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DATA COMMUNICATION

DATA COMMUNICATION

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DATA COMMUNICATION
ECEG1209
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DATA COMMUNICATION
ECEG1209

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Published by: esquivelazzej on Oct 04, 2011
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09/21/2014

ECEG1209 LEC 092011 BRIEF HISTORY OF COMMUNICATIONS               1837 – Samuel Morse exhibited the telegraph system “Morse Code”

1843 - Alexander Bain patented a printing telegraph 1876 - Alexander Graham Bell, invented the first telephone capable of practical use 1879 - first private manual telephone switchboard 1880 - first public telephone (pay phone) 1892 - Canadian government began regulating telephone rates 1915 - first transcontinental telephone serve and first transatlantic voice connections 1947 – transistor was invented in Bell Labs by William Shockley & Baidley 1951 - first direct long distance dialing 1962 - first international satellite telephone call 1969 – Picture phones service began 1980s - public service of digital networks 1990s - cellular telephones commonplace 1996 - U.S. Congress enacted the Telecommunications Act of 1996

DATA COMMUNICATIONS - The transfer of data or information between a source and a receiver. The source transmits the data and the receiver receives it. - Data Communication is interested in the transfer of data, the method of transfer and the preservation of the data during the transfer process and it does not bother of the information generation. DATA - A representation of facts, concepts or instructions in a formalized manner for communication, interpretation or processing by human being or by automatic means. INFORMATION - The meaning that is currently assigned to data by means of the conventions applied to those data. DATA COMMUNICATION BLOCK DIAGRAM

   

SOURCE - generates the data to be transmitted TRANSMITTER – converts data into transmittable signals TRANSMISSION SYSTEMS – carries data RECEIVER – converts received signal into data

COMMUNICATION TASKS

TRANSMISSION SYSTEM UTILIZATION - Refers to the need to make efficient use of transmission facilities that are typically shared among a number of communication devices. INTERFACING - In order to communicate, a device must interface with the transmission system. SIGNAL GENERATION - Is required for communication once an interface is established. SYNCHRONIZATION - Not only must the signals be generated to conform to the requirements of the transmission system and receiver, but also there must be some form of synchronization between transmitter and receiver. The receiver must be able to determine when a signal begins to arrive and when it ends. It must also know the duration of each signal element. EXCHANGE MANAGEMENT - Data to be exchanged in both directions over a period at time the two parties must cooperate. - For Example: For two parties to engaged in telephone conversation one party must dialed the number of the other causing signal to be generated that result on the ringing of the called phone. The called party completes a connection by lifting the error.

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