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What is CSS? Who is eligible to appear for the exam? Whether females are eligible for the posts announced by the Commission? What is the fee for the exam? How many subjects do I need to choose? How many attempts can I make? Would my subject combination affect my choice of any occupational group? How should I select the subject? What are the compulsory and optional subjects? At which centres exams are held? When and for how many groups the exam is held? What is the format of the exam? What sort of preparation is required for Psychological and are there any marks for Psychological Assessment? What is the Recruitment Policy? What is the further procedure After selection? What are the address, phone numbers and email address of FPSC, it's regional branch offices and Information centres?
What is CSS? The Public Service Commission was set up for the first time in British India in 1926. After independence, the Commission was established in Pakistan in 1947 under the provision of Government of India Act, 1935. At present, the commission is functioning under article 242of the constitution of Islamic Republic of Pakistan. It has been provided autonomy under the Rules of Business, 1973 and FPSC Regulations, 1978 in its working. The Commission has also been given administrative as well as, to some extent, financial autonomy to perform its functions independently. Who is eligible to appear for the exam? To apply for CSS Examination, a candidate should be; • • • • A citizen of Pakistan. Must hold at least a Bachelors Degree with the second division in any Faculty/Discipline from one of the Pakistani Universities or an equivalent degree or comparable educational qualifications of a foreign University. No candidate who has obtained a Third Division (or ‘D’ grade where result is declared under Semester System) in his Bachelor’s Degree will be eligible for the Examination except in cases where he/she has obtained a higher Division in Master’s Degree. The age limit for admission in CSS Examination is 21-28 years, which is relaxable upto 2 years for those who are already in Government Service and have completed 2 years service. The relaxation is also available to candidates belonging to certain remote areas as defined by Government.
Whether females are eligible for the posts announced by the Commission? For CSS - they are eligible. What is the fee for the exam? The current fee is Rs. 1000/- for more information see Fee section of rules page. How many subjects do I need to choose? Subjects carrying 600 marks are compulsory while you have to choose subjects carrying 600 marks among optional subjects. How many attempts can I make? You can make not more than three (03) attempts for the CSS exam. Would my subject combination affect my choice of any occupational group? No, your subject combination does not affect your choice for any specific occupational group. You can chose any subjects and be considered for any group according to your marks and merit.
How should I select the subject? For subject selection, keep in mind the following points: • • • • • • • • Try to have the subjects that you have studied before. Don’t ever go for “that easy subject”, try to find out its scoring value. Previous statistics show that subjects with 100 marks give more score than subjects with 200 marks. Science subjects are more scoring than their arts counterparts. People even have scored 2 marks in some subjects like Constitutional Law because they thought it was too easy. Languages are usually high scoring subjects. Indo-Pak History does not usually result in a high score--avoiding it as generally helpful. However, other history subjects have better scoring averages.
What are the compulsory and optional subjects? Compulsory Subjects 1) Essay 2) English (precise and composition) 3) General Knowledge - 1 (everyday science) General Knowledge - 2 (current affairs) General Knowledge - 3 (Pakistan Affairs) 4) Islamiat (optional for only nonMuslims) Subject Optional Subjects Code Accountancy and 11 Auditing 12 Economics Business 13 Administration 14 Public Administration Marks 100 100 100 100 100 100
Marks 200 200 100 100
Rules Subject(s) carrying not more than 200 marks (Code No. 11- 14) can be choosed. Note : Business Administration can not be opted in combination with Public Administration. Subject(s) carrying not more than 200 marks (Code No. 15- 19) can be choosed. Subject(s) carrying not more than 200 marks (Code No. 20-23) can be choosed. Science subject(s) carrying not more than 200 marks (Code No. 2429) can be choosed.
15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29
Political Science Agricultural Forestry Sociology Journalism Pure Mathematics Applied Mathematics Computer Science Statistics Physics Geology Geography Chemistry Botany Zoology
200 100 100 100 100 200 200 100 100 200 200 200 200 200 200
30 31 32 33 34 35v 36 37
Law subject(s) carrying not more than 200 marks (Code No. 35-40) can be opted. 38 100 Note : International Law 39 100 can not be opted in combination with 40 International Relations 100 International Relations. 41 Philosophy 200 Philosophy/Psychology subject(s) carrying not more than 200 marks 42 Psychology 200 (Code No.41-42 ) can be opted. 43 Sindhi 100 Regional languages not 44 Pushto 100 more than one of the 04 45 Punjabi 100 subjects (Code No. 4346 Balochi 100 46) can be opted. 47 English Literature 200 National/Foreign/Classical languages not more than 48 Urdu 200 one of 04 subjects (Code 49 Persian 200 No. 47-50)can be opted. Note : Urdu can not be opted in combination with 50 Arabic 200 regional languages (Code No. 43-Sindhi, 46Balochi) NOTE: The candidates must select from the optional subjects carrying a total of 600 marks.
Islamic history and culture Indo Pak History British History European History USA History Law Constitutional Law Mercantile Law Muslim Law and Jurisprudence International Law
200 200 200 200 100 200 100 100
History subject(s) carrying not more than 200 marks (Code No. 3034) can be choosed.
At which centres exams are held? CSS exams are held by the FPSC simultaneously at Islamabad, Karachi, Lahore, Peshawar and Quetta. There used to be a centre in London as well but it has been abolished. When and for how many groups the exam is held? Competitive Examination is held by the FPSC every year in October/November for induction of officers in Basic Pay Scale 17 into the Civil services of the Federation, for the following 10 Groups/Services under the Federal Government. • • • • • • • • • • Accounts Group Commerce and Trade Group Customs and Excise Group District Management Group Foreign service of Pakistan Information Group Income Tax Group Police Service of Pakistan Postal Group Railways (Commercial and Transportation) Group
What is the format of the exam? The Competitive Examination comprises of the following format;
Written Examination The Written Examination for CSS consists of 1200 marks (600 marks for compulsory subjects and 600 marks for optional subjects). The examination is normally held during the month of October/November every year in 5 main cities of Pakistan.Qualification marks in written Examination: The qualification marks in CSS written examination are as under: o a) Compulsory Subjects – 40% in each subjects o b) Optional Subjects – 33% in each subjects o c) Aggregate Marks – 50%
Medical and Psychological Test The Candidates, who qualify the written examination as per criteria, have to appear for their medical Test before central Medical Board, according to the schedule prescribed by the Ministry of Health. Then the medically qualified candidates are given psychological Tests, in individual as well as in Groups, to access their aptitude and personality traits for different Groups/Services, before the Viva Voce. Viva Voce The viva Voce tests consists of 300 marks and minimum qualification marks are 100. No candidate is considered for appointment to any of the Group/Service for which he/she is declared “not suitable” by the Viva Voce Board. The viva voce is conducted by a larger board (mostly five members) headed by the chairman at Islamabad and at all Provincial headquarters.
What sort of preparation is required for Psychological and are there any marks for Psychological Assessment? No preparation is required for Psychological Tests. Express your true feelings, opinions, and judgments as they are and respond to the questions freely. There are NO MARKS for Psychological Assessment, however the marks assigned to Viva Voce also reflect the performance on Psychological test. What is the Recruitment Policy? The allocation of posts to merit and provincial / regional quota is made according to the existing policy of the government as under: • • • Merit 10% Punjab 50% Sindh 19% ( Urban 7.6%, Rural 11.4% ) Sindh (Urban) refers only to the city area of Karachi, Hyderabad and Sukkur. Cantonment areas are counted as part of the city. The areas under the Jurisdiction of the District Councils of these districts are the rural areas. NWFP 11.5% Baluchistan 3.5% NAFATA 4% AJK 2%
• • • •
What is the further procedure After selection? After selection there is 9-month basic training at the Civil Service Academy, Lahore and after this departmental training starts. In total this training period is of two years duration. After this period, candidates are posted as grade-17 officers. 5-years are required for the first promotion i.e. to grade-18 provided there are vacant posts available for it. Promotion to grade-19 further requires 7 years while promotion to grade-20 requires compulsory training at national Institute of Public Administration (NIPA) at Lahore,Karachi, Peshawar and Quetta. Five month training is required to be promoted to grade-21. This training is conducted at AdministrativeStaffCollege,Lahore. Grade-22 is the last rung in this ladder of grades.
What are the address, phone numbers and email address of FPSC, it's regional branch offices and Information centres? FPSC Head Office Address: S-5/1 Aga Khan road, Islamabad. Tel: +92-51-9207130, +92-51-9214181,2,4 Email: firstname.lastname@example.org FPSC Regional Branch Offices: Lahore: Karachi: Address: 321-upper Mall, Address: H.M.2 Bath Island. Opposite gymkhana. Tel: +92Tel: +92-21-9250926 42-5751284 Fax: +92-21-9250159 Fax: +92-42-5759504 Peshawar: Address: H.No: 106, St. No: 6, Sector No: N-3, Phase-IV, Hayatabad. Tel: +92-91-9217337 FPSC Information Centres: University of Agriculture, Faislabad Dr. Muhammad Abdullah, Assistant Professor, Deppt. of Livestock Management & Incharge. Tel: +92-51-9200161-69 Islamia University, Bahawalpur Mr. Rahim Yar Abbasi, Dy. Registrar (Public Relation) & Incharge. Tel:+92-621-80131 , +92-621875503 Shah Abdul Latif University, Khairpur (Sindh) Syed Farzand Ali Shah, Head Department of English & Incharge. Tel:+92-792-4693-4, +92-7924603, +92-792-4808 12. Regional office Nawabshah email@example.com Quetta: Address: Sundaes Center, Opp. Haji Sangeen Khan Hospital, Airport Road. Tel: +92-81-9202955 Bahuddin Zakariya University, Multan Prof. Dr. Abdul Hafeez Chaudhry, Department of Economics & Incharge. Tel: +92-61-224371-4 ext. 220135 University of Sindh , Jamshoro Mr. Allah Wasaya Rajar, Assistant Professor of Economics & Incharge. Tel:+92-221-771248 , +92221-771681-90
ENGLISH (precise and composition) (COMPULSORY : Total Marks-100) The examination will be based upon a paper carrying 100 marks and will be geared to test the candidates' ability to handle grammatical structure, reading comprehension and analysis, and precise writing and composition. The candidates should be capable of: (a) Using English correctly and efficiently as a vehicle of communication. (b) Reading, comprehending and analyzing advanced texts. Grammar and Vocabulary The candidate's ability to handle the structure of English will be tested by framing items based upon grammatical categories that usually create problems for foreign students. There shall be no prescribed course for this purpose. Reading Comprehension and Analysis Two unseen passages shall be given with a fixed reading time and multiple choice questions would be placed at the end to be answered. The passage for comprehension shall be fairly technical. The passages would be selected from writings on economic, social, cultural subjects and international affairs. Precise Writing The candidates will be required to present an acceptable precise of a given passage. The unseen passage will be selected from current, economic, social, cultural and international affairs. Suggested Books Reading Title: A communicative grammar of English Author name: Leech & Svartik Title: A practical English Grammar Author name: Thomson & Martinet
Title: A Comprehensive English Grammar for Foreign Title: Modern English Vol. I & II students Harcourt Brace Jovanovich Author Name: Eckersley & Author name: Rutherford Eckersley (Longmans) Title: A University English Grammar Title: Practical English Usage Author name: R. Quirk & S. Author name: Swan (OUP) Greenbaum (Longmans) Title :English Idioms Title: Mastering English Language Author name: McMordie Author name: Etherton
EVERYDAY SCIENCE (COMPULSORY : Total Marks-100) 1. Introduction (a) Nature of Science; (b) Brief History of Science with special reference to contribution of Muslims in the evolution and development of science: (c) Impact of science on society. 2. The Physical Sciences (a) Constituents and Structure: “Universe, Galaxy. Solar system, Sun, Earth. Minerals; (b) Processes of Nature —Solar and Lunar Eclipses Day and Night and their variation: (c) Energy :— sources and resources of Energy Energy conservation (i) Ceramics, Plastics. Semiconductors (ii) Radio. Television, Telephones. Camera. Laser. Microscope. (iii) Computers, Satellites; (iv) Antibiotics, Vaccines, Fertilizers, Pesticides, 3. Biological Sciences 1.The basis of life - the cell, chromosomes, genes, nucleic acids. 2.The building blocks - Proteins. Harmones and other nutrients Concept of balanced diet. Metabolism. 3.Survey of Plant and Animal Kingdom - a brief survey of plant and animal kingdom to pinpoint similarities and diversities in nature. 4.The Human body - a brief account of human Physiology, Human behavior. Suggested Books Reading Title: Exploring Physical Title: Exploring life Sciences Sciences Author name: Turber, Kilburn & Author name: Turber, Kilburn Howell & Howell Title: Guide to Science Author Name: Isaac Asimov Title: Principles of Animal Biology Author name: Khan, M. Rafiq Title: Science Restated Author name: Cassidy
CURRENT AFFAIRS (COMPULSORY : Total Marks-100) Candidates will be expected to display such general knowledge of History, Geography and Politics as is necessary to interpret current affairs. 1. Pakistan’s relations with its neighbors. 2. Pakistan’s relations with Middle Eastern. African and Far Eastern Countries. 3. Pakistan relations with big powers. 4. International Economic issues and Pakistan. 5. Pakistan’s role in regional and international organizations. 6. Nuclear politics in South Asia. 7. Structure of Pakistan’s economy, economic planning and development strategies 8. Central Issues and problems in the Educational Systems. 9. Issues in Pakistan Politics. 10. Superpowers and the Issues of World Order. 11. Major Contemporary Crises. 12. Major Economic, social and political issues of the world as reflected and discussed in periodicals and newspapers.
Suggested Books Reading Title: India, Pakistan, Title: Main Spring of Indian and Bangladesh and Great Powers Pakistani Foreign Policies Author name: G. W. Author name: S.M. Burke Choudhry Title: Pakistan’s Foreign Policy Author Name: S.M. Burke Title: Pakistan and the UN Author name: Mohammad Ahsan Choudhry Title :Political System of Pakistan Author name: Khalid B. Sayeed Title: Pakistan and the Great Powers Author name: Mohammad Ahsan Choudhry Title: Pakistan the long view Author name: Lawrence Ziring et. al. Title: Politics in Pakistan Author name: Khalid B. Sayeed
Title: Conflict and Cooperation in Title: World Politics since the Indian Ocean; Pakistan’s 1945 interests and Choices Author name: P. Calvocrassi Author name: Pervaiz Iqbal Cheema Title: The Security of South Asia Author name: Stephen P. Cohen Title: The Military and Politics in Pakistan Author name: Hasan Askari Rizvi
Title: The Management of Title: Development Pakistan’s economy 1947 to Strategies of Pakistan 1982 Author name: M. L. Qureshi Author name: Ahmed, V., Rashid Ahmed
PAKISTAN AFFAIRS (COMPULSORY : Total Marks-100) 1. Evolution and growth of Muslim Society in the Sub-continent. 2. Ideology of Pakistan—Definition and Elucidation. Historical aspects Muslim rule in the subcontinent, its downfall and efforts of Renaissance. Movements for reforms—Sheikh Ahmed Sarhindi, Shah Waliullah, Aligarh, Deoband, Na&wah, Anjarnun Hamiat-e-Islam and other Educational Institutions— Sindh Madressah and Islamia College Peshawar. Ideology of Pakistan in the lights of speeches and sayings of Allama Iqbal and Quaid-i-Azam. 3. Pakistan Movement—Historical developments, important event. role of various individuals, communities and groups. 4. Political Developments in Pakistan since 1947 and efforts for pro mulgation of Islamic system. 5. Land and People of Pakistan—Geography. Society. Natural resources. Agriculture, Industry, Education with reference to characterstics, trends and problems. Suggested Books Reading Title: Ideological Orientations Title: Letters of Iqbal to Jinnah of Pakistan Author name: Iqbal, Author name: Al Mujahid, Mohammad Sharif Title: Muslim Separatism in Title: Modern Muslim India and India and Pakistan the birth of Pakistan Author Name: Hamid, Abdul Author name: Ikram, S. M. Title: Quaid-i-Azam and Pakistan Title: Struggle for Pakistan Author name: Dani, Ahmed Author name: Qureshi, I. H. Hassan Title :The case for Pakistan Title: The Making of Pakistan Author name: Rafiq, Afzal M. Author name: Aziz, K. K. Title: The Muslim Community of the Indo-Pakistan Subcontinent Author name: Qureshi, I. H. Title: Towards Pakistan Author name: Waheed-uzZaman Title: Ulema in Politics Author name: Qureshi, I. H. Title: The Emergence of Pakistan Author name: Mohammad Ali Ch. Title: Pakistan A study of Political Development 1947-97 Author name: Hamid Yusuf Title: World Scholars on Quaidi-Azam Author name: Dani, Ahmed Hassan
ISLAMIAT (COMPULSORY : Total Marks-100)
1. Basic Problems of Human Life and their Solutions
Various sources of knowledge-revelation (Wahy) as a source of knowledge and solution to human problem. Divinity and Supremacy of Wahy.
2. Need of Religion and its role in Human Life
Islam and other religions.
Its concept and meanings Deen and Muzhab, Islamic concepts of Universe and Humanity, Place of Humanity in Islam, Man as Vicegerent of Allah, Chief Characteristics of Islamic Ideology. 4. Fundamental Beliefs and Practices of Islam (a) Tauheed (Unity of Allah), Risalat (Finality of the Prophethood), Akhirat (Day of Judgment). (b) Salat, Soum, Zakat, Hajj. Jehad. 5. Islamic Way of Life (a) Sources of Shariah: The Qu’ran, Sunnah, Ijma (Consensus), Qiyas and Ijtihad (reasoning). (b) Social system in Islam Responsibilities and mutual relationship of members of family, separate role of man and woman in an Islamic Social set up. concept of Woman’s freedom in Islam. Responsibilities of man and woman in character-building of new generation. (c) Morality in Islam Concept of morality, Relationship of morality and Faith, Islamic principles and methods of character-building, Moral values in Islam. (d) Islamic Political System :— (i) Legislative System (ii) Judicial System (e) Muslim ummuh Role and objectives of Muslim Ummah.
6. Quranic Ayat and their Translation.
1.SURRAH AL-FEEL 2.SURRAH AL-QURESH 3.SURRAH AL-MAOON 4.SURRAH AL-KAUSAR 5.SURRAH AL-KAFAROON 6.SURRAH AN-NASR 7.SURRAH AL-L'AHAB 8.SURRAH- AL- AKHLAS 9.SURRAH ALFALAK 10.SURRAH-AN-NAS
Following last 10 surrah of the Holy Quran with their translations :—
Suggested Books Reading Title: Islam Ideology Title: Introduction to Islam Author name: Dr. Khalifa Author name: Dr. Hamidullah Abdul Hakim Title: Islam. The Title: Ideology of the future misunderstood religion Author Name: Dr. Muhammad Author name: Muhammad Raffiuddin Qutub Title: Islam : Its meaning & message Author name: Khurshid Ahmed Title :The religion of Islam Author name: Ahmed A. Galwash Title: Islam the religion Author name: Syed Anwar Ali Title: Outlines of Islamic culture Author name: A .M. A. Shushtery
PURE MATHEMATICS (Total Marks-200) PAPER - I (Marks 100) Candidates will he asked to attempt three questions from Section A and two questions from section B. SECTION A Modern Algebra Groups, subgroups, Languages Theorem, cyclic groups, normal sub groups, quotient groups, Fundamental theorem of homomorphism, Isomorphism theorems of groups, Inner automorphisms, Conjugate elements, conjugate subgroups, Commutator subgroups. Rings, Subrings, Integral domains, Quotient fields, Isomorphism theorems, Field extension and finite fields. Vector spaces, Linear independence, Bases, Dimension of a finitely generated space, Linear transformations, Matrices and their algebra, Reduction of matrices to their echelon form, Rank and nullity of a linear transformation. Solution of a system of homogeneous and non-homogeneous linear equations, Properties of determinants, Cayley-Hamilton theorem, Eigenvalues and eigenvectors, Reduction to canonical forms, specially diagonalisation. SECTION B Geometry Conic sections in Cartesian coordinates, Plane polar coordinates and their use to represent the straight line and conic sections, (artesian and spherical polar coordinates in three dimensions, The plane, the sphere, the ellipsoid, the paraboloid and the hyperbiloid in Cartesian and spherical polar coordinates. Vector equations for Plane and for space-curves. The arc length. The osculating plane. The tangent, normal and binormal, Curvature and torsion, Serre-Frenet’s formulae, Vector equations for surfaces, The first and second fundamental forms, Normal, principal, Gaussian and mean curvatures.
PAPER-II (Marks-100) Candidates will be asked to attempt any three questions from Section A and two questions from Section B. SECTION A Calculus and Real Analysis Real Numbers, Limits, Continuity, Differentiabiliry, Indefinite integration, Mean value theorems, Taylor’s theorem, Indeterminate forms, Asymptotes. Curve tracing, Definite integrals, Functions of several variables, Partial derivatives. Maxima and minima Jacobians, Double and triple integration (techniques only). Applications of Beta and Gamma func tions. Areas and Volumes. RiemannStieltje’s integral, Improper integrals and their conditions of existences, Implicit function theorem, Absolute and conditional convergence of series of real terms, Rearrangement of series, Uniform convergence of series, Metric spaces, Open and closed spheres, Closure, Interior and Exterior of a set. Sequences in metric space, Cauchy sequence convergence of sequences, Examples, Complete metric spaces, Continuity in metric spaces, Properties of continuous functions, SECTION - B Complex Analysis Function of a complex variable: Demoiver’s theorem and its applications, Analytic functions, Cauchy’s theorem, Cauchy’s integral formula, Taylor’s and Laurent’s series, Singularities, Cauchy residue theorem and contour integration, Fourier series and Fourier transforms, Analytic continuation.
Suggested Books Reading Title: Advance Calculus Author name: Kaplan, W. Title: Analytical Function Theory Vol. I Author name: Hille, E.
Title: An Introduction to Title: Complex Analysis Differential Geometry Author name: Goodstein, Author Name: Wilmore, T.S. G.R.G. Title: Differential Geometry of Title: Calculus with Analytical Three Dimensions Geometry Author name: Weatherburn, Author name: Yusuf, S.M. C.E. Title: Elements of Complex Title :Theory of Groups Analysis Author name: Majeed, A. Author name: Pennisi, L.L. Title: Mathematical Methods Author name: Yusuf, S.M. Title: Principles of Mathematical Analysis Author name: Rudin, W. Title: Topics in Algebra Author name: Herstein, I.N. Title: Mathematical Analysis Author name: Apostal, T.M. Title: The Theory of Groups Author name: Macdonald, I.N.
APPLIED MATHEMATICS (Total Marks-200) PAPER-I (Marks - 100) Candidates will be asked to attempt any two questions from Section A and any three questions from Section B. SECTION A Vector Analysis Vector algebra, scalar and vector product of two or more vectors, Function of a scalar variable, Gradient, divergence and curl, Expansion formulae, curvilinear coordinates, Expansions for gradient, divergence and curl in orthogonal curvilinear coordinates, Line, surface and volume integrals, Green’s, Stoke’s and Gauss’s theorms. Statistics Composition and resolution of forces, Parallel forces, and couples, Equilibrium of a system of coplanar forces, Centre of mass and centre of gravity of a system of particles and rigid bodies, Friction, Principle of virtual work and its applications, equilibrium of forces in three dimensions. SECTION B Dynamics Tangential, normal, radial and transverse components of velocity and acceleration, Rectilinear motion with constant and variable acceleration, Simple harmonic motion, Work, Power and Energy, Conservative forces and principles of energy, Principles of linear and angular momentum, Motion of a projectile, Ranges on horizontal and inclined planes, Parabola of’ safety. Motion under central forces, Apse and apsidal distances, Planetary orbits, Kepler’s laws, Moments and products of inertia of particles and rigid bodies, Kinetic energy and angular momentum of a rigid body, Motion of rigid bodies, Compound pendulum, Impulsive motion, collision of two spheres and coefficient of restitution. PAPER - II (Marks - 100) Candidates will be asked to attempt any two questions from Section A. one question from Section B and two questions from Section C. SECTION - A Differential Equations Linear differential equations with constant and variable coefficients, the power series method. Formation of partial differential equations. Types of integrals of partial differential equations. Partial differential equations of first order Partial differential equations with constant coefficients. Monge's method. Classification of partial differential equations of second order, Laplace’s equation and its boundary value problems. Standard solutions of wave equation and equation of heat induction. SECTION B Tensor Definition of tensors as invariant quantities. Coordinate transformations. Contravariant and covariant laws of transformation of the components of tensors. Addition and multiplication of tensors, Contraction and inner product of tensors The Kronecker delta and Levi-Civita symbol. The metric tensor in Cartesian, polar and other coordinates, covariant derivatives and the Christoffel symbols. The gradient. divergence and curl operators in tensor notation. SECTION C Elements of Numerical Analysis Solution of non-linear equations, Use of x = g (x) form, Newton Raphson method, Solution of system of linear equations, Jacobi and Gauss Seidel Method, Numerical Integration, Trapezoidal and Simpson’s rule. Regula falsi and interactive method for solving non-linear equation with convergence. Linear and Lagrange interpolation. Graphical solution of linear programming problems. Suggested Books Reading Title: Classical Mechanics Author name: Goldstein Title: Lectures on Ordinary Differential Equations Author name: Hille, E.
Title: Lectures on Partial Differential Equations Author Name: Petrovosky, I.G. Title: Mechanics Author name: Ghori, Q. K. Title: Ordinary Differential Equations Author name: Easthan, M.S.P.
Title: Mechanics Author name: Symon, G.F. Title: Mathematical Pyysics, An Advanced Course Author name: Mikhin, S.G. Title :Principles of Mechanics Author name: Synge and Griffith
Title: Partial Differential Title: Principles of Mechanics Equations Author name: Hauser Author name: Sneddon, I.N. Title: Theoretical Mechanics Author name: Beckker Title: Theory of Ordinary Differential Equations Author name: Goddirgton, E.A. and N. Livenision Title: Theoretical Mechanics Author name: Bradsbury Title: Vector and Tensor Methods, Cartesian Tensors Author name: Charlton Jeffreya
COMPUTER SCIENCE (Total Marks-100) Candidates will be asked to attempt total five questions including one compulsory objective type question. They will attempt atleast one question from each section. Each question will carry 20 marks. SECTION 'A' Computer Architecture Introduction to modern machine Architecture, Storage Hierarchy Main/ Virtual/ Cache/ Secondary Memory, CPU, ALU, Peripheral communication, Designing of Instruction set, Stored program concept. Introduction to parallel computing; SIMD/MIMD. Operating System Functions/Types of operating systems, Processes, Interprocess Communication/ Synchronization/Coordination, Process Scheduling Policies, Virtual Memory Management Techniques: Paging/Segmentation, File Management Systems. Computer Networks LAN/WAN/MAN, Communication channels, Internetworking, Internet, Network layer structure, ISO Internet Protocol, OSI/TCP/IP reference model.
SECTION - B Structured and Object Oriented Programming Basics of C/C++ environment, memory concepts. operators, control structures, selection structures, Array & functions/methods, classes & data Abstractions, inheritance and polymorphism. Data Structures and Algorithms Pseudo language, Functions, Iteration, Recursion, Time/Complexity Analysis, Stacks Queue, hashing. linked list, Searching; Sequential. Binary, Soiling Algorithms, Graphs Algorithms, Tree Algorithms, Trees, ADTs, Implementation using Structured/object oriented languages. Software Engineering Introduction to Software Engineering, Software life cycle, Software Design Methodologies: Structured/Object oriented, Software documentation and Management, Introduction to CASE tools.
Definitive Guide, 2/e, O’Reilly, Wiley, 1996 1997 Author name: I.S. Graham Author Name: D. Flanagan Title: Computer Science: An Title: Java: An Object First overview, 6/e, Addison-Wesley, Approach, Addison-Wesley, 1998 1998 Author name: J.G. Author name: F. Culwin Brookshear Title: Web Page Scripting Title :Computer Organization Techniques, Hayden Books, and Architecture: Designing for 1996 Performance; 4/e, Prentice-Hall Author name: J. Bloomberg, 1997 J. Kawaski J. and P. Treffers Author name: W. Stallings Title: The Art of Computer Programming, Addison-Wesley; Title: Algorithms and Data Vol. 1 Fundamental Algorithms, Structures, Prentice-Hall, 1985 3/e, 1997 Author name: N. Wirth Vol. 3 Sorting and Searching, 2/e, 1998 Author name: D.E. Knuth Title: Introduction to Database Title: Software Engineering, Systems, 6/e, Addison-Wesley 6/e 1998 1996 Author name: Ian Sommerville Author name: C.J. Date Title: Software Engineering: A Title: Computer Networks, 3rd Practitioners Approach 4/e, Edition, Prentice-Hall, 1996 McGraw-Hill, 1997 Author name: S. Tanenbaum Author name: R. Pressman Title: Operating System Title: Computer Graphics: Concepts, 4/e, Addison Wesley, Principles and Practice, 2/e, 1996 Addison-Wesley 1996 Author name: Silberschatz & Author name: Foly/Van Dam/ J. Peterson Feiner/Hughes Title: C++: How to Program, Title: Computer Networks and Prentice-Hall, 1998 Internet, Prentice-Hall, 1998 Author name: H.M. Deitel, P.J. Author name: D.E. Comer Deitel Title: Database Processing, Fundamentals, Design Title: Data and Computer Implementation; 4th edition, Communication, 5th Edition, Macmillan Publishing Company, Prentice-Hall International, New York 1993 1997 Author name: David M. Author name: W. Stallings Kropnke
STATISTICS (Total Marks-100) 1. Basic Probability Axiomatic definition of probability, random variable, distribution function, probability density function, mathematical expectation; conditional probability, jointly distributed random variables, marginal and conditional distributions, conditional expectation, stochastic independence. 2. Some Special Distributions : Binomial, poison. negative binomial, hypergeometric, normal distributions with their derivation of their mean and variance; Definition and Application of chisquare, "T" and ‘F’ distributions. 3. Statistical Inference: Maximum likelihood estimation of the mean and the variance of a normal population; confidence interval for mean, difference of means and for variance: testing hypothesis for the equality of two means (paired and unpaired observations); testing of equality of sever al means (ANOVA) and testing of variance and equality of two variance. 4. Correlation and regression: Simple linear regression model point and interval estimation of parameters, Simple Partial, Multiple Correlation and testing of these correlations. 5. Sampling, Simple random, stratified, systematic and cluster sampling, estimates of mean and total and their precision. 6. Applications of Statistics in social, economic and political problems public health, crimes, Law, social innovations economic development, socio-political inequality. Suggested Books Reading Title: Introduction to the Theory of Statistics Author name: Mood, Graybill and Boes Title: Mathematical Statistics Author Name: Hood and Craig Title: Statistics: An Introductory Analysis Author name: Yamane Title: Mathematical Statistics Author name: Freund
Title: Sampling Techniques (3e) Author name: Cochran and Cox Title: Statistics: A Guide to the Unknown Author name: Tanur; Hudith (ed)
PHYSICS (Total Marks-200) PAPER - I (Marks-100) Mechanics Vectors — Dots, Cross and triple products, Gradient, divergence and applications. Newtonian laws of motion; conservation law of energy; conservation of linear and angular momentum; Dynamics of rigid body; spin and pie-cession; gyroscope; Gravitation; planetary motion including satellite. Special theory of relativity. Mischelson — Morely experiment and Einstein’s postulates; Lorentz transformation; time dilation and length con traction; equivalence of mass and energy. Fluid Mechanics Surface tension; Viscosity; Elasticity; fluid motion and Bernoullie’s theorem. Waves and Oscillation Free oscillation with one and two degrees of freedom; forced and damped oscillations and phenomenon of resonance. Travelling waves and transmission of energy; Phase and Group velocity; standing waves. Reflection, Refraction, Interference, Diffraction and Polarization of waves; interfero-meter and Newton’s rings; Diffraction Gratings and their resolving power; spectro-meters. Electromagnetic wave equation: normal and anamolous dispersion; coherence, laser and its application. Heat and Thermodynamics Perfect gas and Van der Waals equation; Three Laws of Thermodynamics, Thermal properties of Simple system production and measurement of low temperatures; kinetic theory of gases; Maxwellian distribution of molecular velocities; Brownian motion: Transport phenomena. Classical Maxwell -Boltzmann Statistics and its application: Quantum Bose — Einstein and Fermi-Dirac Statistics. PAPER - II (Marks-100) Electricity and Magnetism Electric field due to point charges, Gauss’ law Electric potential and poisson and Laplace’s equation Dielectric medium and Polarization: Capacitance; Moving charges and magnetic field Ampere’s law; Vector potential; Magnetic properties of matter; Transient current: Faraday’s law of electromagnetic induction; Alternating current and LRO circuit. Maxwell’s equations; Poynting theorem and Poynting Vector. Electronics Thermionic emission; Space charge: Diode. Triode Tetrode; Pentode and their static and dynamic characteristics; Amplitude modulation and demodulation or detection. Various basic circuits for rectification, amplification modulation and detection connected with radio receivers and transmission; n and p type semiconductors; Biased function; Transistors; Common base and common emitter configurations. Atomic Physics Bohr theory and quantum numbers including electron spin; Pauli's exclusion principle; Spectra of simple systems with one or two valence electrons. Photo electric effect Compton scattering; pair production; Lande’s g factor and Zeeman effect. Rainan effect; Waves and particles and De Broglie's Hypothesis; Shrodinger wave equation and its application to one dimensional harmic oscillator. Heisen berg’s uncertainly principle. Nuclear Physics Structure of Nuclei; Radioactivity infinity, beta and decay. Methods of detection, Mass Sepectrometer. Accelerators. Phenomenon of fission; reactor and nuclear power, nuclear fusion and its application. Elementary particles and their properties.
Suggested Books Reading Title: Prospective of Modern Title: Fundamentals of Physics Physics Author name: Halliday & Author name: A. Beiser Resnick Title: Introduction to Electromagnetic Fields and Waves Author Name: D. Corson & P. Lorrain Title: Semiconductor Electronics Author name: J.F. Gibbons Title: Heat and Thermodynamics Author name: W. Zemanasky Title: Nuclear Physics Author name: Kaplan Title: Engineering Electronics Author name: J.D. Ryder
Title: Physics Course Author name: Barkeley Title :Nuclear Physics Author name: W.E. Burcham
ACCOUNTANCY AND AUDITING PAPER I (Marks-100) ACCOUNTING Principles of Accounting and their applications to all types of Business Organizations Banking, Insurance, Investment, Trading and Industrial Concerns, Accounting for non-profit Organisations. Work-sheet. Financial statements, Financial Reporting, Financial Analysis and Budgeting, Depreciation, Partnership. Note—Accounting for Executors, Trustees of Deceased Persons, Liquidators, Receivers, Official Agencies, Assignees etc. and Accounting for Multinational Corporation will not be included. PAPER-II Marks-100 (a) Cost Accounting Principles of Cost Accounting, Relationship of Cost Accounting to Financial Accounting, Cost Accounting as a tool of management—use of Cost information, Cost flow, Cost elements, Costs classification. Process Cost and job-order Cost Accounting, Costing for Joint and by—Products. Standard Cost Accounting, reconciliation of Financial Accounts with Cost Accounts. (b) Auditing Principles of Auditing, The Accounting System, Its importance to lndependent Audit, Internal Control, Internal Audit. Rights and Duties of Auditors. Professional Liabilities of an Auditor. Application of Auditing Principles and Techniques to all Types of Trading, Commercial. Industrial, Banking, Insurance and Investment under-takings, Audit programme. Special Audit Investigation of actual or suspected Frauds, Limitations of Audit, Audit Report, Certificates and Opinion as required under Companies Act, Securities Exchange Authority Rules. Auditing and EDP Systems. (c) Income Tax Principles for Computing total income and total world income for purposes of Income Tax, Self Assessment. Specialised knowledge of Income Tax will not be expected. Candidates will be required to have a sound grasp of the provisions of Section 10 of the Income Tax Act and a working knowledge—only of Sections 9(1), 15, 16(1), 17(1) 19(1), (2), (a), 30(1) & (2). 31(1) 11 No. Schedule (Item No. 66 & 71 to 75) 39(1) & (a) 49, 69(4) 12(II), 1st Schedule 53(1), 55(1), 56, 61, 59(1), 60, 62, 68. 12(2) and the connected rules of the Income Tax Ordinance 1979 as amended todate. (d) Business Organization and Finance Nature and Scope of Business Organization, Forms of Business Organization—Sole Proprietorship, Partnership, Joint Stock Company, Cooperative Society, Company Promotion and Management, Insurance, business Combinations, Principles of Business Finance, Short Term, Intermediate Term and Long Term financing, expansion and contraction, Ratio analysis—Sources and flow, statement, Role of Financial Institutions. Suggested Books Reading Title: Accountancy Author name: Pickles, W. Title: Book Keeping and Accounts Author name: Big, W.S.
Title: Advanced Accounting Title: Principles and Practice of Vol. I & II Book Keeping and Accounts Author Name: Muin-ud-Din Author name: Vickery, B.G. Title: Cost Accounting, Planning and Control Author name: Matz and Usry Title: Cost Accounting Author name: S. Qavi Ahmed Title: Cost Accounting Author name: Nisar-ud-Din Title : Auditing Author name: Dicksee, L.R.
Title: Practical Auditing Author name: Spiecer and Pegler
Title: Principles and Procedure of Auditing Author name: Kh. Amjad Saeed
Title: Income Tax Law (Latest Title: Income Tax Ordinance edition) 1979 (amended to date) Author name: Kh. Amjad Saeed Title: Principles and Practice of Title: Business Organization Commerce Author name: Nisar-ud-Din Author name: Stephenson Title: Basic Business Finance Title: Income Tax Law Vol. I & II Author name: Hunt, (Latest edition) Williams and Donaldson Author name: Luqman Baig Title: Companies Act 1984
ECONOMICS PAPER I (Marks-100) 1. Micro Economics Consumer behavior. Determination of market demand and supply, theory of the Firm, Producer’s equilibrium, Pricing of the factors of production. 2. Macro Economics Basic Economic Concepts. National Income Accounting, Consumption Function and Multiplier, Determination of equilibrium level of income and output, Inflation. 3. Money and Banking Functions of Money. Quantity Theory of Money, The Fisher and Cambridge Formulations. Systems of note issue, Credit Creation, Functions of Central Banks, Instruments of credit control, Theory of Liquidity Preference. 4. Public Financing Government expenditure. Sources of Government Revenue, Types of taxes, Incidence of different taxes, Public Debt, Objectives, methods of repayment. Deficit financing. 5. International Trade Theory of Comparative costs, Arguments for Protection, Balance of payments, International liquidity. International Money and Banking Institutions. PAPER-Il (Marks-100) PAKISTAN’S ECONOMY 1. Definition and measurement of Development. Characteristics of under development, Rethinking on the concept of Development Growth vs. Redistributive justice, Absolute and Relative Poverty, Basic Needs Approach. 2. Planning Experience of Pakistan : A critical evaluation of the strategy of economic planning. 3. Agricultural Development in Pakistan Changes in Agricultural Policies over plan periods, Major Monetary and Fiscal measures to promote Agricultural development, Green Revolution Strategy and its implications for growth and redistribution, Land Reforms and changes in the Tenure System l9501980. Cooperative Farming. 4. Industrial Development in Pakistan Early industrialisation strategy, Creation of Financial and Development Institutions, Major monetary and fiscal measures to promote industrial development. Changing role of public sector over the plan periods, Evaluation of Nationalisation Policy Concentration of industrial income and wealth. 5. Role of Foreign Trade and Aid in economic development, Trends in Pakistan’s Balance of Payments, Changes in direction of trade, Trends in Pakistan’s major exports and imports, Causes of significant changes in the trends, the role of migration and remittances in Pakistan’s economy, costs and benefits of Foreign Aid. 6. Privatization, denationalisation And deregulation, conceptual and operational aspects, International comparisons. Suggested Books Reading Title: A Text-book of Economic Title: Economic Development Theory in the Third World Author name: Stonier & Hague Author name: Todaro, M.P Title: Under Development and Agrarian Structure in Pakistan Title: Economic of Islam Author Name: Khan, Mahmood Author name: Ahmed, S.M. Hassan
Title: Economics Author name: Paul, A. Samuelson Title: Foreign Aid Theory and Practice in Southern Asia Author name: Wolf, Jr. DC Title: Introduction to Internation Economics Author name: Snider, D.A. Title: Modern Microeconomics Author name: Koutsoyiannis, A. Title: Population Problems Author name: Theomson & Lewis Title: The General Theory of Employment, Interest and Money Author name: Keynes, J.M.
Title: Factors in Economic Development Author name: Cairncross, A.K. Title : Government Finance An Economic Analysis Author name: Due John, F. Title: Microeconomic Theory Author name: Ferguson, C.E. & Gould J.P. Title: Microeconomics Author name: Rudigar Dorubush & Stanley Fisher Title: Studies in Economic Development with Special reference to Pakistan Author name: Gouse, A. Title: The Economics of Developing Countries Author name: Hynit, H.
Note: The candidates should be familiar with:Pakistan Economic Survey, Government of Pakistan, Five Year Plans, Government of Pakistan World Development Reports. Companies Act 1984
BUSINESS ADMINISTRATION (Total Marks-100) Candidates will he asked to attempt total Five questions including one compulsory (objective type) question. They will attempt at least one question (out of two) from each part. Short note within the question (with-omit choice) can also he given. PART-I MANAGEMENT 1. Nature And Scope of Management-Different Schools of thought. 2. Planning - Planning process; Planning tools; Change Management. 3. Organisation - Type of Organisation; Theory of Organisation; Group dynamics ; Staffing. 4. Actuating—Leading; Approaches to Leadership-Coordinating: Communicating; Motivating. 5. Controlling—Budgetary Control; Budgetary process.
PART-II PRINCIPLES OF MARKETING 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. An overview of Marketing. Marketing’s Role in Society and inside a Firm. Environment of Marketing. Strategic Planning and Marketing. Marketing Mix i.e. Product, Pricing, Place (Distribution, Channels), Wholesaling, Retailing, Sales Promotion (Advertising, Public Relations). 6. Global Marketing.
PART-III FINANCIAL MANAGEMENT 1. Nature and Scope of Financial Management 2. Interpretation of Financial Statement—Ratio analysis, Trend analysis—Common size analysis. 3. Time Value of Money—Concept of TVM; Net Present Value; Pay Back period; Internal rate of return. 4. Working Capital Management - Cash Management; Receivable Management; Inventory Management. 5. Port Folio Management—Types of Investment; Financial Securities; Diversification of Risk. 6. Accounting - Accounting Cycles, Preparation of Financial Statements; Balance Sheet, Income Statement. Suggested Books Reading Title: Management Author name: Robins Stephen P. Title: The New Management Author name: Robert M. Fulmer
Title: Management Title: Management Author Name: Horold Koontz Author name: James A. F. and Heinz Weihrich Stoner and Charles Wanke Title: Management Author name: Arthur G. Bedeian Title: Marketing Management Author name: Philip Kotler
Title: Fundamentals of Marketing Author name: William J. Stanton Title: Marketing Author name: Courtland L. Bovee Title: Fundamentals of Financial Management Author name: Van Horn Title: Financial Management Author name: Gitt Man
Title : Marketing Author name: Joel R. Evans Title: Putting Total Quality Management at Work Author name: Marshal Sashkin and Kenneth J. Kiser Title: Essentials of Managerial Finance Author name: J. Fred Weston, Eugene & Brigham
PUBLIC ADMINISTRATION (Total Marks-100)
1. Public Administration -Its nature and scope, the role of Public Administration in a modern Welfare State. 2. Major Schools of thought in Administration, Scientific Management Movement Human Relationalists; Behavioural School; Systemic theory. 3. Bureaucracy,- Concept of Bureaucracy, Theories of Bureaucracy, Ecology of Bureaucracy; Bureaucracy of Pakistan as a Change Agent. 4. Administrative Leadership,- Approaches to the study of Leadership, Forms of Leadership, Leadership qualities. 5. Administrative Accountability,- Internal and External Controls; Executive Control, Legislative Control, Judicial Control, Ombudsman, Public Opinion and Pressure Groups; Problems of Administrative, Accountability in Pakistan. 6. Planning, -Types of Plans, Planning Process; Principles of Planning, Planning Machinery; the system of planning and programming in Pakistan, Planning Machinery in Pakistan. 7. Organization, -Types of Organization. Theories of Organization, Principle of Organization, The Organization of Federal and Provincial Governments in Pakistan, Public Corporations in Pakistan. 8. Personnel Administration,-Nature and scope of Personnel Administration; Personnel Functions. Tools of Personnel Management, Salient Features of the system of Public Personnel Management in Pakistan. 9. Controlling and Co-ordination - Forms of Controls, Control Mechanism, the process of Control, Principles of Controlling: Principles of Coordination; Machinery for Coordination; Problems of Coordination in Public Administration in Pakistan. 10. Communication, Types of Communication, Communication Channels, Communication Process, Principles of Communication. 11. Financial Administration, - Elements of Financial Administration. Performance and programmed Budgeting. Capital Budget, Principles of Budgeting, Auditing and Accounting. Suggested Books Reading Title: A Handbook of Public Title: An Introduction to the Relations Public Administration Author name: United Nations Author name: E.N. Cladden Title: Administrative Behaviour Author Name: Herbet, A. Simon Title: Human Relations Administration Author name: Robert Dubir Title: Public Administration Author name: Simon, Smithuburg & Thompson Title: Bureaucracy: Modern Society Author name: Pebr, M. Blau Title: An Introduction to the Study of Public Administration Author name: L.D. White Title : Public Administration Author name: Pfiffner and Presthus
Title: Public Administration; Title: Public Administration for Theory and Practice a Welfare State Author name: Fesler, James Author name: Paul Abbleby W. Title: Pakistan in Search of Democracy 1947-77 Title: Pakistan: The Enigma of Political Development
Author name: Yusuf, Hamid Title: Research on the Bureaucracy of Pakistan Author name: Braibanti, Ralph Title: The Bureaucracy of Pakistan Author name: Charles F. Kennedy
Author name: Ziring, Lawrence Title: The Human Side of Enterprize Author name: Douglas Mc Gregor
POLITICAL SCIENCE (Total Marks-200) PAPER - I (Marks-100 ) PART 'A' 1. Political Theory 1. Western Political Thought Plato, Aristotle, Machiavelli, Montesquieu, Hobbes, Locke, Rousseau, Bentham, Mill, Marx, Lenin, Mao 2. Muslim Political Thought AI-Farabi, Al-Mawardi, Nizam-ul-Mulik Tusi, Al-Ghazali, Ibn-I-Khaldun, Iqbal
PART ‘B’ 2. The nature and emergence of Modern state system, Islamic concept of state. 3. Political concepts, Sovereignty, Law, Liberty, Equality, Rights and Duties. 4. Political Dynamics: Public Opinion, Propaganda, Political Parties, Pressure Groups. 5. Political Institutions: Legislature, Executive, Judiciary. Political Elites, Civil and Military Bureaucracy. 6. Forms of Government: Monarchy, Democracy. Dictatorship Unitary and Federal, Presidential and Parliamentary. 7. Totalitarianism: Fascism, Communism. 8. Local Self-government: Theory and Practice with special reference to Pakistan. PAPER-II (Marks - 100) PART ‘A’ 1. Selected Political Systems: Nature and dynamics of major political institutions in U.S.A., U.K., France and Former Soviet Union, PART ‘B’ 2. Political Systems of developing countries: Turkey, Iran, India and China. 3. Rise of Muslim Nationalism in South Asia with special reference to the role of Sir Syed Abmed Khan, lqbal and Quaid-i-Azam Mohammad Ali Jinnah. 4. A comparative and critical analysis of the 1956, 1962, 1973 and 1985 Constitutions of Pakistan. Suggested Books Reading Title: History of Muslim Philosophy Author name: M.M. Sharif Title: Constitutional Development in Pakistan Author name: G.W. Choudhry
Title: Comparative Politics; A Title: Contemporary Political World View Analysis Author Name: Almond & Author name: Garles Worth Powell James Title: Government & Parliament: A Survey from the Title: Government and Politics Inside in Pakistan Author name: Herbert Author name: Mushtaq Ahmed Morrison Title: History of Political Title : History of Political Theory Theories Author name: George H. Author name: William A. Sabine Dunning Title: Political Thought in Medieval Islam Author name: Rosenthal Title: Political Thought in Title: Modern Islamic State Author name: Rosenthal Title: Pattern of Government
Perspective Author name: William Edenstein Title: Pakistan: A Political Study Author name: Keith Callard Title: Modern Political Systems: Asia Author name: Roy, C. Macradis (ed) Title: Reflection on Government Author name: Earnest Barker
Author name: Samuel H. Beer & Adam B. Ullam Title: Politics, Parties and Pressure Groups Author name: V.O. Key Jr. Title: Politics in Pakistan: Nature and Direction of Change Author name: Khalid Bin Sayeed Title: South-East Asia Political System Author name: Lucian W. Pye
Title: Nizam-ul-Mulk Tusi, Title: The Political System of Published by Muhammad Ashraf, Pakistan Lahore, 1978 Author name: Khalid Bin Author name: Rizvi, S. Rizwan Sayeed Ali Title: Nizam-ul-Mulk Tusi (Urdu), Karachi University 1995 Author name: Prof. Dr. Rizwan Ali Rizvi
JOURNALISM (MASS COMMUNICATION) (Total Marks-100) Note: Candidate will be asked to attempt total five questions including one compulsory (objective type) question. They will attempt at least two questions from each Section. Short note within the question (without choice) can also be given. SECTION 'A' 1. Concept and process of communication : Source, Message, Channel, Destination. Encoding, Decoding, Noise, Feedback Oral vs. Written Communication, Two step flow of Communication, Role of Opinion Leader. 2. Information and Journalism—-Functions : Scanning the Horizon and reporting back. o News function o Educational Function o Opinion for motives o Entertainment function 3. Pakistan Press, An overview of the evolution of the Muslim Press in South Asia before 1947 and development of the Pakistan Press since 1947, its social economic aspect; Trends and Characteristics: Problems and Prospects.
4. Mass Media Components, functions and effects, Mass Media in Pakistan: Size and dispersion:
Role in national development, Prospects and problems. SECTION 'B' 5. News. Principles and techniques of News writing. Editorial Definition, ingredients, Types and functions of writing of Editorials. 6. Public Relations : Definition, Purpose and scope, Ethics, PR in Pakistan Duties of PRO: PR Procedures and Processes. 7. Magazine Journalism: Mag-Journalism in Pakistan. Types, Functioning Purpose its social aspects and scope. 8. Press Release, Press Note, and Press Communication: Definitions and Basic ingredients, Writing of Press Release, Press Note and Press Communique. 9. Advertising: Definition, functions, types and purpose. Its social and economic aspects, principles of successful advertising. 10. Press Laws: Press Laws in Pakistan (gradual developments) and the Right to Know concepts of press freedom and responsibility, Ethics of Journalism.
Suggested Books Reading Title: Contemporary Public Title: Advertising Operations Relations and Management Author name: Garkan Gene & Author name: Beinton Scott Title: Communication in Power Author Name: Herbert Brucver Title: Editor and Editorial Writing Author name: A Gayle Title: Exploring Journalism Author name: Wosley and Campbell Title: Handbook of Public Relations
Author name: Stephenson, Howard
Title: Journalism in Pakistan Title :Mass Communication Author name: Dr. Abdus Author name: Wilbur Schram Salam Khurshid Title: Newspaper Organization and Management Author name: Rucker Title: Practical Newspaper Reporting Author name: Geofrey Haris & David Spark
Title: Process and Effects of Mass Communication Title: Radio & T.V. Writing Author name: Wilbur Author name: Max Wylic Schram Title: Sahafat Pakistan-o-Hind Title: Iblagh-e-Aama (Urdu) Mein (Urdu) Author name: Mehdi HassanAuthor name: Dr. Abdus Salam Khurshid Title: Fun-e-Idarat (Urdu) Title: Fun-e-Sahafat (Urdu) Author name: Dr. Maskin Ali Author name: Dr. Abdus Salam Hijazi Khurshid Title: Fun-e-Idaria Naweesi (Urdu) Author name: Dr. Maskin Ali Hijazi
ISLAMIC HISTORY AND CULTURE (Total Marks-200) PAPER-I (Marks-l00)
1. Humanity at the dawn of Islam
A brief survey of major world civilization, with special emphasis on their intellectual, humanistic and special institutions - their impact on world history.
2. Advent of Islam
Life and teachings of the Holy Prophet. Foundations of a new and revolutionary world order: Institutions of Islam; Political. Social, Economic and Legal Structure of the Islamic polity. The Quran: Emphasis on the study of Nature and Research. Changes brought by Islam in human thinking and behavior.
3. Foundation of Muslim State
Early conquests of the Khulfa-i-Rashidin; Administrative and legal structure of the State. Political and Ideological differences and the emergence of the Ummayyads: Expansion and consolidation of the Empire.
4. The Grandeur of Islam
Philosophical, scientific and Literary Progress of the Muslims during the Abbasid period.
5. The Ottoman Caliphate
Turkish march towards Europe. Political structure of the Turkish Empire, salient features of their administration, decline and disintegration.
PAPER-II (Marks - 100) 1. Islam in Africa and Spain 2. Muslim achievements in Natural and Social Sciences Schools of Baghadad, Spain and Iran, Muslim contribution to History, Science. Medicine and other branches of human civilization.
3. Muslim Arts
Muslims' contribution in architecture, music, painting, handicrafts, pottery, calligraphy, etc.
4. Renaissance and Reformation
Origin of this intellectual revolution; Contribution of’ Muslim Universities and Seminaries in Spain and Baghdad: Dissemination of Muslim learning’s in the West.
5. Modern World
Impact of Islam on Western thought, social institutions and economic policies.
Suggested Books Reading Title: Discovering Islam Making Sense of Muslim HistoryTitle: Islam: Ideology and and Society Leading Issues Author name: Ahmed, Akbar Author name: Ali, Anwar S. Title: The Spirit of Islam Title: Aspects of Islamic
Author Name: Ali, S. Ameer
Civilization: The Muslim World Depicted Through Its Literature Author name: Arberry, A.J.
Title: The Preaching of Islam - Title: The History of A History of the Muslim Faith Philosophy in Islam Author name: Arnold, T.W. Author name: Boer, T.J. De Title: History of the Islamic People Title :Spanish Islam Author name: Brockelmann, Author name: Dozy, R. Carl (ed) Title: Studies on the Civilization of Islam Author name: Gibb Hamilton A.R. Title: Classical Islam; A History 600-1258 Author name: Grunebaum, G.E. Voni Title: Islam Resurgent: The Islamic World Today Author name: Irving, T.B. Title: Islam in History Author name: Munir, Muhammad Title: The Religion of Islam Vol. I & II Author name: Glawash, Ahmed A. Title: Cambridge History of India Author name: Holts, P.M. and Lewis, Bernard Title: Islam: From Prophet Muhammad to the Capture of Constantinpole Author name: Lewis, Bernard Title: Islam and the Modern World Author name: Nadawi, Abu Hassan Ali
Title: The Making of the Past; Title: A History of Medieval the Spread of Islam Islam Author name: Rogers, Michael Author name: Saunders, J.J. Title: Introduction to Islamic Civilization Author name: Savory, R.M. (ed) Title: The Legecy of Islam Author name: Schacht, Joseph & Bosworth, C.E. (eds)
Title: Islamic History - A New Title: A History of Muslim Interpretation AD 750 - 1055 Philosophy Author name: Shaban, M.A. Author name: Sharif, M.M. Title: Muslim Thought: Its Origin and Achievements Author name: Mohammed Hanif Nadvi Title: Studies in Islamic History Author name: Siddiqi, Amir Hassan
HISTORY OF PAKISTAN AND INDIA (Total Marks-200) PAPER – I (Marks-100) 1. 712-1857 (Excluding arrival of European nations decline and fall of Muslim Rule) 2. Arrival of the Muslims in the sub-continent, foundation of Muslim Rule - administrative system and reforms under the Sultans and the Mughals. 3. Structure of the Muslim society. 4. Industry, trade and commerce under the Muslim patronage. the Army. Financial administration, Zakat. Ushr. Kharaj etc. 5. Administration of Justice - Sufis and Ulema — the Madrassahs and Maktabs - Auqaf 6. Art and architecture. literature, sports, dress—Muslim contribution to scientific knowledge — Policy of the Muslim rules towards non-Muslims. The spirit and legacy of Muslim civilization.
PAPER – II (Marks-100) Part A 1. 1857-1947 - Arrival of European nations—decline and fall of Muslim Rule, contributions of Shah Wali Ullah, Syed Ahmed Shaheed and Sir Syed Ahmed Khan towards regeneration of the Muslim — Hindu reform movements and anti-Muslim role of Hindu leaders. 2. Constitutional reforms of the British Government and growth of the Political Parties—Indian National Congress. All India Muslim league Partition of Bengal. Simla Deputation. Role of Nawab Mohsin-uI-MuIk. Nawab Viqar-ul-Mulk. 3. Syed Ameer Ali, the Agha Khan and other Muslim leaders Lucknow pact: Khilafat movement Contribution of Maulana Muhammad Ali, Allama Iqbal, Quaid-i-Azam Muhammad All Jinnah for Muslim uplift and welfare. 4. Nehru report, Quaid-i-Azam’s Fourteen Points. Allama Iqbal's Allahabad Address 1930, Round Table Conference. The Congress role in the provinces, Lahore Resolution 1940, various missions and plans for the partition of the sub-continent. 5. Quaid-i-Azam as an organizer of the Muslim League Muslim leader and maker of Pakistan.
PAKISTAN SINCE 1947 Part B 1. Constitution making in Pakistan—various attempts at constitution making. Difficulties in establishing a parliamentary democracy. imposition of various Martial Laws, nature of Pakistan’s economy. development plaits. Role of foreign aid. 2. Separation of East Pakistan, causes and effect: Pakistan and the world—major powers, Islamic world, relations with India. 3. Social and intellectual trends after 1947. Contribution of Quaid-i Azam as First Governor General and Liaquat All Khan as first Prime Minister.
Suggested Books Reading Title: Constitutional Development in Pakistan Author name: G.W. Choudhry Title: Early India & Pakistan Author Name: Wheeler Mortimer Title: Constitutional History of India Author name: Keith A.B. Title: Five Thousand Years of Pakistan Author name: Wheeler R.E.M.
Title: Government and Politics in Pakistan Title: Pakistan & India Author name: Ahmed Author name: G.W. Choudhry Mushtaq Title: Political System in Title :Pakistan; The Formitive Pakistan Phase Author name: Khalid Bin Author name: Khalid Bin Saeed Saeed Title: Studies in Islamic Title: The Making of Pakistan Culture in Indian Environment Author name: Richard Symond Author name: Aziz Ahmed Title: Political Parties in Title: The Great Divide; Britain, Pakistan Vol. I & II India and Pakistan Author name: Afzal, Rafique Author name: Hodson, H.V. Title: The Pakistan Experience Title: A History of India - State and Religion Author name: Kulke, Hermann Author name: Khan, Asghar & Rothermond, Dietmar Title: Pakistan in Transition Author name: Wriggins, W.H. (ed)
BRITISH HISTORY (Total Marks-200) British History - The history of the British Isles and of the British Empire and Commonwealth. Paper I Marks- 100 From 1688 to 1850 Paper II (Marks - 100) From 1850 to the present day. Note-Credit will be given in both the papers. not only for precise presentation of facts, but also for sound critical judgment. Suggested Books Reading Title: A Text Book of Modern English History Author name: Southgate, G.W. Title: England in the Eighteenth Century Author Name: Serlley, W.T. Title: English Social History Author name: Trevelyan, G.M. Title: History of England Author name: Wood, E.L. Title: A Text Book of European History Author name: Southgate, G.W. Title: Europe since Napoleon Harmonswarth Author name: Thompson, David Title: History of Britain Author name: Carter, E.H. Title :Modern Britain Author name: Derry, J.K. & Jarman, T.L.
Title: The Struggle of Mastery Title: The penguin Dictionary of in Europe 1848-1918 English & European History Author name: Taylor, AJP Author name: William, E.N. Title: Britain Between the Title: Democracy: Great Britain Wars 1815-1914 Author name: Movat, Charles Author name: Bentley, Michael L.
EUROPEAN HISTORY (Total Marks-200) PAPER - I (1789 -1914) (Marks - 100)
1. French Revolution
Background, Old Regime, Philosophers, Estate General. National Assembly, England’s Reaction, Panies in the Legislative Assembly, The fall of Monarchy, European coalition against France and the War, the second and the third partition of Poland, the Terror and the end of Terror. France and Europe 1793 - 95.
2. Napoleon Bonaparte
The rise of Napoleon to power. Napoleon as Emperor, statesman and warrior, Napoleon and Europe, the continental system, the fall of Napoleon, England’s role in the catastrophe of Napoleon.
3. Vienna Settlement and concept of Europe
Treaty of Chaumont, First treaty of Paris. Second treaty of Paris, Treaty of Vienna, Holy Alliance, Quadruple Alliance, Congress System and failure of congress system, British Leadership.
4. England 1814 to 1833
Effects of War period, constitutional development, progress in industry, Agriculture and Culture.
5. Europe 1815 to 1848
The forces of continuity and reaction. Metternich system, the force of change and progress, Nationalism, Democracy, Liberalism, Socialism. Revolution in France 1830, Revolution in France in 1848 and the sequence of revolutions in Europe.
6. The Eastern Question 1820 to 1878
Background, the Greek Revolt 120 to Independence 1832, the Crimean War 1853 to 1856 and Peace Treaty of Paris, Pan Slavisin, The Russo-Turkish War 1877, the treaty of San Stefano. The Congress and the treaty of Berlin 1878.
7. Risorginmento and the Union of Italy
Revolutionary movements in Italy, Mazzini, Cavour and other architects of Italian unification, Napoleon Ill and Italian Unity. Foreign Policy of Italy after unification to 1914
8. Unification of Germany
Background, Napoleon and Germany, Rise of Prussia, Zollverein, Revolution of 1848 and Germany, Rise of Bismark and his role as architect of German Unity, Wars with Denmark, Austria and France. Domestic and foreign policy of Bismark from 1870 to 1890. Foreign Policy of Germany from 1890 to 1914.
9. The growth of Colonisation and of Overseas Empire 1815 - 92
Different forms of colonisation, British Colonial policy and expansion, The French Colonial Policy and expansion, The French in North Africa, Suez Canal, Anglo French Control in Egypt, Russia in the Caucasus and Turkistan, Anglo-Russian Results of Colonial development.
10. England 1893 to 1910
Social and constitutional reforms, material progress, social thought and culture.
11. Road to the First World War
Alliances and counter alliances, Drickaiserbund, Austro German alliance 1879, Triple alliance 1882, The formation of Dualalliance 1891-93, Anglo-Japanese alliance, French British and Russo British Entente, their crises - Algeeiras, Bosnia, Agadir, German Navy, Baghdad Railway, Balkan crises, The cause of First World War.
PAPER - II (1914 -1960) (Marks - 100)
1. First World War
Events - U.S.A’s entry into the War, Wilson’s 14 points, the choice of the Turks, War in the Middle East Britain’s Middle East Policy during the War, Balfour Declaration, Defeat of Germany, Austria and Turkey, effects of the War.
2. Peace Treaties
The Treaty of Versailles, The big four, The basis of the Treaty, The Treaty of Versailles and the U.S. The treaties of St. Germain and Trianon, The treaty of Serres, the Treaty of Lausanne.
3. The League of Nations
The Covenant, the League between the two Wars, causes of failure.
4. Marxism and the Soviet Union
The Russian Revolution 1917, Lenin. The Third International 1919, Civil War in Russia, Trotsky. The Constitution of the U.S.S.R. Stalin, First Five year Plan. Purges, The Russian foreign policy between the two Wars.
5. Italy and Fascism
Effects of the War on Italy. Mussolini's rise to power, Fascist party and Principles, Italy’s foreign policy between the two Wars.
6. Germany and Nazism
Germany from the Versailles Treaty to Hitler, Origins of Nazism, Mein Kamph’, Hitler's rise to power, Domestic Policy of Hitler, the Totalitarian State, Hitler’s foreign policy.
7. France between the two Wars
Defects of the French Constitution, collapse of the Third Republic. Foreign Policy of France between the Wars.
8. England between the two Wars
Disadvantages of Parliamentary Government, Cabinet Government in England. Depression of 1929 and England, Stability of British Common Wealth. Foreign Policy of England between the Wars.
9. The Second World War
Causes, the events, Atlantic Charter, Tehran. Yalta and Postdam conferences, the allied victory. effect of the war
10. The U.N.O.
Origin, the Charter of the U.N.O., U.N.O. as peace keeping force
11. The Political State of Europe 1945 - 50
The new Balance of Power in Europe, Russian domination of Eastern Europe, Decisions on Germany’s Future, Economic Collapse of Western Europe and recovery, Marshall Plan, Cold War, The Blockade of Berlin. N.A.T.O.
12. The Rise of Russia as a Great power
The effects of the War on Russia. the fruit of victory. Warsaw Pact. Russia’s efforts to spread its influence in Eastern Europe. Asia, Africa and Latin-America 1945 to 1960.
13. France after the Second World War
Fourth French Republic. French Colonial Policy after Second World War, Algeria. Indochina, De Gaule’s domestic and foreign policy.
14. England after the Second World War
The rise of Labour Party, Economic Policy of the Labour Party's Government, England’s Colonial Policy after the Second World War, Decline of England as World Power, British Common Wealth. England and the Common Market. England and the Middle East 1945 to 1960.
15. Europe and Common Market
The origin and evolution of the European Common Market upto 1960.
Suggested Books Reading Title: An Intellectual History of Modern Europe Author name: Stromberg, R.N. Title: A History of Modern World Author name: Palmer, R.
Title: A History of Modern Title: Europe Since 1815 France 1871-1962 Author name: Craig, G.A. Author Name: Cobban, Afred Title: Europe in the Title: Europe in the Twentieth Nineteenth Century 1789Century 1905-1970 1905 Author name: Agatha Ramm Author name: Agatha Ramm Title: Europe Since Napoleon Title :Europe Since 1870 Author name: Thomson, D. Author name: Toll, James Title: Modern Europe in the Title: International Relations Making from the French Between the Two World Wars Revolution to the Common Author name: Carr, E.H. Market Author name: Fasal, G. Title: The Age of Progress Author name: Colins, Irene Title: The European Powers and the German Question 1948-71 Author name: Mosse, W.E. Title: The Norton History of Modern Europe Author name: Gilbert, F. Title: The History of Modern Europe 1889-1917 Author name: Nicolson, H.
Title: The Struggle for Title: The First World War Mastery in Europe 1848-1918 Author name: Taylor, A.J.P. Author name: Taylor, A.J.P. Title: The Origions of the Second World War Author name: Taylor, A.J.P. Title: The Eve of European Era 1890 to the Present Author name: Gilbirt, Felix Title: The Age of Nationalism and 1850-1890 Author name: Rich, Norman Title: Western Civilization 2 Volumes Author name: Burns, E.M. Title: The Age of Revolution and Reaction 1789-1850 Author name: Breving, Charles
USA HISTORY (Total Marks-100)
History of the USA Facts of political history from the early settlers to the present day. Questions will also be asked on economic and constitutional development of the USA. Note: Credit will be given not judgment. Suggested Books Reading Title: America at 1750, A Social Portrait Author name: Hofstadter, Richard only for precise presentation of facts but also for sound critical Title: A Pocket History of the United States Author name: Nevnis, Allan and Cammager
Title: American Foreign Policy Title: Abolitionism: A New since World War-II Perspective Author Name: Henry Sterl Author name: Sorin, Gerald Title: American Individualism: A study of its Origin and Development Pakistan Journal of American Studies Author name: Malik, Iftikhar H. Title: Encyclopaedia of American History Author name: Morris, Richard and Commager, H.S. eds. Title: Benjamin Franklin: The Father of the Yankees: Pakistan Journal of American Studies Author name: Malik, Iftikhar H. Title :Evolution of Muslim Community in the US: Journal of Research Society of Pakistan No. 2 Author name: Malik, Iftikhar H.
Title: Iran, Turkey and Title: Family Encyclopaedia of Afghanistan: A Political American History Chronology Author name: Ziring, Lawrence Title: Main Currents in American History Author name: Perrington, Vernon Title: The Americans: The Colonial Experience Author name: Boorstin, David J. Title: The United States Author name: Hofstadter, Richard et. al. Title: Paved with Good Intentions, The American experience and Iran Author name: Rubin, Bary Title: The Americans: The National Experience Author name: Boorstin, David J. Title: The American Constitution Author name: Pritchet, Herman
Title: United States Pakistan Title: The United States and Relations, “US Pakistan Pakistan Relations: A Historical Author name: Tahir-Khali, Perspective on Cross-Cultural Shirin Dialogue”, in Rais A. Khan ed Title: US China Relations: A Study in Imperialism “Strategic Studies” Author name: Malik Iftikhar H. Title: White Man’s Burden: Historical Origins of Racism in the United States Author name: Jordon, Winthrop D.
Title: Out of our Past: The Title: The American Forces that shaped Modern Constitution: Its origins and America Development Author name: Degler, Carl N.Author name: Kelly, Alfred H
Title: Making America: The Society and Culture of the United States Author name: Luedtke, Luther, S.
LAW (Total Marks-200) Paper I (Marks - 100) Civil Procedure Code, Contract Act and Law of Torts. Paper II (Marks - 100) Qanun-e-Shahadat 1984, Code of Criminal Procedure and Panel Code. Suggested Books Reading Title: Criminal Procedure Code Title: Law of Torts Author name: Shaukat Author name: Choudhry, A. Mahmud M. Title: Pakistan Panel Code Author Name: Shaukat Mahmud Title: The Law of Contract Author name: Dr. M. A. Mannan Title: Qanun-e-Shahadat Author name: 1984 Title: The Civil Procedure Code Author name: Aamir Raza
CONSTITUTIONAL LAW (Total Marks-100) Constitutional Law: Principles of Constitutional Law with special reference to United Kingdom, United States of America, France, Former Union of Soviet Socialist Republic, Pakistan and India. Suggested Books Reading Title: Constitution of Pakistan Author name: Monir, M. Title: Constitutional Development of Pakistan Author name: Choudhry, A. G.
Title: Introduction to the Title: Governments and Parties Study of the Law of the in Continental Europe Constitution Author Name: Lowell, A. L. Author name: Dicey MERCANTILE LAW (Total Marks-100) Mercantile Law: The main principles of law relating to Agreements; Contracts; Bailment; Pledge; Sale of Goods Act; Agency; Partnership Act; Indemnity and Guarantee; Negotiable Instruments Act; Companies Ordinance 1984; Contract Act; Life, Fire and Marine Insurances, Law of Arbitration. Suggested Books Reading Title: A Manual of Mercantile Title: A Hand Book of Company Law Law Author name: Hashmi, I.R. & Author name: Choudhry A. M. Latif Ahmed Title: Contract Act Title: Insurance Law Author Name: Mannan, M. A. Author name: Farani Title: Negotiable Instruments Act Author name: Khergermvala Title: Arbitration Act., 1940 Title: Sales of Goods and Partnership Acts Author name: Pollock and Mulla
MUSLIM LAW AND JURISPRUDENCE (Total Marks-100) 1. The Islamic Law as administered in Pakistan. 2. Principals of Islamic Jurisprudence. Candidates will be expected to show some familiarity with the original sources. Suggested Books Reading Title: Principles of Mohammadan Law Author name: Mulla, D. F. Title: The Principles of Mohammadan Jurisprudence Author name: Sir Abdul Rahim
INTERNATIONAL LAW (Total Marks-100) International Law: Public International Law, Important cases decided by the permanent court of International Justice, the International Court of Justice and U.N.O., Law of the Sea. Suggested Books Reading Title: Public International Law Author name: Brownlie Title: UN Convention on Law of the Sea 1984 Title: Territorial Waters and Maritime Zones Act., 1976
INTERNATIONAL RELATIONS (Total Marks-100) Suggested Books Reading Title: International Politics Author name: K.J. Holsti Title: World Politics : An Introduction Author Name: James N. Rosenau Title: Politics Among Nations Author name: Hans Morgenthan Title: An Introduction to International Politics Power and Justice Author name: Theodor Contobius and Thomas Wolfe
PHILOSOPHY (Total Marks-200) PAPER - I (Marks - 100) LOGIC 1. Formal and informal arguments: Elements of deductive reasoning; validity and truth: Proposition and syllogism. 2. Definition with special reference to Aristotle, Ibn-e-Taimya's Criticism of Aristotle; Relativity of definition: Ambiguity; vagueness and emotive use of language as impediments in clear thinking: Fallacies – formal, material and linguistic. 3. Symbolic Logic: value of special symbols, symbols for conjunction, Negation, Disjunction and Implication, Method of Deduction: Formal proofs of validity, Rules of Replacement. 4. The nature of scientific theory: Scientific method; Inquiry at common sense level and scientific level; Scientific explanation; The grounds of belief: induction, probability and functional analysis. 5. Muslim contribution to Logic - inductive and deductive.
PAPER - II (Marks -100) PHILOSOPHY - WESTERN AND ISLAMIC 1. Idealism, Pragmatism, Vitalism Logical Positivism, Existentialism and Dialectical Materialism: The main arguments of these Philosophical theories and their impact on life and morals. 2. Muslim Rationalists and Social Thinkers-Al-Farabi, Ibn-i-Sina, Ibn-i-Rushd, and Ibn-i-Khaldun: their main doctrines. 3. Schools of Muslim Theology - Mutazilism, Ash’ arism, Sufism Al-Ghazali (his Ethics and Criticism of Muslim Rationalists). 4. Muslim thought in South Asia with special reference to Shah Wali Ullah. Sayyid hmad Khan and Iqbal and Post-Iqbalian Thought.
Suggested Books Reading Title: A Modern Introduction Title: A History of Philosophical to Metaphysics Systems Author name: Drenon D.A. Author name: Firm, Vergilius Title: Aqliyyat-e-Ibn-eTaimya (Urdu) Author Name: Maulana Muhammad Hanif Nadvi Title: Critical Thinking Author name: Blank, Max Title: A Modern Introduction to Logic Author name: Stebbing, L.S.
Title: History of Muslim Philosophy Vol. I & II Author name: Sharif, M.M Title: History of Modern Title :Human Knowledge, Its Philosophy Scope and Limits Author name: Wright, W.K. Author name: Russel, B. Title: History of Islamic Title: Introduction to Philosophy Philosophy Author name: Patrick G.T.W. Author name: Fakhri, Majid
Title: Iqbal and Post-Kantian Title: Introduction to Logic Voluntarism Author name: Copi, I.M. Author name: Dar, B.A. Title: Logic Postivism Author name: Qadir, C.A. Title: Reconstruction of Religious Thought in Islam Author name: Iqbal, M. Title: Types of Philosophy Author name: Mocking, W.E. Title: Philosophical Analysis< Author name: Urmson, J.O. Title: Types and Problems of Philosophy Author name: Mead, H.
PSYCHOLOGY INCLUDING EXPERIMENTAL PSYCHOLOGY (Total Marks-200) Paper – I (Marks-100) 1. Definition and scope of Psychology: Psychology as a science of behavior, Schools and Systems of Psychology, Recent trends in Psychology. 2. Nervous System: Structure and functions of cells, Central and Peripheral Nervous System, Endocrine system. 3. Learning: Conditioning — classical and operant Reinforcement, Avoidance conditioning, Extinction, Discrimination learning, imprinting, Theories of learning, Verbal learning, Probability learning, Concept leaning, Perceptual learning, Transfer and interference, Motivational factors in learning, Readiness and individual differences in learning. 4. Nature of motives and emotions: Homeostasis, Biogenic and social Motives, Measurement of human motivation. Theories of motivation - Maslow, Lewin and Freud, Theories of emotion Role of endocrine glands, frustration and conflict. 5. Nature of perceptual organization Perception of distance, Movement, Space. Depth, color, Perceptual constancy, Effect of learning and motivation on perception. Senses viz. vision hearing and other senses, Perception and sensation, Determinations of perception (Needs, attitudes, sets, values, personality traits, emotional states, suggestion etc.). 6. Nature and determinants of personality Factors in development of personality, Theories of personality, trait and types, Freudain, Neo Freudain, Murry, Allport, Cauel, Types of personality tests and their rationale. 7. Socialization: Society and personality, Formation of opinions and attitudes, Prejudice. 8. Structure and Functions of Group, Role status relations, Group norms, Group solidarity, Intergroup tension, International tension.
PAPER- II (Marks – 100) 1. Meaning, phases and characteristics of Growth, development and Maturation, Methods of developmental psychology, Biological and socio cultural factors, Importance of Developmental psychology, Broad approaches to the study of children. 2. Pre-natal development and infancy: Genetic Factors, Hereditary transmission and chromosomal abnormality, Stages. Developmental irregularities, Psychological and physical characteristics of the infant. Methods of studying infant behavior.
3. Physical, motor and sensory development. Perceptual development, Intellectual development: Development of logical thought in early childhood. Development of concepts. Creativity. Emotional Development; patterns, characteristics. Some common emotional patterns. 4. Concept of abnormality popular and scientific. Goals of Clinical Diagnosis. Personality Assessments, Behavioral Assessment. Nature of Clinical Judgment. Sources of information in clinical diagnosis, Assessments of organisations, institutions and environment, Professional issues, The nature of professional preparation for clinical psychological work, ethical standards and legal issues. 5. Therapies Somatic therapies, environmental therapies, psycho analytic, phenomenological, existential, Gestalt, rational - emotive and cognitive Therapies, Behavior therapy and behavior modification, Group therapies. 6. Intelligence: Its nature and assessment, Mental retardation. 7. Biological and sociological factors in maladjustments and crime, Juvenile delinquency, drug addiction, alcoholic and sex offences - characteristics causation and treatment. 8. Psychoneurotic disorders, Psychosis, Character disorders, Psychosomatic disorders. 9. Industry Nature of the work situations work, vocation, personality and society. Working environment. Works methods and modern approaches. Work efficiency. Group dynamics Work incentives, Job satisfaction.
Suggested Books Reading Title: An Introduction to Psychology Author name: Wikon & Wargment Knight Title: Child & Adult Psychology Author name: Medinnus, G. Rand, V.C. Lohnson
Title: Historical Introduction Title: History and System of to Modern Psychology Psychology Author Name: Murphy, G. Author name: Sahakiam, W.S. & Koracler J.K. Title: Psychology Around the Title: Historical Roots of World Contemporary Psychology Author name: Mistak, H. & Author name: Wolman, B.B Seston Title: Psychological Testing Title :Psychotherapy & Counseling Author name: Anastasi, A. Author name: Sauakian Title: Physiological Psychology Author name: Gronmen, S.P. Title: Reading in Abnormal Psychology Author name: Allmon, Jaffe
Title: Systems & Theories in Psychology Title: Social Psychology Author name: Menor, Author name: Berkowitz, Z. M.H.D.; Hillin W.O. Title: Studies in Cross cultural Psychology Author name: Warron, N. ENGLISH LITERATURE (Total Marks-200) Paper - I (Marks 100) Detailed study of a literary age (19th century)
The paper will cover the study of English Literature from 1798 to 1900 with special reference to the works of W. Blake, Wordsworth, Shelly, Keats, Byron, Charles Lamb, Dickens, Tennyson, Robert Browning, Hardy, George Eliot, J.S. Mill, Ruskin and Oscar Wilde. Evidence of first-hand reading will be required. The paper will be designed to test not only the candidate’s knowledge of the prescribed authors works but also their understanding of the main literary trends during the period. Questions having a bearing on the social and cultural background of the Period also be included.
Paper - II (Marks 100) The paper will require first hand knowledge of the text prescribed as well as general awareness of the authors major works, and will be designed to test the candidates critical ability. 1. Shakespeare : Hamlet 2. Swift : Gulliver's Travels 3. Jane Austen : Pride and Prejudice 4. Shaw : Pygmalion 5. Yeats : The Second Coming, Sailing to Byzantium, Among School children 6. T. S. Eliot : The Waste Land 7. D. H. Lawrence : Sons & Lovers 8. Earnest Hemingway : Old Man & The Sea 9. Samuel Backet : Waiting for Godot 10. Robert Frost : The Pasture, Revelation, The Tuft of Flowers, After Apple Picking, Mending Wall, The Road Not Taken, An Old Man’s Winter Night, Birches, Fire and Ice, Stopping by Woods, West running brook, Desert Places.
Suggested Books Reading Title: After Strange Gods Author name: Eliot T. S. Title: Common Pursuit Author Name: Leavis F. R. Title: Dickens, the Novelist Author name: Leavis F. R. Title: A Guide to English Literature Author name: Ford, B. Pelican series 7 Vols. Title: D. H. Lawrence Author name: Leavis F. R.
Title: Gulliver and the Gentle Reader Author name: Rowson, C.J. Title :History of English Title: George Eliot: The Critical Literature Heritage Author name: Legouis and Author name: Carol D. (ed) Cazamian Title: History of English Literature Author name: Hudson Title: Hardy; The Critical Heritage Author name: Cox, R.G. (ed) Title: Lawrence Author name: Kermode, F. Title: Robert Browning Author name: Amstrange, J. (ed) Title: Shakespeare’s Later Title: Hardy, The Novelist Author name: Cecil, D. Title: In Memoriam in Essay Ancient and Modern Author name: Eliot, T.S. Title: Romantic Poetry Author name: Abrahams, M.H. Title: Swift Author name: Steel, P. Preacher and Jester Title: The World of Swift
Comedies; An anthology of Author name: Vickers, B. Modern Criticism (ed) Author name: Palmer, D.J. (ed) Title: The Art of Swift Author name: Probyn, C.T. Title: The Love Ethics of Lawrence Author name: Silk, M. Title: The Last Romantics Author name: Hough, G. Title: The 19th Century Background Author name: Basil Willey Title: The Odes of Keats Author name: Holloway, T. Camb Title: Tennyson: The Critical Heritage Author name: Jump, J.D. Title: Use of Poetry and Use of Criticism Author name: Eliot, T.S. Title: The Romantics Image Author name: Kermode, F. Title: The Dark Sun, a study of Lawrence Author name: Hough, Graham Title: The Lonely Tower Studies in the Poetry of Yeats Author name: Henna, T.R. Title: The Wheel of Fire Author name: Knight, G. Willson Title: The Great Tradition Author name: Leavis, F.R Title: Tennyson Author name: Ricks, C. Title: The Poetry of Browning Author name: Drew, P. Title: 20th Century Views Author name: Abrahams, M.H.