was 6°53' Leo. When news of the Bobbitt case went national the same midpoint, SA/UR, was 6°21' Aquarius! We also have the present Uranus-Neptune conjunction at 19° Capricorn exactly square the 1862 Mars station. Is the current Venus-Jupiter conjunction (= a Disney extravaganza)

at 29 ° Libra square the First Manassas' eclipse meaningful? It occurs as the present Saturn-Pluto midpoint at 9° Capricorn opposes the same planets' midpoint, 9 ° Cancer, at First Manassas. Michael Harding in Hymns to the Ancient Gods (reviewed in this issue) suggests there is a Primal Zodiac which becomes imprinted with a record of everything that takes place; a cosmic repository for an infinity of charts. He may have something: SA/PL has been at 9° CN/CP just ten times since the battles, SA/UR at 6 ° LE/ AQ only six times (assuming I've read the ephemeris right), but only now do the two coincide. SA/UR is particularly meaningful, not only for its rarity but SA-90-UR was the constant between the two battles. These planetary positions seem indelible. HERE'S a tight stellium of planets over there in late Capricorn and early Aquarius. A big, wide conjunction. Between 01 :26 UT on 27th December 1993 and 20:18 on 31st January 1994 at least five bodies lie within a 20° arc. On some of these 36 days, as the Moon or Mercury join the Sun, Venus, Mars, Uranus and Neptune, there will be a 6-body grouping. The Uranus-Neptune conjunctions of 1993 are past, yet whatever UR-O-NP meant on the world scene and in personal horoscopes may be underscored now. Over the past 250 years there have been ten other long-lasting stelliums: February 1990 had Venus, Mars, and Saturn with Uranus and Neptune in Capricorn for the month, Mercury joined them for ten days. The civil war in Yugoslavia began; Gorbachev was urging radical change in the USSR; South Africa's government finally released Nelson Mandela; and



These Considerations

Ortega lost to Chamorro in Nicaragua In July-August 1955 there was a 39-day period when eight of the bodies (only Saturn and Neptune were left out) formed varying conjunctions of five or six at a time. Disneyland opened; flooding in the North East left 179 dead; atomically-generated power was first used in the U.S; riots in Morocco; and Pakistan's devaluation. May 1941: a 6-planet concentration in Taurus, including Jupiter, Saturn and Uranus. These were the darkest moments of the Battle of Britain; the House of Commons was destroyed in London's heaviest air raid; Greece and Yugoslavia fell; FDR declared a state of unlimited national emergency in the U.S.; and Rudolf Hess flew to Scotland. October-November 1910 had a 28-day 6-planet (Sun -+ Jupiter) concentration. There was revolution in Portugal; forest fires in Minnesota; financial reforms in Greece; a railway strike in France; a miners strike in Wales; and Tolstoy died. April-May 1852 had Sun, Mercury, Saturn, Uranus and Pluto close together in Aries for 37 days. War began in Burma. May-June 1851, a year earlier, much the same bodies (Venus replacing Mercury) were in Aries, within a 20° arc for 31 days. The first train travelled the Erie railroad; Prohibition was passed in Maine; the Sioux gave up their land in Iowa and in most of Minnesota; Moby Dick and Uncle Tom IS Cabin first appeared; in Prussia there was press censorship; and gold was discovered in Australia. April-May 1821, 35 days. The Sun, Mercury, Venus, Mars, Jupiter, Saturn and Pluto in Pisces. Andrew Jackson became the first governor of Florida; Britain began paying her debts in cash after 24-year lapse; the

Portugese government vacated Brazil; a reign of terror in Greece and Thrkey; & Napoleon Bonaparte died. September-October 1779, for 28 days Neptune and Jupiter were joined by the Sun, Mercury and Venus in late Virgo. American and French forces were defeated at Savannah, but John Paul Jones had a great victory. May-April 1762, 33 days. Uranus, Saturn and Jupiter in Pisces, joined by the Sun, Mercury and Venus. The English captured Cuba and Manilla from the Spain. And you thought it safe for the kids to go out after dark. UR scoop. Did the two-page lead story in the Science section of the dated October 19, 1993, seem familiar to you? Old hat even? The Times report was based on ".. .interviews last week, an analysis in the current issue of the journal Science and in reports yesterday at the annual meeting of the Division of Planetary Sciences of the American Astronomical Society. " What were they talking about? Their headline read "Comet to Hit Jupiter With Texas-Sized Bang." Yes, you had already read this news in Considerations (VIII:4, page 34). Our camera-ready magazine had gone to the printers in early September (fully seven weeks before the Times stumbled on the same story) and was mailed out at the end of that month. It was in our subscribers hands the first week of October. The lengthy Times article, complete with three photographs of the pearl-strung comet remnants, contained no additional information.

O New York Times,


Considerations lX:l

Karmic Astrology in Action: The Horoscope & David Icke
by JUDY HAIL AVID ICKE, a former soccer player and sports presenter, shot into the limelight in 1991 with a Son of the Godhead pronouncement and extraordinary predictions of earth-shattering events to come. The British press immediately branded him "a looney." Those who believe in him, however, see him as one of the Prophets for the New Age. His 1991 experience was a wonderful example of the over-the-top energies of Jupiter and Neptune transits coupled with the Uranus Return: the mid-life crisis. However, David's chart, viewed from a karmic perspective, is also a useful illustration of karmic astrology at work and in par-


ticular the role of the most recently discovered planet", Chiron, within the horoscope. As a karmic counselor I specialize in interpreting how past lives affect the present and interact with our purpose in being here. To do this I use astrology and Far Memory, a psychic' ability to tune into the past. Early in 1990 I received a letter from David Icke asking me to clarify exactly what kind of life task he had undertaken. Following the initial, taped, reading David and I worked together first of all to explore what that task was and then, following 1991, to try to make sense of all that happened to him. I also worked with him on his autobiography, In the Light of Experience, which gave me a unique insight into the working of karmic astrology over the forty-year span of his life up to the present. Indeed, I learned so much that I wrote an astrobiography' of David to illustrate how, throughout his life, he had been living out the planetary energies and karmic forces. Beneath the media hype and misrepresentation, David has a serious message about the future of humankind. He can be seen as one of "the prophets for the New Age," who always incarnate at the change-over of an astrological age. David Icke's karmic issues can be summed up as follows:


Hall: The Horoscope

& David lcke

David Icke
6:15 p.m. GMT, 29th April 1952 52N451WOO

(Source: from the native)



27 1------+-(



feels extremely vulnerable, and is wary of letting anyone else in close. As the Moon joins disruptive Uranus, the emotional life in the past will have been somewhat chaotic, erratic and unpredictable; with a square aspect to Saturn indicating repression and constriction too. Different types of emotional experience thus need to be balanced. Now, he has to control the emotions more wisely and not be devastated by them nor go to extremes. The close opposition between Chiron and the Moon shows a very old and deep emotional suffering that has to be healed.

What has to be built into this life?
The Sun is in Taurus and the karmic lesson is to learn to live in a physical body and yet to recognize that there is more to life than the body and its five senses. Taurus also has to develop inner security, rather than relying on money, job or status symbols in order to feel "safe." To assist in what David has come to do, Taurus ..has greater endurance than any other sign although its very stubbornness may be an impediment at times.

The face presented to the world
The Ascendant is in Libra, the sign of balance and harmony. However, the scales can swing wildly before a balance is achieved. One of the karmic lessons for placable Libra is to learn that being nice and being seen as being" good," is no substitute for being true to oneself.

Karmic purpose
The Nodes of the Moon (Aquarius/Leo) indicate that his karmic purpose is to move away from the exercise of personal power and into the wise use of collective power. He has to bring together his head and his heart, that is, to connect the intellect and the feelings, and to form a channel between the higher mind and the emotions. As is obvious from his biography", David met considerable karma through his interaction with his parents, with whom he'd had

The infrained emotiona response
The Moon in Cancer indicates a deeply emotional, instinctual response to life. It is a possessive and clinging sign, holding on to the past. The lesson is to let go. This Moon







links in past lives. The fourth/tenth house axis indicates an opportunity to parent the earth (as these houses represent "home") and to help humanity with the realization that the earth (home) needs to be healed. The North Node In Aquarius marches to a different drum, it can see further than other signs, so it is often the rebel or the visionary and it frequently encounters opposition from the established order.

Main issues
Chiron, the core planet in David's chart, is in the third house, indicating a need to heal a longstanding wound in how he communicates, what he communicates, and how he is heard to communicate. In 1991 David came out with some bizarre pronouncements and over-the-top statements, although his books were more reasoned and carefully worded. His words were distorted and misquoted by the press, and he was the subject of vicious attacks by some journalists who seemed to be conducting a personal vendetta against him, and the "new religion" they mistakenly believed he was starting. When he tried to set the record straight, he was once more misquoted, which triggered that karmic wound yet again. The dogmatic Sun opposes fiery Mars in the first house; the planet of will and assertion giving David a strong will. The issue of a powerful will is emphasized by the square of Mars to Pluto -- showing that right use of will and power (including abuse and misuse) is an old, fixed issue that he has been battling with over many incarnations. Trans-

forming Pluto is therefore a fundamental challenge. In addition, there is a karmic contact of Saturn (the lord of karma) to his Sun (his self), symbolizing past lives where he suffered from low esteem and lack of confidence, and also lives where the discipline he experienced was imposed from outside rather than coming from within himself. All of these Saturnine factors have to be grappled with during the present Iifetime, in which David's father has played a major controlling role. On the other hand, expansive Jupiter indicates that he could have had out-of-control lives where he indulged in excesses as well. As Jupiter is hardly aspected, it indicates that in the present life he can easily go out of control again. Uranus brings rebellion against the old ways and the possibility of transformation. The Sun-Saturn contact also indicates karma around the image of "father" and, particularly, the child who is loved for what he achieves rather than for who he is. Until his father's death at the start of 1991, David lived to please him; his father was the prime mover behind his soccer career. His father's death released him into his own power. The position of Saturn and Neptune in the karmic xn» house of the chart indicates that he is here to work on more than his own karma, he has to clear some of the collective karma mankind has developed. Both of these planets have the potential to be a "positive scapegoat" working for the evolution of the cosmos. Neptune also indicates that he has taken on a "large chunk" of karma which has to .be cleared this time and


Hall: Vie Horoscope

& David Icke

that be has to face the problem of suffering in a particularly acute way. At the same time, he has to guard against illusion and delusion. This lesson occurs most strongly as he matures and begins his spiritual mission under a Neptune transit to his Grand Cross. Saturn indicates a great deal of wisdom which will emerge in the second half of his life. The most important karmic pattern in the chart is the Grand Cross. This is his karmic burden and his task. It is formed from Chi ron opposing the changeable Moon-Uranus conjunction, and Saturn and Neptune opposing a somewhat self-orientated Mercury (the planet representing David's mind). Through this he is trying to bring together the need to heal his emotional wound, with the desire for change and evolution, and the need'to transform old karmic patterns, including ancestral karma, enlightenment, scapegoating and communication. It includes a strong desire not to be incarnation at all! This Grand Cross also has tremendous potential for understanding, and channeling, energy frequencies.

Chiron: the karmic wound
Without Chiron David's chart makes little sense. Chiron, the shamanistic wounded healer, anchors David into' the world and, I feel, explains why he is here. David's life is a marvelous example of the transformative Chiton-cycle and bow its transits trigger the karmic wound we all carry, offering opportunities for healing. In the chart Chiron indicates a need for fusion between the "lower" energies and the "higher" energies; between the "animal" and the "spiritual" nature of man. This planet has an intimate connection with suffering.

Suffering is the pain we, and all humankind, feel as a result of unresolved fear, guilt and ignorance. This suffering, in turn, forms part of the karmic wound of humankind. Chiron indicates that, when we have healed our own wounds, we have the potential to heal those of others. Chiron also indicates that we have to embrace our own wounding and where we have to give up suffering and where the veil between our own individual consciousness and that of the collective consciousness of mankind is permeable. Among their other functions, the planets symbolize archetypal energies and these energies pour through planets which contact Chiron. Archetypes are "blueprints" for universal truths which always exist and express themselves in a particular way through all cultures and ages. The Greek gods, for instance, are archetypes, as are the planets named after them. Chiron symbolizes the quest to bring knowledge to others. David Icke therefore has to communicate the emotional wound symbolized by his Chiron-Moon contact, but he also has to communicate the wounding which we all share -- the collective emotional wound of humankind -and show how this is reflected through the earth of which we are al1 a part (Chiron being situated in Capricorn, an earth element). That David is doing this so publicly, from the karmic perspective, is illustrated by his Grand Cross. Being in headstrong cardinal signs, this has tremendous potential to initiate action. It also ensures that, because so many planets are tied in, whenever a transit kicks off one of the planets the energy wiII quickly spread through them all. The effect of this can be seen time and time again throughout David's life. We can also look at Chiron in




terms of where a sacrifice has to be made. This may well still entail being a scapegoat, as in David Icke' s case, but it is a choice to use sacrifice in a constructive manner with a positive outcome in mind. David believes that he sacrificed his credibility and reputation in order that his message of ecological and human disaster could reach a wider audience. Transiting Chirorr's influence is particularly strong at the square and opposition to its natal place, and the first square in particular triggers the karmic wound. Due to the vagaries of its orbit, the first Chiron square can occur at various ages. For David Icke this was concurrent with his first Nodal Return at 18th and throughout the following two years. It coincided with David developing arthritis, a karmic dis-ease indicating old emotional issues that had not been resolved. His soccer career, the doctors said, was over. However, David's tremendous determination (that Taurean Sun opposition to Mars) led to the situation where he was still playing soccer two years later. Ultimately, however, he woke up to find himself completely unable to move: transiting Saturn was squaring his natal Chiron. David's soccer career was finally over. David became a journalist on a local paper, and quickly moved into television to present sports programs. He developed an interest in Green politics and became a spokesman for the ecological Green Party (on the Chiron opposition). The opposition is the time when we can get a more

objective handle on where we are wounded and how it can be healed. David saw the present economic system as deeply wounding for all of humankind and wrote a book called It Doesn't Have To Be Like This. He was sacked by the BBC and, although no reason was given, David believes it was because of his involvement in Green politics and the Poll Tax protest. This move coincided with him being told by medium-&-healer Betty Shine that he had a karmic task to carry out for the good of mankind. David began to channel energies to heal the earth, in accordance with the potential in his Grand Cross, and received a series of channeled teachings throughout 1990, which became The Truth Vibrations. However, the launch of this book in 1991 coincided with David undergoing successive transits of Jupiter and Neptune that triggered his Grand Cross. He rapidly lost touch with lithe brakes," as he calls it, and he has graphically described the Neptunian "fog" that descended on him. He called a press conference to announce his new ides to the world:

"The 'take-over' of the rational me was at its peak and it needed to be, I can tell you, to stand up in a room of tabloid journalists and announce not only that you were a Son of the Godhead, whatever that
meant, but also a long list of fan-

tastic geological events ... Standing there was a weird, unreal experience. "


Hall: The Horoscope

& David Icke

It wasn't until October that year that the Neptune transit passed and the rational David Icke returned. "Almost as though someone had flicked a switch." In December transiting Uranus contacted his natal Chiron, offering its gift of transformation and healing. He went back onto the media to try to explain what had happened. With their usual flair, the media then said that he had confessed to madness and recanted all that he had previously said (echoes of Neptune) but this was not true. As David says, "It was time to use the interest generated by the 'Son of God' period to get over what I am really saying. If I had simply written a book, interest would have long disappeared." As it was, the subjects of karma and the state of the earth were given peak time on both radio and television, an appropriate use of Neptune's energy!

1. As we reported in Considerations Volume
VI #1, page 62, Chiron is now known to be a comet and not a planet. Our source for this statement is an article in the scientific journal Nature dated 8th November 1990. The comet, which has a halo of dust and ice, will make its closest approach to the Sun in 1996. That Chiron is not a planet does not neeessarily invalidate the meanings attached
to it either in the present article or else-


.. .. The Editor

2. Vie Astrology of a Prophet: the horoscope and David Icke is soon to be published. 3. In the Light of Experience by David Icke. Published by Warner Paperbacks, April 1993.


Dorotheus of Sidon lived before BaIbillus (the astrologer of the Roman Emperor Nero), 65 A.D. His 5-volume book from which our quote comes is a treasure chest of astrological lore. His fifth book, On Interrogations, is one of the original sources for today's Horary astrology. Dorotheus' writings were much quoted by later Roman and Arab astrologers. Judy HaU specializes in exploring the links between astrology, psychology and karma. Her last book, The Karmic Journey: The Birthchart, Karma & Reincarnation, was published by Arkana. Judy lives in southwest England. Ross Harvey is an artist living in Thrramurra, Australia. Ross, the discover of the Life Span

Revolution, taught painting, drawing and art history for fifteen years, but since 1988 has devoted himself fully to his own painting and to astrology. Kennet Gillman is the editor of Considerations. Charles Jayne, truly one of the world's great astrologers, is no longer with us. He was a great stimulus and a friend to Considerations in its early days, the only person to whom we showed a draft of the initial issue. Several of his articles appeared in our early issues. Who? is continued on Page 64





The 1989 San Francisco Earthquake

HE EARLIEST predictive rules relating to earthquakes that I have encountered were in a small book, Astrology, written about 1890 by the English astrologer A. J. Pearce. Since then I have discovered that the same rules were generally accepted by a number of astrologers all living at about that time, just before the sudden explosion of general interest in astrology initiated by Alan Leo. They included such names as Zadkiel (Commander Morrison), the Manchester astrologer William Scott, and George White. It is instructive to apply their rules to the 1989 San Francisco earthquake, even if only for comparison 'with more modern rules and theories developed over the past ten or fifteen years. As is often the case, I find myself astonished at the effectiveness and accuracy of an old rule. Briefly, they stated that earthquakes follow on from eclipses. Solar eclipses are the most significant, but the Lunar eclipses associated with them are confirmatory. Lunar eclipses occur fairly frequently, an average year may produce anything from three to five. They are of varying degrees of exactness; a partial one (usually hardly noticeable) may last from two to three hours, an exact eclipse for eight or nine hours, its total obscuration lasting perhaps half an hour. Solar eclipses are rarer, but partial ones usually occur once or twice a year. Total eclipses, which produce darkness on the Earth's surface and allow the SUD'Scorona to be



by PRIER WIN1LE seen, are notable events. Their duration is never longer than four minutes, and may be only a minute or even less, depending on the proximity of the Moon to the earth and the length of the shadow it then casts. Earthquake danger from a Solar eclipse extends for as many months as the eclipse lasts in minutes. A four-minute eclipse is dangerous for four months, a one-minute one for just one month. Within that time something must happen to key it in or precipitate its potential destructive force. If it is not keyed in, nothing -no earthquake, at least -- will occur. The sign in which the eclipse occurs is not necessarily significant. At the time of the eclipse, however, there must be a conjunction or opposition of two or more of the heavy planets, and the effect is much stronger if this conjunction or opposition occurs in or across Taurus and Scorpio. The danger is most acute when the eclipse itself is in Taurus or Scorpio and the Sun and Moon are then closely conjoined with one of the violent planets, Mars or Uranus. [Today we would probably include Pluto.] If these criteria are met then there may be an earthquake at some time during the next one to four months. However, the earthquake will not happen unless it is triggered during that period, either by the relevant planetary opposition or conjunction becoming exact or by a violent or expansive planet (usually Mars but sometimes Jupiter) transiting either one or the other of the planets


Wintle:1989 San Francisco Earthquake

in conjunction or opposition or the place of the eclipse, either in longitude or declination (parallel).

Figure 1:
Solar Eclipse 5:45 a.m. UT, 31st August 1989 San Francisco, 37N45 122W25

HE SOLAR Eclipse of 31st August 1989 occurred at 5:45 a.m. GMT in 7°48' Virgo (see Fig. 1). The Sun and Moon were then 1 ° 1' apart in declination, so it was not a very long lasting or powerful eclipse, but it was preceded by an unusually close Lunar Eclipse at 3:07 a.m. GMT on August 17th (see Fig. 2), at which time the Sun and Moon were 17 only 8' apart in declination. The Sun 19 was then at 24 ° 12' Leo and the Moon 'n' at 24°12' Aquarius. Mars at 8°34' Virgo was less than a degree away from the place of the Sun and Moon in the ensuing Solar Eclipse, identifying it as a dangerous one. Pluto was at 12 °33' Scorpio at the time of the Lunar Eclipse and at '?Jt 12 °48' Scorpio during the Solar Eclipse, but there was no conjunction or opposition to this planet and no other bodies were in either Taurus or Me Scorpio. There was, however, an important conjunction of Saturn and Neptune in Capricorn, 2°8' from being exact at the time of the Lunar Eclipse and 2 ° 19' from exactness during the later Solar Eclipse. Saturn and Neptune were also parallel each other; Saturn at 22S41 and Neptune at 22SQ9 during the Lunar Eclipse, Saturn 22S44 and Neptune 22S11 at the time of the Solar Eclipse. In addition, Saturn was also parallel Uranus (23S42 at both eclipse times). Uranus was also in Capricorn, but 6 ° away from Saturn and 811.2 ° from Neptune. One final indication, which I perIe sonally find of the greatest interest, is the placing of the hypothetical planet Minos. I have followed the progress Figure 2: of this planet since its position was Lunar Eclipse calculated and published by the Ger3:07 a.m. UT, 17th August 1989 man astronomer Professor Kritzinger San Francisco, 37N45 122W25









in 1961, and have repeatedly found it to be significant and illuminating. It is the ruler of the Taurus (along with Venus) and was prominent for the assassinations of both President Kennedy and Martin Luther King, both of whom were shot in the neck. Its mean position for the whole of 1989 (that is, without taking account its direct and retrograde movement) was 7°57' Pisces, only 9' from exactly opposing the position of the Solar Eclipse on 31st August. [For such a distant planet, retrograde and direct movement will never take it more than 11h ° , at most, from its mean position for the year.] Moreover, it is one of the rulers of the Solar Eclipse chart cast for San Francisco, which has 19°27' Taurus rising. Thus this eclipse had a direct connection with Taurus, the most significant Sign of all in connection with earthquakes. HE CHART (see Fig. 3) cast for the earthquake itself at 5:08 p.m. at San Francisco on 17th October, has an Ascendant of 17°44' Aries and Midheaven of 10°07' Capricorn. This is significant in several ways. In the first place, the conjunction of Saturn and Neptune was almost precisely on this Midheaven. Saturn had moved to 8 °23' Capricorn and Neptune to 9°49' Capricorn, only 18' from the MC position. They were still in parallel, with declinations 22S46 and 22S 12, respectively. The declination of a Midheaven of 10°07' Capricorn is 23S03. Uranus at 23S42 was parallel both the MC and Saturn. Secondly, Jupiter, at 5°44' Cancer at the Solar Eclipse, had moved to 10 ° 41' Cancer at the time of the earthquake. He had thus closed a fairly wide opposition to Saturn and Neptune over the six weeks since the Solar Eclipse and passed just beyond them. A. 1. Pearce explicitly men-

Figure 3:


5:08 p.m. PST 17th October 1989 San Francisco, 37N45 122W25


tioned the closing of such an opposition by this expansive planet as a frequent cause of earthquakes. The MCIC axis at the time of the earthquake was almost exactly at the precise midpoint of the current positions of Neptune and Jupiter. And Jupiter, at 22N46, was exactly contra-parallel to Saturn. HILE all of this is obviously appropriate, it is not quite enough for anyone to have been able to forecast that an earthquake would happen in San Francisco at precisely 5:08 pm on 17th October, 1989. 17°44' Aries ascends and 10°37' Capricorn culminates at San Francisco regularly every 23 hours 565 minutes, and the movement of Saturn, Neptune and Jupiter is so slow and gradual, both in longitude and declination, that it really might have happened (so one would think) on almost any day in early October.



Wintle:J989 San Francisco Earthquake

Why didn't it happen on the first of the month, for instance, when Jupiter and Neptune were exactly in opposition? Even the exact contra-parallel of Jupiter and Saturn was in force all the time from the 13th till the 18th October. In theory, moreover, it could have happened at any place at latitude 37N45, though that is perhaps not a very serious objection since one naturally expects major earthquakes to occur more frequently at places where there are major earthquake faults. But even so, why wasn't it somewhere in Japan, Iran or Thrkey? As far as timing gores the position of Mars helps to narrow things down. At the time of the Lunar Eclipse on 17th August, Mars was slightly less than 1° beyond the degree in Virgo at which the 31 st August Solar Eclipse took place. This in itself identifies him as a pointer. At the time of the earthquake he was in 18°35' Libra, slightly less than 1° above the 1T" 44' Libra Descendant. The angles are obviously critical though one still wonders why the earthquake didn't happen the day before, when Mars would have been exactly on the Descendant. What about the Moon? At the time of the quake, she was in 9 °34' Gemini, only 9' from exactly opposing Venus at 9°25' Sagittarius. Obviously, if an eclipse is somehow relevant to an earthquake then the Moon's position must be significant and here she is opposing the traditional ruler of Taurus, the earthquake sign. Moreover, at the same time she is only 4' from an exact sesquiquadrate to the Sun at 24 °38' Libra. And the Moon moves so swiftly that these aspects could not occur on any day but 17th October with this Ascendant and Midheaven. Nor could they occur in Thrkey or Japan, nor even at

places within the United States itself on the same parallel of latitude further than seventy miles eastwards of San Francisco, since these angles do not rise and culminate anywhere else at precisely the same time as they do in San Francisco. In Iran, Turkey or Japan there would be many hours difference and the Lunar aspects would be four or five degrees from exactness. Probably the Moon is the most critical time-determinant of them all, focusing and triggering all other indications much as she does in Horary Astrology. If so, this may explain why the earthquake, bad though it was, was only 6.9 on the Richter seal e instead of 8.9 as it was at the time of the previous devastating quake of 1906. All the other indications, the things which made the earthquake possible (for Moon opposite Venus and sesquiquadrate Sun, by itself, could never produce an earthquake), were merely close but not quite exact. Take Mars for instance. In addition to his position just above the Descendant he had moved from declination SN48 at the Solar Eclipse to 6S40 at the time of the earthquake. On 14th October he was exactly 5S48, exactly opposing his eclipse declination. Had the Moon formed her aspects on that day a much more violent earthquake might have occurred. And yet who is to say? The declination of the Descendant, in 17 44' Libra, is 6S58! So perhaps Mars triggered the whole show with his Parallel anyway. Whatever the truth mayor may not be about that, there is no doubt the old rules come pretty close. Eclipses are worth watching if you want to know where not to be at the time of an Earthquake.






Considerations lX:l

Putting it Together by Taking it Apart


To both teacher and student, astrology appears to present a unique problem. It is difficult to teach and difficult to learn, and the root of the difficulty lies in the nature of the collection of knowledge that we call astrology. For one thing, it is amorphous or, in that word so beloved of astrology writers, undifferentiated. In any given textbook on the subject there may indeed be Chapters separately labeled Planets, Houses, Signs and Aspects, but very often material drawn from these Chapters all sounds the same. It is also inconsistent. Different authors speaking about the same topic often say things that seem totally unrelated, sometimes merely because one statement is very general and another a very particular manifestation of the general principle. It is frequently vague, so that we cannot tell what the author is actually trying to say. There is also a mounting body of hard evidence to show that much of what traditional astrology says is not even true, or perhaps that none of the usual tests of truth and validity seem to apply to astrology': 2. In sum, we cannot distinguish clearly between the various parts of astrology, do not know what it is we are saying, are not sure of whether it is true or not, and have no reliable tests of truth anyway. To those who dis-


he Concept of Ingredients

agree with all this, please substitute "I" for "we". The purpose of this essay is to tackle one of these difficulties, namely, the problem of amorphousness, which experience shows is a major obstacle to students of astrology. What we will do is confront the swirling, shifting mass of statements that have clustered themselves about each major area of astrology, cull out those statements we feel are doubtful or just plain wrong, erect a lot of corrals into which to herd all those that seem to be similar and to belong together, and nail some labels on the fence posts so that we can tell what kinds of beasts they are. To those labels, we will give the name Ingredients, and will show that when we understand what the Ingredients of a Planet or a Sign are, not only will we be able to remember what their associations are, but will be able to make sense much more sense of astrology. To the student, they are immensely helpful; to us they offer an improved understanding of the subject and reveal an internal consistency which confirms our conviction that astrology is fundamentally true. To illustrate the idea, let's take a simple example based on the Qualities. When a Planet falls into a Cardinal Sign, we express it by inducing or initiating change, being restless, eager to get things done, and taking


Patterson: PUlling it Together by Taking it Apart

direct, decisive action on the present situation. In one of the Fixed Signs, we express a Planet by resisting or opposing change, showing reliability and steadfastness, and working towards a future situation. And in one of the Mutable Signs, we express a Planet adaptably, adjusting to change, with flexibility and versatility, reacting to a shifting situation. As the italicized phrases show, each of these descriptions contains:

a reference to change;

b. a reference to a mode of behavior; c. a reference to time. The student not only finds it easy to remember these, but also the details of what the references are. To make remembering even easier, we can abbreviate these phrases to the single words: Change Behavior Time and these are the Ingredients of the Qualities. The Ingredients are mnemonics, of course, and to astrology this is not a new idea. In the Fifties, certain English astrology writers coined what they called Key Words, which can be found for example in Jeff Mayo's Teach Yourself Astrology". To the modern astrological ear, these Key Words sound a little strange, mainly because they refer to a brand of astrology we have left behind. Using them to construct delineations in the way the proponents of Key Words suggest results in statements that are stilted and clumsy, to say the least. Here is an example. Associating the process self-integration with the Sun,

the adverbs adaptably and variably with Gemini, and possessions and personal security with the nnd House, Jeff Mayo arrives at the following synthesis for Sun in the nnd in Gemini: the principle of self-integration will function adaptably and variably, focussing on possessions and personal security. Admittedly, he then fleshed this out to a rather longer suggested interpretation, but it does not get much better. Alan Oken , too, in his Horoscope, Road and Its Travelers", uses some catchy phrases to help his readers understand the nature of the Aspects. Mercury conjunct Mars, for example, is "Communication" uniting with "Personal Drive", and he sums it up as the "Quick Tongue". Very neat, but what we have to remember about all these mnemonics, including Ingredients, is that they are only aids to memory, and are of little help unless you have a sound knowledge of what they are there to remind you of. If Ingredients applied only to the Qualities, they would hardly be worth speaking about, but fortunately, they can be extended to cover the Planets, the Houses, the Signs and the Aspects, as we shall now see.

To show how the Ingredients of the Planets can be identified, let's consider the Moon. After a careful study of the literature, to which we add our own observations and those of our colleagues, we find that the Moon is pretty well summed up by the following ideas: 1. She represents need for safety, comfort and security, in both the physical and emotional senses.




2. She stands for a need for acceptance by others and to feel that we belong somewhere. 3. She is associated with the activities of caring for ourselves and caring for others, and of being cared for by them, that is, mothering and being mothered. Also, the Moon is linked with adapting our behavior and attitudes so as to make ourselves more acceptable to others. 4. She is characterized by giving, caring and sensitivity, and operating on instinct.


Where the Moon lies, we experience feelings such as insecurity, sentimentality and tenderness.

Notice that item #1 is a statement about something that we want or need for ourselves; we may regard it as an internal need. Item #2 is external; it speaks of something we need or seek from the world or from others, or perhaps encounter in it or them. Item #3 contains two statements which refer mainly to behavior that could be observed in us by other people. Item #4 contains characteristics associated with the Moon that may also be observed in us by others. Item #5 describes feelings we may experience. We can therefore propose the following set of Ingredients for Planets: Internal External Behavior Characteristics Feelings. Now it is a very striking thing that if we repeat this process for any of the other Planets, we arrive at a preci-

sely similar set of Ingredients for all of them, that is, each can be associated with an internal need, an external one, and so on. For several reasons we will not present the whole set here, but leave it as a pleasant exercise to formulate the statements that correspond to the Ingredients of each of the Planets. However, here are a few examples. "Internal" for Mars would be something like "Selfassertion. Getting your own way. Exerting your strength". "External" for Uranus might be "Needing an authority against which to rebel. Raising social awareness and proselytizing." "Behavior" for Saturn could be "Organizing. Doing your duty. Accepting responsibility. Managing". "Characteristics" for the Sun may be "Ego, pride, authority, honor, loyalty, dignity". "Feelings" for Neptune are almost certainly "Longings and yearnings. " Notice the repeated use of hedging phrases like "might be" and "could be". The complete set of ten lists from which these phrases are drawn is a personal one and is not meant to be definitive. Each item in the list is personal too and no claim is made that the list is either unique, or complete, or optimal. In fact, others can be found in the literature; Glenn Perry5, for instance, associates each Planet with what he calls a Faculty of Consciousness and a Psychological Process, amongst other things. He associates the Sun with Identity, identifies its Faculty as ego or selfconcept, and its Process as intention or will. Rather than as motivations, he thinks of Planets as Capacities, and connects Needs with Houses rather than Planets. Notice also that many other kinds of statement that could have been made about the


Patterson: Putting it Together by Taking it Apart

Moon have been omitted. Nothing has been said, for instance, about the divine associations, such as "mother" or "common people", or that especially delightful phrase from the 19th Century, "low women" . There is nothing medical (such as edema or dysmenorrhea), or anything connected with appearance (such as rotundity or pale skin and fleshiness), or with talents (such as exceptional memory for family affairs), or with Your Fate in the Stars (having many children, and all of them daughters), and so on. The philosophical principles such as Being or Preservation are also omitted, in other words, we are restricting ourselves to person-centered astrology or the psychological approach.

image, and the like. The IVth is associated with the nurturing parent, the family circle and the cultural heritage. The vn- is one' s relationship with partners, amongst other th ings, and the Xth is the role-model parent, superiors in society, and society as a whole, viewed as an entity containing
a hierarchy of classes. Now what do these statements have in common? They all speak of views we have of ourselves compared with or in relation to other people, either singly or in groups. In a word, they deal with our Identity. Similarly, the Succedent Houses all seem to have something to do with Resources. The lInd is money and material possessions, inter alia, and the vmv other peoples money and material possessions, also inter alia. The Vth and Xlth deal with Resources too, although these are the resources of personal qualities that enable us to get things done through other people. And what about the Cadent rd Houses? The clearly relates to our own personal fund of knowledge and to our teachers, including our brothers and sisters! The IXth is the broad knowledge that is the possession of society, both informal in the sense of customs and mores, and formal in the sense of institutions of higher learning. The XUth is knowledge that is derived, presumabl y, from the personal unconscious and such sources as the morphogenetic field, or the Akashic record. It looks as though the Cadent Houses relate to Information. Robert Hand6 agrees with this classification, incidentally, but uses slightly different terminology: he refers to the Cadent Houses as the Mental Houses". That's one pattern we can find in the Houses. Another pattern is one which lies within each House, rather than within a group of them. Take

As everyone knows, Houses come in groups of three, called Angular, Succedent and Cadent. Traditionally, Planets in Angular Houses were reckoned to be powerful, less so in Succedent Houses, and weak in Cadent Houses. What is never made clear is how the strength of a Planet is to be measured, but in any case the question is an academic one now that the work of the Gauquelins has shown that if anything it is the Cadent Houses that are the most powerful. But there is another set of associations with the Angular, Succedent and Cadent Houses that is more interesting and more useful. It stares us in the face when we write down statements about the Houses that are not the traditional ones, but another set that is more modern and more insightful. Beginning with the Angular Houses, we note that the I't speaks of


our bodies, personality, projected




the example of the associated with:

m=, say.

This is

(a) our own personal fund of knowledge; (b) the knowledge of people who teach us; (c) the knowledge possessed by the rest of the world, of which ours, and that of our teachers, is a small fraction. Notice that in moving from (a) to (c) there are not one but two broadenings in scope. One of them is an expansion from a small and restricted quantity of the commodity concerned, namely knowledge, to a much larger quantity, that is, from the knowledge that we ourselves possess, to that owned by mankind as a whole. Secondly, there is a progression away from the person himself on the one hand to the rest of mankind on the other. The same sort of pattern occurs in the other Houses. Take the IVIh as another example. This relates to (a) the nurturing parent; (b) the family; (c) the cultural heritage or roots. Again there is a progression outwards, away from the native, as well as a broadening in scope. The pattern repeats itself in all the Houses. And that is not the end of it. There is a similar broadening or expansion of scope as we move from the first Angular House to the second Angular House to the third Angular House to the fourth. The

phenomenon also applies to the Suecedent and Cadent Houses. To illustrate, consider the latter. The IIlrd speaks of our own personal knowledge, as we have agreed. The VIIh is a body of knowledge about agreedupon conventions, such as rules and etiquette, which aPflies to groups of people. The IXI deals with the broad knowledge of our entire culture, and the with all that knowledge locked up in the invisible realms. All in all, then, the Houses contain at least three patterns, and once found, they are hugely helpful to the student in remembering what the Houses symbolize. But notice that to discover these patterns, it is vitally important to write down a carefullychosen set of statements about them. The traditional meanings are chaotic, and take us nowhere. Recall, for example, the old associations of the IIIrd House: brothers and sisters, close relatives and neighbors; letters and short journeys.


The Signs
In seeking the Ingredients of the Planets, the method we used was to write down lists of the usual associations and look for the pattern that was revealed. In the case of the Signs, this is not necessary. Every Sign has a Ruler. It has a House association, and it also possesses a Quality. In addition, there is an Element and a Gender. Before we continue, let's briefly remind ourselves of what the latter two bring to the party. Fire has a lot to do with leadership; a Planet in Aries leads personally by rising to new challenges;


Patterson: Putting it Together by Taking il Apart

one in Leo leads by directing the activities of others; one in Sagittarius by leading generalizations of thought. Earth is concerned with management: a Planet in Taurus manages material possessions; one in Virgo manages on the small scale; one in Capricorn on the big scale. Air is involved with relating through communication: a Planet in Gemini relates through the small change of information; one in Libra through negotiation and balance; one in Aquarius through the medium of theoretical social ideas. Water is feeling: a Planet in Cancer feels through caring; one in Scorpio feels passionately; one in Pisces yearns for something long ago and far away. Regarding the Genders, let us simply say that in a Masculine Sign, a Planet is active and objective, whereas in a Feminine Sign it is passive and subjective. This is a very cavalier treatment of the Elements and Genders, but will do for present purposes. It turns out, then, that the Ingredients of the Signs are: Ruler House Element Quality Gender.

House Ivth : Nurturing parent. Home and family. Cultural heritage (roots). Quality Initiates Restless Acts on Cardinal : change and eager. present situation.

Element Water (feeling): Caring. Sentimentality Gender Feminine : Passive Subjective. To invoke a culinary metaphor (very appropriate for Cancer), there is a bit too much here to be mentally digestible, so let's try to simplify the whole thing. We notice that some themes occur more than once, so we should be able to combine them, and expect parenthetically that those themes are likely to be particularly strong. For simplicity too, let's drop the two Needs associated with the Ruler, as we can think of them as lying behind and helping to explain the other things associated with the Moon. What we are left with is: a. Caring for ourselves and for others and being cared for by them, that is, mothering and being mothered. b. Adapting ourselves to the sort of nature we perceive will make us more acceptable to others. c. Issues related to the nurturing parent, family, home and cultural heritage. d. Sentimentality, sensitivity, tenderness, instinct.

Let's take an example, say Cancer. We can set down the following scheme.

Ruler Moon: Need for physical and emotional security. Need for belonging and acceptance. Mothering and being mothered. Adaptation to perceived demands of others. Sensitivity, caring, instinct. Insecurity, sentimentality, tenderness.




e. Being pro-active (in the currentlyfashionable phrase), which paradoxically in the case of Cancer manifests as passive resistance. And this is exactly the way we observe Planets in Cancer to operate. Similarly for all the other Signs.

Shorn of all the detail, when Planets aspect one another, they do so in one of three ways: a. they combine their effects, as in conjunctions; b. they assist one another, as in easy aspects; and c. they hinder one another, as in hard aspects. Therefore, one of the Ingredients of an Aspect has to be one of these three; let's call it the Kind. Next, it is very helpful to a student to bring in the House association of an Aspect. Conjunctions have a pI House connotation, and so would show up as a component of the personality. Sextiles relate to the IWd House, and so have a relationship with information and communication. Squares are IVth House, and the indecisiveness of a square gives the distinct impression that lying behind it is a finger-wagging parent questioning whether we are sure of what we are doing. The trine is Vth House, and has the air of easy creativity which attracts attention to ourselves. And we cannot escape the feeling that the difficulties of all our oppositions, with their House association, are the

fault of someone else. Similar ideas apply to the so-called minor aspects, but are admittedly not quite as convincing. So the second ingredient of an Aspect has to be the House. Then of course there must be the two Planets themselves, bringing the number of Ingredients of an Aspect to four. But here again we are in grave danger of mental indigestion. There are five Ingredients for each of the Planets, making ten statements; there is the House association of the Aspect, and there is something to be said about the Kind of Aspect. Yet again we need to break the whole thing down into digestible parts, and a method that seems to work well has the following basis. Step 1. Consider the Planets not two at a time, but one at a time, that is, interpret the Aspect twice, first by mentally standing on one of the Planets, and studying the effect on it of the other Planet; then, by mentally standing on the second Planet and studying the effect on it of the first. This flies in the face of a good deal of astrological tradition. No leading work on the subject of Aspects treats them other than in terms of Planetary pairs, although ironically it is usually possible to see that the authors are actually considering the Aspects from the standpoints of each of the Plarrets in turn. However, it is very effective indeed in the teaching context, and is highly recommended. Step 2. Condense the statements associated with the Ingredients of the Planet being aspected into something simpler. What appears to work best is to consider only the Internal



Patterson: Puuing it Together by Taking it Apart

Need. The External Need, Behavior, Characteristics and Feelings of the Planet can be understood to go along with this Need. Step 3. Perceive the aspecting Planet as bringing an Influence to bear on the aspected Planet. This Influence is not any of the Ingredients of the aspecting Planet, but a condensation of them into a single new concept. In the case of the Sun it appears to be something like selfpride; in the case of the Moon it is akin to security need. For Saturn, it is perhaps self doubt; for Uranus rebelliousness; for Neptune idealism; for Pluto defensiveness. But many others words and phrases of one's own personal choice are possible, depending on the precise associations one has with them. Step 4. Add a statement about the House connotation, along the lines given above. Step S. Add a further statement related to the Kind of the Aspect. Suggested linking phrases Kinds of Aspect are as follows. a. Conjunctions: contains a component of




b. Easy Aspects: is assisted by __ ";

c. Hard Aspects: "__ is adversely affected by excessive or misplaced
II •

your own way, getting things done. Next, add the Influence of Saturn, which we are proposing could be self-doubt. Then for the square, a hard Aspect, add the phrase adversely affected by excessive or misplaced " and finally recall that a square has a IVth House connotation. We then get a combined statement like lithe need to get things done and assert oneself is adversely affected by excessive or misplaced self-doubt, aggravated by hesitation and uncertainty ". Then, turning the whole process on its head, and standing on Saturn rather than Mars, we get something like the need for management and control is adversely affected by excessive or misplaced selfassertion, aggravated by hesitation and uncertainty Incidentally, it is helpful, particularly with reference to the easy Aspects, to think of the Planets as representing deficiencies in the life. After all, if we are motivated towards achieving success, or being accepted and loved, it could be said that we perceive our-selves as lacking these things. In that case, if a Planet is being aspected by another through a sextile, say, the other Planet would alleviate the deficiency by adding an easy flow of ideas, communication and information. Similarly, a trine would alleviate by adding easy creativity. On the other hand, an opposition would aggravate the situation with difficulties that are perceived as coming from others, as we have already said.
II --II --II •

The road to Ingredients began as a search for a better way of teaching. The task of a teacher, after all, is to promote understanding through the

Obviously, an example is needed; let's take Mars square Saturn, quite arbitrarily. The internal need for Mars is along the lines of striving, exerting your own strength, having



IX: 1

simplicity of structure rather than the chaos of complexity. But as mentioned at the beginning, the search turned up matters of a more fundamental nature, matters that bear on the internal consistency of astrology. The fact that no fewer than three expanding patterns lurk within the tapestry of the Houses is fascinating, and it is probably very significant that those patterns can-not be discovered until one identifies and lists the associations of the Houses in just the right way. The traditional associations of the 19th Century simply do not lead to this discovery, and encourage us to think that. the more modern associations are right, or at least on the right track. Another experience was akin to that of Mendeleev, who, when constructing the Periodic Table, was able to predict from empty spaces not only that undiscovered elements must exist, but also what their likely properties were. Proceeding from the conviction that the same list of Ingredients must apply to all the Planets, one found an empty space in the case of the External Need of Mars. This led to the realization that the existence of other people against whom to pit oneself is

a fundamental need of Mars, and not just something that sportsmen are constantly going on about. It will come as no surprise to hear too that the outer Planets are particularly rich in empty spaces, which are of course opportunities to learn in disguise.

1. Patterson A. "Why is Astrology so Hard
to Learn?" Considerations. 1991. VI(3): 14,

2. Patterson A. "Towards a Better Astrology?" Considerations. VII(1):34, 1992.

3. Mayo J. Astrology.

Teach Yourself Books, London. 1964.


Oken A. The Horoscope, the Road and Its Travelers. Bantam Books, New York. 1974. 5. Perry G. "Sun Square Pluto: Aspect of the False Self'. Vie Astrotherapy Newsletter 4(4):3, 1991. 6. Hand R. Horoscope Symbols. Para Research, Gloucester, Massachusetts, 1984.


It is a trait of the human mind to search for conclusions, to sit in judgment, to try to make a system of ethics out of all that lies about us. We struggle to sum up our knowledge in what we like to call laws--as though these had an inherent power of compulsion in them. But to think like a scientist is to speak like an honest man, is to be ready at all times to scrap the most cherished and appealing theories ..... Of our windows on the universe, science is set with the clearest pane; it is not warped or waved to make the images appear to support any dogma; the glass is not rose-tinted, neither is it leaded with a picture that shuts out the sun, coming between the light of day and you, to enforce the credence of the past upon the young present. From Flowering Eartit (published by Indiana University) by naturalist Donald Cuirass Peattie.




Buying and Selling 1
By Dorotheus oj Sidon

the Moon is in the region of ascent? and increasing in computation", then he who buys at this time will pay dearly and at a price over what is right. If the Moon is in the region of descent and is diminishing in computation, then he who buys at this time will buy cheaply and at a price less than what is right. Look concerning the phases of the Moon. When it emerges from under the Sun's rays till it reaches the left quartile of the Sun", he benefits from this whose intention it is to buy and sell sincerely and faithfully as he buys at this time the commodity for a price that is right and in which there is neither cheapness nor expensiveness. When the Moon goes from the left quartile of the Sun till it reaches its opposition to the Sun", then selling benefits from this. When it moves from opposition till it reaches the right quartile", then buying benefits from this and what is properly sought. When the Moon moves from right quartile of the Sun until it reaches the Sun's position 7) then people whose intentions are proper and just benefit from this.



1. From Dorotheus Sidon ius: Carmen Astrologium, edited by David Pingree. Leipzig: BSB B.G. Teubner Verlagsgesellschall, 2. 1976. Book V Chapter 43, page 322. Dorotheus defined the "region of ascent" as being between Aquarius and Cancer, and "the region of descent" between Leo and Capricorn. This, of course, relates these two regions to when the Sun is increasing or decreasing in declination. However, research by your editor suggests that better results are obtained (at least when buying and selling on the stock market or measuring periods of general optimism or pessimism) when the Moon in the region of ascent is redefined as the Moon being within 90° of her North Node, and the Moon in the region of descent as the period when the Moon is positioned within 90° of her South Node. This relates these regions to the Moon's increase or decrease in her own declina3. tion rather than the Sun's. "In computation" refers to the Moon's daily motion, whether this is increasing or 4. decreasing. The Moon's first quarter, from New

Moon to waxing square. 5. When the Moon is in her second quarter. 6. The third quarter of the Moon, from full to waning square. 7. When the Moon is in the final quarter of its phases in relation to the Sun.






~ were recently reminded that the series of ankles written for Considerations by Charles Jayne in 1984-1985 included this one on Uranus and Neptune. Although the 1993 conjunction of these two outer bodies has been the subject of numerous articles in other astrological journals in recent months, none of the many authors has approached the subject quite in the way Charles did. Not surprising really, Charles Jayne was unique. The present ankle was originally published in two pans in Volume II, issues 1 and 2. It is reproduced here in full.

previous article! I discussed how societies are affected by the traditional Jupiter-Saturn Great Mutation Cycle of 794.37 years, which returns these two bodies back to 57' from where they started. These two huge planets are a natural pair, they govern adjacent signs of the zodiac, lie in neighboring orbits, and have similar large masses. In like manner, the next two major planets beyond them, Uranus and Neptune, are also in neighboring orbits, rule adjacent signs, and have very similar masses. We might, therefore, expect their cyclical interaction to also be of importance. In the Sidereal Zodiac the period of Uranus is 84.0139 years, in the Tropical Zodiac it is 83.7404. Neptune's sidereal period is 164.793 years, its tropical period is 163.744. The expected interval between successive Uranus-Neptune conjunctions, their average synodic period, calculated using the two mean motions, is 171.392 years. In this time the conjunction can be expected to have advanced 16 49' in the Tropical Zodiac. In fact, due to the eccentricity of the Uranus orbit (Neptune's, by contrast, lie that of Venus, is nearly circular) the synodic period has been onl y 17l. 0 years over the past twenty-five centuries, and the tropical interval between successive conjunctions has been about 15 8'.
0 0




Jayne: Uranus-Neptune

Professor Raymond F. Wheeler of Kansas University found a basic rhythm of 170 years in human life, affecting the whole of our planet at the same time, which he concluded was due to major climatic changes. Wheeler's period is almost exactly that of the 171-year Uranus-Neptune synodic period, and his turning points are very close in time to the actual conjunctions of these two planets. Wheeler's cycle has been described as one of social revolution, a description that certainly fits the astrological nature of Uranus-Neptune. The cycle has been connected with hot-cold and wet-dry variations. Wheeler noted that every third and sixth "beat" of the rhythm, 510 and 1,020 years, was especially significant. It is always best if such cycles are discovered by a non-astrologer, with no axe to grind concerning the particular length of any period. The next conjunction of Uranus and Neptune, at 19°17' Capricorn (heliocentric), does not occur until 19932. We are, however, already having a foretaste of it with their current (1984) parallel in declination. The last conjunction, at 3 ° Capricorn, was in 1821. This accent on Capricorn in the 19th and 20th centuries may account for the great advances in material technology that have occurred in this time. If we agree with Wheeler that every third conjunction is especially important, we can then expect (as he does) that this will be true of the upcoming 1993 conjunction. Three conjunctions back from 1993 takes us to the 1478 Uranus-Neptune conjunction. It can truly be considered to have been a landmark conjunction: it occurred just before the discovery of the New World and just after the Fall of Constantinople that ushered in the Renaissance",

HE 18- YEAR Saros cycle is well-known. Less familiar is the Sar of the Chaldeans, which has been described as the real and original Saros cycle. This Sar is 3,600 years long and corresponds very closel y to the 3,599 .63-year long second-order recurrence cycle" of Uranus-Neptune in the Tropical Zodiac. Is it possible that the Chaldean initiate-priests knew something about Uranus and Neptune? After twentyone conjunctions the two planets are just 7 °0' short of their starting position. These 21 synodic cycles particularly interest me as Madame Blavatskys considered a 21-fold division of space to be of importance. In addition, there is the 21 +, the "0" (Fool) of the Tarot and the Kabbala. But before taking up the importance of this cycle of reincarnation, let us consider the relationship of the Jupiter-Saturn cycle to the UranusNeptune cycle. Nine second-order Jupiter-Saturn recurrence cycles (9 x 794.373 years) plus one first-order recurrence cycle (59.5779 years) equals 7,208.93 years, which sum is just a decade longer than two second-order recurrence cycles of Uranus-Neptune (2 x 3,599.23 = 7,198.47). Subtract two of these double Uranus-Neptune periods (2 x 7,198.47 = 14,396) from the date of the last Uranus-Neptune conjunction, 1821 A. D., and we know that these two planets had a conjunction in mid-Capricorn in 12,577 B.C. Similarly, subtract two of the 7,208.93-year Jupiter-Saturn periods (2 x 7,208.93 ::;: 14,217.86) from the date of their Great Mutation conjunction in 1842 A.D., and we discover that Jupiter and Saturn also formed a conjunction in Capricorn in 12,577 B.C.!





Thus we know that the conjunctions of 1821 and 1842 were part of a major rhythmic series involving these four major planets and the sign Cappricorn. It certainly helps to explain the materialism of the nineteenth century. At the Trigonalis, the time when the series of Jupiter-Saturn conjunctions shift into a new element, we are told to expect a new society to be born, one that will persist for 3,178 years. In 1802 the conjunction shifted into Earth (Virgo). They became established in that element with the 1842 conjunction in Capricorn. But no new society was born! Why was Napoleon's Empire unsuccessful? This exception to the rule was due to the unsettling effect of the Uranus-Neptune conjunction simultaneously entering the Earth signs. Go back a Sar, 3,600 years, at which time another Trigonalis coincided with a Uranus-Neptune shift, and we find another period of social instability out of which no long-term societies were established. IVISION of the 7,200-year period of the four planets by twelve gives the 600-year Naros cycle, which the ancients considered to be of great importance. The astronomer Cassini was the first modern to explain that after this six-century interval the Sun, Moon and Mars return to the same positions and relationship". One of the most striking of the Naros dates is 1st April, 25 A.D., on which day the Sun was conjunct Mars in Aries at the time of a Full Moon. On the same day Saturn, also in Aries, opposed Jupiter, with the Moon in Libra. And this compound

Charles A. Jayne
22:39:20 EST, 9th October 1911 Jenkintown, PA: 40N0575W08 (Source: from him)


opposition squared Uranus in Cancer opposing Neptune in Capricorn. This Great Cross clearly described the Crucifixion and the mission of Jesus, the Christ. Now move back in time to 576 B. C., a 600-year Naros cycle previously, and we come to Gautama, the Buddha. Indeed, in 574 B.C. Pluto was in a very rare conjunction with Uranus and Neptune in Taurus! Gautama was born at a Full Moon in May (Sun in Taurus), he experienced his great illumination under a Bo tree at a Full Moon in May, and eventually left the world at a Full Moon in May!7 This period was also remarkable for Mahavira, Pythagoras and Lao-Tze. Six hundred years after 25 A.D. brings us to the Hegira of Mohammed in 625. Another Naros cycle forward equals 1225, a year vital for Catholi-


Jayne: Uranus-Neptune

cism, when St. Francis of Assissi died. At the same time, in Tibet, the great Buddhist reformer Tsong-KhaPa created the Yellow Cap sect. 1825 measures to the birth of the Bab and Baha'ullah (co-founders of the beautiful religion, Bahaism) and also of Mary Baker Eddy (Christian Science). Let us assume that the seven bodies, Sun-Moon-Mars-Jupiter-SaturnUranus-Neptune, start out together in conjunction. (Mercury and Venus would, of course, also be close by.) What happens to them after 600 years? The Sun-Moon-Mars will be together again, Jupiter and Neptune will have advanced eight signs, Uranus two signs (to oppose Jupiter and Neptune), and Saturn will have advanced nearly five signs to square this opposition, thus forming a TCross. Yet the "fit" will not be exact and after many repetitions the bodies will no longer be significantly related to each other. Nonetheless, the 600-year Naros cycle is clearly a major religious cycle. At each of the dates from 567 B.c. to 1825 A.D. there was a factor of revelation through a specific Teacher, and the expansion of a resultant religion to a considerable number of followers. It is connected with the advent of creative minorities (Uranus-Neptune) in their interaction with organized, institutionalized society (Jupiter-Saturn). A crucifixion is the archetypal result of all such encounters, it is the dharma of creative geniuses and illumined saints and sages. UESDAY the 11th January 1910 was not part of the old Naros series, but it may have been part of a new one. Half of the 3,600-year Sar is 1,800 years. Half of the 171-year

Uranus-Neptune synodic cycle is 85.5 years. 1,800 plus 85.5 equals 1884.75, the interval between the Great Cross of 25 A.D. and the Great Cross of 1910. The New Moon of 11th January 1910 was conjunct Ura. nus and opposite Neptune. This opposition, as in 24 A.D., squared Jupiter in Libra, opposite Saturn and Mars in Aries. The major change between these two Grand Crosses is that Uranus and Neptune have interchanged their signs. The Old Man of the Nilgiri Hills (that member of the Hierarchy who specializes in astrology) told David Anrias" that 11th January 1910 was the day when our whole planetary system began to undergo a cosmic initiation. Prior to that date the planets beyond Saturn mainly affected us via their lower octaves (Uranus via Mercury, Neptune via Venus, and Pluto via Earth -- this last my idea) but thereafter they have reached us indirectly, unmodified. This could well explain the massive upheaval of human life during the past seventyfive years. I have reached certain conclusions concerning reincarnation. These are based upon the following four assumptions: 1. Reincarnation is a reality; 2. For many thousands of years, until about 1600 A.D., there have only been some half-billion people incarnate at anyone time; 3. Over the same period the average life span was only thirty years (a Saturn cycle); 4. There are sixty-billion incarnate monads in this Manvantara.





This last assumption comes via Alice Bailey, from her teacher, the Tibetan D.K. Assumptions 2 and 3 are based on modern demography. The ratio of half-a-billion to 59.5billion disincarnate is 1: 119. If the incarnate life span was thirty years the disincarnate one had therefore to be 119 times as long, 3,570 years. The sum of these two values, (30 + 3,570), 3,600 years, the Sar of the Chaldeans, must then have been the average period between lives for many thousands of years. Some may, of course, be reincarnated much sooner than this -- here I am dealing just with the average. This so-important 3,600-year Sar cycle is, the reader will recall, made up of 21 Uranus-Neptune conjunctions. Do we have here the astronomical-astrological reason why '21' of the Tarot and the Kabbalah are considered to be of such importance? Now what has happened to my third assumption since 1600 A.D.? The average life span had increased to about 40 years by the early 1930's -- a whopping increase of 33 %! And now, a further fifty years later, the population of the Earth has increased almost nine-fold! The ratio of those incarnate to those disincarnate (holding firm to my fourth assumption) has therefore dwindled from the 1: 119 it was in 1600 to 1: 13 now -- the disincarnate period has telescoped to 13 x 40 years, a mere 520 years. The whole cycle has been reduced to about 560 years. Of course, if the average life span has further increased to, say, about 43 years over the past half century, then the cycle now coincides with the 600-year Naros!

Fifty years ago, in the Agni Yoga teachings of the Lord Morya and the Maitreya Buddha, this reincarnation period was said to be 700 years. My own hypothesis is that the world's average life span may reach 50 years (the period of Chiron) and that our planet's population will stabilize near six billion. The whole average cycle will then be the 514year Phoenix cycle that results from three conjunctions of Uranus and Neptune. Madame Blavatsky spoke of the Phoenix cycle as being about five centuries long. I believe it is the 514-year Uranus-Neptune period and not, as others may argue, the 493-year periodic conjunction of Neptune and Pluto. The Phoenix cycle is aptly named when we consider how Dr. Wheeler described the double-Phoenix cycle of 1,028 years:
At each termination of this 1,000 + year rhythm something very extraordinary has happened. An old world has vanished each time and a new one begun.9

This certainly fits the concept of the fabled Phoenix cycle. Wheeler elsewhere refers to the six-beat cycle specifically as 1,020 years and gives five years: 575 B.C, 30 A.D., 460 A.D., 955 A.D. and 1475 A.D. as being "dryer and colder than usual." The next date in the series is therefore projected to 19851995, and the next Uranus-Neptune conjunction, you will recall, occurs in 1993. The Sar is one-seventh of the 25,694.8-year mean precession cycle. The Phoenix cycle is one-seventh of


Jayne: Uranus-Neptune

the 3,600-year Sar. In the Agni (Fire) Yoga teachings 10 it is stated that the present greatly increased tempo of life will not decrease. We are now experiencing an immense acceleration in the pace of human evolution. It has recently been discovered that in the early 1600's Galileo actually "saw" Neptune through his new telescope. It was closely conjunct Jupiter in late Virgo at the time. Similarly, Uranus was first" seen", and dismissed as being a star, in 1692, when opposite Saturn in Sagittarius. We can therefore say that the whole tremendous transformation of human life has occurred as these two planets, Uranus and Neptune, have come into our consciousness. Alice Bailey's teacher, the Tibetan, refers to them as the main planets in the next realm beyond the fourth, the human, kingdom. They thus govern the fifth kingdom of the Soul and the Path to Higher Consciousness. Johndro linked Uranus with electricity (and with his Electrical Ascendant, which I renamed the AntiVertex) and Neptune with magnetism (and the conventional Ascendant). But light is composed of an electrical field ninety degrees from a magnetic field; we can therefore say, with the Tibetan, that these two, Uranus and Neptune, are truly the planets of light!

New Light on the Zodiac & the Precessional Age
NE OF the best studies ever made of the Age of Pisces was by Pitirim Sorokin. Of course, Sorokin didn't realize this to be the case,


although the famous Irish poet, William B. Yeats, who reached the same conclusions quite independently, knew what he was doing. Sorokin!' described a cycle of 2,150 years during which the general orientation of culture swung from a sensate period at about 200 B.C. (the Alexandrine period in Greece) to an ideational period circa 950 A.D., and then back to a second sensate peak around 1950 A.D. When the cultural orientation is ideational, religion is central and there is little material advancement. Indeed, Sorokin was unable to find evidence of any invention around 900-1000 A.D. At the time of this ideational peak social change was slow and time itself was considered cyclical. Today, a thousand years later, close to the second sensate peak, inventions are rife and commerce, science and material development are flourishing. Social change has now become rapid and we think of linear "progress" when we think of time. The great pendulum has thus swung from the faith and intuition of the ideational XIh century to the scientific method of the sensate xx-. In between these two epochs, when the ebbing tide of faith temporarily balanced with the rising tide of technology, there was what Sorokin called the "ideal culture": the Renaissance, when the accent was on reason and the aesthetic. Sorokin and his associates in the Harvard Department of Sociology amassed a veritable mountain of supportive evidence covering the past 2,500 years of occidental civilization; there is no reason to doubt that parallel developments did not occur simul-




taneously in the Orient. Yeats published the same conclusions in his book The Vision12. What Sorokin termed the Ideational and Sensate, Yeats called the Spiritual and Material. However, since Yeats accepted astrology and also knew Madame Blavatsky, he was able to connect this great rhythm with the precessional ages. In the Sidereal Zodiac of the twelve constellations, the second-order recurrence cycle of UranusNeptune requires 4,284.8 years, or twenty-five conjunctions (synodic periods). The recurrence is very close after this interval since the two bodies are then just 23' later in the Sidereal Zodiac from where they started. The period of the Soli-Lunar precession along a "fixed" Ecliptic plane is 25,725 years, and a sixth of this period (two precessional ages) is 4,287.5 years, which is only 2.7 years longer than the Uranus-Neptune cycle. Precession and this UranusNeptune period are thus in harmonic


form the twelve signs.

the Tropical Zodiac are created and

I have found that planetary cycles are only effective in terms of their whole or half periods. The half period here is 2,142.4 years, very nearly the same as a precessional age of 2,143.75 years. If Uranus and Neptune are conjunct at the commencement of the cycle, after a period of 2,142.4 years these two bodies will be in opposition, and Neptune will be only 12' later in the Sidereal Zodiac and just 30 ° 12' later in the Tropical Zodiac13• In this way the divisions of Yeats found that successive ages alternated in their symbols between Saint and Sage. To have both we. must have two ages, which is the full Uranus-Neptune cycle. The Aquarian Age will have the Sage.

In 1984 Uranus and Neptune moved into a parallel aspect, which presages their next conjunction in 1993 at 19°17' Capricorn (heliocentric). Now, if there are six recurrence cycles in the zodiac of the constellations there must be an additional one, a seventh, in the zodiac of the signs during a precessional period. This Tropical Zodiac recurrence cycle is 3,599.23 years in twenty-one synodic periods, the 3,600-year Sar of the Chaldees. There are 150 conjunctions in six Sidereal second-order recurrence cycles, or 6 x 25; 147 in seven Tropical recurrence cycles, or 7 x 21. The difference between these two series of synodic periods, the triple conjunction period of 514.76 years, the Phoenix cycle, described earlier, acts as a bridging period between one precession and the next one. The period from the conjunction of 1478 A.D., just before Columbus found the New World, to 1993 has been such a bridging period. I have concluded that the upcoming 1993 conjunction will be common to both these long Sidereal and Tropical cycles, something which can occur only once during a cycle of precession. This indicates not only that the Age of Aquarius will start then, but also that a whole new precessional cycle will commence at the end of the present century. This timing for the onset of the Aquarian Era agrees with the thinking of both Carl lung and Edgar Cayce. The date Rudhyar picked for the advent of the Aquarian Age is only a few decades later. ACCEPT the validity of both zodiacs. The peculiar idea that there can be only one is like saying that since there are Houses there can be no Signs(or Constellations)! Each



Jayne: Uranus-Neptune

coordinate system refers to a different "level" and vantage point in the structure and function of the Cosmos. The Sidereal Zodiac is more tangible than is the Tropical, although by no means less potent or important, and it is nearer to the "soul" level of the esoteric rulerships. In Alice Bailey's difficult Esoteric Astrology, the Tibetan (her teacher, D. K.) spoke of these esoteric rulerships. I shall endeavor to explain their basis as this has direct relevance to Uranus and Neptune. Madame Blavatsky linked the central fourth esoteric rulership, the Animal Soul, with the Sun and all Stars. Indeed the word "Zodiac" is derived from "Zoo" (animal), so that the stellar zodiac represents the level of the animalis mundi in the cosmos. Blavatsky linked the level of the Spirit or Monad (the Atman) with the central spiritual Sun of the Kabbala, the massive nucleus of our own galaxy. All galaxies are thus at this seventh level. But which are the intervening fifth and sixth levels? The spiritual soul, the sixth principle, is associated with the huge dense globular clusters of the older population 1stars that form the outer spherical "halo" of our galaxy. For the younger population II-stars in the spiral arm, this sixth principle is shown by those looser large aggregations of stars termed star clouds. Our own star cloud, the local system of some 200,000 stars, is an example of this. The fifth principle then appears in cosmic
structure as galactic clusters

volution turned to evolution, is said to have occurred about a million years ago in Atlantis. Having obtained the dominant Four, we now seek the Five, as shown by the Great Pyramid, with its fourfold base and its incomplete fifth point, the missing capstone. In terms of the enormous cycle of involution-evolution as shown in the stellar zodiac, we commenced involution at 0° Aries and reversed from matter towards an evolutionary return (re-ligio, to "bind back") to the spirit at 0° of the Scales. The Scales (constellation Libra) have always been linked with the "Center of the Zodiac." So we are still "in the balance"! If we divide the great cycle into seven stages of 51 °26' each, they symbolically run as follows: 1. Mineral: from 0° Aries to 21 °26' Taurus, the Orion cluster and association, the equatorial Sun of the Kabbala. 2. Vegetable: extending to the centroid of our local system near mid-Cancer, 12°52'. 3. Animal: to 4°18' Virgo and the Sphinx, our metagalaxy of 2,500 galaxies that marks the entry into the Human Kingdom. 4. Human: runs to 25°44' Scales, which marks the entry into the fifth Kingdom of the Soul. 5.
Soul: where the large

and the looser younger associations. Ancient wisdom teaches us that we are on the fourth globe of the fourth chain and in its fourth round. The fourth root race, when in-

Southern Stream, a 70million-year-old B-star association, has its center of mass. It stretches through nearly one-sixth of the zodiac, being also the ancient Via Combust.




It is also where the Tibetan placed the esoteric rulership of Uranus. What then of Neptune's cosmic center? The Tibetan linked Neptune's esoteric rulership with the constellation Cancer. But he also linked Saturn with Capricornus, and we know this is a "blind" since all of the Tibetan's even-numbered constellations are interchanged in their rulerships! In The Secret Doctrine, Madame Blavatsky associated the constellation Capri-9,8· cornus with the God of the Ocean, with Neptune, and with Solar Fire, a term the Tibetan used to describe Neptune. Tentatively I find Neptune's cosmic center at about 24 of the constellation Capricornus (24 of the Tropical sign Aquarius as of 2,000 A.D.) to be the cluster NCG-6913, which is far above the ecliptic in Cygnus, where it is close to the galactic equator. It is notable that, at its discovery in 1846, Neptune was only a few degrees past this placement. Furthermore, this position is eciiptically square to the Uranus' center at 26 Scorpio (Tropical). This is as it ought to be for the electrical field (Uranus) of a wave of light is always square to the magnetic field (Neptune). In their recurrence period of 4,284.8 years, there are two sensate peaks and two ideational peaks, which means that each of the two cosmic centers acts twice. In about 917 B.C. the UranusNeptune conjunction was closely opposite the centroid of the Southern Stream. From then to the sensate peak there were four synodic cycles of 171.4 years each, taking us to about 232 B.C. In 453 A.D. their conjunction opposed the Neptune cosmic center. The ideational peak
0 0 0






followed 513 years later (three synodic cycles) at the conjunction of 966 A.D. The conjunction of 1307 A.D. was aligned with the Uranian cosmic center, and the sensate peak will have occurred 685 years later, at the conjunction of 1993 A.D. The two planets will then conjoin the Neptune center in 2335 A. D. We can therefore predict that the next ideational peak will occur about 2850 A.D. The lag period for the sensate peaks is 685 years, four cycles, but for the ideational peaks the lag is only 514 years, three synodic periods. The ideal periods of balance between the two planets appear to occur near the dates of the cited key conjunctions. Many of my colleagues look down on the periods of material achievement, such as the present one, yet without the material base science provides there is too much starvation and misery. One can hardly say that Neptune is "better" than Uranus!


Jayne: Uranus-Neptune

UE ENTIRELY to a lack of sufficient information there has been much controversy about the Ayanamsha, the arc from the first point of the Sidereal Zodiac to Tropical 0 Aries. A century ago the astronomer Stockwell pointed out that while the Earth's polar precession might occur at a constant rate, this was certainly not so with equinotical precession. The latter would be constant only if the plane of the ecliptic were fixed, which it is not!". The precession along a non-fixed ecliptic is 25,784 years. The plane of the ecliptic vibrates: hence its inclination to the mean plane of maximum angular momentum of our whole planetary system, the invariable plane, varies slowly over very long periods as a result of the secular perturbations of the other planets. Additionally, the pole of the ecliptic itself precesses about the pole of the invariable plane in a period of variable length, the mean of which is some l08-thousand years. As a result the equinoxes (Tropical 0° Aries and 0 Libra) can either lead or lag behind the polar precession by as much as 281 years! When the equinoxes are at right angles to the nodical axis of the ecliptic with the invariable plane, as they were at the time of Christ, the lead of the equinox over the pole has its greatest value. As I see it, the Age of Pisces commenced about 163 B.C. (close to 160 B.C. when Hipparchus discovered precession) equinocticaliy ; but in a polar sense at about 123 A.D. The Aquarius Era will therefore commence at about 2000 A.D. equinoctically, but roughly 272 years later (as the lead had lessened) in about 2272 A.D. in a polar sense. The rare cross of the equinox with the invariable plane's nodical axis, at the time of the great cardinal cross of
0 0


the planets in 25 A.D., was another indicator of the Crucifixion. Additional evidence points to our entrance into a new cycle of precession. Instead of dividing the 25,784year period by twel ve to measure the precessional ages, we divide by ten. This gives the incarnations of the Avatars of Vishnu. If we use the 576 B.C. Naros date for the birth of Gautam a the Buddha, the ninth incarnation of Vishnu, then the eighth incarnation would have occurred at about 3154 B.C. This was Krishna, who was born just before the start of the Kali Yuga in 3102 B. C. The tenth emanation should take place in about 2003 A.D., the Second Coming as well as the Maitreya Buddha, in ancient prophecy "the Kalki (white) Avatar who will come from the North." This will end a whole cycle of precession. The Tibetan described Uranus and Neptune as governing the fifth Kingdom of the Soul. He linked Uranus to entry onto the Path (in Buddhism "that one who has entered the Stream"). The Uranus cosmic center marks the start of the next kingdom'". The energies of these various extra-systemic centers are too high for us to respond to unless their appropriate planets are so aligned with them as to act as "step-down" transformers for their powerful and subtle energies.




1. 2. 3. "The Great Mutation Cycle." Considerations Charles Jayne wrote this article in 1984. The best account of these Uranus-Neptune conjunctions without any doubt is that by Margaret Morrell, published in the Research section of American Astrology in April, May and June, 1939. 4. A recurrence cycle is that period of time after which a conjunction of any two given planets will recur in approximately the same degree of the zodiac. If there is a small discrepancy between the points of beginning and ending of such a first-order recurrence cycle, this discrepancy will be carried all the way around the circle until the conjunction occurs once again at its original starting degree. Such a recycling is called a second-order recurrence cycle. 1:3, pp. 9-14.

5. The Secret Doctrine.
6. I am mostly dealing with mean heliocentric positions; variations are bound to occur when orbital eccentricities 7. are geocentric positions are taken into account.

Charts for these Full Moon events are given in "Gautama the Buddha" by Ken Gillman, Considerations VI:2. Anria's two books Through the Eyes of the Masters and The Adepts of the Five Elements are among the few that one can take seriously concerning arcane astrology. Raymond H. Wheeler. Climate, The Key to Understanding Business Cycles. Ed. Michael Zahorchak. Tide Press, P.O. Box 477, Linden, NJ 07036. Page 113.



10. The Living Ethics.
11. Sorokin. Pitirim. Social & Cultural Dynamics. Four volumes. 12. This extraordinary book reached Years, via his wife's automatic writing, from his own dae-

mon (his Soul, as he was told). 13. Here I am using heliocentric motion, true geocentric motion would bring some variations. 14. One might think that this incontrovertible fact of life would be known to the fanatical siderealists, who pride themselves on their vastly superior knowledge of astronomy. Unfortunately, on at least this aspect of astronomy, they have been abysmally ignorant. 15. The teaching of that remarkable guru, Krishnamurti, are very Uranian. His nata] Sun at 29 Taurus is opposite the Uranus cosmic center, with which his Midheaven and Uranus in late Scorpio are conjunct.




The Saturn-Pluto Blues

Doesn't much matter how I got here or where I've been in the past Just another misfit just one more outcast just another bar code on the board one more statistic among the faceless preterite horde. Feels like the end of a one way street up against a high wall of stone with the demon dogs braying at my heels outnumbered, outclassed, barehanded and alone.

Looking for a way past this season seeking some time out of time just another loner just one more outrider just another misplaced grey-faced pawn one more deserter among the faithless who've withdrawn.

Feels like the end of a one way street up against a high wall of stone with the demon dogs braying at my heels outnumbered, outclassed, barehanded and alone.


Considerations lX:l

Gandhi & the SeptenarF
Part Two

HE MAHATMA GANDHI was born with a T-cross involving five planets: a Jupiter-Pluto conjunction in Taurus opposing a Venus-Mars conjunction in Scorpio, all four squared by a Moon elevated in Leo. He was the catalyst of three of the major revolutions of the 20th century: the revolutions against colonialism, racism, and violence. Gandhi was also a major writer: the collected edition of his writings runs to more than eighty volumes. This can be related to Mercury being the first planet to come to the Ascendant after birth. Last issue we discussed the morning of the Mahatma's life. We now follow him into his later years.

= U

Our life is like the course of the sun. In the morning it gains continually in strength until it reaches the zenith-heat of high noon. Then comes the enantiodromia: the steady movement no longer denotes an increase but a decrease ill strength ... But it is a great mistake to suppose that the meaning of life is exhausted with the period of youth and expansion ... The afternoon of life is just as full of meaning as the moming; only its meaning and purpose are different... What youth found and must find outside, the man (or woman) of life'S afternoon must find within himself (or herself) ... The transition from morning to afternoon means a revaluation of earlier values. There comes the urgent need to appreciate the value of the opposite of our former ideals, to perceive the error ill our former convictions, to recognize the untruth ill our former truth, and to feel how much antagonism and even hatred lay in what, until now, had passed for love ... however, the point is 1I0t conversion into the opposite but the conservation of previous values together with the recognition of their opposites. Carl G. Jung: Two Essays on Analytical Psychology

In our examination of Gandhi's early years the Septenary method for understanding the course of a life from an astrological perspective was introduced. In turn each of the seven classical bodies (Sun .....Saturn only), in the order of their rising at birth, surfaces over the eastern horizon and comes to rule the life for a seven-year period. During this year-week the septenary ruler will proceed clockwise around the horoscope circle and stimulate each of the other planets one after the other. The initial year of each year-week is of the nature of the planet that has newly surfaced into the native's life. Subsequent years can be defined both in generalized terms of how any sequence of seven will unfold (the days


Gillman: Gandhi &. the Septenary II

Fig. 1: Mohandas K. Gandhi
02:29:48 UT, 2nd October 1869 Porbander, India: 21N38, 69E37. "3 ghatis & 12 palas after sunrise" The Voice of India, Feb 4, 1924. 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. Mercury Venus Mars Saturn Jupiter Moon Sun

of the week are an excellent example, see Table 2) and uniquely by the expansion in the life of the symbolic meaning of the ruling body as it comes to interact with each of the other bodies in the birth chart. In the previous issue of this magazine all events known to have occurred in Gandhi's life prior to his 49th birthday were listed. The planetary symbolism associated with the Septenary was then related to these events. The present article explains how the Septenary proceeds from the 49th birthday on. HE Mahatma's seven personal planets rose after his birth in the following sequence:


The successive rulers of the Septenary and the planets each of these rulers stimulated in turn, together with Gandhi's age when this occurred is shown in Table 1. The planets listed down the left-hand column in the first half of the table, the successive septenary rulers, are given in their sequence of rising. They are in an anticlockwise order around the birth chart. Mercury, the first to rise after birth, ruled the first seven years, ages 0-6; Venus the next to rise ruled the next seven, from age 7 to 13; then Mars, ages 14-20; and so on. Following these first seven lines the abbreviation for the body first to rise after birth, for Gandhi this was Mercury (ME), is repeated. Thereafter the previous sequence of septenary rulers is reversed. At the top of each of the other columns in the table the sequence of planets in the birth chart is listed in a clockwise direction, beginning again with Mercury. The ages at which the different septenary rulers come by direction to each of the other planets are shown within the body of the table. For example, at age 13, the year Gandhi was married, Venus, the ruler of the second septenary period, came by direction to the place of Mars.




Table 1:

The full Septenary: The first Hundred Years
The table details the age at which each of Gandhi's planetary combinations occur.

Planet stimulated by septenary ruler SEPTENARY RULER Mercury Venus Mars Saturn Jupiter Moon Sun Mercury Sun Moon Jupiter Saturn Mars Venus Mercury ME SO LU 1





0* 8 16 24 32 40 48

2 10 18 26 34


4 12 20

5 13

6 7*

9 17 25 33 41

19 27

14* 15 23 31 39 47

21* 22 30 38 46

28* 29 37 45

35* 36 44

42* 43

49* 50 52 60 68 76 84 92 51* 57 59 67 75 83 91 56 55 63 54 62 70 53 61 69

58* 64 66 74 82 90 98

65* 71 73 81 89 97

72* 78 80 88 96

79* 85 87 95 86* 94

93* 99

* Starting year of the particular septenary septet of years.
This is the year when the appropriate septenary ruler is directed to the Ascendant.


Gillman: Gandhi & the Septenary II

HE MOST obvious difference between life before age 49 and the years thereafter is one of strength and vitality, there's much less available later. The physical body increasingly shows signs of wear and tear. A person now automatically starts to take things easier. This isn't old age, not quite yet, but overnight the individual becomes aware that time has distinctly accelerated; the 49th birthday past, the big Five-O attained and then (surely no more than five or six years later) she's in her sixties, feeling unwanted and unneeded in an overlarge empty home -- her children grown and off leading their own lives. A major change has taken place. Ages 49-50 are when dramatic shifts in female hormone production lead to the onset of menopause and its physical and mental effects: the biological change of life. Before then the woman's body was able to create new independent life, now this miraculous ability ceases. For some this is an enormous relief. They can now begin to pursue their own independence, "Start living my own life at last," no longer prisoner of a merciless lunar cycle. In men, there is also a reduction in the amount of blood being circulated through the body. In turn, this causes metabolic disturbances and a general depletion of energy, loss of sex drive and potency. For both sexes there is a slowing of psychomotor behavior. Reaction time slows, as does breathing capacity and the ability to remember and to process information. The nervous system experiences a loss and reduced functioning of neurons. Speed and accuracy of work, at its peak between 35 and 48, now begins a slow decline. A real change is indeed happening.


An individual will meet his or her nemesis in one form or another now, however briefly, and receive clear confirmation of his or her own mortality. N THE SEPTENARY these are the Hinge ~ars, a two-year period that was heralded a year earlier around the 48th birthday when the personal planet last to rise before birth (the Sun in Gandhi's horoscope) came by direction to the planet that first rose in the east after birth. This was the final year of the seventh septenary and, like all final years, it was both a culmination of the whole seven-year trend and contained in seed form the substance of the cycle to follow. In each of the previous seven-year periods the last planet stimulated by the septenary ruler then became ruler of the next period. This occurs here also; in Gandhi's horoscope at age 49 Mercury is now directed to the eastern horizon just as it was in the birth year. This is again the Sunday of a new year-week The following year, at age 50, in the same way as we described in the first part of this article, the new septenary ruler moves on in a clockwise direction and encounters the planet that ruled the previous septenary. The new stimulus for growth and expansion meets up with the immediate past on the Monday of each yearweek. In the usual way of things the native meets resistance and psychological or social conflict this year, which can be expressed in terms of the two planets involved. In each earlier encounter (at ages 1, 8, 15, 22, 29, 36 and 43) the urge for change symbolized by the new septenary ruler predominated. Yet the planet encountered on the Monday, which rep-





Table 2:

Year within Septenary
First Second Third Fourth

Generalized meaning
Feeling one's way to a new condition of being. A solar year. Resistance from the past. A lunar year. Attempting to exteriorize the Septenary's impulse in a definite form. A martian year. Critical turning point. Can the pull of the past be overcome? Either growth or disintegration. A mercurial year. The flower stage of the year-week. The year of greatest self-expression in which the keynote of the Septenary may be revealed. A jovian year. What is implied in the Septenary now bears fruit. A venusian year. Culmination and promise of a new start. A saturnine year.


Sixth Seventh

resents the immediate past, the native's conscience and habits, never gives in easily. The new impulse is necessarily adjusted, modified and adapted to what occurred in the immediate past. Only then can the new septenary ruler move on further. That's what usually happens. It occurred the last time these two bodies met in similar circumstances, when Mercury (in Gandhi's chart) first crossed over the eastern horizon and met the Sun. He was one year old then and Mercury was strongly prom-

oting and nurturing the life into being. At age fifty, however, there is a change. Refer to Table 1. The impulse for continued growth that began when the new ruler came to the ASC the previous year, is now forced to bow to an inevitable law of the heavens: no body can successfully rise in the east a second time unless in-between it has experienced a setting; resurrection only ever occurs following a previous death. The two classical bodies positioned


Gillman: Gandhi & the Septenary II

on either side of the Ascendant at birth are immensely important -- it doesn't matter which natal bodies or how far they are away from the horizon. The one below the horizon at birth represents the individual's solar energies, the one already above the Ascendant his or her lunar attributes. At age 51 there is a change. Gandhi's Mercury fails to continue its clockwise course. It meets a pass-menot barrier, a firm limit, and is unable to move on to the clockwise planet after the Sun. Instead a change of rulership occurs. A new year-week commences, one ruled by Gandhi's Sun, the planet that last rose above the Ascendant before birth. The past has finally caught up. There are no more free meals, no more gifts coming from good fairies or bad, nothing left in the cosmic larder -- the native has had it all, he now possesses everything he'll ever have (less those gifts he earlier lost or damaged, gave away or rejected). Now a person can only be who it is he or she really is. The individual must now meet and consciously accept the limits of his or her life accomplishments and abilities. He'll either take satisfaction in them and know what is needed from him now or despair over all that was unattained . Instead of then proceeding in a clockwise direction about the circle, as before, the ruler of this new septenary is directed counterclockwise around the chart. In practical terms if you observe how Gandhi's age listings in Table 1 progress, Mercury fails to pass the Sun at age 50, it is forced to back off and has to relinquish its rulership. Thereafter all is reversed. Life and death, the archetypal solar and lunar forces, have met again in battle. Before, at age one, in the natural way of

things, the rising body, the life force, was the victor. But by age 50 the life force is no longer pure, some has been squandered and much of it is spent; an inevitable symbolic eclipse occurs. The victorious planet, the planet that had risen last before the

Table 3:

Age 48 50 51

Septenary Ruler Sun Mercury Mercury Sun Sun

Location Mercury Horizon Sun Horizon Mercury



birth, the indicator then of the prelife state, now descends below the horizon. It moves counterclockwise, passing over the natal position of the planet that had symbolized the urge to become, Mercury for Gandhi, and blots out any remaining hopes of everlasting life. At this time situations occur that prompt the awareness of just how tenuous one's hold on life really is. Ill health and death are now both potential and inevitable. Consciously or unconsciously the patterns of life are altered. Note in Table 3 the full extent of this life-and-death struggle between Mercury and the Sun, the two planets located on either side of the natal Ascendant at the time of Gandhi's birth. These are five critical years; as the individual comes face to face with the potentialities of his own past and the limitations of his personal future, he ceases to be an instinctive recipient of life's gifts and is asked to drastically




Gandhi's two Mercury-ruled
Age 49

Hinge years, ages 49 & 50: Events

Mercury's place

Very ill with dysentery, near to death. He recovered through ice-treatment. Began drinking goat's milk; prior to this he had taken no milk at all. Operation, followed by a long convalescence. Very upset when he heard of the repressive Rowlatt Act, which drastically curbed civil liberties. He reacted by calling a general Strike -- all India completely stopped on that day. Later he felt he had made a "Himalayan miscalculation" by calling it. Fasts. Arrested but soon released. Grief over the Amritsar Massacre, when British fired on some IS-thousand Indians at a peaceful gathering, killing or wounding more than 1,500. Became editor of two newspapers in order to educate the reading public in the concept of Satyagraha -- the force of love and truth, and full spiritual involvement in civil disobedience. Visited the scene of the Amritsar Massacre. Questioned all the witnesses he could find. He was deeply disturbed by his findings. Finally made his real entrance into Congress politics and became the leader of an outraged Congress, totally dominating it. Also became President of the Home Rule League. Returned to the British the three medals he had been awarded for his war service and humanitarian work. Launched India's first nation-wide non-cooperation campaign: massive -- but passive -- resistance. All aspects of the "satanic" government were to be rejected in a program of economic self-sufficiency. "In my opinion non-cooperation with evil is as much a duty as cooperation with good. " Became known throughout India and the world as the Mahatma, the "Great Soul." 50 Sun

alter his approach to life. The intent now is that he become consciously responsible for giving future direction to the society in which he lives. Joseph Campbell, albeit unwittingly, describes these key years when he wrote:
... the hero's arrival at the world axis and his readiness to learn has

proven him to be eligible for a possible experience -- proven by his past questioning, his questing.

We are back at the axis of our world, back at the eastern horizon where it all began. But the planets are no longer rising (mother's not there pushing); now the planets are heading back from whence they came.


Gillman: Gandhi & the Septenary II

Gandhi's Solar years, ages 51 - 57:


Sun's Events

Tirelessly touring India, winning converts to nonviolent resistance and burning foreign-made clothing. Bonfires of British goods lit the sky in thousands of towns and villages. Trains were halted by people lying across the tracks. He introduced his Homespun policy. The spinning wheel, on which homemade khadi was made, symbolized India's rejection of British-produced textiles and goods and its support of Indian selfsufficiency. He adopted the dress of the very poorest as his own, the loincloth. Created a spirit of sacrifice throughout India. Kept up unrelenting moral pressure on the British. Gandhi Day became the equivalent of Bastille Day in France or the Fourth of July in the United States -- a celebration of both the fight for independence and of the Mahatma himself. Leader of Congress. Considering experimenting with Civil Disobedience but decided against doing so. Because of the extreme violence he ended the noncooperation campaign. His slightest word was law. The whole of India had been aroused and was on the march. He fasted until the non-cooperation ceased. All India prayed he would end his fast. He kept the peace and stopped a revolution just by his presence. Immediately thereafter he was arrested for sedition and sentenced to six years imprisonment. 53 52





A happy year despite being in prison, in solitary confinement. He occupied himself with his spinning wheel, and by reading, writing and meditating. In prison. Appendicitis. Released from prison. Saddened by the conflict between Hindus and Moslems. Their violence prompted him to go on lengthy fast. Active on foot throughout India, teaching wherever he went, preparing all for spiritual purification. Ill. Had a long and difficult convalescence.

54 55

Mars Saturn

56 57






Gandhi: ages 49 & 50
NTHE two Hinge years, ages 49 and 50, Gandhi's whole approach to the need to free India from British domination altered. For the previous three or four years he'd seemed to be in danger of stagnating, hovering on the periphery of politics, declining to join any political agitation, and even recruiting soldiers for the British Indian Army. Then at age 49 he nearly died. While still convalescing, he learnt of the restrictive Rowlatt Act. This warning of the frailty of his own life and of the likely dissolution of his ambitions for his beloved India provoked Gandhi to act on his growing sense of estrangement with the British Raj. He entered Indian Congress politics for the first time and announced a satyagraha struggle. The result was a virtual political earthquake that shook the subcontinent. The violent outbreaks that followed -- leading to the killing by British soldiers of nearly 400 Indians attending a meeting at Amritsar and the enactment of martial law -- prompted him to stay his hand. By the following year, as Mercury rose to stimulate the Sun and trigger the remainder of his life, Gandhi was the dominant figure on the political stage, commanding an influence never before attained by any political leader in India. He refashioned the 35-year old Indian National Congress into an effective political instrument of Indian nationalism: he made "a three-day Christmas week picnic of the upper middle-class in the cities" into a mass organization with its roots in small towns and villages. His message was simple; it was not British guns but imperfections of the Indians themselves that kept their country in bondage. During the two key Hinge years,


the Mahatma came to realize that enough was enough, his time was beginning to run out, he had to accomplish his intent to give India selfrule (Amritsar demanded this). He galvanized the Congress into a potent counterforce and planned an irresistible strategy. India and Gandhi would never be the same again. The days of the British Raj were numbered; but so were Gandhi's.

The Solar Years: ages 51-57
HE SUN, especially in the second half of life, demands that a person stand alone and truly be himself. He is forced to become selfsufficient. During Gandhi's years in prison he had little alternative. The septenary began, appropriately for one ruled by the Sun, with fires across India as he had British-made textiles burnt. He was demanding that India stand on her own feet, that she become self-sufficient. He electrified the country and broke the spell of foreign rule. Thousands of satyagrahis defied the laws and then cheerfully lined up to be arrested and sent to prison. The same year Gandhi adopted the dress for which he is today remembered, the peasant's loincloth - his xntb house Sun opposes Neptune. The different years of the septenary contain events appropriate to the planetary symbolism. His appendectomy in the Mars year led to his release from prison in the following Saturn year. In his absence the political landscape had changed. The unity he had forged between the Hindus and Muslims in the heyday of the non-cooperation movement had dissolved. Gandhi tried by reasoning and persuasion to draw the warring communities together but failed. Fi-



Gillman: Gandhi & the Septenary II

nally, that same Saturn year, he undertook a three-week fast to arouse the people into following the path of nonviolence. During the final two years of this septenary Gandhi took little interest in active politics. He was considered a spent force.

He had come to believe its leading members had adopted nonviolence as a political expedient and not as the fundamental creed it was for him.

The Jupiter Years: 65-71
NPLACE of the political activity of his Moon years, Gandhi concentrated in these Jupiter years on his "constructive program" of building the nation "from the bottom up." This program of social and economic uplift consisted of educating rural India, which accounted for 85 % of the population; continuing his fight against untouchability; promoting handspinning, weaving, and other cottage industries to supplement the earnings of the under-employed peasantry; and evolving a system of education best suited to the needs of the people. This is a Jupiter conjunct transforming Pluto in Taurus. Much was happening during these years, yet little found its way into the world's newspapers or newsreels. There wasn't much for the sensationseeking press. Gandhi spent the septenary traveling throughout India, moving among the poor, teaching them and preparing them for their future independence, and doctoring the sick. He was busy transforming a subcontinent. Events in Jupiter septenaries are often very newsworthy. These years frequently contain important changes in a life. We would especially expect this for someone born with Jupiter closely involved with the Moon, Venus and Mars as Gandhi has it. The difference here is Pluto's involvement. Strong, silent, shiny black Pluto does what is required with the minimum of fuss, the maximum efficiency and the least public fanfare. Gandhi's close conjunction

The Lunar Years, 58-63
HE MOON is the focal point in Gandhi's horoscope. During her septenary, Gandhi was back in the spotlight. Compare these years with those of the previous lunar septenary, ages 35-41. They were Gandhi's major years of public protest. His satyagraha against the tax on salt was one of the most spectacular and successful campaigns in his nonviolent war against the British. It resulted in the imprisonment of more than 60-thousand persons. A year later, during the Venus year, he accepted a truce and called off civil disobedience. He then attended the Round Table Conference in London as the sole representative of the Indian National Congress. The conference, by concentrating on the problem of Indian minorities rather than on the transfer of power, was a great disappointment to Indian nationalists. Gandhi returned to India in the Mars year to find the British had unleashed the sternest repression in the history of the nationalist movement. He was once again imprisoned and the government tried to insulate him from the outside world and to destroy his influence. They failed. His fast to protest the British decision to segregate the untouchables produced an emotional upheaval in the country. In the final year of this septenary, Jupiter's, Gandhi resigned both as the leader and as a member of Congress.




Considerations lX:l

Gandhi's Lunar years, ages 58 - 63:
Age Moon's place Rising Sun Mercury Events
By calling a day's General Strike, he forced the British Government of India to grant reforms. Teaching, touring India, preparing everyone for the future independence. Attended Congress. In India -- because of the climate -- salt, like water and air, is essential for all life. By having a monopoly on the production of salt, the British had a virtual monopoly on life. Gandhi challenged the British Empire by walking two-hundred-and-forty miles to the sea and making salt. The symbolic Salt March was a Proclamation of Independence, the start of a civil disobedience campaign. He became the center of the world's attention. Arrested. In prison. In prison. Ended the civil disobedience campaign. The British then released non-violent political prisoners, including Gandhi. Attended London conference. Feted by the British working people. Had formal talks with the Viceroy of India as his equal. At the apex of his public career. Whatever he said was reported throughout the world. Wherever he went was recorded by the movie newsreels. Returned to India. Arrested. In prison. Long fast "to the death" to win suffrage for "untouchables." A 21-day fast. Released from prison but shortly after he was imprisoned again. Released from prison. Much traveling about India. Resigned from Congress.

58 59 60



62 63 64

Mars Saturn Jupiter


Gillman: Gandhi & the Septenary II

Gandhi's Jupiter years, ages 65 - 71:
Age Jupiter's place Rising Moon Sun Mercury Venus Events Traveling and teaching. Traveling and teaching. Traveling and teaching. Traveling and teaching. Meetings with the Viceroy of India. The start of the second World War. Returned to Congress. The unilateral declaration of war on Germany by the Viceroy prompted Congress ministers, including Gandhi, to resign from their offices in protest. ??????


68 69





of Pluto and Jupiter must explain why this and the earlier Jupiter septenary have so few recorded events in them.

Ages 72-78: the Saturn Years
ANDHI'S final septenary was Saturn's. He exercised his absolute power and said "No!" to Churchill the year Saturn was conjunct his Ascendant. His wife died when Saturn came to his Moon. He was negotiating for India's independence from foreign domination with Saturn conjunct his Sun. He was depressed and considered his life to have been a failure the year Saturn was with Mercury. Finally, he won his victory of Indian independence but didn't like it one


bit (Saturn directed to Venus). Indian freedom was realized without Indian unity. His appeals to reason and justice, tolerance and trust went unheard. When partition of the subcontinent was accepted -- against his advice -- he threw himself heart and soul into the task of healing the scars of the communal conflicts, toured the riot-torn areas, admonished the bigots, consoled the victims, and tried to rehabilitate the refugees. When persuasion failed, he went on a fast and this stopped the rioting in Calcutta. Then, in his Mars year, another fast shamed the city of Delhi into a communal truce. A few days later, still in Delhi, while he was on his way to evening prayer, he was shot and killed by a young Hindu fanatic.





Gandhi's Saturn years, ages 72 - 78:

Saturn's place Rising

He exercised his absolute power by arbitrarily rejecting Winston Churchill's proposals for India to have Dominion status. Drafted his famous "Quit India" resolution at a Congress session. Arrested. The civil disobedience campaign escalated into openarmed rebellion after his arrest. In prison. Fasts. Very unhappy. In prison. Wife died. Great sorrow. Very ill. Released from prison. Trying to unite India, pleading with the Moslems. Independence talks. Independence negotiations. British efforts to transfer power to a united India failed when the Moslems insisted on partition. Violence and anarchy throughout India. Depression -- he believed his whole life to have been a failure. Sad about the rioting. Nehru's provisional government. Met with the last Viceroy, Lord Mountbatten. Independence -- at last. Despite his triumph, he felt no-one had listened to him. His life-long dream had become a hideous nightmare: amid appalling carnage India had been divided into two antagonistic nations. Gandhi mourned the vivisection. Riots in Calcutta. He hurried to the troubled region, trying to calm down everyone. Fasted, nearly dying, in order to bring peace to riot-filled India. Fasted, quelling riots in Delhi. Assassinated at 5:13 P.M. on Friday, 30th January 1948 in Delhi.

73 74

Jupiter Moon












Two Rectifications


OOD MATERIAL for rectification is very difficult to find. The authors are therefore are very grateful to Nick Sutherland for providing the two sets of data on which this article is based. Throughout the exercise the two authors worked independently using techniques previously reported. I


ASE 1: The first list of life events (Table 1) is for a female astrologer, Lessia Thhay-Bey, who was partially paralyzed after a stroke in 1988.

Table 1:

Events in the life of Lessia Tuhay-Bey
Born 21st February 1924 in Kharkov, Ukraine: 50NOO 36E15

1. 1-7 Oct 1941 Father arrested and taken away. 2. Dec 1942 Miscarriage 3. 7 Feb 1943 Left home and did not see mother or brother again. 4. 15 Jan 1945 Wounded in lower right leg. s. 30 Dec 1948 Emigrated from Vienna to London 6. 8 Aug 1951 Emigrated from London to Toronto. 7. 2 Apr 1956 Son born 8. 31 Oct 1969 Hysterectomy 9. 20 Aug 1970 Moved to Thunder Bay to teach Physical Education at Lakeside University. 10. 5 Apr 1971 Back to Toronto because of son's illness. 11. Sep 1974 Beginning of fanatical preoccupation with astrology 12. 28 Sep 1974 Graduated with psychology major, 13. 10 Dec 1974 Gall bladder removed. 14. 3 Aug 1975 To Europe for 3 months studying Cosmobiology 15.28 JIy 1976 Son's bad motorcycle accident. 16. 3 Jan 1977 Started working at Senior Citizen's Nursing Home as motivation therapist. 17.20 JIy 1977 Husband died. 18. 1 Jun 1981 Son moved out and started a business with his girl friend 19. Apr 1982 Began studying hand language for the hearing impaired. 20. Sep 1982 Began teaching hand-sign language. 21. 10 Oct 1987 Went to Ohio for son's wedding. 22. 5 Apr 1988 Suffered a stroke with left side paralyzed. 23. Jan 1941-May 1977 Taught ballet, folk dancing & gymnastics.




Lessia's birthtime is unknown and she published a plea in Mercury Hour for help in finding her Ascendant. The following description was supplied by the subject:
Dark skin, brown eyes, black wiry wavy hair, short nose, short legs, height 5 foot 4inches. Puts on weight easily and has long fingers. Spends too much time and money on good clothes and adornment. Most friends who are drawn to me have Sun in Gemini or Leo and a Scorpio Ascendant. whereas I am drawn to Sun in Aquarius. Every time Jupiter is in Aquarius I want to get married. No friends with the Sun in Pisces.

on LMT at Nikolajev (32EOO) and continued until 1st January 1931, when the standard was changed to GMT + 2 hours. A further change was made on 1st January 1964 when a standard of GMT + 3 hours was adopted.

J. N's Approach to Case 1
1. It was first decided that the birth was diurnaf based on a major event which occurred at age 19 years - #3, Table 1. Sunrise to sunset at the birthplace extended from 04:43 to 14:56 UT on 21st February. Thus the time range to be searched has been reduced from 24 hours to 101113'.

The difference between LST and GMT at Kharkov is 2118'. The International Atlas reports that standard time began on 1st January 1880 based

2. Stationary Transits appropriate to

the events have been shown to be a powerful rectification aid". These are listed in Table 2. Of the 26 stations, 18 were in Cardinal signs, clearly

Table 2:

Station Date





1. 2.

3. 4.
5. 7.


14. 15. 16. 17. 18. 21. 22.



28TA33 2LB04 5GM35 6LB26 15LBll 14ARll 28CN13 9LB15 24AR42 3SC02 21TAI0 7SC41 3LBOO 5CP14 lCP03 10CP12

10 3 6 7 16 4 5 11 14 11 15 16 5 17 4 11

Sep Jan Feb Jan Jan

Apr Jan Aug JIy Jan Jly Jun Sep Apr Apr

41 43 43 45 48 51 56 74 75 76 77 77 81 87 88 88



7 Feb 43


16LB45 21LE29 18CN54 9SGOI 8LB56 14LBll 11LB24 21LB32 2CP33

28 Jun 17 Apr 31 Oct 21 Aug 18 Jun 15 Jan 21 Jun 1 Jly

51 56 74 75 76

77 81

11 Apr 88


Harvey & Nicholls: Two Rectifications


Table 3:

26 possible birth times

Planet Angle Time

3 4


Miscarriage Left Home Wounded Vienna-London



Son born



13 Gall Bladder

17 Husband died

22 Stroke

solar solar solar natal natal solar solar solar solar natal solar solar natal natal solar solar natal natal solar solar natal natal solar natal solar natal

Mars Saturn Uranus Moon Pluto Jupiter Uranus Moon Node Pluto Node Venus Venus Jupiter Mars Neptune Mars Neptune Saturn Neptune Mars Neptune Uranus Pluto Neptune Pluto


05:59 06:02 06:19 06:41 05:42 05:27 05:17 06:32 06:53 06:34 06:06 06:06 05:59 06:24 05:16 05:20 06:54 06:05 06:21 05:08 05:53 05:53 05:36 05:39 05:34 05:38

indicating a marked Cardinal influence on the angles. The large proportion of post-natal Cardinal stations seems to obviate the need to investigate pre-natal stations. Four positions recur in the Cardinal signs:

5 - 6°, 9 - 10° 14 - 15°.

2 - 3°,

The Rectification Assist facility of the Matrix Blue Star program was used to find the periods during the day with Cardinal ASC and MC. There is one from 05: 10 to 06: 30 GMT and another from 11 :40 to 12:00 GMT. The first includes an MC of 5-6° Capricorn and an ASC of 13-14° Aries at 06:00 hours, which satisfies these stationary positions.




3. The dark eyes and black wiry wavy hair suggests Aries rising as Efrein" identifies this ASC with:
... eyes, whether blue or brown ... hair texture is often coarse and

Fig. 1: Case 1: Lessia Tuhay-Bey
Result of rectification 06:01 UT, 21st February 1924 Kharkov, Ukraine: 50NOO 36E15

wiry, tending to the darker shades Aries rises at the birthplace on 21 st February 1924 between 05:36 and 06:31 GMT, so that the time range to be investigated is 55 minutes. 4. The Solar return technique" was used with nine events from those listed in Table 1, a provisional natal chart at the midpoint of the time range having been calculated to give the "natal" positions of the planets. As listed in Table 3, 26 times were found, with a mean of 05:58 GMT. 5. The precision Annual New Moon procedure" was used to refine this estimate. Six events provided 24 contacts with a mean of 06:01.16 GMT. The final estimate is taken as 06:01 and Figure 1 is the natal chart for this time. It emphasizes the Cardinal influence revealed by the stations with ASC 14 ° 17' Aries, MC 5°52' Capricorn, and VX 5°07' Libra.

R. H's Approach to Case 1
Two procedures were used. These are reliable when the birthtime is completely unknown.

1. The first is based on progressions and regressions of the secondary Suns. R.H. has considerably simplified the calculations for the method as illustrated in the present example. Julian Day numbers are used such as those in The American Ephemeris' and the times of progressed aspects are taken from the ephemeris aspectarian. 1(a) Convert the birth day to a Julian Day number, for example, 21st February 1924 = Day # 8817 .
• , 1 (b) Convert LMT to UT and decimalize. Thus 12:00 LMT becomes here 09:52 UT = 0.41111 of the day.


Harvey & Nicholls: Two Rectifications

1 (c) Add this to the Day number of the birth day to obtain the accurate Day number for a noon birth = 8817.41111. l(d) To find likely progressed and regressed aspects, the accurate age for each event should be decimalized and added to and subtracted from 8817.41111. For example, Lessia's son had a bad motor-cycle accident (event #15, table 1). She was then 52.43169 years old. Add this age to 8817.41111 to get 8869.84280, which relates to the 13th April 1924. On that day, at 16:48 UT, the Sun was square Mars. Decimalize this time and add to the day number of 13th April 1924, to get 8869.70, and then subtract Lessia's age from this event-value, to obtain 8817.26831. This is the exact birth time assuming this progressed aspect was accurate to the day of the accident. It may be converted to hours and minutes by multiplying 0.26831 by 24 (= 06:44 UT, or 08:34 LMT). It is, however, easier to work with decimalized UT times throughout. At first all positions of natal planets were calculated for a noon birth time, but when it became obvious that the time was earlier, they were recalculated to

Table 4:

The Secondary Sun's Progressed & Regressed Aspects (p = progressed, r = regressed, n = natal)
Birth Time (hours UT) Aspect Birth Time (hours UT)


Age 16.91667yrs. Began teaching dancing
SOp- 0 -URp - 90- Jpp -150-~ -150-NPn SOr- 6O-JPr -13.81666 16.06666 3.83333 14.26356 12.93334

Age 17.61200 yrs. Father arrested
SOp- 90- JPp -150-NPP -150-NPn -0.62134 -12.85466 -2.58458

Age 18.83333 yrs. Miscarriage
SOp- 90-MAn 16.21042

Age 18.96164 yrs. Left Home SOp- 90-MAn Age 24.85519 yrs. To London


Age 20.89683 yrs. WJunded
SOr-150-PLr -150-PLn 18.83378 11.52336

SOr- 45-MAn


Age 27.46027 yrs. To Canada
SOr- 6O-MAr (N.B. SAp-60-S0n) -15.25351

Age 31.36233 yrs. Pregnant
SOp-135-NPP -150-SAn SOr- 45-URr 11.47075 -4.98859 16.51258




Table 4 The Secondary Sun's Progressed & Regressed Aspects
continued Aspect (p





regressed, Aspect



natal) Birth Time (hours UT)

Birth Time (hours UT)

Age 32.11233 yrs. Son born SOp-135-NPp -6.52925 -135-NPn 11.33381

Age 45.69041 yrs. Hysterectomy SOp-120-NPp 27.01349 - 30-URn -0.07282 -120-JPn 8.14222 SOr- 60-URr -7.29682 Age 47.11781 yrs. To Toronto SOp-120-NPp -7.24406 -120-NPn 16.21786 SOr- 60-URr 26.96074 Age 50.8000 yrs. Gall bladder operation SOr- 90-VEn -0.35966 Age 52.43169 yrs. Son IS accident SOp- 90-MAp 6.43944 SOr- 30-JPr -1.18944 Age 53.40822 yrs. Husband died SOp- 90-MAp -16.99726 Age 58. 16667yrs. Studied sign language SOp-180-SAp 4.88333 SOr- 60-SAr 5.82602 Age 63.08219 yrs. Son and girlfriend split up SOp-135-JPp 18.34406 Age 64.12022 yrs. Stroke SOp-135-MAn 25.69402 -135-JPp -6.56858 - 45-URp 10.48142

Age 46.49315 yrs. To Thunder Bay SOp-120-NPp 7.74773 -120-NPn 31.12819 SOr- 60-URr 11.96894 Age 50.58333 yrs. Astrology SOr- 30-MEn -5.05613 - 90-VEn -5.55974 Age 51.44658 yrs. To Europe SOr- 90-VEn 15.15814 Age 52.86612 yrs. Nursing Home work SOr- 30-JPr 9.23688 Age 57.27397yrs. Son moved out SOp-180-SAp 26.30798 SOr- 60-SAn -15.59863 - 45-NPn 17.93412 Age 58.58333 yrs. Teaching sign language SOp-180-SAp -5.11666 SOr- 60-SAn 15.82601 Age 63.63288 yrs. Son IS wedding SOp- 45-URp 22.17761 -135-Jpp 5.12762


Harvey & Nicholls: Two Rectifications

Table 5

Aspects by Moon in Solar Returns
Aspect, Position, LMT (hh.mm) Moon 17SG31-1CPOB 0-IPn 16SG56 -1.19 O-MAn 20SG46 5.27 O-MA 24.13 lCP25 Moon 20SG47-4CP21 120-NPn -4.02 90-NP 26VG59 10.41 60-SAn 20.00 Moon 19CN44-3LE08 60-UR 22TA46 5.09 90-SAn 22.08 Moon 29AR23-11TA32 90-PL 4LE04 8.57 60-PLn 10CN26 21.32 Moon 2TA27-14TA33 90-PL 4LE04 2.54 60-PLn 15.32 60-URn 27.44 Moon 23SG56-BCP04 -5.39 O-MAn 20SG46 60-SAn 13.51 27.45 180-PLn Moon 14LEll-23LE59 120-JPn O-PL 18LE22 60-NP 19LB17 4.52 7.33 9.16

SR year & Event Aspect, Position, LMT (hh.mm) SR 1941 90-URn 120-NPn 90-NP 60-SAn

Father arrested.
16PS35 18LE40 27VGOO 2SC15

-2.01 1.45 16.26 25.41 -7.48 -0.19 18.49

PSR 1941 90-URn O-MAn O-MA lCP43 KSR 1941 120-URn 60-NP 26VG33 O-PL 2LE18

-6.01 11.56 22.13

SR 1942 Left home. 180-SAn 5.22 90-VE 5AQ40 12.07 90-ME llAQ51 24.20 PSR 1942 180-SAn 90-VE 5AQ39 90-ME IIAQ45 KSR 1942 120-NPn 28VG46 90-NP 90-VEn SR 1951 To Canada 120-VEn 180-ME 17AQOO O-NPn 120-MAn PSR 1951 120-1Pn O-PL 18LE21 60-NP 19LB16 60-SAn KSR 1951 120-ME 6AR36 180-MEn O-PL 17LE48 60-NP 19LB43 -0.42 6.03 18.09 -9.13 7.56 26.28 -8.44 5.00 8.07 12.03

-1.28 0.14 24.22


Moon 1BLE59-1VG54 -2.50 180-ME 17AQ37 O-NPn -0.53 120-MAn 3.08 30.33 60-UR 5CN35 9LE25-22LE05 Moon 120-VEn 9AR41 0.13 7.53 120-MA 13AR44 O-NPn 17.14

-5.38 0.20 15.36 17.20




give more accurate times. Table 4 lists the 50 times associated with 23 events obtained in this manner. The mean is 6.51906 hours GMT, but as this is 23.51627 hours from the earliest time and 24,60918 hours from the latest, there are more times after the mean than before it. Therefore all times later than 23.51627 more than the mean (there is only one, 31.12819 hours) are rejected, to obtain a new mean of 6.01683 hours GMT, or 8:09 a.m. LMT. 2. The second method used by R.H. is the Solar Return Lunar method", which can give an estimate based on only a few major events in the life. When a computer is used this technique is much easier than the preceding one. Since the publication of the original article'? this procedure has also been modified: Step 4 taking in not only conjunctions but all Ptolemaic aspects (conjunctions, oppositions, trines, squares and sextiles). In Lessia's case, it was only necessary to calculate the solar returns for three years to obtain enough aspect times to find a reliable estimate of the birthtime. The procedure is as follows: Birth charts for 00:00 and 24:00 LMT are calculated, and then the appropriate standard solar returns (SRs), the precessioncorrected solar returns (PSRs), and the progressed birthday solar returns (KSRs) are generated. Aspects within a solar return and also to radical planets are used. Table 5 lists the resulting times which were recalculated once the approximate birthtime had been found. There are 58 times listed in Table 5. Their mean is 08:36 LMT. However, as before, the range after the mean is greater than that before it -- the range extends from 17h 49' before the mean to 21 h 57' after it -- so any time more than 17h 49' after the mean is rejected. When this is done, the revised mean is 7:52 a.m. LMT. This is close to the estimate derived by the previous method. Together the two estimates suggest that the birthtime is between 7 and 9 a.m. LMT. These two estimates would normally form the basis for the use of the Solar Return method" to obtain a more precise time, but this step has already been carried out by 1.N.

Case #2
HE SECOND set of data (Table 6) are for Marguerite DuMond, a lady who died in 1990 and who wanted to share her history for the advancement of astrological research. It was reported that the birth occurred early in the morning, and after the subject became interested in astrology a time of 3:20 A.M EST was taken as the birthtime. The subject was described as


"About 5 foot 5 inches tall and at her heaviest weighed 140 pounds ... Her mind worked so rapidly that words tumbled out as though a faucet had been turned on. She was positive and upbeat, full of excitement, hope and energy on most meetings ... She worked at many types of jobs but eventually found her niche as a nurse for handicapped children in the care of the state .... She had a talent for selecting a slot machine to payoff ... gambling became a powerful magnet. "


Harvey & Nicholls: Two Rectifications

Table 6:

Born 19th April 1921 at Medford, MA: 42N25 71W06'36" Father died Married Daughter born Son born Corrective surgery required after the two births Pneumonia Began working at various jobs by necessity Ran own business, sewing for others Both ovaries removed Husband died Second marriage Daughter died unexpectedly Working for State at hospital for handicapped children Received divorce papers Divorce final Fractured left wrist and tendons cut In London on holiday, hospitalized for pneumonia House robbed, lost items of extreme personal value Pneumonia Car robbed requiring expensive replacements Mother died after long illness Stress-related coli tis diagnosed, lost job Moved into new home Sale of previous home completed Vascular eye episode Part-time nursing job Barium enema, favorable Pain in side Slight fever accompanying pains in side Tests showed enlarged & damaged liver & tumor on right lobe Biopsy showed lungs clear of tumors Told of liver cancer: fruitless to operate Won $1,000 gambling Lump in breast tested benign Colon cancer diagnosed Exploratory operation Operation to remove tumor and part of liver Left hospital Passenger in minor car accident Radiography showed tumors in lungs Began chemotherapy Won $2,000 gambling Premature birth of grandson Died

Events in the life of Marguerite DuMond

2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. 10. 11. 12. 13. 14. 15. 16. 17. 18. 19. 20. 21. 22. 23. 24. 25. 26. 27. 28. 29. 30. 31. 32. 33. 34. 35. 36. 37. 38. 39. 40. 41. 42. 43. 44.

1934 1938 1941 1942 1947 1950 1950 1956-1966 1961 15 Apr 1963 16 J1y 1966 19 Apr 1968 May 1968 17 Aug 1970 19 Apr 1971 begJun 1975 19 Apr 1978 5 Sep 1981 22 Oct 1981 1 May 1983 30 Jun 1983 7 Jly 1986 9 Aug 1986 28 Nov 1986 4 Dec 1986 12 Dec 1986 Mar 1987 4 Aug 1987 9 Oct 1987 14-29 Oct 87 12 Nov 1987 19 Nov 1987 7 Dec 1987 5 Jan 1988 11 Jan 1988 29 Jan 1988 14 Mar 1988 5 Apr 1988 10 May 1988 17 Jan 1989 30 Jan 1989 20 Mar 1989 19 Apr 1989 22 Aug 1990

8 10 19 15 10 15

Nov Dec Feb Jun Dec Apr


Considerations lX:l

J. N's work on Case 2
J. N. thought an early morning birth
could reasonably be interpreted as occurring between 00:00 and 06:00 A.M. However the time of 3:20 A.M. would need to be checked as no information was given about the procedures used to obtain this time. Physical characteristics of the subject were not given so that this possible rectification aid was denied. Forward and converse stationary transits appropriate to the events are listed in Table 7. There are 20 in cardinal, 23 in fixed and 15 in mutable signs. The most commonly occurring longitudinal positions are at 4-6 14-16 18-19 22 and 2628°. The Rectification Assist facility of the Matrix Blue Star program was used to cover the time from 00:00 to 6:00 A.M. EST. Possible rising signs in this interval are Capricorn, Aquarius, Pisces, Aries and Taurus. The description of the subject's temperament suggests an Aries ascendant which occurs between 3:57 and 5:05. The Solar Return technique' was used, with ten events from Table 6, and a provisional birth chart, to yield thirty-eight times with a mean of 4: 15 A.M. [The table listing these times is not shown, it is similar to Table 3] Discarding outliers with values further than 30 minutes from the mean gave a trim mean of 4:11 A.M. EST. A birth chart for this time has ASC 6°26' Aries and MC 3 ° 16' Capricorn, which fits the stations listed in Table 7 (there are 12 at the 4-6° position). This chart has Mercury in the I" House, closely conjunct the Ascendant, which also suits the description of the subject's temperament.

R.B's approach to Case 2
1. R. H. began with the Progressed Solar Method? as he did for Case #1, but worked with the times in EST rather than in GMT (either approach is acceptable). Once the Julian Day Number had been found for each event, the day number of 00:00 on the birth day is subtracted from it; the Julian Day Number for 00:00 EST (= 5:00 AM GMT) on the 19th April 1921 is 7779.20833. 38 times from 22 events were obtained [not given here, the listing is similar to that of Case #1 in Table 4] with a mean of 4.38135 hours EST. However, the range between the earliest time and its mean is 22.75954 hrs. while the range between the mean and the latest time is 20.86123 hrs, that is, there are more times before the mean than after it. Therefore reject those times earlier than 20.86123 hrs. before the mean (there was only one). The mean of the remaining 37 times is 4.99647 hrs, that is, 5:00 A.M. EST. It is possible that if more times were found using additional events this estimate would change but not markedly so. The result suggests that the true time lies between 4:00 and 6:00 A.M. EST and that the suggested time of 3 :20 is not likely to be correct, although one cannot say conclusively that it is wrong. 2. The second method used here was the Solar Return Lunar method". Solar returns for two major events (her father's death and her marriage) provided 42 times to give a reasonably accurate estimate by this procedure. As in Case #1, solar returns and natal planetary positions were first calculated for a noon birthtime, and when the approximate time had been found these were recalculated.





Harvey & Nicholls: Two Rectifications

Table 7:

Marguerite DuMond: Stationary transits
Forward station Converse station



26CN05 19SC35 22TA09 27VG05 22LE40 14LE57 7VG36 15LE46

27 Oct 1934 10 Dec 1938 30 Jan 1941 8 JUD 1942 4 16 8 28 Dec Nov Jan Apr 1947 1947 1948 1950

2. VE 3. 4.



27PS27 18CP54 lLB43 21SG38 24GM13 14GM42 15GM49 llTA47 5GM04

9 5 27 1 5 27 18 10 16

Jly JUD Aug Sep Mar Feb Sep Sep Sep

1907 1907 1903 1903 1900 1900 1894 1894 1894

5. SA 6.
10. PL MA PL

16 Mar

12. 15. JP 16. PL

11. NP


IVG09 19SC24 6SG27 6LB29 28LE39 18SG19 22SG05 26LB43 27LB43 4SC32 4SC54 5CP14 19AR46

9 May 1963 1 Aug 1966 23 Mar 1971 17 JUD 1975 25 20 3 7 1 15 Apr Mar Sep Jly Jly JIy 1978 1978 1981 1983 1983 1986



OTA15 6LE26 22CN29 24SC06 4CN18

10 13 31 3 12

Jan Apr Mar Mar Mar

1876 1874 1871 1867 1867

17. SA

21. PL 22.

18. NP



24. VB
30. NP

26 Nov 1986 17 Sep 1987 7 Dec 1987

33. JP 35. 37. SA
NP 41. OR 43. NP

44. DR

2CP33 10CP12 5CP20 12CP23 5CP36 11CP48 18CP42

11 11 9 13 11 23 23

Apr Apr Apr Apr Sep Sep Sep

1988 1988 1989 1989 1990 1990 1990

5TA37 29TA27 2TA43 16TA50 15LB22 20TA50 15GM53 17CP42 16TA41 3TA44 28TA02 13PS44 24SG28 13LE56 27AR26

19 6 16 25 10 26 28 14 22 3 9 15 10 15 30

Jan Feb Jan Jan Sep Aug Sep Sep Aug Aug Apr Jun Apr Dec Dec

1859 1859 1856 1856 1855 1855 1854 1854 1854 1854 1854 1853 1853 1851 1851




The mean is 5: 18 EST, but the range, 2611.38',between the mean and the latest time of 31 :56 is greater than the range, 19h.31', between the mean and the earliest time of -14:13. [Details of each of the different times found by this method are not given here, the table is similar to Table 5.] Hence three times which were later than 19h31' after the mean were rejected. The remaining times were averaged to obtain a mean of 5: 14 A.M. This is close to the final result from the previous method, but still should be considered to be only within an hour or so of the correct time. Once again, it would appear that the time of 3:20 may be too early. 3.There are several ways to further reduce the likely time range. One is to use the positions of the Moon in Age Harmonics!' to exclude times where the lunar positions give inappropriate conjunctions. In the present instance a range of the birthtime from 3:00-6:00 was taken and an orb of 5° was allowed. The results for six years are given in Table 8. The only incontestable time range between 3:00 and 6:00 is 4:03 - 4:27. As there is not a precise cut-off point at 5° from a conjunction in a harmonie, but rather a waning of influence, these times may be a little imprecise, but it is safe to say that times not between 4:00 and 4:30, in round figures, are doubtful. 4. Another clue can be found in the Solar Returns for marriage. In such charts it is common that the rulers of the 1"1 and Houses are in major aspect. In the SR for 1938 Mercury is conjunct natal Venus, and Gemini is on the ASC of the SR for birthtimes

Figure 2:

Marguerite DuMond Rectified time of birth 4:09 A.M. EST, 19th April 1921 Medford, MA: 42N25 71W06'36"

between 3:56 and 5:44, and Libra is on the DESC of the birth chart from 3:57 to 5:05; in other words, within the time range the ruler of the SR 1"1 House is conjunct the ruler of the natal vnth House. In the KSR QI for the same year the rulers of the KSR pi and vn», Mercury and Jupiter, are sextile if the time of birth is before 4:53 (placing Gemini on the ASC of the Kinetic Solar Return). Secondary progressions and regressions of the angles are another reliable way of determining the time of birth once a narrow time range has been found. Between 4:00 and 4:30, only one time gives appropriate major progressed and regressed aspects of the angles for most major events. Table 9 lists the derived MC's for eight events, assuming that the aspects were exact on the day of the event. One would need to ask to




Harvey & Nicholls: Two Rectifications

Table 8:

Selected Age Harmonics for the Moon

3:00 EST: natal Moon 20°25' Virgo; 6:00 EST: natal Moon 22 ° II' Virgo

1. Harmonic 41: Husband died. Harmonic Moon 27LE14 - 9SC21
Harmonic Moon cannot be conjunct natal Jupiter (9VG21), so birthtime cannot be between 3:18 and 3:43.

2. Harmonic 47: Daughter died. Harmonic Moon 29GM45 - 22VG26
Harmonic Moon cannot be conjunct natal Jupiter, so time is not between 5:21 and 5:42. Harmonic Moon cannot be conjunct harmonic Venus, 12VG42, so time is not 5:28-5:50.

3. Harmonic 60: Robbed and pneumonia.

Harmonic Moon 25LE13-10SG46

Harmonic Moon not conjunct natal Jupiter, so time not 3: 16-3:33. Harmonic Moon not conjunct harmonic Jupiter at 21LBOO, so time is not 4:27-4:44. Harmonic Moon not conjunct harmonic Venus at 8SGOO, so time is before 5:47. 4. Harmonic 62: Mother died. Harmonic Moon 6LE04-25SC08 Harmonic Moon not conjunct natal Jupiter, so time not 3:46-4:03.

s. Harmonic

66: Major health problems. Harmonic Moon 27GM45 - 23LB51

Harmonic Moon not conjunct natal Jupiter, so time not 4:43-4:59.

6. Harmonic 40: (if the hysterectomy was after the birthday in this year) Harmonic Moon 6PS49 - 17TA 11
Harmonic Moon not conjunct natal Sun, so time not 5:00-5:26. Harmonic Moon not conjunct natal Venus, so time not 5:14-5:39.


Considerations lX:l

Table 9:
Midheavens derived from progressed and regressed aspects for eight major events in the life of Marguerite DuMond assuming that the aspect was exact on the day of the event.

Event #


Me (degrees)



90 60


19 VG 36 7 CN 12 17 VG 58 9 PS 33

272.88764 272.96980 272.94840 273.29133 272.80000 272.78333 272.94733 272.84703 272.88407 272.84604 272.62937


6. MCp 45 SAp
10. ASp
90 URp

12. MCp 90 MAn
MCp 150 SAp 18 VG 10 18 VG 17

15. ASp

90 30


42. MCp 120 PLp 44. MCp
0 URp MCp 180 lPn

8 CN 18 9 PS 34

what other events each of these could relate, assuming that the birth time is within the postulated range (4:03 4:27). The average derived MC is 272.893910 which corresponds to a time of birth of 4:09 A.M. EST. In particular, regressed MC square regressed Saturn has to occur in her early life, and what else could it be but her father's death? The MC's resulting from these progressions and regressions are so close and the aspects so appropriate for the events that the time of 4:09 would seem to be practically certain. Figure 2 is a chart for this time.

LTHOUGH markedly different approaches and procedures have been used by the two authors, the separate results show gratifying agreement. Nevertheless these methods are not infallible especially where the number of events is limited. The relationship between stations and angles is strong in the present example. In the case of Marguerite DuMond it is a pity that physical details were not available to help with the rectification. Nevertheless the proposed chart would appear to agree with what little information has been supplied.



Harvey & Nicholls: Two Rectifications

& Jack Nicholls. "The Search for the Unknown Birthtimc." Considerations, VII:4. 2. ibid., 7.

5. Jack Nicholls. "A Rectification Technique" Considerations VII: 1. Reprinted VII:4.

1. Ross Harvey

6. Harvey & Nicholls. op. cit., 24. 7. ibid., 18-22. 8. Neil F. Michelsen. Vie American Ephemeris for the 20lh Century; San Diego: ACS Publications, 1980. 9. Harvey & Nicholls. op. cit., 12-14. 10. ibid. 11 ibid., 7-9.

3. ibid., II. 4. Laurie Efrcin. How to Reclify the Birth
Chart, Northants, Press, 1987. England: Aquarian



Barbara Koval's latest book, Time & Money, was published in mid-1993 by Llewellyn. Barbara is a professional consultant and writer, who lives in Cambrigc, Mass. We are fortunate to often have her writings in Considerations. Jerry Makransky is the author of Primary Directions: A Primer of Calculation. He lives in rural

Guatemala, alternating his time between astrology, channeling and farming. Andrew Patterson, Ph.D., is a mechanical engineer and a professional astrologer and researcher, who is concerned with how to assemble a body of astrological knowledge that is convincing, useful, unarnbigous, accurate and demonstrably true. Andrew lives in Johannesburg. Jack Nicholls, D. Sc., retired as head of a government scientific department in 1983. Since then Jack has been researching astrological techniques. He lives in Melbourne, Australia. Barbara Sugerman, an astrologer for 15 years, is presently studying Child Development at the University of South Australia. Her main interest is the natal charts of babies and young children. As Def Leopard's mother she writes the songs for a group of aspiring rock superstars.

Prier Wintle is an astrologer with many years experience. He presently lives in Cape Town, but at different times has resided in New Zealand and England. Prier's writings now appear regularly in Considerations,


Considerations lX:l

Rectification of the United States' Chart
Part II: Rectification by the Numbers
by Barbara Koval, D.F.Astrol.S
HE MULTITUDE of U.S. charts, produced by the meticulous calculations of earnest astrologers, have failed to capture the minds, hearts, and consensus of the astrological community. Without a true chart, mundane predictions must be less than successful; selfunderstanding, impossible. Without self-understanding we will ever fail to grasp the unconscious luck we think is brilliance or spot the failed strategies we blame on others. Some would look for better math. All rectifications lay claim to superior math. No one seems to question why so many different mathematical calculations produce so many different charts. The only reason: numbers are not enough. If a chart is not based on an accurate interpretation of the historical event and does not concur with the ongoing behavior of the people and their government, no mathematical construction will be true. The first article in this series demonstrated that only Sagittarius fits the limitations and customs of the times and described the Declaration of Independence. No deadlines pushed the conspirators, used to rising and sleeping by the rise and set of the Sun, to reach an agreement. Marathon meetings are


modern inventions. The meeting was in the middle of the week. They did not have to press to avoid working on the Sabbath. While all or most were anxious to return to their homes, businesses and farms, life was slow. Travel was difficult. A trip from Philadelphia to New York was an overnight affair. In colonial times light did not explode at the flick of a switch. Candles, made by hand, were expensive and gave little light. The notion of the collaborators cowering in the wee hours of the morning at a secret meeting to forestall losing a tenuous momentum is untenable on the surface. Have you ever cowered with a few dozen men? Have you ever visited Independence Hall? It would have taken a couple of hours to cover the windows and set the candle relay a going. The Declaration of Independence is a preachy and petty document about excessive taxation coupled with wishful thinking about the existence of a social contract between the people and their government. The government need not obey laws passed without their consent. Sagittarius equals law, preaching and proselytizing. Ruling planet and stellium in Cancer in the VIII,h equals whining about taxes.


Koval: USA Chart: Rectification by the Numbers

Once the Rising Sign is set, the numerical rectification can begin. ECTIFICATION. Many rising degrees work in any given forecasting/rectification system. The problem is to create a chart that will work in all systems. This rectification is tested against its performance
in: 1. Primary directions, 2. Solar Arc directions, 3. Secondary Progressions with Naibod Arcs, 4. Diurnals, s. Transits, 6. Ruling planet.

Fig 1:

United States (rectified)

21:20:06 UT, July 4th, 1776
75WOS'OI" 39NS6'SS"


Because every rectification necessarily duplicates most of the planetary positions to produce a string of impressive contacts, a true test must demonstrate the accuracy of the Midheaven, the Ascendant, and the natal Moon. Only these positions make any significant difference in determining mathematical accuracy. RITERIA: Orbs are the essence of an accurate rectification. Most rectifications do not hold up to orb scrutiny. Laurie Ephrein' s fine work, an otherwise convincing rectification, allows a 1 orb for Solar Arc directions. One can prove anything with 10. If you are going to have a serious accident, would you settle to know it would happen sometime in the space of a year? That's a long time to stay strapped to your seat with one eye behind you and both darting back and forth on either side. The most prevalent Gemini chart does not even come close to justifying itself.

Primary directions: 1 of right ascension per year, forward and converse. Orb: five minutes. (Yes, you are reading this right,S').


Solar Arc directions: Daily motion of the Sun forward, added and subtracted for each year. We only move in one direction, forward. However, our forward motion encompasses a circle of time forward and back with use at the center. Converse Solar Arcs are calculated on the forward Sun increment. Orb: 5'. Secondary Progressions with Naibod Arcs: One day per year of life, forward and converse. Because Secondaries often trigger as much as three years ahead of time on an applying aspect, they tend to set the mood and the broad opportunities of one's context. For rectification pur-


Considerations lX:l

poses we will narrow the orb to 10. Because the progressed Moon is the strong timer on Secondaries, her orb approximates her monthly motion, which is variable, an average of 1013' per month. Orb: 10. Diurnals: Diurnals are transit charts calculated for a 24-hour period, using the hour and minute of birth, that precedes the event. Although their application is somewhat limited, they often show repetitions of significant planets and angles and occasionally produce a spectacular picture of the actual event. These can be useful when the actual hour of the event is unknown. Orb: 1". Transits: The daily planetary activity and its contacts to the natal chart. Where the time of the event is known the transits are related to the event chart. If the time is unknown the Diurnal of the day is used, that is, the chart is set for 9:20 PM GMT. Even though transits often trigger Progressions, this work will focus on the natal chart. The transiting Moon must be in a Sign, House, or aspect that reflects the event. Orb: 2 applying, 1 separating.
0 0

some aspect of the event. 5' of directed are, the monthly motion of the progressed Moon, and the Lunations (not investigated here) are all monthly timers. The day timers are the Sun, Moon, Mars, Ruling Planet, and Diurnal Angles. Apart from the mathematics, the most important criteria is that the significant contacts make sense. Consider the immensity of the task, where five systems, all making different planetary contacts, must converge on and explain some aspect of every important event. Coordinates: The geocentric latitude and the true nodes tested best. The chart is based on the coordinates for Independence Hall in Philadelphia. In the early years, before the United States was strong enough to be considered viable, relocated charts tested better than the Philadelphia chart. Before the final move to DC, Philadelphia and New York were the places where all the important activities of forming the Union were completed. From 1800 on activities show up on both the DC-relocated chart and the Philadelphia chart. Arcs: The age arc for Primary directions is calculated by subtracting the date of the current event from the date of "birth." For the Civil War it is: 1861 1776 84 4 7 9 12 4 8

Ruling Planet: The ruler of the Ascendant is usually involved in significant activity to other transiting planets. All applying aspects that occur while it is in the Sign are noted, especially when they are translated by the Moon. Although the ruling planet often triggers by its transits to natal, directed and progressed positions, they will not be discussed here. Orb: future contacts during its transit of the current Sign. These orbs allow one month on either side of the event for all transits to catch up and reflect the event or

Multiply the months by 5 for the minutes of arc. Divide the number of days by 6 to get the extra minutes. Multiply the left-over minutes by 10 to get the seconds. The Age Arc for the Civil War is therefore 84 46'20".


Koval: USA Chart: Rectification by the Numbers

Naibod Arcs move the angles and bodies 59' 11 " per year. Only the angles are directed by the Naibod method. Although the Ascendant Arcs generated from the MC for the latitude of the chart are presented for Primary, Solar, and Naibod Arcs, they appear to be of less significance than directed Ascendants. Events: Rectification is based on important events in the first thirty years of life. Most USA rectifications cover broad sweeps of time, where many events can be selected to conform to whatever the rectifier desires. Over a long period of time, the progressed planets move to different positions and may trigger activity not specific to the natal chart. The first thirty years give us one Sign change for the Sun, the full range of the Moon, and a Saturn return. This should be more than adequate to produce a chart that will work forever. Aspects: All 30° increments are included, plus the semis quare and sesquiquadrate. In practice the 24th harmonic (all 15° increments) work wonderfully well as a predictive technique with Solar Arc directions. They produce too much data for rectification. Planets & Points: This proof is based primarily on Midheaven, Ascendant and the Moon, the only points that differ significantly from chart to chart. Intermediate House Cusps, the Part of Fortune, Vertex, East Point, and the panoply of hypothetical planets, asteroids and midpoints are not used. Given enough points, one can prove anything. One might argue that using converse techniques and 30° increments

have the same directions to the same planets in all systems for any given event. This has given rise to the notion that one rectifies a chart to a system not to the actual moment in time. If astrology is to be credible, we must be able to rectify to the moment in time. This work demonstrates that a single chart can work sufficiently well in all systems to justify a common time. Procedures: To avoid the temptation of trying to make the chart conform to current conditions, no events after the War of 1812 were used in the search process. Those included here are tests of the original conclusions. Projected Ascendants and Midheavens for almost every minute of time between 0 and 11 ° of Sagittarius were tested. Several charts were tested in as little as five seconds of time intervals. All charts were computed for geocentric and geographic latitudes, relocated cities, and against mean and true Nodes. Later degrees of Sagittarius were not tested because the MC would have changed to Libra. Virgo is the only sign that accurately describes not only the conditions, but the likelihood of the colonists winning the war. At least twenty events were tested for each degree and minute that

produces the same data overkill. This is balanced by the use of only the MC, ASC and Moon to prove the chart. We need a number of generators because of the abbreviated time period and the small number of points. We are heightening the activity of the Moon and Angles, not giving them more points to hit. Keep in mind that each predictive/ rectification technique produces a different set of numbers. No chart can


Considerations Xl:]



Koval: USA. Chart: Rectification by the Numbers

looked promising. Many events fell quickly upon one another so it was often gratifying to see two different planets contacted even when the events were only one month apart. Primary directions were the technique of choice. If they showed promise, solar arcs were tested. If neither showed promise, the degree was discarded. Naibod degrees were simply a check, not a generator, as were progressions and all transit techniques. The orbs are simply too big to produce a mathematically accurate natal chart. Perhaps the most serious objection to this chart is the lack of Mars contacts in the early years. We declare war on Neptune stimuli, after the attack or the provocation. Radix Neptune is very close to a partile square to radix Mars and its activity follows close upon a Mars provocation. Mars seemed strongest when battles were lost, rather than just fought. It is also important to realize that even though the Declaration was in many ways an act of war, the colonial provisionary government was not military. Its members did not fight. When threatened, they fled. We see ourselves as defenders not aggressors. During the recent Gulf War Mars was active because we had not been previously attacked.

Fig. 2:

United States Chart relocated to Washington D. C.

very least it would seem that the signing or the Constitution would be more significant. The founding fathers fervently believed in the social contract. The Declaration of Independence is the materialization of a social contract among the colonists, the first in the history of mankind. The Declaration chart is not only the enactment of that social contract, it is the chart of democracy. IGNING. The signing is the first significant activity by the parties of the social contract. It is in effect the declaration of war and the enactment of the desire to separate from the mother country. Primary Directions: (see Table 1) The combination of Sun and Saturn afflicting the radix Moon suggests a break from the authority of the mother country and the king by the will of the public.


Events & their Significance
DECLARATION. THE of July asarguedfoundation the Many have against Fourth the of the United States chart because it does not follow horary rules. At the




~ + ~ N
...... en










9~ u"""

~ .....


N Q.,




~ en



Koval: USA Chart: Rectification by the Numbers

Solar Arc: Nothing. Chart is still in orbs of natal positions. However, there is no authority figure or true government at this point. Progressed: Moon semisextile Pluto indicates an activity of high risk and danger on behalf of separating from the mother land. Diurnal: Transiting Saturn was conjunct the Midheaven the day before. Materialization of goals. The old government regime ends. A new one begins. On the day transiting Moon squares radical Mars, setting off the act of war. Ruling planet: Mars applies to a conjunction of Jupiter, the people begin to fight. ffiSTWAN. This is the first activity after the signing has materialized the social contract revolution. Primary directions: Pluto exactly sextile the Ascendant represents both loans and major distress. Solar Arcs: Nothing on Moon or Angles. Progressions: Moon enters Pisces, a new sign. The defense of the land and the period of self-sacrifice begins. This is also the first step towards eventual hyper-inflation. Diurnal: The Moon is conjunct radical Mars: debt and war. On the day: Moon in the vm- of debt. Ruling planet: Moon is conjunct Jupiter, which is square Saturn, opposite Pluto and sextile Neptune. Activity regarding money, loans, and the inability to repay them. HE FLAG. Primaries: None. Solar Arc: Ascendant quincunx Venus represents a material object created out of stress, relating to armies, Venus ruler Moon is semisextile Pluto, the ruler of the

XIItb, the third (signature) of the government. Progressions: The Ascendant is quincunx Venus, reiterating the Solar arc. Diurnal: On the day before the Moon is exactly opposite radix Jupiter, an advertisement of self, ruler pt. Transiting Moon is opposite radix Venus, reflecting the Solar Arc directions and Progressions. On the day the Moon is in the XItb conjunct ruler The junta designates a signature for the country. Ruling planet: Jupiter square Saturn and opposite Pluto activates the Saturn that ruled the radix IIIrd and the Pluto of the directions.



REASON of Benedict Arnold. Primaries: The moon quincunx Mercury indicates the public is hurt by a leader and an enemy, ruler xand VIItb. Solar Arcs: The MC square Mars and sextile Sun represents a blow and a betrayal to the army of the rebellion (ruler VIIth) on behalf of the king. Progressed: Jupiter quincunx the Ascendant indicates a people troubled by one of their own. MC square Mars and opposite Neptune is a government-forced betrayal and deception. Moon sextile Moon, both forward and converse, gives us VIIIth house rulers in collusion, by a single man, in Aries, and in Sagittarius acting on behalf of the population. (Don't forget, not everyone wanted to separate.)





ATIFY the Articles of Confederation & New Name. Primary Arc: Ascendant trine Mercury produces a document and a name. Solar Arc: The direction to the True Node indicates a fateful activity, relevant to Houses IX and ill: law







Koval: USA Chart: Rectification by the Numbers

and name. Progressed: Neptune conjunct the MC indicates the old ruling structure is dissolved or undermined. Moon sextile Venus indicates a new compact. The Taurus VIth is the IXth, law of the x-, the governing powers. Diurnal: Moon conjunct Xth indicates a change of government or of the political order. Its position in the radix echoes the progression of the Moon to sextile Venus, ruler of the VIth. Ruling planet: Both Moon and Mercury aspect Jupiter indicating the new document and the new name.


ORNWALLIS surrenders at Yorktown. Primary: MC joins Neptune to show the defeat of the ruling powers. Solar Arc: The same direction is repeated by Solar Arc. Progressed: Mars square the MC and Venus sextile the Moon give defeat of the government and peace to the population. Diurnal: In the Diurnal Venus is conjunct the Ascendant and the Moon opposes Uranus: the tide turns. Peace returns. The after-the-battle diurnal Moon is conjunct both the diurnal and radical Ascendants: exhaustion and a new start. Ruling planet: Jupiter in 29°Scorpio forecasts the end of the misery and the need to heal and repair. "IlIE above gives some idea of the • type of delineation possible with this particular time, date and place. Directions to the Constitution give us Jupiter of law, entries into war give persistent contacts with Neptune. Every event does not show perfectlyon every chart, but there is rarely more than one chart that fails that fails to give a coherent though different perspective on each event.


The four tables show consistent contacts with the angles and the Moon, some are spectacular, such as the victory at Yorktown, the defeat of the British and the fulfillment of the dream of the Declaration. Many more dates were analyzed, but those listed in the four tables were chosen not because they display the rectification to its best advantage (they do not), but because they represent events that often dominate the history and myth of the birth of this nation. The Solar Arc directions and the position of the Moon often had impressive contacts out of orb. Another ten minutes would be even more convincing. Ten minutes of Solar Arc angle represents about forty seconds of clock time. Maybe there is a natural technical disparity between the two systems. Unfortunately, the arc was sometimes 10' too much, at others 10' too small. The Moon poses a different problem, because its motion is not perfectly consistent even during the day. When dealing with 5' of orb, this can have a significant effect. However, this does not pose a major obstacle to creating many contacts. It must be remembered that changing a position in one system throws all the other systems off. A cursory glance through all the calculations would often show for relatively brief periods of time contacts that suggest a five minute adjustment of the Solar Arc Midheaven. That 20" adjustment in time would lose a third of the Primary Arc contacts. Many contacts occur without a famous major event. Some expected convergencies occur out of orb. These are not important for two reasons. 1. The early contacts often delineate events leading up to the major event. In the case of World War



XI: 1



Koval: USA. Chart: Rectification I7y the Numbers

II, the Mars direction coincided not with Pearl Harbor but with the first illegal and provocative act initiated by the United States, the sort of thing that does not appear in our history books. 2. There was no corroborating and enhancing supporting activity. A direction to Mars without supporting Solar Arcs, Progressions, Transits, etc. is not going to be terribly significant.

In the War of 1812 we took many hits before we fought back. The origins of the Mexican War are so nebulous that little shows up on the date war was given because the declaration of this war was mostly a formality. The 4:20 PM chart represents a best attempt to reconcile all factors to produce workable interpretations relative to events. The relocation charts sometimes work better than the original chart. Although there is no consistent pattern here, if the event takes place in Washington, the DC chart may take precedence, viz, the assassination of Lincoln.

Some objections are still to be answered: mainly the degree activity at i0 and 18 of various Signs. These will be addressed in a future piece on the shadow charts of the United States: the Great Mutations for Boston, Washington and Philadelphia, our connection to the world; and a number of British charts in effect at the time. While only the test of time and prediction can verify and validate this chart, it is hoped that astrologers skilled in other techniques: Uranian, Cosmobiology, Sidereal, Hindu systems, etc. will give a stab at applying their systems to this time and date. The important issue for all of us is a time that works to all systems, that can be agreed upon by all, and that enables us to raise the standard of mundane, political and economic predictions far above the level currently in evidence. The United States is the first country that was created by protest not conquest. It is the first country that perpetuated itself by consensus not force. Would that we, as astrologers, could do as well. C
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The Tables
The four accompanying tables list the aspects by Primary and Solar Are, by Progression, observed in the Diurnal, involving the ruling planet, and by Transit for the stated events and dates. The abbreviations used are those standard in Considerations, namely: SO SA MC CN CP

= Sun, LU = Moon, ME = Mercury, VE = Venus, MA = Mars, JP = Jupiter, = Saturn, UR = Uranus, NP = Neptune, PL = Pluto, TN = Moon's true North Node, = Midheaven, AS = Ascendant, AR = Aries, TA = Taurus, GM = Gemini, = Cancer, LE = Leo, VG = Virgo, LB = Libra, SC = Scorpio, SG = Sagittarius, = Capricorn, AQ = Aquarius, PS = Pisces.

The fonnat of aspects is the Applying Body - angular difference - Aspected body and orb. Thus, JP-135-S0 +L' means Jupiter sesquiquadrate Sun, orb l 'applying. A listed orb of 0' means the aspect is exact. Other abbreviations, in lower-case combined with one of the above upper-case abbreviations: Roman Numeral = House position, t = transit, P = progressed, sa = solar are, c = converse, ny = chart relocated to New York. Thus, MCnyc means the MC of the relocated New York chart directed in converse manner. de = chart relocated to DC, r = natal (radical) position, AS(arc) = Ascendant directed by Solar Arc as opposed to being derived from SA-directed MC.




Astrolocality Mapping

SERIES of articles elsewhere' I have described the mathematical basis of various forms of astrolocality mapping. I then argued that, from both the mathematical and astrological points of view, there can be only two valid forms of astrolocality map: 1. The Meridian-Koch type of map, invented by Ken Gillman and popularized by Jim Lewis under the rubric Astro*Carto*Graphy (hereinafter referred to as an A*C*G map), and 2. The Morinus type map (hereinafter referred to as a Zodiacal map). On an A*C*G map there are two kinds of planetary aspect lines: meridian lines (running due north and south) measure aspects to the natal Midheaven, and horizon lines (which run obliquely) measure aspects to the natal Ascendant. Of course, these "lines" are actually great circles on the earth, but for simplicity we will term them "lines." On a Zodiacal map there is only one type of line, which runs obliquely (although in my own astrolocality map practice I show the A *C*G Midheaven lines as well) and which measures aspects against the ecliptic (rather than the meridian and horizon). In fact, the numbers are the same in both of these methods, but the theory is different. That is to say, the two types of map exhibit the precise same oblique lines, but with different



labels; aspect lines on one map will be identical to those on the other map, but shifted 90° forward or back. ONSIDER the coordinates for Washington D.C. in Richard Nixon's astrolocality maps (Table 1). On his Zodiacal map Washington falls at 20°53' Cancer, opposing his natal Sun at 19°24' Capricorn; and on his A *C*G map the relocated Ascendant for Washington falls at 20°53' Libra, square his natal Sun. The numbers are the same, but they shift 90° in the zodiac. In comparing the efficacy of the two systems, we will prefer conjunctions and oppositions to squares (the symbolism being equal, as it is in this example), and, as we shall see later, we will prefer trines and sextiles to inconjuncts and semisextiles. So, in this one instance, the Zodiacal map better describes what Washington meant to Nixon than does the A *C*G map. Note that the orb of the aspect is 1°29' from exactitude. This is a wider orb than I use in my relocation practice; I prefer orbs less than 1 °, preferably under 15' of arc. Note, however, that Nixon's meridian at Washington, 24 °02' Cancer, is just 43' away from his natal Neptune at 24°45' Cancer. Generally speaking, if you don't obtain conjunctions or oppositions (in either system) within a degree of longitude (60 miles on the earth) for places where the native has lived or had important experiences,



Makransky: Astrolocality

Table 1: Richard

Nixorr' Lat. Zodiacal 28CN53
Sun 19CP24

Washington New York


A*C*G 20LB53 22LB56

Neptune 24CN45

77W0138N53 73W57 40N45


Neptune 24CN45 Saturn 27TA.29

Neptune 24CN45

Caracas Hanoi

66W5510N30 105E50 21N02

Node 6AR12

5SC47 6TA28

Uranus 2AQ42

Node 6AR12

Neptune 24CN45 Saturn 27TA.29

Richard Nixon'




then you can begin to suspect that the birthtime you are using is incorrect. I term the oblique lines in either A *C*G or Zodiacal maps "karma lines," and I term the meridian lines "success lines." The experiences one has at places located within 1 of karma lines are primarily emotional, subjective, "lessons;" and the experiences one has on success lines are more a matter of image, how one perceives oneself or is perceived by others. Thus, for Nixon, the karma of Washington was symbolized by the opposition or square to natal Sun (depending on which system you use); and the success of Washington was symbolized by the conjunction to Neptune. In Nixon's astrolocality maps New York City - he lived there at various times but was refused a condominium because of complaints from the other owners regarding his presence -- is within II' of conjunction with natal Neptune in the Zodiacal map, and square Neptune in the A*C*G map. Again, we chalk one up for the Zodiacal method, since conjunctions and oppositions take preference over squares (if the symbolism is unchanged). By his meridian line, New York is within 20 II' of being conjunct natal Neptune, and 33' from the trine to natal Saturn. Caracas, where Nixon was almost killed by an anti-American mob, is within 25' arc of being trine his Node on the Zodiacal map. The aspect is an inconjunct on the A *C*G map. Although the symbolism may seem incongruous because of what happened to him there, in fact Caracas was a point of protection (Node) for Nixon, otherwise he would have been killed. The event, the story, is symbolized by his meridian line for Caracas, which lies within 1 of opposition to natal Uranus. This is a good
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illustration ofthe difference between karma lines and success lines. Note that what appears as a trine or sextile in either type of astrolocality map will appear as an inconjunct or semisextile in the other. In toting up our score for either system over the other, we give preference to trines and sextiles over inconjuncts and semisextiles. In my own astrolocality map practice, inconjunct and semisextile lines are shown as well as trine and sextile lines; but in making relocation recommendations, I tend to give these lines less importance unless I have some reason to believe (for example, a history of where the client has lived, and what happened to him at each place) that the A *C*G labels work better than the Zodiacal ones for that particular individual. In Nixon's case, the Zodiacal labels tend to work better than the A *C*G labels. OW CONSIDER the case of Teddy Roosevelt, Table 2. San Juan Hill, Cuba, where he and his Rough Riders saved the day, is within 3' of arc of sextile natal Saturn on his A *C*G map, but inconjunct Saturn on his Zodiacal map. Score one up for A *C*G. Washington is within 14' of conjunction with his natal Jupiter on his A *C*G map, but square Jupiter on his Zodiacal map. Score up another one for the A *C*G. That either system of labeling can be better in a given case illustrates the requirement, whenever possible, to take a client's history before making relocation recommendations, so that one can see clearly how the astrolocality map has worked in the past. In some cases, though, as in the following examples of Prince Charles and Field Marshal Montgomery, even this analysis is murky.



Makransky: Astrolocality

Table 2: Teddy

Roosevelt" Long. Lat. Zodiacal llPS37 A*C*G llGM37 Meridian 29AQ25


San Juan Hill 75W50 20NOl Washington

Saturn llLE40

77WOl 38N53 21PS19

21GM19 28AQll

Jupiter 21GM05

Teddy Roosevelt"




OR PRINCE Charles (Table 3), Caernavon, where he was invested as Prince of Wales, is conjunct his Node Zodiacally but square the Node according to A *C*G. Score one up for the Zodiacals. However, Timbertop in Australia, where he went to school, is conjunct natal Jupiter and opposition natal Uranus in his A *C*G map, but square them in his Zodiacal map. Score one up for the A *C*G. Again, London is conjunct Prince Charles natal Node and trine Saturn in his Zodiacal map, but square the Node and semisextile Saturn in his ~ *C*G map. Chalk up another for the Zodiacal. Things are never as clear cut as we would like them to be.


Prince Charles'

Table 3:

Prince Charles' Long. Lat. Zodiacal 5TA30
Node 4TA58 Saturn 5VG16

Location London


Meridian 13AR27
Neptune 14LBOB Fortuna 13CP31



Caernavon Timbertop

4W16 53N08 146E23 37S02



Saturn 5VG16 Mercury 6SC57

28VGlO 28SGI0
Jupiter 29SG53 Uranus 29GM56


Makransky: Astrolocality

NE FINAL POINT: astrolocality maps can work "at a distance", that is, point out places of importance to a native, even if he never actually visits them in person. For example, in Nixon's case, Hanoi is sextile his natal Node Zodiacally and semisextile the Node per A *C*G, so he did have a good karma vis a vis Hanoi (he did make peace there in the end, and no doubt learned many karmic lessons in the process); the Hanoi success lines oppose natal Neptune and trine natal Saturn (patience), symbolizing events in Nixon's life related to Hanoi even though he never went there.


Table 4:

Bernard Long. 28E51 5E55

Law Montgomery" Lat. 30N50 51N59 Zodiacal 2ITAI0 12TA27 A*C*G 21LElO 12LE27 Meridian 17TA04
Jupiter 18SC19

Location EI Alamein Arnhem

Mars 19VG59


Node 12LE57 Fortuna 12VG42

Field Marshal Montgomery's great military victory at EI Alamein, which lifted him to prominence, is symbolized by the trine to natal Mars in the Zodiacal map or the semisextile to Mars in the A *C*G one (Table 4); the success line at El Alamein also opposes natal Jupiter. Similarly, his great disaster at Arnhem (which he never personally visited) is square his natal Node Zodiacally and conjunct his Node per A *C*G -- this is an instance where the

s 7


Bernard Law Montgomery"




square symbolism is better than the conjunction symbolism. Arnhem also trines Montgomery's natal Part of Fortune Zodiacally, and semisextiles it per A *C*G, which probably symbolizes inflated hopes. The point is that significant aspect lines do pass through Arnhem in Montgomery's maps, even though he never visited the area. As the reader will no doubt have realized, the subject of astrolocality mapping still needs a good bit of work. However, used together with close orbs and exact birthtimes, it is one of the most powerful tools we have.

1. Mercury Hour 68/6, 72/25 & 73/22.
The author is referring to my long-ago article "Impact of Location" published in American Astrology of January 1977. I certainly did not invent the method which had been around for several years before this. Cyril Fagan, for example, had earlier referred to this approach in several articles Editor 3. 21:35 PST, 9th January 1913, Yorbo Linda: 117W49, 33N53. Source: Circle Book of Charts. Birth certificate gives 21:30 PST with 16°02' Virgo rising. 4. 19:50 LMT. 27th October 1858. Ncw York City: 73W54, 40N45. Biography gives 19:45 LMT with 24°37' Gcminirising. This has been rectified to five minutes later so that, by zodiacal primary direction using true solar arc in right ascension, Saturn comes to the IC in February 1878 when his father died; and Mars is at the DESC in February 1884 when both his mother and wife died. 5. 21:15 GMT, 14th November 1948. London: OW10, 51N30. Source: Circle Book of Charts. The official time is 21:14 GMT. 6.21:17 GMT, 17th November 1887. London: OW06, 51N31. Source: from mother. 2.



Let's Consider
John Willner writes:
RIOR WINTLE asked about the twelfth house prominence for presidents (VIII:3, p. 70). In my experience the twelfth house is the one that is least understood by astrologers in general. The information usually taught about large animals (e.g. dinosaurs), prisons, hospitals, etc. -- while correct -- tends to be mainly negative, and this aura clouds the issue. The twelfth house


should be thought of as the house of service in relation to others. It is the opposite of the sixth house, that is the house of service in relation to oneself. This means that people who work for governments, including presidents (at least in theory), provide a service to the population as a whole. Therefore, a twelfth house prominence is always required of them. A dual nature exists for houses, and the twelfth house also


Let's Consider

represents society's (or animals') actions that impact the individual. Unfortunately, this one-sided viewpoint is usually the only one taught. I find without exception that anyone who makes a mark in this world and leaves something important to posterity has a strong twelfth house irrespective of that person's occupation.
'JUstin, California

Direct MC ASC 2TA51 18LE22

Converse 29LE16 13SC04

Andrew Patterson writes: EVERAL THINGS worry me about the use of Ross Harvey's Life Span Revolution in predicting death (Considerations VII (2): 4-21; VIII (1): 45-54 & 55-63). One of them is that it supports the idea of predestination. Personally, I am a "soft" astrologer, only willing to admit that the stars incline. The whole idea of having the events of our lives written down in advance makes me very uncomfortable. I think that if you really believe in it, it is counter-productive to your material well-being and has less survival value for your group. On the other hand, if you believe that our conscious decisions have the ability, however small, to deflect the course of our lives, there is at least some chance that we can guide our spiritual advancement by expressing planetary symbolism at a higher level. If Ross Harvey's method actually works, we are denied this, and will have to swallow hard and set about the job of overhauling our fundamental assumptions about Life, the Universe and Everything. But does it work? Let's consider some of the examples Ross himself gives. King George V became heirapparent in January 1892 on the death of his brother. Using the average rate of motion of 4.50 Iyr, Ross obtains the following directed angles:


MC's is close either to a conjunction or to an opposition with any of the planets in the natal chart, but the converse directed Ascendant is closely opposite Pluto in the I" House. That looks encouraging, but what does Ross do? He lights on the natal Mars at 6 Leo, saying that it relates to the converse directed MC, at 29 Leo. The difference in longitude of 23 makes this a surprise, but he justifies this by saying that "Mars is by far the most appropriate planet for this event (the death of a close member of the family)." Really? It feels much more like Pluto to me. There is another example of the same sort of thing in connection with another major event in the life of the king. He acceded to the throne on 6th May 1910, and using the rate of 4.5°/yr, we obtain this time the following set of directed angles:
0 0 0

It is true that neither of the directed

Direct MC ASC 21CN26 16LB19

Converse 10GM28 15VG06

Even more encouraging: the converse MC is close to a conjunction with the Sun at 12 Gemini, and the direct ASC is not too far from a conjunction with the natal Saturn at 24 Libra. Both planets are very acceptable symbols of royalty and duty, and the orbs, if one can call them that, are quite small. But what does Ross choose? The direct ASC opposite Venus at 10 Taurus, and the converse MC conjunct Venus. But then he has to select Mars in the first instance and Venus in the
0 0 0

Considerations lX:l

second, for the simple reason that we
know when the king died.

There is another problem in connection with his treatment of Queen Elizabeth. The first event calculated is the birth of her younger sister, Princess Margaret, and the average rate of motion of the directed angles turns out to be 4.4 ° lye. The next event he takes is her father's accession, and he then makes what I believe is a fatal mistake. He assumes the rate of 4.4 ° Iyr. is likely to be correct, and uses this to calculate the rate indicated by the accession. But surely from this point on, the whole calculation is biassed? It seems to me that the LSR technique embodies the same weakness as methods of rectification that rely on events, namely, correctly identifying the significator of the event. In the case of King George V, we are always able to find the right planet, because we know the answer to the question. And that is the crux of the matter. What is needed is validation of the technique by repeatedly and correctly predicting the deaths of people who have not yet died. Alternatively, it would be fascinating to take a large number of known deaths, calculate the actual rates of motion of the directed angles, and find out what planets if any match what events. There may be some surprises. And, in any case, who says that the directed angles move at uniform rates? The Hubers don't, and neither does Tad Mann. Johannesburg, South Africa Ross Harvey responds: TSEEMS that part of Andrew's problem with the LSRev lies in his difficulty in accepting the idea of predestination, yet I have always


thought that if astrology does work, then at least the main influences which will come to bear on us throughout our lives must be predetermined, otherwise how can we ever predict anything? On the other had I do think that forewarned is forearmed; if we see a negative influence coming we also know that it will pass, and we can make the most of a positive one if we know it is about to happen. I do regretfully have to say that if people do not like the implications of the LSRev, I can't help them. After having done a great deal of research on it, I can say that it does seem to explain the way things are. Andrew's method of approach to using the LSRev is also flawed. This can most easily be explained with reference to the Queen's chart. As she is already 67.5 years old, we know that the rate cannot be faster than 5.33 degrees per year, and if we assume that a likely maximum is 100 years, the rate cannot be much slower than 3.6°/ye. Andrew says that my calculations are biassed because I assume that the rate is 4.4 °Iyr, but a more careful reading of my article should show that this is not necessarily the case. I shall use the direction of the ASC to a conjunction with the Sun as an example. If the Queen were to die this year, the direction ASCd-O-SO would have occurred at age 9.3 years, and if she lives to be 100 it would have occurred by the age of 14. We now have the time range securely limited, and need to ask ourselves what was the most important positive event which changed her life in those years? There can be only one answer, her father's accession to the throne when she was aged 10.6411 years. We should not rest content with the rate from only one event, no matter


Let's Consider

how likely it may seem, so let us consider the next really significant direction, the MC directed to the conjunction of Mars and Jupiter and the opposition of Neptune. Normally Mars on its own would most likely signify a "shock", but as it is conjunct Jupiter in this chart the effect of a contact to it will be favorably modified. Once again we should limit the likely range of ages: MCd-O-JP must have happened after the Queen was 17 and before she was 25.3 years old. Again, we must ask ourselves what could these indications have related to. Jupiter means that the event must be favorable, and it is usually related to marriage. If marriage occurred in these years, and it did, that is the most probable event, though not necessarily the only possibility. We should proceed in the same way with several other major contacts of the direct and converse angles until we have satisfied ourselves that we have arrived at the only rate which fits all contacts to appropriate events. There is still one essential step, which Andrew has completely overlooked, and that is the necessity of checking the rate against the progressions (one year before and after birth equals the lifetime). The rates should be essentially the same: if the rate for the LSRev is, say, 5.4 0 /yr. and for the progressions 5.3 days/yr, we are probably right, but if the progression rate (for this same example) is 4.8 days/year, we have made a dreadful mistake. In his treatment of King George V, Andrew questions my preference for Mars as the significator of the death of King George's brother. I have analyzed well over a hundred charts with the LSRev and can confidently say that Mars is by far the most common contact for such an event, not Pluto. Pluto's basic meaning seems to be

something like "intensity" or perhaps "transformation," and it is just as likely to relate to a favorable event as to an unfavorable one. Mars is rare for favorable events on its own. Moreover a conjunction is far more powerful than an opposition. Of course Mars is not the only possibility: Saturn, Uranus, Neptune and Pluto are all possible, so we should look at further events. However Andrew's preference for Pluto is subjective, just the problem he raises in his last paragraph. Andrew claims that the Sun and Saturn are very acceptable as the indications for the King's accession. I have no quarrel with MCc-O-SO (except that it does not fit the rate that other events suggest), but I would take issue with ASCd-O-SA. The basic effect of Saturn in the LSRev is "restriction"; I have seen it for the death of family members or close friends, serious illness, divorce, the failure of plans and enterprises, etc., but the only favorable event I have so far seen it relate to is retirement (giving up work). I would reject this contact for becoming King, and with it the associated rate. Once again, one must check that the rate for the progressions is the same as for the basic LSRev. I do agree that astrologers should validate the LSRev for themselves, but one does have to wait for dozens of people to die! One should work out the rate for one's own chart, and then use the LSRev and the associated progressions as predictive tools. I have yet to find that a contact has failed, and I cannot say that about any other predictive technique I know. Overwhelmingly I have found that the traditional associations of the planets have been confirmed, though I cannot stress enough that one needs to know a subject's reactions to ev-




ents as well as the events themselves, for example, marriage is generally a joyous occasion, but not always, and in the latter case the planetary contact may not be one of the usual ones, which are the Moon, Jupiter and the Lunar Node. Lastly I do take issue with the suggestion that the rate may not be constant. The LSRev rate is derived from the earth's rotation, which is constant. I do find that in some cases the rate may slow very slightly during the lifetime, but overall the rate for different events should not vary by much more than one-tenth of a degree. If directed angles can move at non-uniform rates, one can find any contacts one likes for any event, and that makes nonsense of the whole method one is using.

Cheng-yi Huang writes: ET me respond to the question Lraised by Mrs. Marguna Prescott (VIll:4) concerning which orbs to use when working with the progressed lunations. I have noticed that the orbs of aspects between the progressed lunation and natal planets can be as large as 2 for conjunctions and still be effective. At first I limited the orb to under 30' for any aspect. Now I suggest that the effective orbs for different aspects should be different. For the quincunx 1 am now using a 10' orb; for conjunctions this is expanded to 2 (10' x 12 = 120'); for oppositions 1 use 1 (10' x 6 = 60'); and for the square 1 now use a 30' orb.
0 0 0


Tarramurra, NSW, Australia

Long Beach, CA

Rectification Contest # 2
lVE more entries to this contest were received while the magazine was at the printers. As the correct time had not yet been made announced, we've added these to the ten entries described in the last issue. The additional times, in EDT (GMT + 4 hours) were: 11. 12. 03:30 05:01


13. 07:10
14. 15. 15:51 19:54

NTRY # 11: 3:30 a.m. "Physical and personal details given suggested a Gemini/Sagittarian axis, strong Jupiter or IXth, Mars, and Pisces or XIIth." Different 'possibilities were examined & the Geminirising chart chosen. "I chose the time as the MC and ASC have better overall performance for the events listed. The symbiosis with the female and her two daughters seemed more vivid at this time as well. 1 was particularly interested in the way in which the female's inherent martian energy was amplified in





both daughter's charts by Mars rising before the Sun. I also found the cuspal rx- House Chiron to be an important initiatory force in most events." NTRY # 12: 5:01 a.m. Precessed Lunar Returns corresponding to birth at one-hour intervals through the day were calculated for each of five major events in the life (birth of the two daughters, selling her book, winning championship, and meeting husband). These returns were standard precessed and kinetic, both direct and prenatal. Only appropriate planets close to the angles were considered. The most appropriate returns coincided with a 5:00 EDT birth. This approximate time was then slightly adjusted by the use of Moon to planet aspects in the precessed Solar Returns, direct and converse. This entrant emphasized that no use was made of the descriptions of appearance, character, hobbies, etc. His experience being that these lead only to fictional results. NTRY # 13: 7:10 a.m. This entry came from Nicholas of San Antonio, Texas. His estimate is 18 minutes after the stated time, well within our thirtyminute limit. Congratulations, Nicholas. We have extended your subscription to Considerations by a year. "Despite limited experience with them," he used the Nicholls-Harvey techniques described in Considera-


ets for 5:45, this estimate was then corrected to 6:24. This suggested Leo rising. The timing of aspects in Solar Returns for four events confirmed this Leo Ascendant. The final time was derived using the Jack Nicholls Solar Return method for a birth between 6;00 and 8:33, the period of Leo rising. This resulted in the 7: 10 time. As an additional check, he used the Annual New Moon technique to check the 7:00-7:20 time span. This confirmed 7: lOam EDT. Nick wondered "is it just a coincidence that her (the native's) second daughter was (also) born at 7: 10 am EDT?"


NTRY # 14: 3:51 p.m. "I arrived at this time by placing the latter degrees of Scorpio on the Ascendant and then getting a rough th (true) solar arc from the cusp to the conjunction of Venus."


E Sutherland

NTRY # 15: 19:54 a.m. "AII events checked provide plausible close aspects. Mars in the first house correlates with her sports orientation. "

tions (VU:4).

First, Nick arrived at 5 :45 using aspects to the noon positions of natal planets by the progressed/regressed Sun for all thirteen events. Recalculating the positions of the natal plan-


Considerations lX:l

Rectification Contest # 3
did we do? The following times, expressed in CST (GMT + 6 hours), were submitted: 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 4:25 a.m. 5:05 5:37 5:38 5:53 9:33 11:40 12: 10 p.m. 1:43 2:36 5:57



8. 9.
10. 11.

The Blue Star rectification assist facility was then used to search the most likely times to fit the list of stations. The chosen time also having to suit the all-too-brief description of the native. The stated time was finally selected. This chart has 28°37' Virgo rising, 28°43' Gemini as the MC and 13 °40' Leo as the ASC/MC midpoint. The Virgo Ascendant seems to fit the physical description given and is also appropriate for a career as a midwife. NTRY # 3: 5:37 am CST. Birth of the first child was taken !o be an event that could be symbolized by a contact involving the Moon. This was assumed to have been a joyful event, so LU-90-JP by s?lar ~rc seemed right. Using the birth associated with this aspect, transits and solar arcs to the natal MC, ASC and ASC/MC midpoint for each of the other events were charted on a 45° graph and the averaged to give the above estimate.

12. 13.

8:21 9.09



NTRY # 1: 4:25 am CST. Five major events were taken and various types of precessed Lunar Returns calculated for each at hourly intervals over the day. In all, 600 charts were calculated. The stated time was associated with the returns most often associated with appropriate factors (luminaries, planets and Node) close to angles. This time was then confirmed by progressing and regressing the Moon of precessed Solar Returns. NTRY # 2: 5:05 am CST. First decided the birth was nocturnal because of marriage at 241,4. So only Aries to Libra could have been rising. Forward and converse stations within a month of each event were then listed. The most frequently occurring longitudes were 1 7-8 10-11 °,13-14°,17-19° and 26-28°. 48% were in Cardinal signs.
0, 0,



NTRY # 4: 5:38 am CST. This was a second attempt by Entry # 7. Using the Moon in the kinetic solar return (QI ), he noted that the later LU-O-JP for the near drowning argued for birth being before 2:53 p.m .. Similarly, LU-O-SA for "met future husband" said the birth occurred before 6:38 a.m. Exclusion of these times from the SR listing (see description under Entry # 7) gave a new average of 4:45 a.m. This was confirmed by the nocturnal/ diurnal criteria that indicated a nocturnal birth due to marriage at 24 1,4. Solar Returns for a birth between





Rectification Contest # 3
UR subject was a female born at 14N48, 91W27 on Wednesday the 5th October 1949. She has dark brown hair, a light complexion and blue-green eyes, but has the darkest complexion of any of her four siblings. She is slender, attractive, active, and (according to her former husband) a psychopath. May 1952:


Almost drowned when family boat capsized in storm (14N46 91Wll). Jan 1953: Parents separated; mother took her away from father (14N38 90W31). Sep 1953: She and her mother moved from Central America to Vermont (44NOl 73WIO). Aug 1954: Moved to Florida (28N32 81 W23), where she grew up. Jun 1964: Moved to California (34N03 118W15); happy, reunited with her father there. 6 Apr 1968: Lost her virginity. 24 Jun 1969: Left home (on her own for the first time); went traveling. 9 Aug 1970: Met and started living with her future husband (38N04 122W50). 23 Oct 1971: Broke up with future husband. 6 Apr 1972: Reunited with future husband. 25 Sep 1972: Began studying Indian dance (her great creative passion). 15 Nov 1973: Moved to Central America (14N50 91W31).

29 Nov 1976: Began work/study as a mid16 Jan 23 20 10 17
wife (start of career), 1977: Moved from town to homestead. Jun 1978: Birth of her first child - joyous. Feb 1982: Birth of second child -- happy birth, but stressful times. Oct 1985: Death of good friend in childbirth (while under her care). Sep 1987: Under threat 0 f impending divorce she began channeling spirit guides; taught her husband to do this. JUD 1989: Birth of third child. Not a happy time, the marriage was foundering. Oct 1990: Husband ejected her from the homestead. She moved next door.





1991: Purchased home of her own in town. On the same day she was baptized an Evangelist Christian.

Oct 1991 - Jan 1992: Trip to U.S.
with her three children - a happy time (28N3281W23).

7 Feb 1974: Marriage (14N55 92W20). 30 Jun 1976: Found and purchased farm
homestead (15N26 90WI8).


Considerations IX:}

midnight and 6 a.m were then examined. The 1973 return (the year she married) was both appropriate and puzzling. Relocated to California, the SR Moon, conjunct natal Jupiter, rules the ASC and is exactly conjunct the SR DESC for a 6:20 birth. For the birthplace the birth time for this Ruler of 1"1 conjunct vn- aspect is 5:02 a.m. Which is right? Use was then made of the Niemann technique over the time range 4:307:00. This gave twelve aspects for eight events, an average of 5:45 a.m. Solar Arc progressions of the angles supported 5:40 a.m. Finally, Age Harmonics refined this to the proposed time. This was confirmed by the Saturn station conjunct the proposed ASC for the boating accident, and Venus stationary conjunct the ASC for the marriage. NTRY # 5: 5:53 am CST. This was a second attempt by Entry #2. He decided to combine the Henry Niemann technique, that was successful in the last contest, with the techniques given in the Nicholls & Harvey review article (also successful in the last contest when employed by Nick Sutherland). He first decided the birth was nocturnal, then listed the stationary transits for the given events and found these occurred most frequently in Cardinal signs. Henry Niemann's procedure then indicated a natal Moon position that occurred with Libra rising. Finally the Nicholls' solar return method was used (range 5: 15-6:00) to come to the proposed time.

sions to the given dated events. The chosen time had the most appropriate progressed aspects of the angles. NTRY # 7: 11:40 am CST. Aspects by the progressed Sun to natal and progressed bodies for the given events gave 42 times between -12 and +36 hours, with a mean of 11 :28 a.m. Separately, conjunctions of the Solar Return Moon to natal and SR planets (standard SR and KSR Ql) gave 47 times averaging at 11:01 a.m. These two independent estimates suggested the birth was between 10 and 12 a.m., which was the range used in which to investigate the Solar Return angles. Several inappropriate angular planets in this time range suggested the birth occurred after 10:35. Age harmonics of the Moon eliminated the period between 11 :01 and 11 :30 (harmonic Moon conjunct natal Venus for the final break with her husband seemed unlikely). The most likely range then seemed to between 11 :30 and noon. Transits to the possible lunar position suggested she was in the 26-28 Pisces. Finally, the progressed angles for times between 11:30 and 12:00 were examined and a number of appropriate aspects gave the proposed time.




NTRY # 6: 9:33 am CST. Possible times of birth on the day were first identified and each was related by day-for-a-year progres-

NTRY # 8: 12:10 pm CST. "I used the progressed Moon to coordinate with the events given and then fine tuned the Ascendant and Midheaven to certain events. For instance, on her wedding date prog. Venus was aspecting progressed Mercury. The progressed Moon at 23 Aquarius would sextile Vebnus and trine Mercury. Transiting Jupiter on that date would be 23
0 0





Aquarius Moon."


the progressed

NTRY # 9: 1:43 pm CST. She related six items of information about the subject (her passionate interest in dance, moving from the country of birth to live in another, becoming a midwife, being psychic or believing she was, having a difficult marriage, and the three children each spaced four years apart) to known charts of people who had one or more similar life experiences. The combination of factors led her to the stated time, which she confirmed with transits and progressions.


NTRY # 12: 8:21 pm CST. The transit positions of the given events (only one event was used per year) were graphed against a 30° axis. The degree with the most "hits", 26, was assumed to be the Ascendant. Other peaks were at 12 ° (the Sun) and 15° (assumed to be the MC). NTRY # 13: 9:09 pm CST. A first estimate came from examining the transits of Saturn through the houses for four of the events (death of friend in childbirth, teaching her husband how to channel spirit guides, being ejected from the homestead, and buying own house the same day she was baptized). The suggested time seemed right for our midwife as Chiron, the "wounded healer", is then in the vr-. Confirmation of the time came from solar arc progressions for three other events.




NTRY # 10: 2:36 pm CST. A second effort by Entrant # 9. The suggested time is "based on significators for an interest in dance, her profession of midwife, and her interest in psychic phenomena .... The chart is based the conception navamsa Moon being in Scorpio" and aspecting Venus ruler of the third. This entrant wrote that the absence of birth times for the native's children and being unable to question what was happening concurrent with stated events made the exercise unreal.

Editor's Commentary
CTUAL TIME was 1:57 a.m. 13°34' Leo rises, and the Me is 13°55' Taurus. The Sun at 11 °45' Libra is on the Placidus cusp and midway between Mercury (8LB36) and Neptune (14LB48) -- perfect symbolism surely for someone who channels spirit guides. The Moon in the vm= closely sextile Jupiter in the Vlth might also be related to this channeling although I see it more as indicating someone who assists at childbirth. Her profession is confirmed, for me, by the close trine from Saturn in Virgo to the MC and the location of the MCruler, Venus, in Scorpio in the rv-. Living overseas can be related to Neptune, with the Sun, in the



NTRY # 11: 5:57 pm CST. A second effort by Entrant # 2. As before he decided this was a nocturnal birth and examined stationary planets within a month of each event. He then decided that an Aries Ascendant, placing Virgo at cusp VI for midwifery, fitted the information given. The Nicholls Solar Return method was then used for the range 17:15-18:30 and the stated time was found.






It is comforting to observe that my diurnal/nocturnal criteria continues to hold up. Obviously no one was close to the correct time. The coincident 5:37 and 5:38 a.m. times came from entrants using the same Niemann method. Although this approach was successful last time, it fails here. To see if this was as difficult as the suggested times implied, I mechanically employed a method that has worked for me in the past. I say it was employed "mechanically" because I knew the correct time and wanted to avoid making any choices that could be biased because of this prior knowledge. My approach used the secondary Moon, progressed and regressed. Initially, I calculated the natal positions of the planets for births at 00:00 and 24:00 hours CST. Then, for each of the first eleven events (I stopped there due to the late hour), the place of the progressed and regressed Moon was found and the birth time associated with her exact aspects calculated. Only Ptolemaic aspects were used: prog-to-prog/natal and reg-toreg/natal (aspects to natal Moon were omitted). The birth times found were then cross-tabulated by hour and event. There were two peak periods: 01:00-02:59 and 17:00-18:59. As the earlier 2-hour period had at least one aspect associated with each of the eleven events, while 17:00-19:00 had "hits" for only nine of the events, the earlier period was "mechanically" chosen for further investigation. The average of the 25 times between 01 :00 and 02:59 was 2:01 a.m. just four minutes off the recorded time! This secondary-Moon method has not batted 100% in the past, maybe it rates an 80%-correct value. It is not an infallible tool. The type of blind rectification these

Rectification # 3 Subject Female: 01:57 CST (07:57 GMT) 5th October 1949; 14N48, 91W27.




contests require may be the simplest way of proving the effectiveness of astrology. It demands the astrologer use his or her full array of knowledge, not only the technical stuff but also an understanding of whether or not a chart fits the unknown native. It's not simple but it obviously can be done, as both Diane Cramer and Nick Sutherland clearly demonstrated with the second contest. If nothing else, trying your hand at this type of contest will fully test your astrological ability, the techniques you use and how well you understand and can interpret a birth chart. There's another important reason for these contests. If we can eliminate some of the garbage in our individual tool boxes, there simply because someone's ideas influenced us in a skillfully-written book or journal article, or seemed plausible when we heard them presented with verbal aplomb from a conference platform, we'll have accomplished a great deal. Some effective house cleaning and an opportunity to test your skills. Show us what you can dol




Books Considered
YMNS to the Ancient Gods by Michael Harding. Arkana, 1992. Paper, 365 pages, $14.00. According to the American Journal of Psychiatry, extensive research and testing of analytic and psychotherapeutic claims have "failed to support the claims and hypotheses that psychotherapy facilitates recovery from neurotic disorder." So, if psychoanalysis is not really effective, why do so many astrologers take a psychological approach? Rather than relying on Freud, Jung, and other psychologists for an understanding of what the birthchart and the planets in it represent, astrologers should realize that in astrology they possess a much greater facility to understand psychological problems. Jung's concept of archetypes, for example, is better understood as recurring astrological themes. In turn this suggests the presence of a Primal Zodiac on which the memory of past events has been imprinted. The degrees occupied at major conjunctions and those emphasized at emotionallycharged events (the two Battles of Bull Run referred to on page 2 of this issue of Considerations, for example) continue to resonate through the ages; future transits can reawaken them. Harding suggests that through the course of evolution this zodiac has become imprinted with the record of everything which has taken place. It is a cosmic repository for an infinity of charts kept permanently alive by the current movement of the bodies of our Solar System. Perhaps psychologists should attend to what astrology can show them and not the reverse. There's a fresh,


healthy air about much the author has to say here. These apparently radical ideas easily fit in with much that astrologers have long known. We are aware, for example, that planets in certain degrees often repeat themselves in successive generations of a family. We know, too, of Ptolemy's teaching that there is a natural hierarchy of charts: an individual's chart is subsumed by that of his town, and in turn the town's chart is dependent on that of his country, which in turn may be controlled by that of his race or religion, and so on. Ancient astrologers described the Thema Mundi, the chart of the birthday of the universe, logically the final stage of these subsumptions, which we can relate to Harding's primal zodiac. Certainly astrologers would fare much better by improving their understanding of astrology rather than by simply borrowing concepts from other fields, psychology especially. The arbitrary connection of the Ascendant with the Persona is a good example. In Jungian terms the Persona is the "rigid face" with which one copes with outside issues. Is this really all the Ascendant means? Harding is clear and concise in describing his ideas. He uses harmonics and midpoints with many chart examples to illustrate this concept of a shared primal zodiac. There is much in this book that I found stimulating, particularly his chapter on the conjunctions of Saturn and Neptune. A very worthwhile book, thoughtprovoking and well written. Highly recommended.


Considerations VIII:1

YTHIC Astrology by Ariel Guttman & Kenneth Johnson. Llewellyn Publications, 1993. Paper, 384 pages, $17.95. From the other camp: Greek mythology linked to each of the twelve signs, the planets and major asteroids. The subtitle" Archetypal Powers in the Horoscope" would obviously trouble Michael Harding, and indeed this is very much the Jungian approach, pasteurized through Joseph Campbell and Liz Greene, of what is behind astrological symbolism. This is as comprehensive as anyone would wish, virtually everything you can wish to know about the Greek mythology that's become associated with astrological symbols. The writing is clear and interesting, and this book is a fine introduction to this type of astrology. HE Traditional Astrologer is a new British quarterly magazine "devoted to the art and science of traditional astrology." 40 pages, 11 3/4" x 81.,4", black and white, U.S. rate £15 (£4.25 single copy). The premier issue has articles on horary, decumbiture, electional and event charts. Writers in this initial issue include Dennis Elwell, Mike Edwards, Deborah Houlding, David Plant, Barbara Reiman, Cynthia Tasker, Sue Ward, Dylan WarrenDavies and Carol Wiggers. There are also reprints of articles by H.S. Green, William Lilly and Palchus. This nicely produced magazine, which is edited by Deborah Houlding, could fill an obvious gap. Details from:
The Traditional Astrologer 3 Avondale Bungalows, Sherwood Hall Road, Mansfield, NoUs NG18 2NJ, England.



HE Inner Planets by Liz Greene & Howard Sasportas. Weiser. pages. $15.95. This is the fourth volume in their seminars in psychological astrology series by two very capable writers and talented astrologers. Sadly it was also Howard's final contribution before his untimely death in May 1992. Liz continues to be the co-director of the Centre for Psychological Astrology, which she and Howard founded, now Charles Harvey has joined her. The inner planets are Mercury, Venus and Mars, which the authors term the foundations of the ego, the sense of personal self. We are provided with two chapters on Mercury (both by Howard), three on Venus (two by Liz and one by Howard), and two on Mars (one each). Finally there's a discussion of chart interpretation with examples. Anyone familiar with the earlier books in this series or indeed with any of the writings of the two authors will know what to expect: sharp, often brilliant, insights; clear explanations; excellent writing; and the level of astrology that has rightfully made this series of books so popular among astrologers. You're expectations won't suffer any disappointment. STROLOGY, Karma & Transformation by Stephen Arroyo. CRCS Publications. 255 pages. $12,95. This superb book, so remarkable in the clarity of its treatment of complex ideas, was first published in 1978. It was highly acclaimed throughout the astrological world. Arroyo has made some minor revisions and added a very welcome index to this new edition. If for some odd reason you have not got a copy of the original, you've just been given another chance.

T 332





Rectification Contest #4
UR subject this time is male, born in New York City (use 40N45 73W57) on Wednesday, March 29th, 1916. Clock time then was expressed in Eastern Standard Time (GMT + 5 hours). He was a professor of chemistry until he retired at age 71, but such was his enthusiasm for his work and his wish to escape from his wife that he then took several temporary jobs in chemistry departments that were short of faculty because of sabbatical leave or illness of incumbent professors. The work, not the money, was the motivating factor. The latest of these temporary jobs will begin in January 1994. No pre-1941 information is available, the timing of each of the different events is not known. Entries to Wendy Robinson at Considerations by March 1st, please. We'll extend your magazine subscription by a year if you Ire within thirty minutes of the recorded time.


Other Important dates;
Jun Dec Sep Nov Dec Jun 22 Dec Jun 22 Oct 13 Feb 10 Feb 27 Nov 4 Oct 20 Nov 6 Oct Christmas 4 Jan 27 Dec 1 10 10 14 4 1941: 1942: 1944: 1944: 1949: 1951: 1951: 1952: 1952: 1954: 1956: 1957: 1961: 1971: 1972: 1974: 1975: 1992: Married. Daughter born. Son born. Mother died. Son born. Divorced. Remarried. Lost job & had to move. Daughter born Daughter born Son born Father died Wife left him, taking children. Began serious love affair Wife had operation for cancer. Wife returned to live with him. End of serious love affair. Cancer of prostate discovered.


Some of the brightest people in astrology have written in Considerations. OU.rba.ck issues are a permanent source of ideas to reread and reflect on. If your collection IS incomplete, this is an opportunity. There are four issues in each of. Volumes I, IT, Ill, vn and VIll; three issues in each of Volumes IV, V and VI. Back Issues from Volumes I-VI are $4:00 each ($5.00 outside the U.S.). Issues from Volumes VII and vm are $7.50 each. Writers in the past issues are listed below.
Vol 1:1 Camille Pelland, Noah O'Dhaniel, Axel Harvey, Ken Gillman Vol 1:2 A. Richter, M. Poulin, Axel Harvey, Ken Gillman Vol 1:3 Margaret Millard, Charles A. Jayne, Kay Hughey, A. Harvey, M. Erlewine. Vol 1:4 John Wallis, M. Poulin, Ruth H. Oliver, Noah O'Dhaniel, J. Mazurek, A. Marr, Jim Haynes, Axel Harvey. Vol 11:1 John Townley, C. Pelland, Alexander Marr, Barbara Koval, C. A. Jayne, K. Hughey, A. Harvey, Rene Goodale, Anne Cilliers, Nieky Buchwald. Vol 11:2 Z. Stein, B. Payne, A. Marr, C. Jayne, A. Harvey, R. Goodale, Gillman. Vol 11:3 George C. Noonan, B. Koval, Bcth Koch, C. Jayne, A. Harvey, Bill Hansen, Rene Goodale, Ken Gillman Vol 11:4 M. Poulin, A. Marr, Barbara Koval, C. A. Jayne, A. Harvey, Ken Gillman, Anne L. Cilliers. Vol 111:1 Bruce Scofield, Alexander Ruperti, Al H. Morrison, A. Marr, B. Koval, Charles A. Jayne, Dorothy B. Hughes, Axel Harvey, Ken Gillman. Vol 111:2 Helen Weaver, Bruce Scofield, Noah O'Dhaniel, George C. Noonan, Bill Meridian, Robert Hand, Rene Goodale, Michael Erlewine. Vol 111:3 B. Scofield, Lew Price, M. Poulin, A. Marr, B. Koval, Axel Harvey, F. Gillespie, K. Gillman, Carolyn Caufman. Vol 111:4 Prier Wintle, Grant G. Weisbrot, A. Ruperti, C. Pelland, Ruth Oliver, A. Marr, Dorothy Hughes, Nicky Buchwald. VollV:l Doug Smith, M. O'Connor, Margaret Millard, A. Marr, B. Koval, Axel Harvey, K. Gillman, Carolyn Caufman. Vol IV:2 P. Wintle,. H. Weaver, Doug Smith, M. Poulin, B. Meridian, A. Marr, Susan Manuel, Barbara Koval, Edith Custer. Vol IV:3 Prier Wintle, Grant Weisbrot, Alexander Ruperti, Alan Richter, Alexander Marr, Axel Harvey, V. Godbout, Carolyn H. Caufman, Marc Beriault. Vol V:l oa of print. Vol V:2 Prier Wintle, Carl Llewellyn Weseheke, Henry Weingarten, Sandra Weidner, Barbara Somerfie1d, Alexander Ruperti, Alexander Marr, Barbara Koval, Cheng-Yi Huang, Charles Harvey, Ken Gillman, T. Patrick Davis, Vol V:3 Prier Wintle, Noah O'Dhaniel, A. Marr, B. Koval, R. Goodale, K. Gillman Vol VI:l Out of prim Vol VI:2 Jacob Schwartz, Valli Powers, Michael Parente, Alexander Marr, M. 1. Makransky, Barbara Koval, Jim Haynes, Ken Gillman, Donna Cunningham. Vol VI:3 Andrew Patterson, Michael Parente, Alexander Marr, M. J. Makransky, Anne Lathrop, Barbara Koval, Axel harvey, Ken Gillman, Donna Cunningham. Vol VlI:1-3 0111 of print Vol VII:4 M. Parente, Jack Nicholls, Jerry Makransky, Ross Harvey, Jim Haynes, Ken Gillman, Carolyn H. Caufman Vol VIII:l Robert Zoller, John Willner, Stan Riddle, Jack Nicholls, Ken Negus, M. J. Makransky, Barbara Koval, Ross Harvey, Grazia Bordoni, Art Blum. Vol VIII:2 John Willner, Doug Smith, Stan Riddle, Ken Negus, Alain Negro, Chengyi Huang, Bill Hansen, Judy Hall. Vol VIII:3 Prier Wintle, Michael Parente, A. J. Mantel, Jerry Makransky, Judy Hall, Spencer Grendahl, Greg Bogart. Vol VIII:4 Robert Zoller, Prier Wintle, A. J. Mantel, M. J. Makransky, Barbara Koval, Ken Gillman, Catherine Gill,


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