What is Biochemistry ? Biochemistry is defined as the chemistry of biology.

The science of biochemistry has also been called physiological chemistry and biological chemistry. Biochemistry is concerned chiefly with the chemistry of bioogical processess; it attempts to utilize the tools and concepts of chemistry particularly organic and physical chemistry, for elucidation of the living system. Biochemistry can also be defined as the study of the molecular basis of cellular function. It has evolved into the common language for translating the advances of molecular genetics into cellular and chemical terms. Biochemists study a broad range of cellular functions from gene transcription to the structure and function of macromolecules. The biochemist studies biological systems at the level of molecules and atoms, the level of molecular biology. What is required to study biochemistry? Biochemical approaches to the simplification and understanding of biological systems require two types of background. First, biochemists must be thoroughly skilled in the basic principles and techniques of chemistry, such as stoichiometry, photometry, organic chemistry, oxidation and reduction, chromatography, and kinetics. Second, biochemists must be familiar with the theories and principles of a wide variety of biological and physical disciplines often used in biochemical studies, such as genetics, radioisotope tracing, bacteriology, and electronics. This need reflects the biochemists’ ready acceptance and use of theories and techniques from allied areas and disciplines. Today, the findings of biochemistry are used in many areas, from genetics to molecular biology and from agriculture to medicine. the first application of biochemistry was probably the making of bread using yeast, about 5000 years ago. For information on various topics in biochemistry visit my web page at Biochemistry Online and send in your comments.

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