FEDERAL GOVT.

GRADES 16 & 17 RECRUITMENT COMPETITIVE EXAMINATION, 1971 GENERAL KNOWLEDGE PAPER III PAKISTAN AFFAIRS Time allowed: 3 hours Maximum marks: 100 Note: Answer any five questions. All questions carry equal marks. 1. What is Pakistan Ideology? 2. Discuss the fundamental principles of Pakistan Foreign Policy. 3. What are the advantages and disadvantages of foreign economic aid? 4. Write an essay on the genesis of Pakistan Movement. 5. Analyse the Farakka Barrage Dispute. 6. Explain the highlights of the Aligarh Movement launched by Sir Syed Ahmad Khan 7. Discuss the circumstances that led to action on the part of Pakistan Army in East Pakistan.

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EXAMINATION, 1972 GENERAL KNOWLEDGE PAPER III PAKISTAN AFFAIRS Time allowed: 3 hours Maximum marks: 100 Note: Answer any five questions. All questions carry equal marks. 1. Explain clearly the concept of Islamic Socialism. 2. Discuss in detail the importance of any two of the following: a) R.C.D., b) CENTO. c) The Simla Agreement. 3. What would you suggest to check the influx of the rural population into the urban areas? 4. Discuss the effects of the TV upon the character of our children. 5. What advantages do you expect from the Integrated Rural Development Programme 6. Identify the tendencies adversely affecting our ‘national cohesion’. Suggest measure to combat them. 7. Write short notes on any two of the following: a) The Khilafat Movement. b) The Lahore Resolution of 1940. c) The dissolution of the First Constituent Assembly.

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EXAMINATION, 1973 GENERAL KNOWLEDGE PAPER III PAKISTAN AFFAIRS Time allowed: 3 hours Maximum marks: 100 Note: Attempt any five questions. All questions carry equal marks. 1. Do you agree or disagree with the statement that “The Foreign Policy of Pakistan has been the same as it was formulated by the ft t Foreign Minister”? While supporting your reply give at Least three concrete examples from history to prove your point of view. 2. What have been the consequences of devaluation of the Pakistan Rupee on the economic development of Pakistan. Give suggestions to utilise this devaluation to the best interest of the country. 3. Describe the historical events leading to Referendum and inclusion of NWFP in Pakistan. 4. How far has the economic aid been useful in the recipient developing countries of Asia? Give a critical analysis of the problem. 5. What is the basis of the new relationship between Iran and Pakistan? Discuss with reference to the strategy in the Persian Gulf. 6. Give a critical appreciation of Indo-Pakistan relations between 1962 and 1965. 7. Comment on the statement, “The revolution of the 20th Century claims to base itself on Economics, but it is primarily political and ideological”. (Camus) 8. Describe the role of any four of the regional alliances: i) CENTO, ii) European Security Plan, iii) Asian Security Plan, iv) Russian-American Detente, v) R.C.D, vi) Commonwealth Affairs.

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EXAMINATION, 1974 GENERAL KNOWLEDGE PAPER III PAKISTAN AFFAIRS Time allowed: 3 hours Maximum marks: 100 Note: Attempt any five questions. All questions carry equal marks. 1. What is your concept of an Islamic State? To what extentdoes the present Constitution of Pakistan ensure the Islamic character of the State? 2. Discuss the role of the Bureaucracy in the moral and material progress of Pakistan. 3. What are the salient features of the educational policy of the present Government? How far has it been a success? 4. Discuss the causes of the inflationary tendency in Pakistan. Do you consider it inevitable? 5. Assess the importance of Pakistan’s relations with China for theForeign Policy of Pakistan as a whole. 6. Have Family Planning Project been successful in Pakistan” If not, why not, why not? 7. Examine the political and economic consequences of the secession of East Pakistan. 8. Who’s Who/What's What? (Answer briefly): a) Baba-i-Urdu b) C.R. Formula c) Jaurian d) PL 480 e) Durand Line f) Tarbela Dam g) Tashkent Declaration h) UPI i) Pakistan Hilal-e-Ahmar j) Rann of Kutch

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EXAMINATION, 1975 GENERAL KNOWLEDGE PAPER III PAKISTAN AFFAIRS Time allowed: 3 hours Maximum marks: 100 Note: Attempt any five questions. All questions have equal marks. 1. Define the historic personality of Pakistan in terms of: a) history of its geographic territory, b) historical heritage, c) cultural heritage. 2. Discuss the contribution of the Civil Service of Pakistan to the building up of the country? Why has it been necessary to change its character? 3. Discuss the various measures adopted to bring reforms in. the agricultural Sector in respect of: a) distribution of agricultural lands, b) improvement of agricultural produce, c) better use of agricultural labour. 4. Is inflation related to the price of oil? How has it affected the economy of Pakistan? 5. Discuss the pros and cons of the introduction of nationalisation in the country? How far has it affected the economy of the country? 6. Discuss the labour reforms introduced by the present Government. How far have they helped: a) to improve the labour condition, b) to give incentive for higher labour productivity? 7. What is the meaning of bilateralism? How far has its adoption changed the Foreign Policy of Pakistan” 8. Who’s Who/What’s What? (Answer briefly): a) Tuti-e-Shakar-Maqala b) SEATO c) Baghdad Pact d) Mangla 5

e) Salinity f) Brahui g) Kalash h) Bhitshah i) Rahman Baba j) Simla Agreement

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EXAMINATION, 1976 GENERAL KNOWLEDGE PAPER III PAKISTAN AFFAIRS Time allowed: 3 hours Maximum marks: 100 Note: Attempt any five questions. All questions have equal marks, 1. Trace the history of the Muslim League in the post-Independence period. What are the causes of its decline and disintegration? 2. What are the commonfactors in the “three Constitutions” framed in Pakistan? How far do they meet the political situation occurring in these periods? 3. Discuss the Central structure of the Government of Pakistan from the following points of view: i) Bureaucratic Machinery ii) Recruitment policy iii) Structure and development programmes. 4. What different role the private sectorand public sector have played in the development of the country? On which sector would you rely more for the future growth of the country? 5. What are the problems involved in the labour export of Pakistan? What arrangement has the Government of Pakistan made in this connection? 6. What fundamental changes have been made in the Education Policy by the present Government? How far has the policy been implemented? What is its effect on the general educational standard? 7. How far Islam has been a governing factor in formulating the Foreign Policy of Pakistan? Examine this in the historic reality of Pakistan’s relations with the Arab World. 8. Who’s Who/What’s What? (Answer briefly): a) Quaid-i-Azam's parentage and forefathers. b) Quaid-i-Azam’s school education. c) Quaid-i-Azam and his family including the question of his marriage. d) Quaid-i-Azam as a lawyer. e) Quaid-i-Azam as a political apprentice. f) Quaid-i-Azam as an ambassador of Hindu-Muslim unity.

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g) Quaid-i-Azam and Fourteen Points. b) Quaid-i-Azam and Round Table Conference. i) Quaid-i-Azam and Cripps’ Mission. j) Quaid-i-Azam and Lahore Resolution.

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EXAMINATION, 1977 GENERAL KNOWLEDGE PAPER III PAKISTAN AFFAIRS Time allowed: 3 hours Maximum marks: 100 Note: Attempt any five questions. All questions carry equal marks. I. Give the natural regions of the hill zones of Pakistan and state the means of livelihood of thepeople. 2. What arc the natural conditions of Balochistan? How have they been utilized by the different stocks of people living there? 3. In the opinion of some political scientists agitational politics has been the running theme in the thirty years of the history of Pakistan. Do you agree? Give reasons for your answer. 4. “It is the personality that has been the moving spirit behind the political changes inPakistan”. Discuss in depth. 5. What has been the consequence of recent nationalisation in Pakistan? Discuss in the perspective of the economic condition in the country. 6. Do you think there has been industrial retardation in Pakistan? Discuss in the perspective of the economic condition in the country. 7. What has been the role of the army in the stability of the country? Do you think that there should be a Constitutional provision for their active place in the performance of this act? What proposals would you like to make? 8. Discuss the provisions of autonomy as provided in the last Constitutions of Pakistan. Are they sufficient guarantee for the development of the regional groups? 9. Discuss the role of the political parties in pre-1958 history of Pakistan. 10. Who’s Who/What’s What? (Answer briefly): a) Iqbal's parentage and ancestry. b) Iqbal’s education. c) Iqbal's marriages and his children. d) lqbaFs poetic works in Urdu. e) lqbal’s poetic works in Persian. f) lqbal’s prose work and its place in the history of Muslim philosophy. g) Iqbal as a member of the Punjab Legislative Assembly. h) lqbal’s address at the Allahahad session of the All India Muslim League. i) Iqbal at the Round Table Conference. j) Iqhal’s letters to Quaid-i-Azam M. A. Jinnah..

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EXAMINATION, 1978 GENERAL KNOWLEDGE PAPER III PAKISTAN AFFAIRS Time allowed: 3 hours Maximum marks: 100 Note: Attempt any five questions, each worth twenty marks. 1. The Muslims claimed to be separate nation, having nothing in common with the Hindu majority except accident of living in the same country. Comment. 20 2. Sir Sayyid had maintained that Islam was not inimical to liberal progress. Amir Ali presented an Islam that is that progress. Comment. 20 3. He (The Quaid-c-Azam) has an ascetic appearance. and the first impression he made was of cold but brilliant intensity, lie never suffered fools gladly and disdained the tricks of the politicians that win easy popularity. In view of this statement, assess the character and the leadership qualities of the Father of the Nation. 20 4. a) What is the significance of 1)1193 ii) 145 1-1526 iii) 1556-1605 iv) 1875. 5 b) i) Importance of 1909 Morley Minto Reforms ii) importance of 1912 Partition of Bengal. 5 c) i) List down the three separate points of view of the British policy towards India from 1830-1947. 5 ii) Where God commands, I am a Muslim first, a Muslim second and a Muslim last and nothing but a Muslim. Answer i) Who made this statement ii) Give dates spanning his life. 2 1t2 iii) There is now scarcely a government office in Calcutta in which a Mohammedan can hope for any post above the rank of porter, messenger, filler of inkpots and mender of pens. Give the name of the author of this statement, the book and the date. 2 112 5. The armed forces must receive political education and understand economic affairs, and foreign relations, they should refrain from active participation in politics. Soldierpoliticians may have a limited success but prolonged military rules come to ignominious ends. Comment. 20

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6. Pakistan, like many other new nations is marked by horizontal and vertical cleavages in its social structure. On the horizontal level, linguistic, ethnic and regional diversities create problems in the political system. On the vertical level, there is a wide gap between the westernised elite and the illiterate masses, between the rich and the poor. Comment. 20 7. It is alleged that the Civil Service in Pakistan helped to promote corruption, inefficiency andselfishness. Critically assess the truth of this statement. 20 8. A balanced economy is a prerequisite for a stable political order. Comment. 20 9. It is said that a foreign policy is the projection of the internal politics of a country. Comment. 20

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EXAMINATION, 1979 GENERAL KNOWLEDGE PAPER III PAKISTAN AFFAIRS Time allowed: 3 hours Maximum marks: 100 Note: Attempt any five questions. All questions carry equal marks. 1. In Pakistan politics has always been dominated not by political parties or institutions. but by individual leaders? Could you give any reasons for that? 2. What do you understand by the Proportional Representation Scheme? How would it facilitate or hamper the process of democratisaton in the country? Discuss. 3. What are major economic problems confronting Pakistan? What measures do you propose to overcome these? 4. Moral, Social and Economic values in Pakistan have undergone a change as a consequence of the “Dubai Phenomena” or employment opportunities in the Middle East” Do you agree with it? S. Do you think that Karakoram Highway has ushered in a new era in the Social and Economic life of the people of the Northern Areas? If so. identify and explain seine of these changes. 6. It has been said that Pakistan would have come into being, even without the leadership of Quaid-i-Azam Mohammad Ali Jinnah. Would you agree with it? 7. Indus river system is the life-line of Pakistan’s agriculture? Discuss. 8. It is said that in Pakistan Armed Forces are the only integrative force in the country. Would you agree? 9. Geography conditions the foreign policy of a State, this being so, what kind of Foreign Policy do you visualise for Pakistan in 1980s? 10. Be precise in your answer. a) What is the main substance of Simla Agreement? b) When was One Unit created and when was it dismembered? c) Where is Durand Line and when was it created? d) On which rivers the following dams arc located? i) Hub Dam ii) Tarbela Dam iii) Warsak Dam iv) Mangla Dam. e) For the 1970 General Elections a legal framework order was created. What were its major points? f) Who was Sardar Abdw Rab Nishtar? g) Can you name any three books of Allama Iqbal? 12

h) Where did Mr. Jinnah present his famous “Fourteen Points” ? i) What was the main substance of Rowlatt Act?

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EXAMINATION, 1980 GENERAL KNOWLEDGE PAPER III PAKISTAN AFFAIRS Time allowed: 3 hours Maximum marks: 100 Note: Attempt any five questions. All questions carry equal marks. I. Without Quaid-i-Azam’s dynamic leadership, the Muslims of South Asia would never have achieved a separate state of their own”. Discuss. 2. It is often said that both the Parliamentary and the Presidential systems have failed inPakistan. Critically analyse the statement and suggest a suitable political system for Pakistan. 3. Discuss the natural conditions of Northern Areas of Pakistan. How have they been utilized by the people living there. 4. Critically evaluate the origins of Kashmir dispute. 5. What role would you assign to women in Muslim Society? Discuss in the light of Pakistani society. 6. Has bureaucracy played a positive role in nation-building process in Pakistan? 7. What induced Pakistan to join the South East Asia Treaty Organisation (SEATO) and the Central Treaty Organisation (CENTO) and what forced her to leave these defence alliances? 8. Why is the year 1963 considered to be a milestone in Pakistan-Chinese relations? 9. Highlight the major problems confronting the agriculturist in Pakistan and what measures would you suggest to overcome? 10. Write short notes on any two of the following: a) Liaquat Ali Khan b) Radcliff Award c) Husain Shaheed Suharwardy d) Cash Crops of Pakistan e) APWA f) Rann of Kutch War 1965 g) The Menace of Beggars in Pakistan h) Islamic Foreign Ministers’ Conference (May 1980) i) Salal Dam Agreement j) Pakistan Cricket Team’s last tour of India.

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EXAMINATION, 1981 GENERAL KNOWLEDGE PAPER III PAKISTAN AFFAIRS Time allowed: 3 hours Maximum marks: 100 Note: Attempt any five questions. All questions carry equal marks. 1. Why do we have a traditional of agitation, protest and demonstration in Pakistan and not of a smooth democratic change? Analyse. 2. Suppose you are asked by the Government of Pakistan to present a proposal identifying the problems of National Integration and suggesting their possible solutions. Give examples. 3. Pakistani culture combines the seemingly paradoxical characteristics of Diversity and Unity. Do you agree. Give examples. 4. Write a short essay on “The impact of Mechanised Farming in Pakistan.” 5. What in your view were the most significant causes of the breakdown of the constitutional process in Pakistan on any one of the following occasions: a) October, 1958 b) March, 1969 c) July, 1977 6. What are the major economic problems confronting Pakistan? What measures do you propose to overcome these? 7. Why was One Unit created and why was it dismembered? 8. Discuss the role played by Allama Mohammad Iqbal in the awakening of Muslim India. 9. What are the reasons behind the strong political influence of bureaucracy and the military in Pakistan” Explain briefly. 10. Write short notes on any two of the following: a) Chaudhri Mohammad Ali b) 1965 War between Pakistan and India c) The Pakistan Resolution d) The Day of Deliverance e) Pakistan Writers’ Guild f) The significance of the 14th August g) The process of Islamization of Pakistan h) The Waliullah Movement i) The Two Nations Theory.

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EXAMINATION, 1982 GENERAL KNOWLEDGE PAPER III PAKISTAN AFFAIRS Time allowed: 3 hours Maximum marks: 100 Note: Attempt any five questions. All questions carry equal marks. 1. What is Islamic interpretation of nation and nationality and how much Pakistani concept of ideology receives strength from it? 2. What was in principle the form of monarchy during the Muslim rule in the subcontinent and how did it differ with the rise of the Mughal power in India? 3. Compare the roles of Aligarh and Deoband institutions in the Muslim awakening in the sub-continent: how far did they differ in their approaches towards the British? 4. What are the determinant of the foreign policy of a country? How lar did they affect the growth and development of the current foreign policy of Pakistan. 5. Trace out the relationship between the Muslim community of India and the people of Afghanistan. Why could this harmony not be maintained after 1947. 6. A nation ought to have certain characteristics. What characteristics in general do you notice as a nation in the people of Pakistan. 7. Give an account of the trade relations between Pakistan and the People’s Republic of China. How far the Chinese economic assistance programme to Pakistan is effective? 8. R.C.D. though purely economic was considered political in international circles. Make an assessment of its performance in the past and its prospects for the future. 9. What are the pre-requisites of “Democracy”. Why has it not made much headway in Pakistan. 10. Write short notes on any three of the following: i) Ubaidullah Sindhi ii) Tarbela Dam iii) Fall of East Pakistan iv) Afghan Refugees in Pakistan v) Rupee-Dollar Delink.

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EXAMINATION, 1983 GENERAL KNOWLEDGE PAPER III PAKISTAN AFFAIRS Time allowed: 3 hours Maximum marks: 100 Note: Attempt five questions only including Question No. 1 which is compulsory. All questions carry equal marks. 1. Fill in the blanks: 20 i) The total area of Pakistan is ______ out of which ______ percent is covered by Balochistan Province. ii) The recent total population of Pakistan is out of which percent lives in urban areas. iii) There are ______ Divisions in Pakistan and districts in the State of Azad Jammu and Kashmir. iv) The boundary between Pakistan and Afghanistan measures about______ and — v) The State of Azad Jammu and Kashmir contains — of total area and ______ of total population. vi) Two most important western tributaries of River Indus are and _____ _ vii)The first Muslim Educational institution was founded in ______ by Sir Syed Ahmad Khan by the name of _i_ viii) Muslim League was founded in by ix) The pamphlet issued in England in _______ demanding national status for the northwest of Indian subcontinent with the name of Pakistan was entitled ______ _ x) Members of the cabinet mission included ______ and ______ _ xi) According to the agreement of division of assets of British India, Pakistan was to receive _________ percent of the joint assets. xii)Quaid-e-Azam died on __________ and Mr. Liaquat Ali Khan was assassinated on xiii) The GNP increased in Pakistan from _______ in early 1970s to _________ in early 1980s. xiv) Congress and Muslim League agreed on Communal Representation and national independence in ________ and signed the famous -__xv) Rasul Barrage is built on _________ and Warsak Dam is built on _________ xvi) The title Quaid-i-Azam was coined by____________ xvii) Sind Sagar Doab is situated between rivers xviii) Two important species of trees found on the warm rainy slopes at 3000 to 5000 ft. of Murree Hills are _______ and 17

xix) Two important oil fields of Pakistan are located at ______ and ______ xx) Nation celebrates September 6th as ______ 2. Describe the factor which led to the partition of Indo-Pak sub-continent in 1947. 20 3. Why Pakistan is called an ideological State? Discuss. 20 4 Explain the salient features of the 1973 Constitution of the Islamic Republic of Pakistan. 20 5. Elucidate with, examples character and structure of the economy of Pakistan,. . 6. Discuss the religion, religious faith and practices of any two minority groups living in Pakistan. 20 7. Identify and discuss the major social problems of Pakistan and suggest their possible solutions. 20 8. Critically examine the impact of Afghanistan crisis on Pakistan’s security environment. 20 9. Discuss new trends in Indo-Pakistan relations in the light of respective proposals for

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No-War Pact and Treaty of Peace and Friendship. 10. Write notes on any two of the following: 20 a) Indus Waters Treaty. b) U.S. Economic Aid to Pakistan. c) South-Asian Regional Co-operation (SAARC) d) Pakistan’s Foreign Policy towards NAM.

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EXAMINATION, 1984 GENERAL KNOWLEDGE PAPER III PAKISTAN AFFAIRS Time allowed: 3 hours Maximum marks: 100 Note: Attempt any five questions. All questions carry equal marks. 1. In Pakistan we have been trying to organize society on the basis of Islamic principles. Explain what will be the shape of economic system in such a polity? 2. What peculiar qualities of character made Quaid-i-Azam successful in his struggle for Pakistan? 3. The nature of federation has been a matter of serious concern in our politics. What would you suggest to synthesize the need for an effective center with the urge for maximum autonomy? 4. Give a brief account of Pakistan’s contribution towards unity among Muslim nations. 5. In view of threats from India and danger from the Soviet-controlled Afghanistan what are our foreign policy options. 6. What would you suggest to cope with employment situation after our labour force returns from abroad? 7. Assess Pakistan’s prospects in the field of oil and gas production. 8. Suggest measures to improve the status of women in our society. 9. Point out the causes of deteriorating standards of our games and sports. Suggest remedies. 10. Discuss some of the measures taken by the present government to ensure accountability of public servants.

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EXAMINATION, 1985 GENERAL KNOWLEDGE PAPER III PAKISTAN AFFAIRS Time allowed: 3 hours Maximum marks: 100 Note: Attempt five questions only including Question No. 1 which is compulsory. All questions carry equal marks. 1. Give short answers of the following: a) When was the partition of Bengal annulled? b) Who was the President of the London Muslim League? c) Who presided over the annual session of the All India Muslim League in 1930? d) What portfolio was held by Liaquat Ali Khan in the Interim Government? e) What is the name of the second highest peak in Pakistan? f) What is the largest foreign exchange earning source of Pakistan” g) Name any one language spoken in Northern Areas. h) When was Pakistani rupee delinked from US dollar? 1) Who is the author of ‘Emergence of Pakistan’? j) What is the original title of 'Mosadis-i-Hali. k) Who was the editor of 'Tehzib-ul-Akhlaq. 1) Who was the writer of ‘Shah Nama-i-Islam m) Write the names of two classes writer in the regional languages of Pakistan. a) Name the first major dam built in Pakistan. o) When was the Indus Basin Treaty signed? P) Who was leader of Pakistan delegation in Bandung Conference? q) In what year the Boundary Agreement between Pakistan and the People’s Republic of China was signed? r) Which country opposed Pakistan’s entry in the UN? s) Who was the fourth Governor General of Pakistan? t) Name the pass which links Pakistan with the People’s Republic of China. 2. What were the man proposals of the Cabinet Mission? Why did it fail? 3. Discuss the two major problems faced by the Government of Pakistan soon after independence. 4. Discuss the significance of the Objectives Resolution in the constitutional history of 5. What are the factors that have deterred agricultural development in Pakistan at the desired pace? 6. Discuss the steps taken by Pakistan to Islamic its economic system. 7. Discuss the impact of foreign remittances on the socio-cultural values in Pakistan 21

8. How far ideology has influenced the foreign policy of Pakistan? 9. Our education system has failed to meet the needs of the world of work. Comment. 10. Write notes on any two of the following: i) Federal Shariat Court ii) Ansari Commission Report. in) Nuclear Progranunc of Pakistan. iv) Karachi Steel Mills.

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EXAMINATION, 1986 GENERAL KNOWLEDGE PAPER HI PAKISTAN AFFAIRS Time allowed: 3 hours Maximum marks: 100 Note: Answer any five questions. All questions carry Equal Marks: 1. What is the ideology of Pakistan? Discuss. 2. "Syed Ahmad's role in the Muslim political awakening must be prefaced with the statement that he was neither a politician nor a political leader. He was essentially a socialreformer and his panacea for all the ills of his community was education.” Discuss. 3. Write notes on: a) Lucknow Pact of 1916 b) Khilafat Movement. 4. What do you understand by the Two Nations Theory? Discuss. 5. Write a critical note on the Kashmir issue. 6. “The Ninth Constitutional Amendment lays the basis for complete Islamisation in the country.” Discuss. 7. What are the major problems being faced by the rural population in Pakistan? How far are these covered by the current 5-year Plan? 8. What are the social, economic and political consequences of unchecked population growth? Discuss in the context of Pakistan. 9. Identify the problems of national integration, and suggest steps for its promotion. 10. Analyse the factors which stand in the way of fuller cooperation amongst Muslimcountries. Suggest concrete steps to hasten tl-e process.

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EXAMINATION, 1987 GENERAL KNOWLEDGE PAPER III PAKISTAN AFFAIRS Time allowed: 3 hours Maximum marks: 100 Note: Attempt five questions only including Question No. 1, which is compulsory. All questions carry equal marks. 1. .Fill in the blanks: i) Quran was for the first time translated in Urdu by ii) In the Sub-continent Suhrawardiyah Silsalah was founded by ______ iii) Haji Shariatullah founded the _________ Movement in Bengal. iv)The total area of Pakistan is ________ sq kilometers. v)The main river of Balochistan Plateau is _____ _ vi) The Standard time of Pakistan is the local time of______ _ vii)“____________ “was written by____________ . viii) The height of K2 is _____ _ 4. Syed Ahmad Khan, Allama lqbal and Jinnah shifted from unity-stance to separatism. Elucidate. 5. What solid steps would you suggest to pull Pakistan out of factionalism? Why? 6. Identify, beside ideology, other factors which were responsible for the creation of Pakistan. 7. Suggest practical measures for Pakistan to take in order to cohesify Muslim world for putting flesh on the shiny body of OIC for turning it into a force to reckon with. 8. Compare and contrast Pakistan’s Afghan Policy with that of its, Kashmir Policy. 9. What would you do with the natural resources, agriculture, industry manpower and export and import to turn it into a rich country. 10. Evaluate the efforts for promulgation of Islamic System in Pakistan.

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EXAMINAXION, 1989 GENERAL KNOWLEDGE PAPER III PAKISTAN AFFAIRS Time allowed: 3 hours Maximum marks: 100 Note: Attempt any Five questions, All questions carry equal marks. I. Make a critical apparaisal of Shah Wali-ullah’s efforts for the revival of Muslim rule in India. How far he was successful in his mission? 2. Evaluate the contribution of Sir Syed Ahmed Khan towards the growth of Muslim Nationalism in this sub-continent. 3. Identify and evaluate the salient features of the’ Lucknow Pact of 1916. 4. Why did Quaid-i-Azam change from his earlier role of the “Ambassador of Hindi Muslim unity” to the fiercest champion of the Muslim cause? Discuss. 5 Discuss the nature and purpose of the Khilafat Movement Why it failed to achieve its desired objectives? 6. Evaluate Allama Iqbal's solution of the “complex politico-religious problems of the sub-continent” in the light of his Allahabad address of 1930. 7. Discuss the fundamental principles of the Lahore Resolution. 8. Discuss the chief characteristics of tribal’, rural and urban societies in Pakistan. 9 Discuss the role of natural resources in the economic development of Pakistan 10. Explain the geographical background to the development of irrigation in the Indus Plain and discuss the agricultural problems which have resulted from the development of irrigation and suggest possible solution.

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EXAMINATION, 1990 GENERAL KNOWLEDGE PAPER III PAKISTAN AFFAIRS Time allowed: 3 hours Maximum marks: 100 Note: Attempt any five questions. All questions carry equal marks. 1. ‘A Strong sense of a separate identity has been one of the prominent characteristics of the Muslim community in the sub-continent’. Point out the factors that created a sense of separate identity among Indian Muslims. 2. ‘In the distressed situation Sir Syed endeavoured to make the Muslim psychologically adjusted to the new environment’. Elaborate. 3. Discuss the importance of separate Electorate in the history of Muslims’ political struggle in the sub-continent. 4.Explain what type of political system the Quaid-i-Azam had visualised for Pakistan. 5.Examine the Radcliffe Award and discuss its repercussions on the Indo-Pak relations. 6. Federalism has been a continuing cause of political tension in our country. What type of federal structure you would suggest for Pakistan? 7. ‘The failure of the cause of national integration in Pakistan and of democracy is directly attributed to the failure of its leadership —both political and intellectual’. Comment. 8. Give a brief description of the various programmes for rural development and explain why these have not succeeded in improving our rural life. 9. Write a note on the main sources of energy in our country. Suggest measures for the development. 10. Point out difficulties in the way of our scientific and technological progress. What would you suggest to overcome these difficulties.

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EXAMINATION, 1991 GENERAL KNOWLEDGE PAPER III PAKISTAN AFFAIRS Time allowed: 3 hours Maximum marks: 100 Note: Attempt any Five questions. All questions carry equal marks. 1. Briefly discuss impactof movements for reform —Sheikh Ahmed Sirhindi, Shah Wall Ullah, Aligarh, Deoband and Nadwah — on Muslims of sub Continent. 2. Separatism is, in part, outcome of Hindu reaction and attitude towards events like Hindi Urdu controversy, partition of Bengal, separate electorate and the like. Discuss. 3. Analyse political developments between Iqbal’s Allahabad address and the Lahore Resolution. 4. Evaluate political sagacity of Quaid-i-Azam demonstrated during his struggle for Pakistan. Give examples. 5. Identify issues and problems facing implementation of Islamic Ideology under contemporary environment. 6. Explain characteristics of Pakistan’s political culture discussing their relevancy to understanding of political set-up in Pakistan. 7. Pakistan’s experience with federalism is replete with grievances. Suggest effective political and constitutional measures to mollify the aggrieved. 8. Given the limited resources and international constraints, financial technological andideological, what would be your strategy to bring about meaningful and solid development inPakistan within one decade.

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EXAMINATION, 1992 GENERAL KNOWLEDGE PAPER III PAKISTAN AFFAIRS Time allowed: 3 hours Maximum marks: 100 Note: Attempt any Five questions. All questions carry equal marks. 1. Since the day Muslims set their foot in the sub-continent their concern had been to preserve their faith, their culture and their separate entity. Elaborate. 2, “Sir Syed’s contribution to Muslim renaissance in India can be summarized in one phrase andthat was the inculcation of self-confidence in his people”. Explain. 3. Discuss the developments leading the Muslims and the Congress towards parting of ways in the late twenties. 4. Do you agree with the assessment that constitutionalism remained an elementary part ofQuaid-i-Azam’s political character. Give arguments in support of your contention. 5. Explain the Objectives Resolution of 1949 and point out its significance for later politicaldevelopments. 6. Discuss population growth as a factor conditioning our social and economic development. 7. Point out main obstacles in the way of developing our energy resources. Can you suggest solutions politically acceptable to all? 8. Under the contemporary environment what should be the main features of Islamic economicsystem particularly its banking.

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EXAMINATION, 1993 GENERAL KNOWLEDGE PAPER III PAKISTAN AFFAIRS Time allowed: 3 hours Maximum marks: 100 Note: Attempt any Five questions. All questions carry equal marks. 1. Sum up the consequences of the failure of the War of Independence of 1857 with special reference to its effects on the Muslims of South Asia. 2. Sir Syed Ahmad Khan had foreseen that two nations — Muslims and Hindus could not sit on the same throne and remain equal in power. Discuss. 3. Describe the main recommendations of the Nehru Report. What was the Muslim reaction to them? 4. Do you agree with Sir Reginald Coupland’s view that Congress’s ‘totalitarian mentality’ and the attempt to coerce the Muslim League failed and the reaction of Jinnah and has followers constituted an historic turning point in the course of Indian politics? 5. What sort of changes does one detect in the belief system that is Islam and that provides an important ideological underpinning for the state in Pakistan? 6. Analyse the cause of failure of National Integration in Pakistan. 7. How far is the political instability in Pakistan due to its unstable political parties? 8. Describe briefly the geographical features and the natural resources of Pakistan.

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EXAMINATION 1994 GENERAL KNOWLEDGE PAPER III PAKISTAN AFFAIRS Time allowed: 3 hours Maximum marks: 100 Note: Answer any five questions. All questions carry equal marks. 1. Briefly analyze the contributions of Deoband, Aligarh College, and Anjuman Himayat eIslam in generating Muslim consciousness and building momentum for the creation ofPakistan. 2. Please focus on political developments in British India between 1930-1947. Would you argue Pakistan was inevitable with or without Quaid-i-Azam Mohammad Ali Jinnah. Take a position and support your argument. 3. Write a short note on any One of the following: a. Salient provisions of 1935 Act and their impact on constitution making in Pakistan. b. Objectives Resolution of 1949 and subsequent demands for Islamization. c. Message and thought of Shah Wali Ullah. 4. Geographically Pakistan is a contiguous and compact state ethnically it is rich and diverse. What are the sources of ethnic discontent in Pakistan? What measures would you suggest to promote national integration? 5. How can Pakistan achieve educational and economic development given our current rate ofpopulation growth? 6. Given the problems that Pakistan is confronted with in the year 1994, what is your vision of Pakistan in the year 2005? Be bold and imaginative, please. 7. Compare and contrast the logic of nationalization in the 1970's and privatization initiated inthe late 1980’s. Based on Pakistan’s experience why would you prefer one over the other for economic development in Pakistan? Please discuss. 8.

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in Pakistan democratic process is fragile because political parties are weak. Would youagree? What steps would you suggest to develop democratic institutions. Plcas discuss.

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EXAMINATION 1995 GENERAL KNOWLEDGE PAPER III PAKISTAN AFFAIRS Time allowed 2 hours Maximum marks: 50 Note: Attempt any Five questions. All questions carry equal marks. 1. Briefly describe the impact of Muslim rule on social conditions in the Indo-Pakistan subcontinent. 2. How did the Muslim society degenerate in the 18th century India? 3. "The Aligarh Movement brought about a renaissance amongst the Indian Muslims”. Elaborate. 4. Define Muslim “nationalism” and trace its ideological development from the Simla Deputation to the Lahore Resolution. 5. “Radcliffe’s Boundary Award was an unjust, incomprehensible and even perverse Award”. Comment. 6. Comment upon Mujeebur Rehman’s Six Points and his role in national disintegration. 7. “Foreign aid has practically been a raid on our resources”. How far do you agree? 8. Account for continuing low literacy rate in Pakistan.

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EXAMINATION 1996 GENERAL KNOWLEDGE (PAKISTAN AFFAIRS) PAPER-III Time Allowed: 3 Hours Maximum Marks: 100 Note: Attempt any FIVE questions. Be specific and to the point while answering questions, Filling pages with irrelevant material will be discredited. All questions carry equal 1. The two distinct if no conflicting trends in the intellectual life of the Muslims, one modernist led by Sir Syed Ahmed Khan and the other aimed at conserving Old Values and resisting Westernism led by Ulemas of Deoband and Nadva were reconciled and synthesized by Allama Iqbal. Discuss. 2. Analyze the credit side as well as the debit side of the Khilafat Movement. 3. Compare and contrast the Nehru Report and Quaid-i-Azam’s Fourteen Points. 4. Muslim Separatism received powerful boosts from Islamic ideology, Quaid-i-Azam’s dynamism and political sagacity and inherent Hindu bias against Muslims. Interpret events from history to support this contention. 5. In order to strike a favourable institutional balance and perpetuate their rule, Martial Law Regimes in Pakistan introduced structural chances by demolishing the existing political structure. Discuss how? 6. Privatized education with all its merits and demerits has implications for the 21st century generations of Pakistan. Examine them. 7. What impact Pakistan's geography has on the socio-economic patterns of its people's life? Comment honestly and candidly upon the politico-judicial and quasi legislative role of Pakistan's superior judiciary in the year 1996.

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FEDERAL PUBLIC SERVICE COMMISSION COMPETITIVE EXAMINATION FOR RECRUITMENT TO POSTS IN PBS-17, UNDER THE FEDERAL GOVERNMENT, 2003 GENERAL KNOWLEDGE, PAPER-III (PAKISTAN AFFAIRS) TIME ALLOWED : Tl IREE HOURS MAXIMUM MARKS: 100 Note: Attempt any FIVE questions. All questions carry EQUAL marks. Write clearly. 1. Discuss the role and efforts of Muslim religions leaders for the establishment of Muslim Society in the Sub-Continent. 2. Discuss the ideological foundations of the "Two Nations Theory17 with reference to the contributions of Dr. Iqbal and the Quaid-i-Azam. 3. Cxamine the natute of Congress rule in the Provinces under the Government of India Act, 1935. What was its impact on the Muslim Politics? (10,05) 4. As a result of British-Hindu conspiracy on the eve of independence the State of Pakistan winch ultimately emerged in August 1947, was not so strong as visualized by the Quaid-i-Azam but only a "mutilated", ^moth-eaten* and "truncated" Pakistan. Elucidate. 5. "'Muhammad Ali Formula was practicable compromise between the two wings of Pakistan on the questions of representation/' To what extent, it was acceptable to both the wings of Pakistan? 6. To what extent the version of Francis Mudie was true that "the greatest danger* to Pakistan in 1947 was "the refugee problem in West Punjab" and how did the Policymakers of Pakistan respond to it? 7. The so-called 'Instrument of Accession' of Bharat with Kashmir "is fraudulent and impossible to accept" as it is "based on violence". 1 the light of'the Quaid-i-Azanrs statement make a comparison and correlation of the Slate of Jammu and Kashmir with the State of Junagadh, Manavadhar, Mangrol, Sardargarh, Bantva and Hyderabad etc. 8. Write short notes on any TWO of the following: (10,10) (a) Problems of Educational System in Pakistan (b) Geo-Political; position of Pakistan. (c) "Pakistan is a rich country where poor people live." __________________

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Pakistan Affairs Paper 2004 Attempt any 5 questions. 1.Analyze the factors responsible for degenaration of muslim society in 18th century? 2.'Aligarh is arsenal of Muslim India'(Quaid-e-Azam)Narrate briefly the role of Aligarh for the cause of the muslims of the Subcontinent with special reference to the final phase of their independence? 3.Account for emergence of All India Muslim League and assess its importance in Indian politics during 1906-1913? 4.Trace the course of khilafat movement and assess its significance for the development of muslim nationalism? 5."Between 1937-1947 congress policies were such as to make Pakistan inevitable',Discuss. 6.What do you know about water crisis in Pakistan.Also suggest concrete steps for its solution. 7.Throw light on the steps taken under various Govts. for the promulgation of Islamic system in the country? 8.Write notes on any two: a.Objective resolution b.Six points of Mujeeb ur Rehman c.Pakistan's role in the war against terrorism.

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General knowledge (Pakistan Affairs)

TIME ALLOWED: 3 HOURS MAXIMUM MARKS: 100 NOTE: Attempt any FIVE questions. All questions carry equal marks. 1. Give an account of the evolution of the Muslim society in the sub-continent from 1206 to 1526 A.D. 2. Analyze the significance of Lahore Resolution in the History of freedom movement. 3. Evaluate the policies of the Cripps Mission. To what extent were these policies favorable for the Muslims of the sub-continent? 4. Give a critical appraisal of the constitutional crisis during the period of Governor General Ghulam Mohammad. Write its effects on the subsequent history of Pakistan. 5. Analyze the main causes of the debacle of East Pakistan. What are its consequences on the history of Pakistan? 6. Discuss Corruption as number one problem of Pakistan. What practicable and feasible steps should be taken to eradicate this menace. 7. Write a note on Balochistan; its area, population, economy, education and the problems of the people. 8. Write short notes on any Two of the following:(a) Assassination of Liaquat Ali Khan. (b) The salient features of the Constitution of 1956. (c) Unemployment in Pakistan. ************************

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