Who is Shia ?

…The true follower of
Ahlul Bayt (a)

Perhaps... one may think that the Shia of
Ahlul Bayt (a) is someone who is born in a
shia family, or someone who participates in
the azadari of Imam Husain (a)… someone
who only claims to love Prophet (s) and His
Ahlul Bayt (a)... but has nothing to do with
obedience to the teachings of Islam…

ِ ‫ ال ُعلَماءُ بِا‬، ُ‫حلَماء‬
ّ‫ل‬
ُ ‫ ال‬، ِّ‫ شِي َعتِي وال‬: ‫الما ُم عليّ عليه السلم‬
، ٍ‫ أنضاءُ عِبا َدة‬، ِ‫حبّه‬
ُ ِ‫ المُهتَدُونَ ب‬، ِ‫عتِ ِه وأم ِره‬
َ ‫ العامِلونَ بطا‬، ِ‫ودِينِه‬
‫ صُف ُر الوُجوهِ مِن ال ّتهَجّد‬، ٍ‫أحلسُ زَها َدة‬...ِ

Imam Ali (a): My Shias ! By God ! The
forbearers, the knowledgeable of God
and His religion, actively following
Him and His orders, guided by His
love, appear weak because of worship,
seekers of seclusion for their
piousness, of pale complexion because
of their night prayers…

... ِ‫ خُمصُ البُطون‬، ِ‫ ُذبُلُ الشّفاهِ مِن الذّكر‬، ِ‫ش العُيونِ مِن البُكاء‬
ُ ‫عُم‬
، ‫ والرّهبانيّةُ في سَم ِتهِم‬، ‫ف ال ّربّانيّةُ في وُجُو ِههِم‬
ُ َ‫ تُعر‬، ‫ن الطّوى‬
َ ِ‫م‬
ٍ‫مَصابيحُ كُلّ ظُلمَة‬...

…their eyes are weak because of
weeping, their lips are dry because of
remembrance of God, their stomachs
are sunken because of eating in
moderation, their faces reveal
Godliness, and simplicity is apparent
from their appearance, they are guiding
lights in every darkness…

... ‫ اُولئكَ شِي َعتِي‬، ‫ وإن غابوا لَم يُفتَقَدُوا‬، ‫شهِدُوا لَم يُعرَفُوا‬
َ ‫إن‬
‫ أل هاه شَوقاً إلَيهِم‬، َ‫ن وإخواني الك َرمُون‬
َ ‫الط َيبُو‬

…they are not recognized even when
seen, they are not remembered when
not present, these are my pure shias
and my respected brothers. Ah ! I wish
so much to meet them…
[al-Amali, Toosi, p. 1189, hadith # 576]

‫ وما‬، ُ‫ ما شِي َعتُنا إلّ مَنِ اتّقى الَّ وأطاعَه‬: ‫المامُ الباقرُ عليه السلم‬
ِّ‫ل بالتّواضُ ِع والتّخَشّعِ وأداءِ المانَةِ وكَث َرةِ ذِكرِ ال‬
ّ ‫كانوا يُعرَفُونَ إ‬

Imam al-Baqir (a): No one is our

shia except by the fear of God
and His obedience, and they are
not recognized except by their
humbleness, reverence,
trustworthiness, and abundance
of remembrance of God.
[Tuhaf al-Uqool, hadith # 295]

، ِ‫ شِي َعتُنا أهلُ الوَرَعِ والجتِهاد‬: ‫المامُ الصّادق عليه السلم‬
‫ أصحابُ إحدى‬، ِ‫ل الزّه ِد والعِبا َدة‬
ُ ‫ وأه‬، ِ‫ل الوَفا ِء والمانَة‬
ُ ‫وأه‬
ِ‫وخَمسينَ رَكعَةً في اليَو ِم واللّيلَة‬...

Imam al-Sadiq (a) : Our shias are
those who are pious and men of solid
opinion, they are loyal and
trustworthy, they are men of piety
and worship, they pray fifty one
rak’ats prayers during day and
night…

َ ‫ ويَحُجّو‬، ‫ن أمواَلهُم‬
‫ن‬
َ ‫ يُ َزكّو‬، ِ‫ن بالنّهار‬
َ ‫ الصائمو‬، ِ‫ن باللّيل‬
َ ‫ القائمو‬،
ٍ‫ ويَج َت ِنبُونَ كُلّ مُحَرّم‬، َ‫البَيت‬

…they are usually awake in the
night, they observe fasts during the
day, they purify their property (by
paying poor-rate) they perform Hajj
of Ka’aba, they abstain from all that
which is forbidden.
[al-Bihar, v.68, p. 167, hadith # 23]

‫لّ ما‬
ِ ‫ فوَا‬، ُ‫ ل تَذ َهبْ ِبكُمُ المَذا ِهب‬: ‫المامُ الباقرُ عليه السلم‬
ّ‫شِي َعتُنا إلّ مَن أطاعَ الَّ عَزّوجل‬

Imam al-Baqir (a): You shouldn’t be
mislead by different views (in Islam),
for by God nobody is our shia except
by obedience to God, the powerful
and magnificent.
[al-Kafi, v.2, p. 73, hadith # 1]

‫عِليّ مَن صَدّقَ قَولَهُ فِعلُ ُه‬
َ ُ‫ شِيعَة‬: ...‫الما ُم الكاظمُ عليه السلم‬

Imam al-Kazim (a) : … the Shia of
Ali (a) is the one whose action
testifies his words.
[al-Kafi, v.8, p. 228, hadith # 290]

َ ‫ العا ِملُو‬، ِّ‫ شي َعتُنا هُ ُم العارِفُونَ بِال‬: ‫المامُ عليّ عليه السلم‬
‫ن‬
‫ مَأكُوُلهُم‬، ِ‫ الناطِقُونَ بالصّواب‬، ِ‫ أهلُ الفَضائل‬، ِّ‫بِأمرِ ال‬
ُ‫سهُمُ القتِصاد‬
ُ َ‫ ومَلب‬، ُ‫القُوت‬

Imam Ali (a): Our Shia are those who
are gnostics of Allah, they act
according to the orders of God, they
possess excellences, they speak only
truth, their food is limited to gaining
strength, their dress is simple….

‫ ومَش ُيهُمُ التّواضُ ُع‬،، َ‫س ُبهُم مَرضى وقد خُولِطُوا وما هُم بذلك‬
َ ‫ تَح‬...
، ‫بَل خامَرَهُم مِن عَظَمَةِ رَبّهم وشِ ّدةِ سُلطانِهِ ما طاشَت لَهُ ُقلُو ُبهُم‬
‫وذَ ِهَلتْ مِنهُ عُقوُلهُم‬

...their behavior is humble, you think
that they have lost their senses, but its
not like that, instead, the greatness of
their Lord has made them oblivion and
His power has overwhelmed their
hearts and taken over their intellects…

‫ ل‬، ِ‫ل ال ّز ِكيّة‬
ِ ‫لّ تعالى بِالعما‬
ِ ‫ فإذا اشتاقُوا مِن ذلكَ بادَرُوا إلى ا‬،
َ‫ ول يَستَكثِرُونَ لَهُ الجَزِيل‬، ِ‫يَرضَونَ لَ ُه بالقَليل‬

…So when they strongly wish of
Him, they promptly strive to do
pure actions before God, the most
High; they are not happy with few
good actions, and they never take
their abundant good actions to be
sufficient.
[al-Bihar, v.78, p. 29, hadith # 96]

ٌ ‫ إنّهم حُصو‬: - ِ‫ في صِفةِ الشّيعَة‬- ‫الما ُم الباقرُ عليه السلم‬
‫ن‬
، ِ‫ لَيسُوا بِالمذايِيعِ البُذُر‬، ٌ‫ وأحلمٌ رَزينَة‬، ٍ‫ في صُدو ٍر أمينَة‬، ٌ‫حَصينَة‬
ِ‫ن باللّيلِ اُسْ ٌد بالنّهار‬
ٌ ‫ رُهبا‬، َ‫ول بالجُفا ِة المُرائين‬

Imam al-Baqir (a): (describing the
attributes of Shias): They are like strong
fortress, their chests are trustworthy,
they are men of prudence and selfcontrol, they are not extravagant, they
are neither oppressors nor ostentatious,
they are devoted worshippers in night
and brave like lion in day.
[Mishkat al-Anwar, p. 62]

‫ لَيسَ مِن شِي َعتِنا مَن يكونُ في‬: ‫المامُ الصّادق عليه السلم‬
ُ‫ف ويكونُ في المِص ِر أورَعَ مِنه‬
ٌ ‫مِص ٍر يكونُ فيهِ آل‬

Imam al-Sadiq (a) : He is not from
our shia who lives in a population
of several thousand people and
someone else is more pious than
him among them.
[al-Bihar al-Anwar, vol.2, p. 80, hadith # 76]

‫ لَيسَ مِن شِي َعتِنا مَن قالَ ِبلِسانِهِ وخالَفَنا في‬: ‫المامُ الصّادق عليه السلم‬
‫أعمالِنا وآثارِنا‬

Imam al-Sadiq (a): He is not from our
Shia who accepts us by only his tongue
and is against our actions and our
legacy.
[al-Bihar al-Anwar, v.68, p. 164, hadith # 13]

ِ ‫ عِندَ مَواقي‬: ٍ‫حنُوا شِي َعتَنا عِندَ ثَلث‬
‫ت‬
ِ َ‫ اِمت‬: ‫المامُ الصّادق عليه السلم‬
‫ظهُم لَها عَن‬
ُ ‫ وعِندَ أسرارِهِم كيفَ حِف‬، ‫ظ ُتهُم علَيها‬
َ َ‫الصلَواتِ كيفَ مُحاف‬
‫ وإلى أمواِلهِم كيفَ مُواسا ُتهُم لِخوانِهم فيها‬، ‫عَ ُدوّنا‬

Imam al-Sadiq (a) : Test our shias on
three occasions: At the time of prayers
as to how they safeguard their prayers,
and when they have a secret as to how
they keep them from our enemies and
by their properties (and wealth) as to
how they spend on their brethren.
[al-Bihar, v.83, p. 22, hadith # 40]

، ُ‫ إنّما شِيعَ ُة عليّ مَن عَفّ بَطنُهُ وفَرجُه‬: ‫المام الصّادق عليه السلم‬
َ‫ فإذا رأيت‬، ُ‫ وخافَ عِقابَه‬، ُ‫ ورَجا ثَوابَه‬، ِ‫عمِلَ لِخالِقِه‬
َ ‫ و‬، ُ‫واشتَدّ جِها ُده‬
ٍ‫اُولئكَ فاُولئكَ شِيعَةُ جعفر‬

Imam al-Sadiq (a): Verily the shia of Ali
is the one who is purified of (influence
of) stomach and sexual desires, and
intense is his struggle...and his action is
for his creator, and his hope is for
divine reward and he is afraid of his
end so if you see someone like that,
then that is the shia of Ja’far (Imam
Ja’far al-Sadiq).
[al-Kafi, v.2, p. 233, hadith # 9]

‫ ليسَ مِن شِي َعتِنا مَن أنكَرَ أربَعةَ أشيا َء‬: ‫المامُ الصّادق عليه السلم‬
َ‫ والشّفاعَة‬، ِ‫جنّةِ والنار‬
َ ‫ وخَلقَ ال‬، ِ‫ والمُسا َءلَةَ فِي القَبر‬، َ‫ المِعراج‬:

Imam al-Sadiq (a) : He is not from our
shias who denies four things: Mairaj
(heavenly ascension of Prophet (s)),
and questioning in grave, and creation
of heaven and hell and shafa’at
(intercession).
[al-Bihar al-Anwar, v.69, p. 9, hadith # 11]

: ‫شتّى‬
َ ٍ‫ إنّما شِي َعتُنا يُعرَفُونَ بخِصال‬: ‫المامُ الصّادق عليه السلم‬
ً‫ل ونهارا‬
ً ‫صلّوا الخَمسينَ لَي‬
َ ُ‫ وبأن ي‬، ِ‫بالسّخا ِء والبَذلِ لِلخوان‬

Imam al-Sadiq (a): Verily our shias are
known for their following attributes: By
their generosity towards their brethren
and by their praying of fifty one rak’ats
of prayers during night and day.
[Tuhaf al-Uqool, hadith #303]

‫ ليسَ مِن شي َعتِنا مَن خَل ثُمّ لَم يَرُعْ قلبُ ُه‬: ‫المامُ الكاظمُ عليه السلم‬

Imam al-Kazim (a) said : He is not
from our shia whose heart is not
afraid of God in his loneliness.

[Basaer al-Darajat, p. 247, hadith # 10]

، ‫ شِيعَتُنا المُتَباذِلُونَ في وَلَيتِنا‬: ‫المامُ عليّ عليه السلم‬
…‫المُتَحابّونَ في مَ َودّتِنا المُتَزاوِرُونَ في إحياءِ أمرِنا‬

Imam Ali (a) : Our Shias…they
spend on each other for the sake of
our wilayah, they love each other
for the sake of our love, they visit
each other for the sake of keeping
alive our affair…

‫ بَ َركَ ٌة‬، ‫ وإن رَضُوا لَم يُسرِفُوا‬، ‫ضبُوا لَم يَظِلمُوا‬
ِ َ‫…الذينَ إن غ‬
‫ سِلمٌ ِلمَن خالَطُوا‬، ‫على مَن جاوَرُوا‬

…they never oppress if they
become angry with someone and
they never become extravagant in
their happiness, they are mercy for
their neighbors, and a source of
peace and security for those who
live with them.
[al-Kafi, v.2, p. 236, hadith # 24]

So…it is not easy to claim for a Muslim
to be a shia of Ahlul Bayt (a)…
It demands a lot of continuous struggle
and hardship in the way of God to become
a true follower of Ahlul Bayt (a)...
That is why the Prophet of God (s) has
said…

ُ ‫ هذا حَبيبي جَبرَئي‬... ، ّ‫يا علي‬: ‫رسولُ الِّ صلى ال عليه وآله‬
‫ل‬
َ‫حبّكَ وشِي َع َتكَ سَبع‬
ِ ُ‫يُخبِرُني عنِ الِّ جَلّ جللُهُ أ نّه قد أعطى م‬
ٍ‫خِصال‬...

Prophet of God (s): O Ali…my friend
here Gabriel has informed me from
God, the magnificent that certainly He
has blessed your lovers and your shia
with seven attributes…

... ، ِ‫ والنورَ عن َد الظّلمَة‬، ‫ والُنسَ عن َد الوَحشَ ِة‬، ِ‫الرّفقَ عن َد المَوت‬
، ِ‫ والجَوازَ على الصّراط‬، ِ‫ والقِسطَ عن َد المِيزان‬، ِ‫والمنَ عندَ الفَزَع‬

…ease at the time of death… and
familiarity in the loneliness…and
light in the darkness (of grave)… and
peace in the fear (of the day of
judgment) …and justice when the
deeds will be judged… and crossing
of the (bridge) sirat…

‫ن عامًا‬
َ ‫لمَمِ بثَماني‬
ُ ‫جنّةِ قَبلَ سائرِ الناسِ مِن ا‬
َ ‫ل ال‬
َ ‫ودُخو‬

…And entry in the paradise eighty
years before all other human beings.

[al-Bihar al-Anwar, v. 68, p. 4, hadith # 9]

‫ شِيعَةُ عَِليّ هُمُ الفائزُونَ يَومَ القِيامَ ِة‬: ‫عنه صلى ال عليه وآله‬

The Prophet of God (s): The Shia of
Ali, they will be successful on the
day of Judgment.

[al-Amali, Toosi, p. 104, hadith # 72]

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