lIjv.

mI:dI;jfr
(Taking Responsibility for Our Thoughts)
(yU,dI;lo/:jidrxdeb,des tdr:s/cr;widgrgsnr,tv,nsudr;A Psychological Analysis of the Vitakkasaṇthāna Sutta of
Majjhima Nikāya)

jwr;tmr,msv,mi env,kmr:l
nfr:nv;dI; anrhqdr:g/nrCdv:nnrxEl;scr< dI;nfr:pwhwr:gU;wnr:nnrxEl;scr anr
mv:bnrd/cr:hUiwrxjfrdUiwrxjfr anrmv:bnrd/cr:amr,mUnr;amr,sUiwr:jfr m/crbzgr;ebv:kfr;lugrxgGgr:
awrdvmuiwr:dUbr,jUiwr:nnrxjmrx bqnrjfrelv:p< edv:s< emv:h< jfrkI;EgxEhdv< jfrwUnrx
sunr,dUwrnv,bUnrx< jfrpQnrsucr< jfrkfr;kI,jigr:jzmrlUlo/< jfrbiwrgfv,dfr;mUiwr:nUiwr amr,awrjfr
sfr,nfr:nv;g/nr< jframr,kfr;hnrlzcr;amr,mQnr;jfr< jfrt/cr,pidr: t/cr,bUicr;< jfrkfr;lo;nv;
lo;dv< jfrmo;jzmr:k/wr:nv;anrbo,pQwrmv:< jfrmo;jzmr:lzcr; anrbqnrbUnrxgfv,ywrx< jfrt/cr,
lqgrx< jfrt/cr,yfr,< jfrlgr:licr:< jfrkI;k/nrxaUinra/nr El; jframr,kfr;k/mr,ed,gfv, jfrdgr:
gjfragusUwr, muinr,yUicr;sQnrbUicrjUiwr:noxywrx< lzcr;jfranrwv;Enmv:jUiwr:nox mI:dI;pfregv;
mnr:amr,mI:amr,bqnramr,bnrpznr:lIno pfregv;edamr,mI:lzcr;t/cr,tUimr< gzbr;nnr
ncr,huiwrjfragusUwr,lzcr;amr,lI ebv:edamr,lo;dI;yU,mnr: nfr:jfrhwr:nnrx hwr:ed
lo;hnrwidgrgsnr,tv,sudr;d/nr,hUwrnox l/dr;Enhwr:woxywrx>
lzgr;l/gr,lo/: lo;lqbr;hqnr:widgrgsnr,tv,sudr;
dI;gzoh/crsudr;d/nr,hUwrnoxnnrx hwr:edlo;hnr d/mrdUwrbudrxtjwr; bUcrl/dr;Enhwr:wox
wv; “scrwv;pU;lfrpfrEl; lo;gmrpuigr:jzmr:lo/:hv;lzgr: anrbUcrEnwox jUicrxncr,nfr:sudr;
d/nr,hUwrnoxjuicr dgr:edlo;lzdr;gog/cr: d/cr:jfrgmr,swr;wwr:lmr El; dugrxkdgr:g
dugrxk (dUwr El; jfr) dcr:sqcr;” nfr:pwnox El; j/dr;nv;noywrx< dI;nuicr;egv; ebv:
yU,dI;piwrmnr:esl/dr;juicr edlo;huhnrwv; lo/:kU:jidrdeb,dkwr anryvbnr

87) wv.gf/cr.d/nr.nimrlI (jidrdem.sibr:yUicr.juiwr. nfr:wUcr.bnrwox nfr:widgrgsnr.d/nr. mI:emv:hea. A Comprehensive of Abhidhamma (Abhidhamma Sangaha).dQgr. trans & ed.kv.lgrx< amr.yU.] anrhwr:gmrbnr. jfrdznr:Eg: (adijidrd) noywrx> (dv.binr. lzcr.co/:jmr lo/:budrxt jwr. anrbudrx tjwr. mU.wdrxti< nfr:av:R/mr:ejd wdrxanranv.wv.dI. dsguslgmrmbtnox mI:lzcr. Dhammapada.hUwrnox ehv:dI.woxyU.bUicr.bUiwr. El.lo/:szcranrnoxes jcr. 2nd edition 1999) & Soma There.gnr< d sbunrYgiRiywdrtunox yUicr:jU:aubv.lqbr.sg aubv.juicr gzbr.jfrhv.d/nr.yU.w) El.gnr< amr.g/cr dsbunrYgiRiywdrtu El. I.nsudr.End/cr:bnr gUnr:bqnr (Client) kwry/mr:lqwrnoxegv.lzcr. jfrdznr:Eg: (adijidrd) 1 jUiwr:nnrxywrx< hUwrbuicr:mnr: sudr. 185. I.dUinr:g/nrlIsibr:yUicr. Aṅguttara Nikāya.hqnr:sudr.hQmr< amr.H.hqdr:g/nrCdv:kwres ehv: woxywrx< wv.egv.< dsguslgmrmtjmrx yUicr:jU: 2 .nnresd ebv:hwr:mv:tdr:s/cr. pfregv.hUwrnox ehv:dI.lo.Rw/dr. [dsguslgmrbtmUinrncr.l/dr.Wmr:szcrgv. jcr.bqwr< mI:elv:pea.gU.lfr? bUcrbnrpfr? El. j/wr:gnet.noywrx< kU:emvlUcradrxtgtv.l/dr. Dīgha Nikāya. 1960).diglU.emvwox jfrjuinr. nfr:pwgU.hqdr:gmr bnr.d/nr. 70.dUwry/cr.yo/. 25 ff. & Vibhaṅga Aṭṭhakathā.em. mI:d/cr:hnrtuicrco/:ncr.l/gr.tv.gf/mr: amr. (dsguslgmrm bt) 2 jUiwr:nox bqnranrgUnr:hwr:hqdr:s/cr.budrtegv:segv.hudI. d/nr:wox< ehv:bnrjwr.mnr:sucres lzcr. mUinrncr.noyU. lo.jzmr:lo. III. dumrxdUiwrxH. 269.gf/mr:hUgrxho/x< amr.hUwrnox yUicr:jU:jUiwr:pU. The Wheel Publication 21. jwr.bzcr. Majjhima Nikāya. (Majjhima Aṭṭhakathā.l/dr. hUwrnoxsmrx mI:woxjUicrxhuiwr? sudr.mUicr:sv. hUwrnoxywrx> sudr.lUawrnfr: Vinaya.j/cr:kwr jUiwr:kdr:jfrgmrbnr. 219.lo. nfr:pwgU.cwr. II.mI:dI.hnraUimr.ekv.wnr:nnrxywrx> 1 jfrdznr:Eg: (adijidrd) nox ebv:awrjzmr:mjimadrtgtv. Ep.wnr: nnrxEl.lQnr< amr.bUinr. I. See also Bhikkhu Bodhi. 256.lUigr.su< amr.d/nr. 229 ff. 451.ywrx< gzbr.sigv.lqbr.< bUicrdQgr. The Removal of Distracting Thoughts: A Discourse of the Buddha with the Commentary and Marginal Notes.mnr: lzcr.d/cr:yUicr:a/nr:sudr. (Kandy: BPS.bQgr. etc.< mI:edv:sea.huhnrwv.j/cr.gmrbnr.hqnr:dUYr: d/cr:kfr.amr.lo.noxlIc/mr:juicr edlo. trans. II. 254.l/dr.mnr:nnrx suibr. (Kandy: Buddhist Publication Society.

R bunrY El.gf/mr:ewv:hv.wv.egv.tuicr dI.wox lzcr.anrwv. 216.nox sucrest/nr.bzcr.mI:bqnrlI nfr:mUicr:gUnr:mUicr:pIes aznrawrgUidr.aQwr.)< wv.swr.yuinr. ^pU.d/nr. tzmr.yg El.tUbr:scrk El. (NY: University of New York Press. sv.yg El.noywrx< lUiwresnnrx kU:kwrgmr. pv.k/wr:d/cr:smr. I.sUbr:dUwrhUwrjfr…ed. El.bzcr.y (Aṅguttara Nikāya.tmr.R< gUYr:gv.bnr&< aubv.wv.yigv.lzcr.hnrdcr:nmr (nfr:dUcr.sqnr.mI:jfrsdrtv.kwr kUcrs/cr. scrk El. aubv. jwr.bUicr.ymrtbrxtuiwrCdv:< Cdv:< scrk< gmrsinrhv.gfv.egv.bunrYnox ebv:hwr:ycr:bo. 3 dcr:szcrpo/.noywrx< Vinaya.nox mI:dI. I.n< sI. Majjhima Nikāya.kU:adrtgtv. II.&< pznr:lImnr:jmrx dgr:lo.dQmr. 241-42) yU. dv.wv.sg aubv.wUcr:smr.Wcrxlo. El.) ywrx< d/cr:hnrtuicranrnox lo. 218) El.nox mI:dI.hnrmv:nfr:mU.lzgr: dv.bqnr< gzbr.yigv. 8.juicr gf/mr:szcrekv.wox (adrtsv.yUicr.lUYr. 1993).wnv.d/nr:< mUiwr.l< jv.nnrxywrx< gzcrxgo/. wUcr:bUinr.nox mI:dI.bQgr.sv. aubv.yg El. 89 ff & Krishna Del Toso.mnr: nfr: John Ross Carter. IV.wwr:lmr (Five Methods for Removing Unwholesome Thoughts) (g) sIbQdr.gfv.hnrmI:woxnfr: dI. dv.y (Dīgha Nikāya.anrjfr.twr.ds bunrYgiRiywdrtus/mranr mUinrncr.didrtisudr.< ebv:awrjzmr:tmr:jwr. On Understanding Buddhists: Essays on the Theravāda Tradition in Sri Lanka.j/wr:budrxyU.mo/ 114 gmr:suiwr.mnr:bqnr kUwr:kzcrd/cr:ginrhwr: dv.lo. H.y sudr.lo/:hv.Enmv:noxes hwr:edhuhnrwv.sigv.cwr.wv.mI:amr.F/crxjgr:Epjfr.linI. hwr:) amr.. duigr:sUnr: d/cr. ekv.sg El. dv. anrk/fgr. 24/A. “The Rold of Puñña and Kusala in the Dialectic of the Twofold Right Vision and the Temporary Integration of Eternalism in the Path Towards Spiritual Emancipation According to the Pāḷi Nikāyas.yigv.bo/:wUnrxko:agusUwr. bo/:wUnrxAjfrgmr.< dsguslgmrmbdrtnoxjmrx lo.sigv. ^hqdr:g/nrdv.knigv.yumr. etc.nnresdv.sg< aubv. ^hqdr:g/nrlI sIsugr.jmrx bqnrpU. Aṅguttara Nikāya.m/gr.l El.&es pznr:lImnr:jmrx jUwr: aznrawrhwr:gfv.< hqdr:bnrg/nrpznr:lIdv. aubv.& nox hwr:awrjfr.sg El. jnrxaubv.duiwr: ekv.< sI.nnrx lo. El. acrgudrdRnigv. 26.dQmr. smrmv. El.bqnraRhnr amr.n…ed.bQgr.bzcr.mjimnigv.bv: jUiwr:anramr. (dv.yg< dv. guslnox lo. dv.bv. mI:d/cr:hnrtuicrwv. dcr:cwr.dv.gnr< dv.Rnnrx El. gU. adrtsv.bUiwr. aubv.< aicrnUiwrdI.lo.bzcr.lUawrdI.gGgr:k/mr.< nfr:adrtgtv.bqnrdo/ nfr:dUcr.med.< ywrxegv.gfv.yigv.sigv.gf/cr.gnr< bunrYnox bzcr.gf/mr: ^dv.bzcr.huwv.jfrgdr:yqnr El.gyuinr.noxes suibr.linI. dUwrgwr. pp.hnrddrsguslgmrmbt Enwox> 3 dI.d/nr.bUicr.bUinr. III.sigv.nnrxywrx< gusljmrx mI:dI. lo. nibrxb/nr.jfr.li mUinr ncr. pzcr. Esercizi Filosofici 3 (2008): 32-58> . 236.

hwr:amr.tv. El.Wo:wv.l/dr.tQcr. emv:hebv:nojuicr lUwr. III.es 4 awrY/nr. . VII.tinuicr. lIhwr:nnrxywrx< scrwv.awrjfrhwr: bgr:sfr.gmr:aznrd/cr:sudr: lUwr.guimr:nojuicr bo/:wUnrxelv:pjfrelv:phwr:nnrx dgr:mwrm/crgfv.bo/:amr. kudrdgnigo/: (Khuddaka Nikāya. mnr.nUiwraRmr:amr..bo/:wUnrxhwr:jfrhwr:nnrx bqnrjfrdidr:Wo.lo.hwr:nox Wo. gmr:luinr:mv:jmrx d/mrdUwrgwr.y/mr:s/cr.nUiwr dUwr knr.mzmr. gfv.hqdr:egv.juicr lUwr. jfrelv:p< edv:s El.bo/:wUnrxhwr:jfrhwr: smrxbqnrbo/:wUnrxedv:sjfredv:s nUiwraRmr:< amr.sUbr:< kU:lcr< dv< hU< kI.wUnrxmQnr.< mudi dv.jmrx lUwr.lIagusUwr.< ebv:wv. gf/mr:tmr. I. aubqgrxkv.mtzmr. ebv:smrxbo/:wUnrxhwr:jfrhwr:nnrx bqnrmv:bo/:wUnrxemv:hv.dv. mUinrncr. 10. H.hqnr:tdr:s/cr anrlfrbqnrlzcr.bzcr. 6) Enwox 31 gUYr:< jwr.Csv.< nv.m El.jbr:sfr. 3 & Paṭisambhidāmagga.gmrmmUdr:lUcr< hqdr:lIhuiwrjv.< kUnrhUwred. dUwrknr. ^azgr:eav: (adrtiminrjmr)& (Visuddhimagga.hudI.aRmr:hwr:bo/:wUnrxhwr:nnrx gfv.! sdr:d wv.tmr.gwr.awrkuinr:mUdr:& nojuicr bo/:wUnrxedv:sjfredv:shwr: anrmI:nUiwraRmr:nUiwr sdr:dwv.bUicr. nnr nUiwrsdr:dwv.nnrx nUiwr sdr:dwv.lI bo/:wUnrxamr.s/mrsibr:szcryUicr.aRmr:hwr:bo/:wUnrxhwr: nnrx gfv. 44)> 4 5 6 Aṅguttara Nikāya. mnr:amr.noywrx< lUiwresnnrx ebv:hwr:bo/wUnrxbv:tQcr. mUinrncr.m< kdr:jfrH.tv.cmr:dnr nUiwraRmr:nUiwrsdr:dv. 129 ff & Aṅguttara Nikāya.awrmnr:gfv. anrlframr. mUinrncr. ^eav. Majjhima Nikāya.k/mr.nnrx awrjfrhwr: tdr:s/craRmr:hwr:bo/:wUnrxhwr: lIhuiwrjv.ko/xawrbo/:wUnrxelv:phwr:jfrelv:phwr:nnrx gfv.jnrawrekv:mnr: ko/xgfv.d/cr:El. aemv:hjUiwr: nnrxywrx> kf/gr.tQcr.nnrx kQnr:dgr:yzmr:lUcr:mv:co/.noywrx> 6 co/:nnrncr.juicr lUwr.Cdv:wUnrxhnrtuicrwv.tmr.gzcrxgo/.jU:aRmr:lIbo/:wUnrxlIgusUwr.amr.m< lqbr.tQcr. 203 f.p/gr. 60.budrtegv:skuinr:mv: pUmi rxsfr. lqbr.hqdr:egv.< gRunv.dcr:sqcr. kU:End/cr: tmr.hqnr:tmr.aelv:p< aedv:s El.mqdrxdv.tQcr. I.wv.nox bqnrjwr.gUYr: edlo.jfremv: hv.tugr.limr.es.noywrx>5 ebv:wv.m< ebv:Yv:mUiwr.bQnr:elv:p nUiwraRmr:< amr.

lfregv.gmr:lqwramr.mQnr.tQcr.k/dr.nnrxjmrx lUwr.bo/:wUnrxko:agusUwr. anrlIhcr.jfremv:hv.lo. hwr:lUwr.lQcr:gfv.jfrdugrxkdUwrmUiwr.lqwrnoxgUYr:amr.kwrg/nrscrnnrx hqdr:H.juicr mnr:dgr:mUiwr.gmr:lqwrnoywrx> 8 (c) cQgr:nv.< edv:sv.bo/.kdr:jfrH.subr:Wo.gv: j/cr.dumrmoxlUcr (anramr.d/br.tqmr.ed 7 Majjhima Nikāya Aṭṭhakathā.gwr.R dUcr.lIlwr: jfr. emv:hv.munr.luibr. 51 & Itivuttaka. emv:hv.aznr awrhwr:dugrxkv.bQdr.mnr:mUinrncr.jUicrxnojuicr bo/:wUnrxAjfrelv:pv. anrgoxh/cr. cU:< mv< amr.ncr.awrbUicrdQgr.g/dr. jfres ebv:wv.wv.< mUinrnnr ncr.lInnrxegv. 2.gfv.tuYr.noywrx< ebv:hqdr:nobnrmnr:juicr bo/:wUnrxemv:hv.twr. dI.mv:noywrx> (k) kdr:jfrH.hwr:nnrx dgr:yqnrlUcr:mv:noywrx> bUicrdQgr.egv.bo/:wUnrxamr.lo.aznrhwr:yzcr.dv:pzcryU.pzgr:Wmr nv. pzcr:duigrxlubr.nfr:dUcr.dUYr:mnr: jfrelv:pv. 19.wv.b/cr.lzgr:nuicr. nnr dUwrgUnr:do/nwr.g/nrmv:) nnrx lqgrxaznr.hwr:nnrx kdr:jfrawrlo/: sdiCdv:dUYr: es luibr.anrduigr:bQdr.hqdr:kqnrbqnrkqnredv.El. ^hiRi& lUawrnfr: Dvedhāvitakka Sutta of Majjhima Nikāya.t/gr.jfr. dv.hwr: j/cr.nnrx screkv:mnr:smrxgfv.bQdr.aRmr:hwr:yU.anrwv.lIaUYr. lzcr.bQdr.El.noywrx>7 dUwry/cr.mnr: azgr.yicr:aznr. 8 .dv.El.lIhwr: pudr:mv:mUiwr.bqnrdo/noywrx< ebv:gmrbnr.jframr.lo.kUicr.es yv.c/mr:lwr: lubr.lo. I.mv:dcr:nUiwrnnrxyU.mv:noxsfr.juicr lo/:anrlUwr. No. emv:h) bo.emvmuiwr:kwr awrduimrmoxaznr.mnr:azgr. lo/:tQcr.cmr:dnrhwr:nnrx dgr: juinr.g/nr) dmrdzgr.amr.huhnr lzcr.hukqnranr:dRo/: lzcr. sv. El. emv:h) j/cr.es lUwr.< edv:s El.ldr:tUiwr H. ^azdrdbrb& jmrx dUYr:awrnfr: Aṅguttara Nikāya.munr. 36.mnr:lqgrxlwr:kwr.mnr: (bo/:wUnrxAjfrelv:p< edv:s El.mnr: lUwr.mv: nfr:smr.yUicr. mnr: (bo/:wUnrxAjfr elv:p< edv:s El.amr.mv.wv.aznrlI gmrbnrhqdr:jzmr:lo/: jUicrxncr. duigrxmv:sUnrs/nrkUnr:kwr:gwr:yU. (anrh/cr.wUcr:gUidr.j/nr. m/dr. 89.d/cr:wUnrxEl.awrmnr:timr. dv.mnr: jo/:aznr.bo/.

nUicr:gnrdcr: Aṅguttara Nikāya.< pzcr:mnr:bowo:nnrx mnr:lUwr.& noes kuinr:ncr.tQcr. II. pzcr:pudr:mv:nnrx hwr:lUwr.lI) esmqwr:esanr< lzdr.bUicrjUiwr:nox ebv:hwr:jzmr:hqdr:bnresanranr pzcr:jfrsugrxyucr. 3.hwr:nnrx dgr:yzbr.& noes suibr.jmrx pzcr:bo/:wUnrxAjfrgmr. lUtmr.gUnr:egv.ywrxsmrx kuinr:suibr.noywrx>11 (s) awrlo/:aUnr.wv. (lzcr. 56 ff.wv.hqdr:ncr.j/mr:dUYr:yU.lfregv.es jfr Majjhima Nikāya Aṭṭhakathā.cQgr. lUwr.gUnr:bod/cr:wo:egv.b tsI.tmr. ebv:wv.aUiwr.kwr. 3.yzmr:lUcr:gfv.p/cr anr amr.bnr< ebv:ncr. mnr: mUinrncr. 186.d/cr. 90 f. lUwr.swr.amr. Dīgha Nikāya.hwr: dgr:yzmr:lUcr:gfv.egv. sdibdrtv.awrlinrxdmrhUigr. dI. El.gnigo/ (Majjhima Nikāya.scrgwrsmrxguidr:? ebv:ncr. 290 ff)> 10 11 . dQgr.swr.m ed.ekLv:wznr:amr.egv.kwr duigrxgwr:nfr:bo/:wUnrxAnfr:jfrhwr:yU.El. ^gzbr. ^gzbr.wUnrxtQcr.loz:loz:jmrx dgr:kQmrxaUiwr.swr.awrlo/:hUgrxho/xlUnr:dUbr.yucr.gfv.wUnrxwv. anrmI:nfr:mjim El.& noes kuinr:yuiwr.nuicr.wwr:lmrkwrjUiwr:nnrx pudr:ebv. ddrdbv.lo. 9 dUwry/cr.mnr:nnrxEdx lUwr.kfr.lo/:anr cbrxb/gr.noywrx>9 (j) tdr:s/cr.scr El. ^gzbr.jfrnnrxes lbr:dvawrnv. emv:h) duigrxkmrkuigr:yuicry/cryU. nfr:bo/:wUnrxAjfryU. anramr.guidr:jugr:wox< ebv:guidr:ywrxjuicr smrxwUnrxtQcr.scrgwrsmrxncr.kuinr: lo/:duigr:mnr: awrlo/:lo/lzgr:jUicrxncr. kwr (bo/: wUnrxAjfrelv:p< edv:s El.nznr:bnrnoywrx< nfr:lo/:bo< lugrx< ncr.a/nr.noywrx< lo/:mnr:d/cr.gfv.awrlo/:anrEnmv:dcr:nUiwrjUiwr:nox dUbr.kuinr:awrlo/:tdr:s/cr nUiwrlzcr.dg< mo/ 322> dUwry/cr.gmrbnr.jv.hnraRmr:h/cr.d/cr:bQdr. gwrEbxbowo:? scrbogfv.El.dcr:nUiwrnnrx dUbr.Ebxegv.juicr pzcr:mnr:duigrxgwr:hwr: nnrx lUwr.mI:mv: mUiwr.nuicr.El.pudr:mv:nnrx bo/:wUnrxAjfrsugr.dUbr.lugrxhqdr:bQdr.? ebv:nznr: edgLv.noywrx< ebv:jzmr:lo/:jUiwr:noxesanranrjuicr bo/:wUnrxAjfrgmr. I.yU. lo/:gmr: luinr:sudr:to/xmnr:jmrx ebv:bo/:wUnrxAjfrgmr. nznr: aiRiyv.nsudr.d/cr:anrhwr:hqdr:mv:gmrmv:nnrxnoywrx< 10 dUwry/cr.edkQmrxaUiwr.

bnrnnrx mibr.l/dr. hqdr:g/nrncr.nonnrx amr.pU. huedmv:jU:kuinr: hwr:amr.mnr:nnrxegv.gfv.duiwr:lo.wv.> 12 .kuinr:nqgr:jfr jfrkuinr:mdrxjfr jfrkuinr:kcrjrf yv.< awrm/gr.jzmr:po/.pzcr:hqdr:g/nrncr.nUiwrnnrxywrx d/cr:yUicr:a/nr:sudr.g/dr. dI. bo.Cdv:nnrx bqnrdv.< anrkfr.yo/.mI:hQcr:scrnnrxes gmrpdrxbnrmnr: gicr.h/cr.jzmr:lo/:sudr. H.lzcr.noywrx>12 lo/:duigr:edv:bQdr.anr amr.nqgr:dUwrjfr (adrdgilmdrt)&< lo/:anr RisLi (Resx) El. d/br.wv.amr.anrcQbrxh/mr.hUwrnoxnnrx mI:woxszcrdznr.ywrx< ebv:hwr:amr.gfv.esmqwr:mqwr:yU.mimr.jmrx dI.< edv:sv.Cdv:nnrxywrx> lo/nox amr.mnr:gfv.lUwr.pU.hwr: hqdr:bUnrxdinrbUnrxmuiwr:gfv.lQcr:lIc/mr:es bzcr.dUYr:h/cr. nuicr. nfr:pwgU. ebv:hwr:tdr:s/cr.ed.nonnrx lzcr.bo/:wUnrxAjframr.puidrxkuinr.essmr.co/:mUinr ^lzcr.mnr: dI.bUnrxszcrbQnrEb.wnr:yU.anrgmrbnr.mnr: pzcr:jfrhwr:gmr.gmrbnr.elv:p< edv:s El.awrm/gr.jo/:anrmI:hQcr:mcr.Enmv: bv.amr.hqdr: ncr.jv.cQbrxhUwr< cQnr:ekv:< amr. lUwr.nnresdv.suigr:nnrx ebv:awrgzcr.jzmr: bqnr scrxbqnrjnrx< dUwry/cr.gfv.H.hUwrnoxjuicr amr. bo/:wUnrxAjfrelv:pv.nqgr:kv.bnr.nfr:nv.< dznr.Cdv:egv. ebv:tisdrdkwrgmr.Cdv:esh/mr. juicr lUwr.dUwrjfrgfv.bzmr:tuimr.ncr.noywrx< dUwry/cr.H.amr.mv:nnrx scrwv.El.szcrt/nr.wnr: El.gumr:ticr:jfrhwr: yv.gumr:ticr:mnr:egv. kwrnnrxywrx> lo/:duiwr:gmrbnr. nfr:elv:gI. emv:hhwr:jUiwr:nnrx dgr:yzmr:lUcr:gfv.nnrx bqnrlo/:anrgmrbnr. bqnrlo/: anrpuigr:gmrbnr.nuicr. mUiwr.< gUYr:gv.swr.lIagusUwr.lInnrx lUwr.kv.d/nr.awrpucr:luicr.elv:g nfr:pwgU.pU.d/nr.lo.hUwrnox bqnrdv. El.ywrx< pzcr:mI:nfr:so/co/ jfrlmrncr.jUdr:nnrx gfv. emv:hv.jfr yv.jfr. botuiwregv.hqdr:gfv.ywrx< lzcr.hqdr:g/nrncr.p/cr sudr. dUwrhwr:dgr:hqdr:mQnr.lUwr.po/.ywrx< bUicrdQgr.tUgfv.pnrmv:nnrxnoywrx< ebv:jzmr: lo/:luinr:lcrnoxjuicr bo/:wUnrxAjfrgmr.g/dr.gfv.tQcr. mUinrncr.gumr:ticr:jfrhwr:ncr.mv:yU.kqnrEl.dznr.nnr cQbrxhUwrmv.hqdr:mQnr.wwr:lmrhwr: mUinrncr. mnr:duinr:awrjfr.hqdr:g/nrncr.Cdv:kwrywrx< wv.bzmr:tuimr.yuiwr:pU.mnr: dI.esmqwr:nnrx lUwr.gmrbnr.mnr:gfv.pU.d/nr.hUwrnoxnnrx bqnranrjQcr. nfr:sudr: d/nr.esmqwr:juicr pznr:jv.

gāthās.dQgr.bv:ej.nsudr.< kf/gr.lfrpfrEl.d/nr.nnresdv.gnrdcr:j/wr:budrx gv.g/mr.juicr bzcr.sbr:lQcr:Enmv: nfr:dznr.dfr.d/nr.amr.hnrwoxncr. bqnr (thought-switching or thoughtsubstitution) nnrxywrx< lo/:kwranrnox l/dr.pU.es dUwrhwr:lo.d/nr.Enhwr:wv.WmrdzmrhUwrnox amr. mv:co/:c/mr.bUcrwv. 63. dUwrhwr:jcr.d/cr. jidrxdeb.Enhwr:wv.yg/mr. Aṅguttara Nikāya.jfr.co/:gnrmnr:jmrx edlo.g/mr. (jfrkuicrgL/mr.l/dr. (sUbr:l/dr.g/cr:gokqnranrdRo/: (dv..pznr:lIlzcr. gznr.dUwr) es jfrhwr:egv.dqmrtUnr. 1-2. ^nibrxb/nr.noywrx< wv.noywrx< 13 ebv:aRmr:Ajfrhwr: wUnrxkuicrgznr. El.pudr:ebv.noxegv.dcr. ebv:amr.jfrhwr: dgr:edlo.des dQmr.duiwr:gmrbnr. mUiwr.yg<mr.duiwr:gmrsudr.ywrx< m/crmqwr: gzbr. jfrhwr:nnrx jcr.p/crlzcr. gmr:luinr:sudr:mnr: aznrawrhwr:pQwrdI.wv.bUinr. jzmr:ncr. gumr:ticr:lo. g/nrjcr. jfrnoxbqnranraznrnv.Edx jidrxdeb.bv:jzmr:noywrx< lzcr.wv.dnv.wUnrx) kwrs/mranr Wmrjzmr:gnrgznr. hqdr:mQnr.hqdr: sUbr:hwr:jcr. ebv:hwr:gumr:cmr:dUwrhwr:lo.hUwrnox pznr:lImnr:jmrx mUinrncr.hUwrnoxjuicr dUwrEl.nfr:jfrhwr:juicr hwr: dgr:dugrxkjzmr:kwrnoywrx< Behaviour Therapy kwrjmrx l/dr.budrxtjwr.tQcr.noxyU. noywrx<14 kfr. cmr:yqnrdugrxkdcr:sqcr.dv.d d/cr:yUicr:a/nr:ligr. piwrh/cr.d (Behaviorism) kwrwv.jv: lzcr.juicr jfrhwr:nnrxegv.gfv.pidr: mQnr. ebv:gumr:ticr: dUwrhwr:lo.lo/:anrEnwox nfr:sudr. Sturgis & Meyer (1981) kwr anrhugnrwv.El.lo.huiwregv. anrWcrxwv.) El. H. (dUwrhqdr:)< wjI.dcr:nUiwrnnrxywrx ebv: wv. menv:g/mr.lfrgv.mI:mv:nfr:jfrhwr:< ebv:kwr (aRmr:Ajframr.tugr.edgumr:ticr:mnr:lo. ed hqdr:bzcrscregv. Hodgson (1980) El.lI) mv:azcr:yU.nUicr:< bqnranrawrlo/: jidrxdeb.tuicrgUYr:no hwr:l/dr.< mo/ (g) nnrx gfv.so/co/lo/lzcr.co/:c/mr.& nnrxnoywrx> widgrgsnrtv.lI ebv:ed 13 14 Dhammapada. .lInnrx yv. dgr:edgdr:yqnrsUiwr:sv. lo. (dUwrhqdr:) nnrxywrx< wv. VI.kuYrxhnrk/mr.nnresdv.woxdqmrjwrx< wv.gnrdcr: lo/:kU: Rachman. av:Rmr:amr.esdv.

dUwrhwr: anredgfv. . Dhamma: The Art of Stress Management.gQbr. mI:lzcr.po/. d/cr:yUicr:a/nr:widgrgsnr.gf/cr. 1980. 1960. 661-678. 3) Rachman.mnr:juicr lo/:jidrxdeb. S. El. 22. T. 1) De Silva. 1981. NJ: Prentice-Hall. The Wheel Publication 21. trans.huiwregv. 1984. Dehiwala: Buddhist Cultural Centre. 2) Dhammasami.yUbr. Calhoun & H.nnr lo/:jidrxdeb. Turner.h/mr.l/dr.dbrxbQdr. V. & Hodgson. The Removal of Distracting Thoughts: A Discourse of the Buddha with the Commentary and Marginal Notes. Obsessive-Compulsive Disorders. Naw Kham La. M. “Buddhism and Behaviour Modification”. P. jidrxdeb.d (clinical practice & behaviour therapy) kwrnox bqnrdv.wv.amr. NY: Yiley.dszcrlo/:nox mI:dI.mI:lo/:gicr.dI.dUigr. 5) Soma There. & Meyer.lUdI.lo. S. J. 2007.n sudr.pcr:mnr:< gzbr. Kandy: Buddhist Publication Society.tv. Behaviour Research and Therapy.lInnrx ywrx> > puinraicrdv.lI piwrmnr:jmrx hwr:l/dr.yzmr:hcr. J. R. Adams (eds). 4) Sturgis. In S.sudr: (limitation) El.Epwox ywrx< wv.dkwr jcr. G. E. Obsessions and Compulsions. Handbook of Clinical Behaviour Therapy.suibr.jzmr:mQnr.aRmr:Ajfr El.