BIO 3413.

002 Advanced Physiology

Review for Exam 1 Fall 2011

Fundamental concept s of physiology (4) 1. Homeostasis 2. Feedback 3. Redundancy 4. Integration

Introduction to Hormone Interactions      Communication Sequence Types of Hormone Effects (4) Chemistry of Hormones Mechanism of Action (3)

Second Messengers       Sequence of events cAMP Calcium Amplification Turning off the signal Calcium

Hormone/neurotransmitters: Receptors and channels (epinephrine, acetylcholine)     Agonist & Antagonist Receptor & Receptor subtype Convergent and Divergent hormone effects (examples) Channels: ligand-gated and voltage gated

Pituitary Hormones Anterior Releasing Hormone Route of delivery    Thyroid hormone Lutinizing Hormone Follicle Stimulating Hormone

Posterior Releasing Hormone Route of delivery   Oxytocin Antidiuretic Hormone

Organization of the Nervous System   Central Peripheral

Functional Divisions    Somatic Autonomic Enteric

The Autonomic Nervous System   Sympathetic Parasympathetic

Organization of the Spinal Cord   White Matter –tracts Gray Matter – cells

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