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Cramsession: Cisco WAN Switching Certification

Contents:
Contents: .................................................................................................................... 1 ATM Basics .................................................................................................................. 3 ATM Model ................................................................................................................ 3 ATM Headers............................................................................................................. 3 ATM Addressing......................................................................................................... 5 Cisco ATM Addressing ................................................................................................ 5 ATM Adaptation Layer ................................................................................................ 5 Quality of Service ...................................................................................................... 6 Service Categories ..................................................................................................... 6 Frame Relay Basics ....................................................................................................... 7 Voice Basics ................................................................................................................. 8 Analog to Digital Conversion ....................................................................................... 9 Optimization ............................................................................................................. 9 Signaling .................................................................................................................10 General Installation......................................................................................................12 Tools Required .........................................................................................................12 Installation Outline ...................................................................................................12 Command Line Interface (CLI) ......................................................................................13 BPX 8600 Series ..........................................................................................................17 Card Types ..............................................................................................................17 Installing BPX Cards..................................................................................................17 Initial Configuration ..................................................................................................20 IGX 8400 Series ..........................................................................................................22 Card Installation .......................................................................................................22 Initial Configuration ..................................................................................................26 MGX Series Installation ................................................................................................29 MGX 8220................................................................................................................29 Card Installation .......................................................................................................30 Initial Configuration ..................................................................................................32 MGX 8850................................................................................................................32 Card Installation .......................................................................................................33

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MGX 8850 Interface Cards .........................................................................................35 Initial Configuration ..................................................................................................38 Cisco WAN View ..........................................................................................................38 Cisco Wan Manager (CWM) ...........................................................................................40 Components.............................................................................................................40 Additional Features ...................................................................................................41 Software and Firmware Upgrades ..................................................................................42 Downloading from CWM workstation ...........................................................................43 Download from a Switch ............................................................................................43

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ATM Basics
ATM is a packet-switched technology based on a 53-byte packet called a cell. Each cell is divided into a 5-byte header and a 48-byte payload. The short, fixed length cell reduces delay and jitter, allowing time sensitive information such as voice and video to be transported along with data. There are various transmission media and rates available with bandwidth measured in megabits to gigabits.

ATM Model
ATM is based on Broadband Integrated Services Digital Network, an extension of ISDN. Similar to the OSI model, B-ISDN uses a seven-layer model. ATM redefines the lower 3 layers into the Physical Layer, the ATM Layer and the ATM Adaptation Layer.

• •

The Physical Medium sub-layer (PMD) interfaces with the physical medium. The Transmission Control sub-layer handles cell extraction from the data stream and error checking.

ATM Headers
The ATM Cell has a 5-byte header, with the remaining 48-bytes left for payload (data).

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There are two standard headers. Cisco added an addition header type to allow for advanced ATM features. • User-to-Network Interface (UNI) header-specifies interface between a user device and a network. Note: A user device is not just a computer interface. It can be a router or switch as well. Network-to-Network Interface (NNI) header-specifies interface between two networks. Usually a private ATM network and a public ATM network. STI header-used between to Cisco ATM switching nodes to allow advanced network features.

• •

• • • •

Flow Control (4-bits)-a UNI field for controlling access and flow control. Usually all zeros, as there is no defined standards. Virtual Path Indicator (VPI)-identifies the path to be taken by the ATM cell. Virtual Circuit Indicator (VCI)-indicates the circuit number on the path. Payload Type Indicator (PTI, 3-bits)-the type of data being carried in the payload. High order bit is 0 for user data and 1 for connection management information, second bit indicates if there was congestion, and the third bit show if user data is from customer premises equipment. Payload Class (4-bits)-STI field indicating classes of service and BPX switch queues. Cell Loss Priority bit (CL)-indicates the cell may be discarded if congestion is encountered.

• •

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ATM Addressing
• • • • • VCI identifies the circuit or connection. VPI identifies the virtual path. The path can be seen as a trunk that carries multiple circuits between switches. VCI is 16-bits allowing 65, 535 circuit numbers. For the STI header VCI is 8bits for 256 circuits. VPI is 8-bits for the UNI header, 12-bits for the NNI header (4096 paths), and 10-bits for the STI header (1024 paths).

Cisco ATM Addressing
Three modes available depending on the hardware being used. Addressing Node BAM-BPX switch Addressing Mode CAM-Cloud Addressing Mode SAM-Simple Addressing Node Header Type STI VPI/VCI Derivation Node derives VPI/VCI User defined VPI Node derived VCI User defined VPI/VCI Where Used
IPX switch to BPX switch, or between IPX nodes

UNI

Between IPX or IGX nodes and on networks switched on VPI only Between IPX or IGX nodes and on networks where routing is user programmed

UNI

ATM Adaptation Layer
• • ATM Adaptation Level (AAL)-used to convert data from various sources and convert it to 48-byte segments that fit the payload of ATM cells. Four classifications of source traffic are outlined. Class A AAL-1
Connection

Traffic Class Adaptation Layer (AAL) Connection Mode End-to-End Timing Bit Rate Examples

Class B AAL-2
Connection

Class C AAL-3/4 AAL-5
Connection

Class D AAL-3/4
Connectionless

Yes Constant Uncompressed i C t t bit

Yes Variable Compressed Voice d Vid

No Variable Frame-relay, SNA, TCP/IP il

No Variable SMDS

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voice, Constant bitrate video

and Video

TCP/IP, e-mail

• •

Consists of Convergence sub-layer (CS) and Segmentation and Reassembly sub-layer (SAR). CS receives data from the applications and sends it to the SAR to be segmented into 48-byte blocks.

Quality of Service
These are some of the most important QoS parameters: • • • • • • • Peak Cell Rate (PCR)-maximum rate a sender can send cells. Sustained Cell Rate (SCR)-required cell rate averaged over a long interval. Minimum Cell Rate (MCR)-minimum acceptable rate of cells per second. Cell Loss Ratio (CLR)-the fraction of cells not delivered or delivered late. Cell Transfer Delay (CTD)-time from source to destination (transmit time). Cell Error Ratio (CER)-fraction of cells delivered with incorrect bits. Cell Delay Variation (CDV or Jitter)-how regularly cells are delivered. Cells from one conversation on a multiplexed connection may be delayed while cells from another conversation are delivered. Cell Delay Variation Tolerance (CDVT)-amount of variation in cell transmission times. Specified separately for PCR and SCR.

Service Categories
The ATM Forum specifies four service categories: • Constant Bit Rate (CBR)-entire connection, from source to destination, including intermediary switches, provides a set amount of bandwidth at all times. Expensive because bandwidth is reserved even if it is not used. Variable Bit Rate (VBR)- guarantees an average bit rate over time, but allows a higher peak bit rate, with no cells lost, for a certain amount of time each minute. VBR is broken into two subclasses real time (rt) and non-real time (nrt). o rt-VBR is used for connections that require end-to-end timing, such as voice or video connections using compression or noise reduction.

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o •

nrt-VBR can be used when timing relationships are not required, but QoS is still needed.

Available Bit Rate (ABR)-bit rate varies according to network conditions up to a stated maximum. Source adjusts transmission rate due to network information received from the network. Unspecified Bit Rate (UBR)-no set bit rate guarantee. Allows a transmission rate up to a certain maximum, with no guarantee of cell loss or delivery.

Frame Relay Basics
Frame relay: • • • • • Defines a connection between user equipment and a WAN, not the interface or protocols of the WAN itself. Usually describes a LAN-to-LAN connection. A standard optimized for the transport of protocol-oriented data. Defines network paths using statistical multiplexing (creates virtual circuits). Does not allocate bandwidth until data needs to be transmitted. Combines packet switching and port sharing with time division multiplexing circuit switching to allow multiple point-to-point permanent virtual circuits over a single physical interface. Operates only on the Data Link and Physical layers of the OSI model. Routing is general handled by the Network layer protocol.

Components of Frame Relay
• Committed Information Rate (CIR)-rate of data transfer under normal operations. Generally the contracted rate from the public service provider. CIR should never be set higher than the speed of the slowest physical connection on a VC. CIR of 0=best effort. User-Network Interface (UNI)-describes a connection between user equipment and a frame relay network. Usually, a router (DTE) and the service provider. Network-Network Interface-describes connection between frame relay networks. Local Management Interface (LMI)-monitors the status of DLCIs by periodically polling the network. Can be used to exchange status information between frame devices and the network. Also supports multicasting, global addressing and flow control. Cisco switches support LMI.

• •

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Bandwidth on Demand-capacity is provided as a PVC requires it up to the maximum CIR.

Flag-First and last byte of a frame, indicating the beginning and the end. There may be only one flag between frames with the end flag of one frame used as the start flag of the next. Data Link Connection Identifier (DLCI)-10-bit routing address of the PVC at a particular UNI or NNI. Some DLCIs are reserve for signaling, management and future use so only 16 to 1007 are used to address virtual circuits. Command/Response (C/R)-not used. Always set to 0. Extended Address (EA)-allows the header to be lengthened to 3 or 4 bytes allowing a DLCI longer than 10-bits (more VC addresses). Forward Explicit Congestion Notification (FECN)-set to 1 by the frame network when congestion is occurring on the packet forwarding direction of the frame. Backward Explicit Congestion Notification (BECN)- set to 1 by the frame network when congestion is occurring on the reversed packet forwarding direction of the frame. Discard Eligibility (DE)-set by the end node to indicate frames to be discard if congestion occurs. Data-also called the information field. May be as large as 4,520 bytes, but is more efficient with a size of less than 4k. Frame Check Sequence (FCS)-standard cyclic redundancy check that detects bit errors in the frame.

• • • •

• • •

Voice Basics
Human voice can achieve a frequency of up to 4000 Hz (usually between 300 to 3000 Hz).

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Analog to Digital Conversion
• • • • The coder-decoder (CODEC) converts analog voice signals to digital signals using pulse code modulation (PCM). Multiple digital voice signals can be combined into a single channel using a multiplexer (MUX). The process is called Time Division Multiplexing (TDM). A T1 connection can contain 24 channels or timeslots (called DS0s) of 64 kbps each. An E1 or J1 connection has 30 channels with two additional timeslots for framing and signaling.

Sampling
• General rule is that sample rate should be twice the frequency of the signal to be sampled (example: the human voice is capable of 4000 Hz so a sample rate of 8000 samples per second would be required). Each sample is converted into a 8 bit word (8 bits per sample x 8000 samples per sec = 64kbps).

Companding
• • Part of the PCM process that determines the digital bits used to represent the voice signals (whether the value of a sample is a digital one or zero). 2 companding laws: o o • M-law (µ-law or mu-law): logarithmic method used in North America A-law: linear at lower levels and logarithmic at higher levels. Used in Europe, Asia, Australia and South America.

Different companding methods are not compatible (international voice traffic requires conversion from one companding method to another).

Optimization Adaptive Differential Pulse Code Modulation (ADPCM) Voice Compression
• • • Uses fewer bits than PCM sampling because only the difference between samples not the actual value of the sample amplitude is used. Defined in ITU-T G.726 recommendation. The following rates are available:

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o o o o • •

40 kbps using 5-bit samples 32 kbps using 4-bit samples 24 kbps using 3-bit samples 16 kbps using 2-bit samples

Does not use A-law or M-law coding. Not reliable for data or fax traffic above 4800 kbps.

Code Excited Linear Prediction (CELP) Compression
• • • • Better than ADPCM at the same or higher data rate. Uses know characteristics of human speech to provide compression. Based on ITU-T G.729 standard. 8, 16, 24 and 32 kbps data rates are possible.

Silence Suppression
• • • Reduces bandwidth by stopping transmission during silent periods in the voice signal. Dependant on language spoken, silence suppression can provide 60 percent bandwidth reduction. Algorithm analyzes the signal to determine if a signal is voice or background noise (based on known characteristics of human speech).

Signaling
Signaling occurs between a subscriber and a switch or a switch and a switch. Signaling is the process of sending status and control information between network elements. In voice communications, signaling is generally used to initiate a call or connection. Subscriber to switch signaling is used from handset to PBX and includes on-hook, off-hook detection and dialing. Switch to switch (or interswitch) signaling is used between the local exchange carrier (LEC) and interexchange carrier (IXC) or between PBX and PBX (or switch). Interswitch signaling is generally digital. Two types of interswitch signaling:

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Channel Associated Signaling (CAS)-signaling is sent on the same path as the voice traffic with the signaling bits in a specified location on each channel. Signal states are limited by number of bits used for signaling. Common Channel Signaling (CCS)-independent signal channels carry the signal information for the voice channels. Generally more complex than CAS and allows for more diverse signal states.

CAS vs. CCS signaling CAS
T1 interface Robbed bit signaling. Least significant bit of every sixth frame is robbed. Timeslot 16 carries four signaling bits per channel Timeslot 0 carries one signaling bit per channel Limited Slow Limited number of signaling states

CCS
Timeslot 24

E1 interface J1 interface Features Signal Rate Versatility

Timeslot 16 as a clear channel Timeslot 16 as a clear channel Many features available Fast Wide variety of protocols available

Dialing Formats
There are two different dialing formats used by most switches: • • Pulse-each number dialed generates a number of pulses (dialing a three would generate 3 pulses). Dual-tone Multifrequency (DTMF or tone)-each number dialed generates two tones that uniquely identify the number.

Echo
Echo is caused by a difference in impedance between two network entities (usually involving conversion from two-wire to four-wire transmission). This difference in impedance causes reflections of the signal perceived as echo. Echo is always present in a voice network. Echo is not a problem unless it reaches an unacceptable level (delays of less than 250ms are generally considered acceptable). Causes of delay: • Compression-all compression algorithms have an inherent delay.

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• • • •

Packetization-delay caused as voice samples are collected until enough to make up a packet are collected. Congestion-as a network becomes congested, packets can be delayed or dropped. Silence Suppression-voice samples can be held until signal is determined to be voice or noise. Transmission delays-transmissions over distance take time (packet-switched networks generally have more delay than circuit switched networks).

An echo canceller can be added to reduce echo. An echo canceller compares transmit and receive signals to measure loss and delay of the reflected signal and subtracts the expected echo power level from the receive signal.

General Installation
Tools Required
• • • • • • Box Knife Standard blade screwdriver set Phillips screwdriver set Wrench set, including adjustable wrench and/or channel locks Allen key set Grounding wrist strap

Installation Outline Preliminary Steps
1. Prepare the site for equipment installation • • • • • Location should have restricted access. Sufficient area should be available to access the equipment. The proper power requirements need to be met. Confirm that UPS meets Cisco requirements Airflow and cooling must be suitable for the equipment being installed.

2. Verify that all parts ordered are present and in good condition. Record all part numbers and serial numbers.

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3. Unpack and install the equipment in the desired rack (may be provided by Cisco or third party). Follow the instructions in the supplied install guide. 4. Install and connect the required power supply. Most models are available in either AC or DC versions. 5. Install the cards in the equipment. Most cards consist of a front and back card pair. If cards are not matched, alarm conditions will occur. All Cisco WAN switches have specific slots reserved for certain cards. These reservations must be followed. Proper grounding (wrist strap) must be followed prior to handling any cards. 6. Install the cable management system and connect the cables to the required ports. 7. Connect a management terminal or Cisco WAN Manager workstation to the console port.

Installation troubleshooting
If there is no power to the switch: • • • • • • • • • • Check the power cables. Check Circuit breaker. Card short circuit (pull and reseat all cards). Power supply fault. Remove and reseat card. Check card fuse if applicable. Replace card. If replacement does not fix problem, backplane. Get card status with dspcds. Reset card with resetcd f. Remove and reseat card.

No LED lit on a single card:

Alarm Indicator on Card:

Command Line Interface (CLI)
Connect to an IGX or BPX with a PC using a terminal emulator (hyperterm), or a terminal connected via the control port, a LAN connection, or remotely using a modem connected to the auxiliary port.

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• • • • •

Once connected, hit enter to bring up the command screen. Enter user name at the logon prompt Enter password at the password prompt. The bye command ends the session. The bye command returns user to local session.

Use vt <nodename> to create a virtual terminal session on a remote node .

Command Screen Format

• • •

Top line displays node name, current user, software revision, date, time and time zone. The middle of the screen shows information returned by executed commands. The bottom of the screen displays prompt for current command or next command.

Basic commands
• • . (period) -displays the last twelve commands. Enter a command number to re-use a command. help or ? –displays a help menu. If typed with a command brings up help for that command.

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• • • • •

bye –ends local or remote session. clrscrn –clears the display. prtscrn –sends current display to printer. redscrn –redraws display (useful if connected via modem). vt –used to start virtual terminal session with remote nodes.

Numbering Conventions
Trunks, Lines and Channel Numbers Resource
CDP/CVM Circuit Line and NTC/NTM Trunk

Numbering Format slot slot slot.port slot.ch slot.ch-ch (sets of channels) slot.port slot.port-port slot.port.DLCI

Description Slot number of the BC-T1 or BC-E1 (primary if redundant pair) back card connected to IGX. Slot number of the BC-T3 or BC-E3 back card. Slot number and port of the BNI that has the T3 cable attached. Back slot number of the circuit line and channel or range of channels. Back slot number of the data card and the port number or range of ports on that card. Back slot number of FRP card and the port number of the connection. DLCI only has local significance to the port. Back slot number of FRP card and the port number of the connection. DLCI is unique to port for entire network.

AIT trunk BPX trunk numbers Voice channel numbers Data channel numbers Frame Relay channel numbers (local addressing) Frame Relay channel numbers (global addressing)

slot.port.DLCI

Viewing Node Configuration
Display commands are also useful for troubleshooting. • • Display cards in shelf-dspcds. Display status, serial number and revision of a card-dspcd.
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• • • • •

Display redundant cards (y-pairs)-dspcdred. Display LAN port configuration-dsplancnf. Display power supply status and cabinet temperature-dsppwr. Display control port and auxiliary port configuration-dsptermcnf. Display function of control port and auxiliary port-dsptermfunc.

Privilege Levels
• • There are one super user privilege level (level 0), and 6 user levels (levels 1 through 6). Each privilege level has access to commands of the lower levels (level 4 can access commands for levels 4-6).

Managing Users
• • • Add users use the adduser command (You can only create a user for a lower privilege level than you are logged in as). Change password use cnfpwd. Remove users with deluser.

Management Workstation
On the Switch: • • • Set up the LAN port with cnflan. Configure the SNMP get and set (read and write) community names with cnfsnmp. Configure the IP for the statistics manager, if you are using Cisco WAN Manager Statistics Collection Manager, using cnfstatmast (cnfstatmgr on the MGX switches).

Alarms
• • • • Use dspnw to show list of network nodes and trunk alarm status. Use dspnds to list name, type and alarm status of nodes on the network. dspalms displays a summary of all alarms on the current node. dsplog to view log of errors.

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Redundancy
• • • Set up card redundancy-addyred (or addcdred). Switch between active and redundant cards-resetcd. Switch between active and standby processor-switchcc.

BPX 8600 Series
The BPX 8600 series switches are high capacity, standards based broadband ATM switches that support: • • • Backbone ATM IP+ATM services Multi Protocol Label Switching (MPLS)

Card Types
• Four types of BPX cards are available o o o o • Common Core Network Interface Service Interface Power Supplies

It is important to match the proper front card with the proper back card.

Installing BPX Cards
• The card shelf has 15 slots numbered from left to right when viewed from the front.

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• • • •

When installing cards, follow ESD precautions. Slot 7 is reserved for BCC card. Redundant nodes have a BCC card in slots 7 and 8. Slot 15 is for the ASM/LM-ASM card pair. Slots 1-6 and 10-15 for all interface cards.

19.2 Gbps Operation
The BPX switches support a 9.6 or a 19.2 Gbps backplane. For 19.2 Gbps support, you need: • • • • • 19.2 Gbps backplane identified by white slot fuses on bottom rear of backplane (or result of “Word #2=0001” from dspbpnv command). Backplane NOVRAM that indicates the backplane is 19.2 Gbps capable BCC-4 or later controller. Switch software release 8.1.18 or later. At least one BXM card.

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Table of BPX Cards Card BPX
BPX-BCC-32 BPX-BCC-BC BPX-BCC-3

Card Name Common Core Group
Broadband controller card, can be installed in redundant pairs. Uses System Software ver 7.0 and above Back card for BCC-32 Broadband controller card, can be installed in redundant pairs. Uses System Software ver 7.X (7.2.84 and above) or 8.X (8.1.12 and above). Enhanced BCC-3. Can support VSI or MPLS Broadband controller card, can be installed in redundant pairs. Uses System Software 8.4 or above, has 64+ MB or RAM and supports 19.2 Gbps BXM card operation. Can support VSI or MPLS Back card used with BCC-3 or BCC-4 (also called LM-BCC). Alarm/Status Monitor (ASM) Card Line Module-ASM

Location

Front Back Front

BPX-BCC-3-64 BPX-BCC-4

Front Front

BPX-BCC-3-BC BPX-ASM BPX-ASM-BC

Back Front Back

Network Interface Group
BPX-BXM-T3-8 BPX-BXM-E3-8 BPX-BXM-T3-12 BPX-BXM-E3-12 BPX-T3/E3-BC BPX-BXM-155-4 BPX-BXM-155-8 BPX-MMF-155-4-BC BPX-SMF-155-4-BC BPC-SMFLR-155-4-BC BPX-MMF-155-8-BC BPX-SMF-155-8-BC BPC-SMFLR-155-8-BC BPX-BXM-622 BPX-BXM-622-2 BPX-BME BPX-SMF-622-BC BPX-SMFLR-622-BC 1 or 2 OC-12/STM 4 ports. Used in either network interface or service access (UNI) mode. Used with SMF-622-2 back card for multicast connections. Port 1 loops to port 2, tx to rx and rx to tx (cross-over). Back cards for BXM-622. Single mode fiber, single mode, long range fiber and extra long-range fiber respectively. XLR supports 1500mm interface Front Back cards for BXM-155-8 for different fiber modes. Multi-mode fiber, single mode fiber and single mode, long range fiber respectively. Back Back card for BXM-T3/E3-8 or BXM-T3/E3-12 4 or 8 port OC-3/STM-1 card. Used in either network interface or service access (UNI) mode. Back cards for BXM-155-4 for different fiber modes. Multi-mode fiber, single mode fiber and single mode, long range fiber respectively. Back Front 8 or 12 port E3/T3 card. Used in either network interface or service access (UNI) mode, with T3 or E3 interface. Front

Back

Back Back

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BPX-XLR-622-BC BPX-SMF-622-2-BC BPX-SMFLR-622-2-BC BPX-XLR-622-2-BC BPX-BNI-3-E3 BPX-T3-BC BPX-BNI-155 BPX-MMF-2-BC BPX-SMF-2-BC BPX-SMFLR-2-BC

1500mm interface Back cards for BXM-622-2 and BME. Single mode fiber, single mode, long range fiber and extra long-range fiber respectively. Back

Broadband NIC with 3 T3 ports. Line module for BNI-T3 for 3 physical T3 ports. Broadband NIC with 2 OC-3/STM-1 ports. OC-3/STM-1 interface card for BNI-155 or ASI-155 front card. Multi-mode fiber, single mode fiber and single mode, long range fiber respectively.

Front Back Front Back

Service Interface Group
BPX-ASI-1-2T3 BPX-T3-BC BPX-ASI-1-2E3 BPX-E3-BC BPX-ASI-155 BPX-MMF-2-BC BPX-SMF-2-BC BPX-SMFLR-2-BC ATM Service Interface Card with 2 T3 ports. Line module with 2 physical T3 ports for use with ASI-1-2T3. ATM Service Interface Card with 2 E3 ports. Line module with 2 physical E3 ports for use with ASI-1-2E3. ATM Service Interface Card with 2 OC-3/STM-1 ports. OC-3/STM-1 interface card for BNI-155 or ASI-155 front card. Multi-mode fiber, single mode fiber and single mode, long range fiber respectively. Front Back Front Back Front Back

Power Supply Group
48 Volt DC Power Supply Optional AC Power Supply

Initial Configuration
1. Set up the node. o o o o o Set node name with cnfname command. Time zone-cnftmzn. Date-cnfdate. Time-cnftime. LAN interface-cnflan.

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o

Configure console or aux ports to support any external devices using cnfprt (configure printing), cnfterm (configure tx parameters), and conftermfunc (configure port functions). Up trunk at each node-uptrk. Configure trunk parameters-cnftrk. Add trunks at each node-addtrk. Configure redundancy (if require)- addyred. Set up trunk between BPX and IGX as above. Contact Cisco customer service to add options. Add IGX as shelf at BPX-addshelf. Add MGX as a shelf at BPX-addshelf. Activate line-upln. Configure line-cnfln. Activate ports-upport. Configure port-cnfport. Add connection-addcon. Configure connection type-cnfcontyp. Add connection-addcon. Specify connection class-cnfcls. Add connection group-addcongrp. Connections are added using Cisco WAN manager. Frame Relay connections from IGX to BPX. ATM or Frame Relay connections from MGX to BPX. Connections are end-to-end and managed via SNMP

2. Set up the trunks (use dspcds to ensure proper cards are installed). o o o o

3. Configure IGX interface shelf (if present). o o o

4. Add MGX 8220 Shelf (if present). o 5. Set up ATM services. o o o o

6. Configure ATM connections. o o

7. Set up ATM to Frame Relay (ATF). o o o

8. Configure Interface Shelf to Frame Relay Connections. o o o o

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IGX 8400 Series
• • • Multi-service switch supports WAN voice, data and video. 1 Gbps cellbus with a .2 Gbps backup bus Six models available: o o o o o o IGX 8410-8 slot rack mount IGX 8410-8 slot stand-alone IGX 8420-16 slot rack mount IGX 8420-16 slot stand-alone IGX 8430-32 slot, dual shelf rack mount IGX 8430-32 slot, dual shelf stand-alone

Card Installation
IGX 8410 (8 Slot configurations).

IGX 8420 (16 Slot configurations).

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IGX 8430 (32 Slot, dual shelf configurations).

o o

Remove jumper W6 on the system clock module (SCM) card(s) to indicate an IGX 8430. The jumper is left on for 8420s. A maximum of 16 trunk cards can be used on the 8430.

Non-redundant configurations always have the NPM card in slot 1. Redundant configurations have NPMs in slots 1 and 2. The SCM card always goes behind the NPM in slot 1. The ARM card can go in any slot, but is usually installed in the far right. Table of IGX Cards Card Card Type Location

Processor cards
NPM32 NPM 64 NPM-32B NPM-64B 32 MB Controller Card 64 MB Controller Card 32 MB Controller Card Rev B 64 MB Controller Card Rev B Front Front Front Front

Alarm and System cards
ARM ARI SCM Alarm Relay module Alarm Relay Interface, back card for ARM System Clock Module, works with NPM Front Back Back

Trunk cards (NNI)
UXM Universal Switching Module Front

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BC-UAI-4-155-MMF BC-UAI-4-155-SMF BC-UAI-2-155-SMF BC-UAI-6-T3 BC-UAI-3-T3 BC-UAI-6-E3 BC-UAI-3-E3 BC-UAI-8-T1-DB15 BC-UAI-4-T1-DB15 BC-UAI-8-E1-DB15 BC-UAI-4-E1-DB15 BC-UAI-8-E1-BNC BC-UAI-4-E1-BNC ALM/B BC-UAI-1T3 BC-UAI-1E3 BTM AIT-E3 AIT-E2 AIT-HSSI AIT-T3 BTI-E1 NTM BC-E1 BC-T1 BC-Y1 BC-J1 BC-SR

OC3/STM1, 2 or 4 port multimode or single mode fiber back card

Back

3 or 6 port T3 back card with BNC connectors

Back

3 or 6 port E3 back card with BNC connectors

Back

4 or 8 port T1 Back card with DB 15 connectors

Back

4 or 8 port E1 back card with DB15 connectors

Back

4 or 8 port E1 back card with BNC connectors

Back

ATM Line Module, model B Universal ATM interface. Single T3 interface with BNC connectors. Universal ATM interface. Single E3 interface with BNC connectors. Broadband Trunk Module Single E3 interface with BNC connectors (maximum throughput 16Mbps) Single E2 interface (8.44 Mbps) with BNC connectors. Only operates between Cisco Wan switches so UNI not supported. Single 50-pin HSSI connector for aggregate T1. Requires external DSU Single T3 interface with BNC connectors (maximum throughput 16Mbps) Single E1 trunk interface with both DB15 and BNC connectors. Network Trunk Module Single E1 trunk port with both DB15 and BNC connectors Single T1 trunk port with DB 15 connector Single Japanese Y1 interface (1.54 Mbps) with DB15 and Y1 trunk i/o connectors Single J1 interface back card Subrate back card for partial E1 or T1 bandwidth. V.11/X.21, V.35 and EIA/TIA-449 interface.

Front Back Back Front Back Back Back Back Back Front Back Back Back Back Back

Line Cards

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ATM (UNI)
UXM ALM/A Universal Transmission Module. Same card as above-uses the same back cards. ATM Line Module, Model A. Uses same back cards as ATM/B above. Voice UVM BC-UVI-2T1EC BC-UVI-2E1EC BC-UVI-2J1EC CVM-ADPCM CVM-T1 CVM-E1 BC-T1 BC-E1 BC-J1 T1 interface with DB15 connector. E1 interface with DB15 and alternate BNC connectors. J1 interface with DB15 and alternate BNC connectors. Back Back Back Universal Voice Module 2 T1 interfaces for UVM. 2 E1 interfaces for UVM. 2 J1 interfaces for UVM. Channelized Voice Module, ADPCM, T1 and E1 Front Back Back Back Front Front Front

Frame Relay
UFM-4C UFM-8C UFI-8T1-DB15 UFI-8E1-DB15 UFI-8E1-BNC UFM-U UFI-12.V35 UFI-12X.21 UFI-4HSSI FRM FRI-V.35A FRI-V.35B FRI-X.21 FRM2 Channelized Universal Frame Module, supports 4 ports Channelized Universal Frame Module, supports 8 ports 8 port T1 interface card for UFM-4C or UFM-8C (only 4 ports recognized for UFM-4C), with DB 15 connectors. 8 port E1 interface card for UFM-4C or UFM-8C (only 4 ports recognized for UFM-4C), with DB 15 connectors. 8 port E1 interface card for UFM-4C or UFM-8C (only 4 ports recognized for UFM-4C), with BNC connectors. Unchannelized Universal Frame Module for HSSI, V.35 and X.21 12 port V.35 interface. 12 port X.21 interface. 4 port HSSI interface. Unchannelized Frame Module for V.35/X.21 4 port V.35 interface. Model A supports 1024 Mbps, model B supports 2048 Mbps. 4 port X.21 interface. Unchannelized Frame module, Port Concentrator only.

Front Front Back Back Back Front Back Back Back Front Back Back Front

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FRM2-X.21 FRM-31 FRI-T1 FRI-E1

Provides connection to port concentrator supplying up to 44 X.21 ports (ports appear as logical ports to the IGX) 31 channel Frame Module Single T1 port with DB15 connector. Single E1 port with DB15 and alternate BNC connectors.

Back Front Back Back

Serial Data
HDM SDI-EIA/TIA-232C/V.24 SDI-EIA/TIA-232D/V.24 SDI-EIA/TIA-449/X.21 SDI-V.35 LDM LDI-EIA/TIA-232C/V.24 LDI-EIA/TIA-232D/V.24 High-speed data module. 4 port RS232c v.24 synchronous data interface. 4 port RS232d v.24 synchronous data interface. 4 port RS449 x. synchronous data interface. 4 port v.35 synchronous data interface. Low speed data module. 4 or 8 port RS232c v.24 low-speed data interface. Up to 56 kbps for 4 ports and 19.2 kbps for 8 ports. 4 or 8 port RS232d v.24 low-speed data interface. Up to 19.2 kbps. Front Back Back Back Back Front Back Back

Access Device
FTM FPC-X.21 FPC-V.35 FPC-T1 FPC-E1 Frame trunk module. Provides a connection to Fastpad devices or other Cisco access products. 4 port V.35 or X.21 interface card. Each port supports one Fastpad connection. DB15 and alternate BNC Fastpad connection card. Front Back

Back

• •

Front cards and back cards must match or alarm will register. Firmware revisions between front cards and back cards should match for proper operation.

Initial Configuration
1. Set up the node. o o o Set node name with cnfname command. Time zone-cnftmzn. LAN interface-cnflan.

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o

Configure console or aux ports to support any external devices using cnfprt (configure printing), cnfterm (configure tx parameters), and conftermfunc (configure port functions). Up trunk at each node-uptrk. Configure trunk parameters-cnftrk. Specify Cellbus bandwidth as needed for UXM-cfbusbw (super-user command). Set up optional y-cable redundancy-addyred. Configure trunk redundancy-addtrkred. Add desired subrate trunk interface control templates-cnftrkict. Activate line-upcln or upln. Configure line-cnfln. Configure redundancy-addyred. Activate line-upln. Configure line-cnfln. Configure redundancy-addyred. Activate ports-upfrport. If UFM-U card, specify the mode-cnfmode (use dspmode to display current mode). Activate line-upln. Activate ports-upftcport. Add FastPAD control connection-addfp. Activate line-upln. Configure line-cnfln. Add ports-upport. Configure ports-cnfport.

2. Set up the trunks (use dspcds to ensure proper cards are installed). o o o o o o

3. Set up voice lines. o o o

4. Set up data lines and ports. o o o

5. Set up Frame Relay lines and ports. o o

6. Set up FastPAD lines and ports. o o o

7. Set up ATM lines and ports. o o o o

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o

Configure Cellbus bandwidth for uxm-cnfbusbw. Add connections-addcon. Configure parameters. Enable adaptive voice feature-cnfchadv. Configure dial type-cnfchdl. Configure echo canceller-cnfchec. Configure gain-cnfchgn. Create conditioning template-cnfcond. Configure receive signaling bits-cnfrcvsig. Configure transmit signaling-cnfxmtsig. Configure channel utilization-cnfchutl. Set signaling type-cnfvchtp. Addition configuration parameters for UVM. Configure default UVM parameters-cnfuvmchparm. Configure UVM for fax detection or fax relay-cnfchfax. Configure line passthrough-cnflnpass.

8. Configure Voice connections o o

o

9. Configure data connections. o o Add connection-addcon. Configure parameters. Configure data channel clock-cnfdclk. Configure control lead direction-cnfcldir. Set interface control template signals-cnfict. 10. Configure Frame Relay connections. o o o Add connection-addcon. Configure connection classes-cnffrcls. Configure parameters. Control templates-cnfict. Channel utilization-cnfchutl. Channel priorities-cnfchpri. 11. Configure connections to access device (such as Cisco 3800).
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o o

Up port to access device-upftcport. Add device to node-addad (view connected access devices with dspads). Default bandwidth parameters can be changed with cnfadcon (generally not necessary).

o o

Add connection at FTC/FTM-addcon (if other end is CDP or CVM connection is added there). Configure Congestion Management Timer-cnfadcmtmr (optional). Add connection-addcon. Configure for permanent or switched voice connections. Configure gain insertion-cnfchgn. Configure utilization-cnfchutl. Channel type-cnfvchtp.

12. Configure FastPAD connections. o o

13. Configure ATM connections. o o Add connection-addcon. Set connection type-cnfcontyp. Optimize channel utilization-cnfchutl. Specify preferred route-cnfpref. Set Class of Service (CoS)-cnfcos.

14. Optimize routing and bandwidth. o o o

MGX Series Installation
MGX 8220
MGX 8220 is an access shelf that works with the BPX switch to provide: Many narrowband and/or medium band ATM and non-ATM interfaces while using only one BPX port. Conversion of ATM traffic to and from non-ATM traffic. A method to concentrate narrow and medium band traffic to the BPX’s broadband ATM ports.

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Note: Feeder line uses STI ATM header. MGX 8220 can also be used stand-alone to interface with third-party ATM devices.

Note: Feeder line is NNI or UNI interface (usually NNI).

Card Installation

Installation of the SRM is optional, but must conform to the installed BNM and ASC cards (slot 15 if slots 1 and 3 used and slot 16 if slots 2 and 4 are usedboth slots 15 and 16 for redundant configuration).

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MGX 8220 Interface Cards Card Card Type Core Cards
AX-ASC2 AX-ASC2-R AX-BNM-155 AX-SMF-155 AX-BNM-T3/B AX-BNM-E3/B AX-T3E3-D-BC AX-T3E3-B-BC AX-SRM-T1E1 AX-SRM-3T3 AX-BNC-3T3-M T1E1 Service Resource Module. Supports BERT and 1 to N redundancy for Service Modules. SRM supports bulk mode redundancy support for up to 84 T1 channels. Back card for AX-SRM-3T3 with 3 BNC connectors. Front Front Back Back cards for above with either DB15 or BNC interface connectors. Back Axis Shelf controller, enhanced version. Back card has Control ports and LAN port. Redundant ASC card Broadband Network Module with one SONET/SDH port. Single Mode Fiber interface back card for AX-BNM-155. Single E3/T3 BNM. Pair Front Front Back Front

Location

Service Modules
AX-CESM-8T1 AX-CESM-8E1 AX-AUSM-8T1 AX-AUSM-8E1 MGX-AUSM-8T1/B MGX-AUSM-8E1/B AX-FRSM-HS1 High speed Frame Service Module. Supports 4 port X.21 or V.35 connections or 2 HSSI connections with the appropriate back card. Up to 10 Mbps per port. High speed Frame Service Module, B version. Supports 4 port X.21 or V.35 connections or 2 HSSI connections with the appropriate back card. Up to 10 Mbps per port. Very high speed Frame Service Module. Supports 2 HSSI ports at up to 52 Mbps per port. Frame Service Module supporting 8 T1 or E1 connections. Front B version of the above. Front ATM UNI Service Module supporting 8 T1 or E1 connections. Front Circuit Emulation Service Module supporting 8 T1 or E1 connections. Front

MGX-FRSM-HS1/B

Front

MGX-FRSM-HS2 AX-FRSM-8T1 AX-FRSM-8E1 AX-FRSM-8T1-C AX-FRSM-8E1-C AX-RJ48-8T1

Front Front

Frame Service Module supporting 8 channelized T1 or E1 connections. T1 or E1 Service Module back card with 8 RJ48 connectors.

Front

Back

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AX-RJ48-8E1 AX-R-RJ48-8T1 AX-SMB-8E1 AX-R-SMB-8E1 AX-DB15-4X21 MGX-12IN1-4S AX-SCSI2-2HSSI MGX-SCSI22HSSI/B AX-IMATM-8T1/B AX-IMATM-8E1/B AX-RJ48-T3T1 AX-RJ48-E3E1 AX-SMB-E3E1 Redundancy back card for AX-RJ48-8T1 Service module back card with 8 miniature SMB connectors, supporting E1 clocking. Redundancy card for above. 4 port X.21 back card with DB15 connectors. 4 port V.35 back card with DB15 connectors. 2 port HSSI back card with SCSI2 connectors. 2 port HSSI back card with SCSI2 connectors. B version. Inverse Multiplexer for ATM Trunk Module supports 8 T1 or E1 connections. B version. Makes it possible to use up to 8 T1 or E1 connections as a trunk instead of a T3 or E3. 1 T3/E3 port with BNC connector and 8 T1/E1 port with RJ48 connectors back card for IMATM. 1 E3 port and 8 E1 port back card for IMATM with miniature SMB connectors. Back Back Back Back Back Back Back Front

Back

Back

Initial Configuration
1. Connect a terminal or PC using terminal emulation software to the maintenance port of the active ASC card. 2. Hit return to get login prompt. 3. Login using user name, password and number of active ASC card. 4. Use cnfifip command to configure control, LAN and in-band ports. 5. Use cnfname CLI command to configure the shelf nodename. 6. Logout. You can now configure connections and manage the node using Cisco Wan manager (or the CLI).

MGX 8850
MGX 8850 is an IP+ATM switch that can be used as a stand-alone device or as a feeder to a BPX 8600 series switch. • As a feeder narrow-band and medium-band ATM, Frame Relay and voice into a single, wide-band ATM feeder trunk to the BPX.

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Stand-alone operation narrow-band and medium-band ATM, Frame Relay and voice into a single ATM line to a third-party ATM switch (Can be a UNI or NNI node).

Card Installation
The MGX 8850 has a 32 slot, dual plane architecture. To accommodate double height cards, 4 single height slots can be converted into 2 double height slots.

• • •

Slots 7 and 8 are reserved for the PXMs. If SCMs are used, the PXM in slot 7 controls the SCM in slots 15 and 31. The PXM in slot 8 controls slots 16 and 32. If RPM cards are used, slots 9 and 10 should be used due to backplane wiring.

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Single to Dual Height Slot Conversions
• Begin at the left and move to the right. Starting points can be slots 1 and 2 (with 17 and 18), or 9 and 10. SRM slots 15 and 16 can be converted out of sequence. After conversion the slot takes the number of the top single height slot.

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MGX 8850 Interface Cards Card Card Type Core Cards
PXM-1 PXM-45 PXM-2-T3E3 PXM-1-4-155 PXM-1-1-622 PXM-UI Double height Processor Switch Module for 1.2 Gbps switch fabric. Double height Processor Switch Module for 45 Gbps crosspoint switching fabric. PXM-1 with support for 2 T3 or E3 lines. PXM-1 with support for 4 OC3/STM1 lines. PXM-1 with support for a single OC12/STM4 line. User Interface back card for the PXM. Has connectors for console, auxiliary and LAN ports as well as external T1/E1 clock source and alarm output. User Interface back card with Stratum 3 clock support. Back card with a 6 GB hard disk and an OC3 uplink port. 2 port back card for T3 or E3 with BNC connectors (MGX-BNC-2E3A is ungrounded). Front Front Front Front Front Back

Location

PXM-UI-S3 PXM-HD MGX-BNC-2T3 MGX-BNC-2E3 MGX-BNC-2E3A MGX-MMF-4-155/B MGX-4-SMFIR-155/B MGX-4-SMFLR155/B MGX-MMF-1-622/B MGX-1-SMFIR-622/B MGX-1-SMFLR622/B MGX-SRM-3T3/B MGX-BNC-3T3-M

Back Back Back

4 port OC3 back card multimode or single mode (intermediate or long range) fiber with SC connectors.

Back

Single port OC12 back card multimode or single mode (intermediate or long range) fiber with SC connectors.

Back

Service resource Module with support for 3 channelized T3 lines. Back card for MGX-SRM-3T3/B

Back Back

Service Modules (Front) Broadband ATM Service Modules
AXSM-16-T3E3 AXSM-16-155 AXSM-4-622 AXSM-1-2488 Double height ATM service Module supporting 16 T3 or E3 lines. Double height ATM service Module supporting 16 OC3 or STM1 lines. Double height ATM service Module supporting 4 OC12 or STM4 lines. Double height ATM service Module supporting OC48 or STM16 line. Front Front Front Front

Frame Relay Service Modules
AX-FRSM-8T1 Frame Service Module supporting 8 T1 or E1 connections. Front

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AX-FRSM-8E1 AX-FRSM-8T1-C AX-FRSM-8E1-C AX-FRSM-HS1/B Frame Service Module supporting 8 channelized T1 or E1 connections. High speed Frame Service Module, B version. Supports 4 port X.21 or V.35 connections or 2 HSSI connections with the appropriate back card. Up to 10 Mbps per port. Very high speed Frame Service Module. Supports 2 HSSI ports at up to 52 Mbps per port. Frame service module supporting 2 channelized T3 connections. Frame service module supporting 2 non-channelized T3 connections. Front

Front

AX-FRSM-HS2 AX-FRSM-2CT AX-FRSM-3T3E3

Front Front Front

Circuit Emulation Service Modules
AX-CESM-8T1 AX-CESM-8E1 Circuit Emulation Service Module supporting 8 T1 or E1 connections. Front

ATM UNI Service Modules
MGX-AUSM-8T1/B MGX-AUSM-8T1/B ATM UNI Service Module supporting 8 T1 or E1 connections. B Version. Front

Voice Internetworking Service Modules
MGX-VISM-8T1 MGX-VISM-8E1 Voice Internetworking Service Module supporting 8 T1 or E1 connections. Front

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Service Module Back Cards
SMB-8T3 SMB-8E3 MMF-8-155-MT SMFIR-8-155-LC SMFIR-2-622 SMFLR-2-622 SMFLR-1-2488 SMFSR-1-2488 SMFXLR-1-2488 AX-SMB-8E1 AX-R-SMB-8E1 AX-RJ48-8T1 AX-RJ48-8E1 AX-R-RJ48-8T1 AX-R-RJ48-8E1 MGX-12IN1-4S MGX-SCSI2-HSSI/B MGX-BNC-2T3 MGX-BNC-2E3 MGX-BNC-2E3A 2 port E3 back card with BNC connectors. Ungrounded. Back 4 port V.35 back card with DB15 connectors. 2 port HSSI back card with SCSI2 connectors. B version. 2 port T3 or E3 back card with BNC connectors. Back Back Back Redundancy card for above. Back Service module back card with 8 miniature SMB connectors, supporting E1 clocking. Redundancy card for above. T1 or E1 Service Module back card with 8 RJ48 connectors. Back Back Back 8 port OC3 multimode fiber back card with MT-RJ connectors. 8-port OC3 single mode intermediate reach fiber back card with LC connectors. 2 port OC12 back card with either intermediate or long reach single mode fiber and SC connectors. Single port OC48 back card with either short, long or extra-long reach single mode fiber and SC connectors. Back Back Back 8 port T3 or E3 back card with miniature SMB connectors. Back

Back

Route Processor Modules
MGX-RPM-128/B MGX-RJ45-FE MGX-MMF-FE MGX-RJ45-4E MGX-MMF-FDDI MGX-SMF-FDDI MGX-MMF-FDDI/FD MGX-SMF-FDDI/FD Single mode and multimode fiber single port, full duplex FDDI back card. Back Double height card that acts as a Cisco 7200 router. Comes with 128 MB of RAM. Uses 2 single height back cards. Fast Ethernet back card with RJ45 connector. Multimode fiber fast Ethernet back card with SC connector. Fast Ethernet back card with 4 RJ45 connectors. Single mode and multimode fiber single port FDDI back card. Front Back Back Back Back

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Initial Configuration
1. Connect a terminal or PC using terminal emulation software to the user interface port of the active PXM card. 2. Hit return to get login prompt. 3. Login using default user name and password (terminal prompt will display the card number). 4. Use cnfifip command to configure control, LAN and in-band ports. 5. Use cnfname CLI command to configure the shelf node name. 6. Use cnftime to set the time. 7. Use cnftmzn to set time zone or cnftmzngmt for an offset from GMT (optional). 8. Use cnfstatsmgr to specify the IP address of the WAN manager workstation. 9. Add one or more users using the adduser command. 10. If the switch is used as a feeder, use cnfswfunc. 11. If an external clock is used, enter the cnfextclk command. 12. Logout. You can now configure connections and manage the node using Cisco Wan manager (or the CLI).

Cisco WAN View
GUI based device management application allowing: • • • • Graphical representation of network devices. Display of configuration and performance information. Performance of minor configuration of devices. Performance of minor troubleshooting.

Recent versions are shipped as part of Cisco Works. Can be started from and icon in SunNet Manager or Enterprise manager, HPOpenview, or from the command line at the system prompt: nmcview – host device_name –rd read_community_string

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To change operation characteristics:
Select Options>Properties from the main menu. Configurable characteristics are: • • • • • Polling frequency Number of retries Timeout interval MIB descriptors/text labels (text labels are user-friendly aliases of MIB descriptors) Read and write community strings

Cisco View launch window (current or separate window)

To display a device:
• • • • Select File>Open Device from the main window (or type Ctrl+O). In the Host Name field type the IP address or name of the host. In the Read Community Field, type the SNMP read community name. Click Enter. The Cisco View-Main Window will display the front of the node. To Display the rear of the node click View>Rear.

Ports, connectors, and LEDs are color-coded to display status. • • • • • • Blue-dormant/OK Orange-down Red-major alarm/failure Yellow-minor alarm Purple-self test Green-up/OK

To select and configure a device:
From the front or rear display: • • Double click the gray area surrounding the slots Select the gray area surrounding the slots and select Configure>Device

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• •

Select the gray area surrounding the slots, and right click. Select configure from the pop up menu. Select the gray area surrounding the slots and click the configure button on the toolbar.

Select the category to configure. All devices have: Node configuration • Node name, time, date, time zone and alarm status.

Statistics configuration • Management station IP address, collection interval and bucket interval (these can only be changed via the command line).

Card/Slot Information • Displays a table displaying slot number, cards install, card state and revision.

To select a card:
• • • • Double click the card Select the card and the select Configure>Card Select the card and right click. Choose configure from the pop up menu Select the card, then click configure button on the toolbar

Cisco Wan Manager (CWM)
A suite of WAN management applications providing fault, configuration and performance management.

Components
Add functionality to HP OpenView or IBM NetView.

Topology manager
• Automatic discovery of the network presented to HP OpenView or IBM NetView.
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• •

Trunk status represented by icon color. Allows node information of stand-alone MGX switches to be entered.

Statistics Report Manager
• • Generates reports based on Informix Wingz applications. Generates reports as line, bar, 3D, or tabular chart.

Statistics Collection Manager (SCM)
• • Configures and modifies statistics collection policies for the network. Error handling and logging for collection of statistics for performance monitoring or billing applications.

Equipment Manager
• • GUI used to configure and manage network equipment, including lines, ports and trunks. Simplifies configuration and diagnostics.

Event Manager
• Event Browser allows events to be filtered based on any combination of type, source, and message string. Events can be grouped by severity or acted on in a custom-defined manner. Can be configured on a per node basis.

Security Management
Sets up users and access privileges for CWM.

Additional Features
Out of band management. • • One workstation can manage the entire network through the LAN port on a single switch. Modem connection on console port for remote access to IGX device.

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Graceful software and firmware updates. • • During upgrades current configuration is retained. If an error occurs, a single command reverts to the original config. Simultaneous upgrades to several devices supported. New code is loaded and devices switch over simultaneously.

Configuration Save and Restore. • • Save the configuration of the entire network. Network can be restored on a node-to-node basis.

Performance management. • Usage and error collection statistics are stored in the Informix database.

Software and Firmware Upgrades
WAN switch software and firmware is available from Cisco’s CCO website at: http://www.cisco.com/kobayashi/sw-center/wan/wan-planner.shtml Note: You must have a valid CCO account to log into the site. The software planner has product and releases information to help you select the correct software. Three methods of downloading to WAN switches are available: 1. CWM (easiest) 2. Command Line Interface 3. TFTP via a workstation Before downloading to the switch: • Access the switch through the CLI (From CWM Network Topology window select the switch. Selecting Node Admin from the Node menu will bring up a telnet window). Use cnffunc command to enable the switch to allow downloading. Use cnfnodeparm to indicate presence of redundant processor. If a CWM workstation is being used, the cnffwswinit command will configure the switch to receive software or firmware.

• • •

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Downloading from CWM workstation IGX/BPX
• • • • • • Load the new software or firmware image to the workstations /usr/users/svplus/images/ipxbpx directory. Click the topology button in CWM. Click on the node you want to upgrade, then select SW/FW Images from the Software Mgmt menu. Select the image to download from the Image Download window, then click the Download button. Use dsprevs to monitor the download. When the download is complete use the runrev command to run the software. For firmware, use the dspfwrev command. When the download is complete, use the burnfwrev command to burn the firmware to the card.

MGX 8220
• • • • • Load the new software or firmware image to the workstations /usr/users/svplus/images/mgx directory. Click the topology button in CWM. Click on the node you want to upgrade, then select SW/FW Images from the Software Mgmt menu. Select the image to download from the Image Download window, then click the Download button. When the download is complete, log into the MGX 8220 shelf controller card and use the resetsys command to reset the switch.

Download from a Switch
Load the new software or firmware image to the workstations /usr/users/svplus/images/ipxbpx directory.

Software
• • Use the loadrev command to download software. Use dsprevs to monitor the download.

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Firmware
• • Use the getfwrev command to download firmware. Use dspfwrev to monitor the download.

Special thanks to Robert J. Shimonski for contributing this Cramsession. Please visit his site at http://www.rsnetworks.net/

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