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What is Biochemistry ?

Biochemistry is defined as the chemistry of biology. The science of


biochemistry has also been called physiological chemistry and biological
chemistry. Biochemistry is concerned chiefly with the chemistry of bioogical
processess; it attempts to utilize the tools and concepts of chemistry
particularly organic and physical chemistry, for elucidation of the living
system.

Biochemistry can also be defined as the study of the molecular basis of


cellular function. It has evolved into the common language for translating the
advances of molecular genetics into cellular and chemical terms.
Biochemists study a broad range of cellular functions from gene transcription
to the structure and function of macromolecules.

The biochemist studies biological systems at the level of molecules and


atoms, the level of molecular biology.

What is required to study biochemistry?

Biochemical approaches to the simplification and understanding of biological


systems require two types of background.

First, biochemists must be thoroughly skilled in the basic principles and


techniques of chemistry, such as stoichiometry, photometry, organic
chemistry, oxidation and reduction, chromatography, and kinetics.

Second, biochemists must be familiar with the theories and principles of a


wide variety of biological and physical disciplines often used in biochemical
studies, such as genetics, radioisotope tracing, bacteriology, and electronics.
This need reflects the biochemists’ ready acceptance and use of theories
and techniques from allied areas and disciplines.

Today, the findings of biochemistry are used in many areas, from genetics to
molecular biology and from agriculture to medicine. the first application of
biochemistry was probably the making of bread using yeast, about 5000
years ago.
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