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Create a circular shape
Open a new document (the size doesn't matter too much).
Go to the tool bar and select the Ellipse Tool
Before we go any further, have a look at your options bar first after you've selected this tool. It's important that we have the Shape layers icon selected in the tool bar (A). Notice that the Ellipse Tool icon is active (B). It's also import is that the Create a new shape layer icon is selected (C). By double clicking on the area marked with D, we can change the color of the shape. The color doesn't matter so much for this tutorial, but let us select a regular blue this time.
We're now going to draw a circular shape and by holding down the shift key before we start drawing, we're constraining the proportions of this circle so that it will look like a perfectly round one. Start somewhere in the top left corner and create a circle that fills about a one third of your document window. Now what has happened? Let me explain a few things. First of all you'll notice that the circle has some weird edges. That's actually the path that created this shape. There are ways to make it invisible, but it can be confusing for some people who do this tutorial, so I'll just leave it the way it is.
Look at our Layers Palette. A is what we call a Fill Layer. All it does is filling a layer with a color. The difference between filling a layer with a Fill Layer and the Paint Bucket Tool, is that with a Fill Layer we can simply change the color by double clicking on the icon in the layers palette. B is a vector mask that is based on... yes, vectors, in this case a vector path that draws a circle. The double borders around the mask also reminds you that this mask is active. Keep that in mind in case you're experiencing weird problems; check whether your mask is active. I'm not going into too much details about masks and how they work, because I've already discussed that in the Layer Masks Photoshop tutorial in great detail. All I can say right now is that a mask restricts which parts of a layer are visible and in this case it restricts the fill layer so that in the end all we see is a circular shape. Things become more clear when you select the Path Selection Tool in your tool bar (shortcut is A). Select the path with this tool to move it around. You'll notice that it's just moving the path around (check layers palette), not the shape, although it looks like we're actually dealing with a shape. So shapes in Photoshop are a bit odd; they're just the result of vector paths inside a mask of a Fill Layer. That's a mouth full, I know, but try to understand it.
2. Create a second path and adjust dimensions
In this step we're going to draw a second circle. Make sure that the Ellipse Tool is active and go to the options bar and select the Subtract from shape layer icon (it's the middle one). Draw a smaller circle on top of the one we already have and again hold down the shift key when you draw the shape:
The second path has subtracted a shape (because we selected had.
) from the first shape we
I'm now going to show you how to align both paths and to change dimensions. Let's start with aligning both paths. Select the Path Selection Tool in your tool bar and select both paths by pulling a square around them by holding down the mouse button:
Go to the options bar and click on the following icons: = Align vertical centers = Align horizontal centers
The centers of both shapes are aligned now. The next step is to change the diameter of the ring. With the Path Selection Tool still active we select the Show Bounding Box option in the options bar:
This will create a bounding box around our shape:
While holding down the shift key click on one of the corner points and move them in- or outwards and release the shift key and mouse button when you're done and press the enter key. Click with the Path Selection Tool somewhere outside our shapes to deselect all paths. This time click on the inner path in the document window to select it and as a result the bounding box will appear again. Click on one of the corner points and hold down the mouse key. Make sure that you don't move your mouse! Hold down the Alt key(Option key on the Mac) and the shift key and move that particular corner in- or outwards. Release the mouse button and all keys when you're done and press the enter key.
We needed to hold down the Alt key to make sure that the center of this path would stay in the same location. Note: If we had selected Alt + Shift key before clicking on a corner point, then we had created a new path and that's not what we want, so make sure that you select the corner point first and hold down the mouse key, before your press the Alt and Shift key simultaneously!
3. Add layer styles and create a second ring
Return to the options bar and deselect the Show Bounding Box option because we don't need it anymore and it's only distracting (visually). Let's add some styles to this ring. Click on the Add a Layer Style button palette and add the following styles: Drop Shadow: in the layers
Bevel and Emboss:
Duplicate this layer by clicking on the fill layer icon in the layers palette and while holding the mouse button, drag and drop it on the Create a New Layer icon .
Double click on the Fill Layer icon in this new layer to change its color to a regular red:
The top layer should be active (check). Make sure that the Path Selection Tool is selected and then select the complete ring by drawing a rectangular selection around it with this tool (both paths will then be selected, since the ring is made of two paths). Next, click on this red ring and while holding down the mouse button move the ring to the right, until you have something like this:
4. Fix intersecting areas
Now we're going to do some magic. Make sure that the top layer is selected (the one with the red ring) and Ctrl + click (Command + click on the Mac) on the blue Fill Layer icon of the layer underneath in the layers palette. While still on the layer with the red ring, you now have a selection that is based on the layer with the blue ring. We are now going to add a mask by clicking on the Add Layer Mask icon in the layers palette:
The result will look a bit odd, but we're going to fix that by inverting the mask; press Ctrl + i (Command + i on the Mac):
We now have to fix the bottom area where both rings intersect. The red ring has to go over the blue ring in that particular area. The mask should still be active (important) if you haven't clicked anything else . First press D to change the foreground color to white: Now select the Tool Brush in the tool bar and select a regular brush with a size that's slightly bigger than the opening that you have to fill and then paint on the open area in your document window and as magic the red ring will reappear:
We still have to deal with one more problem. Look at this area of our image:
At A there we can see a bevel that we don't want. It's not that clear what I mean when you look at that screenshot, so I've magnified it in the second image in which you'll notice that the darker edge of the red ring disappears the closer we get to D, where it's almost gone.
You'll also notice that there is something wrong with the shadows when you look at B and C. There is a very simple way to solve all this. With the top layer still active, double click on the word Effects in the layers palette to open the layer styles:
Now double click on the area that reads Blending Options:
Now select the option Layer Mask Hides Effects and click OK:
Note: I'm using Photoshop CS and I'm aware that there are earlier Photoshop versions that don't have this option. There are other ways to do this and probably one of these days I will write about it. So what is the result of this Layer Mask Hides Effects option?
Like always; have fun! For more help with Photoshop check out our section.
In this tutorial we're going to change the color of the iris that's part of the human eye. I'll show you a technique that is flexible and easy to adjust using a Mask and a Hue & Saturation adjustment layer.
Start by making a copy of the background layer, by left clicking on it with the mouse button and dragging it to the New Layer icon ; Photoshop creates a copy of the background layer and makes this new layer active.
2. Select the iris
First we have to create a selection. Select the Elliptical Marquee tool and then move your cross hair cursor to the exact middle of the iris. Now hold down the Shift + Alt key (Alt is Option key on the Mac) and hold the left mouse button. Now draw the circle around the iris. Leave some extra space as shown in the example. (The Shift key ensures that we have a perfect circular selection. The Alt key defines the initial location of the cursor as the center of your selection).
3. Add a mask
With the layer still active, add a mask. Click on the Add Layer Mask icon (1); a new mask appears. Also notice that a new icon appears in front of the layer (2) that reminds us that we have a layer mask and that the layer mask is active. A layer mask also has a double border if it's active and single one if it's not active.
With the mask selected press the \ key on your keyboard. This will show the mask in a transparent red color. This will make it easier for us to make the necessary adjustments.You can always turn this transparent mask off by pressing the \ key again.
4. Adjust the mask
Go in the menu to Filter/Blur/Gaussian Blur... and slightly blur our mask. Use a radius of about 4 pixels. Normally this should be enough, but we want to include the upper eye lid in our mask, since we don't want to change its color. To do that we have to select black as our foreground color and extend the mask by painting on the upper eye lid with a small soft brush . You might also consider to extend the mask around the iris. Paint with white to remove parts of the mask.
5. Add a Hue & Saturation adjustment layer
Now hold down the Alt (option key on the Mac) key and click on the New Adjustment Layer icon (3). Don't release the Alt key yet! Select Hue/Saturation... in the little window that pops up. The New Layer window pops up. Release the Alt key. Select the option 'Use previous layer to create clipping mask' and click Ok. The Hue/Saturation window pops up.
6. Change the color of the iris
We're now going to change the hue of the blue colors only, since the iris is blue. Do do that we first have to select Blues in the Edit box (4). We now have to select the blue in the iris. Select the eye dropper tool (7) and sample the blue color of the iris. Use the eye dropper + tool (8) to add all the other blue variations of the iris. Now we slide the hue slider (5) until we have the color that we prefer. You also might consider to adjust the saturation slider (6). Click Ok and we're done.
This technique has several advantages, since the adjustments (masks, hue & saturation layer) are non-destructive, the original stays intact. It's easy to fine tune the mask or hue & saturation, making it a perfect technique for several other corrections. For more help with Photoshop check out our
Creating moustache using fibers
Start by opening an image of a man without moustache.
Press Q to enable quick mask. From filter menu select render>>fibers. Apply settings as shown.
Press Q again to disable quick mask.
Create a new layer and fill the selection with black color.
Create a rectangular selection using rectangular marquee tool. Press Ctrl+Shift+I to invert the selection and press Delete.
Press Ctrl+T. Right Click and select Warp. Adjust the nodes to get the shape as shown.
Double click the layer to open layer style window. Apply settings as shown.
From layer menu select layer style>>create layers. Select and merge both the resulting layers. Click add vector mask button from the bottom of the layer palette.
Select black as foreground color. Using a medium radius brush with feathered settings stroke the hard edges of moustache. These hard edges will be smoothly masked out.
Start by opening an image of a lady. We'll use her body but will replace her face by a skull.
Insert an image of a skull preferably having similar angle or facing direction.
Duplicate the layer and change the layer mode to color dodge.
Knockout the background of the skull. Scale down to the size of lady's face.
Adjust it on the face by squeezing it vertically.
Enable add vector mask from the bottom of the layer palette.
Select brush tool with soft brush settings. Take black as foreground color. Apply the brush on the facial area covered with hair so that hair appear over the skull.
Change the layer mode to multiply
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